218 relations: Achyuta Deva Raya, Adi Shankara, Aditya I, Akalanka, All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, Alvars, Andhra Pradesh, Anglo-Mysore Wars, Aparajitavarman, Appar, Aravidu dynasty, Archaeological Survey of India, Arcot State, Aryadeva, Ashtabujakaram, Aurangzeb, Automated teller machine, Badami, Bahmani Sultanate, Bangalore, Battle of Pollilur (1780), Battle of Talikota, Battle of Vatapi, Bay of Bengal, Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited, Bodhidharma, Brahma, Brahmin, British Raj, Buddhaghoṣa, Buddhism, C. N. Annadurai, Canara Bank, Cantonment, Carnatic Wars, Chalukya dynasty, Chengalpattu (Lok Sabha constituency), Chennai, Chennai International Airport, Chennai South (Lok Sabha constituency), Chingleput District (Madras Presidency), Chola dynasty, Chola expedition to North India, Christian, Christianity, Coimbatore, Deemed university, Delimitation Commission of India, Demographics of Myanmar, Dena Bank, ..., Deva Raya II, Dhammapala, Dignāga, Divya Desam, Dravida Kingdom, Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, Dravidian parties, Early Cholas, Earthquake zones of India, East India Company, Ekambareswarar Temple, French East India Company, Gajapati Kingdom, Garuda Purana, Geographical indication, Harihara II, Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana, Hindu, Hinduism, History of the Republic of India, Hyder Ali, ICICI Bank, Iconoclasm, India Meteorological Department, Indian Bank, Indian general election, 1951 (Madras), Indian Standard Time, Iravatanesvara Temple, Kanchipuram, Irreligion, Islam, Jainism, Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan I, K. Maragatham, Kakatiya dynasty, Kalabhra dynasty, Kalady, Kamakshi Amman Temple, Kancheepuram (Lok Sabha constituency), Kancheepuram (state assembly constituency), Kancheepuram Silk, Kanchi Kailasanathar Temple, Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham, Kanchipuram district, Kanchipuram railway station, Karchapeswarar Temple, Kartikeya, Kaveri, Kālidāsa, Kingdom of Mysore, Kollam, Krishnadevaraya, Kulothunga Chola III, Kulottunga I, Kumara Kampana, Kumarakottam Temple, Kumbakonam, Kurkihar hoard, Larsen & Toubro, Later Cholas, List of districts in India, Lok Sabha, Madurai, Mahabharata, Mahendravarman I, Malik Kafur, Maravarman Sundara Pandyan, Maurya Empire, Medieval Cholas, Mon people, Mughal Empire, Murugan Temple, Saluvankuppam, Muslim, Myanmar, Nagarjuna, Nagercoil, Nalanda University, Nandivarman II, Narasimhavarman I, Narasimhavarman II, National Highway 4 (India), Nayanars, P. T. Srinivasa Iyengar, Pallava dynasty, Pancha Bhoota Stalam, Pandava Thoothar Perumal Temple, Paramesvaravarman II, Parvati, Patanjali, Pattali Makkal Katchi, Pavalavannam temple, Poigai Azhwar, Pondicherry, Poonamallee, Postal Index Number, Prataparudra, Pulakeshin II, Pullalur, Punjab National Bank, Raja Raja Chola I, Rajendra Chola I, Ramanuja, Region, Robert Clive, Sadasiva Brahmendra, Salem, Tamil Nadu, Saluva dynasty, Saluva Narasimha Deva Raya, Sambhaji, Sangama dynasty, Sanskrit, Sanskritisation, Sapta Puri, Sari, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, Shaivism, Shaolin Kung Fu, Shiva, Sikh, Sikhism, Somaskanda, Sri Vaishnavism, Sringeri Sharada Peetham, Sriranga Deva Raya, Sriranga III, State Bank of India, States and union territories of India, Tambaram, Tamil language, Tamil Nadu, Tamil Nadu Police, Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation, Telugu Cholas, Thai people, Theravada, Thiruttani, Tindivanam, Tirtha (Hinduism), Tiru Parameswara Vinnagaram, Tirupati, Tirusulam, Tiruththanka, Tiruvallur district, Tiruvannamalai, Tiruvelukkai, TNEB, Tondaimandalam, Trilokyanatha Temple, Tuluva dynasty, Ulagalantha Perumal Temple, Kanchipuram, University of Madras, Upanishad Brahmayogin, Upanishads, Vaishnavism, Varadharaja Perumal Temple, Kanchipuram, Varanasi, Vellore, Venad, Venkatapati Raya, Vijaya Bank, Vijayanagara Empire, Vikrama Chola, Viluppuram, Vira Narasimha II, Virupaksha Raya II, Vishnu, Xuanzang, Yathothkari Perumal Temple, 2011 Census of India. Expand index (168 more) » « Shrink index
Achyuta Deva Raya (1529–1542 CE) was a ruler of a Vijayanagara Empire of South India.
