252 relations: Aaron, Aegukga, Africa, Agrarian society, Ainu people, Algeria, Allele, Allele frequency, Anatomy, Argentina, Arun Banner, Autosome, Baekje, Base pair, Beijing, Bhutan, Biomechanics, Black people, Busan, Central Bureau of Statistics (North Korea), Cheonan, Cheondoism, Chertovy Vorota Cave, China, Chinese people, Christianity in Korea, Chukchi people, Chungcheong Province, Clade, Cognate, Cohen (surname), Colonisation (biology), Craniometry, Cyrillic script, Cytochrome c oxidase subunit II, D-loop, Dai people, Daur people, Demographics of South Korea, Digital object identifier, Division of Korea, Dolmen, East Asia, East Asian people, East China, Emeritus, Endogamy, Eskimo, Ethnic group, Europe, ..., Far East, Filipinos, Founder effect, Gangwon Province, South Korea, Gene mapping, Genealogy, Genetic marker, Genetic structure, Genographic Project, Genome, Gimje, Goguryeo, Goryeo, Goryeong County, Greater Los Angeles, Gwangju, Gyeonggi Province, Gyeongju, Gyeongsang Province, Han Chinese, Hanbok, Hangul, Hanja, Haplogroup A (mtDNA), Haplogroup B (mtDNA), Haplogroup C (mtDNA), Haplogroup C-M217, Haplogroup D (mtDNA), Haplogroup D-M174, Haplogroup D-M55, Haplogroup F (mtDNA), Haplogroup G (mtDNA), Haplogroup M (mtDNA), Haplogroup N (mtDNA), Haplogroup N-M231, Haplogroup O-M119, Haplogroup O-M122, Haplogroup O-M176, Haplogroup O-M268, Haplogroup Q-M242, Haplogroup R (mtDNA), Haplogroup R1, Haplogroup Y (mtDNA), Haplogroup Z, Homogeneity and heterogeneity, Human factors and ergonomics, Human genetic clustering, Human Genetics (journal), Human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup, Human mitochondrial genetics, Human sex ratio, Human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup, Hunter-gatherer, Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, Immunoglobulin G, Indigenous peoples of Siberia, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Indonesians, Inner Mongolia, International HapMap Project, Iran, Israel, Japan, Japanese people, Jecheon, Jeju Island, Jeju Province, Jeolla Province, Jeonju, Jeulmun pottery period, Joseon, Journal of Human Genetics, Karafuto Prefecture, Kazakhs, Khmer people, Kim Il-sung, Kobe, Korea, Korea Foundation, Korea JoongAng Daily, Korea under Japanese rule, Korea.net, Korean Americans, Korean Australians, Korean Buddhism, Korean Canadians, Korean diaspora, Korean ethnic nationalism, Korean language, Korean nationality, Korean Peninsula, Korean shamanism, Korean Unification Flag, Koreans in China, Koreans in Germany, Koreans in Japan, Koreans in the Philippines, Koreans in the United Kingdom, Koreans in Vietnam, Koreatown, Koryo-saram, Kyushu, Lahu people, Least squares, Levi (surname), Levine, Liaoning bronze dagger culture, List of Korean surnames, List of people of Korean descent, Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza, Lysine, Mainland Japan, Malay Peninsula, Manchu people, Manchukuo, Manchuria, Mean, Melting pot, Mexico, Miao people, Microsatellite, Mitochondrial DNA, Mongoloid, Mongols, Monguor people, Moses, Mumun pottery period, Na-Dene languages, Naju, Nakhi people, Names of Korea, Nanai people, Nation state, Neighbor joining, New York metropolitan area, Nicholas Eberstadt, North Korea, North Korean standard language, Northeast China, Nuclear DNA, Oroqen people, Osaka Medical College, Outlier, Pak Noja, Phylogenetic tree, PLOS One, Principal component analysis, Protein, Pyeongchang County, Routledge, Royal Free Hospital, Russian Far East, Ryukyuan people, Sakhalin Koreans, Science Advances, Shandong Peninsula, She people, Sibe people, Silla, Single-nucleotide polymorphism, South Korea, South Korean standard language, Soviet Union, Stanford University, Supreme People's Assembly, Taejo of Joseon, Taylor & Francis, Thai people, The Exodus, The Hankyoreh, The Korea Times, Three Kingdoms of Korea, Tibetan people, Tokyo, Transfer RNA, Tujia people, Ulch people, Ulsan, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, United Nations Population Fund, United States Census, University College London, University of California Press, University of Pennsylvania School of Arts and Sciences, University of Texas at Austin, Vietnamese people, Western China, Wonju, Work & Stress, Workforce, Yakuts, Yanji, Yayoi people, Yayoi period, Yellow Sea, Yeoncheon County, Yi people, Yunnan, 18 BC, 22 BC, 37 BC, 568. Expand index (202 more) » « Shrink index
Aaron is a prophet, high priest, and the brother of Moses in the Abrahamic religions (elder brother in the case of Judaism).
