725 relations: Abbot, Abdullah I of Jordan, AD 70, Adolf Hitler, Adrian Păunescu, Adriatic Sea, Alan Stephenson Boyd, Alastair Burnet, Alban Roe, Alberto Santos-Dumont, Alessandro Santos, Alex Yoong, Alexander the Great, Alexi Casilla, Alistair MacLeod, Allen Jenkins, Amelia Bloomer, Anderson Dawson, Andrew Stockdale, Andrey Markov, Anne Hutchinson, Ansegisus, Antipope Boniface VII, Antoine Destutt de Tracy, Antoine Vermette, Antonia Fortress, Apollinaris of Ravenna, Apollo 11, Apollo program, Arauca Department, Argentina, Arnaud d'Ossat, Arroyo Seco Parkway, Art Óg mac Murchadha Caomhánach, Artie Traum, Aruba, Association football, Atlanta, Auguste de Marmont, Augustin Daly, Augustus Rowe, Aung San Suu Kyi, Aurora, Colorado, Austria-Hungary, Austro-Hungarian Navy, Austro-Prussian War, Óscar Elías Biscet, Định Tường Province, Baqa Jilani, Barbara Bergmann, ..., Barbara Mikulski, Battle of Ankara, Battle of Lissa (1866), Battle of Marcellae, Battle of Peachtree Creek, Batukeshwar Dutt, Bayezid I, BBC, Belaid Abdessalam, Ben Simmons, Bernd Schneider (racing driver), Bernhard Riemann, Birgitta Ohlsson, Bizerte crisis, Bo Rein, Bob McNab, Bob McNamara (Canadian football), Bogotá, Bomb, Bosporus, Bray Hammond, Brazil, British Columbia, British Football Association, Bruce Lee, Buddy Knox, Burmese names, Buzz Aldrin, Calendar of saints, California, Calouste Gulbenkian, Carlos Alazraqui, Carlos Santana, Cassino, Cái Bè District, Central African Republic, Central Intelligence Agency, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Charilaos Florakis, Charles Johnson (catcher), Charlotte Hatherley, Chester Bennington, Chiyoshōma Fujio, Chris Amon, Chris Cornell, Chuck Daly, Cindy Walker, Claude of France, Claudio Langes, Claudio Reyna, Claus von Stauffenberg, Cold War, Colombia, Confederate States of America, Constantin Lucaci, Constantine VI, Controlled-access highway, Corfu Declaration, Cormac McCarthy, Costa Rica, Courtney Taylor-Taylor, Cristian Pasquato, Cuba, Cuba–United States relations, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Dardanelles, Dave Evans (singer), David Mundy, David Ortega, David Tonkin, Debashish Mohanty, Demetrius Vikelas, Deniz Baykal, Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey, Desmond Douglas, Diana Rigg, Dieter Moebius, Dobri Dobrev, Don Chuy, Duke of Normandy, Dumarsais Estimé, Ealhswith, East Germany, Edmund Hillary, Edward Leigh, El Salvador, Elijah, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Elliot Richardson, Elliott Yamin, Emperor of Ethiopia, Emperor Toba, Engineer's Day, English people, Enguerrand de Monstrelet, Enrique Peña Nieto, Episcopal Church (United States), Eric Rowan, Erica Hill, Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Erik Hagen, Erik Ullenhag, Ersilio Tonini, Eugenio Lopez Sr., Falun Gong, Felix Dzerzhinsky, Ferdinand I of Romania, Film, Finn Gustavsen, Football War, Ford Motor Company, Forrest H. Anderson, Frank Reynolds, Frank Whaley, Frankfurt, Frantz Fanon, Fred Else, Freedom of Information Act (United States), Friendship Day, Garsevan Chavchavadze, Gary Kellgren, Gavrila Derzhavin, Gérard Oury, Geeta Dutt, George Johnston (novelist), George Llewelyn Davies, Gerd Binnig, Giannis Agouris, Giorgio Morandi, Giovanna Amati, Giovanni Lombardi, Gisele Bündchen, Governor of Chihuahua, Governor of Oregon, Greece, Gregor Mendel, Guglielmo Marconi, György Dózsa, Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway, Hami Mandıralı, Harriet Tubman, Harry Gold, Hazel Hawke, Heather Chasen, Heinie Manush, Helen Thomas, Henri Alleg, Herbert Turner Jenkins, Honduras, Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, Hyde Park and Regent's Park bombings, Hyde Park, London, Iain Macleod, Ian P. Howard, Ibn Muqla, Ieva Zunda, Internal combustion engine, International Chess Day, Israel, Jack Davis (athlete), Jacquemine Charrott Lodwidge, Jacques Delors, Jakob Haibel, James Alexander Calder, James Doohan, James Holmes (mass murderer), Jamie Ainscough, Jan Struther, Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98), Jason Raize, Javier Cortés, Jay Jay French, Józef Czyrek, Jean Ingelow, Jeff Rawle, Jem Finer, Jerusalem, Jess Walter, Jim Prentice, Jimmy Carson, Johan Björnsson Printz, Johann Christoph Pepusch, John Baptist Yi, John Bell Hood, John Bourchier, 1st Earl of Bath, John Francis Daley, John II of Castile, John Lodge (musician), John Reith, 1st Baron Reith, John Tiptoft, 2nd Baron Tibetot, Joon Park, José Hermano Saraiva, José Zabala-Santos, Joseph Levis, Joseph Rochefort, Joseph Stalin, Josh Holloway, Jozef Stümpel, Judy Chicago, Judy Greer, Julianne Hough, Julie Bindel, Julie Vinter Hansen, July 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics), June Byers, Kardam of Bulgaria, Karl Bernhard Zoeppritz, Kayo Hatta, Khurshed Alam Khan, Kiki Musampa, Kim Carnes, Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Kira Kazantsev, Klaus Fuchs, Klaus Schmidt (archaeologist), KLM, Koç Holding, Kool G Rap, Korean Martyrs, Kostas Choumis, Kostas Karyotakis, Kreso Kovacec, Kurds, Kurt Raab, Laboratoires Pierre Fabre, Lake Michigan, Lala Mara, Larry Craig, Lars Unnerstall, Las Vegas, Lavrentiy Beria, Lawton Foundation, László Moholy-Nagy, League of Nations, Leonidas Berry, Lew Fields, List of ambassadors of the United States to France, List of Byzantine emperors, List of German interior ministers, List of governors of Goa, List of Governors of Montana, Little Caesars, Loaísa expedition, Lola Albright, Lopez Group of Companies, Lucian Freud, Ludwig Beck, M. E. H. Maharoof, Mahmud II, Makarios III, Marcia Hines, Mare Tranquillitatis, Margaret the Virgin, Margaret, Countess of Pembroke, Maria Martinez, Mark Rosenzweig (psychologist), Mars, Matt Gilroy, Maurice Leyland, Max Liebermann, Mayor of New York City, Mel Daniels, Merxat, Michael Gielen, Michalis Kritikopoulos, Mick MacNeil, Mike Ilitch, Miklós Fehér, Milan, Minister for EU Affairs (Sweden), Minister of Militia and Defence (Canada), Ministry of Education (Portugal), Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Poland), Minneapolis, Minneapolis general strike of 1934, Miss America 2015, Moira Harris, Montreux, Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Straits, Moon, Mort Garson, Moses Leota, Muse Watson, Myanmar, Nam June Paik, Napoleon, Natalie Wood, Neil Armstrong, Netherlands Antilles, New Sweden, Niall McGinn, Nicéphore Niépce, Nicola Benedetti, Nicolaas Heinsius the Elder, Nicolas Freeling, Nixon McLean, NKVD, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Norway, O. J. Simpson, Olga Hahn-Neurath, Olivier de Kersauson, Omar Epps, Oshin, King of Armenia, Osric Chau, Otto Blumenthal, Otto John, Otto Schily, Ottoman Empire, Pancho Villa, Paris Peace Conference, 1919, Patriarch Miron of Romania, Paul Cook, Paul Delvaux, Paul Valéry, Paul von Hindenburg, Pavel Datsyuk, Peregrine White, Periklis Korovesis, Persecution of Falun Gong, Pete Hamilton, Peter Forsberg, Peter Palumbo, Baron Palumbo, Petrarch, Philadelphia, Philipp Reiter, Philomène Belliveau, Pierre Fabre (businessman), Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye, Pope Innocent IX, Pope Leo XIII, Portland, Oregon, Premier of Alberta, Premier of Queensland, Premier of South Australia, President of Haiti, President of Mexico, President of the European Commission, Preußenschlag, Prime Minister of Algeria, Prime Minister of Romania, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka, Prime Minister of the Netherlands, Project MKUltra, Provisional Irish Republican Army, Prvoslav Vujcic, Public holidays in Colombia, Public holidays in Honduras, Pyongyang, Pyréolophore, Radney Foster, Radu Beligan, Rajendra Kumar, Randal Kleiser, Ray Allen, Record Plant, Regent's Park, Regia Marina, René Bazin, René-Daniel Dubois, Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, Rex Williams, Richard Egan (actor), Richard I of England, Richard Owen, Robert Anderson Van Wyck, Robert II of France, Robert IV of Artois, Count of Eu, Robert Smithson, Robert Wallop, Roberto Orci, Roger Hunt, Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, Rollo, Roman army, Ruggero Oddi, Ryan James (rugby league), Saône, Saint Aurelius, Saint Thorlak, Sally Ann Howes, San Ildefonso Pueblo, New Mexico, Sandra Gould, Sandra Oh, Scotland, Seattle, Sebastiano Rossi, Seneca Falls (CDP), New York, Seneca Falls Convention, Sherman Antitrust Act, Siege of Chartres (911), Siege of Jerusalem (70 CE), Silivri, Sir George Trevelyan, 2nd Baronet, Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Sojourner Truth, Soldier Field, South Vietnam, Soviet Union, Special Olympics, Spouse of the Prime Minister of Australia, Sri Lanka, Stanisław Albinowski, Stephen Strasburg, Stevedore, Steven Adams, Stone Gossard, Studio system, Sudesh Berry, Suruç, Syria, T. G. Sheppard, Tadeusz Reichstein, Taichō, Tammy Faye Messner, Tanganyika, Tear gas, Ted Grant, Tekle Giyorgis I, Temple Mount, Terri Irwin, Tesfaye Bramble, The Football Association, Theo Heemskerk, Theodore Bikel, Thomas Berger (novelist), Thomas Friedman, Thomas N'Kono, Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray, Timur, Timurid Empire, Titus, Tobi Vail, Togoland, Tom Crean (explorer), Tony Marsh (racing driver), Tony Oliva, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Translation (relic), Treaty of San Germano, Truck driver, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkish invasion of Cyprus, UGM-27 Polaris, Umayyad Caliphate, Union (American Civil War), Union Army, United States, United States Department of Justice, United States Secretary of Defense, United States Secretary of Transportation, Valdemaras Martinkėnas, Václav Havel, Vedat Okyar, Vehbi Koç, Verna Felton, Vespasian, Viceroyalty of New Granada, Victor Atiyeh, Viet Cong, Vietnam War, Viking 1, Viktoria Ladõnskaja, Vilém Tauský, Vince Foster, Vis (island), Vitamin C (singer), W. Cary Edwards, Wayne Carson, Wendy Richard, Wilgefortis, Wilhelm von Tegetthoff, Will Solomon, William Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland, William Cosmo Monkhouse, William D. Leahy, William H. Goetzmann, William More (died 1600), William Paine Lord, William Tecumseh Sherman, World War I, World War II, Yazid I, Yusuf Şimşek, Yves Niaré, Zealots, 1031, 1156, 1189, 1225, 1304, 1313, 1320, 1332, 1346, 1387, 1398, 1402, 1453, 1454, 1470, 1514, 1519, 1524, 1526, 1537, 1583, 1591, 1592, 1600, 1601, 1616, 1620, 1649, 1704, 1738, 1752, 1754, 1757, 1762, 1774, 1789, 1799, 1804, 1807, 1810, 1816, 1822, 1838, 1847, 1848, 1849, 1852, 1854, 1864, 1866, 1868, 1871, 1873, 1876, 1877, 1882, 1885, 1889, 1890, 1893, 1895, 1897, 1900, 1901, 1902, 1903, 1905, 1908, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1914, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1934 West Coast waterfront strike, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1948 Arab–Israeli War, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 20 July plot, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2012 Aurora shooting, 2013, 2013 Colombian clashes, 2014, 2015, 2015 Suruç bombing, 2016, 2017, 356 BC, 647, 682, 792, 833, 834, 911, 940, 985. Expand index (675 more) » « Shrink index
Abbot, meaning father, is an ecclesiastical title given to the male head of a monastery in various traditions, including Christianity.
