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The terms 7th July, July 7th, and 7/7 (pronounced "Seven-seven") have been widely used in the Western media as a shorthand for the 7 July 2005 bombings on London's transport system. [1]

612 relations: Abolitionism in the United States, Adam Nelson, Adele Goldberg (computer scientist), Adolf von Thadden, Air taxi, Alan Armer, Alan J. Dixon, Alaska Statehood Act, Alberto Aquilani, Alexander Grin, Alexander Svinin, Alexei Petrovich, Tsarevich of Russia, Alfredo Di Stéfano, Ali Naci Karacan, Allan W. Eckert, Ana Kasparian, Anand Mohan Zutshi Gulzar Dehlvi, Anastasios Gousis, Andrzej Krzycki, Anti-abolitionist riots (1834), Anton Karas, Archduchess Anna of Austria, Arnold Horween, Arthur Conan Doyle, Artur Hajzer, Assassination of Abraham Lincoln, Athenagoras I of Constantinople, Aztec Empire, Æthelburh of Faremoutiers, Banzai charge, Battle of Hubbardton, Battle of Larga, Battle of Otumba, Battle of Saipan, Bérénice Bejo, Beirut, Belarus, Ben Pucci, Berry Sakharof, Beverly Hills, California, Bhakti Hridaya Bon, Bill Cullen, Billy Campbell, Bishop Rock, Isles of Scilly, Blue Riband, Bob MacKinnon, Bob Vanatta, Bolivia, Boris Becker, Bowery Theatre, ..., Brioni Agreement, British Ceylon, Bruce Conner, Buddhist crisis, Byzantine Empire, Calendar of saints, Cameron Mitchell (actor), Camillo Golgi, Cape Hatteras, Captaincy General of the Philippines, Carlo Chiti, Cathal Brugha, Catholic Church, Cazuza, Ceann Comhairle, Charles Albert Tindley, Charlie Louvin, Che Guevara, Chief Executive of Hong Kong, Chillicothe, Missouri, Chris Andersen, Christian Camargo, Church of the Gesù, Clarence Hudson White, Claude Gauvreau, Cold War, Colombo Town Guard, Connecticut Colony, Conquest of California, Conquistador, Conscription, Costa Rica, Cree Summer, Crescentius the Elder, Crusades, Dallas, David Eddings, David Herold, David McCullough, Davor Kraljević, De Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter, Deacon White, Delta II, Dennis Flemion, Dick Williams, Doc Severinsen, Dominic Foley, Dominik Furman, Donald J. Irwin, Dore Schary, Dorian Leigh, Doris McCarthy, Doris Neal, Double Seven Day scuffle, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Earle E. Partridge, Easter Rising, Ecuador, Eddie Romero, Eduard Shevardnadze, Eduardo Falú, Edward Burd Grubb Jr., Edward I of England, Egbert Brieskorn, Eiji Tsuburaya, El Salvador, Elena Obraztsova, Elizabeth of Hungary, Ellina Anissimova, Elvis Presley, Emanuel Steward, Emperor Shirakawa, Emperor Sutoku, Ercüment Olgundeniz, Erik Zabel, Erwin Bumke, Eudoxia Epiphania, Ezzard Charles, Fats Navarro, Félicien Rops, Feleti Sevele, Felix of Nantes, Fidel Sánchez Hernández, First Battle of the Isonzo, First contact (anthropology), Florenz Ziegfeld Jr., Fort Ticonderoga, François Hemsterhuis, Frances Xavier Cabrini, Francis Browne, Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, Francisco Mendes, Fred Neil, Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, Free France, Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte, Fujiwara no Akimitsu, Gösta Mittag-Leffler, George Atzerodt, George Cukor, George Oppen, George Owu, Germaine Thyssens-Valentin, German submarine U-701, Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Gian Carlo Menotti, Glenys Kinnock, Baroness Kinnock of Holyhead, Gottfried Benn, Gottfried von Cramm, Governor of Tasmania, Guillaume Philibert Duhesme, Gustav Mahler, Gyanendra of Nepal, Haakon II of Norway, Hamish MacInnes, Hank Mobley, Hasan Abidi, Heinrich Rosenthal, Heloísa Pinheiro, Henri Nestlé, Henry Compton (bishop), Henry Eyster Jacobs, Henry J. Kaiser, Henry Pedris, Heraclius, Herbert Feis, Heresy in Christianity, Honduras, Hoover Dam, Howard Hughes, Howard Rheingold, Hughes XF-11, Ian Wilmut, Ibrahim Sulayman Muhammad Arbaysh, Illidius, Illinois Secretary of State, Imperial Japanese Army, Indigenous peoples in Canada, International Railway (New York–Ontario), Iran, Iraq, Iraqi Kurdish Civil War, Irish War of Independence, Iva Withers, Izhak Graziani, Jacquard loom, Jacques Cartier, James D. Hughes, James Montgomery Boice, Jan Laštůvka, Jane Elizabeth Conklin, Japan, Jeremiah Markland, Jeremy Kyle, Jerry Norman (sinologist), Jim Gaffigan, Jim Rodford, Jing Shuping, Jo Schlesser, Jo Siffert, Joan of Arc, Job of Manyava, Joe Sakic, Joe Zawinul, Joel Siegel, Johanna Spyri, John Buck (baseball), John Fru Ndi, John Leverett, John Money, John Sigismund Zápolya, Jon Pertwee, Jonathan Dayton and Valerie Faris, José Jiménez (baseball), Joseph Marie Jacquard, Juan de Ávalos, Julie Campbell Tatham, July 7 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics), Justin Davies (footballer), Karim Olowu, Karl-August Tiirmaa, Katipunan, Kārlis Skrastiņš, Kenny Irwin Jr., Kevin A. Ford, Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Prussia, Kingdom of Scotland, Kirsten Vangsness, Krasnodar Krai, Kupala Night, Kurdistan Democratic Party, Landon Cassill, Law of the United States, Lebanese Civil War, Lee Addy, Len Barker, Leon Schlumpf, Lewis Powell (conspirator), Lillian Copeland, Lion Feuchtwanger, Lisa Leslie, List of ambassadors of the United States to Spain, List of colonial governors of Massachusetts, List of leaders of the Soviet Union, List of mayors of Norwalk, Connecticut, List of national independence days, List of Prime Ministers of Guinea-Bissau, Live Earth (2007 concert), Liviu Ciulei, Lord Lieutenant of Northumberland, Louis Koen (rugby player), Ludwig Ganghofer, Manfred Stohl, Marc Stein (footballer), Marco Bollesan, Marco Polo Bridge Incident, Margaret Walker, Maria Bard, Maria Barroso, Marie-Louise Dubreil-Jacotin, Marthanda Varma, Mary Ford, Mary Surratt, Max Horkheimer, Michael Ancram, Michael Howard, Michelle Kwan, Miina Kallas, Min Patel, Minas Alozidis, Minister of State for Europe, Miroslav Krleža, Mo Collins, Mohammad Ashraful, Mohammed Bagayogo, Momchil, Monterey, California, Moshe Sharett, Moshood Abiola, MS Dhoni, NASA, Natalia Bekhtereva, Nestlé, Nettie Stevens, New York Court of Appeals, New Zealand Labour Party, Newlands Resolution, Ngô Đình Nhu, Ngo Dinh Diem, Nicaragua, Nikos Xilouris, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911, Nuon Chea, Occultation, Occupation of Iceland, Ocean liner, Olivier Levasseur, Operation Hammer (1997), Opportunity (rover), Otto Frederick Rohwedder, Ottoman Empire, Pacific War, Panama, Pat Hitchcock, Patrick Lalime, Peel Commission, Penelope Blount, Countess of Devonshire, Persecution of Muslims, Peru, Peter Underwood, Philippine Revolution, Pinetop Perkins, Poland, Pope Benedict XI, President of Brazil, President of Dáil Éireann, President of El Salvador, President of Georgia, President of the United States, Prime Minister of Israel, Protestantism, Quasi-War, Queenston, Ontario, Raid of the Redeswire, Ralph Sampson, Rıfat Ilgaz, Reconnaissance aircraft, Regulus, Retrial of Joan of Arc, Rettamalai Srinivasan, Revilo P. Oliver, Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Ringo Starr, Robert A. Heinlein, Robert Hamerton-Kelly, Robert McNeill Alexander, Ronald Reagan, Ronaldo Cunha Lima, Russia, Russian Empire, Saba Saba Day, Safra massacre, Sam Katzman, Samantha Smith, San Francisco, Sandra Day O'Connor, Satchel Paige, Seal hunting, Second Sino-Japanese War, Secretary at War, Secretary of State for the Environment, Sergio Romano (writer), Sevyn Streeter, Shadow Secretary of State for Defence, Sharia, Shelley Duvall, Sherlock Holmes, Sigismund II Augustus, Simone Beck, Sliced bread, Slovenia, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Soldotna, Alaska, Solomon Islands, Soviet Union, Suicide attack, Supreme Court of the United States, Syd Barrett, Sylke Otto, T. J. Bass, Tadamichi Kuribayashi, Tanabata, Tanzania, Ted Radcliffe, Ten-Day War, Texas, The Championships, Wimbledon, The Girl from Ipanema, Theodore Edgar McCarrick, Thomas Hooker, Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, Thomas Lucy, Tigers Militia, Tile Kolup, Tilman Riemenschneider, Timothy Cathcart, Toivo Kuula, Tom Kristensen (racing driver), Tony Benshoof, Tony Jacklin, Toplessness, Tram, Transport in London, Treaties of Tilsit, Treaty of Alliance (1778), Treaty of Nemours, Tung Chee-hwa, Turkish Armed Forces, Tyre, Lebanon, Udo Schwarz, Ukraine, Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), United States Congress, Vasily Petrenko, Venus, Veronica Lake, Villa Farnese, Virginia Rappe, Vittorio De Sica, Wally Phillips, Walter Giesler, War of the Fourth Coalition, Wayne McCullough, Wellington, Whitney North Seymour Jr., William Feller, William McKinley, William Mulready, William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath, William Stoughton (judge), William Turner (naturalist), Willibald, World Chocolate Day, XYZ Affair, Yanka Kupala, Yugoslav Wars, Yuri Andropov, Ziegfeld Follies, Zither, 1021, 1053, 1119, 1124, 1162, 1207, 1285, 1304, 1307, 1345, 1456, 1482, 1520, 1528, 1531, 1534, 1540, 1568, 1572, 1573, 1575, 1585, 1586, 1593, 1600, 1607, 1616, 1647, 1701, 1713, 1718, 1730, 1752, 1758, 1764, 1766, 1770, 1776, 1777, 1790, 1798, 1807, 1816, 1831, 1833, 1834, 1843, 1846, 1848, 1851, 1855, 1859, 1860, 1861, 1863, 1865, 1874, 1880, 1882, 1884, 1890, 1891, 1892, 1893, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1902, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1907, 1908, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1913, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1949, 1950, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2011, 2012, 2012 Krasnodar Krai floods, 2013, 2013 Soldotna Rediske Air DHC-3 Otter crash, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2016 shooting of Dallas police officers, 611, 7 July 2005 London bombings, 984. Expand index (562 more) »

Abolitionism in the United States

Abolitionism in the United States was the movement before and during the American Civil War to end slavery in the United States.

