268 relations: Abortion, Aleksey Lobanov-Rostovsky, Ammunition, Anarchist from Colony, Annexation, Anti-Japanese sentiment in Korea, Arable land, Asahi Shimbun, Assassination (2015 film), Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Ōkubo Toshimichi, Baekjeong, Bataan Death March, Battle of Pusan Perimeter, Battle of Tarawa, BBC News, Bert Röling, Bridal Mask, Burma Railway, Busan, Cadastre, Carter Eckert, Catholic Church, Changchun, Chargé d'affaires, Cheoljong of Joseon, Chicago Typewriter (TV series), Chinilpa, Choe Je-u, Christianity, Chung Il-kwon, Columbia University, Comfort women, Conscription, Coup d'état, Cultural artifact, Cultural assimilation, De jure, Dean Rusk, Declaration of independence, Democracy, Deoksugung, Division of Korea, Donald Stone Macdonald, Donghak, Doosan Encyclopedia, Economic History Association, Education in the Empire of Japan, Emperor Meiji, Emperor of Japan, ..., Emperor Taishō, Empire of Japan, Empress Myeongseong, Ernest Bethell, Extraterritoriality, Family register, Femme Fatale: Bae Jeong-ja, Feudalism, First Sino-Japanese War, Freedom of speech, Freedom of the press, French campaign against Korea, Gando Special Force, Ganghwa Island incident, Gari Ledyard, Gim clan of Andong, Gojong of Korea, Government of Meiji Japan, Governor-General of Korea, Guerrilla warfare, Gunboat diplomacy, Gwangju Student Independence Movement, Gwangmu Reform, Gyeongbokgung, Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907, Hangul, Hangul Day, Harvard University Press, Hasegawa Yoshimichi, Heavy industry, Heungseon Daewongun, Hirohito, History of Korea, Hong Sa-ik, Horace Newton Allen, Human capital, Hwaseong, Gyeonggi, Imperial House of Japan, Imperial Japanese Army, Imperial Japanese Army Academy, Imperial Rescript on Education, Incheon, Independence Club, Independence Gate, International Military Tribunal for the Far East, Isabella Bird, Iwakura Mission, Iwakura Tomomi, Japan–Korea disputes, Japan–Korea Treaty of 1876, Japan–Korea Treaty of 1882, Japan–Korea Treaty of 1904, Japan–Korea Treaty of 1905, Japan–Korea Treaty of 1907, Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910, Japanese diaspora, Japanese General Government Building, Seoul, Japanese invasion of Manchuria, Japanese language, Japanese war crimes, Jeong-dong, Jeongjo of Joseon, Jiandao, Jirō Minami, John R. Hodge, Jongno, Karafuto Prefecture, Karl Ivanovich Weber, Kazushige Ugaki, Keijō Imperial University, Kijūrō Shidehara, Kim Il-sung, Kim Koo, Kim Ok-gyun, Kimigayo, Korea royal refuge at the Russian legation, Korean Empire, Korean History Compilation Committee, Korean independence movement, Korean language, Korean Language Society, Korean Liberation Army, Korean Martyrs, Korean Peninsula, Korean People's Army, Korean War, Korean yen, Koreans in Japan, Kuniaki Koiso, Kwantung Army, Land reform, Leadership, Lee Young-hoon, Legation, Liaodong Peninsula, Library of Congress, List of territories occupied by Imperial Japan, Looting, Love, Lies (2016 film), Madam Oh, Manchukuo, Manchuria, March 1st Movement, Marxist–Leninist atheism, Matthew C. Perry, Meiji period, Mercantilism, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Mimana, Ministry of the Army, Miura Gorō, Modern Boy, Moon Publications, Moscow State University, Mulberry (film), Murdoch University, My Way (2011 film), Myanmar, Namdaemun, Naoto Kan, National Mobilization Law, National Palace Museum of Korea, National Revolutionary Army, National Treasure (North Korea), National Treasure (South Korea), Naver, Newsweek, Nobuyuki Abe, North Korea, Occupation of Japan, Oriental Development Company, Pacification of Manchukuo, Paik Sun-yup, Park Chung-hee, People's Liberation Army, Planned economy, Political correctness, President of South Korea, Primary education, Primorsky Krai, Princeton University, Princeton University Press, Property, Protectorate, Protestantism, Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, Puppet state, Pyongyang, Qing dynasty, Quarantine, Rape, Red Army, Roh Moo-hyun, Royal assent, Russo-Japanese War, Saigō Takamori, Saitō Makoto, Sakhalin, Samurai, Sōshi-kaimei, Second Opium War, Seikanron, Seoul, Seoul National University, Seoul Shinmun, Sexual slavery, Shinto in Korea, Sinophobia, South Korea, Soviet invasion of Manchuria, Soviet Union, Sphere of influence, Spirits' Homecoming, State Shinto, Suh Sang-chul, Summary execution, Sunjo of Joseon, Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, Surrender of Japan, Taiwan under Japanese rule, Tenant farmer, Terauchi Masatake, The Age of Shadows, The Battleship Island, The Chosun Ilbo, The Dong-a Ilbo, The Economic History Review, The Hague, The Handmaiden, The Japan Times, The Last Princess (film), The National Archives (United Kingdom), The New York Times, The Silenced, Time (magazine), Tinian, Tokyo National Museum, Transport, Treaty of Portsmouth, Treaty of Shimonoseki, Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea, Tributary state, Unequal treaty, Unfree labour, Unit 731, United States Army Military Government in Korea, Wa (Japan), World War II, Yamanashi Hanzō, Yan'an, Yan'an faction, Yangban, Ye Wanyong, Yeongeunmun, Yeungnam University, Yi Tjoune, Yi Un, 38th parallel north. 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Abortion is the ending of pregnancy by removing an embryo or fetus before it can survive outside the uterus.