Abdullah I bin al-Hussein, King of Jordan (عبد الله الأول بن الحسين, Abd Allāh ibn al-Husayn, February 1882 – 20 July 1951), born in Mecca, Hejaz, Ottoman Empire, was the second of three sons of Hussein bin Ali, Sharif and Emir of Mecca and his first wife Abdiyya bint Abdullah (d. 1886).
AD 70 (LXX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Adrian Păunescu (20 July 1943 – 5 November 2010) was a Romanian poet, journalist, and politician.
The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula.
Alan Stephenson Boyd (born July 20, 1922) is an American attorney and transportation executive who led several large corporations and also served the U.S. Government in various transportation-related positions.
Sir James William Alexander Burnet (12 July 1928 – 20 July 2012), known as Alastair Burnet, was a British journalist and broadcaster, best known for his work in news and current affairs programmes, including a long career with ITN as chief presenter of the flagship News at Ten for eighteen years; Sir Robin Day described Burnet as "the booster rocket that put ITN into orbit".
Saint Alban Roe (20 July 1583 – 21 January 1642) was an English Benedictine priest, remembered as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales.
Alberto Santos-Dumont (20 July 187323 July 1932, usually referred to as simply Santos-Dumont) was a Brazilian inventor and aviation pioneer, one of the very few people to have contributed significantly to the development of both lighter-than-air and heavier-than-air aircraft.
, formerly Alessandro dos Santos and often known as Alex, is a former Japanese football player who was born in Brazil.
Alexander Charles Yoong Loong ((born 20 July 1976), is a Malaysian Chinese professional racing driver of Han Chinese and English parentage. Yoong began his career in saloon cars before moving into the Proton one-make series. He later raced in single-seater cars where he won the Malaysian Championship in 1995. He moved into Formula Renault in 1996 with help from sponsors but finished outside the top-10. Yoong consulted his father who believed his son would succeed in lower categories. Yoong decided to drive in Formula Three but dropped out in 1999 after withdrawal from his sponsors. He subsequently went into Formula 3000 and managed to improve despite a horrific crash at Spa-Francorchamps during the season. Yoong also raced in Formula Nippon where he achieved no success. Yoong became the first Malaysian to race in Formula One with Minardi at the 2001 Italian Grand Prix and left the sport in 2002. Yoong had a less successful career in CART World Series but had improved in the Porsche Carrera Cup with a less successful foray into V8 Supercars. Yoong raced in A1 Grand Prix series between 2005 and 2008 and scored three victories. In between this, Yoong raced in the Le Mans 24 Hours. Yoong worked for Lotus Racing as head of driver development and is also a commentator for Fox Sports Asia. Yoong married Arriana Teoh, who was Miss World 1997 Malaysia in 2002 and has a son, Alister, born in 2003.
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.
Alexi Casilla Lora (born July 20, 1984) is a Dominican professional baseball second baseman for the York Revolution of the Atlantic League of Professional Baseball.
Alistair MacLeod, (July 20, 1936 – April 20, 2014) was a Canadian novelist, short story writer and academic.
Allen Jenkins (born Alfred McGonegal; April 9, 1900 – July 20, 1974) was an American character actor and singer who worked on stage, film, and television.
Amelia Jenks Bloomer (May 27, 1818 – December 30, 1894) was an American women's rights and temperance advocate.
Andrew Dawson (16 July 1863 – 20 July 1910), usually known as Anderson Dawson, was an Australian politician, the Premier of Queensland for one week (1–7 December) in 1899.
Andrew James Stockdale (born 20 July 1976) is an Australian rock musician, singer and songwriter best known as the lead vocalist, lead guitarist and only mainstay member of the rock band Wolfmother, which formed in 2000.
Andrey (Andrei) Andreyevich Markov (Андре́й Андре́евич Ма́рков, in older works also spelled Markoff) (14 June 1856 N.S. – 20 July 1922) was a Russian mathematician.
Anne Hutchinson (née Marbury; July 1591 – August 1643) was a Puritan spiritual adviser, mother of 15, and an important participant in the Antinomian Controversy which shook the infant Massachusetts Bay Colony from 1636 to 1638.
Saint Ansegisus (c. 770 – 20 July 833 or 834) was a monastic reformer of the Franks.
Antipope Boniface VII (Franco Ferrucci, died July 20, 985), was an antipope (974, 984–985).
Antoine Louis Claude Destutt, comte de Tracy (20 July 17549 March 1836) was a French Enlightenment aristocrat and philosopher who coined the term "ideology".
Antoine Vermette (born July 20, 1982) is a Canadian professional ice hockey centre on the Anaheim Ducks of the National Hockey League (NHL).
The Antonia Fortress (Aramaic:קצטרא דאנטוניה) was a military barracks built over the Hasmonean Baris by Herod the Great.
Apollinaris of Ravenna (Apollinare) is a Syrian saint, whom the Roman Martyrology describes as "a bishop who, according to tradition, while spreading among the nations the unsearchable riches of Christ, led his flock as a good shepherd and honoured the Church of Classis near Ravenna by a glorious martyrdom."Martyrologium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2001).
Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first two humans on the Moon.
The Apollo program, also known as Project Apollo, was the third United States human spaceflight program carried out by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which accomplished landing the first humans on the Moon from 1969 to 1972.
Arauca Department (Departamento de Arauca) is a department of Colombia located in the extreme north of the Orinoco Basin of Colombia (the Llanos Orientales), bordering Venezuela.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Arnaud d'Ossat (20 July 1537 – 13 March 1604) was a French diplomat and writer, and a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, whose personal tact and diplomatic skill steered the perilous course of French diplomacy with the Papacy in the reign of Henry IV of France.
The Arroyo Seco Parkway, also known as the Pasadena Freeway, is the first freeway in the Western United States.
Art Óg Mac Murchadha Caomhánach (anglicized Art MacMurrough-Kavanagh, Art MacMorrough, Art MacMorrow-Kavanagh, or Art MacMorrow; 1357 1417) was an Irish king who is generally regarded as the most formidable of the later Kings of Leinster.
Arthur Roy 'Artie' Traum (April 3, 1943 – July 20, 2008) was an American New Age Voice (NAV) Award-winning guitarist, producer and songwriter.
Aruba (Papiamento) is an island and a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the southern Caribbean Sea, located about west of the main part of the Lesser Antilles and north of the coast of Venezuela.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Atlanta is the capital city and most populous municipality of the state of Georgia in the United States.
Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont (20 July 1774 – 22 March 1852) was a French general and nobleman who rose to the rank of Marshal of France and was awarded the title (duc de Raguse).
John Augustin Daly (July 20, 1838June 7, 1899) was one of the most influential men in American theatre during his lifetime.
Augustus Taylor Rowe (August 2, 1920 – July 20, 2013) was a Canadian physician and politician.
Aung San Suu Kyi (born 19 June 1945) is a Burmese politician, diplomat, and author, and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (1991).
Aurora is a Home Rule Municipality in the U.S. state of Colorado, spanning Arapahoe and Adams counties, with the extreme southeastern portion of the city extending into Douglas County.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
The Austro-Hungarian Navy (German: kaiserliche und königliche Kriegsmarine, Hungarian: Császári és Királyi Haditengerészet "Imperial and Royal War Navy") was the naval force of Austria-Hungary.
The Austro-Prussian War or Seven Weeks' War (also known as the Unification War, the War of 1866, or the Fraternal War, in Germany as the German War, and also by a variety of other names) was a war fought in 1866 between the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia, with each also being aided by various allies within the German Confederation.
Định Tường was a province of Vietnam during the Nguyen dynasty and the Republic of Vietnam.
Mohammad Baqa Khan Jilani (born on 20 July 1911, Jalandhar, Punjab - died on 2 July 1941, Jalandhar, Punjab) was a bowler who represented India in Test cricket.
Barbara Rose Bergmann (20 July 1927 – 5 April 2015) was an important feminist economist.
Barbara Ann Mikulski (born July 20, 1936) is an American politician who served as a United States Senator from Maryland from 1987 to 2017.
The Battle of Ankara (or Angora) was fought on 20 July 1402 at the Çubuk plain near Ankara between the forces of the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I and Timur (Tamerlane), ruler of the Timurid Empire.
The Battle of Lissa (sometimes called Battle of Vis) took place on 20 July 1866 in the Adriatic Sea near the Dalmatian island of Lissa ("Vis" in Croatian) and was a decisive victory for an outnumbered Austrian Empire force over a numerically superior Italian force.
The Battle of Marcellae (Битката при Маркели, Μάχη των Μαρκελλών) took place in 792 at Markeli, near the modern town of Karnobat in south eastern Bulgaria.
The Battle of Peachtree Creek was fought in Georgia on July 20, 1864, as part of the Atlanta Campaign in the American Civil War.
Batukeshwar Dutt was an Indian Bengali revolutionary and independence fighter in the early 1900s.
Bayezid I (بايزيد اول; I. (nicknamed Yıldırım (Ottoman Turkish: یلدیرم), "Lightning, Thunderbolt"); 1360 – 8 March 1403) was the Ottoman Sultan from 1389 to 1402.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Belaid Abdessalam (بلعيد عبد السلام) (born 20 July 1928) is an Algerian politician, who served as head of government.
Benjamin David Simmons (born 20 July 1996) is an Australian professional basketball player for the Philadelphia 76ers of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Bernd Schneider (born 20 July 1964 in St. Ingbert) is a racing driver from Germany.
Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann (17 September 1826 – 20 July 1866) was a German mathematician who made contributions to analysis, number theory, and differential geometry.
Eva Birgitta Ohlsson Klamberg (born 20 July 1975) is a Swedish politician who was Minister for European Union Affairs in the Swedish government from 2010 to 2014.
The Bizerte Crisis (ʾAḥdāth Bīzart) occurred in July 1961 when Tunisia imposed a blockade on the French naval base at Bizerte, Tunisia, hoping to force its evacuation.
Robert Edward "Bo" Rein (July 20, 1945 – January 10, 1980) was an American football and baseball player and football coach.
Robert McNab (born 20 July 1943) is an English former footballer who played as a defender.
John Robert "Bob" McNamara (August 12, 1931 – July 20, 2014) was an American football all-star running back in the Canadian Football League and the American Football League.
Bogotá, officially Bogotá, Distrito Capital, abbreviated Bogotá, D.C., and formerly known as Santafé de Bogotá between 1991 and 2000, is the capital and largest city of Colombia, administered as the Capital District, although often thought of as part of Cundinamarca.
A bomb is an explosive weapon that uses the exothermic reaction of an explosive material to provide an extremely sudden and violent release of energy.
The Bosporus or Bosphorus;The spelling Bosporus is listed first or exclusively in all major British and American dictionaries (e.g.,,, Merriam-Webster,, and Random House) as well as the Encyclopædia Britannica and the.
Bray Hammond (November 20, 1886 in Springfield, Missouri – July 20, 1968) was an American financial historian and assistant secretary to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System in 1944-1950.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.
The British Football Association was a short lived ruling body for the game of football.
Lee Jun-fan (November 27, 1940 – July 20, 1973), known professionally as Bruce Lee, was a Hong Kong and American actor, film director, martial artist, martial arts instructor, philosopher, and founder of the martial art Jeet Kune Do, one of the wushu or kungfu styles.
