131 relations: Abbey, Admiralty law, African Union, Appellate jurisdiction, Arbitration, Authority, British South Africa Company, Brussels Regime, Certiorari, Citizenship, Codification (law), Colloquialism, Common law, Conflict of laws, Constitutional law, Contingent fee, Cornwall, Corporation, Country, County palatine, Court leet, Court of Piepowders, Courts Act 1971, De jure, Direct effect of European Union law, Discretionary jurisdiction, Diversity jurisdiction, Divorce, Domicile (law), East India Company, Enabling act, Enforcement of foreign judgments, European Convention on Human Rights, European Court of Justice, European Economic Community, European Free Trade Association, European Union, Exclusive right, Executive (government), Federal government of the United States, Federal judiciary of the United States, Federal jurisdiction (United States), Federal question jurisdiction, Federated state, Federation, Felony, Forum non conveniens, Forum shopping, Government, Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, ..., Guild, Hague Conference on Private International Law, Harmonization, Hereditament, Immunity from prosecution (international law), In rem jurisdiction, International Court of Justice, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, International Criminal Court, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, International law, International organization, International trade law, Judgment (law), Jurisdiction (area), Labor unions in the United States, Latin, Law enforcement agency, Lawsuit, Lawsuits against God, Lawyer, Legislation, Legislature, List of states of Mexico, List of United States federal courthouses in Utah, Manorial court, Mediation, Member state, Misdemeanor, Missouri v. Holland, Nation, Nationalism, Necessary and Proper Clause, Netherlands, Orem, Utah, Original jurisdiction, Parliamentary sovereignty, Plaintiff, Police power (United States constitutional law), Private jurisdiction, Probate, Province, Provo, Utah, Public policy doctrine, Rasul v. Bush, Realpolitik, Royal charter, Salt Lake City, Small claims court, Society, Sovereignty, Stannary law, State immunity, State supreme court, States and territories of Australia, States and union territories of India, States of Brazil, Statute, Subject-matter jurisdiction, Supranational union, Supremacy Clause, Supreme Court of the United States, The Baltimore Sun, The Washington Post, Thirteen Colonies, Treaty, U.S. state, Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act, United Kingdom, United Nations, United States Congress, United States Constitution, United States courts of appeals, United States district court, United States District Court for the District of Utah, Universal jurisdiction, University, Utah, War Crimes Law (Belgium), Welsh Marches, World Trade Organization. Expand index (81 more) » « Shrink index
An abbey is a complex of buildings used by members of a religious order under the governance of an abbot or abbess.
Admiralty law or maritime law is a body of law that governs nautical issues and private maritime disputes.
The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of all 55 countries on the African continent, extending slightly into Asia via the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt.
Appellate jurisdiction is the power of a higher court to review decisions and change outcomes of decisions of lower courts.
Arbitration, a form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR), is a way to resolve disputes outside the courts.
Authority derives from the Latin word and is a concept used to indicate the foundational right to exercise power, which can be formalized by the State and exercised by way of judges, monarchs, rulers, police officers or other appointed executives of government, or the ecclesiastical or priestly appointed representatives of a higher spiritual power (God or other deities).
The British South Africa Company (BSAC or BSACo) was established following the amalgamation of Cecil Rhodes' Central Search Association and the London-based Exploring Company Ltd which had originally competed to exploit the expected mineral wealth of Mashonaland but united because of common economic interests and to secure British government backing.
The Brussels Regime is a set of rules regulating which courts have jurisdiction in legal disputes of a civil or commercial nature between individuals resident in different member states of the European Union (EU) and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA).
Certiorari, often abbreviated cert. in the United States, is a process for seeking judicial review and a writ issued by a court that agrees to review.
Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a sovereign state or belonging to a nation.
In law, codification is the process of collecting and restating the law of a jurisdiction in certain areas, usually by subject, forming a legal code, i.e. a codex (book) of law.
Everyday language, everyday speech, common parlance, informal language, colloquial language, general parlance, or vernacular (but this has other meanings too), is the most used variety of a language, which is usually employed in conversation or other communication in informal situations.
Common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is that body of law derived from judicial decisions of courts and similar tribunals.
