280 relations: Aikido, Aimo Lahti, Aino Aalto, Air Force Academy, Finnish Air Force, Alpine skiing, Alpo Rusi, Alvar Aalto, Alvar Aalto Museum, American football, Architect, Arja Koriseva, Arto Sipinen, Association football, Asteroid, Athenis Finlandiae, Athens, Bandy, Bandyliiga, Banská Bystrica, Before the Dawn (band), Biathlon, Boxing, Brazilian jiu-jitsu, Canoe polo, Canoe slalom, Canoe sprint, Carl Bengts, Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Central Finland, Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment, Centre Party (Finland), Centrism, Charter, Cheerleading, Children's literature, China, Christian Democrats (Finland), City manager, Communist Party of Finland (1994), Continuation War, Copyright, Craft Museum of Finland, Cross-country skiing, Debrecen, Denmark, Deuteronomium (band), Diplomat, Disc golf, District, Eino Luukkanen, ..., Elias Lönnrot, Esbjerg Municipality, Eskilstuna Municipality, Estonia, Estonians, European Rally Championship, European route E63, European route E75, European Trophy, Eurotowns, FC Jyväskylä Blackbird, FC Vaajakoski, Fiesole, Finland, Finnish Air Force, Finnish Airforce Museum, Finnish Defence Forces, Finnish football league system, Finnish Government, Finnish Lakeland, Finnish language, Finns Party, Floorball, Freestyle skiing, Functionalism (architecture), Futsal, Germany, Ghost Brigade (band), Grand Duke of Finland, Green League, Grid plan, Gross domestic product, Hankasalmi, Harness racing, Harri Rovanperä, Helsingin Sanomat, Helsinki, Helsinki Airport, Henna Virkkunen, Henri Toivonen, High jump, Huhtasuo, HUMAK University of Applied Sciences, Hungary, Ice hockey, Iceland, Ilmari Hannikainen, ISS A/S, Italy, Jack Smack, Jalapa, Nueva Segovia, JAMK University of Applied Sciences, Jani Soininen, Japan, Jämsä, JJK Jyväskylä, Jonas Heiska, Judo, Julius Honka, JYP Jyväskylä, Jyväsjärvi, Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä Airport, Jyväskylä Arts Festival, Jyväskylä Central Station, Jyväskylä Sinfonia, Jyväskylä sub-region, Jyväskylän maalaiskunta, Jyväskylän Seudun Palloseura, Kakkonen, Kalevala, Kalle Rovanperä, Kanavuori, Kantakaupunki, Jyväskylä, Karate, Karelia, Karhumäki brothers, Kickboxing, Kolmonen, Korpilahti, Kunming, Kuokkala, Jyväskylä, Lahti, Lake Päijänne, Lars Eikind, Laukaa, Laura Voutilainen, Lauri Markkanen, Lauri Pihkala, Left Alliance (Finland), Leppävesi, List of lakes in Jyväskylä, Lost Society, Lumber, Markku Andersson, Martial arts, Matti Heikkinen, Matti Nykänen, Matti Vanhanen, Mauri Pekkarinen, Metso, Mikko Hirvonen, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment (Finland), Minna Canth, Minna Kauppi, Moventas, Mudanjiang, Muurame, Naisten Liiga, National Coalition Party, Neskaupstaður, Nicaragua, Nicholas I of Russia, Niiza, Saitama, Nordic combined, Nordic countries, Norway, November Uprising, Old Prussian language, Olli Määttä, Orienteering, Osku Torro, Otto Wille Kuusinen, P. J. Hannikainen, Palokka-Puuppola, Paper, Paper machine, Parliament of Finland, Päiviö Tommila, Pekka Kostiainen, Pesäpallo, Petäjävesi, Pieksämäki, Pirate Party (Finland), Plywood, Poland, Polish language, Politburo, Potsdam, Power station, Poznań, Primary sector of the economy, Prime Minister of Finland, Private Line (band), Pulp (paper), Raimo Summanen, Rally Finland, Rallying, Renewable energy, Rikos Records, Risto Jussilainen, Rugby union, Russia, Russians, S Group, Sami Vatanen, Samppa Lajunen, Säynätsalo, Säynätsalo Town Hall, Secondary sector of the economy, Seminaarinmäen mieslaulajat, Signals intelligence, Sinuhe Wallinheimo, Sirkka Polkunen, Sister city, Ski jumping, Slovakia, SM-liiga, Snowboarding, Social Democratic Party of Finland, Sofi Oksanen, Sonja Vectomov, Sonja Vectomov (sculptor), St. Olaf's Church, Jyväskylä, Stavanger, Stone Age, Suolahti, Superpesis, Swallow the Sun, Sweden, Swedish People's Party of Finland, Synergia-areena, Taekwondo, Tai chi, Taidō, Tajiks, Tampere, Tarmo Uusivirta, Tartu Parish, Taulumäki Church, Tauno Hannikainen, Taxaceae, Taxus, Tertiary sector of the economy, Teuvo Pakkala, Tikkakoski, Tikkakoski (company), Timo Parvela, Timo Rautiainen, Timo Rautiainen & Trio Niskalaukaus, Toivakka, Tommi Mäkinen, Toyota, Toyota Gazoo Racing WRT, Track and field, Turku, Tuscany, Twilight, Ultimate (sport), University of Jyväskylä, Urho Castrén, Uurainen, Vaajakoski, Vaajakoski-Jyskä, Vaasa, Väinö Voionmaa, Vehkalammen kenttä, Veikkausliiga, Viitasaari, VR (company), Wallu Valpio, Ward (electoral subdivision), Water polo, Wildwater canoeing, Wivi Lönn, World Rally Championship, Yaroslavl, Yrjö Väisälä, 1500 Jyväskylä, 1973 World Rally Championship. Expand index (230 more) » « Shrink index
is a modern Japanese martial art developed by Morihei Ueshiba as a synthesis of his martial studies, philosophy, and religious beliefs.