Prince Aleksey Borisovich Lobanov-Rostovsky (Алексе́й Бори́сович Лоба́нов-Росто́вский) (in Voronezh Governorate –) was a Russian statesman, probably best remembered for having concluded the Li-Lobanov Treaty with China and for his publication of the Russian Genealogical Book (in two volumes).
Ammunition (informally ammo) is the material fired, scattered, dropped or detonated from any weapon.
Anarchist from Colony is a 2017 South Korean biographical period drama film directed by Lee Joon-ik about the life of independence activist Park Yeol, with Lee Je-hoon taking on the titular role.
Annexation (Latin ad, to, and nexus, joining) is the administrative action and concept in international law relating to the forcible transition of one state's territory by another state.
Anti-Japanese sentiment in Korea (반일감정) refers to the anti-Japanese sentiment in Korean society, which originates from historic, cultural, and nationalistic sentiments.
Arable land (from Latin arabilis, "able to be plowed") is, according to one definition, land capable of being ploughed and used to grow crops.
The is one of the five national newspapers in Japan.
Assassination is a 2015 South Korean espionage action film co-written and directed by Choi Dong-hoon. The film is currently the eighth-highest-grossing movie in Korean film history with over 12.7 million admissions.
During the final stage of World War II, the United States detonated two nuclear weapons over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively.
was a Japanese statesman, a samurai of Satsuma, and one of the three great nobles who led the Meiji Restoration.
The Baekjeong (Korean: 백정) were an "''untouchable''” minority group of Korea.
The Bataan Death March (Filipino: Martsa ng Kamatayan sa Bataan; Japanese: バターン死の行進, Hepburn: Batān Shi no Kōshin) was the forcible transfer by the Imperial Japanese Army of 60,000–80,000 Filipino and American prisoners of war from Saysain Point, Bagac, Bataan and Mariveles to Camp O'Donnell, Capas, Tarlac, via San Fernando, Pampanga, where the prisoners were loaded onto trains.
The Battle of Pusan Perimeter was a large-scale battle between United Nations and North Korean forces lasting from August 4 to September 18, 1950.
The Battle of Tarawa was a battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II that was fought on 20–23 November 1943.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Bernard Victor Aloysius (Bert) Röling (26 December 1906 – 16 March 1985) was a Dutch jurist and founding father of polemology in the Netherlands.
Bridal Mask is a 2012 KBS2 period drama based on the popular Korean manhwa by Huh Young-man.
The Burma Railway, also known as the Death Railway, the Siam–Burma Railway, the Thai–Burma Railway and similar names, was a railway between Ban Pong, Thailand, and Thanbyuzayat, Burma, built by the Empire of Japan in 1943 to support its forces in the Burma campaign of World War II.
Busan, formerly known as Pusan and now officially is South Korea's second most-populous city after Seoul, with a population of over 3.5 million inhabitants.
A cadastre (also spelled cadaster) is a comprehensive land recording of the real estate or real property's metes-and-bounds of a country.
Carter J. Eckert is an American academic and author and the Yoon Se Young Professor of Korean History at Harvard University.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Changchun is the capital and largest city of Jilin Province, and is also the core city of Northeast Asia.
A chargé d'affaires, often shortened to chargé (French) and sometimes to charge-D (abbreviated in colloquial English), is a diplomat who heads an embassy in the absence of the ambassador.
Cheoljong of Joseon (25 July 1831 – 16 January 1864) was the 25th king of the Korean Joseon Dynasty.
Chicago Typewriter is a 2017 South Korean television series starring Yoo Ah-in, Im Soo-jung and Go Kyung-pyo.
Chinilpa (lit. "people friendly to Japan") is a Korean word that denotes Koreans who collaborated with the Imperial Japanese government during its colonial reign over Korea from 1910–1945, or shortly before then, around the time of the Korean Empire.
Choe Je-u, who used the pen name Su-un (18 December 1824 – 15 April 1864), was the founder of Donghak, a Korean religious movement against foreign invasions and critical of Joseon Dynasty government policies of the time.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Chung Il-kwon (정일권; Hanja: 丁一權, November 21, 1917 – January 17, 1994) was a South Korean politician, diplomat and soldier.
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
Comfort women were women and girls forced into sexual slavery by the Imperial Japanese Army in occupied territories before and during World War II.
Conscription, sometimes called the draft, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.
A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.
A cultural artifact, or cultural artefact (see American and British English spelling differences), is a term used in the social sciences, particularly anthropology, ethnology and sociology for anything created by humans which gives information about the culture of its creator and users.
Cultural assimilation is the process in which a minority group or culture comes to resemble those of a dominant group.
In law and government, de jure (lit) describes practices that are legally recognised, whether or not the practices exist in reality.
David Dean Rusk (February 9, 1909December 20, 1994) was the United States Secretary of State from 1961 to 1969 under presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.
A declaration of independence or declaration of statehood is an assertion by a defined territory that it is independent and constitutes a state.
Democracy (δημοκρατία dēmokraa thetía, literally "rule by people"), in modern usage, has three senses all for a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting.
Deoksugung, also known as Gyeongun-gung, Deoksugung Palace, or Deoksu Palace, is a walled compound of palaces in Seoul that was inhabited by members of Korea's royal family during the Joseon monarchy until colonial period around the turn of the 20th century.
The division of Korea between North and South Korea occurred after World War II, ending the Empire of Japan's 35-year rule over Korea in 1945.
Donald Stone Macdonald (1919 – August 29, 1993) was an American academic who specialized in Korean affairs, in particular the bilateral relations between South Korea and the United States.
Donghak (lit. Eastern Learning) was an academic movement in Korean Neo-Confucianism founded in 1860 by Choe Je-u. The Donghak movement arose as a reaction to seohak (西學, "Western learning"), and called for a return to the "Way of Heaven".
Doosan Encyclopedia is a Korean language encyclopedia published by Doosan Donga (두산동아).
The Economic History Association (EHA) was founded in 1940 to "encourage and promote teaching, research, and publication on every phase of economic history and to help preserve and administer materials for research in economic history".
Education in the Empire of Japan was a high priority for the government, as the leadership of the early Meiji government realized the critical need for universal public education in its drive to modernize and westernize Japan.
, or, was the 122nd Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from February 3, 1867 until his death on July 29, 1912.
The Emperor of Japan is the head of the Imperial Family and the head of state of Japan.
was the 123rd Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from 30 July 1912 until his death in 1926.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
Empress Myeongseong or Empress Myung-Sung (19 October 1851 – 8 October 1895), known informally as Queen Min, was the first official wife of Gojong, the twenty-sixth king of Joseon and the first emperor of the Korean Empire.
Ernest Thomas Bethell (November 3, 1872 – May 1, 1909), who is also known by his Korean name Bae Seol (배설, 裵說), was a British journalist who founded a newspaper, The Korea Daily News, antagonistic to Japanese rule.
Extraterritoriality is the state of being exempted from the jurisdiction of local law, usually as the result of diplomatic negotiations.
A family register (also known in several variations, such as household register and family album, and, when discussing non-anglophone countries, the native-language names of the registers such as Familienbuch in Germany, hukou in mainland China and koseki in Japan) is a civil registry used in many countries to track information of a genealogical or family-centric legal interest.
Femme Fatale:Bae Jeong-ja (요화 배정자 Yohwa Bae Jeongja) is a 1973 South Korean film is based on the life of Bae Jeong-ja (1870–1950), a young Korean orphan adopted by Itō Hirobumi and raised as his daughter.
Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.
The First Sino-Japanese War (25 July 1894 – 17 April 1895) was fought between Qing dynasty of China and Empire of Japan, primarily for influence over Joseon.
Freedom of speech is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or a community to articulate their opinions and ideas without fear of retaliation, censorship, or sanction.
Freedom of the press or freedom of the media is the principle that communication and expression through various media, including printed and electronic media, especially published materials, should be considered a right to be exercised freely.
The French campaign against Korea was an 1866 punitive expedition undertaken by the Second French Empire in retaliation for the earlier Korean execution of several French Catholic missionaries.
The (Hangul: 간도 특설대／Gando Teugseoldae) was an independent battalion within the Manchukuo Imperial Army composed primarily of ethnic Koreans, tasked with suppressing anti-Japanese, anti-Manchukuo, and pro-communist militant groups in the border areas between northern Japanese occupied Korea and Manchukuo.
The Ganghwa Island incident or the Japanese Battle of Ganghwa (운요호 사건 Unyo-ho sageon meaning "Un'yō incident"; 事件 Kōkatō jiken), was a purposely armed clash between the Joseon Dynasty of Korea and Japan which occurred in the vicinity of Ganghwa Island on September 20, 1875.
Gari Keith Ledyard (born 1932 in Syracuse, New York) is Sejong Professor of Korean History Emeritus at Columbia University.
The Gim clan of Andong refers to two Korean clans.
Gojong, the Emperor Gwangmu (8 September 1852 – 21 January 1919), was the twenty-sixth king of the Joseon dynasty and the first Emperor of Korea.
The was the government that was formed by politicians of the Satsuma Domain and Chōshū Domain in the 1860s.
The post of Governor-General of Korea served as the chief administrator of Korea while it was held as Chōsen (Korea) from 1910 to 1945.
Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.
In international politics, gunboat diplomacy (or "Big Stick ideology" in U.S. history) refers to the pursuit of foreign policy objectives with the aid of conspicuous displays of naval powerimplying or constituting a direct threat of warfare, should terms not be agreeable to the superior force.
The Gwangju Student Independence Movement (Hangul: 광주 학생 독립 운동 Hanja:光州學生獨立運動), or Gwangju Student Movement was a Korean independence movement in Gwangju against the 22 August 1910 to 15 August 1945 Japanese rule of Korea.
The Gwangmu Reform (광무개혁,光武改革, Gwangmu Gaehyeok) was a chain of events that was aimed at modernizing and westernizing the Korean Empire as a late starter in the industrial revolution.
Gyeongbokgung, also known as Gyeongbokgung Palace or Gyeongbok Palace, was the main royal palace of the Joseon dynasty.
The Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 are a series of international treaties and declarations negotiated at two international peace conferences at The Hague in the Netherlands.
The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul (from Korean hangeul 한글), has been used to write the Korean language since its creation in the 15th century by Sejong the Great.
The Korean Alphabet Day, known as Hangeul Day (한글날) in South Korea, and Chosŏn'gŭl Day in North Korea, is a national Korean commemorative day marking the invention and the proclamation of Hangul (한글; 조선글), the alphabet of the Korean language, by the 15th-century Korean monarch Sejong the Great.
Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.
Count was a field marshal in the Imperial Japanese Army and Japanese Governor General of Korea from 1916 to 1919.
Heavy industry is industry that involves one or more characteristics such as large and heavy products; large and heavy equipment and facilities (such as heavy equipment, large machine tools, and huge buildings); or complex or numerous processes.
Heungseon Daewongun (흥선대원군, 興宣大院君, 21 December 1820 – 22 February 1898), also known as the Daewongun (대원군, 大院君), Guktaegong (국태공, 國太公, "The Great Archduke") or formally Heungseon Heonui Daewonwang (흥선헌의대원왕, 興宣獻懿大院王) and also known to contemporary western diplomats as Prince Gung, was the title of Yi Ha-eung, regent of Joseon during the minority of Emperor Gojong in the 1860s and until his death a key political figure of late Joseon Korea.
was the 124th Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from 25 December 1926, until his death on 7 January 1989.
The Lower Paleolithic era in the Korean Peninsula began roughly half a million years ago.
Hong Sa-ik (hangul 홍사익;hanja 洪思翊; 4 March 1889 – 26 September 1946) was a lieutenant general in the Imperial Japanese Army, and the top-ranking ethnic Korean in Japan to be charged with war crimes relating to the conduct of the Empire of Japan in World War II.
Horace Newton Allen (April 23, 1858 – December 11, 1932) was a medical doctor and the first American Protestant missionary in Korea, arriving there in late 1884.
Human capital is a term popularized by Gary Becker, an economist and Nobel Laureate from the University of Chicago, and Jacob Mincer.
Hwaseong is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea.
The, also referred to as the Imperial Family and the Yamato Dynasty, comprises those members of the extended family of the reigning Emperor of Japan who undertake official and public duties.
The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA; Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun; "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945.
The was the principal officer's training school for the Imperial Japanese Army.
The was signed by Emperor Meiji of Japan on 30 October 1890 to articulate government policy on the guiding principles of education on the Empire of Japan.
Incheon (formerly romanized as Inchŏn; literally "kind river"), officially the Incheon Metropolitan City (인천광역시), is a city located in northwestern South Korea, bordering Seoul and Gyeonggi to the east.
The Independence Association (독립협회, 独立協会) was founded through the initiative of Philip Jaisohn (Seo Jae-pil) on July 2, 1896.
The Independence Gate is a memorial gate located in Seoul, South Korea.
The International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE), also known as the Tokyo Trial or the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal, was a military trial convened on April 29, 1946, to try the leaders of the Empire of Japan for joint conspiracy to start and wage war (categorized as "Class A" crimes), conventional war crimes ("Class B") and crimes against humanity ("Class C").
Isabella Lucy Bird, married name Bishop (15 October 1831 – 7 October 1904), was a nineteenth-century English explorer, writer, photographer, and naturalist.
The Iwakura Mission or Iwakura Embassy (岩倉使節団, Iwakura Shisetsudan) was a Japanese diplomatic voyage to the United States and Europe conducted between 1871 and 1873 by leading statesmen and scholars of the Meiji period.
was a Japanese statesman during the Bakumatsu and Meiji period.
There have been disputes between Japan and Korea (both North and South) on numerous issues over the years.
The Japan–Korea Treaty of 1876, also known as the Japan-Korea Treaty of Amity in Japanese or Treaty of Ganghwa Island in Korean, was made between representatives of the Empire of Japan and the Korean Kingdom of Joseon in 1876.
The Japan–Korea Treaty of 1882, also known as the Treaty of Chemulpo or the Chemulpo Convention, was negotiated between Japan and Korea following the Imo Incident in July 1882.
The Japan–Korea Treaty of 1904 was made between representatives of the Empire of Japan and the Korean Empire in 1904.
The Japan–Korea Treaty of 1905, also known as the Eulsa Treaty, Eulsa Unwilling Treaty or Japan–Korea Protectorate Treaty, was made between the Empire of Japan and the Korean Empire in 1905.
The Japan–Korea Treaty of 1907 was made between the Empire of Japan and the Korean Empire in 1907.
The Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910, also known as the Japan–Korea Annexation Treaty, was made by representatives of the Empire of Japan and the Korean Empire on August 22, 1910.
The Japanese diaspora, and its individual members known as or, are the Japanese immigrants from Japan and their descendants that reside in a foreign country.
The Government-General Building, also known internationally as the "Seoul Capitol", was the chief administrative building in Keijo (Seoul) during Japanese rule in Korea and the seat of the Governor-General of Korea from 1926 until 1945.
The Japanese invasion of Manchuria began on 18 September 1931, when the Kwantung Army of the Empire of Japan invaded Manchuria immediately following the Mukden Incident.
is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
War crimes of the Empire of Japan occurred in many Asia-Pacific countries during the period of Japanese imperialism, primarily during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II.
Jeong-dong is a legal dong, or neighbourhood of the Jung-gu district in Seoul, South Korea and governed by its administrative dong, Sogong-dong.
Jeongjo of Joseon (28 October 1752 – 18 August 1800) was the 22nd ruler of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea (r. 1776-1800).
Jiandao or Chientao, known in Korean as Gando or Kando, is a historical border region along the north bank of the Tumen River in Jilin province, Northeast China that has a high population of ethnic Koreans.
was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army and Governor-General of Korea between 1936 and 1942.