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Adam Nelson

Adam Nelson (born July 7, 1975) is an American shot putter and Olympic gold medalist.

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Adele Goldberg (computer scientist)

Adele Goldberg (born July 7, 1945) is a computer scientist who participated in developing the programming language Smalltalk-80 and various concepts related to object-oriented programming while a researcher at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), in the 1970s.

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Adolf von Thadden

Adolf von Thadden (7 July 1921 – 16 July 1996) was a leading far-right German politician.

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Air taxi

An air taxi is a small commercial aircraft which makes short flights on demand.

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Alan Armer

Alan A. Armer (7 July 1922 – 5 December 2010) was an American television writer, producer, and director.

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Alan J. Dixon

Alan John Dixon (July 7, 1927 – July 6, 2014) was an American politician and member of the Democratic Party who served in the Illinois General Assembly from 1951 to 1971, as the Illinois Treasurer from 1971 to 1977, as the Illinois Secretary of State from 1977 to 1981 and as a U.S. Senator from 1981 until 1993.

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Alaska Statehood Act

The Alaska Statehood Act was signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on July 7, 1958, allowing Alaska to become the 49th U.S. state on January 3, 1959.

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Alberto Aquilani

Alberto Aquilani (born 7 July 1984) is an Italian professional footballer who plays for Spanish club Las Palmas.

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Alexander Grin

Aleksandr Stepanovich Grinevsky (better known by his pen name, Aleksandr Grin, a, August 23, 1880 – July 8, 1932) was a Russian writer, notable for his romantic novels and short stories, mostly set in an unnamed fantasy land with a European or Latin American flavor (Grin's fans often refer to this land as Grinlandia).

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Alexander Svinin

Alexander Vasilyevich Svinin (Александр Васильевич Свинин; born 7 July 1958) is a Russian ice dancing coach and former competitor for the Soviet Union.

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Alexei Petrovich, Tsarevich of Russia

Alexei Petrovich Romanov (28 February 1690 – 7 July 1718) was a Russian Tsarevich.

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Alfredo Di Stéfano

Alfredo Stéfano Di Stéfano Laulhé (4 July 1926 – 7 July 2014) was an Argentinian footballer and coach.

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Ali Naci Karacan

Ali Naci Karacan (1896 – 7 July 1955) was a Turkish journalist and publisher.

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Allan W. Eckert

Allan Wesley Eckert (January 30, 1931 – July 7, 2011) was an American writer who specialized in historical novels for adults and children, and was also a naturalist.

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Ana Kasparian

Anahit Misak "Ana" Kasparian (Անահիտ Միսաքի Գասպարյան,; born July 7, 1986), is an American political pundit, university lecturer and writer.

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Anand Mohan Zutshi Gulzar Dehlvi

Anand Mohan Zutshi Gulzar Dehlvi (آنند موھن زتیشی گلزار دیویوی; आनंद मोहन जुत्शी गुलजार आनंद मोहन जुत्शी गुलजार देहलवी.) born on 7 July 1926 is a prominent veteran Urdu poet, a celebrated scholar, and journalist.

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Anastasios Gousis

Anastasios "Tasos" Gousis (Αναστάσιος "Τάσος" Γκούσης, born 7 July 1979) is a Greek sprint athlete.

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Andrzej Krzycki

Andrzej Krzycki herbu Kotwicz (also Andreas Cricius) (Krzycko Małe, 7 July 1482 – † Skierniewice, 10 May, 1537) was a Renaissance Polish writer and archbishop.

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Anti-abolitionist riots (1834)

The anti-abolitionist riots of 1834, (also Farren Riot or Tappan Riot), occurred in New York City over a series of four nights, beginning on July 7, 1834.

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Anton Karas

Anton Karas (7 July 1906 – 10 January 1985) was a Viennese zither player and composer, best known for his internationally famous 1948 soundtrack to Carol Reed's The Third Man, which came about as a result of a chance meeting.

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Archduchess Anna of Austria

Anna of Austria (7 July 1528 – 16 October 1590), a member of the Imperial House of Habsburg, was Duchess of Bavaria from 1550 until 1579, by her marriage with Duke Albert V.

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Arnold Horween

Arnold "Arnie" Horween (originally Arnold Horwitz; also known as A. McMahon; July 7, 1898 – August 5, 1985) was a college and professional American football player and coach.

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Arthur Conan Doyle

Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a British writer best known for his detective fiction featuring the character Sherlock Holmes.

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Artur Hajzer

Artur Hajzer (28 June 1962 – 7 July 2013) was a Polish mountaineer best known for the first winter ascent of Annapurna on February 3, 1987 together with Jerzy Kukuczka.

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Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, was assassinated by well-known stage actor John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865, while attending the play Our American Cousin at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. Shot in the head as he watched the play, Lincoln died the following day at 7:22 a.m., in the Petersen House opposite the theater.

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Athenagoras I of Constantinople

Athenagoras I (Αθηναγόρας Αʹ), born Aristocles Matthew Spyrou (Αριστοκλής Ματθαίου Σπύρου; – July 7, 1972), initially the Greek archbishop in North America, was the 268th Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, from 1948 to 1972.

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Aztec Empire

The Aztec Empire, or the Triple Alliance (Ēxcān Tlahtōlōyān, ˈjéːʃkaːn̥ t͡ɬaʔtoːˈlóːjaːn̥), began as an alliance of three Nahua altepetl city-states: italic, italic, and italic.

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Æthelburh of Faremoutiers

Saint Æthelburg (died 7 July 664), known as Ethelburga, was an Anglo-Saxon princess, abbess and saint.

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Banzai charge

A banzai charge is the term used by the Allied forces to refer to Japanese human wave attacks mounted by infantry units.

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Battle of Hubbardton

The Battle of Hubbardton was an engagement in the Saratoga campaign of the American Revolutionary War fought in the village of Hubbardton, Vermont.

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Battle of Larga

The Battle of Larga was fought between 65,000 Crimean Tatars cavalry and 15,000 Ottoman infantry under Kaplan Girey against 38,000 Russians under Field-Marshal Rumyantsev on the banks of the Larga River, a tributary of the Prut River, in Moldavia (now in Moldova), for eight hours on 7 July 1770.

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Battle of Otumba

The Battle of Otumba was a battle at Otumba de Gómez Farías in 1520.

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Battle of Saipan

The Battle of Saipan was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought on the island of Saipan in the Mariana Islands from 15 June to 9 July 1944.

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Bérénice Bejo

Bérénice Bejo (born 7 July 1976) is an Argentine French actress who played Christiana in the 2001 film A Knight's Tale and Peppy Miller in the 2011 film The Artist.

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Beirut

Beirut (بيروت, Beyrouth) is the capital and largest city of Lebanon.

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Belarus

Belarus (Беларусь, Biełaruś,; Беларусь, Belarus'), officially the Republic of Belarus (Рэспубліка Беларусь; Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Белоруссия, Byelorussiya), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.

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Ben Pucci

Benito Modesto "Ben" Pucci (&ndash) was a professional American football tackle who played three seasons for the Buffalo Bisons, Chicago Rockets and Cleveland Browns in the All-America Football Conference (AAFC) between 1946 and 1948.

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Berry Sakharof

Berry Sakharof (ברי סחרוף,; born 7 July 1957) is an Israeli rock guitarist, songwriter and singer.

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Beverly Hills, California

Beverly Hills is an affluent city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, surrounded by the cities of Los Angeles and West Hollywood.

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Bhakti Hridaya Bon

Bhakti Hridaya Bon, also known as Swami Bon (Baharpur, 23 March 1901 - Vrindavan, 7 July 1982) was a disciple of Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura and a guru in the Gaudiya Math following the philosophy of the Bhakti marg, specifically of Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Gaudiya Vaishnava theology.

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Bill Cullen

William Lawrence Francis Cullen (February 18, 1920 – July 7, 1990) was an American radio and television personality whose career spanned five decades.

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Billy Campbell

William Oliver Campbell (born July 7, 1959) is an American film and television actor.

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Bishop Rock, Isles of Scilly

The Bishop Rock (Men Epskop) is a very small islet in the Atlantic Ocean known for its lighthouse.

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Blue Riband

The Blue Riband is an unofficial accolade given to the passenger liner crossing the Atlantic Ocean in regular service with the record highest speed.

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Bob MacKinnon

Robert "Bob" MacKinnon (December 5, 1927 – July 7, 2015) was an American collegiate and professional basketball coach.

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Bob Vanatta

Bob Vanatta (July 7, 1918 – October 22, 2016) was an American basketball coach and college athletics administrator.

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Bolivia

Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.

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Boris Becker

Boris Franz Becker (born 22 November 1967) is a German former world No. 1 professional tennis player.

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Bowery Theatre

The Bowery Theatre was a playhouse on the Bowery in the Lower East Side of Manhattan, New York City.

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Brioni Agreement

The Brioni Agreement or Brioni Declaration (Brijunska deklaracija, Brionska deklaracija, Brijonska deklaracija) is a document signed by representatives of Slovenia, Croatia and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia under the political sponsorship of the European Community (EC) on the Brijuni Islands on 7 July 1991.

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British Ceylon

Ceylon (Sinhala: බ්‍රිතාන්‍ය ලංකාව, Brithānya Laṃkāva; Tamil: பிரித்தானிய இலங்கை, Birithaniya Ilangai) was a British Crown colony between 1815 and 1948.

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Bruce Conner

Bruce Conner (November 18, 1933 – July 7, 2008) was an American artist who worked with assemblage, film, drawing, sculpture, painting, collage, and photography.

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Buddhist crisis

The Buddhist crisis was a period of political and religious tension in South Vietnam between May and November 1963, characterized by a series of repressive acts by the South Vietnamese government and a campaign of civil resistance, led mainly by Buddhist monks.

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Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).

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Calendar of saints

The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.

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Cameron Mitchell (actor)

Cameron Mitchell (born Cameron McDowell Mitzell, November 4, 1918 – July 7, 1994) was an American film, television, and Broadway actor with close ties to one of Canada's most successful families.

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Camillo Golgi

Camillo Golgi (7 July 1843 – 21 January 1926) was an Italian biologist and pathologist known for his works on the central nervous system.

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Cape Hatteras

Cape Hatteras is a thin, broken strand of islands in North Carolina that arch out into the Atlantic Ocean away from the US mainland, then back toward the mainland, creating a series of sheltered islands between the Outer Banks and the mainland.

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Captaincy General of the Philippines

The Captaincy General of the Philippines (Capitanía General de las Filipinas; Kapitaniyang Heneral ng Pilipinas) was an administrative district of the Spanish Empire in Southeast Asia governed by a Governor-General.

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Carlo Chiti

Carlo Chiti (19 December 1924 – 7 July 1994) was an Italian racing car and engine designer best known for his long association with Alfa Romeo's racing department.

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Cathal Brugha

Cathal Brugha (born Charles William St John Burgess; 18 July 1874 – 7 July 1922) was an Irish revolutionary and republican politician who served as Minister for Defence from 1919 to 1922, Ceann Comhairle of Dáil Éireann in January 1919, President of Dáil Éireann from January 1919 to April 1919 and Chief of Staff of the Irish Republican Army from 1917 to 1919.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Cazuza

Agenor de Miranda Araújo Neto, better known as Cazuza (4 April 1958 – 7 July 1990), was a Brazilian singer and songwriter, born in Rio de Janeiro.