Aimo Johannes Lahti (April 28, 1896 – April 19, 1970)Kärävä, Simo (2002), Veteraanien perintö Ry.
Aino Maria Marsio-Aalto (born Aino Maria Mandelin; 25 January 1894 – 13 January 1949) was a Finnish architect and a pioneer of Scandinavian design.
The Air Force Academy (Ilmasotakoulu, abbr. IlmaSK; Luftkrigsskolan) is located at Tikkakoski in Jyväskylä, Finland.
Alpine skiing, or downhill skiing, is the pastime of sliding down snow-covered slopes on skis with fixed-heel bindings, unlike other types of skiing (cross-country, Telemark, or ski jumping) which use skis with free-heel bindings.
Alpo Rusi (born 17 August 1949, in Jyväskylä) served in the Foreign Ministry of Finland in several assignments (Hamburg, Copenhagen, New York, Bonn), and from 1994 to 1999 as foreign policy adviser to the President of Finland Martti Ahtisaari.
Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto (3 February 1898 – 11 May 1976) was a Finnish architect and designer.
The Alvar Aalto Museum is a Finnish museum operating in two cities, Jyväskylä and Helsinki, in two locations each.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
An architect is a person who plans, designs, and reviews the construction of buildings.
Arja Koriseva (21 April 1965) is a Finnish singer.
Arto Sipinen (20 March 1936 – 23 December 2017) was a Finnish architect.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Asteroids are minor planets, especially those of the inner Solar System.
Athenis Finlandiae is a yearly event arranged in the city of Jyväskylä and it is an excellent example of a different kind of a cultural event that combines history, art and entertainment.
Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
Bandy is a team winter sport played on ice, in which skaters use sticks to direct a ball into the opposing team's goal.
Bandyliiga (Finnish) or Bandyligan (Swedish; English: Bandy League) is the top level of bandy in Finland.
Banská Bystrica (also known by other alternative names) is a city in central Slovakia located on the Hron River in a long and wide valley encircled by the mountain chains of the Low Tatras, the Veľká Fatra, and the Kremnica Mountains.
Before the Dawn was a metal band from Finland, started in 1999 by Tuomas Saukkonen.
The biathlon is a winter sport that combines cross-country skiing and rifle shooting.
Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves, throw punches at each other for a predetermined set of time in a boxing ring.
Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ; jiu-jitsu brasileiro) is a martial art and combat sport system that focuses on grappling and especially ground fighting.
Canoe polo, also known as Kayak polo, is one of the competitive disciplines of kayaking, known simply as "polo" by its aficionados.
Canoe slalom (previously known as whitewater slalom) is a competitive sport with the aim to navigate a decked canoe or kayak through a course of hanging downstream or upstream gates on river rapids in the fastest time possible.
Canoe sprint is a sport in which athletes race canoes or kayaks on calm water.
Carl Johan Bengts (2 April 1876, Närpes – 10 October 1934, Jyväskylä) was a Finnish-Swedish painter in the Modernist style who specialized in rural themes.
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was de jure the highest body of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) between Party Congresses.
Central Finland (Keski-Suomi; Mellersta Finland) is a region (maakunta / landskap) in Finland.
The Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment (ELY Centres, elinkeino-, liikenne ja ympäristökeskus, ELY-keskus; Närings- trafik- och miljöcentralen, NTM-centralerna) are responsible for the regional implementation and development tasks of the central government in Finland.
