Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


Index Ketone

In chemistry, a ketone (alkanone) is an organic compound with the structure RC(. [1]

181 relations: Acetal, Acetoacetic acid, Acetone, Acetophenone, Acetylacetone, Acetylide, Acid dissociation constant, Acyl chloride, Alcohol, Aldehyde, Alkane, Alkene, Alkoxide, Alkyne, Alpha and beta carbon, Amide, Amine, Amino acid, Ammonia, Auguste Laurent, Baeyer–Villiger oxidation, Benzophenone, Beta-Hydroxybutyric acid, Biochemistry, Bond cleavage, Butanone, Carbohydrate, Carbon, Carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance, Carbonyl group, Carbonyl reduction, Carboxylic acid, Catalysis, Chemical polarity, Chemical shift, Chemistry, Chlorine, Chromium, Citric acid cycle, Combustion, Coordination complex, Cumene process, Cyclobutanone, Cyclohexane, Cyclohexanone, Cyclopropanone, Dakin–West reaction, Decarboxylation, Derivative (chemistry), Dess–Martin periodinane, ..., Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes mellitus type 1, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Diacetyl, Dicarboxylic acid, Diketone, Diol, Electrophile, Electrophilic addition, Enamine, Enol, Ester, Fatty acid, Fatty acid synthesis, Fehling's solution, Friedel–Crafts reaction, Fries rearrangement, Fructose, Fukuyama coupling, Functional group, Geminal diol, Geminal halide hydrolysis, Grignard reaction, Haloform reaction, Halogen, Haloketone, Heavy water, Hemiacetal, Hoesch reaction, Hydration reaction, Hydrazine, Hydrazone, Hydride, Hydrocarbon, Hydrogen, Hydrogen bond, Hydrogenation, Hydrolysis, Hydroxy group, Hydroxylamine, Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, Hypoglycemia, Imine, Inborn errors of metabolism, Infrared spectroscopy, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Iron(III) chloride, Isophorone, Isotopic labeling, IUPAC nomenclature of chemistry, Keto acid, Ketoacidosis, Keto–enol tautomerism, Ketogenic diet, Ketone bodies, Ketonic decarboxylation, Ketose, Ketosis, Kornblum–DeLaMare rearrangement, Leopold Gmelin, Mercury(II) sulfate, Methyl vinyl ketone, Molecular mass, Muscone, Nef reaction, Nitrile, Nitro compound, Norrish reaction, Nuclear Overhauser effect, Nucleophile, Nucleophilic addition, Orbital hybridisation, Organic acid anhydride, Organic compound, Organic reaction, Organic redox reaction, Organic synthesis, Organocadmium compound, Organocopper compound, Organolithium reagent, Oxazole, Oxidizing agent, Oxime, Oxygen, Ozonolysis, Peroxide, Peroxy acid, Pheromone, Photosynthesis, Popcorn, Potassium permanganate, Prefix, Prochirality, Propargyl alcohol, Proton nuclear magnetic resonance, Redox, Reducing agent, Reductive dehalogenation of halo ketones, Ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate, Robinson annulation, Robinson–Gabriel synthesis, Ruzicka large-ring synthesis, Saturation (chemistry), Secondary (chemistry), Skeletal formula, Sodium amide, Solvent, Spectroscopy, Starvation, Stereochemistry, Stoichiometry, Substituent, Suffix, Sugar, Swern oxidation, Thioacetal, Thioketone, Thiol, Tollens' reagent, Toxicity, Transition metal, Trigonal planar molecular geometry, Triketone, Urine, Vertebrate, Wavenumber, Weinreb ketone synthesis, Willgerodt rearrangement, Wittig reaction, Ynone, 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine. Expand index (131 more) »


An acetal is a functional group with the following connectivity R2C(OR')2, where both R' groups are organic fragments.

New!!: Ketone and Acetal · See more »

Acetoacetic acid

Acetoacetic acid (also diacetic acid) is the organic compound with the formula CH3COCH2COOH.

New!!: Ketone and Acetoacetic acid · See more »


Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.

New!!: Ketone and Acetone · See more »


Acetophenone is the organic compound with the formula C6H5C(O)CH3 (also represented by the pseudoelement symbols PhAc or BzMe).

New!!: Ketone and Acetophenone · See more »


Acetylacetone is an organic compound that exists in two tautomeric forms that interconvert rapidly and are treated as a single compound in most applications.

