42 relations: Atrial fibrillation, Atrial flutter, Atrium (heart), Bradycardia, Cannon A waves, Cardiac catheterization, Cardiac cycle, Cardiac tamponade, Cardiovascular disease, Centimetre, Central venous catheter, Central venous pressure, Common carotid artery, Constrictive pericarditis, Ectopic beat, External jugular vein, Friedreich's sign, Heart failure, Hypervolemia, Inferior vena cava, Internal jugular vein, Kussmaul's sign, Liver sinusoid, Pericardial effusion, Pericardium, Pre-excitation syndrome, Pulmonary hypertension, Pulmonary wedge pressure, Pulse, Respiratory disease, Restrictive cardiomyopathy, Sternal angle, Sternocleidomastoid muscle, Stroke volume, Superior vena cava syndrome, Systematic review, Third-degree atrioventricular block, Tricuspid insufficiency, Tricuspid valve stenosis, Vein, Ventricular tachycardia, Wiggers diagram.
Atrial fibrillation (AF or A-fib) is an abnormal heart rhythm characterized by rapid and irregular beating of the atria.
Atrial flutter (AFL) is a common abnormal heart rhythm that starts in the atrial chambers of the heart.
The atrium is the upper chamber in which blood enters the heart.
Bradycardia is a condition wherein an individual has a very slow heart rate, typically defined as a resting heart rate of under 60 beats per minute (BPM) in adults.
Cannon A waves, or cannon atrial waves, are waves seen occasionally in the jugular vein of humans with certain cardiac arrhythmias.
Cardiac catheterization (heart cath) is the insertion of a catheter into a chamber or vessel of the heart.
The cardiac cycle is the performance of the human heart from the beginning of one heartbeat to the beginning of the next.
Cardiac tamponade, also known as pericardial tamponade, is when fluid in the pericardium (the sac around the heart) builds up, resulting in compression of the heart.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.
A centimetre (international spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; symbol cm) or centimeter (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one hundredth of a metre, centi being the SI prefix for a factor of.
A central venous catheter (CVC), also known as a central line, central venous line, or central venous access catheter, is a catheter placed into a large vein.
Central venous pressure (CVP) is the blood pressure in the venae cavae, near the right atrium of the heart.
In anatomy, the left and right common carotid arteries (carotids) are arteries that supply the head and neck with oxygenated blood; they divide in the neck to form the external and internal carotid arteries.
Constrictive pericarditis is a medical condition characterized by a thickened, fibrotic pericardium, limiting the heart's ability to function normally.
Ectopic beat (or cardiac ectopy) is a disturbance of the cardiac rhythm frequently related to the electrical conduction system of the heart, in which beats arise from fibers or group of fibers outside the region in the heart muscle ordinarily responsible for impulse formation (i.e., the sinoatrial node).
The external jugular vein receives the greater part of the blood from the exterior of the cranium and the deep parts of the face, being formed by the junction of the posterior division of the retromandibular vein with the posterior auricular vein.
In medicine, Friedreich's sign is the exaggerated drop in diastolic central venous pressure seen in constrictive pericarditis (particularly with a stiff calcified pericardium) and manifested as abrupt collapse of the neck veins or marked descent of the central venous pressure waveform.
Heart failure (HF), often referred to as congestive heart failure (CHF), is when the heart is unable to pump sufficiently to maintain blood flow to meet the body's needs.
Hypervolemia, or fluid overload, is the medical condition where there is too much fluid in the blood.
The inferior vena cava (or IVC) is a large vein that carries deoxygenated blood from the lower and middle body into the right atrium of the heart.
The internal jugular vein is a paired jugular vein that collects blood from the brain and the superficial parts of the face and neck.
Kussmaul sign is a paradoxical rise in jugular venous pressure (JVP) on inspiration, or a failure in the appropriate fall of the JVP with inspiration.
A liver sinusoid is a type of sinusoidal blood vessel (with fenestrated, discontinuous endothelium) that serves as a location for mixing of the oxygen-rich blood from the hepatic artery and the nutrient-rich blood from the portal vein.
Pericardial effusion ("fluid around the heart") is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pericardial cavity.
The pericardium is a double-walled sac containing the heart and the roots of the great vessels.
Pre-excitation syndrome is an abnormal heart rhythm in which the ventricles of the heart become depolarized too early, which leads to their partial premature contraction.
Pulmonary hypertension (PH or PHTN) is a condition of increased blood pressure within the arteries of the lungs.
The pulmonary wedge pressure or PWP, or cross-sectional pressure (also called the pulmonary arterial wedge pressure or PAWP, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure or PCWP, or pulmonary artery occlusion pressure or PAOP), is the pressure measured by wedging a pulmonary catheter with an inflated balloon into a small pulmonary arterial branch.
In medicine, a pulse represents the tactile arterial palpation of the heartbeat by trained fingertips.
Respiratory disease is a medical term that encompasses pathological conditions affecting the organs and tissues that make gas exchange possible in higher organisms, and includes conditions of the upper respiratory tract, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, pleura and pleural cavity, and the nerves and muscles of breathing.
Restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) is a form of cardiomyopathy in which the walls of the heart are rigid (but not thickened).
The sternal angle (also known as the angle of Louis or manubriosternal junction) is the synarthrotic joint formed by the articulation of the manubrium and the body of the sternum.
The sternocleidomastoid muscle (also known as sternomastoid, commonly abbreviated as SCM or simply referred to as sterno muscle), is a paired muscle in the superficial layers of the side of the neck.
In cardiovascular physiology, stroke volume (SV) is the volume of blood pumped from the left ventricle per beat.
Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS), is a group of symptoms caused by obstruction of the superior vena cava (a short, wide vessel carrying circulating blood into the heart).
Systematic reviews are a type of literature review that uses systematic methods to collect secondary data, critically appraise research studies, and synthesize studies.
Third-degree atrioventricular block (AV block), also known as complete heart block, is a medical condition in which the nerve impulse generated in the sinoatrial node (SA node) in the atrium of the heart does not propagate to the ventricles.
Tricuspid insufficiency (TI), a valvular heart disease also called tricuspid regurgitation (TR), refers to the failure of the heart's tricuspid valve to close properly during systole.
Tricuspid Valve Stenosis is a valvular heart disease that narrows the opening of the heart's tricuspid valve.
Veins are blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart.
Ventricular tachycardia (V-tach or VT) is a type of regular and fast heart rate that arises from improper electrical activity in the ventricles of the heart.
A Wiggers diagram, named after its developer, Dr. Carl J. Wiggers, is a standard diagram that is used in teaching cardiac physiology.
Distended neck vein, Distended vein, Jugular distension, Jugular vein distension, Jugular venous distension, Jugular venous distention, Neck vein distention, V wave, V-wave, Venous pulse, Venous waveform, X descent, Y descent.