173 relations: Admiralty court, Akrotiri and Dhekelia, Alderney, Anglo-Irish Treaty, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Appellate court, Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876, Arches Court, Associated state, Attorney General for England and Wales, Attorney General of Ireland, Australia, Australia Act 1986, Balfour Declaration of 1926, Bandar Seri Begawan, Barbados, Bermuda, Boyce v R, British Antarctic Territory, British Indian Ocean Territory, British Overseas Territories, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Canada, Capital punishment, Caribbean Community, Caribbean Court of Justice, Cayman Islands, Chancery Court of York, China, Church Commissioners, Church of England, Cinque Ports, City of Westminster, Colonial Laws Validity Act 1865, Common law, Commonwealth Caribbean, Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth realm, Conor Maguire, Constitution of Australia, Constitution of the Irish Free State, Constitutional Reform Act 2005, Cook Islands, Court, Court of Appeal (Hong Kong), Court of Appeal of England and Wales, Court of Ecclesiastical Causes Reserved, Court of Final Appeal (Hong Kong), ..., Court of Session, Courts of Northern Ireland, Criminal Code of Canada, Crown dependencies, Cushing v Dupuy, Cyprus, Devolution, Dissenting opinion, Dominion, Dominion of Ceylon, Dominion of India, Dominion of Pakistan, Downing Street, Ecclesiastical court, Elizabeth II, Falkland Islands, Federal Court of India, Federalism, Financial Times, First Nations, Forbes Burnham, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Fox v R, Gibraltar, Government of the United Kingdom, Grenada, Guernsey, Guyana, High Court of Australia, High Court of Chivalry, High Court of Justiciary, History of Grenada, Hong Kong, Hong Kong Basic Law, House of Commons Disqualification Act 1975, India, Inner House, Inter se, Irish Free State, Isle of Man, J. B. Jeyaretnam, Jamaica, Jane Clifton, Joan Sawyer, John Key, King–Byng Affair, Kiribati, Law of Jersey, Lex scripta, List of counsel appearing in Canadian appeals to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, List of Judicial Committee of the Privy Council cases, List of Judicial Committee of the Privy Council cases originating in Canada, List of Sultans of Brunei, London, Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, Malaysia, Matthew v S, Maurice Bishop, Mauritius, Middlesex Guildhall, Mitchell v DPP, Monarchy of the United Kingdom, Montserrat, Nadan v R, New Zealand, New Zealand Listener, Nicholas Phillips, Baron Phillips of Worth Matravers, Niue, Oireachtas, Order of the Bath, Order of the British Empire, Pakistan, Parliament of Australia, Parliament of Canada, Parliament of Jamaica, Pitcairn Islands, Ponoka-Calmar Oils v Wakefield, Pratt v A-G for Jamaica, Precedent, President of the Court of Appeal of the Bahamas, Prime minister, Privy Council of the United Kingdom, Prize court, Queen-in-Council, R v Hughes, Republics in the Commonwealth of Nations, Reyes v R, Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence, Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, Royal Victorian Order, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sark, Singapore, South Africa, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Special administrative region, Sri Lanka, Staff of Government Division, Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, Statute of Westminster 1931, Supreme court, Supreme Court of Canada, Supreme Court of India, Supreme Court of New Zealand, Supreme Court of Pakistan, Supreme Court of South Africa, Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, Teina Pora, The Bahamas, The New York Times, Thomas Inskip, 1st Viscount Caldecote, Transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, Tuvalu, Ultra vires, United Kingdom, University of Dundee, Zimbabwe, 1926 Imperial Conference. Expand index (123 more) » « Shrink index
Admiralty courts, also known as maritime courts, are courts exercising jurisdiction over all maritime contracts, torts, injuries, and offenses.
Akrotiri and Dhekelia (Ακρωτήρι και Δεκέλεια,; Ağrotur ve Dikelya), officially the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, is a British Overseas Territory on the island of Cyprus.
Alderney (Aurigny; Auregnais: Aoeur'gny) is the most northerly of the Channel Islands.
The Anglo-Irish Treaty (An Conradh Angla-Éireannach), commonly known as The Treaty and officially the Articles of Agreement for a Treaty Between Great Britain and Ireland, was an agreement between the government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Irish representatives that concluded the Irish War of Independence.
Anguilla is a British overseas territory in the Caribbean.
Antigua and Barbuda is a twin-island country lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
An appellate court, commonly called an appeals court, court of appeals (American English), appeal court (British English), court of second instance or second instance court, is any court of law that is empowered to hear an appeal of a trial court or other lower tribunal.
The Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876 (39 & 40 Vict. c.59) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that altered the judicial functions of the House of Lords.
The Arches Court, presided over by the Dean of Arches, is an ecclesiastical court of the Church of England covering the Province of Canterbury.
An associated state is the minor partner in a formal, free relationship between a political territory with a degree of statehood and a (usually larger) nation, for which no other specific term, such as protectorate, is adopted.
Her Majesty's Attorney General for England and Wales, usually known simply as the Attorney General, is one of the Law Officers of the Crown.
The Attorney General (An tArd-Aighne) is a constitutional officer who is the official adviser to the Government of Ireland in matters of law.
Australia (colloquially), officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is an Oceanian country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands.
The Australia Act 1986 is the name given to a pair of separate but related pieces of legislation: one an Act of the Commonwealth (i.e. federal) Parliament of Australia, the other an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Balfour Declaration of 1926, issued by the 1926 Imperial Conference of British Empire leaders in London, was named for Lord President of the Council (and former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom) Arthur Balfour.
Bandar Seri Begawan (Jawi: بندر سري بڬاوان) formerly known as Brunei Town, is the capital and largest city of the Sultanate of Brunei.
Barbados is a sovereign island country in the Lesser Antilles.
Bermuda, also referred to in legal documents as, fully, "the Bermudas or Somers Isles", is a British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean, located off the east coast of North America.
Boyce v R is a 2004 Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) case which upheld the law that sets out a mandatory sentence of death for murder in Barbados.
The British Antarctic Territory (BAT) is a sector of Antarctica claimed by the United Kingdom as one of its 14 British Overseas Territories and is the largest.
The British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom situated in the Indian Ocean halfway between Tanzania and Indonesia.
The fourteen British Overseas Territories (BOT) are territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom; they do not, however, form part of it.
The Virgin Islands, commonly referred to as the British Virgin Islands (or BVI), is a British overseas territory located in the Caribbean to the east of Puerto Rico.
Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi), is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.
Canada is a country, consisting of ten provinces and three territories, in the northern part of the continent of North America.
Capital punishment, death penalty or execution is punishment by death.
Established in 1973, the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) is an organization of 15 Caribbean nations and dependencies.
The Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ; Caribisch Hof van Justitie; Cour Caribéenne de Justice) is the judicial institution of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM).
The Cayman Islands are a British Overseas Territory in the western Caribbean Sea.
The Chancery Court of York is an ecclesiastical court for the Province of York of the Church of England.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.
The Church Commissioners is a body managing the historic property assets of the Church of England.
The Church of England is the officially-established Christian church in England, and the mother church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.
The Confederation of Cinque Ports is a historic series of coastal towns in Kent and Sussex.
The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough which occupies much of the central area of Greater London including most of the West End.
The Colonial Laws Validity Act 1865 (28 & 29 Vict. c. 63) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Common law (also known as case law or precedent) is law developed by judges through decisions of courts and similar tribunals that decide individual cases, as opposed to statutes adopted through the legislative process or regulations issued by the executive branch.
The term Commonwealth Caribbean is used to refer to the independent English-speaking countries of the Caribbean region.
The Commonwealth of Nations, commonly known as the Commonwealth (formerly the British Commonwealth), is an intergovernmental organization of 53 member states that were mostly territories of the former British Empire.
A Commonwealth realm is one of 16 sovereign states that are members of the Commonwealth of Nations, have Queen Elizabeth II as the reigning constitutional monarch, and have in common the same royal line of succession.
Conor Alexander Maguire (1889 – 26 September 1971) was an Irish politician, lawyer and judge.
The Constitution of Australia is the supreme law under which the government of the Commonwealth of Australia operates, including its relationship to the States of Australia.
The Constitution of the Irish Free State was the second constitution of the independent Irish state.
The Constitutional Reform Act 2005 (c. 4) is an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Cook Islands (Cook Islands Māori: Kūki 'Āirani) is an island country in the South Pacific Ocean in free association with New Zealand.
A court is a tribunal, often as governmental institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law.
The Court of Appeal of the High Court of Hong Kong is the second most senior court in the Hong Kong legal system.
Her Majesty's Court of Appeal in England, commonly known as the Court of Appeal of England and Wales or, simply, the Court of Appeal, is the second most senior court in the English legal system, with only the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom above it.
The Court of Ecclesiastical Causes Reserved is an appellate court within the hierarchy of ecclesiastical courts of the Church of England.
The Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal is the final appellate court of Hong Kong.
The Court of Session (Cùirt an t-Seisein; Coort o Session) is the supreme civil court of Scotland, and constitutes part of the College of Justice.
The courts of Northern Ireland are the civil and criminal courts responsible for the administration of justice in Northern Ireland: they are constituted and governed by Northern Ireland law.
The Criminal Code or Code criminel is a law that codifies most criminal offences and procedures in Canada.
The Crown dependencies are the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea and the Bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey in the English Channel.
Cushing v Dupuy is a decision of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council that dealt with: It was also notable for holding that, though the Privy Council would only exceptionally depart from its own previous decisions, it was not bound by them.
Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea.
Devolution is the statutory granting of powers from the central government of a sovereign state to govern at a subnational level, such as a regional, local, or state level.
A dissenting opinion (or dissent) is an opinion in a legal case written by one or more judges expressing disagreement with the majority opinion of the court which gives rise to its judgment.
Dominions were semi-independent polities that were nominally under the Crown, constituting the British Empire and British Commonwealth, beginning in the later part of the 19th century.
Ceylon (Sinhala: ලංකා ඩොමීනියන් රාජ්යය Lanka Dominian Rajyaya) was a Dominion in the Commonwealth of Nations between 1948 and 1972.
The Dominion of India (भारत अधिराज्य, Bhārata Adhirājya) was a predecessor to modern-day India and an independent state that existed between 15 August 1947 and 26 January 1950.
Dominion of Pakistan (পাকিস্তান অধিরাজ্য, Pakistan ôdhirajyô; مملکتِ پاکستان, Mumlikāt-ē Pākistān), also usually called Pakistan; was an independent federal Dominion in South Asia that was established in 1947 on the Partition of India into two sovereign countries (the other being the Dominion of India).
Downing Street in London, England, has for more than three hundred years housed the official residences of two of the most senior British Cabinet ministers: the First Lord of the Treasury, an office now synonymous with that of Prime Minister of the United Kingdom; and the Second Lord of the Treasury, an office held by the Chancellor of the Exchequer.
An ecclesiastical court, also called court Christian or court spiritual, is any of certain courts having jurisdiction mainly in spiritual or religious matters.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is the queen of 16 of the 53 member states in the Commonwealth of Nations.
The Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) are an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf.
The Federal Court of India was a judicial body, established in India in 1937 under the provisions of the Government of India Act 1935, with original, appellate and advisory jurisdiction.
Federalism is a political concept in which a group of members are bound together by covenant (Latin: foedus, covenant) with a governing representative head.
The Financial Times (FT) is an English-language international daily newspaper with a special emphasis on business and economic news.
The First Nations (Premières Nations) are the various Aboriginal peoples in Canada who are neither Inuit nor Métis.
Linden Forbes Sampson Burnham (20 February 1923–6 August 1985) was the dictator of Guyana: a Guyanese political leader and leader of Guyana from 1964 until his death, as the Prime Minister from 1964 to 1980 and as President from 1980 to 1985.
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), commonly called the Foreign Office, is a department of the British Government.
Fox v R is a 2002 Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) case in which it was held that it was unconstitutional in Saint Kitts and Nevis for capital punishment to be the mandatory sentence for murder.
Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula at the entrance of the Mediterranean.
Her Majesty's Government (HMG), commonly referred to as the British government, Welsh: Llywodraeth Ei Mawrhydi, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Grenada (La Grenade) is an island country consisting of Grenada itself and six smaller islands at the southern end of the Grenadines in the southeastern Caribbean Sea.
Guernsey (/ˈgɜ:nzi/), officially the Bailiwick of Guernsey (Bailliage de Guernesey), is a possession of the British Crown in right of Guernsey in the English Channel, off the coast of Normandy.
Guyana (pronounced or), officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a sovereign state on the northern mainland of South America.
The High Court of Australia is the supreme court in the Australian court hierarchy and the final court of appeal in Australia.
Her Majesty's High Court of Chivalry of England and Wales is a civil court in England.
The High Court of Justiciary is the supreme criminal court of Scotland.
The recorded history of the Caribbean island of Grenada begins in the early 17th century.
Hong Kong, traditionally Hongkong, officially known as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) on the southern coast of China at the Pearl River Estuary and the South China Sea.
The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, or simply Hong Kong Basic Law, serves as the constitutional document of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
The House of Commons Disqualification Act 1975 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that prohibits certain categories of people from becoming members of the House of Commons.