Buddy Wayne Knox (July 20, 1933 – February 14, 1999) was an American singer and songwriter, best known for his 1957 rock hit song, "Party Doll".
Burmese names lack the serial structure of most modern names.
Buzz Aldrin (born Edwin Eugene Aldrin Jr.; January 20, 1930) is an American engineer, former astronaut, and Command Pilot in the United States Air Force.
The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Calouste Gulbenkian (Western Գալուստ Կիւլպէնկեան; 23 March 1869 – 20 July 1955) was a businessman and philanthropist of British nationality and Armenian origin.
Carlos Jaime Alazraqui (born July 20, 1962) is an American stand-up comedian, actor, voice actor, singer, impressionist, producer and screenwriter possibly best known as Deputy James Garcia on Reno 911!.
Carlos Santana (born July 20, 1947) is a Mexican and American musician who first became famous in the late 1960s and early 1970s with his band, Santana, which pioneered a fusion of rock and Latin American jazz.
Cassino is a comune in the province of Frosinone, central Italy, at the southern end of the region of Lazio, the last City of the Latin Valley.
Cái Bè is a river-land mixed town in Vietnam.
The Central African Republic (CAR; Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka; République centrafricaine, or Centrafrique) is a landlocked country in Central Africa.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
The Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster is a ministerial office in the Government of the United Kingdom that includes as part of its duties, the administration of the estates and rents of the Duchy of Lancaster.
The Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of Her Majesty's Exchequer, commonly known as the Chancellor of the Exchequer, or simply the Chancellor, is a senior official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of Her Majesty's Treasury.
Charilaos Florakis (also Harilaos Florakis; Χαρίλαος Φλωράκης; 20 July 1914 – 22 May 2005) was a leader of the Communist Party of Greece (KKE).
Charles Edward Johnson, Jr. (born July 20, 1971) is an American former professional baseball player.
Charlotte Franklin Hatherley (born 20 June 1979) is an English singer, songwriter and guitarist.
Chester Charles Bennington (March 20, 1976 – July 20, 2017) was an American singer, songwriter, musician, and actor.
Chiyoshōma Fujio (千代翔馬 富士雄, born 20 July 1991) is a professional sumo wrestler from Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
Christopher Arthur Amon (20 July 1943 – 3 August 2016) was a New Zealand motor racing driver.
Chris Cornell (born Christopher John Boyle; July 20, 1964 – May 18, 2017) was an American musician, singer and songwriter.
Charles Jerome Daly (July 20, 1930 – May 9, 2009) was an American basketball head coach.
Cindy Walker (July 20, 1918 – March 23, 2006) was an American songwriter, as well as a country music singer and dancer.
Claude of France (13 October 1499 – 20 July 1524) was a queen consort of France by marriage to Francis I. She was also ruling Duchess of Brittany from 1514.
Claudio Langes (born 20 July 1960 in Brescia) is a racing driver from Italy.
Claudio Reyna (born July 20, 1973) is a retired American soccer player and the current director of football operations for New York City FC.
Claus Philipp Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (15 November 1907 – 21 July 1944) was a German army officer and member of the Bavarian noble family von Stauffenberg, who was one of the leading members of the failed 20 July plot of 1944 to assassinate Adolf Hitler and remove the Nazi Party from power.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
Constantin Lucaci (July 7, 1923 – July 20, 2014) was a Romanian contemporary sculptor, best known for his monumentalist sculptures and his kinetic fountains (or decorative moving metal fountains) most made from stainless steel, among which those from the Romanian cities of Reşiţa and Constanţa are best known.
Constantine VI (Κωνσταντῖνος Ϛ΄, Kōnstantinos VI; 771 – before 805Cutler & Hollingsworth (1991), pp. 501–502) was Byzantine Emperor from 780 to 797.
A controlled-access highway is a type of highway which has been designed for high-speed vehicular traffic, with all traffic flow and ingress/egress regulated.
The Corfu Declaration is the agreement that made the creation of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia possible.
Cormac McCarthy (born Charles McCarthy; July 20, 1933) is an American novelist, playwright, and screenwriter.
Costa Rica ("Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island.
Courtney A. Taylor (born July 20, 1967), known as Courtney Taylor-Taylor, is an American singer-songwriter from Portland, Oregon.
Cristian Pasquato (born 20 July 1989) is an Italian footballer who plays as a Midfielder.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
Cuba and the United States restored diplomatic relations on 20 July 2015, which had been severed in 1961 during the Cold War.
Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
The Dardanelles (Çanakkale Boğazı, translit), also known from Classical Antiquity as the Hellespont (Ἑλλήσποντος, Hellespontos, literally "Sea of Helle"), is a narrow, natural strait and internationally-significant waterway in northwestern Turkey that forms part of the continental boundary between Europe and Asia, and separates Asian Turkey from European Turkey.
Dave Evans (born 20 July 1953) is a Welsh-born Australian singer.
David Mundy (born 20 July 1985) is an Australian rules footballer who plays for the Fremantle Football Club in the Australian Football League (AFL).
David Ortega Pitarch (born 20 July 1979 in Castellón de la Plana, Castellón) is a freestyle and backstroke swimmer from Spain.
Dr David Oliver Tonkin AO (20 July 1929 – 2 October 2000) was the 38th Premier of South Australia, serving from 18 September 1979 to 10 November 1982.
Debasish (or Debasis) Sarbeswar Mohanty (born 20 July 1976, in Bhubaneswar, Odisha) is a former Indian cricketer who played in two Tests and 45 One Day Internationals from 1997 to 2001.
Demetrios Vikelas (also Demetrius Bikelas; Δημήτριος Βικέλας; February 15, 1835 – July 20, 1908) was a Greek businessman and writer; he was the first President of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), from 1894 to 1896.
Deniz Baykal (born 20 July 1938) is a Turkish politician at the Republican People's Party (CHP) who served as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1995 to 1996.
The Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey is the official Deputy of the Head of Government of Turkey.
Desmond Douglas MBE (born 20 July 1955 in Jamaica) is a British table tennis player.
Dame Enid Diana Elizabeth Rigg, (born 20 July 1938) is an English actress.
Dieter Moebius (16 January 1944 – 20 July 2015) was a Swiss-born German electronic musician and composer.
Dobri Dimitrov Dobrev (Добри Димитров Добрев, 20 July 1914 – 13 February 2018), better known as Grandpa Dobri, Elder Dobri (translit) or The Saint of Bailovo, was a Bulgarian ascetic who walked over each day to sit or stand in front of the Cathedral of Alexander Nevsky in Sofia to collect money for charitable causes.
Donald John Chuy (July 20, 1941 – January 6, 2014) was a professional American football player who played guard for seven seasons for the Los Angeles Rams and the Philadelphia Eagles.
In the Middle Ages, the Duke of Normandy was the ruler of the Duchy of Normandy in north-western France.
Léon Dumarsais Estimé (21 April 1900 – 20 July 1953) served as the President of Haïti from 16 August 1946 until 10 May 1950.
Ealhswith or Ealswitha (died 5 December 902) was the wife of King Alfred the Great.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
Sir Edmund Percival Hillary OSN (20 July 1919 – 11 January 2008) was a New Zealand mountaineer, explorer, and philanthropist.
Sir Edward Julian Egerton Leigh (born 20 July 1950) is a British Conservative Party politician who has served as a Member of Parliament since 1983.
El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador (República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America.
Elijah (meaning "My God is Yahu/Jah") or latinized form Elias (Ἡλίας, Elías; ܐܸܠܝܼܵܐ, Elyāe; Arabic: إلياس or إليا, Ilyās or Ilyā) was, according to the Books of Kings in the Hebrew Bible, a prophet and a miracle worker who lived in the northern kingdom of Israel during the reign of King Ahab (9th century BC).
Elizabeth Cady Stanton (November 12, 1815 – October 26, 1902) was an American suffragist, social activist, abolitionist, and leading figure of the early women's rights movement.
Elliot Lee Richardson (July 20, 1920 December 31, 1999) was an American lawyer and politician who was a member of the cabinet of Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.
Efraym Elliott Yamin (born July 20, 1978) is an American singer known for his hit single "Wait for You" and placing third on the fifth season of American Idol.
The Emperor of Ethiopia (ንጉሠ ነገሥት, nəgusä nägäst, "King of Kings") was the hereditary ruler of the Ethiopian Empire, until the abolition of the monarchy in 1975.
was the 74th emperor of Japan,Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): according to the traditional order of succession.
Engineer's Day is observed in several countries on various dates of the year.
The English are a nation and an ethnic group native to England who speak the English language. The English identity is of early medieval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Angelcynn ("family of the Angles"). Their ethnonym is derived from the Angles, one of the Germanic peoples who migrated to Great Britain around the 5th century AD. England is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens. Historically, the English population is descended from several peoples the earlier Celtic Britons (or Brythons) and the Germanic tribes that settled in Britain following the withdrawal of the Romans, including Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians. Collectively known as the Anglo-Saxons, they founded what was to become England (from the Old English Englaland) along with the later Danes, Anglo-Normans and other groups. In the Acts of Union 1707, the Kingdom of England was succeeded by the Kingdom of Great Britain. Over the years, English customs and identity have become fairly closely aligned with British customs and identity in general. Today many English people have recent forebears from other parts of the United Kingdom, while some are also descended from more recent immigrants from other European countries and from the Commonwealth. The English people are the source of the English language, the Westminster system, the common law system and numerous major sports such as cricket, football, rugby union, rugby league and tennis. These and other English cultural characteristics have spread worldwide, in part as a result of the former British Empire.
Enguerrand de Monstrelet (c. 1400 – 20 July 1453), was a French chronicler.
Enrique Peña Nieto (born 20 July 1966), commonly referred to by his initials EPN, is a Mexican politician serving as the 57th President of Mexico, since 2012.
The Episcopal Church is the United States-based member church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.
Eric Alfred Burchell Rowan (20 July 1909 – 30 April 1993) was a South African cricketer who played for Transvaal, Eastern Province and South Africa.
Erica Ruth Hill-Yount (born July 20, 1976) is an American journalist who works for CNN.
Erik Axel Karlfeldt (20 July 1864 – 8 April 1931) was a Swedish poet whose highly symbolist poetry masquerading as regionalism was popular and won him the Nobel Prize in Literature posthumously in 1931 after he had been nominated by Nathan Söderblom, member of the Swedish Academy.
Erik "Panzer" Hagen (born 20 July 1975 in Veme) is a Norwegian football player who plays as a centre-back.
Erik Jörgen Carl Ullenhag (born 20 July 1972, in Uppsala) is a Swedish politician who served as Minister for Integration from October 2010 to October 2014 and as leader of the Liberal People's Party in the Swedish Riksdag from October 2014 to June 2016.
Ersilio Tonini (20 July 1914 – 28 July 2013) was an Italian Cardinal of the Catholic Church.
Eugenio Hofileña López Sr. (July 20, 1901 – July 5, 1975), also known as Eñing López and Don Eugenio, was leading figure in the Philippines.
Falun Gong or Falun Dafa (Standard Mandarin Chinese:; literally, "Dharma Wheel Practice" or "Law Wheel Practice") is a modern Chinese spiritual practice that combines meditation and qigong exercises with a moral philosophy centered on the tenets of truthfulness, compassion, and forbearance.
Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky (Russian: Фе́ликс Эдму́ндович Дзержи́нский; Polish: Feliks Dzierżyński; 20 July 1926), nicknamed Iron Felix, was a Polish and Soviet Bolshevik revolutionary, leader and statesman.
Ferdinand I (Ferdinand Viktor Albert Meinrad; 24 August 1865 – 20 July 1927), nicknamed Întregitorul ("the Unifier"), was King of Romania from 10 October 1914 until his death in 1927.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
Finn Gustavsen (22 April 1926 in Drammen – 20 July 2005) was a Norwegian socialist politician active from 1945 to the late 1970s.
