31 relations: Amino acid, Cellular differentiation, Chromosome 12, Chromosome 17, Cytoplasm, DNA, Epidermis, Epithelium, Esophagus, Exon, Gene, Hair, Hair follicle, Intermediate filament, Intron, Keratin, Keratin 16, Keratin 17, Keratin 6A, Keratin 6B, Keratin 6C, Lingual papillae, Mucous membrane, Nail (anatomy), Pachyonychia congenita, Polymer, Protein isoform, Sulfur, Tissue (biology), Tongue, Trichocyte (human).
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
In developmental biology, cellular differentiation is the process where a cell changes from one cell type to another.
Chromosome 12 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans.
Chromosome 17 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans.
In cell biology, the cytoplasm is the material within a living cell, excluding the cell nucleus.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
The epidermis is the outer layer of the three layers that make up the skin, the inner layers being the dermis and hypodermis.
Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue.
The esophagus (American English) or oesophagus (British English), commonly known as the food pipe or gullet (gut), is an organ in vertebrates through which food passes, aided by peristaltic contractions, from the pharynx to the stomach.
An exon is any part of a gene that will encode a part of the final mature RNA produced by that gene after introns have been removed by RNA splicing.
In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.
Hair is a protein filament that grows from follicles found in the dermis.
The hair follicle is a dynamic organ found in mammalian skin.
Intermediate filaments (IFs) are cytoskeletal components found in the cells of vertebrate animal species, and perhaps also in other animals, fungi, plants, and unicellular organisms.
An intron is any nucleotide sequence within a gene that is removed by RNA splicing during maturation of the final RNA product.
Keratin is one of a family of fibrous structural proteins.
Keratin 16 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KRT16 gene.
Keratin, type I cytoskeletal 17 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KRT17 gene.
Keratin 6A is one of the 27 different type II keratins expressed in humans.
Keratin 6B is a type II cytokeratin, one of a number of isoforms of keratin 6.
Keratin 6C (protein name K6C; gene name KRT6C), is a type II cytokeratin, one of a number of isoforms of keratin 6 encoded by separate genes located within the type II keratin gene cluster on human chromosome 12q.
Lingual papillae (singular papilla) are the small, nipple-like structures on the upper surface of the tongue that give it its characteristic rough texture.
A mucous membrane or mucosa is a membrane that lines various cavities in the body and covers the surface of internal organs.
A nail is a horn-like envelope covering the tips of the fingers and toes in most primates and a few other mammals.
Pachyonychia congenita is an autosomal dominant skin disorder.
A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.
A protein isoform, or "protein variant" is a member of a set of highly similar proteins that originate from a single gene or gene family and are the result of genetic differences.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.
The tongue is a muscular organ in the mouth of most vertebrates that manipulates food for mastication, and is used in the act of swallowing.
In mammals, trichocytes are the specialized epithelial cells from which the highly mechanically resilient tissues hair and nails are formed.