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Ceann Comhairle

The Ceann Comhairle ("head of the council") is the chairperson (or speaker) of Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Oireachtas (parliament) of Ireland.

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Charles Albert Tindley

Rev.

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Charlie Louvin

Charles Elzer Loudermilk (July 7, 1927 – January 26, 2011), known professionally as Charlie Louvin, was an American country music singer and songwriter.

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Che Guevara

Ernesto "Che" Guevara (June 14, 1928 – October 9, 1967)The date of birth recorded on was June 14, 1928, although one tertiary source, (Julia Constenla, quoted by Jon Lee Anderson), asserts that he was actually born on May 14 of that year.

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Chief Executive of Hong Kong

The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is the representative of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and head of the Government of Hong Kong in China.

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Chillicothe, Missouri

Chillicothe is a city in and the county seat of Livingston County, Missouri, United States.

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Chris Andersen

Christopher Claus Andersen (born July 7, 1978) is an American retired professional basketball player.

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Christian Camargo

Christian Camargo (né Minnick; born July 7, 1971) is an American actor, producer, writer, and director.

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Church of the Gesù

The Church of the Gesù (Chiesa del Gesù) is the mother church of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits), a Catholic religious order.

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Clarence Hudson White

Clarence Hudson White (April 8, 1871 – July 7, 1925) was an American photographer, teacher and a founding member of the Photo-Secession movement.

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Claude Gauvreau

Claude Gauvreau (August 19, 1925 – July 7, 1971 in Montreal, Quebec) was a Canadian playwright, poet, sound poet and polemicist.

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Cold War

The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).

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Colombo Town Guard

Colombo Town Guard was a regiment attached to the Ceylon Defence Force which was the predecessor to the Sri Lanka Army prior to 1949 when the Ceylon Army was formed.

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Connecticut Colony

The Connecticut Colony or Colony of Connecticut, originally known as the Connecticut River Colony or simply the River Colony, was an English colony in North America that became the U.S. state of Connecticut.

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Conquest of California

The California Campaign (1846–1847), colloquially the Conquest of California or Conquest of Alta California by the United States, was an early military campaign of the Mexican–American War that took place in the western part of Mexico's Alta California Department, in the present-day state of California.

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Conquistador

Conquistadors (from Spanish or Portuguese conquistadores "conquerors") is a term used to refer to the soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire or the Portuguese Empire in a general sense.

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Conscription

Conscription, sometimes called the draft, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.

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Costa Rica

Costa Rica ("Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island.

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Cree Summer

Cree Summer Francks (born July 7, 1969) is an American-Canadian actress, voice actress and singer.

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Crescentius the Elder

Crescentius the Elder (died 7 July 984) was a politician and aristocrat in Rome who played a part in the papal appointment.

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Crusades

The Crusades were a series of religious wars sanctioned by the Latin Church in the medieval period.

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Dallas

Dallas is a city in the U.S. state of Texas.

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David Eddings

David Eddings (July 7, 1931 – June 2, 2009) was an American fantasy writer.

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David Herold

David Edgar Herold (June 16, 1842 – July 7, 1865) was an accomplice of John Wilkes Booth in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln on April 14, 1865.

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David McCullough

David Gaub McCullough (born July 7, 1933) is an American author, narrator, historian, and lecturer.

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Davor Kraljević

Davor Kraljević (born 7 July 1978 in Varaždin) is a Croatian footballer.

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De Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter

The de Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter is a single-engined, high-wing, propeller-driven, short take-off and landing (STOL) aircraft developed by de Havilland Canada.

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Deacon White

James Laurie "Deacon" White (December 2, 1847 – July 7, 1939) was an American baseball player who was one of the principal stars during the first two decades of the sport's professional era.

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Delta II

Delta II is an expendable launch system, originally designed and built by McDonnell Douglas.

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Dennis Flemion

Dennis Flemion (June 6, 1955 – July 7, 2012) was a founding member, with his younger brother Jimmy, of controversial independent rock band The Frogs.

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Dick Williams

Richard Hirschfeld Williams (May 7, 1929 – July 7, 2011) was an American left fielder, third baseman, manager, coach and front office consultant in Major League Baseball.

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Doc Severinsen

Carl Hilding "Doc" Severinsen (born July 7, 1927) is an American jazz trumpeter who led the band for The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson.

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Dominic Foley

Dominic Joseph Foley (born 7 July 1976) is an Irish retired footballer who played as a forward.

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Dominik Furman

Dominik Furman (born 6 July 1992) is a Polish footballer who plays as a midfielder for Wisła Płock.

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Donald J. Irwin

Donald Jay Irwin (September 7, 1926 – July 7, 2013) was a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut's 4th district, Connecticut State Treasurer and mayor of Norwalk, Connecticut.

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Dore Schary

Isadore "Dore" Schary (August 31, 1905 – July 7, 1980) was an American motion picture director, writer, and producer, and playwright who became head of production at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and eventually president of the studio during the 1950s.

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Dorian Leigh

Dorian Elizabeth Leigh Parker (April 23, 1917 – July 7, 2008), known professionally as Dorian Leigh, was an American model and one of the earliest modelling icons of the fashion industry.

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Doris McCarthy

Doris McCarthy, CM, O.Ont (July 7, 1910 – November 25, 2010) was a Canadian artist specializing in abstracted landscapes.

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Doris Neal

Doris M. Neal (August 30, 1928 – July 7, 2012) was an infielder and outfielder who played in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.

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Double Seven Day scuffle

The Double Seven Day scuffle was a physical altercation on July 7 (7/7), 1963, in Saigon, South Vietnam.

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Dwight D. Eisenhower

Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.

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Earle E. Partridge

Earle Everard "Pat" Partridge (July 7, 1900 – September 7, 1990) was a 4-star general in the United States Air Force and a Command Pilot.

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Easter Rising

The Easter Rising (Éirí Amach na Cásca), also known as the Easter Rebellion, was an armed insurrection in Ireland during Easter Week, April 1916.

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Ecuador

Ecuador (Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

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Eddie Romero

Edgar Sinco Romero (July 7, 1924 – May 28, 2013) was an influential Filipino film director, film producer and screenwriter, considered one of the finest in the cinema of the Philippines.

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Eduard Shevardnadze

Eduard Ambrosiyevich Shevardnadze (ედუარდ ამბროსის ძე შევარდნაძე, Eduard Ambrosis dze Šewardnadze; 25 January 1928 – 7 July 2014) was a Georgian politician and diplomat.

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Eduardo Falú

Eduardo Falú (July 7, 1923August 9, 2013) was a well-known Argentine folk music guitarist and composer.

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Edward Burd Grubb Jr.

Edward Burd Grubb Jr. (known as E. Burd Grubb) (November 13, 1841 – July 7, 1913) was a Union Army colonel and regimental commander in the American Civil War.

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Edward I of England

Edward I (17/18 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307.

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Egbert Brieskorn

Egbert Valentin Brieskorn (7 July 1936, in Rostock – 11 July 2013, in Bonn) was a German mathematician who introduced Brieskorn spheres and the Brieskorn–Grothendieck resolution.

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Eiji Tsuburaya

(July 10, 1901 – January 25, 1970, in Sukagawa, Fukushima) was a Japanese special effects director responsible for many Japanese science-fiction films and television series, being one of the co-creators of the Godzilla series, as well as the main creator of the Ultra Series.

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El Salvador

El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador (República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America.

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Elena Obraztsova

Elena Vasiliyevna Obraztsova (Елена Васильевна Образцова; 7 July 1939 – 12 January 2015) was a Russian mezzo-soprano.

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Elizabeth of Hungary

Saint Elizabeth of Hungary, T.O.S.F. (Heilige Elisabeth von Thüringen, Árpád-házi Szent Erzsébet; 7 July 1207 – 17 November 1231), also known as Saint Elizabeth of Thuringia or Saint Elisabeth of Thuringia, was a princess of the Kingdom of Hungary, Landgravine of Thuringia, Germany, and a greatly venerated Catholic saint who was an early member of the Third Order of St. Francis, by which she is honored as its patroness.

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Ellina Anissimova

Ellina Anissimova (born 7 July 1992) is an Estonian hammer thrower.

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Elvis Presley

Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977) was an American singer and actor.

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Emanuel Steward

Emanuel "Manny" Steward (July 7, 1944 – October 25, 2012) was an American boxer, trainer, and commentator for HBO Boxing.

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Emperor Shirakawa

was the 72nd emperor of Japan,Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): according to the traditional order of succession.

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Emperor Sutoku

was the 75th emperor of Japan,Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): according to the traditional order of succession.

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Ercüment Olgundeniz

Ercüment Olgundeniz (born July 7, 1976 in Izmir) is a Turkish track and field athlete competing in the discus and occasionally shot put.

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Erik Zabel

Erik Zabel (born 7 July 1970) is a German former professional road bicycle racer who last raced with Milram.

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Erwin Bumke

Erwin Konrad Eduard Bumke (7 July 1874 – 20 April 1945) was the last president of the Reichsgericht, the supreme civil and criminal court of the German Reich, serving from 1929 to 1945.

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Eudoxia Epiphania

Eudoxia Epiphania (Επιφανεία.) (also known as Epiphania, Eudocia or Eudokia) was the only daughter of the Byzantine Emperor Heraclius and his first wife Eudokia.

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Ezzard Charles

Ezzard Mack Charles (July 7, 1921 – May 28, 1975) was an American professional boxer and World Heavyweight Champion.

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Fats Navarro

Theodore "Fats" Navarro (September 24, 1923 – July 7, 1950 was an American jazz trumpet player. He was a pioneer of the bebop style of jazz improvisation in the 1940s. He had a strong stylistic influence on many other players, most notably Clifford Brown.

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Félicien Rops

Félicien Rops (7 July 1833 – 23 August 1898) was a Belgian artist, known primarily as a printmaker in etching and aquatint.

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Feleti Sevele

Feleti Vakaʻuta Sevele, Lord Sevele of Vailahi (born 7 July 1944) was the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Tonga from 30 March 2006 to 22 December 2010.

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Felix of Nantes

Saint Felix of Nantes (514-584) was a 6th century catholic Bishop and Saint of Nantes, France.

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Fidel Sánchez Hernández

Fidel Sánchez Hernández (July 7, 1917, in El Divisadero – February 28, 2003) was President of El Salvador from 1967 to 1972.

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First Battle of the Isonzo

The First Battle of the Isonzo was fought between the Armies of Italy and Austria-Hungary on the Italian Front in World War I, between 23 June and 7 July 1915.

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First contact (anthropology)

In anthropology, first contact is the first meeting of two cultures previously unaware of one another.

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Florenz Ziegfeld Jr.

Florenz Edward Ziegfeld Jr. (March 21, 1867 – July 22, 1932), popularly known as Flo Ziegfeld, was an American Broadway impresario, notable for his series of theatrical revues, the Ziegfeld Follies (1907–1931), inspired by the Folies Bergère of Paris.

