244 relations: A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court, A Dream of Eagles, A Glastonbury Romance, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Ambrosius Aurelianus, Ancient Greek, Aneirin, Anglia (journal), Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain, Anglo-Saxons, Annales Cambriae, Annwn, Arcturus, Arthur of the Britons, Arthur's O'on, Artognou stone, Artoria gens, Athrwys ap Meurig, Avalon, Áedán mac Gabráin, Éric Rohmer, Évrard d'Espinques, Battle of Badon, Battle of Camlann, Bede, Bedivere, Bernard Cornwell, Bibliography of King Arthur, Black Book of Carmarthen, Boötes, Bretons, Brutus of Troy, Cadoc, Cadwaladr, Camelot, Camelot (film), Camelot (musical), Camelot (TV series), Caradoc of Llancarfan, Carantoc, Cath Palug, Celtic Britons, Celtic mythology, Celtic Otherworld, Chapbook, Chivalric romance, Chivalry, Chrétien de Troyes, Classical Latin, ..., Clemence Dane, Cligès, Constantine (Briton), Cornwall, Cuckold, Culhwch, Culhwch and Olwen, Cumbric, Cynocephaly, David Dumville, De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae, Dux, EBSCO Industries, Ecclesiastical History of the English People, Edward Burne-Jones, Erec and Enide, Etruscan language, Excalibur, Excalibur (film), Fantasy literature, Feminism, Firelord (novel), Fisher King, Folklore, Galahad, Gaul, Gawain, Geoffrey Ashe, Geoffrey of Monmouth, Giant, Gildas, Glastonbury, Glossary of archaeology, Goeznovius, Gorlois, Gothic Revival architecture, Guinevere, Gustave Doré, Hagiography, Hengist and Horsa, Henry Fielding, Henry Purcell, Historia Brittonum, Historia Regum Britanniae, Historical fiction, Historicity of King Arthur, History of Ireland (400–800), Holy Grail, Howard Pyle, Idylls of the King, Igraine, Irish language, Jack Whyte, Jacques de Longuyon, James II of England, John Boorman, John Cowper Powys, John Dryden, John Masefield, John Morris (historian), JSTOR, King Arthur (2004 film), King Arthur (opera), King Arthur's family, King Arthur's messianic return, King Arthur: Legend of the Sword, Kingdom of Kent, Knights of the Round Table, Lady of the Lake, Lais of Marie de France, Lancelot, Lancelot du Lac (film), Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart, Lancelot-Grail, Lanzelet, Latin, Laurence Binyon, Le Morte d'Arthur, Lerner and Loewe, List of Arthurian characters, List of legendary kings of Britain, List of works based on Arthurian legends, Locations associated with Arthurian legend, Lucius Artorius Castus, Lucius Tiberius, Mabinogion, Magnus Maximus, Marie de France, Marion Zimmer Bradley, Mark Twain, Mary Stewart (novelist), Masque, Matter of Britain, Medieval literature, Medievalism, Merlin, Merlin (2008 TV series), Messapian language, Modena Cathedral, Monty Python and the Holy Grail, Mordred, N. C. Wyeth, Nennius, Nikolai Tolstoy, Nine Worthies, Norris J. Lacy, Nowell Myres, Olwen, Onomastics, Orkney, Otherworld, Owain Danwyn, Pa gur, Padarn, Parke Godwin, Perceval le Gallois, Perceval, the Story of the Grail, Percival, Peredur son of Efrawg, Picts, Polydore Vergil, Porius: A Romance of the Dark Ages, Post-Vulgate Cycle, Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, Preiddeu Annwfn, Prince Valiant, R. C. Sherriff, Renaissance, Richard Blackmore, Richard Wagner, Riothamus, Robert Bresson, Robert de Boron, Roman de Brut, Roman Empire, Roman naming conventions, Romano-British culture, Romanticism, Rosemary Sutcliff, Saint, Saxons, Scoti, Sir Kay, Stephen R. Lawhead, Sub-Roman Britain, Sword at Sunset, T. H. White, T. S. Eliot, Taliesin, The Coming of the King, The Crystal Cave, The Lady of Shalott, The Lantern Bearers (Sutcliff novel), The Last Legion, The Legend of King Arthur, The Mists of Avalon, The Once and Future King, The Pendragon Cycle, The Sword in the Stone (film), The Warlord Chronicles, The Waste Land, Thomas Charles-Edwards, Thomas Hardy, Thomas Malory, Three Welsh Romances, Tintagel, Tintagel Castle, Tom Thumb, Toponymy, Tristan and Iseult, Twrch Trwyth, Ulrich von Zatzikhoven, Ursa Major, Uther Pendragon, Victorian era, Wace, Wales, Walt Disney, Welsh language, Welsh people, Welsh Triads, Weregild, William Caxton, William III of England, William Morris, William of Malmesbury, William of Newburgh, William Wordsworth, World War I, World War II, Y Gododdin, Ysbaddaden, Yvain, the Knight of the Lion, Ywain. Expand index (194 more) » « Shrink index
A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court is an 1889 novel by American humorist and writer Mark Twain.
A Dream of Eagles is a historical novel series written by the Canadian author Jack Whyte.
A Glastonbury Romance was written by John Cowper Powys (1873–1963) in rural upstate New York and first published by Simon and Schuster in New York City in March 1932.
Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson (6 August 1809 – 6 October 1892) was Poet Laureate of Great Britain and Ireland during much of Queen Victoria's reign and remains one of the most popular British poets.
Ambrosius Aurelianus (Emrys Wledig; Anglicised as Ambrose Aurelian and called Aurelius Ambrosius in the Historia Regum Britanniae and elsewhere) was a war leader of the Romano-British who won an important battle against the Anglo-Saxons in the 5th century, according to Gildas.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Aneirin or Neirin was an early Medieval Brythonic poet.
Anglia, subtitled Zeitschrift für Englische Philologie, is a German quarterly academic journal on English linguistics, published by de Gruyter.
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is a collection of annals in Old English chronicling the history of the Anglo-Saxons.
The Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain describes the process which changed the language and culture of most of what became England from Romano-British to Germanic.
The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.
Annales Cambriae (Latin for The Annals of Wales) is the name given to a complex of Cambro-Latin chronicles compiled or derived from diverse sources at St David's in Dyfed, Wales.
Annwn, Annwfn, or Annwfyn (in Middle Welsh, Annwvn, Annwyn, Annwyfn, Annwvyn, or Annwfyn) was the Otherworld in Welsh mythology.
Arthur of the Britons is a British television show about the historical King Arthur.
Arthur's O'on (Oven) was a probable Roman temple which, until 1743, stood on rising ground above the north bank of the River Carron not far from the old Carron ironworks in Stenhousemuir, near Falkirk, Scotland.
The Artognou stone, sometimes referred to as the Arthur stone, is an archaeological artefact uncovered in Cornwall in the United Kingdom.
The gens Artoria was a minor plebeian family at ancient Rome.
Athrwys (sometimes misspelled as Arthwys) was a Prince, possibly a King, from Gwent in Wales, who is generally accepted as having lived in the early 7th century.
Avalon (Insula Avallonis, Old French Avalon, Ynys Afallon, Ynys Afallach; literally meaning "the isle of fruit trees") is a legendary island featured in the Arthurian legend.
Áedán mac Gabráin (pronounced in Old Irish) was a king of Dál Riata from c. 574 until c. 609.
Jean Marie Maurice Schérer or Maurice Henri Joseph Schérer, known as Éric Rohmer (21 March 192011 January 2010), was a French film director, film critic, journalist, novelist, screenwriter, and teacher.
Évrard d'Espinques was a French manuscript illuminator active between 1440 and 1494.
The Battle of Badon (Latin: Bellum in monte Badonis or Mons Badonicus, Cad Mynydd Baddon, all literally meaning "Battle of Mount Badon" or "Battle of Badon Hill") was a battle thought to have occurred between Celtic Britons and Anglo-Saxons in the late 5th or early 6th century.
The Battle of Camlann (Gwaith Camlan or Brwydr Camlan) is reputed to have been the final battle of King Arthur, in which he either died or was fatally wounded, fighting either with or against Mordred who is also said to have died.
Bede (italic; 672/3 – 26 May 735), also known as Saint Bede, Venerable Bede, and Bede the Venerable (Bēda Venerābilis), was an English Benedictine monk at the monastery of St.
In the Matter of Britain, Sir Bedivere (or; Bedwyr; Bédoier, also spelt Bedevere) is the Knight of the Round Table of King Arthur who returns Excalibur to the Lady of the Lake.
Bernard Cornwell, OBE (born 23 February 1944) is an English author of historical novels and a history of the Waterloo Campaign.
This is a bibliography of works about King Arthur, his related world, family, friends or enemies.
The Black Book of Carmarthen (known in Welsh as "Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin") is thought to be the earliest surviving manuscript written solely in Welsh.
Boötes is a constellation in the northern sky, located between 0° and +60° declination, and 13 and 16 hours of right ascension on the celestial sphere.
The Bretons (Bretoned) are a Celtic ethnic group located in the region of Brittany in France.
Brutus, or Brute of Troy, is a legendary descendant of the Trojan hero Aeneas, known in medieval British history as the eponymous founder and first king of Britain.
Saint Cadoc or Cadog (Cadocus; also Cattwg; born or before) was a 5th–6th-century Abbot of Llancarfan, near Cowbridge in Glamorganshire, Wales, a monastery famous from the era of the British church as a centre of learning, where Illtud spent the first period of his religious life under Cadoc's tutelage.
Cadwaladr ap Cadwallon (also spelled Cadwalader or Cadwallader in English) was king of Gwynedd in Wales from around 655 to 682.
Camelot is a castle and court associated with the legendary King Arthur.
Camelot is a 1967 American musical comedy-drama film directed by Joshua Logan and starring Richard Harris as King Arthur, Vanessa Redgrave as Guenevere, and Franco Nero as Lancelot.
Camelot is a musical by Alan Jay Lerner (book and lyrics) and Frederick Loewe (music).
Camelot is a 2011 historical-fantasy-drama television series which premiered on 1 April 2011.
Caradoc of Llancarfan (Welsh: Caradog o Lancarfan) was a Welsh cleric and author who was associated with Llancarfan in Wales during the 12th century.
Saint Carantoc (Carannog; Cairnech; Karanteg; Carantocus), also anglicized as Carantock and by other spellings, was a 6th-century abbot, confessor, and saint in Wales and the West Country.
Cath Palug, also Cath Paluc, Cath Balug, Cath Balwg, literally "Palug's cat", was a monstrous cat in Welsh legend, given birth in Gwynedd by the Henwen the pig of Cornwall; the cat was later to haunt the Isle of Anglesey, and said to have killed 180 warriors when Sir Kay went to hunt it on the island.
The Britons, also known as Celtic Britons or Ancient Britons, were Celtic people who inhabited Great Britain from the British Iron Age into the Middle Ages, at which point their culture and language diverged into the modern Welsh, Cornish and Bretons (among others).
Celtic mythology is the mythology of Celtic polytheism, the religion of the Iron Age Celts.
In Celtic mythology, the Otherworld is the realm of the deities and possibly also of the dead.
A chapbook is a type of popular literature printed in early modern Europe.
As a literary genre of high culture, romance or chivalric romance is a type of prose and verse narrative that was popular in the aristocratic circles of High Medieval and Early Modern Europe.
Chivalry, or the chivalric code, is an informal, varying code of conduct developed between 1170 and 1220, never decided on or summarized in a single document, associated with the medieval institution of knighthood; knights' and gentlewomen's behaviours were governed by chivalrous social codes.
Chrétien de Troyes was a late-12th-century French poet and trouvère known for his work on Arthurian subjects, and for originating the character Lancelot.
Classical Latin is the modern term used to describe the form of the Latin language recognized as standard by writers of the late Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.
Clemence Dane was the pseudonym of Winifred Ashton (21 February 1888 – 28 March 1965), an English novelist and playwright.
Cligès is a poem by the medieval French poet Chrétien de Troyes, dating from around 1176.
Constantine (fl. 520–523) was a 6th-century king of Dumnonia in sub-Roman Britain, who was remembered in later British tradition as a legendary King of Britain.
Cornwall (Kernow) is a county in South West England in the United Kingdom.
A cuckold is the husband of an adulterous wife.
Culhwch (with the final consonant sounding like Scottish "loch"), in Welsh mythology, is the son of Cilydd son of Celyddon and Goleuddydd, a cousin of Arthur and the protagonist of the story Culhwch and Olwen (the earliest of the medieval Welsh tales appended to Lady Charlotte Guest's edition of the Mabinogion).
Culhwch and Olwen (Culhwch ac Olwen) is a Welsh tale that survives in only two manuscripts about a hero connected with Arthur and his warriors: a complete version in the Red Book of Hergest, ca.
Cumbric was a variety of the Common Brittonic language spoken during the Early Middle Ages in the Hen Ogledd or "Old North" in what is now Northern England and southern Lowland Scotland.
The characteristic of cynocephaly, or cynocephalus, having the head of a dog—or of a jackal—is a widely attested mythical phenomenon existing in many different forms and contexts.
David Norman Dumville (born 5 May 1949) is a British medievalist and Celtic scholar.
De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae (Latin for "On the Ruin and Conquest of Britain", sometimes just "On the Ruin of Britain") is a work by the 6th-century AD British cleric St Gildas.
Dux (plural: ducēs) is Latin for "leader" (from the noun dux, ducis, "leader, general") and later for duke and its variant forms (doge, duce, etc.). During the Roman Republic, dux could refer to anyone who commanded troops, including foreign leaders, but was not a formal military rank.
EBSCO Industries is an American company headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama.
The Ecclesiastical History of the English People (Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum), written by the Venerable Bede in about AD 731, is a history of the Christian Churches in England, and of England generally; its main focus is on the conflict between the pre-Schism Roman Rite and Celtic Christianity.
Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones, 1st Baronet (28 August 183317 June 1898) was a British artist and designer closely associated with the later phase of the Pre-Raphaelite movement, who worked closely with William Morris on a wide range of decorative arts as a founding partner in Morris, Marshall, Faulkner & Co.
Erec and Enide (Érec et Énide) is the first of Chrétien de Troyes' five romance poems, completed around 1170.
The Etruscan language was the spoken and written language of the Etruscan civilization, in Italy, in the ancient region of Etruria (modern Tuscany plus western Umbria and northern Latium) and in parts of Corsica, Campania, Veneto, Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna.
Excalibur, or Caliburn, is the legendary sword of King Arthur, sometimes also attributed with magical powers or associated with the rightful sovereignty of Britain.
Excalibur is a 1981 American epic fantasy film directed, produced, and co-written by John Boorman that retells the legend of King Arthur and the knights of the Round Table, based on the 15th-century Arthurian romance Le Morte d'Arthur by Thomas Malory.
Fantasy literature is literature set in an imaginary universe, often but not always without any locations, events, or people from the real world.
Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.
Firelord is a historical fantasy novel by Parke Godwin, it was first published in 1980.
In Arthurian legend, the Fisher King, also known as the Wounded King or Maimed King, is the last in a long line charged with keeping the Holy Grail.
Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group.
Sir Galahad (sometime referred to as Galeas or Galath), in Arthurian legend, is a knight of King Arthur's Round Table and one of the three achievers of the Holy Grail.
Gaul (Latin: Gallia) was a region of Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine.
Gawain (also called Gwalchmei, Gualguanus, Gauvain, Walwein, etc.) is King Arthur's nephew and a Knight of the Round Table in the Arthurian legend.
Geoffrey Thomas Leslie Ashe (born 29 March 1923) is a British cultural historian and lecturer, known for his focus on King Arthur.
Geoffrey of Monmouth (Galfridus Monemutensis, Galfridus Arturus, Gruffudd ap Arthur, Sieffre o Fynwy; c. 1095 – c. 1155) was a British cleric and one of the major figures in the development of British historiography and the popularity of tales of King Arthur.
Giants (from Latin and Ancient Greek: "gigas", cognate giga-) are beings of human appearance, but prodigious size and strength common in the mythology and legends of many different cultures.
Gildas (Breton: Gweltaz; c. 500 – c. 570) — also known as Gildas the Wise or Gildas Sapiens — was a 6th-century British monk best known for his scathing religious polemic De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae, which recounts the history of the Britons before and during the coming of the Saxons.
Glastonbury is a town and civil parish in Somerset, England, situated at a dry point on the low-lying Somerset Levels, south of Bristol.
This page is a glossary of archaeology, the study of the human past from material remains.
Goeznovius (died c. 675 according to one account but more probably fl. sixth century.), also known as Goueznou, was a Cornish-born Bishop of Léon in Brittany, who is venerated as a saint in the region around Brest and the diocese of Léon.
In Arthurian legend, Gorlois (Gwrlais) of Tintagel, Duke of Cornwall, is the husband of Igraine prior to Uther Pendragon.
Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.
Guinevere (Gwenhwyfar; Gwenivar), often written as Guenevere or Gwenevere, is the wife of King Arthur in Arthurian legend.
Paul Gustave Louis Christophe Doré (6 January 1832 – 23 January 1883) was a French artist, printmaker, illustrator, comics artist, caricaturist and sculptor who worked primarily with wood engraving.
A hagiography is a biography of a saint or an ecclesiastical leader.
Hengist and Horsa are legendary brothers said to have led the Angles, Saxons and Jutes in their invasion of Britain in the 5th century.
Henry Fielding (22 April 1707 – 8 October 1754) was an English novelist and dramatist known for his rich, earthy humour and satirical prowess, and as the author of the picaresque novel Tom Jones.
Henry Purcell (or; c. 10 September 1659According to Holman and Thompson (Grove Music Online, see References) there is uncertainty regarding the year and day of birth. No record of baptism has been found. The year 1659 is based on Purcell's memorial tablet in Westminster Abbey and the frontispiece of his Sonnata's of III. Parts (London, 1683). The day 10 September is based on vague inscriptions in the manuscript GB-Cfm 88. It may also be relevant that he was appointed to his first salaried post on 10 September 1677, which would have been his eighteenth birthday. – 21 November 1695) was an English composer.
The History of the Britons (Historia Brittonum) is a purported history of the indigenous British (Brittonic) people that was written around 828 and survives in numerous recensions that date from after the 11th century.
Historia regum Britanniae (The History of the Kings of Britain), originally called De gestis Britonum (On the Deeds of the Britons), is a pseudohistorical account of British history, written around 1136 by Geoffrey of Monmouth.
Historical fiction is a literary genre in which the plot takes place in a setting located in the past.
The historical basis for King Arthur is a source of considerable debate among historians.
The early medieval history of Ireland, often called Early Christian Ireland, spans the 5th to 8th centuries, from the gradual emergence out of the protohistoric period (Ogham inscriptions in Primitive Irish, mentions in Greco-Roman ethnography) to the beginning of the Viking Age.
The Holy Grail is a vessel that serves as an important motif in Arthurian literature.
Howard Pyle (March 5, 1853 – November 9, 1911) was an American illustrator and author, primarily of books for young people.
Idylls of the King, published between 1859 and 1885, is a cycle of twelve narrative poems by the English poet Alfred, Lord Tennyson (1809–1892; Poet Laureate from 1850) which retells the legend of King Arthur, his knights, his love for Guinevere and her tragic betrayal of him, and the rise and fall of Arthur's kingdom.
In the Matter of Britain, Igraine is the mother of King Arthur.
The Irish language (Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.
Jack Whyte (born 1940) is a Scottish-Canadian novelist of historical fiction.
Jacques de Longuyon of Lorraine is the author of a chanson de geste, Les Voeux du paon ("The Vows of the Peacock"), written for Thibaut de Bar, bishop of Liège in 1312.
James II and VII (14 October 1633O.S. – 16 September 1701An assertion found in many sources that James II died 6 September 1701 (17 September 1701 New Style) may result from a miscalculation done by an author of anonymous "An Exact Account of the Sickness and Death of the Late King James II, as also of the Proceedings at St. Germains thereupon, 1701, in a letter from an English gentleman in France to his friend in London" (Somers Tracts, ed. 1809–1815, XI, pp. 339–342). The account reads: "And on Friday the 17th instant, about three in the afternoon, the king died, the day he always fasted in memory of our blessed Saviour's passion, the day he ever desired to die on, and the ninth hour, according to the Jewish account, when our Saviour was crucified." As 17 September 1701 New Style falls on a Saturday and the author insists that James died on Friday, "the day he ever desired to die on", an inevitable conclusion is that the author miscalculated the date, which later made it to various reference works. See "English Historical Documents 1660–1714", ed. by Andrew Browning (London and New York: Routledge, 2001), 136–138.) was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
John Boorman, CBE (born 18 January 1933) is an English filmmaker who is best known for his feature films such as Point Blank, Hell in the Pacific, Deliverance, Zardoz, Excalibur, The Emerald Forest, Hope and Glory, The General, The Tailor of Panama and Queen and Country.
John Cowper Powys (8 October 187217 June 1963) was a British philosopher, lecturer, novelist, literary critic, and poet.
John Dryden (–) was an English poet, literary critic, translator, and playwright who was made England's first Poet Laureate in 1668.
John Edward Masefield (1 June 1878 – 12 May 1967) English poet and writer, was Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom from 1930.
John Robert Morris (8 June 1913 – 1 June 1977) was an English historian who specialised in the study of the institutions of the Roman Empire and the history of Sub-Roman Britain.
JSTOR (short for Journal Storage) is a digital library founded in 1995.
King Arthur is a 2004 Irish-British-American historical adventure film directed by Antoine Fuqua and written by David Franzoni.
King Arthur, or The British Worthy (Z. 628), is a semi-opera in five acts with music by Henry Purcell and a libretto by John Dryden.
King Arthur's family grew throughout the centuries with King Arthur's legend.
King Arthur's messianic return is an aspect of the legend of King Arthur, the mythical 6th-century British king.
King Arthur: Legend of the Sword is a 2017 epic fantasy film written and directed by Guy Ritchie and co-written by Joby Harold and Lionel Wigram, inspired by Arthurian legends.
The Kingdom of the Kentish (Cantaware Rīce; Regnum Cantuariorum), today referred to as the Kingdom of Kent, was an early medieval kingdom in what is now South East England.
The Knights of the Round Table were the knightly members of the legendary fellowship of the King Arthur in the literary cycle of the Matter of Britain, in which the first written record of them appears in the Roman de Brut written by the Norman poet Wace in 1155.
The Lady of the Lake is an enchantress in the Matter of Britain, the body of medieval literature and legend associated with King Arthur.
The lais of Marie de France are a series of twelve short narrative Breton lais by the poet Marie de France.
Sir Lancelot du Lac (meaning Lancelot of the Lake), alternatively also written as Launcelot and other spellings, is one of the Knights of the Round Table in the Arthurian legend.
Lancelot du Lac is a 1974 French fantasy drama film written and directed by Robert Bresson.
Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart (Lancelot, le Chevalier de la Charrette) is an Old French poem by Chrétien de Troyes.
The Lancelot-Grail, also known as the Prose Lancelot, the Vulgate Cycle, or the Pseudo-Map Cycle, is a major source of Arthurian legend written in French.
Lanzelet is a medieval romance written by Ulrich von Zatzikhoven after 1194.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Robert Laurence Binyon, CH (10 August 1869 – 10 March 1943) was an English poet, dramatist and art scholar.
Le Morte d'Arthur (originally spelled Le Morte Darthur, Middle French for "the death of Arthur") is a reworking of existing tales by Sir Thomas Malory about the legendary King Arthur, Guinevere, Lancelot, Merlin, and the Knights of the Round Table.
Lerner and Loewe were the team of lyricist and librettist Alan Jay Lerner and composer Frederick Loewe, known primarily for the music and lyrics of some of Broadway's most successful musicals, including My Fair Lady, Camelot, and Brigadoon.
The Arthurian legend features many characters, including the Knights of the Round Table and members of King Arthur's family.
The following list of legendary kings of Britain derives predominantly from Geoffrey of Monmouth's circa 1136 work Historia Regum Britanniae ("the History of the Kings of Britain").
The Matter of Britain stories, focusing on King Arthur, are one of the most popular literary subjects of all time, and have been adapted numerous times in every form of media.
The following is a list and assessment of sites and places associated with King Arthur and the Arthurian legend in general.
Lucius Artorius Castus (fl. mid-late 2nd century AD or early to mid-3rd century AD) was a Roman military commander.
Lucius Tiberius (sometimes Lucius Hiberius, or just simply Lucius) is a Roman Procurator from Arthurian legend appearing first in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae, though there are passages in Geoffrey's work that give him the title "Emperor".
The Mabinogion are the earliest prose stories of the literature of Britain.
Magnus Maximus (Flavius Magnus Maximus Augustus, Macsen Wledig) (August 28, 388) was Western Roman Emperor from 383 to 388.
Marie de France (fl. 1160 to 1215) was a medieval poet who was probably born in France and lived in England during the late 12th century.
Marion Eleanor Zimmer Bradley (June 3, 1930 – September 25, 1999) was an American author of fantasy, historical fantasy, science fiction, and science fantasy novels, and is best known for the Arthurian fiction novel The Mists of Avalon, and the Darkover series.
Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910), better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer.
Mary, Lady Stewart (born Mary Florence Elinor Rainbow; 17 September 1916 – 9 May 2014), was a British novelist who developed the romantic mystery genre, featuring smart, adventurous heroines who could hold their own in dangerous situations.
The masque was a form of festive courtly entertainment that flourished in 16th- and early 17th-century Europe, though it was developed earlier in Italy, in forms including the intermedio (a public version of the masque was the pageant).
The Matter of Britain is the body of Medieval literature and legendary material associated with Great Britain, and sometimes Brittany, and the legendary kings and heroes associated with it, particularly King Arthur.
Medieval literature is a broad subject, encompassing essentially all written works available in Europe and beyond during the Middle Ages (that is, the one thousand years from the fall of the Western Roman Empire ca. AD 500 to the beginning of the Florentine Renaissance in the late 15th century).
Medievalism is the system of belief and practice characteristic of the Middle Ages, or devotion to elements of that period, which has been expressed in areas such as architecture, literature, music, art, philosophy, scholarship, and various vehicles of popular culture.
Merlin (Myrddin) is a legendary figure best known as the wizard featured in Arthurian legend and medieval Welsh poetry.
Merlin is a British fantasy-adventure drama television programme created by Julian Jones, Jake Michie, Julian Murphy, and Johnny Capps, starring Colin Morgan in the title role.
Messapian (also known as Messapic) is an extinct Indo-European language of southeastern Italy, once spoken in the region of Apulia.
Modena Cathedral (Cattedrale Metropolitana di Santa Maria Assunta e San Geminiano but colloquially known as simply Duomo di Modena) is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Modena, Italy, dedicated to the Assumption of the Virgin Mary and Saint Geminianus.
Monty Python and the Holy Grail is a 1975 British slapstick comedy film concerning the Arthurian legend, written and performed by the Monty Python comedy group of Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones and Michael Palin, and directed by Gilliam and Jones.
Mordred or Modred (Medrawt) is a character in the Arthurian legend, known as a notorious traitor who fought King Arthur at the Battle of Camlann, where he was killed and Arthur was fatally wounded.
Newell Convers Wyeth (October 22, 1882 – October 19, 1945), known as N. C. Wyeth, was an American artist and illustrator.
Nennius — or Nemnius or Nemnivus — was a Welsh monk of the 9th century.
Count Nikolai Dmitrievich Tolstoy-Miloslavsky (born 23 June 1935) is an English-Russian author who writes under the name Nikolai Tolstoy.
The Nine Worthies are nine historical, scriptural, and legendary personages who personify the ideals of chivalry as were established in the Middle Ages.
Norris J. Lacy (born March 8, 1940 in Hopkinsville, Kentucky) is an American scholar focusing on French medieval literature.
John Nowell Linton Myres CBE (27 December 1902 - 25 September 1989) was a British archaeologist and Bodley's Librarian at the Bodleian Library in Oxford from 1948 until his resignation in 1965; and librarian of Christ Church before his Bodleian appointment.
In Welsh mythology, Olwen (or Olwyn) is the daughter of the giant Ysbaddaden and cousin of Goreu.
Onomastics or onomatology is the study of the origin, history, and use of proper names.
Orkney (Orkneyjar), also known as the Orkney Islands, is an archipelago in the Northern Isles of Scotland, situated off the north coast of Great Britain.
The concept of an otherworld in historical Indo-European religion is reconstructed in comparative mythology.
Owain Danwyn (fl. 440) was a prince of Rhos in Gwynedd, Wales, in the mid-5th century.
Poem 31 of the Black Book of Carmarthen, a mid-13th century manuscript, is known from its first line as Pa gur yv y porthaur? (meaning "What man is the gatekeeper?") or Pa gur, or alternatively as Ymddiddan Arthur a Glewlwyd Gafaelfawr ("The dialogue of Arthur and Glewlwyd Gafaelfawr").
Padarn (Paternus, Padarnus) (? – 550 AD) was an early 6th century sanctified British Christian abbot-bishop who founded St Padarn's Church in Ceredigion, Wales.
Parke Godwin (January 28, 1929 – June 19, 2013) was an American writer.
Perceval le Gallois is a 1978 French film directed by Éric Rohmer.
Perceval, the Story of the Grail (Perceval ou le Conte du Graal) is the unfinished fifth romance of Chrétien de Troyes, who lived from around 1130 to the early 1190s, and is dedicated to Chrétien's patron Philip, Count of Flanders.
Percival—or Perceval, Percivale, etc.—is one of King Arthur's legendary Knights of the Round Table.
Peredur son of Efrawg is one of the three Welsh Romances associated with the Mabinogion.
The Picts were a tribal confederation of peoples who lived in what is today eastern and northern Scotland during the Late Iron Age and Early Medieval periods.
Polidoro Virgili, commonly Latinised as Polydorus Vergilius, or anglicised as Polydore Vergil (or Virgil), and often known as Polydore Vergil of Urbino (c. 1470 – 18 April 1555) was an Italian humanist scholar, historian, priest and diplomat, who spent most of his life in England.
Porius: A Romance of the Dark Ages is a 1951 historical romance by John Cowper Powys.
The Post-Vulgate Cycle is one of the major Old French prose cycles of Arthurian literature.
The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (later known as the Pre-Raphaelites) was a group of English painters, poets, and critics, founded in 1848 by William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and Dante Gabriel Rossetti.
Preiddeu Annwfn or Preiddeu Annwn (The Spoils of Annwfn) is a cryptic poem of sixty lines in Middle Welsh, found in the Book of Taliesin.
Prince Valiant in the Days of King Arthur, or simply Prince Valiant, is an American comic strip created by Hal Foster in 1937.
Robert Cedric Sherriff, FSA, FRSL (6 June 1896 – 13 November 1975) was an English writer best known for his play Journey's End, which was based on his experiences as an army officer in the First World War.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Sir Richard Blackmore (22 January 1654 – 9 October 1729), English poet and physician, is remembered primarily as the object of satire and dull poet, but he was also a respected medical doctor and theologian.
Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").
Riothamus (also spelled Riutimus or Riotimus) was a Romano-British military leader, who was active circa AD 470.
Robert Bresson (25 September 1901 – 18 December 1999) was a French film director.
Robert de Boron (also spelled in the manuscripts "Bouron", "Beron") was a French poet of the late 12th and early 13th centuries who is most notable as the author of the poems Joseph d'Arimathe and Merlin.
Roman de Brut (meaning "Novel of Brut") or "Brut" is a verse literary history of Britain by the poet Wace.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Over the course of some fourteen centuries, the Romans and other peoples of Italy employed a system of nomenclature that differed from that used by other cultures of Europe and the Mediterranean, consisting of a combination of personal and family names.
Romano-British culture is the culture that arose in Britain under the Roman Empire following the Roman conquest in AD 43 and the creation of the province of Britannia.
Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.
Rosemary Sutcliff (14 December 1920 – 23 July 1992) was an English novelist best known for children's books, especially historical fiction and retellings of myths and legends.
A saint (also historically known as a hallow) is a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of holiness or likeness or closeness to God.
The Saxons (Saxones, Sachsen, Seaxe, Sahson, Sassen, Saksen) were a Germanic people whose name was given in the early Middle Ages to a large country (Old Saxony, Saxonia) near the North Sea coast of what is now Germany.
Scoti or Scotti is a Latin name for the Gaels,Duffy, Seán.
In Arthurian legend, Sir Kay (Cai, Middle Welsh Kei or Cei; Caius; French: Keu; French Romance: Queux; Old French: Kès or Kex) is Sir Ector's son and King Arthur's foster brother and later seneschal, as well as one of the first Knights of the Round Table.
Stephen R. Lawhead, born, is a UK–based American writer known for his works of fantasy, science fiction, and historical fiction, particularly Celtic historical fiction.
Sub-Roman Britain is the transition period between the Roman Empire's Crisis of the Third Century around CE 235 (and the subsequent collapse and end of Roman Britain), until the start of the Early Medieval period.
Sword at Sunset is a best-selling 1963 novel by Rosemary Sutcliff.
Terence Hanbury "Tim" White (29 May 1906 – 17 January 1964) was an English author best known for his Arthurian novels, The Once and Future King, first published together in 1958.
Thomas Stearns Eliot, (26 September 1888 – 4 January 1965), was an essayist, publisher, playwright, literary and social critic, and "one of the twentieth century's major poets".
Taliesin (6th century AD) was an early Brythonic poet of Sub-Roman Britain whose work has possibly survived in a Middle Welsh manuscript, the Book of Taliesin.
The Coming of the King: The First Book of Merlin is a 1988 historical fantasy novel by Nikolai Tolstoy drawing upon Arthurian legend and more broadly, Celtic and Germanic mythology.
The Crystal Cave is a 1970 fantasy novel by Mary Stewart.
"The Lady of Shalott" is a ballad by the English poet Alfred, Lord Tennyson (1809–1892), recounting The Lady's imprisonment in a tower, her escape and her eventual death.
The Lantern Bearers is a historical novel for children by Rosemary Sutcliff, first published by Oxford in 1959 with illustrations by Charles Keeping.
The Last Legion is a 2007 action adventure film directed by Doug Lefler.
The Legend of King Arthur is a British television fantasy serial, produced by the BBC in association with Time-Life Television and the Australian Broadcasting Commission, and broadcast on BBC 1 in 1979.
The Mists of Avalon is a 1983 fantasy novel by American writer Marion Zimmer Bradley, in which the author relates the Arthurian legends from the perspective of the female characters.
The Once and Future King is a work by T. H. White based upon Le Morte d'Arthur by Sir Thomas Malory.
The Pendragon Cycle is a series of historical fantasy books based on the Arthurian legend, written by Stephen R. Lawhead.
The Sword in the Stone is a 1963 American animated musical fantasy comedy film produced by Walt Disney and released by Buena Vista Distribution.
The Warlord Chronicles is a trilogy of books about Arthurian Britain written by Bernard Cornwell.
The Waste Land is a long poem by T. S. Eliot, widely regarded as one of the most important poems of the 20th century and a central work of modernist poetry.
Thomas Mowbray Charles-Edwards (born 11 November 1943) is an emeritus academic at Oxford University.
Thomas Hardy (2 June 1840 – 11 January 1928) was an English novelist and poet.
Sir Thomas Malory (c. 1415 – 14 March 1471) was an English writer, the author or compiler of Le Morte d'Arthur (originally titled, The Whole Book of King Arthur and His Noble Knights of the Round table).
The Three Welsh Romances (Welsh: Y Tair Rhamant) are three Middle Welsh tales associated with the Mabinogion.
Tintagel or Trevena (Tre war Venydh meaning village on a mountain) is a civil parish and village situated on the Atlantic coast of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Tintagel Castle (Dintagel, meaning "fort of the constriction") is a medieval fortification located on the peninsula of Tintagel Island adjacent to the village of Tintagel, North Cornwall in the United Kingdom.
Tom Thumb is a character of English folklore.
Toponymy is the study of place names (toponyms), their origins, meanings, use, and typology.
Tristan and Iseult is a tale made popular during the 12th century through Anglo-Norman literature, inspired by Celtic legend, particularly the stories of Deirdre and Naoise and Diarmuid Ua Duibhne and Gráinne.
Twrch Trwyth (also Trwyd, Troynt (MSS.HK); Troit (MSS.C1 D G Q); or Terit (MSS. C2 L)) is an enchanted wild boar in the Matter of Britain that King Arthur or his men pursued with the aid of Arthur's dog Cavall (Cafall, Cabal).
Ulrich von Zatzikhoven was the author of the Middle High German Arthurian romance Lanzelet.
Ursa Major (also known as the Great Bear) is a constellation in the northern sky, whose associated mythology likely dates back into prehistory.
Uther Pendragon (Uthyr Pendragon, Uthyr Bendragon), also known as King Uther, is a legendary king of sub-Roman Britain and the father of King Arthur.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
Wace (1110 – after 1174), sometimes referred to as Robert Wace, was a Norman poet, who was born in Jersey and brought up in mainland Normandy (he tells us in the Roman de Rou that he was taken as a child to Caen), ending his career as Canon of Bayeux.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
Walter Elias Disney (December 5, 1901December 15, 1966) was an American entrepreneur, animator, voice actor and film producer.
Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages.
The Welsh (Cymry) are a nation and ethnic group native to, or otherwise associated with, Wales, Welsh culture, Welsh history, and the Welsh language.
The Welsh Triads (Trioedd Ynys Prydein, "Triads of the Island of Britain") are a group of related texts in medieval manuscripts which preserve fragments of Welsh folklore, mythology and traditional history in groups of three.
Weregild (also spelled wergild, wergeld (in archaic/historical usage of English), weregeld, etc.), also known as man price, was a value placed on every being and piece of property, for example in the Frankish Salic Code.
William Caxton (c. 1422 – c. 1491) was an English merchant, diplomat, writer and printer.
William III (Willem; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702), also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672 and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death in 1702.
William Morris (24 March 1834 – 3 October 1896) was an English textile designer, poet, novelist, translator, and socialist activist.
William of Malmesbury (Willelmus Malmesbiriensis) was the foremost English historian of the 12th century.
William of Newburgh or Newbury (Guilelmus Neubrigensis, Wilhelmus Neubrigensis, or Willelmus de Novoburgo. 1136?–1198?), also known as William Parvus, was a 12th-century English historian and Augustinian canon of Anglo-Saxon descent from Bridlington, Yorkshire.
William Wordsworth (7 April 1770 – 23 April 1850) was a major English Romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped to launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their joint publication Lyrical Ballads (1798).
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Y Gododdin is a medieval Welsh poem consisting of a series of elegies to the men of the Brittonic kingdom of Gododdin and its allies who, according to the conventional interpretation, died fighting the Angles of Deira and Bernicia at a place named Catraeth circa AD 600.
Ysbaddaden Bencawr; "Ysbaddaden, Chief of Giants," is the primary antagonist of the Welsh romance Culhwch ac Olwen.
Yvain, the Knight of the Lion (Yvain ou le Chevalier au Lion) is an Arthurian romance by French poet Chrétien de Troyes.
Sir Ywain, also called Yvain, Owain, Uwain, or Ewain, is a knight of the Round Table in Arthurian legend, wherein he is often the son of King Urien of Gorre and the sorceress Morgan le Fay.
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