The Centre Party of Finland (Suomen Keskusta, Kesk; Centern i Finland) is a centrist, liberal, and agrarian political party in Finland.
In politics, centrism—the centre (British English/Canadian English/Australian English) or the center (American English/Philippine English)—is a political outlook or specific position that involves acceptance or support of a balance of a degree of social equality and a degree of social hierarchy, while opposing political changes which would result in a significant shift of society either strongly to the left or the right.
A charter is the grant of authority or rights, stating that the granter formally recognizes the prerogative of the recipient to exercise the rights specified.
Cheerleading is an activity wherein the participants (referred to as "cheerleaders") cheer for their team as a form of encouragement.
Children's literature or juvenile literature includes stories, books, magazines, and poems that are enjoyed by children.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The Christian Democrats (Kristillisdemokraatit, KD; Kristdemokraterna) is a Christian democratic political party in Finland.
A city manager is an official appointed as the administrative manager of a city, in a council–manager form of city government.
Communist Party of Finland (Suomen Kommunistinen Puolue, SKP) is a political party in Finland.
The Continuation War was a conflict fought by Finland and Nazi Germany, as co-belligerents, against the Soviet Union (USSR) from 1941 to 1944, during World War II.
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
Craft Museum of Finland is a museum in Jyväskylä.
Cross-country skiing is a form of skiing where skiers rely on their own locomotion to move across snow-covered terrain, rather than using ski lifts or other forms of assistance.
Debrecen is Hungary's second largest city after Budapest.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Deuteronomium is a Christian death metal band formed in 1993, Jyväskylä, Finland, one of Finland's earliest and most influential groups in that genre.
A diplomat is a person appointed by a state to conduct diplomacy with one or more other states or international organizations.
Disc Golf (also called Frisbee Golf or sometimes Frolf) is a flying disc sport in which players throw a disc at a target; it is played using rules similar to golf.
A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government.
Eino Luukkanen (4 June 1909 – 9 April 1964) was a Finnish fighter ace in World War II.
Elias Lönnrot (9 April 1802 – 19 March 1884) was a Finnish physician, philologist and collector of traditional Finnish oral poetry.
Esbjerg Municipality is a municipality (Danish, kommune) in Region of Southern Denmark on the west coast of the Jutland peninsula in southwest Denmark.
Eskilstuna Municipality (Eskilstuna kommun) is a municipality in Södermanland County in southeast Sweden, between Lake Mälaren and Lake Hjälmaren.
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
Estonians (eestlased) are a Finnic ethnic group native to Estonia who speak the Estonian language.
The European Rally Championship (officially FIA European Rally Championship) is an automobile rally competition held annually on the European continent and organized by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA).
The European route E 63 is a European route that goes from Sodankylä, Finland to Turku, Finland.
European route E 75 is part of the International E-road network, which is a series of main roads in Europe.
European Trophy (previously named Nordic Trophy between 2006 and 2009) was an annually held ice hockey tournament, traditionally composed of teams from the higher-level ice hockey leagues in countries across Europe.
Eurotowns is a network of medium-sized European cities with a population between 50,000 and 250,000 inhabitants.
FC Jyväskylä Blackbird (abbreviated FCJ Blackbird or FC Blackbird or FCJ) is a football club from Jyväskylä in Finland.
FC Vaajakoski is an active sports club from Jyväskylä in Finland.
Fiesole is a town and comune of the Metropolitan City of Florence in the Italian region of Tuscany, on a scenic height above Florence, northeast of that city.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
The Finnish Air Force (FAF or FiAF) (Ilmavoimat ("Air Forces"), Flygvapnet) ("Air Arm") is one of the branches of the Finnish Defence Forces.
The Finnish Airforce Museum (Suomen Ilmavoimamuseo), formerly the Aviation Museum of Central Finland (Keski-Suomen ilmailumuseo), is an aviation museum located near Jyväskylä Airport in Tikkakoski, Jyväskylä, Finland.
The Finnish Defence Forces (Puolustusvoimat, Försvarsmakten) are responsible for the defence of Finland.
The Finnish football league system is a series of interconnected leagues for club football in Finland.
The Finnish government is the executive branch and cabinet of Finland, which directs the politics of Finland and is the main source of legislation proposed to the Parliament.
Finnish Lakeland or Finnish lake district (Järvi-Suomi, "Lake Finland", Insjöfinland) is the largest of the four landscape regions into which the geography of Finland is divided.
Finnish (or suomen kieli) is a Finnic language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland.
