22 relations: Amino acid, Cellular differentiation, Chromosome 12, Chromosome 17, Cytoplasm, DNA, Epithelium, Exon, Hair, Human Genome Project, Intermediate filament, Intron, Keratin, Keratin 6A, Keratin 6B, Nail (anatomy), Pachyonychia congenita, Polymer, Protein isoform, Sulfur, Tissue (biology), Trichocyte (human).
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
In developmental biology, cellular differentiation is the process where a cell changes from one cell type to another.
Chromosome 12 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans.
Chromosome 17 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans.
In cell biology, the cytoplasm is the material within a living cell, excluding the cell nucleus.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue.
An exon is any part of a gene that will encode a part of the final mature RNA produced by that gene after introns have been removed by RNA splicing.
Hair is a protein filament that grows from follicles found in the dermis.
The Human Genome Project (HGP) was an international scientific research project with the goal of determining the sequence of nucleotide base pairs that make up human DNA, and of identifying and mapping all of the genes of the human genome from both a physical and a functional standpoint.
Intermediate filaments (IFs) are cytoskeletal components found in the cells of vertebrate animal species, and perhaps also in other animals, fungi, plants, and unicellular organisms.
An intron is any nucleotide sequence within a gene that is removed by RNA splicing during maturation of the final RNA product.
Keratin is one of a family of fibrous structural proteins.
Keratin 6A is one of the 27 different type II keratins expressed in humans.
Keratin 6B is a type II cytokeratin, one of a number of isoforms of keratin 6.
A nail is a horn-like envelope covering the tips of the fingers and toes in most primates and a few other mammals.
Pachyonychia congenita is an autosomal dominant skin disorder.
A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.
A protein isoform, or "protein variant" is a member of a set of highly similar proteins that originate from a single gene or gene family and are the result of genetic differences.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.
In mammals, trichocytes are the specialized epithelial cells from which the highly mechanically resilient tissues hair and nails are formed.