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Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast. [1]

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A. Vincent

Aloysius Vincent (14 June 1928 – 25 February 2015) was an Indian cinematographer and director of Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu and Hindi films.

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Abey Kuruvilla

Abey Kuruvilla (born 8 August 1968) is a former Indian pace bowler of the mid-1990s, notable for his height and broad frame.

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Achankovil

Achankovil is a river in Kerala, India, created towards the southern tip of the peninsula by the confluence of the Rishimala, Pasukidamettu, and Ramakkalteri Rivers.

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Adi Shankara

Adi Shankara (pronounced) or Shankara, was an early 8th century Indian philosopher and theologian who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta.

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Adivasi

Adivasi is the collective term for the indigenous peoples of mainland South Asia.

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Adoor Bhasi

K.

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Adoor Gopalakrishnan

Adoor Gopalakrishnan is an Indian film director, script writer, and producer.

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Advaita Vedanta

Advaita Vedanta (अद्वैत वेदान्त, IAST:, literally, "not-two"), originally known as Puruṣavāda, is a school of Hindu philosophy and religious practice, and one of the classic Indian paths to spiritual realization.

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Affiliated Computer Services

Affiliated Computer Services Inc.

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Age of Discovery

The Age of Discovery, or the Age of Exploration (approximately from the beginning of the 15th century until the end of the 18th century) is an informal and loosely defined term for the period in European history in which extensive overseas exploration emerged as a powerful factor in European culture and was the beginning of globalization.

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Air India Express

Air India Express is an Indian low-cost carrier headquartered in Kochi.

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AirAsia India

AirAsia India is an Indian low cost carrier headquartered in Bengaluru, India.

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Aircel

Aircel Ltd. is a defunct Indian mobile network operator headquartered in Gurgaon that offered voice and 2G and 3G data services.

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Airports Authority of India

The Airports Authority of India or AAI under the Ministry of Civil Aviation is responsible for creating, upgrading, maintaining and managing civil aviation infrastructure in India.

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Alappuzha

Alappuzha, also known as Alleppey, is the administrative headquarters of Alappuzha District of Kerala state of southern India.

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Alappuzha railway station

Alappuzha railway station (also known as Alleppey railway station, code: ALLP) is located at Alappuzha, Alappuzha District, in Kerala, India.

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Aliyah

Aliyah (עֲלִיָּה aliyah, "ascent") is the immigration of Jews from the diaspora to the Land of Israel (Eretz Israel in Hebrew).

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Ambalavasi

Ambalavasi is a generic name for a group of castes among Hindus in Kerala who render temple services.

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Amphibian

Amphibians are ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrates of the class Amphibia.

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Amrita TV

Amrita TV(അമൃത ടി.വി.), was launched in 2005, as a 24-hour Malayalam, general entertainment satellite channel.

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Anamalai Tiger Reserve

Anamalai Tiger Reserve, earlier known as Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park (IGWLS&NP) and previously as Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary, is a protected area located in the Anaimalai Hills of Pollachi, Valparai and Udumalpet taluks of Coimbatore District and Tiruppur District, Tamil Nadu state, South India.

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Anamudi

Anamudi (ആനമുടി) is a mountain located in the Indian state of Kerala.

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Anas Edathodika

Anas Edathodika (born 15 February 1987) is an Indian professional footballer who plays as a centre back for Kerala Blasters in the Indian Super League.

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Anglo-Indian

The term Anglo-Indians can refer to at least two groups of people: those with mixed Indian and British ancestry, and people of British descent born or living in the Indian subcontinent.

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Anglo-Mysore Wars

The Anglo–Mysore Wars were a series of wars fought in over the last three decades of the 18th century between the Kingdom of Mysore on the one hand, and the British East India Company (represented chiefly by the Madras Presidency), and Maratha Confederacy and the Nizam of Hyderabad on the other.

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Animal husbandry

Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other products.

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Anju Bobby George

Anju Bobby George (born 19 April 1977) is an Indian athlete.

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Apostles

In Christian theology and ecclesiology, the apostles, particularly the Twelve Apostles (also known as the Twelve Disciples or simply the Twelve), were the primary disciples of Jesus, the central figure in Christianity.

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Appam

Appam is a type of pancake, originating from the Indian subcontinent, made with fermented rice batter and coconut milk.

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Arab culture

Arab culture is the culture of the Arabs, from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Arabian Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean Sea.

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Arab states of the Persian Gulf

The Arab states of the Persian Gulf are the seven Arab states which border the Persian Gulf, namely Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

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Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary

Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary is the northernmost wildlife sanctuary of Kerala, southwest India.

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Aranyaka

The Aranyakas (Sanskrit: आरण्यक) constitutes the philosophy behind ritual sacrifice of the ancient Indian sacred texts, the Vedas.

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Arjuna Award

The Arjuna Awards are given by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Government of India to recognize outstanding achievement in sports.

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Arundhati Roy

Suzanna Arundhati Roy (born 24 November 1961) is an Indian author best known for her novel The God of Small Things (1997), which won the Man Booker Prize for Fiction in 1997 and became the biggest-selling book by a non-expatriate Indian author.

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Aryan

"Aryan" is a term that was used as a self-designation by Indo-Iranian people.

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Ashoka

Ashoka (died 232 BCE), or Ashoka the Great, was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty, who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from to 232 BCE.

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Ashtamudi Lake

Ashtamudi Lake (Ashtamudi Kayal), in the Kollam District of the Indian state of Kerala, is the most visited backwater and lake in the state.

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Asian palm civet

The Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) is a small viverrid native to South and Southeast Asia.

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Asianet

Asianet (Star Asianet) is an Indian general channel broadcasting in Malayalam language.

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Asianet Movies

Star Asianet Movies is a 24-hour Malayalam TV channel from the Asianet Communications Limited launched on 15 July 2012.

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Asianet News

Asianet News (formerly Asianet Global) is a Malayalam news channel which is owned by Jupiter Capital, a company founded by Rajeev Chandrasekhar who is Bharatiya Janata Party’s member of parliament. The channel is not a part of the STAR India owned Asianet Communications Limited, but comes under the Asianet News Network (ANN), one of the portfolio companies of Jupiter Capital. Amit Gupta is the current CEO of Asianet News Media and Entertainment Pvt. Ltd. The channel is based in Thiruvananthapuram. In June 2001, Asianet Communications started a second channel "Asianet Global" targeting the huge expatriate Malayalee population in the Middle East region. The company was toying with the idea of a news channel for a long time. It was with this intention that Asianet Global was launched, however there were very few news-based programmes which later gave way to film-based entertainment ones. But with Asianet Global not fetching returns, the management decided to go in for an entertainment channel called "Asianet Plus" and wind up Asianet Global. Midway through the process, there was a rethink and the concept of a news channel was revived. The channel was re-branded as Asianet News on 1 May 2003. The Asianet channel company and a cable company bearing the same name were promoted by Sashi Kumar with seed capital provided by Reji Menon. When the companies faced a financial crunch, the real estate firm of Rahejas helped, and it was given 50% stake in the cable operations. As business prospered, the Rahejas wanted a stake in the channel operations too. While Sashi Kumar, who held half the shares, resisted their overtures, Reji Menon, who held the remaining half, struck a deal with them. Under the deal, the Rahejas got full control over the cable company. An attempt by Zee Group to acquire Asianet from Menon fell through apparently because the severance agreement with the cable company prohibits the channel's takeover by a company with interest in cable operations. Rajeev Chandrasekhar (BJP MP) acquired a 51% stake in Asianet (Asianet News, Asianet and Asianet Plus) through Jupiter Entertainment Ventures in 2006. While there was no official word on the size of the investment, the figure is thought to range between Rs 120-150-crore. The remaining 49% stake was held by Reji Menon and Asianet MD K Madhavan with Zee Group holding a small 3% stake. Mr Madhavan continued as the Managing Director of Asianet, while Rajeev Chandrasekhar assumed chairmanship of the company. STAR India bought a majority stake in Asianet Communications Limited (Asianet and Asianet Plus, excluding Asianet News) and formed joint venture with Rajeev Chandrasekhar in 2008. Rajeev Chandrasekhar completely exited his general entertainment channels to STAR India in 2013, which included Vijay TV in Tamil, and Asianet and Asianet Plus.

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Asif Ali (actor)

Asif Ali (born 4 February 1986) is an Indian film actor and producer who works in Malayalam cinema.

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Assyria

Assyria, also called the Assyrian Empire, was a major Semitic speaking Mesopotamian kingdom and empire of the ancient Near East and the Levant.

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Asura

Asuras (असुर) are a class of divine beings or power-seeking deities related to the more benevolent Devas (also known as Suras) in Hindu mythology.

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Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation

The scheme was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in June 2015 with the focus to establish infrastructure that could ensure adequate robust sewage networks and water supply for urban transformation by implementing urban revival projects.

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Athirappilly Falls

Athirappilly Falls, is situated in Athirappilly Panchayat, Chalakudy Taluk, Thrissur District of Kerala, India on the Chalakudy River, which originates from the upper reaches of the Western Ghats at the entrance to the Sholayar ranges.It is the largest waterfall in Kerala, which stands tall at 80 feet.

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Attappadi

Attappadi Reserve Forest is a protected area comprising 249 km² of land covering the westernmost part of the 745 km² Attappadi block of Mannarghat Taluk in Palakkad district of Kerala, south India.

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Augustus

Augustus (Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.

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Ay kingdom

The Ay dynasty (later known as Venad and subsequently Travancore) ruled parts of southern India from the early Sangam age, which spanned from c. 3rd century BCE to c. 1200 CE.

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Ayurveda

Ayurveda is a system of medicine with historical roots in the Indian subcontinent.

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Ayya Vaikundar

Lord Ayya Vaikundar (c.1809–c.1851; அய்யா வைகுண்டர்), also known as tenth avatar or incarnation of Lord Vishnu, also called as Sriman Narayana Vaikundasamy or Narayana Pandaram, was a 19th-century social reformer and iconoclast who worked for the upliftment of downtrodden people in the Kingdom of Travancore.

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Ayyankali

Ayyankali (also Ayyan Kali) (28 August 1863 – 1941) was a social reformer who worked for the advancement of those people in the princely state of Travancore, British India, who were treated as untouchables.

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Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative

The Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI), also known as Baby Friendly Initiative (BFI), is a worldwide programme of the World Health Organization and UNICEF, launched in 1991UNICEF.

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Babylonia

Babylonia was an ancient Akkadian-speaking state and cultural area based in central-southern Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq).

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Badminton

Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net.

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Bamboo

The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae.

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Basil Thampi

Basil Thampi (born 11 September 1993) is an Indian cricketer.

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Basketball

Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.

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Battle of Colachel

The Battle of Colachel (or Battle of Kulachal) was fought on between the Indian kingdom of Travancore and the Dutch East India Company, during the Travancore-Dutch War.

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Bauxite

Bauxite is a sedimentary rock with a relatively high aluminium content.

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Bekal

Bekal is a small town in the Kasaragod district on the West coast of the state of Kerala, India.

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Bengal tiger

The Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is the most numerous tiger subspecies in Asia, and was estimated at fewer than 2,500 individuals by 2011.

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Beypore

Beypore or Beypur is an ancient port town and a locality town in Kozhikode district in the state of Kerala, India.

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Bhakti movement

The Bhakti movement refers to the theistic devotional trend that emerged in medieval Hinduism and later revolutionised in Sikhism.

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Bharat Gopy

Gopynathan Velayudhan Nair, popularly known by the stage name Bharat Gopy (2 November 1937 – 29 January 2008), was an Indian film actor, producer, and director.

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Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited

Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (abbreviated BSNL) is an Indian state-owned telecommunications company headquartered in New Delhi.

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Bharathan

Bharathan (14 November 1946 – 30 July 1998) was an Indian film director, artist, and art director.

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Bharathappuzha

Bharathappuzha ("River of Bhārata"), also known as the River Nila, is a river in India in the state of Kerala.

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Bharti Airtel

Bharti Airtel Limited (commonly shortened to Airtel and stylised airtel) is an Indian global telecommunications services company based in New Delhi, India.

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Bhashaposhini

Bhashaposhini is an Indian monthly magazine.

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Biodiversity

Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.

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Black pepper

Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning, known as a peppercorn.

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Black-rumped flameback

The black-rumped flameback (Dinopium benghalense), also known as the lesser golden-backed woodpecker or lesser goldenback, is a woodpecker found widely distributed in the Indian subcontinent.

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Brackish water

Brackish water is water that has more salinity than fresh water, but not as much as seawater.

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Brahminy kite

The brahminy kite (Haliastur indus), also known as the red-backed sea-eagle in Australia, is a medium-sized bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, which also includes many other diurnal raptors, such as eagles, buzzards, and harriers.

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British Raj

The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.

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Bronze Age

The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.

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Buddhism

Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

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Business process outsourcing

Business process outsourcing (BPO) is defined as a subset of outsourcing that involves the contracting of the operations and responsibilities of a specific business process to a third-party service provider.

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C. V. Pappachan

C.

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C.K. Vineeth

Chekiyot Kizhakkeveettill Vineeth (born 20 May 1988), commonly known as C.K. Vineeth, is an Indian professional footballer who last played as a midfielder for the Kerala Blasters in the Indian Super League and the India national team.

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Calamus (palm)

Calamus is a genus of the palm family Arecaceae.

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Calicut International Airport

Calicut International Airport, also known as Karipur Airport, is an international airport serving the cities of Kozhikode and Malappuram in Kerala, India.

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Canada

Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Cancer

Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

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Capgemini

Capgemini SE is a French multinational professional services and business consulting corporation headquartered in Paris, France.

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Cardamom

Cardamom, sometimes cardamon or cardamum, is a spice made from the seeds of several plants in the genera Elettaria and Amomum in the family Zingiberaceae.

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Carnatic music

Carnatic music, Karnāṭaka saṃgīta or Karnāṭaka saṅgītam is a system of music commonly associated with southern India, including the modern Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu, as well as Sri Lanka.

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Cashew

The cashew tree (Anacardium occidentale) is a tropical evergreen tree that produces the cashew seed and the cashew apple.

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Cassia fistula

Cassia fistula, known as the golden rain tree, canafistula and by other names, is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae.

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Caste system in Kerala

The caste system in Kerala differed from that found in the rest of India.

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Catfish

Catfish (or catfishes; order Siluriformes or Nematognathi) are a diverse group of ray-finned fish.

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Central Board of Secondary Education

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is a national level board of education in India for public and private schools, controlled and managed by Union Government of India.

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Central Division (Travancore)

Central Division, sometimes referred to as the Quilon Division was one of three (or four) administrative subdivisions of the princely state of Travancore in what is now Kerala.

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Chakara

A chakara (also Chaakara & in Malayalam ചാകര) is a peculiar marine phenomenon in which a large number of fish and prawns throng together during a particular season as a result of mud bank formations.

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Chalakudy River

Chalakudy River or Chalakudy Puzha is the fifth longest river in Kerala, India.

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Chaliyar

Chaliyar is the fourth longest river in Kerala at 169 km in length.

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Chandrika (newspaper)

Chandrika is a Malayalam newspaper run by the printing and publishing company, Kerala.

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Changanassery

Changanasserry is a municipal town in Kottayam district in the state of Kerala, India.

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Chavittu Nadakam

Chavittu Nadakam (Malayalam:ചവിട്ടുനാടകം) is a highly colorful Latin Christian classical art form originated in Ernakulam district, Kerala state in India.

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Chenda

The Chenda (ചെണ്ട) is a cylindrical percussion instrument used widely in the state of Kerala, Tulu Nadu of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu in India.