The Football War (La guerra del fútbol), also known as the Soccer War or the 100 Hour War, was a brief war fought between El Salvador and Honduras in 1969.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
Forrest Howard Anderson (January 30, 1913 – July 20, 1989) was an American politician and judge who served as the 17th Governor of Montana from 1969 to 1973.
Frank James Reynolds (November 29, 1923 – July 20, 1983) was an American television journalist for CBS and ABC News.
Frank Joseph Whaley (born July 20, 1963) is an American actor, film director, screenwriter and comedian.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
Frantz Fanon (20 July 1925 – 6 December 1961) was a Martinican psychiatrist, philosopher, revolutionary, and writer whose works are influential in the fields of post-colonial studies, critical theory, and Marxism.
Fredrick Else (31 March 193320 July 2015) was an English footballer, who played as a goalkeeper.
The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA),, is a federal freedom of information law that allows for the full or partial disclosure of previously unreleased information and documents controlled by the United States government.
Friendship Day (اليوم الدولي للصداقة,, Journée internationale de l’amitié, Международный день дружбы, Día del Amigo) is a day for celebrating friendship.
Prince Garsevan Chavchavadze (გარსევან ჭავჭავაძე) (July 20, 1757 - April 7, 1811) was a Georgian nobleman (tavadi), politician and diplomat primarily known as the Georgian ambassador to Imperial Russia.
Gary Kellgren (April 7, 1939 – July 20, 1977) was an American audio engineer and co-founder of The Record Plant recording studios, along with businessman Chris Stone.
Gavriil (Gavrila) Romanovich Derzhavin (a; 14 July 1743 – 20 July 1816) was one of the most highly esteemed Russian poets before Alexander Pushkin, as well as a statesman.
Gérard Oury (29 April 1919 – 20 July 2006) was a French film director, actor and writer.
Geeta Dutt (born Geeta Ghosh Roy Chowdhuri; 23 November 1930 – 20 July 1972) was a prominent Indian playback singer and a famous bengali-hindi classical artist, born in Faridpur before the Partition of India.
George Henry Johnston OBE (20 July 191222 July 1970) was an Australian journalist, war correspondent and novelist, best known for My Brother Jack.
George Llewelyn Davies (20 July 1893 - 15 March 1915) was the eldest son of Arthur and Sylvia Llewelyn Davies.
Gerd Binnig (born 20 July 1947) is a German physicist, who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1986 for the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope.
Giannis Agouris (Greek: Γιάννης Αγγούρης, July 20, 1930 - August 1, 2006) was a Greek writer and journalist from Achaia.
Giorgio Morandi (July 20, 1890 – June 18, 1964) was an Italian painter and printmaker who specialized in still life.
Giovanna Amati (born 20 July 1959) is a former professional racing driver from Italy.
Giovanni Lombardi (born 20 July 1969) is an Italian former professional road bicycling racer who raced from 1992 to 2006.
Gisele Caroline Bündchen (born 20 July 1980) is a Brazilian model and actress.
According to the Political Constitution of the Free and Sovereign State of Chihuahua, Executive Power in that Mexican state resides with a single individual, the Constitutional Governor of the Free and Sovereign State of Chihuahua, who is chosen for a period of six years and cannot for any reason be re-elected.
The Governor of Oregon is the head of the executive branch of Oregon's state government and serves as the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.
Gregor Johann Mendel (Řehoř Jan Mendel; 20 July 1822 – 6 January 1884) was a scientist, Augustinian friar and abbot of St. Thomas' Abbey in Brno, Margraviate of Moravia.
Guglielmo Marconi, 1st Marquis of Marconi (25 April 187420 July 1937) was an Italian inventor and electrical engineer known for his pioneering work on long-distance radio transmission and for his development of Marconi's law and a radio telegraph system.
György Dózsa (or György Székely,appears as "Georgius Zekel" in old texts Gheorghe Doja; 1470 – 20 July 1514) was a Székely man-at-arms (and by some accounts, a nobleman) from Transylvania, Kingdom of Hungary who led a peasants' revolt against the kingdom's landed nobility.
Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway (Haakon Magnus; born 20 July 1973) is the only son and younger child of King Harald V and heir apparent to the throne of Norway.
Hami Mandıralı (born 20 July 1968 in Arsin, Trabzon, Turkey) is a Turkish football manager and former footballer.
Harriet Tubman (born Araminta Ross, March 10, 1913) was an American abolitionist and political activist.
Harry Gold (December 11, 1910 – August 28, 1972) was a laboratory chemist and spy for a number of Soviet spy rings operating in the United States during the Manhattan Project.
Hazel Susan Hawke, AO (née Masterson, 20 July 192923 May 2013) was the first wife of Bob Hawke, the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia.
Heather Jean Chasen (born 20 July 1927) is an English actress.
Henry Emmett Manush (July 20, 1901 – May 12, 1971), nicknamed "Heinie", was an American baseball outfielder.
Helen Amelia Thomas (August 4, 1920 – July 20, 2013) was an American reporter and author best known for her longtime membership in the White House press corps.
Henri Alleg (20 July 1921 – 17 July 2013), born Henri Salem, was a French-Algerian journalist, director of the Alger républicain newspaper, and a member of the French Communist Party.
Herbert Turner Jenkins (June 7, 1907 – July 20, 1990) was the longest serving police chief of Atlanta.
Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras (República de Honduras), is a republic in Central America.
Hugh O'Neill (Irish: Aodh Mór Ó Néill; literally Hugh The Great O'Neill; c. 1550 – 20 July 1616), was an Irish Gaelic lord, Earl of Tyrone (known as the Great Earl) and was later created The Ó Néill.
The Hyde Park and Regent's Park bombings occurred on 20 July 1982 in London.
Hyde Park is a Grade I-listed major park in Central London.
Iain Norman Macleod (11 November 1913 – 20 July 1970) was a British Conservative Party politician and government minister.
Ian Porteus Howard (July 20, 1927 – June 1, 2013) was a Canadian psychologist and researcher in visual perception at York University in Toronto.
Abu 'Ali Muhammad ibn 'Ali ibn Muqla al-Shirazi (Baghdad, 885/6 – Baghdad, 20 July 940) was a Persian official of the Abbasid Caliphate who rose to high state posts in the early 10th century.
Ieva Zunda (born 20 July 1978 in Tukums) is a Latvian athlete.
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.
The International Chess Day is celebrated annually on July 20, the day the International Chess Federation (FIDE) was founded, in 1924.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Jacquemine Charrott Lodwidge (born 20 July 1919) is an English writer on crime and magic who also worked as an art director in British-made films and as a bookseller.
Jacques Lucien Jean Delors (born 20 July 1925) is a French politician who served as the 8th President of the European Commission from 1985 to 1995.
Jakob Haibel (20 July 1762 Graz – 24 March 1826 Đakovo) was an Austrian composer, operatic tenor and choirmaster.
James Alexander Calder, (September 17, 1868 – July 20, 1956) was a Canadian politician.
James Montgomery Doohan, LVO (March 3, 1920 – July 20, 2005) was a Canadian actor and voice actor best known for his role as Montgomery "Scotty" Scott in the television and film series Star Trek.
James Eagan Holmes (born December 13, 1987) is an American citizen who has been convicted on 24 counts of murder and 140 counts of attempted murder for the 2012 Aurora shooting that killed 12 people and injured 70 others at a Century 16 movie theater in Aurora, Colorado on July 20, 2012.
Jamie Ainscough (born 20 July 1972) is an Australian former professional rugby league footballer of the 1990s and 2000s.
Jan Struther was the pen name of Joyce Anstruther, later Joyce Maxtone Graham and finally Joyce Placzek (June 6, 1901 – July 20, 1953), an English writer remembered for her character Mrs. Miniver and a number of hymns, such as "Lord of All Hopefulness".
The Japanese invasions of Korea comprised two separate yet linked operations: an initial invasion in 1592, a brief truce in 1596, and a second invasion in 1597.
Jason Raize Rothenberg (July 20, 1975 – February 3, 2004), known professionally as Jason Raize, was an American actor, singer and former Goodwill Ambassador for the United Nations Environment Programme.
Javier Cortés Granados (born 20 July 1989) He currently plays as a midfielder for Santos Laguna on loan from Pumas de la UNAM in the Liga MX.
Jay Jay French (born John French Segall, July 20, 1952) is an American guitarist, manager and producer.
Józef Czyrek (20 July 1928 – 3 June 2013) was a Polish politician who served as the minister of foreign affairs of the People's Republic of Poland from 1980 to 1982.
Jean Ingelow (17 March 1820 – 20 July 1897) was an English poet and novelist.
Jeffrey Alan Rawle (born 20 July 1951) is a British actor, known for playing the long-suffering George Dent in the news-gathering sitcom Drop the Dead Donkey.
Jeremy Max "Jem" Finer (born 20 July 1955) is an English musician, artist and composer.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
Jess Walter (born July 20, 1965) is an American author of six novels, a collection of short stories, and a non-fiction book.
Peter Eric James Prentice (July 20, 1956 – October 13, 2016) was a Canadian politician who served as the 16th Premier of Alberta from 2014 to 2015.
James Charles Carson (born July 20, 1968) is a retired American professional hockey player.
Johan Björnsson Printz (July 20, 1592 – May 3, 1663) was governor from 1643 until 1653 of the Swedish colony of New Sweden on the Delaware River in North America.
Johann Christoph Pepusch (1667 – 20 July 1752), also known as John Christopher Pepusch and Dr Pepusch, was a German-born composer who spent most of his working life in England.
John Baptist Yi (c. 1800 – July 20, 1839) was one of the 103 Korean Martyrs.
John Bell Hood (June 1 or June 29, 1831 – August 30, 1879) was a Confederate general during the American Civil War.
John Bourchier, 1st Earl of Bath (20 July 1470 – 30 April 1539) was created Earl of Bath in 1536.
John Francis Daley (born July 20, 1985) is an American actor, screenwriter and film director.
John II of Castile (Juan; 6 March 1405 – 20 July 1454) was King of Castile and León from 1406 to 1454.
John Charles Lodge (born 20 July 1945) is an English musician, best known as bass guitarist, vocalist, and songwriter of the longstanding rock group the Moody Blues.
John Charles Walsham Reith, 1st Baron Reith, (20 July 1889 – 16 June 1971) was a Scottish broadcasting executive who established the tradition of independent public service broadcasting in the United Kingdom.
John Tiptoft (or Tibetot), 2nd Baron Tibetot (20 July 1313 – 13 April 1367), English nobleman, was the son of Pain Tiptoft, 1st Baron Tibetot and Agnes de Ros.
Joon Park (Korean name: Park Joon-hyung,; born July 20, 1969) is a Korean-American singer, actor and entertainer based in South Korea.
José Hermano Baptista Saraiva GCIH • GCIP (3 October 1919 – 20 July 2012) was a Portuguese professor, historian and jurist.
José Zabala-Santos (sometimes spelled as Jose Zabala Santos) (20 July 1911 – September 7, 1985), nicknamed as "Mang Pepe" ("Mister Pepe" in the Tagalog languageDefinition of, bansa.org) by hometown neighbors and as "Zabala" by colleagues in the cartooning profession, was a successful cartoonist in the Philippines and was one of the pioneers of Philippine comics.
Joseph Levis (July 20, 1905, in Boston, MA – May 20, 2005) was an American foil fencer.
Joseph John Rochefort (May 12, 1900 – July 20, 1976) was an American naval officer and cryptanalyst.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Josh Lee Holloway (born July 20, 1969) is an American actor, model and producer, best known for his roles as James "Sawyer" Ford on the American television show Lost and as Gabriel Vaughn in the CBS drama Intelligence.
Jozef Stümpel (born July 20, 1972) is a Slovak professional ice hockey centre currently playing for HK Nitra of the Slovak Extraliga.
Judy Chicago (born Judith Sylvia Cohen; July 20, 1939) is an American feminist artist, art educator, and writer known for her large collaborative art installation pieces about birth and creation images, which examine the role of women in history and culture.
