230 relations: Adjective, Aikido, Ainu language, Allusion, Aomori Prefecture, Arabic numerals, Ateji, Autological word, Ayu, Baekje, Birch, Bopomofo, Braille kanji, Buddhism, Camellia japonica, Catfish, Chang'an, Character encoding, Chữ Nôm, Checked tone, China, China proper, Chinese characters, Chinese family of scripts, Chinese language, Chinese name, Classical Chinese, Clerical script, Cleyera japonica, Cod, Code point, Cognate, Collation, Confucianism, Content word, Cryptomeria, Cun (unit), Cursive script (East Asia), Cyrillic script, Dai Kan-Wa Jiten, Diacritic, Ditto mark, Doublet (linguistics), East, Edo period, Emoji, Emperor Ōjin, Emperor Guangwu of Han, Emperor Shun of Liu Song, Empress Suiko, ..., Etymology, Euonymus, Extended shinjitai, Fauna, Five kings of Wa, Flora, Furigana, Futon, Gairaigo, Given name, Glyph, Go-on, Gojūon, Government of Japan, Grammatical particle, Greek alphabet, Haiku, Hakone, Han Chinese, Han dynasty, Han unification, Hanja, Hanshin Tigers, Heian period, Higher education, Hiragana, Hokkaido, Homograph, Honshu, Hyōgai kanji, Hybrid word, I-mode, Ideogram, Inflection, Iteration mark, James Heisig, Japan, Japanese dictionary, Japanese grammar, Japanese Industrial Standards, Japanese language, Japanese name, Japanese script reform, Japanese typefaces, Japanese writing system, Japanese-Language Proficiency Test, Jōyō kanji, JIS X 0208, JIS X 0212, JIS X 0213, Jurchen script, Kamikaze, Kan-on, Kana, Kanbun, Kanji, Kanji Kentei, Kanji of the year, Kasumigaseki, Katakana, Keisei Narita Airport Line, Khitan scripts, King of Na gold seal, Kobe, Kojiki, Kyōiku kanji, Kyoto, Kyushu, Latin alphabet, Latin script, Lesser cuckoo, Linguistic prescription, List of English words with dual French and Anglo-Saxon variations, List of kanji by concept, List of kanji by stroke count, List of kanji radicals by stroke count, Literary and colloquial readings of Chinese characters, Literature, Live oak, Logogram, Lophius, Mainland China, Man'yōgana, Man'yōshū, Manchu people, Manga, Mao Zedong, Maple, Marc Miyake, Meiji period, Middle Chinese, Ming dynasty, Mnemonic, Monastery, Mongolian language, Mora (linguistics), Morpheme, Names of Japan, Nanori, Nara period, Narita, Chiba, Newspaper, Nihon Shoki, Northern and Southern dynasties, Noun, NTT DoCoMo, Occupation of Japan, Okurigana, Old Chinese, Old Japanese, Onomatopoeia, Oracle bone script, Origami, Orthography, Osaka, Part of speech, Perch (disambiguation), Phonetic complement, Phonotactics, Pictogram, Pinyin, POP (Point of Purchase typeface), Private Use Areas, Radical (Chinese characters), Rebus, Register (sociolinguistics), Regular script, Remembering the Kanji and Remembering the Hanzi, Rendaku, Ruby character, Ryukyuan languages, Sapporo, Sardine, Sawndip, Seal script, Shanghai, Shift JIS, Shikoku, Shinjitai, Shishamo, Shuowen Jiezi, Sillago, Simplified Chinese characters, Sino-Japanese vocabulary, Small ke, Sokuon, Song dynasty, Species, Stroke order, Sumo, Sun Wukong, Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, Taiwanese Hokkien, Tang dynasty, Tō-on, Tōyō kanji, Text Encoding Initiative, Tokyo, Toona, Traditional Chinese characters, Unicode, Varieties of Chinese, Verb, Wani (scholar), Wisteria, Word stem, World War II, Wu (region), Xi'an, Xu Shen, Yamato, Yamato period, Yamato Province, Yamato-kotoba, Yayoi period, Yōon, Yojijukugo, Zen, Zhonghua Zihai, Zhuang languages. Expand index (180 more) » « Shrink index
In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated) is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.
is a modern Japanese martial art developed by Morihei Ueshiba as a synthesis of his martial studies, philosophy, and religious beliefs.
