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Aajkaal (pronounced: and its evening edition Sandhya Aajkaal) is a Bengali newspaper in Kolkata, India.
Abanindranath Tagore CIE (অবনীন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুর) (7 August 1871 – 5 December 1951) was the principal artist and creator of the "Indian Society of Oriental Art".
ABP Ananda (also known as Anandabazar Patrika Ananda) is a Bengali language 24-hour cable and satellite television news channel headquartered in Kolkata.
Academic art, or academicism or academism, is a style of painting, sculpture, and architecture produced under the influence of European academies of art.
The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.
The Academy of Fine Arts, in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) is one of the oldest fine arts societies in India.
An adda (আড্ডা) is a form of intellectual exchange among members, who were originally of the same socio-economic strata, but the process has democratized in modern times.
The Agri Horticultural Society of India was founded in 1820 by William Carey on the Alipore Road, Kolkata.
Air pollution in India is a serious issue with the major sources being fuelwood and biomass burning, fuel adulteration, vehicle emission and traffic congestion.
Aircel Ltd. is a defunct Indian mobile network operator headquartered in Gurgaon that offered voice and 2G and 3G data services.
Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Road, earlier known as Lower Circular Road, and its continuation northwards called Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road or Upper Circular Road, is the longest and the most important north-south thoroughfare in Kolkata, India.
Aliah University is a state government controlled minority autonomous university in New Town, West Bengal, India.
Alipore (Pron:ˌɑ:lɪˈpɔ) is a neighbourhood in South Kolkata in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health (AIIH&PH), is a pioneering Indian institute for research and training in public health and allied sciences in Kolkata.
All India Radio (AIR), officially known since 1956 as Ākāshvāṇī ("Voice from the Sky") is the national public radio broadcaster of India and a division of Prasar Bharati.
The All India Trinamool Congress (abbreviated AITC, TMC or Trinamool Congress) is an Indian political party based in West Bengal.
Allahabad Bank is a nationalised bank with its headquarters in Kolkata, India.
Alluvium (from the Latin alluvius, from alluere, "to wash against") is loose, unconsolidated (not cemented together into a solid rock) soil or sediments, which has been eroded, reshaped by water in some form, and redeposited in a non-marine setting.
AM broadcasting is a radio broadcasting technology, which employs amplitude modulation (AM) transmissions.
Amartya Kumar Sen, CH, FBA (born 3 November 1933) is an Indian economist and philosopher, who since 1972 has taught and worked in India, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
Anandabazar Patrika is an Indian Bengali language daily newspaper published in Kolkata, New Delhi, Mumbai and Silchar by the ABP Group.
Anandalok (আনন্দলোক) is a Bengali film magazine published by Ananda Publishers from Kolkata, India.
Anandamela, Anondamela, or Anonodomela (Bengali: আনন্দমেলা) is a children's periodical in the Bengali language published by ABP Limited (Ananda Bazar Patrika Group) from Kolkata, India.
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands, one of the seven union territories of India, are a group of islands at the juncture of the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea.
Anemia is a decrease in the total amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood, or a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen.
Anganwadi is a type of rural mother and child care centre in India.
The term Anglo-Indians can refer to at least two groups of people: those with mixed Indian and British ancestry, and people of British descent born or living in the Indian subcontinent.
Anil Kumar Gain (অনীল কুমার গায়েন), (1 February 1919 – 7 February 1978) (also spelt Anil Kumar Gayen) was an Indian mathematician and statistician best known for his works on the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient in the field of applied statistics, with his colleague Ronald Fisher.
Anthropological Survey of India (AnSI) is the apex Indian government organisation involved in anthropological studies and field data research for human and cultural aspects, working primarily in the fields of physical anthropology and cultural anthropology.
Aparna Sen (Ôporna Shen; born 25 October 1945) is an Indian filmmaker, screenwriter and actress who is known for her work in Bengali cinema.
Arjun Singh Atwal (born 20 March 1973) is an Indian professional golfer who has played on the Asian Tour and the European Tour and is the first player born in India to become a member of, and later win a tournament on the U.S.-based PGA Tour.
The association of Armenians with India and the presence of Armenians in India are very old, and there has been a mutual economic and cultural association of Armenians with India for the last several centuries.
An art film is typically a serious, independent film, aimed at a niche market rather than a mass market audience.
Arunachal Pradesh ("the land of dawn-lit mountains") is one of the 29 states of India and is the northeastern-most state of the country.
Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee CSI, FASB, FRSE, FRAS, MRIA (anglicised, originally Āśutōṣh Mukhōpādhyāẏa, also anglicised to Asutosh Mookerjee) (29 June 1864 – 25 May 1924) was a prolific Bengali educator, jurist, barrister and mathematician.
The Asiatic Society of Bangladesh was established as the Asiatic Society of Pakistan in Dhaka in 1952, and renamed in 1972.
Assam is a state in Northeast India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.
The Assamese people are the indigenous people of the state of Assam.They are a physically diverse group formed after years of assimilation of Austroasiatic, Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman and Tai races.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.
ATK (previously known as Atlético de Kolkata), is an Indian football club based in Kolkata, West Bengal, that plays in Indian Super League.
An auto rickshaw is a motorized development of the traditional pulled rickshaw or cycle rickshaw.
In India, autonomous law schools are the law schools founded pursuant to the second-generation reforms for legal education sought to be implemented by the Bar Council of India.
The avant-garde (from French, "advance guard" or "vanguard", literally "fore-guard") are people or works that are experimental, radical, or unorthodox with respect to art, culture, or society.
B.B.D. Bagh, formerly called Dalhousie Square, is the shortened version for Benoy-Badal-Dinesh Bagh.
The title babu, also spelled baboo, is used in South Asia as a sign of respect towards men.
Babughat (Babooghat), Baje Kadamtala Ghat, Baboo Raj Chandra Ghat) is one of the many ghats built during British Raj, along the river bank of Hooghly on its bank on Strand Road at Kolkata side. The ghat has a tall colonial structure, which is the landing berth of the ghat. It is a fine Doric-Greek style pavilion with huge pillars. The ghat, originally known was Baboo Raj Chandra Ghat, is now only known by first words Baboo-ghat or Babu-ghat. Babu / Baboo in Bengali means Sahib or gentleman. The ghat is named after Babu Raj Chandra Das, husband of Rani Rashmoni and zamindar of Janbazar, who built it in 1830, in memory of her late husband. Times of India, dated November 6, 2010. A marble tablet beneath the pediment implies that some of the credit for the erection of the ghat must go to Lord William Bentinck as he encouraged such spending with a view to improve public amenities. It is second oldest ghat of Kolkata. The pavilion today is completely encroached by vendors and priests. The old colonial structure and stairs leading to the river are in various stages of decay and derelict. A section of ghat originally meant for bathing of ladies has turned into a garbage point now. Even so, the ghat is bustling with crowds since morning till late evening with people who use it for bathing, puja, religious ceremonies, massage and leisure. During Chhat Puja, a huge crowd can be seen on Babughat performing their puja. The ghat is also used during Durga Puja, Saraswati Puja rather in all festivals for immersion of idols. Further, Babughat is always bustling with passengers, who use it cross the river to reach Howrah Station just across the river and also other areas of Howrah, ferries for which are available at frequent intervals, which take off from the jetty connected to ghat. The water ferry is run and maintained by Inland Waterways Corporation. Ferry services are available from Babughat to Howrah, Chandpal, Telkal Ghat, and Bally. Also just outside the ghat is a bus terminus. Babughat is one of the main bus termini in the Kolkata apart from two others located at Esplanade and Howrah station. From there one can find interstate buses going into Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha and other cities of West Bengal. Also there is another bus terminus from where one can find buses going in all directions of Kolkata and its neighborhood. Times of India, November 25, 2010. These buses also carry the goods and merchandise to other states and people can find hand-carts and cycle-carts carrying merchandise to be loaded on various buses. The Babughat has vantage advantage as the business and commercial hub of city BBD Bagh is near-by. For this reason Babughat is humming with people and activities throughout twenty-four hours of day and night. Further, Eden Gardens railway station of Kolkata Circular Railway is located just adjacent to Babughat and as such people commuting by train also get off and board trains from here. The Eden Gardens and Netaji Indoor Stadium, West Bengal State Assembly, Calcutta Swimming Club, Calcutta High Court, Writer's Building, Princep Ghat are all located in vicinity of Babughat. Further, Millennium Park, a newly developed amusement park cum picnic spot opened in December 1999, along the Hooghly river stretch is also located just a few minutes walk from Babughat. As Babughat is a unique junction point of Kolkata where one can find various modes of transport like, bus, ferry and train to go towards various direction, intelligence agencies of India had expressed concern that terrorists are using Babughat as transit point.
Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net.
Bagbazar (also spelt Baghbazar) is a neighbourhood of north Kolkata, in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Baghajatin is a locality in the city of Kolkata in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
Ballygunge is a locality of south Kolkata, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
The Bangladesh Liberation War (মুক্তিযুদ্ধ), also known as the Bangladesh War of Independence, or simply the Liberation War in Bangladesh, was a revolution and armed conflict sparked by the rise of the Bengali nationalist and self-determination movement in what was then East Pakistan during the 1971 Bangladesh genocide.
Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay or Bankim Chandra Chatterjee (27 June 1838–8 April 1894) was an Indian writer, poet and journalist.
Bansdroni is a locality of South Kolkata in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
Baranagar is a city with a municipality in Barrackpore subdivision of North 24 Parganas district, in West Bengal, India.
Barisha is a residential locality of Kolkata (Calcutta), in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
Barrackpore, or Barrackpur, is the headquarters of the Barrackpore subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Bartaman Patrika (বর্তমান) is an Indian Bengali daily newspaper published from Kolkata, West Bengal, India by Bartaman Pvt.
In geology, basement and crystalline basement are the rocks below a sedimentary platform or cover, or more generally any rock below sedimentary rocks or sedimentary basins that are metamorphic or igneous in origin.
The Battle of Buxar was fought on 22 October 1764 between the forces under the command of the British East India Company led by Hector Munro and the combined armies of Mir Qasim, Nawab of Bengal till 1763; the Nawab of Awadh; and the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II.
Baul or Bauls (বাউল) are a group of mystic minstrels from Bengal, which includes Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal.
The Bay of Bengal (Bengali: বঙ্গোপসাগর) is the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean, bounded on the west and north by India and Bangladesh, and on the east by Myanmar and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India).
A bazaar is a permanently enclosed marketplace or street where goods and services are exchanged or sold.
Beguni is a Bengali snack made of eggplant (also known as aubergine or brinjal) which is sliced and battered before being either fried or deep fried in oil.
Behala, is a locality of South West Kolkata, in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Beighton Cup is one of the oldest field hockey tournament running till date.