Judith Therese Evans (born July 20, 1975), known as Judy Greer, is an American actress, model, and author.
Julianne Alexandra Hough (born July 20, 1988) is an American dancer, singer, and actress.
Julie Bindel (born 20 July 1962) is an English writer, radical feminist, and co-founder of the law-reform group Justice for Women, which since 1991 has helped women who have been prosecuted for killing violent male partners.
Julie Marie Vinter Hansen (20 July 1890 – 27 July 1960) was a Danish astronomer.
July 19 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - July 21.
DeAlva Eyvonnie Sibley (May 25, 1922 – July 20, 1998), better known by her ring name of June Byers, was an American women's professional wrestler famous in the 1950s and early 1960s.
Kardam (Кардам) was the ruler of Bulgaria (777 – after 796/before 803).
Karl Bernhard Zoeppritz (22 October 1881 – 20 July 1908) was a German geophysicist who made important contributions to seismology, in particular the formulation of the Zoeppritz equations.
Kayo Hatta (March 18, 1958 – July 20, 2005) was an Asian American filmmaker, writer, and community activist.
Khurshed Alam Khan (5 February 1919 – 20 July 2013) was an Indian politician and a senior leader of the Indian National Congress political party.
Kizito "Kiki" Musampa (born 20 July 1977) is a Congolese-born, and Dutch-nationalised former footballer.
Kim Carnes (born July 20, 1945) is an American singer-songwriter.
The Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian, Slovene: Kraljevina Jugoslavija, Краљевина Југославија; Кралство Југославија) was a state in Southeast Europe and Central Europe, that existed from 1918 until 1941, during the interwar period and beginning of World War II.
Kira Kazantsev (born July 20, 1991) is an American beauty pageant titleholder who won Miss America 2015 on September 14, 2014.
Emil Julius Klaus Fuchs (29 December 1911 – 28 January 1988) was a German theoretical physicist and atomic spy who, in 1950, was convicted of supplying information from the American, British, and Canadian Manhattan Project to the Soviet Union during and shortly after the Second World War.
Klaus Schmidt (11 December 1953 – 20 July 2014) was a German archaeologist and pre-historian who led the excavations at Göbekli Tepe from 1996 to 2014.
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, legally Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij N.V., is the flag carrier airline of the Netherlands.
Koç Holding A.Ş. (pronounced: Coach with a short syllable) is the largest industrial conglomerate in Turkey, and that country's only entry on the Fortune Global 500 list.
Nathaniel Thomas Wilson (born July 20, 1968), better known by his stage name Kool G Rap (or simply G Rap), is an American rapper from Queens.
The Korean Martyrs were the victims of religious persecution against Catholic Christians during the 19th century in Korea.
Kostas Choumis (Κώστας Χούμης, Constantin "Costică" Humis, born 20 November 1913 in Piraeus, Greece - deceased 20 July 1981 in Athens) was a Greek-Romanian football player who played as a striker.
Kostas Karyotakis (Κώστας Καρυωτάκης, 11 November, 1896 – 20 July 1928) is considered one of the most representative Greek poets of the 1920s and one of the first poets to use iconoclastic themes in Greece.
Kreso Kovacec (born 20 July 1969 in Krapina) is a retired German footballer.
The Kurds (rtl, Kurd) or the Kurdish people (rtl, Gelî kurd), are an ethnic group in the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a contiguous area spanning adjacent parts of southeastern Turkey (Northern Kurdistan), northwestern Iran (Eastern Kurdistan), northern Iraq (Southern Kurdistan), and northern Syria (Western Kurdistan).
Kurt Raab (20 July 1941 – 28 June 1988) was a West German stage and film actor, as well as a screenwriter and playwright.
Laboratoires Pierre Fabre is a French multinational pharmaceutical and cosmetics company.
Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America and the only one located entirely within the United States.
Ro Lala, Lady Mara, maiden name Litia Cakobau Lalabalavu Katoafutoga Tuisawau (4 January 1931 – 20 July 2004) was a Fijian chief, who was better known as the widow of Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara, modern Fiji's founding father who served for many years as Prime Minister and President of his country.
Larry Edwin Craig (born July 20, 1945) is a retired American politician from Idaho.
Lars Unnerstall (born 20 July 1990) is a German footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Dutch club VVV-Venlo on loan from PSV Eindhoven.
Las Vegas (Spanish for "The Meadows"), officially the City of Las Vegas and often known simply as Vegas, is the 28th-most populated city in the United States, the most populated city in the state of Nevada, and the county seat of Clark County.
Lavrentiy Pavlovich Beria (p; tr,; 29 March 1899 – 23 December 1953) was a Soviet politician, Marshal of the Soviet Union and state security administrator, chief of the Soviet security and secret police apparatus (NKVD) under Joseph Stalin during World War II, and promoted to deputy premier under Stalin from 1941.
The Lawton Foundation was founded in 1997 in Havana, Cuba, as a non-governmental organization to promote the "study, defense and denunciation of human rights inside Cuba".
László Moholy-Nagy (born László Weisz; July 20, 1895 – November 24, 1946) was a Hungarian painter and photographer as well as a professor in the Bauhaus school.
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
Leonidas Harris Berry (20 July 1902 – 4 December 1995) was an American and pioneer in gastroscopy and endoscopy.
Lew Fields (January 1867 – July 20, 1941), born as Moses Schoenfeld, was an American actor, comedian, vaudeville star, theatre manager, and producer.
The United States Ambassador to France is the official representative of the President of the United States to the President of France.
This is a list of the Byzantine emperors from the foundation of Constantinople in 330 AD, which marks the conventional start of the Byzantine Empire (or the Eastern Roman Empire), to its fall to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 AD.
The Federal Minister of the Interior (Bundesminister des Innern) is the head of the Federal Ministry of the Interior and a member of the Cabinet of Germany.
The Governor of Goa is a nominal head and representative of the President of India in the state of Goa.
The Governor of Montana is the head of the executive branch of Montana's state governmentMontana Constitution, Article VI, Section 4.
Little Caesar Enterprises Inc. (doing business as Little Caesars) is the third-largest pizza chain in the United States, behind Pizza Hut and Domino's Pizza.
The Loaísa expedition was a 16th-century voyage of discovery to the Pacific Ocean, commanded by Garcia Jofre de Loaísa (1490 – 20 July 1526) and ordered by King Charles I of Spain to colonize the Spice Islands in the East Indies.
Lola Jean Albright (July 20, 1924 – March 23, 2017) was an American singer and actress.
López Holdings Corporation (formerly Benpres Holdings Corporation) is a Filipino conglomerate founded by the brothers Eugenio López, Sr. and Fernando López.
Lucian Michael Freud (8 December 1922 – 20 July 2011) was a British painter and draftsman, specializing in figurative art, and is known as one of the foremost 20th-century portraitists.
Ludwig August Theodor Beck (29 June 1880 – 21 July 1944) was a German general and Chief of the German General Staff during the early years of the Nazi regime in Germany before World War II.
Mohamed Ehuttar Hadjiar Maharoof (முகம்மது எகுத்தார் ஹாஜியார் மகரூப்; 5 January 1939 – 20 July 1997) was a Sri Lankan politician and Member of Parliament.
Mahmud II (Ottoman Turkish: محمود ثانى Mahmud-u sānī, محمود عدلى Mahmud-u Âdlî) (İkinci Mahmut) (20 July 1785 – 1 July 1839) was the 30th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1808 until his death in 1839.
Makarios III (Μακάριος Γ΄; III.; 13 August 1913 – 3 August 1977) was a Greek Cypriot clergyman and politician, who served as the Archbishop and Primate of the autocephalous Church of Cyprus (1950–1977) and as the first President of Cyprus (1960–1977).
Marcia Elaine Hines, AM (born 20 July 1953), is an American-Australian vocalist, actress and TV personality.
Mare Tranquillitatis (Latin for Sea of Tranquility or Sea of Tranquillity (see spelling differences)) is a lunar mare that sits within the Tranquillitatis basin on the Moon.
Margaret, known as Margaret of Antioch in the West, and as (Ἁγία Μαρίνα) in the East, is celebrated as a saint on July 20 in the Western Rite Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Anglican Churches, on July 17 (Julian calendar) by the Eastern-Rite Orthodox Church and on Epip 23 and Hathor 23 in the Coptic Churchs.
Margaret of England (20 July 1346 – October/December 1361) was a royal princess born in Windsor, the daughter of King Edward III of England and his consort, Philippa of Hainault.
Maria Montoya Martinez (1887, San Ildefonso Pueblo, New Mexico – July 20, 1980, San Ildefonso Pueblo) was a Native American artist who created internationally known pottery.
Mark Richard Rosenzweig (September 12, 1922 – July 20, 2009) was an American research psychologist whose research on neuroplasticity in animals indicated that the adult brain remains capable of anatomical remodelling and reorganization based on life experiences, overturning the conventional wisdom that the brain reached full maturity in childhood.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
Matthew J. Gilroy (born July 20, 1984) is an American professional ice hockey defenseman currently playing for the SC Rapperswil-Jona Lakers of the National League (NL).
Maurice Leyland (20 July 1900 – 1 January 1967) was an English cricketer who played 41 Test matches between 1928 and 1938.
Max Liebermann (20 July 1847 – 8 February 1935) was a German-Jewish painter and printmaker, and one of the leading proponents of Impressionism in Germany.
The Mayor of the City of New York is head of the executive branch of New York City's government.
Melvin Joe Daniels (July 20, 1944 – October 30, 2015) was an American professional basketball player.
Merxat Yalkun (born 20 July 1991), better known as Mi Re, is a Chinese actor of Uyghur descent.
Michael Andreas Gielen (born 20 July 1927) is an Austrian conductor and composer.
Michalis Kritikopoulos (Μιχάλης Κρητικόπουλος; 3 January 1946 – 20 July 2002) was a Greek football striker.
Norman Michael "Mick" MacNeil (born 20 July 1958, Isle of Barra, Scotland) is a Scottish songwriter and keyboardist.
Michael Ilitch Sr. (July 20, 1929 – February 10, 2017) was an American entrepreneur, founder and owner of the international fast food franchise Little Caesars Pizza.
Miklós "Miki" Fehér (20 July 1979 – 25 January 2004) was a Hungarian professional footballer who played as a striker.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
The Minister for European Union Affairs was a cabinet minister who was part of the Swedish Government and appointed by the Prime Minister.
The Minister of Militia and Defence was the federal government minister in charge of the volunteer army units in Canada, the Canadian Militia, before the creation of the Canadian Army.
The Ministry of Education (Ministério da Educação or ME), is a Portuguese government ministry.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Ministerstwo Spraw Zagranicznych) is the Polish government department tasked with maintaining Poland's international relations and coordinating its participation in international and regional supra-national political organisations such as the European Union and United Nations.
Minneapolis is the county seat of Hennepin County, and the larger of the Twin Cities, the 16th-largest metropolitan area in the United States.
The Minneapolis general strike of 1934 grew out of a strike by Teamsters against most of the trucking companies operating in Minneapolis, the major distribution center for the Upper Midwest.
Miss America 2015, the 88th Miss America pageant, was held at the Boardwalk Hall in Atlantic City, New Jersey on Sunday, September 14, 2014.
Moira Jane Harris (born July 20, 1954) is an American actress.
Montreux is a municipality in the district of Riviera-Pays-d'Enhaut in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland.
The Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Straits is a 1936 agreement that gives Turkey control over the Bosporus Straits and the Dardanelles and regulates the transit of naval warships.
The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.
Morton S. "Mort" Garson (20 July 1924 – 4 January 2008) was a Canadian-born composer, arranger, songwriter, and pioneer of electronic music.
Moses Leota (born 20 July 1995) is a New Zealand professional rugby league footballer who plays as a prop for the Penrith Panthers in the National Rugby League.
Muse Watson (born July 20, 1948) is an American stage and screen actor.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
Nam June Paik (July 20, 1932 – January 29, 2006) was a Korean American artist.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Natalie Wood (born Natalia Nikolaevna Zakharenko; July 20, 1938 – November 29, 1981) was an American actress.
Neil Alden Armstrong (August 5, 1930 – August 25, 2012) was an American astronaut and aeronautical engineer who was the first person to walk on the Moon.
The Netherlands Antilles (Nederlandse Antillen,; Papiamentu: Antia Hulandes) was a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
New Sweden (Swedish: Nya Sverige; Uusi Ruotsi; Nova Svecia) was a Swedish colony along the lower reaches of the Delaware River in North America from 1638 to 1655, established during the Thirty Years' War, when Sweden was a great power.
Niall McGinn (born 20 July 1987) is a Northern Irish professional footballer, who plays for Scottish Premiership club Aberdeen, having rejoined the club for a second spell from January 2018, having previously played for Aberdeen between 2012 and 2017.
Joseph Nicéphore Niépce (7 March 1765 – 5 July 1833) was a French inventor, now usually credited as the inventor of photography and a pioneer in that field.
Nicola Benedetti (born 20 July 1987) is a Scottish classical violinist.
Nicolaas Heinsius the Elder (Nicolaus Heinsius; 20 July 1620 – 7 October 1681) was a Dutch classical scholar and poet, son of Daniel Heinsius.
Nicolas Freeling (born Nicolas Davidson; 3 March 1927 – 20 July 2003), was a British crime novelist, best known as the author of the Van der Valk series of detective novels.
Nixon Alexei McNamara McLean (born 20 July 1973 in the Windward Islands) is a West Indian cricketer from St.
The People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (Народный комиссариат внутренних дел, Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del), abbreviated NKVD (НКВД), was the interior ministry of the Soviet Union.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Orenthal James "O.
Olga Hahn-Neurath (אולגה האן-נוירת; July 20, 1882 – July 20, 1937) was an Austrian mathematician and philosopher.
Olivier de Kersauson (full name: Olivier de Kersauson de Pennendreff, born 20 July 1944) is a French sailor and sailing champion.
Omar Hashim Epps (born July 20, 1973) is an American actor, rapper, songwriter, and record producer.
Oshin (Օշին) (1282 – July 20, 1320) was king of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, ruling from 1307 to 1320.
Osric Chau (born July 20, 1986) is a Canadian actor and martial artist, best known for his role as Kevin Tran in the CW series Supernatural.
Ludwig Otto Blumenthal (20 July 1876 – 12 November 1944) was a German mathematician and professor at RWTH Aachen University.
Otto John (19 March 1909 – 26 March 1997) was the first head of West Germany's domestic intelligence service, the Office for the Protection of the Constitution, from 1950 to 1954.
Otto Georg Schily (born 20 July 1932) was Federal Minister of the Interior of Germany from 1998 to 2005, in the cabinet of Chancellor Gerhard Schröder.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
Francisco "Pancho" Villa (born José Doroteo Arango Arámbula; 5 June 1878 – 20 July 1923) was a Mexican Revolutionary general and one of the most prominent figures of the Mexican Revolution.
The Paris Peace Conference, also known as Versailles Peace Conference, was the meeting of the victorious Allied Powers following the end of World War I to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers.
Miron Cristea (monastic name of Elie Cristea; 20 July 1868 – 6 March 1939) was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian cleric and politician.
Paul Thomas Cook (born 20 July 1956 in Shepherd's Bush, London) is an English drummer and member of the punk rock band the Sex Pistols.
Paul Delvaux (23 September 1897 – 20 July 1994) was a Belgian painter famous for his paintings of female nudes.
Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules Valéry (30 October 1871 – 20 July 1945) was a French poet, essayist, and philosopher.
Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg, known generally as Paul von Hindenburg (2 October 1847 – 2 August 1934) was a Generalfeldmarschall and statesman who commanded the German military during the second half of World War I before later being elected President of the Weimar republic in 1925.
Pavel Valerievich Datsyuk (Па́вел Вале́рьевич Дацю́к,; born 20 July 1978), also known as The Magic Man, is a Russian professional ice hockey player and captain for SKA Saint Petersburg of the Kontinental Hockey League (KHL).
Peregrine White (November 20, 1620July 20, 1704) was the first baby boy born on the Mayflower in the harbor of Massachusetts, the second baby born on the Mayflowers historic voyage, and the first known English child born to the Pilgrims in America.
Periklis Korovesis (Περικλής Κοροβέσης; born 20 July 1941) is a Greek author and journalist and a former member of the Hellenic Parliament.
The persecution of Falun Gong refers to the campaign initiated in 1999 by the Chinese Communist Party to eliminate the spiritual practice of Falun Gong in China.
Peter "Pete" Hamilton (July 20, 1942 – March 21, 2017) was an American professional stock car racing driver.
Peter Mattias "Foppa" Forsberg (born 20 July 1973) is a Swedish retired professional ice hockey player and was for a time assistant general manager of Modo Hockey.
Peter Garth Palumbo, Baron Palumbo (born 20 July 1935) is a property developer, art collector, former chairman of the Arts Council of Great Britain, architecture connoisseur and Conservative life peer.
Francesco Petrarca (July 20, 1304 – July 18/19, 1374), commonly anglicized as Petrarch, was a scholar and poet of Renaissance Italy who was one of the earliest humanists.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
Philipp Reiter (born 20 July 1991) is a German ski mountaineer and mountain runner.
Philomène Belliveau (1854 – 1940) was a Canadian artist of Acadian descent.
Pierre Jacques Louis Fabre (16 April 1926 – 20 July 2013) was a French pharmaceutical and cosmetics executive and pharmacist, who founded Laboratoires Pierre Fabre in 1962.
Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye (November 17, 1685 – December 5, 1749) was a French Canadian military officer, fur trader and explorer.
Pope Innocent IX (Innocentius IX; 20 July 1519 – 30 December 1591), born Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti, was Pope from 29 October to 30 December 1591.
Pope Leo XIII (Leone; born Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaele Luigi Pecci; 2 March 1810 – 20 July 1903) was head of the Catholic Church from 20 February 1878 to his death.
Portland is the largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon and the seat of Multnomah County.
The Premier of Alberta is the first minister for the Canadian province of Alberta.
The Premier of Queensland is the head of government in the Australian state of Queensland.
The Premier of South Australia is the head of government in the state of South Australia, Australia.
The President of the Republic of Haiti (Président de la République d'Haïti, Prezidan peyi Repiblik Ayiti) is the head of state of Haiti.
The President of Mexico (Presidente de México), officially known as the President of the United Mexican States (Presidente de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is the head of state and government of Mexico.
The President of the European Commission is the head of the European Commission, the executive branch of the:European Union.
The Preußenschlag of 1932 (Prussian coup), also known in English as the coup in Prussia or the putsch in Prussia, was the takeover of the Free State of Prussia, the largest German state, by Chancellor Franz von Papen, using an emergency decree issued by President Paul von Hindenburg under Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution on July 20, 1932.
The Prime Minister of Algeria is the head of government of Algeria.
The Prime Minister of the Government of Romania (Prim-ministrul Guvernului României) is the head of the Government of Romania.
The Prime Minister of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (ශ්රී ලංකා අග්රාමාත්ය; இலங்கை பிரதமர்) is the most senior member of parliament in the cabinet of ministers in Sri Lanka which is collectively accountable for their policies and actions to parliament.
The Prime Minister of the Netherlands (Minister-president van Nederland) is the head of the executive branch of the Government of the Netherlands in his quality of chair of the Council of Ministers.
Project MKUltra, also called the CIA mind control program, is the code name given to a program of experiments on human subjects that were designed and undertaken by the United States Central Intelligence Agency—and which were, at times, illegal.
The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA or Provisional IRA) was an Irish republican revolutionary organisation that sought to end British rule in Northern Ireland, facilitate the reunification of Ireland and bring about an independent socialist republic encompassing all of Ireland.
Prvoslav Vujcic (Првослав Вујчић; born 20 July 1960) is a Canadian writer, poet, translator, columnist and aphorist of Serbian origin.
Colombia has 18 holidays (12 Catholic holidays and 6 Civic holidays), plus Palm and Easter Sunday.
Public holidays in Honduras are centered on Christianity and the commemoration of events in Honduran history.
Pyongyang, or P'yŏngyang, is the capital and largest city of North Korea.
The Pyréolophore (pea-ray-oh-loh-for) was the world's first internal combustion engine. It was invented in the early 19th century in Chalon-sur-Saône, France, by the Niépce brothers: Nicéphore (who went on to invent photography) and Claude. In 1807 the brothers ran a prototype internal combustion engine, and on 20 July 1807 a patent was granted by Napoleon Bonaparte after it had successfully powered a boat upstream on the river Saône. The Pyréolophore ran on what were believed to be "controlled dust explosions" of various experimental fuels. The fuels included mixtures of Lycopodium powder (the spores of Lycopodium, or clubmoss), finely crushed coal dust, and resin. Operating independently, in 1807 the Swiss engineer François Isaac de Rivaz built the De Rivaz engine, a hydrogen-powered internal combustion engine. These practical engineering projects may have followed the 1673 theoretical design of an internal combustion engine by the Dutch scientist Christiaan Huygens. The separate, virtually contemporaneous implementations of this design in different modes of transport means that the de Rivaz engine may be correctly described as the first use of an internal combustion engine in an automobile (1808), whilst the Pyréolophore was the first use of an internal combustion engine in a boat (1807).
Radney Foster (born July 20, 1959) is an American country music singer-songwriter, musician and music producer.
Radu Beligan (14 December 1918 – 20 July 2016) was a Romanian actor, director, and essayist, with an activity of over 70 years in theater, film, television, and radio.
Rajendra Kumar Tuli (20 July 1929 – 12 July 1999) was an Indian film actor who starred in Bollywood films.
John Randal Kleiser (born July 20, 1946) is an American film director and producer, best known for directing the 1978 musical romantic comedy film Grease.
Walter Ray Allen Jr. (born July 20, 1975) is an American former professional basketball player who played 18 seasons in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
The Record Plant was a series of three famous recording studios which were founded by Gary Kellgren and Chris Stone, beginning in New York City in 1968.
Regent's Park (officially The Regent's Park) is one of the Royal Parks of London.
The Royal Navy (Italian: Regia Marina) was the navy of the Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) from 1861 to 1946.
René François Nicolas Marie Bazin (26 December 1853 – 20 July 1932) was a French novelist.
René-Daniel Dubois (born July 20, 1955 in Montreal) is a Québécois playwright and actor.
The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People's Army (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia—Ejército del Pueblo, FARC–EP and FARC) was a guerrilla movement involved in the continuing Colombian armed conflict from 1964 to 2017.
Desmond Rex Williams (born 20 July 1933) is a retired English professional snooker and billiards player.
Richard Egan (July 29, 1921 – July 20, 1987) was an American actor.
Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England from 1189 until his death.
Sir Richard Owen (20 July 1804 – 18 December 1892) was an English biologist, comparative anatomist and paleontologist.
Robert Anderson Van Wyck (Paumgarten, Nick., The New Yorker, June 11, 2001. Accessed September 12, 2008. July 20, 1849November 14, 1918) was the first mayor of New York City after the consolidation of the five boroughs into the City of Greater New York in 1898.
Robert II (27 March 972 – 20 July 1031), called the Pious (le Pieux) or the Wise (le Sage), was King of the Franks from 996 until his death.
Robert IV of Artois (1356 – July 20, 1387), son of John of Artois, Count of Eu and Isabeau of Melun, was Count of Eu from April to July 1387.
Robert Smithson (January 2, 1938 – July 20, 1973) was an American artist who used photography in relation to sculpture and land art.
Robert Wallop (20 July 1601 – 19 November 1667) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times from 1621 to 1660.
Roberto Gaston Orci (born July 20, 1973) is a Mexican-American film and television screenwriter and producer.
Roger Hunt, (born 20 July 1938) is an English former footballer who played as a forward.