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Fort Ticonderoga

Fort Ticonderoga, formerly Fort Carillon, is a large 18th-century star fort built by the French at a narrows near the south end of Lake Champlain, in northern New York, in the United States.

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François Hemsterhuis

François Hemsterhuis (27 December 1721 – 7 July 1790) was a Dutch writer on aesthetics and moral philosophy.

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Frances Xavier Cabrini

Frances Xavier Cabrini (Francesca Saverio Cabrini; July 15, 1850 – December 22, 1917, died at age 67), also called Mother Cabrini, was an Italian-American religious sister, who founded the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, a Catholic religious institute that was a major support to the Italian immigrants to the United States.

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Francis Browne

The Reverend Francis Patrick Mary Browne, SJ, MC and Bar, Croix de Guerre by EE O'Donnell SJ, The Irish Catholic, 7 August 2014.

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Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves

Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, PC (7 July 1848 – 16 January 1919) was a Brazilian politician who first served as governor of the State of São Paulo in 1887, then as Treasury minister in the 1890s.

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Francisco Mendes

Francisco Mendes, nom de guerre Chico Té (Enxude, Guinea-Bissau, February 7, 1939 – July 7, 1978) was a Guinea-Bissau politician.

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Fred Neil

Frederick Neil (March 16, 1936 – July 7, 2001) was an American folk singer-songwriter in the 1960s and early 1970s.

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Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor

Frederick II (26 December 1194 – 13 December 1250; Fidiricu, Federico, Friedrich) was King of Sicily from 1198, King of Germany from 1212, King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 and King of Jerusalem from 1225.

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Free France

Free France and its Free French Forces (French: France Libre and Forces françaises libres) were the government-in-exile led by Charles de Gaulle during the Second World War and its military forces, that continued to fight against the Axis powers as one of the Allies after the fall of France.

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Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte

Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte (30 March 1907 – 7 July 1994) was a German paratroop officer during World War II who later served in the armed forces of West Germany, achieving the rank of General.

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Fujiwara no Akimitsu

was a Japanese Heian period bureaucrat, who held the post of Sadaijin (Minister of the Left).

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Gösta Mittag-Leffler

Magnus Gustaf (Gösta) Mittag-Leffler (16 March 1846 – 7 July 1927) was a Swedish mathematician.

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George Atzerodt

George Andrew Atzerodt (June 12, 1835 – July 7, 1865) was a conspirator, with John Wilkes Booth, in the assassination of US President Abraham Lincoln.

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George Cukor

George Dewey Cukor (July 7, 1899 – January 24, 1983) was an American film director.

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George Oppen

George Oppen (April 24, 1908 – July 7, 1984) was an American poet, best known as one of the members of the Objectivist group of poets.

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George Owu

George Owu (born 7 July 1982 in Accra) is a Ghanaian football player who is currently playing for Sekondi Hasaacas.

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Germaine Thyssens-Valentin

Germaine Thyssens-Valentin (27 July 1902 – 7 July 1987) was a classical pianist of Franco-Dutch parentage, noted for her performances of French music.

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German submarine U-701

German submarine U-701 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for the Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine that served in the North Atlantic during World War II.

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Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola

Giacomo (or Jacopo) Barozzi (or Barocchio) da Vignola (often simply called Vignola) (1 October 15077 July 1573) was one of the great Italian architects of 16th century Mannerism.

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Gian Carlo Menotti

Gian Carlo Menotti (July 7, 1911 – February 1, 2007) was an Italian-American composer and librettist.

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Glenys Kinnock, Baroness Kinnock of Holyhead

Glenys Elizabeth Kinnock, Baroness Kinnock of Holyhead (née Parry; born 7 July 1944) is a British politician and former teacher.

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Gottfried Benn

Gottfried Benn (2 May 1886 – 7 July 1956) was a German poet, essayist, and physician.

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Gottfried von Cramm

Gottfried Alexander Maximilian Walter Kurt Freiherr von Cramm (English: Baron Gottfried von Cramm,; 7 July 1909 – 8 November 1976), was a German amateur tennis champion who won the French Open twice.

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Governor of Tasmania

The Governor of Tasmania is the representative in the Australian state of Tasmania of Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia.

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Guillaume Philibert Duhesme

Guillaume Philibert, 1st Count Duhesme (7 July 1766 in Mercurey (formerly Bourgneuf), Burgundy – 20 June 1815 near Waterloo) was a French general during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Gustav Mahler

Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was an Austro-Bohemian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation.

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Gyanendra of Nepal

Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (ज्ञानेन्द्र शाह; Jñānendra Śāh; born 7 July 1947) reigned as the last King of Nepal from 2001 to 2008.

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Haakon II of Norway

Haakon II Sigurdsson (1147 – 7 July 1162), also known as Haakon Herdebrei, was King of Norway from 1157 until 1162 during the Civil war era in Norway.

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Hamish MacInnes

Hamish MacInnes (born 7 July 1930) is a Scottish mountaineer, mountain search and rescuer, author and advisor.

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Hank Mobley

Henry "Hank" Mobley (July 7, 1930 – May 30, 1986) was an American hard bop and soul jazz tenor saxophonist and composer.

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Hasan Abidi

Hasan Abidi (Urdu: حسن عابدی) was a noted Pakistani journalist, writer, and a senior Urdu language poet.

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Heinrich Rosenthal

Heinrich Rosenthal (– 10 May 1916) was an Estonian nationalist leader, doctor and author.

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Heloísa Pinheiro

Heloísa Eneida Paes Pinto Mendes Pinheiro, better known as Helô Pinheiro (born July 7, 1945), is a Brazilian model and businesswoman.

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Henri Nestlé

Henri Nestlé (born Heinrich Nestle; August 10, 1814 – July 7, 1890) was a German-born Swiss confectioner and the founder of Nestlé, the world's largest food and beverage company, as well as one of the main creators of condensed milk.

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Henry Compton (bishop)

Henry Compton (1632 – 7 July 1713) was the Bishop of London from 1675 to 1713.

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Henry Eyster Jacobs

Henry Eyster Jacobs (November 10, 1844 – July 7, 1932) was an American educator and Lutheran theologian.

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Henry J. Kaiser

Henry John Kaiser (May 9, 1882 – August 24, 1967) was an American industrialist who became known as the father of modern American shipbuilding.

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Henry Pedris

Captain Duenuge Edward Henry Pedris CTG (හෙන්රි පේද්රිස්; 16 August 1888 – 7 July 1915) was a militia officer and a prominent socialite in colonial Ceylon (present-day Sri Lanka) who was executed by British officials for alleged incitement of race riots in 1915, a charge which was later proven false.

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Heraclius

Heraclius (Flavius Heracles Augustus; Flavios Iraklios; c. 575 – February 11, 641) was the Emperor of the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire from 610 to 641.

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Herbert Feis

Herbert Feis (June 7, 1893 – March 2, 1972) was an American Historian and economist.

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Heresy in Christianity

When heresy is used today with reference to Christianity, it denotes the formal denial or doubt of a core doctrine of the Christian faithJ.D Douglas (ed).

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Honduras

Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras (República de Honduras), is a republic in Central America.

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Hoover Dam

Hoover Dam is a concrete arch-gravity dam in the Black Canyon of the Colorado River, on the border between the U.S. states of Nevada and Arizona.

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Howard Hughes

Howard Robard Hughes Jr. (December 24, 1905 – April 5, 1976) was an American business magnate, investor, record-setting pilot, film director, and philanthropist, known during his lifetime as one of the most financially successful individuals in the world.

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Howard Rheingold

Howard Rheingold (born July 7, 1947) is an American critic, writer, and teacher, known for his specialties on the cultural, social and political implications of modern communication media such as the Internet, mobile telephony and virtual communities (a term he is credited with inventing).

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Hughes XF-11

The Hughes XF-11 was a prototype military reconnaissance aircraft, designed and flown by Howard Hughes and built by Hughes Aircraft for the United States Army Air Forces.

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Ian Wilmut

Sir Ian Wilmut, OBE FRS One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org website where: FMedSci FRSE (born 7 July 1944) is a British embryologist and Chair of the Scottish Centre for Regenerative Medicine at the University of Edinburgh.

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Ibrahim Sulayman Muhammad Arbaysh

Ibrahim Sulayman Muhammad al-Rubaish (July 7, 1979 – April 12, 2015) was a terrorist and a senior leader of Al Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), who was held in extrajudicial detention in the United States's Guantanamo Bay detention camp in Cuba.

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Illidius

Saint Illidius (Saint Allyre, Alyre; died 385) was a 4th-century bishop of Clermont, France.

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Illinois Secretary of State

The Secretary of State of Illinois is one of the six elected executive state offices of the government of Illinois, and one of the 47 secretaries of states in the United States.

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Imperial Japanese Army

The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA; Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun; "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945.

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Indigenous peoples in Canada

Indigenous peoples in Canada, also known as Native Canadians or Aboriginal Canadians, are the indigenous peoples within the boundaries of present-day Canada.

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International Railway (New York–Ontario)

The International Railway Company (IRC) was a transportation company formed in a 1902 merger between several Buffalo-area interurban and street railways.

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Iran

Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).

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Iraq

Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.

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Iraqi Kurdish Civil War

The Iraqi Kurdish Civil War was a military conflict that took place between rival Kurdish factions in Iraqi Kurdistan during the mid-1990s, most notably between the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and the Kurdistan Democratic Party.

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Irish War of Independence

The Irish War of Independence (Cogadh na Saoirse) or Anglo-Irish War was a guerrilla war fought from 1919 to 1921 between the Irish Republican Army (IRA, the army of the Irish Republic) and the British security forces in Ireland.

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Iva Withers

Iva Withers (July 7, 1917 – October 7, 2014) was a Canadian-born American actress and singer, best remembered as a replacement player who had long runs in some of Rodgers and Hammerstein's biggest musical theatre hits.

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Izhak Graziani

Izhak "Ziko" Graziani (August 4, 1924 in Ruse – July 7, 2003) was born in Bulgaria and studied music and conducting.

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Jacquard loom

The Jacquard machine is a device fitted to a power loom that simplifies the process of manufacturing textiles with such complex patterns as brocade, damask and matelassé.

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Jacques Cartier

Jacques Cartier (Jakez Karter; December 31, 1491September 1, 1557) was a Breton explorer who claimed what is now Canada for France.

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James D. Hughes

James Donald "Don" Hughes (born July 7, 1922) is a retired American Air Force lieutenant general who was commander in chief, Pacific Air Forces, with headquarters at Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii.

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James Montgomery Boice

James Montgomery Boice, Th.D. (July 7, 1938 – June 15, 2000) was a Christian (Reformed) theologian, Bible teacher, author, and speaker known for his writing on the authority of Scripture and the defence of Biblical inerrancy.

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Jan Laštůvka

Jan Laštůvka (born 7 July 1982 in Havířov) is a Czech professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Baník Ostrava.

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Jane Elizabeth Conklin

Jane Elizabeth Conklin (July 7, 1831 - 19 December 1914) was a 19th-century American poet and religious writer from New York.

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Japan

Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Jeremiah Markland

Jeremiah Markland (18 October (or 29) 1693 – 7 July 1776) was an English classical scholar.