India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.
The Inner House is the senior part of the Court of Session, the supreme civil court in Scotland; the Outer House forms the junior part of the Court of Session.
Inter se is a Legal Latin phrase meaning "between or amongst themselves".
The Irish Free State (Saorstát Éireann; 6 December 192229 December 1937) was the state established in 1922 as a Dominion of the British Commonwealth of Nations under the Anglo-Irish Treaty signed by British and Irish representatives exactly twelve months beforehand.
The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin), otherwise known simply as Mann (Mannin), is a self-governing British Crown dependency located in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland.
Joshua Benjamin Jeyaretnam (5 January 1926 – 30 September 2008; more commonly known as "J. B. Jeyaretnam" or "J.B.J.") was a Singaporean politician and lawyer.
Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea, comprising the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles.
Jane Clifton (born 10 April 1949) is a Gibraltar-born Australian actress and singer.
Dame Joan Augusta Sawyer, DBE, PC (b. 26 November 1940) is a Bahamian judge.
John Phillip Key (born 9 August 1961) is the 38th Prime Minister of New Zealand, in office since 2008.
The King–Byng Affair (sometimes referred to as the King-Byng Thing or the King-Byng Wing Ding) was a Canadian constitutional crisis that occurred in 1926, when the Governor General of Canada, the Lord Byng of Vimy, refused a request by his prime minister, William Lyon Mackenzie King, to dissolve parliament and call a general election.
Kiribati, officially the Republic of Kiribati, is an island nation in the central Pacific Ocean.
The Law of Jersey has been influenced by several different legal traditions, in particular Norman customary law, English common law and modern French civil law.
Lex scripta pl.
This list is intended to be a complete list of counsel who appeared before the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council on appeals from Canadian courts, particularly Canadian constitutional law.
This is a list of major cases decided by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.
This is an exhaustive list of cases originating in Canada decided by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.
The Sultan of Brunei is the head of state and absolute monarch of Brunei.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, commonly known as Law Lords, were appointed under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876 to the House of Lords of the United Kingdom in order to exercise its judicial functions, which included acting as the highest court of appeal for most domestic matters.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy located in Southeast Asia.
Matthew v S is a 2004 Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) case which upheld the law that sets out a mandatory sentence of death for murder in Trinidad and Tobago.
Maurice Rupert Bishop (21 May 1943 – 19 October 1983) was a Grenadian politician and revolutionary who seized power in a coup in 1979 from Eric Gairy and served as Prime Minister of the People's Revolutionary Government of Grenada until 1983, when he was overthrown in another coup by Bernard Coard, a member of his own government, and executed.
Mauritius (Maurice), officially the Republic of Mauritius (République de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about off the southeast coast of the African continent.
The Middlesex Guildhall is the home of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom and of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.
Mitchell v DPP is a 1985 Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) case in which it was reaffirmed that a Commonwealth state has the power to unilaterally abolish appeals to the JCPC.
The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom and its overseas territories.
Montserrat is a Caribbean island—specifically in the Leeward Islands, which is part of the chain known as the Lesser Antilles, in the British West Indies.
Nadan v R is a key ruling of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in determining the competence of the Parliament of Canada with respect to the restrictions laid out in the Colonial Laws Validity Act 1865, and whether it possessed extraterritorial jurisdiction.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
The New Zealand Listener is a New Zealand magazine which covers a variety of general topics, including current affairs, politics and entertainment.
Nicholas Addison Phillips, Baron Phillips of Worth Matravers (born 21 January 1938) is an English former judge.
Niue (Niuean: Niuē) is an island country in the South Pacific Ocean, northeast of New Zealand within the triangle formed by Tonga to the west, Samoa to the north, and the Cook Islands to the east.
The Oireachtas sometimes referred to as Oireachtas Éireann, is the legislature of Ireland.
The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is the "order of chivalry of British democracy", rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations and public service outside the Civil Service.
Pakistan (or; پاكستان ALA-LC), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاكستان ALA-LC), is a sovereign country in South Asia.
The Parliament of Australia, officially The Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia but commonly referred to as the Commonwealth Parliament or the Federal Parliament, is the legislative branch of the government of Australia.
The Parliament of Canada (Parlement du Canada) is the federal legislative branch of Canada, seated at Parliament Hill in the national capital, Ottawa, Ontario.
The Parliament of Jamaica is the legislative branch of the government of Jamaica.