New!!: Ketone and Acetylacetone · See more »


Acetylide refers to chemical compounds with the chemical formulas MC≡CH and MC≡CM, where M is a metal.

New!!: Ketone and Acetylide · See more »

Acid dissociation constant

An acid dissociation constant, Ka, (also known as acidity constant, or acid-ionization constant) is a quantitative measure of the strength of an acid in solution.

New!!: Ketone and Acid dissociation constant · See more »

Acyl chloride

In organic chemistry, an acyl chloride (or acid chloride) is an organic compound with the functional group -COCl. Their formula is usually written RCOCl, where R is a side chain.

New!!: Ketone and Acyl chloride · See more »


In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.

New!!: Ketone and Alcohol · See more »


An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain.

New!!: Ketone and Aldehyde · See more »


In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.

New!!: Ketone and Alkane · See more »


In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond.

New!!: Ketone and Alkene · See more »


An alkoxide is the conjugate base of an alcohol and therefore consists of an organic group bonded to a negatively charged oxygen atom.

New!!: Ketone and Alkoxide · See more »


In organic chemistry, an alkyne is an unsaturated hydrocarbon containing at least one carbon—carbon triple bond.

New!!: Ketone and Alkyne · See more »

Alpha and beta carbon

The alpha carbon (Cα) in organic molecules refers to the first carbon atom that attaches to a functional group, such as a carbonyl.

New!!: Ketone and Alpha and beta carbon · See more »


An amide (or or), also known as an acid amide, is a compound with the functional group RnE(O)xNR′2 (R and R′ refer to H or organic groups).

New!!: Ketone and Amide · See more »


In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.

New!!: Ketone and Amine · See more »

Amino acid

Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.

New!!: Ketone and Amino acid · See more »


Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.

New!!: Ketone and Ammonia · See more »

Auguste Laurent

Auguste Laurent (14 November 1807 – 15 April 1853) was a French chemist who helped in the founding of organic chemistry with his discoveries of anthracene, phthalic acid, and carbolic acid.

New!!: Ketone and Auguste Laurent · See more »

Baeyer–Villiger oxidation

The Baeyer–Villiger oxidation is an organic reaction that forms an ester from a ketone or a lactone from a cyclic ketone, using peroxyacids or peroxides as the oxidant.

New!!: Ketone and Baeyer–Villiger oxidation · See more »


Benzophenone is the organic compound with the formula (C6H5)2CO, generally abbreviated Ph2CO.

New!!: Ketone and Benzophenone · See more »

Beta-Hydroxybutyric acid

β-Hydroxybutyric acid, also known as 3-hydroxybutyric acid, is an organic compound and a beta hydroxy acid with the chemical formula CH3CH(OH)CH2CO2H; its conjugate base is β-hydroxybutyrate, also known as 3-hydroxybutyrate.

New!!: Ketone and Beta-Hydroxybutyric acid · See more »


Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.

New!!: Ketone and Biochemistry · See more »

Bond cleavage

Bond cleavage, or scission, is the splitting of chemical bonds.

New!!: Ketone and Bond cleavage · See more »


Butanone, also known as methyl ethyl ketone (MEK), is an organic compound with the formula CH3C(O)CH2CH3.

New!!: Ketone and Butanone · See more »


A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).

New!!: Ketone and Carbohydrate · See more »


Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.

New!!: Ketone and Carbon · See more »

Carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance

Carbon-13 (C13)nuclear magnetic resonance (most commonly known as carbon-13 NMR or 13C NMR or sometimes simply referred to as carbon NMR) is the application of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to carbon.

New!!: Ketone and Carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance · See more »

Carbonyl group

In organic chemistry, a carbonyl group is a functional group composed of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom: C.

New!!: Ketone and Carbonyl group · See more »

Carbonyl reduction

In organic chemistry, carbonyl reduction is the organic reduction of any carbonyl group by a reducing agent.

New!!: Ketone and Carbonyl reduction · See more »

Carboxylic acid

A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.

New!!: Ketone and Carboxylic acid · See more »


Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.

New!!: Ketone and Catalysis · See more »

Chemical polarity

In chemistry, polarity is a separation of electric charge leading to a molecule or its chemical groups having an electric dipole or multipole moment.