John Reed Hodge (June 12, 1893 – November 12, 1963) was a highly decorated officer of the United States Army with the rank of general.
Jongno (literally "Bell Street") is a trunk road and one of the oldest major east–west thoroughfares in Seoul, South Korea.
, commonly called South Sakhalin, was the Japanese administrative division corresponding to Japanese territory on southern Sakhalin island from 1905 to 1945.
Karl Ivanovich Weber (also Carl von Waeber; Карл Иванович Вебер, – 8 January 1910) was a diplomat of the Russian Empire and a personal friend to King Gojong of Korea's Joseon Dynasty.
was a Japanese general in the Imperial Japanese Army, the 5th principal of Takushoku University, and twice Governor-General of Korea.
, or for short, was an Imperial University of Japan from 1924 to 1946.
Baron was a prominent pre–World War II Japanese diplomat and the 44th Prime Minister of Japan from 9 October 1945 to 22 May 1946.
Kim Il-sung (or Kim Il Sung) (born Kim Sŏng-ju; 15 April 1912 – 8 July 1994) was the first leader of North Korea, from its establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994.
Kim Gu (김구; 金九; Kim Koo or Kim Ku; also known by his pen name Baekbeom (백범; 白凡), August 29, 1876June 26, 1949) was a Korean nationalist politician.
Kim Ok-gyun (김옥균; 金玉均; February 23, 1851 – March 28, 1894) was a reformist (Gaehwapa, 개화파) activist during the late Joseon Dynasty of Korea.
is the national anthem of Japan.
Korea royal refuge at the Russian legation also called Agwan Pacheon in Korean, occurred after the First Sino-Japanese War during a period of factional confrontation within the Korean royal court.
The Great Korean Empire was proclaimed in October 1897 by Emperor Gojong of the Joseon dynasty, under pressure after the Donghak Peasant Revolution of 1894 to 1895 and the Gabo Reforms that swept the country from 1894 to 1896.
Korean History Compilation Committee was established in June 1925 by the Japanese government of Royal edict.
The Korean independence movement was a military and diplomatic campaign to achieve the independence of Korea from Japan.
The Korean language (Chosŏn'gŭl/Hangul: 조선말/한국어; Hanja: 朝鮮말/韓國語) is an East Asian language spoken by about 80 million people.
Korean Language Society is a society of hangul and Korean language research, founded in 1908 by Kim Jeongjin.
The Korean Liberation Army, established on September 17, 1940 in Chungking, China, was the armed force of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
The Korean Martyrs were the victims of religious persecution against Catholic Christians during the 19th century in Korea.
The Korean Peninsula is a peninsula of Eurasia located in East Asia.
The Korean People's Army (KPA) is an institution of the Workers' Party of Korea, and constitutes the de facto military force of North Korea.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).
The Korean yen was the currency of Korea between 1910 and 1945.
comprise ethnic Koreans who have permanent residency status in Japan, or who have become Japanese citizens, and whose immigration to Japan originated before 1945, or who are descendents of those immigrants.
was a Japanese general in the Imperial Japanese Army, Governor-General of Korea and 28th Prime Minister of Japan from July 22, 1944, to April 7, 1945.
The Kwantung Army was an army group of the Imperial Japanese Army in the first half of the 20th century.
Land reform (also agrarian reform, though that can have a broader meaning) involves the changing of laws, regulations or customs regarding land ownership.
Leadership is both a research area and a practical skill encompassing the ability of an individual or organization to "lead" or guide other individuals, teams, or entire organizations.
Lee Young-hoon (이영훈, 李榮薰, born 1951 in Daegu, South Korea), Lee Yong-hoon, Rhee Yong-hoon, or Yi Yŏnghun is a professor Emeritus of Economics at Seoul National University and the president of the Naksungdae Institute of Economic Research (낙성대경제연구소).
A legation was a diplomatic representative office of lower rank than an embassy.
The Liaodong Peninsula is a peninsula in Liaoning Province of Northeast China, historically known in the West as Southeastern Manchuria.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
This is a list of regions occupied or annexed by the Empire of Japan until 1945, the year of the end of World War II in Asia, after the surrender of Japan.
Looting, also referred to as sacking, ransacking, plundering, despoiling, despoliation, and pillaging, is the indiscriminate taking of goods by force as part of a military or political victory, or during a catastrophe, such as war, natural disaster (where law and civil enforcement are temporarily ineffective), or rioting.
Love, Lies is 2016 South Korean period drama film directed by Park Heung-sik, reuniting The Beauty Inside co-stars Han Hyo-joo, Chun Woo-hee and Yoo Yeon-seok.
Madam Oh is 1965 South Korean drama film directed by Bong-rae Lee.
Manchukuo was a puppet state of the Empire of Japan in Northeast China and Inner Mongolia from 1932 until 1945.
Manchuria is a name first used in the 17th century by Chinese people to refer to a large geographic region in Northeast Asia.
The March 1st Movement, also known as Sam-il (3-1) Movement (Hangul: 삼일 운동; Hanja: 三一 運動) was one of the earliest public displays of Korean resistance during the rule of Korea by Japan from 1910 into 1945.
In the philosophy of Marxism, Marxist–Leninist atheism (also known as Marxist–Leninist scientific atheism) is the irreligious and anti-clerical element of Marxism–Leninism, the official state ideology of the Soviet Union.
Matthew Calbraith Perry (April 10, 1794 – March 4, 1858) was a Commodore of the United States Navy who commanded ships in several wars, including the War of 1812 and the Mexican–American War (1846–48).
The, also known as the Meiji era, is a Japanese era which extended from October 23, 1868, to July 30, 1912.
Mercantilism is a national economic policy designed to maximize the trade of a nation and, historically, to maximize the accumulation of gold and silver (as well as crops).
The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York, colloquially "the Met", is the largest art museum in the United States.
Mimana, also transliterated as Imna according to the Korean pronunciation, is the name used primarily in the 8th-century Japanese text Nihon Shoki, likely referring to one of the Korean states of the time of the Gaya confederacy (c. 1st–5th centuries) as a territory of ancient Japan.
The, also known as the Ministry of War, was the cabinet-level ministry in the Empire of Japan charged with the administrative affairs of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA).
Viscount was a lieutenant general in the early Imperial Japanese Army.
Modern Boy is a 2008 South Korean film.
Moon is a travel guidebook publisher founded in 1973 in Chico, California as a collective of world travelers and writers.
Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU; Московский государственный университет имени М. В. Ломоносова, often abbreviated МГУ) is a coeducational and public research university located in Moscow, Russia.
Mulberry is a 1986 South Korean drama film directed by Lee Doo-yong.
Murdoch University is a public university in Perth, Western Australia, with campuses also in Singapore and Dubai.
My Way is a 2011 South Korean wartime action drama film by Kang Je-gyu which stars Jang Dong-gun along with Japanese actor Joe Odagiri and Chinese actress Fan Bingbing.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
Namdaemun (South Great Gate), officially known as the Sungnyemun (Gate of Exalted Ceremonies), is one of the Eight Gates in the Fortress Wall of Seoul, South Korea, which surrounded the city in the Joseon dynasty.
is a Japanese politician, and former prime minister of Japan.
was legislated in the Diet of Japan by Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe on 24 March 1938 to put the national economy of the Empire of Japan on war-time footing after the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War.
The National Palace Museum of Korea is a national museum of South Korea located in Gyeongbokgung Palace, Seoul.
The National Revolutionary Army (NRA), sometimes shortened to Revolutionary Army (革命軍) before 1928, and as National Army (國軍) after 1928, was the military arm of the Kuomintang (KMT, or the Chinese Nationalist Party) from 1925 until 1947 in the Republic of China.
A National Treasure (국보; 國寶: gugbo) is a tangible artifact, site, or building deemed by the Government of North Korea to have significant historical or artistic value to the country.
A National Treasure is a tangible treasure, artifact, site, or building which is recognized by the South Korean government as having exceptional artistic, cultural and historical value to the country.
Naver (Hangul: 네이버) IPA: nəvɛ́:r is a South Korean online platform operated by Naver Corporation.
Newsweek is an American weekly magazine founded in 1933.
was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army, Governor-General of Korea, and 36th Prime Minister of Japan from 30 August 1939 to 16 January 1940.
North Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl:조선; Hanja:朝鮮; Chosŏn), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.
The Allied occupation of Japan at the end of World War II was led by General Douglas MacArthur, the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, with support from the British Commonwealth.
The Oriental Development Company (Shinjitai: 東洋拓殖株式会社, Hangul: 동양척식주식회사, Hanja: 東洋拓殖株式會社), established by the Empire of Japan in 1908, was a national enterprise built as a colonial exploitation policy towards the Korean Empire and other countries in East Asia.
The Pacification of Manchukuo was a Japanese anti-insurgency campaign during the Second Sino-Japanese War to suppress any armed resistance to the newly established puppet state of Manchukuo from various anti-Japanese volunteer armies in occupied Manchuria and later the Communist Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army.
Paik Sun-yup (born November 23, 1920) is a retired South Korean military officer.
Park Chung-hee (or; 14 November 1917 – 26 October 1979) was a South Korean politician, general, who served as the President of South Korea from 1963 until his assassination in 1979, assuming that office after first ruling the country as head of a military junta installed by the May 16 coup in 1961.
The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Communist Party of China (CPC).
A planned economy is a type of economic system where investment and the allocation of capital goods take place according to economy-wide economic and production plans.
The term political correctness (adjectivally: politically correct; commonly abbreviated to PC or P.C.) is used to describe language, policies, or measures that are intended to avoid offense or disadvantage to members of particular groups in society.
The President of the Republic of Korea is, according to the South Korean constitution, the chairperson of the cabinet, the chief executive of the government, commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and the head of state of South Korea.
Primary education and elementary education is typically the first stage of formal education, coming after preschool and before secondary education (The first two grades of primary school, Grades 1 and 2, are also part of early childhood education).
Primorsky Krai (p; 프리모르스키 지방) is a federal subject (a krai) of Russia, located in the Far East region of the country and is a part of the Far Eastern Federal District.
Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey.
Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
Property, in the abstract, is what belongs to or with something, whether as an attribute or as a component of said thing.
A protectorate, in its inception adopted by modern international law, is a dependent territory that has been granted local autonomy and some independence while still retaining the suzerainty of a greater sovereign state.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
The Korean Provisional Government (KPG), formally the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was a partially recognized Korean government-in-exile, based in Shanghai, China, and later in Chungking, during the Japanese occupation of Korea.
A puppet state is a state that is supposedly independent but is in fact dependent upon an outside power.
Pyongyang, or P'yŏngyang, is the capital and largest city of North Korea.
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.
A quarantine is used to separate and restrict the movement of people; it is a 'a restraint upon the activities or communication of persons or the transport of goods designed to prevent the spread of disease or pests', for a certain period of time.
Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration carried out against a person without that person's consent.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Roh Moo-hyun GOM (1 September 1946 – 23 May 2009) was a South Korean politician who served as President of South Korea (2003–2008).
Royal assent or sanction is the method by which a country's monarch (possibly through a delegated official) formally approves an act of that nation's parliament.
The Russo–Japanese War (Russko-yaponskaya voina; Nichirosensō; 1904–05) was fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea.
was one of the most influential samurai in Japanese history and one of the three great nobles who led the Meiji Restoration.
Viscount was a Japanese naval officer and politician.
Sakhalin (Сахалин), previously also known as Kuye Dao (Traditional Chinese:庫頁島, Simplified Chinese:库页岛) in Chinese and in Japanese, is a large Russian island in the North Pacific Ocean, lying between 45°50' and 54°24' N.
were the military nobility and officer caste of medieval and early-modern Japan.
Sōshi-kaimei (創氏改名) was a policy of pressuring Koreans under Japanese rule to adopt Japanese names. It consisted of two parts. Ordinance No. 19, issued in 1939, required sōshi, literally "creation of a; unlike Japan, Korea had not adopted the Western practice of universally using family names (see). Ordinance No. 20, issued in 1940, permitted kaimei, change of one's given name; this was voluntary and the applicant was charged a fee. These ordinances, issued by General Jirō Minami, Governor-General of Korea, effectively reversed an earlier government order which forbade Koreans to take up Japanese names. There are various explanations for the purpose of the ordinances.
The Second Opium War (第二次鴉片戰爭), the Second Anglo-Chinese War, the Second China War, the Arrow War, or the Anglo-French expedition to China, was a war pitting the United Kingdom and the French Empire against the Qing dynasty of China, lasting from 1856 to 1860.
The Seikanron (Japanese: 征韓論; 정한론; "Advocacy of a punitive expedition to Korea") debate was a major political debate in Japan during 1873 regarding a punitive expedition against Korea.
Seoul (like soul; 서울), officially the Seoul Special Metropolitan City – is the capital, Constitutional Court of Korea and largest metropolis of South Korea.
Seoul National University (SNU;, colloquially Seouldae) is a national research university located in Seoul, South Korea.
The Seoul Shinmun (translating to The Seoul Newspaper) is a daily newspaper in Seoul, South Korea.
Sexual slavery and sexual exploitation is attaching the right of ownership over one or more persons with the intent of coercing or otherwise forcing them to engage in one or more sexual activities.
The origins of Shinto in Korea are primarily a result of Japan's incursions since an unbalanced treaty in 1876.
Anti-Chinese sentiment, Sinophobia (from Late Latin Sinae "China" and Greek φόβος, phobos, "fear"), or Chinophobia is a sentiment against China, its people, overseas Chinese, or Chinese culture.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
The Soviet invasion of Manchuria, formally known as the Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation (Манчжурская стратегическая наступательная операция, lit. Manchzhurskaya Strategicheskaya Nastupatelnaya Operatsiya) or simply the Manchurian Operation (Маньчжурская операция), began on 9 August 1945 with the Soviet invasion of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
In the field of international relations, a sphere of influence (SOI) is a spatial region or concept division over which a state or organization has a level of cultural, economic, military, or political exclusivity, accommodating to the interests of powers outside the borders of the state that controls it.
Spirits’ Homecoming (Korean: 귀향) is a 2016 South Korean period drama film written and directed by Cho Jung-rae.
describes the Empire of Japan's ideological use of the native folk traditions of Shinto.
Suh Sang-Chul (1935–1983) was a South Korean economist, educator and administrator.
A summary execution is an execution in which a person is accused of a crime and immediately killed without benefit of a full and fair trial.
Sunjo of Joseon (29 July 1790 – 13 December 1834, reigned 1800–1834) was the 23rd king of the Korean Joseon Dynasty.
The Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) (originally briefly styled Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers) was the title held by General Douglas MacArthur during the Allied occupation of Japan following World War II.
The surrender of Imperial Japan was announced on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close.
Taiwan under Japanese rule is the period between 1895 and 1945 in which the island of Taiwan (including the Penghu Islands) was a dependency of the Empire of Japan, after Qing China lost the First Sino-Japanese War to Japan and ceded Taiwan Province in the Treaty of Shimonoseki.
A tenant farmer is one who resides on land owned by a landlord.
Gensui Count, GCB (5 February 1852 – 3 November 1919), was a Japanese military officer, proconsul and politician.
The Age of Shadows (lit. "Emissary") is a 2016 South Korean period action thriller film directed by Kim Jee-woon and written by Lee Ji-min and Park Jong-dae.
The Battleship Island is a 2017 South Korean period action film starring Hwang Jung-min, So Ji-sub, Song Joong-ki and Lee Jung-hyun.
The Chosun Ilbo is one of the major newspapers in South Korea.
The Dong-A Ilbo (literally East Asia Daily) is a newspaper in Korea since 1920 with daily circulation of more than 1.2 million and opinion leaders as its main readers.
The Economic History Review is a peer-reviewed history journal published quarterly by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the Economic History Society.
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
The Handmaiden is a 2016 South Korean erotic psychological thriller film directed by Park Chan-wook and starring Kim Min-hee, Kim Tae-ri, Ha Jung-woo and Cho Jin-woong.
The Japan Times is Japan's largest and oldest English-language daily newspaper.
