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Abbey Falls (also spelled Abbi Falls and Abbe Falls) (Kannada: ಅಬ್ಬೆ ಜಲಪಾತ Abbe jalaphatha) is in Kodagu, in the Western Ghats in Karnataka.
Adi Shankara (pronounced) or Shankara, was an early 8th century Indian philosopher and theologian who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta.
The Adil Shahi or Adilshahi, was a Shia Muslim dynasty, founded by Yusuf Adil Shah, that ruled the Sultanate of Bijapur, centred on present-day Bijapur district, Karnataka in India, in the Western area of the Deccan region of Southern India from 1489 to 1686.
Agumbe is a small village located in Shimoga district, Thirthahalli taluk in the Malnad region of Karnataka, India.
Aihole (pronounced "Eye-hoé"), also referred to as Aivalli, Ahivolal or Aryapura, is a historic site of ancient and medieval era Buddhist, Hindu and Jain monuments in north Karnataka (India) dated from the fourth century through the twelfth century CE.
Akka Mahadevi (ಅಕ್ಕ ಮಹಾದೇವಿ) (c.1130-1160) was one of the early female poets of the Kannada language and a prominent personality in the Lingayat religion of the 12th century.
Alfisols are a soil order in USDA soil taxonomy.
The All England Open Badminton Championships is the world's oldest badminton tournament, held annually in England.
All India Radio (AIR), officially known since 1956 as Ākāshvāṇī ("Voice from the Sky") is the national public radio broadcaster of India and a division of Prasar Bharati.
Allama Prabhu (ಅಲ್ಲಮ ಪ್ರಭು) was a 12th-century mystic-saint and Vachana poet (called Vachanakara) of the Kannada language, propagating the unitary consciousness of Self and Shiva.
Alstonia is a widespread genus of evergreen trees and shrubs, of the dogbane plant family Apocynaceae.
Aluru Venkata Rao (12 July 1880 – 25 February 1964) was an Indian revolutionary, historian, writer and journalist.
Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India.
In USDA soil taxonomy, andisols are soils formed in volcanic ash and defined as soils containing high proportions of glass and amorphous colloidal materials, including allophane, imogolite and ferrihydrite.
The Anglo–Mysore Wars were a series of wars fought in over the last three decades of the 18th century between the Kingdom of Mysore on the one hand, and the British East India Company (represented chiefly by the Madras Presidency), and Maratha Confederacy and the Nizam of Hyderabad on the other.
Anil Kumble (born 17 October 1970) is an Indian former cricketer and a former captain of Tests and ODIs, who played Tests and ODIs for 18 years.
Anubhava Mantapa (Kannada: ಅನುಭವ ಮಂಟಪ) whose literal meaning is "experience center" was an academy of mystics, saints and philosophers of the Veerashaivafaith in the 12th century.
The Arabian Sea, also known as Sea of Oman, is a region of the northern Indian Ocean bounded on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by the Gulf of Aden, Guardafui Channel and the Arabian Peninsula, and on the east by India.
The Archean Eon (also spelled Archaean or Archæan) is one of the four geologic eons of Earth history, occurring (4 to 2.5 billion years ago).
A region is arid when it is characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life.
Aridisols (or desert soils) are a soil order in USA soil taxonomy.
The Arkavati is an important mountain river in Karnataka, India, originating at Nandi Hills of Chikkaballapura district.
Artocarpus is a genus of approximately 60 trees and shrubs of Southeast Asian and Pacific origin, belonging to the mulberry family, Moraceae.
Ashoka (died 232 BCE), or Ashoka the Great, was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty, who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from to 232 BCE.
Ashwini Ponnappa Machimanda (born 18 September 1989) is an Indian badminton player who represents the country at the international badminton circuit in both the women's and mixed doubles disciplines.
The Asian elephant, or Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus), is the only living species of the genus Elephas and is distributed in Southeast Asia, from India and Nepal in the west to Borneo in the south.
The Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) is a small viverrid native to South and Southeast Asia.
Bhagwat Subramanya Chandrasekhar (informally Chandra; born 17 May 1945) is a former Indian cricketer who played as a leg spinner.
Babukodi Venkataramana Karanth (19 September 1929 – 1 September 2002) was a noted film and theatre personality from India.
A bachelor's degree (from Middle Latin baccalaureus) or baccalaureate (from Modern Latin baccalaureatus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon completion of a course of study lasting three to seven years (depending on institution and academic discipline).
Badami, formerly known as Vatapi, is a town and headquarters of a taluk by the same name, in the Bagalkot district of Karnataka, India.
Bagalkot or Bagalakote is a city in Karnataka state of India, which is also the headquarters of Bagalkote district.
Bāgalkot district is an administrative district in the Indian state of Karnataka.
The Bahmani Sultanate (also called the Bahmanid Empire or Bahmani Kingdom) was a Muslim state of the Deccan in South India and one of the major medieval Indian kingdoms.
Bahubali, a much revered figure among Jains, was the son of Rishabhanatha, the first tirthankara of Jainism, and the younger brother of Bharata Chakravartin.
Ballari (pronounced) is a district in Karnataka state, India.
Banavasi is an ancient temple town in Uttara Kannada in the South Indian state of Karnataka.
Bandipur National Park established in 1974 as a tiger reserve under Project Tiger, is a national park located in the south Indian state of Karnataka, which is the state with the highest tiger population in India.
Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.
Bengaluru Rural District is one of the 30 districts in Karnataka, India.
Bangalore University, or BU, is a public state university is located in Bengaluru in the state of Karnataka, India.
Bangalore Urban is a district of the Indian state of Karnataka.
Bannerghatta National Park, near Bangalore, Karnataka, was founded in 1970 and declared as a national park in 1974.
Bardez is the name of a region and taluka in North Goa.
Basavanna (ಬಸವಣ್ಣ) was a 12th-century Hindu philosopher, statesman, Kannada poet in the Niraakaara Shiva-focussed Bhakti movement and a social reformer during the reign of the Kalachuri-dynasty king Bijjala I in Karnataka, India.
Basava Jayanthi is traditionally observed by the Lingayats and is observed as a holiday in the Indian state of Karnataka.
Basavana Bagewadi is a panchayat town and taluka in Bijapur district in the state of Karnataka, India.
Pandit Basavraj Rajguru (24 August 1920 – 1991) was a leading Indian classical vocalist in the Kirana gharana (singing style).
The Basel Mission is a Christian missionary society active from 1815 to 2001, when it transferred the operative work to Mission 21, the successor organization of Kooperation Evangelischer Kirchen und Missione (KEM) founded in 2001.
The Battle of Talikota (23 January 1565) was a watershed battle fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Deccan sultanates.
The Bay of Bengal (Bengali: বঙ্গোপসাগর) is the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean, bounded on the west and north by India and Bangladesh, and on the east by Myanmar and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India).
Bayaluseeme or Bayalu Seeme is the area lying to the east of Malenadu, a region of Karnataka state in India.
Beary or Byari (ಬ್ಯಾರಿ ಬಾಸೆ Byāri Bāsě) is an Indian language spoken by the Muslim communities mainly of Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada and Udupi districts) and some parts of North Kerala (Byaris).
Belgaum (also known as Belagavi, Belgavi and Venugrama or "bamboo village") is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka located in its northern part along the Western Ghats.
The Belgaum border dispute is a dispute involving the Indian states of Karnataka and Maharashtra.
Belgaum is a district in the state of Karnataka, India.
Bellary, officially Ballari, in the eponymous Bellary district, is a major city in the state of Karnataka, India.
Belur, (is a Town Municipal Council and taluka in Hassan district in the state of Karnataka, India. The town is renowned for its Chennakeshava Temple, one of the finest examples of Hoysala workmanship.
Bengaluru Blasters (previously Banga Beats and Bengaluru Topguns) is a franchise badminton team representing Bengaluru in the Premier Badminton League (PBL).
Bengaluru Bulls (BGB) is a Kabaddi team based in Bengaluru, Karnataka that plays in the Pro Kabaddi League.
Bengaluru Football Club is an Indian professional football club based in Bangalore, Karnataka.
Benne dosa or benne dose (ಬೆಣ್ಣೆ ದೋಸೆ), is a type of dosa which traces its origin from the city of Davangere in Karnataka.
The Bhakti movement refers to the theistic devotional trend that emerged in medieval Hinduism and later revolutionised in Sikhism.
Bharat Earth Movers Limited (IAST: Bhārat arth mūvars limiṭeḍ), now known as BEML, is an Indian public sector undertaking, with headquarters in Bengaluru.
Bharat Electronics Limited (IAST: Bhārat Electronics limiṭeḍ) (BEL) is an Indian state-owned aerospace and defence company with about nine factories, and several regional offices in India.
Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) owned and founded by the Government of India, is an engineering and manufacturing company based in New Delhi, India.
Bharatanatyam (Tamil: "பரதநாட்டியம்"), is a major genre of Indian classical dance that originated in Tamil Nadu.
The Bharatiya Janata Party (translation: Indian People's Party; BJP) is one of the two major political parties in India, along with the Indian National Congress.
In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Bhima or Bhimasena (Sanskrit: भीम) is the second of the Pandavas.
The Bhima River is a major river in Western India and South India.
Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi (4 February 1922 – 24 January 2011) was an Indian singer from Karnataka in the Hindustani classical tradition.
The Bangalore-BIAL ITIR is a 50 km2 (12,000 acres) IT Investment Region that was proposed in 2010 15 km North of Bengaluru International Airport.
A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.
