316 relations: A roads in Zone 9 of the Great Britain numbering scheme, A92 road, Abbot of Dunfermline, Aberdeen railway station, Aberdour, Acts of Union 1707, Acute (medicine), Adam Smith, Adam Smith College, Adam Walker (ice hockey), Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba, Alternative rock, Ancient Rome, Angles, Apprenticeship, Archbishop of St Andrews, Area committee, Arnott's Biscuits, Arsenal F.C., Art film, Association football, Auchterarder, Áedán mac Gabráin, Bailie, Baltic region, Balwearie High School, Battle of Kilsyth, Battle of Raith, Bay, BBC, Bertha Wilson, Bremen, Bristol, Bronze Age, Buckhaven, Burgage, Burgess (title), Burn (landform), Burntisland, Burntisland railway station, Campus, Canada, Canadian Pacific Railway, Canvas, Canyon, Carbolic soap, Carstairs Cumming Douglas, Castle, Celtic Britons, Celtic F.C., ..., Chancellor of the Exchequer, Charles I of England, Cist, Civil parishes in Scotland, Coal mining, Coat of arms, Cobblestone, Cohabitation, Coldplay, Colin Cameron (footballer), Community council, Court of Appeal for Ontario, Covenanter, Culdees, Culvert, Cupar, Daniel Defoe, Darts, Darvel, David Christie Martin, David Danskin, David de Bernham, David I of Scotland, David II of Scotland, David Raitt Robertson Burt, David Steel, David Torrance (politician), David W. Potter, Davis Strait, Dál Riata, Deliberation, Devolution, Dundee, Dunfermline, Dunfermline Abbey, Dysart, Fife, Earldom of Orkney, East Coast Main Line, East Wemyss, Economist, Edinburgh, Edinburgh Airport, Edinburgh Castle, Education in Scotland, Edward I of England, Edward Sang, Elite Ice Hockey League, Episcopal polity, Epithet, Esplanade, Falkland Palace, Fame Academy, Farmers' market, FC Bayern Munich, Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Feu (land tenure), Fife, Fife Circle Line, Fife College, Fife Council, Fife Flyers, Fife Ice Arena, Fire services in the United Kingdom, First-past-the-post voting, Firth of Forth, Flag football, Flagstone, Flax, Floorcloth, Forbo Holding AG, Frederick Coutts, Frederick Walton, General of The Salvation Army, Glenrothes, Global (company), Gordon Brown, Gordon Moodie, Governor-General of Australia, Green Flag Award, Guy Berryman, Hamburg, Health in Scotland, Hemp, Hibernian F.C., High Street, Holyrood Palace, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, Housing estate, Hunter Street drill hall, Kirkcaldy, Ice hockey, Ingolstadt, Intercolonial Railway, Internal audit, Inverness railway station, Iraqis, James II of Scotland, James III of Scotland, James Townsend Oswald, Jimmy Nicholl, Jobseeker's Allowance, Jocky Wilson, John Drysdale (moderator), John McDouall Stuart, John Muirhead Macfarlane, Johnston Press, Kinghorn, Kinghorn railway station, Kirkcaldy (Scottish Parliament constituency), Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath (UK Parliament constituency), Kirkcaldy and Dysart, Kirkcaldy Galleries, Kirkcaldy High School, Kirkcaldy railway station, Kirkcaldy RFC, Kirkcaldy Town House, Kirkcaldy YM F.C., Kirkwall, Labour Party (UK), Ladybank, Legislature, Lesley Laird, Leven, Fife, Lewis Stevenson (Scottish footballer), Liberal Party (UK), Linen, Linoleum, List of census localities in Scotland, List of community council areas in Scotland, List of Scottish monarchs, List of towns and cities in Scotland by population, Local government, Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, Local government areas of Scotland (1973–1996), Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994, Local government in Scotland, Lochgelly, London King's Cross railway station, Lord Provost, Low Countries, Maggie's Centres, Magistrate, Malcolm III of Scotland, Mark (currency), Mary of Guelders, Masterpiece, Maternity hospital, Member of the European Parliament, Member of the Scottish Parliament, Mercat cross, Methil, Mid Scotland and Fife (Scottish Parliament electoral region), Midwifery, Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, Moorland, Musselburgh, Nail (fastener), Newport-on-Tay, NHS Fife, Nursing, Open-pan salt making, Parliament of Scotland, Parliament of the United Kingdom, PDF, Penalty shoot-out (association football), Peter Whiteford, Peterhead, Pictish language, Picts, Pier, Plurality voting, Police Scotland, Pottery, Presbyterianism, Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Professional golfer, Proportional representation, Raith Rovers F.C., Ravenscraig Castle, Recession, Recycling, Reform Act 1832, Regality, Republic of Ireland, Retail park, Richard Park (broadcaster), River Forth, Robert Adam, Robert the Bruce, Ronald Munro Ferguson, 1st Viscount Novar, Roxburgh Castle, Royal burgh, Royal Society, Rugby union, Sandford Fleming, Scoti, Scotland, Scotland (European Parliament constituency), Scotland in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, Scots language, Scots law, Scottish Ambulance Service, Scottish Cup, Scottish Football League, Scottish Football League Premier Division, Scottish football league system, Scottish Gaelic, Scottish Government, Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation, Scottish Junior Football Association, Scottish Junior Football East Region Premier League South, Scottish League Cup, Scottish League One, Scottish National League Division One, Scottish National Party, Scottish Parliament, Scottish Parliament constituencies and regions from 2011, Scottish Parliament election, 2011, Seawall, Social philosophy, South Queensferry, St Andrews, Stark's Park, Statistical Accounts of Scotland, Supreme Court of Canada, Tayside, Tenement, Terrace (geology), The Salvation Army, The Scotsman, The Wealth of Nations, Thornton, Fife, Time zone, Toll roads in Great Britain, Transport Scotland, Tributary, Truck, True crime, UEFA Europa League, Unitary authority, United Kingdom census, 2001, United Kingdom census, 2011, United Kingdom constituencies, University of Dundee, Val McDermid, Viaduct, Victoria Hospital (Kirkcaldy), Viewforth High School, Wars of Scottish Independence, Wemyss Castle, Wemyss Ware, West Wemyss, Whaling, Wheat, William Adam (architect), William Sinclair, 1st Earl of Caithness, Willie McNaught, World War I, World War II, Yarn, Zaha Hadid, 1921–22 in Scottish football, 1937–38 in Scottish football, 1994–95 in Scottish football, 1995–96 in Scottish football, 1995–96 UEFA Cup. 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List of A roads in zone 9 in Great Britain starting north of the A8, east of the A9 (roads beginning with 9).
