70 relations: Adjective, Afrikaans, Angola, Applicative voice, Bantu expansion, Bantu languages, Botswana, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Causative, Central Africa, Click consonant, Comitative case, Consonant, Damara people, Dialect, Dialect continuum, Forced displacement, Grammatical modifier, Head (linguistics), Hortative, Hunter-gatherer, Imperative mood, International Phonetic Alphabet, Intransitive verb, Jussive mood, Khoe languages, Khoisan languages, Kimberley, Northern Cape, Language shift, Latin script, Lexicon, Linguistic universal, Locative case, Missionary, Mora (linguistics), Morphology (linguistics), Namibia, Nigeria, Noun, Okavango Delta, Okavango River, Passive voice, Phonology, Pronoun, Reciprocal (grammar), Reflexive verb, Schmidtsdrift, South Africa, South African Border War, ..., South African Defence Force, Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Syntax, Tense–aspect–mood, Tsodilo, Tswana language, University of Cologne, University of Namibia, Verb, Voiced alveolar click, West Africa, Western culture, Word order, Xhosa language, Zambezi, Zambezi Region, Zambia, Zulu language, 31 Battalion (SWATF). Expand index (20 more) » « Shrink index
In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated) is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.
Afrikaans is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe.
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.
The applicative voice (abbreviated or) is a grammatical voice that promotes an oblique argument of a verb to the (core) object argument, and indicates the oblique role within the meaning of the verb.
The Bantu expansion is a major series of migrations of the original proto-Bantu language speaking group, who spread from an original nucleus around West Africa-Central Africa across much of sub-Sahara Africa.
The Bantu languages (English:, Proto-Bantu: */baⁿtʊ̀/) technically the Narrow Bantu languages, as opposed to "Wide Bantu", a loosely defined categorization which includes other "Bantoid" languages are a large family of languages spoken by the Bantu peoples throughout Sub-Saharan Africa.
Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa.
Caprivi, also called the Caprivi Strip (in German: Caprivizipfel), Okavango Strip, and formerly known as Itenge (this part of the country was anciently known as Lyiyeyi (Diyeyi) then Caprivi and currently Zambezi, Itenge was a political dream that did not get realized), is the northeastern panhandle of Namibia, located north of Botswana, southeast of Angola, and southwest of Zambia.
In linguistics, a causative (abbreviated) is a valency-increasing operationPayne, Thomas E. (1997).
Central Africa is the core region of the African continent which includes Burundi, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Rwanda.
Click consonants, or clicks, are speech sounds that occur as consonants in many languages of Southern Africa and in three languages of East Africa.
The comitative case (abbreviated) is a grammatical case that denotes accompaniment.
In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.
The Damara, plural Damaran (Khoekhoegowab: ǂNūkhoen, Black people, Bergdamara, referring to their extended stay in hilly and mountainous sites, also called at various times the Daman or the Damaqua) are an ethnic group who make up 8.5% of Namibia's population.
The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.
A dialect continuum or dialect chain is a spread of language varieties spoken across some geographical area such that neighbouring varieties differ only slightly, but the differences accumulate over distance so that widely separated varieties are not mutually intelligible.
Forced displacement or forced immigration is the coerced movement of a person or people away from their home or home region and it often connotes violent coercion.
In grammar, a modifier is an optional element in phrase structure or clause structure.
In linguistics, the head or nucleus of a phrase is the word that determines the syntactic category of that phrase.
In linguistics, hortative modalities (abbreviated) are verbal expressions used by the speaker to encourage or discourage an action.
A hunter-gatherer is a human living in a society in which most or all food is obtained by foraging (collecting wild plants and pursuing wild animals), in contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated species.
The imperative mood is a grammatical mood that forms a command or request.
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet.
In grammar, an intransitive verb does not allow a direct object.
The jussive (abbreviated) is a grammatical mood of verbs for issuing orders, commanding, or exhorting (within a subjunctive framework).
The Khoe languages are the largest of the non-Bantu language families indigenous to southern Africa.
The Khoisan languages (also Khoesan or Khoesaan) are a group of African languages originally classified together by Joseph Greenberg.
Kimberley is the capital and largest city of the Northern Cape Province of South Africa.
Language shift, also known as language transfer or language replacement or language assimilation, is the process whereby a community of speakers of a language shifts to speaking a completely different language, usually over an extended period of time.
Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.