Bidar also called as Karnatakada Kirita is a hill top city in the north-eastern part of Karnataka state in south India.
Bidar district is the northernmost part of the Karnataka state in India.
Bijapur, officially known as Vijayapura, is the district headquarters of Bijapur District of Karnataka state of India.
Bijapur district, officially known as Vijayapura district, is a district in the state of Karnataka in India.
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened with destruction.
Biotechnology is the broad area of science involving living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2).
Bisi bele bhath (bisi bēle bhāt) (Kannada: ಬಿಸಿ ಬೇಳೆ ಭಾತ್) is a spicy, rice-based dish with origins in the state of Karnataka, India.
The bonnet macaque also known as zatiChambers English Dictionary (Macaca radiata) is a macaque endemic to southern India.
The British Museum, located in the Bloomsbury area of London, United Kingdom, is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Bukka (reigned 1356–1377 CE) (also known as Bukka Raya I) was an emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire from the Sangama Dynasty.
Burton Stein (1926 – April 26, 1996) was an American historian, whose area of specialization was India.
Canara Bank is one of the largest public sector banks owned by the Government of India.
Carnatic music, Karnāṭaka saṃgīta or Karnāṭaka saṅgītam is a system of music commonly associated with southern India, including the modern Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu, as well as Sri Lanka.
The Carnatic region is the region of peninsular South India lying between the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats, in the modern Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and southern Andhra Pradesh.
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is a national level board of education in India for public and private schools, controlled and managed by Union Government of India.
CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, abbreviated to CSIR-CFTRI, is one of the 42 national research laboratories in India, set up under the aegis of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).
Central Power Research Institute (CPRI) was established by the Government of India in 1960 with headquarters in Bangalore.
The Chalukya dynasty was an Indian royal dynasty that ruled large parts of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th centuries.
Chamarajanagar is the southernmost district in the state of Karnataka, India.
Cheluvanarayana Swamy Temple ಚೆಲುವನಾರಾಯಣ ಸ್ವಾಮಿ ದೇವಸ್ಥಾನ is located in Melkote in the Mandya District, Karnataka, India.
A chief minister is the elected head of government of a sub-national entity, for instance a administrative subdivision or federal constituent entity.
Chikkaballapur is the district headquarters of the newly created Chikkaballapur district in the state of Karnataka, India.
Chikballapura district is a district in the state of Karnataka, India.
Chikmagalur or Chikkamagaluru is a district in the state of Karnataka.
The chital or cheetal (Axis axis), also known as spotted deer or axis deer, is a species of deer that is native in the Indian subcontinent.
Chitradurga district is an administrative district of Karnataka state in southern India.
The Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the history of southern India.
A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Cinnamomum is a genus of evergreen aromatic trees and shrubs belonging to the laurel family, Lauraceae.
A classical language is a language with a literature that is classical.
The Coromandel Coast is the southeastern coast region of the Indian subcontinent, bounded by the Utkal Plains to the north, the Bay of Bengal to the east, the Kaveri delta to the south, and the Eastern Ghats to the west, extending over an area of about 22,800 square kilometres.
Corporation Bank is a public-sector banking company headquartered in Mangalore, India.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
A cruise ship or cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, when the voyage itself, the ship's amenities, and sometimes the different destinations along the way (i.e., ports of call), are part of the experience.
Cue sports (sometimes written cuesports), also known as billiard sports, are a wide variety of games of skill generally played with a cue stick, which is used to strike billiard balls and thereby cause them to move around a cloth-covered billiards table bounded by elastic bumpers known as.
Dakshina Kannada is a district in the state of Karnataka in India.
Dandeli is a City in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka, India, in the Western Ghats region.
Dasa Sahitya (ದಾಸ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ) is the literature of bhakti movement composed by devotees in honor of Lord Vishnu or one of his Avatars.
Davanagere is a city in the centre of the southern Indian state of Karnataka.
Davanagere District is an administrative district of Karnataka state in India.
DD Chandana is a Kannada TV channel owned and operated by Prasar Bharati under Doordarshan, supported by Doordarshan studios in Bengaluru and Kalburgi.
Deccan Chronicle is an Indian English-language daily newspaper.
Deccan Herald (DH) is an English daily newspaper published from the Indian state of Karnataka by The Printers (Mysore) Private Limited.
The Deccan PlateauPage 46, is a large plateau in western and southern India.
Deccan Traps are a large igneous province located on the Deccan Plateau of west-central India (17°–24°N, 73°–74°E) and are one of the largest volcanic features on Earth.
Deemed university, or Deemed-to-be-University, is an accreditation awarded to higher educational institutions in India, conferring the status of a university.
A Deputy Conservator of Forests (Hindi: उप वन संरक्षक) or, equivalently a Divisional Forest Officer (Hindi: वन प्रमंडल पदाधिकारी), is an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service (IFS).
Devanahalli, also called "Devandahalli", "Dyaavandalli", Devanadoddi and Devanapura, is a town and Town Municipal Council in Bangalore Rural district in the state of Karnataka in India.
Dharmasthala is an Indian temple town on the banks of the Nethravathi River in the Belthangady taluk of the Dakshina Kannada district in Karnataka, India.
Dharwad is the district headquarters of Dharwad district in the state of Karnataka, India.
Dharwad District is an administrative district of the state of Karnataka in southern India.
Dharwad peda (ಧಾರವಾಡ ಪೇಡ) is an Indian sweet delicacy unique to the state of Karnataka, India.
The dhole (Cuon alpinus) is a canid native to Central, South and Southeast Asia.
The Vesti, also known as panche, Dhoti, dhuti, mardani, chaadra, dhotar, and panchey, is a traditional men's garment worn in the Indian subcontinent.
A District Collector, often abbreviated to Collector, is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer in charge of revenue collection and administration of a district in India.
The District Courts (Hindi: ज़िला न्यायालय) of India are the district courts of the State governments in India for every district or for one or more districts together taking into account the number of cases, population distribution in the district.
Diwali or Deepavali is the Hindu festival of lights celebrated every year in autumn in the northern hemisphere (spring in southern hemisphere).
The doctrine of lapse was an annexation policy applied by the Lord Dalhousie in India before 1858.
Doddaballapura is a town and municipal council in Bangalore Rural district in the state of Karnataka, India.
Dollu Kunitha Kannada:ಡೊಳ್ಳು ಕುಣಿತ (dance), is a major popular drum dance of Karnataka.
Doordarshan (abbreviated in English as DD) is an autonomous public service broadcaster founded by the Government of India, which is owned by the Broadcasting Ministry of India and is one of two divisions of Prasar Bharati.
Dvaita Vedanta (द्वैत वेदान्त) is a sub-school in the Vedanta tradition of Hindu philosophy.
Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea.
Eleusine coracana, or finger millet, is an annual herbaceous plant widely grown as a cereal crop in the arid and semiarid areas in Africa and Asia.
In USDA soil taxonomy, entisols are defined as soils that do not show any profile development other than an A horizon.
ESPNcricinfo (formerly known as Cricinfo or CricInfo) is a sports news website exclusively for the game of cricket.
ETV Network is a network of satellite television channels in India, news and entertainment channels.
Karnataka is an Indian state.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Falcons are birds of prey in the genus Falco, which includes about 40 species.
Field hockey in India refers to two teams, the India men's national field hockey team and the India women's national field hockey team.
The Flag of Karnataka is the official flag of the State of Karnataka in southern India.
Floriculture, or flower farming, is a discipline of horticulture concerned with the cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants for gardens and for floristry, comprising the floral industry.
Karnataka has a variety of folk arts, including folk dance and puppetry.
Francis Xavier, S.J. (born Francisco de Jasso y Azpilicueta, in Latin Franciscus Xaverius, Basque: Frantzisko Xabierkoa, Spanish: Francisco Javier; 7 April 15063 December 1552), was a Navarrese Basque Roman Catholic missionary, born in Javier (Xavier in Navarro-Aragonese or Xabier in Basque), Kingdom of Navarre (present day Spain), and a co-founder of the Society of Jesus.
Parameshwara Gangadharaiah (born 6 August 1951) better known by name Dr.
Gadag District is a district in the state of Karnataka, India.
Gamaka, also known as gamak, refers to ornamentation that is used in the performance of North and South Indian classical music.
The Gandaberunda or Berunda (Kannada: ಗಂಡಭೇರುಂಡ), or Bheruṇḍa (Sanskrit: भेरुण्ड, lit. terrible) is a two-headed mythological bird on the outskirts of the main Hindu mythology, believed to possess immense magical strength.
Ganesh Chaturthi (IAST), also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi or Vinayaka Chavithi is the Hindu festival that reveres god Ganesha.
Gangubai Hangal (5 March 1913 – 21 July 2009) was an Indian singer of the khyal genre of Hindustani classical music, who was known for her deep and powerful voice.
The gaur (Bos gaurus), also called the Indian bison, is the largest extant bovine.
The Ghataprabha (kannada ಘಟಪ್ರಭಾ) river is an important right-bank tributary of the Krishna River and flows eastward for a distance of 283 kilometers before its confluence with the Krishna River at Almatti.
Gilli Danda (Dandi Biyo in Nepali) is an amateur sport played in the rural areas and small towns all over Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Afghanistan and Pakistan as well as Cambodia, Turkey, South Africa, Italy and in some Caribbean islands like Cuba.
Gneiss is a common distributed type of rock formed by high-grade regional metamorphic processes from pre-existing formations that were originally either igneous or sedimentary rocks.
Goa is a state in India within the coastal region known as the Konkan, in Western India.