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"Aegukga", often translated as "The Patriotic Song", is the national anthem of South Korea.
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Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
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An agrarian society (or agricultural society) is any society whose economy is based on producing and maintaining crops and farmland.
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The Ainu or the Aynu (Ainu アィヌ ''Aynu''; Japanese: アイヌ Ainu; Russian: Айны Ajny), in the historical Japanese texts the Ezo (蝦夷), are an indigenous people of Japan (Hokkaido, and formerly northeastern Honshu) and Russia (Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands, and formerly the Kamchatka Peninsula).
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Algeria (الجزائر, familary Algerian Arabic الدزاير; ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ; Dzayer; Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.
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An allele is a variant form of a given gene.
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Allele frequency, or gene frequency, is the relative frequency of an allele (variant of a gene) at a particular locus in a population, expressed as a fraction or percentage.
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Anatomy (Greek anatomē, “dissection”) is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.
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Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
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Arun Banner (Mongolian: Arun qosiɣu) is a banner of northeastern Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China, bordering Heilongjiang province to the south and east.
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An autosome is a chromosome that is not an allosome (a sex chromosome).
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Baekje (18 BC – 660 AD) was a kingdom located in southwest Korea.
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A base pair (bp) is a unit consisting of two nucleobases bound to each other by hydrogen bonds.
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Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
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Bhutan, officially the Kingdom of Bhutan (Druk Gyal Khap), is a landlocked country in South Asia.
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Biomechanics is the study of the structure and function of the mechanical aspects of biological systems, at any level from whole organisms to organs, cells and cell organelles, using the methods of mechanics.
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Black people is a term used in certain countries, often in socially based systems of racial classification or of ethnicity, to describe persons who are perceived to be dark-skinned compared to other populations.
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Busan, formerly known as Pusan and now officially is South Korea's second most-populous city after Seoul, with a population of over 3.5 million inhabitants.
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Central Bureau of Statistics (North Korea)
Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS;; also known as the Central Statistic Bureau, or the Central Statistical Bureau) is the national statistical office of North Korea.
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Cheonan (Cheonan-si, sometimes spelled Chonan or Ch'onan) is a city located in the northeast corner of South Chungcheong, a province of South Korea, and is 83.6 km south of the capital, Seoul.
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Cheondoism (spelled Chondoism in North Korean sources) (Korean: Cheondogyo; hanja 天道教; hangul 천도교; literally "Religion of the Heavenly Way") is a 20th-century Korean religious ideology, based on the 19th-century Donghak religious movement founded by Ch'oe Che-u and codified under Son Pyŏng-Hi.
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Chertovy Vorota Cave
Chertovy Vorota Cave is a Neolithic archaeological site located in the Sikhote-Alin mountains, about from the town of Dalnegorsk in Primorsky Krai, Russia.
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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
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Chinese people are the various individuals or ethnic groups associated with China, usually through ancestry, ethnicity, nationality, citizenship or other affiliation.
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Christianity in Korea
The practice of Christianity in Korea revolves around two of its largest branches, Protestantism and Catholicism, accounting for 8.6 millionAccording to figures compiled by the South Korean National Statistical Office.
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The Chukchi, or Chukchee (Чукчи, sg. Чукча), are an indigenous people inhabiting the Chukchi Peninsula and the shores of the Chukchi Sea and the Bering Sea region of the Arctic Ocean within the Russian Federation.
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Chungcheong (Chungcheong-do) was one of the eight provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty.
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A clade (from κλάδος, klados, "branch"), also known as monophyletic group, is a group of organisms that consists of a common ancestor and all its lineal descendants, and represents a single "branch" on the "tree of life".
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In linguistics, cognates are words that have a common etymological origin.
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Cohen (כֹּהֵן, kōhēn, "priest") is a Jewish surname of biblical origins (see: Kohen).
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Colonisation or colonization is the process in biology by which a species spreads to new areas.
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Craniometry is measurement of the cranium (the main part of the skull), usually the human cranium.
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The Cyrillic script is a writing system used for various alphabets across Eurasia (particularity in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and North Asia).
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Cytochrome c oxidase subunit II
Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 2, also known as cytochrome c oxidase polypeptide II, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MT-CO2 gene.
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In molecular biology, a displacement loop or D-loop is a DNA structure where the two strands of a double-stranded DNA molecule are separated for a stretch and held apart by a third strand of DNA.
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The Dai people (Kam Mueang:; Thai: ไท; Shan: တႆး; Tai Nüa: ᥖᥭᥰ) are one of several ethnic groups living in the Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture and the Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (both in southern Yunnan, China), but by extension can apply to groups in Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, and Myanmar when Dai is used to mean specifically Tai Yai, Lue, Chinese Shan, Tai Dam, Tai Khao or even Tai in general.
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The Daur people (Khalkha Mongolian: Дагуур/Daguur;; the former name "Dahur" is considered derogatory) are a Mongolic-speaking ethnic group in northeastern China.
