280 relations: 'Ali ibn al-'Abbas al-Majusi, Abadan County, Abadan, Iran, Abbas I of Persia, Abbas Ka'bi, Abbasid Caliphate, Abdul Karim Farhani, Abu Musa al-Ash'ari, Abu Nuwas, Academy of Gondishapur, Achaemenid Empire, Afshar people, Aghajari County, Agricultural expansion, Ahmad Mahmoud, Ahmad Najafi, Ahvaz, Ahvaz County, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz Ridge, Al-Fakkah Field, Al-Maqdisi, Alexander the Great, Ali Shamkhani, Alosinae, Amirkabir University of Technology, Ancient Near East, Andika County, Andimeshk, Andimeshk County, Anglo-Persian War, Antiochus III the Great, Aqueduct (water supply), Arab separatism in Khuzestan, Arabic, Archaeology, Ardashir I, Armenian language, Arvand Free Zone, Ashurbanipal, Assembly of Experts, Austen Henry Layard, Ayatollah Haj Muhammmad-Hassan Jazayeri, Ba'athist Iraq, Bagh-e Malek, Bagh-e Malek County, Baghdad, Bahrain, Bakhtiari dialect, Bakhtiari people, ..., Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni, Bandar-e Mahshahr, Banu Abdul Qays, Banu Ka'b, Banu Tamim, Barley, Basra, Basra Governorate, Battle of Nahāvand, Bavi County, BBC News, Behbahan, Behbahan County, Bizhan Emkanian, Broken plural, Bukhtishu, Bushehr Province, Buyid dynasty, Byzantine Empire, Capital city, Caravanserai, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province, Chogha Zanbil, Christian, Christianity, Citrus, Clifford Edmund Bosworth, Columbia University, Counties of Iran, Cuisine, Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization of Iran, Cypress of Keshmar, Cyrus the Great, Daniel (biblical figure), Darius I, Dasht-e Azadegan County, Date palm, Demography, Dez River, Dezful, Dezful County, Dezfuli dialect, Egypt, Elam, Elamite language, Elijah, Elton L. Daniel, Encyclopædia Iranica, Eucalyptus, Expediency Discernment Council, Ezzat Negahban, Fars Province, Ferdowsi, Fish, Folk etymology, Gholamreza Shariati, Gotvand County, Gundeshapur, Haft Tepe, Haftkel County, Hamed Haddadi, Hamid Dabashi, Hebrew language, Hebrews, Hendijan County, Herat, Hermes, History of Alam Aray Abbasi, Hormuzan, Hossein Kaebi, Houchang Chehabi, Hoveyzeh, Hoveyzeh County, Ibn Battuta, Ilam Province, Iman Mobali, Inshushinak, Iran, Iran Standard Time, Iran–Iraq War, Iranian Arabs, Iranian Armenians, Iranian cuisine, Iranian Embassy siege, Iraq, Isfahan Province, Iskandar Beg Munshi, Islamic Consultative Assembly, Istakhri, Iwan, Izeh, Izeh County, Jabir al-Kaabi, Jalal Kameli Mofrad, Jane's Information Group, Jarahi River, Jerusalem, Jews, Judaism, Kandahar, Karkheh River, Karun, Karun County, Karun-3 Dam, Kerman, Khalid ibn al-Walid, Khorramshahr, Khorramshahr County, Khuzestani Arabic, Kibbeh, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province, Kuwait, Lali County, Languages of Iran, Levant, Liberation of Khorramshahr, Light-water reactor, List of monarchs of Persia, List of Seleucid rulers, List of sovereign states, Lorestan Province, Louvre, Lurs, Macedonia (ancient kingdom), Mahshahr County, Mandaeans, Mandaeism, Mandaic language, Maron, Masjed Soleyman, Masjed Soleyman County, Masoud Shojaei, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Maysan Governorate, Medes, Mehrangiz Kar, Mesopotamian Arabic, Mesopotamian Marshes, Middle Persian, Mithridates I of Parthia, Mohammad Ali Mousavi Jazayeri, Mohammad-Reza Eskandari, Mohsen Chavoshi, Mohsen Heidari Alekasir, Mohsen Rezaee, Morteza Ansari, Multilingualism, Muslim conquest of Khuzestan, Muslim conquest of Persia, Najd, Naqsh-e Rustam, Naser al-Din Shah Qajar, Nasser Taghvai, National Museum of Iran, Naubakht, Nâseri, Neo-Mandaic, Nizami Ganjavi, Old Persian, Olive, Omidiyeh, Omidiyeh County, Operation Fath ol-Mobin, Origin of the name Khuzestan, Parthia, Parviz Abnar, Parviz Dehdari, Patrick Monahan (comedian), Percy Sykes, Persian dialects in Khuzestan, Persian Gulf, Persian language, Persian people, Pressurized water reactor, Provinces of Iran, Qajar dynasty, Qashqai language, Qashqai people, Qeysar Aminpour, Ramhormoz, Ramhormoz County, Ramshir County, Regions of Iran, Reza Shah, Rice, Saddam Hussein, Saeid Abdevali, Safavid dynasty, Saffarid dynasty, Salinity, Sasanian Empire, Scorched earth, Seafood, Seleucid Empire, Shadegan, Shadegan County, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Shapur I, Shapur II, Sheikh Khazal rebellion, Shia Islam, Shush County, Shush, Iran, Shushtar, Shushtar County, Siavash Ghomayshi, Siavash Shams, Snow, Sugar, Sugarcane, Sugarcane mill, Sunni Islam, Susa, Susa weddings, Susangerd, Tahmasp I, The Cambridge History of Iran, Tide, Turkic peoples, Umayyad Caliphate, Wheat, William Knox D'Arcy, Ya'qub ibn al-Layth al-Saffar, Yadavaran Field, Yas, Ziggurat, 1979 Khuzestan insurgency, 2005 Ahvaz unrest, 2005–06 Ahvaz bombings, 2011 Khuzestan protests. Expand index (230 more) » « Shrink index
'Ali ibn al-'Abbas al-Majusi (died 982–994), also known as Masoudi, or Latinized as Haly Abbas, was a Persian physician and psychologist from the Islamic Golden Age, most famous for the Kitab al-Maliki or Complete Book of the Medical Art, his textbook on medicine and psychology.
Abadan County (شهرستان آبادان) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Abadan (آبادان Ābādān) is a city and capital of Abadan County, Khuzestan Province which is located in southwest of Iran.
Shāh Abbās the Great or Shāh Abbās I of Persia (شاه عباس بزرگ; 27 January 157119 January 1629) was the 5th Safavid Shah (king) of Iran, and is generally considered the strongest ruler of the Safavid dynasty.
Ayatollah Abbas Ka'bi Nasab (Persian: آیت الله عباس کعبی) is an Iranian Twelver Shi'a cleric who was born in Ahwaz in 1962 in a religious family.
The Abbasid Caliphate (or ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلْعَبَّاسِيَّة) was the third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Abdul Karim Farhani (Persian: عبدالکریم فرحانی) is regarded as an Iranian principlist member of Assembly of Experts, who is one of Khuzestan province representatives in the 5th period of that.
Abu Musa Abd Allah ibn Qays al-Ash'ari, better known as Abu Musa al-Ash'ari (أبو موسى الأشعري) (d. ca. 662 or 672) was a companion of Muhammad and an important figure in early Islamic history.
Abū Nuwās al-Ḥasan ibn Hānī al-Ḥakamī (756–814),a known as Abū NuwāsGarzanti (أبو نواس; ابو نواس, Abū Novās), was a classical Arabic poet.
The Academy of Gondishapur (فرهنگستان گندیشاپور, Farhangestân-e Gondišâpur), also known as The Jondishapur University (دانشگاه جندیشاپور Dânešgâh-e Jondišapur), was one of the three Sasanian centers of education (Ctesiphon, Resaina, Gundeshapur) and academy of learning in the city of Gundeshapur, Iran during late antiquity, the intellectual center of the Sasanian Empire.
The Achaemenid Empire, also called the First Persian Empire, was an empire based in Western Asia, founded by Cyrus the Great.
The Afshar, also spelled Awshar or Afşar, are one of the Oghuz Turkic peoples.
Aghajri County (Persian: شهرستان آغاجاری) is a County in Khuzestan Province in the south-west of Iran.
Agricultural expansion describes the growth of agricultural land (arable land, pastures, etc.) in the 21st century as a direct consequence of human overpopulation with an estimated 10 to 11 billion humans by end of this century and the required food and energy security.
Ahmad E'ta (احمد اعطا), better known by his pen name Ahmad Mahmoud (احمد محمود); (December 25, 1931 – October 4, 2002) was a prominent Iranian novelist.
Ahmad Nadjafi Shoushtari (احمد نجفی شوشتری, born 1948 in Khorramshahr, Iran) is an Iranian actor, producer, and TV host.
Ahvaz (or Ahwaz; translit) is a city in the southwest of Iran and the capital of Khuzestan province.
Ahvaz County (شهرستان اهواز) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences (AJUMS) is a medical school in Khuzestan Province of Iran.
The Ahwaz Ridge is a very narrow outcrop of rocky hills that extend from north-west near the town of Amarah on the Tigris in Iraq, southeast to the town of Ramhormoz, bisecting the Iranian province of Khuzistan in two.
The Al-Fakkah Field, also known as Jebel Al-Fauqi or Jebal Al-Fauqi, is an oil field located in southern Iraq's Maysan Governorate and Khūzestān Province, Iran.
Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Shams al-Dīn al-Maqdisī (محمد بن أحمد شمس الدين المقدسي), also transliterated as al-Maqdisī or el-Mukaddasi, (c. 945/946 - 991) was a medieval Arab geographer, author of Aḥsan al-taqāsīm fī maʿrifat al-aqālīm (The Best Divisions in the Knowledge of the Regions), as well as author of the book, Description of Syria (Including Palestine).
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.
Ali Shamkhani (Persian and Khuzestani Arabic: علی شمخانی, born 29 September 1955) is an Iranian Rear Admiral Upper Half.
The Alosinae, or the shads, ITIS are a subfamily of fishes in the herring family Clupeidae.
Amirkabir University of Technology (AUT) (Persian: دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر Dāneshgāh-e San'ati-ye Amirkabir), formerly called the Tehran Polytechnic, is a public research university located in Tehran, Iran.
The ancient Near East was the home of early civilizations within a region roughly corresponding to the modern Middle East: Mesopotamia (modern Iraq, southeast Turkey, southwest Iran, northeastern Syria and Kuwait), ancient Egypt, ancient Iran (Elam, Media, Parthia and Persia), Anatolia/Asia Minor and Armenian Highlands (Turkey's Eastern Anatolia Region, Armenia, northwestern Iran, southern Georgia, and western Azerbaijan), the Levant (modern Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Israel, and Jordan), Cyprus and the Arabian Peninsula.
Andika County (شهرستان اندیکا) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Andimeshk (اندیمشک, also Romanized as Āndīmeshḵ) is a city and capital of Andimeshk County, Khuzestan Province, Iran.
Andimeshk County (شهرستان اندیمشک) is a county in Khuzestan province, Iran.
The Anglo–Persian War lasted between November 1, 1856 and April 4, 1857, and was fought between Great Britain and Persia (which was at the time ruled by the Qajar dynasty).
Antiochus III the Great (Greek: Ἀντίoχoς Μέγας; c. 241187 BC, ruled 222–187 BC) was a Hellenistic Greek king and the 6th ruler of the Seleucid Empire.
An aqueduct is a watercourse constructed to convey water.
Arab separatism in Khuzestan refers to a decades-long separatist movement in the western part of Iranian Khuzestan, which seeks to establish a separate independent state for its Arab residents, from what they define as "Iranian occupation".
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
Ardashir I or Ardeshir I (Middle Persian:, New Persian: اردشیر بابکان, Ardashir-e Bābakān), also known as Ardashir the Unifier (180–242 AD), was the founder of the Sasanian Empire.
The Armenian language (reformed: հայերեն) is an Indo-European language spoken primarily by the Armenians.
The Arvand Free Zone with an area of 37,400 hectares is at the confluence of the Karun and Shatt al-Arab rivers.
Ashurbanipal (Aššur-bāni-apli; ܐܫܘܪ ܒܢܐ ܐܦܠܐ; 'Ashur is the creator of an heir'), also spelled Assurbanipal or Ashshurbanipal, was King of the Neo-Assyrian Empire from 668 BC to c. 627 BC, the son of Esarhaddon and the last strong ruler of the empire, which is usually dated between 934 and 609 BC.
The Assembly of Experts (Majles-e Khobregān-e Rahbari) —also translated as the Assembly of Experts of the Leadership or as the Council of Experts— is the deliberative body empowered to designate and dismiss the Supreme Leader of Iran.
Sir Austen Henry Layard (5 March 18175 July 1894) was an English traveller, archaeologist, cuneiformist, art historian, draughtsman, collector, politician and diplomat.
Ayatollah Seyyed Haj Muhammad-Hassan Jazayeri was from Khuzestan and he was a direct descendant of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad and was a descendant of Seyyed Nama'tolla Jazayeri who started the name Jazayeri 1640 (D.1700).
Ba'athist Iraq, formally the Iraqi Republic, covers the history of Iraq between 1968 and 2003, during the period of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party's rule.
Bagh-e Malek (باغملک; also Romanized as Bāgh-e Malek, Bagh-i-Malik, and Bagh Malek) is a city and capital of Bagh-e Malek County, Khuzestan Province, Iran.
Bagh-e Malek County (شهرستان باغملک) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.
Bahrain (البحرين), officially the Kingdom of Bahrain (مملكة البحرين), is an Arab constitutional monarchy in the Persian Gulf.
Bakhtiari dialect is a dialect of Southern Luri spoken by Bakhtiari people in Chaharmahal-o-Bakhtiari, Bushehr, western Khuzestan and parts of Isfahan and Lorestan provinces.
The Bakhtiari (بختیاری) are a southwestern Iranian tribe, and a subgroup of the Lurs.
Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni (بندرامام خمینی, also Romanized as Bandare Emm Xomeyni; formerly, Bandar Šâhpur) is a city and capital of Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni District of Mahshahr County, Khuzestan Province, Iran.
Bandar-e Mahshahr (بندرماهشهر, also Romanized as Bandar-e Māhshahr, Bandar-e Ma‘shūr, Bandar Mah-Shahr, Bandar Mah Sharh, Bandar-mashoor, Bandar-Mashour, Bandar Ma‘shūr, Bandar Mashur; also known as Bār Andāz, Māhshahr, Mah Shahr, and Mashur) is a city and capital of Mahshahr County, Khuzestan Province, Iran.
The Banu Abdul Qays (بنوعبدالقيس) is an ancient Arabian tribe from the Rabi`ah branch of the North Arabian tribes.
The Banu Ka'b (بنو كعب) are an Arab nomadic tribe originating in the Najd region of Arabia, who often raided, then settled various areas of southern and central Ottoman Iraq, in cities such as Basra and Nasariyah, and also across the border in the southernmost region of Khuzestan Province of Persia, particularly near the city of Khorramshahr.
The tribe of Banu Tamim (بـنـو تـمـيـم) or Bani Tamim (بـني تـمـيـم) is one of the main tribes of Arabia.
Barley (Hordeum vulgare), a member of the grass family, is a major cereal grain grown in temperate climates globally.
Basra (البصرة al-Baṣrah), is an Iraqi city located on the Shatt al-Arab between Kuwait and Iran.
Basra Governorate (محافظة البصرة) (or Basra Province) is a governorate in southern Iraq, bordering Kuwait to the south and Iran to the east.
The Battle of Nahāvand (also Nihāvand or Nahāwand) (معركة نهاوند, Persian: نبرد نهاوند) was fought in 642 between Arab Muslims and Sassanid armies.
Bavi County (شهرستان باوی) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran, famous for the importance of birds in the area.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Behbahan (بهبهان, also Romanized as Behbahān and Behbehān) is a city and capital of Behbahan County, Khuzestan Province, Iran.
Behbahan County (شهرستان بهبهان) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Bijan Emkanian (بیژن امکانیان., born 1953 in Abadan, Iran) is an Iranian actor.
In linguistics, a broken plural (or internal plural) is an irregular plural form of a noun or adjective found in the Semitic languages and other Afroasiatic languages such as Berber.
Bakhtshooa Gondishapoori (also spelled Bukhtishu and Bukht-Yishu in literature) were Persian or Assyrian Nestorian Christian physicians from the 7th, 8th, and 9th centuries, spanning 6 generations and 250 years.
Bushehr Province (استان بوشهر, Ostān-e Būshehr) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran.
The Buyid dynasty or the Buyids (آل بویه Āl-e Buye), also known as Buwaihids, Bowayhids, Buyahids, or Buyyids, was an Iranian Shia dynasty of Daylamite origin.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
A caravanserai was a roadside inn where travelers (caravaners) could rest and recover from the day's journey.
Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province (استان چهارمحال و بختیاری, Ostān-e Chahār-Mahāl-o Bakhtiyārī) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran.
Chogha Zanbil (چغازنبيل; Elamite: Dur Untash) is an ancient Elamite complex in Khuzestan province of Iran.
A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Citrus is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae.
Clifford Edmund Bosworth FBA (29 December 1928 – 28 February 2015) was an English historian and Orientalist, specialising in Arabic and Iranian studies.
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
The counties of Iran, called shahrestan (شهرستان), are administrative divisions of larger provinces (ostan).
A cuisine is a style of cooking characterized by distinctive ingredients, techniques and dishes, and usually associated with a specific culture or geographic region.
Iran Cultural Heritage, Handcraft and Tourism Organization (سازمان میراث فرهنگی، صنایع دستی و گردشگری ایران) is an educational and research institution overseeing numerous associated museum complexes throughout Iran.
The Cypress of Keshmar is a mythical cypress tree of legendary beauty and gargantuan dimensions.
Cyrus II of Persia (𐎤𐎢𐎽𐎢𐏁 Kūruš; New Persian: کوروش Kuruš;; c. 600 – 530 BC), commonly known as Cyrus the Great  and also called Cyrus the Elder by the Greeks, was the founder of the Achaemenid Empire, the first Persian Empire.
Daniel is the hero of the biblical Book of Daniel.
Darius I (Old Persian: Dārayava(h)uš, New Persian: rtl Dāryuš;; c. 550–486 BCE) was the fourth king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire.
Dasht-e Azadegan County (شهرستان دشت آزادگان) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.
Demography (from prefix demo- from Ancient Greek δῆμος dēmos meaning "the people", and -graphy from γράφω graphō, implies "writing, description or measurement") is the statistical study of populations, especially human beings.
The Dez River (دز), the ancient Coprates (Κοπράτης or Κοπράτας), is a tributary of the Karun River and is 400 km long.
Dezful (دزفول, pronounced, in local dialect دسفیل, also Romanized as Dezfūl and Dezfool; also known as Dīzfūl) is a city and capital of Dezful County, Khuzestan Province, Iran.
Dezful County (شهرستان دزفول) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Dezfuli and Shushtari (local names: دزفولی or دسفیلی and شوشتری) constitute a Southwestern Iranian language, more specifically a Persian dialect spoken in Dezful and Shushtar, two adjacent cities of the province of Khozestan in Iran.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Elam (Elamite: haltamti, Sumerian: NIM.MAki) was an ancient Pre-Iranian civilization centered in the far west and southwest of what is now modern-day Iran, stretching from the lowlands of what is now Khuzestan and Ilam Province as well as a small part of southern Iraq.
Elamite is an extinct language that was spoken by the ancient Elamites.
Elijah (meaning "My God is Yahu/Jah") or latinized form Elias (Ἡλίας, Elías; ܐܸܠܝܼܵܐ, Elyāe; Arabic: إلياس or إليا, Ilyās or Ilyā) was, according to the Books of Kings in the Hebrew Bible, a prophet and a miracle worker who lived in the northern kingdom of Israel during the reign of King Ahab (9th century BC).
Elton L. Daniel, Ph.D., is a historian and Iranologist.
Encyclopædia Iranica is a project whose goal is to create a comprehensive and authoritative English language encyclopedia about the history, culture, and civilization of Iranian peoples from prehistory to modern times.
Eucalyptus L'Héritier 1789 (plural eucalypti, eucalyptuses or eucalypts) is a diverse genus of flowering trees and shrubs (including a distinct group with a multiple-stem mallee growth habit) in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae.
The Expediency Discernment Council of the System (مجمع تشخیص مصلحت نظام Majma' Taškhīs Maṣlaḥat Nezām) is an administrative assembly appointed by the Supreme Leader and was created upon the revision to the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran on 6 February 1988.
Ezatollah Negahban (عزتالله نگهبان, March 1, 1926 – 2 February 2009) was an Iranian archaeologist known as the father of Iranian modern archaeology.
Pars Province (استان پارس, Ostān-e Pārs) also known as Fars (Persian: فارس) or Persia in the Greek sources in historical context, is one of the thirty-one provinces of Iran and known as the cultural capital of the country.
Abu ʾl-Qasim Firdowsi Tusi (c. 940–1020), or Ferdowsi (also transliterated as Firdawsi, Firdusi, Firdosi, Firdausi) was a Persian poet and the author of Shahnameh ("Book of Kings"), which is the world's longest epic poem created by a single poet, and the national epic of Greater Iran.
Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.
Folk etymology or reanalysis – sometimes called pseudo-etymology, popular etymology, or analogical reformation – is a change in a word or phrase resulting from the replacement of an unfamiliar form by a more familiar one.
Gholamreza Shariati (غلامرضا شریعتی, born 1972), is an Iranian reform politician who currently serves as governor of Khuzestan Province Since 2016.Shariati was born in Behbahan.
Gotvand County (شهرستان گتوند) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Gondēshāpūr was the intellectual centre of the Sassanid Empire and the home of the Academy of Gundishapur, founded by Sassanid king Shapur I. Gundeshapur was home to a teaching hospital and had a library and a centre of higher learning.
Haft Tepe is an archaeological site situated in the Khuzestan Province in south-western Iran.
Haftkel County (شهرستان هفتکل) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Hamed E. Haddadi (حامد حدادی,, born May 19, 1985) is an Iranian professional basketball player for Petrochimi Bandar Imam of the Iranian Super League.
Hamid Dabashi (حمید دباشی; born 1951) is an Iranian Professor of Iranian Studies and Comparative Literature at Columbia University in New York City.
Hebrews (Hebrew: עברים or עבריים, Tiberian ʿIḇrîm, ʿIḇriyyîm; Modern Hebrew ʿIvrim, ʿIvriyyim; ISO 259-3 ʕibrim, ʕibriyim) is a term appearing 34 times within 32 verses of the Hebrew Bible.
Hendijan County (Persian: شهرستان هندیجان) is a County in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Herat (هرات,Harât,Herât; هرات; Ἀλεξάνδρεια ἡ ἐν Ἀρίοις, Alexándreia hē en Aríois; Alexandria Ariorum) is the third-largest city of Afghanistan.
Hermes (Ἑρμῆς) is an Olympian god in Greek religion and mythology, the son of Zeus and the Pleiad Maia, and the second youngest of the Olympian gods (Dionysus being the youngest).
The History of Aalam Aray Abbasi (italic) recorded the history of the Iranian Safavid dynasty, from its founding under Shah Ismail I to the end, under Shah Abbas I, covering the period of 1600-1680.
Hormuzan (Middle Persian: Hormazdān, New Persian: هرمزان) was an Iranian aristocrat who served as the governor of Khuzestan, and was one of the Sasanian military officers at the Battle of al-Qādisiyyah.
Hossein Kaebi (also spelled Ka'abi; حسین کعبی,; born September 1985 in Ahvaz) is an Iranian football player.
Houchang Esfandiar Chehabi, PhD, is leading scholar of Iranian studies at the Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies at Boston University where he is Professor of International Relations and History.
Hoveyzeh (هویزه), الحويزة also Romanized as Havizeh, Hawiza, Hawīzeh, Hovayze, and Hovayzeh; also known as Hūzgān) is a city and capital of Hoveyzeh County, Khuzestan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 14,422, in 2,749 families. Hoveyzeh is located near the border with Iraq. Iranian Arabs make up the majority of its population. The Hoveizeh region is rich in oil and is an agricultural area. The city sustained heavy casualties and ubiquitous damage during the Iran–Iraq War.
Hoveyzeh County (شهرستان هویزه, Arabic:مقاطعة الحويزة) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Ibn Battuta (محمد ابن بطوطة; fully; Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد بن عبد الله اللواتي الطنجي بن بطوطة) (February 25, 13041368 or 1369) was a Moroccan scholar who widely travelled the medieval world.
Ilam Province (استان ایلام) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran.
Iman Mobali (ایمان مبعلی; born November 3, 1982 in Izeh, Iran) is an Iranian football player who currently plays for Foolad in the Persian Gulf Pro League.
Inshushinak was one of the major gods of the Elamites and the protector deity of Susa.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Iran Standard Time (IRST) or Iran Time (IT) is the time zone used in Iran.
The Iran–Iraq War was an armed conflict between Iran and Iraq, beginning on 22 September 1980, when Iraq invaded Iran, and ending on 20 August 1988, when Iran accepted the UN-brokered ceasefire.
Iranian Arabs (عربهای ايران Arabhāye Irān) refers to the citizens or residents of Iran who are ethnically Arab.
Iranian-Armenians (իրանահայեր iranahayer) also known as Persian-Armenians (պարսկահայեր parskahayer), are Iranians of Armenian ethnicity who may speak Armenian as their first language.
Iranian cuisine comprises the cooking traditions of Iran.
The Iranian Embassy siege took place from 30 April to 5 May 1980, after a group of six armed men stormed the Iranian embassy in South Kensington, London.
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
Isfahan province (Ostāne Esfahan), also transliterated as Esfahan, Espahan, Isfahan, or Isphahan, is one of the thirty-one provinces of Iran.
Iskandar Beg Munshi, a.k.a. Iskandar Beg Turkman (c. 1560 – c. 1632), was a Persian historian of Turkmen origin of the Safavid emperor Shah Abbas I. Iskandar Beg began as an accountant in the bureaucracy, but later became a privileged secretary of the Shahs.
The Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majles-e Showrā-ye Eslāmī), also called the Iranian Parliament, the Iranian Majlis (or Majles, مجلس), is the national legislative body of Iran.
Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Muhammad al-Farisi al-Istakhri (آبو إسحاق إبراهيم بن محمد الفارسي الإصطخري) (also Estakhri, استخری, i.e. from the Iranian city of Istakhr, b. - d. 957 AD) was a Persian medieval geographer in medieval Islam and traveler of the 10th century.
An iwan (ایوان eyvān, إيوان Iwan, also spelled ivan, Turkish: eyvan) is a rectangular hall or space, usually vaulted, walled on three sides, with one end entirely open.
Izeh (ايذه, also Romanized as Īz̄eh; also known as Malāmir, Izaj, and Malemir) is a city and capital of Izeh County, Khuzestan Province, Iran.
Izeh County (شهرستان ایذه) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Jabir al-Kaabi (1780 – 1881) (الشيخ جابر الكعبي) was the Sheikh of Khorramshahr ("Mohammerah") during the 19th century.
Jalal Kameli-Mofrad (جلال كاملی مفرد, born 15 May 1981 in Shadegan, Iran) is an Iranian football player.
Jane's Information Group (often referred to as Jane's) is a British publishing company specialising in military, aerospace and transportation topics.
The Jarahi River (جراحی), also spelt Jarrahi or Garrahi, is a major river in the Iranian province of Khuzestan.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
Kandahār or Qandahār (کندهار; قندهار; known in older literature as Candahar) is the second-largest city in Afghanistan, with a population of about 557,118.
The Karkheh or Karkhen (perhaps the river known as the Gihon—one of the four rivers of Eden/Paradise to the Bible and as the Choaspes in ancient times; also called Eulæus; Hebrew: אולי Ulai) is a river in Khūzestān Province Andimeshk city, Iran (ancient Susiana) that rises in the Zagros Mountains, and passes west of Shush (ancient Susa), eventually falling in ancient times into the Tigris just below its confluence with the Euphrates very near to the Iran-Iraq border.
The Kārūn (کارون) is Iran's most effluent and only navigable river.
Karun County (شهرستان کارون) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
The Karun-3 dam is a hydroelectric dam on the Karun river located in the province of Khuzestan, Iran.
Kerman (كرمان, also Romanized as Kermān, Kermun, and Kirman; also known as Carmania) is the capital city of Kerman Province, Iran.
Abū Sulaymān Khālid ibn al-Walīd ibn al-Mughīrah al-Makhzūmī (أبو سليمان خالد بن الوليد بن المغيرة المخزومي‎; 585–642), also known as Sayf ullah al-Maslūl (سيف الله المسلول; Drawn Sword of God) was a companion of Muhammad.
Khorramshahr (خرمشهر, also romanized as Khurramshahr and slightly different spellings; also known in Arabic as المحمرة al-Muḥammarah) is a city in and the capital of Khorramshahr County, Khuzestan Province, Iran.
Khorramshahr County (شهرستان خرمشهر) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Khuzestani Arabic is a dialect of Gelet (Southern) Mesopotamian Arabic spoken by the Iranian Arabs in Khuzestan Province of Iran.
Kibbeh (كبة.), (also spelled and pronounced kibbe, kebbah, kubbeh, kubbah or kubbi depending on region, and known in Egypt as kobeiba and in Turkey as içli köfte) is a Levantine dish made of bulgur, minced onions, and finely ground lean beef, lamb, goat, or camel meat with Middle Eastern spices (cinnamon, nutmeg, clove, allspice).
Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province (استان کهگیلویه و بویراحمد, Ostān-e Kohgīrūye-o Būyer-Ahmad) (Luri: استان کهگیلویه و بِیرَمَد, Ostān-e Kohgīrūye-o Beyramad) is one of the thirty-one provinces of Iran.
Kuwait (الكويت, or), officially the State of Kuwait (دولة الكويت), is a country in Western Asia.
Lali County (شهرستان لالی) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
The current Language Policy of Iran is addressed on chapter two of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Articles 15 & 16).
The Levant is an approximate historical geographical term referring to a large area in the Eastern Mediterranean.
The Liberation of Khorramshahr (آزادسازی خرمشهر Āzādsāzi-ye Khorramshahr) was the Iranian recapture of the port city of Khorramshahr from the Iraqis on 24 May 1982, during the Iran–Iraq War.
The light-water reactor (LWR) is a type of thermal-neutron reactor that uses normal water, as opposed to heavy water, as both its coolant and neutron moderator – furthermore a solid form of fissile elements is used as fuel.
This article lists the monarchs of Persia, who ruled over the area of modern-day Iran from the establishment of the Achaemenid dynasty by Achaemenes around 705 BCE until the deposition of the Pahlavi dynasty in 1979.
The Seleucid dynasty or the Seleucidae (from Σελευκίδαι, Seleukídai) was a Greek Macedonian royal family, founded by Seleucus I Nicator ("the Victor"), which ruled the Seleucid Empire centered in the Near East and regions of the Asian part of the earlier Achaemenid Persian Empire during the Hellenistic period.
This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.
Lorestan Province (استان لرستان, also written Luristan, Lurestan, or Loristan), is a province of western Iran in the Zagros Mountains.
The Louvre, or the Louvre Museum, is the world's largest art museum and a historic monument in Paris, France.
Lurs (also Lors, Lurish: لورَل, Persian:لُرها) are an Iranian people living mainly in western and south-western Iran.
Macedonia or Macedon (Μακεδονία, Makedonía) was an ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece, and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece.
Mahshahr County (شهرستان ماهشهر), also known as Bandar-e Mahshahr County, is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Mandaeans (aṣ-Ṣābi'a al-Mandā'iyūn) are an ethnoreligious group indigenous to the alluvial plain of southern Mesopotamia and are followers of Mandaeism, a Gnostic religion.
Mandaeism or Mandaeanism (مندائية) is a gnostic religion with a strongly dualistic worldview.
Mandaic is the language of the Mandaean religion and community.
Maron, also called Maroun or Maro, (ܡܪܘܢ,; مارون; Maron; Μάρων) was a 4th-century Syriac Christian hermit monk in the Taurus Mountains whose followers, after his death, founded a religious Christian movement that became known as the Syriac Maronite Church, in full communion with the Holy See and the Catholic Church.
Masjed Soleyman (مسجدسليمان, Lurish: مسسلیموو Mas-seleymoo; also Romanized as Masjed Soleymān, Masjed-e Soleymān, Masjed Soleiman, and Masjid-i-Sulaiman) is a city and capital of Masjed Soleyman County, Khuzestan Province, Iran.
Masjed Soleyman County (شهرستان مسجد سلیمان) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Masoud Soleimani Shojaei (مسعود سلیمانی شجاعی.; born 9 June 1984) is an Iranian professional footballer.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
Maysan Governorate (translit) is a governorate in southeastern Iraq, bordering Iran.
The Medes (Old Persian Māda-, Μῆδοι, מָדַי) were an ancient Iranian people who lived in an area known as Media (northwestern Iran) and who spoke the Median language. At around 1100 to 1000 BC, they inhabited the mountainous area of northwestern Iran and the northeastern and eastern region of Mesopotamia and located in the Hamadan (Ecbatana) region. Their emergence in Iran is thought to have occurred between 800 BC and 700 BC, and in the 7th century the whole of western Iran and some other territories were under Median rule. Its precise geographical extent remains unknown. A few archaeological sites (discovered in the "Median triangle" in western Iran) and textual sources (from contemporary Assyrians and also ancient Greeks in later centuries) provide a brief documentation of the history and culture of the Median state. Apart from a few personal names, the language of the Medes is unknown. The Medes had an ancient Iranian religion (a form of pre-Zoroastrian Mazdaism or Mithra worshipping) with a priesthood named as "Magi". Later during the reigns of the last Median kings, the reforms of Zoroaster spread into western Iran.
Mehrangiz Kar (مهرانگیز کار) (b. 1944, Ahvaz, Iran) is a prominent Iranian lawyer, human rights activist and author of the book Crossing the Red Line, as well as many articles.
Mesopotamian Arabic, or Iraqi Arabic, is a continuum of mutually-intelligible varieties of Arabic native to the Mesopotamian basin of Iraq as well as spanning into Syria, Iran, southeastern Turkey, and spoken in Iraqi diaspora communities.
The Mesopotamian Marshes or Iraqi Marshes are a wetland area located in southern Iraq and partially in southwestern Iran and Kuwait.
Middle Persian is the Middle Iranian language or ethnolect of southwestern Iran that during the Sasanian Empire (224–654) became a prestige dialect and so came to be spoken in other regions of the empire as well.
Mithridates or Mithradates I (Parthian: Mihrdat, مهرداد, Mehrdād), (ca. 195 BC – 132 BC) was king of the Parthian Empire from 165 BC to 132 BC, succeeding his brother Phraates I. His father was King Phriapatius of Parthia, who died ca.
Sayyid Mohammad-Ali Mousavi Jazayeri (سیدمحمدعلی موسوی جزایری) (born 1941) is an Iranian Twelver Shi'a cleric.
Mohammad Reza Eskandari was the Minister of Agriculture of the Islamic Republic of Iran from 2005 to 2009.
Mohsen Chavoshi Hosseini (محسن چاوشی) (born 30 July 1979) is an Iranian musician, singer, record producer and songwriter.
Ayatollah Mohsen Heidari AleKasir (Persian:محسن حیدری آل کثیر) is an Iranian Shia Islamic cleric who was born in 1957 in a middle class rural family in the village of Hor Riyahi Abadi where is located near to Shush in Khuzestan province.
Mohsen Rezaee Mirgha'ed (محسن رضایی میرقائد, born Sabzevar Rezaei Mirgha'ed on 9 September 1954) is an Iranian conservative politician affiliated with the Resistance Front of Islamic Iran and senior military officer in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps who currently holds office as the secretary of the Expediency Discernment Council.
Morteza Ansari (Morteza Ansari Shushtari Dezfuli) (also transliterated Mortaza Ansari and Murtada al-Ansari) (1781–1864) was a Shia jurist who "was generally acknowledged as the most eminent jurist of the time." Ansari has also been called the "first effective" model or Marja of the ShiaMottahedeh, The Mantle of the Prophet, (2000), p. 210 or "the first scholar universally recognized as supreme authority in matters of Shii law".
Multilingualism is the use of more than one language, either by an individual speaker or by a community of speakers.
The Muslim conquest of Khuzestan took place from 637/8 to 642, and ended with subjugation of the rich Khuzestan Province to the Rashidun Caliphate.
The Muslim conquest of Persia, also known as the Arab conquest of Iran, led to the end of the Sasanian Empire of Persia in 651 and the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Iran (Persia).
Najd or Nejd (نجد, Najd) is a geographical central region of Saudi Arabia, alone accounting for almost a third of the population of the country.
Naqsh-e Rustam (نقش رستم) is an ancient necropolis located about 12 km northwest of Persepolis, in Fars Province, Iran, with a group of ancient Iranian rock reliefs cut into the cliff, from both the Achaemenid and Sassanid periods.
Naser al-Din Shah Qajar (16 July 1831 – 1 May 1896) (ناصرالدین شاه قاجار), also Nassereddin Shah Qajar, was the King of Persia from 5 September 1848 to 1 May 1896 when he was assassinated.
Nāsser Taghvai (also spelt Nāser Taghvāee, ناصر تقوایی., born 1941) is an Iranian film director and screenwriter.
The National Museum of Iran (موزهٔ ملی ایران) is located in Tehran, Iran.
Nobakht Ahvazi (نوبخت اهوازى, (or Naubakht Ahvaz) also transliterated "Naubakht") and his sons lived in the 8th and 9th centuries AD, and were astrologers from Ahvaz (in the present-day Khuzestan Province of Iran).
Naseri was the name given to the town of Ahwaz as it was refurbished and enlarged in the late 19th century by the eponymous Qajar king, Nasir al-Din Shah.
Neo-Mandaic, sometimes called the "ratna" (رطنة raṭna "jargon"), is the modern reflex of Classical Mandaic, the liturgical language of the Mandaean religious community of Iraq and Iran.
Nizami Ganjavi (translit) (1141–1209), Nizami Ganje'i, Nizami, or Nezāmi, whose formal name was Jamal ad-Dīn Abū Muḥammad Ilyās ibn-Yūsuf ibn-Zakkī,Mo'in, Muhammad(2006), "Tahlil-i Haft Paykar-i Nezami", Tehran.: p. 2: Some commentators have mentioned his name as “Ilyas the son of Yusuf the son of Zakki the son of Mua’yyad” while others have mentioned that Mu’ayyad is a title for Zakki. Mohammad Moin, rejects the first interpretation claiming that if it were to mean 'Zakki son of Muayyad' it should have been read as 'Zakki i Muayyad' where izafe (-i-) shows the son-parent relationship but here it is 'Zakki Muayyad' and Zakki ends in silence/stop and there is no izafe (-i-). Some may argue that izafe is dropped due to meter constraints but dropping parenthood izafe is very strange and rare. So it is possible that Muayyad was a sobriquet for Zaki or part of his name (like Muayyad al-Din Zaki). This is supported by the fact that later biographers also state Yusuf was the son of Mu’ayyad was a 12th-century Persian Sunni Muslim poet. Nezāmi is considered the greatest romantic epic poet in Persian literature, who brought a colloquial and realistic style to the Persian epic. excerpt: Greatest romantic epic poet in Persian Literature, who brought a colloquial and realistic style to the Persian epic..... Nezami is admired in Persian-speaking lands for his originality and clarity of style, though his love of language for its own sake and of philosophical and scientific learning makes his work difficult for the average reader. His heritage is widely appreciated and shared by Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, the Kurdistan region and Tajikistan.
Old Persian is one of the two directly attested Old Iranian languages (the other being Avestan).
The olive, known by the botanical name Olea europaea, meaning "European olive", is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, found in the Mediterranean Basin from Portugal to the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, and southern Asia as far east as China, as well as the Canary Islands and Réunion.
Omidiyeh (اميديه; also Romanized as Omīdīyeh) is a city and capital of Omidiyeh County, Khuzestan Province, Iran.
Omidiyeh County (شهرستان امیدیه) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Operation Fath-ol-Mobin (عملیات فتحالمبین, a Quranic phrase meaning "Undeniable Victory" or "Manifest Victory") was a major Iranian military operation conducted during the Iran–Iraq War, in March 1982.
Although Herodotus and Xenophon referred to the entire region as Susiana, the name Khuzestan is what has been referred to the southwestern most province of Persia (Iran) from antiquity.
Parthia (𐎱𐎼𐎰𐎺 Parθava; 𐭐𐭓𐭕𐭅 Parθaw; 𐭯𐭫𐭮𐭥𐭡𐭥 Pahlaw) is a historical region located in north-eastern Iran.
Parviz Abnar (پرویز آبنار., born 19 July 1958 in Ahvaz, Iran) is an Iranian sound recordist.
Parviz Dehdari (پرویز دهداری) (March 21, 1935 – November 23, 1992) was an Iranian football player and coach.
Patrick Monahan (born 23 June 1976) is an Irish-Iranian comedian, who won the television competition series Take the Mike in 2001 and Show Me the Funny in 2011.
Brigadier-General Sir Percy Molesworth Sykes, (28 February 1867 – 11 June 1945) was a soldier, diplomat, and scholar with a considerable literary output.
There are a number of Khuzestani Persian dialects and accents unique to the province of Khuzestan in southwestern Iran.
The Persian Gulf (lit), (الخليج الفارسي) is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
The Persians--> are an Iranian ethnic group that make up over half the population of Iran.
Pressurized water reactors (PWRs) constitute the large majority of the world's nuclear power plants (notable exceptions being the United Kingdom, Japan, and Canada) and are one of three types of light water reactor (LWR), the other types being boiling water reactors (BWRs) and supercritical water reactors (SCWRs).
Iran is subdivided into thirty-one provinces (استان Ostān, plural استانها Ostānhā), each governed from a local center, usually the largest local city, which is called the capital (Persian: مرکز, markaz) of that province.
The Qajar dynasty (سلسله قاجار; also Romanised as Ghajar, Kadjar, Qachar etc.; script Qacarlar) was an IranianAbbas Amanat, The Pivot of the Universe: Nasir Al-Din Shah Qajar and the Iranian Monarchy, 1831–1896, I. B. Tauris, pp 2–3 royal dynasty of Turkic origin,Cyrus Ghani.
Qashqai (قاشقای ديلى, also spelled Qashqay, Kashkai, Kashkay, Qašqāʾī,, by Michael Knüppel, by Gerhard Doerfer and Qashqa'i) is an Oghuz Turkic language spoken by the Qashqai people, an ethnic group living mainly in the Fars Province of southern Iran.
Qashqai (pronounced; also spelled Qashqa'i, Qashqay, Kashkai, Kashkay, Qashqayı, Gashgai, Gashgay, in Persian: قشقایی) is a conglomeration of clans in Iran consisting of mostly Turkic peoples but also Lurs, Kurds, and Arabs.
Kaiser Aminpour (1959-2007) (قیصر امینپور) was an Iranian poet.
Ramhormoz (Lurish: روومز – Rümez; Persian: رامهرمز; also Romanized as Rāmhormoz and Rām Hormuz; also known as Rāmuz) is the capital city of Ramhormoz County, Khuzestan Province, Iran.
Ramhormoz County (شهرستان رامهرمز; Lurish: رۉمەز Rümez) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Ramshir County (شهرستان رامشیر) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Iran has been divided into regions in a number of different ways historically.
Reza Shah Pahlavi (رضا شاه پهلوی;; 15 March 1878 – 26 July 1944) was the Shah of Iran from 15 December 1925 until he was forced to abdicate by the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran on 16 September 1941.
Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).
Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي; 28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.
Saeid Abdevali (سعيد عبدولى, born 4 November 1989) is an Iranian wrestler.
The Safavid dynasty (دودمان صفوی Dudmān e Safavi) was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran, often considered the beginning of modern Iranian history.
The Saffarid dynasty (سلسله صفاریان) was a Muslim Persianate dynasty from Sistan that ruled over parts of eastern Iran, with its capital at Zaranj (a city now in southwestern Afghanistan).
Salinity is the saltiness or amount of salt dissolved in a body of water (see also soil salinity).
The Sasanian Empire, also known as the Sassanian, Sasanid, Sassanid or Neo-Persian Empire (known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr in Middle Persian), was the last period of the Persian Empire (Iran) before the rise of Islam, named after the House of Sasan, which ruled from 224 to 651 AD. The Sasanian Empire, which succeeded the Parthian Empire, was recognised as one of the leading world powers alongside its neighbouring arch-rival the Roman-Byzantine Empire, for a period of more than 400 years.Norman A. Stillman The Jews of Arab Lands pp 22 Jewish Publication Society, 1979 International Congress of Byzantine Studies Proceedings of the 21st International Congress of Byzantine Studies, London, 21–26 August 2006, Volumes 1-3 pp 29. Ashgate Pub Co, 30 sep. 2006 The Sasanian Empire was founded by Ardashir I, after the fall of the Parthian Empire and the defeat of the last Arsacid king, Artabanus V. At its greatest extent, the Sasanian Empire encompassed all of today's Iran, Iraq, Eastern Arabia (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatif, Qatar, UAE), the Levant (Syria, Palestine, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan), the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Dagestan), Egypt, large parts of Turkey, much of Central Asia (Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan), Yemen and Pakistan. According to a legend, the vexilloid of the Sasanian Empire was the Derafsh Kaviani.Khaleghi-Motlagh, The Sasanian Empire during Late Antiquity is considered to have been one of Iran's most important and influential historical periods and constituted the last great Iranian empire before the Muslim conquest and the adoption of Islam. In many ways, the Sasanian period witnessed the peak of ancient Iranian civilisation. The Sasanians' cultural influence extended far beyond the empire's territorial borders, reaching as far as Western Europe, Africa, China and India. It played a prominent role in the formation of both European and Asian medieval art. Much of what later became known as Islamic culture in art, architecture, music and other subject matter was transferred from the Sasanians throughout the Muslim world.
A scorched-earth policy is a military strategy that aims to destroy anything that might be useful to the enemy while it is advancing through or withdrawing from a location.
Seafood is any form of sea life regarded as food by humans.
The Seleucid Empire (Βασιλεία τῶν Σελευκιδῶν, Basileía tōn Seleukidōn) was a Hellenistic state ruled by the Seleucid dynasty, which existed from 312 BC to 63 BC; Seleucus I Nicator founded it following the division of the Macedonian empire vastly expanded by Alexander the Great.
The old name aldoraq of Shadegan, which dates back to the age of 1000 years, is the name of Dvrkh, and the current few years have been Shadegan, but among the people of Al-Durak or Drokh aldoraq Shadegan (شادگان; also Romanized as Shādegān الدورق aldoraq and Shādgān; formerly, Fallehiyeh, Fallābīyeh, and Fallāḩīyeh (فلاحية)) is a city and capital of Shadegan County, Khuzestan Province, Iran.
Shadegan County (شهرستان شادگان) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz is a major Iranian University in Ahvaz, Khuzestan, Iran.
Shapur I (𐭱𐭧𐭯𐭥𐭧𐭥𐭩; New Persian: rtl), also known as Shapur I the Great, was the second shahanshah (king of kings) of the Sasanian Empire.
Shapur II (𐭱𐭧𐭯𐭥𐭧𐭥𐭩 Šāpuhr), also known as Shapur II the Great, was the tenth Shahanshah of the Sasanian Empire.
Sheikh Khazal rebellion refers to the 1924 Arab separatist uprising by the Sheikh of Mohammerah Khaz'al al-Ka'bi in Iranian Khuzestan.
Shia (شيعة Shīʿah, from Shīʻatu ʻAlī, "followers of Ali") is a branch of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad designated Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor (Imam), most notably at the event of Ghadir Khumm.
Shush County (شهرستان شوش) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Shush (شوش; also Romanized as Shūsh, Shoosh, and by name of the ancient nearby city: Sūsa) is a city and capital of Shush County, Khuzestan Province, Iran.
Shushtar (شوشتر; also Romanized as Shūshtar and Shūstar, and Shooshtar) is a city and capital of Shushtar County, Khuzestan Province, Iran.
Shushtar County (شهرستان شوشتر) is a county in Khuzestan Province in Iran.
Siavash Ghomayshi (سیاوش قمیشی; born 11 June 1945 in Dezful, Iran.) is an Iranian musician, singer and song writer.
Siavash Shams (سیاوش شمس) (born 26 January 1962) is a Persian singer, songwriter, record producer and dancer.
Snow refers to forms of ice crystals that precipitate from the atmosphere (usually from clouds) and undergo changes on the Earth's surface.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.
A sugar cane mill can refer to a factory that processes sugar cane to produce raw or white sugar.
Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam.
Susa (fa Šuš;; שׁוּשָׁן Šušān; Greek: Σοῦσα; ܫܘܫ Šuš; Old Persian Çūšā) was an ancient city of the Proto-Elamite, Elamite, First Persian Empire, Seleucid, Parthian, and Sasanian empires of Iran, and one of the most important cities of the Ancient Near East.
The Susa weddings was a mass wedding arranged by Alexander of Macedon in 324 BC in the Persian city of Susa.
Susangerd (سوسنگرد, in الخفاجية, also Romanized as Sūsangerd, Sūsangird, and Sūsangurd), also known as Dasht-e Āzādegān (دشت آزادگان), Dashte’ Mishan, Dasht-i-Mishān (دشت میشان), is a city in the Central District of Dasht-e Azadegan County, Khuzestan Province, Iran.
Tahmasp I (شاه تهماسب یکم) (22 February 1514 – 14 May 1576) was an influential Shah of Iran, who enjoyed the longest reign of any member of the Safavid dynasty.
The Cambridge History of Iran is a multi-volume survey of Iranian history published by Cambridge University Press.
Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and the Sun and the rotation of Earth.
The Turkic peoples are a collection of ethno-linguistic groups of Central, Eastern, Northern and Western Asia as well as parts of Europe and North Africa.
The Umayyad Caliphate (ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلأُمَوِيَّة, trans. Al-Khilāfatu al-ʾUmawiyyah), also spelt, was the second of the four major caliphates established after the death of Muhammad.
Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.
William Knox D'Arcy (11 October 1849 – 1 May 1917) was one of the principal founders of the oil and petrochemical industry in Persia (Iran).
Ya'qūb ibn al-Layth al-Saffār (يعقوب بن الليث الصفار), or Ya'qūb-i Layth-i Saffārī (یعقوب لیث صفاری), born Rādmān pūr-i Māhak (رادمان پور ماهک) (October 25, 840 – June 5, 879), a Persian coppersmith, was the founder of the Saffarid dynasty of Sistan, with its capital at Zaranj (a city now in south-western Afghanistan).
Yadavaran Field oil field is one of the NIOC Recent Discoveries which is located in Khuzestan, Iran.
Yaser Bakhtiari (یاسر بختیاری; born 1982 in Masjed Soleyman), better known by his stage name Yas (یاس), is an Iranian rapper.
A ziggurat (Akkadian: ziqqurat, D-stem of zaqāru "to build on a raised area") is a type of massive stone structure built in ancient Mesopotamia.
The 1979 Khuzestan uprising was one of the nationwide uprisings in Iran, which erupted in the aftermath of the Iranian Revolution.
2005 Ahvaz unrestDr.
The Ahvaz bombings were a series of bomb explosions, that took place mostly in Ahvaz, Iran in 2005-2006, and were blamed on Ahvaz separatist organizations of Arabs.
The 2011 Khuzestan protests, known among protesters as the Ahvaz Day of Rage, relates to violent protests, which erupted on 15 April 2011 in Khuzestan Province, to mark an anniversary of the 2005 Ahvaz unrest, and as a response to the regional Arab Spring.
Arab Political and Cultural Organisation, Iranian Arabia, Iranian Arabistan, Iranian Khuzestan, Khoozestan province, Khouzestan, Khozestan, Khuzestan, Khuzestan province, Khuzistan, Khūzestān, Khūzestān Province, Kouzestan, Ostān-e Khūzestān, Xuzestan.