The Finns Party, previously known as the True Finns (Perussuomalaiset, PS, Sannfinländarna, Sannf.), is a populist and nationalist-oriented Finnish political party, founded in 1995 following the dissolution of the Finnish Rural Party.
Floorball is a type of floor hockey with five players and a goalkeeper in each team.
Freestyle skiing is a skiing discipline comprising aerials, moguls, cross, half-pipe and slopestyle as part of the Winter Olympics.
In architecture, functionalism is the principle that buildings should be designed based solely on the purpose and function of the building.
Futsal is a variant of association football played on a hard court, smaller than a football pitch, and mainly indoors.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Ghost Brigade is a six-piece melodic doom metal band from Finland, formed in 2005.
Grand Duke of Finland or the Grand Prince of Finland (Suomen suuriruhtinas, Storfurste av Finland), was from around 1580 to 1809 a title in use by most Swedish monarchs.
The Green League (VIHR, Vihreä liitto, Gröna förbundet), shortened to the Greens, is a green political party in Finland.
The grid plan, grid street plan, or gridiron plan is a type of city plan in which streets run at right angles to each other, forming a grid.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Hankasalmi is a municipality of Finland.
Harness racing is a form of horse racing in which the horses race at a specific gait (a trot or a pace).
Harri "Rovis" Rovanperä (Jyväskylä, 1966) is a Finnish rally driver who competed in the World Rally Championship from 1993 to 2006.
Helsingin Sanomat, abbreviated HS and colloquially known as Hesari, is the largest subscription newspaper in Finland and the Nordic countries, owned by Sanoma.
Helsinki (or;; Helsingfors) is the capital city and most populous municipality of Finland.
Helsinki Airport (Helsinki-Vantaan lentoasema, Helsingfors-Vanda flygplats) is the main international airport of the city of Helsinki, its surrounding metropolitan area, and the Uusimaa region.
Henna Maria Virkkunen (born 4 June 1972) is a Finnish politician and Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from Finland.
Henri Pauli Toivonen (25 August 1956 – 2 May 1986) was a Finnish rally driver born in Jyväskylä, the home of Rally Finland.
The high jump is a track and field event in which competitors must jump unaided over a horizontal bar placed at measured heights without dislodging it.
Huhtasuo is one of the districts of Jyväskylä, Finland.
Humak University of Applied Sciences (Humanistinen ammattikorkeakoulu, i.e. "Humanist"; HUMAK) is a university of applied sciences (a polytechnic) in Finland.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of and an area of, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.
Toivo Ilmari Hannikainen (19 October 1892 in Jyväskylä – 25 July 1955 in Kuhmoinen) was a Finnish composer.
ISS A/S (Integrated Service Solutions) is a Facility Services company founded in Copenhagen, Denmark in 1901.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Jack Smack (born August 8 in Jyväskylä) is Finnish rock musician.
Jalapa is a municipality in the Nueva Segovia Department of Nicaragua.
JAMK University of Applied Sciences (Jyväskylän ammattikorkeakoulu) is a university of applied sciences (a polytechnic) in Finland, in the region of Central Finland.
Jani Markus Soininen (born 12 November 1972) is a Finnish former ski jumper.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Jämsä is a town and municipality of Finland.
JJK Jyväskylä (JJK) is a Finnish football club, based in Jyväskylä.
Jonas Heiska (13 October 1873, Jyväskylän maalaiskunta – 3 March 1937, Jyväskylä) was a Finnish Impressionist painter and graphic artist.
was created as a physical, mental and moral pedagogy in Japan, in 1882, by Jigoro Kano (嘉納治五郎).
Julius Honka (born 3 December 1995) is a Finnish ice hockey defenceman.
JYP is an ice hockey team playing in the Finnish top division Liiga.
Lake Jyväsjärvi is a lake situated in the centre of Jyväskylä in Finland.
Jyväskylä is a city and municipality in Finland and in the western part of the Finnish Lakeland.
Jyväskylä Airport (Jyväskylän lentoasema) is an airport in Jyväskylä, Finland.
Jyväskylä Arts Festival (Finnish: Jyväskylän Kesä) is an arts festival celebrated annually at Jyväskylä, Finland since 1956.
Jyväskylä Central Station, also known as Jyväskylä Travel Center (Finnish: Jyväskylän matkakeskus) is a transportation hub located in the city of Jyväskylä, Finland.
Jyväskylä Sinfonia is an orchestra in Finland.
Jyväskylä sub-region is a subdivision of Central Finland and one of the Sub-regions of Finland since 2009.
Jyväskylän maalaiskunta (Jyväskylä landskommun), 'The Rural Municipality of Jyväskylä' is a former municipality of Finland.