New!!: Ketone and Chemical polarity · See more »

Chemical shift

In nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, the chemical shift is the resonant frequency of a nucleus relative to a standard in a magnetic field.

New!!: Ketone and Chemical shift · See more »


Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.

New!!: Ketone and Chemistry · See more »


Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.

New!!: Ketone and Chlorine · See more »


Chromium is a chemical element with symbol Cr and atomic number 24.

New!!: Ketone and Chromium · See more »

Citric acid cycle

The citric acid cycle (CAC) – also known as the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle or the Krebs cycle – is a series of chemical reactions used by all aerobic organisms to release stored energy through the oxidation of acetyl-CoA derived from carbohydrates, fats, and proteins into carbon dioxide and chemical energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

New!!: Ketone and Citric acid cycle · See more »


Combustion, or burning, is a high-temperature exothermic redox chemical reaction between a fuel (the reductant) and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke.

New!!: Ketone and Combustion · See more »

Coordination complex

In chemistry, a coordination complex consists of a central atom or ion, which is usually metallic and is called the coordination centre, and a surrounding array of bound molecules or ions, that are in turn known as ligands or complexing agents.

New!!: Ketone and Coordination complex · See more »

Cumene process

The cumene process (cumene-phenol process, Hock process) is an industrial process for developing phenol and acetone from benzene and propylene.

New!!: Ketone and Cumene process · See more »


Cyclobutanone is an organic compound with molecular formula C4H6O.

New!!: Ketone and Cyclobutanone · See more »


Cyclohexane is a cycloalkane with the molecular formula C6H12 (the alkyl is abbreviated Cy).

New!!: Ketone and Cyclohexane · See more »


Cyclohexanone is the organic compound with the formula (CH2)5CO.

New!!: Ketone and Cyclohexanone · See more »


Cyclopropanone is an organic compound with molecular formula C3H4O consisting of a cyclopropane carbon framework with a ketone functional group.

New!!: Ketone and Cyclopropanone · See more »

Dakin–West reaction

The Dakin–West reaction is a chemical reaction that transforms an amino-acid into a keto-amide using an acid anhydride and a base, typically pyridine.

New!!: Ketone and Dakin–West reaction · See more »


Decarboxylation is a chemical reaction that removes a carboxyl group and releases carbon dioxide (CO2).

New!!: Ketone and Decarboxylation · See more »

Derivative (chemistry)

In chemistry, a derivative is a compound that is derived from a similar compound by a chemical reaction.

New!!: Ketone and Derivative (chemistry) · See more »

Dess–Martin periodinane

Dess–Martin periodinane (DMP) is a chemical reagent used to oxidize primary alcohols to aldehydes and secondary alcohols to ketones.

New!!: Ketone and Dess–Martin periodinane · See more »

Diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.

New!!: Ketone and Diabetes mellitus · See more »

Diabetes mellitus type 1

Diabetes mellitus type 1, also known as type 1 diabetes, is a form of diabetes mellitus in which not enough insulin is produced.

New!!: Ketone and Diabetes mellitus type 1 · See more »

Diabetes mellitus type 2

Diabetes mellitus type 2 (also known as type 2 diabetes) is a long-term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin.

New!!: Ketone and Diabetes mellitus type 2 · See more »


Diacetyl (IUPAC systematic name: butanedione or butane-2,3-dione) is an organic compound with the chemical formula (CH3CO)2.

New!!: Ketone and Diacetyl · See more »

Dicarboxylic acid

A dicarboxylic acid is an organic compound containing two carboxyl functional groups (−COOH).

New!!: Ketone and Dicarboxylic acid · See more »


A diketone or dione is a molecule containing two ketone groups.

New!!: Ketone and Diketone · See more »


A diol or glycol is a chemical compound containing two hydroxyl groups (−OH groups).

New!!: Ketone and Diol · See more »


In organic chemistry, an electrophile is a reagent attracted to electrons.

New!!: Ketone and Electrophile · See more »

Electrophilic addition

In organic chemistry, an electrophilic addition reaction is an addition reaction where, in a chemical compound, a π bond is broken and two new σ bonds are formed.

New!!: Ketone and Electrophilic addition · See more »


An enamine is an unsaturated compound derived by the condensation of an aldehyde or ketone with a secondary amine.

New!!: Ketone and Enamine · See more »


Enols, or more formally, alkenols, are a type of reactive structure or intermediate in organic chemistry that is represented as an alkene (olefin) with a hydroxyl group attached to one end of the alkene double bond.

