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Klaf or qelaf (קָלַף) is the designation given a particular piece of skin. [1]

25 relations: Barley, Cattle, Deer, Duchsustus, Gall, Gevil, Goat, Jews, Ktav Stam, Mezuzah, Mitzvah, Oak apple, Parchment, Rabbeinu Tam, Rabbi, Salt, Sandpaper, Sefer Torah, Sifre, Sofer, Talmud, Tefillin, Torah, Tosafot, Vellum.


Barley (Hordeum vulgare), a member of the grass family, is a major cereal grain grown in temperate climates globally.

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Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates.

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Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae.

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Duchsustus (דוכסוסטוס, from Greek δυσχιστός dyschistos) is the name of a type of parchment used for religious writings in Judaism.

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Galls or cecidia are a kind of swelling growth on the external tissues of plants or animals.

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Gevil or Gewil (גוויל) is animal hide that has been prepared as a writing material in Jewish scribal documents, in particular a Sefer Torah (Torah scroll).

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The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe.

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Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.

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Ktav Stam

Ketav Stam is the specific Jewish traditional writing with which '''S'''ifrei Torah, '''T'''efillin, '''M'''ezuzot, and the Five Megillot are written.

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A mezuzah (מְזוּזָה "doorpost"; plural: mezuzot) comprises a piece of parchment called a klaf contained in a decorative case and inscribed with specific Hebrew verses from the Torah (and). These verses consist of the Jewish prayer Shema Yisrael, beginning with the phrase: "Hear, O Israel, the (is) our God, the is One".

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In its primary meaning, the Hebrew word (meaning "commandment",,, Biblical:; plural, Biblical:; from "command") refers to precepts and commandments commanded by God.

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Oak apple

Oak apple or oak gall is the common name for a large, round, vaguely apple-like gall commonly found on many species of oak.

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Parchment is a writing material made from specially prepared untanned skins of animals—primarily sheep, calves, and goats.

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Rabbeinu Tam

Jacob ben Meir (1100 in Ramerupt – 9 June 1171 (4 tammuz) in Troyes), best known as Rabbeinu Tam (רבינו תם), was one of the most renowned Ashkenazi Jewish rabbis and leading French Tosafists, a leading halakhic authority in his generation, and a grandson of Rashi.

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In Judaism, a rabbi is a teacher of Torah.

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Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.

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Sandpaper and glasspaper are names used for a type of coated abrasive that consists of sheets of paper or cloth with abrasive material glued to one face.

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Sefer Torah

A Sefer Torah (ספר תורה; "Book of Torah" or "Torah scroll"; plural: Sifrei Torah) is a handwritten copy of the Torah, the holiest book in Judaism.

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Sifre (סִפְרֵי; siphrēy, Sifre, Sifrei, also, Sifre debe Rab or Sifre Rabbah) refers to either of two works of Midrash halakhah, or classical Jewish legal Biblical exegesis, based on the biblical books of Bamidbar (Numbers) and Devarim (Deuteronomy).

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A Sofer, Sopher, Sofer SeTaM, or Sofer ST"M (Heb: "scribe", סופר סת״ם) (female: soferet) is a Jewish scribe who can transcribe sifrei Torah, tefillin, and mezuzot, and other religious writings.

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The Talmud (Hebrew: תַּלְמוּד talmūd "instruction, learning", from a root LMD "teach, study") is the central text of Rabbinic Judaism and the primary source of Jewish religious law and theology.

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Tefillin (Askhenazic:; Israeli Hebrew:, תפילין), also called phylacteries, are a set of small black leather boxes containing scrolls of parchment inscribed with verses from the Torah.

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Torah (תּוֹרָה, "Instruction", "Teaching" or "Law") has a range of meanings.

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The Tosafot or Tosafos (תוספות) are medieval commentaries on the Talmud.

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Vellum is prepared animal skin or "membrane" used as a material for writing on.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Klaf

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