138 relations: Act of Settlement 1701, Acts of Union 1800, Advocate, Amnesty International, Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001, Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876, Arthur Onslow, Asia, Augusto Pinochet, Barrister, Benjamin Disraeli, Bill of attainder, Certiorari, Charitable organization, Charles II of England, Charlie Falconer, Baron Falconer of Thoroton, Church of England, Clerk of the Parliaments, Clouds of Witness, Common law, Commoner, Commonwealth of Nations, Constitution of 1782, Constitutional convention (political custom), Constitutional Reform Act 2005, Coronation of the British monarch, Court dress, Court of Appeal (England and Wales), Court of Appeal of New Zealand, Court of Chancery, Court of Session, Court of Session Act 1808, Courts of Northern Ireland, Courts of Scotland, Criminal Justice Act 1948, Curia regis, Daniel O'Connell, David Neuberger, Baron Neuberger of Abbotsbury, Declaratory Act 1719, Derry Irvine, Baron Irvine of Lairg, Devolution, Dimes v Grand Junction Canal, Docket (court), Donald Nicholls, Baron Nicholls of Birkenhead, Dorothy L. Sayers, Ealing Studios, Earl of Leicester, East India Company, Edmund Crouchback, Edward Russell, 26th Baron de Clifford, ..., Elwyn Jones, Baron Elwyn-Jones, Equity (law), European Convention on Human Rights, European Court of Human Rights, European Court of Justice, European Union, European Union law, Ex parte, Exchequer of Pleas, Gerald Gardiner, Baron Gardiner, Grand jury, Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, High Court of Justice, High Court of Justiciary, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House of Lancaster, House of Lords, House of Lords Act 1999, House of Stuart, House of Tudor, Human Rights Act 1998, Hutton Inquiry, Impeachment, Impeachment of Warren Hastings, Indictment and arrest of Augusto Pinochet, Irish House of Lords, Irish Patriot Party, James Mackay, Baron Mackay of Clashfern, James Parke, 1st Baron Wensleydale, James VI and I, Judicial Appointments Commission, Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, Judicial Pensions and Retirement Act 1993, Judicial review, Kind Hearts and Coronets, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingdom of Ireland, Lennie Hoffmann, Baron Hoffmann, Life tenure, List of law life peerages, List of Lords of Appeal, List of Presidents of Chile, List of trials of peers in the House of Lords, List of United Kingdom House of Lords cases, London, Lord Chancellor of Ireland, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales, Lord High Steward, Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, Master of the Rolls, Michael Havers, Baron Havers, Monarchy of the United Kingdom, Order of precedence, Palace of Westminster, Parliament of Ireland, Parliamentary sovereignty, Peerage, President of the United States, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Privilege of peerage, Privy Council of the United Kingdom, Queen's Bench, Queen-in-Parliament, Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, R (Factortame Ltd) v Secretary of State for Transport, R v Bow Street Metropolitan Stipendiary Magistrate, ex parte Pinochet, Repeal of Act for Securing Dependence of Ireland Act 1782, Richard Scott, Baron Scott of Foscote, Robin Cooke, Baron Cooke of Thorndon, Scotland, Scots law, Sir Arthur Onslow, 1st Baronet, Sir John Fagg, 1st Baronet, Skinner's Case, Speaker of the House of Commons (United Kingdom), State Opening of Parliament, Statutory instrument (UK), Supreme court, Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, The Times, Thomas Dalmahoy, Tom Bingham, Baron Bingham of Cornhill, Tony Clarke, Baron Clarke of Stone-cum-Ebony, United Kingdom, United States, United States Senate, William Ewart Gladstone, World War II. Expand index (88 more) » « Shrink index
The Act of Settlement is an Act of the Parliament of England that was passed in 1701 to settle the succession to the English and Irish crowns on Protestants only.
The Acts of Union 1800 (sometimes erroneously referred to as a single Act of Union 1801) were parallel acts of the Parliament of Great Britain and the Parliament of Ireland which united the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland (previously in personal union) to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
An advocate in this sense is a professional in the field of law.
Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights.
The Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001 is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom, formally introduced into Parliament on 19 November 2001, two months after the terrorist attacks in the United States on 11 September.
The Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876 (39 & 40 Vict. c.59) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that altered the judicial functions of the House of Lords.
Arthur Onslow (1 October 169117 February 1768) was an English politician.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (25 November 1915 – 10 December 2006) was a Chilean general, politician and the dictator of Chile between 1973 and 1990 who remained the Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army until 1998 and was also President of the Government Junta of Chile between 1973 and 1981.
A barrister (also known as barrister-at-law or bar-at-law) is a type of lawyer in common law jurisdictions.
Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, (21 December 1804 – 19 April 1881) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who twice served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
A bill of attainder (also known as an act of attainder or writ of attainder or bill of pains and penalties) is an act of a legislature declaring a person or group of persons guilty of some crime and punishing them, often without a trial.
Certiorari, often abbreviated cert. in the United States, is a process for seeking judicial review and a writ issued by a court that agrees to review.
A charitable organization or charity is a non-profit organization (NPO) whose primary objectives are philanthropy and social well-being (e.g. charitable, educational, religious, or other activities serving the public interest or common good).
Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Charles Leslie Falconer, Baron Falconer of Thoroton, PC, QC, (born 19 November 1951) is a British Labour peer and barrister.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
The Clerk of the Parliaments is the chief clerk of the House of Lords in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Clouds of Witness is a 1926 mystery novel by Dorothy L. Sayers, the second in her series featuring Lord Peter Wimsey.
Common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is that body of law derived from judicial decisions of courts and similar tribunals.
The common people, also known as the common man, commoners, or the masses, are the ordinary people in a community or nation who lack any significant social status, especially those who are members of neither royalty, nobility, the clergy, nor any member of the aristocracy.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
The Constitution of 1782 is the series of legal changes which freed the Parliament of Ireland, a Medieval parliament consisting of the Irish House of Commons and the Irish House of Lords, of legal restrictions that had been imposed by successive Norman, English, and later, British governments on the scope of its jurisdiction.
A constitutional convention is an informal and uncodified procedural agreement that is followed by the institutions of a state.
The Constitutional Reform Act 2005 (c. 4) is an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The coronation of the British monarch is a ceremony (specifically, initiation rite) in which the monarch of the United Kingdom is formally invested with regalia and crowned at Westminster Abbey.
Court dress comprises the style of clothes prescribed for courts of law, and for royal courts.
The Court of Appeal (COA, formally "Her Majesty's Court of Appeal in England") is the highest court within the Senior Courts of England and Wales, and second only to the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.
The Court of Appeal of New Zealand is principal intermediate appellate court of New Zealand.
The Court of Chancery was a court of equity in England and Wales that followed a set of loose rules to avoid the slow pace of change and possible harshness (or "inequity") of the common law.
The Court of Session (Cùirt an t-Seisein; Coort o Session) is the supreme civil court of Scotland, and constitutes part of the College of Justice; the supreme criminal court of Scotland is the High Court of Justiciary.
The Court of Session Act 1808 (also known as the Administration of Justice (Scotland) Act 1808) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (citation 48 Geo III c. 151) which reformed Scotland's highest court, the Court of Session.
The courts of Northern Ireland are the civil and criminal courts responsible for the administration of justice in Northern Ireland: they are constituted and governed by Northern Ireland law.
The courts of Scotland are responsible for administration of justice in Scotland, under statutory, common law and equitable provisions within Scots law.
The Criminal Justice Act 1948 (11 & 12 Geo 6 c 58) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Curia regis is a Latin term meaning "royal council" or "king's court." It was the name given to councils of advisors and administrators who served early French kings as well as to those serving Norman and later kings of England.
Daniel O'Connell (Dónall Ó Conaill; 6 August 1775 – 15 May 1847), often referred to as The Liberator or The Emancipator, was an Irish political leader in the first half of the 19th century.