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Chengannur railway station

Chengannur railway station is an 'A category' station located at Chengannur in Indian state of Kerala.

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Chera dynasty

The Cheras were the ruling dynasty of the present-day state of Kerala and to a lesser extent, parts of Tamil Nadu in South India.

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Cherai

Cherai (ചെറായി) is a region in Kochi Taluk, a suburb of the city of Kochi, in the state of Kerala, India.

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Cheraman Juma Mosque

The Cheraman Juma Mosque is a mosque in Methala, Kodungallur Taluk, Thrissur District in the Indian state of Kerala.

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Chickpea

The chickpea or chick pea (Cicer arietinum) is a legume of the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.

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Chief secretary (India)

The post of Chief Secretary (Mukhya Sachiv) is the senior-most position held in the civil services of the states and union territories of India.

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Child marriage

Child marriage is a formal marriage or informal union entered into by an individual before reaching a certain age, specified by several global organizations such as UNICEF as minors under the age of 18.

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Chinakkathoor Pooram

The Chinakkathoor Pooram is an elephant pageant which is held annually at the sacred Sree Chinakkathoor Bhagavathy Temple, at Palappuram in Palakkad district in north Kerala.

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Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary

Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary (CWS) is located 18 km north of Marayoor on SH 17 in the Marayoor and Kanthalloor panchayats of Devikulam taluk in the Idukki district of Kerala state in South India.

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Chithrabhumi

Chithrabhumi is a film magazine in Malayalam published from Kozhikode, Kerala.

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Chola dynasty

The Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the history of southern India.

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Christianity

ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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Christmas

Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Christmas and holiday season

The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.

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Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

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Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions vary from country to country.

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Chundan vallam

Chundan vallam ('beaked boat'), known outside Kerala as Kerala snake boats, are one of the icons of Kerala culture used in the Vallamkali boat race.

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Church of South India

The Church of South India (CSI) is the second largest Christian church in India based on the population of members, and claims to be the largest Protestant denomination in the country.

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Chutney

No description.

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Cinnamomum cassia

Cinnamomum cassia, called Chinese cassia or Chinese cinnamon, is an evergreen tree originating in southern China, and widely cultivated there and elsewhere in southern and eastern Asia (India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Taiwan of China, Thailand, and Vietnam).

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Cinnamon

Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum.

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Clearcutting

Clearcutting, clearfelling or clearcut logging is a forestry/logging practice in which most or all trees in an area are uniformly cut down.

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CNBC

CNBC is an American basic cable, internet and satellite business news television channel that is owned by NBCUniversal News Group, a division of NBCUniversal, with both being ultimately owned by Comcast.

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Cochin International Airport

Cochin International Airport is an international airport serving the city of Kochi, in the state of Kerala, India.

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Cochin Jews

Cochin Jews, also called Malabar Jews, are the oldest group of Jews in India, with possible roots claimed to date to the time of King Solomon.

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Coconut

The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) and the only species of the genus Cocos.

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Coffee

Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.

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Cognizant

Cognizant is a multinational corporation that provides IT services, including digital, technology, consulting, and operations services.

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Coir

Coir, or coconut fibre, is a natural fibre extracted from the husk of coconut and used in products such as floor mats, doormats, brushes and mattresses.

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Colonial India

Colonial India was the part of the Indian subcontinent which was under the jurisdiction of European colonial powers, during the Age of Discovery.

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Common Era

Common Era or Current Era (CE) is one of the notation systems for the world's most widely used calendar era – an alternative to the Dionysian AD and BC system.

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Commonwealth of Nations

The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.

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Communism

In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.

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Communist Party of India (Marxist)

The Communist Party of India (Marxist) (abbreviated CPI(M)) is a communist party in India.

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Constitution of India

The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India.

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Cricket

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).

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Crustacean

Crustaceans (Crustacea) form a large, diverse arthropod taxon which includes such familiar animals as crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, and barnacles.

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Culture of Europe

The culture of Europe is rooted in the art, architecture, music, literature, and philosophy that originated from the continent of Europe.

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Culture of India

The culture of India refers collectively to the thousands of distinct and unique cultures of all religions and communities present in India.

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Cursus publicus

The cursus publicus (Latin: "the public way"; δημόσιος δρόμος, dēmósios drómos) was the state-run courier and transportation service of the Roman Empire, later inherited by the Byzantine Empire.

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Daily News and Analysis

Daily News and Analysis (DNA) is an Indian broadsheet newspaper launched in 2005 and published in English from Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Pune, Jaipur, Bengaluru and Indore in India. It is the first English broadsheet daily in India to introduce an all-colour page format. It targets a young readership and is owned and managed by Diligent Media Corporation.

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Dakshina Kannada

Dakshina Kannada is a district in the state of Karnataka in India.

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Dalbergia

Dalbergia is a large genus of small to medium-size trees, shrubs and lianas in the pea family, Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.

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Darter

The darters or snakebirds are mainly tropical waterbirds in the family Anhingidae having a single genus Anhinga.

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Dashavatara

Dashavatara (दशावतार) refers to the ten primary avatars of Vishnu, the Hindu god of preservation.

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Deccan Chronicle

Deccan Chronicle is an Indian English-language daily newspaper.

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Deepika (newspaper)

Deepika, a Malayalam language newspaper, is one of the oldest newspapers published in India.

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Demersal fish

Demersal fish live and feed on or near the bottom of seas or lakes (the demersal zone).

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Democratic socialism

Democratic socialism is a political philosophy that advocates political democracy alongside social ownership of the means of production with an emphasis on self-management and/or democratic management of economic institutions within a market socialist, participatory or decentralized planned economy.

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Demographic transition

Demographic transition (DT) is the transition from high birth and death rates to lower birth and death rates as a country or region develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system.

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Demographics of Kerala

Kerala is a state in south-western India.

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Deshabhimani

Deshabhimani is a Malayalam newspaper and the organ of the Kerala State Committee of the Communist Party of India (Marxist).

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Deva (Hinduism)

Deva (Sanskrit: देव) means "heavenly, divine, anything of excellence", and is also one of the terms for a deity in Hinduism.

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Developed country

A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.

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Diarrhea

Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.

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Dileep

Gopalakrishnan Padmanabhan Pillai (born 27 October 1967), best known by his stage name Dileep, is an Indian film actor, mimicry artist, producer, assistant director, and businessman.

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Director general of police

In India, the Director General of Police (DGP) is a three-star rank and the highest ranking police officer in Indian States and Union Territories.

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District Collector (India)

A District Collector, often abbreviated to Collector, is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer in charge of revenue collection and administration of a district in India.

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District Councils of India

Zila Panchayats are Panchayats at Apex or District Level in Panchayat Raj Institutions (or PRIs).

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Dolmen

A dolmen is a type of single-chamber megalithic tomb, usually consisting of two or more vertical megaliths supporting a large flat horizontal capstone or "table".

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Dominion of India

Between gaining independence from the United Kingdom on 15 August 1947 and the proclamation of a republic on 26 January 1950, India was an independent dominion in the British Commonwealth of Nations with king George VI as its head of state.

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Doordarshan

Doordarshan (abbreviated in English as DD) is an autonomous public service broadcaster founded by the Government of India, which is owned by the Broadcasting Ministry of India and is one of two divisions of Prasar Bharati.

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Duffmuttu

Duffmuttu (also: Dubhmuttu) is an art form prevalent in the Malabar region of the state of Kerala in south India.

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Dulquer Salmaan

Dulquer Salmaan (born 28 July 1984), is an Indian film actor who appears predominantly in Malayalam films.

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Dutch East India Company

The United East India Company, sometimes known as the United East Indies Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; or Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie in modern spelling; abbreviated to VOC), better known to the English-speaking world as the Dutch East India Company or sometimes as the Dutch East Indies Company, was a multinational corporation that was founded in 1602 from a government-backed consolidation of several rival Dutch trading companies.

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Dwarka

Dwarka is an ancient city and a municipality of Devbhoomi Dwarka district in the state of Gujarat in northwestern India.

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Dysentery

Dysentery is an inflammatory disease of the intestine, especially of the colon, which always results in severe diarrhea and abdominal pains.

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E. M. S. Namboodiripad

Elamkulam Manakkal Sankaran Namboodiripad (13 June 1909 – 19 March 1998), popularly EMS, was an Indian communist politician and theorist, who served as the first Chief Minister of Kerala state in 1957–59 and then again in 1967–69.

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Earned income tax credit

The United States federal earned income tax credit or earned income credit (EITC or EIC) is a refundable tax credit for low- to moderate-income working individuals and couples, particularly those with children.

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East India Company

The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.

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Economic and Political Weekly

The Economic and Political Weekly is a weekly peer-reviewed academic journal covering all social sciences, and is published by the Sameeksha Trust.

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Economy of Kerala

Kerala has the eight largest economy in India.

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Ecotourism

Ecotourism is a form of tourism involving visiting fragile, pristine, and relatively undisturbed natural areas, intended as a low-impact and often small scale alternative to standard commercial mass tourism.

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Edakkal Caves

Edakkal Caves (Malayalam: ഇടക്കൽ ഗുഹകൾ) are two natural caves at a remote location at Edakkal, from Kalpetta in the Wayanad district of Kerala in India's Western Ghats.

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Edicts of Ashoka

The Edicts of Ashoka are a collection of 33 inscriptions on the Pillars of Ashoka as well as boulders and cave walls made by the Emperor Ashoka of the Mauryan Empire during his reign from 269 BCE to 232 BCE.

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Egypt

Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Egyptians

Egyptians (مَصريين;; مِصريّون; Ni/rem/en/kīmi) are an ethnic group native to Egypt and the citizens of that country sharing a common culture and a common dialect known as Egyptian Arabic.

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Eichhornia crassipes

Eichhornia crassipes, commonly known as common water hyacinth, is an aquatic plant native to the Amazon basin, and is often a highly problematic invasive species outside its native range.

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Elections in Kerala

Elections in Kerala are regularly held to fill government officials at all levels of government in both Kerala and India as a whole.

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Endemism

Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Eravikulam National Park

Eravikulam National Park is a 97 km2 national park located along the Western Ghats in the Idukki district of Kerala in India.

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Ernakulam

Ernakulam refers to the eastern, mainland portion of the city of Kochi in central Kerala, India.

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Ernakulam Junction railway station

Ernakulam Junction railway station (also known as Ernakulam South, code: ERS) is the biggest railway station in the city of Kochi in Kerala, India.

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Ernakulam Town railway station

Ernakulam Town (also known as Ernakulam North, code: ERN) is one of the main railway stations in the city of Kochi, Kerala, India.

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Ernst & Young

Ernst & Young (doing business as EY) is a multinational professional services firm headquartered in London, England.

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Erythrina

Erythrina is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, Fabaceae.

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Estuary

An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.

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Etisalat

Emirates Telecommunication Group Company PJSC, (مؤسسة الإمارات للاتصالات, Mu'asissat al-'Imārāt lil-'Ittiṣālāt, literally, "Emirates Institute for Communications"), branded trade name Etisalat (اتصالات, literally "communications"), is a multinational Emirati based telecommunications services provider, currently operating in 16 countries across Asia, the Middle East and Africa.

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Eudoxus of Cyzicus

Eudoxus of Cyzicus (Εὔδοξος ὁ Κυζικηνός, Eúdoxos ho Kyzikēnós; fl. c. 130 BC) was a Greek navigator who explored the Arabian Sea for Ptolemy VIII, king of the Hellenistic Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt.

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Executive (government)

The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.

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EXL

EXL Service is an operations management and analytics company.

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Ezhava

The Ezhavas are a community with origins in the region of India presently known as Kerala.

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Factory (trading post)

"Factory" (from Latin facere, meaning "to do"; feitoria, factorij, factorerie, comptoir) was the common name during the medieval and early modern eras for an entrepôt – which was essentially an early form of free-trade zone or transshipment point.

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Fahadh Faasil

Fahadh Faasil is an Indian film actor and producer, who works in the Malayalam film industry.

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Fertilizer

A fertilizer (American English) or fertiliser (British English; see spelling differences) is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.

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First World

The concept of First World originated during the Cold War and included countries that were generally aligned with NATO and opposed to the Soviet Union during the Cold War.

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Flowering plant

The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 295,383 known species.

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Flowers (TV channel)

Flowers is a 24-hour Malayalam general entertainment television channel from Insight Media City, an international media campus headquartered at Kochi, Kerala, India.

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Football

Football is a family of team sports that involve, to varying degrees, kicking a ball with a foot to score a goal.

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Forbes

Forbes is an American business magazine.

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Foreign direct investment

A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country.

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Forest gardening

Forest gardening is a low-maintenance sustainable plant-based food production and agroforestry system based on woodland ecosystems, incorporating fruit and nut trees, shrubs, herbs, vines and perennial vegetables which have yields directly useful to humans.

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Fort Emmanuel

Fort Emmanuel (Fort Manuel) also known as Immanuel Fort is a ruined fort located at Fort Kochi beach in Kochi (Cochin), Kerala, India.

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Fort Kochi

Fort Kochi is a region in the city of Kochi in the state of Kerala, India.

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Francisco de Almeida

Dom Francisco de Almeida, also known as "the Great Dom Francisco" (c. 1450–1 March 1510), was a Portuguese nobleman, soldier and explorer.

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G. Aravindan

Govindan Aravindan (21 January 1935 – 15 March 1991), popularly known as G. Aravindan, was a film director, screenwriter, musician, cartoonist and painter from Kerala, India.

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G. Sankara Kurup

G.

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Geographic information system

A geographic information system (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present spatial or geographic data.

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God's Own Country

God’s Own Country, is a phrase meaning an area, region or country supposedly favoured by God, that was first used to describe the Wicklow Mountains in Ireland, and has subsequently been used to refer to various places, including Australia, England (Cornwall, Surrey, Yorkshire), United States, New Zealand, Kerala state and Kanyakumari district (India), Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.

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Gokarna, Karnataka

Gokarna is a small temple town on the western coast of India in the Kumta taluk of Uttara Kannada district of the state of Karnataka.

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Gokulam Kerala F.C.

Gokulam Kerala Football Club is a professional football club based in Kozhikode, Kerala.

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Google News

Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by Google.

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Government of India

The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.

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Government of Kerala

The Government of Kerala headquartered at Thiruvananthapuram is a democratically elected body that governs the Indian State of Kerala.

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Gram panchayat

A gram panchayat (village council) is the only grassroots-level of panchayati raj formalised local self-governance system in India at the village or small-town level, and has a sarpanch as its elected head.

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Grand Kerala Shopping Festival

Grand Kerala Shopping Festival (GKSF) is an annual shopping event in Kerala.

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Grant-in-aid

A grant-in-aid is money coming from central government for a specific project.

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Great hornbill

The great hornbill (Buceros bicornis) also known as the great Indian hornbill or great pied hornbill, is one of the larger members of the hornbill family.

