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Kiel is the capital and most populous city in the northern German state of Schleswig-Holstein, with a population of 249,023 (2016). [1]

322 relations: Aarhus, Admiral, Adolf IV of Holstein, Adolf Michaelis, Alfred Brinckmann, Allies of World War II, Alzheimer's disease, Andreas Brandstätter, Andreas Köpke, Angelique Kerber, Animal painter, Anke Ehlers, Antakya, Archaeology, ARGE-SH, Art history, Association football, August Howaldt, August Leskien, August Mau, Austrian Empire, Austro-Prussian War, Bad Segeberg, Baltic Sea, Baltic states, Bay of Kiel, Bayer 04 Leverkusen, Berlin, Biomolecule, Biophysics, Bordesholm, Botanical garden, Botanischer Garten der Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Brandtaucher, Brest, France, British Forces Broadcasting Service, Britta Carlson, Bruno Diekmann, Bundesautobahn 7, Bundesliga, Bundeswehr, Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, Carl Loewe, Carl Zuckmayer, Caterpillar Inc., Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, Cologne, Color Line (ferry operator), Commodore (rank), Comparative linguistics, ..., Computational complexity theory, Conducting, Configuration (geometry), Contact lens, Continuum (topology), Copenhagen, Cora E., Coventry, Cruise ship, Denmark, Detlev Bork, Detlev von Liliencron, DFDS Lisco, DFDS Seaways, Dieter Laser, Diplomat, Duchess Donata of Mecklenburg, Duchy of Schleswig, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, East Germany, Eberhard Blum, Eckart Wagner, Eckernförde, Eduard Schwartz, Eduard Wald, Egon Müller, Elisabeth von Janota-Bzowski, Elyakim Haetzni, Eric Braeden, Erna Flegel, Ernst Barlach, Ernst Busch (actor), Ernst Steinitz, Ernst von Salomon, Euro, European Union, Exegesis, Fachhochschule Kiel, Federal Intelligence Service (Germany), Fehmarn, Felix Jacoby, Ferdinand Tönnies, Feridun Zaimoğlu, FIDE titles, First Schleswig War, Flensburg, Francisco Copado, Frankfurt, Freikorps, Friedrich Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein, Friedrich Wilhelm Hermann Delffs, Gdańsk, Gdynia, Geiger counter, GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, George Eyser, Gerhard Stoltenberg, German Confederation, German cruiser Admiral Hipper, German cruiser Admiral Scheer, German Empire, German National Library of Economics, German Navy, German resistance to Nazism, German Revolution of 1918–19, German surrender at Lüneburg Heath, Germany, Germany women's national football team, Gesche Joost, Gothenburg, Graphic designer, Gross domestic product, Group theory, Gustav Adolf Michaelis, Gymnasium (Germany), Gynaecology, Hamburg, Hamburg Airport, Handball, Hans Aschenborn, Hans Geiger, Hanseatic League, Harro Schulze-Boysen, Harvard University, Heidelberger Druckmaschinen, Heike Henkel, Heiko Braak, Heiner Zieschang, Heinrich Dahlinger, Heinrich Heesch, Heinrich Wöhlk, Hellschreiber, Helmut Lemke, Henri Lehmann, Herbert Schultze, Hermann Graedener, Hermann Michel, History of art, History painting, Holomorphic function, Holstein, Holstein Kiel, Holstein-Stadion, Holy Roman Empire, House of Glücksburg, Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft, HSH Nordbank, Husum, Ilme Schlichting, Ilse Gramatzki, Intercity-Express, Itzehoe, Joachim Hamann, Johan Ludwig Lund, Johannes Nikolaus Tetens, Johannes Weiss, John I, Count of Holstein-Kiel, Judith Malina, Jutland, Kaiserliche Werft Kiel, Kaliningrad, Karl Hass, Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Karl Ristenpart, Kiel Canal, Kiel Hauptbahnhof, Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Kiel mutiny, Kiel Week, Kiel, Wisconsin, Kieler Förde, Kieler Nachrichten, Kieler Yacht-Club, Kim Dotcom, Kingdom of Prussia, Klaipėda, Klaus Wittkugel, Knesset, Kuno Francke, Kurt Otto Friedrichs, Laboe, Laboe Naval Memorial, LaserSoft Imaging, Lasse Rempe-Gillen, Lauritz Lauritzen, Lübeck, Lübeck law, List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipients (Schu–Sz), List of rulers of Schleswig-Holstein, Lithuania, Lyric poetry, Manfred Rulffs, Manfred Stahnke, Marina Lewycka, Maschinenbau Kiel, Mathematician, Max Planck, Max Planck Society, Möltenort U-Boat Memorial, Michael F. Feldkamp, Microtonal music, Minister-president, Moshi Rural District, Motorcycle speedway, Munich, National Academy of Sciences, Neumünster, Neuropathology, Nobel Prize in Physics, Norddeutscher Rundfunk, Normans, Norway, Obstetrics, Old Botanical Garden, Kiel, Oldenburg in Holstein, Opernhaus Kiel, Oslo, Oswalt Kolle, Otto Kretschmer, Parkinson's disease, Partial differential equation, Paternoster, Paul Wenneker, Personal union, Peter III of Russia, Philology, Piracy, Playwright, Postage stamp, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Prince Henry of Prussia (1862–1929), Protein crystallization, Province of Schleswig-Holstein, Quantum mechanics, Raytheon, Rendsburg, Rheinmetall, Robert Michaelis von Olshausen, Romanticism, Royal Navy, Rudolf Hell, Russia, Sailing, Saint Nicholas, Saint Petersburg, Samsun, San Francisco, Scandinavia, Schönberg, Plön, Schenker AG, Schleswig-Holstein, SciEngines GmbH, Seat of local government, Second Catilinarian conspiracy, Second Schleswig War, Sex education, Shimon Wincelberg, Shipbuilding, Shipyard, Sidney Sam, Sigrid Hunke, Sister city, Slavery, Social Democratic Party of Germany, Sovetsk, Kaliningrad Oblast, Sparkassen-Arena, SpVgg Unterhaching, Steenbek-Projensdorf, Stena Line, Stralsund, Strande, Submarine, Sweden, T-Force, Tallinn, Theodor Mommsen, Theology, Thilo Martinho, THW Kiel, ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems, Tomma Abts, Tony Hibbert (British Army officer), Topology, Trade fair, Trams in Kiel, Turner Prize, U-boat, Ulf Kämpfer, Ulric Neisser, Ulrich Schnauss, University of Kiel, Vaasa, Venice, Vikings, Voith, Volksfest, Vossloh, Walther Müller, Weimar Republic, Wilhelmshaven, William I, German Emperor, World War I, World War II, Yalta Conference, 1. FC Nürnberg, 1904 Summer Olympics, 1936 Summer Olympics, 1960 Summer Olympics, 1964 Summer Olympics, 1968 Summer Olympics, 1992 Summer Olympics, 2. Bundesliga. Expand index (272 more) »

Aarhus

Aarhus (officially spelled Århus from 1948 until 31 December 2010) is the second-largest city in Denmark and the seat of Aarhus municipality.

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Admiral

Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navies, and in many navies is the highest rank.

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Adolf IV of Holstein

Adolf IV (before 1205 – 8 July 1261), was a Count of Schauenburg (1225–1238) and of Holstein (1227–1238), of the House of Schaumburg.

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Adolf Michaelis

Adolf Michaelis (22 June 1835 – 12 August 1910) was a German classical scholar, a professor of art history at the University of Strasbourg from 1872, who helped establish the connoisseurship of Ancient Greek sculpture and Roman sculpture on their modern footing.

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Alfred Brinckmann

Alfred Brinckmann (3 January 1891 – 30 May 1967) was a German chess International Master, author and functionary from Kiel.

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Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease (AD), also referred to simply as Alzheimer's, is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and worsens over time.

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Andreas Brandstätter

Andreas Brandstätter (1959–2006) was a German diplomat.

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Andreas Köpke

Andreas Köpke (born 12 March 1962) is a German former football goalkeeper who was in the German squad that won the 1990 FIFA World Cup, and was also part of the 1994 FIFA World Cup squad.

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Angelique Kerber

Angelique Kerber (born 18 January 1988) is a German professional tennis player and former world No. 1.

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Animal painter

An animal painter is an artist who specialises in (or is known for their skill in) the portrayal of animals.

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Anke Ehlers

Anke Ehlers FBA FMedSci (born 11 January 1957) is a German psychologist who works at the University of Oxford as Wellcome Trust Principal Research Fellow and Professor of Experimental Psychopathology.

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Antakya

Antakya (انطاكيا, Anṭākyā, previously أنطاكيّة (Anṭākīyyah) from ܐܢܛܝܘܟܝܐ, Anṭiokia; Ἀντιόχεια, Antiócheia) is the seat of the Hatay Province in southern Turkey.

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Archaeology

Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.

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ARGE-SH

ARGE-SH - the Institute for Sustainable Constructions in Germany has been publishing specialized books on building construction and house building since 1947.

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Art history

Art history is the study of objects of art in their historical development and stylistic contexts; that is genre, design, format, and style.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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August Howaldt

August Ferdinand Howaldt (23 October 1809 – 4 August 1883) was a German engineer and ship builder.

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August Leskien

August Leskien (8 July 1840 – 20 September 1916) was a German linguist active in the field of comparative linguistics, particularly relating to the Baltic and Slavic languages.

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August Mau

August Mau (15 October 1840 – 6 March 1909) was a prominent German art historian and archaeologist who worked with the Deutsches Archäologisches Institut while studying and classifying the Roman paintings at Pompeii, which was destroyed with the town of Herculaneum by volcanic eruption in 79 AD.

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Austrian Empire

The Austrian Empire (Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1919, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs.

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Austro-Prussian War

The Austro-Prussian War or Seven Weeks' War (also known as the Unification War, the War of 1866, or the Fraternal War, in Germany as the German War, and also by a variety of other names) was a war fought in 1866 between the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia, with each also being aided by various allies within the German Confederation.

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Bad Segeberg

Bad Segeberg is a German town of 16,000 inhabitants, located in the state of Schleswig-Holstein, capital of the district (Kreis) Segeberg.

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Baltic Sea

The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.

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Baltic states

The Baltic states, also known as the Baltic countries, Baltic republics, Baltic nations or simply the Baltics (Balti riigid, Baltimaad, Baltijas valstis, Baltijos valstybės), is a geopolitical term used for grouping the three sovereign countries in Northern Europe on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.

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Bay of Kiel

The Bay of Kiel or Kiel Bay is a bay in the southwestern Baltic Sea, off the shores of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany and the islands of Denmark.

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Bayer 04 Leverkusen

Bayer 04 Leverkusen Fußball GmbH, also known as Bayer 04 Leverkusen, Bayer Leverkusen, Leverkusen or simply Bayer, is a German football club based in Leverkusen, North Rhine-Westphalia.

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Berlin

Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.

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Biomolecule

A biomolecule or biological molecule is a loosely used term for molecules and ions that are present in organisms, essential to some typically biological process such as cell division, morphogenesis, or development.

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Biophysics

Biophysics is an interdisciplinary science that applies the approaches and methods of physics to study biological systems.

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Bordesholm

Bordesholm is a town in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany in the district Rendsburg-Eckernförde.

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Botanical garden

A botanical garden or botanic gardenThe terms botanic and botanical and garden or gardens are used more-or-less interchangeably, although the word botanic is generally reserved for the earlier, more traditional gardens.

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Botanischer Garten der Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel

The Botanischer Garten der Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel (8 hectares), or less formally the Botanischer Garten Kiel, is a botanical garden and arboretum maintained by the University of Kiel.

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Brandtaucher

Brandtaucher (German for Fire-diver) was a submersible designed by the Bavarian inventor and engineer Wilhelm Bauer and built by Schweffel & Howaldt in Kiel for Schleswig-Holstein's Flotilla (part of the Reichsflotte) in 1850.

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Brest, France

Brest is a city in the Finistère département in Brittany.

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British Forces Broadcasting Service

The British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) provides radio and television programmes for Her Majesty's Armed Forces, and their dependents worldwide.

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Britta Carlson

Britta Carlson (born 3 March 1978) is a German former football midfielder who played in the Frauen Bundesliga for Hamburger SV, Turbine Potsdam and VfL Wolfsburg.

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Bruno Diekmann

Bruno Diekmann (April 19, 1897 – January 11, 1982) was a German politician (SPD) from Kiel and Minister-President of Schleswig-Holstein (1949–1950).

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Bundesautobahn 7

is the longest German Autobahn and the longest national motorway in Europe at 963 km (598 mi).

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Bundesliga

The Bundesliga (lit. "Federal League", sometimes referred to as the Fußball-Bundesliga or 1. Bundesliga) is a professional association football league in Germany and the football league with the highest average stadium attendance worldwide.

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Bundeswehr

The Bundeswehr (Federal Defence) is the unified armed forces of Germany and their civil administration and procurement authorities.

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Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker

Carl Friedrich Freiherr von Weizsäcker (28 June 1912 – 28 April 2007) was a German physicist and philosopher.

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Carl Loewe

Johann Carl Gottfried Loewe (30 November 1796 – 20 April 1869), usually called Carl Loewe (sometimes seen as Karl Loewe), was a German composer, tenor singer and conductor.

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Carl Zuckmayer

Carl Zuckmayer (27 December 1896 – 18 January 1977) was a German writer and playwright.

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Caterpillar Inc.

Caterpillar Inc. is an American Fortune 100 corporation which designs, develops, engineers, manufactures, markets and sells machinery, engines, financial products and insurance to customers via a worldwide dealer network.

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Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp

Christian Albert (Gottorp –, Gottorp) was a duke of Holstein-Gottorp and bishop of Lübeck.

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Cologne

Cologne (Köln,, Kölle) is the largest city in the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth most populated city in Germany (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich).

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Color Line (ferry operator)

Color Line AS is the largest cruiseferry line operating on routes to and from Norway.

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Commodore (rank)

Commodore is a naval rank used in many navies that is superior to a navy captain, but below a rear admiral.

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Comparative linguistics

Comparative linguistics (originally comparative philology) is a branch of historical linguistics that is concerned with comparing languages to establish their historical relatedness.

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Computational complexity theory

Computational complexity theory is a branch of the theory of computation in theoretical computer science that focuses on classifying computational problems according to their inherent difficulty, and relating those classes to each other.

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Conducting

Conducting is the art of directing a musical performance, such as an orchestral or choral concert.

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Configuration (geometry)

In mathematics, specifically projective geometry, a configuration in the plane consists of a finite set of points, and a finite arrangement of lines, such that each point is incident to the same number of lines and each line is incident to the same number of points.

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Contact lens

A contact lens, or simply contact, is a thin lens placed directly on the surface of the eye.

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Continuum (topology)

In the mathematical field of point-set topology, a continuum (plural: "continua") is a nonempty compact connected metric space, or, less frequently, a compact connected Hausdorff space.

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Copenhagen

Copenhagen (København; Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark.

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Cora E.

Cora E. (born 1968 in Kiel, Germany as Sylvia Macco) is a former nurse turned hip-hop artist who emerged in the early underground German hip hop culture.

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Coventry

Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.

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Cruise ship

A cruise ship or cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, when the voyage itself, the ship's amenities, and sometimes the different destinations along the way (i.e., ports of call), are part of the experience.

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Denmark

Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.

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Detlev Bork

Detlev Bork (born 9 April 1967) is a German guitarist specializing in both classical and flamenco music.

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Detlev von Liliencron

Baron Detlev von Liliencron born Friedrich Adolf Axel Detlev Liliencron (June 3, 1844 in KielJuly 22, 1909) was a German lyric poet and novelist from Kiel.

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DFDS Lisco

DFDS Lisco was a Lithuanian ferry company that operated passenger and freight services across the Baltic Sea from Lithuania to Sweden and Germany.

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DFDS Seaways

DFDS Seaways is a large Danish shipping company that operates passenger and freight services across northern Europe.

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Dieter Laser

Dieter Laser (born 17 February 1942) is a German actor.

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Diplomat

A diplomat is a person appointed by a state to conduct diplomacy with one or more other states or international organizations.

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Duchess Donata of Mecklenburg

Duchess Donata of Mecklenburg (born 11 March 1956) is the senior remaining member of the House of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

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Duchy of Schleswig

The Duchy of Schleswig (Hertugdømmet Slesvig; Herzogtum Schleswig; Low German: Sleswig; North Frisian: Slaswik) was a duchy in Southern Jutland (Sønderjylland) covering the area between about 60 km north and 70 km south of the current border between Germany and Denmark.

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Duke of Holstein-Gottorp

Holstein-Gottorp or Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp is the historiographical name, as well as contemporary shorthand name, for the parts of the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein, also known as Ducal Holstein, that were ruled by the dukes of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp.

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East Germany

East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.

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Eberhard Blum

Eberhard Blum (April 28, 1919 – July 9, 2003), born in Kiel, was the fourth head of the German Federal Intelligence Bureau (BND).

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Eckart Wagner

Eckart Johannes Wagner (4 July 1938 – 31 October 2002) was a German sailor who competed in the 1960 Summer Olympics, in the 1964 Summer Olympics, and in the 1968 Summer Olympics.

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Eckernförde

Eckernförde (Egernførde, sometimes also Egernfjord, Low German: Eckernför, sometimes also Eckernföör) is a German town in Schleswig-Holstein, Kreis Rendsburg-Eckernförde, on the coast of the Baltic Sea approximately 30 km northwest of Kiel.

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Eduard Schwartz

Eduard Schwartz (22 August 1858 – 13 February 1940) was a German classical philologist.

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Eduard Wald

Eduard Wald (March 10, 1905 – November 5, 1978) was a Communist politician, trade unionist and member of the German Resistance against Nazism.

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Egon Müller

Egon Müller (born 26 November 1948 in Kiel, Germany) is a former international motorcycle speedway rider and was winner of the Speedway World Championship in 1983, winning the title in his homeland with a maximum score of 15 points.

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Elisabeth von Janota-Bzowski

Elisabeth von Janota-Bzowski (November 23, 1912 – August 15, 2012) was a German graphic artist known for her postage stamps and magazine designs.

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Elyakim Haetzni

Elyakim Haetzni (born 22 June 1926) is an Israeli lawyer, settlement activist, and former politician who served as a member of the Knesset for Tehiya from 1990 until 1992.

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Eric Braeden

Eric Braeden (born Hans-Jörg Gudegast; April 3, 1941) is a German-American film and television actor, known for his roles as Victor Newman on the soap opera The Young and the Restless, as Hans Dietrich in the 1960s TV series The Rat Patrol, Dr.

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Erna Flegel

Erna Flegel (11 July 1911 – 16 February 2006) was a German nurse.

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Ernst Barlach

Ernst Barlach (2 January 1870 in Wedel – 24 October 1938 in Rostock) was a German expressionist sculptor, printmaker and writer.

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Ernst Busch (actor)

Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Busch (22 January 1900 – 8 June 1980) was a German singer and actor.

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Ernst Steinitz

Ernst Steinitz (13 June 1871 – 29 September 1928) was a German mathematician.

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Ernst von Salomon

Ernst von Salomon (25 September 1902 – 9 August 1972) was a Weimar-era national-revolutionary German writer and right-wing Freikorps member.

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Euro

The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Exegesis

Exegesis (from the Greek ἐξήγησις from ἐξηγεῖσθαι, "to lead out") is a critical explanation or interpretation of a text, particularly a religious text.

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Fachhochschule Kiel

The Fachhochschule Kiel is a University of Applied Sciences, established in 1969.

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Federal Intelligence Service (Germany)

The Federal Intelligence Service (German: Bundesnachrichtendienst;, BND) is the foreign intelligence agency of Germany, directly subordinated to the Chancellor's Office.

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Fehmarn

Fehmarn (Femern) is an island on, since 2003, a town on the island in the Baltic Sea, off the eastern coast of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, and c. 18 kilometers south of the Danish island of Lolland.

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Felix Jacoby

Felix Jacoby (19 March 1876 – 10 November 1959) was a German classicist and philologist.

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Ferdinand Tönnies

Ferdinand Tönnies (26 July 1855 – 9 April 1936) was a German sociologist and philosopher.

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Feridun Zaimoğlu

Feridun Zaimoğlu (born 4 December 1964 in Bolu) is a German author and visual artist of Turkish origin.

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FIDE titles

The World Chess Federation, FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Échecs), awards several performance-based titles to chess players, up to and including the highly prized Grandmaster title.

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First Schleswig War

The First Schleswig War (Schleswig-Holsteinischer Krieg) or Three Years' War (Treårskrigen) was the first round of military conflict in southern Denmark and northern Germany rooted in the Schleswig-Holstein Question, contesting the issue of who should control the Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein.

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Flensburg

Flensburg (Danish, Low Saxon: Flensborg; North Frisian: Flansborj; South Jutlandic: Flensborre) is an independent town (kreisfreie Stadt) in the north of the German state of Schleswig-Holstein.

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Francisco Copado

Francisco Copado Álvarez (born 19 July 1974) is a German retired footballer who played mainly as a striker.

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Frankfurt

Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.

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Freikorps

Freikorps ("Free Corps") were German volunteer units that existed from the 18th to the early 20th centuries, which effectively fought as mercenary or private armies, regardless of their own nationality.

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Friedrich Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein

Friedrich Ferdinand of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (12 October 1855 – 21 January 1934) was the fourth Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and became Duke of Schleswig-Holstein in 1931.

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Friedrich Wilhelm Hermann Delffs

Friedrich Wilhelm Hermann Delffs (21 April 1812 in Kiel – 18 March 1894 in Heidelberg) was a German chemist.

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Gdańsk

Gdańsk (Danzig) is a Polish city on the Baltic coast.

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Gdynia

Gdynia (Gdingen, Gdiniô) is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodeship of Poland and a seaport of Gdańsk Bay on the south coast of the Baltic Sea.

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Geiger counter

The Geiger counter is an instrument used for detecting and measuring ionizing radiation used widely in applications such as radiation dosimetry, radiological protection, experimental physics and the nuclear industry.

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GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel

The GEOMAR - Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR), former Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences (German: Leibniz-Institut für Meereswissenschaften, IFM-GEOMAR), is a research institute in Kiel, Germany.

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George Eyser

George Louis Eyser (August 31, 1870 – March 6, 1919) was a German-American gymnast who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics, earning six medals in one day, including three gold and two silver medals.

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Gerhard Stoltenberg

Gerhard Stoltenberg (September 29, 1928 – November 23, 2001) was a German politician (CDU) and minister in the cabinets of Ludwig Erhard, Kurt Georg Kiesinger and Helmut Kohl.

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German Confederation

The German Confederation (Deutscher Bund) was an association of 39 German-speaking states in Central Europe, created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to coordinate the economies of separate German-speaking countries and to replace the former Holy Roman Empire, which had been dissolved in 1806.

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German cruiser Admiral Hipper

Admiral Hipper, the first of five ships of her class, was the lead ship of the of heavy cruisers which served with Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

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German cruiser Admiral Scheer

Admiral Scheer was a heavy cruiser (often termed a pocket battleship) which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II.

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German Empire

The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.

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German National Library of Economics

The German National Library of Economics (ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics) is the world’s largest research infrastructure for economic literature, online as well as offline.

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German Navy

The German Navy (Deutsche Marine or simply Marine—) is the navy of Germany and part of the unified Bundeswehr ("Federal Defense"), the German Armed Forces.

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German resistance to Nazism

German resistance to Nazism (German: Widerstand gegen den Nationalsozialismus) was the opposition by individuals and groups in Germany to the National Socialist regime between 1933 and 1945.

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German Revolution of 1918–19

The German Revolution or November Revolution (Novemberrevolution) was a civil conflict in the German Empire at the end of the First World War that resulted in the replacement of the German federal constitutional monarchy with a democratic parliamentary republic that later became known as the Weimar Republic.

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German surrender at Lüneburg Heath

On 4 May 1945 at Lüneburg Heath, east of Hamburg, Field Marshal Sir Bernard Law Montgomery accepted the unconditional surrender of the German forces in the Netherlands, in northwest Germany including all islands, and in Denmark and all naval ships in those areas.

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Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Germany women's national football team

The Germany women's national football team (Deutsche Fußballnationalmannschaft der Frauen) is governed by the German Football Association (DFB).

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Gesche Joost

Gesche Joost (born 1974 in Kiel, Germany) is a German design researcher.

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Gothenburg

Gothenburg (abbreviated Gbg; Göteborg) is the second-largest city in Sweden and the fifth-largest in the Nordic countries.

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Graphic designer

A graphic designer is a professional within the graphic design and graphic arts industry who assembles together images, typography, or motion graphics to create a piece of design.

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Gross domestic product

Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.

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Group theory

In mathematics and abstract algebra, group theory studies the algebraic structures known as groups.

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Gustav Adolf Michaelis

Gustav Adolf Michaelis (9 July 1798 – 8 August 1848) was a German obstetrician who was a native of Kiel.

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Gymnasium (Germany)

Gymnasium (German plural: Gymnasien), in the German education system, is the most advanced of the three types of German secondary schools, the others being Realschule and Hauptschule. Gymnasium strongly emphasizes academic learning, comparable to the British grammar school system or with prep schools in the United States.

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Gynaecology

Gynaecology or gynecology (see spelling differences) is the medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive systems (vagina, uterus, and ovaries) and the breasts.

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Hamburg

Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.

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Hamburg Airport

Hamburg Airport, known in German as Flughafen Hamburg, is the international airport of Hamburg, the second-largest city in Germany.

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Handball

Handball (also known as team handball, fieldball, European handball or Olympic handball) is a team sport in which two teams of seven players each (six outfield players and a goalkeeper) pass a ball using their hands with the aim of throwing it into the goal of the other team.

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Hans Aschenborn

Hans Anton Aschenborn (1 February 1888 – 10 April 1931) was a renowned animal painter of African wildlife.

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Hans Geiger

Johannes Wilhelm "Hans" Geiger (30 September 1882 – 24 September 1945) was a German physicist.

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Hanseatic League

The Hanseatic League (Middle Low German: Hanse, Düdesche Hanse, Hansa; Standard German: Deutsche Hanse; Latin: Hansa Teutonica) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Northwestern and Central Europe.

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Harro Schulze-Boysen

Heinz Harro Max Wilhelm Georg Schulze-Boysen (2 September 1909 – 22 December 1942) was a German soldier who would become a leading figure in the Red Orchestra (Rote Kapelle) group in the German resistance to Nazism during World War II.

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Harvard University

Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

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Heidelberger Druckmaschinen

Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AG is a German precision mechanical engineering company with registered office in Heidelberg (Baden-Württemberg) and headquarter in Wiesloch/Walldorf (Baden-Württemberg).

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Heike Henkel

Heike Henkel (born Heike Redetzky on 5 May 1964) is a German former athlete competing in high jump.

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Heiko Braak

Heiko Braak (born June 16, 1937) is a German anatomist.

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Heiner Zieschang

Heiner Zieschang (12 November 1936 in Kiel – 5 April 2004 in Bochum) was a German mathematician.

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Heinrich Dahlinger

Heinrich "Hein Daddel" Dahlinger (30 October 1922 – 2 February 2008) was a world-class German field handball and team handball player and entrepreneur of a wood sale company.

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Heinrich Heesch

Heinrich Heesch (June 25, 1906 – July 26, 1995) was a German mathematician.

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Heinrich Wöhlk

Heinrich Wöhlk (April 9, 1913 in Kiel – December 23, 1991 in Schönkirchen) was a German optometrist.

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Hellschreiber

The Hellschreiber, Feldhellschreiber or Typenbildfeldfernschreiber (also Hell-Schreiber named after its inventor Rudolf Hell) is a facsimile-based teleprinter invented by Rudolf Hell.

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Helmut Lemke

Helmut Lemke (29 September 1907 – 15 April 1990) was a German politician (NSDAP and CDU) and Minister-President of Schleswig-Holstein (1963-1971).

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Henri Lehmann

Henri Lehmann (14 April 1814 – 30 March 1882) was a German-born French historical painter and portraitist.

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Herbert Schultze

Herbert Emil Schultze (24 July 1909 – 3 June 1987), was a German U-boat (submarine) commander of the Kriegsmarine (the German navy in World War II).

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Hermann Graedener

Hermann Graedener or Grädener (8 May 1844 – 15 September 1929) was a German composer, conductor and teacher.

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Hermann Michel

, sometimes referred to as "Preacher" (born 23 April 1912, allegedly died 8 August 1984), was a Nazi and SS-Oberscharführer (Staff Sergeant).

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History of art

The history of art focuses on objects made by humans in visual form for aesthetic purposes.

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History painting

History painting is a genre in painting defined by its subject matter rather than artistic style.

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Holomorphic function

In mathematics, a holomorphic function is a complex-valued function of one or more complex variables that is complex differentiable in a neighborhood of every point in its domain.

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Holstein

Holstein (Northern Low Saxon: Holsteen, Holsten, Latin and historical Holsatia) is the region between the rivers Elbe and Eider.

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Holstein Kiel

Holstein Kiel (KSV Holstein or Kieler SV Holstein) is a German association football and sports club based in the city of Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein.

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Holstein-Stadion

Holstein-Stadion is a stadium in the port city of Kiel in Northern Germany.

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Holy Roman Empire

The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.

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House of Glücksburg

The House of Glücksburg (also spelled Glücksborg), shortened from House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, is a Dano-German branch of the House of Oldenburg, members of which have reigned at various times in Denmark, Norway, Greece and several northern German states.

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Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft

Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft (often abbreviated HDW) is a German shipbuilding company, headquartered in Kiel.

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HSH Nordbank

HSH Nordbank is a commercial bank in northern Europe with headquarters in Hamburg as well as Kiel, Germany.

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Husum

Husum (North Frisian: Hüsem) is the capital of the Kreis (district) Nordfriesland in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

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Ilme Schlichting

Ilme Schlichting (born March 8, 1960) is a German biophysicist.

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Ilse Gramatzki

Ilse Gramatzki (born 1939) is a German operatic mezzo-soprano and contralto who performed at major European opera houses.

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Intercity-Express

The Intercity-Express (written as InterCityExpress in Austria, Denmark, Switzerland and, formerly, in Germany) or ICE is a system of high-speed trains predominantly running in Germany and its surrounding countries.

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Itzehoe

Itzehoe (Itzhoe) is a town in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein.

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Joachim Hamann

Joachim Hamann (18 May 1913 in Kiel – 13 July 1945) was an officer of the Einsatzkommando 3, a killing unit of Einsatzgruppe A, responsible for thousands of Jewish deaths in Lithuania.

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Johan Ludwig Lund

Johan Ludwig Gebhard Lund (primarily known as J. L. Lund), (16 October 1777 – 3 March 1867), Danish painter, was born in Kiel, Duchy of Holstein, to master painter Hans Giewert Lund and his wife Maria Magdalena Christina Bremer.

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Johannes Nikolaus Tetens

Johannes Nikolaus Tetens (also Johann; Johan Nicolai Tetens; 16 September 1736 – 17 August 1807) was a German-Danish philosopher, statistician and scientist.

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Johannes Weiss

Johannes Weiss (December 13, 1863 – August 24, 1914) was a German Protestant theologian and Biblical exegete.

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John I, Count of Holstein-Kiel

John I, Count of Holstein-Kiel (– 20 April 1263) was a member of the House of Schauenburg.

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Judith Malina

Judith Malina (June 4, 1926 – April 10, 2015) was a German-born American theater and film actress, writer and director.

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Jutland

Jutland (Jylland; Jütland), also known as the Cimbric or Cimbrian Peninsula (Cimbricus Chersonesus; Den Kimbriske Halvø; Kimbrische Halbinsel), is a peninsula of Northern Europe that forms the continental portion of Denmark and part of northern Germany.

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Kaiserliche Werft Kiel

Kaiserliche Werft Kiel ("Imperial shipyard Kiel") was a German shipbuilding company founded in 1867, first as Königliche Werft Kiel but renamed in 1871 with the proclamation of the German Empire.

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Kaliningrad

Kaliningrad (p; former German name: Königsberg; Yiddish: קעניגסבערג, Kenigsberg; r; Old Prussian: Twangste, Kunnegsgarbs, Knigsberg; Polish: Królewiec) is a city in the administrative centre of Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea.

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Karl Hass

Karl Hass (5 October 1912 – 21 April 2004) was a German Lieutenant-Colonel in the SS whose involvement in the Ardeatine massacre while serving in Italy led to allegations of war crimes.

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Karl Leonhard Reinhold

Karl Leonhard Reinhold (26 October 1757 – 10 April 1823) was an Austrian philosopher who helped to popularise the work of Immanuel Kant in the late 18th century.

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Karl Ristenpart

Karl Ristenpart (January 26, 1900 – December 24, 1967) was a German conductor.

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Kiel Canal

The Kiel Canal (Nord-Ostsee-Kanal, literally "North--Baltic Sea canal", formerly known as the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kanal) is a long freshwater canal in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein.

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Kiel Hauptbahnhof

Kiel Hauptbahnhof is the main railway station in the northern German city of Kiel.

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Kiel Institute for the World Economy

The Kiel Institute for the World Economy (Institut für Weltwirtschaft, IfW) is an economics research center and a think tank that is located in Kiel, Germany.

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Kiel mutiny

The Kiel mutiny was a major revolt by sailors of the German High Seas Fleet on 3 November 1918.

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Kiel Week

The Kiel Week (Kieler Woche) or Kiel Regatta is an annual sailing event in Kiel, the capital of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

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Kiel, Wisconsin

Kiel is a city in Calumet and Manitowoc counties in the U.S. state of Wisconsin.

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Kieler Förde

Kieler Förde is an approximately long inlet of the Baltic Sea on the eastern side of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

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Kieler Nachrichten

The Kieler Nachrichten (literally "Kiel News") or KN is the only German language newspaper published in Kiel, Germany.

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Kieler Yacht-Club

Kieler Yacht-Club (Kiel Yacht Club) is one of the oldest yacht clubs in Germany.

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Kim Dotcom

Kim Dotcom (born Kim Schmitz, 21 January 1974), also known as Kimble and Kim Tim Jim Vestor, is a German-Finnish Internet entrepreneur and political activist who resides in Queenstown, New Zealand.

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Kingdom of Prussia

The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.

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Klaipėda

Klaipėda (Samogitian name: Klaipieda, Polish name: Kłajpeda, German name: Memel), is a city in Lithuania on the Baltic Sea coast.

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Klaus Wittkugel

Klaus Wittkugel (17 October 1910 – 19 September 1985) was one of the most important commercial and poster artists in the German Democratic Republic (1949–1989).

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Knesset

The Knesset (הַכְּנֶסֶת; lit. "the gathering" or "assembly"; الكنيست) is the unicameral national legislature of Israel.

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Kuno Francke

Kuno Francke (27 September 1855 – 1930), was a U.S. (German-born) educator and historian.

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Kurt Otto Friedrichs

Kurt Otto Friedrichs (September 28, 1901 – December 31, 1982) was a noted German American mathematician.

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Laboe

Laboe is a municipality in the district of Plön, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

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Laboe Naval Memorial

The Laboe Naval Memorial (a.k.a. Laboe Tower) is a memorial located in Laboe, near Kiel, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

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LaserSoft Imaging

LaserSoft Imaging AG is a software developer designing software such as SilverFast for scanners and digital cameras.

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Lasse Rempe-Gillen

Lasse Rempe-Gillen (born 20 January 1978) is a German mathematician born in Kiel.

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Lauritz Lauritzen

Lauritz Lauritzen (20 January 1910 – 5 June 1980) was a German politician of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD).

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Lübeck

Lübeck is a city in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany, and one of the major ports of Germany.

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Lübeck law

The Lübeck law (Lübisches (Stadt)Recht) was the constitution of a municipal form of government developed at Lübeck, now in Schleswig-Holstein, after it was made a free city in 1226.

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List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipients (Schu–Sz)

The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) and its variants were the highest awards in the military and paramilitary forces of Nazi Germany during World War II.

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List of rulers of Schleswig-Holstein

The following is a list of rulers, usually dukes, who ruled both Schleswig and Holstein, starting from the first Holstein count who received Schleswig, until both provinces were annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia; and afterwards, titular dukes.

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Lithuania

Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.

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Lyric poetry

Lyric poetry is a formal type of poetry which expresses personal emotions or feelings, typically spoken in the first person.

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Manfred Rulffs

Manfred Rulffs (6 March 1935 – 15 January 2007) was a German rower who competed for the United Team of Germany in the 1960 Summer Olympics.

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Manfred Stahnke

Manfred Stahnke (born 30 October 1951) is a German composer and musicologist from Kiel.

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Marina Lewycka

Marina Lewycka (born 12 October 1946) is a British novelist of Ukrainian origin.

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Maschinenbau Kiel

Maschinenbau Kiel GmbH designed, manufactured and marketed marine diesel engines, diesel locomotives and tracked vehicles under the MaK brand name.

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Mathematician

A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics in his or her work, typically to solve mathematical problems.

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Max Planck

Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, FRS (23 April 1858 – 4 October 1947) was a German theoretical physicist whose discovery of energy quanta won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918.

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Max Planck Society

The Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science (Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e. V.; abbreviated MPG) is a formally independent non-governmental and non-profit association of German research institutes founded in 1911 as the Kaiser Wilhelm Society and renamed the Max Planck Society in 1948 in honor of its former president, theoretical physicist Max Planck.

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Möltenort U-Boat Memorial

The U-Boot-Ehrenmal Möltenort (Möltenort U-Boat Memorial) in Heikendorf near Kiel is a memorial site belonging to the German War Graves Commission, commemorating the soldiers who died serving in U-Boat units during the First and Second World Wars, along with all victims of submarine warfare.

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Michael F. Feldkamp

Michael F. Feldkamp (born 23 April 1962) is a German historian and journalist.

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Microtonal music

Microtonal music or microtonality is the use in music of microtones—intervals smaller than a semitone, also called "microintervals".

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Minister-president

A minister-president or minister president is the head of government in a number of European countries or subnational governments with a parliamentary or semi-presidential system of government where he or she presides over the council of ministers.

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Moshi Rural District

The Moshi Rural district is one of the seven districts of the Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzania.

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Motorcycle speedway

Motorcycle speedway, usually referred to as speedway, is a motorcycle sport involving four and sometimes up to six riders competing over four anti-clockwise laps of an oval circuit.

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Munich

Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.

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National Academy of Sciences

The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a United States nonprofit, non-governmental organization.

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Neumünster

Neumünster is an urban municipality in the middle of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

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Neuropathology

Neuropathology is the study of disease of nervous system tissue, usually in the form of either small surgical biopsies or whole-body autopsies.

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Nobel Prize in Physics

The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.

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Norddeutscher Rundfunk

Norddeutscher Rundfunk (NDR; Northern German Broadcasting) is a public radio and television broadcaster, based in Hamburg.

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Normans

The Normans (Norman: Normaunds; Normands; Normanni) were the people who, in the 10th and 11th centuries, gave their name to Normandy, a region in France.

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Norway

Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.

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Obstetrics

Obstetrics is the field of study concentrated on pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period.

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Old Botanical Garden, Kiel

The Old Botanical Garden in Kiel (Alter Botanischer Garten Kiel) (2.5 hectares), also known as the Old Botanical Garden on the Fjord (Alter Botanischer Garten an der Förde), is a former botanical garden and arboretum located at Düsternbrooker Weg 19, Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

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Oldenburg in Holstein

Oldenburg in Holstein is a town at the southwestern shore of the Baltic Sea.

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Opernhaus Kiel

Opernhaus Kiel (Kiel Opera House) is the major venue for opera, ballet, and orchestral performances in Kiel, and home to Theater Kiel.

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Oslo

Oslo (rarely) is the capital and most populous city of Norway.

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Oswalt Kolle

Oswalt Kolle (2 October 1928, Kiel – 24 September 2010, Amsterdam) was a German sex educator, who became famous during the late 1960s and early 1970s for his numerous pioneering books and films on human sexuality.

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Otto Kretschmer

Otto Kretschmer (1 May 1912 – 5 August 1998) was the most successful German U-boat commander in the Second World War and later an admiral in the Bundesmarine.

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Parkinson's disease

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system.

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Partial differential equation

In mathematics, a partial differential equation (PDE) is a differential equation that contains unknown multivariable functions and their partial derivatives.

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Paternoster

A paternoster or paternoster lift is a passenger elevator which consists of a chain of open compartments (each usually designed for two persons) that move slowly in a loop up and down inside a building without stopping.

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Paul Wenneker

Paul Werner Wenneker (27 February 1890 – 17 October 1979) was a German admiral and diplomat.

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Personal union

A personal union is the combination of two or more states that have the same monarch while their boundaries, laws, and interests remain distinct.

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Peter III of Russia

Peter III (21 February 1728 –) (Пётр III Фëдорович, Pyotr III Fyodorovich) was Emperor of Russia for six months in 1762.

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Philology

Philology is the study of language in oral and written historical sources; it is a combination of literary criticism, history, and linguistics.

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Piracy

Piracy is an act of robbery or criminal violence by ship or boat-borne attackers upon another ship or a coastal area, typically with the goal of stealing cargo and other valuable items or properties.

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Playwright

A playwright or dramatist (rarely dramaturge) is a person who writes plays.

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Postage stamp

A postage stamp is a small piece of paper that is purchased and displayed on an item of mail as evidence of payment of postage.

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Posttraumatic stress disorder

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)Acceptable variants of this term exist; see the Terminology section in this article.

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Prince Henry of Prussia (1862–1929)

Prince Henry of Prussia (Albert Wilhelm Heinrich, 14 August 1862 – 20 April 1929) was a younger brother of German Emperor William II and a Prince of Prussia.

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Protein crystallization

Protein crystallization is the process of formation of a protein crystal.

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Province of Schleswig-Holstein

The Province of Schleswig-Holstein (Provinz Schleswig-Holstein) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1868 to 1946.

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Quantum mechanics

Quantum mechanics (QM; also known as quantum physics, quantum theory, the wave mechanical model, or matrix mechanics), including quantum field theory, is a fundamental theory in physics which describes nature at the smallest scales of energy levels of atoms and subatomic particles.

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Raytheon

The Raytheon Company is a major U.S. defense contractor and industrial corporation with core manufacturing concentrations in weapons and military and commercial electronics.

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Rendsburg

Rendsburg (Rendsborg) is a town on the River Eider and the Kiel Canal in the central part of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

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Rheinmetall

Rheinmetall AG has a presence in two corporate sectors (automotive and defence) with six divisions, and is headquartered in Düsseldorf, Germany.

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Robert Michaelis von Olshausen

Robert Michaelis von Olshausen (3 July 1835 – 1 February 1915) was a German obstetrician and gynecologist.

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Romanticism

Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.

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Royal Navy

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.

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Rudolf Hell

Rudolf Hell (19 December 1901 – 11 March 2002) was a German inventor.

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Russia

Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

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Sailing

Sailing employs the wind—acting on sails, wingsails or kites—to propel a craft on the surface of the water (sailing ship, sailboat, windsurfer, or kitesurfer), on ice (iceboat) or on land (land yacht) over a chosen course, which is often part of a larger plan of navigation.

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Saint Nicholas

Saint Nicholas (Ἅγιος Νικόλαος,, Sanctus Nicolaus; 15 March 270 – 6 December 343), also called Nikolaos of Myra or Nicholas of Bari, was Bishop of Myra, in Asia Minor (modern-day Demre, Turkey), and is a historic Christian saint.

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Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).

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Samsun

Samsun is a city on the north coast of Turkey with a population over half a million people.

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San Francisco

San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.

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Scandinavia

Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.

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Schönberg, Plön

Schönberg is a municipality in the district of Plön, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

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Schenker AG

Schenker AG is a German logistics company and a subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn, the German railway company.

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Schleswig-Holstein

Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 states of Germany, comprising most of the historical duchy of Holstein and the southern part of the former Duchy of Schleswig.

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SciEngines GmbH

SciEngines GmbH is a privately owned company founded 2007 as a spin-off of the COPACOBANA project by the Universities of Bochum and Kiel, both in Germany.

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Seat of local government

In local government, a city hall, town hall, civic centre, (in the UK or Australia) a guildhall, a Rathaus (German), or (more rarely) a municipal building, is the chief administrative building of a city, town, or other municipality.

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Second Catilinarian conspiracy

The second Catilinarian conspiracy, also known simply as the Catiline conspiracy, was a plot, devised by the Roman senator Lucius Sergius Catilina (or Catiline), with the help of a group of fellow aristocrats and disaffected veterans of Lucius Cornelius Sulla, to overthrow the consulship of Marcus Tullius Cicero and Gaius Antonius Hybrida.

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Second Schleswig War

The Second Schleswig War (2., Deutsch-Dänischer Krieg) was the second military conflict over the Schleswig-Holstein Question of the nineteenth century.

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Sex education

Sex education is the instruction of issues relating to human sexuality, including emotional relations and responsibilities, human sexual anatomy, sexual activity, sexual reproduction, age of consent, reproductive health, reproductive rights, safe sex, birth control and sexual abstinence.

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Shimon Wincelberg

Shimon Wincelberg (September 26, 1924 – September 29, 2004) was an American television writer and Broadway playwright.

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Shipbuilding

Shipbuilding is the construction of ships and other floating vessels.

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Shipyard

A shipyard (also called a dockyard) is a place where ships are built and repaired.

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Sidney Sam

Sidney Sam (born 31 January 1988) is a professional footballer who plays as a forward or winger for VfL Bochum.

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Sigrid Hunke

Sigrid Hunke (26 April 1913, Kiel – 15 June 1999) was a German author.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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Slavery

Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.

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Social Democratic Party of Germany

The Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) is a social-democratic political party in Germany.

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Sovetsk, Kaliningrad Oblast

Sovetsk (Сове́тск), before 1946 known as Tilsit (Tilžė; Tylża) in East Prussia, is a town in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the south bank of the Neman River.

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Sparkassen-Arena

The Sparkassen-Arena (formerly known as Ostseehalle) is an indoor arena, in Kiel, Germany.

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SpVgg Unterhaching

Spielvereinigung Unterhaching is a German sports club in Unterhaching, a semi-rural municipality on the southern outskirts of the Bavarian capital Munich.

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Steenbek-Projensdorf

Steenbek-Projensdorf is a district of Kiel located in the northwestern part of it, about five to ten kilometres outside of the city centre.

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Stena Line

Stena Line is one of the largest ferry operators in the world.

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Stralsund

Stralsund, (Swedish: Strålsund) is a Hanseatic town in the Pomeranian part of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.

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Strande

Strande is a municipality in the district of Rendsburg-Eckernförde, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany at the Kiel Fjord.

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Submarine

A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.

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Sweden

Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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T-Force

T-Force was the operational arm of a joint US Army-British Army mission to secure designated German scientific and industrial technology targets before they could be destroyed by retreating enemy forces or looters during the final stages of World War II and its immediate aftermath.

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Tallinn

Tallinn (or,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Estonia.

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Theodor Mommsen

Christian Matthias Theodor Mommsen (30 November 1817 – 1 November 1903) was a German classical scholar, historian, jurist, journalist, politician and archaeologist.

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Theology

Theology is the critical study of the nature of the divine.

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Thilo Martinho

Thilo Martinho (born Thilo Herrmann, 1960 in Kiel/Germany) is a German musician, singer, guitarist, and songwriter.

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THW Kiel

THW Kiel is a handball club from Kiel, Germany.

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ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems of Germany (often abbreviated TKMS) is a group and holding company of providers of naval vessels, surface ships and submarines.

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Tomma Abts

Tomma Abts (born 1967) is a German-born visual artist known for her abstract oil paintings.

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Tony Hibbert (British Army officer)

Tony Hibbert, MBE MC (6 December 1917 – 12 October 2014), ParaData, Airborne Assault (Registered Charity) was a British Army officer who fought in the Second World War.

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Topology

In mathematics, topology (from the Greek τόπος, place, and λόγος, study) is concerned with the properties of space that are preserved under continuous deformations, such as stretching, crumpling and bending, but not tearing or gluing.

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Trade fair

A trade fair (trade show, trade exhibition, or expo) is an exhibition organized so that companies in a specific industry can showcase and demonstrate their latest products and services, meet with industry partners and customers, study activities of rivals, and examine recent market trends and opportunities.

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Trams in Kiel

The Kiel tramway network (Straßenbahnnetz Kiel) once formed part of the public transport system in Kiel, now in the federal state of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

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Turner Prize

The Turner Prize, named after the English painter J. M. W. Turner, is an annual prize presented to a British visual artist.

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U-boat

U-boat is an anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".

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Ulf Kämpfer

Ulf Kämpfer (born 16 June 1972, Eutin, West Germany) is a German politician, being part of the Social Democratic Party of Germany.

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Ulric Neisser

Ulric Gustav Neisser (December 8, 1928 – February 17, 2012) was a German-born American psychologist and member of the US National Academy of Sciences. He has been referred to as the "father of cognitive psychology." Neisser researched and wrote about perception and memory.

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Ulrich Schnauss

Ulrich Schnauss (born 1977) is a German electronic musician and producer based in London, England.

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University of Kiel

Kiel University (German: Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, CAU) is a university in the city of Kiel, Germany.

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Vaasa

Vaasa (Vasa) is a city on the west coast of Finland.

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Venice

Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.

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Vikings

Vikings (Old English: wicing—"pirate", Danish and vikinger; Swedish and vikingar; víkingar, from Old Norse) were Norse seafarers, mainly speaking the Old Norse language, who raided and traded from their Northern European homelands across wide areas of northern, central, eastern and western Europe, during the late 8th to late 11th centuries.

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Voith

The Voith GmbH & Co.

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Volksfest

A Volksfest ("peoples' festival" in German) is a large event in Germany which usually combines a beer festival or wine festival and a travelling funfair.

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Vossloh

Vossloh AG is a rail technology company based in Werdohl in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

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Walther Müller

Walther Müller (6 September 1905 in Hanover – 4 December 1979 in Walnut Creek, California), was a German physicist, most well known for his improvement of Hans Geiger's counter for ionizing radiation, now known as the Geiger-Müller tube.

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Weimar Republic

The Weimar Republic (Weimarer Republik) is an unofficial, historical designation for the German state during the years 1919 to 1933.

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Wilhelmshaven

Wilhelmshaven (meaning William's Harbour) is a coastal town in Lower Saxony, Germany.

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William I, German Emperor

William I, or in German Wilhelm I. (full name: William Frederick Louis of Hohenzollern, Wilhelm Friedrich Ludwig von Hohenzollern, 22 March 1797 – 9 March 1888), of the House of Hohenzollern was King of Prussia from 2 January 1861 and the first German Emperor from 18 January 1871 to his death, the first Head of State of a united Germany.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Yalta Conference

The Yalta Conference, also known as the Crimea Conference and code named the Argonaut Conference, held from 4 to 11 February 1945, was the World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union for the purpose of discussing Germany and Europe's postwar reorganization.

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1. FC Nürnberg

1.

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1904 Summer Olympics

The 1904 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the III Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in St. Louis, Missouri, in the United States from August 29 until September 3, 1904, as part of an extended sports program lasting from July 1 to November 23, 1904, at what is now known as Francis Field on the campus of Washington University in St. Louis.

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1936 Summer Olympics

The 1936 Summer Olympics (German: Olympische Sommerspiele 1936), officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in 1936 in Berlin, Nazi Germany.

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1960 Summer Olympics

The 1960 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVII Olympiad (Italian: Giochi della XVII Olimpiade), was an international multi-sport event that was held from August 25 to September 11, 1960, in Rome, Italy.

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1964 Summer Olympics

The 1964 Summer Olympics, officially known as the, was an international multi-sport event held in Tokyo, Japan, from 10 to 24 October 1964.

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1968 Summer Olympics

The 1968 Summer Olympics (Spanish: Juegos Olímpicos de Verano de 1968), officially known as the Games of the XIX Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Mexico City, Mexico, in October 1968.

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1992 Summer Olympics

The 1992 Summer Olympic Games (Spanish: Juegos Olímpicos de Verano de 1992; Catalan: Jocs Olímpics d'estiu de 1992), officially known as the Games of the XXV Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event celebrated in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain in 1992.

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2. Bundesliga

The 2.

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Redirects here:

History of Kiel, Kiel, Germany, Kilonia, UN/LOCODE:DEKEL.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kiel

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