David Edmond Neuberger, Baron Neuberger of Abbotsbury, (born 10 January 1948) is an English judge.
An Act for the better securing the dependency of the Kingdom of Ireland on the Crown of Great Britain (6. Geo. I, c. 5) was a 1719 Act passed by the Parliament of Great Britain which declared that it had the right to pass laws for the Kingdom of Ireland, and that the British House of Lords had appellate jurisdiction for Irish court cases.
Alexander Andrew Mackay Irvine, Baron Irvine of Lairg (born 23 June 1940), known as Derry Irvine, is a Scottish lawyer, judge, and political figure who served as Lord Chancellor under his former pupil barrister, Tony Blair.
Devolution is the statutory delegation of powers from the central government of a sovereign state to govern at a subnational level, such as a regional or local level.
Dimes v Grand Junction Canal (1852) was a case heard by the House of Lords.
A docket in the United States is the official summary of proceedings in a court of law.
Donald James Nicholls, Baron Nicholls of Birkenhead, PC (born 25 January 1933), is a British lawyer and retired Law Lord (Lord of Appeal in Ordinary).
Dorothy Leigh Sayers (13 June 1893 – 17 December 1957) was a renowned English crime writer and poet.
Ealing Studios is a television and film production company and facilities provider at Ealing Green in west London.
Earl of Leicester is a title that has been created seven times.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.
Edmund Crouchback (16 January 1245 – 5 June 1296), a member of the House of Plantagenet, was the second surviving son of Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence.
Lieutenant Colonel Edward Southwell Russell, 26th Baron de Clifford, OBE, TD (31 January 1907 – 3 January 1982), was the only son of Jack Southwell Russell, 25th Baron de Clifford, and Eva Carrington.
Frederick Elwyn Jones, Baron Elwyn-Jones, CH, PC (24 October 1909 – 4 December 1989), known as Elwyn Jones, was a Welsh barrister and Labour politician.
In jurisdictions following the English common law system, equity is the body of law which was developed in the English Court of Chancery and which is now administered concurrently with the common law.
The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) (formally the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms) is an international treaty to protect human rights and political freedoms in Europe.
The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR; Cour européenne des droits de l’homme) is a supranational or international court established by the European Convention on Human Rights.
The European Court of Justice (ECJ), officially just the Court of Justice (Cour de Justice), is the supreme court of the European Union in matters of European Union law.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
European Union law is the system of laws operating within the member states of the European Union.
Ex parte is a Latin legal term meaning "from (by or for) party." An ex parte decision is one decided by a judge without requiring all of the parties to the controversy to be present.
The Exchequer of Pleas or Court of Exchequer was a court that dealt with matters of equity, a set of legal principles based on natural law and common law in England and Wales.
Gerald Austin Gardiner, Baron Gardiner, (30 May 1900 – 7 January 1990) was a British Labour politician, who served as Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain from 1964 to 1970 and during that time he introduced into British law as many reforms as any Lord Chancellor had done before or since.
A grand jury is a legal body empowered to conduct official proceedings and investigate potential criminal conduct, and determine whether criminal charges should be brought.
Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, PC, FRSE (28 April 1742, Edinburgh, Scotland – 28 May 1811, Edinburgh) was a Scottish advocate and Tory politician.
The High Court of Justice is, together with the Court of Appeal and the Crown Court, one of the Senior Courts of England and Wales.
The High Court of Justiciary is the supreme criminal court in Scotland.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Lancaster was the name of two cadet branches of the royal House of Plantagenet.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Lords Act 1999 (c. 34) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that was given Royal Assent on 11 November 1999.
The House of Stuart, originally Stewart, was a European royal house that originated in Scotland.
The House of Tudor was an English royal house of Welsh origin, descended in the male line from the Tudors of Penmynydd.
The Human Rights Act 1998 (c42) is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom which received Royal Assent on 9 November 1998, and mostly came into force on 2 October 2000.
