205 relations: Act of Abjuration, Alexander Pechtold, Alfonso Boekhoudt, Amsterdam, André Rouvoet, Aruba, Aruban florin, Atlantic Charter, Atlantic Time Zone, Australia, Austrian Netherlands, Batavian Republic, Battle of Waterloo, Belgium, Bicentennial of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Bonaire, British Overseas Territories, Caribbean Netherlands, Caribbean Sea, Central European Summer Time, Central European Time, Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Christian Union (Netherlands), Citizenship of the European Union, Civil law (common law), Civil law notary, Climate, Collectivity of Saint Martin, Colonialism, Commercial law, Commonwealth Games, Confederation, Congress of Vienna, Constituent state, Constitution of Aruba, Constitution of Curaçao, Constitution of Sint Maarten, Constitution of the Netherlands, Constitutional monarchy, Convention on the association of the Netherlands Antilles with the European Economic Community, Cook Islands, Coordinated Universal Time, Copyright, Council of Ministers (Netherlands), Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Council of State, Criminal law, Curaçao, Curaçao and Dependencies, De Bezige Bij, ..., De facto, Denmark, Devolution, Dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles, Drenthe, Dutch Caribbean, Dutch East Indies, Dutch government-in-exile, Dutch language, Dutch Low Saxon, Dutch people, Dutch Republic, Eight Articles of London, English language, Envoy (title), Estates of Aruba, Euro, European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, European Union, Evelyn Wever-Croes, Faroe Islands, Federacy, Federal monarchy, Federation, First French Empire, Flevoland, Foreign policy, France, Friesland, Gelderland, German Confederation, German Empire, Government policy statement, Governor of Aruba, Groningen (province), Guillfred Besaril, Head of state, Henck Arron, House of Representatives (Netherlands), Human rights, Hundred Days, Indonesia, Industrial property, Insular area, ISO 4217, Johan Adolf Pengel, Joop den Uyl, Jules Sedney, Juliana of the Netherlands, Kingdom of Holland, Kingdom of Prussia, Koninkrijksdag, Law of the Netherlands, Leeward Islands, Legal certainty, Lesser Antilles, Levee, Limburg (Netherlands), Limburgish, List of countries and territories by land borders, List of monarchs of Luxembourg, List of monarchs of the Netherlands, List of municipalities of the Netherlands, London, Mark Rutte, Military, Minister Plenipotentiary of Aruba, Minister Plenipotentiary of Curaçao, Minister Plenipotentiary of Sint Maarten, Monarchy, Monarchy of the Netherlands, Mount Scenery, Napoleon, NATO, Netherlands, Netherlands Antillean guilder, Netherlands Antilles, Netherlands Marine Corps, Netherlands New Guinea, Niue, North Brabant, North German Confederation, North Holland, North Island, Oceanic climate, OECD, Oranjestad, Aruba, Overijssel, Papiamento, Paramaribo, Parliament, Parliamentary system, Peace of Münster, Personal union, Philipsburg, Sint Maarten, Prime Minister of Aruba, Prime Minister of the Netherlands, Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld, Prince-Bishopric of Liège, Public body (Netherlands), Realm of New Zealand, Republic, Ross Dependency, Saba, Saint Martin, Senate (Netherlands), Sint Eustatius, Sint Maarten, Social security, South Holland, South Island, Southern Netherlands, Sovereign Principality of the United Netherlands, Sovereign state, Spanish Netherlands, Special member state territories and the European Union, States General of the Netherlands, Statute of Westminster 1931, Sui generis, Supreme court, Supreme Court of the Netherlands, Surinam (Dutch colony), Suriname (Kingdom of the Netherlands), Telephone numbers in Aruba, Telephone numbers in Curaçao and the Caribbean Netherlands, Telephone numbers in the Netherlands, The Hague, Tokelau, Treaty, Tropical cyclone, Unitary state, United Kingdom, United Kingdom of the Netherlands, United Nations, United States dollar, Utrecht (province), Vaalserberg, West Frisian language, West Indies, Western Europe, Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, Wilhelmus, Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, Willemstad, William I of the Netherlands, Windward Islands, World Trade Organization, Zeeland, .aw, .bq, .cw, .eu, .nl, .sx, 1969 Curaçao uprising. Expand index (155 more) » « Shrink index
The Act of Abjuration (Plakkaat van Verlatinghe, literally 'placard of abjuration'), is de facto the declaration of independence by many of the provinces of the Netherlands from Spain in 1581, during the Dutch Revolt.
Alexander Pechtold (born 16 December 1965) is a Dutch politician of the Democrats 66 (D66) party.
Juan Alfonso Boekhoudt (born 27 January 1965) is an Aruban administrator.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
André Rouvoet (born 4 January 1962) is a former Dutch politician of the ChristianUnion (CU).
Aruba (Papiamento) is an island and a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the southern Caribbean Sea, located about west of the main part of the Lesser Antilles and north of the coast of Venezuela.
The florin (sign: Afl.; code: AWG) is the currency of Aruba.
The Atlantic Charter was a pivotal policy statement issued during World War II on 14 August 1941, which defined the Allied goals for the post war world.
The Atlantic Time Zone is a geographical region that keeps standard time—called Atlantic Standard Time (AST)—by subtracting four hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), resulting in UTC-4; during part of the year some parts of it observe daylight saving time by instead subtracting only three hours (UTC-3).
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The Austrian Netherlands (Oostenrijkse Nederlanden; Pays-Bas Autrichiens; Österreichische Niederlande; Belgium Austriacum) was the larger part of the Southern Netherlands between 1714 and 1797.
The Batavian Republic (Bataafse Republiek; République Batave) was the successor of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands.
The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815, near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
From 2013 to 2015, the Kingdom of the Netherlands celebrated its bicentennial.
Bonaire (pronounced or; Bonaire,; Papiamento: Boneiru) is an island in the Leeward Antilles in the Caribbean Sea.
The British Overseas Territories (BOT) or United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs) are 14 territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom.
The Caribbean Netherlands (Caribisch Nederland) are the three special municipalities of the Netherlands that are located in the Caribbean Sea.
The Caribbean Sea (Mar Caribe; Mer des Caraïbes; Caraïbische Zee) is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean in the tropics of the Western Hemisphere.
Central European Summer Time (CEST), sometime referred also as Central European Daylight Time (CEDT), is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC+1) during the other part of the year.
Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
The Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands (in Dutch: Statuut voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden; in Papiamentu: Statuut pa e Reino di Hulanda) describes the political relationship between the four countries that constitute the Kingdom of the Netherlands: Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten in the Caribbean and the Netherlands (for the most part) in Europe.
The Christian Union (ChristenUnie, CU) is a Christian democratic political party in the Netherlands.
Citizenship of the European Union (EU) is afforded to qualifying citizens of European Union member states.
Civil law is a branch of the law.
Civil-law notaries, or Latin notaries, are agents of noncontentious private civil law who draft, take, and record instruments for private parties and are vested as public officers with the authentication power of the State.
Climate is the statistics of weather over long periods of time.
Saint Martin (Saint-Martin), officially the Collectivity of Saint Martin (Collectivité de Saint-Martin) is an overseas collectivity of France in the West Indies in the Caribbean.
Colonialism is the policy of a polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of developing or exploiting them to the benefit of the colonizing country and of helping the colonies modernize in terms defined by the colonizers, especially in economics, religion and health.
Commercial law, also known as trade law, is the body of law that applies to the rights, relations, and conduct of persons and businesses engaged in commerce, merchandising, trade, and sales.
The Commonwealth Games are an international multi-sport event involving athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations.
A confederation (also known as a confederacy or league) is a union of sovereign states, united for purposes of common action often in relation to other states.
The Congress of Vienna (Wiener Kongress) also called Vienna Congress, was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.
A constituent state is a territorial and constitutional entity forming part of a sovereign state.
Aruba's State Constitution was unanimously approved by all political parties represented in Aruba's Parliament on a January 1, 1986, and was proclaimed in the Afkondigingsblad van Aruba, No.26, 1985, on January 1, 1986.
The Constitution of Curaçao (Dutch: Staatsregeling van Curaçao) was adopted by a 15 to 6 vote majority in the island council of Curaçao on 5 September 2010.
The Constitution of Sint Maarten (Dutch: Staatsregeling van Sint Maarten) was unanimously adopted by the island council of Sint Maarten on 21 July 2010.
The Constitution for the Kingdom of the Netherlands (Grondwet voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden) is one of two fundamental documents governing the Kingdom of the Netherlands as well as the fundamental law of the European territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercises authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution.
The Convention on the association of the Netherlands Antilles with the European Economic Community is an international agreement amending the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community, with the aim of awarding OCT status to the Netherlands Antilles, which was a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1954 until 2010.
The Cook Islands (Cook Islands Māori: Kūki 'Āirani) is a self-governing island country in the South Pacific Ocean in free association with New Zealand.
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
The Council of Ministers (Ministerraad) is the executive council of Dutch government, formed by all the ministers including the Deputy Prime Ministers.
The Council of Ministers of the Kingdom (Ministerraad van het Koninkrijk or Rijksministerraad) is the executive council of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which is a state consisting of four constituent countries: Aruba, Curaçao, the Netherlands, and Sint Maarten.
A Council of State is the name of a governmental body in a country, or a subdivision of a country, with a function that varies by jurisdiction.
Criminal law is the body of law that relates to crime.
Curaçao (Curaçao,; Kòrsou) is a Lesser Antilles island in the southern Caribbean Sea and the Dutch Caribbean region, about north of the Venezuelan coast.
The Colony of Curaçao and Dependencies (Kolonie Curaçao en onderhorigheden; Kolonia di Kòrsou i dependensianan) was a Dutch colony from 1815 until 1828 and from 1845 until 1936.
De Bezige Bij ("the busy bee") is one of the most important literary publishing companies in the Netherlands.
In law and government, de facto (or;, "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised by official laws.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Devolution is the statutory delegation of powers from the central government of a sovereign state to govern at a subnational level, such as a regional or local level.
The Netherlands Antilles was an autonomous Caribbean country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Drenthe is a province of the Netherlands located in the northeastern part of the country.
The Dutch Caribbean (historically known as the Dutch West Indies) is the territories, colonies, and countries, both former and current, of the Dutch Empire and the Kingdom of the Netherlands that are located in the Lesser Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.
The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.
The Dutch government in exile (Nederlandse regering in ballingschap), also known as the London Cabinet (Londens cabinet) was the government in exile of the Netherlands, headed by Queen Wilhelmina, that evacuated to London after the German invasion of the country during World War II on 10 May 1940.
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
Dutch Low Saxon (Nederlands Nedersaksisch; Dutch Low Saxon: Nederlaands Leegsaksies) are the Low Saxon dialects that are spoken in the northeastern Netherlands and are written there with local, unstandardised orthographies based on Standard Dutch orthography.
The Dutch (Dutch), occasionally referred to as Netherlanders—a term that is cognate to the Dutch word for Dutch people, "Nederlanders"—are a Germanic ethnic group native to the Netherlands.
The Dutch Republic was a republic that existed from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces (which earlier seceded from the Spanish rule) until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.
The Eight Articles of London, also known as the London Protocol of June 21, 1814, were a secret convention between the Great Powers: Britain, the Kingdom of Prussia, the Austrian Empire, and the Russian Empire to award the territory of current Belgium and The Netherlands to William I of the Netherlands, then "Sovereign Prince" of the United Netherlands.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
In diplomacy, an envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary, in short an envoy, is, under the terms of the Congress of Vienna of 1815, a diplomat of the second class, ranking between an Ambassador and a Minister Resident.
The Estates of Aruba (Staten van Aruba) are the unicameral legislature or parliament of Aruba.
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.
The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (ECRML) is a European treaty (CETS 148) adopted in 1992 under the auspices of the Council of Europe to protect and promote historical regional and minority languages in Europe.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Evelyna Christina "Evelyn" Wever-Croes (born 5 December 1966) is an Aruban politician and current Prime Minister of Aruba, serving since 17 November 2017.
The Faroe Islands (Føroyar; Færøerne), sometimes called the Faeroe Islands, is an archipelago between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic, about halfway between Norway and Iceland, north-northwest of Scotland.
A federacy is a form of government where one or several substate units enjoy considerably more independence than the majority of the substate units.
A federal monarchy is a federation of states with a single monarch as over-all head of the federation, but retaining different monarchs, or a non-monarchical system of government, in the various states joined to the federation.
A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing provinces, states, or other regions under a central (federal) government.
The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
Flevoland is the twelfth and last province of the Netherlands, established on 1 January 1986, when the southern and eastern Flevopolders were merged into one provincial entity.
A country's foreign policy, also called foreign relations or foreign affairs policy, consists of self-interest strategies chosen by the state to safeguard its national interests and to achieve goals within its international relations milieu.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Friesland (official, Fryslân), also historically known as Frisia, is a province of the Netherlands located in the northern part of the country.
Gelderland (also Guelders in English) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the central eastern part of the country.
The German Confederation (Deutscher Bund) was an association of 39 German-speaking states in Central Europe, created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to coordinate the economies of separate German-speaking countries and to replace the former Holy Roman Empire, which had been dissolved in 1806.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
A government policy statement is a declaration of a government's political activities, plans and intentions relating to a concrete cause or, at the assumption of office, an entire legislative session.
The Governor of Aruba is the representative on Aruba of the Dutch head of state (King Willem-Alexander).
Groningen (Gronings: Grunn; Grinslân) is the northeasternmost province of the Netherlands.
Guillfred Francis Besaril (born 9 January 1974) is an Aruban politician of the People's Electoral Movement.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
Henck Alphonsus Eugène Arron (25 April 1936 – 4 December 2000) was the first Prime Minister of Suriname after it gained independence in 1975.
The House of Representatives (pronounced; commonly referred to as the, literally Second Chamber) is the lower house of the bicameral parliament of the Netherlands, the States General, the other one being the Senate.
Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, December 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved August 14, 2014 that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law.
The Hundred Days (les Cent-Jours) marked the period between Napoleon's return from exile on the island of Elba to Paris on20 March 1815 and the second restoration of King Louis XVIII on 8 July 1815 (a period of 110 days).
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Industrial property takes a range of forms, these include patents for inventions, industrial designs (aesthetic creations related to the appearance of industrial products), trademarks, service marks, layout-designs of integrated circuits, commercial names and designations, geographical indications and protection against unfair competition.
An insular area of the United States is a U.S. territory that is neither a part of one of the 50 states nor of a Federal district.
ISO 4217 is a standard first published by International Organization for Standardization in 1978, which delineates currency designators, country codes (alpha and numeric), and references to minor units in three tables.
Johan Adolf "Jopie" Pengel (20 January 1916 – 5 June 1970) was a Surinamese politician, and Prime Minister of Suriname from 30 June 1963 to 5 March 1969 for the National Party of Suriname (NPS).
Johannes Marten den Uijl, better known as Joop den Uyl (9 August 1919 – 24 December 1987) was a Dutch politician of the Labour Party (PvdA) who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 11 May 1973 until 19 December 1977.
Jules Sedney (born 28 September 1922) is a Surinamese politician.
Juliana (Juliana Louise Emma Marie Wilhelmina; 30 April 1909 – 20 March 2004) was Queen of the Netherlands from 1948 until her abdication in 1980.
The Kingdom of Holland (Koninkrijk Holland, Royaume de Hollande) was set up by Napoléon Bonaparte as a puppet kingdom for his third brother, Louis Bonaparte, in order to better control the Netherlands.
The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.
Koninkrijksdag (Dia di Reino, Kingdom Day, West Frisian: Keninkryksdei) is the commemoration of the signing of the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands on 15 December 1954 in Aruba, Curaçao, the Netherlands, and Sint Maarten.
The Netherlands uses civil law.
The Leeward Islands are a group of islands situated where the northeastern Caribbean Sea meets the western Atlantic Ocean.
Legal certainty is a principle in national and international law which holds that the law must provide those subject to it with the ability to regulate their conduct.
The Lesser Antilles are a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea.
Limburg (Dutch and Limburgish: (Nederlands-)Limburg; Limbourg) is the southernmost of the 12 provinces of the Netherlands.
LimburgishLimburgish is pronounced, whereas Limburgan, Limburgian and Limburgic are, and.
This is a list of countries and territories by land borders.
The territory of Luxembourg was ruled successively by counts, dukes and grand dukes.
This is a list of monarchs of the Netherlands (Dutch: Koningen der Nederlanden).
As of January 2018, there are 380 municipalities (Dutch: gemeenten) and 3 public bodies (openbare lichamen), also referred to as special municipalities (bijzondere gemeenten), in the Netherlands.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Mark Rutte (born 14 February 1967) is a Dutch politician serving as the 50th and current Prime Minister of the Netherlands since 2010 and Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie – VVD) since 2006.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
The Minister Plenipotentiary of Aruba (Gevolmachtigde Minister van Aruba) represents the constituent country of Aruba in the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
The Minister Plenipotentiary of Curaçao (Gevolmachtigd Minister van Curaçao) represents the constituent country (land) of Curaçao in the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
The Minister Plenipotentiary of Sint Maarten (Gevolmachtigd Minister van Sint Maarten) represents the constituent country of Sint Maarten in the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
A monarchy is a form of government in which a group, generally a family representing a dynasty (aristocracy), embodies the country's national identity and its head, the monarch, exercises the role of sovereignty.
The monarchy of the Netherlands is constitutional and as such, the role and position of the monarch are defined and limited by the Constitution of the Netherlands.
Mount Scenery is a potentially active volcano in the Caribbean Netherlands.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The Netherlands Antillean guilder (gulden) is the currency of Curaçao and Sint Maarten, which until 2010 formed the Netherlands Antilles along with Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius.
The Netherlands Antilles (Nederlandse Antillen,; Papiamentu: Antia Hulandes) was a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
The Korps Mariniers is the elite amphibious infantry component of the Royal Netherlands Navy.
Netherlands New Guinea (Nederlands-Nieuw-Guinea) refers to the Papua region of Indonesia while it was an overseas territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1949 to 1962.
Niue (Niuean: Niuē) is an island country in the South Pacific Ocean, northeast of New Zealand, east of Tonga, south of Samoa, and west of the Cook Islands.
North Brabant (Noord-Brabant), also unofficially called Brabant, is a province in the south of the Netherlands.
The North German Confederation (Norddeutscher Bund) was the German federal state which existed from July 1867 to December 1870.
North Holland (Noord-Holland, West Frisian Dutch: Noard-Holland) is a province of the Netherlands located in the northwestern part of the country.
The North Island (Māori: Te Ika-a-Māui) is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the slightly larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
Oranjestad (literally "Orange Town") is the capital and largest city of Aruba.
Overijssel (Dutch Low Saxon: Oaveriessel) is a province of the Netherlands in the central-eastern part of the country.
Papiamento or Papiamentu is a Portuguese-based creole language spoken in the Dutch West Indies.
Paramaribo (nickname: Par′bo) is the capital and largest city of Suriname, located on the banks of the Suriname River in the Paramaribo District.
In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative body of government.
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.
The Peace of Münster was a treaty between the Lords States General of the United Netherlands and the Spanish Crown, the terms of which were agreed on 30 January 1648.
A personal union is the combination of two or more states that have the same monarch while their boundaries, laws, and interests remain distinct.
Philipsburg is the main town and capital of the country of Sint Maarten.
The Prime Minister of Aruba is the head government.
The Prime Minister of the Netherlands (Minister-president van Nederland) is the head of the executive branch of the Government of the Netherlands in his quality of chair of the Council of Ministers.
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld (later Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands; German: Bernhard Friedrich Eberhard Leopold Julius Kurt Carl Gottfried Peter Graf von Biesterfeld; 29 June 1911 – 1 December 2004) was a German-born prince who was the consort of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands; they were the parents of four children, including the former Queen of the Netherlands, Princess Beatrix.
The Prince-Bishopric of Liège was a state of the Holy Roman Empire in the Low Countries, situated for the most part in present Belgium, which was ruled by the Bishop of Liège.
In the Netherlands, the term public body (a literal translation from the Dutch term openbaar lichaam) is the general denomination for administrative divisions within the Dutch state, such as the central government, a province, a municipality or a water board.
The Realm of New Zealand is the entire area (or realm) in which the Queen of New Zealand is head of state.
A republic (res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers.
The Ross Dependency is a region of Antarctica defined by a sector originating at the South Pole, passing along longitudes 160° east to 150° west, and terminating at latitude 60° south.
Saba is a Caribbean island which is the smallest special municipality (officially “public body”) of the Netherlands.
Saint Martin (Saint-Martin; Sint Maarten) is an island in the northeast Caribbean Sea, approximately east of Puerto Rico.
The Senate (or simply, literally "First Chamber", or sometimes) is the upper house of the States General, the legislature of the Netherlands.
Sint Eustatius, also known affectionately to the locals as Statia,Tuchman, Barbara W. The First Salute: A View of the American Revolution New York: Ballantine Books, 1988.
Sint Maarten is an island country in the Caribbean.
Social security is "any government system that provides monetary assistance to people with an inadequate or no income." Social security is enshrined in Article 22 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which states: Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.
South Holland (Zuid-Holland) is a province of the Netherlands with a population of just over 3.6 million as of 2015 and a population density of about, making it the country's most populous province and one of the world's most densely populated areas.
The South Island (Māori: Te Waipounamu) is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the smaller but more populous North Island.
The Southern Netherlands, also called the Catholic Netherlands, was the part of the Low Countries largely controlled by Spain (1556–1714), later Austria (1714–1794), and occupied then annexed by France (1794–1815).
The Sovereign Principality of the United Netherlands (Souvereine Vorstendom der Verëenigde Nederlanden) was a short-lived sovereign principality and the precursor of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, in which it was reunited with the Southern Netherlands in 1815.
A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
Spanish Netherlands (Países Bajos Españoles; Spaanse Nederlanden; Pays-Bas espagnols, Spanische Niederlande) was the collective name of States of the Holy Roman Empire in the Low Countries, held in personal union by the Spanish Crown (also called Habsburg Spain) from 1556 to 1714.
The special territories of the European Union are 31 territories of EU member states which, for historical, geographical, or political reasons, enjoy special status within or outside the European Union.
The States General of the Netherlands (Staten-Generaal) is the bicameral legislature of the Netherlands consisting of the Senate (Eerste Kamer) and the House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer).
The Statute of Westminster 1931 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and modified versions of it are now domestic law within Australia and Canada; it has been repealed in New Zealand and implicitly in former Dominions that are no longer Commonwealth realms.
Sui generis is a Latin phrase that means "of its (his, her, their) own kind; in a class by itself; unique." A number of disciplines use the term to refer to unique entities.
A supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of courts in many legal jurisdictions.
The Supreme Court of the Netherlands (Hoge Raad der Nederlanden or simply Hoge Raad), officially the High Council of the Netherlands, is the final court of appeal in civil, criminal and tax cases in the Netherlands, including Curaçao, Sint Maarten and Aruba.
Surinam was a Dutch plantation colony in the Guianas, neighboured by the equally Dutch colony of Berbice to the west, and the French colony of Cayenne to the east.
Suriname was a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands between 1954 and 1975.
Country Code: +297 International Call Prefix: 00 Telephone numbers in Aruba have country code 297.
Country Code: +599International Call Prefix: 00 The country code +599 was assigned to the Netherlands Antilles (dissolved in 2010), and is now in use by Curaçao and the Caribbean Netherlands (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba).
Telephone numbers in the Netherlands are administered by the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation of the Netherlands and may be grouped into three general categories: geographical numbers, non-geographical numbers, and numbers for public services.
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
Tokelau (previously known as the Union Islands, and officially as Tokelau Islands until 1976;; lit. "north-northeast") is an island country and dependent territory of New Zealand in the southern Pacific Ocean.
A treaty is an agreement under international law entered into by actors in international law, namely sovereign states and international organizations.
A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.
A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Kingdom of the Netherlands (Verenigd Koninkrijk der Nederlanden; Royaume-Uni des Pays-Bas) is the unofficial name given to the Kingdom of the Netherlands as it existed between 1815 and 1839.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
Utrecht is a province of the Netherlands.
The Vaalserberg is a hill with a height of 322.4 metres (1,058 ft) above NAP and the highest point in mainland Netherlands.
West Frisian, or simply Frisian (Frysk; Fries) is a West Germanic language spoken mostly in the province of Friesland (Fryslân) in the north of the Netherlands, mostly by those of Frisian ancestry.
The West Indies or the Caribbean Basin is a region of the North Atlantic Ocean in the Caribbean that includes the island countries and surrounding waters of three major archipelagoes: the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago.
Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.
Wilhelmina (Wilhelmina Helena Pauline Maria; 31 August 1880 – 28 November 1962) was Queen of the Netherlands from 1890 until her abdication in 1948.
"Wilhelmus van Nassouwe", usually known just as the "Wilhelmus" (Het Wilhelmus;; English translation: "The William"), is the national anthem of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Willem-Alexander (born Willem-Alexander Claus George Ferdinand, 27 April 1967) is the King of the Netherlands, having ascended the throne following his mother's abdication in 2013.
Willemstad is the capital city of Curaçao, an island in the southern Caribbean Sea that forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
William I (Willem Frederik, Prince of Orange-Nassau; 24 August 1772 – 12 December 1843) was a Prince of Orange and the first King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg.
The Windward Islands are the southern, generally larger islands of the Lesser Antilles, within the West Indies.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade.
Zeeland (Zeelandic: Zeêland, historical English exonym Zealand) is the westernmost and least populous province of the Netherlands.
.aw is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Aruba.
.bq is designated—but not in use—as the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (the Caribbean Netherlands) following the assignment on December 15, 2010, by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency of BQ as the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 to the area.
.cw is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Curaçao.
.eu is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the European Union (EU).
.nl is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the Netherlands.
.sx is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet for Sint Maarten.
The 1969 Curaçao uprising (known as Trinta di Mei in Papiamentu, the local language) was a series of riots on the Caribbean island of Curaçao, then part of the Netherlands Antilles, a semi-independent country in the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Caribbean islands of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Countries of the Netherlands, Kingdom Of The Netherlands, Kingdom Of the Netherlands, Kingdom of The Netherlands, Koninkrijk der Nederlanden, Reino Hulandes, The Kingdom of the Netherlands, The kingdom of netherlands.