277 relations: Aaron, Acts of the Apostles, Aldus Manutius, Alexander Scourby, Alexandrian text-type, Almanac, American Bible Society, Andrew Bing, Andrew Downes (scholar), Anglican Communion, Anglicanism, Apostles, Aramaic language, Archdeacon of Rochester, Arthur Lake (bishop), Atheism, Benefice, Benjamin Blayney, Bible, Bible errata, Bible society, Bible translations, Bible translations into English, Bible version debate, Biblical apocrypha, Bishop of London, Bishops' Bible, Blackletter, Book of Common Prayer, Book of Ezra, Book of Genesis, Book of Isaiah, Book of Jasher (biblical references), Book of Malachi, Book of Nehemiah, Book of Revelation, Book size, Books of Chronicles, Books of Kings, Brian Walton (bishop), British and Foreign Bible Society, Burntisland, Byzantine text-type, Calendar, Calvinism, Cambridge University Press, Chapters and verses of the Bible, Charles Butler (lawyer), Charles I of England, Christology, ..., Christopher Hitchens, Church Mission Society, Church of England, Codex Bezae, Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Vaticanus, Commonwealth of England, Complutensian Polyglot Bible, Convocations of Canterbury and York, Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, Cornelis Boel, Coverdale Bible, Critical apparatus, Daniel Bomberg, Daniel Featley, David Crystal, David Kimhi, Deanery, Diocese, Divine right of kings, Douay–Rheims Bible, Dynamic and formal equivalence, Early Modern English, Ecclesiology, Edward Lively, Elizabeth I of England, Elohim, English Civil War, English language, English orthography, English-speaking world, Episcopal Church (United States), Episcopal polity, Epistle, Epistle to the Galatians, Erasmus, Evangelicalism, Evening Prayer (Anglican), Expatriate, Eyre & Spottiswoode, F. F. Bruce, Feet of clay, Fife, Francis Burleigh, Francis Dillingham, Francis Sawyer Parris, Franciscus Junius (the elder), Frederick William Faber, General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, Geneva, Geneva Bible, Geoffrey King (theologian), George Abbot (bishop), Giles Thomson, Glyph, Gospel, Grammar, Grammatical gender, Great Bible, Great Ormond Street Hospital, Gregorian calendar, Hadrian à Saravia, Hampton Court Conference, HarperCollins, Hebrew language, Henry Savile (Bible translator), Henry VIII of England, High church, Historiated initial, Holy orders, Hugh Broughton, Idolatry, Immanuel Tremellius, Italic type, J. M. Barrie, James VI and I, Jehovah, Jeremiah Radcliffe, John Aglionby (divine), John Baskerville, John Baskett, John Bois, John Calvin, John Chrysostom, John Duport, John Harding (President of Magdalen), John Harmar, John Layfield (theologian), John Overall (bishop), John Perrin (translator), John Rainolds, John Richardson (translator), John Spenser, John the Evangelist, John Wycliffe, Judas Iscariot, King James Only movement, Koine Greek, Lancelot Andrewes, Latin, Laurence Chaderton, Lectern, Lectionary, Leonard Hutten, Letters patent, Leviathan (Hobbes book), Library of Congress, List of books of the King James Version, Lollardy, Long Parliament, Long s, Loose leaf, Luke the Evangelist, Luther Bible, Mark the Evangelist, Martin Luther, Mary I of England, Mary, Queen of Scots, Masoretes, Masoretic Text, Matins, Matthew Bible, Matthew the Apostle, Michael Rabbet, Middle English, Miles Smith (bishop), Moses, Myles Coverdale, New Cambridge Paragraph Bible, New Model Army, New Testament, Northern Ireland, Old Testament, Oliver Cromwell, Ordination, Orthodox Church in America, Oxford, Oxford English Dictionary, Oxford University Press, Patristics, Patronage, Paul the Apostle, Penguin Books, Peshitta, Peter and Wendy, Pharaoh, Pierre Robert Olivétan, Pilcrow, Plantin Polyglot, Prayer of Manasseh, Prebendary, Privy Council of England, Psalms, Psalter, Punctuation, Puritans, Queen's Printer, Ralph Hutchinson (academic), Ralph Ravens, Re'em, Red letter edition, Restoration (England), Revised Version, Richard Bancroft, Richard Brett, Richard Challoner, Richard Clarke (priest), Richard Dawkins, Richard Edes, Richard Kilby, Richard Thomson (theologian), Robert Barker (printer), Robert Estienne, Robert Spaulding, Robert Tighe, Robert Ward (scholar), Roger Andrewes, Roger Fenton (priest), Roman numerals, Roman type, Royal prerogative, Saint Peter, Samuel Ward (scholar), Scofield Reference Bible, Septuagint, Shilling, Shorthand, Small caps, Song of Songs, Stereotype (printing), Synoptic Gospels, Taverner's Bible, Tetragrammaton, Textual criticism, Textus Receptus, The Book of Eli, The Critical Review, The Guardian, Theodore Beza, They have pierced my hands and my feet, Thirty-nine Articles, Thomas Bilson, Thomas Harrison (translator), Thomas Hobbes, Thomas Holland (translator), Thomas More, Thomas Ravis, Thorn (letter), Tyndale Bible, Typeface, Vanity Fair (magazine), Vocabulary, Vulgata Sixtina, Vulgate, Westminster Abbey, Wicked Bible, William Barlow (bishop of Lincoln), William Bedwell, William Branthwaite, William Dakins, William Laud, William Thorne (orientalist), William Tyndale, Worshipful Company of Stationers and Newspaper Makers, Yale University Press, 1 Esdras, 2 Esdras. 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Aaron is a prophet, high priest, and the brother of Moses in the Abrahamic religions (elder brother in the case of Judaism).