Roger de Mortimer, 4th Earl of March and 6th Earl of Ulster (11 April 1374 – 20 July 1398) was a 14th-century English nobleman.
Rollo or Gaange Rolf (Norman: Rou; Old Norse: Hrólfr; Rollon; 846 – 930 AD) was a Viking who became the first ruler of Normandy, a region of France.
The Roman army (Latin: exercitus Romanus) is a term that can in general be applied to the terrestrial armed forces deployed by the Romans throughout the duration of Ancient Rome, from the Roman Kingdom (to c. 500 BC) to the Roman Republic (500–31 BC) and the Roman Empire (31 BC – 395), and its medieval continuation the Eastern Roman Empire.
Ruggero Oddi (July 20, 1864 – March 22, 1913) was an Italian physiologist and anatomist who was a native of Perugia.
Ryan James (born 20 July 1991) is an Australian professional rugby league footballer who plays for the Gold Coast Titans in the National Rugby League.
The Saône (La Saône; Arpitan Sona, Arar) is a river of eastern France.
Saint Aurelius was Christian saint who died around 430.
Saint Thorlak Thorhallsson (Þorlákr Þórhallsson; Þorlákur Þórhallsson; Thorlacus; 1133 – December 23, 1193), also spelled Thorlac, is the patron saint of Iceland.
Sally Ann Howes (born 20 July 1930) is an English actress and singer who holds dual British-American citizenship.
San Ildefonso Pueblo (Tewa: P'ohwhóge Owingeh "where the water cuts through") is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Fe County, New Mexico, United States, and a federally recognized tribe, established c. 1300 C.E. The Pueblo is self-governing and is part of the Santa Fe, New Mexico Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Sandra Gould (July 23, 1916 – July 20, 1999) was an American actress, perhaps best known for her role as Gladys Kravitz on the sitcom Bewitched.
Sandra Miju Oh (born July 20, 1971) is a Canadian actress known for her role as Cristina Yang on the ABC medical drama series Grey's Anatomy, from 2005-2014, set in the United States.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Seattle is a seaport city on the west coast of the United States.
Sebastiano Rossi (born 20 July 1964) is an Italian retired footballer who played as a goalkeeper.
Seneca Falls is a hamlet (and census-designated place) in Seneca County, New York, in the United States.
The Seneca Falls Convention was the first women's rights convention.
The Sherman Antitrust Act (Sherman Act) is a landmark federal statute in the history of United States antitrust law (or "competition law") passed by Congress in 1890 under the presidency of Benjamin Harrison.
The Siege of Chartres was the part of Norman incursions.
The Siege of Jerusalem in the year 70 CE was the decisive event of the First Jewish–Roman War.
Silivri (Selymbria) is a city and a district in Istanbul Province along the Sea of Marmara in Turkey, outside metropolitan Istanbul, containing many holiday and weekend homes for residents of the city.
Sir George Otto Trevelyan, 2nd Baronet, (20 July 1838 – 17 August 1928) was a British statesman and author.
Sirima Ratwatte Dias Bandaranaike (සිරිමා රත්වත්තේ ඩයස් බණ්ඩාරනායක, சிறிமா ரத்வத்தே டயஸ் பண்டாரநாயக்கே; 17 April 1916 – 10 October 2000), commonly known as Sirimavo Bandaranaike, was a Sri Lankan stateswoman.
Sojourner Truth (born Isabella (Belle) Baumfree; – November 26, 1883) was an African-American abolitionist and women's rights activist.
Soldier Field is an American football stadium located in the Near South Side of Chicago, Illinois. It opened in 1924 and is the home field of the Chicago Bears of the National Football League (NFL), who moved there in 1971. The stadium's interior was mostly demolished and rebuilt as part of a major renovation project in 2002, which modernized the facility but lowered seating capacity, while also causing it to be delisted as a National Historic Landmark. Soldier Field has served as the home venue for a number of other sports teams in its history, including the Chicago Cardinals of the NFL, University of Notre Dame football, and the Chicago Fire of Major League Soccer, as well as games from the 1994 FIFA World Cup, the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup, and multiple CONCACAF Gold Cup championships. With a football capacity of 61,500, it is the third-smallest stadium in the NFL. In 2016, Soldier Field became the second-oldest stadium in the league when the Los Angeles Rams began playing temporarily at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, which opened a year earlier than Soldier Field.
South Vietnam, officially the Republic of Vietnam (RVN, Việt Nam Cộng Hòa), was a country that existed from 1955 to 1975 and comprised the southern half of what is now the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Special Olympics is the world's largest sports organization for children and adults with intellectual disabilities, providing year-round training and competitions to 5 million athletes and Unified States Sports partners in 172 countries.
The Spouse of the Prime Minister of Australia is an unofficial title, the holder of which, by convention, is the host or hostess of The Lodge and Kirribilli House, the official residences of the Prime Minister.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
Stanisław Józef Albinowski (20 July 1923, Lwów – 25 January 2005, Warsaw) was a Polish economist, columnist and journalist on economics.
Stephen James Strasburg (born July 20, 1988) is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Washington Nationals of Major League Baseball (MLB).
A stevedore, longshoreman, or dockworker is a waterfront manual laborer who is involved in loading and unloading ships, trucks, trains or airplanes.
Steven Funaki Adams (born 20 July 1993) is a New Zealand professional basketball player for the Oklahoma City Thunder of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Stone Carpenter Gossard (born July 20, 1966) is an American musician who serves as the rhythm and additional lead guitarist for the American rock band Pearl Jam.
The studio system (which was used during a period known as the Golden Age of Hollywood) is a method of film production and distribution dominated by a small number of "major" studios in Hollywood.
Sudesh Berry (born 20 July 1960) is an Indian television and film actor.
Suruç (italic) is a rural district and city of Şanlıurfa Province of Turkey, on a plain near the Syrian border south-west of the city of Urfa (36° 58' 33.9" N, 38° 25' 32.8" E).
Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
William Neal Browder (born July 20, 1944, Humboldt, Tennessee) is an American country music singer-songwriter, known professionally as T. G. Sheppard.
Tadeusz Reichstein (20 July 1897 – 1 August 1996) was a Polish-Swiss chemist and the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (1950).
was a shugendō monk in Nara period Japan.
Tamara Faye "Tammy" Messner (née LaValley; March 7, 1942July 20, 2007), formerly Tammy Faye Bakker, was an American Christian singer, evangelist, entrepreneur, author, talk show host, and television personality.
Tanganyika was a sovereign state, comprising the mainland part of present-day Tanzania, that existed from 1961 until 1964.
Tear gas, formally known as a lachrymator agent or lachrymator (from the Latin lacrima, meaning "tear"), sometimes colloquially known as mace,"Mace" is a brand name for a tear gas spray is a chemical weapon that causes severe eye and respiratory pain, skin irritation, bleeding, and even blindness.
Edward "Ted" Grant (born Isaac Blank; 9 July 1913 – 20 July 2006) was a South African Trotskyist who spent most of his adult life in Britain.
Tekle Giyorgis I (ተክለ ጊዮርጊስ "Plant of Saint George"; c. 1751 – 12 December 1817) was Emperor of Ethiopia (throne name Feqr Sagad) intermittently between 20 July 1779 and June 1800, and a member of the Solomonic dynasty.
The Temple Mount (הַר הַבַּיִת, Har HaBáyit, "Mount of the House "), known to Muslims as the Haram esh-Sharif (الحرم الشريف, al-Ḥaram al-Šarīf, "the Noble Sanctuary", or الحرم القدسي الشريف, al-Ḥaram al-Qudsī al-Šarīf, "the Noble Sanctuary of Jerusalem") and the Al Aqsa Compound is a hill located in the Old City of Jerusalem that for thousands of years has been venerated as a holy site, in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam alike.
Terri Irwin (born July 20, 1964) is an American-Australian naturalist, conservationist, and author, and the owner of Australia Zoo in Beerwah, Queensland.
Tesfaye Walda Simeon "Tes" Bramble (born 20 July 1980 in Ipswich, England) was an English-born Montserratian footballer.
The Football Association (FA) is the governing body of association football in England, the Crown dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man.
Theodorus "Theo" Heemskerk (20 July 1852 – 12 June 1932) was a Dutch Anti-Revolutionary politician who served as Minister of the Interior and chairman of the Council of Ministers (a post later dubbed Prime Minister), from 1908 to 1913.
Theodore Meir Bikel (May 2, 1924 – July 21, 2015) was an Austrian-American Jewish actor, folk singer, musician, composer, unionist and political activist.
Thomas Louis Berger (July 20, 1924 – July 13, 2014) was an American novelist.
Thomas Loren Friedman (born July 20, 1953) is an American journalist and author.
Thomas 'Tommy' N'Kono (born 20 July 1956) is a Cameroonian retired footballer.
Thomas Randolph, Earl of Moray (c. 1278 – 20 July 1332) was an important soldier and diplomat in the Wars of Scottish Independence, who later served as regent of Scotland.
Timur (تیمور Temūr, Chagatai: Temür; 9 April 1336 – 18 February 1405), historically known as Amir Timur and Tamerlane (تيمور لنگ Temūr(-i) Lang, "Timur the Lame"), was a Turco-Mongol conqueror.
The Timurid Empire (تیموریان, Timuriyān), self-designated as Gurkani (گورکانیان, Gurkāniyān), was a PersianateB.F. Manz, "Tīmūr Lang", in Encyclopaedia of Islam, Online Edition, 2006 Turco-Mongol empire comprising modern-day Iran, the Caucasus, Mesopotamia, Afghanistan, much of Central Asia, as well as parts of contemporary India, Pakistan, Syria and Turkey. The empire was founded by Timur (also known as Tamerlane), a warlord of Turco-Mongol lineage, who established the empire between 1370 and his death in 1405. He envisioned himself as the great restorer of the Mongol Empire of Genghis Khan and, while not descended from Genghis, regarded himself as Genghis's heir and associated much with the Borjigin. The ruling Timurid dynasty, or Timurids, lost most of Persia to the Aq Qoyunlu confederation in 1467, but members of the dynasty continued to rule smaller states, sometimes known as Timurid emirates, in Central Asia and parts of India. In the 16th century, Babur, a Timurid prince from Ferghana (modern Uzbekistan), invaded Kabulistan (modern Afghanistan) and established a small kingdom there, and from there 20 years later he invaded India to establish the Mughal Empire.
Titus (Titus Flavius Caesar Vespasianus Augustus; 30 December 39 – 13 September 81 AD) was Roman emperor from 79 to 81.
Tobi Celeste Vail (born July 20, 1969) is an independent musician, music critic and feminist from Olympia, Washington.
Togoland was a German protectorate in West Africa from 1884 to 1914, encompassing what is now the nation of Togo and most of what is now the Volta Region of Ghana, approximately 77,355 km2 (29,867 sq mi) in size.
Thomas Crean (25 February 1877 – 27 July 1938), was an Irish seaman and Antarctic explorer who was awarded the Albert Medal.
Anthony Ernest "Tony" Marsh (20 July 1931 – 7 May 2009) was a British racing driver from England.
Tony Pedro Oliva (born Antonio Oliva Lopez Hernandes Javique on July 20, 1938) is a former Major League Baseball (MLB) right fielder and designated hitter.
was a preeminent daimyō, warrior, general, samurai, and politician of the Sengoku period who is regarded as Japan's second "great unifier".
In Christianity, the translation of relics is the removal of holy objects from one locality to another (usually a higher status location); usually only the movement of the remains of the saint's body would be treated so formally, with secondary relics such as items of clothing treated with less ceremony.
The Treaty of San Germano was signed on July 20, 1225 at San Germano, present day Cassino, between Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and Pope Gregory IX.
A truck driver (commonly referred to as a trucker, teamster or driver in the United States and Canada; a truckie in Australia and New Zealand; a lorry driver, or driver in Ireland, the United Kingdom, India, Nepal and Pakistan) is a person who earns a living as the driver of a truck (usually a semi truck, box truck or dump truck).
Tunisia (تونس; Berber: Tunes, ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ; Tunisie), officially the Republic of Tunisia, (الجمهورية التونسية) is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, covering. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast. Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar. Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe in particular with France and with Italy have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization. In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A major mercantile power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC. The Romans, who would occupy Tunisia for most of the next eight hundred years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater. After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, followed by the Ottoman Empire between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, and for President on 23 November 2014.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
The Turkish invasion of Cyprus (lit and Τουρκική εισβολή στην Κύπρο), code-named by Turkey as Operation Attila, (Atilla Harekâtı) was a Turkish military invasion of the island country of Cyprus.
The UGM-27 Polaris missile was a two-stage solid-fueled nuclear-armed submarine-launched ballistic missile.
The Umayyad Caliphate (ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلأُمَوِيَّة, trans. Al-Khilāfatu al-ʾUmawiyyah), also spelt, was the second of the four major caliphates established after the death of Muhammad.
During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the Union, also known as the North, referred to the United States of America and specifically to the national government of President Abraham Lincoln and the 20 free states, as well as 4 border and slave states (some with split governments and troops sent both north and south) that supported it.
During the American Civil War, the Union Army referred to the United States Army, the land force that fought to preserve the Union of the collective states.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration. The Department of Justice administers several federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The department is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud, representing the United States government in legal matters (such as in cases before the Supreme Court), and running the federal prison system. The department is also responsible for reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The department is headed by the United States Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Jeff Sessions.
The Secretary of Defense (SecDef) is the leader and chief executive officer of the Department of Defense, the executive department of the Armed Forces of the United States of America.
The United States Secretary of Transportation is the head of the United States Department of Transportation, a member of the President's Cabinet, and fourteenth in the Presidential Line of Succession.
Valdemaras Martinkėnas (10 March 1965 – 20 July 2004) was a Soviet and Lithuanian professional footballer and coach.
Václav Havel (5 October 193618 December 2011) was a Czech statesman, writer and former dissident, who served as the last President of Czechoslovakia from 1989 until the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in 1992 and then as the first President of the Czech Republic from 1993 to 2003.
Vedat Okyar (August 1945 – 20 July 2009) was a Turkish international footballer who later became a sports journalist.
Vehbi Koç (20 July 1901, Çoraklı, Ankara, Ottoman Empire – 25 February 1996) was a Turkish entrepreneur and philanthropist.
Verna Felton (July 20, 1890December 14, 1966) was an American actress who was best known for providing many voices in numerous Disney animated films, as well as voicing Fred Flintstone's mother-in-law Pearl Slaghoople in Hanna-Barbera's The Flintstones (1962–1963).
Vespasian (Titus Flavius Vespasianus;Classical Latin spelling and reconstructed Classical Latin pronunciation: Vespasian was from an equestrian family that rose into the senatorial rank under the Julio–Claudian emperors. Although he fulfilled the standard succession of public offices and held the consulship in AD 51, Vespasian's renown came from his military success; he was legate of Legio II ''Augusta'' during the Roman invasion of Britain in 43 and subjugated Judaea during the Jewish rebellion of 66. While Vespasian besieged Jerusalem during the Jewish rebellion, emperor Nero committed suicide and plunged Rome into a year of civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors. After Galba and Otho perished in quick succession, Vitellius became emperor in April 69. The Roman legions of Roman Egypt and Judaea reacted by declaring Vespasian, their commander, emperor on 1 July 69. In his bid for imperial power, Vespasian joined forces with Mucianus, the governor of Syria, and Primus, a general in Pannonia, leaving his son Titus to command the besieging forces at Jerusalem. Primus and Mucianus led the Flavian forces against Vitellius, while Vespasian took control of Egypt. On 20 December 69, Vitellius was defeated, and the following day Vespasian was declared emperor by the Senate. Vespasian dated his tribunician years from 1 July, substituting the acts of Rome's Senate and people as the legal basis for his appointment with the declaration of his legions, and transforming his legions into an electoral college. Little information survives about the government during Vespasian's ten-year rule. He reformed the financial system of Rome after the campaign against Judaea ended successfully, and initiated several ambitious construction projects, including the building of the Flavian Amphitheatre, better known today as the Roman Colosseum. In reaction to the events of 68–69, Vespasian forced through an improvement in army discipline. Through his general Agricola, Vespasian increased imperial expansion in Britain. After his death in 79, he was succeeded by his eldest son Titus, thus becoming the first Roman emperor to be directly succeeded by his own natural son and establishing the Flavian dynasty.
The Viceroyalty of New Granada (Virreinato de la Nueva Granada) was the name given on 27 May 1717, to the jurisdiction of the Spanish Empire in northern South America, corresponding to modern Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and Venezuela.
Victor George "Vic" Atiyeh (February 20, 1923 – July 20, 2014) was an American politician and member of the Republican Party who served as the 32nd Governor of Oregon from 1979 to 1987.
The National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (Mặt trận Dân tộc Giải phóng miền Nam Việt Nam) also known as the Việt Cộng was a mass political organization in South Vietnam and Cambodia with its own army – the People's Liberation Armed Forces of South Vietnam (PLAF) – that fought against the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War, eventually emerging on the winning side.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
Viking 1 was the first of two spacecraft (along with Viking 2) sent to Mars as part of NASA's Viking program.
Viktoria Ladõnskaja (born 20 July 1981 in Anapa) is an Estonian politician and a member of its parliament, or Riigikogu.
Vilém Tauský CBE (20 July 1910, Přerov, Moravia – 16 March 2004, London) was a Czech conductor and composer.
Vincent Walker "Vince" Foster Jr. (January 15, 1945 – July 20, 1993) was a Deputy White House Counsel during the first 6 months of President Bill Clinton's administration.
Vis (Latin: Issa, Lissa) is a small Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea.
Colleen Ann Fitzpatrick (born July 20, 1972), better known by her stage name Vitamin C, is an American pop music singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actress.
William Cary Edwards (July 20, 1944, Ridgewood, New Jersey – October 20, 2010, Oakland, New Jersey) was a New Jersey politician who served as the Attorney General of New Jersey from 1986 to 1989.
Wayne Carson (born Wayne Carson Head; May 31, 1943 – July 20, 2015), sometimes credited as Wayne Carson Thompson, was an American country musician, songwriter, and record producer.
Wendy Richard (born Wendy Emerton; 20 July 1943 – 26 February 2009), was an English actress best known for playing the roles of Miss Shirley Brahms on Are You Being Served? and Pauline Fowler on EastEnders, the latter for nearly 22 years.
Wilgefortis is a female saint of popular religious imagination whose legend arose in the 14th century, and whose distinguishing feature is a large beard.
Wilhelm von Tegetthoff (23 December 18277 April 1871) was an Austrian admiral.
William James "Will" Solomon (born July 20, 1978) is an American professional basketball player who last played for Shark Antibes of the French League.
Hans William Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland, Baron Bentinck of Diepenheim and Schoonheten, (20 July 1649, Diepenheim, Overijssel – 23 November 1709, Bulstrode Park, Buckinghamshire) was a Dutch and English nobleman who became in an early stage the favourite of William, Prince of Orange, Stadtholder in the Netherlands, and future King of England.
William Cosmo Monkhouse (18 March 1840 – 20 July 1901) was an English poet and critic.
Fleet Admiral William Daniel Leahy (May 6, 1875 – July 20, 1959) was an American naval officer who served as the senior-most United States military officer on active duty during World War II.
William H. Goetzmann (July 20, 1930 – September 7, 2010) was an American historian and emeritus professor in the American Studies and American Civilization Programs at the University of Texas at Austin.
Sir William More (30 January 1520 – 20 July 1600), of Loseley, Surrey, was the son of Sir Christopher More.
William Paine Lord (July 20, 1838February 17, 1911), was a Republican politician who served as the ninth Governor of Oregon from 1895 to 1899.
William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, educator, and author.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yazīd ibn Mu‘āwiya (يزيد بن معاوية بن أبي سفيان.; 64711 November 683), commonly known as Yazid I, was the second caliph of the Umayyad caliphate (and the first one through inheritance).
Yusuf Şimşek (born July 20, 1975) is a Turkish football manager and former footballer.
Yves Niaré (20 July 1977 – 5 December 2012) was a shot putter from France.
The Zealots were a political movement in 1st-century Second Temple Judaism, which sought to incite the people of Judea Province to rebel against the Roman Empire and expel it from the Holy Land by force of arms, most notably during the First Jewish–Roman War (66–70).
Year 1031 (MXXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1156 (MCLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1189 (MCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1225 (MCCXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1304 (MCCCIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1313 (MCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1320 (MCCCXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1332 (MCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1346 (MCCCXLVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1387 (MCCCLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1398 (MCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1402 (MCDII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1453 (MCDLIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1454 (MCDLIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1470 (MCDLXX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1514 (MDXIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1519 (MDXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1524 (MDXXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1526 (MDXXVI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1537 (MDXXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
January 1 of this year (1601-01-01) is used as the base of file dates and of Active Directory Logon dates by Microsoft Windows.
In the Swedish calendar it was a leap year starting on Friday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.
In the British Empire, it was the only year with 355 days, as 3–13 September were skipped when the Empire adopted the Gregorian calendar.
This year was known as the Year Without a Summer, because of low temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere, the result of the Mount Tambora volcanic eruption in Indonesia in 1815.
It is historically famous for the wave of revolutions, a series of widespread struggles for more liberal governments, which broke out from Brazil to Hungary; although most failed in their immediate aims, they significantly altered the political and philosophical landscape and had major ramifications throughout the rest of the century.
As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days until February 28 (O.S. February 15), 2100.
As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War began, more than 100,000 died in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos lead to a revolution against the Tsar (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled The Year 1905 to commemorate this).
According to NASA reports, 1908 was the coldest recorded year since 1880.
A highlight was the race for the South Pole.
This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after an heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist.
This year was famous for the October Revolution in Russia, by Vladimir Lenin.
This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.
This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression.
The 1934 West Coast Waterfront Strike (also known as the 1934 West Coast Longshoremen's Strike, as well as a number of variations on these names) lasted eighty-three days, and began on May 9, 1934 when longshoremen in every West Coast port walked out.
This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.
The 1948 Arab–Israeli War, or the First Arab–Israeli War, was fought between the State of Israel and a military coalition of Arab states over the control of Palestine, forming the second stage of the 1948 Palestine war.
It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.
As MAD Magazine pointed out on its cover for the March 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year — i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a strobogrammatic number — since 1881.
This was the year of the Protests of 1968.
The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).
The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.
Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated.
It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.
The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet and the first mobile cellular telephone call.
The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.
In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).
1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika.
It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s.
1992 was designated as.
The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family" and the "International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal" by the United Nations.
This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.
1996 was designated as.
1998 was designated as the International Year of the Ocean.
1999 was designated as the International Year of Older Persons.
On 20 July 1944, Claus von Stauffenberg and other conspirators attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler, Führer of Nazi Germany, inside his Wolf's Lair field headquarters near Rastenburg, East Prussia.
2002 was designated as.
2003 was designated the.
2004 was designated as.
2005 was designated as.
2006 was designated as.
2007 was designated as.
2008 was designated as.
2009 was designated as.
2011 was designated as.
2012 was designated as.
On July 20, 2012, a mass shooting occurred inside a Century 16 movie theater in Aurora, Colorado, during a midnight screening of the film The Dark Knight Rises.
2013 was designated as.
On July 20, 2013, two clashes occurred in Colombia between government forces and Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) guerrillas.
2014 was designated as.
2015 was designated as.
The 2015 Suruç bombing took place in the Suruç district of Şanlıurfa Province in Turkey at approximately 12:00 local time on 20 July 2015, outside the Amara Culture Centre.
2016 was designated as.
2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.
Year 356 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.
Year 647 (DCXLVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 682 (DCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 792 (DCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 833 (DCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 834 (DCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 911 (CMXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 940 (CMXL) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 985 (CMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.