629 relations: Aaron Gillespie, Aaron T. Beck, Abu'l-Hasan Ali ibn al-Furat, AD 64, Adabel Guerrero, Adolf Hitler, Adolf Ogi, African Americans, Agena target vehicle, Alan Morrison (poet), Alan Pardew, Alberto di Jorio, Alex Rocco, Alexander Morozevich, Alfonso VIII of Castile, Almohad Caliphate, Alvise Cadamosto, American Civil War, AMIA bombing, Amy Gillett, Ancient Rome, André Castelot, Andrea Gallo, Andreas Biermann, Andrei Gromyko, Anglo-Russian War (1807–1812), Anglo-Swedish War (1810–1812), Anshan, Anthony Mirra, Antioch, Antonio García-Trevijano, Apostolic Brethren, Aquileia, Archbishop of Uppsala, Arnulf of Metz, Arthur Friedenreich, Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina, Assef Shawkat, Attila, Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps, Änis Ben-Hatira, Émile Peynaud, Baddiewinkle, Ballot Act 1872, Bartolomé de las Casas, Battle of Alarcos, Battle of Mullaitivu (1996), Battle of the Allia, Battle of the Catalaunian Plains, Battle of the Cremera, ..., Battle of the Kondurcha River, Beatrice Aitchison, Beisfjord massacre, Bell tower, Ben Sheets, Benito Juárez, Benjamin C. Truman, Bernard of Saxe-Weimar, Bernard Pons, Bernd Fasching, Birgu, Bishnu Dey, Bobby Fuller, Boiler Room Girls, Boniface of Savoy (bishop), Brian Auger, Bruno (bishop of Segni), Buenos Aires, Bulgaria, Burgas Airport, Calendar of saints, Camillus de Lellis, Cape Canaveral, Caravaggio, Carequinha, Carl Van Doren, Carlo Costly, Carlos Colón Sr., Carlos Diogo, César Villaluz, Chace Crawford, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Chappaquiddick Island, Charles Kittel, Chill Wills, Church of England, Cleveland, Clifford Odets, College of Arms, Confederate States of America, Constantinople, Corneille Heymans, Dan O'Brien, Darlene Conley, Daron Malakian, David Hemery, David Ogilvy, 12th Earl of Airlie, Dawoud Rajiha, Deion Branch, Dennis Lillee, Dennis Seidenberg, Dent Blanche, Detroit bankruptcy, Dick Button, Dietmar Schönherr, Dion DiMucci, Diptendu Pramanick, Dominika Luzarová, Donnie Moore, Dorothea Dix, Duchess Maria Antonia of Bavaria, Eadburh of Bicester, Edict of Expulsion, Edward Bond, Edward I of England, El Hadj Umar Tall, Elio Di Rupo, Elizabeth Ferard, Elizabeth Gilbert, Elizabeth McGovern, Elsa Pataky, Emperor Monmu, Episcopal Church (United States), Eric Brandon, Ernest Eldridge, Ernst Scheller, Evald Tipner, Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community, Ferdinand von Hochstetter, First Vatican Council, Florence, Florence Cathedral, Fort Wagner, François de Neufville, duc de Villeroy, Francis I, Duke of Brittany, Francisco Javier Arana, Frank Farian, Frank Forde, Frederick of Utrecht, Friedrich Zimmermann, Gaulish language, Gauls, Gemini 10, Gerard Segarelli, Giacinto Facchetti, Giacomo Balla, Gilbert White, Gilberto Freyre, Gino Bartali, Giotto, Giovanni Bononcini, Gisenyi, Glenn Hughes (Village People), Go Soo-hee, Godfrey of Bouillon, Goguryeo–Tang War, Golden Horde, Goneri of Brittany, Government of Detroit, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies, Graham Spanier, Grant Bowler, Great Fire of Rome, Grigori Kromanov, Guatemala, Gundenis, Guy of Lusignan, Gymnastics, Harriet Nelson, Hartmut Michel, Hasan Turkmani, Hebrew calendar, Heinrich Bullinger, Heinz Bennent, Hendrik Lorentz, Henri Salvador, Henry Allingham, Herman Gummerus, Hermann of Reichenau, Hideki Tojo, Horatio Alger, Hough riots, Human spaceflight, Hume Cronyn, Hundred Years' War, Hunter S. Thompson, Hyacinthe Rigaud, Ian Stewart (musician), Immanuel Hermann Fichte, Inge Sørensen, Intel, Isabella of Austria, Israelis, Jack Dongarra, Jack Hawkins, Jack Layton, Jacobus Gallus, James Brolin, James Norton (actor), Jamie Benn, Jan Schlaudraff, Jane Austen, Jayendra Saraswathi, Jean François-Poncet, Jean Jules Jusserand, Jean Yanne, Jean-Antoine Watteau, Jeanne Córdova, Jerome H. Lemelson, Jerry Hadley, Jerry Moore (American football, born 1939), Jessamyn West (writer), Jill Balcon, Joachim Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg, João Ubaldo Ribeiro, Joe Torre, Joey Mercury, Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Johannes Camphuys, John Connelly (footballer), John de Braose, John Glenn, John Naughton, John Paul Jones, John Stuart (actor), John V, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg, Joly Braga Santos, Joo Sang-wook, Joseph Ellis, Julian (emperor), Julian Bell, July 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics), Junkers Jumo 004, Kalpana Mohan, Karl Menninger, Kayes, Kōichi Kido, Keith Levene, Keith MacDonald, Kenji Miyamoto (politician), Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of England, Kingdom of France, Kostas Eleftherakis, Kristen Bell, Kurt Masur, Lally Bowers, Larry McLean, Les Horribles Cernettes, Li Shiji, Liaoning, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, Lilia Dale, List of ambassadors of France to the United States, List of colonial governors of Senegal, List of heads of government of Norway, List of heads of state of Panama, List of mayors of Marburg, Lonnie Mack, Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal of Japan, Louis Faidherbe, Louis Gerhard De Geer, Louis Le Bailly, Louis-Nazaire Bégin, Louisa Ghijs, Lupe Vélez, Lydia Becker, M.I.A. (rapper), Machine Gun Kelly, Malta Protectorate, Mamadou Dia, Mandela Day, Marc Girardelli, Margaret Brown, Margaret Laurence, Margo Martindale, Maria Clementina Sobieska, Marie of Romania, Marina of Aguas Santas, Mark Udall, Martín Torrijos, Martha Reeves, Mary I of England, Mary Jo Kopechne, Maternus (bishop of Milan), Maunu Kurkvaara, Mélissa Theuriau, Mein Kampf, Messerschmitt Me 262, Metin Toker, Michael Lichaa, Michael Medwin, Mikk Pahapill, Mimi Fariña, Ministry of Defense (Syria), Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Soviet Union), Minnborinus of Cologne, Mohammed Daoud Khan, Montserrat, Mountain View, California, Muhammad bin Qasim, Nabil Fekir, Nadia Comăneci, Natalia Mikhailova, Nathalie Sarraute, Natural disaster, Nelson Mandela, Nick Faldo, Nico, Nilo Soares, Nita Bieber, Nobel Peace Prize, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Ohio National Guard, Olga Spessivtseva, Olivier Ameisen, Olympic Games, Oscar Heisserer, Pambo, Panagiotis Lagos, Papal infallibility, Pasi Rautiainen, Pat Doherty, Paul Saintenoy, Paul Streeten, Paul Verhoeven, Pauline Viardot, Peace Pilgrim, Peasant, Pedro II of Brazil, Pennsylvania State University, Penny Hardaway, Peter Austin (brewer), Philastrius, Philip II of Spain, Philip Snowden, 1st Viscount Snowden, Pieter Langendijk, Plan de Sánchez massacre, President of Afghanistan, President of Mexico, President of South Africa, President of South Korea, President of the Swiss Confederation, Prime Minister of Australia, Prime Minister of Belgium, Prime Minister of Japan, Prime Minister of Sweden, Prince Frederick Adolf, Duke of Östergötland, Priyanka Chopra, Public holidays in Uruguay, Quebec, Rajesh Khanna, Raymond Jones (architect), Red Skelton, Richard Branson, Richard Leacock, Ricky Skaggs, Ringwood Brewery, Roald Hoffmann, Robert Ellis Miller, Robert Elton Brooker, Robert Gould Shaw, Roman Jakobson, Roman Republic, Roman–Persian Wars, Roxana Cannon Arsht, Royal charter, Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor, Rwanda, Rwandan genocide, Rwandan Patriotic Front, Ryan Cabrera, S. I. Hayakawa, Sack of Aquileia, Sada Yacco, Saguenay flood, Saguenay River, San Ysidro McDonald's massacre, San Ysidro, San Diego, Sasanian Empire, Saverio Bettinelli, Scott Gourley, Screamin' Jay Hawkins, Sebastian Mielitz, Second Battle of Fort Wagner, Shane Horgan, Shankaracharya, Shaun Micallef, Shirley Strickland, Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr., Simon Heffer, Soufrière Hills, Sri Lanka Army, Stefan (Archbishop of Uppsala), Stephen II of Constantinople, Steve Forbes, Sukhwinder Singh, Symphorosa, Ted Kennedy, Teneu, Tenley Albright, The Great Sasuke, Theodosia of Constantinople, Thomas Cook, Thomas Cook Group, Thomas Kuhn, Thomas Sturge Moore, Timur, Tisha B'Av, Tokhtamysh, Tokhtamysh–Timur war, Toledo, Spain, Tontowi Ahmad, Torii Hunter, Treaty of Orebro, Tristan Corbière, Truce of Leulinghem, Tullio Altamura, United States Congress, Vaali (poet), Vasil Levski, Vaughn Bodē, Vítězslav Novák, Veii, Vesselina Kasarova, Vidkun Quisling, Village People, Vin Diesel, Vincenzo Borg, Virgil Earp, Virgin Group, W. G. Grace, Wendy Williams, William Makepeace Thackeray, William Westmoreland, Windy McCall, Women's Suffrage Journal, World War II, World Wide Web, Yannick Riendeau, Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Yohan Mollo, Yosef Shalom Eliashiv, Yun Posun, Zacharias Ursinus, Zaire, Zhu Wen, 1013, 1100, 1143, 1185, 1194, 1195, 1232, 1270, 1290, 1300, 1334, 1389, 1391, 1439, 1450, 1488, 1501, 1504, 1534, 1552, 1555, 1566, 1591, 1608, 1610, 1634, 1639, 1659, 1670, 1695, 1698, 1702, 1718, 1720, 1721, 1724, 1730, 1750, 1756, 1792, 1796, 1806, 1806 Birgu polverista explosion, 1811, 1812, 1817, 1818, 1821, 1837, 1841, 1843, 1845, 1848, 1853, 1857, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1867, 1870, 1871, 1872, 1881, 1884, 1886, 1887, 1889, 1890, 1892, 1893, 1895, 1897, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1902, 1905, 1906, 1908, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1957, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1976 Summer Olympics, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2012, 2012 Burgas bus bombing, 2013, 2014, 2015, 362, 390 BC, 452, 477 BC, 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, 645, 707, 715, 912, 924, 928. Expand index (579 more) » « Shrink index
Aaron Roderick Gillespie (born July 18, 1983) is an American musician, best known for being the original drummer and clean vocalist for the metalcore band Underoath, and the lead singer and rhythm guitarist for the alternative rock band The Almost.