Ainu (Ainu: アイヌ・イタㇰ Aynu.
Allusion is a figure of speech, in which one refers covertly or indirectly to an object or circumstance from an external context.
is a prefecture of Japan located in the Tōhoku region.
Arabic numerals, also called Hindu–Arabic numerals, are the ten digits: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, based on the Hindu–Arabic numeral system, the most common system for the symbolic representation of numbers in the world today.
In modern Japanese, principally refer to kanji used to phonetically represent native or borrowed words with less regard to the underlying meaning of the characters.
An autological word (also called homological word or autonym) is a word that expresses a property that it also possesses (e.g. the word "short" is short, "noun" is a noun, "English" is English, "pentasyllabic" has five syllables, "word" is a word).
The or sweetfish, Plecoglossus altivelis, is a species of fish.
Baekje (18 BC – 660 AD) was a kingdom located in southwest Korea.
A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams.
Zhuyin fuhao, Zhuyin, Bopomofo (ㄅㄆㄇㄈ) or Mandarin Phonetic Symbols is the major Chinese transliteration system for Taiwanese Mandarin.
Kantenji, or braille kanji, is a system of braille for transcribing written Japanese.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Camellia japonica, known as common camellia or Japanese camellia, is one of the best known species of the genus Camellia.
Catfish (or catfishes; order Siluriformes or Nematognathi) are a diverse group of ray-finned fish.
Chang'an was an ancient capital of more than ten dynasties in Chinese history, today known as Xi'an.
Character encoding is used to represent a repertoire of characters by some kind of encoding system.
Chữ Nôm (literally "Southern characters"), in earlier times also called quốc âm or chữ nam, is a logographic writing system formerly used to write the Vietnamese language.
A checked tone, commonly known by its Chinese calque entering tone, is one of four syllable types in the phonology in Middle Chinese.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
China proper, Inner China or the Eighteen Provinces was a term used by Western writers on the Manchu Qing dynasty to express a distinction between the core and frontier regions of China.
Chinese characters are logograms primarily used in the writing of Chinese and Japanese.
The Chinese family of scripts are writing systems descended from the Chinese Oracle Bone Script and used for a variety of languages in East Asia.
Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.
Chinese personal names are names used by those from mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, and the Chinese diaspora overseas.
Classical Chinese, also known as Literary Chinese, is the language of the classic literature from the end of the Spring and Autumn period through to the end of the Han Dynasty, a written form of Old Chinese.
The clerical script (Japanese: 隷書体, reishotai; Vietnamese: lệ thư), also formerly chancery script, is an archaic style of Chinese calligraphy which evolved from the Warring States period to the Qin dynasty, was dominant in the Han dynasty, and remained in use through the Wei-Jin periods.
Cleyera japonica (sakaki) is a flowering evergreen tree native to warm areas of Japan, Taiwan, China, Myanmar, Nepal, and northern India (Min and Bartholomew 2015).
Cod is the common name for the demersal fish genus Gadus, belonging to the family Gadidae.
In character encoding terminology, a code point or code position is any of the numerical values that make up the code space.
In linguistics, cognates are words that have a common etymological origin.
Collation is the assembly of written information into a standard order.
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
In linguistics content words are words that name objects of reality and their qualities.
Cryptomeria (literally "hidden parts") is a monotypic genus of conifer in the cypress family Cupressaceae, formerly belonging to the family Taxodiaceae.
The cun (Japanese: sun; Korean: chon), often glossed as the Chinese inch, is a traditional Chinese unit of length.
Cursive script, often mistranslated as grass script, is a style of Chinese calligraphy.
The Cyrillic script is a writing system used for various alphabets across Eurasia (particularity in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and North Asia).
The is a Japanese dictionary of kanji (Chinese characters) compiled by Tetsuji Morohashi.
A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or an accent – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.
The ditto mark (”) is a typographic symbol indicating that the word(s) or figure(s) above it are to be repeated.