The Hutton Inquiry was a 2003 judicial inquiry in the UK chaired by Lord Hutton, who was appointed by the Labour government to investigate the circumstances surrounding the death of David Kelly, a biological warfare expert and former UN weapons inspector in Iraq.
Impeachment is the process by which a legislative body formally levels charges against a high official of government.
The impeachment of Warren Hastings was a failed attempt between 1788 and 1795 to impeach the first Governor-General of Bengal in the Parliament of Great Britain.
General Augusto Pinochet was indicted for human rights violations committed in his native Chile by Spanish magistrate Baltasar Garzón on 10 October 1998.
The Irish House of Lords was the upper house of the Parliament of Ireland that existed from medieval times until 1800.
The Irish Patriot Party was the name of a number of different political groupings in Ireland throughout the 18th century.
James Peter Hymers Mackay, Baron Mackay of Clashfern, (born 2 July 1927) is a British advocate.
James Parke, 1st Baron Wensleydale PC (22 March 1782 – 25 February 1868) was a British barrister and judge.
James VI and I (James Charles Stuart; 19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death in 1625.
The Judicial Appointments Commission is an independent commission that selects candidates for judicial office in courts and tribunals in England and Wales and for some tribunals whose jurisdiction extends to Scotland or Northern Ireland.
The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) is the highest court of appeal for certain British territories and Commonwealth countries.
The Judicial Pensions and Retirement Act 1993 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that strengthened the mandatory retirement provisions previously instituted by the Judicial Pensions Act 1959 for members of the British judiciary.
Judicial review is a process under which executive or legislative actions are subject to review by the judiciary.
Kind Hearts and Coronets is a 1949 British black comedy film.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.
The Kingdom of Ireland (Classical Irish: Ríoghacht Éireann; Modern Irish: Ríocht Éireann) was a nominal state ruled by the King or Queen of England and later the King or Queen of Great Britain that existed in Ireland from 1542 until 1800.
Leonard Hubert "Lennie" Hoffmann, Baron Hoffmann PC GBS (born 8 May 1934) is a retired senior South African-British judge.
A life tenure or service during good behaviour is a term of office that lasts for the office holder's lifetime (in some cases subject to mandatory retirement at a specified age), unless the office holder is removed from office for cause under extraordinary circumstances or chooses to resign.
This is a list of life peerages in the peerage of the United Kingdom created under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876.
This is a list of the last Lords of Appeal in Ordinary and other Lords of Appeal before the judicial functions of the House of Lords ended in 2009.
This article contains a list of Presidents of Chile from the establishment of the First Government Junta in 1810, at the beginning of the Chilean War of Independence, to the present day.
This is a list of trials of peers in the House of Lords.
This article lists by year the cases heard before the Judicial Committee of the House of Lords until it was replaced by the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom in October 2009.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The office of Lord High Chancellor of Ireland (commonly known as Lord Chancellor of Ireland) was the highest judicial office in Ireland until the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922.
The Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales is the head of the judiciary and President of the Courts of England and Wales.
The position of Lord High Steward is the first of the Great Officers of State in England, nominally ranking above the Lord Chancellor.
Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, commonly known as Law Lords, were judges appointed under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876 to the British House of Lords in order to exercise its judicial functions, which included acting as the highest court of appeal for most domestic matters.
The Keeper or Master of the Rolls and Records of the Chancery of England, known as the Master of the Rolls, is the second-most senior judge in England and Wales after the Lord Chief Justice, and serves as President of the Civil Division of the Court of Appeal and Head of Civil Justice.
Robert Michael Oldfield Havers, Baron Havers, (10 March 1923 – 1 April 1992) was a British barrister and Conservative politician.
The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom, its dependencies and its overseas territories.
Order of precedence is a sequential hierarchy of nominal importance of persons.
The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Parliament of Ireland was the legislature of the Lordship of Ireland, and later the Kingdom of Ireland, from 1297 until 1800.
