83 relations: AIDS-defining clinical condition, Anthracycline, Arteriovenous malformation, Beta blocker, Biopharmaceutical, Biopsy, Blood vessel, Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome, Bowel obstruction, Bronchoscopy, Cancer, Candidiasis, Cell (biology), Chemotherapy, Chest radiograph, Ciclosporin, Cough, Cryosurgery, Cutaneous condition, Daunorubicin, Diarrhea, Disease, Doxorubicin, Eastern Europe, Endothelium, Fever, Fungating lesion, Gastrointestinal tract, Gums, H&E stain, Hard palate, Hemoptysis, Histogenesis, HIV, HIV/AIDS, HIV/AIDS in Africa, Human leg, Iatrogenesis, Immune system, Immunoassay, Immunodeficiency, Immunosuppression, Inflammation, Interferon, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus, LANA, Lesion, List of ethnic groups of Africa, Lymph, Lymph node, ..., Lymphatic vessel, Lymphedema, Malabsorption, Management of HIV/AIDS, Medical imaging, Mediterranean Sea, Melanocytic nevus, Melanoma, Mesenchyme, Moritz Kaposi, Mortality rate, Mucous membrane, Oncology, Opportunistic infection, Organ (anatomy), Organ transplantation, Paclitaxel, Papule, PDPN, Philadelphia (film), Pressure ulcer, Purple, Pyogenic granuloma, Radiation therapy, Rash, Respiratory tract, Sarcoma, Sex organ, Skin, Sub-Saharan Africa, T cell, Thalidomide, Timolol. Expand index (33 more) » « Shrink index
AIDS-defining clinical conditions (a.k.a. AIDS-defining illnesses or AIDS-defining diseases) is the list of diseases published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that are associated with AIDS, and used worldwide as a guideline for AIDS diagnosis.
Anthracyclines are a class of drugs used in cancer chemotherapy extracted from Streptomyces bacterium such as Streptomyces peucetius var.
Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is an abnormal connection between arteries and veins, bypassing the capillary system.
Beta blockers, also written β-blockers, are a class of medications that are particularly used to manage abnormal heart rhythms, and to protect the heart from a second heart attack (myocardial infarction) after a first heart attack (secondary prevention).
A biopharmaceutical, also known as a biologic(al) medical product, biological, or biologic, is any pharmaceutical drug product manufactured in, extracted from, or semisynthesized from biological sources.
A biopsy is a medical test commonly performed by a surgeon, interventional radiologist, or an interventional cardiologist involving extraction of sample cells or tissues for examination to determine the presence or extent of a disease.
The blood vessels are the part of the circulatory system, and microcirculation, that transports blood throughout the human body.
Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (or "BRBNS", or "blue rubber bleb syndrome, or "blue rubber-bleb nevus", or "Bean syndrome") is a rare disorder that consists mainly of abnormal blood vessels affecting the gastrointestinal tract.
Bowel obstruction, also known as intestinal obstruction, is a mechanical or functional obstruction of the intestines which prevents the normal movement of the products of digestion.
Bronchoscopy is an endoscopic technique of visualizing the inside of the airways for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Candidiasis is a fungal infection due to any type of Candida (a type of yeast).
The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.
Chemotherapy (often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx) is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen.
A chest radiograph, colloquially called a chest X-ray (CXR), or chest film, is a projection radiograph of the chest used to diagnose conditions affecting the chest, its contents, and nearby structures.
Ciclosporin, also spelled cyclosporine and cyclosporin, is an immunosuppressant medication and natural product.
A cough is a sudden and often repetitively occurring, protective reflex, which helps to clear the large breathing passages from fluids, irritants, foreign particles and microbes.
Cryosurgery (cryotherapy) is the use of extreme cold in surgery to destroy abnormal or diseased tissue; thus, it is the surgical application of cryoablation.
A cutaneous condition is any medical condition that affects the integumentary system—the organ system that encloses the body and includes skin, hair, nails, and related muscle and glands.
Daunorubicin, also known as daunomycin, is a chemotherapy medication used to treat cancer.
Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.
A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.
Doxorubicin, sold under the trade names Adriamycin among others, is a chemotherapy medication used to treat cancer.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
Endothelium refers to cells that line the interior surface of blood vessels and lymphatic vessels, forming an interface between circulating blood or lymph in the lumen and the rest of the vessel wall.
Fever, also known as pyrexia and febrile response, is defined as having a temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body's temperature set-point.
A fungating lesion is a skin lesion that fungates, that is, becomes like a fungus in its appearance or growth rate.
The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.
The gums or gingiva (plural: gingivae), consist of the mucosal tissue that lies over the mandible and maxilla inside the mouth.
Hematoxylin and eosin stain or haematoxylin and eosin stain (H&E stain or HE stain) is one of the principal stains in histology.
The hard palate is a thin horizontal bony plate of the skull, located in the roof of the mouth.
Hemoptysis is the coughing up of blood or blood-stained mucus from the bronchi, larynx, trachea, or lungs.
Histogenesis is the formation of different tissues from undifferentiated cells.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
HIV/AIDS is a major public health concern and cause of death in many parts of Africa.