Adi Shankara (pronounced) or Shankara, was an early 8th century Indian philosopher and theologian who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta.
Aditya I (c. 870 – c. 907 CE), the son of Vijayalaya, was the Chola king who extended the Chola dominions by the conquest of the Pallavas and occupied the Western Ganga Kingdom.
Akalanka (Kannada: ಅಕಳಂಕ ದೇವ also Akalank Deva and Bhatta Akalank) was a famous Jain logician whose works are seen as landmarks in Indian logic.
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) (lit. All India Anna Dravidian Progress Federation) is an Indian political party in the state of Tamil Nadu and in the Union Territory of Puducherry.
The alvars, also spelt as alwars or azhwars (āḻvārkaḷ, Tamil: ஆழ்வார்கள் ‘those immersed in god’) were Tamil poet-saints of South India who espoused bhakti (devotion) to the Hindu Supreme god Vishnu or his avatar Krishna in their songs of longing, ecstasy and service.
Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India.
The Anglo–Mysore Wars were a series of wars fought in over the last three decades of the 18th century between the Kingdom of Mysore on the one hand, and the British East India Company (represented chiefly by the Madras Presidency), and Maratha Confederacy and the Nizam of Hyderabad on the other.
Aparajitavarman (fl. c. 880-897 CE) was a king of the Pallava dynasty.
Appar Tirunavukkarasar Nayanar (திருநாவுக்கரசர் "King of the Tongue, Lord of Language"), also known as Navakkarasar and Appar "Father", was a seventh-century Śaiva Tamil poet-saint, one of the most prominent of the sixty-three Nayanars.
The Aravidu Dynasty was the fourth and last Hindu dynasty which ruled Vijayanagara Empire in South India.
The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is a Government of India (Ministry of Culture) organisation responsible for archaeological research and the conservation and preservation of cultural monuments in the country.
Nawabs of the Carnatic (also referred to as the Nawabs of Arcot) ruled the Carnatic region of South India between about 1690 and 1801.
Āryadeva (fl. 3rd century CE), was a disciple of Nagarjuna and author of several important Mahayana Madhyamaka Buddhist texts.
Ashtabujakaram located in Kanchipuram in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu.
Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad (محي الدين محمد) (3 November 1618 – 3 March 1707), commonly known by the sobriquet Aurangzeb (اَورنگزیب), (اورنگزیب "Ornament of the Throne") or by his regnal title Alamgir (عالمگِیر), (عالمگير "Conqueror of the World"), was the sixth, and widely considered the last effective Mughal emperor.
An automated teller machine (ATM) is an electronic telecommunications device that enables customers of financial institutions to perform financial transactions, such as cash withdrawals, deposits, transfer funds, or obtaining account information, at any time and without the need for direct interaction with bank staff.
Badami, formerly known as Vatapi, is a town and headquarters of a taluk by the same name, in the Bagalkot district of Karnataka, India.
The Bahmani Sultanate (also called the Bahmanid Empire or Bahmani Kingdom) was a Muslim state of the Deccan in South India and one of the major medieval Indian kingdoms.
Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.
The Battle of Pollilur (a.k.a Pullalur), also known as the Battle of Polilore or Battle of Perambakam, took place on 10 September 1780 at Pollilur near Conjeevaram, the city of Kanchipuram in present-day Tamil Nadu state, India, as part of the Second Anglo-Mysore War.
The Battle of Talikota (23 January 1565) was a watershed battle fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Deccan sultanates.
The Battle of Vatapi was a decisive engagement which took place between the Pallavas and Chalukyas near the Chalukya capital of Vatapi (present day Badami) in 642.
The Bay of Bengal (Bengali: বঙ্গোপসাগর) is the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean, bounded on the west and north by India and Bangladesh, and on the east by Myanmar and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India).
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (abbreviated BSNL) is an Indian state-owned telecommunications company headquartered in New Delhi.
Bodhidharma was a Buddhist monk who lived during the 5th or 6th century.
Brahma (Sanskrit: ब्रह्मा, IAST: Brahmā) is a creator god in Hinduism.