The A92 is a major road in Fife and Angus, Scotland.
The Prior, then Abbot and then Commendator of Dunfermline was the head of the Benedictine monastic community of Dunfermline Abbey, Fife, Scotland.
Aberdeen railway station is the only railway station in Aberdeen, Scotland.
Aberdour (Aiberdour, Obar Dobhair) is a scenic and historic village on the south coast of Fife, Scotland.
The Acts of Union were two Acts of Parliament: the Union with Scotland Act 1706 passed by the Parliament of England, and the Union with England Act passed in 1707 by the Parliament of Scotland.
In medicine, describing a disease as acute denotes that it is of short duration and, as a corollary of that, of recent onset.
Adam Smith (16 June 1723 NS (5 June 1723 OS) – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish economist, philosopher and author as well as a moral philosopher, a pioneer of political economy and a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment era.
Adam Smith College was a Scottish further and higher education college located over various campuses across the county of Fife.
Adam Walker (born 14 July 1986 in Kirkcaldy, Fife) is a Scottish professional ice hockey player.
Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba (Gaelic Place-Names of Scotland) is the national advisory partnership for Gaelic place names in Scotland.
Alternative rock (also called alternative music, alt-rock or simply alternative) is a style of rock music that emerged from the independent music underground of the 1980s and became widely popular in the 1990s.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
The Angles (Angli) were one of the main Germanic peoples who settled in Great Britain in the post-Roman period.
An apprenticeship is a system of training a new generation of practitioners of a trade or profession with on-the-job training and often some accompanying study (classroom work and reading).
The Bishop of St.
Many large local government councils in the United Kingdom have a system of area committees, with responsibility for services in a particular part of the area covered by the council.
Arnott's Biscuits Limited is Australia's largest producer of biscuits and the second-largest supplier of snack food.
Arsenal Football Club is a professional football club based in Islington, London, England, that plays in the Premier League, the top flight of English football.
An art film is typically a serious, independent film, aimed at a niche market rather than a mass market audience.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Auchterarder (Uachdar Àrdair, meaning Upper Highland) is a small town located north of the Ochil Hills in Perth and Kinross, Scotland, and home to the famous Gleneagles Hotel.
Áedán mac Gabráin (pronounced in Old Irish) was a king of Dál Riata from c. 574 until c. 609.
A bailie or baillie is a civic officer in the local government of Scotland.
The terms Baltic region, Baltic Rim countries (or simply Baltic Rim), and the Baltic Sea countries refer to slightly different combinations of countries in the general area surrounding the Baltic Sea in Northern Europe.
Balwearie High School is a non-denominational comprehensive secondary school at the west end of Kirkcaldy in Scotland.
The Battle of Kilsyth was an engagement of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms which took place on 15 August 1645 at Kilsyth.
The Battle of Raith is said to have been fought in 596 AD to the west of present-day Kirkcaldy.
A bay is a recessed, coastal body of water that directly connects to a larger main body of water, such as an ocean, a lake, or another bay.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Bertha Wrenham Wilson (September 18, 1923 – April 28, 2007) was a Canadian jurist and the first female Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada.
The City Municipality of Bremen (Stadtgemeinde Bremen) is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany, which belongs to the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (also called just "Bremen" for short), a federal state of Germany.
Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 456,000.
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
Buckhaven is a town on the east coast of Fife, Scotland, on the Firth of Forth between East Wemyss and Methil.
Burgage is a medieval land term used in Great Britain and Ireland, well established by the 13th century.
Burgess originally meant a freeman of a borough (England, Wales, Ireland) or burgh (Scotland).
A burn is a watercourse (in size from a large stream to a small river).
Burntisland (Bruntisland) is a royal burgh and parish in Fife, Scotland, on the northern shore of the Firth of Forth.
Burntisland railway station is a railway station in the town of Burntisland, Fife, Scotland.
A campus is traditionally the land on which a college or university and related institutional buildings are situated.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), also known formerly as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a historic Canadian Class I railroad incorporated in 1881.
