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Just-world hypothesis

Index Just-world hypothesis

The just-world hypothesis or just-world fallacy is the cognitive bias (or assumption) that a person's actions are inherently inclined to bring morally fair and fitting consequences to that person, to the end of all noble actions being eventually rewarded and all evil actions eventually punished. [1]

71 relations: Attitude (psychology), Attribution (psychology), Balance (metaphysics), Belief, Best of all possible worlds, Bullying, Candide, Cognitive bias, Cognitive dissonance, Coping (psychology), Cosmos, Denial, Desert (philosophy), Destiny, Divine providence, Domestic violence, Empathy, English language, Ervin Staub, Exploitation of labour, Fallacy, Figure of speech, Fundamental attribution error, Gender, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Guilt (emotion), Hindsight bias, HIV/AIDS, Immanence, Justice, Life satisfaction, Locus of control, Mean world syndrome, Melvin J. Lerner, Mental health, Milgram experiment, Moral panic, Moral responsibility, Morality, Natural disasters as divine retribution, Positive illusions, Poverty, Problem of evil, Protestant work ethic, Psychological stress, Psychological trauma, Psychometrics, Psychopathy, Pyrrhonism, Race (human categorization), ..., Rape, Rationality, Rationalization (psychology), Religiosity, Right-wing authoritarianism, Self-serving bias, Sextus Empiricus, Social norm, Social psychology, Solitude, Stanley Milgram, Structural violence, System justification, Theodicy, University of Kansas, Victim blaming, Victimisation, Violence, Vulnerability, War, Zick Rubin. Expand index (21 more) »

Attitude (psychology)

In psychology, attitude is a psychological construct, a mental and emotional entity that inheres in, or characterizes a person.

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Attribution (psychology)

Humans are motivated to assign causes to their actions and behaviors.

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Balance (metaphysics)

In the metaphysical or conceptual sense, balance is used to mean a point between two opposite forces that is desirable over purely one state or the other, such as a balance between the metaphysical Law and Chaos — law by itself being overly controlling, chaos being overly unmanageable, balance being the point that minimizes the negatives of both.

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Belief is the state of mind in which a person thinks something to be the case with or without there being empirical evidence to prove that something is the case with factual certainty.

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Best of all possible worlds

The phrase "the best of all possible worlds" (le meilleur des mondes possibles; Die beste aller möglichen Welten) was coined by the German polymath Gottfried Leibniz in his 1710 work Essais de Théodicée sur la bonté de Dieu, la liberté de l'homme et l'origine du mal (Essays on the Goodness of God, the Freedom of Man and the Origin of Evil).

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Bullying is the use of force, threat, or coercion to abuse, intimidate or aggressively dominate others.

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Candide, ou l'Optimisme, is a French satire first published in 1759 by Voltaire, a philosopher of the Age of Enlightenment.

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Cognitive bias

A cognitive bias is a systematic pattern of deviation from norm or rationality in judgment.

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Cognitive dissonance

In the field of psychology, cognitive dissonance is the mental discomfort (psychological stress) experienced by a person who simultaneously holds two or more contradictory beliefs, ideas, or values.

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Coping (psychology)

Coping is the conscious effort to reduce stress.

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The cosmos is the universe.

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Denial, in ordinary English usage, is asserting that a statement or allegation is not true.

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Desert (philosophy)

Desert in philosophy is the condition of being deserving of something, whether good or bad.

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Destiny, sometimes referred to as fate (from Latin fatum – destiny), is a predetermined course of events.

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Divine providence

In theology, divine providence, or just providence, is God's intervention in the universe.

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Domestic violence

Domestic violence (also named domestic abuse or family violence) is violence or other abuse by one person against another in a domestic setting, such as in marriage or cohabitation.

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Empathy is the capacity to understand or feel what another person is experiencing from within their frame of reference, i.e., the capacity to place oneself in another's position.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Ervin Staub

Ervin Staub (born June 13, 1938) is a professor of psychology, emeritus, at the University of Massachusetts Amherst.

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Exploitation of labour

Exploitation of labour is the act of treating one's workers unfairly for one's own benefit.

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A fallacy is the use of invalid or otherwise faulty reasoning, or "wrong moves" in the construction of an argument.

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Figure of speech

A figure of speech or rhetorical figure is figurative language in the form of a single word or phrase.

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Fundamental attribution error

In social psychology, the fundamental attribution error (FAE), also known as the correspondence bias or attribution effect, is the claim that in contrast to interpretations of their own behavior, people place undue emphasis on internal characteristics of the agent (character or intention), rather than external factors, in explaining other people's behavior.

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Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between, masculinity and femininity.

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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz (or; Leibnitz; – 14 November 1716) was a German polymath and philosopher who occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy.

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Guilt (emotion)

Guilt is a cognitive or an emotional experience that occurs when a person believes or realizes—accurately or not—that he or she has compromised his or her own standards of conduct or has violated a universal moral standard and bears significant responsibility for that violation.

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Hindsight bias

Hindsight bias, also known as the knew-it-all-along effect or creeping determinism, is the inclination, after an event has occurred, to see the event as having been predictable, despite there having been little or no objective basis for predicting it.

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Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

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The doctrine or theory of immanence holds that the divine encompasses or is manifested in the material world.

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Justice is the legal or philosophical theory by which fairness is administered.