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Demographics of South Korea
This article is about the demographic features of the population of South Korea, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
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Digital object identifier
In computing, a Digital Object Identifier or DOI is a persistent identifier or handle used to uniquely identify objects, standardized by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
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Division of Korea
The division of Korea between North and South Korea occurred after World War II, ending the Empire of Japan's 35-year rule over Korea in 1945.
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A dolmen is a type of single-chamber megalithic tomb, usually consisting of two or more vertical megaliths supporting a large flat horizontal capstone or "table".
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East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.
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East Asian people
East Asian people or East Asians is a term used for ethnic groups that are indigenous to East Asia, which consists of Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Japan, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, and Taiwan.
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East China or Eastern China is a geographical and a loosely defined cultural region that covers the eastern coastal area of China.
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Emeritus, in its current usage, is an adjective used to designate a retired professor, pastor, bishop, pope, director, president, prime minister, or other person.
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Endogamy is the practice of marrying within a specific social group, caste or ethnic group, rejecting those from others as unsuitable for marriage or other close personal relationships.
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Eskimo is an English term for the indigenous peoples who have traditionally inhabited the northern circumpolar region from eastern Siberia (Russia) to across Alaska (of the United States), Canada, and Greenland.
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An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
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Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
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The Far East is a geographical term in English that usually refers to East Asia (including Northeast Asia), the Russian Far East (part of North Asia), and Southeast Asia.
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Filipinos (Mga Pilipino) are the people who are native to, or identified with the country of the Philippines.
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In population genetics, the founder effect is the loss of genetic variation that occurs when a new population is established by a very small number of individuals from a larger population.
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Gangwon Province, South Korea
Gangwon-do is a province of South Korea, with its capital at Chuncheon.
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Gene mapping describes the methods used to identify the locus of a gene and the distances between genes.
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Genealogy (from γενεαλογία from γενεά, "generation" and λόγος, "knowledge"), also known as family history, is the study of families and the tracing of their lineages and history.
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A genetic marker is a gene or DNA sequence with a known location on a chromosome that can be used to identify individuals or species.
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Genetic structure refers to any pattern in the genetic makeup of individuals within a population.
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The Genographic Project, launched on April 13, 2005 by the National Geographic Society, is an ongoing genetic anthropological study that aims to map historical human migration patterns by collecting and analyzing DNA samples.
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In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism.
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Gimje (Gimje-si) is a city in North Jeolla Province, South Korea.
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Goguryeo (37 BCE–668 CE), also called Goryeo was a Korean kingdom located in the northern and central parts of the Korean Peninsula and the southern and central parts of Manchuria.
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Goryeo (918–1392), also spelled as Koryŏ, was a Korean kingdom established in 918 by King Taejo.
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Goryeong County (Goryeong-gun) is a county in North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea.
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Greater Los Angeles
Greater Los Angeles is the second-largest urban region in the United States, encompassing five counties in southern California, extending from Ventura County in the west to San Bernardino County and Riverside County on the east, with Los Angeles County in the center and Orange County to the southeast.
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Gwangju is the sixth largest city in South Korea.
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Gyeonggi-do (Hangul: 경기도) is the most populous province in South Korea.
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Gyeongju (경주), historically known as Seorabeol (서라벌), is a coastal city in the far southeastern corner of North Gyeongsang Province in South Korea.
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Gyeongsang (경상도, Gyeongsang-do) was one of the eight provinces of Korea during the Joseon dynasty.
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The Han Chinese,.
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Hanbok (South Korea) or Joseon-ot (North Korea) is the representative example of traditional Korean dress.
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The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul (from Korean hangeul 한글), has been used to write the Korean language since its creation in the 15th century by Sejong the Great.
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Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters.
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Haplogroup A (mtDNA)
In human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup A is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.
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Haplogroup B (mtDNA)
In human mitochondrial genetics, haplogroup B is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.
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Haplogroup C (mtDNA)
In human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup C is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.
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Haplogroup C-M217, also known as C2 (and previously as C3), is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.
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Haplogroup D (mtDNA)
In human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup D is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.
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In human genetics, Haplogroup D-M174 is a Y-chromosome haplogroup.
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Haplogroup D-M55 also known as Haplogroup D1b is a Y-chromosome haplogroup.
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Haplogroup F (mtDNA)
Haplogroup F is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.
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Haplogroup G (mtDNA)
In human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup G is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.
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Haplogroup M (mtDNA)
Haplogroup M is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.
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Haplogroup N (mtDNA)
Haplogroup N is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) clade.
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Haplogroup N (M231) is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup defined by the presence of the SNP marker M231.
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In human genetics, Haplogroup O-M119 is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.
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In human population genetics, haplogroups define the major lineages of direct paternal (male) lines back to a shared common ancestor in Africa.
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In human population genetics, Y-Chromosome haplogroups define the major lineages of direct paternal (male) lines back to a shared common ancestor in Africa.