Brahmin (Sanskrit: ब्राह्मण) is a varna (class) in Hinduism specialising as priests, teachers (acharya) and protectors of sacred learning across generations.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
Buddhaghoṣa (พระพุทธโฆษาจารย์) was a 5th-century Indian Theravada Buddhist commentator and scholar.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Conjeevaram Natarajan Annadurai (15 September 1909 – 3 February 1969), popularly called Anna ("Elder brother") or Arignar Anna ("Anna, the scholar"), was an Indian politician who served as 1st Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu from 1967 and 5th, last Chief Minister of Madras until 1969 in the state of Tamil Nadu in South India.
Canara Bank is one of the largest public sector banks owned by the Government of India.
A cantonment is a military or police quarters.
The Carnatic Wars (also spelled Karnatic Wars) were a series of military conflicts in the middle of the 18th century in India.
The Chalukya dynasty was an Indian royal dynasty that ruled large parts of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th centuries.
Chengalpattu is a defunct Lok Sabha constituency in Tamil Nadu.
Chennai (formerly known as Madras or) is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Chennai International Airport is an international airport serving the city of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India and its metropolitan area.
The Lok Sabha constituency Chennai South is one of three constituencies in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
Chingleput district was a district in the Madras Presidency of British India.
The Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the history of southern India.
The Medieval Chola king Rajendra Chola I led an expedition to North India between 1019 and 1024.
A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Coimbatore (Tamil: கோயம்புத்தூர்), also known as Kovai, is a major city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Deemed university, or Deemed-to-be-University, is an accreditation awarded to higher educational institutions in India, conferring the status of a university.
The Delimitation commission or Boundary commission of India is a commission established by the Government of India under the provisions of the Delimitation Commission Act.
The following is an overview of the demographics of Myanmar (also known as Burma), including statistics such as population, ethnicity, language, education level and religious affiliation.
Dena Bank, headquartered in Mumbai and its total branch network stands at 1874.
Deva Raya II (r. 1425–1446 CE) was an emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire.
Dhammapāla was the name of two or more great Theravada Buddhist commentators.
Dignāga (a.k.a. Diṅnāga, c. 480 – c. 540 CE) was an Indian Buddhist scholar and one of the Buddhist founders of Indian logic (hetu vidyā).
A Divya Desam is one of the 108 Vishnu temples that are mentioned in the works of the Alvars (saints).
Dravida is mentioned as one of the kingdoms in the southern part of present-day mainland India during the time of the Mahabharata.
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), (Dravidian Progress Federation) is a state political party in the states of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh in India.
Dravidian parties (திராவிடக்கட்சிகள்) include an array of regional political parties in the state of Tamil Nadu, India, which trace their origins and ideologies either directly or indirectly to the Dravidian movement of Periyar E. V. Ramasamy.
The Cholas of the pre and post Sangam period (400 BCE – 200 CE) were one of the three main kingdoms of the ancient Tamil country.
The Indian subcontinent has a history of devastating earthquakes.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.
Ekambareswarar Temple (Ekambaranathar Temple) (Tamil: ஏகாம்பரேஸ்வரர் கோவில் அல்லது ஏகாம்பரநாதர் கோவில்) is a Hindu temple dedicated to the deity Shiva, located in the town of Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu, India.
The French East India Company (Compagnie française pour le commerce des Indes orientales) was a commercial enterprise, founded in 1664 to compete with the English (later British) and Dutch East India companies in the East Indies. Planned by Jean-Baptiste Colbert, it was chartered by King Louis XIV for the purpose of trading in the Eastern Hemisphere. It resulted from the fusion of three earlier companies, the 1660 Compagnie de Chine, the Compagnie d'Orient and Compagnie de Madagascar. The first Director General for the Company was François de la Faye, who was adjoined by two Directors belonging to the two most successful trading organizations at that time: François Caron, who had spent 30 years working for the Dutch East India Company, including more than 20 years in Japan, and Marcara Avanchintz, a trader from Isfahan, Persia.
The Gajapatis were a medieval Hindu dynasty from the Indian subcontinent, which originated in the region of Kalinga (most of present-day Odisha and Northern coastal Andhra) from 1434 to 1541 CE.
The Garuda Purana is one of eighteen Mahāpurāṇa genre of texts in Hinduism.
A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on products which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin (e.g. a town, region, or country).
Harihara II ಹರಿಹರ ೨ (1377–1404 CE) was an emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire from the Sangama Dynasty.
National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) was launched on 21 January 2015 with the aim of bringing together urban planning, economic growth and heritage conservation in an inclusive manner to preserve the heritage character of each Heritage City.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
The history of the Republic of India begins on 26 January 1950.
Hyder Ali Khan, Haidarālī (c. 1720 – 7 December 1782) was the Sultan and de facto ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore in southern India.
ICICI Bank (Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India) is an Indian multinational bank and financial services company headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, with its registered office in Vadodara.