In etymology, two or more words in the same language are called doublets or etymological twins (or possibly triplets, etc.) when they have different phonological forms but the same etymological root.
East is one of the four cardinal directions or points of the compass.
The or is the period between 1603 and 1868 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional daimyō.
are ideograms and smileys used in electronic messages and web pages.
, also known as Homutawake or, was the 15th emperor of Japan,Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō):; retrieved 2013-8-26.
Emperor Guangwu (born Liu Xiu; 15 January 5 BC – 29 March 57), courtesy name Wenshu, was an emperor of the Chinese Han dynasty, restorer of the dynasty in AD 25 and thus founder of the Later Han or Eastern Han (the restored Han Dynasty).
Emperor Shun of Liu Song ((劉)宋順帝) (8 August 467 – 23 June 479), personal name Liu Zhun (劉準), courtesy name Zhongmou (仲謀), nickname Zhiguan (智觀), was an emperor of the Chinese dynasty Liu Song.
(554 – 15 April 628) was the 33rd monarch of Japan,Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): according to the traditional order of succession.
EtymologyThe New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p. 633 "Etymology /ˌɛtɪˈmɒlədʒi/ the study of the class in words and the way their meanings have changed throughout time".
Euonymus is a genus of flowering plants in the staff vine family, Celastraceae.
is the extension of the shinjitai (officially simplified kanji).
Fauna is all of the animal life of any particular region or time.
The five kings of Wa (倭の五王, Wa no go ō) are kings of ancient Japan who sent envoys to China during the 5th century to strengthen the legitimacy of their claims to power by gaining the recognition of the Chinese emperor.
Flora is the plant life occurring in a particular region or time, generally the naturally occurring or indigenous—native plant life.
is a Japanese reading aid, consisting of smaller kana, or syllabic characters, printed next to a kanji (ideographic character) or other character to indicate its pronunciation.
A is the Japanese traditional style of bedding.
is Japanese for "loan word" or "borrowed word", and indicates a transliteration (or "transvocalization") into Japanese.
A given name (also known as a first name, forename or Christian name) is a part of a person's personal name.
In typography, a glyph is an elemental symbol within an agreed set of symbols, intended to represent a readable character for the purposes of writing.
are one of the several possible ways of reading Japanese kanji.
The is a Japanese ordering of kana, so it is loosely a Japanese "alphabetical order".
The government of Japan is a constitutional monarchy in which the power of the Emperor is limited and is relegated primarily to ceremonial duties.
In grammar the term particle (abbreviated) has a traditional meaning, as a part of speech that cannot be inflected, and a modern meaning, as a function word associated with another word or phrase to impart meaning.
The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late 9th or early 8th century BC.
(plural haiku) is a very short Japan poem with seventeen syllables and three verses.
is a town in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.
The Han Chinese,.
The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.
Han unification is an effort by the authors of Unicode and the Universal Character Set to map multiple character sets of the so-called CJK languages into a single set of unified characters.
Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters.
The are a Nippon Professional Baseball team playing in the Central League.
The is the last division of classical Japanese history, running from 794 to 1185.
Higher education (also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education) is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion of secondary education.
is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system, along with katakana, kanji, and in some cases rōmaji (Latin script).
(), formerly known as Ezo, Yezo, Yeso, or Yesso, is the second largest island of Japan, and the largest and northernmost prefecture.
A homograph (from the ὁμός, homós, "same" and γράφω, gráphō, "write") is a word that shares the same written form as another word but has a different meaning.
Honshu is the largest and most populous island of Japan, located south of Hokkaido across the Tsugaru Strait, north of Shikoku across the Inland Sea, and northeast of Kyushu across the Kanmon Straits.
, also and, are Japanese kanji outside the two major lists of Jōyō, which are taught in primary and secondary school, and Jinmeiyō, which are additional kanji that officially are allowed for use in personal names.
A hybrid word or hybridism is a word that etymologically derives from at least two languages.
NTT DoCoMo's i-mode is a mobile internet (as opposed to wireless internet) service popular in Japan.
An ideogram or ideograph (from Greek ἰδέα idéa "idea" and γράφω gráphō "to write") is a graphic symbol that represents an idea or concept, independent of any particular language, and specific words or phrases.