The Goan Catholics (Goenche Katholik) are an ethno-religious community of Roman Catholics and their descendants from the state of Goa, located on the west coast of India.
Gokak (Kannada Gokak or Gokaka) is a taluka headquarters in the Belagavi District of Karnataka state, India.
The Gokak Falls is a waterfall located on the Ghataprabha River in Belagavi district of Karnataka, India.
Gokarna is a small temple town on the western coast of India in the Kumta taluk of Uttara Kannada district of the state of Karnataka.
Gol Gumbazis the mausoleum of king Mohammed Adil Shah, Sultan of Bijapur.
The golden jackal (Canis aureus) is a wolf-like canid that is native to Southeast Europe, Southwest Asia, South Asia, and regions of Southeast Asia.
Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.
The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.
The Government of Karnataka is a democratically elected body with the governor as the constitutional head.
The governors and lieutenant-governors/administrators of the states and union territories of India have similar powers and functions at the state level as that of the President of India at Union level.
Gowri Habba is a Hindu festival celebrated a day before Ganesh Chaturthi.
The great hornbill (Buceros bicornis) also known as the great Indian hornbill or great pied hornbill, is one of the larger members of the hornbill family.
The large flowering plant genus Grewia is today placed by most authors in the mallow family Malvaceae, in the expanded sense as proposed by in the APG.
Gubbi Veeranna (1891 – 1972) was an Indian theatre director and artist and an awardee of the prestigious Padmashree conferred by the President of India. He was one of the pioneers and most prolific contributors to Kannada theatre.
Gulbarga, officially known as Kalaburagi, is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka, India.
Gulbarga district, officially known as Kalaburagi district, is one of the 30 districts of Karnataka state in southern India.
Gulbarga University is a public university located in Gulbarga, Karnataka, India.
Gundappa Ranganath Viswanath (born 12 February 1949) is a former Indian cricketer.
Halebidu (IAST: Haḷēbīḍ, also Halebeedu or Halebid, literally "old capital, encampment") is a town located in Hassan District, Karnataka, India.
The Halmidi inscription is the oldest known Kannada language inscription in the Kannada script.
Hampi, also referred to as the Group of Monuments at Hampi, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in east-central Karnataka, India.
Hanuman (IAST: Hanumān, Sanskrit: हनुमान्) is an ardent devotee of Lord Rama and one of the central characters in the various versions of the epic Ramayana found in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
Harappa (Urdu/ہڑپّہ) is an archaeological site in Punjab, Pakistan, about west of Sahiwal.
The Haridasa devotional movement originated in Karnataka, India, after Madhvacharya, and spread to eastern states such as Bengal and Assam of medieval India.
Harihara (Sanskrit: हरिहर) is the fused representation of Vishnu (Hari) and Shiva (Hara) from the Hindu tradition.
Hassan is a district in Karnataka state, India.
Haveri is a district in the state of Karnataka, India with the potential to become a tourist hub.
The Hemavati is a river in Karnataka, southern India, an important tributary of the Kaveri.
Hermann Friedrich Mögling (1811–1881), also spelt Herrmann Friedrich Moegling, was a German missionary from the Basel Mission who spent most of his career in the western regions of the state of Karnataka, India.
"Hīnayāna" is a Sanskrit term literally meaning the "inferior vehicle".
Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) is an Indian state-owned aerospace and defence company headquartered in Bangalore, India.
Hindustani classical music is the traditional music of northern areas of the Indian subcontinent, including the modern states of India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan.
In both the FAO soil classification and the USDA soil taxonomy, a histosol is a soil consisting primarily of organic materials.
HMT Limited, formerly Hindustan Machine Tools Limited, is a state-owned manufacturing company under the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises in India.
Hosa Digantha (Kannada:ಹೊಸ ದಿಗಂತ) is a Kannada morning daily in Karnataka.
The Hoysala Empire was a Kannadiga power originating from the Indian subcontinent, that ruled most of the what is now Karnataka, India between the 10th and the 14th centuries.
Hoysala literature is the large body of literature in the Kannada and Sanskrit languages produced by the Hoysala Empire (1025–1343) in what is now southern India.
Hubballi (Other name: Hubli) is the second largest city in the Indian state of Karnataka.
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic (composite index) of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.
Hunagunda is a taluk in the northern district of Bagalkot in Karnataka, India.
Hyder Ali Khan, Haidarālī (c. 1720 – 7 December 1782) was the Sultan and de facto ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore in southern India.
Inceptisols are a soil order in USDA soil taxonomy.
Articles (arranged alphabetically) related to India or Indian culture include: List of India-related topics People are listed by their first names.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The India national cricket team, also known as Team India and Men in Blue, is governed by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), and is a full member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) with Test, One Day International (ODI) and Twenty20 International (T20I) status.
The Indian Administrative Service (IAST), often abbreviated to I.A.S., or simply IAS, is the administrative arm of the All India Services.
The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) is an examination conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examination, a private board of school education in India.
Indian classical music is a genre of South Asian music.
The Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is one of three recognized subspecies of the Asian elephant and native to mainland Asia.
Indian Forest Service (IFS) (भारतीय वन सेवा) is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India.
Indian Institute of Science (IISc) is a public institute for research and higher education in science, engineering, design, and management.
Indian Institute of Technology Dharwad (IIT Dharwad) is an autonomous premier engineering and technology university in Dharwad, India.
The Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) are a group of 20 public, autonomous institutes of management education and research in India.
The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are autonomous public institutes of higher education, located in India.
The Indian muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak), also called red muntjac and barking deer, is a common muntjac deer species in South and Southeast Asia.
The Indian National Congress (INC, often called Congress Party) is a broadly based political party in India.
The Indian Police Service (Bhāratīya Pulis Sevā) or IPS, is an All India Service for policing.
The Indian Premier League (IPL), officially Vivo Indian Premier League for sponsorship reasons, is a professional Twenty20 cricket league in India contested during April and May of every year by teams representing Indian cities and some states.
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major uprising in India between 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown.
The Indian roller (Coracias benghalensis), is a member of the roller family of birds.
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is the space agency of the Government of India headquartered in the city of Bangalore.
Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time observed throughout India, with a time offset of UTC+05:30.
The Indian Super League (ISL) is a men's professional football league in India.
Indo-Saracenic Revival (also known as Indo-Gothic, Mughal-Gothic, Neo-Mughal, Hindoo style) was an architectural style mostly used by British architects in India in the later 19th century, especially in public and government buildings in the British Raj, and the palaces of rulers of the princely states.
The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC), or Harappan Civilisation, was a Bronze Age civilisation (5500–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE) mainly in the northwestern regions of South Asia, extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India.
Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise.
Infosys Limited (formerly Infosys Technologies Limited) is an Indian multinational corporation that provides business consulting, information technology and outsourcing services.
ING Vysya Bank (Kannada: ಐ.ಎನ್.ಜಿ ವೈಶ್ಯ ಬ್ಯಾಂಕ್ ಲಿಮಿಟೆಡ್) was a privately owned Indian multinational bank based in Bangalore, with retail, wholesale, and private banking platforms formed from the 2002 purchase of an equity stake in Vysya Bank by the Dutch ING Group.
International cricket matches are played between teams representing their nations, normally organised by the International Cricket Council (ICC).
Irrigation is the application of controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
ISO 3166-2:IN is the entry for India in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.
The Janata Dal (Secular) is an Indian political party led by former Prime Minister of India, H. D. Deve Gowda.
Javagal Srinath (born 31 August 1969), is a former Indian cricketer and currently an ICC Match Referee.
Jaya Bharata Jananiya Tanujate (ಜಯ ಭಾರತ ಜನನಿಯ ತನುಜಾತೆ) is a Kannada poem, which was composed by the Indian national poet Kuvempu.
Maharaja Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar (Jaya Chamarajendra Wadiyar Bahadur; 18 July 191923 September 1974), was the twenty-fifth maharaja of the Kingdom of Mysore from 1940 to 1950.
The Jnanpith Award is an Indian literary award presented annually by the Bharatiya Jnanpith to an author for their "outstanding contribution towards literature".
Jog Falls, Gerosoppa Falls or Joga Falls is the second highest plunge waterfall in India located near Sagara taluk, Shivamogga district in the state of Karnataka.
Joida is a small town in the Uttara Kannada district in the Indian state of Karnataka.
Jolada rotti (ಜೋಳದ ರೊಟ್ಟಿ) is an unleavened Indian bread made out of jowar (sorghum), originating from North Karnataka.
Kengal Hanumanthaiah (15 February 1908 – 1 December 1980), also spelt as Kengal Hanumanthaiya, was the second Chief Minister of Karnataka (then, Mysore State) from 30 March 1952 to 19 August 1956.
Kuntagodu Vibhuthi Subbanna (20 February 1932 – 16 July 2005) was an acclaimed dramatist and writer in Kannada.
Kabaddi is a contact team sport.
The Kabani, also called Kabini or Kapila, is one of the major tributaries of the river Cauvery in southern India.
The Kadambas (Kannada: ಕದಂಬರು) (345–525 CE) were an ancient royal family of Karnataka, India, that ruled northern Karnataka and the Konkan from Banavasi in present-day Uttara Kannada district.
Kali Tiger Reserve (Kannada: ಕಾಳಿ ಹುಲಿ ಸಂರಕ್ಷಿತ ಪ್ರದೇಶ) is a protected area and tiger reserve.
The Kalidas Samman (कालिदास सम्मान) is a prestigious arts award presented annually by the government of Madhya Pradesh in India.
Kamsale (ಕಂಸಾಳೆ) is a unique folk art performed by the devotees of God Mahadeshwara.
The Kanara (also known as Canara, Karavali and Coastal Karnataka) region of Karnataka, comprises three coastal districts, namely Dakshina Kannada and Udupi district (South Canara) and Uttara Kannada (North Canara).
Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Kannada people in India, mainly in the state of Karnataka, and by significant linguistic minorities in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Kerala, Goa and abroad.
The Kannada Script (IAST: Kannaḍa lipi) is an abugida of the Brahmic family, used primarily to write the Kannada language, one of the Dravidian languages of South India especially in the state of Karnataka, Kannada script is widely used for writing Sanskrit texts in Karnataka.
The Kannada Paksha flag is the official, bi-coloured flag of Kannada Paksha, a political party in Karnataka.
tags --> Kannada literature (ಕನ್ನಡ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ) is the corpus of written forms of the Kannada language, a member of the Dravidian family spoken mainly in the Indian state of Karnataka and written in the Kannada script.
The Kannada people known as the Kannadigas and Kannadigaru are the people who natively speak Kannada.
Kannada Prabha is a morning daily jointly owned by Jupiter Capital a company founded by Rajeev Chandrasekhar who is Bharatiya Janata Party’s member of parliament and The New Indian Express Group, is a major Kannada newspaper in Karnataka.
Kannada Saahithya Parishath (Kannaḍa Sāhitya Pariṣattu) (Kannada Literary Council) is an Indian non-profit organisation that promotes the Kannada language.
Karadantu (ಕರದಂಟು) is a sweet delicacy unique to the state of Karnataka, India.
Karavali Ale (ಕರಾವಳಿ ಅಲೆ), meaning "Coastal Waves" in Kannada, is a local Kannada daily newspaper published in Mangalore, Karnataka, India.
Karkala is a town and the headquarters of Karkala taluk in the Udupi district of Karnataka, India.
Karnatak University is a state university in the city of Dharwad in the state of Karnataka in India.
The Karnataka Bank Limited is a scheduled commercial banking institution based in Mangaluru in Karnataka, India.
Karnataka Chitrakala Parishath (ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ ಚಿತ್ರಕಲಾ ಪರಿಷತ್) is a visual art complex located in Bangalore.
Karnataka cricket team represents the Indian state of Karnataka in domestic cricket competitions.
Karnataka Forest Service (abbreviated as K.F.S) or known as State Forest Service (abbreviated as S.F.S) is awarded to a person who is selected in the K.F.S exam conducted by Karnataka Public Service Commission (KPSC).
The Karnataka High Court is the High Court of the Indian state of Karnataka.
The Karnataka Legislative Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of Karnataka state in southern India.
The Karnataka Premier League (KPL) is an Indian Twenty20 cricket league established by the Karnataka State Cricket Association (KSCA) in August 2009 and modeled after the Indian Premier League (IPL).
Karnataka Ratna is the highest civilian honour of the State of Karnataka.
The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation is a state-owned road transportation company in the state of Karnataka in India.
Karwar is a city in Karnataka being the headquarters of Uttara Kannada district in the Southern western coast of India.
Kasaragod District (Kasarkod District) is one of the 14 districts in the state of Kerala, India.
Kasturi is a 24-hour infotainment channel broadcasting in Kannada-language.
Kaveri (anglicized as Cauvery), also referred as Ponni, is an Indian river flowing through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
Kavirajamarga (ಕವಿರಾಜಮಾರ್ಗ) (850 C.E.) is the earliest available work on rhetoric, poetics and grammar in the Kannada language.
Kempegowda International Airport is an international airport serving Bangalore, the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.
Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast.
Kho kho (ਖੋ-ਖੋ) is a popular tag sport from India.
The Kingdom of Mysore was a kingdom in southern India, traditionally believed to have been founded in 1399 in the vicinity of the modern city of Mysore.
Kingfishers or Alcedinidae are a family of small to medium-sized, brightly colored birds in the order Coraciiformes.
Kittur Chennamma (23 October 177821 February 1829) was the Rani of Kittur, a former princely state in Karnataka.
Kodagu is an administrative district in Karnataka, India.
The clan of Kodavas in the Indian state of Karnataka have a long history of association with the game of field hockey.
The Kodava or Coorg language is an endangered Dravidian language and the original language of the Kodagu district in southern Karnataka, India.
The term Kodava (ಕೊಡವ) has two related usages.
Kolar district) is a district in the state of Karnataka, India. Kolar is the district headquarters. Located in southern Karnataka, it is the state's easternmost district. The district is surrounded by the Bangalore Rural district on the west, Chikballapur district on the north, the Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh on the east and the Krishnagiri and Vellore districts of Tamil Nadu on the south. On 10 September 2007, it was bifurcated to form the new district of Chikballapur. Due to the discovery of the Kolar Gold Fields, the district has become known as the "Golden Land" of India.
Kolata (ಕೋಲಾಟ) is the traditional folk dance of the state of Karnataka, located in Southern India on the western coast.
The Konkan Railway (abbreviated KR and कोरे) is operated by Konkan Railway Corporation Limited, headquartered at CBD Belapur in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Konkani is an Indo-Aryan language belonging to the Indo-European family of languages and is spoken along the South western coast of India.
The Konkani people (also) are an ethno-linguistic community who inhabit the Konkan Coast of south western India and speak the Konkani language.
Koppal district is an administrative district in the state of Karnataka in India.
The Krishna River is the fourth-biggest river in terms of water inflows and river basin area in India, after the Ganga, Godavari and Brahmaputra.
Krishnaraja Wadiyar II (Immadi Krishnaraja Wadiyar; ಇಮ್ಮಡಿ ಕೃಷ್ಣರಾಜ ಒಡೆಯರ್, 1728 – 25 April 1766), was the eighteenth maharaja of the Kingdom of Mysore from 1734 to 1766.
Kudalasangama (also written as Kudala Sangama) in India is an important center of pilgrimage for Lingayats.
Kuduremukha is a mountain range and name of a peak located in Chikkamagaluru district, in Karnataka, India.
Kukke Subramanya (Tulu and Kannada: Kukke Subrahmaṇya) is a Hindu temple located in the village of Subramanya, Karnataka.
Kuppali Venkatappa Puttappa (29 December 1904 – 11 November 1994), popularly known by his pen name Kuvempu, was an Indian novelist, poet, playwright, critic and thinker.
Kuvempu University is a public state university in Shimoga, Karnataka, India.
The Lakshmana Tirtha (Lakshmantīrtha River) is a river of Karnataka, India.
Languages spoken in India belong to several language families, the major ones being the Indo-Aryan languages spoken by 76.5% of Indians and the Dravidian languages spoken by 20.5% of Indians.
Vanellinae are any of various crested plovers, family Charadriidae, noted for its slow, irregular wingbeat in flight and a shrill, wailing cry.
Laterite is a soil and rock type rich in iron and aluminium, and is commonly considered to have formed in hot and wet tropical areas.
Legislative assembly is the name given in some countries to either a legislature, or to one of its branch.
The leopard (Panthera pardus) is one of the five species in the genus Panthera, a member of the Felidae.
Lingayatism is a Shaivite religious tradition in India.
The lion (Panthera leo) is a species in the cat family (Felidae).
The Lion Capital of Ashoka is a sculpture of four Asiatic lions standing back to back, on an elaborate base that includes other animals.
This is a list of airports in Karnataka state in India.
This is a list of butterfly species found in Karnataka, India.
The Chief Minister of Karnataka is the chief executive of the south Indian state of Karnataka.
Below is the list of notable large Dams and Reservoirs in the South Indian state of Karnataka.
A district (zilā) is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory.
The Indian State of Karnataka consists of 30 districts and 4 administrative divisions.
This is a list of the Governors of Mysore and the subsequent Karnataka State since the reformation of Mysore Kingdom into Mysore State in 1956.
There are 24 high courts at the state and union territory level of India, which together with the Supreme Court of India at the national level, comprise the country's judicial system.
Below is the list of television channels in Kannada language, a Dravidian language widely spoken in the South Indian state of Karnataka.
On 28 April 2010, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways officially published a new numbering system for the National Highway network in the Gazette of the Government of India.
This is a list of famous and notable people from Karnataka, India.
The following is a list of states and union territories of the Republic of India by area from largest to smallest according to the census of 2011.
India is a union of 29 states and 7 union territories.
This is a list of notable waterfalls in India sorted by state.
Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write.
Literacy in India is a key for socio-economic progress, and the Indian literacy rate has grown to 74% (2011 Census figure) with recent reports of 80% literacy.
The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house of India's bicameral Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha.
Lonchura is a genus of the estrildid finch family, and includes munias (or minias), mannikins, and silverbills.
Lotus, a latinization of Greek lōtos (λωτός), is a genus that includes most bird's-foot trefoils (also known as bacon-and-eggs) and deervetches and contains many dozens of species distributed worldwide.
The M. Chinnaswamy Stadium, located in Bengaluru, Karnataka, is a stadium owned by the Government of Karnataka.
Sir Mokshagundam Vishveshwarya KCIE, FASc popularly known as Sir MV; 15 September 1861 – 12 April 1962) was an Indian engineer, scholar, statesman, and the 19th Diwan of Mysore, who served from 1912 to 1918. He received India's highest honour, the Bharat Ratna, in 1955. He was knighted as a Knight Commander of the British Indian Empire (KCIE) by King George V for his contributions to the public good. 15 September is celebrated as Engineer's Day in India in his memory. He is held in high regard as a pre-eminent Engineer of India. He was chief engineer responsible for the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagara dam in Mandya district and chief engineer of the flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad.
Maddur vade (ಮದ್ದೂರು ವಡೆ) (pronounced "ma-ddur vah-daa", "ma-ddur vah-dey"), is a savoury fritter-type snack from South India.
Madhvācārya (ಮಧ್ವಾಚಾರ್ಯ;; CE 1238–1317), sometimes anglicised as Madhva Acharya, and also known as Purna Prajña and Ananda Teertha, was a Hindu philosopher and the chief proponent of the Dvaita (dualism) school of Vedanta.
Madikeri is a hill station town in Madikeri taluk in Karnataka state, India.
Magod Falls is a group of waterfalls in Karnataka, India, where the river Bedti falls from a height of nearly 200m in two steps.
The Mahamastakabhisheka (Grand Consecration/The Great Indian Festival), refers to the abhiṣheka (anointment) of the Jain images when held on a large scale.
Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.
Mahāyāna (Sanskrit for "Great Vehicle") is one of two (or three, if Vajrayana is counted separately) main existing branches of Buddhism and a term for classification of Buddhist philosophies and practice.
Mahesh Shrinivas Bhupathi (born 7 June 1974) is a retired Indian professional tennis player.
Makar Sankranti, also known as Makara Sankrānti (Sanskrit: मकर सङ्क्रान्ति) or Maghi, is a festival day in the Hindu calendar, in reference to deity Surya (sun).
The Malabar pied hornbill (Anthracoceros coronatus), also known as lesser pied hornbill, is a bird in the hornbill family, a family of tropical near-passerine birds found in the Old World.
The Malaprabha River (Kannada ಮಲಪ್ರಭಾ ನದಿ) is a tributary of the Krishna River and flows through the state of Karnataka in India.
Malayalam is a Dravidian language spoken across the Indian state of Kerala by the Malayali people and it is one of 22 scheduled languages of India.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Malenadu is a region in the state of Karnataka in India.
Mallikarjun Mansur (31 December 1910 – 12 September 1992) was an Indian classical singer of the khyal style in the Jaipur-Atrauli gharana (singing style).
Malpe is a natural port about six kilometers to the west of Udupi, Karnataka, India.
Mandya is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka.
Mandya District is an administrative district of Karnataka, India.
Mangalore, officially known as Mangaluru, is the chief port city of the Indian state of Karnataka.
Mangalore International Airport, is an international airport serving the coastal city of Mangaluru (Mangalore), India.
Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited (MRPL), is an oil refinery at Mangalore and is a subsidiary of ONGC, set up in 1988.
Mangalore University (MU) is a public university in Konaje, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India.
Mangaluru Samachara or Mangalooru Samachara which literally means "The news of Mangalore" is the first newspaper published in Kannada.
The Maratha Empire or the Maratha Confederacy was an Indian power that dominated much of the Indian subcontinent in the 17th and 18th century.
Marathi (मराठी Marāṭhī) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken predominantly by the Marathi people of Maharashtra, India.
A marble is a small spherical toy often made from glass, clay, steel, plastic or agate.
Masala dosa or masale dose is a variation of the popular South Indian food dosa, which has its origins in Tuluva Mangalorean cuisine.
A matha (मठ, IAST) or mutt is a Sanskrit word that means "cloister, institute or college", and it also refers to a monastery in Hinduism.
The Maurya Empire was a geographically-extensive Iron Age historical power founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated ancient India between 322 BCE and 180 BCE.
Mayurasharma (ಮಯೂರಶರ್ಮ) (or Mayuravarma (ಮಯೂರವರ್ಮ.)) (r.345–365 C.E.), a Brahmin scholar and a native of Talagunda (in modern Shimoga district), was the founder of the Kadamba Kingdom of Banavasi, the earliest native kingdom to rule over what is today the modern state of Karnataka, India.
Karnataka has been a leading state in electronic communications, in India, since the start of first private radio station in Mysore, in 1935.
Medical tourism refers to people traveling to a country other than their own to obtain medical treatment.
A megalith is a large stone that has been used to construct a structure or monument, either alone or together with other stones.
Melukote in Pandavapura taluk of Mandya district, Karnataka, in southern India, is one of the sacred places in Karnataka.
A Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA), or a Member of the Legislature (ML), is a representative elected by the voters of a constituency to the legislature or legislative assembly of a sub-national jurisdiction.
Meteorology is a branch of the atmospheric sciences which includes atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics, with a major focus on weather forecasting.
In music, metre (Am. meter) refers to the regularly recurring patterns and accents such as bars and beats.
A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an area to proselytize and/or perform ministries of service, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care, and economic development.
Modern Kannada literature refers to the body of literature written in the Kannada language, a language spoken mainly in the Indian state of Karnataka.
Mollisols are a soil order in USDA soil taxonomy.
Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.
Moodabidri (also called Mudbidri, Moodbidre and Bedra), is a town in Dakshina Kannada district.
Kollur Mookambika Temple is located at Kollur, Udupi District in the state of Karnataka, India.
Muddenahalli is a village situated 7 km from Chikballapur in Chikballapur District of Karnataka State.
The Mughal Empire (گورکانیان, Gūrkāniyān)) or Mogul Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526. It was established and ruled by a Muslim dynasty with Turco-Mongol Chagatai roots from Central Asia, but with significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances; only the first two Mughal emperors were fully Central Asian, while successive emperors were of predominantly Rajput and Persian ancestry. The dynasty was Indo-Persian in culture, combining Persianate culture with local Indian cultural influences visible in its traits and customs. The Mughal Empire at its peak extended over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent and parts of Afghanistan. It was the second largest empire to have existed in the Indian subcontinent, spanning approximately four million square kilometres at its zenith, after only the Maurya Empire, which spanned approximately five million square kilometres. The Mughal Empire ushered in a period of proto-industrialization, and around the 17th century, Mughal India became the world's largest economic power, accounting for 24.4% of world GDP, and the world leader in manufacturing, producing 25% of global industrial output up until the 18th century. The Mughal Empire is considered "India's last golden age" and one of the three Islamic Gunpowder Empires (along with the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia). The beginning of the empire is conventionally dated to the victory by its founder Babur over Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). The Mughal emperors had roots in the Turco-Mongol Timurid dynasty of Central Asia, claiming direct descent from both Genghis Khan (founder of the Mongol Empire, through his son Chagatai Khan) and Timur (Turco-Mongol conqueror who founded the Timurid Empire). During the reign of Humayun, the successor of Babur, the empire was briefly interrupted by the Sur Empire. The "classic period" of the Mughal Empire started in 1556 with the ascension of Akbar the Great to the throne. Under the rule of Akbar and his son Jahangir, the region enjoyed economic progress as well as religious harmony, and the monarchs were interested in local religious and cultural traditions. Akbar was a successful warrior who also forged alliances with several Hindu Rajput kingdoms. Some Rajput kingdoms continued to pose a significant threat to the Mughal dominance of northwestern India, but most of them were subdued by Akbar. All Mughal emperors were Muslims; Akbar, however, propounded a syncretic religion in the latter part of his life called Dīn-i Ilāhī, as recorded in historical books like Ain-i-Akbari and Dabistān-i Mazāhib. The Mughal Empire did not try to intervene in the local societies during most of its existence, but rather balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices and diverse and inclusive ruling elites, leading to more systematic, centralised, and uniform rule. Traditional and newly coherent social groups in northern and western India, such as the Maratha Empire|Marathas, the Rajputs, the Pashtuns, the Hindu Jats and the Sikhs, gained military and governing ambitions during Mughal rule, which, through collaboration or adversity, gave them both recognition and military experience. The reign of Shah Jahan, the fifth emperor, between 1628 and 1658, was the zenith of Mughal architecture. He erected several large monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra, as well as the Moti Masjid, Agra, the Red Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Jama Masjid, Delhi, and the Lahore Fort. The Mughal Empire reached the zenith of its territorial expanse during the reign of Aurangzeb and also started its terminal decline in his reign due to Maratha military resurgence under Category:History of Bengal Category:History of West Bengal Category:History of Bangladesh Category:History of Kolkata Category:Empires and kingdoms of Afghanistan Category:Medieval India Category:Historical Turkic states Category:Mongol states Category:1526 establishments in the Mughal Empire Category:1857 disestablishments in the Mughal Empire Category:History of Pakistan.
Mullayanagiri is the highest peak in Karnataka, India.
The Mumbai cricket team is a cricket team representing the city of Mumbai in Indian domestic cricket.
Murdeshwar is a town in Bhatkal Taluk of Uttara Kannada district in the state of Karnataka, India.
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Mysore, officially Mysuru, is the third most populous city in the state of Karnataka, India.
Mysore Dasara (Kannada: ದಸರಾ ಹಬ್ಬ) is the Nadahabba (state-festival) of the state of Karnataka in India.
Mysore District is an administrative district located in the southern part of the state of Karnataka, India.
Mysore painting (ಮೈಸೂರು ಚಿತ್ರಕಲೆ) is an important form of classical South Indian painting that originated in and around the town of Mysore in Karnataka encouraged and nurtured by the Mysore rulers.
Mysore pak originally called as Mysuru Paakahttp://newsable.asianetnews.com/life/does-the-royal-sweet-mysore-pak-have-a-pakistan-connection (Paaka means a sweet syrup) is an Indian sweet prepared in ghee that is popular in Southern India.
Ambavilas Palace, otherwise known as the Mysore Palace, is a historical palace and a royal residence at Mysore in the southern Karnataka state of India.
Mysore Peta (Peta is a Kannada word which means Turban in English) is the classical royal Indian attire worn by the erstwhile Kings of Mysore, called the Wodeyars (1399 to 1947), of the Kingdom of Mysore.
Mysore State was a separate state within the Union of India from 1948 until 1956 with Mysore as its capital.
Nagaradhane (Tulu: ನಾಗಾರಾಧನೆ) is a form of snake worship which, along with Bhuta Kola, is one of the unique traditions prevalent in Coastal districts of Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and Kasaragod alternatively known as Tulu Nadu, practiced by Tuluva community members.
Nagarhole National Park (also known as Rajiv Gandhi National Park), is a national park located in Kodagu district and Mysore district in Karnataka state in South India.
The Nanda dynasty originated from the region of Magadha in ancient India during the 4th century BCE and lasted between 345–321 BCE.
Nandi Hills or Nandi betta (Anglicised forms include Nandidurg and Nandydoorg) is an ancient hill fortress in southern India, in the Chikkaballapur district of Karnataka state.
Narasimha (Sanskrit: नरसिंह IAST: Narasiṃha, lit. man-lion) is an avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu, one who incarnates in the form of part lion and part man to destroy an evil, end religious persecution and calamity on Earth, thereby restoring Dharma.
Nargund or Naragunda was a zamindari estate ruled by Marathi Chitpavan Brahmin - Shrimant Bhave Sarkar that is now a town in Gadag district in the Indian state of Karnataka.
National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL), is India's second largest aerospace firm after Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL).
The National Cricket Academy located in Chinnaswamy Stadium Bangalore, Karnataka in India.
The National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro-Sciences is a medical institution located in Bangalore, India.
The National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS), formerly National Open School, (name changed in 2002) is the board of education under the Union Government of India.
National Institute of Technology Karnataka (NITK), formerly known as Karnataka Regional Engineering College (KREC), also known as NIT Surathkal, is a public engineering university at Surathkal, Mangalore.
The National Law School of India University (NLSIU) is an institution of legal education focusing on undergraduate and graduate legal and policy education in India.
Nelumbo nucifera, also known as Indian lotus, sacred lotus, bean of India, Egyptian bean or simply lotus, is one of two extant species of aquatic plant in the family Nelumbonaceae.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
New Mangaluru Port is a deep-water, all-weather port at Panambur, Mangaluru in Karnataka state in India, which is the deepest inner harbour on the west coast.
Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal or crepuscular birds in the family Caprimulgidae, characterized by long wings, short legs and very short bills.
Nike, Inc. is an American multinational corporation that is engaged in the design, development, manufacturing, and worldwide marketing and sales of footwear, apparel, equipment, accessories, and services.
Ninasam (Kannada: ನೀನಾಸಂ) is a cultural organisation located in the village of Heggodu in Sagar Taluk of the Shivamogga district in the state of Karnataka, India.
– --> Nittoor Srinivasa Rao or Nittur Srinivasa Rao (24 August 1903 – 12 August 2004) was a Gandhian who participated in the Indian independence movement.
The Nizam of Hyderabad (Nizam-ul-Mulk, also known as Asaf Jah) was a monarch of the Hyderabad State, now divided into Telangana state, Hyderabad-Karnataka region of Karnataka and Marathwada region of Maharashtra.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
Oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel and fuel oils.
Old World quail is a collective name for several genera of mid-sized birds in the pheasant family Phasianidae.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to India: India – seventh-largest country by area, located on the Indian subcontinent in South Asia.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Karnataka: Karnataka is the 7th biggest, 8th most populous, 13th highest and 16th most literate state of the 28 states of the democratic Republic of India.
Oxisols are an order in USDA soil taxonomy, best known for their occurrence in tropical rain forest, 15–25 degrees north and south of the Equator.
The Padma Bhushan is the third-highest civilian award in the Republic of India, preceded by the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan and followed by the Padma Shri.
The Padma Vibhushan is the second-highest civilian award of the Republic of India; Bharat Ratna is the highest, Padma Bhushan third-ranking.
The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic is a period in human prehistory distinguished by the original development of stone tools that covers c. 95% of human technological prehistory.
The Panchayat raj is a South Asian political system found mainly in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Trinidad and Tobago, and Nepal.
Pankaj Arjan Advani (born 24 July 1985 in Pune) is a 19-time World Champion English billiards and snooker player from India.
A parakeet is any one of a large number of small to medium-sized species of parrot, in multiple genera, that generally have long tail feathers.
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.
Partridges are medium-sized non-migratory gamebirds, with a wide native distribution throughout the Old World, including Europe, Asia, and parts of Africa.
Pattadakal, also called Paṭṭadakallu or Raktapura, is a complex of 7th and 8th century CE Hindu and Jain temples in northern Karnataka (India).
Pavagada Solar Park is a solar park spread over a total area of in Pavagada taluk, Tumkur district, Karnataka.
Phyllanthus emblica, also known as emblic, emblic myrobalan, myrobalan, Indian gooseberry, Malacca tree, or amla from Sanskrit amalaki is a deciduous tree of the family Phyllanthaceae.
In soil science, Podzols (known as Spodosols in China and the United States of America and Podosols in Australia) are the typical soils of coniferous, or boreal forests.
The political history of medieval Karnataka spans the 4th to the 16th centuries, when the empires that evolved in the Karnataka region of India made a lasting impact on the subcontinent.
Karnataka's coastline called Karavali stretches 300 km between Mangalore in Dakshina Kannada district and Karwar in Uttara Kannada district.
Portuguese people are an ethnic group indigenous to Portugal that share a common Portuguese culture and speak Portuguese.
Prabhat Kalavidaru (ಪ್ರಭಾತ್ ಕಲಾವಿದರು) is a theatre group based in Bangalore, India.
Prajavani (Kannada for Voice of the People) is a leading Kannada-language broadsheet daily newspaper published in Karnataka, India.
Prakash Padukone (born 10 June 1955) is a former Indian badminton player.
The pre-university course or pre-degree course, popularly abbreviated to PUC or PDC, is an intermediate course (which is known as 10+2) of two years' duration, conducted by state education institutions or boards in India.
Premier Badminton League is a franchise league; Sportz & Live Private Limited (Sportzlive) has the rights to operate and execute the Premier Badminton League.
The President of the Republic of India is the head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.
The Prime Minister of India is the leader of the executive of the Government of India.
The Pro Kabaddi League currently known as Vivo Pro Kabaddi League for sponsorship purpose is a professional-level Kabaddi league in India.
The Pro Wrestling League (PWL) is an Indian sport wrestling promotion that was established in 2015.
The Proterozoic is a geological eon representing the time just before the proliferation of complex life on Earth.
The public sector (also called the state sector) is the part of the economy composed of both public services and public enterprises.
The Puranas (singular: पुराण), are ancient Hindu texts eulogizing various deities, primarily the divine Trimurti God in Hinduism through divine stories.
Purandara Dāsa (ಪುರಂದರ ದಾಸ) (1484–1564) was a Haridasa (a devotee - servant of Lord Hari (Vishnu)), great devotee of Lord Krishna (an incarnation of Lord Vishnu) and a saint.
(#Telugu|రాగి సంగటి/రాగి ముద్ద) Ragi sangati/Ragi Mudda (ರಾಗಿ ಮುದ್ದೆ) Ragi Mudde (.
Rahul Dravid (born 11 January 1973) is a former Indian cricketer and captain, widely regarded as one of the greatest batsmen in the history of cricket.
Raichur is a city municipality in the district of Raichur in the South Indian state of Karnataka.
Raichur District is an administrative district in the Indian state of Karnataka.
Raja Venkatappa Nayaka IVth or Nalvadi Raja Venkatappa Nayaka was a prominent and a last ruler from Nayak Dynasty of Shorapur.
Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences (RGUHS), centered in Bangalore, India, is a public, unitary university set up in 1996 by the government of Karnataka, India, for the regulation and promotion of higher education in health sciences throughout the state of Karnataka.
The Rajya Sabha or Council of States is the upper house of the Parliament of India.
Rama Navami (Devanagari: राम नवमी; IAST) is a spring Hindu festival that celebrates the birthday of god Rama.
Ramadan (رمضان,;In Arabic phonology, it can be, depending on the region. also known as Ramazan, romanized as Ramzan, Ramadhan, or Ramathan) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and is observed by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting (Sawm) to commemorate the first revelation of the Quran to Muhammad according to Islamic belief.
Ramanagara district (ರಾಮನಗರ ಜಿಲ್ಲೆ in Kannada) is one of the 30 districts of Karnataka state in southern India.
Ramanuja (traditionally, 1017–1137 CE) was a Hindu theologian, philosopher, and one of the most important exponents of the Sri Vaishnavism tradition within Hinduism.
Ranga Shankara is one of Bangalore's well known theatres.
Rangayana (ರಂಗಾಯಣ) is a theatre institute which operates from Mysore, Karnataka, India.
The Ranji Trophy is a domestic first-class cricket championship played in India between teams representing regional and state cricket associations.
Rashtrakuta (IAST) was a royal dynasty ruling large parts of the Indian subcontinent between the sixth and 10th centuries.
The red slender loris (Loris tardigradus) is a small, nocturnal strepsirrhine primate native to the rainforests of Sri Lanka.
Refugees in India refers to the history of refugees in India.
Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).
Robin Venu Uthappa (born 11 November 1985) is an Indian cricketer.
Rohan Bopanna (born 4 March 1980) is an Indian professional tennis player.
The Royal Challengers Bangalore (often abbreviated as RCB) are a franchise cricket team based in Bangalore, Karnataka, that plays in the Indian Premier League (IPL).
Siddavanahalli Nijalingappa (10 December 1902 – 8 August 2000, Chitradurga) was a senior Congress politician and the Chief Minister of Karnataka (then Mysore State) between 1956 and 1958 and once again, between 1962 and 1968.
Sainik School Bijapur is one of the 25 Sainik Schools of India.
Sainik School Kodagu is one of the 25 Sainik Schools of India.
Salcete or Salcette (Saxti pronounced: Sāshti) is a sub-division of the district of South Goa in the Indian state of Goa.
The sambar (Rusa unicolor) is a large deer native to the Indian subcontinent, southern China, and Southeast Asia that is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List since 2008.
Samyukta Karnataka is a major Kannada newspaper which has its headquarters in Hubballi, Karnataka.
Sandalwood is a class of woods from trees in the genus Santalum.
Sandpipers are a large family, Scolopacidae, of waders or shorebirds.
Sangolli Rayanna (15 August 1798-26 January 1831) was prominent Warrior from Karnataka, India He was the Army chief of the Kingdom Of Kittur Ruled at the time by Rani Chennamma and fought the British East India Company till his death.
Sanjevani is a major Kannada afternoon newspaper which has its headquarters in Bangalore, Karnataka.
Sankethi is a South Dravidian language that is closely related to the Tamil.
Sannati or Sannathi is a small village, located on the banks of the Bhima River in Chitapur taluk of Gulbarga District of Northern Karnataka.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
Santalum is a genus of woody flowering plants, the best known and commercially valuable of which is the Indian sandalwood tree, S. album.
Santalum album, or Indian sandalwood, is a small tropical tree, and is the most commonly known source of sandalwood.
A sari, saree, or shariThe name of the garment in various regional languages include:শাড়ি, साड़ी, ଶାଢୀ, ಸೀರೆ,, साडी, कापड, चीरे,, സാരി, साडी, सारी, ਸਾਰੀ, புடவை, చీర, ساڑى is a female garment from the Indian subcontinent that consists of a drape varying from five to nine yards (4.5 metres to 8 metres) in length and two to four feet (60 cm to 1.20 m) in breadth that is typically wrapped around the waist, with one end draped over the shoulder, baring the midriff.
Sarnath is a place located 10 kilometres north-east of Varanasi near the confluence of the Ganges and the Varuna rivers in Uttar Pradesh, India.
The Satavahanas (IAST), also referred to as the Andhras in the Puranas, were an ancient Indian dynasty based in the Deccan region.
Ramachandra Kundgolkar Saunshi, popularly known as Pandit Sawai Gandharva (January 19, 1886 – September 12, 1952), was a popular Hindustani Classical vocalist and Marathi stage actor of the Kirana Gharana.
Schist (pronounced) is a medium-grade metamorphic rock with medium to large, flat, sheet-like grains in a preferred orientation (nearby grains are roughly parallel).
The Secondary School Leaving Certificate (commonly referred to as SSLC) is a certification obtained by a student on successful completion of an examination at the end of study at the secondary schooling level in India.
Shalwar kameez, also spelled salwar kameez or shalwar qameez, is a traditional outfit originating in the Indian subcontinent.
Sharabha (शरभ,, ಶರಭ, Telugu: శరభ) or Sarabha is a part-lion and part-bird beast in Hindu mythology, who, according to Sanskrit literature, is eight-legged and more powerful than a lion or an elephant, possessing the ability to clear a valley in one jump.
Sharavati is a river which originates and flows entirely within the state of Karnataka in India.
Shettihalli is the Ward No.
Shettihalli Church is located 2 km from, in Karnataka.
Shimoga, officially renamed as Shivamogga, is a city and the district headquarters of Shimoga District in the central part of the state of Karnataka, India.
Shimoga district is a district in the Karnataka state of India.
Shimsha is a river that flows in the state of Karnataka, India.
A shirt is a cloth garment for the upper body (from the neck to the waist).
Shivanasamudra is a small city in the Mandya District of the state of Karnataka, India.
Shorapur is a town and taluka in Yadgir district in the Indian state of Karnataka.
Shorea is a genus of about 196 species of mainly rainforest trees in the family Dipterocarpaceae.
Shravanabelagola is a town located near Channarayapatna of Hassan district in the Indian state of Karnataka and is 144 km from Bangalore, the capital of the state.
The Siddis of Karnataka (ಕರ್ನಾಟಕದ ಸಿದ್ಧಿಗಳು) (also spelled Siddhis) are an ethnic group inhabiting India.
A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a person associated with Sikhism, a monotheistic religion that originated in the 15th century based on the revelation of Guru Nanak.
Sikhism (ਸਿੱਖੀ), or Sikhi,, from Sikh, meaning a "disciple", or a "learner"), is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent about the end of the 15th century. It is one of the youngest of the major world religions, and the fifth-largest. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighboring Indian states, formerly part of the Punjab. Sikhism is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Guru (1469–1539), and the nine Sikh gurus that succeeded him. The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, named the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus and making the scripture the eternal, religious spiritual guide for Sikhs.Louis Fenech and WH McLeod (2014),, 3rd Edition, Rowman & Littlefield,, pages 17, 84-85William James (2011), God's Plenty: Religious Diversity in Kingston, McGill Queens University Press,, pages 241–242 Sikhism rejects claims that any particular religious tradition has a monopoly on Absolute Truth. The Sikh scripture opens with Ik Onkar (ੴ), its Mul Mantar and fundamental prayer about One Supreme Being (God). Sikhism emphasizes simran (meditation on the words of the Guru Granth Sahib), that can be expressed musically through kirtan or internally through Nam Japo (repeat God's name) as a means to feel God's presence. It teaches followers to transform the "Five Thieves" (lust, rage, greed, attachment, and ego). Hand in hand, secular life is considered to be intertwined with the spiritual life., page.
The Silicon Valley of India is a nickname of the Indian city of Bangalore.
Silk in the Indian subcontinent is a luxury good.
Sirsi is a city in the Uttara Kannada district in the Indian state of Karnataka.
The sloth bear (Melursus ursinus), also known as the labiated bear, is an insectivorous bear species native to the Indian subcontinent.
The small Indian civet (Viverricula indica) is a civet native to South and Southeast Asia.
Soapstone (also known as steatite or soaprock) is a talc-schist, which is a type of metamorphic rock.
Solapur is a city located in the south-western region of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Solar power is the conversion of energy from sunlight into electricity, either directly using photovoltaics (PV), indirectly using concentrated solar power, or a combination.
Soliga, also spelled Sholaga and Shōlaga, is an ethnic group of India.
Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae.
South Canara was a district of the Madras Presidency of British India, located at.
The Sri Lanka frogmouth, Sri Lankan frogmouth or Ceylon frogmouth (Batrachostomus moniliger) is a small frogmouth found in the Western Ghats of south India and Sri Lanka.
Sringeri also called Sri Kshetra Shringeri is a hill town and Taluk headquarters located in Chikkamagaluru district in the state of Karnataka, It is the site of the first maṭha (Sringeri Sharada Peetham) established by Adi Shankara, Hindu theologian and exponent of the Advaita Vedanta philosophy, in the 8th century CE It is located on the banks of the river Tungā.
Star India Private Limited, is one of India's largest media conglomerates, a fully owned subsidiary of 21st Century Fox.
State Bank of Mysore was a nationalised bank in India, with headquarters at Bengaluru.
India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.
The States Reorganisation Act, 1956 was a major reform of the boundaries of India's states and territories, organising them along linguistic lines.
The striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena) is a species of hyena native to North and East Africa, the Middle East, the Caucasus, Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent.
Stuart Terence Roger Binny (born 3 June 1984), is an International Indian cricketer, who plays for One Day Internationals, Twenty20 Internationals, and Tests.
Sujith Bijjahalli Somasundar (born 2 December 1972 in Bangalore) is a former Indian cricketer.
Sunil Bandacharya Joshi (ಸುನಿಲ್ ಬಂಡಾಚಾರ್ಯ ಜೋಶಿ.; born 6 June 1970) is a former Indian cricketer.
In India, a District Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) or Superintendent of Police (SP) heads the police force of a district.
The swifts are a family, Apodidae, of highly aerial birds.
Syed Mujtaba Hussain Kirmani (born 29 December 1949) played cricket for India and Karnataka as a wicket-keeper.
Syndicate Bank is one of the oldest and major commercial banks of India.
Thanjavur Paramasiva Kailasam (1884–1946), was a playwright and prominent writer of Kannada literature.
Talagunda is a village in the Shikaripura taluk of Shimoga district in the state of Karnataka, India.
Talakadu is a desert-like town on the left bank of the Kaveri river 45 km (28 miles) from Mysore and 133 km (82 miles) from Bangalore in Karnataka, India.
Talakaveri is the place that is generally considered to be the source of the river Kaveri.
Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.
Tamil Nadu (• tamiḻ nāḍu ? literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India.
A tehsil (also known as a mandal, taluk, taluq or taluka) is an administrative division of some countries of South Asia.
Telangana is a state in the south of India.
Telugu (తెలుగు) is a South-central Dravidian language native to India.
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).
The Hindu is an Indian daily newspaper, headquartered at Chennai.
The Hindu Group is a publishing company located in Chennai.
The Indian Express is an English-language Indian daily newspaper.
The Times Group is India’s largest media conglomerate, according to Financial Times as of March 2015.
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.
Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay, FRS FRSE PC (25 October 1800 – 28 December 1859) was a British historian and Whig politician.
Tibetan Buddhism is the form of Buddhist doctrine and institutions named after the lands of Tibet, but also found in the regions surrounding the Himalayas and much of Central Asia.
Tigalari or Tulu (Tigaḷāri lipi, Tuḷu lipi) The script is also referred to as Arya Ezhuttu, Grantha Malayalam, Tulu Grantha, Tulu-Malayalam, and Western Grantha.
The tiger (Panthera tigris) is the largest cat species, most recognizable for its pattern of dark vertical stripes on reddish-orange fur with a lighter underside.
Tipu Sultan (born Sultan Fateh Ali Sahab Tipu, 20 November 1750 – 4 May 1799), also known as the Tipu Sahib, was a ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore.
Toda people are a Dravidian ethnic group who live in the Nilgiri Mountains of Tamil Nadu.
The total fertility rate (TFR), sometimes also called the fertility rate, absolute/potential natality, period total fertility rate (PTFR), or total period fertility rate (TPFR) of a population is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime if.
Karnataka, the eighth largest state in India, has been ranked as the third most popular state in the country for tourism in 2014.
Trousers (British English) or pants (American English) are an item of clothing originating in Asia, worn from the waist to the ankles, covering both legs separately (rather than with cloth extending across both legs as in robes, skirts, and dresses).
Tulu (Tulu: ತುಳು ಭಾಷೆ Tulu bāse) is a Dravidian language spoken by around 2.5 million native speakers mainly in the south west part of the Indian state of Karnataka and in the Kasaragod district of Kerala which is collectively known as Tulu Nadu.
The Tulu people, or Tuluva (plural Tuluver), are an ethnic group native to the Tulu Nadu region of India, presently divided amongst the Dakshina Kannada and Udupi districts of Karnataka and the Kasaragod taluk of Kerala up to river Chandragiri.
Tumakuru District is an administrative district in the state of Karnataka in India.
The Tungabhadra River is a river in India that starts and flows through the state of Karnataka during most of its course, before flowing along the border between Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh and ultimately joining the Krishna River in Kurnool District of Andhra Pradesh. In the epic Ramayana, the Tungabhadra River was known by the name of Pampa.
TV9 Kannada (ಟಿವಿ ೯ ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ) is a 24-hour paid Kannada language full on entertainment television channel.
Twenty20 cricket, sometimes written Twenty-20, and often abbreviated to T20, is a short form of cricket.
Udaya TV is a regional Kannada language Indian cable television station.
Udayavani ("Morning Voice" in Kannada) is a leading Kannada Daily News Paper with editions from Manipal, Bengaluru, Mumbai, Hubballi and Gulbarga.
Udupi (alternatively spelled as Udipi), also known as Odipu in Tulu, is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka.
Udupi cuisine is a cuisine of South India.
Udupi district in the Karnataka state of India was created in August 1997.
Udupi Sri Krishna Matha (Tulu:ಉಡುಪಿ ಶ್ರೀ ಕೃಷ್ಣ ಮಠ) is a famous Hindu temple dedicated to god Krishna and Dvaita Matha located in the city of Udupi in Karnataka, India.
Ugadi (Ugādi, Samvatsarādi, Yugadi) is the New Year's Day for the people of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka and Maharashtra, states in India.
Ultisols, commonly known as red clay soils, are one of twelve soil orders in the United States Department of Agriculture soil taxonomy.
Unchalli Falls, also known as Lushington Falls, is a waterfall created by a drop in the Aghanashini river.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The Unification of Karnataka (ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ ಏಕೀಕರಣ) refers to the formation of the Indian state of Karnataka, then named Mysore State, in 1956 when several Indian states were created by redrawing borders based on linguistic demographics.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.
A university (universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.
The University of Mysore is a public state university in Mysore, Karnataka, India.
Upma, uppumavu or uppittu is a dish from the Indian subcontinent, most common in South Indian, Maharashtrian, and Sri Lankan Tamil breakfast; cooked as a thick porridge from dry roasted semolina or coarse rice flour.
Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.
Uttar Pradesh (IAST: Uttar Pradeś) is a state in northern India.
Uttara Kannada (also known as North Canara) is a district in the Indian state of Karnataka.
Vachana sahitya is a form of rhythmic writing in Kannada (see also Kannada poetry) that evolved in the 11th century CE and flourished in the 12th century, as a part of the Sharana movement.
Vaishnavism (Vaishnava dharma) is one of the major traditions within Hinduism along with Shaivism, Shaktism, and Smartism.
Vajubhai Rudabhai Vala is an Indian politician and the current Governor of the state of Karnataka in India since September 2014.
Varatha Bharathi (ವಾತಾ೯ ಭಾರತಿ) also spelled as Vartha Bharati or Vartha Bharathi, is a Kannada daily News paper (ಕನ್ನಡ ದಿನಪತ್ರಿಕೆ) published simultaneously from Bangalore and Mangalore.
A vassal is a person regarded as having a mutual obligation to a lord or monarch, in the context of the feudal system in medieval Europe.
Vāyu (Sanskrit) is a primary Hindu deity, the lord of the winds, the father of Bhima and the spiritual father of Hanuman.
Vedanta (Sanskrit: वेदान्त, IAST) or Uttara Mīmāṃsā is one of the six orthodox (''āstika'') schools of Hindu philosophy.
The Vedas are ancient Sanskrit texts of Hinduism. Above: A page from the ''Atharvaveda''. The Vedas (Sanskrit: वेद, "knowledge") are a large body of knowledge texts originating in the ancient Indian subcontinent.
The Vedavathi is a river in India.
Veeragase ವೀರಗಾಸೆ is a dance form prevalent in the state of Karnataka, India.
Veerashaivism is a Shaivism subtradition within Lingayatism.
Bapu Krishnarao Venkatesh Prasad (ಬಾಪು ಕೃಷ್ಣರಾವ್ ವೆಂಕಟೇಶ್ ಪ್ರಸಾದ್.; born 5 August 1969) is a former Indian cricketer, who played Tests and ODIs.
In both the FAO and USDA soil taxonomy, a vertisol (Vertosol in the Australian Soil Classification) is a soil in which there is a high content of expansive clay known as montmorillonite that forms deep cracks in drier seasons or years.
Vesara is one of a number of terms for a distinct stylistic tradition of Indian Hindu temple architecture primarily used in the Deccan and Central India, between the Vindhyas and the river Krishna (VK Agnihotri, Indian History, p. B-34).
Raghvendrarao Vijay Bharadwaj (ರಾಘವೇಂದ್ರರಾವ್ ವಿಜಯ್ ಭಾರದ್ವಾಜ್.; born 15 August 1975) is a former Indian cricketer.
Vijaya Bank is a public sector bank with its corporate office in Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
Vijaya Karnataka is a Kannada newspaper published from a number of cities in Karnataka and is the number one newspaper in Kannada Language.
Vijayanagara (Sanskrit: "City of Victory") was the capital city of the historic Vijayanagara Empire.
The Vijayanagara Empire (also called Karnata Empire, and the Kingdom of Bisnegar by the Portuguese) was based in the Deccan Plateau region in South India.
Ranganath Vinay Kumar (ರಂಗನಾಥ್ ವಿನಯ್ ಕುಮಾರ್) (born 12 February 1984) is a player who has represented India at Test, One Day International (ODI) and Twenty20 levels.
Vishishtadvaita (IAST; विशिष्टाद्वैत) is one of the most popular schools of the Vedanta school of Hindu philosophy.
Vishnuvardhana (ವಿಷ್ಣುವರ್ಧನ) (r.1108–1152 CE) was a king of the Hoysala Empire in what is today the modern state of Karnataka, India.
Visvesvaraya Technological University (VTU, previously spelled "Visveswaraiah Technological University") is a collegiate public state university in Karnataka State, India.
Vitex is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae.
The abbreviation viz. (or viz without a full stop), short for the Latin italic, is used as a synonym for "namely", "that is to say", "to wit", or "as follows".
The Wadiyar (alternatively spelt Wodeyer or Odeyer) dynasty was a Hindu dynasty in Indian subcontinent that ruled the Kingdom of Mysore from 1399 to 1950, with a brief interruption in the late 1700s.
Western Chalukya architecture (ಪಶ್ಚಿಮ ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯ ವಾಸ್ತುಶಿಲ್ಪ), also known as Kalyani Chalukya or Later Chalukya architecture, is the distinctive style of ornamented architecture that evolved during the rule of the Western Chalukya Empire in the Tungabhadra region of modern central Karnataka, India, during the 11th and 12th centuries.
The Western Chalukya Empire ruled most of the western Deccan, South India, between the 10th and 12th centuries.
Western Ganga was an important ruling dynasty of ancient Karnataka in India which lasted from about 350 to 1000 CE.
Western Ghats also known as Sahyadri (Benevolent Mountains) is a mountain range that runs parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, located entirely in India.
Wipro Limited (Western India Palm Refined Oils Limited or more recently, Western India Products Limited) is an Indian Information Technology Services corporation headquartered in Bengaluru, India.
The Women's Tennis Association (WTA), founded in 1973 by Billie Jean King, is the principal organising body of women's professional tennis.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
The World Snooker Championship is the leading snooker tournament both in terms of prestige and prize money.
Wrightia is a genus of flowering plants in the Apocynaceae (dogbane) family, first described as a genus in 1810.
Yadgir District is one of the 30 districts of Karnataka state in southern India.
Zee Kannada is a 24-hour Kannada-language channel that launched in 11 May 2006 and is owned by Zee Entertainment Enterprises.
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