Belgachia is a neighbourhood of north Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Belgharia (Bengali: বেলঘরিয়া) is a neighbourhood in Kamarhati municipality in Barrackpore subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in West Bengal, India.
Beliaghata, also known as Beleghata, is a neighbourhood of Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
Bengal (Bānglā/Bôngô /) is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in Asia, which is located in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal.
Bengal cricket team is a cricket team that represents the Indian state of West Bengal in domestic first class cricket.
The Bengal famine of 1943 (Bengali: pañcāśēra manvantara) was a major famine in the Bengal province in British India during World War II.
The Bengal School of Art commonly referred as Bengal School, was an art movement and a style of Indian painting that originated in Bengal, primarily Kolkata and Shantiniketan, and flourished throughout India during the British Raj in the early 20th century.
Bengali cuisine is a culinary style originating in Bengal, a region in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent, which is now divided between Bangladesh and the West Bengal state of India.
Bengali Hindus (বাঙালি হিন্দু) are ethnic Bengali adherents of Hinduism, and are native to the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent.
Bengali, also known by its endonym Bangla (বাংলা), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in South Asia.
Bengali literature (বাংলা সাহিত্য, Bangla Sahityô) denotes the body of writings in the Bengali language.
The Bengali renaissance or simply Bengal renaissance, (বাংলার নবজাগরণ; Bānglār nabajāgaraṇ) was a cultural, social, intellectual and artistic movement in Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent during the period of the British Indian Empire, from the nineteenth century to the early twentieth century.
Bhai Phota or Bhai Phonta is a Hindu festival celebrated in Bengal.
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (abbreviated BSNL) is an Indian state-owned telecommunications company headquartered in New Delhi.
Bharti Airtel Limited (commonly shortened to Airtel and stylised airtel) is an Indian global telecommunications services company based in New Delhi, India.
Bhowanipore or Bhabanipur is a neighbourhood of South Kolkata in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
Bidhannagar or Salt Lake City as it is popularly called, is a planned satellite town in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Bihar is an Indian state considered to be a part of Eastern as well as Northern India.
The Biharis is a demonym given to the inhabitants of the Indian state of Bihar.
Birati is a neighbourhood of Kolkata in the North Dumdum municipality area, in the North 24 Parganas district in the state of West Bengal, India.
Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy.
The Black Hole of Calcutta was a small prison or dungeon in Fort William where troops of Siraj ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal, held British prisoners of war for one fatal night on 20 June 1756.
Bose Institute (Basu Bigyan Mandir) is one of the oldest and premier research institutes of India.
Botanical Survey of India (BSI), founded 13 February 1890, is Government of India Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change's organization for survey, research and conservation of plant resources, flora and endangered species of India, including by collecting and maintaining germplasm and gene bank of endangered, patent and vulnerable plant species.
Bow Barracks is a locality in the central Calcutta region.
Bowbazar (also spelt Boubazar) is a neighbourhood and police station of central Kolkata (formerly known as Calcutta), in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Britannia Industries Limited is an Indian food-products corporation headquartered in Bengaluru,Karnataka.
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
The Brookings Institution is a century-old American research group on Think Tank Row in Washington, D.C. It conducts research and education in the social sciences, primarily in economics, metropolitan policy, governance, foreign policy, and global economy and development.
Buddha's Birthday is a holiday traditionally celebrated in most of East Asia to commemorate the birth of the Prince Siddhartha Gautama, later the Gautama Buddha and founder of Buddhism.
Buddhadeb Dasgupta (Bengali: বুদ্ধদেব দাশগুপ্ত Buddhodeb Dashgupto) (born 1944) is a poet and prominent contemporary Indian filmmaker, most known for films like Bagh Bahadur, Tahader Katha, Charachar and Uttara.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Budge Budge is a city and a municipality of South 24 Parganas district in the Indian State of West Bengal.
The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is the national Standards Body of India working under the aegis of Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution, Government of India.
Burrabazar (also spelt Bara Bazar) is a neighbourhood of central Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, motorbus, autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.
Business Line or The Hindu Business Line is an Indian business newspaper published by Kasturi & Sons, the publishers of the newspaper The Hindu located in Chennai, India.
Business Standard is the third largest Indian English-language daily newspaper published by Business Standard Ltd (BSL) in two languages, English and Hindi.
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (7 November 188821 November 1970) was an Indian physicist born in the former Madras Province in India presently the state of Tamil Nadu, who carried out ground-breaking work in the field of light scattering, which earned him the 1930 Nobel Prize for Physics.
Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to paying subscribers via radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent systems, light pulses through fiber-optic cables.
Calcium oxide (CaO), commonly known as quicklime or burnt lime, is a widely used chemical compound.
Calcutt, Calcott or Callcott may refer to.
The Calcutta Boys' School was founded by the Rev.
The Calcutta Cricket & Football Club (CC&FC) is a sports club based in Kolkata, India.
The Calcutta Cup is the trophy is awarded to the winner of the match between England and Scotland.
Calcutta Football League (CFL) is the football league system where several football clubs of the Indian city of Kolkata (Calcutta) participate.
The Calcutta High Court is the oldest High Court in India.
The Calcutta Mathematical Society (CalMathSoc) is an association of professional mathematicians dedicated to the interests of mathematical research and education in India.
Calcutta Polo Club is a polo club located in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
The Calcutta Racket Club is a squash and racquet club in Kolkata, India.
Calcutta Rowing Club, located in Kolkata, India, was founded in 1858 and is one of the oldest rowing clubs of its kind outside the United Kingdom.
Calcutta South Club in Woodburn Park Road, Kolkata, India is a venue for lawn tennis.
Calcutta State Transport Corporation (CSTC) is a West Bengal state government undertaken transport corporation.
Calcutta Stock Exchange, also abbreviated to CSE, (দি ক্যালকাটা স্টক এক্সচেঞ্জ di kyalkata stôk ekschenj) located at the Lyons Range, Kolkata, India, is the oldest stock exchange in South Asia.
Calcutta Tramways Company (CTC) is a state-run company that operates trams and buses in and around Kolkata (formerly known as Calcutta) in West Bengal, India.
Camac Street (renamed Abanindranath Thakur Sarani) is a street running in the central business district of Kolkata, India, from Park Street to AJC Bose Road.
Candidatus rerum politicarum (male), Candidata rerum politicarum (female), abbreviated cand.polit., is an academic degree in economics in Denmark and formerly an academic degree in all social sciences in Norway, including for example economics, psychology, sociology and political science.
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
The Carboniferous is a geologic period and system that spans 60 million years from the end of the Devonian Period million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Permian Period, Mya.
Carrom (also spelled karrom) is a "strike-and-" tabletop game of South Asian origin.
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is a national level board of education in India for public and private schools, controlled and managed by Union Government of India.
Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute (CGCRI) is a Kolkata based research institute under Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India.
Central Park situated in Bidhannagar is a public urban park.
Centre for Civil Society (CCS) is a non-profit think tank based in New Delhi.
The Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation or CESC is the Kolkata-based flagship company of the RP-Sanjiv Goenka Group, born from the erstwhile RPG Group, under the chairmanship of businessman Sanjiv Goenka.
The Chandni Chowk (Moonlight Square) is one of the oldest and busiest markets in Old Delhi, India.
Chandraketugarh is an archaeological site located beside the Bidyadhari river, about north-east of Kolkata, India, in the district of North 24 parganas, near the township of Berachampa and the Harua Road railhead.
Channel 10 is a premier Bengali language television network that carried news and current affairs in India.
Chhena (छेना छेना); ଛେନା) or chhana (ছানা) are curds or cheese curds, originating from the Indian subcontinent, made from water buffalo or regular cow milk by adding food acids such as lemon juice instead of rennet and straining. It is very similar or analogous to cottage cheese. Chhana is pressed and may be further processed to make paneer, a form of farmer cheese or only formed into balls to make desserts such as khira sagara, chhena kheeri, rasabali and ras malai, as well as South Asian sweets (mishti / mithai) such as chhena jalebi, chhena gaja, chhena poda, pantua, rasgulla, and sandesh. For the sweets, mostly cow milk chhena is used.
Chikungunya is an infection caused by the chikungunya virus (CHIKV).
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chitpur (or Chitpore) is a neighbourhood in north Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Chowringhee (also spelt Chourangi) is a neighbourhood of central Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
Subimal Goswami (born 15 January 1938) commonly known by his nickname Chuni Goswami) is an Indian international footballer and first class cricketer. He was born in Kishoreganj District of undivided Bengal (now in Bangladesh). As a striker, he played 50 international matches representing India. As a first class cricketer, he played Ranji Trophy for Bengal.
The cinema of West Bengal (ṭôliuḍ), also known as Tollywood refers to the Indian Bengali language film industry based in the Tollygunge region of Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Coal India Limited (CIL) is an Indian state-controlled coal mining company headquartered in Kolkata, West Bengal, India and the largest coal producer company in the world and a maharatna company.
Code-division multiple access (CDMA) is a channel access method used by various radio communication technologies.
College Street (কলেজ স্ট্রিট) is a ~1.5 km long street in central Kolkata in the Indian state of West Bengal.
The Communist Party of India (Marxist) (abbreviated CPI(M)) is a communist party in India.
The Consulate General of the United States in Kolkata represents the interests of the United States government in Kolkata (previously known as Calcutta), India, and nearby surrounding areas.
Cossipore (also spelt Cossipur, Kashipur) is a neighbourhood of north Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
In Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi cities, the Small Causes Court is responsible for adjudicating matters related to civil cases.
The Cretaceous is a geologic period and system that spans 79 million years from the end of the Jurassic Period million years ago (mya) to the beginning of the Paleogene Period mya.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
The Cricket Association of Bengal (CAB) is the governing body for cricket in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Crime in India exists in various forms.
A crore (abbreviated cr) or koti denotes ten million (10,000,000 or 107 in scientific notation) and is equal to 100 lakh in the Indian numbering system as 1,00,00,000 with the local style of digit group separators (a lakh is equal to one hundred thousand and is written as 1,00,000).
Kolkata has been the pioneering city in Indian renaissance.
The cycle rickshaw is a small-scale local means of transport; it is also known by a variety of other names such as bike taxi, velotaxi, pedicab, bikecab, cyclo, beca, becak, trisikad, or trishaw.
Dainik Statesman is a Bengali daily newspaper run by The Statesman group with its central office being The Statesman House at Chowringhee.
Dakshineswar is a town under Kamarhati Municipality in Barrackpore subdivision of the city Kolkata in West Bengal.
Dallas is a city in the U.S. state of Texas.
Delhi (Dilli), officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a union territory of India.
India is the second most populated country in the world with nearly a fifth of the world's population.
In the 2011 census, Nepal's population was approximately 26 million people with a population growth rate of 1.35% and a median age of 21.6 years.
A demonym (δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place.
Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus.
The Department of Home and Hill Affairs known as the Home Department is a Bengal government department.