Aaron Temkin Beck (born July 18, 1921) is an American psychiatrist who is professor emeritus in the department of psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania.
Abu'l-Hasan Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Musa ibn al-Hasan ibn al-Furat (855 – 18 July 924) was a senior official of the Abbasid Caliphate who served three times as vizier under Caliph al-Muqtadir.
AD 64 (LXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Adabel Anahí Guerrero Melachenko (born July 18, 1978), better known simply as Adabel Guerrero, is an Argentine professional theater and burlesque dancer, actress, and supervedette, who has also dabbled as a model and as a singer in several television, magazine and theater appearances.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Adolf Ogi (born 18 July 1942) is a Swiss politician from the village of Kandersteg in the Swiss Alps.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
The Agena Target Vehicle (ATV), also known as Gemini-Agena Target Vehicle (GATV) was an unmanned spacecraft used by NASA during its Gemini program to develop and practice orbital space rendezvous and docking techniques, and to perform large orbital changes, in preparation for the Apollo program lunar missions.
Alan Duncan Morrison (born 18 July 1974, Brighton) is a British poet.
Alan Scott Pardew (born 18 July 1961) is an English football manager and former professional footballer.
Alberto di Jorio (18 July 1884 – 5 September 1979), was a cardinal of the Catholic Church and for many years along with the layman Bernardino Nogara the powerhouse behind the growing wealth of the Vatican and the Istituto per le Opere di Religione (popularly known as the "Vatican Bank").
Alessandro Federico Petricone, Jr. (February 29, 1936 – July 18, 2015), known professionally as Alex Rocco, was an American actor.
Alexander Sergeyevich Morozevich (Александр Серге́евич Морозе́вич; born July 18, 1977) is a Russian chess Grandmaster.
Alfonso VIII (11 November 11555 October 1214), called the Noble (El Noble) or the one of the Navas (el de las Navas), was the King of Castile from 1158 to his death and King of Toledo.
The Almohad Caliphate (British English:, U.S. English:; ⵉⵎⵡⴻⵃⵃⴷⴻⵏ (Imweḥḥden), from Arabic الموحدون, "the monotheists" or "the unifiers") was a Moroccan Berber Muslim movement and empire founded in the 12th century.
Alvise Cadamosto or Alvide da Ca' da Mosto (also known in Portuguese as Luís Cadamosto; c. 1432 – July 18, 1488) was an Venetian slave trader and explorer, who was hired by the Portuguese prince Henry the Navigator and undertook two known journeys to West Africa in 1455 and 1456, accompanied by the Genoese captain Antoniotto Usodimare.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The AMIA bombing was an attack on the Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina (AMIA; Argentine Israelite Mutual Association) building.
Amy Elizabeth Gillett (née Safe; 9 January 1976 – 18 July 2005) was an Australian track cyclist and rower who represented Australia in both sports.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
André Castelot, born André Storms (23 January 1911, Antwerp – 18 July 2004, Neuilly-sur-Seine), was a French writer, historian and scriptwriter born in Belgium.
Don Andrea Gallo (18 July 1928 – 22 May 2013) was an Italian presbyter, founder and leader of the community of San Benedetto al Porto of Genoa.
Andreas Biermann (13 September 1980 – 18 July 2014) was a German footballer who last played for FSV Spandauer Kickers.
Andrei Andreyevich Gromyko (Андре́й Андре́евич Громы́ко; Андрэ́й Андрэ́евіч Грамы́ка; – 2 July 1989) was a Soviet communist politician during the Cold War.
During the Napoleonic Wars, the Anglo-Russian War (2 September 1807– 18 July 1812) was the phase of hostilities between the United Kingdom and Russia after the latter signed the Treaty of Tilsit that ended its war with France.
During the Napoleonic Wars until 1810, Sweden and the United Kingdom were allies in the war against Napoleon.
Anshan is the third largest prefecture-level city in Liaoning Province, China.
Anthony "Tony" Mirra (July 18, 1927 - February 18, 1982) was an Italian-American mobster, soldier and later caporegime for the Bonanno crime family.
Antioch on the Orontes (Antiókheia je epi Oróntou; also Syrian Antioch)Ἀντιόχεια ἡ ἐπὶ Ὀρόντου; or Ἀντιόχεια ἡ ἐπὶ Δάφνῃ, "Antioch on Daphne"; or Ἀντιόχεια ἡ Μεγάλη, "Antioch the Great"; Antiochia ad Orontem; Անտիոք Antiok; ܐܢܛܝܘܟܝܐ Anṭiokya; Hebrew: אנטיוכיה, Antiyokhya; Arabic: انطاكية, Anṭākiya; انطاکیه; Antakya.
Antonio García-Trevijano Forte (July 18, 1927 – February 28, 2018) was a Spanish republican, a political activist, and an author.
The Apostolic Brethren (sometimes referred to as Apostolici, Apostoli, Apostles) were a Christian sect founded in northern Italy in the latter half of the 13th century by Gerard Segarelli, a native of Alzano in the territory of Parma.
Aquileia (Acuilee/Aquilee/Aquilea;bilingual name of Aquileja - Oglej in: Venetian: Aquiłeja/Aquiłegia; Aglar/Agley/Aquileja; Oglej) is an ancient Roman city in Italy, at the head of the Adriatic at the edge of the lagoons, about from the sea, on the river Natiso (modern Natisone), the course of which has changed somewhat since Roman times.
The archbishop of Uppsala (spelled Upsala until the early 20th century) has been the primate in Sweden in an unbroken succession since 1164, first during the Catholic era, and from the 1530s and onward under the Lutheran church.
Saint Arnulf of Metz (582640) was a Frankish bishop of Metz and advisor to the Merovingian court of Austrasia, who retired to the Abbey of Remiremont.
Arthur Friedenreich (18 July 1892 – 6 September 1969) was a Brazilian footballer, who played as a forward.
Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina (AMIA) is a Jewish Community Center located in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Assef Shawkat (آصف شوكت‎; 15 January 1950 – 18 July 2012) was the deputy Minister of Defense of Syria from September 2011 until his death in July 2012.
Attila (fl. circa 406–453), frequently called Attila the Hun, was the ruler of the Huns from 434 until his death in March 453.
The Aviation Section, Signal Corps, was the aerial warfare service of the United States from 1914 to 1918, and a direct statutory ancestor of the United States Air Force.
Änis Ben-Hatira (born 18 July 1988) is a Tunisian professional footballer who last played as an attacking midfielder for Espérance Tunis.
Émile Peynaud (June 29, 1912 – July 18, 2004) was a French oenologist and researcher who has been credited with revolutionizing winemaking in the latter half of the 20th century, and has been called "the forefather of modern oenology".
Helen Ruth Elam Van Winkle (born July 18, 1928 in Hazard, Kentucky), better known as Baddiewinkle or Baddie Winkle, is an American internet personality.
The Ballot Act 1872 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that introduced the requirement that parliamentary and local government elections in the United Kingdom be held by secret ballot.
Bartolomé de las Casas (1484 – 18 July 1566) was a 16th-century Spanish historian, social reformer and Dominican friar.
Battle of Alarcos (July 18, 1195), was a battle between the Almohads led by Abu Yusuf Ya'qub al-Mansur and King Alfonso VIII of Castile.
The Battle of Mullaitivu (codenamed Operation Unceasing Waves by the Tamil Tigers), was a battle that occurred between 18–25 July 1996 for the control of the town of Mullaitivu in Sri Lanka.
The Battle of the Allia was fought between the Senones (one of the Gallic tribes which had invaded northern Italy) and the Roman Republic.
The Battle of the Catalaunian Plains (or Fields), also called the Battle of the Campus Mauriacus, Battle of Châlons or the Battle of Maurica, took place on June 20, 451 AD, between a coalition led by the Roman general Flavius Aetius and the Visigothic king Theodoric I against the Huns and their vassals commanded by their king Attila.
The Battle of the Cremera was fought between the Roman Republic and the Etruscan city of Veii, in 477 BC (276 AUC).
The Battle of the Kondurcha River was the first major battle of the Tokhtamysh–Timur war.
Beatrice Aitchison (July 18, 1908 – September 22, 1997) was an American mathematician, statistician, and transportation economist who directed the Transport Economics Division of the United States Department of Commerce,.
The Beisfjord massacre (Beisfjord-massakren) was a massacre on 18 July 1942 in Beisfjord, Norway of 288 political prisoners who were killed at Lager I Beisfjord (German for "Beisfjord Camp No.1", Beisfjord fangeleir).
A bell tower is a tower that contains one or more bells, or that is designed to hold bells even if it has none.
Benjaman Michael Sheets (born July 18, 1978) is an American former professional baseball pitcher who played for the Milwaukee Brewers, Oakland Athletics, and Atlanta Braves of Major League Baseball.