The human leg, in the general meaning, is the entire lower limb of the human body, including the foot, thigh and even the hip or gluteal region.
Iatrogenesis (from the Greek for "brought forth by the healer") refers to any effect on a person resulting from any activity of one or more persons acting as healthcare professionals or promoting products or services as beneficial to health that does not support a goal of the person affected.
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.
An immunoassay is a biochemical test that measures the presence or concentration of a macromolecule or a small molecule in a solution through the use of an antibody (usually) or an antigen (sometimes).
Immunodeficiency (or immune deficiency) is a state in which the immune system's ability to fight infectious disease and cancer is compromised or entirely absent.
Immunosuppression is a reduction of the activation or efficacy of the immune system.
Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.
Interferons (IFNs) are a group of signaling proteins made and released by host cells in response to the presence of several pathogens, such as viruses, bacteria, parasites, and also tumor cells.
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is the ninth known human herpesvirus; its formal name according to the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) is HHV-8.
The latency-associated nuclear antigen (LANA-1) or latent nuclear antigen (LNA, LNA-1), is a Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) latent protein initially found by Moore and colleagues as a speckled nuclear antigen present in primary effusion lymphoma cells that reacts with antibodies from patients with KS.
A lesion is any abnormal damage or change in the tissue of an organism, usually caused by disease or trauma.
The ethnic groups of Africa number in the thousands, with each population generally having its own language (or dialect of a language) and culture.
Lymph is the fluid that circulates throughout the lymphatic system.
A lymph node or lymph gland is an ovoid or kidney-shaped organ of the lymphatic system, and of the adaptive immune system, that is widely present throughout the body.
The lymphatic vessels (or lymph vessels or lymphatics) are thin-walled vessels structured like blood vessels, that carry lymph.
Lymphedema, also known as lymphoedema and lymphatic edema, is a condition of localized fluid retention and tissue swelling caused by a compromised lymphatic system, which normally returns interstitial fluid to the bloodstream.
Malabsorption is a state arising from abnormality in absorption of food nutrients across the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
The management of HIV/AIDS normally includes the use of multiple antiretroviral drugs in an attempt to control HIV infection.
Medical imaging is the technique and process of creating visual representations of the interior of a body for clinical analysis and medical intervention, as well as visual representation of the function of some organs or tissues (physiology).
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
A melanocytic nevus (also known as nevocytic nevus, nevus-cell nevus and commonly as a mole) is a type of melanocytic tumor that contains nevus cells.
Melanoma, also known as malignant melanoma, is a type of cancer that develops from the pigment-containing cells known as melanocytes.
Mesenchyme, in vertebrate embryology, is a type of connective tissue found mostly during the development of the embryo.
Moritz Kaposi (Kaposi Mór,; 23 October 1837 in Kaposvár, Hungary – 6 March 1902 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary) was a Hungarian physician and dermatologist who discovered the skin tumor that received his name (Kaposi's sarcoma).
Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.
A mucous membrane or mucosa is a membrane that lines various cavities in the body and covers the surface of internal organs.
Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer.
An opportunistic infection is an infection caused by pathogens (bacteria, viruses, fungi, or protozoa) that take advantage of an opportunity not normally available, such as a host with a weakened immune system, an altered microbiota (such as a disrupted gut microbiota), or breached integumentary barriers.
Organs are collections of tissues with similar functions.
Organ transplantation is a medical procedure in which an organ is removed from one body and placed in the body of a recipient, to replace a damaged or missing organ.
Paclitaxel (PTX), sold under the brand name Taxol among others, is a chemotherapy medication used to treat a number of types of cancer.
A papule is a circumscribed, solid elevation of skin with no visible fluid, varying in area from a pinhead to 1 cm.
Podoplanin is a protein that is encoded by the "PDPN" gene in humans and animals.
Pressure ulcers, also known as pressure sores, pressure injuries, bedsores, and decubitus ulcers, are localized damage to the skin and/or underlying tissue that usually occur over a bony prominence as a result of pressure or pressure in combination with shear and/or friction.
Purple is a color intermediate between blue and red.
Pyogenic granuloma (also known as a "eruptive hemangioma", "granulation tissue-type hemangioma", "granuloma gravidarum", "lobular capillary hemangioma", "pregnancy tumor", and "tumor of pregnancy") is a vascular lesion that occurs on both mucosa and skin, and appears as an overgrowth of tissue due to irritation, physical trauma, or hormonal factors.
Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, often abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator.
A rash is a change of the human skin which affects its color, appearance, or texture.
In humans, the respiratory tract is the part of the anatomy of the respiratory system involved with the process of respiration.
A sarcoma is a cancer that arises from transformed cells of mesenchymal origin.
A sex organ (or reproductive organ) is any part of an animal's body that is involved in sexual reproduction.
Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates.
Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara.
A T cell, or T lymphocyte, is a type of lymphocyte (a subtype of white blood cell) that plays a central role in cell-mediated immunity.
Thalidomide, sold under the brand name Immunoprin, among others, is an immunomodulatory drug and the prototype of the thalidomide class of drugs.
Timolol is a medication used either by mouth or as eye drops.
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