The Pitcairn Islands (Pitkern: Pitkern Ailen), officially named the Pitcairn Group of Islands, are a group of four volcanic islands in the southern Pacific Ocean that form the last British Overseas Territory in the Pacific.
Ponoka-Calmar Oils v Wakefield is notable for being the last ruling rendered by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council with respect to an appeal from the courts of Canada.
Pratt v A-G for Jamaica is a 1993 Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) case in which it was held that it was unconstitutional in Jamaica for to execute a prisoner who had been on death row for 14 years.
In common law legal systems, a precedent or authority is a principle or rule established in a previous legal case that is either binding on or persuasive for a court or other tribunal when deciding subsequent cases with similar issues or facts.
The President of the Court of Appeal of the Bahamas heads the Court of Appeal of the Bahamas.
A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system.
Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom.
A prize court is a court (or even a single individual, such as an ambassador or consul) authorized to consider whether or not a ship has been lawfully captured or seized in time of war or under the terms of the seizing ship's letters of marque and reprisal.
The Queen-in-Council (during the reign of a male monarch, King-in-Council) is the technical term of constitutional law for the exercise of executive authority in a Commonwealth realm, denoting the monarch acting by and with the advice and consent of his or her privy council (in the United Kingdom and Canada's federal jurisdiction) or executive council (in most other Commonwealth realms and in Canadian provinces).
R v Hughes is a 2002 Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) case in which it was held that it was unconstitutional in Saint Lucia for capital punishment to be the mandatory sentence for murder.
A republic in the Commonwealth of Nations is any one of the 32 sovereign states of the Commonwealth of Nations with a republican form of government.
Reyes v R is a 2002 Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) case in which it was held that it was unconstitutional in Belize for capital punishment to be the mandatory sentence for murder.
The Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) was a statement adopted by the Cabinet of Rhodesia on 11 November 1965, announcing that Rhodesia, a British territory in southern Africa that had governed itself since 1923, now regarded itself as an independent sovereign state.
The Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (RCVS) is the regulatory body for veterinary surgeons in the United Kingdom.
The Royal Victorian Order (Ordre royal de Victoria) is a dynastic order of knighthood recognising distinguished personal service to the monarch of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms or to members of the monarch's family, or to any viceroy of the monarch.
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha is a British Overseas Territory in the southern Atlantic Ocean consisting of the island of Saint Helena, Ascension Island and the archipelago of Tristan da Cunha.
The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis, also known as the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis, is a two-island country in the West Indies.
Saint Lucia (Sainte-Lucie) is a sovereign island country in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is an island country in the Lesser Antilles Island arc, in the southern portion of the Windward Islands, which lie at the southern end of the eastern border of the Caribbean Sea where the latter meets the Atlantic Ocean.
Sark (Sercq; Sercquiais: Sèr or Cerq) is a small island in the Channel Islands in the southwestern English Channel, off the coast of Normandy, France.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, and often referred to as the ''Lion City'', the ''Garden City'', and the ''Red Dot'', is a leading global city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa, is the southernmost country in Africa.
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (SGSSI) is a British overseas territory in the southern Atlantic Ocean.
The Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China (SAR; RAE) are autonomous territories that fall within the sovereignty of the People's Republic of China, yet do not form part of Mainland China (except for Wolong SAR).
Sri Lanka (or; Sinhalese Śrī Laṃkāva, Tamil Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and known from the beginning of British colonial rule until 1972 as Ceylon, is an island country in South Asia near south-east India.
The Staff of Government Division of the High Court of Justice (usually shorted to Staff of Government Division) is the Court of Appeal in the Isle of Man.
The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPCSC) is a committee of about 150 members of the National People's Congress (NPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC), which is convened between plenary sessions of the NPC.
The Statute of Westminster, 1931 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and separate versions of it are now domestic law within Australia and Canada; it has been repealed in New Zealand and implicitly by subsequent laws in former Commonwealth realms.
A supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of many legal jurisdictions. Other descriptions for such courts include court of last resort, instance court, judgment court, apex court, and highest court of appeal. Broadly speaking, the decisions of a supreme court are not subject to further review by any other court. Supreme courts typically function primarily as appellate courts, hearing appeals from decisions of lower trial courts, or from intermediate-level appellate courts. However, not all highest courts are named as such. Civil law states do not tend to have singular highest courts. Additionally, the highest court in some jurisdictions is not named the "Supreme Court", for example, the High Court of Australia; this is because decisions by the High Court could formerly be appealed to the Privy Council. On the other hand, in some places the court named the "Supreme Court" is not in fact the highest court; examples include the New York Supreme Court, which is superseded by the New York Court of Appeals, the Supreme Courts of several Canadian provinces/territories and the former Supreme Court of Judicature of England and Wales. Some countries have multiple "supreme courts" whose respective jurisdictions have different geographical extents, or which are restricted to particular areas of law. In particular, countries with a federal system of government typically have both a federal supreme court (such as the Supreme Court of the United States), and supreme courts for each member state (such as the Supreme Court of Nevada), with the former having jurisdiction over the latter only to the extent that the federal constitution extends federal law over state law. Jurisdictions with a civil law system often have a hierarchy of administrative courts separate from the ordinary courts, headed by a supreme administrative court as it the case in the Netherlands. A number of jurisdictions also follow the "Austrian" model of a separate constitutional court (first developed in the Czechoslovak Constitution of 1920). Within the British Empire, the highest court within a colony was often called the "Supreme Court", even though appeals could be made from that court to the United Kingdom's Privy Council (based in London). A number of Commonwealth jurisdictions retain this system, but many others have reconstituted their own highest court as a court of last resort, with the right of appeal to the Privy Council being abolished. In jurisdictions using a common law system, the doctrine of stare decisis applies, whereby the principles applied by the supreme court in its decisions are binding upon all lower courts; this is intended to apply a uniform interpretation and implementation of the law. In civil law jurisdictions the doctrine of stare decisis is not generally considered to apply, so the decisions of the supreme court are not necessarily binding beyond the immediate case before it; however, in practice the decisions of the supreme court usually provide a very strong precedent, or jurisprudence constante, for both itself and all lower courts.
The Supreme Court of Canada (Cour suprême du Canada) is the highest court of Canada, the final court of appeals in the Canadian justice system.
The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of constitutional review.
The Supreme Court of New Zealand (in Māori: Te Kōti Mana Nui) is the highest court and the court of last resort in New Zealand, having formally come into existence on 1 January 2004.
The Supreme Court of Pakistan (SC) (Urdu: عدالت عظمیٰ پاکستان; Adālat-e-Uzma Pākistān) is the apex court in the judicial hierarchy of Pakistan, the final arbiter of legal and constitutional disputes.
The Supreme Court of South Africa was a superior court of law in South Africa from 1910 to 1997.
The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom is the supreme court in all matters under English and Welsh law, Northern Ireland law and Scottish civil law.
Teina Pora is a New Zealander who was convicted of murdering Susan Burdett when he was aged 17; he was in Paremoremo prison from 1994 for the crime, until he received parole in 2014.
The Bahamas, officially the Commonwealth of the Bahamas, is an island country of the Lucayan Archipelago consisting of more than 700 islands, cays, and islets in the Atlantic Ocean; north of Cuba and Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic); northwest of the Turks and Caicos Islands; southeast of the U.S. state of Florida and east of the Florida Keys.
The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.
Thomas Walker Hobart Inskip, 1st Viscount Caldecote CBE, PC, KC (5 March 1876 – 11 October 1947) was a British politician who served in many legal posts, culminating in serving as Lord Chancellor from 1939 until 1940.
The transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to China, referred to as "the Handover" internationally or "the Return" in China, took place on 1 July 1997.
Trinidad and Tobago, officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a twin island country off the northern edge of South America, lying just off the coast of northeastern Venezuela and south of Grenada in the Lesser Antilles.
The Turks and Caicos Islands (and / /), or TCI for short, are a British Overseas Territory consisting of the larger Caicos Islands and smaller Turks Islands, two groups of tropical islands in the Lucayan Archipelago, north of the larger Antilles island grouping.
Tuvalu, formerly known as the Ellice Islands, is a Polynesian island nation located in the Pacific Ocean, midway between Hawaii and Australia.
Ultra vires is a Latin phrase meaning "beyond the powers".
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.
The University of Dundee (abbreviated as Dund. for post-nominals) is a public research university based in the city and Royal burgh of Dundee on the east coast of the central Lowlands of Scotland, United Kingdom.
Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers.
The 1926 Imperial Conference was the seventh Imperial Conference bringing together the prime ministers of the dominions of the British Empire.
Court of Delegates, Court of delegates, JCPC, Judicial Committee of Her Britannic Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, Judicial Committee of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, Judicial Committee, Her Britannic Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, Judicial Committee, Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, Judicial Committee, His Britannic Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, Judicial committee of the Privy Council, Judicial committee of the privy council, Privy Councillor on the Judicial Committee, Privy Counsellor on the Judicial Committee.