Parliamentary sovereignty (also called parliamentary supremacy or legislative supremacy) is a concept in the constitutional law of some parliamentary democracies.
A peerage is a legal system historically comprising hereditary titles in various countries, comprising various noble ranks.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
The privilege of peerage is the body of special privileges belonging to members of the British peerage.
Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom.
The Queen's Bench (or, during the reign of a male monarch, the King's Bench, Cour du banc du Roi) is the superior court in a number of jurisdictions within some of the Commonwealth realms.
The Queen-in-Parliament (or, during the reign of a male monarch, King-in-Parliament), sometimes referred to as the Crown-in-Parliament or, more fully, in the United Kingdom, as the King/Queen in Parliament under God, is a technical term of constitutional law in the Commonwealth realms that refers to the Crown in its legislative role, acting with the advice and consent of the parliament (including, if the parliament is bicameral, both the lower house and upper house).
Quintin McGarel Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, (9 October 1907 – 12 October 2001), who held the title 2nd Viscount Hailsham from 1950 to 1963, was a British politician known for the length of his career, the vigour with which he campaigned for the Conservative Party, and the influence of his political writing.
R (Factortame Ltd) v Secretary of State for Transport was a judicial review case taken against the United Kingdom government by a company of Spanish fishermen who claimed that the United Kingdom had breached European Union law by requiring ships to have a majority of British owners if they were to be registered in the UK.
R (Pinochet Ugarte) v Bow St Metropolitan Stipendiary Magistrate, 119 and is a set of three UK constitutional law judgments by the House of Lords, on whether former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet could claim state immunity from torture allegations made by a Spanish court and therefore evade extradition to Spain.
The Repeal Act of 1782 (22. Geo. III, c. 53) was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain, which repealed the Declaratory Act of 1719.
Richard Rashleigh Folliott Scott, Baron Scott of Foscote PC, (born 2 October 1934), is a South African-born British judge, who formerly held the office of Lord of Appeal in Ordinary.
Robin Brunskill Cooke, Baron Cooke of Thorndon (9 May 1926 – 30 August 2006) was a New Zealand judge and later a British Law Lord and member of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Scots law is the legal system of Scotland.
Sir Arthur Onslow, 1st Baronet (1622 – 21 July 1688) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1641 and 1685.
Sir John Fagg, 1st Baronet (4 October 1627 – 18 January 1701) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons of England at various times between 1645 and 1701.
Skinner's Case was a celebrated dispute between the House of Lords and the House of Commons over the question of the original jurisdiction of the former house in civil suits.
The Speaker of the House of Commons is the presiding officer of the House of Commons, the United Kingdom's lower chamber of Parliament.
The State Opening of Parliament is an event which formally marks the beginning of a session of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
A statutory instrument (SI) is the principal form in which delegated legislation is made in Great Britain.
A supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of courts in many legal jurisdictions.
The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom is the supreme court in all matters under English and Welsh law, Northern Irish law and Scottish civil law.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
Thomas Dalmahoy (died 1682) was an English politician as the (co-)Member of Parliament for Guildford, 1664-1679.
Thomas Henry Bingham, Baron Bingham of Cornhill (called Tom; 13 October 193311 September 2010), was an eminent British judge and jurist who served as Master of the Rolls, Lord Chief Justice and Senior Law Lord.
Anthony Peter Clarke, Baron Clarke of Stone-cum-Ebony (called Tony; born 13 May 1943) is a British lawyer.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
William Ewart Gladstone, (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Appeal to the House of Lords, Appellate Committee, Appellate Committee of the House of Lords, Appellate Committee of the House of Lords of the Parliament, Appellate Committee of the House of Lords of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, Appellate Committee of the House of Lords of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Appellate Committee of the House of Lords, Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Appellate Committee, House of Lords, Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Appellate Committee, House of Lords, Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Court of the House of Lords, House of Lords Appellate Committee, House of Lords Judicial Committee, Judicial Committee of the House of Lords, Lords of Appeal, Noble and learned friend.