Acts of the Apostles (Πράξεις τῶν Ἀποστόλων, Práxeis tôn Apostólōn; Actūs Apostolōrum), often referred to simply as Acts, is the fifth book of the New Testament; it tells of the founding of the Christian church and the spread of its message to the Roman Empire.
Aldus Pius Manutius (Aldo Pio Manuzio; 1449/14526 February 1515) was a Venetian humanist, scholar, and educator.
Alexander Scourby (November 13, 1913 – February 22, 1985) was an American film, television, and voice actor known for his deep and resonant voice.
The Alexandrian text-type (also called Neutral or Egyptian), associated with Alexandria, is one of several text-types used in New Testament textual criticism to describe and group the textual characters of biblical manuscripts.
An almanac (also spelled almanack and almanach) is an annual publication listing a set of events forthcoming in the next year.
The American Bible Society (ABS) is a United States–based nondenominational Bible society which publishes, distributes and translates the Bible and provides study aids and other tools to help people engage with the Bible.
Andrew Bing (1574–1652) was an English scholar.
Andrew Downes, also known as Dounaeus (2 February 1628), was an English classical scholar.
The Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion with 85 million members, founded in 1867 in London, England.
Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.
In Christian theology and ecclesiology, the apostles, particularly the Twelve Apostles (also known as the Twelve Disciples or simply the Twelve), were the primary disciples of Jesus, the central figure in Christianity.
Aramaic (אַרָמָיָא Arāmāyā, ܐܪܡܝܐ, آرامية) is a language or group of languages belonging to the Semitic subfamily of the Afroasiatic language family.
The Archdeacon of Rochester is a senior office-holder in the Diocese of Rochester (a division of the Church of England Province of Canterbury.) Like other archdeacons, they are administrators in the diocese at large (having oversight of parishes in roughly one-third of the diocese).
Arthur Lake (September 1569 – 4 May 1626) was Bishop of Bath and Wells and a translator of the King James Version of The Bible.
Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.
A benefice or living is a reward received in exchange for services rendered and as a retainer for future services.
Benjamin Blayney (1728 – 20 September 1801) was an English divine and Hebraist, best known for his revision of the King James Version.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.
Throughout history, printers' errors and peculiar translations have appeared in Bibles published throughout the world.
A Bible Society is a non-profit organization, usually ecumenical in makeup, devoted to translating, publishing, and distributing the Bible at affordable costs.
The Bible has been translated into many languages from the biblical languages of Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek.
Partial Bible translations into languages of the English people can be traced back to the late 7th century, including translations into Old and Middle English.
There have been various debates concerning the proper family of biblical manuscripts and translation techniques that should be used to translate the Bible into other languages.
The Biblical apocrypha (from the Greek ἀπόκρυφος, apókruphos, meaning "hidden") denotes the collection of apocryphal ancient books found in some editions of Christian Bibles in a separate section between the Old and New Testaments or as an appendix after the New Testament.
The Bishop of London is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of London in the Province of Canterbury.
The Bishops' Bible is an English translation of the Bible which was produced under the authority of the established Church of England in 1568.
Blackletter (sometimes black letter), also known as Gothic script, Gothic minuscule, or Textura, was a script used throughout Western Europe from approximately 1150 to well into the 17th century.
The Book of Common Prayer (BCP) is the short title of a number of related prayer books used in the Anglican Communion, as well as by the Continuing Anglican, Anglican realignment and other Anglican Christian churches.
The Book of Ezra is a book of the Hebrew Bible; which formerly included the Book of Nehemiah in a single book, commonly distinguished in scholarship as Ezra–Nehemiah.
The Book of Genesis (from the Latin Vulgate, in turn borrowed or transliterated from Greek "", meaning "Origin"; בְּרֵאשִׁית, "Bərēšīṯ", "In beginning") is the first book of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) and the Old Testament.
The Book of Isaiah (ספר ישעיהו) is the first of the Latter Prophets in the Hebrew Bible and the first of the Major Prophets in the Christian Old Testament.
The Book of Jasher (also, Jashar) or the Book of the Upright or the Book of the Just Man (סֵפֶר הַיׇּשׇׁר; transliteration: sēfer hayyāšār) is an unknown book mentioned in the Hebrew Bible.
Malachi (or Malachias; מַלְאָכִי, Malʾaḫi, Mál'akhî) is the last book of the Neviim contained in the Tanakh, the last of the Twelve Minor Prophets (canonically) and the final book of the Neviim.
The Book of Nehemiah has been, since the 16th century, a separate book of the Hebrew Bible.
The Book of Revelation, often called the Revelation to John, the Apocalypse of John, The Revelation, or simply Revelation or Apocalypse (and often misquoted as Revelations), is a book of the New Testament that occupies a central place in Christian eschatology.
The size of a book is generally measured by the height against the width of a leaf, or sometimes the height and width of its cover.
In the Christian Bible, the two Books of Chronicles (commonly referred to as 1 Chronicles and 2 Chronicles, or First Chronicles and Second Chronicles) generally follow the two Books of Kings and precede Ezra–Nehemiah, thus concluding the history-oriented books of the Old Testament, often referred to as the Deuteronomistic history.
The two Books of Kings, originally a single book, are the eleventh and twelfth books of the Hebrew Bible or Old Testament.
Brian Walton (160029 November 1661) was an English priest, divine and scholar.
The British and Foreign Bible Society, often known in England and Wales as simply the Bible Society, is a non-denominational Christian Bible society with charity status whose purpose is to make the Bible available throughout the world.
Burntisland (Bruntisland) is a royal burgh and parish in Fife, Scotland, on the northern shore of the Firth of Forth.
The Byzantine text-type (also called Majority Text, Traditional Text, Ecclesiastical Text, Constantinopolitan Text, Antiocheian Text, or Syrian Text) is one of several text-types used in textual criticism to describe the textual character of Greek New Testament manuscripts.
A calendar is a system of organizing days for social, religious, commercial or administrative purposes.
Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
The Bible is a compilation of many shorter books written at different times by a variety of authors, and later assembled into the biblical canon.
Charles Butler KC (14 August 1750 – 2 June 1832) was an English Roman Catholic lawyer and miscellaneous writer.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Christology (from Greek Χριστός Khristós and -λογία, -logia) is the field of study within Christian theology which is primarily concerned with the ontology and person of Jesus as recorded in the canonical Gospels and the epistles of the New Testament.
Christopher Eric Hitchens (13 April 1949 – 15 December 2011) was an Anglo-American author, columnist, essayist, orator, religious and literary critic, social critic, and journalist.
The Church Mission Society (CMS), formerly in Britain and currently in Australia and New Zealand known as the Church Missionary Society, is a mission society working with the Anglican Communion and Protestant Christians around the world.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
The Codex Bezae Cantabrigensis, designated by siglum Dea or 05 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), δ 5 (von Soden), is a codex of the New Testament dating from the 5th century written in an uncial hand on vellum.
Codex Sinaiticus (Σιναϊτικός Κώδικας, קודקס סינאיטיקוס; Shelfmarks and references: London, Brit. Libr., Additional Manuscripts 43725; Gregory-Aland nº א [Aleph] or 01, [Soden δ 2]) or "Sinai Bible" is one of the four great uncial codices, an ancient, handwritten copy of the Greek Bible.
The Codex Vaticanus (The Vatican, Bibl. Vat., Vat. gr. 1209; no. B or 03 Gregory-Aland, δ 1 von Soden) is regarded as the oldest extant manuscript of the Greek Bible (Old and New Testament), one of the four great uncial codices.
The Commonwealth was the period from 1649 to 1660 when England and Wales, later along with Ireland and Scotland, was ruled as a republic following the end of the Second English Civil War and the trial and execution of Charles I. The republic's existence was declared through "An Act declaring England to be a Commonwealth", adopted by the Rump Parliament on 19 May 1649.
The Complutensian Polyglot Bible is the name given to the first printed polyglot of the entire Bible, initiated and financed by Cardinal Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros (1436–1517) and published by Complutense University of Madrid.
The Convocations of Canterbury and York are the synodical assemblies of the bishops and clergy of each of the two provinces which comprise the Church of England.
The Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, also known as the CDPA, is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that received Royal Assent on 15 November 1988.
Cornelis Boel (c. 1576 – c. 1621) was a Flemish draughtsman and engraver.
The Coverdale Bible, compiled by Myles Coverdale and published in 1535, was the first complete Modern English translation of the Bible (not just the Old Testament or New Testament), and the first complete printed translation into English (cf. Wycliffe's Bible in manuscript).
The critical apparatus (apparatus criticus) is the critical and primary source material that accompanies an edition of a text.
Daniel Bomberg (d. circa 1549) was one of the most important printers of Hebrew books.
Daniel Featley, also called Fairclough and sometimes called Richard Fairclough/Featley (15 March 158217 April 1645), was an English theologian and controversialist.
David Crystal, (born 6 July 1941) is a British linguist, academic and author.
David Kimhi (דוד קמחי, also Kimchi or Qimḥi) (1160–1235), also known by the Hebrew acronym as the RaDaK (רד"ק) (Rabbi David Kimhi), was a medieval rabbi, biblical commentator, philosopher, and grammarian.
A deanery (or decanate) is an ecclesiastical entity in the Roman Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion, the Evangelical Church in Germany, and the Church of Norway.
The word diocese is derived from the Greek term διοίκησις meaning "administration".
The divine right of kings, divine right, or God's mandate is a political and religious doctrine of royal and political legitimacy.
The Douay–Rheims Bible (pronounced or) (also known as the Rheims–Douai Bible or Douai Bible, and abbreviated as D–R and DRB) is a translation of the Bible from the Latin Vulgate into English made by members of the English College, Douai, in the service of the Catholic Church.
Dynamic equivalence and formal equivalence, terms coined by Eugene Nida, are two dissimilar translation approaches, achieving differing level of literalness between the source text and the target text, as employed in biblical translation.
Early Modern English, Early New English (sometimes abbreviated to EModE, EMnE or EME) is the stage of the English language from the beginning of the Tudor period to the English Interregnum and Restoration, or from the transition from Middle English, in the late 15th century, to the transition to Modern English, in the mid-to-late 17th century.
In Christian theology, ecclesiology is the study of the Christian Church, the origins of Christianity, its relationship to Jesus, its role in salvation, its polity, its discipline, its destiny, and its leadership.
Edward Lively (1545 – May 1605) was an English linguist and biblical scholar.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
Elohim (Hebrew: ’ĕlōhîm) is one of the many names or titles for God in the Hebrew Bible; the term is also used in the Hebrew Bible to refer to other gods.
The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
English orthography is the system of writing conventions used to represent spoken English in written form that allows readers to connect spelling to sound to meaning.
Approximately 330 to 360 million people speak English as their first language.
The Episcopal Church is the United States-based member church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.
An episcopal polity is a hierarchical form of church governance ("ecclesiastical polity") in which the chief local authorities are called bishops.
An epistle (Greek ἐπιστολή, epistolē, "letter") is a writing directed or sent to a person or group of people, usually an elegant and formal didactic letter.
The Epistle to the Galatians, often shortened to Galatians, is the ninth book of the New Testament.
Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus (28 October 1466Gleason, John B. "The Birth Dates of John Colet and Erasmus of Rotterdam: Fresh Documentary Evidence," Renaissance Quarterly, The University of Chicago Press on behalf of the Renaissance Society of America, Vol. 32, No. 1 (Spring, 1979), pp. 73–76; – 12 July 1536), known as Erasmus or Erasmus of Rotterdam,Erasmus was his baptismal name, given after St. Erasmus of Formiae.
Evangelicalism, evangelical Christianity, or evangelical Protestantism, is a worldwide, crossdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity which maintains the belief that the essence of the Gospel consists of the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.
Evening Prayer is a liturgy in use in the Anglican tradition celebrated in the late afternoon or evening.
An expatriate (often shortened to expat) is a person temporarily or permanently residing in a country other than their native country.
Eyre & Spottiswoode, Ltd was the London-based printing firm that was the King's Printer, and subsequently, after April 1929, a publisher of the same name.
Frederick Fyvie Bruce (12 October 1910 – 11 September 1990), usually cited as F. F.
Feet of clay is an expression now commonly used to refer to a weakness or character flaw, especially in people of prominence.
Fife (Fìobha) is a council area and historic county of Scotland.
Francis Burleigh, sometimes spelled Burghley, was an English Vicar, appointed in 1590 to Bishop's Stortford by Lancelot Andrewes.
Francis Dillingham (Dean, Bedfordshire – 1625, Wilden, Bedfordshire) was an English Protestant scholar and cleric.
Francis Sawyer Parris (1707–60) was an English biblical scholar.
Franciscus Junius the Elder (born François du Jon, 1 May 1545 – 13 October 1602) was a Reformed scholar, Protestant reformer and theologian.
Frederick William Faber C.O. (28 June 1814 – 26 September 1863) was a noted English hymn writer and theologian, who converted from Anglicanism to the Catholic priesthood.
The General Assembly of the Church of Scotland is the sovereign and highest court of the Church of Scotland, and is thus the Church's governing body.
Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
The Geneva Bible is one of the most historically significant translations of the Bible into English, preceding the King James Version by 51 years.
Geoffrey King (sometimes spelled Geoffry) was an English Protestant theologian, a Fellow and Regius Professor of Hebrew at King's College, Cambridge.
George Abbot (19 October 15625 August 1633) was an English divine who was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1611 to 1633.
Giles Thomson (Tomson, Thompson) (1553–1612) was an English academic and bishop.
In typography, a glyph is an elemental symbol within an agreed set of symbols, intended to represent a readable character for the purposes of writing.
Gospel is the Old English translation of Greek εὐαγγέλιον, evangelion, meaning "good news".
In linguistics, grammar (from Greek: γραμματική) is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.
In linguistics, grammatical gender is a specific form of noun class system in which the division of noun classes forms an agreement system with another aspect of the language, such as adjectives, articles, pronouns, or verbs.
The Great Bible of 1539 was the first authorized edition of the Bible in English, authorized by King Henry VIII of England to be read aloud in the church services of the Church of England.
Great Ormond Street Hospital (informally GOSH or Great Ormond Street, formerly the Hospital for Sick Children) is a children's hospital located in the Bloomsbury area of the London Borough of Camden, and a part of Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust.
The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world.
Hadrian à Saravia, sometimes called Hadrian Saravia, Adrien Saravia, or Adrianus Saravia (153215 January 1612) was a Protestant theologian and pastor from the Low Countries who became an Anglican prebend and a member of the First Westminster Company charged by James I of England to produce the King James Version of the Bible.
The Hampton Court Conference was a meeting in January 1604, convened at Hampton Court Palace, for discussion between King James I of England and representatives of the Church of England, including leading English Puritans.
HarperCollins Publishers L.L.C. is one of the world's largest publishing companies and is one of the Big Five English-language publishing companies, alongside Hachette, Macmillan, Penguin Random House, and Simon & Schuster.
Sir Henry Savile (30 November 1549 – 19 February 1622) was an English scholar and mathematician, Warden of Merton College, Oxford, and Provost of Eton.
Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 1509 until his death.
The term "high church" refers to beliefs and practices of ecclesiology, liturgy, and theology, generally with an emphasis on formality and resistance to "modernisation." Although used in connection with various Christian traditions, the term originated in and has been principally associated with the Anglican/Episcopal tradition, where it describes Anglican churches using a number of ritual practices associated in the popular mind with Roman Catholicism.
A historiated initial is an initial, an enlarged letter at the beginning of a paragraph or other section of text, that contains a picture.
In the Christian churches, Holy Orders are ordained ministries such as bishop, priest or deacon.
Hugh Broughton (1549 – 4 August 1612) was an English scholar and theologian.
Idolatry literally means the worship of an "idol", also known as a cult image, in the form of a physical image, such as a statue or icon.
Immanuel Tremellius (Giovanni Emmanuele Tremellio; 1510 – 9 October 1580) was an Italian Jewish convert to Christianity.
In typography, italic type is a cursive font based on a stylized form of calligraphic handwriting.
Sir James Matthew Barrie, 1st Baronet, (9 May 1860 19 June 1937) was a Scottish novelist and playwright, best remembered today as the creator of Peter Pan.
James VI and I (James Charles Stuart; 19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death in 1625.
Jehovah is a Latinization of the Hebrew, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible and one of the seven names of God in Judaism.
Jeremiah Radcliffe (died 1612) was an English priest, scholar and translator.
John Aglionby (died ca. 1610) was an eminent divine, of a family whose name was De Aguilon, corrupted into Aglionby.
John Baskerville (baptised 28 January 1706 – 8 January 1775) was an English businessman, in areas including japanning and papier-mâché, but he is best remembered as a printer and type designer.
John Baskett (1664/5 – 1742), was the king's printer.
John Bois (sometimes spelled Boys or "Boyse") (3 January 1560 – 14 January 1643) was an English scholar, remembered mainly as one of the members of the translating committee for the Authorized Version of the Bible.
John Calvin (Jean Calvin; born Jehan Cauvin; 10 July 150927 May 1564) was a French theologian, pastor and reformer in Geneva during the Protestant Reformation.
John Chrysostom (Ἰωάννης ὁ Χρυσόστομος; c. 349 – 14 September 407), Archbishop of Constantinople, was an important Early Church Father.
John Duport (died 1617) was an English scholar and translator.
John Harding (died 1610) was an English churchman and academic.
John Harmar (ca. 1555–1613) was an English classical scholar and Warden of Winchester College.
John Layfield (also spelled Laifield) (died 6 November 1617) was an English scholar and Bible translator.
John Overall (1559–1619) was the 38th bishop of the see of Norwich from 1618 until his death one year later.
John Perrin (c.1558-1615) was an English churchman and academic, Regius Professor of Greek at Oxford and one of the translators of the Authorised King James Version of the Bible.
John Rainolds (or Reynolds) (1549 – 21 May 1607) was an English academic and churchman, of Puritan views.
John Richardson (born Linton, Cambridgeshire, c. 1564 – 1625) was Master of Trinity College, Cambridge from 1615 until his death.
John Spenser (1559–1614) was an English academic, president of Corpus Christi College, Oxford.
John the Evangelist (Εὐαγγελιστής Ἰωάννης, ⲓⲱⲁⲛⲛⲏⲥ or ⲓⲱ̅ⲁ) is the name traditionally given to the author of the Gospel of John.
John Wycliffe (also spelled Wyclif, Wycliff, Wiclef, Wicliffe, Wickliffe; 1320s – 31 December 1384) was an English scholastic philosopher, theologian, Biblical translator, reformer, English priest, and a seminary professor at the University of Oxford.
Judas Iscariot (died AD) was a disciple and one of the original Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ.
The King James Only movement is a movement within Anglosphere Protestantism which asserts the King James Version of the Bible as being superior to all other English translations.
Lancelot Andrewes (155525 September 1626) was an English bishop and scholar, who held high positions in the Church of England during the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I. During the latter's reign, Andrewes served successively as Bishop of Chichester, of Ely, and of Winchester and oversaw the translation of the King James Version of the Bible (or Authorized Version).
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Laurence Chaderton (c. September 1536 – 13 November 1640) was an English Puritan divine, the first Master of Emmanuel College, Cambridge and one of the translators of the King James Version of the Bible.
A lectern (from the Latin lectus, past participle of legere, "to read") is a reading desk, with a slanted top, usually placed on a stand or affixed to some other form of support, on which documents or books are placed as support for reading aloud, as in a scripture reading, lecture, or sermon.
A lectionary (Lectionarium) is a book or listing that contains a collection of scripture readings appointed for Christian or Judaic worship on a given day or occasion.
Leonard Hutten (1557?-1632) was an English clergyman and antiquary.
Letters patent (always in the plural) are a type of legal instrument in the form of a published written order issued by a monarch, president, or other head of state, generally granting an office, right, monopoly, title, or status to a person or corporation.
Leviathan or The Matter, Forme and Power of a Common-Wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civil—commonly referred to as Leviathan—is a book written by Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679) and published in 1651 (revised Latin edition 1668). Its name derives from the biblical Leviathan. The work concerns the structure of society and legitimate government, and is regarded as one of the earliest and most influential examples of social contract theory. Leviathan ranks as a classic western work on statecraft comparable to Machiavelli's The Prince. Written during the English Civil War (1642–1651), Leviathan argues for a social contract and rule by an absolute sovereign. Hobbes wrote that civil war and the brute situation of a state of nature ("the war of all against all") could only be avoided by strong, undivided government.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
These are the books of the King James Version of the Bible along with the names and numbers given them in the Douay Rheims Bible and Latin Vulgate.
Lollardy (Lollardism, Lollard movement) was a pre-Protestant Christian religious movement that existed from the mid-14th century to the English Reformation.
The Long Parliament was an English Parliament which lasted from 1640 until 1660.
The long, medial, or descending s (ſ) is an archaic form of the lower case letter s. It replaced a single s, or the first in a double s, at the beginning or in the middle of a word (e.g. "ſinfulneſs" for "sinfulness" and "ſucceſsful" for "successful").
A loose leaf is a piece of paper that is not bound in place, but typically punched so as to be organized in a ring binder.
Luke the Evangelist (Latin: Lūcās, Λουκᾶς, Loukãs, לוקאס, Lūqās, לוקא, Lūqā&apos) is one of the Four Evangelists—the four traditionally ascribed authors of the canonical Gospels.
The Luther Bible (Lutherbibel) is a German language Bible translation from Hebrew and ancient Greek by Martin Luther.
Saint Mark the Evangelist (Mārcus; Μᾶρκος; Ⲙⲁⲣⲕⲟⲥ; מרקוס; مَرْقُس; ማርቆስ; ⵎⴰⵔⵇⵓⵙ) is the traditionally ascribed author of the Gospel of Mark.
Martin Luther, (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.
Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558) was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death.
Mary, Queen of Scots (8 December 1542 – 8 February 1587), also known as Mary Stuart or Mary I, reigned over Scotland from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567.
The Masoretes (Hebrew: Ba'alei ha-Masora) were groups of Jewish scribe-scholars who worked between the 6th and 10th centuries CE, based primarily in early medieval Palestine in the cities of Tiberias and Jerusalem, as well as in Iraq (Babylonia).
The Masoretic Text (MT, 𝕸, or \mathfrak) is the authoritative Hebrew and Aramaic text of the Tanakh for Rabbinic Judaism.
Matins is the monastic nighttime liturgy, ending at dawn, of the canonical hours.
The Matthew Bible, also known as Matthew's Version, was first published in 1537 by John Rogers, under the pseudonym "Thomas Matthew".
Matthew the Apostle (מַתִּתְיָהוּ Mattityahu or Mattay, "Gift of YHVH"; Ματθαῖος; ⲙⲁⲧⲑⲉⲟⲥ, Matthaios; also known as Saint Matthew and as Levi) was, according to the Christian Bible, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus and, according to Christian tradition, one of the four Evangelists.
Michael Rabbet (or Rabbett) (c. 1562 – 5 February 1630) was an English clergyman and translator of the Authorised King James Version of the Bible.
Middle English (ME) is collectively the varieties of the English language spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century; scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500.
Miles Smith (1554, Hereford – 1624, Gloucester) was by inclination and talent, a scholar, theologian, bibliophile, and by occupation a member of the clergy in the Roman Catholic Church.
Mosesמֹשֶׁה, Modern Tiberian ISO 259-3; ܡܘܫܐ Mūše; موسى; Mωϋσῆς was a prophet in the Abrahamic religions.
Myles Coverdale, first name also spelt Miles (1488 – 20 January 1569), was an English ecclesiastical reformer chiefly known as a Bible translator, preacher and, briefly, Bishop of Exeter (1551-1553).
The New Cambridge Paragraph Bible with the Apocrypha is a newly edited edition of the King James Version of the Bible (KJV) published by Cambridge University Press in 2005.
The New Model Army of England was formed in 1645 by the Parliamentarians in the English Civil War, and was disbanded in 1660 after the Restoration.
The New Testament (Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, trans. Hē Kainḕ Diathḗkē; Novum Testamentum) is the second part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
The Old Testament (abbreviated OT) is the first part of Christian Bibles, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible (or Tanakh), a collection of ancient religious writings by the Israelites believed by most Christians and religious Jews to be the sacred Word of God.
Oliver Cromwell (25 April 15993 September 1658) was an English military and political leader.
Ordination is the process by which individuals are consecrated, that is, set apart as clergy to perform various religious rites and ceremonies.
The Orthodox Church in America (OCA) is an Eastern Orthodox Church, partly recognized as autocephalous, in North America.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Patristics or patrology is the study of the early Christian writers who are designated Church Fathers.
Patronage is the support, encouragement, privilege, or financial aid that an organization or individual bestows to another.
Paul the Apostle (Paulus; translit, ⲡⲁⲩⲗⲟⲥ; c. 5 – c. 64 or 67), commonly known as Saint Paul and also known by his Jewish name Saul of Tarsus (translit; Saũlos Tarseús), was an apostle (though not one of the Twelve Apostles) who taught the gospel of the Christ to the first century world.
Penguin Books is a British publishing house.
The Peshitta (ܦܫܝܛܬܐ) is the standard version of the Bible for churches in the Syriac tradition.
Peter Pan; or, the Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up or Peter and Wendy is J. M. Barrie's most famous work, in the form of a 1904 play and a 1911 novel.
Pharaoh (ⲡⲣ̅ⲣⲟ Prro) is the common title of the monarchs of ancient Egypt from the First Dynasty (c. 3150 BCE) until the annexation of Egypt by the Roman Empire in 30 BCE, although the actual term "Pharaoh" was not used contemporaneously for a ruler until circa 1200 BCE.
Pierre Robert Olivetan/Olivétan (c.1506-1538) a Waldensian by faith was the first to translate the Bible into the French language starting from the Hebrew and Greek texts.
The pilcrow (¶), also called the paragraph mark, paragraph sign, paraph, alinea (Latin: a lineā, "off the line"), or blind P, is a typographical character for individual paragraphs.
The Plantin Polyglot (also called the Antwerp Polyglot, the Biblia Regia or "King's Bible") is a polyglot Bible, printed under the title Biblia Polyglotta by Christopher Plantin in Antwerp (Belgium) between 1568 and 1573.
The Prayer of Manasseh is a short work of 15 verses recording a penitential prayer attributed to king Manasseh of Judah.
tags--> A prebendary is a senior member of clergy, normally supported by the revenues from an estate or parish.
The Privy Council of England, also known as His (or Her) Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, was a body of advisers to the sovereign of the Kingdom of England.
The Book of Psalms (תְּהִלִּים or, Tehillim, "praises"), commonly referred to simply as Psalms or "the Psalms", is the first book of the Ketuvim ("Writings"), the third section of the Hebrew Bible, and a book of the Christian Old Testament.
A psalter is a volume containing the Book of Psalms, often with other devotional material bound in as well, such as a liturgical calendar and litany of the Saints.
Punctuation (formerly sometimes called pointing) is the use of spacing, conventional signs, and certain typographical devices as aids to the understanding and correct reading of handwritten and printed text, whether read silently or aloud.
The Puritans were English Reformed Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to "purify" the Church of England from its "Catholic" practices, maintaining that the Church of England was only partially reformed.
The Queen's Printer (known as King's Printer during the reign of a male monarch) is typically a bureau of the national, state, or provincial government responsible for producing official documents issued by the Queen-in-Council, ministers of the Crown, or other departments.
Ralph Hutchinson (or Huchenson) (1553?-1606) was an English clergyman and academic, President of St John's College, Oxford and a translator of the Authorised King James Version.
Ralph Ravens (c. 1553 – 1615) was an English clergyman and academic.
A re'em, also reëm (רֶאֵם), is an animal mentioned nine times in the Hebrew Bible and variously translated as a unicorn or a wild ox.
Red letter edition bibles are those in which the Dominical words—those spoken by Jesus Christ, commonly only those spoken during His corporeal life on Earth—are printed rubricated, in red ink.
The Restoration of the English monarchy took place in the Stuart period.
The Revised Version (RV) or English Revised Version (ERV) of the Bible is a late 19th-century British revision of the King James Version.
Richard Bancroft (1544 – 2 November 1610) was an English churchman who was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1604 to 1610 and the "chief overseer" of the production of the King James Bible.
Richard Brett (1567–1637) was an English clergyman and academic.
His Excellency, The Right Reverend Bishop Richard Challoner, Bishop of Doberus (29 September 1691 – 12 January 1781) was an English Roman Catholic bishop, a leading figure of English Catholicism during the greater part of the 18th century.
Richard Clarke or Clerke (died 1634) was an eminent scholar, translator and preacher in the Anglican Church.
Clinton Richard Dawkins (born 26 March 1941) is an English ethologist, evolutionary biologist, and author.
Richard Edes (or Eedes) (1555–1604) was an English churchman.
Richard Kilby (Kilbye) (1560–1620) was an English scholar and priest.
Richard Thomson, sometimes spelled Thompson, was a Dutch-born English theologian and translator.
Robert Barker (died 1645) was a printer to James I of England and son of Christopher Barker, who had been printer to Queen Elizabeth I. Barker was most notably the printer of the King James Bible, one of the most influential and important books ever printed in the English language.
Robert I Estienne (1503 – 7 September 1559), known as Robertus Stephanus in Latin and also referred to as Robert Stephens by 18th and 19th-century English writers, was a 16th-century printer and classical scholar in Paris.
Robert Spaulding was an English scholar, Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge and one of the translators, in the "First Cambridge Company", of the King James Version of the Bible.
Robert Tighe (or Teigh or Tyghe, sometimes misspelled Leigh), (born in Deeping, Lincolnshire, died 1620) was an English cleric and linguist.
Robert Ward was an English scholar, a fellow of King's College, Cambridge and prebendary of Chichester Cathedral.
Roger Andrewes (sometimes Andrews) (1574–1635) was an English churchman and academic, archdeacon and Chancellor at Chichester Cathedral in the English Church.
Roger Fenton (1565–1615) was an English clergyman, one of the translators of the Authorised King James Version.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages.
In Latin script typography, roman is one of the three main kinds of historical type, alongside blackletter and italic.
The royal prerogative is a body of customary authority, privilege, and immunity, recognized in common law and, sometimes, in civil law jurisdictions possessing a monarchy, as belonging to the sovereign and which have become widely vested in the government.
Saint Peter (Syriac/Aramaic: ܫܸܡܥܘܿܢ ܟܹ݁ܐܦ݂ܵܐ, Shemayon Keppa; שמעון בר יונה; Petros; Petros; Petrus; r. AD 30; died between AD 64 and 68), also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, or Simon, according to the New Testament, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, leaders of the early Christian Great Church.
Samuel Ward (1572–1643) was an English academic and a master at the University of Cambridge.
The Scofield Reference Bible is a widely circulated study Bible edited and annotated by the American Bible student Cyrus I. Scofield, which popularized dispensationalism at the beginning of the 20th century.
The Septuagint or LXX (from the septuāgintā literally "seventy"; sometimes called the Greek Old Testament) is the earliest extant Greek translation of the Old Testament from the original Hebrew.
The shilling is a unit of currency formerly used in Austria, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, United States, and other British Commonwealth countries.
Shorthand is an abbreviated symbolic writing method that increases speed and brevity of writing as compared to longhand, a more common method of writing a language.
In typography, small capitals (usually abbreviated small caps) are lowercase characters typeset with glyphs that resemble uppercase letters ("capitals") but reduced in height and weight, close to the surrounding lowercase (small) letters or text figures, for example:.
The Song of Songs, also Song of Solomon or Canticles (Hebrew:, Šîr HašŠîrîm, Greek: ᾎσμα ᾎσμάτων, asma asmaton, both meaning Song of Songs), is one of the megillot (scrolls) found in the last section of the Tanakh, known as the Ketuvim (or "Writings"), and a book of the Old Testament.
In printing, a stereotype, also known as a cliché, stereoplate or simply a stereo, was originally a "solid plate of type metal, cast from a papier-mâché or plaster mould (called a flong) taken from the surface of a forme of type" used for printing instead of the original.
The gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke are referred to as the Synoptic Gospels because they include many of the same stories, often in a similar sequence and in similar or sometimes identical wording.
Taverner's Bible, more correctly called The Most Sacred Bible whiche is the holy scripture, conteyning the old and new testament, translated into English, and newly recognized with great diligence after most faythful exemplars by Rychard Taverner, is a minor revision of Matthew's Bible edited by Richard Taverner and published in 1539.
The tetragrammaton (from Greek Τετραγράμματον, meaning " four letters"), in Hebrew and YHWH in Latin script, is the four-letter biblical name of the God of Israel.
Textual criticism is a branch of textual scholarship, philology, and literary criticism that is concerned with the identification of textual variants in either manuscripts or printed books.
Textus Receptus (Latin: "received text") is the name given to the succession of printed Greek texts of the New Testament.
The Book of Eli is a 2010 American post-apocalyptic neo-Western action film directed by the Hughes brothers, written by Gary Whitta, and starring Denzel Washington, Gary Oldman, Mila Kunis, Ray Stevenson, and Jennifer Beals.
The Critical Review was a British publication appearing from 1756 to 1817.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
Theodore Beza (Theodorus Beza; Théodore de Bèze or de Besze; June 24, 1519 – October 13, 1605) was a French Reformed Protestant theologian, reformer and scholar who played an important role in the Reformation.
"They have pierced my hands and my feet" is a phrase that occurs in some English translations of (Psalm 21:17 in the Greek Septuagint and Latin Vulgate).
The Thirty-nine Articles of Religion (commonly abbreviated as the Thirty-nine Articles or the XXXIX Articles) are the historically defining statements of doctrines and practices of the Church of England with respect to the controversies of the English Reformation.
Thomas Bilson (1547 – 18 June 1616) was an Anglican Bishop of Worcester and Bishop of Winchester.
Thomas Harrison (1555, London – 1631) was an English Puritan scholar, a Vice-Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, and one of the translators for the King James Version of the Bible.
Thomas Hobbes (5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679), in some older texts Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury, was an English philosopher who is considered one of the founders of modern political philosophy.
Thomas Holland (1539, in Ludlow, Shropshire – 17 March 1612) was an English Calvinist scholar and theologian, and one of the translators of the King James Version of the Bible.
Sir Thomas More (7 February 14786 July 1535), venerated in the Catholic Church as Saint Thomas More, was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman, and noted Renaissance humanist.
Thomas Ravis (c. 1560 – 14 December 1609) was a Church of England bishop and academic.
Thorn or þorn (Þ, þ) is a letter in the Old English, Gothic, Old Norse and modern Icelandic alphabets, as well as some dialects of Middle English.
The Tyndale Bible generally refers to the body of biblical translations by William Tyndale.
In typography, a typeface (also known as font family) is a set of one or more fonts each composed of glyphs that share common design features.
Vanity Fair is a magazine of popular culture, fashion, and current affairs published by Condé Nast in the United States.
A vocabulary is a set of familiar words within a person's language.
The Vulgata Sixtina was a Latin edition of the Bible from 1590, prepared on the orders of Pope Sixtus V. It was the first edition of the Latin Vulgate authorised by a pope, but its official recognition was short-lived.
The Vulgate is a late-4th-century Latin translation of the Bible that became the Catholic Church's officially promulgated Latin version of the Bible during the 16th century.
Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.
The Wicked Bible, sometimes called Adulterous Bible or Sinners' Bible, is the Bible published in 1631 by Robert Barker and Martin Lucas, the royal printers in London, meant to be a reprint of the King James Bible.
William Barlow (died 1613) was an Anglican priest and courtier during the reign of James I of England.
William Bedwell (1561 – 5 May 1632 near London) was an English priest and scholar, specializing in Arabic and other "oriental" languages as well as in mathematics.
William Branthwaite D.D. (died 1619) was an English scholar and translator.
William Dakins (died 1607) was an English academic and clergyman, Gresham Professor of Divinity and one of the translators of the King James Bible.
William Laud (7 October 1573 – 10 January 1645) was an English archbishop and academic.
William Thorne (1568? – 1630) was an English clergyman and orientalist, Regius Professor of Hebrew at Oxford in 1598.
William Tyndale (sometimes spelled Tynsdale, Tindall, Tindill, Tyndall; &ndash) was an English scholar who became a leading figure in the Protestant Reformation in the years leading up to his execution.
The Worshipful Company of Stationers and Newspaper Makers (until 1937 the Worshipful Company of Stationers), usually known as the Stationers' Company, is one of the livery companies of the City of London.
Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.
1 Esdras (Ἔσδρας Αʹ), also Greek Esdras, Greek Ezra, or 3 Esdras, is an ancient Greek version of the biblical Book of Ezra in use among the early church, and many modern Christians with varying degrees of canonicity.
2 Esdras (also called 4 Esdras, Latin Esdras, or Latin Ezra) is the name of an apocalyptic book in many English versions of the BibleIncluding the KJB, RSV, NRSV, NEB, REB, and GNB (see Naming conventions below).
AKJV, AV1611, Authorised King James Version, Authorised Version, Authorised Version of the Bible, Authorized King James Version, Authorized King James Version of the Christian Bible, Authorized Standard Version, Authorized Version, Authorized Version of 1611, Authorized Version of the Bible, James edition, KJB, KJV, KJV Bible, King James Bible, King James Edition, King James Version of the Bible, King James bible, King James edition, King James version, King James version of the Bible, King James version of the bible, King James' Bible, King James's Version, King james Version, King james bible, King james vision bible, Kingjamesbible, Second Oxford Company, The King James Bible.