In grammar, inflection or inflexion – sometimes called accidence – is the modification of a word to express different grammatical categories such as tense, case, voice, aspect, person, number, gender, and mood.
Iteration marks are characters or punctuation marks that represent a duplicated character or word.
James Wallace Heisig (born 1944) is a philosopher who specialises in the field of philosophy of religion.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Japanese dictionaries have a history that began over 1300 years ago when Japanese Buddhist priests, who wanted to understand Chinese sutras, adapted Chinese character dictionaries.
Japanese is a synthetic language with a regular agglutinative subject-object-verb (SOV) morphology, with both productive and fixed elements.
specifies the standards used for industrial activities in Japan.
is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
in modern times usually consist of a family name (surname), followed by a given name.
The Japanese script reform is the attempt to correlate standard spoken Japanese with the written word, which began during the Meiji period.
is the Japanese word for writing style and typeface.
The modern Japanese writing system uses a combination of logographic kanji, which are adopted Chinese characters, and syllabic kana.
The, or JLPT, is a standardized criterion-referenced test to evaluate and certify Japanese language proficiency for non-native speakers, covering language knowledge, reading ability, and listening ability.
The is the guide to kanji characters and their readings, announced officially by the Japanese Ministry of Education.
JIS X 0208 is a 2-byte character set specified as a Japanese Industrial Standard, containing 6879 graphic characters suitable for writing text, place names, personal names, and so forth in the Japanese language.
JIS X 0212 is a Japanese Industrial Standard defining a coded character set for encoding supplementary characters for use in Japanese.
JIS X 0213 is a Japanese Industrial Standard defining coded character sets for encoding the characters used in Japan.
Jurchen script (Jurchen) was the writing system used to write the Jurchen language, the language of the Jurchen people who created the Jin Empire in northeastern China in the 12th–13th centuries.
, officially, were a part of the Japanese Special Attack Units of military aviators who initiated suicide attacks for the Empire of Japan against Allied naval vessels in the closing stages of the Pacific campaign of World War II, designed to destroy warships more effectively than possible with conventional air attacks.
is one of the sources of pronunciation of Japanese kanji.
are syllabic Japanese scripts, a part of the Japanese writing system contrasted with the logographic Chinese characters known in Japan as kanji (漢字).
, a method of annotating Classical Chinese so that it can be read in Japanese, was used from the Heian period to the mid-20th century.
Kanji (漢字) are the adopted logographic Chinese characters that are used in the Japanese writing system.
The evaluates one's knowledge of kanji.
The is a Japanese character chosen by the through a national ballot in Japan, starting in 1995.
Kasumigaseki (霞が関, 霞ヶ関 or 霞ケ関, literally Barrier/gate of Fog) is a district in Chiyoda Ward in Tokyo, Japan.
is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system along with hiragana, kanji, and in some cases the Latin script (known as rōmaji).
The is a Japanese railway line connecting Keisei-Takasago Station and Narita Airport Terminal 1 Station.
The Khitan scripts were the writing systems for the now-extinct Para-Mongolic Khitan language used in the 10th-12th century by the Khitan people who had established the Liao dynasty in Northeast China.
The King of Na gold seal is a solid gold seal discovered in the year 1784 on Shikanoshima Island in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan.
is the sixth-largest city in Japan and the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture.
, also sometimes read as Furukotofumi, is the oldest extant chronicle in Japan, dating from the early 8th century (711–712) and composed by Ō no Yasumaro at the request of Empress Genmei with the purpose of sanctifying the imperial court's claims to supremacy over rival clans.
, also known as is a list of 1,006 kanji and associated readings developed and maintained by the Japanese Ministry of Education that prescribes which kanji, and which readings of kanji, Japanese schoolchildren should learn for each year of primary school.
, officially, is the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture, located in the Kansai region of Japan.
is the third largest island of Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands.
The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.
Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.
The lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus) is a species of cuckoo in the family Cuculidae.
Linguistic prescription, or prescriptive grammar, is the attempt to lay down rules defining correct use of language.
This List of English words with dual French and Anglo-Saxon variations describes various English words generally describing the same person, place or thing with two or more different words.