Canvas is an extremely durable plain-woven fabric used for making sails, tents, marquees, backpacks, and other items for which sturdiness is required.
A canyon (Spanish: cañón; archaic British English spelling: cañon) or gorge is a deep cleft between escarpments or cliffs resulting from weathering and the erosive activity of a river over geologic timescales.
Carbolic soap is a mildly antiseptic soap containing carbolic acid and/or cresylic acid, both of which are phenols derived from either coal tar or petroleum sources.
Carstairs Cumming Douglas FRSE (1866–1940) was a Scottish physician, educator and medical author.
A castle (from castellum) is a type of fortified structure built during the Middle Ages by predominantly the nobility or royalty and by military orders.
The Britons, also known as Celtic Britons or Ancient Britons, were Celtic people who inhabited Great Britain from the British Iron Age into the Middle Ages, at which point their culture and language diverged into the modern Welsh, Cornish and Bretons (among others).
The Celtic Football Club is a professional football club based in Glasgow, Scotland, which plays in the Scottish Premiership.
The Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of Her Majesty's Exchequer, commonly known as the Chancellor of the Exchequer, or simply the Chancellor, is a senior official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of Her Majesty's Treasury.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
A cist (or; also kist; from κίστη or Germanic Kiste) is a small stone-built coffin-like box or ossuary used to hold the bodies of the dead.
Civil parishes, as units of local government in Scotland, were abolished by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929.
Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground.
A coat of arms is a heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield), surcoat, or tabard.
Cobblestone is a natural building material based on cobble-sized stones, and is used for pavement roads, streets, and buildings.
Cohabitation is an arrangement where two people who are not married live together.
Coldplay are a British rock band formed in 1996 by lead singer and pianist Chris Martin and lead guitarist Jonny Buckland at University College London (UCL).
Colin Cameron (born 23 October 1972 in Kirkcaldy) is a Scottish football player and manager.
A community council is a public representative body in Great Britain.
The Court of Appeal for Ontario (frequently referred to as the Ontario Court of Appeal or ONCA) is an appellate court in Ontario that is based at historic Osgoode Hall in downtown Toronto.
The Covenanters were a Scottish Presbyterian movement that played an important part in the history of Scotland, and to a lesser extent that of England and Ireland, during the 17th century.
The Culdees (Céilí Dé, "Companions of God") were members of ascetic Christian monastic and eremitical communities of Ireland, Scotland, and England in the Middle Ages.
A culvert is a structure that allows water to flow under a road, railroad, trail, or similar obstruction from one side to the other side.
Cupar (Cùbar) is a town, former royal burgh and parish in Fife, Scotland.
Daniel Defoe (13 September 1660 - 24 April 1731), born Daniel Foe, was an English trader, writer, journalist, pamphleteer and spy.
Darts is a sport in which small missiles/torpedoes/arrows/darts are thrown at a circular dartboard fixed to a wall.
Darvel or Dervel (Dairvel, Darbhail) is a small town in East Ayrshire, Scotland.
Sir David Christie Martin FRSE FCS FRIC FRSA CBE DCL (1914-1976) was a 20th-century Scottish-born scientific administrator, holding several senior positions.
David Danskin (9 January 1863 – 4 August 1948) was a Scottish mechanical engineer and footballer.
David de Bernham (died 1253) was Chamberlain of King Alexander II of Scotland and subsequently, Bishop of St. Andrews.
David I or Dauíd mac Maíl Choluim (Modern: Daibhidh I mac Chaluim; – 24 May 1153) was a 12th-century ruler who was Prince of the Cumbrians from 1113 to 1124 and later King of the Scots from 1124 to 1153.
David II (Medieval Gaelic: Daibhidh a Briuis, Modern Gaelic: Dàibhidh Bruis; Norman French: Dauid de Brus, Early Scots: Dauid Brus; 5 March 132422 February 1371) was King of Scots for over 41 years, from 1329 until his death in 1371.
Prof David Raitt Robertson Burt BSc FRSE FLS FZS (1899-1983) was a Scottish zoologist with strong links to Ceylon.
David Martin Scott Steel, Baron Steel of Aikwood, (born 31 March 1938) is a British Liberal Democrat politician who served as the Leader of the Liberal Party from 1976 until its merger with the Social Democratic Party in 1988 to form the Liberal Democrats.
David Herd Torrance (born 13 March 1961) is a Scottish National Party politician, and an elected member of the Scottish Parliament for the Kirkcaldy constituency from 2011.
David W. Potter (born 29 Aug 1948) is a Scottish sports writer who has published more than forty books, primarily on Scottish football and cricket.
Davis Strait (Détroit de Davis) is a northern arm of the Labrador Sea.
Dál Riata or Dál Riada (also Dalriada) was a Gaelic overkingdom that included parts of western Scotland and northeastern Ireland, on each side of the North Channel.
Deliberation is a process of thoughtfully weighing options, usually prior to voting.
Devolution is the statutory delegation of powers from the central government of a sovereign state to govern at a subnational level, such as a regional or local level.
Dundee (Dùn Dè) is Scotland's fourth-largest city and the 51st-most-populous built-up area in the United Kingdom.
Dunfermline (Dunfaurlin, Dùn Phàrlain) is a town and former Royal Burgh, and parish, in Fife, Scotland, on high ground from the northern shore of the Firth of Forth.
Dunfermline Abbey is a Church of Scotland Parish Church in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland.
Dysart (Dìseart) is a former town and royal burgh located on the south-east coast between Kirkcaldy and West Wemyss in Fife.
The Earldom of Orkney was a Norse feudal dignity in Scotland which had its origins from the Viking period.
The East Coast Main Line (ECML) is a major railway link between London and Edinburgh via Peterborough, Doncaster, York, Darlington, Durham and Newcastle; it is presently electrified along the whole route.
East Wemyss is a village situated on the south coast of the Kingdom of Fife, Scotland.
An economist is a practitioner in the social science discipline of economics.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
Edinburgh Airport (Edinburgh Airport, Port-adhair Dhùn Èideann) is an airport located in the Ingliston area of the City of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Edinburgh Castle is a historic fortress which dominates the skyline of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, from its position on the Castle Rock.
Education in Scotland is overseen by the Scottish Government and has a history of universal provision of public education, and the Scottish education system is distinctly different from those in the other countries of the United Kingdom.
Edward I (17/18 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307.
Prof Edward Sang FRSE FRSSA LLD (30 January 1805 – 23 December 1890) was a Scottish mathematician and civil engineer, best known for having computed large tables of logarithms, with the help of two of his daughters.
The Elite Ice Hockey League (EIHL) is an ice hockey league in the United Kingdom.
An episcopal polity is a hierarchical form of church governance ("ecclesiastical polity") in which the chief local authorities are called bishops.
An epithet (from ἐπίθετον epitheton, neuter of ἐπίθετος epithetos, "attributed, added") is a byname, or a descriptive term (word or phrase), accompanying or occurring in place of a name and having entered common usage.
An esplanade or promenade is a long, open, level area, usually next to a river or large body of water, where people may walk.
Falkland Palace, in Falkland, Fife, Scotland, is a royal palace of the Scottish Kings.
Fame Academy is a British television talent competition to search for and educate new musical talents.
A farmers' market is a physical retail marketplace intended to sell foods directly by farmers to consumers.
Fußball-Club Bayern München e.V., commonly known as FC Bayern München, FCB, Bayern Munich, or FC Bayern, is a German sports club based in Munich, Bavaria (Bayern).
Fellowship of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (FRSE) is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Scotland judges to be "eminently distinguished in their subject".
Feu was previously the most common form of land tenure in Scotland, as conveyancing in Scots law was dominated by feudalism until the Scottish Parliament passed the Abolition of Feudal Tenure etc. (Scotland) Act 2000.
Fife (Fìobha) is a council area and historic county of Scotland.
The Fife Circle is the local rail service north from Edinburgh.
Fife College is a further education college in Fife, Scotland.
Fife Council is the local authority for the Fife area of Scotland and is the third largest Scottish council, with 75 elected council members.
Fife Flyers Ice Hockey Club is the oldest professional ice hockey club in the UK, established in 1938.
Fife Ice Arena (originally known as Kirkcaldy Ice Rink) opened in 1938.
The fire services in the United Kingdom operate under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England and Wales, Northern Ireland, and Scotland.
A first-past-the-post (FPTP) voting method is one in which voters indicate on a ballot the candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins.
The Firth of Forth (Linne Foirthe) is the estuary (firth) of several Scottish rivers including the River Forth.
Flag football is a version of American football where the basic rules of the game are similar to those of the mainstream game (often called "tackle football" for contrast), but instead of tackling players to the ground, the defensive team must remove a flag or flag belt from the ball carrier ("deflagging") to end a down, and contact is not permitted between players which will result in a penalty for the team that initiates it.
Flagstone (flag) is a generic flat stone, usually used for paving slabs or walkways, patios, fences and roofing.
Flax (Linum usitatissimum), also known as common flax or linseed, is a member of the genus Linum in the family Linaceae.
A floorcloth, or floor-cloth, is a cloth, normally of flannel, used for cleaning floors.
Forbo Holding AG based in Baar ZG is a globally operating Swiss manufacturer of floor coverings and building and construction adhesives as well as power transmission and light conveyor belts.
Frederick Edward Walton (13 March 183416 May 1928), was an English manufacturer and inventor whose invention of Linoleum in Staines was patented in 1860.
General is the title of the international leader and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Salvation Army, a Christian denomination with extensive charitable social services that gives quasi-military rank to its ministers (who are therefore known as officers).
Glenrothes (Gleann Rathais) is a town situated in the heart of Fife, in east-central Scotland.
Global (also known as Global Media & Entertainment) is a British media company formed in 2007, which owns a large number of radio stations across the country.
James Gordon Brown (born 20 February 1951) is a British politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Labour Party from 2007 to 2010.
Gordon Moodie (born 15 February 1981) is a BriSCA Formula 2 Stock Cars racing driver from Windygates, Fife who races under number 7.
The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia is the representative of the Australian monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II.
The Green Flag Award is the benchmark national standard for publicly accessible parks and green spaces in the United Kingdom.
Guy Rupert Berryman (born 12 April 1978) is a Scottish musician, multi-instrumentalist, and record producer.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
The health of the Scottish population is, and has been for many years, worse than that of the English.
Hemp, or industrial hemp (from Old English hænep), typically found in the northern hemisphere, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products.
Hibernian Football Club, commonly known as Hibs, is a Scottish professional football club based in Leith in the north of Edinburgh.
High Street (or the High Street, also High Road) is a metonym for the concept (and frequently the street name) of the primary business street of towns or cities, especially in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth of Nations.
The Palace of Holyroodhouse, commonly referred to as Holyrood Palace, is the official residence of the British monarch in Scotland, Queen Elizabeth II.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
A housing estate (or sometimes housing complex) is a group of homes and other buildings built together as a single development.
The Hunter Street drill hall is a military installation in Kirkcaldy, Scotland.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
Ingolstadt (Austro-Bavarian) is a city in the Free State of Bavaria, in the Federal Republic of Germany.
The Intercolonial Railway of Canada, also referred to as the Intercolonial Railway (ICR), was a historic Canadian railway that operated from 1872 to 1918, when it became part of Canadian National Railways.
Internal auditing is an independent, objective assurance and consulting activity designed to add value and improve an organization's operations.
Inverness railway station is the railway station serving the Scottish city of Inverness.
The Iraqi people (Arabic: العراقيون ʿIrāqiyyūn, Kurdish: گهلی عیراق Îraqîyan, ܥܡܐ ܥܝܪܩܝܐ ʿIrāqāyā, Iraklılar) are the citizens of the modern country of Iraq. Arabs have had a large presence in Mesopotamia since the Sasanian Empire (224–637). Arabic was spoken by the majority in the Kingdom of Araba in the first and second centuries, and by Arabs in al-Hirah from the third century. Arabs were common in Mesopotamia at the time of the Seleucid Empire (3rd century BC).Ramirez-Faria, 2007, p. 33. The first Arab kingdom outside Arabia was established in Iraq's Al-Hirah in the third century. Arabic was a minority language in northern Iraq in the eighth century BC, from the eighth century following the Muslim conquest of Persia, it became the dominant language of Iraqi Muslims because Arabic was the language of the Quran and of the Abbasid Caliphate. Kurds who are Iraqi citizens live in the Zagros Mountains of northeast Iraq to the east of the upper Tigris. Arabic and Kurdish are Iraq's national languages.
James II (16 October 1430 – 3 August 1460), who reigned as King of Scots from 1437 on, was the son of King James I and Joan Beaufort.
James III (10 July 1451/May 1452 – 11 June 1488) was King of Scots from 1460 to 1488.
James Townsend Oswald (23 February 1748 – 3 January 1814) was a Scottish politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1768 and 1779.
James Michael Nicholl (born 28 December 1956) is a Canadian-born former Northern Ireland international footballer who played for several clubs, including Manchester United and Rangers.
Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA) is an unemployment benefit paid by the Government of the United Kingdom to people who are unemployed and actively seeking work.
John Thomas "Jocky" Wilson (22 March 1950 – 24 March 2012) was a professional darts player from Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland.
Very Rev Dr John Drysdale FRSE DD (1718-1788) was twice Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, both in 1773 and 1784.
John McDouall Stuart (7 September 18155 June 1866), often referred to as simply "McDouall Stuart", was a Scottish explorer and one of the most accomplished of all Australia's inland explorers.
John Muirhead Macfarlane FRSE LLD (28 September 1855, Kirkcaldy, Fife – 16 September 1943, Lancaster) was a Scottish botanist.
Johnston Press plc is a multimedia company based in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Kinghorn (Ceann Gronna) is a town and parish in Fife, Scotland.
Kinghorn railway station is a railway station in the town of Kinghorn, Fife, Scotland.
Kirkcaldy is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood).
Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath is a county constituency representing the areas around the towns of Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath, in Fife, Scotland, in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Kirkcaldy and Dysart is a civil parish on the south coast of Fife, Scotland, lying on the Firth of Forth, containing the towns of Kirkcaldy and Dysart and their hinterland.
Kirkcaldy Galleries is the main museum, library and exhibition space in Kirkcaldy in Fife, Scotland.
Kirkcaldy High School is a 6-year co-educational comprehensive state school in Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland.
Kirkcaldy railway station is a railway station in the town of Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland.
Kirkcaldy Rugby Football Club is a rugby union club from Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland.
Kirkcaldy Town House is a Scandinavian influenced town hall located in Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland.
Kirkcaldy YM Junior Football Club are a Scottish football club based in Kirkcaldy, Fife.
Kirkwall (Scottish Gaelic: Bàgh na h-Eaglaise) is the main settlement of the Northern Isles and capital of Orkney, an archipelago in the north of Scotland, as well as the largest island settlement in Scotland.
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.
Ladybank (Leddybank) is a town and former burgh of Fife, Scotland.
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.
Lesley Margaret Laird (born 15 November 1958) is the Deputy Leader of the Scottish Labour Party and the MP for Kirkcaldy & Cowdenbeath.
Leven (Inbhir Lìobhann) is a seaside town in Fife, set in the east Central Lowlands of Scotland.
Lewis Stevenson (born 5 January 1988) is a Scottish professional footballer, who plays for Hibernian as a left back or a midfielder.
The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom – with the opposing Conservative Party – in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant.
Linoleum, also called Lino, is a floor covering made from materials such as solidified linseed oil (linoxyn), pine rosin, ground cork dust, wood flour, and mineral fillers such as calcium carbonate, most commonly on a burlap or canvas backing.
A census locality in Scotland is a reporting district for results from the 2001 census corresponding to all or part of an urban area.
This is a list of community council areas established in each of the council areas of Scotland.
The monarch of Scotland was the head of state of the Kingdom of Scotland.
This is a list of towns and cities in Scotland with a population of more than 15,000, ordered by population, as recorded by the Mid-2012 Populations Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland.
A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state.
The Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 (c. 65) is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom that altered local government in Scotland on 16 May 1975.
The local government areas of Scotland were redefined by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 and redefined again by the Local Government etc (Scotland) Act 1994.
The Local Government etc.
Local government in Scotland is organised through 32 unitary authorities designated as Councils which consist of councillors elected every five years by registered voters in each of the council areas.
Lochgelly (Gaelic: Loch Gheallaidh) is a town in Fife, Scotland.
King's Cross railway station, also known as London King's Cross, is a Central London railway terminus on the northern edge of the city.
A Lord Provost (Scottish Gaelic: Àrd-Phrobhaist) is convenor of the local authority, the civic head and the lord-lieutenant of one of the principal cities of Scotland.
The Low Countries or, in the geographic sense of the term, the Netherlands (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays Bas) is a coastal region in northwestern Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.
Maggie's Centres are a network of drop-in centres across the United Kingdom and Hong Kong, which aim to help anyone who has been affected by cancer.
The term magistrate is used in a variety of systems of governments and laws to refer to a civilian officer who administers the law.
Malcolm III (Gaelic: Máel Coluim mac Donnchada; c. 26 March 1031 – 13 November 1093) was King of Scots from 1058 to 1093.
The mark was a currency or unit of account in many nations.
Mary of Guelders (c. 1434 – 1 December 1463) was the queen consort of Scotland by marriage to King James II of Scotland.
Masterpiece, magnum opus (Latin, great work) or chef-d’œuvre (French, master of work, plural chefs-d’œuvre) in modern use is a creation that has been given much critical praise, especially one that is considered the greatest work of a person's career or to a work of outstanding creativity, skill, profundity, or workmanship.
A maternity hospital specializes in caring for women during pregnancy and childbirth.
A Member of the European Parliament (MEP) is a person who has been elected to serve as a popular representative in the European Parliament.
Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) (Ball Pàrlamaid na h-Alba (BPA) in Gaelic, Memmer o the Scots Pairliament (MSP) in Scots) is the title given to any one of the 129 individuals elected to serve in the Scottish Parliament.
A mercat cross is the Scots name for the market cross found frequently in Scottish cities, towns and villages where historically the right to hold a regular market or fair was granted by the monarch, a bishop or a baron.
Methil is an eastern coastal town in Scotland.
Mid Scotland and Fife is one of the eight electoral regions of the Scottish Parliament which were created in 1999.
Midwifery is the health science and health profession that deals with pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period (including care of the newborn), in addition to the sexual and reproductive health of women throughout their lives.
The Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland is the minister or elder chosen to moderate (chair) the annual General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, which is held for a week in Edinburgh every year.
Moorland or moor is a type of habitat found in upland areas in temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands and montane grasslands and shrublands biomes, characterised by low-growing vegetation on acidic soils.
In woodworking and construction, a nail is a pin-shaped object of metal (or wood, called a tree nail or "trunnel") which is used as a fastener, as a peg to hang something, or sometimes as a decoration.
Newport-on-Tay is a small town in the north-east of Fife in Scotland, acting as a commuter suburb for Dundee.
NHS Fife (Bòrd SSN Fìobha) is one of the fourteen regions of NHS Scotland.
Nursing is a profession within the health care sector focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life.
Open-pan salt making is a method of salt production wherein salt is extracted from the brine using vacuum pans.
The Parliament of Scotland was the legislature of the Kingdom of Scotland.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
A penalty shoot-out (officially kicks from the penalty mark) is a method of determining which team advances or is awarded the championship of an association football match that cannot end in a draw but where the score is tied after the regulation playing time as well as extra time (if used) have expired.
Peter William Whiteford (born 3 August 1980) is a Scottish professional golfer.
Peterhead (Ceann Phàdraig, Peterheid) is a town in Aberdeenshire, Scotland.
Pictish is the extinct language, or dialect, spoken by the Picts, the people of eastern and northern Scotland from the late Iron Age to the Early Middle Ages.
The Picts were a tribal confederation of peoples who lived in what is today eastern and northern Scotland during the Late Iron Age and Early Medieval periods.
Seaside pleasure pier in Brighton, England. The first seaside piers were built in England in the early 19th century. A pier is a raised structure in a body of water, typically supported by well-spaced piles or pillars.
Plurality voting is an electoral system in which each voter is allowed to vote for only one candidate, and the candidate who polls the most among their counterparts (a plurality) is elected.
Police Scotland (Poileas Alba; Polis Scotland) – legally named the Police Service of Scotland – is the national police force of Scotland.
Pottery is the ceramic material which makes up pottery wares, of which major types include earthenware, stoneware and porcelain.
Presbyterianism is a part of the reformed tradition within Protestantism which traces its origins to Britain, particularly Scotland, and Ireland.
The Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament (Oifigear-Riaghlaidh, Preses o the Scots Pairlament) is the speaker of the Scottish Parliament.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
In the sport of golf, the distinction between amateurs and professionals is rigorously maintained.
Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems by which divisions into an electorate are reflected proportionately into the elected body.
Raith Rovers Football Club is a Scottish professional football club based in the town of Kirkcaldy, Fife.
Ravenscraig Castle is a ruined castle located in Kirkcaldy which dates from around 1460.
In economics, a recession is a business cycle contraction which results in a general slowdown in economic activity.
Recycling is the process of converting waste materials into new materials and objects.
The Representation of the People Act 1832 (known informally as the 1832 Reform Act, Great Reform Act or First Reform Act to distinguish it from subsequent Reform Acts) was an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom (indexed as 2 & 3 Will. IV c. 45) that introduced wide-ranging changes to the electoral system of England and Wales.
A regality was a territorial jurisdiction in old Scots law which might be created by the King only, by granting lands to a subject in liberam regalitatem, and the tract of land over which such a right extended.
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
A retail park or power center is an unenclosed shopping center with a typical range of to of gross leasable area that usually contains three or more big box retailers and various smaller retailers (usually located in strip plazas) with a common parking area shared among the retailers.
Richard Park (born 10 March 1948) is a British media personality and businessman, who is Executive Director of Global Radio.
The River Forth is a major river, long, whose drainage basin covers much of Stirlingshire in Scotland's Central Belt.
Robert Adam (3 July 1728 – 3 March 1792) was a Scottish neoclassical architect, interior designer and furniture designer.
Robert I (11 July 1274 – 7 June 1329), popularly known as Robert the Bruce (Medieval Gaelic: Roibert a Briuis; modern Scottish Gaelic: Raibeart Bruis; Norman French: Robert de Brus or Robert de Bruys; Early Scots: Robert Brus; Robertus Brussius), was King of Scots from 1306 until his death in 1329.
Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 1st Viscount Novar of Raith, (6 March 1860 – 30 March 1934) was a British politician who served as the sixth Governor-General of Australia, in office from 1914 to 1920.
Roxburgh Castle is a ruined royal castle that overlooks the junction of the rivers Tweed and Teviot, in the Borders region of Scotland.
A royal burgh was a type of Scottish burgh which had been founded by, or subsequently granted, a royal charter.
The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.
Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
Sir Sandford Fleming (January 7, 1827 – July 22, 1915) was a Scottish Canadian engineer and inventor.
Scoti or Scotti is a Latin name for the Gaels,Duffy, Seán.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Scotland constitutes a single constituency of the European Parliament.
Between 1639–53, Scotland was involved in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, a series of wars starting with the Bishops Wars (between Scotland and England), the Irish Rebellion of 1641, the English Civil War (and closely related war in Scotland), the Irish Confederate Wars, and finally the subjugation of Ireland and Scotland by the English Roundhead New Model Army.
Scots is the Germanic language variety spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster (where the local dialect is known as Ulster Scots).
Scots law is the legal system of Scotland.
The Scottish Ambulance Service (Seirbheis Charbadan-eiridinn na h-Alba) is the NHS Ambulance Services Trust, part of NHS Scotland, which serves all of Scotland's population.
The Scottish Football Association Challenge Cup,, Scottish Football Association.
The Scottish Football League (SFL) was a league featuring professional and semi-professional football clubs mostly from Scotland.
The Scottish Football League Premier Division was, from 1975 until 1998, the top division of the Scottish Football League and the entire Scottish football league system.
The Scottish football league system is a series of generally unconnected leagues for Scottish football clubs.
Scottish Gaelic or Scots Gaelic, sometimes also referred to simply as Gaelic (Gàidhlig) or the Gaelic, is a Celtic language native to the Gaels of Scotland.
The Scottish Government (Riaghaltas na h-Alba; Scots Govrenment) is the executive of the devolved Scottish Parliament.
The Scottish index of multiple deprivation (SIMD) is a statistical tool used by local authorities, the Scottish government, the NHS and other government bodies in Scotland to support policy and decision making.
The Scottish Junior Football Association (SJFA) is an affiliated national association of the Scottish Football Association and is the governing body for the junior grade of football in Scotland.
The Scottish Junior Football East Region South Division also known for sponsorship reasons as the McBookie.com East Premier League South, is the second-tier division of the East Region of the Scottish Junior Football Association and sits parallel with the East Region Premier League North.
The Scottish League Cup, currently known as the Betfred Cup for sponsorship reasons, is a football competition open to all Scottish Professional Football League (SPFL) clubs.
The Scottish League One, known for sponsorship reasons as the Ladbrokes League One, is the third tier of the Scottish Professional Football League, the league competition for men's professional football clubs in Scotland.
The Scottish National League Division One (known as Tennent's National League Division 1 for sponsorship reasons) is the second tier of the Scottish League Championship for amateur rugby union clubs in Scotland.
The Scottish National Party (SNP; Pàrtaidh Nàiseanta na h-Alba, Scots Naitional Pairtie) is a Scottish nationalist and social-democratic political party in Scotland.
The Scottish Parliament (Pàrlamaid na h-Alba; Scots: The Scots Pairlament) is the devolved national, unicameral legislature of Scotland.
As a result of the first periodical review of Scottish Parliament (Holyrood) constituencies, new constituencies and additional member regions of the Scottish Parliament were introduced for the 2011 Scottish Parliament election.
The 2011 Scottish Parliament election was held on Thursday, 5 May 2011 to elect 129 members to the Scottish Parliament.
A seawall (or sea wall) is a form of coastal defence constructed where the sea, and associated coastal processes, impact directly upon the landforms of the coast.
Social philosophy is the study of questions about social behavior and interpretations of society and social institutions in terms of ethical values rather than empirical relations.
Queensferry, also called South Queensferry or simply "The Ferry", is a town to the west of Edinburgh, Scotland, traditionally a royal burgh of West Lothian.
St Andrews (S.; Saunt Aundraes; Cill Rìmhinn) is a town on the east coast of Fife in Scotland, 10 miles (16 km) southeast of Dundee and 30 miles (50 km) northeast of Edinburgh.
Stark's Park is a football stadium in Kirkcaldy, Scotland.
The Statistical Accounts of Scotland are a series of documentary publications, related in subject matter though published at different times, covering life in Scotland in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries.
The Supreme Court of Canada (Cour suprême du Canada) is the highest court of Canada, the final court of appeals in the Canadian justice system.
Tayside (Taobh Tatha) was a local government region of Scotland from 15 May 1975 to 31 March 1996.
A tenement is a multi-occupancy building of any sort.
In geology, a terrace is a step-like landform.
The Salvation Army is a Protestant Christian church and an international charitable organisation structured in a quasi-military fashion.
The Scotsman is a Scottish compact newspaper and daily news website headquartered in Edinburgh.
An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, generally referred to by its shortened title The Wealth of Nations, is the magnum opus of the Scottish economist and moral philosopher Adam Smith.
Thornton (Thorntoun) is a village in Fife, Scotland.
A time zone is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes.
Toll roads in Great Britain, used to raise fees for the management of roads in the United Kingdom, were common in the era of the turnpike trusts.
Transport Scotland (Còmhdhail Alba) was created on 1 January 2006 as the national transport agency of Scotland.
A tributary or affluent is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem (or parent) river or a lake.
A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle designed to transport cargo.
True crime is a non-fiction literary and film genre in which the author examines an actual crime and details the actions of real people.
The UEFA Europa League is an annual football club competition organised by UEFA since 1971 for eligible European football clubs.
A unitary authority is a type of local authority that has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area or performs additional functions which elsewhere in the relevant country are usually performed by national government or a higher level of sub-national government.
A nationwide census, known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday, 29 April 2001.
A census of the population of the United Kingdom is taken every ten years.
In the United Kingdom (UK), each of the electoral areas or divisions called constituencies elect one member to a parliament or assembly, with the exception of European Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly constituencies which are multi member constituencies.
The University of Dundee (abbreviated as Dund. for post-nominals) is a public research university based in the city and royal burgh of Dundee on the east coast of the central Lowlands of Scotland.
Val McDermid, (born 4 June 1955) is a Scottish crime writer, best known for a series of suspense novels featuring Dr. Tony Hill.
A viaduct is a bridge composed of several small spans for crossing a valley, dry or wetland, or forming an overpass or flyover.
Victoria Hospital is a large hospital situated to the north of the town centre in Kirkcaldy, in Fife, Scotland.
Viewforth High School is a secondary school which caters for pupils from East Kirkcaldy, Scotland.
The Wars of Scottish Independence were a series of military campaigns fought between the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England in the late 13th and early 14th centuries.
Wemyss Castle (pronounced) is situated in Wemyss on the sea cliffs between the villages of East Wemyss and West Wemyss in Fife, Scotland.
Wemyss Ware was a line of pottery first produced in 1882 by Czech decorator Karel Nekola and Fife pottery-owner Robert Heron.
West Wemyss is a village lying on the north shore of the Firth of Forth, in Fife, Scotland.
Whaling is the hunting of whales for scientific research and their usable products like meat, oil and blubber.
Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.
William Adam (1689 – 24 June 1748) was a Scottish architect, mason, and entrepreneur.
William Sinclair (1410–1484), 1st Earl of Caithness (1455–1476), last Earl (Jarl) of Orkney (1434–1470, -1472), Baron of Roslin, was a Norwegian and Scottish nobleman and the builder of Rosslyn Chapel, in Midlothian.
William McNaught (9 May 1922 – 12 April 1989) was a Scottish footballer, who was born in Dumfries.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, or ropemaking.
Dame Zaha Mohammad Hadid (زها حديد Zahā Ḥadīd; 31 October 1950 – 31 March 2016) was an Iraqi-British architect.
The 1921–22 season was the 49th season of competitive football in Scotland and the 32nd season of the Scottish Football League.
The 1937–38 season was the 65th season of competitive football in Scotland and the 48th season of the Scottish Football League.
The 1994–95 season was the 98th season of competitive football in Scotland.
The 1995–96 season was the 99th season of competitive football in Scotland.
The 1995–96 UEFA Cup was won by Bayern Munich on aggregate over Bordeaux.
Cathair Chaladain, Chapel, Fife, Dunnikier, Dunnikier Primary, Gallatown, Kirkaldy, Kirkcaldy (district), Kirkcaldy (local government district, Fife region), Kirkcaldy, Fife, Kirkcaldy, Scotland, Lang Toon, Lang Toun, Lang toon, Lang toun, Linktown, Sinclairtown.