Benito Pablo Juárez García (21 March 1806 – 18 July 1872) was a Mexican lawyer and liberal politician of Zapotec origin from Oaxaca.
Benjamin Cummings Truman (October 25, 1835 – July 18, 1916), was an American journalist and author; in particular, he was a distinguished war correspondent during the American Civil War, and an authority on duels.
Bernard of Saxe-Weimar (Bernhard von Sachsen-Weimar; 16 August 160418 July 1639) was a German prince and general in the Thirty Years' War.
Bernard Pons (born 18 July 1926, Beziers) was a French politician and medical doctor who was a member of the Union of Democrats for the Republic from 1971 to 1976 and a member of the Rally for the Republic party thereafter.
Bernd Fasching (born 18 July 1955 in Vienna, Austria) is an Austrian painter and sculptor.
Birgu (Il-Birgu, Vittoriosa), also known by its title Città Vittoriosa, is an old fortified city on the south side of the Grand Harbour in the South Eastern Region of Malta.
Bishnu Dey was a prominent Bengali poet, prose writer, translator, academic and art critic in the era of modernism, post-modernism.
Robert Gaston Fuller (October 22, 1942 – July 18, 1966) was an American rock singer, songwriter, and guitarist best known for "Love's Made a Fool of You" and "I Fought the Law", recorded with his group The Bobby Fuller Four.
The "Boiler Room Girls" were a team of female staff members who worked in Senator Robert F. Kennedy's 1968 presidential campaign.
Boniface of Savoy (c. 1217 – 18 July 1270) was a medieval Bishop of Belley in France and Archbishop of Canterbury in England.
Brian Albert Gordon Auger (born 18 July 1939 in Hammersmith London) is an English jazz and rock keyboardist, who has specialised in playing the Hammond organ.
Saint Bruno di Segni (c. 1045 – 18 July 1123) was an Italian Roman Catholic prelate and professed member from the Order of Saint Benedict who served as the Bishop of Segni and the Abbot of Montecassino.
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
Burgas Airport (translit) is an international airport in southeast Bulgaria and the second largest airport in the country.
The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.
Saint Camillus de Lellis, M.I., (25 May 1550 – 14 July 1614) was a Roman Catholic priest from Italy who founded a religious order dedicated to the care of the sick.
Cape Canaveral, from the Spanish Cabo Cañaveral, is a cape in Brevard County, Florida, United States, near the center of the state's Atlantic coast.
Michelangelo Merisi (Michele Angelo Merigi or Amerighi) da Caravaggio (28 September 1571 – 18 July 1610) was an Italian painter active in Rome, Naples, Malta, and Sicily from the early 1590s to 1610.
George Savalla Gomes, better known as Carequinha or Baldy the Clown (July 18, 1915 in Rio Bonito – April 5, 2006 in São Gonçalo), was a Brazilian clown and actor, born in a circus to a circus family.
Carl Clinton Van Doren (September 10, 1885 – July 18, 1950) was an American critic and biographer.
Carlo Yaír Costly Molina (born 18 July 1982) is a Honduran footballer striker who is currently playing for Olimpia.
Carlos Edwin Colón González Sr. (born July 18, 1948) is a Puerto Rican professional wrestler and wrestling promoter, better known as Carlitos Colón or simply Carlos Colón.
Carlos Andrés Diogo Enseñat (born 18 July 1983) is a Uruguayan professional footballer.
César Osvaldo Villaluz Martínez (born July 18, 1988) is a Mexican footballer, who plays as a midfielder for Ascenso MX team, Atlético San Luis on loan from Chiapas Jaguar.
Christopher Chace Crawford (born July 18, 1985) is an American actor, known for his portrayal of Nate Archibald on The CW's teen drama series Gossip Girl (2007–12).
The Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of Her Majesty's Exchequer, commonly known as the Chancellor of the Exchequer, or simply the Chancellor, is a senior official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of Her Majesty's Treasury.
Chappaquiddick Island (Massachusett language: Noepetchepi-aquidenet; colloquially known as "Chappy"), a part of the town of Edgartown, Massachusetts, is a small peninsula and occasional island on the eastern end of Martha's Vineyard.
Charles Kittel (born July 18, 1916) is an American physicist.
Theodore Childress "Chill" Wills (July 18, 1902 – December 15, 1978) was an American actor and a singer in the Avalon Boys Quartet.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.
Clifford Odets (July 18, 1906 – August 14, 1963) was an American playwright, screenwriter, and director.
The College of Arms, sometimes referred to as the College of Heralds, is a royal corporation consisting of professional officers of arms, with jurisdiction over England, Wales, Northern Ireland and some Commonwealth realms.
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis; Constantinopolis) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), and also of the brief Latin (1204–1261), and the later Ottoman (1453–1923) empires.
Corneille Jean François Heymans (28 March 1892 – 18 July 1968) was a Belgian physiologist.
Daniel Dion "Dan" O'Brien (born July 18, 1966) is an American former decathlete and Olympic gold medalist.
Darlene Conley (July 18, 1934 – January 14, 2007) was an American actress.
Daron Vartan Malakian (born July 18, 1975) is an American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and record producer.
David Peter Hemery, CBE (born 18 July 1944) is a British former track and field athlete, winner of the 400 metres hurdles at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City.
Colonel David Lyulph Gore Wolseley Ogilvy, 12th and 7th Earl of Airlie (18 July 1893, Cahir, County Tipperary, Ireland – 28 December 1968) was a Scottish peer, soldier and courtier.
Dawoud Abdallah Rajiha (داود راجحة‎; 1947 – 18 July 2012), forename sometimes transliterated Dawood or Daoud, surname sometimes transliterated Rajha, was the Syrian minister of defense from 2011 to July 2012 when he was assassinated along with other senior military officers by armed opposition forces during the country's Civil War.
Anthony Deion Branch, Jr. (born July 18, 1979) is a former American football wide receiver of the National Football League (NFL).
Dennis Keith Lillee, AM, MBE (born 18 July 1949) is a former Australian cricketer rated as the "outstanding fast bowler of his generation".
Dennis Marvin Seidenberg (born 18 July 1981) is a German professional ice hockey defenceman currently playing for the New York Islanders of the National Hockey League.
The Dent Blanche is a mountain in the Pennine Alps, lying in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.
The city of Detroit, Michigan, filed for Chapter 9 bankruptcy on July 18, 2013.
Richard Totten "Dick" Button (born July 18, 1929) is an American former figure skater and skating analyst.
Dietmar Otto Schönherr (17 May 1926 – 18 July 2014) was an Austrian film actor.
Dion Francis DiMucci (born July 18, 1939), better known mononymously as Dion, is an American singer, songwriter whose work has incorporated elements of doo-wop, rock and R&B styles—and, most recently, straight blues.
Diptendu Pramanick (July 1910 – Dec 1989) (দীপ্তেন্দু প্রামাণিক) was a Bengali film personality from Calcutta.
Dominika Luzarová (born 18 July 1982 in Přerov) is a former Czech tennis player.
Donnie Ray Moore (February 13, 1954 – July 18, 1989) was an American relief pitcher in Major League Baseball (MLB) who played for the Chicago Cubs (1975, 1977–79), St. Louis Cardinals (1980), Milwaukee Brewers (1981), Atlanta Braves (1982–84) and California Angels (1985–88).
Dorothea Lynde Dix (April 4, 1802July 17, 1887) was an American activist on behalf of the indigent mentally ill who, through a vigorous program of lobbying state legislatures and the United States Congress, created the first generation of American mental asylums.
Maria Antonia, Princess of Bavaria, Electress of Saxony (18 July 1724 – 23 April 1780) was a German princess, composer, singer, harpsichordist and patron, known particularly for her operas Il trionfo della fedeltà (Dresden, summer 1754) and Talestri, regina delle amazoni (Nymphenburg Palace, February 6, 1760).
Eadburh of Bicester (often Edburga) was an English saint from the 7th century.
The Edict of Expulsion was a royal decree issued by King Edward I of England on 18 July 1290, expelling all Jews from the Kingdom of England.
Edward Bond (born 18 July 1934) is an English playwright, theatre director, poet, theorist and screenwriter.
Edward I (17/18 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307.
al-Hajj Umar ibn Sa'id al-Futi Tal (حاج عمر بن سعيد طعل), (c. 1794–1864 CE), Umar Saidou Tall, born in Futa Tooro, Senegambia, was a West African political leader, Islamic scholar, Tijani Sufi and Toucouleur military commander who founded a brief empire encompassing much of what is now Guinea, Senegal, and Mali.
Elio Di Rupo (born 18 July 1951) is a Belgian social-democratic politician who served as the 50th Prime Minister of Belgium from 6 December 2011 to 11 October 2014, and headed the Di Rupo Government.
Elizabeth Catherine Ferard (22 February 1825 – 18 April 1883) was a Deaconess credited with revitalising the deaconess order in the Anglican Communion.
Elizabeth M. Gilbert (born July 18, 1969) is an American author, essayist, short story writer, biographer, novelist, and memoirist.
Elizabeth Lee McGovern (born July 18, 1961) is an American film, television, and theater actress, and musician.
Elsa Lafuente Medianu (born 18 July 1976), known professionally as Elsa Pataky, is a Spanish model, actress, and film producer.
was the 42nd emperor of Japan,Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō):; retrieved 2013-8-22.
The Episcopal Church is the United States-based member church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.
Eric Brandon (18 July 1920 in East Ham, Essex – 8 August 1982 in Gosport, Hampshire) was a motor racing driver and businessman.
Ernest Arthur Douglas Eldridge (18 July 1897 – 27 October 1937) was a British racing car driver who broke the world land speed record in 1924.
Ernst Scheller (18 July 1899 in Lintel (East Frisia) – 16 January 1942 in Simferopol) was a German Nazi Hauptmann and politician.
Evald Tipner (13 March 1906 – 18 July 1947) was Estonian football, ice hockey and bandy player.
The Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community (Bundesministerium des Innern, für Bau und Heimat; Heimat also translates to "homeland"), abbreviated BMI, is cabinet-level ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Christian Gottlieb Ferdinand Ritter von Hochstetter (30 April 1829 – 18 July 1884) was a German-Austrian geologist.
The First Vatican Council (Concilium Vaticanum Primum) was convoked by Pope Pius IX on 29 June 1868, after a period of planning and preparation that began on 6 December 1864.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
Florence Cathedral, formally the Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore (in English "Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower") is the cathedral of Florence, Italy, or Il Duomo di Firenze, in Italian.
Fort Wagner or Battery Wagner was a beachhead fortification on Morris Island, South Carolina, that covered the southern approach to Charleston Harbor.
François de Neufville, (2nd) Duke of Villeroy (7 April 164418 July 1730) was a French soldier.
Francis I (in Breton Fransez I, in French François I) (11 May 1414, Vannes – 17 July 1450, Château de l'Hermine, Vannes), was Duke of Brittany, Count of Montfort and titular Earl of Richmond, from 1442 to his death.
Francisco Javier Arana (December 5, 1905 – July 18, 1949) was one of the three members of the revolutionary junta that ruled Guatemala from 20 October 1944 to 15 March 1945 during the early part of the Guatemalan Revolution.
Frank Farian (born Franz Reuther 18 July 1941, Kirn, Germany) is a German record producer and songwriter, best known as the founder and voice behind the 1970s' disco-pop group Boney M. and as the mastermind and voice behind the lip-synching group Milli Vanilli.
Francis Michael Forde (18 July 189028 January 1983) was an Australian politician who served as Prime Minister of Australia from 6 to 13 July 1945.
Frederick I was Bishop of Utrecht between 815/816 and 834/838 AD, and is a saint of the Eastern Orthodox Church and Roman Catholic Church.
Friedrich Zimmermann (18 July 1925 – 16 September 2012) was a German politician and a member of the CSU.
Gaulish was an ancient Celtic language that was spoken in parts of Europe as late as the Roman Empire.
The Gauls were Celtic people inhabiting Gaul in the Iron Age and the Roman period (roughly from the 5th century BC to the 5th century AD).
Gemini 10 (officially Gemini X) With Gemini IV, NASA changed to Roman numerals for Gemini mission designations.
Gerard or Gherardo or Gherardino Segarelli or Segalelli (around 1240 – July 18, 1300) was the founder of the Apostolic Brethren (in Latin Apostolici).
Giacinto Facchetti (18 July 1942 – 4 September 2006) was an Italian footballer who played as a defender.
Giacomo Balla (18 July 1871 – 1 March 1958) was an Italian painter, art teacher and poet best known as a key proponent of Futurism.
Gilbert White FRS (18 July 1720 – 26 June 1793) was a "parson-naturalist", a pioneering English naturalist and ornithologist.
Gilberto de Mello Freyre (March 15, 1900 – July 18, 1987) was a Brazilian sociologist, anthropologist, historian, writer, painter, journalist and congressman, born in Recife, Northeast Brazil.
Gino Bartali, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (18 July 1914 – 5 May 2000), nicknamed Gino the Pious and (in Italy) Ginettaccio, was a champion road cyclist.
Giotto di Bondone (1267 – January 8, 1337), known mononymously as Giotto and Latinised as Giottus, was an Italian painter and architect from Florence during the Late Middle Ages.
Giovanni Bononcini (or Buononcini) (18 July 1670 – 9 July 1747) (sometimes cited also as Giovanni Battista Bononcini) was an Italian Baroque composer, cellist, singer and teacher, one of a family of string players and composers.
Gisenyi is a city in Rubavu district in Rwanda's Western Province.
Glenn Martin Hughes (July 18, 1950 – March 4, 2001) was the original "Biker" character in the disco group Village People from 1977 to 1996.
Go Soo-hee (born July 18, 1976) is a South Korean actress of both television and film.
Godfrey of Bouillon (18 September 1060 – 18 July 1100) was a Frankish knight and one of the leaders of the First Crusade from 1096 until its conclusion in 1099.
The Goguryeo–Tang War occurred from 645 to 668 and was initially fought between the Goguryeo kingdom and Tang Dynasty.
The Golden Horde (Алтан Орд, Altan Ord; Золотая Орда, Zolotaya Orda; Алтын Урда, Altın Urda) was originally a Mongol and later Turkicized khanate established in the 13th century and originating as the northwestern sector of the Mongol Empire.
Goneri of Brittany was a sixth-century hermit of the church in Britain.
The government of Detroit, Michigan is run by a mayor, the nine-member Detroit City Council, the eleven-member Board of Police Commissioners, and a clerk.
The Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (Gouverneur-generaal van Nederlands Indië) represented Dutch rule in the Dutch East Indies between 1610 and Dutch recognition of the independence of Indonesia in 1945.
Graham Basil Spanier (born July 18, 1948) is a South African-born American sociologist and college administrator who served as the 16th president of Pennsylvania State University, from September 1, 1995, to November 9, 2011, when he was forced to resign in the aftermath of the Penn State child sex abuse scandal.
Grant Bowler (born 18 July 1968) is a New Zealand-born Australian actor who has worked in American, Australian, New Zealand, and Canadian film, television, and theatre.
The Great Fire of Rome was an urban fire in the year AD 64.
Grigori Kromanov (8 March 1926 in Tallinn – 18 July 1984 in Lahe, Lääne-Virumaa) was an Estonian theatre and film director.
Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast.
Gundenis was a virgin martyr.
Guy of Lusignan (c. 1150 – 18 July 1194) was a French Poitevin knight, son of Hugh VIII of the Lusignan dynasty.
Gymnastics is a sport that requires balance, strength, flexibility, agility, coordination, and endurance.
Harriet Nelson (formerly Hilliard; born Peggy Lou Snyder; July 18, 1909 – October 2, 1994) was an American singer and actress.
Hartmut Michel (born 18 July 1948) is a German biochemist, who received the 1988 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Hasan Ali Turkmani (حسن توركماني; 27 January 1935 – 18 July 2012) was a prominent Syrian military commander and Ba'ath Party member, who served as minister of defense from 2004 to 2009.
The Hebrew or Jewish calendar (Ha-Luah ha-Ivri) is a lunisolar calendar used today predominantly for Jewish religious observances.
Heinrich Bullinger (18 July 1504 – 17 September 1575) was a Swiss reformer, the successor of Huldrych Zwingli as head of the Zürich church and pastor at Grossmünster.
Heinz Bennent (18 July 1921 – 12 October 2011) was a German actor.
Hendrik Antoon Lorentz (18 July 1853 – 4 February 1928) was a Dutch physicist who shared the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics with Pieter Zeeman for the discovery and theoretical explanation of the Zeeman effect.
Henri Salvador (18 July 1917 – 13 February 2008) was a French Caribbean comedian and singer.
Henry William Allingham (6 June 1896 – 18 July 2009) was a British supercentenarian, the oldest British man ever, First World War veteran and, for one month, the verified oldest living man in the world.
Herman Gregorius Gummerus (24 December 1877 in Saint Petersburg – 18 July 1948 in Helsinki) was a leading Finnish classical scholar, diplomat, and one of the founders of the Patriotic People's Movement (IKL).
Hermann of Reichenau (July 18, 1013 – September 24, 1054), also called Hermannus Contractus or Hermannus Augiensis or Herman the Cripple, was an 11th-century scholar, composer, music theorist, mathematician, and astronomer.
Hideki Tojo (Kyūjitai: 東條 英機; Shinjitai: 東条 英機;; December 30, 1884 – December 23, 1948) was a general of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA), the leader of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association, and the 27th Prime Minister of Japan during much of World War II, from October 17, 1941, to July 22, 1944.
Horatio Alger Jr. (January 13, 1832 – July 18, 1899) was an American writer, best known for his many young adult novels about impoverished boys and their rise from humble backgrounds to lives of middle-class security and comfort through hard work, determination, courage, and honesty.
The Hough riots were riots in the predominantly African-American community of Hough (pronounced "Huff") in Cleveland, Ohio, which took place from July 18 to July 23, 1966.
Human spaceflight (also referred to as crewed spaceflight or manned spaceflight) is space travel with a crew or passengers aboard the spacecraft.
Hume Blake Cronyn, Jr., OC (July 18, 1911 – June 15, 2003) was a Canadian-American actor of stage and screen, who enjoyed a long career, often appearing professionally alongside Jessica Tandy, his wife of over fifty years.
The Hundred Years' War was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 by the House of Plantagenet, rulers of the Kingdom of England, against the House of Valois, over the right to rule the Kingdom of France.
Hunter Stockton Thompson (July 18, 1937 – February 20, 2005) was an American journalist and author, and the founder of the gonzo journalism movement.
Hyacinthe Rigaud (18 July 1659 – 29 December 1743) was a French baroque painter most famous for his portraits of Louis XIV and other members of the French nobility.
Ian Andrew Robert Stewart (18 July 1938 – 12 December 1985) was a Scottish keyboardist and co-founder of the Rolling Stones.
Immanuel Hermann Fichte (ennobled as Immanuel Hermann von Fichte in 1863; 18 July 1796 – 8 August 1879) was a German philosopher and son of Johann Gottlieb Fichte.
Inge Sørensen (18 July 1924 – 9 March 2011) was a swimmer from Denmark, and the youngest known female Olympic Games medalist in an individual event.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
Isabella of Austria (18 July 1501 – 19 January 1526), also known as Elizabeth, Archduchess of Austria and Infanta of Castile and Aragon, was Queen of Denmark, Sweden and Norway as the wife of King Christian II.
Israelis (ישראלים Yiśraʾelim, الإسرائيليين al-ʾIsrāʾīliyyin) are citizens or permanent residents of the State of Israel, a multiethnic state populated by people of different ethnic backgrounds.
Jack J. Dongarra (born July 18, 1950) is an American University Distinguished Professor of Computer Science in the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department at the University of Tennessee.
John Edward Hawkins, CBE (14 September 1910 – 18 July 1973) was an English actor who worked on stage and in film from the 1930s until the 1970s.