Conflict of laws concerns relations across different legal jurisdictions between natural persons, companies, corporations and other legal entities, their legal obligations and the appropriate forum and procedure for resolving disputes between them.
Constitutional law is a body of law which defines the role, powers, and structure of different entities within a state, namely, the executive, the parliament or legislature, and the judiciary; as well as the basic rights of citizens and, in federal countries such as the United States and Canada, the relationship between the central government and state, provincial, or territorial governments.
A contingent fee or contingency fee (in the United States) or conditional fee (in England and Wales) is any fee for services provided where the fee is payable only if there is a favourable result.
Cornwall (Kernow) is a county in South West England in the United Kingdom.
A corporation is a company or group of people or an organisation authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law.
A country is a region that is identified as a distinct national entity in political geography.
In England, a county palatine or palatinate was an area ruled by a hereditary nobleman enjoying special authority and autonomy from the rest of a kingdom or empire.
The court leet was a historical court baron (a manorial court) of England and Wales and Ireland that exercised the "view of frankpledge" and its attendant police jurisdiction, which was normally restricted to the hundred courts.
A Court of Piepowders was a special tribunal in England organized by a borough on the occasion of a fair or market.
The Courts Act 1971 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (c 23) the purpose of which was to reform and modernise the courts system of England and Wales.
In law and government, de jure (lit) describes practices that are legally recognised, whether or not the practices exist in reality.
In European Union law, direct effect is the principle that Union law may, if appropriately framed, confer rights on individuals which the courts of member states of the European Union are bound to recognise and enforce.
Discretionary jurisdiction is a circumstance where a court has the power to decide whether to hear a particular case brought before it.
In the law of the United States, diversity jurisdiction is a form of subject-matter jurisdiction in civil procedure in which a United States district court in the federal judiciary has the power to hear a civil case when the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000 and where the persons that are parties are "diverse" in citizenship or state of incorporation (for corporations being legal persons), which generally indicates that they differ in state and/or nationality.
Divorce, also known as dissolution of marriage, is the termination of a marriage or marital union, the canceling or reorganizing of the legal duties and responsibilities of marriage, thus dissolving the bonds of matrimony between a married couple under the rule of law of the particular country or state.
In law, domicile is the status or attribution of being a lawful permanent resident in a particular jurisdiction.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.
An enabling act is a piece of legislation by which a legislative body grants an entity which depends on it (for authorization or legitimacy) the power to take certain actions.
In law, the enforcement of foreign judgments is the recognition and enforcement in one jurisdiction of judgments rendered in another ("foreign") jurisdiction.
The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) (formally the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms) is an international treaty to protect human rights and political freedoms in Europe.
The European Court of Justice (ECJ), officially just the Court of Justice (Cour de Justice), is the supreme court of the European Union in matters of European Union law.
The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states.
The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) is a regional trade organization and free trade area consisting of four European states: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
In Anglo-Saxon law, an exclusive right, or exclusivity, is a de facto, non-tangible prerogative existing in law (that is, the power or, in a wider sense, right) to perform an action or acquire a benefit and to permit or deny others the right to perform the same action or to acquire the same benefit.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.
The federal judiciary of the United States is one of the three co-equal branches of the federal government of the United States organized under the United States Constitution and laws of the federal government.
Federal jurisdiction refers to the legal scope of the government's powers in the United States of America.
In United States law, federal question jurisdiction is the subject-matter jurisdiction of United States federal courts to hear a civil case because the plaintiff has alleged a violation of the United States Constitution, federal law, or a treaty to which the United States is a party.
A federated state (which may also be referred to by various terms such as a state, a province, a canton, a land) is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federation.
A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing provinces, states, or other regions under a central (federal) government.
The term felony, in some common law countries, is defined as a serious crime.
Forum non conveniens (Latin for "forum not agreeing") (FNC) is a (mostly) common law legal doctrine whereby courts may refuse to take jurisdiction over matters where there is a more appropriate forum available to the parties.
Forum shopping is a colloquial term for the practice of litigants having their legal case heard in the court thought most likely to provide a favorable judgment.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
Guantanamo Bay Naval Base (Base Naval de la Bahía de Guantánamo), officially known as Naval Station Guantanamo Bay or NSGB (also called GTMO because of the abbreviation of Guantanamo or Gitmo because of the common pronunciation of this word by the U.S. military), is a United States military base located on 120 square kilometres (45 sq mi) of land and water at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, which the U.S. leased for use as a coaling station and naval base in 1903 for $2,000 in gold per year until 1934, when the payment was set to match the value in gold in dollars; in 1974, the yearly lease was set to $4,085.
A guild is an association of artisans or merchants who oversee the practice of their craft/trade in a particular area.
The Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH) is an intergovernmental organisation in the area of private international law, that develops administers several international conventions, protocols and soft law instruments.
In music, harmonization is the chordal accompaniment to a line or melody: "Using chords and melodies together, making harmony by stacking scale tones as triads".
In law, a hereditament (from Latin hereditare, to inherit, from heres, heir) is any kind of property that can be inherited.
Immunity from prosecution is a doctrine of international law that allows an accused to avoid prosecution for criminal offences.
In rem jurisdiction ("power about or against 'the thing) is a legal term describing the power a court may exercise over property (either real or personal) or a "status" against a person over whom the court does not have in personam jurisdiction.
The International Court of Justice (abbreviated ICJ; commonly referred to as the World Court) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN).
The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) is a multilateral treaty adopted by the United Nations General Assembly with resolution 2200A (XXI) on 16 December 1966, and in force from 23 March 1976 in accordance with Article 49 of the covenant.
The International Criminal Court (ICC or ICCt) is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal that sits in The Hague in the Netherlands.
The International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991, more commonly referred to as the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), was a body of the United Nations established to prosecute serious crimes committed during the Yugoslav Wars, and to try their perpetrators.
International law is the set of rules generally regarded and accepted as binding in relations between states and between nations.
An international organization is an organization with an international membership, scope, or presence.
International trade law includes the appropriate rules and customs for handling trade between countries.
In law, a judgment is a decision of a court regarding the rights and liabilities of parties in a legal action or proceeding.
A jurisdiction is an area with a set of laws under the control of a system of courts or government entity which are different from neighbouring areas.
Labor unions in the United States are organizations that represent workers in many industries recognized under US labor law.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
A law enforcement agency (LEA), in North American English, is a government agency responsible for the enforcement of the laws.
A lawsuit (or suit in law) is "a vernacular term for a suit, action, or cause instituted or depending between two private persons in the courts of law." A lawsuit is any proceeding by a party or parties against another in a court of law.
Lawsuits against God have occurred in real life and in fiction.
A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, counsel, counselor, counsellor, counselor at law, or solicitor, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary.
Legislation (or "statutory law") is law which has been promulgated (or "enacted") by a legislature or other governing body or the process of making it.
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.
The states of Mexico are first-level administrative territorial entities of the country of Mexico, which officially is named United Mexican States.
Following is a list of current and former courthouses of the United States federal court system located in Utah.
The manorial courts were the lowest courts of law in England during the feudal period.
Mediation is a dynamic, structured, interactive process where a neutral third party assists disputing parties in resolving conflict through the use of specialized communication and negotiation techniques.
A member state is a state that is a member of an international organization or of a federation or confederation.
A misdemeanor (American English, spelled misdemeanour in British English) is any "lesser" criminal act in some common law legal systems.
In Missouri v. Holland,, the United States Supreme Court held that protection of a State's quasi-sovereign right to regulate the taking of game is a sufficient jurisdictional basis, apart from any pecuniary interest, for a State to enjoin enforcement of an unconstitutional federal regulation, but that the federal government's implementation of the treaty at issue was constitutional, trumping state concerns about enumerated powers or abrogation of states' rights arising under the Tenth Amendment.
A nation is a stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, economic life, ethnicity or psychological make-up manifested in a common culture.
Nationalism is a political, social, and economic system characterized by the promotion of the interests of a particular nation, especially with the aim of gaining and maintaining sovereignty (self-governance) over the homeland.
The Necessary and Proper Clause, also known as the elastic clause, is a clause in Article I, Section 8 of the United States Constitution that is as follows.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Orem is a city in Utah County, Utah, United States, in the northern part of the state.
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed to appellate jurisdiction, when a higher court has the power to review a lower court's decision.