New!!: Ketone and Enol · See more »


In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.

New!!: Ketone and Ester · See more »

Fatty acid

In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.

New!!: Ketone and Fatty acid · See more »

Fatty acid synthesis

Fatty acid synthesis is the creation of fatty acids from acetyl-CoA and NADPH through the action of enzymes called fatty acid synthases.

New!!: Ketone and Fatty acid synthesis · See more »

Fehling's solution

Fehling's solution is a chemical reagent used to differentiate between water-soluble carbohydrate and ketone functional groups, and as a test for reducing sugars and non-reducing sugars, supplementary to the Tollens' reagent test.

New!!: Ketone and Fehling's solution · See more »

Friedel–Crafts reaction

The Friedel–Crafts reactions are a set of reactions developed by Charles Friedel and James Crafts in 1877 to attach substituents to an aromatic ring.

New!!: Ketone and Friedel–Crafts reaction · See more »

Fries rearrangement

The Fries rearrangement reaction is one of the important reactions in organic chemistry.

New!!: Ketone and Fries rearrangement · See more »


Fructose, or fruit sugar, is a simple ketonic monosaccharide found in many plants, where it is often bonded to glucose to form the disaccharide sucrose.

New!!: Ketone and Fructose · See more »

Fukuyama coupling

The Fukuyama coupling is a coupling reaction taking place between a thioester and an organozinc halide in the presence of a palladium catalyst.

New!!: Ketone and Fukuyama coupling · See more »

Functional group

In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.

New!!: Ketone and Functional group · See more »

Geminal diol

A geminal diol (or gem-diol for short) is any organic compound having two hydroxyl functional groups (-OH) bound to the same carbon atom.

New!!: Ketone and Geminal diol · See more »

Geminal halide hydrolysis

Geminal halide hydrolysis is an organic reaction.

New!!: Ketone and Geminal halide hydrolysis · See more »

Grignard reaction

The Grignard reaction (pronounced) is an organometallic chemical reaction in which alkyl, vinyl, or aryl-magnesium halides (Grignard reagents) add to a carbonyl group in an aldehyde or ketone.

New!!: Ketone and Grignard reaction · See more »

Haloform reaction

The haloform reaction is a chemical reaction where a haloform (CHX3, where X is a halogen) is produced by the exhaustive halogenation of a methyl ketone (a molecule containing the R–CO–CH3 group) in the presence of a base.

New!!: Ketone and Haloform reaction · See more »


The halogens are a group in the periodic table consisting of five chemically related elements: fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I), and astatine (At).

New!!: Ketone and Halogen · See more »


A haloketone in organic chemistry is a functional group consisting of a ketone group or more generally a carbonyl group with an α-halogen substituent.

New!!: Ketone and Haloketone · See more »

Heavy water

Heavy water (deuterium oxide) is a form of water that contains a larger than normal amount of the hydrogen isotope deuterium (or D, also known as heavy hydrogen), rather than the common hydrogen-1 isotope (or H, also called protium) that makes up most of the hydrogen in normal water.

New!!: Ketone and Heavy water · See more »


A hemiacetal or a hemiketal is a compound that results from the addition of an alcohol to an aldehyde or a ketone, respectively.

New!!: Ketone and Hemiacetal · See more »

Hoesch reaction

The Hoesch reaction or Houben–Hoesch reaction is an organic reaction in which a nitrile reacts with an arene compound to form an aryl ketone.

New!!: Ketone and Hoesch reaction · See more »

Hydration reaction

In chemistry, a hydration reaction is a chemical reaction in which a substance combines with water.

New!!: Ketone and Hydration reaction · See more »


Hydrazine is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula (also written), called diamidogen, archaically.

New!!: Ketone and Hydrazine · See more »


Semihydrazone Hydrazones are a class of organic compounds with the structure.

New!!: Ketone and Hydrazone · See more »


In chemistry, a hydride is the anion of hydrogen, H−, or, more commonly, it is a compound in which one or more hydrogen centres have nucleophilic, reducing, or basic properties.

New!!: Ketone and Hydride · See more »


In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.

New!!: Ketone and Hydrocarbon · See more »


Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.

New!!: Ketone and Hydrogen · See more »

Hydrogen bond

A hydrogen bond is a partially electrostatic attraction between a hydrogen (H) which is bound to a more electronegative atom such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), or fluorine (F), and another adjacent atom bearing a lone pair of electrons.