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In human genetics, Haplogroup O-M268, also known as O1b, is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.
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Haplogroup Q or Q-M242 is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup. It has one primary subclade, Haplogroup Q1 (L232/S432), which includes numerous subclades that have been sampled and identified in males among modern populations. Q-M242 is the predominant Y-DNA haplogroup among Native Americans and several peoples of Central Asia and Northern Siberia. It is also the predominant Y-DNA of the Akha tribe in northern Thailand and the Dayak people of Indonesia.
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Haplogroup R (mtDNA)
Haplogroup R is a widely distributed human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.
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Haplogroup R1, or R-M173, is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.
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Haplogroup Y (mtDNA)
In human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup Y is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.
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In human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup Z is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.
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Homogeneity and heterogeneity
Homogeneity and heterogeneity are concepts often used in the sciences and statistics relating to the uniformity in a substance or organism.
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Human factors and ergonomics
Human factors and ergonomics (commonly referred to as Human Factors), is the application of psychological and physiological principles to the (engineering and) design of products, processes, and systems.
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Human genetic clustering
Human genetic clustering is the degree to which human genetic variation can be partitioned into a small number of groups or clusters.
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Human Genetics (journal)
Human Genetics is a peer-reviewed medical journal covering all aspects of human genetics, including legal and social issues.
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Human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup
In human genetics, a human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup is a haplogroup defined by differences in human mitochondrial DNA.
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Human mitochondrial genetics
Human mitochondrial genetics is the study of the genetics of human mitochondrial DNA (the DNA contained in human mitochondria).
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Human sex ratio
In anthropology and demography, the human sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population.
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Human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup
In human genetics, a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup is a haplogroup defined by mutations in the non-recombining portions of DNA from the Y-chromosome (called Y-DNA).
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A hunter-gatherer is a human living in a society in which most or all food is obtained by foraging (collecting wild plants and pursuing wild animals), in contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated species.
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Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965
The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 (H.R. 2580), also known as the Hart–Celler Act, changed the way quotas were allocated by ending the National Origins Formula that had been in place in the United States since the Emergency Quota Act of 1921.
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Immunoglobulin G (IgG) is a type of antibody.
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Indigenous peoples of Siberia
Including the Russian Far East, the population of Siberia numbers just above 40 million people.
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Indigenous peoples of the Americas
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
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Indonesians (Indonesian: Orang Indonesia) are citizens of Indonesia, regardless of their race, ethnicity or religious background.
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Inner Mongolia, officially the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region or Nei Mongol Autonomous Region (Ѳвѳр Монголын Ѳѳртѳѳ Засах Орон in Mongolian Cyrillic), is one of the autonomous regions of China, located in the north of the country.
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International HapMap Project
The International HapMap Project was an organization that aimed to develop a haplotype map (HapMap) of the human genome, to describe the common patterns of human genetic variation.
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Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
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Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
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Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
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are a nation and an ethnic group that is native to Japan and makes up 98.5% of the total population of that country.
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Jecheon is a city in North Chungcheong Province, South Korea.
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Jeju Island (Hangul: 제주도, Jejudo; previously Cheju-do) is the largest island off the coast of the Korean Peninsula, and the main island of Jeju Province of South Korea.
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Jeju Province, officially Jeju Self-Governing Province, is one of the nine provinces of South Korea.
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Jeolla Province was a province in southwestern Korea, one of the historical Eight Provinces of Korea during the Kingdom of Joseon.
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Jeonju is the 16th largest city in South Korea and the capital of North Jeolla Province.
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Jeulmun pottery period
The Jeulmun Pottery Period is an archaeological era in Korean prehistory broadly spanning the period of 8000–1500 BC.
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The Joseon dynasty (also transcribed as Chosŏn or Chosun, 조선; officially the Kingdom of Great Joseon, 대조선국) was a Korean dynastic kingdom that lasted for approximately five centuries.
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Journal of Human Genetics
The Journal of Human Genetics is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering all aspects of human genetics and genomics.
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, commonly called South Sakhalin, was the Japanese administrative division corresponding to Japanese territory on southern Sakhalin island from 1905 to 1945.
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The Kazakhs (also spelled Kazaks, Qazaqs; Қазақ, Qazaq, قازاق, Qazaqtar, Қазақтар, قازاقتار; the English name is transliterated from Russian) are a Turkic people who mainly inhabit the southern part of Eastern Europe and the Ural mountains and northern parts of Central Asia (largely Kazakhstan, but also parts of Uzbekistan, China, Russia and Mongolia), the region also known as the Eurasian sub-continent.
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Khmer people (ខ្មែរ,, Northern Khmer pronunciation) are a Southeast Asian ethnic group native to Cambodia, accounting for 97.6% of the country's 15.9 million people.
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Kim Il-sung (or Kim Il Sung) (born Kim Sŏng-ju; 15 April 1912 – 8 July 1994) was the first leader of North Korea, from its establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994.
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is the sixth-largest city in Japan and the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture.
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Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.
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The Korea Foundation (Korean: 한국국제교류재단, Hanja: 韓國國際交流財團) is a non-profit public diplomacy organization established in 1991 to promote a better understanding of Korea and strengthen friendships in the international community." The Foundation carries out various projects for exchange between the Republic of Korea and foreign countries to cultivate mutual understanding.
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Korea JoongAng Daily
Korea JoongAng Daily is the English language version of the South Korean national daily newspaper JoongAng Ilbo.
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Korea under Japanese rule
Korea under Japanese rule began with the end of the short-lived Korean Empire in 1910 and ended at the conclusion of World War II in 1945.
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Korea.net or KOREA.net is the official web portal of the South Korean government.
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Korean Americans (Hangul: 한국계 미국인, Hanja: 韓國系美國人, Hangukgye Migukin) are Americans of Korean heritage or descent, mostly from South Korea, and with a very small minority from North Korea, China, Japan and Post-Soviet states.
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Korean Australians are Australian citizens who trace their Korean ancestry and identify themselves as an immigrant to or a descendant born in Australia.
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Korean Buddhism is distinguished from other forms of Buddhism by its attempt to resolve what it sees as inconsistencies in Mahayana Buddhism.
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Korean Canadians are Canadian citizens of Korean ancestry.
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The Korean diaspora (South Korea: or; North Korea: or) consists of roughly seven million people, both descendants of early emigrants from the Korean Peninsula, as well as more recent emigres from Korea.
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Korean ethnic nationalism
Korean ethnic nationalism, or racial nationalism, is a political ideology and a form of ethnic identity that is widely prevalent in modern North and South Korea.
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The Korean language (Chosŏn'gŭl/Hangul: 조선말/한국어; Hanja: 朝鮮말/韓國語) is an East Asian language spoken by about 80 million people.
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Korean nationality (한국국적) refers to citizenship of the Korea.
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The Korean Peninsula is a peninsula of Eurasia located in East Asia.
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Korean shamanism, also known as Shinism (Hangul 신교, Hanja 神敎; Shingyo or Shinkyo, "religion of the spirits/gods"), or Shindo (Hangul: 신도; Hanja: 神道, "way of the spirits/gods"), is the collective term for the ethnic religions of Korea which date back to prehistory, and consist in the worship of gods (신 shin) and ancestors (조상 josang).
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Korean Unification Flag
The Korean Unification Flag is a flag designed to represent all of Korea when North and South Korea participate as one team in sporting events.
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Koreans in China
The population of Koreans in China include millions of descendants of Korean immigrants with citizenship of the People's Republic of China, as well as smaller groups of South and North Korean expatriates, with a total of roughly 2.3 million people, making it the largest ethnic Korean population living outside the Korean Peninsula.
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Koreans in Germany
Koreans in Germany numbered 31,248 individuals, according to the statistics of South Korea's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
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Koreans in Japan
comprise ethnic Koreans who have permanent residency status in Japan, or who have become Japanese citizens, and whose immigration to Japan originated before 1945, or who are descendents of those immigrants.
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Koreans in the Philippines
Koreans in the Philippines, largely consisting of expatriates from South Korea, form the largest Korean diaspora community in Southeast Asia and the ninth-largest in the world, after Koreans in Kazakhstan and before Koreans in Vietnam.
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Koreans in the United Kingdom
Koreans in the United Kingdom include Korean-born migrants to the United Kingdom and their British-born descendants tracing ancestries from North Korea and South Korea.
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Koreans in Vietnam
Koreans in Vietnam is a community of Vietnam with a population of Korean expatriates along with Vietnamese citizens of Korean ancestry.
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A Koreatown (코리아타운 Koliataun), also known as a Little Korea or Little Seoul, is a Korean-dominated ethnic enclave within a city or metropolitan area outside the Korean Peninsula.
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Koryo-saram (Корё сарам; 고려사람) or Koryoin (고려인) is the name which ethnic Koreans in the post-Soviet states use to refer to themselves.
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is the third largest island of Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands.
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The Lahu people (Lahu: Ladhulsi / Kawzhawd; La Hủ) are an ethnic group of China and Mainland Southeast Asia.
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The method of least squares is a standard approach in regression analysis to approximate the solution of overdetermined systems, i.e., sets of equations in which there are more equations than unknowns.
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Levi or Lévi is a Jewish surname.
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Levine (French transliteration from Russian) / Levin (English transliteration from Russian Левин) is a common Jewish surname.
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Liaoning bronze dagger culture
The Liaoning bronze dagger culture is an archeological complex of the late Bronze Age in Korea and China.
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List of Korean surnames
This is a list of Korean family names, in Hangul alphabetical order.
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List of people of Korean descent
This is a list of notable Koreans or notable people of Korean descent.
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Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza
Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza (born 25 January 1922) is an Italian-born population geneticist, who has been a professor (now emeritus) at Stanford University since 1970.
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Lysine (symbol Lys or K) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
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is a term to distinguish the area of Japan from its outlying territories.
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The Malay Peninsula (Tanah Melayu, تانه ملايو; คาบสมุทรมลายู,, မလေး ကျွန်းဆွယ်, 马来半岛 / 馬來半島) is a peninsula in Southeast Asia.
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The Manchu are an ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.
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Manchukuo was a puppet state of the Empire of Japan in Northeast China and Inner Mongolia from 1932 until 1945.
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Manchuria is a name first used in the 17th century by Chinese people to refer to a large geographic region in Northeast Asia.
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In mathematics, mean has several different definitions depending on the context.
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The melting pot is a monocultural metaphor for a heterogeneous society becoming more homogeneous, the different elements "melting together" into a harmonious whole with a common culture or vice versa, for a homogeneous society becoming more heterogeneous through the influx of foreign elements with different cultural background with a potential creation of disharmony with the previous culture.
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Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
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The Miao is an ethnic group belonging to South China, and is recognized by the government of China as one of the 55 official minority groups.
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A microsatellite is a tract of repetitive DNA in which certain DNA motifs (ranging in length from 1–6 or more base pairs) are repeated, typically 5–50 times.
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Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA or mDNA) is the DNA located in mitochondria, cellular organelles within eukaryotic cells that convert chemical energy from food into a form that cells can use, adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
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Mongoloid is a grouping of all or some peoples indigenous to East Asia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia, North Asia, South Asia, the Arctic, the Americas and the Pacific Islands.
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The Mongols (ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ, Mongolchuud) are an East-Central Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
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The Monguor or Tu people, White Mongol or Tsagaan Mongol are one of the 56 officially recognized ethnic groups in China.
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Mosesמֹשֶׁה, Modern Tiberian ISO 259-3; ܡܘܫܐ Mūše; موسى; Mωϋσῆς was a prophet in the Abrahamic religions.
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Mumun pottery period
The Mumun pottery period is an archaeological era in Korean prehistory that dates to approximately 1500-300 BC This period is named after the Korean name for undecorated or plain cooking and storage vessels that form a large part of the pottery assemblage over the entire length of the period, but especially 850-550 BC.
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Na-Dene (also Nadene, Na-Dené, Athabaskan–Eyak–Tlingit, Tlina–Dene) is a family of Native American languages that includes at least the Athabaskan languages, Eyak, and Tlingit languages.
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Naju is a city in South Jeolla Province, South Korea.
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The Nakhi or Nashi (endonym: ¹na²khi) are an ethnic group inhabiting the foothills of the Himalayas in the northwestern part of Yunnan Province, as well as the southwestern part of Sichuan Province in China.
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Names of Korea
There are various names of Korea in use today, derived from ancient kingdoms and dynasties.
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The Nanai people are a Tungusic people of the Far East, who have traditionally lived along Heilongjiang (Amur), Songhuajiang (Sunggari) and Ussuri rivers on the Middle Amur Basin.
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A nation state (or nation-state), in the most specific sense, is a country where a distinct cultural or ethnic group (a "nation" or "people") inhabits a territory and have formed a state (often a sovereign state) that they predominantly govern.
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In bioinformatics, neighbor joining is a bottom-up (agglomerative) clustering method for the creation of phylogenetic trees, created by Naruya Saitou and Masatoshi Nei in 1987.
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New York metropolitan area
The New York metropolitan area, also referred to as the Tri-State Area, is the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass, at 4,495 mi2 (11,642 km2).
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Nicholas Eberstadt (born 1955) is an American political economist.
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North Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl:조선; Hanja:朝鮮; Chosŏn), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.
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North Korean standard language
North Korean standard language or Munhwaŏ is the North Korean standard version of Korean language.
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Northeast China or Dongbei is a geographical region of China.
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Nuclear DNA, or nuclear deoxyribonucleic acid (nDNA), is the DNA contained within the nucleus of a eukaryotic organism.
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The Oroqen people (Mongolian:; also spelt Orochen or Orochon) are an ethnic group in northern China.
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Osaka Medical College
is a private university in Takatsuki, Osaka, Japan.
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In statistics, an outlier is an observation point that is distant from other observations.
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Pak Noja (born Vladimir Tikhonov on February 5, 1973) is a Russian-born South Korean academic of Korean studies, and columnist.
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A phylogenetic tree or evolutionary tree is a branching diagram or "tree" showing the evolutionary relationships among various biological species or other entities—their phylogeny—based upon similarities and differences in their physical or genetic characteristics.
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PLOS One (stylized PLOS ONE, and formerly PLoS ONE) is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal published by the Public Library of Science (PLOS) since 2006.
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Principal component analysis
Principal component analysis (PCA) is a statistical procedure that uses an orthogonal transformation to convert a set of observations of possibly correlated variables into a set of values of linearly uncorrelated variables called principal components.