This Kanji index method groups together kanji that describe things that deal with the same concept, for example kanji for numbers or kanji for directions.
This Kanji index method groups together the kanji that are written with the same number of strokes.
Kanji radicals are graphemes, or graphical parts, that are used in organizing Japanese kanji in dictionaries.
Differing literary and colloquial readings for certain Chinese characters are a common feature of many Chinese varieties, and the reading distinctions for these linguistic doublets often typify a dialect group.
Literature, most generically, is any body of written works.
Live oak or evergreen oak is any of a number of oaks in several different sections of the genus Quercus that share the characteristic of evergreen foliage.
In written language, a logogram or logograph is a written character that represents a word or phrase.
Members of the genus Lophius, also sometimes called monkfish, fishing-frogs, frog-fish, and sea-devils, are various species of lophiid anglerfishes found in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
is an ancient writing system that employs Chinese characters to represent the Japanese language, and was the first known kana system to be developed as a means to represent the Japanese language phonetically.
The is the oldest existing collection of Japanese poetry, compiled sometime after AD 759 during the Nara period.
The Manchu are an ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.
are comics created in Japan or by creators in the Japanese language, conforming to a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century.
Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893September 9, 1976), commonly known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
Acer is a genus of trees or shrubs commonly known as maple.
Marc Hideo Miyake (Japanese name:; born July 28, 1971) is an American linguist, who specializes in historical linguistics, particularly the study of Old Japanese and Tangut.
The, also known as the Meiji era, is a Japanese era which extended from October 23, 1868, to July 30, 1912.
Middle Chinese (formerly known as Ancient Chinese) or the Qieyun system (QYS) is the historical variety of Chinese recorded in the Qieyun, a rime dictionary first published in 601 and followed by several revised and expanded editions.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
A mnemonic (the first "m" is silent) device, or memory device, is any learning technique that aids information retention or retrieval (remembering) in the human memory.
A monastery is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics, monks or nuns, whether living in communities or alone (hermits).
The Mongolian language (in Mongolian script: Moŋɣol kele; in Mongolian Cyrillic: монгол хэл, mongol khel.) is the official language of Mongolia and both the most widely-spoken and best-known member of the Mongolic language family.
A mora (plural morae or moras; often symbolized μ) is a unit in phonology that determines syllable weight, which in some languages determines stress or timing.
A morpheme is the smallest grammatical unit in a language.
The word Japan is an exonym, and is used (in one form or another) by a large number of languages.
are kanji character readings (pronunciations) found almost exclusively in Japanese names.
The of the history of Japan covers the years from AD 710 to 794.
is a city in Chiba Prefecture, Japan.
A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events.
The, sometimes translated as The Chronicles of Japan, is the second-oldest book of classical Japanese history.
The Northern and Southern dynasties was a period in the history of China that lasted from 420 to 589, following the tumultuous era of the Sixteen Kingdoms and the Wu Hu states.
A noun (from Latin nōmen, literally meaning "name") is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas.
is the predominant mobile phone operator in Japan.
The Allied occupation of Japan at the end of World War II was led by General Douglas MacArthur, the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, with support from the British Commonwealth.
are kana suffixes following kanji stems in Japanese written words.
Old Chinese, also called Archaic Chinese in older works, is the oldest attested stage of Chinese, and the ancestor of all modern varieties of Chinese.
is the oldest attested stage of the Japanese language.
An onomatopoeia (from the Greek ὀνοματοποιία; ὄνομα for "name" and ποιέω for "I make", adjectival form: "onomatopoeic" or "onomatopoetic") is a word that phonetically imitates, resembles or suggests the sound that it describes.
Oracle bone script was the form of Chinese characters used on oracle bonesanimal bones or turtle plastrons used in pyromantic divinationin the late 2nd millennium BCE, and is the earliest known form of Chinese writing.
) is the art of paper folding, which is often associated with Japanese culture.
An orthography is a set of conventions for writing a language.
() is a designated city in the Kansai region of Japan.
In traditional grammar, a part of speech (abbreviated form: PoS or POS) is a category of words (or, more generally, of lexical items) which have similar grammatical properties.
Perch may refer to.
A phonetic complement is a phonetic symbol used to disambiguate word characters (logograms) that have multiple readings, in mixed logographic-phonetic scripts such as Egyptian hieroglyphs, Akkadian cuneiform, Japanese, and Mayan.
Phonotactics (from Ancient Greek phōnḗ "voice, sound" and tacticós "having to do with arranging") is a branch of phonology that deals with restrictions in a language on the permissible combinations of phonemes.
A pictogram, also called a pictogramme, pictograph, or simply picto, and in computer usage an icon, is an ideogram that conveys its meaning through its pictorial resemblance to a physical object.
Hanyu Pinyin Romanization, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan.
POP (Point of Purchase), in Japanese ポップ体, is a mono-weight typeface for the Japanese Kanji writing system.
In Unicode, a Private Use Area (PUA) is a range of code points that, by definition, will not be assigned characters by the Unicode Consortium.
A Chinese radical is a graphical component of a Chinese character under which the character is traditionally listed in a Chinese dictionary.
A rebus is a puzzle device which combines the use of illustrated pictures with individual letters to depict words and/or phrases.
In linguistics, a register is a variety of a language used for a particular purpose or in a particular social setting.
Regular script (Hepburn: kaisho), also called 正楷, 真書 (zhēnshū), 楷體 (kǎitǐ) and 正書 (zhèngshū), is the newest of the Chinese script styles (appearing by the Cao Wei dynasty ca. 200 CE and maturing stylistically around the 7th century), hence most common in modern writings and publications (after the Ming and gothic styles, used exclusively in print).
Remembering the Kanji is a series of three volumes by James Heisig, intended to teach the 3007 most frequent Kanji to students of the Japanese language.
is a phenomenon in Japanese morphophonology that governs the voicing of the initial consonant of the non-initial portion of a compound or prefixed word.
are small, annotative glosses that are usually placed above or to the right of Chinese characters when writing languages with logographic characters such as Chinese, Japanese or Korean to show the pronunciation.
The are the indigenous languages of the Ryukyu Islands, the southernmost part of the Japanese archipelago.
is the fifth largest city of Japan by population, and the largest city on the northern Japanese island of Hokkaido.
"Sardine" and "pilchard" are common names used to refer to various small, oily fish in the herring family Clupeidae.
Zhuang characters, or Sawndip, are logograms derived from Han characters and used by the Zhuang people of Guangxi and Yunnan, China to write the Zhuang languages for more than one thousand years.
Seal script is an ancient style of writing Chinese characters that was common throughout the latter half of the 1st millennium BC.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
--> Shift JIS (Shift Japanese Industrial Standards, also SJIS, MIME name Shift_JIS) is a character encoding for the Japanese language, originally developed by a Japanese company called ASCII Corporation in conjunction with Microsoft and standardized as JIS X 0208 Appendix 1.
is the smallest (long and between wide) and least populous (3.8 million) of the four main islands of Japan, located south of Honshu and east of the island of Kyushu.
are the simplified forms of kanji used in Japan since the promulgation of the Tōyō Kanji List in 1946.
, or Spirinchus lanceolatus, is a saltwater fish (smelt) about 15 centimeters in length.
Shuowen Jiezi, often shortened to Shuowen, was an early 2nd-century Chinese dictionary from the Han Dynasty.
Sillago is a genus of fish in the family Sillaginidae and the only non-monotypic genus in the family.
Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China.
Sino-Japanese vocabulary or refers to that portion of the Japanese vocabulary that originated in Chinese or has been created from elements borrowed from Chinese.
The small ke is a Japanese character, typographically a small form of the katakana character ke.
The is a Japanese symbol in the form of a small hiragana or katakana tsu.
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
Stroke order (Yale: bāt seuhn; 筆順 hitsujun or 書き順 kaki-jun; 필순 筆順 pilsun or 획순 劃順 hoeksun; Vietnamese: bút thuận 筆順) refers to the order in which the strokes of a Chinese character (or Chinese derivative character) are written.
or sumo wrestling is a competitive full-contact wrestling sport where a rikishi (wrestler) attempts to force another wrestler out of a circular ring (dohyō) or into touching the ground with anything other than the soles of his feet.