The Last Princess is a 2016 South Korean period drama film directed by Hur Jin-ho with a screenplay by Hur, Lee Han-eol, and Seo Yoo-min, based on the best-selling novel by Kwon Bi-young.
The National Archives (TNA) is a non-ministerial government department.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Silenced (lit. Gyeongseong School: The Lost Girls) is a 2015 South Korean mystery-thriller film written and directed by Lee Hae-young, starring Park Bo-young and Uhm Ji-won.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Tinian is one of the three principal islands of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
The, or TNM, established in 1872, is the oldest Japanese national museum, the largest art museum in Japan and one of the largest art museums in the world.
Transport or transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another.
The Treaty of Portsmouth formally ended the 1904–05 Russo-Japanese War.
The was a treaty signed at the Shunpanrō hotel, Shimonoseki, Japan on 17 April 1895, between the Empire of Japan and the Qing Empire, ending the First Sino-Japanese War.
The Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea (Japanese:; Korean: 한일기본조약, 韓日基本條約, Hanil Gibon Joyak) was signed on June 22, 1965.
A tributary state is a term for a pre-modern state in a particular type of subordinate relationship to a more powerful state which involved the sending of a regular token of submission, or tribute, to the superior power.
Unequal treaty is the name given by the Chinese to a series of treaties signed with Western powers during the 19th and early 20th centuries by Qing dynasty China after suffering military defeat by the West or when there was a threat of military action by those powers.
Unfree labour is a generic or collective term for those work relations, especially in modern or early modern history, in which people are employed against their will with the threat of destitution, detention, violence (including death), compulsion, or other forms of extreme hardship to themselves or members of their families.
was a covert biological and chemical warfare research and development unit of the Imperial Japanese Army that undertook lethal human experimentation during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) of World War II.
The United States Army Military Government in Korea (USAMGIK) was the official ruling body of the southern half of the Korean Peninsula from September 8, 1945 to August 15, 1948.
Japanese is the oldest recorded name of Japan.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army, Minister of War and Governor-General of Korea from 1927 to 1929.
Yan'an is a prefecture-level city in the Shanbei region of Shaanxi province, China, bordering Shanxi to the east and Gansu to the west.
The Yan'an faction were a group of pro-China communists in the North Korean government after the division of Korea following World War II.
The Yangban (양반, 兩班), were part of the traditional ruling class or gentry of dynastic Korea during the Joseon Dynasty.
Ye Wanyong (17 July 1858, Seongnam – 12 February 1926), also known as Yi Wan-yong, was a pro-Japanese minister of Korea, who signed the Japan–Korea Annexation Treaty, which placed Korea under Japanese rule in 1910.
The Yeongeunmun (literally "welcoming gate for obligation") was a historical gate located in present Hyeonjeo-dong, Seodaemun-gu, in the northwestern part of Seoul, South Korea.
Yeungnam University is a private research university, located in Gyeongsan, North Gyeongsang, South Korea.
Yi Tjoune (December 18, 1859 – July 14, 1907), also known as Yi Jun, was a Korean prosecutor and diplomat.
Lieutenant General Prince Imperial Yeong, the Yi Un, Crown Prince Uimin (also Euimin), also known as Yi Un, Yi Eun, Lee Eun, and Un Yi (20 October 1897 – 1 May 1970), was the 28th Head of the Korean Imperial House, an Imperial Japanese Army general and the last crown prince of Korea.
The 38th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 38 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
Colonial Korea, Corea during World War I, Corea during World War II, Corea in World War I, Corea in World War II, Corea under Japanese rule, Great Depression in Corea, Great Depression in Korea, History of Corea during World War I, History of Corea during World War II, History of Korea (1900-1950), History of Korea (1900–1950), History of Korea during World War I, History of Korea during World War II, Ilje Gangjeomgi, Japan's Opium policy in Korea, Japan's opium policy in Korea, Japanese Colonial Period, Japanese Colonial Period (Korea), Japanese Corea, Japanese Korea, Japanese Occupation of Korea, Japanese administration of Korea, Japanese annexation of Korea, Japanese colonial rule of Korea, Japanese colonialism in Korea, Japanese colonization of Korea, Japanese cultural artifacts controversy, Japanese forced occupation, Japanese korea, Japanese occupation of Corea, Japanese occupation of Korea, Japanese occupied Korea, Japanese rule in Korea, Japanese rule of Korea, Japanese-occupied Korea, Japanese-ruled Korea, Joseon under Japanese rule, Korea during Japanese rule, Korea during World War I, Korea during World War II, Korea in World War I, Korea in World War II, Korea under Japanese leadership, Korea under Japanese occupation, Korea was under Japanese ruling (1910-1945), Korea's occupation by Japan, Military history of Corea during World War I, Military history of Corea during World War II, Military history of Korea during World War I, Military history of Korea during World War II, Occupation of Corea, Occupation of Corea by Imperial Japan, Occupation of Corea by Japan, Occupation of Corea by the Empire of Japan, Occupation of Corea by the Japanese Empire, Occupation of Korea, Occupation of Korea by Imperial Japan, Occupation of Korea by Japan, Occupation of Korea by the Empire of Japan, Occupation of Korea by the Japanese Empire, Occupied Korea, Old Korea Empire under Japanese rule, Participation of Corea in World War I, Participation of Corea in World War II, Participation of Korea in World War I, Participation of Korea in World War II, Period of Japanese Rule, Period of Japanese Rule (Korea), Period of Japanese rule, 大日本帝国朝鮮, 大日本帝國朝鮮, 日帝强占期.