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Life satisfaction

Life satisfaction is the way in which people show their emotions and feelings (moods) and how they feel about their directions and options for the future.

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Locus of control

In personality psychology, locus of control is the degree to which people believe that they have control over the outcome of events in their lives, as opposed to external forces beyond their control.

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Mean world syndrome

Mean world syndrome is a term coined by George Gerbner to describe a phenomenon whereby violence-related content of mass media makes viewers believe that the world is more dangerous than it actually is.

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Melvin J. Lerner

Melvin J. Lerner, Professor of Social Psychology at the University of Waterloo between 1970 and 1994 and now a visiting scholar at Florida Atlantic University, has been called "a pioneer in the psychological study of justice.".

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Mental health

Mental health is a level of psychological well-being or an absence of mental illness.

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Milgram experiment

The Milgram experiment on obedience to authority figures was a series of social psychology experiments conducted by Yale University psychologist Stanley Milgram.

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Moral panic

A moral panic is a feeling of fear spread among a large number of people that some evil threatens the well-being of society.

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Moral responsibility

In philosophy, moral responsibility is the status of morally deserving praise, blame, reward, or punishment for an act or omission, in accordance with one's moral obligations.

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Morality (from) is the differentiation of intentions, decisions and actions between those that are distinguished as proper and those that are improper.

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Natural disasters as divine retribution

There is a controversial view that describes natural disasters as divine retribution.

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Positive illusions

Positive illusions are unrealistically favorable attitudes that people have towards themselves or to people that are close to them.

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Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.

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Problem of evil

The problem of evil refers to the question of how to reconcile the existence of evil with an omnibenevolent, omniscient, and omnipotent God (see theism).

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Protestant work ethic

The Protestant work ethic, the Calvinist work ethic or the Puritan work ethic is a concept in theology, sociology, economics and history which emphasizes that hard work, discipline and frugality are a result of a person's subscription to the values espoused by the Protestant faith, particularly Calvinism.

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Psychological stress

In psychology, stress is a feeling of strain and pressure.

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Psychological trauma

Psychological trauma is a type of damage to the mind that occurs as a result of a severely distressing event.

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Psychometrics is a field of study concerned with the theory and technique of psychological measurement.

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Psychopathy, sometimes considered synonymous with sociopathy, is traditionally defined as a personality disorder characterized by persistent antisocial behavior, impaired empathy and remorse, and bold, disinhibited, and egotistical traits.

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Pyrrhonism was a school of skepticism founded by Pyrrho in the fourth century BC.

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Race (human categorization)

A race is a grouping of humans based on shared physical or social qualities into categories generally viewed as distinct by society.

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Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration carried out against a person without that person's consent.

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Rationality is the quality or state of being rational – that is, being based on or agreeable to reason.

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Rationalization (psychology)

In psychology and logic, rationalization or rationalisation (also known as making excuses) is a defense mechanism in which controversial behaviors or feelings are justified and explained in a seemingly rational or logical manner to avoid the true explanation, and are made consciously tolerable—or even admirable and superior—by plausible means.

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Religiosity is difficult to define, but different scholars have seen this concept as broadly about religious orientations and involvement.

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Right-wing authoritarianism

Right-wing authoritarianism (RWA) is a personality and ideological variable studied in political, social and personality psychology.

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Self-serving bias

A self-serving bias is any cognitive or perceptual process that is distorted by the need to maintain and enhance self-esteem, or the tendency to perceive oneself in an overly favorable manner.

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Sextus Empiricus

Sextus Empiricus (Σέξτος Ἐμπειρικός; c. 160 – c. 210 CE, n.b., dates uncertain), was a physician and philosopher, who likely lived in Alexandria, Rome, or Athens.

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Social norm

From a sociological perspective, social norms are informal understandings that govern the behavior of members of a society.

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Social psychology

Social psychology is the study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others.

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Solitude is a state of seclusion or isolation, i.e., lack of contact with people.

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Stanley Milgram

Stanley Milgram (August 15, 1933 – December 20, 1984) was an American social psychologist, best known for his controversial experiment on obedience conducted in the 1960s during his professorship at Yale.

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Structural violence

Structural violence is a term commonly ascribed to Johan Galtung, which he introduced in the article "Violence, Peace, and Peace Research" (1969).

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System justification

System justification theory (SJT) is a theory within social psychology that system-justifying beliefs serve a psychologically palliative function.

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Theodicy, in its most common form, is an attempt to answer the question of why a good God permits the manifestation of evil, thus resolving the issue of the problem of evil.

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University of Kansas

The University of Kansas, also referred to as KU or Kansas, is a public research university in the U.S. state of Kansas.

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Victim blaming

Victim blaming occurs when the victim of a crime or any wrongful act is held entirely or partially at fault for the harm that befell them.

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Victimisation (or victimization) is the process of being victimised or becoming a victim.

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Violence is defined by the World Health Organization as "the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, which either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment, or deprivation," although the group acknowledges that the inclusion of "the use of power" in its definition expands on the conventional understanding of the word.

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Vulnerability refers to the inability (of a system or a unit) to withstand the effects of a hostile environment.

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War is a state of armed conflict between states, societies and informal groups, such as insurgents and militias.

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Zick Rubin

Isaac Michael "Zick" Rubin (born 1944) is an American social psychologist, lawyer, and author.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Just-world_hypothesis

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