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Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
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Pyeongchang (in full, Pyeongchang-gun) is a county in the province of Gangwon-do, South Korea, located in the Taebaek Mountains region.
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Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
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Royal Free Hospital
The Royal Free Hospital (also known simply as the Royal Free) is a major teaching hospital in Hampstead, London.
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Russian Far East
The Russian Far East (p) comprises the Russian part of the Far East - the extreme eastern territory of Russia, between Lake Baikal in Eastern Siberia and the Pacific Ocean.
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The; also Lewchewan or) are the indigenous peoples of the Ryukyu Islands between the islands of Kyushu and Taiwan. Politically, they live in either Okinawa Prefecture or Kagoshima Prefecture. Their languages make up the Ryukyuan languages, considered to be one of the two branches of the Japonic language family, the other being Japanese and its dialects. Ryukyuans are not a recognized minority group in Japan, as Japanese authorities consider them just a subgroup of the Japanese people, akin to the Yamato people and Ainu. Although unrecognized, Ryukyuans constitute the largest ethnolinguistic minority group in Japan, with 1.3 million living in Okinawa Prefecture alone. There is also a considerable Ryukyuan diaspora. As many as 600,000 more ethnic Ryukyuans and their descendants are dispersed elsewhere in Japan and worldwide; mostly in Hawaii and, to a lesser extent, in other territories where there is also a sizable Japanese diaspora. In the majority of countries, the Ryukyuan and Japanese diaspora are not differentiated so there are no reliable statistics for the former. Recent genetic and anthropological studies indicate that the Ryukyuans are significantly related to the Ainu people and share the ancestry with the indigenous prehistoric Jōmon period (pre 10,000–1,000 BCE) people, who arrived from Southeast Asia, and with the Yamato people who are mostly an admixture of the Yayoi period (1,000 BCE–300 CE) migrants from East Asia (specifically China and the Korean peninsula). The Ryukyuans have a specific culture with some matriarchal elements, native religion, and cuisine which had fairly late 12th century introduction of rice. The population lived on the islands in isolation for many centuries, and in the 14th century from the three divided Okinawan political polities emerged the Ryukyu Kingdom (1429–1879) which continued the maritime trade and tributary relations started in 1372 with Ming dynasty China. In 1609 the kingdom was invaded by Satsuma Domain which allowed its independence being in vassal status because the Tokugawa Japan was prohibited to trade with China, being in dual subordinate status between both China and Japan. During the Meiji period, the kingdom became Ryukyu Domain (1872–1879), after which it was politically annexed by the Empire of Japan. In 1879, after the annexation, the territory was reorganized as Okinawa Prefecture with the last king Shō Tai forcibly exiled to Tokyo. China renounced its claims to the islands in 1895. During this period, Okinawan ethnic identity, tradition, culture and language were suppressed by the Meiji government, which sought to assimilate the Ryukyuan people as Japanese (Yamato). After World War II, the Ryūkyū Islands were occupied by the United States between 1945–1950 and 1950–1972. During this time, there were many violations of human rights. Since the end of World War II, there exists strong resentment against the Japanese government and US military facilities stationed in Okinawa, as seen in the Ryukyu independence movement. United Nations special rapporteur on discrimination and racism Doudou Diène in his 2006 report, noted perceptible level of discrimination and xenophobia against the Ryukyuans, with the most serious discrimination they endure linked to their dislike of American military installations in the archipelago. An investigation into fundamental human rights was suggested.
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Sakhalin Koreans are Russian citizens and residents of Korean descent living on Sakhalin Island, who trace their roots to the immigrants from the Gyeongsang and Jeolla provinces of Korea during the late 1930s and early 1940s, the latter half of the Japanese colonial era.
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Science Advances is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary open-access scientific journal established in early 2015.
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The Shandong Peninsula is a peninsula in Shandong province in eastern China, between the Bohai Sea to the north and the Yellow Sea to the south.
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The She (畲) people (She Hakka:; Cantonese:; Fuzhou) are a Chinese ethnic group.
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The Sibe or Xibo are a Tungusic people living mostly in Xinjiang, Jilin (bordering North Korea) and Shenyang in Liaoning.
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Silla (57 BC57 BC according to the Samguk Sagi; however Seth 2010 notes that "these dates are dutifully given in many textbooks and published materials in Korea today, but their basis is in myth; only Goguryeo may be traced back to a time period that is anywhere near its legendary founding." – 935 AD) was a kingdom located in southern and central parts of the Korean Peninsula.
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A single-nucleotide polymorphism, often abbreviated to SNP (plural), is a variation in a single nucleotide that occurs at a specific position in the genome, where each variation is present to some appreciable degree within a population (e.g. > 1%).
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South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
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South Korean standard language
South Korean standard language or Pyojun-eo (표준어) is the South Korean standard version of the Korean language.
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The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
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Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California.
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Supreme People's Assembly
The Supreme People's Assembly (Chosongul: 최고 인민 회의) is the unicameral legislature of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), commonly known as North Korea.