A lexicon, word-hoard, wordbook, or word-stock is the vocabulary of a person, language, or branch of knowledge (such as nautical or medical).
A linguistic universal is a pattern that occurs systematically across natural languages, potentially true for all of them.
Locative (abbreviated) is a grammatical case which indicates a location.
A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an area to proselytize and/or perform ministries of service, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care, and economic development.
A mora (plural morae or moras; often symbolized μ) is a unit in phonology that determines syllable weight, which in some languages determines stress or timing.
In linguistics, morphology is the study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language.
Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (German:; Republiek van Namibië), is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
A noun (from Latin nōmen, literally meaning "name") is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas.
The Okavango Delta (or Okavango Grassland) (formerly spelled "Okovango" or "Okovanggo") in Botswana is a very large, swampy inland delta formed where the Okavango River reaches a tectonic trough in the central part of the endorheic basin of the Kalahari.
The Okavango River (formerly spelled Okovango or Okovanggo) is a river in southwest Africa.
Passive voice is a grammatical voice common in many languages.
Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun (abbreviated) is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase.
A reciprocal (abbreviated) is a linguistic structure that marks a particular kind of relationship between two noun phrases.
In grammar, a reflexive verb is, loosely, a verb whose direct object is the same as its subject, for example, "I wash myself".
Schmidtsdrift is a town in Pixley ka Seme District Municipality in the Northern Cape province of South Africa.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
The South African Border War, also known as the Namibian War of Independence, and sometimes denoted in South Africa as the Angolan Bush War, was a largely asymmetric conflict that occurred in Namibia (then South West Africa), Zambia, and Angola from 26 August 1966 to 21 March 1990.
The South African Defence Force (SADF) comprised the South African armed forces from 1957 until 1994.
Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, and including several countries.
Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara.
In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language, usually including word order.
Tense–aspect–mood, commonly abbreviated and also called tense–modality–aspect or, is the grammatical system of a language that covers the expression of tense (location in time), aspect (fabric of time – a single block of time, continuous flow of time, or repetitive occurrence), and mood or modality (degree of necessity, obligation, probability, ability).
The Tsodilo Hills are a UNESCO World Heritage Site (WHS), consisting of rock art, rock shelters, depressions, and caves.
The University of Cologne (Universität zu Köln) is a university in Cologne, Germany.
The University of Namibia (UNAM) is the largest University in Namibia.
A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word (part of speech) that in syntax conveys an action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), an occurrence (happen, become), or a state of being (be, exist, stand).
The voiced (post)alveolar click is a click consonant found primarily among the languages of southern Africa.
West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa.
Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, European civilization,is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe.
In linguistics, word order typology is the study of the order of the syntactic constituents of a language, and how different languages can employ different orders.
Xhosa (Xhosa: isiXhosa) is a Nguni Bantu language with click consonants ("Xhosa" begins with a click) and one of the official languages of South Africa.
The Zambezi (also spelled Zambeze and Zambesi) is the fourth-longest river in Africa, the longest east-flowing river in Africa and the largest flowing into the Indian Ocean from Africa.
The Zambezi Region, until 2013 known as the Caprivi Region, is one of the 14 regions of Namibia, located in the extreme north-east of the country.
Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in south-central Africa, (although some sources prefer to consider it part of the region of east Africa) neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.
Zulu (Zulu: isiZulu) is the language of the Zulu people, with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa.
31 Battalion was a light infantry battalion in the South African Army and in later years became part of the SWATF.
!Hukwe language, //Ani, //Ani language, //Gani language, /Anda language, /Gani language, Anda language, Ani language, Black Bushman language, Buga-khwe, Buga-kxoe, Buka language, Buka-Khwe language, Buka-khwe, Buka-khwe language, Cazama language, G//ani language, G//anikwe language, G/ani language, Gani-Khwe language, Gani-khwe, Gani-khwe language, Glanda-khwe language, Gumahi language, Handa language, Handa-khwe, Handá language, Hukwe language, ISO 639:hnh, ISO 639:xuu, K//ani language, Khoe language, Khwe, Khwedam, Khwedam language, Kwee language, Kwengo language, Kxoe, Kxoe language, Kxoedam language, Kxwe language, Mbara Kwengo language, Mbarakwena language, Mbarakwengo language, Schekere language, Vazama language, Water Bushman language, Xuhwe language, Zama language, ǀAnda, ǁAni, ǁAni dialect, ǁAni language, ‖Ani, ‖Ani dialect, ‖Ani language.