New!!: Ketone and Hydrogen bond · See more »


Hydrogenation – to treat with hydrogen – is a chemical reaction between molecular hydrogen (H2) and another compound or element, usually in the presence of a catalyst such as nickel, palladium or platinum.

New!!: Ketone and Hydrogenation · See more »


Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.

New!!: Ketone and Hydrolysis · See more »

Hydroxy group

A hydroxy or hydroxyl group is the entity with the formula OH.

New!!: Ketone and Hydroxy group · See more »


Hydroxylamine is an inorganic compound with the formula NH2OH.

New!!: Ketone and Hydroxylamine · See more »

Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia

Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia describes the condition and effects of low blood glucose caused by excessive insulin.

New!!: Ketone and Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia · See more »


Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood sugar, is when blood sugar decreases to below normal levels.

New!!: Ketone and Hypoglycemia · See more »


An imine is a functional group or chemical compound containing a carbon–nitrogen double bond.

New!!: Ketone and Imine · See more »

Inborn errors of metabolism

Inborn errors of metabolism form a large class of genetic diseases involving congenital disorders of metabolism.

New!!: Ketone and Inborn errors of metabolism · See more »

Infrared spectroscopy

Infrared spectroscopy (IR spectroscopy or vibrational spectroscopy) involves the interaction of infrared radiation with matter.

New!!: Ketone and Infrared spectroscopy · See more »

International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is an international federation of National Adhering Organizations that represents chemists in individual countries.

New!!: Ketone and International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry · See more »

Iron(III) chloride

Iron(III) chloride, also called ferric chloride, is an industrial scale commodity chemical compound, with the formula FeCl3 and with iron in the +3 oxidation state.

New!!: Ketone and Iron(III) chloride · See more »


Isophorone is an α,β-unsaturated cyclic ketone.

New!!: Ketone and Isophorone · See more »

Isotopic labeling

Isotopic labeling (or isotopic labelling) is a technique used to track the passage of an isotope (an atom with a detectable variation) through a reaction, metabolic pathway, or cell.

New!!: Ketone and Isotopic labeling · See more »

IUPAC nomenclature of chemistry

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) has published four sets of rules to standardize chemical nomenclature.

New!!: Ketone and IUPAC nomenclature of chemistry · See more »

Keto acid

Keto acids or ketoacids (also called oxo acids or oxoacids) are organic compounds that contain a carboxylic acid group and a ketone group.

New!!: Ketone and Keto acid · See more »


Ketoacidosis is a metabolic state associated with high concentrations of ketone bodies, formed by the breakdown of fatty acids and the deamination of amino acids.

New!!: Ketone and Ketoacidosis · See more »

Keto–enol tautomerism

In organic chemistry, keto–enol tautomerism refers to a chemical equilibrium between a keto form (a ketone or an aldehyde) and an enol (an alcohol).

New!!: Ketone and Keto–enol tautomerism · See more »

Ketogenic diet

The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, adequate-protein, low-carbohydrate diet that in medicine is used primarily to treat difficult-to-control (refractory) epilepsy in children.

New!!: Ketone and Ketogenic diet · See more »

Ketone bodies

Ketone bodies are three water-soluble molecules (acetoacetate, beta-hydroxybutyrate, and their spontaneous breakdown product, acetone) containing the ketone group that are produced by the liver from fatty acids during periods of low food intake (fasting), carbohydrate restrictive diets, starvation, prolonged intense exercise, alcoholism or in untreated (or inadequately treated) type 1 diabetes mellitus.

New!!: Ketone and Ketone bodies · See more »

Ketonic decarboxylation

Ketonic decarboxylation (also known as ketonization) is a type of organic reaction and a decarboxylation converting two equivalents of a carboxylic acid to a symmetric ketone by the application of heat with expulsion of one equivalent of water and one equivalent of carbon dioxide.

New!!: Ketone and Ketonic decarboxylation · See more »


A ketose is a monosaccharide containing one ketone group per molecule.

New!!: Ketone and Ketose · See more »


Ketosis is a metabolic state in which some of the body's energy supply comes from ketone bodies in the blood, in contrast to a state of glycolysis in which blood glucose provides energy.

New!!: Ketone and Ketosis · See more »

Kornblum–DeLaMare rearrangement

The Kornblum–DeLaMare rearrangement is a rearrangement reaction in organic chemistry in which a primary or secondary organic peroxide is converted to the corresponding ketone and alcohol under acid or base catalysis.

New!!: Ketone and Kornblum–DeLaMare rearrangement · See more »

Leopold Gmelin

Leopold Gmelin (2 August 1788 – 13 April 1853) was a German chemist.

New!!: Ketone and Leopold Gmelin · See more »

Mercury(II) sulfate

Mercury(II) sulfate, commonly called mercuric sulfate, is the chemical compound HgSO4.

New!!: Ketone and Mercury(II) sulfate · See more »

Methyl vinyl ketone

Methyl vinyl ketone (MVK, IUPAC name: butenone) is the organic compound with the formula CH3C(O)CH.

New!!: Ketone and Methyl vinyl ketone · See more »

Molecular mass

Relative Molecular mass or molecular weight is the mass of a molecule.

New!!: Ketone and Molecular mass · See more »


Muscone is an organic compound that is the primary contributor to the odor of musk.

New!!: Ketone and Muscone · See more »

Nef reaction

The Nef reaction is an organic reaction describing the acid hydrolysis of a salt of a primary or secondary nitroalkane (1) to an aldehyde or a ketone (3) and nitrous oxide (4).

New!!: Ketone and Nef reaction · See more »


A nitrile is any organic compound that has a −C≡N functional group.

New!!: Ketone and Nitrile · See more »

Nitro compound

Nitro compounds are organic compounds that contain one or more nitro functional groups (−2).

New!!: Ketone and Nitro compound · See more »

Norrish reaction

The Norrish reaction in organic chemistry describes the photochemical reactions taking place with ketones and aldehydes.

New!!: Ketone and Norrish reaction · See more »

Nuclear Overhauser effect

The nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE or nOe) is the transfer of nuclear spin polarization from one spin bath to another spin bath via cross-relaxation.

New!!: Ketone and Nuclear Overhauser effect · See more »


Nucleophile is a chemical species that donates an electron pair to an electrophile to form a chemical bond in relation to a reaction.

New!!: Ketone and Nucleophile · See more »

Nucleophilic addition

In organic chemistry, a nucleophilic addition reaction is an addition reaction where a chemical compound with an electron-deficient or electrophilic double or triple bond, a π bond, reacts with electron-rich reactant, termed a nucleophile, with disappearance of the double bond and creation of two new single, or σ, bonds.

New!!: Ketone and Nucleophilic addition · See more »

Orbital hybridisation

In chemistry, orbital hybridisation (or hybridization) is the concept of mixing atomic orbitals into new hybrid orbitals (with different energies, shapes, etc., than the component atomic orbitals) suitable for the pairing of electrons to form chemical bonds in valence bond theory.

New!!: Ketone and Orbital hybridisation · See more »

Organic acid anhydride

An organic acid anhydride is an acid anhydride that is an organic compound.

New!!: Ketone and Organic acid anhydride · See more »

Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

New!!: Ketone and Organic compound · See more »

Organic reaction

Organic reactions are chemical reactions involving organic compounds.

New!!: Ketone and Organic reaction · See more »

Organic redox reaction

Organic reductions or organic oxidations or organic redox reactions are redox reactions that take place with organic compounds.

New!!: Ketone and Organic redox reaction · See more »

Organic synthesis

Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis and is concerned with the intentional construction of organic compounds.

New!!: Ketone and Organic synthesis · See more »

Organocadmium compound

An organocadmium compound is an organometallic compound containing a carbon to cadmium chemical bond.

New!!: Ketone and Organocadmium compound · See more »

Organocopper compound

Organocopper compounds in organometallic chemistry contain carbon to copper chemical bonds.

New!!: Ketone and Organocopper compound · See more »

Organolithium reagent

Organolithium reagents are organometallic compounds that contain carbon – lithium bonds.

New!!: Ketone and Organolithium reagent · See more »


Oxazole is the parent compound for a vast class of heterocyclic aromatic organic compounds.

New!!: Ketone and Oxazole · See more »

Oxidizing agent

In chemistry, an oxidizing agent (oxidant, oxidizer) is a substance that has the ability to oxidize other substances — in other words to cause them to lose electrons.

New!!: Ketone and Oxidizing agent · See more »


An oxime is a chemical compound belonging to the imines, with the general formula R1R2C.

New!!: Ketone and Oxime · See more »


Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.

New!!: Ketone and Oxygen · See more »


Ozonolysis is an organic reaction where the unsaturated bonds of alkenes, alkynes, or azo compounds are cleaved with ozone.

New!!: Ketone and Ozonolysis · See more »


Peroxide is a compound with the structure R-O-O-R. The O−O group in a peroxide is called the peroxide group or peroxo group.

New!!: Ketone and Peroxide · See more »

Peroxy acid

A peroxy acid (often spelled as one word, peroxyacid, and sometimes called peracid) is an acid which contains an acidic –OOH group.

New!!: Ketone and Peroxy acid · See more »


A pheromone (from Ancient Greek φέρω phero "to bear" and hormone, from Ancient Greek ὁρμή "impetus") is a secreted or excreted chemical factor that triggers a social response in members of the same species.

New!!: Ketone and Pheromone · See more »


Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities (energy transformation).

New!!: Ketone and Photosynthesis · See more »


Popcorn, popcorns, or pop-corn, is a variety of corn kernel, which expands and puffs up when heated.

New!!: Ketone and Popcorn · See more »

Potassium permanganate

Potassium permanganate is an inorganic chemical compound and medication.

New!!: Ketone and Potassium permanganate · See more »


A prefix is an affix which is placed before the stem of a word.

New!!: Ketone and Prefix · See more »


In stereochemistry, prochiral molecules are those that can be converted from achiral to chiral in a single step.

New!!: Ketone and Prochirality · See more »

Propargyl alcohol

Propargyl alcohol, or 2-propyn-1-ol, is an organic compound with the formula C3H4O.

New!!: Ketone and Propargyl alcohol · See more »

Proton nuclear magnetic resonance

Proton nuclear magnetic resonance (proton NMR, hydrogen-1 NMR, or 1H NMR) is the application of nuclear magnetic resonance in NMR spectroscopy with respect to hydrogen-1 nuclei within the molecules of a substance, in order to determine the structure of its molecules.

New!!: Ketone and Proton nuclear magnetic resonance · See more »


Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.

New!!: Ketone and Redox · See more »

Reducing agent

A reducing agent (also called a reductant or reducer) is an element (such as calcium) or compound that loses (or "donates") an electron to another chemical species in a redox chemical reaction.

New!!: Ketone and Reducing agent · See more »

Reductive dehalogenation of halo ketones

In organic chemistry, α-halo ketones can be reduced with loss of the halogen atom to form enolates.

New!!: Ketone and Reductive dehalogenation of halo ketones · See more »

Ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate

Ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate (RuBP) is an organic substance that is involved in photosynthesis.

New!!: Ketone and Ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate · See more »

Robinson annulation

The Robinson annulation is a chemical reaction used in organic chemistry for ring formation.

New!!: Ketone and Robinson annulation · See more »

Robinson–Gabriel synthesis

The Robinson–Gabriel synthesis is an organic reaction in which a 2-acylamino-ketone reacts intramolecularly followed by a dehydration to give an oxazole.

New!!: Ketone and Robinson–Gabriel synthesis · See more »

Ruzicka large-ring synthesis

The Ruzicka large-ring synthesis or Ruzicka reaction or Ruzicka cyclization is an organic reaction in which a dicarboxylic acid is converted to a cyclic ketone at high temperature and a suitable catalyst such as thorium oxide.

New!!: Ketone and Ruzicka large-ring synthesis · See more »

Saturation (chemistry)

In chemistry, saturation (from the Latin word saturare, meaning 'to fill') has diverse meanings, all based on the idea of reaching a maximum capacity.

New!!: Ketone and Saturation (chemistry) · See more »

Secondary (chemistry)

Secondary is a term used in organic chemistry to classify various types of compounds (e. g. alcohols, alkyl halides, amines) or reactive intermediates (e. g. alkyl radicals, carbocations).

New!!: Ketone and Secondary (chemistry) · See more »

Skeletal formula

The skeletal formula, also called line-angle formula or shorthand formula, of an organic compound is a type of molecular structural formula that serves as a shorthand representation of a molecule's bonding and some details of its molecular geometry.

New!!: Ketone and Skeletal formula · See more »

Sodium amide

Sodium amide, commonly called sodamide, is the inorganic compound with the formula NaNH2.

New!!: Ketone and Sodium amide · See more »


A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.

New!!: Ketone and Solvent · See more »


Spectroscopy is the study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.

New!!: Ketone and Spectroscopy · See more »


Starvation is a severe deficiency in caloric energy intake, below the level needed to maintain an organism's life.

New!!: Ketone and Starvation · See more »


Stereochemistry, a subdiscipline of chemistry, involves the study of the relative spatial arrangement of atoms that form the structure of molecules and their manipulation.

New!!: Ketone and Stereochemistry · See more »


Stoichiometry is the calculation of reactants and products in chemical reactions.

New!!: Ketone and Stoichiometry · See more »


In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a substituent is an atom or group of atoms which replaces one or more hydrogen atoms on the parent chain of a hydrocarbon, becoming a moiety of the resultant new molecule.

New!!: Ketone and Substituent · See more »


In linguistics, a suffix (sometimes termed postfix) is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word.

New!!: Ketone and Suffix · See more »


Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.

New!!: Ketone and Sugar · See more »

Swern oxidation

The Swern oxidation, named after Daniel Swern, is a chemical reaction whereby a primary or secondary alcohol is oxidized to an aldehyde or ketone using oxalyl chloride, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and an organic base, such as triethylamine.

New!!: Ketone and Swern oxidation · See more »


Thioacetals are the sulfur analogues of acetals.

New!!: Ketone and Thioacetal · See more »


Thioketones (also known as thiones or thiocarbonyls) are organosulfur compounds related to conventional ketones.

New!!: Ketone and Thioketone · See more »


Thiol is an organosulfur compound that contains a carbon-bonded sulfhydryl (R–SH) group (where R represents an alkyl or other organic substituent).

New!!: Ketone and Thiol · See more »

Tollens' reagent

Tollens' reagent is a chemical reagent used to determine the presence of an aldehyde, aromatic aldehyde and alpha-hydroxy ketone functional groups.

New!!: Ketone and Tollens' reagent · See more »


Toxicity is the degree to which a chemical substance or a particular mixture of substances can damage an organism.

New!!: Ketone and Toxicity · See more »

Transition metal

In chemistry, the term transition metal (or transition element) has three possible meanings.

New!!: Ketone and Transition metal · See more »

Trigonal planar molecular geometry

In chemistry, trigonal planar is a molecular geometry model with one atom at the center and three atoms at the corners of an equilateral triangle, called peripheral atoms, all in one plane.

New!!: Ketone and Trigonal planar molecular geometry · See more »


A triketone or trione is a molecule containing three ketone groups.

New!!: Ketone and Triketone · See more »


Urine is a liquid by-product of metabolism in humans and in many animals.

New!!: Ketone and Urine · See more »


Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).

New!!: Ketone and Vertebrate · See more »


In the physical sciences, the wavenumber (also wave number or repetency) is the spatial frequency of a wave, measured in cycles per unit distance or radians per unit distance.

New!!: Ketone and Wavenumber · See more »

Weinreb ketone synthesis

The Weinreb–Nahm ketone synthesis is a chemical reaction used in organic chemistry to make carbon–carbon bonds.

New!!: Ketone and Weinreb ketone synthesis · See more »

Willgerodt rearrangement

The Willgerodt rearrangement or Willgerodt reaction is an organic reaction converting an aryl alkyl ketone to the corresponding amide by reaction with ammonium polysulfide, named after Conrad Willgerodt.

New!!: Ketone and Willgerodt rearrangement · See more »

Wittig reaction

The Wittig reaction or Wittig olefination is a chemical reaction of an aldehyde or ketone with a triphenyl phosphonium ylide (often called a Wittig reagent) to give an alkene and triphenylphosphine oxide.

New!!: Ketone and Wittig reaction · See more »


In organic chemistry, an ynone is an α,β-unsaturated ketone with the structure R1C≡C‒C(.

New!!: Ketone and Ynone · See more »


2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH, Brady's reagent, Borche's reagent) is the chemical compound C6H3(NO2)2NHNH2.

New!!: Ketone and 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine · See more »

Redirects here:

-one, Alkanone, Cyclic ketone, Cyclic ketones, Haller-Bauer reaction, Haller–Bauer reaction, Keto group, Keto-, Keton, Ketone group, Ketones, Keytones, Oxy group, RCOR, Synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ketone

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »