252 relations: Advisory board, Africa Progress Panel, African Group, African Union, African Union Mission in Sudan, Aga Khan, Akan language, Akan names, Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa, Amara Essy, Amartya Sen, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Whig–Cliosophic Society, Arab League, Arab Spring, Arab–Israeli conflict, Arabs, Aristocracy (class), Ashanti people, Bahrain, Bakassi, Ban Ki-moon, Bangladesh, Bashar al-Assad, Battle of Mogadishu (1993), BBC, Benon Sevan, Bloomberg News, Boarding school, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Brown University, Cape Coast, Carleton University, CBC News, City of Westminster, Columbia University, Comenius University, Confucius Peace Prize, Conspiracy Museum, Council of Europe, Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria, Desmond Tutu, Dileep Nair, Diplomat, Ebony (magazine), Elizabeth II, English language, Ernesto Zedillo, Europe, Fante people, ..., Farrar, Straus and Giroux, Federal Reserve System, Ford Foundation, Fox News, Free University of Berlin, French language, Geneva, George W. Bush, George Washington University, Georgetown University, Ghana, Ghent University, Glasgow Caledonian University, Global Centre for Pluralism, Global Humanitarian Forum, Gold Coast (British colony), Graça Machel, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Hans Blix, Harry S. Truman, Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum, Harvard University, Headquarters of the United Nations, HIV, HIV/AIDS in Africa, Holocaust denial, Howard University, Independence, Missouri, Information and communication technologies for development, Inter Press Service, International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty, International Conference to Review the Global Vision of the Holocaust, International development, International Holocaust Remembrance Day, International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, Interventions: A Life in War and Peace, Investcorp, Iraq disarmament crisis, Iraqi Special Security Organization, Ivory Coast, Jimmy Carter, John R. Bolton, Kate Holt, King's College London, Kofi Annan Foundation, Kojo Annan, Kru languages, Kumasi, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Lakhdar Brahimi, Languages of Africa, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, List of black Nobel laureates, London, Louise Fréchette, Lund University, Macalester College, MacArthur Foundation, Madeleine Albright, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Mark Malloch Brown, Baron Malloch-Brown, Martti Ahtisaari, Mary Robinson, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Master of Advanced Studies, Master of Business Administration, Methodism, Methodist Central Hall, Westminster, Mfantsipim School, Millennium Summit, Minnesota, MIT Sloan School of Management, Mohammed Ibrahim (businessman), Multilateralism, Muslim world, Mwai Kibaki, Nabil Elaraby, National University of Ireland, National University of Singapore, Nelson Mandela, NetCorps, New University of Lisbon, New York City, Nobel Committee, Nobel Foundation, Nobel Peace Prize, North–South Prize, Northwestern University, Oil-for-Food Programme, Olof Palme Prize, One Young World, Operation Deliberate Force, Order of Liberty, Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland, Order of St Michael and St George, Order of the Netherlands Lion, Order of the Star of Ghana, Order of the Star of Romania, Ottawa, Pandemic, Paul Volcker, Peace of Westphalia, Philadelphia Liberty Medal, Phyllis Bennis, Portugal, Power (international relations), President of Ghana, Princeton University, Private diplomacy, Private equity, Profile in Courage Award, Raila Odinga, Raoul Wallenberg, Reform of the United Nations, Report of the Panel on United Nations Peacekeeping, Responsibility to protect, Richard Holbrooke, Risk and strategic consulting, Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Rockefeller family, Rolf Ekéus, Roméo Dallaire, Rush Limbaugh, Ruud Lubbers, Rwandan genocide, Saddam Hussein, Saint Paul, Minnesota, School of Diplomacy and International Relations, Scott Ritter, Secretary-General of the United Nations, Seoul Peace Prize, Seton Hall University, Sexual harassment, Shake Hands with the Devil (book), Sloan Fellows, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, South Africa, Sovereign wealth fund, Special Envoy of the Secretary-General, Switzerland, Syria, Syrian Civil War, Syrian opposition, Tajikistani Civil War, Ted Turner, The Elders (organization), The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, The Guardian, The Washington Post, Tilburg University, Tribal chief, TU Dresden, Tutsi, Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations, United Arab Emirates, United Nations, United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda, United Nations Association – UK, United Nations Foundation, United Nations General Assembly, United Nations Global Compact, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, United Nations Human Rights Council, United Nations Information and Communication Technologies Task Force, United Nations Millennium Declaration, United Nations Mission in Sudan, United Nations Office at Geneva, United Nations Office of Internal Oversight Services, United Nations Operation in Somalia II, United Nations peacekeeping, United Nations Regional Groups, United Nations Secretary-General selection, 2006, United Nations Security Council, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1327, United Nations Special Commission, United Nations Volunteers, United States, University for Peace, University of Alcalá, University of Ghana, University of Michigan, University of Neuchâtel, University of Notre Dame, University of Ottawa, University of Pennsylvania, University of Pittsburgh, University of St. Gallen, University of Tokyo, Uppsala University, Volunteering, War in Darfur, Women's rights, World Diabetes Day, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization, World Summit on the Information Society, Zimbabwe, 2001 Nobel Peace Prize, 2003 invasion of Iraq, 2007–08 Kenyan crisis, 2015 Rohingya refugee crisis. 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An advisory board is a body that provides non-binding strategic advice to the management of a corporation, organization, or foundation.
The Africa Progress Panel (APP)The Africa Progress Panel is chaired by former Secretary-General of the United Nations and Nobel Laureate, Kofi Annan, and consists of the following members.
The African Group is one of the five Regional Groups in the United Nations.
The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of all 55 countries on the African continent, extending slightly into Asia via the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt.
The African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) was an African Union (AU) peacekeeping force operating primarily in the country's western region of Darfur with the aim of performing peacekeeping operations related to the Darfur conflict.
Aga Khan (آقاخان; also transliterated as Aqa Khan and Agha Khan) is a title used also as a name by the Imam of the Nizari Ismailis, whose current holder is the 49th Imam (1957–present), Prince Shah Karim Al Husseini Aga Khan IV (b. 1936).
Akan is a Central Tano language that is the principal native language of the Akan people of Ghana, spoken over much of the southern half of that country, by about 58% of the population, and among 30% of the population of Ivory Coast.
The Akan people of Togo, Ghana and the Ivory Coast frequently name their children after the day of the week they were born and the order in which they were born.
Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA) is an organization dealing with agricultural products in Africa.
Amara Essy (born 20 December 1944.) is a diplomat from Ivory Coast.
Amartya Kumar Sen, CH, FBA (born 3 November 1933) is an Indian economist and philosopher, who since 1972 has taught and worked in India, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
The American Academy of Arts and Sciences is one of the oldest learned societies in the United States of America.
The American Whig–Cliosophic Society (Whig-Clio) is a political, literary, and debating society at Princeton University and the oldest debate union in the United States.
The Arab League (الجامعة العربية), formally the League of Arab States (جامعة الدول العربية), is a regional organization of Arab states in and around North Africa, the Horn of Africa and Arabia.
The Arab Spring (الربيع العربي ar-Rabīʻ al-ʻArabī), also referred to as Arab Revolutions (الثورات العربية aṯ-'awrāt al-ʻarabiyyah), was a revolutionary wave of both violent and non-violent demonstrations, protests, riots, coups, foreign interventions, and civil wars in North Africa and the Middle East that began on 18 December 2010 in Tunisia with the Tunisian Revolution.
The Arab–Israeli conflict refers to the political tension, military conflicts and disputes between a number of Arab countries and Israel.
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
The aristocracy is a social class that a particular society considers its highest order.
Ashanti also known as Asante are an ethnic group native to the Ashanti Region of modern-day Ghana.
Bahrain (البحرين), officially the Kingdom of Bahrain (مملكة البحرين), is an Arab constitutional monarchy in the Persian Gulf.
Bakassi is a peninsula on the Gulf of Guinea.
Ban Ki-moon (born 13 June 1944) is a South Korean politician and diplomat who was the eighth Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 2007 to December 2016.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
Bashar Hafez al-Assad (بشار حافظ الأسد, Levantine pronunciation:;; born 11 September 1965) is a Syrian politician who has been the 19th and current President of Syria since 17 July 2000.
The Battle of Mogadishu, or Day of the Rangers (Maalintii Rangers), was part of Operation Gothic Serpent.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Benon Vahe Sevan (born December 18, 1937 Nicosia, Cyprus) was the head of the United Nations' Oil-for-Food Programme, established in 1996 and charged with preventing Iraq's government from using the proceeds from oil exports for anything but food, medicine and other items to benefit the civilian population.
Bloomberg News is an international news agency headquartered in New York, United States and a division of Bloomberg L.P. Content produced by Bloomberg News is disseminated through Bloomberg Terminals, Bloomberg Television, Bloomberg Radio, Bloomberg Businessweek, Bloomberg Markets, Bloomberg.com and Bloomberg's mobile platforms.
A boarding school provides education for pupils who live on the premises, as opposed to a day school.
Boutros Boutros-Ghali (بطرس بطرس غالي,; 14 November 1922 – 16 February 2016) was an Egyptian politician and diplomat who was the sixth Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN) from January 1992 to December 1996.
Brown University is a private Ivy League research university in Providence, Rhode Island, United States.
Cape Coast, or Cabo Corso, is a city, fishing port, and the capital of Cape Coast Metropolitan District and Central Region of south Ghana.
Carleton University is a comprehensive university located in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
CBC News is the division of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation responsible for the news gathering and production of news programs on the corporation's English-language operations, namely CBC Television, CBC Radio, CBC News Network, and CBC.ca.
The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough which also holds city status.
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
Comenius University in Bratislava (Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave) is the largest university in Slovakia, with most of its faculties located in Bratislava.
The Confucius Peace Prize is a Chinese alternative to the Nobel Peace Prize established in 2010 by the Association of Chinese Indigenous Arts in the People's Republic of China (PRC), in response to a proposal by business person Liu Zhiqin on November 17, 2010.
The Conspiracy Museum was a private exhibition of conspiracy theories in the West End Historic District of downtown Dallas, Texas (USA).
The Council of Europe (CoE; Conseil de l'Europe) is an international organisation whose stated aim is to uphold human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Europe.
The Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria (Ehrenzeichen für Verdienste um die Republik Österreich) is a national honour awarded by the Republic of Austria.
Desmond Mpilo Tutu (born 7 October 1931) is a South African Anglican cleric and theologian known for his work as an anti-apartheid and human rights activist.
Dileep Nair was the United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Internal Oversight Services and head of the United Nations Office of Internal Oversight Services.
A diplomat is a person appointed by a state to conduct diplomacy with one or more other states or international organizations.
Ebony is a monthly magazine for the African-American market.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de León, GColIH (born 27 December 1951) is a Mexican economist and politician.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Originally, Fante refers to tiny states within 50 miles radius of Mankessim.
Farrar, Straus and Giroux (FSG) is an American book publishing company, founded in 1946 by Roger W. Straus, Jr. and John C. Farrar.
The Federal Reserve System (also known as the Federal Reserve or simply the Fed) is the central banking system of the United States of America.
The Ford Foundation is a New York-headquartered, globally oriented private foundation with the mission of advancing human welfare.
Fox News (officially known as the Fox News Channel, commonly abbreviated to FNC) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel owned by the Fox Entertainment Group, a subsidiary of 21st Century Fox.
The Free University of Berlin (Freie Universität Berlin, often abbreviated as FU Berlin or simply FU) is a research university located in Berlin, Germany.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
Georgetown University is a private research university in the Georgetown neighborhood of Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States.
Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.
Ghent University (Universiteit Gent, abbreviated as UGent) is a public research university located in Ghent, Belgium.
Glasgow Caledonian University (informally GCU or Caledonian) is a public university in Glasgow.
The Global Centre for Pluralism (Centre mondial du pluralisme) is an international centre for research, education and exchange about the values, practices and policies that underpin pluralist societies.
The Global Humanitarian Forum was a non-profit foundation in Geneva, Switzerland, active from 2007 to 2010.
The Gold Coast was a British colony on the Gulf of Guinea in west Africa from 1867 to its independence as the nation of Ghana in 1957.
Graça Machel (née Simbine,, 17 October 1945) is a Mozambican politician and humanitarian.
The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, or the Graduate Institute (in French: Institut de hautes études internationales et du développement (previously known as Institut (universitaire) de hautes études internationales), abbreviated IHEID (previously HEI, IHEI, or IUHEI) is a post-graduate university located in Geneva, Switzerland. The institution counts one UN secretary-general (Kofi Annan), seven Nobel Prize recipients, one Pulitzer Prize winner, and numerous ambassadors, foreign ministers, and heads of state among its alumni and faculty. Founded by two senior League of Nations officials, the Graduate Institute maintains strong links with that international organisation's successor, the United Nations, and many alumni have gone on to work at UN agencies. The school is a full member of the APSIA. Founded in 1927, the Graduate Institute of International Studies (IHEI or HEI) is continental Europe's oldest school of international relations and was the world's first university dedicated solely to the study of international affairs. It offered one of the first doctoral programmes in international relations in the world. In 2008, the Graduate Institute absorbed the Graduate Institute of Development Studies, a smaller post-graduate institution also based in Geneva founded in 1961. The merger resulted in the current Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. Today the school enrolls about 800 graduate students from over 100 countries. Foreign students make up nearly 80% of the student body and the school is officially a bilingual English-French institution, although the majority of classes are in English.. With Maison de la Paix acting as its primary seat of learning, the Institute's campuses are located blocks from the United Nations Office at Geneva, International Labour Organization, World Trade Organization, World Health Organization, International Committee of the Red Cross, World Intellectual Property Organization and many other international organizations. It runs joint degree programmes with universities such as Smith College and Yale University, and is Harvard Kennedy School's only partner university to co-deliver double degrees.
Hans Martin Blix (born 28 June 1928) is a Swedish diplomat and politician for the Liberal People's Party.
Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was an American statesman who served as the 33rd President of the United States (1945–1953), taking office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
The Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum is the presidential library and resting place of Harry S. Truman, the 33rd President of the United States (1945–1953), located on U.S. Highway 24 in Independence, Missouri.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
The United Nations is headquartered in New York City, in a complex designed by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer and built by the architectural firm Harrison & Abramovitz.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
HIV/AIDS is a major public health concern and cause of death in many parts of Africa.
Holocaust denial is the act of denying the genocide of Jews in the Holocaust during World War II.
Howard University (HU or simply Howard) is a federally chartered, private, coeducational, nonsectarian, historically black university (HBCU) in Washington, D.C. It is categorized by the Carnegie Foundation as a research university with higher research activity and is accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education.
Independence is the fifth-largest city in the U.S. state of Missouri.
Information and communication technologies for development (ICT4D) refers to the application of information and communication technologies (ICT) toward social, economic, and political development, with a particular emphasis on helping poor and marginalized people and communities.
Inter Press Service (IPS) is a global news agency.
The International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS) was an ad hoc commission of participants which in 2001 worked to popularize the concept of humanitarian intervention under the name of "Responsibility to protect".
The International Conference to Review the Global Vision of the Holocaust was a two-day conference that opened on December 11, 2006, in Tehran, Iran.
International development or global development is a wide concept concerning level of development on an international scale.
International Holocaust Remembrance Day, is an international memorial day on 27 January commemorating the tragedy of the Holocaust that occurred during the Second World War.
The International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA) is an intergovernmental organization with regional offices in Latin America (Costa Rica), Asia and the Pacific (Australia) and Africa (Ethiopia).
Interventions: A Life in War and Peace is a memoir by former Secretary-General of the United Nations and 2001 Nobel Peace Prize winner, Kofi Annan.
Investcorp is a global manager of alternative investment products, for private and institutional clients.. It has offices in New York City, Bahrain, London, Riyadh, Abu Dhabi, Doha and Singapore. The company offers investments in corporate investment, real estate, credit management and alternative investment solutions, and has arranged investments with a combined value of approximately $55 billion. It typically places the private equity of companies and real estate properties it acquires directly with investors on a deal-by-deal basis and through a fund structure. In addition, the firm operates the Gulf Opportunity Fund investing in the MENA region, and a number of technology funds. Since its inception in 1982, Investcorp has made over 175 corporate investments in the U.S., Europe and the Middle East and North Africa region, including Turkey, across a range of sectors including retail and consumer products, technology, business services and industrials, and more than 470 commercial and residential real estate investments in the US, for in excess of $55 billion in transaction value. The company diversified in 1997 into hedge funds. Non-Gulf investors, mainly in the US, now account for around three quarters of Investcorp’s hedge fund client assets under management, with $1 billion in new US hedge fund mandates being secured in 2009.. Investcorp currently has approximately $22.2 billion in invested assets under management across its four asset classes. In 2011, it ranked 67th in the PEI300 (Private Equity Index 300) ranking of private equity firms by assets deployed, with $4.68bn invested in private equity over the previous five years.. Its principal client base is in the six countries of the Gulf Co-operation Council, but it also has institutional clients in North America, Europe and Asia. The company maintains relationships with over 1,000 individual and institutional investors in the Gulf. The company is regulated in Bahrain as a wholesale bank, and has traditionally utilised long-term and medium-term bank financing, including private placements and syndicated loans, in order to ensure a longer maturity profile. The company’s capital adequacy ratio (Basel III) at 2017 December 30 was 29.8%. The company is listed on the Bahrain Bourse (BSE), with a financial year end of 30 June. Investcorp's portfolio company, Moneybookers, ended its relationship with Wikileaks in August 2010 as a result of U.S. government pressure.
The Iraq disarmament crisis was claimed as one of primary issues that led to the multinational invasion of Iraq on 20 March 2003.
The Iraqi Special Security Organization (SSO) (الأمن الخاص Al-Amn al-Khas) was the most powerful Iraqi security agency under President Saddam Hussein and was responsible for personal security of high-ranking government officials and presidential facilities.
Ivory Coast, also known as Côte d'Ivoire and officially as the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, is a sovereign state located in West Africa.
James Earl Carter Jr. (born October 1, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981.
John Robert Bolton (born November 20, 1948) is an American attorney, political commentator, Republican consultant and activist, government official and former diplomat who serves as the 27th National Security Advisor of the United States.
Katherine Emily Holt (born 1972) is a British photojournalist.
King's College London (informally King's or KCL) is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom, and a founding constituent college of the federal University of London.
The Kofi Annan Foundation is an independent, not-for profit organization that works to promote better global governance and strengthen the capacities of people and countries to achieve a fairer, more peaceful world.
Kojo Adeyemo Annan (born 25 July 1973) is a Ghanaian businessman and son of former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan.
The Kru languages belong to the Niger–Congo language family and are spoken by the Kru people from the southeast of Liberia to the east of Ivory Coast.
Kumasi (historically spelled Comassie or Coomassie and usually spelled Kumase in Twi) is a city in Ashanti Region, and is among the largest metropolitan areas in Ghana.
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) is a university in Kumasi, Ashanti, Ghana.
Lakhdar Brahimi (Algerian pronunciation:; الأخضر الإبراهيمي;; born 1 January 1934) is an Algerian United Nations diplomat who served as the United Nations and Arab League Special Envoy to Syria until 14 May 2014.
The languages of Africa are divided into six major language families.
The Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy is an autonomous postgraduate school of the National University of Singapore (NUS).
The Nobel Prize is an annual, international prize first awarded in 1901 for achievements in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Louise Fréchette, OC (born July 16, 1946) was United Nations Deputy Secretary-General for eight years, and a long-time Canadian diplomat and public servant.
Lund University (Lunds universitet) is a public university, consistently ranking among the world's top 100 universities.
Macalester College is a private, coeducational liberal arts college located in Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States.
The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation is the 12th-largest private foundation in the United States.
Madeleine Jana Korbel Albright (born May 15, 1937) is an American politician and diplomat.
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (Mahmūd Ahmadinezhād, born Mahmoud Sabbaghian (Sabbāghyān) on 28 October 1956) is an Iranian politician who was the sixth President of Iran from 2005 to 2013.
George Mark Malloch Brown, Baron Malloch-Brown (born 16 September 1953) is a former UK government minister (2007 – 2009) and United Nations Deputy Secretary-General (2006), as well as development specialist at the World Bank and United Nations (1994 – 2005), and a communications consultant and journalist.
Martti Ahtisaari (officially Martti Oiva Kalevi Ahtisaari; born 23 June 1937) is a Finnish politician, the tenth President of Finland (1994–2000), a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, and a United Nations diplomat and mediator noted for his international peace work.
Mary Therese Winifred Robinson (née Bourke; Máire Bean Mhic Róibín; born 21 May 1944) is an Irish Independent politician who served as the 7th President of Ireland, she was the first female to hold this office.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
A Master of Advanced Studies or Master of Advanced Study (MAS, M.A.S., or MASt) is a postgraduate degree awarded in various countries.
The Master of Business Administration (MBA or M.B.A.) is a master's degree in business administration (management).
Methodism or the Methodist movement is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley, an Anglican minister in England.
The Methodist Central Hall (also known as Central Hall Westminster) is a multi-purpose venue and tourist attraction in City of Westminster, London.
Mfantsipim is a high school in Cape Coast, in Ghana, established by the Methodist Church in 1876 as an all-boys secondary school dedicated to fostering intellectual, moral and spiritual growth, in the then Gold Coast.
The Millennium Summit was a meeting among many world leaders lasting three days from 6 September to 8 September 2000 at the United Nations headquarters in New York City.
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.
The MIT Sloan School of Management (also known as MIT Sloan or Sloan) is the business school of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
Mohammed "Mo" Ibrahim (محمد إبراهيم; born 3 May 1946) is a Sudanese-British billionaire businessman.
In international relations, multilateralism refers to an alliance of multiple countries pursuing a common goal.
The terms Muslim world and Islamic world commonly refer to the unified Islamic community (Ummah), consisting of all those who adhere to the religion of Islam, or to societies where Islam is practiced.
Mwai Kibaki, C.G.H. (born 15 November 1931) is a Kenyan politician who was the third President of Kenya, serving from December 2002 until April 2013.
Nabil Elaraby (Arabic: نبيل العربي; born 15 March 1935) is an Egyptian diplomat who was Secretary-General of the Arab League from 1 July 2011 to 3 July 2016.
The National University of Ireland (NUI) (Ollscoil na hÉireann) is a federal university system of constituent universities (previously called constituent colleges) and recognised colleges set up under the Irish Universities Act, 1908, and significantly amended by the Universities Act, 1997.
The National University of Singapore (NUS) is an autonomous research university in Singapore.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
NetCorps (French: Cyberjeunes) was a volunteer-organizing coalition consisting of nine Canadian non-governmental organizations (NGOs), funded by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) and managed by the NetCorps coordination unit.
New University of Lisbon (Universidade Nova de Lisboa -) or NOVA is a Portuguese university whose Rectorate is located in Campolide, Lisbon.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
A Nobel Committee is a working body responsible for most of the work involved in selecting Nobel Prize laureates.
The Nobel Foundation (Nobelstiftelsen) is a private institution founded on 29 June 1900 to manage the finances and administration of the Nobel Prizes.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
The North–South Prize is awarded annually by the North-South Centre of the Council of Europe to two public figures who are recognised for their deep commitment, outstanding achievements and hope they have generated in the field of protection of human rights, the defence of pluralist democracy and North-South partnership and solidarity.
Northwestern University (NU) is a private research university based in Evanston, Illinois, United States, with other campuses located in Chicago and Doha, Qatar, and academic programs and facilities in Miami, Florida, Washington, D.C., and San Francisco, California.
The Oil-for-Food Programme (OIP), established by the United Nations in 1995 (under UN Security Council Resolution 986) was established to allow Iraq to sell oil on the world market in exchange for food, medicine, and other humanitarian needs for ordinary Iraqi citizens without allowing Iraq to boost its military capabilities.
The Olof Palme Prize is an annual prize awarded for an outstanding achievement in the spirit of Olof Palme.
One Young World is a UK-based not-for-profit organization that gathers young leaders from around the world to develop solutions to the world’s most pressing issues.
Operation Deliberate Force was a sustained air campaign conducted by the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), in concert with the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) ground operations, to undermine the military capability of the Bosnian Serb Army (VRS), which had threatened and attacked UN-designated "safe areas" in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Bosnian War with the Srebrenica and Markale massacres, precipitating the intervention.
The Order of Liberty, or the Order of Freedom (Ordem da Liberdade), is a Portuguese honorific civil order that distinguishes relevant services to the cause of democracy and freedom, in the defense of the values of civilization and human dignity.
The Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Verdienstorden der Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is the only federal decoration of Germany.
The Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland (Order Zasługi Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej) is a Polish order of merit created in 1974, awarded to persons who have rendered great service to Poland.
The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George is a British order of chivalry founded on 28 April 1818 by George, Prince Regent, later King George IV, while he was acting as regent for his father, King George III.
The Order of the Netherlands Lion, also referred to as the Order of the Lion of the Netherlands (De Orde van de Nederlandse Leeuw, L'Ordre du Lion Néerlandais) is a Dutch order of chivalry founded by King William I of the Netherlands on 29 September 1815.
The Order of the Star of Ghana is the highest award given by the Government of Ghana to any individual who had helped the cause of the country in one way or the other.
The Order of the Star of Romania (Romanian: Ordinul Steaua României) is Romania's highest civil Order and second highest State decoration after the defunct Order of Michael the Brave.
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.
A pandemic (from Greek πᾶν pan "all" and δῆμος demos "people") is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread across a large region; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide.
Paul Adolph Volcker Jr. (born September 5, 1927) is an American economist.
The Peace of Westphalia (Westfälischer Friede) was a series of peace treaties signed between May and October 1648 in the Westphalian cities of Osnabrück and Münster that virtually ended the European wars of religion.
The Liberty Medal is an annual award administered by the National Constitution Center of the United States to recognize leadership in the pursuit of freedom.
Phyllis Bennis (born January 19, 1951) is an American writer, activist, and political commentator.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
Power in international relations is defined in several different ways.
The President of the Republic of Ghana is the elected head of state and head of government of Ghana, as well as Commander-in-Chief of the Ghana Armed Forces.
Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey.
Private diplomacy is on the one hand the synthesis of the public science of interests, relationships and negotiations among the states, and on the other hand the spirit of enterprise and private industry: the synthesis, therefore, between an art or craft (rather than a science), and relationships with stakeholders and actors in the world of international business (rather than states).
Private equity typically refers to investment funds organized as limited partnerships that are not publicly traded and whose investors are typically large institutional investors, university endowments, or wealthy individuals.
The Profile in Courage Award is a private award given to recognize displays of courage similar to those John F. Kennedy described in his book of the same name.
Raila Amolo Odinga (born 7 January 1945) is a former prime minister of Kenya.
Raoul Gustaf Wallenberg (born 4 August 1912, death date unknown)He is presumed to have died in 1947, although the circumstances of his death are not clear and this date has been disputed.
Since the late 1990s there have been many calls for reform of the United Nations (UN).
The Report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations (2000) is commonly called the Brahimi Report, named for the chairman of the commission that produced it, Lakhdar Brahimi.
The Responsibility to Protect (R2P or RtoP) is a global political commitment which was endorsed by all member states of the United Nations at the 2005 World Summit in order to address its four key concerns to prevent genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity.
Richard Charles Albert Holbrooke (April 24, 1941 – December 13, 2010) was an American diplomat, magazine editor, author, professor, Peace Corps official, and investment banker.
Risk and strategic consulting refers to the provision of information, analysis and associated services in the field of international politics and economics, with the aim of providing a better understanding of the risks and opportunities facing businesses, governments and other groups.
The Rockefeller Brothers Fund (RBF) is a philanthropic foundation created and run by members of the Rockefeller family.
The Rockefeller family is an American industrial, political, and banking family that owns one of the world's largest fortunes.
Carl Rolf Ekéus (born 7 July 1935 in Kristinehamn, Sweden) is a Swedish diplomat.
Lieutenant-General Roméo Antonius Dallaire, (born June 25, 1946) is a Canadian humanitarian, author and retired senator and general.
Rush Hudson Limbaugh III (born January 12, 1951) is an American radio talk show host and conservative political commentator.
Rudolphus Franciscus Marie "Ruud" Lubbers (7 May 1939 – 14 February 2018) was a Dutch politician and diplomat of the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA), who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 4 November 1982 until 22 August 1994.
The Rwandan genocide, also known as the genocide against the Tutsi, was a genocidal mass slaughter of Tutsi in Rwanda by members of the Hutu majority government.
Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي; 28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.
Saint Paul (abbreviated St. Paul) is the capital and second-most populous city of the U.S. state of Minnesota.
The School of Diplomacy and International Relations (SODIR), is a post-secondary, degree-granting institution concentrating on international affairs within Seton Hall University in South Orange, New Jersey.
William Scott Ritter Jr. (born July 15, 1961) was a United Nations weapons inspector in Iraq from 1991 to 1998, and later a critic of United States foreign policy in the Middle East.
The Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNSG or just SG) is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.
The Seoul Peace Prize was established in 1990 as a biennial recognition with monetary award to commemorate the success of the 24th Summer Olympic Games held in Seoul, Korea, an event in which 160 nations from across the world took part, creating harmony and friendship.
Seton Hall University is a private Roman Catholic university in South Orange, New Jersey, United States.
Sexual harassment is bullying or coercion of a sexual nature, or the unwelcome or inappropriate promise of rewards in exchange for sexual favors.
Shake Hands with the Devil: The Failure of Humanity in Rwanda is a book by Lieutenant-General Roméo Dallaire of the Canadian Forces, with help from Major Brent Beardsley.
The Sloan Fellows program is the world's first mid-career master's degree in general management and leadership initially supported by a grant from Alfred P. Sloan, the late CEO of General Motors, to his alma mater, MIT.
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFR Yugoslavia or SFRY) was a socialist state led by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
A sovereign wealth fund (SWF) or sovereign investment fund is a state-owned investment fund that invests in real and financial assets such as stocks, bonds, real estate, precious metals, or in alternative investments such as private equity fund or hedge funds.
A Special Envoy of the Secretary-General (SESG) is a senior United Nations official appointed by the United Nations Secretary-General to deal with a set of specific issues.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
The Syrian Civil War (الحرب الأهلية السورية, Al-ḥarb al-ʼahliyyah as-sūriyyah) is an ongoing multi-sided armed conflict in Syria fought primarily between the Ba'athist Syrian Arab Republic led by President Bashar al-Assad, along with its allies, and various forces opposing both the government and each other in varying combinations.
The Syrian opposition (المعارضة السورية) is an umbrella term for the political structure represented by the Syrian National Coalition and associated anti-government Syrian groups with certain territorial control in the form of a proto-state as an alternative Syrian government, claiming to be the legitimate Syrian Arab Republic and also sometimes known just as the Republic of Syria.
The Tajikistani Civil War (Ҷанги шаҳрвандии Тоҷикистон, Jangi şahrvandi‘i Tojikiston/Çangi şahrvandiji Toçikiston); also known as the Tajik Civil War or the War in Tajikistan, began in May 1992 when regional groups from the Garm and Gorno-Badakhshan regions of Tajikistan rose up against the government of President Rahmon Nabiyev, which was dominated by people from the Khujand and Kulyab regions.
Robert Edward "Ted" Turner III (born November 19, 1938) is an American media mogul and philanthropist.
The Elders is an international non-governmental organisation of public figures noted as elder statesmen, peace activists, and human rights advocates, who were brought together by Nelson Mandela in 2007.
The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (or simply the Global Fund) is an international financing organization that aims to "ttract and disburse additional resources to prevent and treat HIV and AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria." A public-private partnership, the organization maintains its secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
Tilburg University is a public research university specializing in the social and behavioral sciences, economics, law, business sciences, theology and humanities, located in Tilburg in the southern part of the Netherlands.
A tribal chief is the leader of a tribal society or chiefdom.
The TU Dresden (abbreviated as TUD and often mistakenly translated from German as Dresden University of Technology) is a public research university, the largest institute of higher education in the city of Dresden, the largest university in Saxony and one of the 10 largest universities in Germany with 37,134 students.
The Tutsi, or Abatutsi, are a social class or ethnic group of the African Great Lakes region.
An Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations (USG) is a senior official within the United Nations System, normally appointed by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Secretary-General for a renewable term of four years.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) was established by United Nations Security Council Resolution 872 on 5 October 1993.
The United Nations Association – UK (UNA-UK) is the leading independent policy authority on the United Nations in the UK, and a UK-wide grassroots membership organisation.
The United Nations Foundation was launched in 1998 with a $1 billion gift from Ted Turner to support the United Nations causes.
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA or GA; Assemblée Générale AG) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN), the only one in which all member nations have equal representation, and the main deliberative, policy-making and representative organ of the UN.
The United Nations Global Compact is a United Nations initiative to encourage businesses worldwide to adopt sustainable and socially responsible policies, and to report on their implementation.
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is a United Nations programme with the mandate to protect refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people, and assist in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country.
The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is a United Nations body whose mission is to promote and protect human rights around the world.
The United Nations Information and Communication Technologies Task Force (UN ICT TF) was a multi-stakeholder initiative associated with the United Nations which is "intended to lend a truly global dimension to the multitude of efforts to bridge the global digital divide, foster digital opportunity and thus firmly put ICT at the service of development for all".
On 8 September 2000, following a three-day Millennium Summit of world leaders at the headquarters of the United Nations, the General Assembly adopted the Millennium Declaration (Resolution 55/2).
The United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS) was established by the UN Security Council under Resolution 1590 of 24 March 2005, in response to the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the government of the Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement on January 9, 2005 in Sudan.
The United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG) is the second-largest of the four major office sites of the United Nations (second to the United Nations Headquarters in New York City).
The United Nations Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS) is an independent office in the United Nations Secretariat whose mandate is to "assist the Secretary-General in fulfilling his internal oversight responsibilities in respect of the resources and staff of the Organization." Specifically, activities include internal audit, investigation, monitoring, evaluation, inspection, reporting and support services to the United Nations Secretariat.
United Nations Operation in Somalia II (UNOSOM II) was the second phase of the United Nations intervention in Somalia, from March 1993 until March 1995.
Peacekeeping by the United Nations is a role held by the Department of Peacekeeping Operations as "a unique and dynamic instrument developed by the organization as a way to help countries torn by conflict to create the conditions for lasting peace." It is distinguished from peacebuilding, peacemaking, and peace enforcement although the United Nations does acknowledge that all activities are "mutually reinforcing" and that overlap between them is frequent in practice.
The United Nations Regional Groups are the geopolitical regional groups of member states of the United Nations.
A United Nations Secretary-General selection was held in 2006 to succeed Kofi Annan, whose second term as Secretary-General of the United Nations ran until 31 December 2006.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
United Nations Security Council resolution 1327, adopted unanimously on 13 November 2000, after recalling Resolution 1318 (2000) adopted at the Millennium Summit and receiving the Report of the Panel on United Nations Peacekeeping (Brahimi Report), the Council adopted a resolution concerning the improvement of its peacekeeping operations.
United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) was an inspection regime created by the United Nations to ensure Iraq's compliance with policies concerning Iraqi production and use of weapons of mass destruction after the Gulf War.
The United Nations Volunteers (UNV) programme is a United Nations organization that contributes to peace and development through volunteerism worldwide.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The University for Peace (UPEACE) is an intergovernmental organization with university status, established by treaty in 1980 and having its main campus in Costa Rica.
The University of Alcalá (Universidad de Alcalá) is a public university located in Alcalá de Henares, a city 35 km (22 miles) northeast of Madrid in Spain and also the third-largest city of the region.
The University of Ghana is the oldest and largest of the thirteen Ghanaian public universities.
The University of Michigan (UM, U-M, U of M, or UMich), often simply referred to as Michigan, is a public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
The University of Neuchâtel (UniNE) is a French-speaking university based in Neuchâtel, Switzerland.
The University of Notre Dame du Lac (or simply Notre Dame or ND) is a private, non-profit Catholic research university in the community of Notre Dame, Indiana, near the city of South Bend, in the United States.
The University of Ottawa (uOttawa or U of O) (Université d'Ottawa) is a bilingual public research university in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
The University of Pennsylvania (commonly known as Penn or UPenn) is a private Ivy League research university located in University City section of West Philadelphia.
The University of Pittsburgh (commonly referred to as Pitt) is a state-related research university located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
The University of St.
, abbreviated as or UTokyo, is a public research university located in Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan.
Uppsala University (Uppsala universitet) is a research university in Uppsala, Sweden, and is the oldest university in Sweden and all of the Nordic countries still in operation, founded in 1477.
Volunteering is generally considered an altruistic activity where an individual or group provides services for no financial or social gain "to benefit another person, group or organization".
The War in Darfur is a major armed conflict in the Darfur region of Sudan, that began in February 2003 when the Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) rebel groups began fighting the government of Sudan, which they accused of oppressing Darfur's non-Arab population.
Women's rights are the rights and entitlements claimed for women and girls worldwide, and formed the basis for the women's rights movement in the nineteenth century and feminist movement during the 20th century.
World Diabetes Day is the primary global awareness campaign focusing on diabetes mellitus and is held on November 14 each year.
The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Swiss nonprofit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva, Switzerland.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) was a two-phase United Nations-sponsored summit on information, communication and, in broad terms, the information society that took place in 2003 in Geneva and in 2005 in Tunis.
Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then government and from which it withdrew from in December 2003. It is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity. Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way. On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed.
The 2001 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the United Nations and Kofi Annan for "their work for a better organized and more peaceful world".
The 2003 invasion of Iraq was the first stage of the Iraq War (also called Operation Iraqi Freedom).
The 2007–08 Kenyan crisis was a political, economic, and humanitarian crisis that erupted in Kenya after former President Mwai Kibaki was declared the winner of the presidential election held on December 27, 2007.
The 2015 Rohingya refugee crisis refers to the mass migration of people from Myanmar (formerly known as Burma) in 2015, collectively dubbed "boat people" by international media.
Ama Annan, Annan, Kofi, Efua Atta, Koffi Annan, Kofi A Annan, Kofi A. Annan, Kofi Anan, Kofi Atta Annan, Kofi Bo Bofi, Nana Maria Annan, Nana maria annan, Nane Annan, Nane Maria Annan, Nina Cronstedt de Groot, Titi Alakija.