Desh (দেশ) is an esteemed Bengali language literary magazine published by Anandabazar Patrika Limited from India.
Dhaka (or; ঢাকা); formerly known as Dacca is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh.
Dhakuria is a locality in the city of Kolkata, (previously Calcutta), in Kolkata district, in West Bengal, India.
Dhapa is a locality on the fringes of East Kolkata, India.
Dharmatala (archaic spelling Dhurrumtollah) is a neighbourhood of central Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
The Vesti, also known as panche, Dhoti, dhuti, mardani, chaadra, dhotar, and panchey, is a traditional men's garment worn in the Indian subcontinent.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
Direct Action Day (16 August 1946), also known as the Great Calcutta Killings, was a day of widespread communal rioting between Muslims and Hindus in the city of Calcutta (now known as Kolkata) in the Bengal province of British India.
Kolkata Police is divided into nine administrative divisions.
The Indian state of West Bengal is divided into five administrative Divisions, namely.
Diwali or Deepavali is the Hindu festival of lights celebrated every year in autumn in the northern hemisphere (spring in southern hemisphere).
Doordarshan (abbreviated in English as DD) is an autonomous public service broadcaster founded by the Government of India, which is owned by the Broadcasting Ministry of India and is one of two divisions of Prasar Bharati.
The Dover Lane Music Conference is an annual Indian classical music festival held in the month of January at Nazrul Mancha, an auditorium in south Kolkata.
Dum Dum is a city with a municipality in Barrackpore subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the state of West Bengal.
Durga, also identified as Adi Parashakti, Devī, Shakti, Bhavani, Parvati, Amba and by numerous other names, is a principal and popular form of Hindu goddess.
Durga Puja, also called Durgotsava, is an annual Hindu festival in the Indian subcontinent that reveres the goddess Durga. Durga Puja is believed to be the greatest festival of the Bengali people. It is particularly popular in West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Assam, Tripura, Bangladesh and the diaspora from this region, and also in Nepal where it is called Dashain. The festival is observed in the Hindu calendar month of Ashvin, typically September or October of the Gregorian calendar, and is a multi-day festival that features elaborate temple and stage decorations (pandals), scripture recitation, performance arts, revelry, and processions. It is a major festival in the Shaktism tradition of Hinduism across India and Shakta Hindu diaspora. Durga Puja festival marks the battle of goddess Durga with the shape-shifting, deceptive and powerful buffalo demon Mahishasura, and her emerging victorious. Thus, the festival epitomises the victory of good over evil, but it also is in part a harvest festival that marks the goddess as the motherly power behind all of life and creation. The Durga Puja festival dates coincide with Vijayadashami (Dussehra) observed by other traditions of Hinduism, where the Ram Lila is enacted — the victory of Rama is marked and effigies of demon Ravana are burnt instead. The primary goddess revered during Durga Puja is Durga, but her stage and celebrations feature other major deities of Hinduism such as goddess Lakshmi (goddess of wealth, prosperity), Saraswati (goddess of knowledge and music), Ganesha (god of good beginnings) and Kartikeya (god of war). The latter two are considered to be children of Durga (Parvati). The Hindu god Shiva, as Durga's husband, is also revered during this festival. The festival begins on the first day with Mahalaya, marking Durga's advent in her battle against evil. Starting with the sixth day (Sasthi), the goddess is welcomed, festive Durga worship and celebrations begin in elaborately decorated temples and pandals hosting the statues. Lakshmi and Saraswati are revered on the following days. The festival ends of the tenth day of Vijaya Dashami, when with drum beats of music and chants, Shakta Hindu communities start a procession carrying the colorful clay statues to a river or ocean and immerse them, as a form of goodbye and her return to divine cosmos and Mount Kailash. The festival is an old tradition of Hinduism, though it is unclear how and in which century the festival began. Surviving manuscripts from the 14th century provide guidelines for Durga puja, while historical records suggest royalty and wealthy families were sponsoring major Durga Puja public festivities since at least the 16th century. The prominence of Durga Puja increased during the British Raj in its provinces of Bengal and Assam. Durga Puja is a ten-day festival, of which the last five are typically special and an annual holiday in regions such as West Bengal, Odisha and Tripura where it is particularly popular. In the contemporary era, the importance of Durga Puja is as much as a social festival as a religious one wherever it is observed.
The Indian subcontinent has a history of devastating earthquakes.
East Bengal Football Club is one of the esteemed club in India which plays the top tier leagues in Indian Football.East Bengal is managed by coach Bastob Roy East Bengal Football Club is a professional football club, based in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
East India is a region of India consisting of the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha and also the union territory Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.
The East Calcutta Wetlands, also known as the East Kolkata Wetlands (22 0 27’ N 88 0 27’ E), are a complex of natural and human-made wetlands lying east of the city of Calcutta (Kolkata), of West Bengal in India.
East Pakistan was the eastern provincial wing of Pakistan between 1955 and 1971, covering the territory of the modern country Bangladesh.
The Eastern Command of the Indian Army is one of the seven operational commands of the army.
The Eastern Metropolitan Bypass (E.M. Bypass, EM Bypass) is a major road on the east side of Kolkata.
The Eastern Railway (abbreviated ER and পূর্ব, पूरे / पूर्व) is among the 16 zones of the Indian Railways.
The economic liberalisation in India refers to the economic liberalisation, initiated in 1991, of the country's economic policies, with the goal of making the economy more market and service-oriented and expanding the role of private and foreign investment.
The economy of India is a developing mixed economy.
Eden Gardens is a cricket ground in Kolkata, India established in 1864.
Education in India is provided by the public sector as well as the private sector, with control and funding coming from three levels: central, state and local.
Eid al-Fitr (عيد الفطر) is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm).
Entally (also spelt Entali) is a neighbourhood of central Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Esplanade is a neighbourhood of central Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Kolkata, India, is largely inhabited by the ethnic community of the native Bengali people.
Exide Industries is a storage battery producing company and a life insurance company in India.
Field hockey is a team game of the hockey family.
The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA; French for "International Federation of Association Football") is an association which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, futsal, and beach soccer.
Football is one of the most popular sports in Kolkata, West Bengal.
Fort William is a fort in Calcutta (Kolkata), built during the early years of the Bengal Presidency of British India.
The French East India Company (Compagnie française pour le commerce des Indes orientales) was a commercial enterprise, founded in 1664 to compete with the English (later British) and Dutch East India companies in the East Indies. Planned by Jean-Baptiste Colbert, it was chartered by King Louis XIV for the purpose of trading in the Eastern Hemisphere. It resulted from the fusion of three earlier companies, the 1660 Compagnie de Chine, the Compagnie d'Orient and Compagnie de Madagascar. The first Director General for the Company was François de la Faye, who was adjoined by two Directors belonging to the two most successful trading organizations at that time: François Caron, who had spent 30 years working for the Dutch East India Company, including more than 20 years in Japan, and Marcara Avanchintz, a trader from Isfahan, Persia.
In telecommunications and signal processing, frequency modulation (FM) is the encoding of information in a carrier wave by varying the instantaneous frequency of the wave.
Gajan (গাজন) is a Hindu festival celebrated mostly in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Ganashakti Patrika (গণশক্তি পত্রিকা) is an Indian Bengali daily newspaper published from Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Gandhi Jayanti is a national festival celebrated in India to mark the occasion of the birthday of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who is also known as the "Father of the Nation".
Ganesh Chaturthi (IAST), also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi or Vinayaka Chavithi is the Hindu festival that reveres god Ganesha.
The Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta (also known as the Brahmaputra Delta, the Sunderbans Delta or the Bengal Delta) is a river delta in the Bengal region of the South Asia, consisting of Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal.
Garden Reach is a neighbourhood of Kolkata in Kolkata district in West Bengal, India.
Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Ltd (IAST: Gārḍen rīc șipabilḍars limiṭeḍ), abbreviated as GRSE, is one of India's leading shipyards, located in Kolkata, West Bengal.
Garia is a rural area and a neighbourhood of southern Kolkata, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
The General Post Office, Kolkata, is the central post office of the city of Kolkata, India, and the chief post office of West Bengal.
The Geological Survey of India (GSI), founded in 1851, is a Government of India Ministry of Mines organisation, one of the oldest of such organisations in the world and the second oldest survey in India after Survey of India (founded in 1767), for conducting geological surveys and studies of India, and also as the prime provider of basic earth science information to government, industry and general public, as well as the official participant in steel, coal, metals, cement, power industries and international geoscientific forums.
Gobindapur (গোবিন্দপুর) was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India.
A goitre or goiter is a swelling in the neck resulting from an enlarged thyroid gland.
The Golden Quadrilateral is a highway network connecting many of the major industrial, agricultural and cultural centres of India.
Golf Green is a neighbourhood located of the southern part of Kolkata, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
Gondwana, or Gondwanaland, was a supercontinent that existed from the Neoproterozoic (about 550 million years ago) until the Carboniferous (about 320 million years ago).
Goutam Ghose (also credited as Gautam Ghosh) (born 24 July 1950) is one of the most acclaimed film directors, music director, and cinematographer of modern India, who works primarily in Bengali cinema.
The Government College of Art & Craft in Kolkata is one of the oldest Art colleges in India.
The Government of West Bengal also known as the State Government of West Bengal, or locally as State Government, is the supreme governing authority of the Indian state of West Bengal and its 23 districts.
The Governor-General of India (or, from 1858 to 1947, officially the Viceroy and Governor-General of India, commonly shortened to Viceroy of India) was originally the head of the British administration in India and, later, after Indian independence in 1947, the representative of the Indian head of state.
Graffiti (plural of graffito: "a graffito", but "these graffiti") are writing or drawings that have been scribbled, scratched, or painted, typically illicitly, on a wall or other surface, often within public view.
The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες, Éllines) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, southern Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered on the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age.. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%. Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, arts, exploration, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, science and technology, business, cuisine, and sports, both historically and contemporarily.
Gross metropolitan product (GMP) is a monetary measure of the value of all final goods and services produced within a metropolitan statistical area during a specified period (e.g., a quarter, a year).
The group theatre of Kolkata refers to a tradition in theatres in the Indian city Kolkata, which developed in the 1940s as an alternative to entertainment-oriented theatres.
GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) is a standard developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe the protocols for second-generation digital cellular networks used by mobile devices such as tablets, first deployed in Finland in December 1991.
Gujarati (ગુજરાતી) is an Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian state of Gujarat.
Gujarati people or Gujaratis (ગુજરાતી) are an ethnic group traditionally from Gujarat that speak Gujarati, an Indo-Aryan language.
Haldia is an industrial city and municipality in Purba Medinipur district, in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Haltu is a southern neighbourhood of Kolkata, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
Hatibagan is a neighbourhood in north Kolkata (formerly Calcutta).
Hawkers in Kolkata numbering 275,000 generated business worth 87.72 billion (around 2 billion U.S. dollars) in 2005.
Health insurance is insurance that covers the whole or a part of the risk of a person incurring medical expenses, spreading the risk over a large number of persons.
Hicky's Bengal Gazette or the Original Calcutta General Advertiser was an English language weekly newspaper published in Kolkata (then Calcutta), the capital of British India.
Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
The Hindustan Ambassador was an automobile manufactured by Hindustan Motors of India.
Hindustan Times is an Indian English-language daily newspaper founded in 1924 with roots in the Indian independence movement of the period ("Hindustan" being a historical name for India).
The history of the Jews in Kolkata (formerly known as Calcutta) in India, dates back to the eighteenth century.
Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
According to National AIDS Control Organization of India, the prevalence of AIDS in India in 2013 was 0.27, which is down from 0.41 in 2002.
Holi (Holī), also known as the "festival of colours", is a spring festival celebrated all across the Indian subcontinent as well as in countries with large Indian subcontinent diaspora populations such as Jamaica, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, South Africa, Malaysia, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Mauritius, and Fiji.
Hooghly district is one of the districts of the state of West Bengal in India.
The Hooghly River (Hugli; Anglicized alternatively spelled Hoogli or Hugli) or the Bhāgirathi-Hooghly, traditionally called 'Ganga', is an approximately distributary of the Ganges River in West Bengal, India.
Howrah or Haora, is the second largest city in West Bengal, India, after Kolkata.
Howrah Bridge is a bridge with a suspended span over the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India.
Howrah district is a district of the West Bengal state in eastern India.
In anthropology and demography, the human sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population.
The Hungry Generation (হাংরি জেনারেশান) was a literary movement in the Bengali language launched by what is known today as the Hungryalist quartet, i.e. Shakti Chattopadhyay, Malay Roy Choudhury, Samir Roychoudhury and Debi Roy (alias Haradhon Dhara), during the 1960s in Kolkata, India.
Idea Cellular (commonly referred to as simply Idea, and stylised as !dea) is an Indian mobile network operator based at Mumbai, Maharashtra.Idea is a pan-India integrated GSM operator offering 2G, 3G and 4G mobile services.
Tenualosa ilisha (ilish, hilsa, hilsa herring "ইলিশ" in Bangla, or hilsa shad) is a species of fish related to the herring, in the Clupeidae family.
The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA; Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun; "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945.
Incheon (formerly romanized as Inchŏn; literally "kind river"), officially the Incheon Metropolitan City (인천광역시), is a city located in northwestern South Korea, bordering Seoul and Gyeonggi to the east.
Independence Day is annually celebrated on 15 August, as a national holiday in India commemorating the nation's independence from the United Kingdom on 15 August 1947, the UK Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act 1947 transferring legislative sovereignty to the Indian Constituent Assembly.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
India first participated at the Olympic Games in 1900, with a lone athlete (Norman Pritchard) winning two medals- both silver- in athletics.
The India men's national basketball team represents India in international men's basketball.
The India national cricket team, also known as Team India and Men in Blue, is governed by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), and is a full member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) with Test, One Day International (ODI) and Twenty20 International (T20I) status.
The Indian Army is the land-based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces.
Indian Arts consists of a variety of art forms, including plastic arts (e.g., pottery sculpture), visual arts (e.g., paintings), and textile arts (e.g., woven silk).
Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS) is an institute of higher learning in Kolkata, India.
The Indian Centre for Space Physics is an Indian non-profit research organisation dedicated to carrying out advanced research in astronomy, astrophysics and space science.
The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) is an examination conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examination, a private board of school education in India.
Indian Chinese cuisine (also known as Indo-Chinese cuisine or "Hakka Chinese") is the adaptation of Chinese seasoning and cooking techniques to Indian tastes through a larger offering of vegetarian dishes.
Indian classical music is a genre of South Asian music.
The Indian independence movement encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule (1757–1857) and the British Indian Empire (1857–1947) in the Indian subcontinent.
Indian Institute of Chemical Biology (IICB) is a biomedical research centre in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur (IIEST Shibpur) is a public engineering institution located at Shibpur, Howrah district, West Bengal.
The Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT) is an autonomous public business school established in 1963 by the Government of India (Ministry of Commerce and Industry) to help professionalize the country's foreign trade management and increase exports by developing human resources; generating, analysing and disseminating data; and conducting research.
Indian Institute of Management Calcutta (IIM Calcutta or IIM-C) is a public business school located in Joka, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
The Indian Institute of Social Welfare & Business Management (IISWBM) is an autonomous graduate business school in Kolkata, India.
Indian Institutes of Engineering Science and Technology (abbreviated as IIEST) are a group of academic institutions in India for research and education in engineering along with IITs and IIsc.These were originally proposed by the Government of India in 2007 to meet the increasing demand for technological and scientific workforce in the industrial and service sectors of India as well as the growing need for qualified personnel in research and development.
The Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) are a group of 20 public, autonomous institutes of management education and research in India.
The Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER) are a group of premier science education and research institutes in India.
The Indian Museum in Kolkata, also referred to as the Imperial Museum at Calcutta in British India era texts, is the largest and oldest museum in India and has rare collections of antiques, armour and ornaments, fossils, skeletons, mummies, and Mughal paintings.
The Indian National Association also known as Indian Association was the first avowed nationalist organization founded in British India by Surendranath Banerjee and Ananda Mohan Bose in 1876.
Natural history in India has a long heritage with a recorded history going back to the Vedas.
The Indian Penal Code (IPC) is the main criminal code of India.
The Indian Premier League (IPL), officially Vivo Indian Premier League for sponsorship reasons, is a professional Twenty20 cricket league in India contested during April and May of every year by teams representing Indian cities and some states.
Indian Public Health Association shortly IPHA is a professional health organization working for the cause of Public Health in India since 1956.
Indian Railways (IR) is India's national railway system operated by the Ministry of Railways.
Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) is a premier scientific organisation of India with headquarters at Kolkata, West Bengal.
Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time observed throughout India, with a time offset of UTC+05:30.
Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) is an academic institute of national importance as recognised by a 1959 act of the Indian parliament.
The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.
The Indian Super League (ISL) is a men's professional football league in India.
The Indo-Gangetic Plain, also known as the Indus-Ganga Plain and the North Indian River Plain, is a 255 million-hectare (630 million-acre) fertile plain encompassing most of northern and eastern India, the eastern parts of Pakistan, virtually all of Bangladesh and southern plains of Nepal.
Indo-Islamic architecture is the architecture of the Indian subcontinent produced for Islamic patrons and purposes.
Indo-Saracenic Revival (also known as Indo-Gothic, Mughal-Gothic, Neo-Mughal, Hindoo style) was an architectural style mostly used by British architects in India in the later 19th century, especially in public and government buildings in the British Raj, and the palaces of rulers of the princely states.
Infant mortality refers to deaths of young children, typically those less than one year of age.
The informal sector, informal economy, or grey economy is the part of an economy that is neither taxed nor monitored by any form of government.
The Institute of Development Studies, Kolkata is an autonomous research institute dedicated for Development Studies and related subfields in Kolkata, India.
The Institution of Engineers (India) is an organization of engineers in India and was incorporated by Royal Charter in 1935.
Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) is a government programme in India which provides food, preschool education, and primary healthcare to children under 6 years of age and their mothers.
The International Association of Public Transport (UITP, from the L’Union internationale des transports publics) is a non-profit advocacy organization for public transport authorities and operators, policy decision-makers, scientific institutes and the public transport supply and service industry.
Internet Protocol television (IPTV) is the delivery of television content over Internet Protocol (IP) networks.
The Iranian national basketball team is controlled by the IR Iran Basketball Federation.
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar CIE (26 September 1820 – 29 July 1891), born Ishwar Chandra Bandyopadhyay (Ishshor Chôndro Bôndopaddhae; Bengali: ঈশ্বরচন্দ্র বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়), was a British Indian Bengali polymath and a key figure of the Bengal Renaissance.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
ITC Limited or ITC is an Indian company based in Kolkata, West Bengal.
Jadavpur is a southern neighbourhood of Kolkata, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
Jadavpur University is a public autonomous university located in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Jagaddhatri or Jagadhatri (Bengali: জগদ্ধাত্রী, Devanagri: जगद्धात्री, Oriya: ଜଗଦ୍ଧାତ୍ରୀ, 'Bearer of the World') is an aspect of the Hindu goddess Durga, who is particularly worshipped in West Bengal and Odisha states of India.
Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose, CSI, CIE, FRS (30 November 1858 – 23 November 1937), also spelled Jagdish and Jagadis, was a polymath, physicist, biologist, biophysicist, botanist and archaeologist, and an early writer of science fiction.
A jagir (IAST: Jāgīr), also spelled as jageer, was a type of feudal land grant in South Asia at the foundation of its Jagirdar system.
Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.
Jamini Roy (11 April 1887 – 24 April 1972) was an Indian painter.
Janbazar is a neighbourhood of central Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Jatra (যাত্রা, origin: Yatra meaning procession or journey in Sanskrit) is a popular folk-theatre form of Bengali theatre, spread throughout most of Bengali speaking areas of the Indian subcontinent, including Bangladesh and Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Orissa and Tripura As of 2005, there were some 55 troupes based in Calcutta's old jatra district, Chitpur Road, and all together, jatra is a $21m-a-year industry, performed on nearly 4,000 stages in West Bengal alone, where in 2001, over 300 companies employed over 20,000 people, more than the local film industry and urban theatre.
Jersey City is the second-most-populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey, after Newark.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
Jharkhand (lit. "Bushland" or The land of forest) is a state in eastern India, carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000.
Job Charnock (–1692/1693) was an employee and administrator of the English East India Company, and traditionally regarded as the founder of the city of Kolkata.
Jodhpur Park is a neighbourhood of south Kolkata, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
Joka is a locality in South West Kolkata, India.
Jorabagan is a neighbourhood of north Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in Kolkata district, in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Jorasanko is a neighbourhood of north Kolkata, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by the University of California Press on behalf of the Society of Architectural Historians.
Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads.
(काली), also known as (कालिका), is a Hindu goddess.
Kali Puja, also known as Shyama Puja or Mahanisha Puja, is a festival dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali, celebrated on the new moon day of the Hindu month Kartik especially in West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha, Assam, Tripura and Bangladesh.
Kalighat is a locality of Kolkata, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
Kalighat painting or Kalighat Pat originated in the 19th century Bengal, in the vicinity of Kalighat Kali Temple, Kalighat, Kolkata, India, and from being items of souvenir taken by the visitors to the Kali temple, the paintings over a period of time developed as a distinct school of Indian painting.
Kalikata (কলিকাতা) was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly, Calcutta) in India.
Kallol (কল্লোল) refers to one of the most influential literary movements in Bengali literature, which can be placed approximately between 1923 and 1935.
Kalpataru Day also called Kalpataru Diwas or Kalpataru Utsav is an annual religious festival observed by monks of the Ramakrishna Math monastic order of Hinduism and lay followers of the associated Ramakrishna Mission, as well as the worldwide Vedanta Societies.
Kankurgachi is a neighbourhood of North-East Kolkata, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
Karachi (کراچی; ALA-LC:,; ڪراچي) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh.
Kasba or The Casbah, is a neighbourhood of East Kolkata, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
A kati roll (sometimes spelt kathi roll; কাঠি রোল) is a street-food dish originating from Kolkata, India.
Kazi Nazrul Islam (কাজী নজরুল ইসলাম,; 24 May 189929 August 1976) was a Bengali poet, writer, musician, and revolutionary.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Kestopur, officially known as Krishnapur, is a neighbourhood in Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation and lies under North 24 Parganas district.
Khardaha, also called Khardah or Kharda, is a city and municipality in Barrackpore subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Khidirpur or Kidderpore is a neighborhood of metropolitan Kolkata (Calcutta), in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
Kirtan or Kirtana (कीर्तन) is a Sanskrit word that means "narrating, reciting, telling, describing" of an idea or story.
The International Kolkata Book Fair (Old name: Calcutta Book Fair in English, and officially Antarjatik Kolkata Boimela or Antarjatik Kolkata Pustakmela in romanized Bengali, Bengali: (কলকাতা বইমেলা বা কলকাতা পুস্তকমেলা) is a winter fair in Kolkata. It is a unique book fair in the sense of not being a trade fair – the book fair is primarily for the general public rather than whole-sale distributors. It is the world's largest non-trade book fair, Asia's largest book fair and the most attended book fair in the world. It is the world's third largest annual conglomeration of books after the Frankfurt Book Fair and the London Book Fair. Many Kolkatans consider the book fair an inherent part of Kolkata, and instances of people visiting the fair every day during its duration are not uncommon. The fair offers a typical fairground experience with a book flavour – with picnickers, singer-songwriters, and candy floss vendors. With a total footfall of over 2 million people, it is world's largest book fair by attendance. The success of the Kolkata Book Fair has resulted in many book fairs in smaller cities in West Bengal like Siliguri, and was inspired, in turn, by the first World Book Fair at New Delhi in 1972. The popularity of the Kolkata Book Fair was seminal in India being nominated the Guest of Honour at the Frankfurt Book Fair in 2006, according to the Frankfurt Book Fair organizers. The book fair has been celebrated in theatre, literature, songs and limericks in Kolkata.
Kolkata Derby, locally known as Boro match (or 'Big Match' in Bengali), is the football match between Mohun Bagan and East Bengal.
Kolkata district is an administrative unit in the Indian state of West Bengal.
The Kolkata International Film Festival (KIFF) (কলকাতা আন্তর্জাতিক চলচিত্র উত্সব) is an annual film festival held in Kolkata, India.
The Kolkata Knight Riders (also known by the acronym KKR) are a franchise cricket team representing the city of Kolkata in the Indian Premier League.
The Kolkata Metro is a rapid transit system serving the Kolkata metropolitan area in the Indian state of West Bengal.
The Kolkata metropolitan area, also known as the Calcutta metropolitan area, Greater Kolkata, and Kolkata metropolitan region is the urban agglomeration of the city of Kolkata in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA) is the statutory planning and development authority for the Kolkata Metropolitan Area (KMA) in the state of West Bengal, India.
Kolkata Municipal Corporation or KMC (formerly Calcutta Municipal Corporation or CMC) is responsible for the civic infrastructure and administration of the city of Kolkata.
The Kolkata Police Force is one of the three presidency police forces of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Kolkata Race Course in Kolkata, India is the largest horse race venue in India.
Kolkata railway station formerly known as Chitpur Station, is the newest of the five intercity railway stations serving Howrah and Kolkata, India; the others are Sealdah Station, in Kolkata, Shalimar Station in Howrah and Howrah Station in Howrah, Santragachi Junction railway station in Howrah.
Howrah junction --> The Kolkata Suburban Railway is a suburban rail system serving the suburbs surrounding the city of Kolkata.
Kolkata TV is a 24-hour Bengali news channel launched by SST Media in 2006.
The Konkani people (also) are an ethno-linguistic community who inhabit the Konkan Coast of south western India and speak the Konkani language.
Krishna Janmashtami (Devanagari कृष्ण जन्माष्टमी, IAST), also known simply as Janmashtami or Gokulashtami, is an annual Hindu festival that celebrates the birth of Krishna, the eighth avatar of Vishnu.
Kumortuli (also spelt Kumartuli, or the archaic spelling Coomartolly) is a traditional potters’ quarter in northern Kolkata (previously known as Calcutta), the capital of the east Indian state of West Bengal.
Kunming is the capital and largest city of Yunnan province in southwest China.
A kurta (कुर्ता, কুর্তা, ਕੁੜਤਾ, کرتہ) is an upper garment for men and women, originating in the Indian subcontinent, with regional variations of form.
La Martinière Calcutta (informally known as LMC) is an independent private day school located in Kolkata (Calcutta), West Bengal.
Lakshmi Puja (Sanskrit: लक्ष्मी पूजा, IAST: Lakṣmī Pūjā), is a Hindu religious festival that falls on Amavasya (new moon day) of Krishna Paksha (Dark fortnight) in the Vikram Samvat Hindu calendar month of Ashwin, on the third day of Tihar and is considered as the main festive day of Deepawali.
Lalbazar is a neighbourhood in central Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Leander Adrian Paes (born 17 June 1973) is an Indian professional tennis player who is considered to be one of the best doubles and mixed doubles players of all time, having achieved a career Grand Slam in each discipline.
The Left Front (বামফ্রন্ট, transliterated bamfront) is an alliance of political parties in the Indian state of West Bengal.
A license (American English) or licence (British English) is an official permission or permit to do, use, or own something (as well as the document of that permission or permit).
Life expectancy is a statistical measure of the average time an organism is expected to live, based on the year of its birth, its current age and other demographic factors including gender.
This is a list of cities and/or their metropolitan areas in the world by GDP.
The following tables are the list of cities in India by population.
The Himalayas lies in the north of the state and the Bay of Bengal is at the south.
There are 24 high courts at the state and union territory level of India, which together with the Supreme Court of India at the national level, comprise the country's judicial system.
The list includes all Indian captains of individual, women's and youth cricket.
Institute of National Importance (INI) is a status that may be conferred to a premier public higher education institution in India by an act of Parliament of India, an institution which "serves as a pivotal player in developing highly skilled personnel within the specified region of the country/state".
This is a list of metropolitan areas by population in India.
India is a country in South Asia.
List of notable people from Kolkata, that is, people born in or associated with the city.
This is a list of shopping malls in India, sortable by name, location, year opened and size (gross leasable area).
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta) is currently the third-most populous metropolitan city in India after Delhi and Mumbai.
The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house of India's bicameral Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha.
Long Beach is a city on the Pacific Coast of the United States, within the Greater Los Angeles area of Southern California.
India's Look East policy is an effort to cultivate extensive economic and strategic relations with the nations of Southeast Asia in order to bolster its standing as a regional power and a counterweight to the strategic influence of the People's Republic of China.
Loreto House was established in 1842 in Calcutta, by the Sisters of Loreto belonging to the institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
Madhyamgram is a neighborhood in Kolkata, in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Maha Shivaratri a Hindu festival celebrated annually in honour of the god Shiva.
Mahaveer Janma Kalyanak, is one of the most important religious festivals for Jains.
Maheshtala is a city and a municipality of South 24 Parganas district in the Indian State of West Bengal.
The Maidan (literally, open field), also referred to as the Brigade Parade Ground, is the largest urban park in Kolkata in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Makar Sankranti, also known as Makara Sankrānti (Sanskrit: मकर सङ्क्रान्ति) or Maghi, is a festival day in the Hindu calendar, in reference to deity Surya (sun).
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.
The Malayali people or Keralite people (also spelt Malayalee, Malayalam script: മലയാളി and കേരളീയൻ) are an Indian ethnic group originating from the present-day state of Kerala, located in South India.
Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.
Maniktala is a residential area of northern Kolkata, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
Manipur is a state in Northeast India, with the city of Imphal as its capital.
The Marathi people (मराठी लोक) are an ethnic group that speak Marathi, an Indo-Aryan language.
Marble Palace is a palatial nineteenth-century mansion in North Kolkata.
The Marwari or Marwadi are a South Asian ethno-linguistic group in India and Nepal that originate from the Marwar region of Rajasthan, India.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology, West Bengal (MAKAUT, WB), formerly West Bengal University of Technology (WBUT), is a public state university located in Kolkata, India.
Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, commonly referred to as Calcutta Medical College, formerly Medical College, Bengal, is a medical school and hospital in the city of Kolkata in the state of West Bengal, India.
A megacity is a very large city, typically with a total population in excess of 10 million people.
Meghalaya is a state in Northeast India.
Meghnad Saha FRS (6 October 1893 – 16 February 1956) was an Indian astrophysicist best known for his development of the Saha ionization equation, used to describe chemical and physical conditions in stars.
Michael Madhusudan Dutt, or Michael Madhusudan Dutta (মাইকেল মধুসূদন দত্ত; 25 January 1824 – 29 June 1873) was a popular 19th-century Bengali poet and dramatist.
Millennium Park is a private park in Kolkata, situated along the Strand Road on eastern shore of Hooghly River for a stretch of 2.5 km near Fairlie Ghat and opposite to Railway Club.
The Ministry for Culture and Heritage (MCH) (Māori: Manatū Taonga) is the public service department of New Zealand charged with advising the government on policies and issues involving the arts, culture, heritage, sport and recreation, and broadcasting sectors, and participating in functions that advance or promote those sectors.
The Ministry of Defence (IAST) (abbreviated as MoD) is charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and the Indian armed forces.
The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare of West Bengal is a Bengal government ministry.
Mishti doi (মিষ্টি দই) is a fermented sweet doi (yogurt) originating from the Indian subcontinent; and common in the Indian state of West Bengal and in Bangladesh.It has a shelf life of about a week to a day It is made with milk and sugar/jaggery.
The Missionaries of Charity (Missionariarum a Caritate) is a Roman Catholic (Latin Church) religious congregation established in 1950 by Mother Teresa, now known in the Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta.
Mizoram is a state in Northeast India, with Aizawl as its capital city.
Mohammedan Sporting Club, not to be confused with Mohammedan Sporting Club (Dhaka), founded in 1891 at Kolkata, is one of the oldest and most popular football clubs in India, with a support base in all parts of the country.
Mohun Bagan A.C., is a football club based in Kolkata, India.
Mohun Bagan Ground is a football stadium located in the maidan region of central Kolkata, just opposite the Eden Gardens stadium.
Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.
The monsoon of South Asia is among several geographically distributed global monsoons.
Mother Teresa, known in the Roman Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta (born Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu,; 26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), was an Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and missionary.
Mrinal Sen (also spelled Mrinal Shen, born 14 May 1923) is a noted Bengali filmmaker based in Kolkata.
Sistema Shyam TeleServices Limited (SSTL), doing business as Mobile TeleSystems India (MTS India), was the Indian subsidiary of the Russian mobile operator MTS.
The Mughal emperors, from the early 16th century to the early 18th century, built and ruled the Mughal Empire on the Indian subcontinent, mainly corresponding to the modern countries of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh.
Muḥarram (مُحَرَّم) is the first month of the Islamic calendar.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, towns, townships, charter townships, villages, and boroughs.
A Murti (Sanskrit: मूर्ति, IAST: Mūrti) literally means any form, embodiment or solid object, and typically refers to an image, statue or idol of a deity or person in Indian culture.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Nadia district (Pron: nɔd̪iːaː) (নদিয়া জেলা) is a district of the state of West Bengal, in eastern India.
Nagaland is a state in Northeast India.
Nagerbazar is a neighbourhood in South Dumdum municipality in Barrackpore subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in Indian state of West Bengal.
Naktala is a neighbourhood in South Kolkata, in Kolkata district in West Bengal, India.
Nandalal Bose (Nondo-lal Boshū) (3 December 1882 – 16 April 1966) was one of the pioneers of modern Indian art and a key figure of Contextual Modernism.
Nandikar's National Theatre Festival was started in 1984.
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
Nathu La (Devanagari नाथू ला;, IAST: Nāthū Lā) is a mountain pass in the Himalayas in East Sikkim district.
National Highway 34 (NH 34) is a National Highway in India.
National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Kolkata (NIPER Kolkata) is an Indian public Pharmacy research university, and a part of the seven schools, under India's Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers.
The National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA) is an institute for research, training and information dissemination in urban development and management in New Delhi, India.
National Insurance Company Limited (NICL) is a state owned general insurance company in India.
The National Library on the Belvedere Estate in Alipore, Kolkata, is the largest library in India by volume, 14th in the list of largest libraries, and India's library of public record.
Navajivan Trust is a publishing house based in Ahmedabad, India.
The Nawabs of Bengal (full title, the Nawab Nizam of Bengal and Orissa) were the rulers of the then provinces of Bengal and Orissa.
A Naxal or Naxalite is a member of the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
Kolkata, formerly Calcutta, has many densely populated towns and districts on its outskirts.
The Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Indoor Stadium is an indoor sports arena, in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport is an international airport located in Kolkata, West Bengal, India, serving the Kolkata metropolitan area.
New Alipore is situated just south of Alipore bordered by the Budge Budge section of the Kolkata Suburban Railway between Majherhat and Tollygunge stations.
New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of Government of India.
News Time also known as News Time Bangla is a 24-hour Bengali news channel launched in 2010.
Nitrogen dioxide is the chemical compound with the formula.
Noapara is a neighbourhood in Baranagar municipal area in Barrackpore subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the state of West Bengal, India.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
North 24 Parganas (Pron: pɔrɡɔnɔs) or abv.
North Bengal (উত্তরবঙ্গ) is a term used for the north-western part of Bangladesh and northern part of West Bengal.
North Bengal State Transport Corporation (NBSTC) is a state government run transport corporation in West Bengal, India.
Northeast India (officially North Eastern Region, NER) is the easternmost region of India representing both a geographic and political administrative division of the country.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.
Odessa (Оде́са; Оде́сса; אַדעס) is the third most populous city of Ukraine and a major tourism center, seaport and transportation hub located on the northwestern shore of the Black Sea.
Odia (ଓଡ଼ିଆ) (formerly romanized as Oriya) is a language spoken by 4.2% of India's population.
The Odia (ଓଡ଼ିଆ), formerly known as Oriya, are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group native to the East Indian state of Odisha and have the Odia language as their mother tongue.
Odisha (formerly Orissa) is one of the 29 states of India, located in eastern India.
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
Ordnance Factories Board (OFB) (आयुध निर्माणी बोर्ड; IAST: Āyudh nirmāṇī borḍ) consisting of the Indian Ordnance Factories (भारतीय आयुध निर्माणियाँ; Bhāratīya āyudh nirmāṇiyān), is an industrial organisation, functioning under the Department of Defence Production of Ministry of Defence, Government of India.
An overpass (called a flyover in the United Kingdom and some other Commonwealth countries) is a bridge, road, railway or similar structure that crosses over another road or railway.
Pahela Baishakh (পহেলা বৈশাখ) or Bangla Nababarsha (বাংলা নববর্ষ, Bangla Nôbobôrsho) is the first day of Bengali Calendar.
The Pakistan Movement or Tehrik-e-Pakistan (تحریک پاکستان –) was a religious political movement in the 1940s that aimed for and succeeded in the creation of Pakistan from the Muslim-majority areas of the British Indian Empire.
Mandals, taluka panchayats, block panchayats, or panchayat samiti are rural local governments (panchayats) at the intermediate level in panchayat raj institutions (PRI).
Panipuri is a common street snack in several regions of the Indian subcontinent.
Pankaj Roy (31 May 1928 – 4 February 2001) was an Indian cricketer.
Para is a Bengali word (পাড়া) which means a neighbourhood or locality, usually characterised by a strong sense of community.
Parallel cinema is a film movement in Indian cinema that originated in the state of West Bengal in the 1950s as an alternative to the mainstream commercial Indian cinema, represented especially by popular Hindi cinema, known today as Bollywood.
Park Circus is an neighbourhood of Central-East Kolkata, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
Park Street (officially Mother Teresa Sarani and earlier Burial Ground Road), is a famous thoroughfare in the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), India.
Parnasree Pally is an upscale locality of Behala in southern Kolkata, India.
A Parsi (or Parsee) means "Persian" in the "Persian Language", which today mainly refers to a member of a Zoroastrian community, one of two (the other being Iranis) mainly located in India, with a few in Pakistan.
Atmospheric aerosol particles, also known as atmospheric particulate matter, particulate matter (PM), particulates, or suspended particulate matter (SPM) are microscopic solid or liquid matter suspended in Earth's atmosphere.
The decision to effect the Partition of Bengal (বঙ্গভঙ্গ.) was announced on 19 July 1905 by the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon.
The Partition of India was the division of British India in 1947 which accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan.
Pathuriaghata is a neighbourhood in north Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Pearson Education (see also Pearson PLC) is a British-owned education publishing and assessment service to schools and corporations, as well as directly to students.
The Permanent Settlement, also known as the Permanent Settlement of Bengal, was an agreement between the East India Company and Bengali landlords to fix revenues to be raised from land, with far-reaching consequences for both agricultural methods and productivity in the entire British Empire and the political realities of the Indian countryside.
The Permian is a geologic period and system which spans 47 million years from the end of the Carboniferous Period million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Triassic period 251.902 Mya.
Picnic Garden is a neighbourhood in Kolkata.
Politics in West Bengal is dominated by the following major political parties: the Communist Party of India (Marxist), the Indian National Congress, the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Trinamool Congress.
Port Blair is the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, a union territory of India situated in the Bay of Bengal.
The Port of Kolkata is a riverine port in the city of Kolkata, India, located around from the sea.
A Postal Index Number or PIN or PIN code is a code in the post office numbering or post code system used by India Post, the Indian postal administration.
Pradip Kumar Banerjee (born 23 June 1936) or P. K. Banerjee as he is called often, is a distinguished former Indian footballer and football coach.
Acharya Sir Prafulla Chandra Ray also spelled Prafulla Chandra Rây (প্রফুল্ল চন্দ্র রায় Praphulla Chandra Rāy; 2 August 1861 – 16 June 1944) was a Bengali chemist, educator and entrepreneur.
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis OBE, FNA, FASc, FRS (29 June 1893 – 28 June 1972) was an Indian scientist and applied statistician.
In meteorology, "precipitation types" can include the character or phase of the precipitation which is falling to ground level.
The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.
Press Trust of India (PTI) is the largest news agency in India.
PricewaterhouseCoopers (doing business as PwC) is a multinational professional services network headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
An industry involved in the extraction and collection of natural resources, such as copper and timber, as well as by activities such as farming and fishing.
A proscenium (προσκήνιον) is the metaphorical vertical plane of space in a theatre, usually surrounded on the top and sides by a physical proscenium arch (whether or not truly "arched") and on the bottom by the stage floor itself, which serves as the frame into which the audience observes from a more or less unified angle the events taking place upon the stage during a theatrical performance.
A pulled rickshaw (or ricksha) is a mode of human-powered transport by which a runner draws a two-wheeled cart which seats one or two people.
Punjabi (Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ; Shahmukhi: پنجابی) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by over 100 million native speakers worldwide, ranking as the 10th most widely spoken language (2015) in the world.
The Punjabis (Punjabi:, ਪੰਜਾਬੀ), or Punjabi people, are an ethnic group associated with the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent, who speak Punjabi, a language from the Indo-Aryan language family.
Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a neoclassical economic theory that states that the exchange rate between two countries is equal to the ratio of the currencies' respective purchasing power.
Quaternary is the current and most recent of the three periods of the Cenozoic Era in the geologic time scale of the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS).
Rabindra Jayanti (রবীন্দ্র জয়ন্তী) is an annually celebrated cultural festival, prevalent among Bengalis around the world, in the remembrance of Rabindranath Tagore's birthday anniversary.
Rabindra Sangeet (রবীন্দ্রসঙ্গীত Robindro shonggit), also known as Tagore Songs, are songs written and composed by the Bengali polymath Rabindranath Tagore, winner of the 1913 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Rabindranath Tagore FRAS, also written Ravīndranātha Ṭhākura (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941), sobriquet Gurudev, was a Bengali polymath who reshaped Bengali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
A racket or racquet is a sports implement consisting of a handled frame with an open hoop across which a network of strings or catgut is stretched tightly.
Rajabazar is a locality in the city of Kolkata in West Bengal, India.
Rajarhat is a neighbourhood of Kolkata, located in North 24 Parganas district of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Rajiv Ratna Gandhi (20 August 1944 – 21 May 1991) was an Indian politician who served as the 6th Prime Minister of India from 1984 to 1989.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy (c. 1774 -- 27 September 1833) was a founder of the Brahma Sabha the precursor of the Brahmo Samaj, a socio-religious reform movement in India.
Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Educational and Research Institute, formerly Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University or simply Vivekananda University, is a deemed university headquartered at Belur, West Bengal, with campuses spanning multiple states in India.
Raman scattering or the Raman effect is the inelastic scattering of a photon by molecules which are excited to higher vibrational or rotational energy levels.
The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands.
Ranikuthi is a southern urban area in Kolkata.
Ranjit Mallick (রঞ্জিত মল্লিক, born 1944) is an Indian sheriff, film actor who works mainly in Bengali cinema.
Rasgulla is a syrupy dessert popular in the Indian subcontinent and regions with South Asian diaspora.
Ratha Yatra, also referred to as Rathayatra, Rathjatra or Chariot festival is any public procession in a chariot.
Realism, sometimes called naturalism, in the arts is generally the attempt to represent subject matter truthfully, without artificiality and avoiding artistic conventions, or implausible, exotic, and supernatural elements.
Reliance Communications Ltd. (stylised as RCom) is a telecommunications company headquartered in Navi Mumbai, India.
The renaming of cities in India started in 1947 following the end of the British imperial period.
A Republic Day is a holiday to commemorate the day when a country became a republic.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is India's central banking institution, which controls the monetary policy of the Indian rupee.
The Revolutionary movement for Indian independence is a part of the Indian independence movement comprising the actions of the underground revolutionary factions.
Richard Colley Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley (20 June 1760 – 26 September 1842) was an Irish and British politician and colonial administrator.
Rituparno Ghosh (31 August 1963 – 30 May 2013) was an Indian film director, actor, writer and lyricist in the Bengali cinema.
Ritwik Ghatak (4 November 19256 February 1976) was a Bengali filmmaker and script writer.
Major-General Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, (29 September 1725 – 22 November 1774), also known as Clive of India, Commander-in-Chief of British India, was a British officer and privateer who established the military and political supremacy of the East India Company in Bengal.
Rock music of West Bengal originated in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Rowing, often referred to as crew in the United States, is a sport whose origins reach back to Ancient Egyptian times.
Royal Calcutta Golf Club (RCGC) in Kolkata, India was established in 1829 and is the oldest golf club in India and the first outside Great Britain.
The (RCTC), founded in 1847 in Calcutta, British India (now Kolkata, India), became the premier horse racing organization in India during the British Raj.
Rugby union is a minor sport in India.
The Sabarna Ray Chaudhury (সাবর্ণ রায় চৌধুরী) family were the Zamindar (superior landlords) of the Kolkata (earlier known as Calcutta) area, prior to the arrival of the British.
The Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP) is an institution of basic research and training in physical and biophysical sciences located in Bidhannagar, Kolkata, India.
Sailendra Nath Manna (1 September 1924 – 27 February 2012), known popularly as Sailen Manna, was an Indian international footballer and is considered to be one of the best defenders India has ever produced.
Salt Lake Stadium, officially known as Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan (VYBK), is a multipurpose stadium in Bidhannagar, Kolkata, with a current capacity of 85,000.
Sananda (pronounced SHAA-non-DA) is a Bengali fortnightly women's magazine published by Ananda Publishers from Kolkata, India.
Sandesh (সন্দেশ Shôndesh; হান্দেশ Handesh; संदेश) is a Bengali dessert created with milk and sugar.
Sangbad Pratidin (সংবাদ প্রতিদিন) (literally meaning news every day) is a daily Indian Bengali newspaper published from Kolkata, India.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
Santoshpur is a neighbourhood in the southern part of Kolkata, India and yet a much more developed place than Garia.
Saptahik Bartaman is a Bengali language weekly magazine published by Bartaman Pvt.
Sarat Bose Road, previously known as Lansdowne Road, is a 3.5 km long stretch of road that connects Southern Avenue (near Lake Stadium) with AJC Bose Road (at Minto Park), and is the road dividing two major localities of Ballygunge and Bhowanipore in South Kolkata, India.
Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, alternatively spelt as Sarat Chandra Chatterjee (15 September 1876 – 16 January 1938), was a prominent Bengali novelist and short story writer of the early 20th century.
A sari, saree, or shariThe name of the garment in various regional languages include:শাড়ি, साड़ी, ଶାଢୀ, ಸೀರೆ,, साडी, कापड, चीरे,, സാരി, साडी, सारी, ਸਾਰੀ, புடவை, చీర, ساڑى is a female garment from the Indian subcontinent that consists of a drape varying from five to nine yards (4.5 metres to 8 metres) in length and two to four feet (60 cm to 1.20 m) in breadth that is typically wrapped around the waist, with one end draped over the shoulder, baring the midriff.
Sarsuna is a neighbourhood in South West Kolkata.
Satellite television is a service that delivers television programming to viewers by relaying it from a communications satellite orbiting the Earth directly to the viewer's location.
Satyajit Ray (2 May 1921 – 23 April 1992) was an Indian filmmaker, screenwriter, graphic artist, music composer and author, widely regarded as one of the greatest filmmakers of the 20th century.
Satyendra Nath Bose, (সত্যেন্দ্র নাথ বসু Sôtyendronath Bosu,; 1 January 1894 – 4 February 1974) was an Indian physicist specialising in theoretical physics.
The Science City of Kolkata is the largest science centre in the Indian subcontinent.
Sealdah (perhaps more appropriately Shealdah) is a neighbourhood of central Kolkata in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Sealdah Railway Station is one of the major railway stations serving Kolkata in India, the others being Howrah Station, Shalimar Station, Santragachi Junction and Kolkata Railway Station.
Seating capacity is the number of people who can be seated in a specific space, in terms of both the physical space available, and limitations set by law.
The secondary sector of the economy includes industries that produce a finished, usable product or are involved in construction.
A sepoy was formerly the designation given to an Indian soldier.
A Sessions Court is a lesser court of law which exists in several democratic countries, including Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, and the United States of America.
Shakespeare Sarani (earlier Theatre Road) is a street running in the central business district of Kolkata, India, from Park Circus to Jawaharlal Nehru Road (Chowringhee Road).
Shalimar railway station is one of four railway stations serving Howrah and Kolkata, India; the others are Sealdah Station, in Kolkata, Kolkata Station in Kolkata and Howrah Station in Howrah.
Shalwar kameez, also spelled salwar kameez or shalwar qameez, is a traditional outfit originating in the Indian subcontinent.
A shanty town or squatter area is a settlement of improvised housing which is known as shanties or shacks, made of plywood, corrugated metal, sheets of plastic, and cardboard boxes.
The Sheriff of Kolkata is an apolitical titular position of authority bestowed for one year on a prominent citizen of Kolkata (Calcutta).
The Shipping Corporation of India (SCI) is a Government of India Public Sector Enterprise with its headquarters in Mumbai that operates and manages vessels that services both national and international lines.
Shobhabazar (also spelt Sovabazar) (শোভাবাজার) is a neighbourhood of north Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Shyambazar is a neighbourhood of north Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Shyampukur is a neighbourhood of north Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Signal Books is a British book publisher.
A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a person associated with Sikhism, a monotheistic religion that originated in the 15th century based on the revelation of Guru Nanak.
Sikhism (ਸਿੱਖੀ), or Sikhi,, from Sikh, meaning a "disciple", or a "learner"), is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent about the end of the 15th century. It is one of the youngest of the major world religions, and the fifth-largest. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighboring Indian states, formerly part of the Punjab. Sikhism is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Guru (1469–1539), and the nine Sikh gurus that succeeded him. The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, named the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus and making the scripture the eternal, religious spiritual guide for Sikhs.Louis Fenech and WH McLeod (2014),, 3rd Edition, Rowman & Littlefield,, pages 17, 84-85William James (2011), God's Plenty: Religious Diversity in Kingston, McGill Queens University Press,, pages 241–242 Sikhism rejects claims that any particular religious tradition has a monopoly on Absolute Truth. The Sikh scripture opens with Ik Onkar (ੴ), its Mul Mantar and fundamental prayer about One Supreme Being (God). Sikhism emphasizes simran (meditation on the words of the Guru Granth Sahib), that can be expressed musically through kirtan or internally through Nam Japo (repeat God's name) as a means to feel God's presence. It teaches followers to transform the "Five Thieves" (lust, rage, greed, attachment, and ego). Hand in hand, secular life is considered to be intertwined with the spiritual life., page.
Sikkim is a state in Northeast India.
The Sino-Indian War (भारत-चीन युद्ध Bhārat-Chīn Yuddh), also known as the Sino-Indian Border Conflict, was a war between China and India that occurred in 1962.
Sinthee or Sinthi is a neighbourhood of north Kolkata.
Mirza Muhammad Siraj ud-Daulah (مرزا محمد سراج الدولہ, মির্জা মুহম্মদ সিরাজউদ্দৌলা; 1733 – 2 July 1757) more commonly known as Siraj ud-Daulah, was the last independent Nawab of Bengal.
A slum is a highly populated urban residential area consisting mostly of closely packed, decrepit housing units in a situation of deteriorated or incomplete infrastructure, inhabited primarily by impoverished persons.
Socialism in India is a political movement founded early in the 20th century, as a part of the broader Indian independence movement against the colonial British Raj.
Sodepur is a neighbourhood in Panihati municipality in Barrackpore subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the state of West Bengal, India.
Solar irradiance is the power per unit area received from the Sun in the form of electromagnetic radiation in the wavelength range of the measuring instrument.
Sonagachi is India's largest red-light district.
Sourav Chandidas Ganguly (born 8 July 1972), affectionately known as Dada (meaning "elder brother" in Bengali), is a former Indian cricketer and captain of the Indian national team, Currently, he is appointed as the President of the Cricket Association of Bengal and President of the Editorial Board with Wisden India.
South 24 Parganas is a district in the Indian State of West Bengal, headquartered in Alipore.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
South Bengal State Transport Corporation (SBSTC) is a West Bengal state government undertaken transport corporation.
The South Eastern Railway (abbreviated SER and दपूरे) is one of the 17 railway zones in India and Part of Eastern Railways.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
Sovan Chatterjee (born 7 July 1964) is an Indian politician belonging to the All India Trinamool Congress.
Spiegel Online (SPON) is one of the most widely read German-language news websites.
Squash is a ball sport played by two (singles) or four players (doubles squash) in a four-walled court with a small, hollow rubber ball.
Squatting is the action of occupying an abandoned or unoccupied area of land or a building, usually residential, that the squatter does not own, rent or otherwise have lawful permission to use.
India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.
The Statesman Vintage & Classic Car Rally is an annual vintage car rally in New Delhi and Kolkata and the oldest, continuously-run such event in India and the sub-continent.
Strand Road, also referred to as The Strand, is a major thoroughfare in the Indian city of Kolkata, running along the east bank of the Hooghly River, connects Prinsep Ghat to Nimtala near Shobhabazar through the downtown Kolkata.
Subrata Bhattacharya (also known as 'Bablu' locally) was an Indian football defender who played for India in the 1984 Asian Cup and spent 17 years with Mogun Bagan as a footballer.
Sulfur dioxide (also sulphur dioxide in British English) is the chemical compound with the formula.
The Sunfeast Open was an annual WTA Tour tennis tournament that was started in Kolkata in 2005.
The Supreme Court of Judicature at Fort William, Calcutta was founded by an Act of Parliament in 1774.
Sutanuti (সুতানুটি) was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India.
Suzerainty (and) is a back-formation from the late 18th-century word suzerain, meaning upper-sovereign, derived from the French sus (meaning above) + -erain (from souverain, meaning sovereign).
Swami Vivekananda (12 January 1863 – 4 July 1902), born Narendranath Datta, was an Indian Hindu monk, a chief disciple of the 19th-century Indian mystic Ramakrishna.
Taltala (also spelt Taltola, archaic spelling Taltollah) is a neighbourhood in central Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in the Indian state of West Bengal.
The Tamil people, also known as Tamilar, Tamilans, or simply Tamils, are a Dravidian ethnic group who speak Tamil as their mother tongue and trace their ancestry to the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, the Indian Union territory of Puducherry, or the Northern, Eastern Province and Puttalam District of Sri Lanka.
Tangra is a region in East Kolkata that traditionally housed a large number of tanneries owned by people of Hakka Chinese origin.
Tapan Sinha (2 October 1924 – 15 January 2009) was one of the most prominent Indian film directors of his time forming a legendary quartet with Satyajit Ray, Ritwik Ghatak and Mrinal Sen.
Tara Newz (তারা নিউজ; also known as Tara News) was a 24-hour Bengali language news channel, covering local news of West Bengal and Bangladesh as well as national and international news, operated by Broadcast Worldwide Limited, a public limited company, with other channels under its umbrella, viz.
Taratala is a neighbourhood in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Tata Consultancy Services Limited (TCS) is an Indian multinational information technology (IT) service, consulting and business solutions company headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Tata Docomo Ltd is an Indian mobile network operator, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata Teleservices, founded on November 2008.
Tata Teleservices Limited (TTSL) is an Indian broadband and telecommunications service provider based in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
The Tea Board of India is a state agency of the Government of India established to promote the cultivation, processing, and domestic trade as well as export of tea from India.
Subscriber Trunk Dialling (STD) codes are assigned to each city/town/village, with the larger Metro cities having shorter area codes (STD codes), which are from 2 to 8 digits long.
The Telugu people or Telugu Praajalu are the people who speak Telugu as a first language.
Tertiary is the former term for the geologic period from 65 million to 2.58 million years ago, a timespan that occurs between the superseded Secondary period and the Quaternary.
A tertiary referral hospital (also called a tertiary hospital, tertiary referral center, or tertiary care center, or tertiary center) is a hospital that provides tertiary care, which is health care from specialists in a large hospital after referral from primary care and secondary care.
The tertiary sector or service sector is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory.
The Asian Age is an English-language Indian daily newspaper with editions published in Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata.
The Asiatic Society was founded by civil servant Sir William Jones on 15 January 1784 in a meeting presided over by Sir William Jones, Justice of the Supreme Court of Judicature at Fort William at the Fort William in Calcutta, then capital of the British Raj, to enhance and further the cause of Oriental research.
The Economic Times is an English-language, Indian daily newspaper published by the Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd..
Financial Express is an Indian English-language business newspaper.
The Hindu is an Indian daily newspaper, headquartered at Chennai.
The Indian Express is an English-language Indian daily newspaper.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Statesman is an Indian English-language broadsheet daily newspaper founded in 1875 and published simultaneously in Kolkata, New Delhi, Siliguri and Bhubaneswar.
The Telegraph is an Indian English daily newspaper founded and continuously published in Kolkata since 7 July 1982.
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.
The Tribune is an Indian English-language daily newspaper published from Chandigarh, New Delhi, Jalandhar, Dehradun and Bathinda.
Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη, Thessaloníki), also familiarly known as Thessalonica, Salonica, or Salonika is the second-largest city in Greece, with over 1 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area, and the capital of Greek Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.
The Tibetan people are an ethnic group native to Tibet.
Tiljala is a neighbourhood of East Kolkata, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Tiretta Bazaar, is a neighborhood in the eastern part of the city of Kolkata.
A titular ruler, or titular head, is a person in an official position of leadership who possesses few, if any, actual powers.
Tollygunge is a locality of south Kolkata, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
The Tollygunge Club, popularly called Tolly, is a country club in India, located in Tollygunge in south Kolkata.
Topsia is a neighbourhood, of East Kolkata, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
The total fertility rate (TFR), sometimes also called the fertility rate, absolute/potential natality, period total fertility rate (PTFR), or total period fertility rate (TPFR) of a population is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime if.
A trade union or trades union, also called a labour union (Canada) or labor union (US), is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve many common goals; such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, and attaining better wages, benefits (such as vacation, health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a monopoly of the workers.
The tram system in the city of Kolkata, West Bengal, India, operated by the Calcutta Tramways Company (CTC), is the only tram network operating in India.
Trap rock, also known as either trapp or trap, is any dark-colored, fine-grained, non-granitic intrusive or extrusive igneous rock.
The Treaty of Allahabad was signed on 12 August 1765, between the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, son of the late Emperor Alamgir II, and Robert, Lord Clive, of the East India Company, as a result of the Battle of Buxar of 22 October 1764.
Tripura 'ত্রিপুরা (Bengali)' is a state in Northeast India.
Tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification categories "Aw" and "As".
UCO Bank, formerly United Commercial Bank, established in 1943 in Kolkata, is a major government-owned commercial bank of India. During FY 2013-14, its total business was 4.55 lakh crore. Based on 2014 data, it is ranked 1860 on Forbes Global 2000 List. UCO Bank was ranked 294th among India's most trusted brands according to the Brand Trust Report 2014, a study conducted by Trust Research Advisory. It was a rise of 796 ranks considering it was listed at the 1090th position among India's most trusted brands in the Brand trust Report 2013. the bank had 4,000 plus service units 49 zonal offices spread all over India. It also has two overseas branches in Singapore and Hong Kong. UCO Bank's headquarters is on BTM Sarani, Kolkata.
Ultadanga is one of the most crowded junctions in Kolkata.
UN/LOCODE, the United Nations Code for Trade and Transport Locations, is a geographic coding scheme developed and maintained by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).
An underweight person is a person whose body weight is considered too low to be healthy.
A union territory is a type of administrative division in the Republic of India.
Unish-Kuri is one of the youngest fortnightly magazines published from ABP Ltd, publishers of Anandabazar Patrika and The Telegraph, of Kolkata, India.
United Bank of India (UBI) is an Indian government-owned financial services company headquartered in Kolkata, India.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.
The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP or ESCAP), located in the United Nations Building in Rajadamnern Nok Avenue in Bangkok, Thailand, is one of the five regional commissions of the United Nations Economic and Social Council, under the administrative direction of the United Nations headquarters.
United Sports Club is an Indian football Club from Kolkata in West Bengal, India.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
Universal Immunization Programme is a vaccination program launched by the Government of India in 1985.
University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
The University of Calcutta (informally known as Calcutta University or CU) is a public state university located in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), West Bengal, India established on 24 January 1857.
The University of Engineering & Management (UEM), Kolkata is a private university located in Action Area - III of New Town, Kolkata.
The University of Minnesota Press is a university press that is part of the University of Minnesota.
Rai Bahadur Sir Upendranath Brahmachari (উপেন্দ্রনাথ ব্রহ্মচারী) (19 December 1873 – 6 February 1946) was an Indian scientist and a leading medical practitioner of his time.
Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use in an urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.
Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.
The Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC) is a research and development unit of the Indian Department of Atomic Energy.
Vasant Panchami, also spelled Basant Panchami, is celebrated by people in various ways depending on the region, Vasant is a festival that marks the arrival of spring.
The Victoria Memorial is a large marble building in Kolkata, West Bengal, India, which was built between 1906 and 1921.
Vidyasagar Setu (Bidyasagôr Setu), also known as the Second Hooghly Bridge (Dwitiyô Hugli Setu), is a toll bridge over the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India, linking the cities of Kolkata (previously known as Calcutta) and Howrah.
Virgin Mobile is a wireless communications brand used by eight independent brand-licensees worldwide.
Vishwakarma Day, also known as Vishwakarma Jayanti or Vishwakarma Puja, is a day of celebration for Vishwakarma, a Hindu god, the divine architect.
Vodafone India is the Indian subsidiary of UK-based Vodafone Group plc, the world's second-largest mobile phone company, and is a provider of telecommunications services in India with its operational head office in Mumbai.
Wage labour (also wage labor in American English) is the socioeconomic relationship between a worker and an employer, where the worker sells his or her labour under a formal or informal employment contract.
West Bengal (Paśchimbāṅga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal.
West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education is the West Bengal state government administered autonomous examining authority for the Standard 12 examination (or Higher secondary level or Pre-university level examination) of West Bengal, India.
West Bengal Electronics Industry Development Corporation Limited (WEBEL) is the government agency responsible for technology development in West Bengal, India.
West Bengal Fire Service is the state owned service that attends fire/rescue calls throughout the Indian state of West Bengal, including the city of Kolkata.
The West Bengal Legislative Assembly is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of West Bengal.
A legislative assembly election was held in six phases between 18 April and 10 May 2011 for all the 294 seats of the ''Vidhan Sabha'' in the state of West Bengal in India.
The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences (WBNUJS or NUJS) is an autonomous law university offering courses at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels.
West Bengal State Electricity Board (WBSEB) was a state owned electricity regulation board in West Bengal in India.
Wiley-Blackwell is the international scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly publishing business of John Wiley & Sons.
The Women's Tennis Association (WTA), founded in 1973 by Billie Jean King, is the principal organising body of women's professional tennis.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Writers' Building (translit), often shortened to just Writers, is the secretariat building of the State Government of West Bengal in India.
Yahoo! Finance is a media property that is part of Yahoo!'s network.
A zamindar in the Indian subcontinent was an aristocrat.
The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI), founded on 1 July 1916 by Government of India Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, as premier Indian organisation in zoological research and studies to promote the survey, exploration and research of the fauna in the country.
The 1981 Asian Basketball Confederation Championship for Men were held in Kolkata, India.
The 1987 Cricket World Cup (officially the Reliance Cup 1987) was the fourth edition of the ICC Cricket World Cup tournament.
The 1991 Census of India was the 13th in a series of censuses held in India every decade since 1871.
The 2001 Census of India was the 14th in a series of censuses held in India every decade since 1871.
The 15th Indian Census was conducted in two phases, house listing and population enumeration.
The 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup was the 17th FIFA U-17 World Cup, a biennial international football tournament contested by men's under-17 national teams.
Zee 24 Ghanta/ জি ২৪ ঘন্টা (formerly known as 24 Ghanta/২৪ ঘন্টা), is a 24x7 Bengali news channel, covering local, national as well as international news.
4G is the fourth generation of broadband cellular network technology, succeeding 3G.
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