John Gilbert "Jack" Layton (July 18, 1950 – August 22, 2011) was a Canadian politician and Leader of the Official Opposition.
Jacobus Gallus Carniolus (a.k.a. Jacob(us) Handl, Jacob(us) Händl, Jacob(us) Gallus; Jakob Petelin Kranjski) (3 July 1550 – 18 July 1591) was a late-Renaissance composer of SloveneSkei/Pokorn, Grove online ethnicity.
James Brolin (born Craig Kenneth Bruderlin, July 18, 1940) is an American actor, producer, and director, best known for his roles in film and television, including sitcoms and soap operas.
James Geoffrey Ian Norton (born 18 July 1985) is an English actor.
Jamie Randolph Benn (born July 18, 1989) is a Canadian professional ice hockey forward who currently serves as captain of the Dallas Stars of the National Hockey League (NHL).
Jan Schlaudraff (born 18 July 1983) is a German footballer who plays as a striker and is currently a free agent.
Jane Austen (16 December 1775 – 18 July 1817) was an English novelist known primarily for her six major novels, which interpret, critique and comment upon the British landed gentry at the end of the 18th century.
Jagadguru Sri Jayendra Saraswathi Shankaracharya (born Subramanyam Mahadeva; 18 July 1935 – 28 February 2018) was the 69th Shankaracharya Guru and head or pontiff (Pïțhādhipati) of the Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham.
Jean François-Poncet (8 December 1928 – 18 July 2012) was a French politician and diplomat who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs under Valéry Giscard d'Estaing between November 1978 and May 1981.
Jean Adrien Antoine Jules Jusserand (18 February 185518 July 1932) was a French author and diplomat.
Jean Yanne, the artist name of Jean Gouyé (18 July 1933 – 23 May 2003), was a French actor, writer, film director and composer.
Jean-Antoine Watteau (baptised October 10, 1684 – died July 18, 1721),Wine, Humphrey, and Annie Scottez-De Wambrechies.
Jeanne Córdova (July 18, 1948 – January 10, 2016) was an American pioneer lesbian and gay rights activist, a founder of the West Coast LGBTQ movement, and a journalist and Lammy award-winning author for her memoir When We Were Outlaws: a Memoir of Love and Revolution.
Jerome "Jerry" Hal Lemelson (July 18, 1923 – October 1, 1997) was an American engineer, inventor, and patent holder.
Jerry Hadley (June 16, 1952 – July 18, 2007) was an American operatic tenor.
Gerald Hundley "Jerry" Moore (born July 18, 1939) is a former American football player and coach.
Mary Jessamyn West (July 18, 1902 – February 23, 1984) was an American author of short stories and novels, notably The Friendly Persuasion (1945).
Jill Angela Henriette Balcon (3 January 192518 July 2009) was an English film and radio actress, who was also known for her stage and television work.
Joachim Frederick (27 January 1546 – 18 July 1608), of the House of Hohenzollern, was Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg from 1598 until his death.
João Ubaldo Ribeiro (January 23, 1941 – July 18, 2014) was a Brazilian writer, journalist, screenwriter and professor.
Joseph Paul Torre (born July 18, 1940) is an American professional baseball executive, serving in the capacity of Major League Baseball's (MLB) chief baseball officer since 2011.
Adam Birch (born July 18, 1979) is an American professional wrestler, better known by the ring names Joey Mercury and Joey Matthews.
Johann Heinrich Heidegger (July 1, 1633 – July 18, 1698), Swiss theologian, was born at Bäretswil, in the Canton of Zürich.
Johannes Camphuys (registered as Kamphuis in the Centraal Bureau voor Genealogie) (18 July 1634 – 18 July 1695) was the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1684 to 1691.
John Michael Connelly (18 July 1938 – 25 October 2012) was an English footballer.
John de Braose (born 1197 or 1198 – 18 July 1232), known as Tadody to the Welsh, was the Lord of Bramber and Gower.
Colonel John Herschel Glenn Jr. (July 18, 1921 – December 8, 2016) was a United States Marine Corps aviator, engineer, astronaut, and United States Senator from Ohio.
John Naughton (born 18 July 1946 in Ireland) is an Irish academic, journalist and author.
John Paul Jones (born John Paul; July 6, 1747 July 18, 1792) was the United States' first well-known naval commander in the American Revolutionary War.
John Stuart (born John Alfred Louden Croall; 18 July 1898 – 17 October 1979), was a Scottish actor, and a very popular leading man in British silent films in the 1920s.
John V of Saxe-Lauenburg (also numbered John IV; 18 July 1439 – 15 August 1507) was the eldest son of Duke Bernard II of Saxe-Lauenburg and Adelheid of Pomerania-Stolp (1410 – after 1445), daughter of Duke Bogislaus VIII of Pomerania-Stolp.
José Manuel Joly Braga Santos, ComSE (May 14, 1924July 18, 1988) was a Portuguese composer and conductor, who was born and died in Lisbon.
Joo Sang-wook (born July 18, 1978) is a South Korean actor.
Joseph John Ellis (born July 18, 1943) is an American historian whose work focuses on the lives and times of the founders of the United States of America.
Julian (Flavius Claudius Iulianus Augustus; Φλάβιος Κλαύδιος Ἰουλιανὸς Αὔγουστος; 331/332 – 26 June 363), also known as Julian the Apostate, was Roman Emperor from 361 to 363, as well as a notable philosopher and author in Greek.
Julian Heward Bell (4 February 1908 – 18 July 1937) was an English poet, and the son of Clive and Vanessa Bell (who was the elder sister of Virginia Woolf).
July 17 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - July 19.
The Junkers Jumo 004, was the world's first production turbojet engine in operational use, and the first successful axial compressor turbojet engine.
Kalpana (18 July 1946 – 4 January 2012), born Archana Mohan, was an Indian actress who worked in Hindi cinema in the 1960s.
Karl Augustus Menninger (July 22, 1893 – July 18, 1990) was an American psychiatrist and a member of the Menninger family of psychiatrists who founded the Menninger Foundation and the Menninger Clinic in Topeka, Kansas.
Kayes (Bambara: Kayi, Soninké: Xaayi) is a city in western Mali on the Sénégal River, with a population of 127,368 at the 2009 census.
(July 18, 1889 – April 6, 1977) served as Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal of Japan from 1940 to 1945, and was the closest advisor to Emperor Showa throughout World War II.
Julian Keith Levene (born 18 July 1957 in Muswell Hill, London) is an English musician.
Keith MacDonald (born July 18, 1927) is a former politician in Ontario, Canada.
was a Japanese communist politician and Japanese Communist Party (JCP) leader from 1958 until 1977.
The Kingdom of Castile (Reino de Castilla, Regnum Castellae) was a large and powerful state on the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages.
The Kingdom of England (French: Royaume d'Angleterre; Danish: Kongeriget England; German: Königreich England) was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century—when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms—until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The Kingdom of France (Royaume de France) was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Western Europe.
Kostas Eleftherakis (Κώστας Ελευθεράκης, born 18 July 1950) is a retired Greek association football midfielder.
Kristen Anne Bell (born July 18, 1980) is an American actress.
Kurt Masur (18 July 1927 – 19 December 2015) was a German conductor.
Kathleen "Lally" Bowers (21 January 1917 – 18 July 1984) was an English actress.
John Bannerman McLean (July 18, 1881 – March 14, 1921) was a professional baseball catcher between 1901 until 1915.
Les Horribles Cernettes ("The Horrible CERN Girls") was an all-female parody pop group, self-labelled "the one and only High Energy Rock Band", which was founded by employees of CERN and performed at CERN and other HEP-related events.
Li Shiji (594The Old Book of Tang indicated that Li Shiji was 75 at the time of his death, while the New Book of Tang indicated that Li Shiji was 85 at the time of his death. Compare Old Book of Tang, vol. 67 with New Book of Tang, vol. 93. The Zizhi Tongjian, while not explicitly stating that Li Shiji was 75 at the time of his death, appeared to follow the Old Book of Tang by quoting Li Shiji as stating that he was satisfied with living almost to 80. See Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 201. (The New Book of Tang, containing apparently the same quote, had a slightly different version that had Li Shiji stating that he was satisfied with living over 80.) – December 31, 669), courtesy name Maogong, posthumously known as Duke Zhenwu of Ying, was a Chinese general who lived in the early Tang dynasty.
Liaoning is a province of China, located in the northeast of the country.
The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (translit, translit, commonly known as the LTTE or the Tamil Tigers) was a Tamil militant organization that was based in northeastern Sri Lanka.
Lilia Dale is a retired Italian film actress.
The French ambassador to the United States is the diplomatic representation of the French Republic to the United States.
This is a list of heads of government of Norway.
This article lists the heads of state of Panama since the short-lived first independence from the Republic of New Granada in 1840 and the final separation from Colombia in 1903.
This is a list of all the mayors of Marburg in Germany since 1835.
Lonnie McIntosh (July 18, 1941 – April 21, 2016), known by his stage name Lonnie Mack, was an American rock musician whose recordings drew from a wide variety of Southern roots music influences.
The was an administrative post not of Cabinet rank in the government of the Empire of Japan, responsible for keeping the Privy Seal of Japan and State Seal of Japan.
Louis Léon César Faidherbe (3 June 1818 – 29 September 1889) was a French general and colonial administrator.
Baron Louis Gerard De Geer of Finspång (18 July 181824 September 1896) was a Swedish statesman and writer.
Vice-Admiral Sir Louis Edward Stewart Holland Le Bailly, KBE, CB (18 July 1915 – 3 October 2010) was a Royal Navy officer who became Director-General of Intelligence and later a writer.
Louis-Nazaire Bégin (January 10, 1840 – July 18, 1925) was a Canadian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
Ludovica "Louisa" Ghijs (19 March 1902 – 18 July 1985) was a Belgian stage actress.
María Guadalupe Villalobos Vélez, known professionally as Lupe Vélez (July 18, 1908 – December 14, 1944), was a Mexican-born stage and screen actress, comedian, singer, dancer, and vedette.
Lydia Ernestine Becker (24 February 1827 – 18 July 1890) was a leader in the early British suffrage movement, as well as an amateur scientist with interests in biology and astronomy.