Parliamentary sovereignty (also called parliamentary supremacy or legislative supremacy) is a concept in the constitutional law of some parliamentary democracies.
A plaintiff (Π in legal shorthand) is the party who initiates a lawsuit (also known as an action) before a court.
In United States constitutional law, police power is the capacity of the states to regulate behavior and enforce order within their territory for the betterment of the health, safety, morals, and general welfare of their inhabitants.
Private jurisdiction is the right of an individual or a legal entity to establish courts of law.
Probate is the judicial process whereby a will is "proved" in a court of law and accepted as a valid public document that is the true last testament of the deceased, or whereby the estate is settled according to the laws of intestacy in the state of residence of the deceased at time of death in the absence of a legal will.
A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state.
Provo is the third-largest city in Utah, United States.
In private international law, the public policy doctrine or ordre public (lit. Fr. "public order") concerns the body of principles that underpin the operation of legal systems in each state.
Rasul v. Bush,, was a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court in which the Court held that foreign nationals held in the Guantanamo Bay detention camp could petition federal courts for writs of habeas corpus to review the legality of their detention.
Realpolitik (from real; "realistic", "practical", or "actual"; and Politik; "politics") is politics or diplomacy based primarily on considerations of given circumstances and factors, rather than explicit ideological notions or moral and ethical premises.
A royal charter is a formal document issued by a monarch as letters patent, granting a right or power to an individual or a body corporate.
Salt Lake City (often shortened to Salt Lake and abbreviated as SLC) is the capital and the most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Utah.
Small-claims courts have limited jurisdiction to hear civil cases between private litigants.
A society is a group of individuals involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same geographical or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations.
Sovereignty is the full right and power of a governing body over itself, without any interference from outside sources or bodies.
The stannary law (derived from the stannum for tin) is the body of English law that governs tin mining in Devon and Cornwall; although no longer of much practical relevance, the stannary law remains part of the law of the United Kingdom and is arguably the oldest law incorporated into the English legal system.
The doctrine and rules of state immunity concern the protection which a state is given from being sued in the courts of other states.
In the United States, a state supreme court (known by other names in some states) is the ultimate judicial tribunal in the court system of a particular state (i.e., that state's court of last resort).
Australia (officially known as the Commonwealth of Australia) is a federation of six states, together with ten federal territories.
India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.
The Federative Republic of Brazil is a union of 27 Federative Units (Unidades Federativas, UF): 26 states (estados) and one federal district (distrito federal), where the federal capital, Brasília, is located.
A statute is a formal written enactment of a legislative authority that governs a city, state, or country.
Subject-matter jurisdiction is the authority of a court to hear cases of a particular type or cases relating to a specific subject matter.
A supranational union is a type of multinational political union where negotiated power is delegated to an authority by governments of member states.
The Supremacy Clause of the United States Constitution (Article VI, Clause 2) establishes that the Constitution, federal laws made pursuant to it, and treaties made under its authority, constitute the supreme law of the land.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
The Baltimore Sun is the largest general-circulation daily newspaper based in the American state of Maryland and provides coverage of local and regional news, events, issues, people, and industries.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The Thirteen Colonies were a group of British colonies on the east coast of North America founded in the 17th and 18th centuries that declared independence in 1776 and formed the United States of America.
A treaty is an agreement under international law entered into by actors in international law, namely sovereign states and international organizations.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
The Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act (UCCJEA) is a Uniform Act drafted by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws in 1997.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.
The United States courts of appeals or circuit courts are the intermediate appellate courts of the United States federal court system.
The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system.
The United States District Court for the District of Utah (in case citations, D. Utah) is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is the state of Utah.
Universal jurisdiction allows states or international organizations to claim criminal jurisdiction over an accused person regardless of where the alleged crime was committed, and regardless of the accused's nationality, country of residence, or any other relation with the prosecuting entity.
A university (universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.
Utah is a state in the western United States.
Belgium's War Crimes Law invokes the concept of universal jurisdiction to allow anyone to bring war crime charges in Belgian courts, regardless of where the alleged crimes have taken place.
The Welsh Marches (Y Mers) is an imprecisely defined area along and around the border between England and Wales in the United Kingdom.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade.