Computation is any type of calculation that follows a well-defined model understood and expressed as, for example, an algorithm, or a protocol.
A computer is a general-purpose device that can be programmed to carry out a set of arithmetic or logical operations automatically.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, “knowledge, study, learning”) is the study of topics such as quantity (numbers), structure, space, and change.
Moscow (or; a) is the capital and the largest city of Russia with 12.2 million residents within the city limits and 16.8 million within the urban area.
Mstislav Vsevolodovich Keldysh (Мстисла́в Все́володович Ке́лдыш; – 24 June 1978) was a Soviet scientist in the field of mathematics and mechanics, academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1946), President of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1961–1975), three times Hero of Socialist Labor (1956, 1961, 1971), fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1968).
Observation is the active acquisition of information from a primary source.
Russia (Ru-Россия.ogg), also officially known as the Russian Federation (a), is a country in northern Eurasia.
The Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) (Росси́йская акаде́мия нау́к (РАН) Rossíiskaya akadémiya naúk) consists of the national academy of Russia; a network of scientific research institutes from across the Russian Federation; and additional scientific and social units such as libraries, publishing units, and hospitals.
A spacecraft is a vehicle, or machine designed to fly in outer space.
Sputnik 1 (Спутник-1 "Satellite-1", or ПС-1) was the first artificial Earth satellite.
Steklov Institute of Mathematics or Steklov Mathematical Institute (Математический институт имени В.А.Стеклова) is a premier research institute based in Moscow, specialized in mathematics, and a part of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin (p; 9 March 1934 – 27 March 1968) was a Russian Soviet pilot and cosmonaut.