Mathangi "Maya" Arulpragasam (born 18 July 1975), better known by her stage name M.I.A. (pronounced as distinct initials), is a British rapper, singer-songwriter, record producer, and activist.
George Kelly Barnes (July 18, 1895 – July 18, 1954) better known as "Machine Gun Kelly", was an American gangster from Memphis, Tennessee, during the prohibition era.
Malta Protectorate (Protettorato di Malta, Protettorat ta' Malta) was the political term for Malta when it was officially part of the Kingdom of Sicily but under British protection.
Mamadou Dia (18 July 1910 – 25 January 2009) was a Senegalese politician who served as the first Prime Minister of Senegal from 1957 until 1962, when he was forced to resign and was subsequently imprisoned amidst allegations that he was planning to stage a military coup to overthrow President Léopold Sédar Senghor.
Nelson Mandela International Day (or Mandela Day) is an annual international day in honour of Nelson Mandela, celebrated each year on 18 July, Mandela's birthday.
Marc Girardelli (born 18 July 1963) is a former alpine ski racer, a five-time World Cup overall champion who excelled in all five alpine disciplines.
Margaret "Maggie" Brown (née Tobin; July 18, 1867 – October 26, 1932), posthumously known as "The Unsinkable Molly Brown", was an American socialite and philanthropist.
Jean Margaret Laurence, CC (née Wemyss) (18 July 1926 – 5 January 1987) was a Canadian novelist and short story writer, and is one of the major figures in Canadian literature.
Margo Martindale (born July 18, 1951) is an American actress.
Maria Clementina Sobieska (Maria Klementyna Sobieska; 18 July 1702 – 18 January 1735) was a Titular Queen consort of England by marriage to James Francis Edward Stuart, a Jacobite claimant to the British throne.
Marie of Edinburgh, more commonly known as Marie of Romania (Marie Alexandra Victoria; 29 October 1875 – 18 July 1938), was the last Queen of Romania as the wife of King Ferdinand I. Born into the British royal family, she was titled Princess Marie of Edinburgh at birth.
Saint Mariña of Aguas Santas (Mariña of Ourense) (119–139 AD) is a virgin martyr associated with the town of Aguas Santas, in the province of Ourense.
Mark Emery Udall (born July 18, 1950) is an American politician who was a United States Senator from Colorado from 2009 to 2015.
Martín Erasto Torrijos Espino (born July 18, 1963) is a Panamanian politician who was President of Panama from 2004 to 2009.
Martha Rose Reeves (born July 18, 1941) is an American R&B and pop singer and former politician, and is the lead singer of the Motown girl group Martha Reeves and the Vandellas.
Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558) was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death.
Mary Jo Kopechne (July 26, 1940 – July 18, 1969) was an American teacher, secretary, and political campaign specialist who died in a car accident at Chappaquiddick Island on July 18, 1969, while she was a passenger in a car being driven by U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy.
Maternus (Materno) was Archbishop of Milan from c. 316 to c. 328.
Maunu Kurkvaara (born 18 July 1926) is a Finnish film director and screenwriter.
Mélissa Theuriau (born July 18, 1978) is a French journalist and news anchor for M6.
Mein Kampf (My Struggle) is a 1925 autobiographical book by Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler.
The Messerschmitt Me 262, nicknamed Schwalbe (German: "Swallow") in fighter versions, or Sturmvogel (German: "Storm Bird") in fighter-bomber versions, was the world's first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft.
Metin Toker (1924-18 July 2002) was a Turkish journalist and writer.
Michael Lichaa (born 18 July 1993) is a Lebanese international rugby league footballer who plays for the Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs in the National Rugby League.
Michael Hugh Medwin OBE (born 18 July 1923) is an English actor and film producer.
Mikk Pahapill (born 18 July 1983) is an Estonian decathlete.
Margarita Mimi Baez Fariña (April 30, 1945 – July 18, 2001) was a singer-songwriter and activist, the youngest of three daughters to a Scottish mother and a Mexican-American physicist Albert Baez.
The Ministry of Defense is a government ministry office of the Syrian Arab Republic, responsible for defense affairs in Syria.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the ministry in the government of France that handles France's foreign relations.
The Ministry of External Relations (MER) of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) (Министерство иностранных дел СССР), formed on 16 July 1923, was one of the most important government offices in the Soviet Union.
Minnborinus of Cologne (fl. 974–986) was an Irish abbot and saint active in Germany.
Mohammed Daoud Khan or Daud Khan (July 18, 1909 – April 28, 1978) was the Prime Minister of Afghanistan from 1953 to 1963 and later the President of Afghanistan.
Montserrat is a Caribbean island in the Leeward Islands, which is part of the chain known as the Lesser Antilles, in the West Indies.
Mountain View is a city located in Santa Clara County, California, United States, named for its views of the Santa Cruz Mountains.
‘Imād ad-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Qāsim ath-Thaqafī (عماد الدين محمد بن القاسم الثقفي; c. 695715) was an Umayyad general who conquered the Sindh and Multan regions along the Indus River (now a part of Pakistan) for the Umayyad Caliphate.
Nabil Fekir (born 18 July 1993) is a French professional footballer who plays as an attacking midfielder or a forward for Lyon.
Nadia Elena Comăneci (born November 12, 1961) is a Romanian retired gymnast and a five-time Olympic gold medalist, all in individual events.
Natalia Yurievna Mikhailova (Наталья Юрьевна Михайлова; born 18 July 1986) is a Russian former competitive ice dancer.
Nathalie Sarraute (July 18, 1900 – October 19, 1999) was a French lawyer and writer.
A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples include floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
Sir Nicholas Alexander Faldo, (born 18 July 1957) is an English professional golfer who is now mainly an on-air golf analyst.
Christa Päffgen (16 October 1938 – 18 July 1988), known by her stage name Nico, was a German singer, songwriter, musician, model, and actress.
Nilo Soares (born July 18, 1994) is an East Timorese footballer who plays as midfielder for Karketu Dili and the Timor-Leste national team.
Nita Gale Bieber (born July 18, 1926) is an American film and stage actress.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
The Ohio National Guard comprises the Ohio Army National Guard and the Ohio Air National Guard.
Olga Alexandrovna Spessivtseva (Ольга Алекса́ндровна Спеси́вцева (16 September 1991) was a Russian ballerina whose stage career spanned from 1913 to 1939. She was one of the finest prima ballerinas of the twentieth century. She had the excellent classical technique, immaculate style and scenic spirituality which are considered the embodiment of the romantic ballerina.
Olivier Ameisen (June 25, 1953 – July 18, 2013) was a French-American cardiologist who wrote a best-selling book about curing alcoholism using the drug baclofen.
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.
Oscar Heisserer (18 July 1914 in Schirrhein, Alsace-Lorraine – 7 October 2004 in Strasbourg) was a French footballer.
Saint Pambo (also known as Pemwah and Bemwah - Όσιος Παμβώ in Greek) (d. ca. 375) is an Egyptian Desert Father of the fourth century.
Panagiotis Lagos (Παναγιώτης Λαγός; born 18 July 1985 in Thessaloniki) is a Greek professional footballer who last played as a Wingback for Apollon Smyrni in the Greek Super League.
Papal infallibility is a dogma of the Catholic Church that states that, in virtue of the promise of Jesus to Peter, the Pope is preserved from the possibility of error "when, in the exercise of his office as shepherd and teacher of all Christians, in virtue of his supreme apostolic authority, he defines a doctrine concerning faith or morals to be held by the whole Church." This doctrine was defined dogmatically at the First Ecumenical Council of the Vatican of 1869–1870 in the document Pastor aeternus, but had been defended before that, existing already in medieval theology and being the majority opinion at the time of the Counter-Reformation.
Pasi Pentti Rautiainen (born 18 July 1961 in Helsinki) is a Finnish football manager and former player.
Patrick Doherty (born 18 July 1945) is a retired Sinn Féin politician, and was the abstentionist Member of Parliament for West Tyrone from 2001 to 2017.
Paul Saintenoy (19 June 1862 – 18 July 1952) was a Belgian architect, teacher, architectural historian, and writer.
Paul Streeten (born 18 July 1917) is an economics professor.
Paul Verhoeven (born 18 July 1938) is a Dutch director, screenwriter and film producer.
Pauline Viardot (18 July 1821 – 18 May 1910) was a leading nineteenth-century French mezzo-soprano, pedagogue, and composer of Spanish descent.
Peace Pilgrim (July 18, 1908 – July 7, 1981), born Mildred Lisette Norman, was an American non-denominational spiritual teacher, mystic, pacifist, vegetarian activist and peace activist.
A peasant is a pre-industrial agricultural laborer or farmer, especially one living in the Middle Ages under feudalism and paying rent, tax, fees or services to a landlord.
Dom Pedro II (English: Peter II; 2 December 1825 – 5 December 1891), nicknamed "the Magnanimous", was the second and last ruler of the Empire of Brazil, reigning for over 58 years.
The Pennsylvania State University (commonly referred to as Penn State or PSU) is a state-related, land-grant, doctoral university with campuses and facilities throughout Pennsylvania.
Anfernee Deon "Penny" Hardaway (born July 18, 1971) is an American college basketball coach and a former professional basketball player who played in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Peter Austin, (18 July 1921 – 1 January 2014) was a British brewer.
Saint Philastrius (also Philaster or Filaster) Bishop of Brescia, was one of the bishops present at a synod held in Aquileia in 381.
Philip II (Felipe II; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598), called "the Prudent" (el Prudente), was King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples and Sicily (both from 1554), and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland (during his marriage to Queen Mary I from 1554–58).
Philip Snowden, 1st Viscount Snowden, PC (18 July 1864 – 15 May 1937) was a British politician.
Pieter Langendijk (Haarlem, 25 July 1683 – Haarlem, 9 or 18 July 1756) was a damask weaver, city artist, dramatist, and poet.
The Plan de Sánchez massacre took place in the Guatemalan village of Plan de Sánchez, Baja Verapaz department, on 18 July 1982.