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Greco-Roman world

The Greco-Roman world, Greco-Roman culture, or the term Greco-Roman; spelled Graeco-Roman in the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth), when used as an adjective, as understood by modern scholars and writers, refers to those geographical regions and countries that culturally (and so historically) were directly, long-term, and intimately influenced by the language, culture, government and religion of the ancient Greeks and Romans. It is also better known as the Classical Civilisation. In exact terms the area refers to the "Mediterranean world", the extensive tracts of land centered on the Mediterranean and Black Sea basins, the "swimming-pool and spa" of the Greeks and Romans, i.e. one wherein the cultural perceptions, ideas and sensitivities of these peoples were dominant. This process was aided by the universal adoption of Greek as the language of intellectual culture and commerce in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, and of Latin as the tongue for public management and forensic advocacy, especially in the Western Mediterranean. Though the Greek and the Latin never became the native idioms of the rural peasants who composed the great majority of the empire's population, they were the languages of the urbanites and cosmopolitan elites, and the lingua franca, even if only as corrupt or multifarious dialects to those who lived within the large territories and populations outside the Macedonian settlements and the Roman colonies. All Roman citizens of note and accomplishment regardless of their ethnic extractions, spoke and wrote in Greek and/or Latin, such as the Roman jurist and Imperial chancellor Ulpian who was of Phoenician origin, the mathematician and geographer Claudius Ptolemy who was of Greco-Egyptian origin and the famous post-Constantinian thinkers John Chrysostom and Augustine who were of Syrian and Berber origins, respectively, and the historian Josephus Flavius who was of Jewish origin and spoke and wrote in Greek.

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Greece

No description.

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Green chromide

The green chromide (Etroplus suratensis) is a species of cichlid fish from freshwater and brackish water in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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Grey-breasted laughingthrush

The grey-breasted laughingthrush or Kerala laughingthrush has been split into the following species.

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Grizzled giant squirrel

The grizzled giant squirrel (Ratufa macroura) is a large tree squirrel in the genus Ratufa found in the highlands of the Central and Uva provinces of Sri Lanka, and in patches of riparian forest along the Kaveri River and in the hill forests of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala states of southern India.

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Gross domestic product

Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.

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Gruhalakshmi

Gruhalakshmi (English: Educated Wife) (Telugu: గృహలక్ష్మి, lit. House-Goddess of Wealth) is a 1938 Telugu film produced and directed by H. M. Reddy.

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Gudalur taluk

Gudalur taluk is a taluk of Nilgiris district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

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Gurukula

Gurukula (gurukula) was a type of residential schooling system in ancient India with shishya (students) living near or with the guru, in the same house.

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Guruvayur

Guruvayur (ഗുരുവായൂര്‍) also written as Guruvayoor, is a municipal temple town in Thrissur District, of Kerala State in India.

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Guruvayur–Thrissur spur line

Guruvayur–Thrissur section is a spur line functioning under Trivandrum railway division of Southern Railway Zone.

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Handicraft

A handicraft, sometimes more precisely expressed as artisanal handicraft or handmade, is any of a wide variety of types of work where useful and decorative objects are made completely by hand or by using only simple tools.

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Hartal

Hartal, also bandh, is a term in many South Asian languages for strike action, first used during the Indian Independence Movement (also known as the nationalist movement).

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HCL Technologies

HCL Technologies Limited (Hindustan Computers Limited) is an Indian multinational next-generation technology company, headquartered in Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India.

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Health care

Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.

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Hellenistic period

The Hellenistic period covers the period of Mediterranean history between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the emergence of the Roman Empire as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the subsequent conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt the following year.

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Hepatitis

Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver tissue.

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Herbalism

Herbalism (also herbal medicine or phytotherapy) is the study of botany and use of plants intended for medicinal purposes or for supplementing a diet.

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Hermit

A hermit (adjectival form: eremitic or hermitic) is a person who lives in seclusion from society, usually for religious reasons.

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Herodotus

Herodotus (Ἡρόδοτος, Hêródotos) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus in the Persian Empire (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (484– 425 BC), a contemporary of Thucydides, Socrates, and Euripides.

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High Middle Ages

The High Middle Ages, or High Medieval Period, was the period of European history that commenced around 1000 AD and lasted until around 1250 AD.

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Hill station

A hill station is a town located at a higher elevation than the nearby plain or valley.

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Hindu

Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.

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Hindu temple

A Hindu temple is a symbolic house, seat and body of god.

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Hinduism

Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.

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History of China

The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC,William G. Boltz, Early Chinese Writing, World Archaeology, Vol.

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History of the Jews in India

The history of the Jews in India reaches back to ancient times.

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Homicide

Homicide is the act of one human killing another.

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Human Development Index

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic (composite index) of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.

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Hyder Ali

Hyder Ali Khan, Haidarālī (c. 1720 – 7 December 1782) was the Sultan and de facto ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore in southern India.

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I-League

The I-League is a men's professional football league in India.

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I. M. Vijayan

Inivalappil Mani Vijayan, (born 25 April 1969) popularly known as Kalo Harin, is a former professional Indian football player.

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Idea

In philosophy, ideas are usually taken as mental representational images of some object.

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Idiyappam

Idiyappam (இடியப்பம், ഇടിയപ്പം, ಇಡಿಯಪ್ಪಂ) is a traditional South Asian cuisine, originating from the Indian subcontinent, consisting of rice flour pressed into noodle form and then steamed.

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Idli

Idli or idly are a type of savoury rice cake, originating from the Indian subcontinent, popular as breakfast foods throughout India and northern Sri Lanka.

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Idukki district

Idukki is one of the 14 districts of Kerala state, India, created on 26January 1972.

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Illickal Kallu

Illikkal Kallu is a major Indian tourist attraction spot in Moonnilavu village of Meenachil taluk in the eastern Kottayam district of the state of Kerala, India.

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Ilmenite

Ilmenite, also known as Manaccanite, is a titanium-iron oxide mineral with the idealized formula.

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Index of religious honorifics and titles

This is an index of religious honorifics from various religions.

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India

India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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India Meteorological Department

The India Meteorological Department (IMD), also referred to as the Met Department, is an agency of the Ministry of Earth Sciences of the Government of India.

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India State Hunger Index

The India State Hunger Index (ISHI) is a tool to calculate hunger and malnutrition at the regional level in India.

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India Today

India Today is an Indian English-language fortnightly news magazine and news television channel.

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Indian Administrative Service

The Indian Administrative Service (IAST), often abbreviated to I.A.S., or simply IAS, is the administrative arm of the All India Services.

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Indian Air Force

The Indian Air Force (IAF; IAST: Bhāratīya Vāyu Senā) is the air arm of the Indian armed forces.

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Indian Certificate of Secondary Education

The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) is an examination conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examination, a private board of school education in India.

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Indian elephant

The Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is one of three recognized subspecies of the Asian elephant and native to mainland Asia.

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Indian giant squirrel

The Indian giant squirrel, or Malabar giant squirrel, (Ratufa indica) is a large tree squirrel species in the genus Ratufa native to India.

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Indian independence movement

The Indian independence movement encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule (1757–1857) and the British Indian Empire (1857–1947) in the Indian subcontinent.

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Indian leopard

The Indian leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) is a leopard subspecies widely distributed on the Indian subcontinent.

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Indian National Congress

The Indian National Congress (INC, often called Congress Party) is a broadly based political party in India.

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Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering (approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface).

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Indian Police Service

The Indian Police Service (Bhāratīya Pulis Sevā) or IPS, is an All India Service for policing.

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Indian Premier League

The Indian Premier League (IPL), officially Vivo Indian Premier League for sponsorship reasons, is a professional Twenty20 cricket league in India contested during April and May of every year by teams representing Indian cities and some states.

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Indian Railways

Indian Railways (IR) is India's national railway system operated by the Ministry of Railways.

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Indian Standard Time

Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time observed throughout India, with a time offset of UTC+05:30.

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Indian states ranking by media exposure

This is a list of the States of India ranked in order of percentage of people exposed to the media.

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Indian subcontinent

The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.

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Indian Super League

The Indian Super League (ISL) is a men's professional football league in India.

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Indiavision

Indiavision was a Malayalam language news channel based at Kochi, Kerala.

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Indo-Aryan peoples

Indo-Aryan peoples are a diverse Indo-European-speaking ethnolinguistic group of speakers of Indo-Aryan languages.

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Indus Valley Civilisation

The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC), or Harappan Civilisation, was a Bronze Age civilisation (5500–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE) mainly in the northwestern regions of South Asia, extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India.

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Infant mortality

Infant mortality refers to deaths of young children, typically those less than one year of age.

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InfoPark, Kochi

Infopark, Kochi is an information technology park situated in the city of Kochi, Kerala, India.

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Infosys

Infosys Limited (formerly Infosys Technologies Limited) is an Indian multinational corporation that provides business consulting, information technology and outsourcing services.

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Inland navigation

Inland navigation is transport with ships via inland waterways (such as canals, rivers and lakes) between inland ports or quays and wharfs.

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INS Garuda

INS Garuda, is an Indian naval air station located in Kochi, in the state of Kerala.

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Internet service provider

An Internet service provider (ISP) is an organization that provides services for accessing, using, or participating in the Internet.

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Iran

Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).

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Iron Age

The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, preceded by the Stone Age (Neolithic) and the Bronze Age.

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Islam

IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).

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Islam in Kerala

Islam arrived in Kerala through Arab traders during the time of Prophet Muhammad(CE 570 - CE 632).

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ISO 3166-2:IN

ISO 3166-2:IN is the entry for India in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

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Jackfruit

The jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), also known as jack tree, fenne, jakfruit, or sometimes simply jack or jak, is a species of tree in the fig, mulberry, and breadfruit family (Moraceae) native to southwest India.

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Jacobite Syrian Christian Church

The Jacobite Syrian Christian Church also known as the Malankara Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church or the Syriac Orthodox Church of India, is an Oriental Orthodox Church based in the Indian state of Kerala, and is an integral branch of the Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch.

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Jagathy Sreekumar

Sreekumar Achary, better known by his stage name Jagathy Sreekumar, and popularly known mononymously as Jagathy, is an Indian film actor who has starred in over 1,000 Malayalam films in a career spanning almost four decades.

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Jaihind

Jai Hind (ಜೈಹಿಂದ್)is a Kannada patriotic film directed by Venugopal, starring Pooja Gandhi and Sandesh in the lead roles.

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Jainism

Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.

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Jainism in Kerala

Jainism has had a continued presence in Kerala since pre-Christian times.

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Jamaat-e-Islami Hind

Jamaat-e-Islami Hind (JIH) is an Islamic organisation in India, founded as an offshoot of the Jamaat-e-Islami, which split into separate independent organisations in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Jammu & Kashmir following the Partition of India in 1947.

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Janam TV

Janam TV is an Indian television channel which broadcasts news and entertainment programmes in Malayalam.

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Janayugom

Janayugom is the official organ of the Kerala State Committee of the Communist Party of India.

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Janmabhumi

Janmabhumi is a Malayalam, pro Sangh Parivar daily newspaper founded in 1975, published in a broadsheet format and owned by Matruka Pracharanalayam Ltd.

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Japan

Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium (Kochi)

Jawaharlal Nehru International Stadium locally known as Kaloor Stadium is a multi-purpose international stadium situated in Kochi, Kerala.

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Jayan

Krishnan Nair (25 July 1939 – 16 November 1980), better known by his stage name Jayan, was an Indian film actor, naval officer, stunt performer and cultural icon of the 1970s.

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Jayaram

Jayaram Subramaniam (born 10 December 1965), known mononymously as Jayaram, is an Indian film actor who predominantly appears in Malayalam and Tamil films.

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Jeevan TV

Jeevan Television is a news and entertainment Malayalam television channel.

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Jesus

Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.

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Jimmy George

Jimmy George (March 8, 1955 in Peravoor – November 30, 1987) is often considered one of the greatest volleyball players of all time and was a member of India men's national volleyball team.

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Jio

Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited d/b/a Jio is an Indian mobile network operator.

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Jnanpith Award

The Jnanpith Award is an Indian literary award presented annually by the Bharatiya Jnanpith to an author for their "outstanding contribution towards literature".

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Jo Paul Ancheri

Jo Paul Ancheri (born 2 August 1975) is a leading Indian football player and was the former Indian Football team Captain.

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John Abraham (director)

John Abraham (11 August 1937 – 31 May 1987) was a Malayali Indian filmmaker, short story writer and screenwriter.

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Judaism

Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.

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Judiciary

The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.

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Junior college

A junior college is a post-secondary educational institution designed to prepare students for either skilled trades or for additional education at another college with more advanced academic material.

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Jyotirmath

Jyotirmath, also known as Joshimath is a city and a municipal board in Chamoli District in the Indian state of Uttarakhand.

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K. G. George

Kulakkatil Geevarghese George (born 1946 in Thiruvalla, Travancore) is an Indian film director and screenwriter.

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K. J. Yesudas

Kattassery Joseph Yesudas (born 10 January 1940) is an Indian musician and film playback singer.

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K. M. Beenamol

Kalayathumkuzhi Mathews Beenamol, popularly known as K. M. Beenamol (born 15 August 1975), from Kombidinjal, Idukki district, Kerala is an international athlete from India.

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K. P. A. C. Lalitha

Maheshwari Amma (born February 25, 1947), better known by her stage name K. P. A. C. Lalitha, is an Indian film and stage actress who works primarily in Malayalam theatre and Malayalam cinema.

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K. S. Chithra

Krishnan Nair Shantakumari Chithra, often credited as K. S. Chithra or simply Chithra, is an Indian playback singer from Kerala.

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K. S. Sethumadhavan

K.

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Kabaddi

Kabaddi is a contact team sport.

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Kadalundi River

Kadalundi River (Kadalundipuzha) is one of the four most important rivers flowing through Malappuram district in the Indian state of Kerala.

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Kairali TV

Kairali TV is an Indian television channel broadcasting in Malayalam language.

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Kalaripayattu

Kalaripayattu (pronounced Kalarippayatt) is a martial art and fighting system, which originated as a style in North Malabar, Kerala, Southern India.

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Kaliyakkavilai

Kaliyakkavilai is a panchayat town in Kanniyakumari district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, close to the Tamil Nadu-Kerala border.

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Kaliyattam

Kaliyattam (The Play of God) is a 1997 Indian Malayalam-language film directed by Jayaraaj.

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Kamala Surayya

Kamala Surayya (born Kamala; 31 March 1934 – 31 May 2009), popularly known by her one-time pen name Madhavikutty and Kamala Das, was an Indian English poet as well as a leading Malayalam author from Kerala, India.

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Kaniyar

Kaniyar is a caste from the Indian state of Kerala.

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Kannada

Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Kannada people in India, mainly in the state of Karnataka, and by significant linguistic minorities in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Kerala, Goa and abroad.

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Kannur

Kannur, also known by its anglicised name Cannanore, is a city and a Municipal Corporation in Kannur district, state of Kerala, India.

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Kannur Beach

Kannur Beach is a group of five beaches on the western side of Kannur city in Kerala province of India.

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Kannur International Airport

Kannur International Airport is an under construction, international airport designed to serve the city of Kannur in the state of Kerala, India.

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Kanyakumari

Kanyakumari is a City in Kanyakumari district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.

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Kanyakumari district

Kanyakumari district is the southernmost district in Tamil Nadu state and mainland India.

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Kaolinite

Kaolinite is a clay mineral, part of the group of industrial minerals, with the chemical composition Al2Si2O5(OH)4.

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Kappa TV

Kappa TV is a Malayalam music channel from the Mathrubhumi group, the publisher of the widely circulated Mathrubhumi daily.

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Kappad

Kappad, or Kappakadavu locally, is a beach near Kozhikode, in the district of the same name, Kerala, India.

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Kariavattom

Kariavattom is a suburb of Thiruvananthapuram city in Kerala, India.

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Karnataka

Karnataka also known Kannada Nadu is a state in the south western region of India.

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Karunagappalli

Karunagappalli, also written as Karunagappally, is a municipality in Kollam district of Kerala, India.

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Kasaragod

Kasaragod is a municipal town and the district headquarters of Kasaragod district of Kerala state in India.

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Kasaragod district

Kasaragod District (Kasarkod District) is one of the 14 districts in the state of Kerala, India.

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Kathakali

Kathakali (കഥകളി) is one of the major forms of classical Indian dance.

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Kayamkulam

Kayamkulam is a town in Alappuzha district of Kerala, Indian state.

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Kerala backwaters

The Kerala backwaters are a chain of brackish lagoons and lakes lying parallel to the Arabian Sea coast (known as the Malabar Coast) of Kerala state in southern India.

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Kerala Blasters FC

Kerala Blasters Football Club (Hindi: केरल ब्लास्टर्स फुटबॉल क्लब) is an Indian professional football club based in Kochi, Kerala.

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Kerala Government Secretariat

The Kerala Government Secretariat in Thiruvananthapuram is the seat of administration of the Government of Kerala, housing important ministries and bureaucratic offices.

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Kerala Gulf diaspora

The Kerala Gulf diaspora refers to the people of Kerala living in the Middle Eastern Arab states of the Persian Gulf.

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Kerala High Court

The High Court of Kerala is the highest court in the Indian state of Kerala and in the Union Territory of Lakshadweep.

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Kerala Infrastructure Investment Fund Board

Kerala Infrastructure Investment Fund Board (KIIFB) is a government owned financial institution in the Indian state of Kerala to mobilize funds for infrastructure development from outside the state revenue.

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Kerala Kaumudi

Kerala Kaumudi is a well-established and prominent media house of Kerala.

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Kerala Legislative Assembly

The Kerala Legislative Assembly, popularly known as the Niyamasabha (literally Hall of laws), is the law making body of Kerala, one of the 29 States in India.

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Kerala model

The Kerala model of development, is the style of development that has been practised in the southern Indian state of Kerala.

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Kerala mural painting

Kerala mural paintings are the frescos depicting mythology and legends, which are drawn on the walls of temples and churches in South India, principally in Kerala.

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Kerala Nadvathul Mujahideen

Kerala Nadvathul Mujahideen (KNM) is an Islamic organization in state of Kerala founded in 1950.

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Kerala Natanam

Kerala Natanam (കേരള നടനം) (Kerala Dance) is a new style of dance that is now recognised as a distinct art form evolved from Kathakali, a form of Indian dance-drama.

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Kerala Public Works Department

Kerala Public Works Department (KPWD) is a department under the government of the state of Kerala, India.

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Kerala School of Astronomy and Mathematics

The Kerala School of Astronomy and Mathematics was a school of mathematics and astronomy founded by Madhava of Sangamagrama in Kerala, India, which included among its members: Parameshvara, Neelakanta Somayaji, Jyeshtadeva, Achyuta Pisharati, Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri and Achyuta Panikkar.

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Kerala State Education Board

The State Council of Educational Research and Training (SCERT), Kerala is a board of school education in India, conducted by the Government of the state of Kerala, India.

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Kerala State Industrial Development Corporation

Kerala State Industrial Development Corporation Ltd.

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Kerala State Planning Board

The Kerala State Planning Board is an advisory board under the Government of the State of Kerala, India.

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Kerala Tourism Development Corporation

The Kerala Tourism Development Corporation (KTDC) is a public sector undertaking that conducts and regulates the tourism activities in the Indian state of Kerala.

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Kerala Varma Valiya Koil Thampuran

Kerala Varma Valiya Koil Thampuran (കേരളവർമ്മ വലിയ കോയിത്തമ്പുരാൻ; 19 February 1845 – 22 September 1914) also spelt Kerala Varma Valiya Koilthampuran and known as Kerala Varma, was a Malayalam-language poet and translator who had an equal facility in writing in English and Sanskrit from the Indian state of Kerala.

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Keralolpathi

The Keralolpathi (Malayalam: കേരളോല്പത്തി kēraḷōlpatti; literally 'Kerala's Origin') is a Malayalam work that deals with the origin of the land of Kerala.

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Kheer

Kheer or Kiru (Maldivian: ކިރު) is a rice pudding from the cuisine of the Indian subcontinent, made by boiling rice, broken wheat, tapioca, or vermicelli with milk and sugar; it is flavoured with cardamom, raisins, saffron, cashews, pistachios or almonds.

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Kidney disease

Kidney disease, or renal disease, also known as nephropathy, is damage to or disease of a kidney.

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King cobra

The king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah), also known as the hamadryad, is a venomous snake species in the family Elapidae, endemic to forests from India through Southeast Asia.

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Kingdom of Cochin

Kingdom of Cochin (also known as Perumpadappu Swaroopam, Mada-rajyam, or Kuru Swaroopam; Kocci or Perumpaṭappu) was a late medieval Hindu kingdom and later princely state on the Malabar Coast, South India.

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Kingdom of Mysore

The Kingdom of Mysore was a kingdom in southern India, traditionally believed to have been founded in 1399 in the vicinity of the modern city of Mysore.

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Kochi

Kochi, also known as Cochin, is a major port city on the south-west coast of India bordering the Laccadive Sea.

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Kochi Metro

Kochi Metro is a metro system serving the city of Kochi in Kerala, India.

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Kochi metropolitan area

The Kochi metropolitan area or Kochi urban agglomeration is an urban agglomeration centred around the city of Kochi, India.

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Kochi Tuskers Kerala

Kochi Tuskers Kerala was a franchise cricket team that played in the Indian Premier League (IPL) representing the city of Kochi, Kerala.

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Kochuveli railway station

Kochuveli railway station, is a satellite passenger rail terminal of Thiruvananthapuram city in the Indian state of Kerala.

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Kodungallur

Kodungallur (anglicised name: Cranganore), is a municipality in the South Western border of Thrissur district of Kerala, India.

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Kollam

Kollam or Quilon (Coulão), formerly Desinganadu, is an old seaport and city on the Laccadive Sea coast of the Indian state of Kerala.

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Kollam Junction railway station

Kollam Junction railway station (station code: QLN) is a junction station situated in the city of Kollam in Kerala, India.

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Kollam–Sengottai branch line

The Kollam–Sengottai branch line (formerly known as Quilon–Shencottah or Quilon–Chenkotta line) is a railway line in South India which connects in Kerala state and (also spelled Shencottah, Shenkottai, Chengottai, Chenkottai, Senkottai) in Tamil Nadu.

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Kollam–Thiruvananthapuram trunk line

Kollam–Thiruvananthapuram trunk line is a railway line in Southern Railway zone connecting the cities of Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram in the state of Kerala, India.

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Konkani language

Konkani is an Indo-Aryan language belonging to the Indo-European family of languages and is spoken along the South western coast of India.

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Koodalmanikyam Temple

Koodalmanikyam Temple or Kudal Manikkam Temple / Koodalmanikkam Temple is a Hindu temple which is situated in Manavalassery village, Irinjalakuda, Trissur district, Kerala state, India.

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Koodiyattam

Koodiyattam (കൂടിയാട്ടം), also transliterated as Kutiyattam, is a traditional performing artform in the state of Kerala, India.

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Koothu

Koothu or Therukoothu (கூத்து), is an ancient art, where artists play songs with dance and music in storytelling the epics, performed in Tamil; it is a folk art originated from the early Tamil country.

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Kottapuram

Kottapuram is a part of Kodungallur municipality.

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Kottayam

Kottayam is a municipal town in the Indian state of Kerala.

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Kovalam

Kovalam is a beach town by the Arabian Sea in Thiruvananthapuram metropolitan area, of Trivandrum City Kerala, India, located around 18 km south of the city center.

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Kozhikode

Kozhikode, or Calicut, is a city in Kerala, India on the Malabar Coast.

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KPMG

KPMG is a professional service company and one of the Big Four auditors, along with Deloitte, Ernst & Young (EY), and PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC).

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Krishna

Krishna (Kṛṣṇa) is a major deity in Hinduism.

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Krishnanattam

Krishnaattam (Malayalam: കൃഷ്ണാട്ടം, IAST: Kṛṣṇaāṭṭaṃ) is a temple art in Kerala, India.

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Kulashekhara Alwar

Kulasekhara Alvar (born Sthanuravi, royal epithet Kulasekhara), seventh of the twelve Alvars, was the second known ruler of the Cera Perumal kingdom of Cranganore (c. 800—1124 AD). Modern historians assume that he ruled Kerala between 844 — 883 AD from Makotai, modern Cranganore.

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Kumarakom

Kumarakom is a popular tourism destination located near the city of Kottayam, in Kerala, India, famous for its backwater tourism.

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Kumaran Asan

N.

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Kunhali Marakkar

The Kunhali Marakkar or Kunjali Marakkar was the title given to the Muslim naval chief of the Zamorin (Samoothiri), by Hindu king of Calicut, in present-day state of Kerala, India during the 16th century.

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Kuriakose Elias Chavara

Saint Kuriakose Elias Chavara, C.M.I. was an Indian Catholic priest and social reformer.

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Kuttanad

Kuttanad is a region covering the Alappuzha and Kottayam Districts, in the state of Kerala, India, well known for its vast paddy fields and geographical peculiarities.

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Laccadive Sea

The Laccadive Sea or Lakshadweep Sea is a body of water bordering India (including its Lakshadweep islands), the Maldives, and Sri Lanka.

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Lakshadweep

Lakshadweep (Lakshadīb), formerly known as the Laccadive, Minicoy, and Aminidivi Islands, is a group of islands in the Laccadive Sea, off the southwestern coast of India.

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Languages with official status in India

The Constitution of India designates the official language of the Government of India as Hindi written in the Devanagari script, as well as English.

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Late Middle Ages

The Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period of European history lasting from 1250 to 1500 AD.

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Later Cholas

The Later Chola dynasty ruled the Chola Empire from 1070 C.E. until the demise of the empire in 1279 C. E. This dynasty was the product of decades of alliances based on marriages between the Cholas and the Eastern Chalukyas based in Vengi and produced some of the greatest Chola emperors such as Kulothunga Chola I (1070–1120 C. E.). The extent of the Chola Empire during this period stretched from the island of Lanka to Kalinga in the northeast.

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Latin Church

The Latin Church, sometimes called the Western Church, is the largest particular church sui iuris in full communion with the Pope and the rest of the Catholic Church, tracing its history to the earliest days of Christianity.

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Leader of the Opposition

The Leader of the Opposition is a title traditionally held by the leader of the largest party not in government in a Westminster System of parliamentary government.

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Left Democratic Front (Kerala)

Left Democratic Front (LDF) is a coalition of political parties in the state of Kerala, in India.

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Liberal arts education

Liberal arts education (from Latin "free" and "art or principled practice") can claim to be the oldest programme of higher education in Western history.

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Licence Raj

The Licence Raj or Permit Raj (rāj, meaning "rule" in Hindi) was the elaborate system of licences, regulations and accompanying red tape that were required to set up and run businesses in India between 1947 and 1990.

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Lien Ying Chow

Lien Ying Chow, George, (2 August 1906 - 6 August 2004) was a Singaporean businessperson.

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Life expectancy

Life expectancy is a statistical measure of the average time an organism is expected to live, based on the year of its birth, its current age and other demographic factors including gender.

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List of amendments of the Constitution of India

, there have been 123 Amendment Bills and 101 Amendment acts to the Constitution of India since it was first enacted in 1950.

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List of birds of Kerala

The state of Kerala, India has about 516 bird species within its boundary.

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List of central government schemes in India

The ministries of the Government of India have come up with various useful schemes from time to time.

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List of Chief Ministers of Kerala

The Chief Minister of Kerala is the chief executive of the Indian state of Kerala.

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List of constituencies of Kerala Legislative Assembly

The Kerala Legislative Assembly, popularly known as the Niyamasabha (literally Hall of laws), is the law making body of Kerala, one of the 29 States in India.

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List of countries by suicide rate

The following is a list of suicide rates by country according to data from the World Health Organization (WHO) and other sources.

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List of districts in India

A district (zilā) is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory.

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List of districts in Kerala

The Indian state of Kerala borders with the states of Tamil Nadu on the south and east, Karnataka on the north and the Lakshadweep Sea coastline on the west.

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List of governors of Kerala

Kerala is a state in southern India.

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List of high courts in India

There are 24 high courts at the state and union territory level of India, which together with the Supreme Court of India at the national level, comprise the country's judicial system.

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List of highways numbered 66

Besides U.S. Route 66, the most well-known, numerous highways are numbered 66.

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List of Malayalam-language newspapers

Rajyasamacharam was the first newspaper in Malayalam.

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List of Malayalam-language periodicals

The following is a list of periodicals and online magazines published in the Malayalam language.

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List of multiple-system operators

A multiple-system operator (MSO) is an operator of multiple cable or direct-broadcast satellite television systems.

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List of rivers of Kerala

There are 44 rivers in Kerala, all but three originating in the Western Ghats.

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List of state highways in Kerala

The state highways are arterial routes of a state, linking district headquarters and important towns within the state and connecting them with national highways or Highways of the neighbouring states.

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List of states and union territories of India by population

India is a union of 29 states and 7 union territories.

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Literacy

Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write.

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Literacy in India

Literacy in India is a key for socio-economic progress, and the Indian literacy rate has grown to 74% (2011 Census figure) with recent reports of 80% literacy.

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Liver disease

Liver disease (also called hepatic disease) is a type of damage to or disease of the liver.

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Lok Sabha

The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house of India's bicameral Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha.

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Lokanath Behera

Lokanath Behara is an Indian Police Service (I.P.S.) officer.

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Loom

A loom is a device used to weave cloth and tapestry.

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Low birth weight

Low birth weight (LBW) is defined by the World Health Organization as a birth weight of a infant of 2,499 g or less, regardless of gestational age.

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Lyrics

Lyrics are words that make up a song usually consisting of verses and choruses.

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M. D. Valsamma

Manathoor Devasia Valsamma (born 21 October 1960) is a retired Indian athlete.

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M. Mukundan

Maniyambath Mukundan, commonly known as M. Mukundan (born 10 September 1942), is one of the pioneers of modernity in Malayalam literature, born in Mayyazhi (Mahé), a one-time French territory in India.

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M. T. Vasudevan Nair

Madath Thekkepaattu Vasudevan Nair (born 9 August 1933), popularly known as MT, is an Indian author, screenplay writer and film director.

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Madhhab

A (مذهب,, "way to act"; pl. مذاهب) is a school of thought within fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence).

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Madhu (actor)

Madhavan Nair, commonly known by his stage name Madhu, was an Indian actor who used to appear in Malayalam films.

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Madhyamam Daily

Madhyamam (meaning Medium) is a Malayalam newspaper published from Kerala, India, since 1987.

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Madhyamam Weekly

Madhyamam Azhchappathippu or Madhyamam Weekly is a weekly Malayalam–language cultural magazine published by the Madhyamam Group from Kozhikode, India.

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Madras Presidency

The Madras Presidency, or the Presidency of Fort St.

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Madras State

Madras State was a state in the Republic of India.

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Mahabali

Mahabali (IAST: Mahābalī), or Great Bali, also known as Māveli, was a benevolent kshatriya varna King in ancient Hindu antiquity.

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Mahabharata

The Mahābhārata (महाभारतम्) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa.

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Mahé, Puducherry

Mahé, natively known as Mayyazhi, is a small town at the mouth of the Mahé River and is surrounded on all sides by the State of Kerala.

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Makaravilakku

Makaravilakku is an annual festival held on Makar Sankranti in Kerala, India at the shrine of Sabarimala.

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Malabar Coast

The Malabar Coast is a long, narrow coastline on the southwestern shore line of the mainland Indian subcontinent.

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Malabar District

Malabar District was an administrative district of Madras Presidency in British India and independent India's Madras State.

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Malabar gliding frog

The Malabar gliding frog or Malabar flying frog (Rhacophorus malabaricus) is a Rhacophorid tree frog species found in the Western Ghats of India.

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Malabar rebellion

The Malabar rebellion (also known as the Moplah rebellion and Māppila Lahaḷa in Malayalam) was a mass uprising to form an independent state of decolonised India.It was a lahala against British authority in the Malabar region of Southern India by Mappilas and the culmination of a series of Mappila revolts that recurred throughout the 19th century and early 20th century.

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Malabar region

Malabar region refers to the historic and geographic area of southwest India covering the state of Kerala's present day Kasaragod, Kannur, Kozhikode, Wayanad, Malappuram and Palakkad Districts.

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Malabar trogon

The Malabar trogon (Harpactes fasciatus) is a species of bird in the trogon family.

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Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church

The Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, also known as the Indian Orthodox Church, is an autocephalous Oriental Orthodox church centered in the Indian state of Kerala.

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Malappuram

Malappuram (also Malapuram; മലപ്പുറം) is a city in the southern Indian state of Kerala, spread over an area of.

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Malappuram district

Malappuram district, with its headquarters at Malappuram, is a district in the state of Kerala, India.

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Malaya Mountains

The Malaya Mountains were a range of mountains that were mentioned in the Hindu sacred texts like Matsya Purana, the Kurma Purana, the Vishnu Purana, and the epics of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.

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Malayala Manorama

Malayala Manorama is a morning newspaper, in Malayalam language, published from Kottayam, Kerala, India by Malayala Manorama Company Limited, Headed by Mammen Mathew.It was first published as a weekly on 22 March 1890, and currently has a readership of over 20 million (with a circulation base of over 2.1 million copies).

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Malayalam

Malayalam is a Dravidian language spoken across the Indian state of Kerala by the Malayali people and it is one of 22 scheduled languages of India.

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Malayalam calendar

Malayalam calendar or Kollam Era, also known as Kollavarsham, is a solar and sidereal Hindu calendar used in Kerala, India.

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Malayalam cinema

Malayalam cinema is the Indian film industry based in the southern state of Kerala, dedicated to the production of motion pictures in the Malayalam.

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Malayalam literature

Malayalam literature (മലയാള സാഹിത്യം) comprises those literary texts written in Malayalam, a South-Dravidian language spoken in the Indian state of Kerala.

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Malayalam triumvirate poets

The ancient triumvirate poets (Pracheena kavithrayam) of Malayalam poetry are Ezhuthachan, Cherusseri Namboothiri and Kunchan Nambiar.The ancient triumvirate poets was chosen in the basis of Bhakthi Maargam (Religious Way).

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Malayali

The Malayali people or Keralite people (also spelt Malayalee, Malayalam script: മലയാളി and കേരളീയൻ) are an Indian ethnic group originating from the present-day state of Kerala, located in South India.

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Mammal

Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.

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Mammootty

Muhammad Kutty Paniparambil Ismail (born 7 September 1951), better known by his stage name Mammootty is an Indian film actor and producer who works in Malayalam cinema.

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Mangalam

Mangalam is a census town in Coimbatore district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

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Manju Warrier

Manju Warrier (pronounced: Manju Vāryar; born 10 September 1978) is an Indian film actress and dancer in the name.

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Manorama News

Manorama News (also known as MM TV) is a Malayalam language news channel owned and operated by Malayala Manorama.

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Manu (Hinduism)

Manu (मनु) is a term found with various meanings in Hinduism.

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Mappila

Mappila, also known as a Mappila Muslim, formerly romanized as Moplah and historically as Jonaka Mappila, in general, is a member of the Muslim community of the same nameMiller, E. Roland.

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Mappila Songs

Mappila Paattu or Mappila Songs are a folklore Muslim song genre rendered to lyrics, within a melodic framework (Ishal), in colloquial Mappila dialect of Malayalam laced with Arabic, by the Mappilas of the Malabar region in Kerala, India.

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Mar Thoma Syrian Church

The Mar Thoma Syrian Church, often shortened to Malankara Mar Thoma Church, is a Syriac Christian Church based in Kerala, India.

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Marayur

Marayur or Marayoor is a town in Idukki district of Kerala, India.

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Margamkali

Margamkali is an Indian group dance originating from Kerala, practiced by the Saint Thomas Christians who trace their origins to the evangelistic activity of Thomas the Apostle in the 1st century.

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Marthanda Varma

Marthanda Varma (born Anizham Thirunal Marthanda Varma; 1705 – 7 July 1758) was ruler of the southern Indian state of Travancore from 1729 until his death in 1758.

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Marumakkathayam

Marumakkathayam was a system of matrilineal inheritance prevalent in what is now Kerala, India.

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Matha

A matha (मठ, IAST) or mutt is a Sanskrit word that means "cloister, institute or college", and it also refers to a monastery in Hinduism.

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Mathrubhumi

Mathrubhumi is a Malayalam newspaper that is published from Kerala, India.

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Mathrubhumi News

Mathrubhumi News (Malayalam: മാതൃഭൂമി ന്യൂസ്) is a Malayalam-language television news channel owned by Mathrubhumi daily.

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Matsya

Matsya (मत्स्य, lit. fish), is the fish avatar in the ten primary avatars of Hindu god Vishnu.

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Matsya Purana

The Matsya Purana (IAST: Matsya Purāṇa) is one of the eighteen major Puranas (Mahapurana), and among the oldest and better preserved in the Puranic genre of Sanskrit literature in Hinduism.

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Mattancherry Palace

The Mattancherry Palace is a Portuguese palace popularly known as the Dutch Palace, in Mattancherry, Kochi, in the Indian state of Kerala which features Kerala murals depicting portraits and exhibits of the Rajas of Kochi.

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Maurya Empire

The Maurya Empire was a geographically-extensive Iron Age historical power founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated ancient India between 322 BCE and 180 BCE.

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Mazhavil Manorama

Mazhavil Manorama is a Malayalam general entertainment television channel from the Malayala Manorama group, the publisher of the widely circulated Malayalam Manorama daily, and the Malayalam women's magazine Vanitha.

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Megalith

A megalith is a large stone that has been used to construct a structure or monument, either alone or together with other stones.

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Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri

Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri (മേല്പത്തൂർ നാരായണ ഭട്ടതിരി; 1560–1646/1666), third student of Achyuta Pisharati, was a member of Madhava of Sangamagrama's Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics.

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Mercy Kuttan

Mercy Kuttan (born 1 January 1960) is a former Indian track and field athlete.

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Mesolithic

In Old World archaeology, Mesolithic (Greek: μέσος, mesos "middle"; λίθος, lithos "stone") is the period between the Upper Paleolithic and the Neolithic.

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Metres above sea level

Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.

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Migrant labourers in Kerala

Migrant labourers in Kerala, India's southern most state, are a significant economic force in the state; there were around 2.5 million internal migrants in Kerala according to a 2013 study by the Gulati Institute of Finance and Taxation.

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Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs

Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), Government of India, is the apex body for formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws relating to the housing and urban development in India.

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Miss Kumari

Miss Kumari (1932–1969) was a Malayalam film actress of the early years of 1940–1960s.

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Mixed economy

A mixed economy is variously defined as an economic system blending elements of market economies with elements of planned economies, free markets with state interventionism, or private enterprise with public enterprise.

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Mohanlal

Mohanlal Viswanathan (born 21 May 1960), known mononymously as Mohanlal, is an Indian actor, producer and playback singer who predominantly works in Malayalam cinema.

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Mohiniyattam

Mohiniyattam, also spelled Mohiniattam (മോഹിനിയാട്ടം), is one of two classical dances of India that developed and remain popular in the state of Kerala.

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Mollusca

Mollusca is a large phylum of invertebrate animals whose members are known as molluscs or mollusksThe formerly dominant spelling mollusk is still used in the U.S. — see the reasons given in Gary Rosenberg's.

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Monazite

Monazite is a reddish-brown phosphate mineral containing rare-earth metals.

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Monsoon

Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.

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MTS India

Sistema Shyam TeleServices Limited (SSTL), doing business as Mobile TeleSystems India (MTS India), was the Indian subsidiary of the Russian mobile operator MTS.

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Mugger crocodile

The mugger crocodile (Crocodylus palustris.

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Muhamma

Muhamma is a census town in Cherthala Taluk in Alappuzha district in the Indian state of Kerala.

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Multinational corporation

A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.

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Mumbai

Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.

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Mung bean

The mung bean (Vigna radiata), alternatively known as the green gram, maash, or moong Sanskrit मुद्ग / mŪgd, is a plant species in the legume family.

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Municipal corporations in India

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Munnar

Munnar is a town and hill station located in the Idukki district of the southwestern Indian state of Kerala.

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Murali (Malayalam actor)

Muraleedharan Pillai, popularly known as Murali (മുരളി, 25 May 1954 – 6 August 2009) was an Indian film, stage and television actor and author.

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Mushika Kingdom

The Mushika Kingdom (Mushaka Rajya, also called Ezhimalai Rajya, Puzhinadu, Kolathunadu, Chirakkal Rajya among the more common names) was an ancient kingdom of the Tamil Sangam period in present-day Kerala, India, ruled by a royal dynasty of the same name.

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Muslim

A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.

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Muzhappilangad Beach

Muzhappilangad Drive-in Beach (മുഴപ്പിലങ്ങാട് ബീച്ച്) (5.5 km length) is a beach in the state of Kerala in southwestern India.

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Muziris

Muziris (Muchiri, Muyirikode, Makotai, Mahodayapuram) was an ancient seaport and urban center on the Malabar Coast (modern-day Indian state of Kerala) that dates from at least the 1st century BC, if not before it.

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Naduvazhi

Naduvazhi refers to landlords, chieftains and descendants of royal households in the region now known as Kerala, India.

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Nagar Kovil

Nagar Kovil or Nagerkovil or Nakarkovil or Nagarcoil (நாகர்கோயில்) is a small town in Jaffna District, Sri Lanka.

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Nair

The Nair, also known as Nayar, are a group of Indian castes, described by anthropologist Kathleen Gough as "not a unitary group but a named category of castes".

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Nair Service Society

The Nair Service Society (NSS) is an organisation created for the social advancement and welfare of the Nair community that is found primarily in the state of Kerala in South India.

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Narayana Guru

Narayana Guru (ca. 1854 – 20 September 1928), was a social reformer of India.

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Narayaniyam

Narayaniyam is a medieval Sanskrit text, comprising a summary study in poetic form of the Bhagavata Purana.

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National Geographic Society

The National Geographic Society (NGS), headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world.

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National Geographic Traveler

National Geographic Traveler is a magazine published by the National Geographic Society in the United States.

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National Highway 544 (India)

National Highway 544, commonly referred to as NH 544, (old number NH 47) is a highway connecting the city of Salem to Kochi city in southern India.

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National Informatics Centre

The National Informatics Centre (NIC) (Rashtriya Suchna Vigyan Kendra) is the premier science & technology organisation of Government of India in informatics services and information and communication technology (ICT) applications.

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National Institute of Open Schooling

The National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS), formerly National Open School, (name changed in 2002) is the board of education under the Union Government of India.

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National Waterway 3

The West Coast Canal or National Waterway No 3 is a 168-km stretch of this inland navigational route located in Kerala, India and runs from Kollam to Kottapuram and was declared a National Waterway in 1993.

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Natural rubber

Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.

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Nedumudi Venu

Kesavan Venugopal Nair (born 22 May 1948), known popularly by his stage name Nedumudi Venu, is an Indian film actor from Kerala.

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Nelcynda

Nelcynda is a place in ancient Kerala.

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Nelliampathi

Nelliyampathy (also spelled Nelliampathi) is a hill station from Palakkad, state of Kerala, India.

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Nenmara Vallanghy Vela

No description.

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Neoliberalism

Neoliberalism or neo-liberalism refers primarily to the 20th-century resurgence of 19th-century ideas associated with laissez-faire economic liberalism.

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Neolithic

The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.

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Nest

A nest is a structure built by certain animals to hold eggs, offspring, and, occasionally, the animal itself.

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New Delhi

New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of Government of India.

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New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

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New Year's Day

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

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New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.

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Nielsen Audio

Nielsen Audio (formerly Arbitron) is a consumer research company in the United States that collects listener data on radio broadcasting audiences.

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Nilambur

Nilambur is a municipality and a taluk in the Malappuram district of the Indian state of Kerala.

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Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is an International Biosphere Reserve in the Western Ghats and Nilgiri Hills ranges of South India.

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Nilgiri tahr

The Nilgiri tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius) known locally as the Nilgiri ibex or simply ibex, is an ungulate that is endemic to the Nilgiri Hills and the southern portion of the Western Ghats in the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala in Southern India.

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Niranam poets

The Niranam poets, also known as the Kannassan poets, were three poets from the same family, Madhava Panikkar, Sankara Panikkar, and Rama Panikkar who hailed from Niranam, a small village in southern Kerala, India, near the town of Thiruvalla.Their work(s) mainly consisted of translation and adaptation of Sanskrit epics and Puranic works and were aimed for devotional purposes.

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Nivin Pauly

Nivin Pauly (born 11 October 1984) is an Indian film actor and producer, who predominantly works in Malayalam cinema.

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Nokku kooli

Nokku kooli is an euphimism for extortion by organized labour unions in Kerala under which wages are paid to trade union activists for allowing common householders/ investors/builders to unload belongings/materials using machines or their own labour.

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Non-resident Indian and person of Indian origin

No description.

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Non-tax revenue

Non-tax revenue or non-tax receipts are government revenue not generated from taxes.

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North Malabar

North Malabar refers to the historic and geographic area of southwest India covering the state of Kerala's present day Kasaragod and Kannur Districts, the Mananthavady taluk of Wayanad District, the taluks of Koyilandy and Vatakara in the Kozhikode District of Kerala and the entire Mahé Sub-Division of the Union Territory of Puducherry.

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Northern Division (Travancore)

The Northern Division or Kottayam Division was one of the three (or four) administrative subdivisions of the princely state of Travancore in British India.

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Norway

Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.

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Nutmeg

Nutmeg is the seed or ground spice of several species of the genus Myristica.

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O. N. V. Kurup

Ottaplakkal Neelakandan Velu Kurup (27 May 1931 – 13 February 2016), popularly known as O. N. V. Kurup or simply and endearingly O. N. V., was a Malayalam poet and lyricist from Kerala, India, who won the Jnanpith Award, the highest literary award in India for the year 2007.

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O. V. Vijayan

Ottupulackal Velukkuty Vijayan (2 July 1930 – 30 March 2005), commonly known as O. V. Vijayan, was an Indian author and cartoonist, who was an important figure in modern Malayalam language literature.

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Oceanic climate

An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.

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Oduvil Unnikrishnan

Oduvil Unnikrishnan (13 February 1943 – 27 May 2006) was an Indian film actor.

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Official language

An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.

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Onam

Onam is an annual Hindu festival with origins in the state of Kerala in India.

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Onavillu

An onavillu is a simple, short, bow-shaped musical instrument.

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Oppana

Oppana (ഒപ്പന) is a popular form of social entertainment among the Mappila (Kerala Muslims) community of Kerala, South India, prevalent throughout Kerala, especially in Malappuram.

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Oracle Corporation

Oracle Corporation is an American multinational computer technology corporation, headquartered in Redwood Shores, California.

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Orange chromide

The orange chromide (Pseudetroplus maculatus, syn. Etroplus maculatus) is a species of cichlid fish that is endemic to freshwater and brackish streams, lagoons and estuaries in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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Ottan Thullal

Ottan Thullal (or Ottamthullal, Malayalam:ഓട്ടന് തുള്ളല്) is a dance and poetic performance form of Kerala, India.

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Outline of Kerala

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Kerala: Kerala – 21st biggest, 12th most populous, 13th highest and most literate of the 29 states of the democratic Republic of India.

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Outlook (magazine)

Outlook is a weekly general interest English news magazine published in India.

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P. R. Sreejesh

Parattu Raveendran Sreejesh is an Indian field hockey player.He is currently the Captain and Goalkeeper of the Indian national team.

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P. Sathasivam

Palanisamy Sathasivam (born 27 April 1949) is the current Governor of Kerala, in office since 2014.

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P. T. Usha

Pilavullakandi Thekkeparambil Usha (born 27 June 1964), popularly known as P. T. Usha, is a retired Indian track and field athlete.

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Padayani

Padayani, also called Padeni, (from the Malayalam word for military formations) is a traditional folk dance and a ritual art from the central portion of the Indian state of Kerala.

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Padma Shri

Padma Shri (also Padma Shree) is the fourth highest civilian award in the Republic of India, after the Bharat Ratna, the Padma Vibhushan and the Padma Bhushan.

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Padmanabhapuram Palace

Padmanabhapuram Palace (Tamil: பத்மநாபபுரம் அரண்மனை) (Malayalam: പത്മനാഭപുരം കൊട്ടാരം) is a Travancore era palace located in Padmanabhapuram, Kalkulam taluk of Kanyakumari District, Tamil Nadu.

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Padmarajan

Padmarajan (23 May 1945 – 24 January 1991) was an Indian author, screenwriter, and film director who was known for his landmark works in Malayalam literature and Malayalam cinema.

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Padroado

The Padroado ("patronage") was an arrangement between the Holy See and the kingdom (and later republic) of Portugal, affirmed by a series of concordats, by which the Vatican delegated to the kings of Portugal the administration of the local Churches.

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Paithalmala

Vaithalmala (വൈതൽമല) or Paithalmala is a hill station in the Kannur district of Kerala in India.

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Palakkad

Palakkad, also known as Palghat, is a city and municipality in the state of Kerala in southern India, spread over an area of 26.60 km2 and is the administrative headquarters of the Palakkad District.

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Palakkad district

Palakkad District is one of the 14 districts of the Indian state of Kerala.

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Palakkad Gap

Palakkad Gap or Palghat Gap is a low mountain pass in the Western Ghats between Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu and Palakkad in Kerala.

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Palakkad Junction railway station

Palakkad Junction (formerly known as Olavakkod Junction, STN CODE:PGT) is a railway station in Kerala state, India situated in the city of Palakkad.

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Palakkad railway division

Palakkad railway division (formerly Olavakkod railway division) is one of the six administrative divisions of the Southern Railway zone of Indian Railways, headquartered at Palakkad in Kerala.

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Paleolithic

The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic is a period in human prehistory distinguished by the original development of stone tools that covers c. 95% of human technological prehistory.

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Pamba River

The Pamba River (also called Pampa river) is the third longest river in the South Indian state of Kerala after Periyar and Bharathappuzha and the longest river in the erstwhile princely state of Travancore.

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Panchari melam

Panchari Melam is a percussion ensemble, performed during temple festivals in Kerala, India.

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Panchavadyam

Panchavadyam(Malayalam: പഞ്ചവാദ്യം), literally meaning an orchestra of five instruments, is basically a temple art form that has evolved in Kerala.

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Panchayat samiti (block)

Mandals, taluka panchayats, block panchayats, or panchayat samiti are rural local governments (panchayats) at the intermediate level in panchayat raj institutions (PRI).

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Panchayati raj

The Panchayat raj is a South Asian political system found mainly in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Trinidad and Tobago, and Nepal.

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Pandyan dynasty

The Pandyan dynasty was an ancient Tamil dynasty, one of the three Tamil dynasties, the other two being the Chola and the Chera.

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Papadum

A papadum is a thin, crisp, disc-shaped food from the Indian subcontinent; typically based on a seasoned dough usually made from peeled black gram flour (urad flour), either fried or cooked with dry heat (usually flipping it over an open flame).

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Pappachen Pradeep

Naduparambil Pappachen Pradeep (born 28 April 1983) is an Indian footballer.

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Paradesi Synagogue

The Paradesi Synagogue is the oldest active synagogue in the Commonwealth of Nations,.

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Parallel cinema

Parallel cinema is a film movement in Indian cinema that originated in the state of West Bengal in the 1950s as an alternative to the mainstream commercial Indian cinema, represented especially by popular Hindi cinema, known today as Bollywood.

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Parambikulam Tiger Reserve

Parambikulam Tiger Reserve, which also includes the erstwhile Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, is a protected area in Chittur taluk in Palakkad district of Kerala state, South India.

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Parashurama

Parashurama (Sanskrit: परशुराम, IAST: Paraśurāma, lit. Rama with an axe) is the sixth avatar of Vishnu in Hinduism.

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Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar

Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar (1736–1799) is the author of Varthamanappusthakam (1790), the first ever travelogue in an Indian language.

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Parichamuttukali

Parichamuttukali is a martial dance form of Kerala practiced by Saint Thomas Christians (also known as Syrian Christians or Nasrani) who trace their origins to the evangelistic activity of Thomas the Apostle among Jews and natives in the 1st century.

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Parliamentary system

A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.

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Partition of India

The Partition of India was the division of British India in 1947 which accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan.

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Parvathy (actress)

Parvathy Thiruvoth Kottuvata (born 7 April 1988) is an Indian film actress, who appears in South Indian films.

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Patala

In Indian religions, Patala (Sanskrit: पाताल, IAST: pātāla, lit. that which is below the feet) denotes the subterranean realms of the universe – which are located under the earth.

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Pathiramanal

Pathiramanal (പാതിരാമണൽ) is a small island inMuhamma panchayat of Alappuzha district.

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Peermade

Peermade, also spelt Peerumedu is a hill station in the state of Kerala, India.

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Pelagic fish

Pelagic fish live in the pelagic zone of ocean or lake waters – being neither close to the bottom nor near the shore – in contrast with demersal fish, which do live on or near the bottom, and reef fish, which are associated with coral reefs.

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Pentecostalism in Kerala

Pentecostalism is a renewal movement within Protestant Christianity that places special emphasis on a direct personal experience of God through the baptism with the Holy Spirit.

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People TV

People TV is an Indian television channel based in Trivandrum.

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Performance art

Performance art is a performance presented to an audience within a fine art context, traditionally interdisciplinary.

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Periplus of the Erythraean Sea

The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea or Periplus of the Red Sea (Περίπλους τῆς Ἐρυθράς Θαλάσσης, Periplus Maris Erythraei) is a Greco-Roman periplus, written in Greek, describing navigation and trading opportunities from Roman Egyptian ports like Berenice along the coast of the Red Sea, and others along Northeast Africa and the Sindh and South western India.

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Periyar (river)

Periyar (meaning: big river) is the longest river and the river with the largest discharge potential in the Indian state of Kerala.

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Periyar National Park

Periyar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary (PNP) is a protected area near Thekkady in the districts of Idukki, Kottayam and Pathanamthitta in Kerala, India.

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Pesticide

Pesticides are substances that are meant to control pests, including weeds.

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Phoenicia

Phoenicia (or; from the Φοινίκη, meaning "purple country") was a thalassocratic ancient Semitic civilization that originated in the Eastern Mediterranean and in the west of the Fertile Crescent.

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Pinarayi Vijayan

Pinarayi Vijayan (born 24 May 1945) is an Indian politician who is the current Chief Minister of Kerala, in office since 25 May 2016.

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Planning Commission (India)

The Planning Commission (Hindi: योजना आयोग, Yojana Āyog) was an institution in the Government of India, which formulated India's Five-Year Plans, among other functions.

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Pleistocene

The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.

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Pliny the Elder

Pliny the Elder (born Gaius Plinius Secundus, AD 23–79) was a Roman author, naturalist and natural philosopher, a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and friend of emperor Vespasian.

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Ponmudi

Ponmudi (the Golden Peak) is a hill station in the Thiruvananthapuram District of Kerala in India.

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Poorakkali

Poorakkali,Which means in English (Festival Performance), is a traditional dance ritual performed by men during the nine-day Pooram festival in Bhagavathy temples across North Malabar in Kerala State of south India.

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Ports in Kerala

Kerala has two major port and 13 minor ports and 2 intermediate ports.Kerala has a coastline of around 590 km.

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Portuguese India

The State of India (Estado da Índia), also referred as the Portuguese State of India (Estado Português da Índia, EPI) or simply Portuguese India (Índia Portuguesa), was a state of the Portuguese Overseas Empire, founded six years after the discovery of a sea route between Portugal and the Indian Subcontinent to serve as the governing body of a string of Portuguese fortresses and colonies overseas.

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Portuguese people

Portuguese people are an ethnic group indigenous to Portugal that share a common Portuguese culture and speak Portuguese.

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Poverty in India

Poverty is a significant issue in India, despite having one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, clocked at a growth rate of 7.6% in 2015, and a sizable consumer economy.

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Precambrian

The Precambrian (or Pre-Cambrian, sometimes abbreviated pЄ, or Cryptozoic) is the earliest part of Earth's history, set before the current Phanerozoic Eon.

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Prem Nazir

Prem Nazir (born Abdul Khader; 7 April 1926 – 16 January 1989) was an Indian film actor, known as one of Malayalam cinema's definitive leading men of his generation.

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Presidencies and provinces of British India

The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.

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President of India

The President of the Republic of India is the head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.

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Press Trust of India

Press Trust of India (PTI) is the largest news agency in India.

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Prevalence

Prevalence in epidemiology is the proportion of a particular population found to be affected by a medical condition (typically a disease or a risk factor such as smoking or seat-belt use).

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Primary education

Primary education and elementary education is typically the first stage of formal education, coming after preschool and before secondary education (The first two grades of primary school, Grades 1 and 2, are also part of early childhood education).

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Princely state

A princely state, also called native state (legally, under the British) or Indian state (for those states on the subcontinent), was a vassal state under a local or regional ruler in a subsidiary alliance with the British Raj.

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Prithviraj Sukumaran

Prithviraj Sukumaran (born 16 October 1982) is an Indian film actor, producer, and playback singer, who primarily works in the Malayalam film industry.

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Priyadarshan

Priyadarshan (born Priyadarshan Soman Nair; 30 January 1957) is an Indian film director, producer, and screenwriter.

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Pro tempore

Pro tempore, abbreviated pro tem or p.t., is a Latin phrase which best translates to "for the time being" in English.

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Ptolemaic dynasty

The Ptolemaic dynasty (Πτολεμαῖοι, Ptolemaioi), sometimes also known as the Lagids or Lagidae (Λαγίδαι, Lagidai, after Lagus, Ptolemy I's father), was a Macedonian Greek royal family, which ruled the Ptolemaic Kingdom in Egypt during the Hellenistic period.

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Ptolemy VIII Physcon

Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II (Πτολεμαῖος Εὐεργέτης, Ptolemaĩos Euergétēs "Ptolemy the Benefactor"; c. 182 BC – June 26, 116 BC), nicknamed Physcon (Φύσκων "the Fat"), was a king of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt.

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Public health

Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals".

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Public limited company

A public limited company (legally abbreviated to plc) is a type of public company under the United Kingdom company law, some Commonwealth jurisdictions, and the Republic of Ireland.

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Puducherry

Puducherry (literally New Town in Tamil), formerly known as Pondicherry, is a union territory of India.

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Puli Kali

Pulikkali ("Puli".

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Punjab

The Punjab, also spelled Panjab (land of "five rivers"; Punjabi: پنجاب (Shahmukhi); ਪੰਜਾਬ (Gurumukhi); Πενταποταμία, Pentapotamia) is a geographical and cultural region in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, comprising areas of eastern Pakistan and northern India.

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Puranas

The Puranas (singular: पुराण), are ancient Hindu texts eulogizing various deities, primarily the divine Trimurti God in Hinduism through divine stories.

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Puri

Puri is a city and a Municipality in the state of Odisha in eastern India.

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Puttu

Puttu pronounced, (Malayalam: പുട്ട്), (Tamil: புட்டு), (Kannada: ಪುಟ್ಟು), (Sinhala පිට්ටු) is a breakfast dish from the Indian subcontinent, eaten in Kerala, some parts of Tamil Nadu, Coorg and canara region of Karnataka, and Sri Lanka.

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Pythonidae

The Pythonidae, commonly known simply as pythons, from the Greek word python (πυθων), are a family of nonvenomous snakes found in Africa, Asia, and Australia.

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Quartz

Quartz is a mineral composed of silicon and oxygen atoms in a continuous framework of SiO4 silicon–oxygen tetrahedra, with each oxygen being shared between two tetrahedra, giving an overall chemical formula of SiO2.

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Quilon Aerodrome

Quilon Aerodrome or Kollam Airport was an aerodrome in the city of Kollam in the former state of Travancore, now in Kerala, India.

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Rain shadow

A rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area (away from the wind).

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Raja Ravi Varma

Raja Ravi Varma (29 April 1848 – 2 October 1906) was a celebrated Malayali Indian painter and artist.

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Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna

The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, officially known as Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award in Sports and Games, is the highest sporting honour of the Republic of India.

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Rajya Sabha

The Rajya Sabha or Council of States is the upper house of the Parliament of India.

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Ramayana

Ramayana (रामायणम्) is an ancient Indian epic poem which narrates the struggle of the divine prince Rama to rescue his wife Sita from the demon king Ravana.

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Ramesh Chennithala

Ramesh Chennithala (born 25 May 1956) is an Indian politician, affiliated to the Indian National Congress, and the Leader of the Opposition in the Kerala Legislative Assembly since 2016.

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Ramsar Convention

The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands.

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Ramu Kariat

Ramu Kariat (alternatively Ramu Karyat) (1 February 1927 – 10 February 1979) was a legendary Malayali Indian film director for almost three decades from the 1950s to the 1970s.

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Ranji Trophy

The Ranji Trophy is a domestic first-class cricket championship played in India between teams representing regional and state cricket associations.

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Rasam

Rasam, chaaru, saaru or kabir is a South Indian soup, traditionally prepared using tamarind juice as a base, with the addition of tomato, chili pepper, pepper, cumin and other spices as seasonings.

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Rattan

Rattan (from the Malay rotan) is the name for roughly 600 species of old world climbing palms belonging to subfamily Calamoideae (from the Greek 'kálamos'.

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Rediff.com

Rediff.com is an Indian news, information, entertainment and shopping web portal, founded in 1996 as "Rediff On The NeT".

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Reliance Communications

Reliance Communications Ltd. (stylised as RCom) is a telecommunications company headquartered in Navi Mumbai, India.

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Religion in Kerala

Religions in Kerala are a mixture of different faiths, most significantly Hinduism, Islam and Christianity.

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Remittance

A remittance is a transfer of money by a foreign worker to an individual in their home country.

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Representative democracy

Representative democracy (also indirect democracy, representative republic or psephocracy) is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.

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Rice and curry

Rice and curry is a popular dish in the Southern Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu, as well as in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.

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Rigveda

The Rigveda (Sanskrit: ऋग्वेद, from "praise" and "knowledge") is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns along with associated commentaries on liturgy, ritual and mystical exegesis.

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Rino Anto

Rino Anto (born 3 January 1988) is an Indian professional footballer who plays as a right back for the Bengaluru FC in the Indian Super League.

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River delta

A river delta is a landform that forms from deposition of sediment carried by a river as the flow leaves its mouth and enters slower-moving or stagnant water.

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Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

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Rosa Kutty

Rosa Kutty (born 1964) is a former Indian woman athlete who participated in 1996 and 2000 Olympics in 4x 400 relay race.

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Rutile

Rutile is a mineral composed primarily of titanium dioxide (TiO2).

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S. K. Pottekkatt

Sankaran Kutty Pottekkatt (14 March 1913 – 6 August 1982), popularly known as S. K. Pottekkatt, is a famous Malayalam writer from Kerala state, South India.

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S. Sreesanth

Shanthakumaran Sreesanth (born 6 February 1983) is a former Indian cricketer, who played all forms of the game.

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Sadhya

Sadhya (സദ്യ) is a feast consisting of a variety of traditional vegetarian dishes usually served on a banana leaf in Kerala, India.

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Saint Thomas Christian denominations

The Saint Thomas Christian denominations are traditional Christian denominations from Kerala, India, who trace their origins to the evangelistic activity of Thomas the Apostle in the 1st century.

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Saint Thomas Christians

The Saint Thomas Christians, also called Syrian Christians of India, Nasrani or Malankara Nasrani or Nasrani Mappila, Nasraya and in more ancient times Essani (Essene) are an ethnoreligious community of Malayali Syriac Christians from Kerala, India, who trace their origins to the evangelistic activity of Thomas the Apostle in the 1st century.

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Sait Nagjee Football Tournament

The Sait Nagjee All India Football tournament is one of the most prestigious Tournaments held in Kozhikode, Kerala, India.

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Samantan

Samantan Nair or more commonly Samantan (Sama + anta means equal distance or difference, rather risen from the common masses) was a generic term applied to dignify a collection of sub-clans among the ruling elite and feudal estate owners of Kerala belonging to the Nair community.

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Sambar (dish)

Sambar, also spelled sambhar or sambaar, and pronounced saambaar, is a lentil-based vegetable stew or chowder cooked with a tamarind broth originating from the present-day Tamil Nadu, India.

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San Marino

San Marino, officially the Republic of San Marino (Repubblica di San Marino), also known as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino (Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino), is an enclaved microstate surrounded by Italy, situated on the Italian Peninsula on the northeastern side of the Apennine Mountains.

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Sangam literature

The Sangam literature (Tamil: சங்க இலக்கியம், Sanga ilakkiyam) is the ancient Tamil literature of the period in the history of ancient southern India (known as the Thamizhagam or the Tamilagam) spanning from c. 300 BCE to 300 CE.

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Sanitary sewer

A sanitary sewer or "foul sewer" is an underground carriage system specifically for transporting sewage from houses and commercial buildings through pipes to treatment facilities or disposal.

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Sanju Samson

Sanju Viswanath Samson (born 11 November 1994) is an Indian cricketer who represents Rajasthan Royals in the Indian Premier League (IPL).

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Sankaradi

Chandrasekhara Menon, better known by his stage (and ancestor house) name Sankaradi (1924–2001), was an Indian actor.

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Santosh Trophy

The Santosh Trophy is an association football knock-out competition contested by the regional state associations and government institutions under the All India Football Federation (AIFF), the sport's governing body in India.

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Sasthamcotta Lake

Sasthamcotta Lake or Sasthamkotta Lake, also categorized as a wetland, is the largest fresh water lake in Kerala, a state of India on the south of the West Coast.

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Sathyan (actor)

Sathyan (born Cheruvilakathu Veettil Manuel Sathyaneshan Nadar on 9 November 1912 – 15 June 1971), was an Indian film actor, noted for his natural style and versatility.

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Sectarianism

Sectarianism is a form of bigotry, discrimination, or hatred arising from attaching relations of inferiority and superiority to differences between subdivisions within a group.

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Seema (actress)

Seema (born 22 May 1957) is an Indian film actress.

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Series expansion

In mathematics, a series expansion is a method for calculating a function that cannot be expressed by just elementary operators (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division).

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Sestertius

The sestertius (plural sestertii), or sesterce (plural sesterces), was an ancient Roman coin.

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Sex ratio

The sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population.

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Sexual harassment

Sexual harassment is bullying or coercion of a sexual nature, or the unwelcome or inappropriate promise of rewards in exchange for sexual favors.

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Shafi‘i

The Shafi‘i (شافعي, alternative spelling Shafei) madhhab is one of the four schools of Islamic law in Sunni Islam.

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Shaji N. Karun

Shaji Neelakantan Karun (born 1 January 1952) is a National Award-winning Indian film director and cinematographer.

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Shalom (TV channel)

Shalom Television (ശലോം) is an Indian Catholic Christian television channel based in Kerala.

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Sharada (actress)

Sharada (born Saraswati Devi 25 June 1945) is a three-time National Award winning Indian actress and politician from Andhra Pradesh.

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Sheela

Sheela Devi, known by her stage name Sheela is an Indian film actress who works predominantly in Malayalam cinema.

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Shiny Abraham

Shiny Wilson (nee Abraham) (born 8 May 1965) is a retired Indian athlete.

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Shobana

Shobana Chandrakumar, known mononymously as Shobana, is an Indian film actress and bharatanatyam dancer from Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.

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Shoranur

Shoranur is a town and a municipality located in the Palakkad district, in the Indian state of Kerala, located on the banks of the Bharathapuzha River.

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Shoranur Junction railway station

Shoranur Junction is the railway station in Kerala, located at Shoranur, Palakkad District.

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Shoranur–Cochin Harbour section

Shoranur–Cochin Harbour section is a high density railway corridor in Kerala state, India, running from Shoranur Junction in Palakkad district through Thrissur district to Cochin in Ernakulam district.

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Siddha

Siddha (Tamil "great thinker/wise man"; Sanskrit, "perfected one") is a term that is used widely in Indian religions and culture.

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Silent Valley National Park

Silent Valley National Park (Malayalam: സൈലന്‍റ് വാലീ നാഷണല്‍ പാര്‍ക്ക്), is a national park with a core zone of (making it the second largest national park in Kerala).

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Silicon dioxide

Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms.

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Sillimanite

Sillimanite is an aluminosilicate mineral with the chemical formula Al2SiO5.

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Singapore

Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.

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Sinimole Paulose

Sinimole Paulose alias Sini Ajith Markose(born 24 June 1983) is an Indian middle distance runner.

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Siraj Daily

Siraj (Malayalamസിറാജ് ദിനപത്രം, Arabic:سراج اليومية, is a daily newspaper in Malayalam language. It was established in 1984. The newspaper belongs to Thoufeeque Publications. It is published from Calicut, Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Kannur, Bangaluru, Dubai, Oman and Qatar. The head office of the newspaper is at Calicut. The editor is VPM Faisy Villyapalli. It has eight editions. Category:Daily newspapers published in India Category:Malayalam-language newspapers Category:1984 establishments in India Category:Publications established in 1984 Category:Media in Kerala.

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Skanda Purana

The Skanda Purana (IAST: Skanda Purāṇa) is the largest Mahāpurāṇa, a genre of eighteen Hindu religious texts.

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Small Industries Development Bank of India

Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) is a development financial institution in India, headquartered at Lucknow and having its offices all over the country.

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SmartCity, Kochi

SmartCity Kochi is an Information Technology Special Economic Zone in Kochi, Kerala, India.

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Social mobility

Social mobility is the movement of individuals, families, households, or other categories of people within or between social strata in a society.

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Soil salinity

Soil salinity is the salt content in the soil; the process of increasing the salt content is known as salinization.

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Solomon

Solomon (שְׁלֹמֹה, Shlomoh), also called Jedidiah (Hebrew Yədidya), was, according to the Hebrew Bible, Quran, Hadith and Hidden Words, a fabulously wealthy and wise king of Israel who succeeded his father, King David. The conventional dates of Solomon's reign are circa 970 to 931 BCE, normally given in alignment with the dates of David's reign. He is described as the third king of the United Monarchy, which would break apart into the northern Kingdom of Israel and the southern Kingdom of Judah shortly after his death. Following the split, his patrilineal descendants ruled over Judah alone. According to the Talmud, Solomon is one of the 48 prophets. In the Quran, he is considered a major prophet, and Muslims generally refer to him by the Arabic variant Sulayman, son of David. The Hebrew Bible credits him as the builder of the First Temple in Jerusalem, beginning in the fourth year of his reign, using the vast wealth he had accumulated. He dedicated the temple to Yahweh, the God of Israel. He is portrayed as great in wisdom, wealth and power beyond either of the previous kings of the country, but also as a king who sinned. His sins included idolatry, marrying foreign women and, ultimately, turning away from Yahweh, and they led to the kingdom's being torn in two during the reign of his son Rehoboam. Solomon is the subject of many other later references and legends, most notably in the 1st-century apocryphal work known as the Testament of Solomon. In the New Testament, he is portrayed as a teacher of wisdom excelled by Jesus, and as arrayed in glory, but excelled by "the lilies of the field". In later years, in mostly non-biblical circles, Solomon also came to be known as a magician and an exorcist, with numerous amulets and medallion seals dating from the Hellenistic period invoking his name.

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Sopana Sangeetham

Sopana Sangeetham is a form of Indian classical music that developed in the temples of Kerala in south India in the wake of the increasing popularity of Jayadeva's Gita Govinda or Ashtapadis.

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South India

South India is the area encompassing the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana as well as the union territories of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Puducherry, occupying 19% of India's area.

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South Indian culture

South Indian culture refers to the culture of the South Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana.

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Southern Division (Travancore)

The Southern Division, or Padmanabhapuram Division till 1921 and Trivandrum Division from 1921 to 1949, was one of the administrative subdivisions of the princely state of Travancore.

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Southern hill myna

The southern hill myna (Gracula indica) is a member of the starling family.

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Southern Railway zone

The Southern Railway (abbreviated SR), headquartered at Chennai, is one of the 17 zones of Indian Railways.

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Spice

A spice is a seed, fruit, root, bark, or other plant substance primarily used for flavoring, coloring or preserving food.

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Spice trade

The spice trade refers to the trade between historical civilizations in Asia, Northeast Africa and Europe.

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Sree Narayana Trust

Sree Narayana Trust, also known as the SN Trust, has been an educational organisation in the Indian state of Kerala since 1952.

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Sreenivasan

Sreenivasan (born 6 April 1956) is an Indian film actor, screenwriter, director and producer who works in Malayalam films.

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Sringeri

Sringeri also called Sri Kshetra Shringeri is a hill town and Taluk headquarters located in Chikkamagaluru district in the state of Karnataka, It is the site of the first maṭha (Sringeri Sharada Peetham) established by Adi Shankara, Hindu theologian and exponent of the Advaita Vedanta philosophy, in the 8th century CE It is located on the banks of the river Tungā.

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St. Angelo Fort

St.

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Staple food

A staple food, or simply a staple, is a food that is eaten routinely and in such quantities that it constitutes a dominant portion of a standard diet for a given people, supplying a large fraction of energy needs and generally forming a significant proportion of the intake of other nutrients as well.

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States and union territories of India

India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.

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States Reorganisation Act, 1956

The States Reorganisation Act, 1956 was a major reform of the boundaries of India's states and territories, organising them along linguistic lines.

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Sub-replacement fertility

Sub-replacement fertility is a total fertility rate (TFR) that (if sustained) leads to each new generation being less populous than the older, previous one in a given area.

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Sumer

SumerThe name is from Akkadian Šumeru; Sumerian en-ĝir15, approximately "land of the civilized kings" or "native land".

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Sunandini

Sunandini is a composite breed of cattle developed in India by crossing nondescript cattle with Brown Swiss, Jersey cattle and Holstein Friesian cattle.

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Sunni Islam

Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam.

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Suresh Babu

Suresh Babu (സുരേഷ് ബാബു) (10 February 1953 – 19 February 2011) was an Indian long jumper from Kerala who had held the national titles in the long, triple, and high jump events, in addition to the decathlon.

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Suresh Gopi

Suresh Gopinathan (born 26 June 1959), commonly known as Suresh Gopi, is an Indian film actor, politician, and singer who has starred in over 200 Malayalam films.

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Surya Movies

Surya Movies is a full-time Malayalam and Tamil movie channel from Sun TV Network which is based in Trivandrum / Chennai, Kerala, India.

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Surya TV

Surya TV is a Malayalam-language television channel in India, established in 1993.

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Suzerainty

Suzerainty (and) is a back-formation from the late 18th-century word suzerain, meaning upper-sovereign, derived from the French sus (meaning above) + -erain (from souverain, meaning sovereign).

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Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma

(സ്വാതി തിരുനാള്‍ രാമവർമ്മ) (16 April 1813 – 26 December 1846) was the Maharaja of the Kingdom of Travancore, British India.

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Syro-Malabar Catholic Church

The Syro-Malabar Catholic Church (Aramaic/Syriac: ܥܸܕܬܵܐ ܩܵܬܘܿܠܝܼܩܝܼ ܕܡܲܠܲܒܵܪ ܣܘܼܪܝܵܝܵܐ Edta Qatholiqi D'Malabar Suryaya); (Malayalam: സുറിയാനി മലബാര്‍ കത്തോലിക്ക സഭ Suriyani Malabar Katholika Sabha) or Church of Malabar Syrian Catholics is an Eastern Catholic Major Archiepiscopal Church based in Kerala, India.

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Syro-Malankara Catholic Church

The Syro-Malankara Catholic Church also known as the Malankara Syrian Catholic Church (മലങ്കര സുറിയാനി കത്തോലിക്കാ സഭ) is an Eastern Catholic Major Archiepiscopal Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, the Pope.

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T. C. Yohannan

Thadathuvila Chandapillai Yohannan (born 19 May 1947), better known as T. C. Yohannan, is a former Indian long jumper who held the national record in long jump for nearly 3 decades and represented India in the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

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Tabula Peutingeriana

Tabula Peutingeriana (Latin for "The Peutinger Map"), also referred to as Peutinger's Tabula or Peutinger Table, is an illustrated itinerarium (ancient Roman road map) showing the layout of the cursus publicus, the road network of the Roman Empire.

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Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal (meaning "Crown of the Palace") is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra.

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Talapady, D.K.

Talapady is a village in the Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka state in India.

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Tamil language

Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.

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Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu (• tamiḻ nāḍu ? literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India.

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Tamilakam

Tamilakam refers to the geographical region inhabited by the ancient Tamil people.

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Tamils

The Tamil people, also known as Tamilar, Tamilans, or simply Tamils, are a Dravidian ethnic group who speak Tamil as their mother tongue and trace their ancestry to the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, the Indian Union territory of Puducherry, or the Northern, Eastern Province and Puttalam District of Sri Lanka.

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Tapioca

Tapioca is a starch extracted from cassava root (Manihot esculenta).

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Tata Communications

Tata Communications formerly called VSNL is a global provider of telecommunications solutions and services.

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Tata Consultancy Services

Tata Consultancy Services Limited (TCS) is an Indian multinational information technology (IT) service, consulting and business solutions company headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra.

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Tata DoCoMo

Tata Docomo Ltd is an Indian mobile network operator, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata Teleservices, founded on November 2008.

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Tea

Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub (bush) native to Asia.

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Technopark, Trivandrum

Technopark is a technology park in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India established on 1990 November 18 by Government of Kerala under chief minister E K Nayanar.

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Tehsil

A tehsil (also known as a mandal, taluk, taluq or taluka) is an administrative division of some countries of South Asia.

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Telecom Regulatory Authority of India

The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) is a statutory body set up by the Government of India under section 3 of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act, 1997.

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Telephone density

Telephone density or teledensity is the number of telephone connections for every hundred individuals living within an area.

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Temperate climate

In geography, the temperate or tepid climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes, which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth.

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Temple Entry Proclamation

The Temple Entry Proclamation was issued by Maharaja Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma in 1936 and abolished the ban on the so called 'low caste people' or avarnas from entering Hindu temples in the Princely State of Travancore, now part of Kerala, India.

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Thachudaya Kaimal

The Thachudaya Kaimals were a lineage of ruling chiefs in Travancore, now in the Indian state of Kerala.

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Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai

Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai (17 April 1912 – 10 April 1999) was an Indian novelist and short story writer in the Malayalam language.

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Thattekad Bird Sanctuary

The Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary, covering an area of barely 25 km2, and located about 12 km from Kothamangalam (Kerala state, India), was the first bird sanctuary in Kerala.

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The Economic Times

The Economic Times is an English-language, Indian daily newspaper published by the Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd..

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The Financial Express (India)

Financial Express is an Indian English-language business newspaper.

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The Hindu

The Hindu is an Indian daily newspaper, headquartered at Chennai.

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The Indian Express

The Indian Express is an English-language Indian daily newspaper.

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The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express is an Indian English-language broadsheet daily newspaper published by the Chennai-based Express Publications.

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The Nilgiris District

The Nilgiris District is in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

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The Times of India

The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.

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Thejas

Thejas is a Malayalam news daily run by Intermedia Publishing Ltd., a public limited company based in Kozhikode.

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Theyyam

Theyyam (Teyyam,Theyam, Theyyattam) is a popular ritual form of worship of North Malabar in Kerala, India, predominant in the Kolathunadu area (consisting of present-day Kasargod, Kannur Districts, Mananthavady Taluk of Wayanad and Vatakara and Koyilandy Taluks of Kozhikode of Kerala) and also in South Canara and Kodagu of Karnataka as a living cult with several thousand-year-old traditions, rituals and customs.

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Thilakan

Surendranatha Thilakan (8 December 1933 – 24 September 2012) was an Indian film and stage actor who appeared in over 200 Malayalam films.

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Thirayattam

Thirayattam is a ritual performing ethnic art form of the South Malabar region in Kerala state, India.

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Thiruvalla

Thiruvalla is a town in Pathanamthitta district of Kerala state of India.

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Thiruvananthapuram

Thiruvananthapuram, also known as Trivandrum, is the capital and the largest city of the Indian state of Kerala.

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Thiruvananthapuram Central railway station

Thiruvananthapuram Central is the main railway station in the city of Thiruvananthapuram (formerly Trivandrum) in the Indian state of Kerala.

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Thiruvananthapuram Corporation

Thiruvananthapuram Municipal Corporation (തിരുവനന്തപുരം നഗരസഭ) is the largest city corporation in the state of Kerala in India by area and population.

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Thiruvananthapuram railway division

Thiruvananthapuram railway division (TVC) is one of the six administrative divisions of the Southern Railway Zone of the Indian Railways.

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Thomas the Apostle

Thomas the Apostle (תומאס הקדוש; ⲑⲱⲙⲁⲥ; ܬܐܘܡܐ ܫܠܝܚܐ Thoma Shliha; also called Didymus which means "the twin") was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus, according to the New Testament.

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Thorium

Thorium is a weakly radioactive metallic chemical element with symbol Th and atomic number 90.

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Threatened species

Threatened species are any species (including animals, plants, fungi, etc.) which are vulnerable to endangerment in the near future.

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Thrissur

Thrissur (originally Thiru Siva Peroor and previously known by its anglicised form as Trichur), is the fourth largest city, the third largest urban agglomeration in Kerala (Pop. 1,854,783) and the 20th largest in India.

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Thrissur Pooram

Thrissur Pooram is an annual Hindu temple festival held in Kerala, India.

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Thrissur railway station

Thrissur railway station (Code: TCR) is a railway station in Kerala, India.

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Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan

Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan (തുഞ്ചത്ത് രാമാനുജൻ എഴുത്തച്ഛൻ) was a Malayalam devotional poet and linguist from around the 16th century.

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Tinu Yohannan

Tinu Yohannan (born 18 February 1979) is a former Indian cricketer.

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Tipu Sultan

Tipu Sultan (born Sultan Fateh Ali Sahab Tipu, 20 November 1750 – 4 May 1799), also known as the Tipu Sahib, was a ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore.

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Tirur

Tirur is a Town and municipality in Malappuram district in the Indian state of Kerala spread over an area of.

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Tirur railway station

Tirur railway station (Code:TIR) is a railway station serving the town of Tirur in Malappuram District of Kerala.

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Tonne

The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.

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Total fertility rate

The total fertility rate (TFR), sometimes also called the fertility rate, absolute/potential natality, period total fertility rate (PTFR), or total period fertility rate (TPFR) of a population is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime if.

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Tourism in Kerala

Kerala, a state situated on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India, is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the country.

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Tovino Thomas

Tovino Thomas (born 21 January 1989) is an Indian film actor and model who appears predominantly in Malayalam films.

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Traditional medicine

Traditional medicine (also known as indigenous or folk medicine) comprises medical aspects of traditional knowledge that developed over generations within various societies before the era of modern medicine.

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Transparency International

Transparency International e.V. (TI) is an international non-governmental organization which is based in Berlin, Germany, and was founded in 1993.

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Travancore

The Kingdom of Travancore was an Indian kingdom from 1729 until 1949.

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Travancore royal family

The Travancore Royal Family was the ruling house of the Indian princely state of Travancore.They lost their ruling rights in 1949 when Travancore merged with the Indian Union and their privileges were abolished by the Indian Union in 1971 by a constitutional amendment.The Travancore Royalty could also considered descendants of the ancient Cheras, Ay/Venad, Pandya and Chola dynasties, due to consistent intermarriages with these lines over the centuries.

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Travancore-Cochin

Travancore-Cochin or Thiru-Kochi was a short-lived state of India (1949–1956).

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Travel + Leisure

Travel + Leisure is a travel magazine based in New York City, New York.

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Trivandrum International Airport

Trivandrum International Airport is an international airport which primarily serve the cities of Trivandrum, Nagercoil, Kanyakumari, Pathanamthitta and Kollam.

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Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests

The tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forest biome, also known as tropical dry forest, monsoon forest, vine thicket, vine scrub and dry rainforest is located at tropical and subtropical latitudes.

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Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests

Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests (TSMF), also known as tropical moist forests, are a tropical and subtropical forest biome, sometimes referred to as jungle.

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Tropical rainforest climate

A tropical rainforest climate, also known as an equatorial climate, is a tropical climate usually (but not always) found along the equator.

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Tropics

The tropics are a region of the Earth surrounding the Equator.

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Tulu Nadu

Tulu Nadu or Tulunad is a Tulu speaking region spread over parts of the Karnataka and Kerala states of India.

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Typhoid fever

Typhoid fever, also known simply as typhoid, is a bacterial infection due to ''Salmonella'' typhi that causes symptoms.

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Ulloor S. Parameswara Iyer

Ulloor S. Parameswara Iyer (18 June 1877 – 15 June 1949) (commonly known as Ulloor) was a Malayalam poet and historian.

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Underemployment

Underemployment is the under-use of a worker due to a job that does not use the worker's skills, or is part time, or leaves the worker idle.

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Unicameralism

In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.

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UNICEF

The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) is a United Nations (UN) program headquartered in New York City that provides humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries.

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Union territory

A union territory is a type of administrative division in the Republic of India.

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United Democratic Front (Kerala)

The United Democratic Front (UDF) is an alliance of political parties in Kerala state, India, created by the prominent Indian National Congress (INC) party leader Shri.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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Universal health care

Universal health care (also called universal health coverage, universal coverage, universal care, or socialized health care) is a health care system that provides health care and financial protection to all citizens of a particular country.

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Universal suffrage

The concept of universal suffrage, also known as general suffrage or common suffrage, consists of the right to vote of all adult citizens, regardless of property ownership, income, race, or ethnicity, subject only to minor exceptions.

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University of California

The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the US state of California.

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Urvashi (actress)

Kavitha Ranjini, known by the stage name Urvashi (born January 25, 1970), is an Indian film actress, Television host and producer.

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UST Global

UST Global is an American multinational provider of Digital, IT services and solutions, headquartered in Aliso Viejo, California, United States.

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Uthiyan Cheralathan

Uthiyan Cheralatan (Perum Chorru Udiyan Cheralathan, Athan I), or Udiyanjeral (AD c. 130) is the first recorded Chera ruler of the Sangam period in ancient South India.

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Utsava

Uthsava or Utsava or Utsav is derived from the Sanskrit word, Utsava.

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V. P. Sathyan

Vatta Parambath Sathyan (29 April 1965 – 18 July 2006), popularly known as V. P. Sathyan, was a former Indian professional footballer who played the centre back position.

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Vada (food)

Vada is a savoury fried snack from India.

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Vadakkan Pattukal

Vadakkan Pattukal (Ballads of North Malabar or Songs of the North) is a collection of Malayalam Ballads of medieval origin.

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Vagamon

Vagamon, also spelt Wagamon, is a hill station located in Meenachil taluk and Kanjirappally taluk of Kottayam district and Peerumade taluk of Idukki district of the state of Kerala, India.

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Vaikom Muhammad Basheer

Vaikom Muhammad Basheer (19 January 1908 – 5 July 1994) was a Malayalam fiction writer from the state of Kerala in India.

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Valapattanam River

Valapattanam River is the largest river in the Kannur district, located in the South Indian state of Kerala.

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Vallam Kali

Vallam Kali (vaḷḷaṃ kaḷi, literally: boat game) is a traditional boat race in Kerala, India.

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Vallathol Narayana Menon

Vallathol Narayana Menon (16 October 1878 – 13 March 1958) was a poet in the Malayalam language, which is spoken in the south Indian state of Kerala.

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Vamana

Vamana (Sanskrit: वामन, IAST: Vāmana, lit. dwarf), is the fifth avatar of Hindu god Vishnu.

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Vanilla

Vanilla is a flavoring derived from orchids of the genus Vanilla, primarily from the Mexican species, flat-leaved vanilla (V. planifolia).

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Vanitha

Vanitha is an Indian magazine published fortnightly by the Malayala Manorama group.

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Varkala

Varkala is a coastal city and municipality in Thiruvananthapuram metropolitan area of Thiruvananthapuram district situated in the Indian state of Kerala.City is located 29 kilometres north-west of Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum) and 37 km south-west of Kollam.

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Varkala Beach

Varkala Beach, also known as Papanasham Beach is a beach in Varkala, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India, along the Arabian Sea, part of the Indian Ocean.

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Vasco da Gama

Vasco da Gama, 1st Count of Vidigueira (c. 1460s – 24 December 1524), was a Portuguese explorer and the first European to reach India by sea.

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Vasuki

Vasuki is a nāgarāja, one of the King serpents of Hindu and Buddhist mythology.

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Vayalar Ramavarma

Vayalar Ramavarma (25 March 1928 – 27 October 1975), often known as Vayalar, was a Malayalam language poet and lyricist from the southern Indian state of Kerala.

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Velir

The Velir were a royal house of minor dynastic kings and aristocratic chieftains in Tamilakam in the early historic period of South India.

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Vembanad

Vembanad (Vembanad Kayal or Vembanad Kol) is the longest lake in India, and the largest lake in the state of Kerala.

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Venad

Venad (Malayalam: Vēnāṭu) or the Kingdom of Quilon was one of the three prominent late medieval Hindu feudal kingdoms on the Malabar Coast, South India, along with the Kingdom of Calicut and Kolathunadu.

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Viperidae

The Viperidae (vipers) is a family of venomous snakes found in most parts of the world, excluding Antarctica, Australia, New Zealand, Madagascar, Hawaii, various other isolated islands, and north of the Arctic Circle.

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Vishnu

Vishnu (Sanskrit: विष्णु, IAST) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism, and the Supreme Being in its Vaishnavism tradition.

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Vodafone

Vodafone Group plc is a British multinational telecommunications conglomerate, with headquarters in London.

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Walayar

Walayar (Malayalam:വാളയാർ) is a border town, located in the Palakkad district of Kerala, India.

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Water well

A water well is an excavation or structure created in the ground by digging, driving, boring, or drilling to access groundwater in underground aquifers.

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Waterborne diseases

Waterborne diseases are conditions caused by pathogenic micro-organisms that are transmitted in water.

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Wayanad district

Wayanad is a district in the north-east of Kerala state, India with headquarters at the town of Kalpetta.

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Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is an animal sanctuary in Wayanad, Kerala, India.

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We TV

We TV is an American cable and satellite television network that is owned by AMC Networks.

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Welfare economics

Welfare economics is a branch of economics that uses microeconomic techniques to evaluate well-being (welfare) at the aggregate (economy-wide) level.

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Western Asia

Western Asia, West Asia, Southwestern Asia or Southwest Asia is the westernmost subregion of Asia.

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Western Ghats

Western Ghats also known as Sahyadri (Benevolent Mountains) is a mountain range that runs parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, located entirely in India.

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Wetland

A wetland is a land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such that it takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem.

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Wipro

Wipro Limited (Western India Palm Refined Oils Limited or more recently, Western India Products Limited) is an Indian Information Technology Services corporation headquartered in Bengaluru, India.

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Women's rights

Women's rights are the rights and entitlements claimed for women and girls worldwide, and formed the basis for the women's rights movement in the nineteenth century and feminist movement during the 20th century.

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Wood's despatch

Sir Charles Wood, the President of the Board of Control of the English East India Company, had an important effect on spreading English learning and female education in India.

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Workforce

The workforce or labour force (labor force in American English; see spelling differences) is the labour pool in employment.

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World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

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Yahoo! Finance

Yahoo! Finance is a media property that is part of Yahoo!'s network.

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Zamindar

A zamindar in the Indian subcontinent was an aristocrat.

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Zamorin of Calicut

Zamorin of Calicut (Samoothiri; Portuguese: Samorim, Dutch: Samorijn, Chinese: ShamitihsiMa Huan's Ying-yai Sheng-lan: 'The Overall Survey of the Ocean's Shores'. Translated and Edited by J. V. G. Mills. Cambridge University Press for the Hakluyt Society (1970).) is the title of the Hindu monarch of the Kingdom of Calicut (Kozhikode) on Malabar Coast, India.

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Zircon

Zircon is a mineral belonging to the group of nesosilicates.

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2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami

The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake occurred at 00:58:53 UTC on 26 December with the epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia.

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2011 Census of India

The 15th Indian Census was conducted in two phases, house listing and population enumeration.

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2011 Indian Premier League

The 2011 Indian Premier League season, abbreviated as IPL 4 or the IPL 2011, was the fourth season of the Indian Premier League, the top Twenty20 cricket league in India.

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2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup

The 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup was the 17th FIFA U-17 World Cup, a biennial international football tournament contested by men's under-17 national teams.

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2018

2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

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2019

2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

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Redirects here:

Healthcare in Kerala, IN-KL, KERALA, Kazhimbram, Kerala (India), Kerala (State), Kerala (state), Kerala Hills, Kerala India, Kerala State, Kerala state, Kerala, India, Kerala,India, Keralam, Keralayathra, Keralese, Keralla, Kshetram - The Hindu temple of Kerala, Kēraḷa, Kēraḷaṁ, Languages of Kerala, Malayala Nadu, Malluland, State of Kerala, Unified State of Kerala, കേരളം.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerala

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