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Taejo of Joseon
Taejo of Joseon (27 October 1335 – 24 May 1408), born Yi Seong-gye, whose changed name is Yi Dan, was the founder and the first king of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea reigning from 1392 to 1398, and the main figure in overthrowing the Goryeo Dynasty.
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Taylor & Francis
Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals.
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Thai people or the Thais (ชาวไทย), also known as Siamese (ไทยสยาม), are a nation and Tai ethnic group native to Southeast Asia, primarily living mainly Central Thailand (Siamese proper).
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The exodus is the founding myth of Jews and Samaritans.
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The Hankyoreh (literally "The Korean Nation" or "One Nation") is a daily newspaper in South Korea.
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The Korea Times
The Korea Times is the oldest of three English-language newspapers published daily in South Korea.
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Three Kingdoms of Korea
The concept of the Three Kingdoms of Korea refers to the three kingdoms of Baekje (백제), Silla (신라) and Goguryeo (고구려).
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The Tibetan people are an ethnic group native to Tibet.
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, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
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A transfer RNA (abbreviated tRNA and formerly referred to as sRNA, for soluble RNA) is an adaptor molecule composed of RNA, typically 76 to 90 nucleotides in length, that serves as the physical link between the mRNA and the amino acid sequence of proteins.
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The Tujia (Northern Tujia: Bifzivkar, IPA:pi˧˥ ʦi˥ kʰa˨˩; Southern Tujia: Mongrzzir, IPA: /mõ˨˩ ʣi˨˩/; Chinese: 土家族, pinyin: Tǔjiāzú), with a total population of over 8 million, is the 8th largest ethnic minority in the People's Republic of China.
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The Ulch (ульчи, obsoletehttp://bse.sci-lib.com/article084324.html --> ольчи; self designation: нани, nani) are an indigenous paleo-asian people of the Russian Far East who now speak a Tungusic language, Ulch.
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Ulsan, officially the Ulsan Metropolitan City, is South Korea's seventh-largest metropolis with a population of over 1.1 million inhabitants.
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Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology
Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, simply referred to as UNIST, is one of the four public universities in South Korea which are dedicated to research in science and technology, along with KAIST, GIST, and DGIST.
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United Nations Population Fund
The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), formerly the United Nations Fund for Population Activities, is a UN organization.
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United States Census
The United States Census is a decennial census mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution, which states: "Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States...
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University College London
University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
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University of California Press
University of California Press, otherwise known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing.
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University of Pennsylvania School of Arts and Sciences
The University of Pennsylvania School of Arts and Sciences (also known as SAS) is the home of the humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences at the University of Pennsylvania.
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University of Texas at Austin
The University of Texas at Austin (UT, UT Austin, or Texas) is a public research university and the flagship institution of the University of Texas System.
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The Vietnamese people or the Kinh people (người Việt or người Kinh), are an ethnic group originating from present-day northern Vietnam.
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Western China (or rarely) is the west of China.
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Wonju is the most populous city in Gangwon province, South Korea.
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Work & Stress
Work & Stress is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering occupational health psychology and workplace health and safety.
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The workforce or labour force (labor force in American English; see spelling differences) is the labour pool in employment.
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Yakuts (Саха, Sakha) are a Turkic people who mainly inhabit the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) in North East Asia.
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Yanji (Yeon-gil or Yenji in Korean, formerly romanized as Yenki) is a county-level city in the east of China's Jilin Province, and is the seat of the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture.
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The were migrants to the Japanese archipelago from the continental Asia (China or Korea) in Yayoi period (1000 BCE–300 CE).
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The is an Iron Age era in the history of Japan traditionally dated 300 BC–300 AD.
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The Yellow Sea or West Sea is located between China and Korea.
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Yeoncheon County (Yeoncheon-gun) is a county in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea.
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The Yi or Nuosuo people (historically known as Lolo) are an ethnic group in China, Vietnam, and Thailand.
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Yunnan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the far southwest of the country.
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Year 18 BC was either a common year starting on Friday, Saturday or Sunday or a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a common year starting on Thursday of the Proleptic Julian calendar.
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Year 22 BC was either a common year starting on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday or a leap year starting on Sunday or Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a common year starting on Saturday of the Proleptic Julian calendar.
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Year 37 BC was either a common year starting on Monday, Tuesday or Wednesday or a leap year starting on Monday or Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a leap year starting on Monday of the Proleptic Julian calendar.
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Year 568 (DLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Choson people, Chosonese, Chosonin, Chosonminjok, Chosŏnese, Corean people, Coreanos, Coreans, Ethnic Korean, Genetic studies on Koreans, Han Korean, Hangukin, Hanminjok, Joseonminjok, Korean (people), Korean People, Korean ethnicity, Korean people, Korean person, South Altaic people, 朝鮮人, 韓國人, 韓民族, 조선인, 한민족.