Sun Wukong, also known as the Monkey King, is a fictional figure who features in body of legends, which can be traced back to the period of the Song dynasty.
The Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) (originally briefly styled Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers) was the title held by General Douglas MacArthur during the Allied occupation of Japan following World War II.
Taiwanese Hokkien (translated as Taiwanese Min Nan), also known as Taiwanese/Taiwanese language in Taiwan (/), is a branched-off variant of Hokkien spoken natively by about 70% of the population of Taiwan.
The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
, also pronounced "tō-in", are Japanese kanji readings imported from China by Zen monks and merchants during and after the Song dynasty.
The tōyō kanji, also known as the Tōyō kanjihyō (当用漢字表, "list of kanji for general use") are the result of a reform of the Kanji characters of Chinese origin in the Japanese written language.
The Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) is a text-centric community of practice in the academic field of digital humanities, operating continuously since the 1980s.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
Toona, commonly known as redcedar, toon (also spelled tun) or toona, is a genus in the mahogany family, Meliaceae, native from Afghanistan south to India, and east to North Korea, Papua New Guinea and eastern Australia.
Traditional Chinese characters (Pinyin) are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
Chinese, also known as Sinitic, is a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family consisting of hundreds of local language varieties, many of which are not mutually intelligible.
A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word (part of speech) that in syntax conveys an action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), an occurrence (happen, become), or a state of being (be, exist, stand).
Wani (Japanese) is a semi-legendary scholar who is said to have been sent to Japan by Baekje of southwestern Korea during the reign of Emperor Ōjin.
Wisteria is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae (Leguminosae), that includes ten species of woody climbing vines that are native to China, Korea, and Japan and as an introduced species to the Eastern United States.
In linguistics, a stem is a part of a word.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wu refers to a region in China whose core area is around Lake Tai in Jiangnan (the south of the Yangtze River).
Xi'an is the capital of Shaanxi Province, China.
Xu Shen (CE) was a Chinese scholar-official and philologist of the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-189).
was originally the area around today's Sakurai City in Nara prefecture of Japan which became the Yamato Province and by extension a name for the whole of Japan.
The is the period of Japanese history when the Japanese Imperial court ruled from modern-day Nara Prefecture, then known as Yamato Province.
was a province of Japan, located in Kinai, corresponding to present-day Nara Prefecture in Honshū.
Yamato-kotoba is a word describing native Japanese words (also known as wago), as opposed to kango (words of Chinese origin), or words incorporating the kun as opposed to on readings of Chinese characters.
The is an Iron Age era in the history of Japan traditionally dated 300 BC–300 AD.
is a feature of the Japanese language in which a mora is formed with an added sound, i.e., palatalized.
is a Japanese lexeme consisting of four kanji (Chinese characters).
Zen (p; translit) is a school of Mahayana Buddhism that originated in China during the Tang dynasty as Chan Buddhism.
Zhonghua Zihai is the largest Chinese character dictionary available for print, compiled in 1994 and consisting of 85,568 different characters.
The Zhuang languages (autonym:, pre-1982:, Sawndip: 話僮, from vah 'language' and Cuengh 'Zhuang') are any of more than a dozen Tai languages spoken by the Zhuang people of southern China in the province of Guangxi and adjacent parts of Yunnan and Guangdong.
Chinese character in Japan, Chinese characters in Japan, Chinese writing, in Japanese language, Gaiji, Gaizi, Gikun, Japanese ideograph, Jukugo, Jukujikun, Kan'yō-on, Kan'yōon, Kanji English, Kanji Reference, Kanji Reference:Index, Kanji Reference:Moku, Kanji Reference:Sei, Kanji homograph, KanjiReference:Index, Kanzhi, Kan’yōon, Kokuji, Kun reading, Kun'yomi, Kun-reading, Kun-yomi, Kunyomi, Learning kanji, On reading, On'yomi, On-reading, On-yomi, Onyomi, Onyomi and Kunyomi, Onyomi and kunyomi, Sino-Japanese reading, Wasei kanji, 慣用音, 熟語, 訓.