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Jeremy Kyle

Jeremy Kyle (born 7 July 1965), also referred to as Jezza, is an English television and radio presenter, best known for hosting the tabloid talk show The Jeremy Kyle Show on ITV since 2005.

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Jerry Norman (sinologist)

Jerry Lee Norman (July 16, 1936July 7, 2012) was an American sinologist and linguist known for his studies of Chinese dialects and historical phonology, particularly on the Min Chinese dialects, and of the Manchu language.

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Jim Gaffigan

James Christopher Gaffigan (born July 7, 1966) is an American stand-up comedian, actor, writer, and producer.

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Jim Rodford

James Walter Rodford (7 July 1941 – 20 January 2018) was an English musician, who played bass guitar for several British rock groups.

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Jing Shuping

Jing Shuping (7 July 1918 – September 14, 2009) was a Chinese businessman who founded the Minsheng Bank, the first privately owned bank to open in the Communist People's Republic of China, in 1996.

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Jo Schlesser

Joseph Schlesser (18 May 1928 – 7 July 1968) was a French Formula One and sports car racing driver.

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Jo Siffert

Joseph Siffert (7 July 1936 – 24 October 1971) was a Swiss racing driver.

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Joan of Arc

Joan of Arc (Jeanne d'Arc; 6 January c. 1412Modern biographical summaries often assert a birthdate of 6 January for Joan, which is based on a letter from Lord Perceval de Boulainvilliers on 21 July 1429 (see Pernoud's Joan of Arc By Herself and Her Witnesses, p. 98: "Boulainvilliers tells of her birth in Domrémy, and it is he who gives us an exact date, which may be the true one, saying that she was born on the night of Epiphany, 6 January"). – 30 May 1431), nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans" (La Pucelle d'Orléans), is considered a heroine of France for her role during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years' War and was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint.

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Job of Manyava

Job of Maniava, born Ivan Knyahynytskyi (Княгиницький Йов; 1550, Tysmenytsya, present-day Ukraine - 30 December 1621) and named as a monk Ezekiel, was a Ukrainian Orthodox saint and an Orthodox clerical activist.

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Joe Sakic

Joseph Steven "Joe" Sakic (born July 7, 1969) is a Canadian professional ice hockey executive and former player.

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Joe Zawinul

Josef Erich "Joe" Zawinul (7 July 1932 – 11 September 2007) was an Austrian jazz keyboardist and composer.

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Joel Siegel

Joel Steven Siegel (July 7, 1943 – June 29, 2007) was an American film critic for the ABC morning news show Good Morning America for over 25 years.

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Johanna Spyri

Johanna Louise Spyri (née Heusser;; 12 June 1827 – 7 July 1901) was a Swiss-born author of novels, notably children's stories, and is best known for her book Heidi.

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John Buck (baseball)

Johnathan Richard Buck (born July 7, 1980) is an American former professional baseball catcher.

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John Fru Ndi

Ni John Fru Ndi (born 7 July 1941) is a Cameroonian politician.

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John Leverett

John Leverett (baptized 7 July 1616 – 16 March 1678/9In the Julian calendar, then in use in England, the year began on March 25. To avoid confusion with dates in the Gregorian calendar, then in use in other parts of Europe, dates between January and March were often written with both years. Dates in this article are in the Julian calendar unless otherwise noted.) was an English colonial magistrate, merchant, soldier and the penultimate governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

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John Money

John William Money (8 July 1921 – 7 July 2006) was a psychologist, sexologist and author, specializing in research into sexual identity and biology of gender.

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John Sigismund Zápolya

John Sigismund Zápolya or Szapolyai (Szapolyai János Zsigmond; 7 July 1540 – 14 March 1571) was King of Hungary as John II from 1540 to 1551, and from 1556 to 1570, and the first Prince of Transylvania from 1570 to his death.

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Jon Pertwee

John Devon Roland Pertwee (7 July 1919 – 20 May 1996), known professionally as Jon Pertwee, was an English actor, comedian, entertainer and cabaret performer.

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Jonathan Dayton and Valerie Faris

Jonathan Dayton (born July 7, 1957) and Valerie Faris (born October 20, 1958) are a team of American film and music video directors that received critical acclaim for their feature film directorial debut, Little Miss Sunshine (2006).

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José Jiménez (baseball)

José Jiménez (born July 7, 1973) is a Dominican former professional baseball pitcher who played in Major League Baseball (MLB).

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Joseph Marie Jacquard

Joseph Marie Charles dit (called or nicknamed) Jacquard (7 July 1752 – 7 August 1834), was a French weaver and merchant.

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Juan de Ávalos

Juan de Ávalos y García-Taborda (October 21, 1911 in Mérida – July 7, 2006 in Clínica Virgen del Mar, Madrid) was a Spanish sculptor.

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Julie Campbell Tatham

Julie Campbell Tatham (June 1, 1908 – July 7, 1999) was a US writer of children's novels, who also wrote for adults, especially on Christian Science.

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July 7 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

July 6 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - July 8 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on July 20 by Old Calendarists.

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Justin Davies (footballer)

Justin Davies (born 5 July 1983) is a former Australian rules footballer who played in the Australian Football League (AFL).

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Karim Olowu

Alhaji Karim Ayinla Babalola "KAB" Olowu (OON) (born 7 June 1924) is a Nigerian former sprinter and long jumper who was part of Nigeria's first delegation to the Olympic Games and the Commonwealth Games.

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Karl-August Tiirmaa

Karl-August Tiirmaa (born in Võru) is an Estonian Nordic combined skier.

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Katipunan

The Katipunan (usually abbreviated to KKK) was a Philippine revolutionary society founded by anti-Spanish Filipinos in Manila in 1892, whose primary aim was to gain independence from Spain through revolution.

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Kārlis Skrastiņš

Kārlis Skrastiņš (July 9, 1974 – September 7, 2011) was a Latvian professional ice hockey player.

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Kenny Irwin Jr.

Kenneth Dale Irwin Jr. (August 5, 1969 – July 7, 2000) was an American stock car racing driver.

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Kevin A. Ford

Kevin Anthony Ford (born July 7, 1960) is a retired United States Air Force Colonel and a NASA astronaut.

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Kingdom of England

The Kingdom of England (French: Royaume d'Angleterre; Danish: Kongeriget England; German: Königreich England) was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century—when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms—until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.

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Kingdom of Prussia

The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.

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Kingdom of Scotland

The Kingdom of Scotland (Rìoghachd na h-Alba; Kinrick o Scotland) was a sovereign state in northwest Europe traditionally said to have been founded in 843.

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Kirsten Vangsness

Kirsten Simone Vangsness (born July 7, 1972) is an American actress and writer.

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Krasnodar Krai

Krasnodar Krai (p) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai), located in the North Caucasus region in Southern Russia and administratively a part of the Southern Federal District.

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Kupala Night

Kupala Night, (Іван Купала; Купалле; Иван-Купала; Noc Kupały), is celebrated in Ukraine, Poland, Belarus and Russia, currently on the night of 6/7 July in the Gregorian calendar, which is 24/25 June in the Julian calendar.

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Kurdistan Democratic Party

The Kurdistan Democratic Party (Partiya Demokrat a Kurdistanê), usually abbreviated as KDP or PDK, is one of the main Kurdish parties in Iraqi Kurdistan.

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Landon Cassill

Landon Douglas Cassill (born July 7, 1989) is an American professional stock car racing driver who currently drives the No.

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Law of the United States

The law of the United States comprises many levels of codified and uncodified forms of law, of which the most important is the United States Constitution, the foundation of the federal government of the United States.

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Lebanese Civil War

The Lebanese Civil War (الحرب الأهلية اللبنانية – Al-Ḥarb al-Ahliyyah al-Libnāniyyah) was a multifaceted civil war in Lebanon, lasting from 1975 to 1990 and resulting in an estimated 120,000 fatalities.

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Lee Addy

Lee Addy (born 7 July 1990 in Accra) is a Ghanaian professional footballer who plays as a defender for Lusaka Dynamos in the Zambian Premier League.

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Len Barker

Leonard Harold Barker III (born July 7, 1955) better known as Lenny Barker or Len Barker, is a former Major League Baseball right-handed starting pitcher.

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Leon Schlumpf

Leon Schlumpf (3 February 1925 – 7 July 2012) was a Swiss politician and a former member of the Swiss Federal Council (1979-1987).

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Lewis Powell (conspirator)

Lewis Thornton Powell (April 22, 1844 – July 7, 1865), also known as Lewis Payne and Lewis Paine, was an American citizen who attempted to assassinate United States Secretary of State William H. Seward on April 14, 1865.

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Lillian Copeland

Lillian Copeland (November 24, 1904 – July 7, 1964) was an American track and field athlete, who excelled in weight throwing.

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Lion Feuchtwanger

Lion Feuchtwanger (7 July 1884 – 21 December 1958) was a German-Jewish novelist and playwright.

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Lisa Leslie

Lisa Deshaun Leslie (born July 7, 1972) is a former American professional basketball player who played in the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA).

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List of ambassadors of the United States to Spain

This is a list of United States Ambassadors to Spain from 1779 to the present day.

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List of colonial governors of Massachusetts

The territory of the modern Commonwealth of Massachusetts, one of the United States of America, was settled in the 17th century by several different English colonies.

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List of leaders of the Soviet Union

Under the 1977 Constitution of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), the Chairman of the Council of Ministers was the head of government and the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet was the head of state.

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List of mayors of Norwalk, Connecticut

The Mayor of Norwalk, Connecticut is the chief executive of the government of Norwalk, Connecticut, as stipulated by the Charter of the City of Norwalk.

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List of national independence days

An Independence Day is an annual event commemorating the anniversary of a nation's independence or statehood, usually after ceasing to be a group or part of another nation or state; more rarely after the end of a military occupation; and in the unique case of Singapore, expulsion from Malaysia.

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List of Prime Ministers of Guinea-Bissau

The following is a list of Prime ministers of Guinea-Bissau, since the establishment of the office of Prime Minister in 1973.

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Live Earth (2007 concert)

Live Earth was a one off event developed to combat climate change.

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Liviu Ciulei

Liviu Ciulei (7 July 1923 – 24 October 2011) was a Romanian theater and film director, film writer, actor, architect, educator, costume and set designer.

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Lord Lieutenant of Northumberland

This is a list of people who have served as Lord-Lieutenant of Northumberland.

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Louis Koen (rugby player)

Louis Johannes Koen (born 7 July 1975 in Cape Town, South Africa) is a South-African rugby union player who played for the Springboks, until 2003, when he moved abroad following the World Cup.

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Ludwig Ganghofer

Ludwig Ganghofer (7 July 1855 – 24 July 1920) was a German writer who became famous for his homeland novels.

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Manfred Stohl

Manfred Stohl (born 7 July 1972 in Vienna) is an Austrian rally driver who debuted in the World Rally Championship in 1991.

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Marc Stein (footballer)

Marc Stein (born 7 July 1985) is a German footballer who plays for Energie Cottbus as a full-back.

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Marco Bollesan

Marco Bollesan (born 7 July 1941) is an Italian former rugby union player, coach and manager.

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Marco Polo Bridge Incident

The Marco Polo Bridge Incident, also known by several other names, was a battle between the Republic of China's National Revolutionary Army and the Imperial Japanese Army.

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Margaret Walker

Margaret Walker (Margaret Abigail Walker Alexander by marriage; July 7, 1915 – November 30, 1998) was an American poet and writer.

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Maria Bard

Maria Bard (7 July 1900 – 8 April 1944) was a German stage actress, who made a handful of films in the silent era for Rimax, her first husband Wilhelm Graaff's company.

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Maria Barroso

Maria de Jesus Simões Barroso Soares, GCL (2 May 1925 – 7 July 2015) was a Portuguese politician and actress, wife of President of Portugal Mario Soares and First Lady of Portugal between 1986 and 1996.

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Marie-Louise Dubreil-Jacotin

Marie-Louise Dubreil-Jacotin (7 July 1905 – 19 October 1972) was a French mathematician, the second woman to obtain a doctorate in pure mathematics in France, the first woman to become a full professor of mathematics in France, and an expert on fluid mechanics and abstract algebra.

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Marthanda Varma

Marthanda Varma (born Anizham Thirunal Marthanda Varma; 1705 – 7 July 1758) was ruler of the southern Indian state of Travancore from 1729 until his death in 1758.

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Mary Ford

Mary Ford (born Iris Colleen Summers; July 7, 1924 – September 30, 1977) was an American vocalist and guitarist, comprising half of the husband-and-wife musical team Les Paul and Mary Ford.

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Mary Surratt

Mary Elizabeth Jenkins SurrattCashin, p. 287.

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Max Horkheimer

Max Horkheimer (February 14, 1895 – July 7, 1973) was a German philosopher and sociologist who was famous for his work in critical theory as a member of the 'Frankfurt School' of social research.

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Michael Ancram

Michael Andrew Foster Jude Kerr, 13th Marquess of Lothian, (born 7 July 1945), formerly styled as Earl of Ancram and commonly known as Michael Ancram until he inherited the marquessate in 2004, is a British Conservative Party politician.

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Michael Howard

Michael Howard, Baron Howard of Lympne, (born 7 July 1941), is a British politician who served as the Leader of the Conservative Party and Leader of the Opposition from November 2003 to December 2005.

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Michelle Kwan

Michelle Wingshan Kwan (born July 7, 1980) is a retired American figure skater.

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Miina Kallas

Miina Kallas (born 7 July 1989) is an Estonian football player who plays as a forward for Naiste Meistriliiga club Flora Tallinn.

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Min Patel

Minal Mahesh Patel (born 7 July 1970) is a retired Indian-born English cricketer who made two appearances in Test cricket for the England cricket team.

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Minas Alozidis

Minás Alozídis (born July 7, 1984) is a Greek hurdler.

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Minister of State for Europe

The Minister of State for Europe (colloquially also known as the Minister for Europe or Europe Minister) is an informal title for a ministerial position within the Government of the United Kingdom, in charge of affairs with Europe, the European Union and NATO.

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Miroslav Krleža

Miroslav Krleža (7 July 1893 – 29 December 1981) was a leading Croatian writer and a prominent figure in cultural life of both Yugoslav states, the Kingdom (1918–1941) and the Socialist Republic (1945 until his death in 1981).

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Mo Collins

Maureen Ann Collins is an American actress and comedian.

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Mohammad Ashraful

Mohammad Ashraful (মোহাম্মদ আশরাফুল; born 7 July 1984) is a Bangladeshi cricketer, who has represented the Bangladesh national cricket team in all formats of the game and a former captain of all formats.

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Mohammed Bagayogo

Mohammed Bagayogo Es Sudane Al Wangari Al Timbukti was an eminent scholar from Timbuktu, Mali.

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Momchil

Momchil (Момчил, Μομτζίλος or Μομιτζίλας, Момчило / Momčilo; c. 1305 – 7 July 1345) was a 14th-century Bulgarian brigand and local ruler.

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Monterey, California

Monterey is a city located in Monterey County in the U.S. state of California, on the southern edge of Monterey Bay on California's Central Coast.

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Moshe Sharett

Moshe Sharett (משה שרת, born Moshe Shertok (Hebrew)‎ 15 October 1894 – 7 July 1965) was the second Prime Minister of Israel (1954–55), serving for a little under two years between David Ben-Gurion's two terms.

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Moshood Abiola

Chief Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola, GCFR (24 August 1937 – 7 July 1998) was a Nigerian Yoruba businessman, publisher, politician and aristocrat of the Yoruba Egba clan.

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MS Dhoni

Mahendra Singh Dhoni (commonly known as MS Dhoni; born 7 July 1981) is an Indian international cricketer who captained the Indian national team in limited-overs formats from 2007 to 2016 and in Test cricket from 2008 to 2014.

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NASA

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

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Natalia Bekhtereva

Natalia Petrovna Bekhtereva (Наталья Петровна Бехтерева; 7 July 1924 – 22 June 2008) was a Russian neuroscientist and psychologist who developed neurophysiological approaches to psychology, such as measuring the impulse activity of human neurons.

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Nestlé

Nestlé S.A. is a Swiss transnational food and drink company headquartered in Vevey, Vaud, Switzerland.

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Nettie Stevens

Nettie Maria Stevens (July 7, 1861 – May 4, 1912) was an early American geneticist.

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New York Court of Appeals

The New York Court of Appeals is the highest court in the U.S. state of New York.

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New Zealand Labour Party

The New Zealand Labour Party (Rōpū Reipa o Aotearoa), or simply Labour (Reipa), is a centre-left political party in New Zealand.

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Newlands Resolution

The Newlands Resolution was a joint resolution passed on July 4, 1898, by the United States Congress to annex the independent Republic of Hawaii.

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Ngô Đình Nhu

Ngô Đình Nhu (7 October 1910 – 2 November 1963) was a Vietnamese archivist and politician.

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Ngo Dinh Diem

Ngô Đình Diệm (3 January 1901 – 2 November 1963) was a South Vietnamese politician.

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Nicaragua

Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the north, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

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Nikos Xilouris

Nikos Xylouris (Νίκος Ξυλούρης; 7 July 1936 – 8 February 1980), nicknamed Psaronikos (Ψαρονίκος), was a Greek composer and singer.

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Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.

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North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911

The North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911, formally known as the Convention between the United States and Other Powers Providing for the Preservation and Protection of Fur Seals, was an international treaty signed on July 7, 1911, designed to manage the commercial harvest of fur bearing mammals (such as Northern fur seals and sea otters) in the Pribilof Islands of the Bering Sea.

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Nuon Chea

Nuon Chea (នួន ជា; born Lau Kim Korn, 7 July 1926), also known as Long Bunruot (ឡុង ប៊ុនរត្ន) or Rungloet Laodi (รุ่งเลิศ เหล่าดี), is a Cambodian former communist politician who was the chief ideologist of the Khmer Rouge.

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Occultation

An occultation is an event that occurs when one object is hidden by another object that passes between it and the observer.

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Occupation of Iceland

The Occupation of Iceland during World War II began with a British invasion intent on occupying and denying Iceland to Germany.

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Ocean liner

An ocean liner is a passenger ship primarily used as a form of transportation across seas or oceans.

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Olivier Levasseur

Olivier Levasseur (1688, 1689, or 1690 – 7 July 1730), was a pirate, nicknamed La Buse ("The Buzzard") or La Bouche ("The Mouth") in his early days, called thus because of the speed and ruthlessness with which he always attacked his enemies.

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Operation Hammer (1997)

Operation Hammer (Çekiç Harekâtı) was a cross-border operation by the Turkish Armed Forces into northern Iraq between 12 May and 7 July 1997 against the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).

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Opportunity (rover)

Opportunity, also known as MER-B (Mars Exploration Rover – B) or MER-1, is a robotic rover active on Mars since 2004.

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Otto Frederick Rohwedder

Otto Frederick Rohwedder (July 7, 1880 – November 8, 1960) was an American inventor and engineer who created the first automatic bread-slicing machine for commercial use.

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Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.

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Pacific War

The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict). The Second Sino-Japanese War between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China had been in progress since 7 July 1937, with hostilities dating back as far as 19 September 1931 with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. However, it is more widely accepted that the Pacific War itself began on 7/8 December 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong as well as the United States military and naval bases in Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy. The war culminated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other large aerial bomb attacks by the Allies, accompanied by the Soviet declaration of war and invasion of Manchuria on 9 August 1945, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender on 15 August 1945. The formal surrender of Japan ceremony took place aboard the battleship in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. Japan's Shinto Emperor was forced to relinquish much of his authority and his divine status through the Shinto Directive in order to pave the way for extensive cultural and political reforms. After the war, Japan lost all rights and titles to its former possessions in Asia and the Pacific, and its sovereignty was limited to the four main home islands.

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Panama

Panama (Panamá), officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá), is a country in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south.

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Pat Hitchcock

Patricia Alma Hitchcock O'Connell (born July 7, 1928), also known as Pat Hitchcock, is an English actress and producer.

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Patrick Lalime

Patrick Lalime (born July 7, 1974) is a Canadian professional ice hockey broadcaster and former player.

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Peel Commission

The Peel Commission, formally known as the Palestine Royal Commission, was a British Royal Commission of Inquiry, headed by Lord Peel, appointed in 1936 to investigate the causes of unrest in Mandatory Palestine, which was administered by Britain, following the six-month-long Arab general strike in Mandatory Palestine.

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Penelope Blount, Countess of Devonshire

Penelope Rich, Lady Rich, later styled Penelope Blount (née Devereux; January 1563 – 7 July 1607) was an English court office holder.

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Persecution of Muslims

Persecution of Muslims is the religious persecution inflicted upon followers of Islamic faith.

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Peru

Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.

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Peter Underwood

Peter George Underwood (10 October 1937 – 7 July 2014) was an Australian jurist and the Governor of Tasmania from 2008 until his death in 2014.

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Philippine Revolution

The Philippine Revolution (Filipino: Himagsikang Pilipino; Spanish: Revolución Filipina), also called the Tagalog War (Spanish: Guerra Tagalog, Filipino: Digmaang Tagalog) by the Spanish, was a revolution and subsequent conflict fought between the people and insurgents of the Philippines and the Kingdom of Spain with its Spanish Empire and Spanish colonial authorities in the Spanish East Indies.

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Pinetop Perkins

Joe Willie "Pinetop" Perkins (July 7, 1913 – March 21, 2011) was an American blues pianist.

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Poland

Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.

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Pope Benedict XI

Pope Benedict XI (Benedictus XI; 1240 – 7 July 1304), born Nicola Boccasini, (Niccolò of Treviso) was Pope from 22 October 1303 to his death on 7 July, 1304.

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President of Brazil

The President of Brazil, officially the President of the Federative Republic of Brazil (Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil) or simply the President of the Republic, is both the head of state and the head of government of the Federative Republic of Brazil.

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President of Dáil Éireann

The President of Dáil Éireann was the leader of the revolutionary Irish Republic of 1919–1921.

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President of El Salvador

The position of President of El Salvador was created in the Constitution of 1841.

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President of Georgia

The President of Georgia (საქართველოს პრეზიდენტი, sakartvelos prezidenti) is the head of state and supreme commander-in-chief.

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President of the United States

The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.

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Prime Minister of Israel

The Prime Minister of Israel (רֹאשׁ הַמֶּמְשָׁלָה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. Head of the Government, Hebrew acronym: רה״מ; رئيس الحكومة, Ra'īs al-Ḥukūma) is the head of government of Israel and the most powerful figure in Israeli politics.

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Protestantism

Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.

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Quasi-War

The Quasi-War (Quasi-guerre) was an undeclared war fought almost entirely at sea between the United States and France from 1798 to 1800.

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Queenston, Ontario

Queenston is a compact rural community and unincorporated place north of Niagara Falls in the Town of Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada.

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Raid of the Redeswire

The Raid of the Redeswire was a border skirmish between England and Scotland on 7 July 1575 which took place at Carter Bar, the Cheviot pass which enters Redesdale.

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Ralph Sampson

Ralph Lee Sampson Jr. (born July 7, 1960) is an American retired basketball player.

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Rıfat Ilgaz

Rıfat Ilgaz (7 May 1911 – 7 July 1993) was a Turkish teacher, writer and poet.

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Reconnaissance aircraft

A reconnaissance aircraft is a military aircraft designed or adapted to perform aerial reconnaissance.

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Regulus

Regulus, also designated Alpha Leonis (α Leonis, abbreviated Alpha Leo, α Leo), is the brightest star in the constellation of Leo and one of the brightest stars in the night sky, lying approximately 79 light years from the Sun.

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Retrial of Joan of Arc

The Retrial of Joan of Arc, also known as the "nullification trial" or "rehabilitation trial", was a posthumous retrial of Joan of Arc authorized by Pope Callixtus III at the request of Inquisitor-General Jean Bréhal and Joan's mother Isabelle Romée.

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Rettamalai Srinivasan

Diwan Bahadur R. Srinivasan (1859–1945), also known as Rettamalai Srinivasan, was a Paraiyer activist and politician from the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

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Revilo P. Oliver

Revilo Pendleton Oliver (July 7, 1908 – August 20, 1994) was an American professor of Classical philology, Spanish, and Italian at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

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Richard Brinsley Sheridan

Richard Brinsley Butler Sheridan (30 October 17517 July 1816) was an Irish satirist, a playwright and poet, and long-term owner of the London Theatre Royal, Drury Lane.

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Ringo Starr

Sir Richard Starkey (born 7 July 1940), known professionally as Ringo Starr, is an English musician, songwriter, singer, and actor who gained worldwide fame as the drummer for the Beatles.

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Robert A. Heinlein

Robert Anson Heinlein (See also the biography at the end of For Us, the Living, 2004 edition, p. 261. July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was an American science-fiction writer.

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Robert Hamerton-Kelly

Robert Gerald Hamerton-Kelly (December 26, 1938 – July 7, 2013) was a Christian theologian, ordained United Methodist pastor, ethics scholar, and author and editor of several books on religion and violence.

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Robert McNeill Alexander

Robert McNeill (Neill) Alexander, CBE FRS (7 July 1934 – 21 March 2016) was a British zoologist and a leading authority in the field of biomechanics.

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Ronald Reagan

Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.

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Ronaldo Cunha Lima

Ronaldo Cunha Lima (March 18, 1936 – July 7, 2012) was a Brazilian poet and politician.

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Russia

Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

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Russian Empire

The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

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Saba Saba Day

Saba Saba Day on July 7 celebrates (among other things) the 1954 founding of the Tanzanian political party, TANU, the Tanganyika African National Union.

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Safra massacre

The Safra massacre, or the Day of the Long Knives, occurred in the coastal town of Safra (north of Beirut) on 7 July 1980, during the Lebanese civil war, as part of Bashir Gemayel's effort to consolidate all the Christian fighters under his leadership in the Lebanese Forces.

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Sam Katzman

Sam Katzman (July 7, 1901 – August 4, 1973) was an American film producer and director.

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Samantha Smith

Samantha Reed Smith (June 29, 1972 – August 25, 1985) was an American schoolgirl, peace activist, writer and child actress from Manchester, Maine, who became famous during the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union.

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San Francisco

San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.

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Sandra Day O'Connor

Sandra Day O'Connor (born March 26, 1930) is a retired Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, having served from her appointment in 1981 by Ronald Reagan until 2006.

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Satchel Paige

Leroy Robert "Satchel" Paige (July 7, 1906 – June 8, 1982) was an American Negro league baseball and Major League Baseball (MLB) pitcher who became a legend in his own lifetime by being known as perhaps the best pitcher in baseball history, by his longevity in the game, and by attracting record crowds wherever he pitched.

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Seal hunting

Seal hunting, or sealing, is the personal or commercial hunting of seals.

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Second Sino-Japanese War

The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.

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Secretary at War

The Secretary at War was a political position in the English and later British government, with some responsibility over the administration and organization of the Army, but not over military policy.

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Secretary of State for the Environment

The Secretary of State for the Environment was a UK cabinet position, responsible for the Department of the Environment (DoE).

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Sergio Romano (writer)

Sergio Romano (born 7 July 1929 in Vicenza) is an Italian writer, journalist, and historian.

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Sevyn Streeter

Amber Denise Streeter (born July 7, 1986),.

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Shadow Secretary of State for Defence

The Shadow Secretary of State for Defence is a member of the UK Shadow Cabinet responsible for the scrutiny of the Secretary of State for Defence and the department, the Ministry of Defence.

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Sharia

Sharia, Sharia law, or Islamic law (شريعة) is the religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition.

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Shelley Duvall

Shelley Alexis Duvall (born July 7, 1949) is an American former actress, producer, writer and singer.

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Sherlock Holmes

Sherlock Holmes is a fictional private detective created by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.

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Sigismund II Augustus

Sigismund II Augustus (Zygmunt II August, Ruthenian: Żygimont II Awgust, Žygimantas II Augustas, Sigismund II.) (1 August 1520 – 7 July 1572) was the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, the only son of Sigismund I the Old, whom Sigismund II succeeded in 1548.

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Simone Beck

Simone "Simca" Beck (7 July 1904 in Normandy, France – 20 December 1991) was a French cookbook author and cooking teacher who, along with colleagues Julia Child and Louisette Bertholle, played a significant role in the introduction of French cooking technique and recipes into American kitchens.

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Sliced bread

Sliced bread is a loaf of bread that has been sliced with a machine and packaged for convenience.

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Slovenia

Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.

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Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFR Yugoslavia or SFRY) was a socialist state led by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars.

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Soldotna, Alaska

Soldotna is a city in the Kenai Peninsula Borough, in the U.S. state of Alaska.

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Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands is a sovereign country consisting of six major islands and over 900 smaller islands in Oceania lying to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu and covering a land area of.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Suicide attack

A suicide attack is any violent attack in which the attacker expects their own death as a direct result of the method used to harm, damage or destroy the target.

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Supreme Court of the United States

The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.

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Syd Barrett

Roger Keith "Syd" Barrett (6 January 1946 – 7 July 2006) was an English singer, songwriter, and musician.

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Sylke Otto

Sylke Otto (born 7 July 1969 in Karl-Marx-Stadt) is a former German luger who competed from 1991 to 2007.

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T. J. Bass

T.

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Tadamichi Kuribayashi

General was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army, part-time writer, haiku poet, diplomat, and commanding officer of the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff.

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Tanabata

, also known as the Star Festival, is a Japanese festival originating from the Chinese Qixi Festival.

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Tanzania

Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.

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Ted Radcliffe

Theodore Roosevelt "Double Duty" Radcliffe (July 7, 1902 &ndash) was a professional baseball player in the Negro leagues.

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Ten-Day War

The Ten-Day War (desetdnevna vojna) or the Slovenian Independence War (slovenska osamosvojitvena vojna), was a brief war of independence that followed the Slovenian declaration of independence on 25 June 1991.

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Texas

Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.

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The Championships, Wimbledon

The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly known simply as Wimbledon, is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and is widely regarded as the most prestigious.

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The Girl from Ipanema

"Garota de Ipanema" ("The Girl from Ipanema") is a Brazilian bossa nova jazz song.

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Theodore Edgar McCarrick

Theodore Edgar McCarrick (born July 7, 1930) is an American Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.

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Thomas Hooker

Thomas Hooker (July 5, 1586 – July 7, 1647) was a prominent Puritan colonial leader, who founded the Colony of Connecticut after dissenting with Puritan leaders in Massachusetts.

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Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel

Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel KG, (7 July 1586 – 4 October 1646) was a prominent English courtier during the reigns of King James I and King Charles I, but he made his name as a Grand Tourist and art collector rather than as a politician.

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Thomas Lucy

Sir Thomas Lucy (24 April 1532 – 7 July 1600) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1571 and 1585.

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Tigers Militia

The Tigers Militia (Arabic: نمور الأحرار, transliterated: Numūr or Al-Noumour), also known as NLP Tigers or Tigers of the Liberals (Arabic: Numur al-Ahrar) and PNL "Lionceaux" in French, was the military wing of the National Liberal Party (NLP) during the Lebanese Civil War.

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Tile Kolup

Tile Kolup (died July 7, 1285), also known as Dietrich Holzschuh, was an impostor who in 1284 began to pretend to be the Emperor Frederick II.

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Tilman Riemenschneider

Tilman Riemenschneider (c. 1460 – 7 July 1531) was a German sculptor and woodcarver active in Würzburg from 1483.

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Timothy Cathcart

Timothy Cathcart (7 July 1994 – 15 August 2014) was a Northern Irish rally driver from Enniskillen who was killed at the 2014 Todds Leap Ulster Rally, a round of the 2014 British Rally Championship season, after his car, a Citroën DS3 R3T left the road and crashed near Fivemiletown.

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Toivo Kuula

Toivo Timoteus Kuula (7 July 1883, Vaasa – 18 May 1918, Viipuri) was a Finnish composer and conductor of the late-Romantic and early-modern periods, who emerged in the wake of Jean Sibelius, under whom he studied privately from 1906 to 1908.

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Tom Kristensen (racing driver)

Tom Kristensen (born 7 July 1967) is a Danish former racing driver.

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Tony Benshoof

Tony Benshoof (born July 7, 1975) is an American luger from White Bear Lake, Minnesota who has been competing since 1990.

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Tony Jacklin

Anthony Jacklin CBE (born 7 July 1944) is a retired English golfer.

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Toplessness

Toplessness refers to the state in which a woman's torso is exposed above her waist or hips, or with at least her breasts, areola, and nipples being exposed, especially in a public place or in a visual medium.

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Tram

A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.

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Transport in London

London has an extensive and developed transport network which includes both private and public services.

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Treaties of Tilsit

The Treaties of Tilsit were two agreements signed by Napoleon I of France in the town of Tilsit in July 1807 in the aftermath of his victory at Friedland.

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Treaty of Alliance (1778)

The Treaty of Alliance with France or Franco-American Treaty was a defensive alliance between France and the United States of America, formed in the midst of the American Revolutionary War, which promised mutual military support in case fighting should break out between French and British forces, as the result signing the previously concluded Treaty of Amity and Commerce.

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Treaty of Nemours

Articles of the Treaty of Nemours (or Treaty of Saint-Maur) were agreed upon in writing and signed in Nemours on 7 July 1585 between the Queen Mother, Catherine de' Medici, acting for the King, and representatives of the House of Guise, including the Duke of Lorraine.

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Tung Chee-hwa

Tung Chee-hwa (born 7 July 1937) is a Shanghai-born Hong Kong businessman and politician.

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Turkish Armed Forces

The Turkish Armed Forces (TAF; Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri, TSK) are the military forces of the Republic of Turkey.

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Tyre, Lebanon

Tyre (صور, Ṣūr; Phoenician:, Ṣūr; צוֹר, Ṣōr; Tiberian Hebrew, Ṣōr; Akkadian:, Ṣurru; Greek: Τύρος, Týros; Sur; Tyrus, Տիր, Tir), sometimes romanized as Sour, is a district capital in the South Governorate of Lebanon.

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Udo Schwarz

Udo Schwarz (born 7 July 1986) is a German international rugby union player, playing for the SC Neuenheim in the Rugby-Bundesliga and the German national rugby union team.

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Ukraine

Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.

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Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate)

The Ukrainian Orthodox Church (UOC; Ukrayinsʹka Pravoslavna Tserkva, Ukrainskaya Pravoslavnaya Tserkov') is a self-governing church of the Russian Orthodox Church in Ukraine.

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United States Congress

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.

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Vasily Petrenko

Vasily Eduardovich Petrenko (Васи́лий Эдуа́рдович Петре́нко; born 7 July 1976) is a Russian conductor.

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Venus

Venus is the second planet from the Sun, orbiting it every 224.7 Earth days.

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Veronica Lake

Veronica Lake (born Constance Frances Marie Ockelman; November 14, 1922 – July 7, 1973) was an American film, stage, and television actress.

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Villa Farnese

The Villa Farnese, also known as Villa Caprarola, is a mansion in the town of Caprarola in the province of Viterbo, Northern Lazio, Italy, approximately 50 kilometres north-west of Rome.

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Virginia Rappe

Virginia Rappe (July 7, 1895 – September 9, 1921) was an American model and silent film actress.

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Vittorio De Sica

Vittorio De Sica (7 July 1901 – 13 November 1974) was an Italian director and actor, a leading figure in the neorealist movement.

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Wally Phillips

Walter Phillips (July 7, 1925 – March 26, 2008) was an American radio personality best known for hosting WGN's morning radio show from Chicago for 21 years from January 1965 until July 1986, and was number one in the morning slot from 1968 until he left for an afternoon radio slot in 1986.

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Walter Giesler

Walter John Giesler (September 6, 1910 – July 7, 1976) was an American soccer player, administrator, and coach.

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War of the Fourth Coalition

The Fourth Coalition fought against Napoleon's French Empire and was defeated in a war spanning 1806–1807.

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Wayne McCullough

Wayne Pocket Rocket McCullough (born Wayne William McCullough; 7 July 1970) is a former professional boxer from Northern Ireland who competed from 1993 to 2008.

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Wellington

Wellington (Te Whanganui-a-Tara) is the capital city and second most populous urban area of New Zealand, with residents.

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Whitney North Seymour Jr.

Whitney North Seymour Jr. (born July 7, 1923) was a New York State Senator in the 1960s and United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York from 1970 to 1973.

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William Feller

William "Vilim" Feller (July 7, 1906 – January 14, 1970), born Vilibald Srećko Feller, was a Croatian-American mathematician specializing in probability theory.

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William McKinley

William McKinley (January 29, 1843 – September 14, 1901) was the 25th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1897 until his assassination in September 1901, six months into his second term.

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William Mulready

William Mulready (1 April 1786 – 7 July 1863) was an Irish genre painter living in London.

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William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath

William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath, (22 March 16847 July 1764) was an English Whig politician who was created the first Earl of Bath by King George II in 1742; he is sometimes stated to have been Prime Minister, for the shortest term ever (two days), though most modern sources reckon that he cannot be considered to have held the office.

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William Stoughton (judge)

William Stoughton (1631 – July 7, 1701) was a colonial magistrate and administrator in the Province of Massachusetts Bay.

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William Turner (naturalist)

William Turner MA (1509/10 – 13 July 1568) was an English divine and reformer, a physician and a natural historian.

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Willibald

Saint Willibald (born in Wessex c.700 and died c.787 in Eichstätt) was an 8th-century bishop of Eichstätt in Bavaria.

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World Chocolate Day

World Chocolate Day, referred to, in some instances, as International Chocolate Day, is an annual observance that occurs globally on 7 July.

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XYZ Affair

The XYZ Affair was a political and diplomatic episode in 1797 and 1798, early in the administration of John Adams, involving a confrontation between the United States and Republican France that led to an undeclared war called the Quasi-War.

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Yanka Kupala

Jánka Kupála (akas: Yanka Kupala, Janka Kupała, Я́нка Купа́ла; – June 28, 1942) – was the pen name of Iván Daminíkavich Lutsévich (Ivan Daminikavič Łucevič, Іва́н Даміні́кавіч Луцэ́віч), a Belarusian poet and writer.

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Yugoslav Wars

The Yugoslav Wars were a series of ethnic conflicts, wars of independence and insurgencies fought from 1991 to 1999/2001 in the former Yugoslavia.

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Yuri Andropov

Yuri Vladimirovich Andropov (p; – 9 February 1984) was a Soviet politician and the fourth General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

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Ziegfeld Follies

The Ziegfeld Follies was a series of elaborate theatrical revue productions on Broadway in New York City from 1907 to 1931, with renewals in 1934 and 1936.

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Zither

Zither is a class of stringed instruments.

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1021

Year 1021 (MXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1053

Year 1053 (MLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1119

Year 1119 (MCXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1124

Year 1124 (MCXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1162

Year 1162 (MCLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1207

Year 1207 (MCCVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1285

Year 1285 (MCCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1304

Year 1304 (MCCCIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1307

Year 1307 (MCCCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1345

Year 1345 (MCCCXLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1456

Year 1456 (MCDLVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1482

Year 1482 (MCDLXXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1520

Year 1520 (MDXX) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1528

Year 1528 (MDXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1531

Year 1531 (MDXXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1534

Year 1534 (MDXXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1540

Year 1540 (MDXL) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1568

Year 1568 (MDLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1572

Year 1572 (MDLXXII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1573

Year 1573 (MDLXXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1575

Year 1575 (MDLXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1585

No description.

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1586

No description.

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1593

No description.

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1600

No description.

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1607

No description.

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1616

No description.

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1647

No description.

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1701

In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Tuesday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.

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1713

No description.

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1718

No description.

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1730

No description.

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1752

In the British Empire, it was the only year with 355 days, as 3–13 September were skipped when the Empire adopted the Gregorian calendar.

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1758

No description.

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1764

No description.

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1766

No description.

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1770

No description.

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1776

No description.

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1777

No description.

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1790

No description.

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1798

No description.

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1807

No description.

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1816

This year was known as the Year Without a Summer, because of low temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere, the result of the Mount Tambora volcanic eruption in Indonesia in 1815.

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1831

No description.

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1833

No description.

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1834

No description.

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1843

No description.

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1846

No description.

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1848

It is historically famous for the wave of revolutions, a series of widespread struggles for more liberal governments, which broke out from Brazil to Hungary; although most failed in their immediate aims, they significantly altered the political and philosophical landscape and had major ramifications throughout the rest of the century.

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1851

No description.

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1855

No description.

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1859

No description.

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1860

No description.

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1861

No description.

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1863

January-March.

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1865

No description.

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1874

No description.

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1880

No description.

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1882

No description.

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1884

No description.

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1890

No description.

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1891

No description.

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1892

No description.

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1893

No description.

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1898

No description.

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1899

No description.

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1900

As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days until February 28 (O.S. February 15), 2100.

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1901

No description.

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1902

No description.

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1904

No description.

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1905

As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War began, more than 100,000 died in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos lead to a revolution against the Tsar (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled The Year 1905 to commemorate this).

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1906

No description.

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1907

No description.

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1908

According to NASA reports, 1908 was the coldest recorded year since 1880.

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1909

No description.

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1910

No description.

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1911

A highlight was the race for the South Pole.

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1913

No description.

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1915

Below, the events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.

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1916

Below, the events of the First World War have the "WWI" prefix.

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1917

This year was famous for the October Revolution in Russia, by Vladimir Lenin.

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1918

This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.

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1919

No description.

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1921

No description.

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1922

No description.

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1923

No description.

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1924

No description.

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1925

No description.

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1926

No description.

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1927

No description.

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1928

No description.

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1929

This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression.

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1930

No description.

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1931

No description.

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1932

No description.

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1933

No description.

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1934

No description.

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1936

No description.

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1937

No description.

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1938

No description.

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1939

This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

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1940

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1941

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.

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1942

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1944

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1945

This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.

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1946

No description.

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1947

No description.

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1949

No description.

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1950

No description.

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1952

No description.

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1953

No description.

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1954

No description.

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1955

No description.

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1956

No description.

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1957

No description.

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1958

No description.

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1959

No description.

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1960

It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.

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1963

No description.

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1964

No description.

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1965

No description.

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1966

No description.

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1967

No description.

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1968

This was the year of the Protests of 1968.

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1969

The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).

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1970

No description.

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1971

The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.

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1972

Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated.

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1973

No description.

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1974

No description.

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1975

It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.

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1976

No description.

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1978

No description.

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1979

No description.

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1980

No description.

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1981

No description.

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1982

No description.

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1983

The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet and the first mobile cellular telephone call.

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1984

No description.

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1985

The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.

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1986

The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.

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1987

No description.

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1989

1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

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1990

Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika.

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1991

It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s.

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1992

1992 was designated as.

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1993

No description.

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1994

The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family" and the "International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal" by the United Nations.

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1997

No description.

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1998

1998 was designated as the International Year of the Ocean.

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1999

1999 was designated as the International Year of Older Persons.

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2000

2000 was designated as.

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2001

2001 was designated as.

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2003

2003 was designated the.

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2005

2005 was designated as.

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2006

2006 was designated as.

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2007

2007 was designated as.

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2008

2008 was designated as.

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2011

2011 was designated as.

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2012

2012 was designated as.

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2012 Krasnodar Krai floods

The 2012 Krasnodar Krai floods occurred in southwest Russia in early July, mainly in Krasnodar Krai near the coast of the Black Sea.

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2013

2013 was designated as.

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2013 Soldotna Rediske Air DHC-3 Otter crash

On 7 July 2013, a single-engine de Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter, operated by air charter company Rediske Air, crashed and burst into flames at Soldotna Airport in Soldotna, Alaska.

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2014

2014 was designated as.

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2015

2015 was designated as.

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2016

2016 was designated as.

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2016 shooting of Dallas police officers

On July 7, 2016, Micah Xavier Johnson ambushed and fired upon a group of police officers in Dallas, Texas, killing five officers and injuring nine others.

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611

Year 611 (DCXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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7 July 2005 London bombings

The 7 July 2005 London bombings, often referred to as 7/7, were a series of coordinated terrorist suicide attacks in London, United Kingdom, which targeted commuters travelling on the city's public transport system during the morning rush hour.

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984

Year 984 (CMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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Redirects here:

7 July, 7th July, 7th of July, Jul 07, Jul 7, July 07, July 7th.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/July_7

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