The President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is Ashraf Ghani.
The President of Mexico (Presidente de México), officially known as the President of the United Mexican States (Presidente de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is the head of state and government of Mexico.
The President of the Republic of South Africa is the head of state and head of government under the Constitution of South Africa.
The President of the Republic of Korea is, according to the South Korean constitution, the chairperson of the cabinet, the chief executive of the government, commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and the head of state of South Korea.
The President of the Confederation, colloquially known as the President of Switzerland or Federal President, is the head of Switzerland's seven-member Federal Council, the country's executive branch.
The Prime Minister of Australia (sometimes informally abbreviated to PM) is the head of government of Australia.
The Prime Minister of Belgium (Eerste minister van België; Premier ministre de Belgique; Premierminister von Belgien) or the Premier of Belgium is the head of the federal government in the Kingdom of Belgium.
The is the head of government of Japan.
The Prime Minister (statsminister, literally "Minister of the State") is the head of government in Sweden.
Prince Frederick Adolf of Sweden (Fredrik Adolf; 18 July 1750 in Drottningholm – 12 December 1803 in Montpellier, France) was a Swedish Prince, youngest son of King Adolf Frederick of Sweden and Louisa Ulrika of Prussia, a sister of Frederick the Great, King of Prussia.
Priyanka Chopra (born 18 July 1982) is a global actress, singer, film producer, philanthropist, author and the winner of the Miss World 2000 pageant.
The following are public holidays in Uruguay.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
Rajesh Khanna (born Jatin Khanna; 29 December 1942 – 18 July 2012) was an Indian actor, film producer and politician who is known for his work in Hindi cinema.
Raymond Alfredo Daniel Jones (born 18 July 1925) is an Australian Modernist architect.
Richard "Red" Skelton (July 18, 1913September 17, 1997) was an American comedy entertainer.
Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson (born 18 July 1950) is an English business magnate, investor and philanthropist.
Richard Leacock (18 July 192123 March 2011) was a British-born documentary film director and one of the pioneers of Direct Cinema and Cinéma vérité.
Rickie Lee Skaggs (born July 18, 1954), known professionally as Ricky Skaggs, is an American country and bluegrass singer, musician, producer, and composer.
Ringwood Brewery is a small brewery situated on the edge of the New Forest in Hampshire, England near the Dorset border.
Roald Hoffmann (born Roald Safran; July 18, 1937) is a Polish-American theoretical chemist who won the 1981 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Robert Ellis Miller (July 18, 1927 – January 27, 2017) was an American film director.
Robert Elton Brooker (July 18, 1905 - May 17, 2001) was an American business executive at Sears, Roebuck & Co., Whirlpool Corporation, and Montgomery Ward, and recipient of the 1972 Henry Laurence Gantt Medal.
Robert Gould Shaw (October 10, 1837 – July 18, 1863) was an American soldier in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
Roman Osipovich Jakobson (Рома́н О́сипович Якобсо́н; October 11, 1896Kucera, Henry. 1983. "Roman Jakobson." Language: Journal of the Linguistic Society of America 59(4): 871–883. – July 18,, compiled by Stephen Rudy 1982) was a Russian–American linguist and literary theorist.
The Roman Republic (Res publica Romana) was the era of classical Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire.
The Roman–Persian Wars were a series of conflicts between states of the Greco-Roman world and two successive Iranian empires: the Parthian and the Sasanian.
Roxana Cannon Arsht (July 18, 1915 – October 3, 2003) was an American judge.
A royal charter is a formal document issued by a monarch as letters patent, granting a right or power to an individual or a body corporate.
Rudolf II (18 July 1552 – 20 January 1612) was Holy Roman Emperor (1576–1612), King of Hungary and Croatia (as Rudolf I, 1572–1608), King of Bohemia (1575–1608/1611) and Archduke of Austria (1576–1608).
Rwanda (U Rwanda), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Repubulika y'u Rwanda; République du Rwanda), is a sovereign state in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland.
The Rwandan genocide, also known as the genocide against the Tutsi, was a genocidal mass slaughter of Tutsi in Rwanda by members of the Hutu majority government.
The Rwandan Patriotic Front (Front patriotique rwandais, FPR) is the ruling political party in Rwanda.
Ryan Frank Cabrera (born July 18, 1982) is an American singer-songwriter and musician.
Samuel Ichiye Hayakawa (July 18, 1906 – February 27, 1992) was a Canadian-born American academic and politician of Japanese ancestry.
The Sack of Aquileia occurred in 452, and was carried out by the Huns under the leadership of Attila.
Sada Yacco or was a Japanese geisha, actress and dancer.
The Saguenay flood (Déluge du Saguenay) was a series of flash floods on July 19 and 20, 1996 that hit the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region of Quebec, Canada.
The Saguenay River (French: Rivière Saguenay) is a major river of Quebec, Canada.
The San Ysidro McDonald's massacre was a mass shooting that occurred in and around a McDonald's restaurant in the San Ysidro neighborhood in San Diego, California, on July 18, 1984.
San Ysidro is a district of the City of San Diego, immediately north of the U.S.-Mexico border.
The Sasanian Empire, also known as the Sassanian, Sasanid, Sassanid or Neo-Persian Empire (known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr in Middle Persian), was the last period of the Persian Empire (Iran) before the rise of Islam, named after the House of Sasan, which ruled from 224 to 651 AD. The Sasanian Empire, which succeeded the Parthian Empire, was recognised as one of the leading world powers alongside its neighbouring arch-rival the Roman-Byzantine Empire, for a period of more than 400 years.Norman A. Stillman The Jews of Arab Lands pp 22 Jewish Publication Society, 1979 International Congress of Byzantine Studies Proceedings of the 21st International Congress of Byzantine Studies, London, 21–26 August 2006, Volumes 1-3 pp 29. Ashgate Pub Co, 30 sep. 2006 The Sasanian Empire was founded by Ardashir I, after the fall of the Parthian Empire and the defeat of the last Arsacid king, Artabanus V. At its greatest extent, the Sasanian Empire encompassed all of today's Iran, Iraq, Eastern Arabia (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatif, Qatar, UAE), the Levant (Syria, Palestine, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan), the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Dagestan), Egypt, large parts of Turkey, much of Central Asia (Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan), Yemen and Pakistan. According to a legend, the vexilloid of the Sasanian Empire was the Derafsh Kaviani.Khaleghi-Motlagh, The Sasanian Empire during Late Antiquity is considered to have been one of Iran's most important and influential historical periods and constituted the last great Iranian empire before the Muslim conquest and the adoption of Islam. In many ways, the Sasanian period witnessed the peak of ancient Iranian civilisation. The Sasanians' cultural influence extended far beyond the empire's territorial borders, reaching as far as Western Europe, Africa, China and India. It played a prominent role in the formation of both European and Asian medieval art. Much of what later became known as Islamic culture in art, architecture, music and other subject matter was transferred from the Sasanians throughout the Muslim world.
Saverio Bettinelli (18 July 1718 – 13 September 1808) was an Italian Jesuit writer.
Scott Robert Gourley (born 18 July 1968 in Hornsby, New South Wales) of Irish descent, is an Australian former rugby league, and rugby union footballer of the 1980s and 1990s - a dual code international.
Jalacy "Screamin' Jay" Hawkins (July 18, 1929 – February 12, 2000) was an American singer, songwriter, musician, and actor.
Sebastian Mielitz (born 18 July 1989) is a German professional goalkeeper who currently plays for SønderjyskE.
The Second Battle of Fort Wagner, also known as the Second Assault on Morris Island or the Battle of Fort Wagner, Morris Island, was fought on July 18, 1863, during the American Civil War.
Shane Patrick Horgan (born 18 July 1978) is an Irish former rugby union player who played wing or centre for Leinster and Ireland.
The four main Shankaracharya Mathas/Peethas are listed in the following table.
Shaun Patrick Micallef (born 18 July 1962) is an Australian actor, comedian and writer.
Shirley Barbara de la Hunty AO, MBE (née Strickland; 18 July 1925 – 11 February 2004), known as Shirley Strickland during her early career, was an Australian athlete.
Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr. (July 18, 1886 – June 18, 1945) was a lieutenant general in the United States Army during World War II.
Simon James Heffer (born 18 July 1960) is an English historian, journalist, author and political commentator.
The Soufrière Hills volcano is an active, complex stratovolcano with many lava domes forming its summit, on the Caribbean island of Montserrat.
The Sri Lankan Army (Śrī Laṃkā yuddha hamudāva; Ilankai iraṇuvam) is the oldest and largest of the Sri Lanka Armed Forces and is the nation's army.
Stefan (before 1143 – 18 July 1185) was created the first Archbishop of Uppsala in Sweden in the year 1164, a post he held until his death.
Stephen II of Amasea (Στέφανος Β'), (? – 19 July 928) was the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 29 June 925 to 18 July 928.
Malcolm Stevenson "Steve" Forbes Jr. (born July 18, 1947) is an American publishing executive, who was twice a candidate for the nomination of the Republican Party for President of the United States.
Sukhwinder Singh (born 18 July 1971) also known as Suckwinder, is an Indian Bollywood playback singer.
Symphorosa (Sinforosa; died circa AD 138) is venerated as a saint of the Catholic Church.
Edward Moore "Ted" Kennedy (February 22, 1932 – August 25, 2009) was an American politician who served in the United States Senate from Massachusetts for almost 47 years, from 1962 until his death in 2009.
Teneu (or Thenew (Theneva), Thaney, Thanea, Denw, etc.) is a legendary Christian saint who was venerated in medieval Glasgow, Scotland.
Tenley Emma Albright (born July 18, 1935) is an American former figure skater and surgeon.
, (born July 18, 1969), is a Japanese professional wrestler, promoter and politician, currently wrestling for Michinoku Pro Wrestling under the ring name.
Saint Theodosia of Constantinople (translit) is an Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Saint and Martyr who lived in the seventh and eight centuries.
Thomas Cook (22 November 1808 – 18 July 1892) was an English businessman.
Thomas Cook Group plc is a British global travel company listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index.