IconoclasmLiterally, "image-breaking", from κλάω.
The India Meteorological Department (IMD), also referred to as the Met Department, is an agency of the Ministry of Earth Sciences of the Government of India.
Indian Bank is an Indian state-owned financial services company established in 1907 and headquartered in Chennai, India.
The Indian general election, 1951 was the first democratic national election held in India after Independence, and the polls in Tamil Nadu were held for 62 seats.
Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time observed throughout India, with a time offset of UTC+05:30.
The Iravatanesvara temple is located in the temple town of Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu, India.
Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.
Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan I, also known as Sadayavarman Sundara Pandyan, was king and of the Pandyan dynasty, ruling regions of Tamilakkam (present day South India between 1250–1268.Sethuraman, p124 He is remembered for his patronage of the arts and Dravidian architecture, along with refurbishment and decoration of many Kovils in the Tamil continent. He oversaw a massive economic growth of the Pandyan kingdom. On the eve of his death in 1268, the second Pandyan empire's power and territorial extent had risen to its zenith.
K Maragatham (ta:கே.மரகதம்) (b 1982) is an Indian politician and Member of Parliament elected from Tamil Nadu.
The Kakatiya dynasty was a South Indian dynasty whose capital was Orugallu, now known as Warangal.
The Kalabhra dynasty (களப்பிரர் Kalappirar) ruled over the entire ancient Tamil country between the 3rd and the 7th century in an era of South Indian history called the Kalabhra interregnum.
Kalady or Kaladi is a census town located in Angamaly east of the Periyar river, in the Ernakulam district of Kerala, India, not far from Cochin International Airport.
The Kamakshi Temple (Tamil:அருள்மிகு காமாட்சி அம்மன் திருகோயில்) is an ancient Hindu Temple dedicated to Kamakshi, the ultimate form of Goddess Lalitha Maha Tripurasundari.
Kancheepuram is a newly formed Lok Sabha (Parliament of India) constituency after the 2008 delimitation.
Kancheepuram is a state assembly constituency in Kancheepuram district, Tamil Nadu, India.
Kanchipuram Silk is a type of silk saree made in the Kanchipuram region in Tamil Nadu, India.
The kanchi Kailasanathar temple is the oldest structure in Kanchipuram.
Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham is a Hindu monastic institution, located in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu.
Kanchipuram district is a district one of the district in Chennai in the northeast of the state of Tamil Nadu in India.
Kanchipuram railway station serves as the principal railway station of the temple city of Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu.
Karchapeswarar Temple is a Hindu temple located in the town of Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu, India.
Kartikeya (IAST), also known as Murugan, Skanda, Kumara, and Subrahmanya, is the Hindu god of war.
Kaveri (anglicized as Cauvery), also referred as Ponni, is an Indian river flowing through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
Kālidāsa was a Classical Sanskrit writer, widely regarded as the greatest poet and dramatist in the Sanskrit language of India.
The Kingdom of Mysore was a kingdom in southern India, traditionally believed to have been founded in 1399 in the vicinity of the modern city of Mysore.
Kollam or Quilon (Coulão), formerly Desinganadu, is an old seaport and city on the Laccadive Sea coast of the Indian state of Kerala.
Krishnadevaraya (IAST) was an emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire who reigned from 1509–1529.
Kulothunga Chola III was the ruler of the Chola empire from 1178 to 1218 CE, after succeeding Rajadhiraja Chola II.
Kulottunga Chola (also spelt Kulothunga) was an 11th century monarch of the Chola Empire.
Kumara Kampana, also known as Kampana Udaiyar, was an army commander and the prince in the Vijayanagar Empire.
The Kumara kottam Temple is a Hindu temple in Kānchipuram, Tamil Nādu, India.
Kumbakonam, also spelt as Coombaconum or Combaconum in the records of British India, is a town and a special grade municipality in the Thanjavur district in the southeast Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Kurkihar hoard represents a rare set of 226 bronzes, mostly Buddhist, dating to between the 9th and 12th centuries CE, which were found in Kurkihar near Gaya in the Indian state of Bihar.
Larsen & Toubro Limited, commonly known as L&T, is the largest Indian multi-national firm headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
The Later Chola dynasty ruled the Chola Empire from 1070 C.E. until the demise of the empire in 1279 C. E. This dynasty was the product of decades of alliances based on marriages between the Cholas and the Eastern Chalukyas based in Vengi and produced some of the greatest Chola emperors such as Kulothunga Chola I (1070–1120 C. E.). The extent of the Chola Empire during this period stretched from the island of Lanka to Kalinga in the northeast.
A district (zilā) is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory.
The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house of India's bicameral Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha.
Madurai is one of the major cities in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Mahābhārata (महाभारतम्) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa.
Mahendravarma I (600–630 CE) was a Pallava king who ruled the Northern regions of what forms present-day Tamil Nadu in India in the early 7th century.
Malik Kafur (died 1316), also known as Taj al-Din Izz al-Dawla, was a prominent eunuch slave-general of the Delhi Sultanate ruler Alauddin Khalji.
Maravarman Sundara Pandyan I (முதலாம் மாறவர்மன் சுந்தர பாண்டியன்) was a Pandyan king, who ruled regions of South India between 1216–1238 CE.
The Maurya Empire was a geographically-extensive Iron Age historical power founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated ancient India between 322 BCE and 180 BCE.
Medieval Cholas rose to prominence during the middle of the 9th century CE and established one of the greatest empires in South India.
The Mon (မောန် or မည်; မွန်လူမျိုး,; មន, มอญ) are an ethnic group from Myanmar living mostly in Mon State, Bago Region, the Irrawaddy Delta and along the southern border of Thailand and Myanmar.
The Mughal Empire (گورکانیان, Gūrkāniyān)) or Mogul Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526. It was established and ruled by a Muslim dynasty with Turco-Mongol Chagatai roots from Central Asia, but with significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances; only the first two Mughal emperors were fully Central Asian, while successive emperors were of predominantly Rajput and Persian ancestry. The dynasty was Indo-Persian in culture, combining Persianate culture with local Indian cultural influences visible in its traits and customs. The Mughal Empire at its peak extended over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent and parts of Afghanistan. It was the second largest empire to have existed in the Indian subcontinent, spanning approximately four million square kilometres at its zenith, after only the Maurya Empire, which spanned approximately five million square kilometres. The Mughal Empire ushered in a period of proto-industrialization, and around the 17th century, Mughal India became the world's largest economic power, accounting for 24.4% of world GDP, and the world leader in manufacturing, producing 25% of global industrial output up until the 18th century. The Mughal Empire is considered "India's last golden age" and one of the three Islamic Gunpowder Empires (along with the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia). The beginning of the empire is conventionally dated to the victory by its founder Babur over Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). The Mughal emperors had roots in the Turco-Mongol Timurid dynasty of Central Asia, claiming direct descent from both Genghis Khan (founder of the Mongol Empire, through his son Chagatai Khan) and Timur (Turco-Mongol conqueror who founded the Timurid Empire). During the reign of Humayun, the successor of Babur, the empire was briefly interrupted by the Sur Empire. The "classic period" of the Mughal Empire started in 1556 with the ascension of Akbar the Great to the throne. Under the rule of Akbar and his son Jahangir, the region enjoyed economic progress as well as religious harmony, and the monarchs were interested in local religious and cultural traditions. Akbar was a successful warrior who also forged alliances with several Hindu Rajput kingdoms. Some Rajput kingdoms continued to pose a significant threat to the Mughal dominance of northwestern India, but most of them were subdued by Akbar. All Mughal emperors were Muslims; Akbar, however, propounded a syncretic religion in the latter part of his life called Dīn-i Ilāhī, as recorded in historical books like Ain-i-Akbari and Dabistān-i Mazāhib. The Mughal Empire did not try to intervene in the local societies during most of its existence, but rather balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices and diverse and inclusive ruling elites, leading to more systematic, centralised, and uniform rule. Traditional and newly coherent social groups in northern and western India, such as the Maratha Empire|Marathas, the Rajputs, the Pashtuns, the Hindu Jats and the Sikhs, gained military and governing ambitions during Mughal rule, which, through collaboration or adversity, gave them both recognition and military experience. The reign of Shah Jahan, the fifth emperor, between 1628 and 1658, was the zenith of Mughal architecture. He erected several large monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra, as well as the Moti Masjid, Agra, the Red Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Jama Masjid, Delhi, and the Lahore Fort. The Mughal Empire reached the zenith of its territorial expanse during the reign of Aurangzeb and also started its terminal decline in his reign due to Maratha military resurgence under Category:History of Bengal Category:History of West Bengal Category:History of Bangladesh Category:History of Kolkata Category:Empires and kingdoms of Afghanistan Category:Medieval India Category:Historical Turkic states Category:Mongol states Category:1526 establishments in the Mughal Empire Category:1857 disestablishments in the Mughal Empire Category:History of Pakistan.
The Murugan Temple at Saluvankuppam, Tamil Nadu, is a shrine dedicated to the Tamil deity Murugan.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
Nāgārjuna (c. 150 – c. 250 CE) is widely considered one of the most important Mahayana philosophers.
Nagercoil ("Temple of the Nāgas" Nagaraja Temple) is a town in the southernmost Indian state of Tamil Nadu and a municipality and administrative headquarters of Kanyakumari.
Nalanda University (also known as Nalanda International University) is located in Rajgir, near Nalanda, Bihar, India.
Nandivarman II (Pallavamalla) was a Pallava ruler who ruled in South India.
Narasimhavarman I (ுதலாம் நரசிம்மவர்மன்.) was a Tamil king of the Pallava dynasty who ruled South India from 630–668 AD.
Narasimhavarman II (r. 700 - 729 CE), popularly known as Rajasimha Pallava, was a ruler of the Pallava kingdom.
For the National Highway earlier numbered 4, refer to National Highway 48 (India). National Highway 4 or NH 4 is a national highway in India.
The Nayanars (alt.
Pillaipundagudi Thiruvengadattaiyangar Srinivasa Iyengar (1863–1931) was an Indian historian, linguist and educationist who wrote books on the history of South India.
The Pallava dynasty was a South Indian dynasty that existed from 275 CE to 897 CE, ruling a portion of southern India.
Pancha Bhoota Stalam refers to five temples dedicated to Shiva,Ramaswamy 2007, pp.
Pandavathoothar Perumal Temple or Thirupadagam (Tamil: பாண்டவதூதர் பெருமாள்) located in Kanchipuram in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu.
Paramesvaravarman II (died 732) was a Pallava king who ruled from 729 to 732.
Parvati (Sanskrit: पार्वती, IAST: Pārvatī) or Uma (IAST: Umā) is the Hindu goddess of fertility, love and devotion; as well as of divine strength and power.
(पतञ्जलि) is a proper Indian name.
Paattali Makkall Katchi (English: abbreviated in English as PMK) is a political party in Tamil Nadu, India, founded by S. Ramadoss in 1989 for the upliftment of the Tamil community.
Tiru Pavala Vannam or Pavalavanam temple located in Kanchipuram in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu.
Poigai Azhwar (also spelt Poygai Alvar or Poigai Alvar or Poygai Azhwar) is one of the twelve azhwar saints of South India, who are known for their affiliation to Vaishnava tradition of Hinduism.
Pondicherry (or; French: Pondichéry) is the capital city and the largest city of the Indian union territory of Puducherry.
Poonamallee ('Punamalli' or originally Poovirundhavalli) is a neighbourhood located in the west of Chennai metropolitan city, India.
A Postal Index Number or PIN or PIN code is a code in the post office numbering or post code system used by India Post, the Indian postal administration.
Pratāparudra (r. c. 1289-1323), also known as Rudradeva II, was the last ruler of the Kakatiya dynasty of India.
Pulakeshin II (610–642 CE), also spelt Pulakesi II and Pulikeshi II, was the most famous ruler of the Chalukya dynasty.
Pullalur or Pollilur is a village in the Kanchipuram taluk of Kanchipuram district in Tamil Nadu, India.
Punjab National Bank (PNB) is an Indian multinational banking and financial services company.
Raja Raja Cholan I (or Rajaraja Cholan I) born as Arul Mozhi Varman known as Raja Raja Cholan was a Chola Emperor from present day South India who ruled over the Chola kingdom of Ancient Tamilnadu (parts of southern India), parts of northern India, two third's of Sri Lankan territory (Eezham), Maldives and parts of East Asia, between 985 and 1014 CE.
Rajendra Chola I or Rajendra I was a Chola emperor of India who succeeded his father Rajaraja Chola I to the throne in 1014 CE.
Ramanuja (traditionally, 1017–1137 CE) was a Hindu theologian, philosopher, and one of the most important exponents of the Sri Vaishnavism tradition within Hinduism.
In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment (environmental geography).
Major-General Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, (29 September 1725 – 22 November 1774), also known as Clive of India, Commander-in-Chief of British India, was a British officer and privateer who established the military and political supremacy of the East India Company in Bengal.
Sadasiva Brahmendra was a saint, composer of Carnatic music and Advaita philosopher who lived near Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu during the 18th century.
Salem is a city in Salem district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Saluva dynasty was created by the Saluvas, who by historical tradition were natives of the Kalyani region of northern Karnataka in modern India.
Saluva Narasimha Deva Raya (r. 1485–1491 CE) (or Saluva Narasimha, Saluva Narasimha I) was an emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire from the Saluva Dynasty.
Sambhaji (14 May 1657 – 11 March 1689) was the second ruler of the Maratha kingdom.
Sangama was a dynasty of the Vijayanagara Empire.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
Sanskritisation (Indian English) or Sanskritization (American English, Oxford spelling) is a particular form of social change found in India.
The Sapta Puri are seven holy pilgrimage centres in India.
A sari, saree, or shariThe name of the garment in various regional languages include:শাড়ি, साड़ी, ଶାଢୀ, ಸೀರೆ,, साडी, कापड, चीरे,, സാരി, साडी, सारी, ਸਾਰੀ, புடவை, చీర, ساڑى is a female garment from the Indian subcontinent that consists of a drape varying from five to nine yards (4.5 metres to 8 metres) in length and two to four feet (60 cm to 1.20 m) in breadth that is typically wrapped around the waist, with one end draped over the shoulder, baring the midriff.
The Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) are officially designated groups of historically disadvantaged people in India.
Shaivism (Śaivam) (Devanagari: शैव संप्रदाय) (Bengali: শৈব) (Tamil: சைவம்) (Telugu: శైవ సాంప్రదాయం) (Kannada:ಶೈವ ಸಂಪ್ರದಾಯ) is one of the major traditions within Hinduism that reveres Shiva as the Supreme Being.
Shaolin Kung Fu, also called Shaolin Wushu or Shaolin quan, is one of the oldest, largest, and most famous styles of wushu or kungfu.
Shiva (Sanskrit: शिव, IAST: Śiva, lit. the auspicious one) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism.
A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a person associated with Sikhism, a monotheistic religion that originated in the 15th century based on the revelation of Guru Nanak.
Sikhism (ਸਿੱਖੀ), or Sikhi,, from Sikh, meaning a "disciple", or a "learner"), is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent about the end of the 15th century. It is one of the youngest of the major world religions, and the fifth-largest. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighboring Indian states, formerly part of the Punjab. Sikhism is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Guru (1469–1539), and the nine Sikh gurus that succeeded him. The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, named the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus and making the scripture the eternal, religious spiritual guide for Sikhs.Louis Fenech and WH McLeod (2014),, 3rd Edition, Rowman & Littlefield,, pages 17, 84-85William James (2011), God's Plenty: Religious Diversity in Kingston, McGill Queens University Press,, pages 241–242 Sikhism rejects claims that any particular religious tradition has a monopoly on Absolute Truth. The Sikh scripture opens with Ik Onkar (ੴ), its Mul Mantar and fundamental prayer about One Supreme Being (God). Sikhism emphasizes simran (meditation on the words of the Guru Granth Sahib), that can be expressed musically through kirtan or internally through Nam Japo (repeat God's name) as a means to feel God's presence. It teaches followers to transform the "Five Thieves" (lust, rage, greed, attachment, and ego). Hand in hand, secular life is considered to be intertwined with the spiritual life., page.
Somaskanda is a particular form of representation of Shiva with his consort Uma, and Skanda as a child.
Sri Vaishnava Sampradaya or Sri Vaishnavism is a denomination within the Vaishnavism tradition of Hinduism.
Sringeri Sharada Peetham is the southern Advaita Vedanta matha or monastery established by Adi Shankara in the 8th century AD.
Sriranga Deva Raya (a.k.a. Sriranga I) (r. 1572–1586 CE) was the eldest son of Tirumala Deva Raya and a king of Vijayanagara empire based at Penukonda.
Sriranga III (1642–1678 CE) was the last ruler of the Vijayanagara Empire, who came to power in 1642 following the death of his uncle Venkata III.
State Bank of India (SBI) is an Indian multinational, public sector banking and financial services company.
India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.
Tambaram is a residential locality in Chennai Metropolitan City lies to the Southern part of Chennai in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.
Tamil Nadu (• tamiḻ nāḍu ? literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India.
Tamil Nadu Police Department is the primary law enforcement agency of the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation Limited (TNSTC) (Tamil:தமிழ்நாடு அரசு போக்குவரத்து கழகம்) is a public transport bus operator in Tamil Nadu, India.
The Telugu Cholas were a branch of the Tamil Chola dynasty who reigned over parts of present-day Andhra Pradesh between the seventh and the thirteenth century.
Thai people or the Thais (ชาวไทย), also known as Siamese (ไทยสยาม), are a nation and Tai ethnic group native to Southeast Asia, primarily living mainly Central Thailand (Siamese proper).
Theravāda (Pali, literally "school of the elder monks") is a branch of Buddhism that uses the Buddha's teaching preserved in the Pāli Canon as its doctrinal core.
Thiruttani is a town in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Tindivanam is a town and a municipality in Viluppuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Tirtha (तीर्थ, IAST: Tīrtha) is a Sanskrit word that means "crossing place, ford", and refers to any place, text or person that is holy.
Thiru Parameswara Vinnagaram or Vaikunta Perumal Temple is a temple dedicated to Vishnu, located in Kanchipuram in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Tirupati is a city in Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
Tirusulam is a Locality in Chennai Metropolitan city India.
Tooppul, or Tiruththanka (also called Deepaprakasa Perumal Temple) located in Kanchipuram in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu.
Tiruvallur district also known as Thiruvallur District, (Tamil: திருவள்ளூர் மாவட்டம்) is an administrative district in the South India One of districts in Chennai in the state of Tamil Nadu.The town of Tiruvallur is the district headquarters.
Tiruvannamalai (Tamil: Tiruvaṇṇāmalai IPA:, also Thiruvannamalai or Trinomali and Trinomalee during British times) is a city and the head quarters of Tiruvannamalai District in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and a part of Tondaimandalam (Tondai Nadu) region.The city is administered by a special grade municipality that covers an area of and a population of 145,278 and urban agglomeration had a population of 498231 in 2011.
Tiruvelukkai located in Kanchipuram in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu.
Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (abbreviated as TNEB) is a power generation and distribution company owned by Government of Tamil Nadu.
Tondaimandalam also known as Tondai Nadu is a historical region located in the northernmost part of Tamil Nadu.
Trilokyanatha Temple in Thiruparthikundram (also called Thiruparthikundram Jain temple), a suburb in Kanchipuram in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, are dedicated to the Jain religious figures.
Tuluva is the name of the third ruling dynasty of the Vijayanagara Empire.
Ulagalandha Perumal Temple is a temple dedicated to Vishnu located in Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India.
University of Madras is a public state university in Chennai (formerly Madras), Tamil Nadu, India.
Upanishad Brahmayogin is the cognomen of Rāmachandrendra Sarasvati (fl. 1800 CE), a sannyasin and Advaitin scholar of the upanishads.
The Upanishads (उपनिषद्), a part of the Vedas, are ancient Sanskrit texts that contain some of the central philosophical concepts and ideas of Hinduism, some of which are shared with religious traditions like Buddhism and Jainism.
Vaishnavism (Vaishnava dharma) is one of the major traditions within Hinduism along with Shaivism, Shaktism, and Smartism.
Varadharaja Perumal Temple or Hastagiri or Attiyuran is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu located in the holy city of Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India.
Varanasi, also known as Benares, Banaras (Banāras), or Kashi (Kāśī), is a city on the banks of the Ganges in the Uttar Pradesh state of North India, south-east of the state capital, Lucknow, and east of Allahabad.
Vellore is part of Tondaimandalam (Tondai Nadu), a city and the administrative headquarters of Vellore District in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Venad (Malayalam: Vēnāṭu) or the Kingdom of Quilon was one of the three prominent late medieval Hindu feudal kingdoms on the Malabar Coast, South India, along with the Kingdom of Calicut and Kolathunadu.
Venkatapati Raya (or Venkata II, r. 1585–1614 CE) was the younger brother of Sriranga Deva Raya (also the youngest son of Tirumala Deva Raya) and the ruler of Vijayanagara Empire with bases in Penukonda, Chandragiri and Vellore.
Vijaya Bank is a public sector bank with its corporate office in Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
The Vijayanagara Empire (also called Karnata Empire, and the Kingdom of Bisnegar by the Portuguese) was based in the Deccan Plateau region in South India.
Kōpparakēsarivarman Vikrama Chola was a 12th-century king of the Chola empire.
Viluppuram() (also spelled as Villupuram and Vizhupuram) is a Municipality and the administrative headquarters of Viluppuram district, the largest district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Vira Narasimha II (ಇಮ್ಮಡಿ ವೀರ ನರಸಿಂಹ) (r.1220–1234) was a king of the Hoysala Empire.
Virupaksha Raya II (1465–1485 CE) was a king of the Vijayanagara Empire from the Sangama Dynasty Virupaksha Raya II succeeded his uncle, Mallikarjuna Raya, a corrupt and weak ruler who continually lost against the empire's enemies.
Vishnu (Sanskrit: विष्णु, IAST) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism, and the Supreme Being in its Vaishnavism tradition.
Xuanzang (fl. c. 602 – 664) was a Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveller, and translator who travelled to India in the seventh century and described the interaction between Chinese Buddhism and Indian Buddhism during the early Tang dynasty.
Tiruvekkaa or Yathothkari Perumal Temle (locally called Sonnavannam Seith Perumal) located in Kanchipuram in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu.
The 15th Indian Census was conducted in two phases, house listing and population enumeration.