Jyväskylän Seudun Palloseura (abbreviated JPS) is a sports club from Jyväskylä, Finland.
Kakkonen or II divisioona is the third level in the league system of Finnish football and comprises 36 Finnish football teams.
The Kalevala (Finnish Kalevala) is a 19th-century work of epic poetry compiled by Elias Lönnrot from Karelian and Finnish oral folklore and mythology.
Kalle Rovanperä (born October 1, 2000) is a Finnish rally driver.
Kanavuori is a district, a hill and a nature reserve in Jyväskylä, Finland.
Kantakaupunki is a ward of Jyväskylä, Finland.
(Okinawan pronunciation) is a martial art developed in the Ryukyu Kingdom.
Karelia (Karelian, Finnish and Estonian: Karjala; Карелия, Kareliya; Karelen), the land of the Karelian peoples, is an area in Northern Europe of historical significance for Finland, Russia, and Sweden.
Niilo and Valto Karhumäki, also known as the Karhumäki brothers (Veljekset Karhumäki), were Finnish aviation pioneers, aircraft manufacturers and airline founders.
Kickboxing is a group of stand-up combat sports based on kicking and punching, historically developed from karate mixed with boxing.
Kolmonen or III divisioona is the fourth level in the league system of Finnish football and comprises 104 Finnish football teams.
Korpilahti is a former municipality of Finland.
Kunming is the capital and largest city of Yunnan province in southwest China.
Kuokkala is a ward of Jyväskylä, Finland.
Lahti (Lahtis) is a city and municipality in Finland.
Lake Päijänne is the second largest lake in Finland.
Lars Eikind, also known as Lars Eric Si, has been a part of the Scandinavian rock/metal scene for many years both as musician and producer.
Laukaa (Laukas) is a municipality of Finland.
Sanna Laura Voutilainen (born 17 May 1975 in Jyväskylä) is a Finnish pop singer.
Lauri Elias Markkanen (born May 22, 1997) is a Finnish basketball player for the Chicago Bulls of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Lauri "Tahko" Pihkala (born Gummerus, 5 January 1888 – 20 May 1981) was the inventor of pesäpallo, the Finnish variant of baseball.
The Left Alliance (Vasemmistoliitto, Vänsterförbundet, vas.) is a left-wing political party in Finland.
Leppävesi is the 65th (63.59 km²) largest lake of Finland in municipalities Jyväskylä, Laukaa and Toivakka.
There are 328 lakes in Jyväskylä, Finland.
Lost Society is a Finnish four-piece thrash metal band formed in Jyväskylä, Finland in 2010.
Lumber (American English; used only in North America) or timber (used in the rest of the English speaking world) is a type of wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process of wood production.
Markku Andersson is the current city manager of the city of Jyväskylä, Finland.
Martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat practices, which are practiced for a number of reasons: as self-defense, military and law enforcement applications, mental and spiritual development; as well as entertainment and the preservation of a nation's intangible cultural heritage.
Matti Heikkinen (born 19 December 1983 in Kajaani) is a Finnish cross country skier and World Champion who has competed since 2002.
Matti Ensio Nykänen (born 17 July 1963) is a Finnish former ski jumper who competed from 1981 to 1991.
Matti Taneli Vanhanen (born 4 November 1955) is a Finnish politician who was Prime Minister of Finland from 2003 to 2010.
Reijo Mauri Matias Pekkarinen (born 6 October 1947, in Kinnula, Finland) is a Finnish politician.
Metso is a Finnish industrial machinery company focusing on providing technology and services for mining, aggregates, and oil and gas, recycling, pulp and paper and other process industries.
Mikko Hirvonen (born 31 July 1980) is a Finnish former rally driver, and a current Rally-Raid driver, who drove in the World Rally Championship.
The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment (TEM, työ- ja elinkeinoministeriö) is one of the ministries of the Finnish Government.
Minna Canth (IPA, born Ulrika Wilhelmina Johnsson, 19 March 1844 – 12 May 1897) was a Finnish writer and social activist.
Minna Kauppi (born 25 November 1982 in Asikkala) is a Finnish orienteer living in Lahti.
Moventas is a Finnish company manufacturing mechanical power transmission equipment and providing after sales service for the renewable energy industry.
Mudanjiang (Manchu: Mudan bira) is a prefecture-level city in southernmost Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China.
Muurame is a municipality of Finland, located south-west of Jyväskylä.
Naisten Liiga (Damligan, Women's League) is the premier division of women's football in Finland.
The National Coalition Party (NCP; Kansallinen Kokoomus; Kok.; Samlingspartiet; Saml.) is a centre-right political party in Finland considered to be liberal, and conservative, and liberal-conservative.
Neskaupstaður is a town located on the fjord Norðfjörður on the eastern side of Iceland.
Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the north, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Nicholas I (r; –) was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855.
is a city in Saitama Prefecture, Japan.
Nordic combined is a winter sport in which athletes compete in cross-country skiing and ski jumping.
The Nordic countries or the Nordics are a geographical and cultural region in Northern Europe and the North Atlantic, where they are most commonly known as Norden (literally "the North").
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
The November Uprising (1830–31), also known as the Polish–Russian War 1830–31 or the Cadet Revolution, was an armed rebellion in the heartland of partitioned Poland against the Russian Empire.
Old Prussian is an extinct Baltic language once spoken by the Old Prussians, the Baltic peoples of Prussia (not to be confused with the later and much larger German state of the same name)—after 1945 northeastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia and southernmost part of Lithuania.
Olli Määttä (born 22 August 1994) is a Finnish professional ice hockey defenceman currently playing for the Pittsburgh Penguins of the National Hockey League (NHL).
Orienteering is a group of sports that requires navigational skills using a map and compass to navigate from point to point in diverse and usually unfamiliar terrain whilst moving at speed.
Osku Torro (born 21 August 1979) is a Finnish high jumper.
Otto Wilhelm (Wille) Kuusinen (О́тто Вильге́льмович Ку́усинен, Otto Vilgelmovich Kuusinen) (4 October 1881 – 17 May 1964) was a Finnish and, later, Soviet politician, literary historian, and poet who, after the defeat of the Reds in the Finnish Civil War, fled to the Soviet Union, where he worked until his death.
Pekka Juhani "P.
Palokka-Puuppola is a ward of Jyväskylä, Finland.
Paper is a thin material produced by pressing together moist fibres of cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets.
A paper machine (or paper-making machine) is an industrial machine used in the Pulp and paper industry to create paper in large quantities at high speed.
The Parliament of Finland, is the unicameral supreme legislature of Finland, founded on 9 May 1906.
Juhani Päiviö Tommila (4 August 1931 in Jyväskylä), is a Finnish historian and professor at Helsinki University.
Pekka Olavi Kostiainen (born March 16, 1944 in Jyväskylä, Finland) is a Finnish composer and choral conductor.
Pesäpallo (boboll, both names literally meaning "nest ball", also referred to as "Finnish baseball") is a fast-moving bat-and-ball sport that is often referred to as the national sport of Finland and has some presence in other countries including Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, Australia, and Canada's northern Ontario (the latter two countries have significant Nordic populations).
Petäjävesi is a municipality of Finland.
Pieksämäki is a town and municipality of Finland.
The Pirate Party (Piraattipuolue, Piratpartiet) is a registered political party in Finland.
Plywood is a sheet material manufactured from thin layers or "plies" of wood veneer that are glued together with adjacent layers having their wood grain rotated up to 90 degrees to one another.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.
A politburo or political bureau is the executive committee for communist parties.
Potsdam is the capital and largest city of the German federal state of Brandenburg.
A power station, also referred to as a power plant or powerhouse and sometimes generating station or generating plant, is an industrial facility for the generation of electric power.
Poznań (Posen; known also by other historical names) is a city on the Warta River in west-central Poland, in the Greater Poland region.
An industry involved in the extraction and collection of natural resources, such as copper and timber, as well as by activities such as farming and fishing.
The Prime Minister of Finland (Suomen pääministeri) is the head of the Finnish Government.
Private Line are a hard rock band from Helsinki, Finland, formed during the mid-1990s (in Jyväskylä, a city in the center of Finland) and continuing today.
Pulp is a lignocellulosic fibrous material prepared by chemically or mechanically separating cellulose fibres from wood, fiber crops, waste paper, or rags.
Raimo Olavi Summanen (born March 2, 1962) is a former professional ice hockey forward and the current head coach of HIFK of the Finnish Elite League.
Rally Finland (formally known as the Neste Rally Finland and formerly known as the Neste Oil Rally Finland, 1000 Lakes Rally and Rally of the Thousand Lakes; Suomen ralli, Finska rallyt) is a rally competition held in Jyväskylä in the Finnish Lakeland in Central Finland.
Rally is a form of motorsport that takes place on public or private roads with modified production or specially built road-legal cars.
Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resources, which are naturally replenished on a human timescale, such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat.
Rikos Records is a small independent record label based in Jyväskylä, Finland.
Risto Kalevi Jussilainen (born 10 June 1975) is a Finnish former ski jumper.
Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Russians (русские, russkiye) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Eastern Europe. The majority of Russians inhabit the nation state of Russia, while notable minorities exist in other former Soviet states such as Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Ukraine and the Baltic states. A large Russian diaspora also exists all over the world, with notable numbers in the United States, Germany, Israel, and Canada. Russians are the most numerous ethnic group in Europe. The Russians share many cultural traits with their fellow East Slavic counterparts, specifically Belarusians and Ukrainians. They are predominantly Orthodox Christians by religion. The Russian language is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan, and also spoken as a secondary language in many former Soviet states.
The S Group (S-ryhmä, S-gruppen) is a Finnish retailing cooperative organisation with its head office in Helsinki.
Sami Vatanen (born 3 June 1991) is a Finnish professional ice hockey defenceman currently playing for the New Jersey Devils of the National Hockey League (NHL).
Samppa Lajunen (born 23 April 1979 in Turku) is a retired Finnish Nordic combined athlete who competed during the late 1990s and early 2000s.
Säynätsalo is a former municipality in Finland and a part of Jyväskylä.
The Säynätsalo Town Hall (Säynätsalon kunnantalo) is a multifunction building complex – town hall, shops, library and flats – designed by Finnish architect Alvar Aalto for the municipality of Säynätsalo (merged with the municipality of Jyväskylä in 1993) in Central Finland.
The secondary sector of the economy includes industries that produce a finished, usable product or are involved in construction.
Seminaarinmäen mieslaulajat (literally translated as "Men's Choir of Seminaarinmäki"), better known as Semmarit, is a male choir from Jyväskylä, Finland.
Signals intelligence (SIGINT) is intelligence-gathering by interception of signals, whether communications between people (communications intelligence—abbreviated to COMINT) or from electronic signals not directly used in communication (electronic intelligence—abbreviated to ELINT).
Mika Sinuhe Wallinheimo (born March 9, 1972 in Jyväskylä, Finland) is a Finnish former professional ice hockey goaltender.
Sirkka Tellervo "Telle" Polkunen (later Vilander, 6 November 1927 – 28 September 2014), was a Finnish cross-country skier who competed at the 1952 and 1956 Olympics.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Ski jumping is a winter sport in which competitors aim to achieve the longest jump after descending from a specially designed ramp on their skis.
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
The SM-liiga (marketed as just Liiga from 2013 on), colloquially called the Finnish Elite League in English, is the top professional ice hockey league in Finland.
Snowboarding is a recreational activity and Olympic and Paralympic sport that involves descending a snow-covered slope while standing on a snowboard attached to a rider's feet.
The Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP, Suomen sosialidemokraattinen puolue, Finlands socialdemokratiska parti), shortened to the Social Democrats, is a social-democratic political party in Finland.
Sofi Oksanen (born January 7, 1977) is a Finnish writer and playwright.
Sonja Vectomov (born 21 May 1979) is a Czech-Finnish electronic musician and composer who descends from a family rooted in the classical music world.
Sonja Vectomov (born June 8, 1957) is a Czech sculptor based in Jyväskylä, Finland, known for her bronze statues of Finnish cultural figures.
Stavanger is a city and municipality in Norway.
The Stone Age was a broad prehistoric period during which stone was widely used to make implements with an edge, a point, or a percussion surface.
Suolahti is a former town and municipality of Finland.
The Superpesis, known as SM-sarja from 1955 to 1989, is the top professional pesäpallo league in Finland.
Swallow the Sun is a Finnish extreme metal band.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
The Swedish People's Party of Finland (Svenska folkpartiet i Finland (SFP); Suomen ruotsalainen kansanpuolue (RKP)) is a liberal-centrist political party in Finland aiming to represent the interests of the minority Swedish-speaking population of Finland.
Synergia-areena is an arena in Jyväskylä, Finland.
Taekwondo (from Korean 태권도, 跆拳道) is a Korean martial art, characterised by its emphasis on head-height kicks, jumping and spinning kicks, and fast kicking techniques.
Tai chi (taiji), short for T'ai chi ch'üan, or Taijiquan (pinyin: tàijíquán; 太极拳), is an internal Chinese martial art practiced for both its defense training and its health benefits.
Taidō (taidō/taido/taidou/taidoh 躰道) is a Japanese martial art created in 1965 by Seiken Shukumine (1925–2001).
Tajik (تاجيک: Tājīk, Тоҷик) is a general designation for a wide range of native Persian-speaking people of Iranian origin, with current traditional homelands in present-day Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Uzbekistan.
Tampere (Swedish: Tammerfors) is a city in Pirkanmaa, southern Finland.
Tarmo "Tare" Tapani Uusivirta (5 February 1957 – 13 December 1999) was a Finnish professional boxer who competed from 1982 to 1992, and challenged once for the European super-middleweight title in 1991.
Tartu Parish (Tartu vald) is a rural municipality in Tartu County, Estonia.
Taulumäki Church (Taulumäen kirkko) is the principal Lutheran church in Jyväskylä, the administrative centre of the Central Finland region.
Tauno Hannikainen (Tauno Heikki Hannikainen February 26, 1896 – October 12, 1968) was a Finnish cellist and conductor.
Taxaceae, commonly called the yew family, is a coniferous family which includes seven genera and about 30 species of plants, or in older interpretations three genera and 7 to 12 species.
Taxus is a small genus of coniferous trees or shrubs in the yew family Taxaceae.
The tertiary sector or service sector is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory.
Teuvo Pakkala (originally Teodor Oskar Frosterus, 9 April 186217 May 1925) was a Finnish author, playwright, reporter, linguist and teacher.
Tikkakoski is a northernmost residential area of Jyväskylä, Finland, about north of the city centre.
Oy Tikkakoski Ab was a Finnish company producing firearms and different consumer durables, most notably sewing machines.
Timo Parvela (born 19 May 1964 in Jyväskylä) is a Finnish author of juvenile fiction.
Timo Aulis Rautiainen (born 25 January 1963, in Sulkava, Finland) is a Finnish heavy metal singer, guitarist and songwriter.
Timo Rautiainen ja Trio Niskalaukaus (fin. "Timo Rautiainen and Trio Neckshot") is a heavy metal band from Finland, formed in 1997.
Toivakka is a municipality of Finland.
Tommi Antero Mäkinen (born 26 June 1964) is a Finnish racing executive and former driver.
, usually shortened to Toyota, is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan.
Toyota Gazoo Racing WRT is a World Rally Championship (WRC) team based in Finland that serves as Toyota's official factory team.
Track and field is a sport which includes athletic contests established on the skills of running, jumping, and throwing.
Turku (Åbo) is a city on the southwest coast of Finland at the mouth of the Aura River, in the region of Southwest Finland.
Tuscany (Toscana) is a region in central Italy with an area of about and a population of about 3.8 million inhabitants (2013).
Twilight on Earth is the illumination of the lower atmosphere when the Sun itself is not directly visible because it is below the horizon.
Ultimate, originally known as Ultimate frisbee, is a non-contact team sport played with a flying disc (frisbee).
The University of Jyväskylä (Jyväskylän yliopisto) is a university in Jyväskylä, Finland.
Urho Jonas Castrén (30 December 1886 in Jyväskylä – 8 March 1965 in Helsinki) was a judge, serving for 27 years as the President of the Supreme Administrative Court of Finland.
Uurainen (Urais) is a municipality of Finland.
Vaajakoski is a district of Jyväskylä, Finland and the centre of Vaajakoski-Jyskä ward.
Vaajakoski-Jyskä is a ward of Jyväskylä, Finland.
Vaasa (Vasa) is a city on the west coast of Finland.
Kaarle Väinö Voionmaa (to 1906 Wallin) (12 February 1869 in Jyväskylä – 24 May 1947 in Helsinki) was a Finnish professor, diplomat, member of the parliament of Finland, senator, minister and chancellor.
Vehkalammen kenttä is a sports ground in Jyväskylä in Finland, the home ground of bandy club Jyväskylän Seudun Palloseura.
Veikkausliiga (Tipsligan) is the premier division of Finnish football, comprising the top 12 clubs of the country.
Viitasaari is a town and municipality of Finland.
VR (formally VR Group) is a government-owned railway company in Finland.
Jani Petteri "Wallu" Valpio (born 7 September 1973 in Jyväskylä) is a Finnish media personality.
A ward is a local authority area, typically used for electoral purposes.
Water polo is a competitive team sport played in the water between two teams.
Wildwater canoeing is a competitive discipline of canoeing in which kayaks or canoes are used to negotiate a stretch of river speedily.
Wivi Lönn (20 May 1872 – 27 December 1966) born as Olivia Mathilda Lönn was a Finnish architect.
The World Rally Championship (WRC) is a rallying series organised by the FIA, culminating with a champion driver and manufacturer.
Yaroslavl (p) is a city and the administrative center of Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, located northeast of Moscow.
Yrjö Väisälä (6 September 1891 in Utra, Kontiolahti, Grand Duchy of Finland – 21 July 1971 in Rymättylä, Finland) was a Finnish astronomer and physicist.
1500 Jyväskylä, provisional designation, is a stony Florian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 7 kilometers in diameter.
The 1973 World Rally Championship was the inaugural season for the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) World Rally Championship (WRC) format.