Thomas Samuel Kuhn (July 18, 1922 – June 17, 1996) was an American physicist, historian and philosopher of science whose controversial 1962 book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions was influential in both academic and popular circles, introducing the term paradigm shift, which has since become an English-language idiom.
Thomas Sturge Moore (4 March 1870 – 18 July 1944) was an English poet, author and artist.
Timur (تیمور Temūr, Chagatai: Temür; 9 April 1336 – 18 February 1405), historically known as Amir Timur and Tamerlane (تيمور لنگ Temūr(-i) Lang, "Timur the Lame"), was a Turco-Mongol conqueror.
Tisha B'Av (תִּשְׁעָה בְּאָב, "the ninth of Av") is an annual fast day in Judaism, on which a number of disasters in Jewish history occurred, primarily the destruction of both the First Temple by the Babylonians and the Second Temple by the Romans in Jerusalem.
Tokhtamysh (tat. Tuqtamış) The spelling of Tokhtamysh varies, but the most common spelling is Tokhtamysh.
The Tokhtamysh–Timur war was fought in the 1380s and early 1390s between Tokhtamysh, khan of the Golden Horde, and the warlord and conqueror Timur, founder of the Timurid Empire, in the areas of the Caucasus mountains, Turkistan and Eastern Europe.
Toledo is a city and municipality located in central Spain; it is the capital of the province of Toledo and the autonomous community of Castile–La Mancha.
Tontowi Ahmad (born 18 July 1987) is an Indonesian badminton player.
Torii Kedar Hunter (born July 18, 1975) is an American former professional baseball center fielder and right fielder.
The Treaties of Orebro, the full names being the Treaty of Peace, Union, and Friendship, between His Britannic Majesty and the Emperor of all the Russias and the Treaty of Peace, Union, and Friendship, between His Britannic Majesty and the King of Sweden, were both signed on the same day, 18 July 1812, in Örebro, Sweden.
Tristan Corbière (18 July 1845 – 1 March 1875), born Édouard-Joachim Corbière, was a French poet born in Coat-Congar, Ploujean (now part of Morlaix) in Brittany, where he lived most of his life before dying of tuberculosis at the age of 29.
The Truce of Leulinghem was a truce agreed to by Richard II's kingdom of England and its allies, and Charles VI's kingdom of France and its allies, on 18 July 1389, ending the second phase of the Hundred Years' War.
Tullio Altamura (born 18 July 1924) is an Italian film actor best known for his roles in Spaghetti Western and action films in the 1960s.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
Vaali (born T. S. Rangarajan; 29 October 1931 – 18 July 2013) was an Indian poet and lyricist whose works were in Tamil, had a five-decade long association with the Tamil film industry, wrote over 15,000 songs.
Vasil Levski (Васил Левски, originally spelled Василъ Лѣвскій, pronounced), born Vasil Ivanov Kunchev (Васил Иванов Кунчев; 18 July 1837 – 18 February 1873), was a Bulgarian revolutionary and is a national hero of Bulgaria today.
Vaughn Bodē (July 22, 1941 – July 18, 1975) was an underground cartoonist and illustrator known for his character Cheech Wizard and his artwork depicting voluptuous women.
Vítězslav Novák (5 December 1870 – 18 July 1949) was a Czech composer and pedagogue.
Veii (also Veius, Veio) was an important ancient Etruscan city situated on the southern limits of Etruria and only north-northwest of Rome, Italy.
Vesselina Katsarova (Веселина Кацарова) (born July 18, 1965) is a Bulgarian mezzo-soprano opera singer.
Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonssøn Quisling (18 July 1887 – 24 October 1945) was a Norwegian military officer and politician who nominally headed the government of Norway during the occupation of the country by Nazi Germany during World War II.
Village People is an American disco group best known for their on-stage costumes, catchy tunes and suggestive lyrics.
Mark Sinclair birth record, California Birth Index.
Vincenzo Maria Borg (Ċensu Maria Borg, 11 January 1777 – 18 July 1837), also known by his nickname Brared (or Braret), was a Maltese merchant who was one of the main insurgent leaders during the French blockade of 1798–1800.
Virgil Walter Earp (July 18, 1843 – October 19, 1905) was both deputy U.S. Marshal and Tombstone, Arizona City Marshal when he led his brothers Morgan and Wyatt and Doc Holliday in a confrontation with outlaw Cowboys at the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral on October 26, 1881.
Virgin Group Ltd. is a British multinational corporation venture capital conglomerate founded by entrepreneurs Sir Richard Branson and Nik Powell.
William Gilbert "W.
Wendy Joan Williams-Hunter (born Wendy Joan Williams; July 18, 1964) is an American television host, actress, author, fashion designer, and former radio personality.
William Makepeace Thackeray (18 July 1811 – 24 December 1863) was a British novelist and author.
William Childs Westmoreland (March 26, 1914 – July 18, 2005) was a United States Army general, who most notably commanded U.S. forces during the Vietnam War from 1964 to 1968.
John William McCall (July 18, 1925 – February 5, 2015) was a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who played from 1948 through 1957 for the Boston Red Sox (1948–49), Pittsburgh Pirates (1950) and New York Giants (1954–57).
The Women's Suffrage Journal was a magazine founded by Lydia Becker and Jessie Boucherett in 1870.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
Yannick Riendeau (born June 18, 1988) is a Canadian professional ice hockey winger who plays for the Reading Royals of the ECHL.
Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Yevtushenko (Евгений Александрович Евтушенко; 18 July 1933 – 1 April 2017) was a Soviet and Russian poet.
Yohan Mollo (born 18 July 1989) is a French footballer who plays for Qatari team Al-Rayyan.
Yosef Shalom Elyashiv (יוֹסֵף שָׁלוֹם אֶלְיָשִׁיב; 10 April 1910 – 18 July 2012) was a Haredi rabbi and posek (arbiter of Jewish law) who lived in Jerusalem, Israel.
Yun Posun (or; August 26, 1897 – July 18, 1990) was a Korean independence activist and politician, who served as President of South Korea from 1960 to 1962 before being replaced by the long-serving Park Chung-hee as a result of the May 16 coup in 1961.
Zacharias Ursinus (18 July 15346 May 1583) was a sixteenth-century German Reformed theologian and Protestant reformer, born Zacharias Baer in Breslau (now Wrocław, Poland).
Zaire, officially the Republic of Zaire (République du Zaïre), was the name for the Democratic Republic of the Congo that existed between 1971 and 1997 in Central Africa.
Emperor Taizu of Later Liang (後梁太祖), personal name Zhu Quanzhong (朱全忠) (852–912), né Zhu Wen (朱溫), name later changed to Zhu Huang (朱晃), nickname Zhu San (朱三, literally, "the third Zhu"), was a Jiedushi (military governor) at the end of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty, who previously served as a general under the rival Emperor Huang Chao's Empire of Qi and overthrew Empire of Tang in 907, established the Later Liang as its emperor, and ushered in the era of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms.
Year in topic Year 1013 (MXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1100 (MC) was a century leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1143 (MCXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1185 (MCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1194 (MCXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1195 (MCXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1232 (MCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1270 (MCCLXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1290 (MCCXC) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1300 (MCCC) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1334 (MCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1389 (MCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1391 (MCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1439 (MCDXXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1450 (MCDL) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1488 (MCDLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1501 ('''MDI''') was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1504 (MDIV) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1534 (MDXXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1552 (MDLII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1555 (MDLV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1566 (MDLXVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Some have suggested that 1610 may mark the beginning of the Anthropocene, or the 'Age of Man', marking a fundamental change in the relationship between humans and the Earth system, but earlier starting dates (ca. 1000 C.E.) have received broader consensus, based on high resolution pollution records that show the massive impact of human activity on the atmosphere.
It was also a particularly cold and wet year.
The first year of the ascending Dvapara Yuga.
In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Wednesday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.
Various sources, including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, use the year 1750 as a baseline year for the end of the pre-industrial era.
The Birgu polverista explosion was the accidental detonation of ammunition in the gunpowder magazine (polverista) of Birgu in the British protectorate of Malta, on 18 July 1806.
It is historically famous for the wave of revolutions, a series of widespread struggles for more liberal governments, which broke out from Brazil to Hungary; although most failed in their immediate aims, they significantly altered the political and philosophical landscape and had major ramifications throughout the rest of the century.
This year was named by Mitchell Stephens as the greatest year to read newspapers.
As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days until February 28 (O.S. February 15), 2100.
As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War began, more than 100,000 died in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos lead to a revolution against the Tsar (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled The Year 1905 to commemorate this).
According to NASA reports, 1908 was the coldest recorded year since 1880.
A highlight was the race for the South Pole.
This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after an heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist.
Below, the events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.
Below, the events of the First World War have the "WWI" prefix.
This year was famous for the October Revolution in Russia, by Vladimir Lenin.
This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.
This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression.
This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.
It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.
As MAD Magazine pointed out on its cover for the March 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year — i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a strobogrammatic number — since 1881.
This was the year of the Protests of 1968.
The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).
The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.
It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.
The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially called the Games of the XXI Olympiad (French: Les XXIes olympiques d'été), was an international multi-sport event in Montreal, Quebec, in 1976, and the first Olympic Games held in Canada.
The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet and the first mobile cellular telephone call.
The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.
In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).
1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika.
1992 was designated as.
The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family" and the "International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal" by the United Nations.
This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.
1996 was designated as.
2001 was designated as.
2002 was designated as.
2004 was designated as.
2005 was designated as.
2007 was designated as.
2009 was designated as.
2012 was designated as.
The 2012 Burgas bus bombing was a terrorist attack carried out by a suicide bomber on a passenger bus transporting Israeli tourists at the Burgas Airport in Burgas, Bulgaria on 18 July 2012.
2013 was designated as.
2014 was designated as.
2015 was designated as.
Year 362 (CCCLXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 390 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.
Year 452 (CDLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 477 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.
The 54th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that saw extensive service in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
Year 645 (DCXLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 707 (DCCVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 715 (DCCXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 912 (CMXII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 924 (CMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 928 (CMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.