413 relations: Aérospatiale Gazelle, ABC-CLIO, Adem Demaçi, Adem Jashari, Adriatic Sea, Aerial warfare, Agim Çeku, AIM-9 Sidewinder, Airstrike, AK-47, AKM, ALARM, Albania, Albania–Yugoslav border incident (April 1999), Albanian Civil War, Albanian language, Albanian National Army, Albanians, Albanians in Montenegro, Albanians in Serbia, Albanians in the Republic of Macedonia, Allied Rapid Reaction Corps, Amnesty International, AMX International AMX, Anti-bureaucratic revolution, Ariel Sharon, Armed Forces of Serbia and Montenegro, Armed Forces of the Republic of Kosovo, Armoured personnel carrier, Arms trafficking, Armsel Striker, Assembly of the Republic of Kosovo, Associated Press, Atlanta, Australia, Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija, Aviano Air Base, Awards and decorations of the United States Armed Forces, Azem Vllasi, Čačak, Šabac, Ba'athist Iraq, Bajram Curri (town), Batajnica Air Base, BBC, BBC News, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Belgrade, Bill Clinton, Boeing AH-64 Apache, ..., Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, Boeing E-3 Sentry, Boris Yeltsin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, BOV (APC), British Army, Bujar Bukoshi, Bulgaria, BVP M-80, Cambodia, Camp Bondsteel, Camp Monteith, Carla Del Ponte, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Central Intelligence Agency, Central Serbia, Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, Château de Rambouillet, Chief warrant officer, China, Christopher Hitchens, Christopher R. Hill, Clinton–Lewinsky scandal, CNN, Cold War, Convoy, Croatia, Cruise missile, Dassault Mirage 2000, David Binder (journalist), Dayton Agreement, Deçan, Democratic League of Kosovo, Democratic Party (United States), Democratic Party of Albania, Denmark, Der Spiegel, Desecration, Directorate-General for External Security, Dragiša Pavlović, Dragoljub Ojdanić, Drenica, Dubrava Prison bombings and executions, Egypt, Enver Hoxha, Ethnic cleansing, European Union, Expulsion of the Albanians 1877–1878, Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II, Fatmir Limaj, Fehmi Agani, Ferizaj, Finland, First Balkan War, Forsvarets Spesialkommando, France, French Army, Frontline (U.S. TV series), General Atomics MQ-1 Predator, General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon, Gerhard Schröder, German Air Force, German Army, Gjakova, Gjakova Airport, Global Positioning System, Glogovac, Gornje Obrinje massacre, Government of Serbia, Greater Albania, Greece, Greeks, Grumman F-14 Tomcat, Guerrilla warfare, H-Net, Hamëz Jashari, Haradin Bala, Harrier Jump Jet, Hashim Thaçi, Hærens Jegerkommando, Hellenic Army, Human Rights Watch, Humanitarian Law Center, Humvee, Ibrahim Rugova, Incident at Pristina airport, Independent International Commission on Kosovo, India, Indonesia, Injury, Institute for War and Peace Reporting, Insurgency, Insurgency in the Preševo Valley, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, International Crisis Group, International decoration, International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, International Viewpoint, Isak Musliu, Israel, Italian Army, Italy, Jakup Krasniqi, James Blunt, Japan, Javier Solana, Jiang Zemin, John Howard, Jordan, Josip Broz Tito, Kaçanik, Kaqusha Jashari, Keizō Obuchi, Kofi Annan, Kosovo, Kosovo Albanians, Kosovo Campaign Medal, Kosovo Diplomatic Observer Mission, Kosovo Force, Kosovo Liberation Army, Kosovo Police, Kosovo Polje, Kosovo Serbs, Kosovo Specialist Chambers and Specialist Prosecutor’s Office, Kosovo Verification Mission, Kragujevac, Kukës, Kumanovo Agreement, Lapušnik prison camp, Law enforcement in Serbia, League of Communists of Kosovo, League of Communists of Serbia, League of Communists of Yugoslavia, Left-wing politics, Legitimacy of the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, Liberation Army of Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac, Likoshan, List of NATO operations, Lockheed AC-130, Lockheed F-104 Starfighter, Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk, Lockheed L-1011 TriStar, M-84, M79 Osa, M80 Zolja, Madeleine Albright, Malaysia, Mališevo, Marina Blagojević, Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, Mark Thompson (reporter), Martti Ahtisaari, Mary Kaldor, Masahiko Kōmura, Massimo D'Alema, McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier II, McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle, McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle, McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II, McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet, Michael Ignatieff, Mike Jackson (British Army officer), Mikoyan MiG-29, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21, Milan Milutinović, Milo Đukanović, Ministry of Internal Affairs (Serbia), Mitrovica, Kosovo, Montenegrins, Montenegro, Morava Airport, Mosque, Mountain warfare, Muammar Gaddafi, National Liberation Army (Macedonia), Nationalism, NATO, NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, NATO Medal, Nebojša Pavković, New Statesman, Newsweek, Nikola Šainović, North Atlantic Council, North Carolina, Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit, Northrop Grumman E-8 Joint STARS, Northrop Grumman EA-6B Prowler, Norway, Novi Sad, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Operation Horseshoe, Orahovac, Organ theft in Kosovo, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Overthrow of Slobodan Milošević, Oxford University Press, Pakistan, Panavia Tornado, Panavia Tornado ADV, Pančevo, Paraćin massacre, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Peć, People's Movement of Kosovo, People's Socialist Republic of Albania, Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, Podgorica Airbase, Podujevo, Politics of the Netherlands, Politiken, Portland State University, Preševo Valley, Presidency of Yugoslavia, President of Russia, President of Serbia, Principality of Serbia, Pristina, Pristina International Airport, Prizren, R. Jeffrey Smith, Račak massacre, Rambouillet Agreement, Ramush Haradinaj, Red Army, Refugee, Republic of Macedonia, Republican Party (United States), Resistance movement, Rexhep Qosja, Richard A. Falk, Richard Holbrooke, Rockwell B-1 Lancer, Romani people, Romano Prodi, RPK, Russia, S-125 Neva/Pechora, Sabotage, Sali Berisha, SANU Memorandum, Secretary General of NATO, SEPECAT Jaguar, Serbia and Montenegro, Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Serbian foreign mediation in Kosovo referendum, 1998, Serbian Orthodox Church, Serbian Radical Party, Serbs, Sexual assault, SHIK, Shuttle diplomacy, Siege of Dubrovnik, Siege of Sarajevo, Silvio Berlusconi, SKS, Slatina Air Base, Slobodan Milošević, Slovenia, Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo, Socialist Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Socialist Party of Serbia, Socialist Republic of Serbia, Soko J-22 Orao, Southeast European Times, Special Air Service, Sreten Lukić, Stabilisation Force in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Staro Gracko massacre, State of emergency, State Security Administration, State Security Service (FR Yugoslavia), Stealth aircraft, Supreme Allied Commander Europe, Susan Sontag, Suva Reka, Sylejman Selimi, T-54/T-55, Tadeusz Mazowiecki, Television in Serbia, Terrorism, The Economist, The Globe and Mail, The Guardian, The Holocaust, The Lancet, The Nation, The New York Times, The Observer, The Washington Post, The Washington Times, Tirana, Tomahawk (missile), Tony Blair, Toronto Star, Type 56 assault rifle, Type 63 assault rifle, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Nations, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, United Nations Security Council, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1199, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244, United Nations special rapporteur, United States, United States Air Force, United States Armed Forces, United States Army, United States bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade, United States Department of State, United States Senate, University of Belgrade, University of Pristina (1969–99), Unmanned aerial vehicle, Utva Aviation Industry, Václav Havel, Veton Surroi, Vietnam, Vladimir Lazarević, Vlajko Stojiljković, Vlastimir Đorđević, Vojislav Šešelj, Vojislav Koštunica, Vojvodina, Vučitrn, War in Afghanistan (2001–present), Warsaw, Wesley Clark, Western world, William Walker (diplomat), World War I, World War II, Xhemail Mustafa, Yugoslav People's Army, Yugoslav Wars, Zastava Arms, Zastava Koral, Zastava M70, Zastava M72, Zastava M76, Zastava M84, Zastava M90, Zastava M91, Zürich, 122 mm howitzer 2A18 (D-30), 152 mm howitzer M1943 (D-1), 152 mm towed gun-howitzer M1955 (D-20), 1981 protests in Kosovo, 1999 F-117A shootdown, 2001 insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia, 2003 invasion of Iraq, 2004 unrest in Kosovo, 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence, 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit, 2K12 Kub, 2S1 Gvozdika, 9K31 Strela-1, 9K32 Strela-2, 9K35 Strela-10, 9K38 Igla. 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The Aérospatiale Gazelle is a French five-seat helicopter, commonly used for light transport, scouting and light attack duties.
ABC-CLIO, LLC is a publishing company for academic reference works and periodicals primarily on topics such as history and social sciences for educational and public library settings.
Adem Demaçi (born 26 February 1936 in Podujevë) is a Kosovo Albanian marxist-leninist activist.
Adem Jashari (28 November 1955 – 7 March 1998) was one of the founders of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), a Kosovo Albanian separatist organization which fought for the secession of Kosovo from the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia during the 1990s and the eventual creation of a Greater Albania.
The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula.
Aerial warfare is the battlespace use of military aircraft and other flying machines in warfare.
Agim Çeku (born 29 October 1960) is a Kosovo Albanian politician, currently the Minister of Security Forces in the Republic of Kosovo and formerly the Prime Minister.
The AIM-9 Sidewinder is a short-range air-to-air missile developed by the United States Navy at China Lake, California, in the 1950s, and subsequently adopted by the United States Air Force.
An airstrike or air strike is an offensive operation carried out by attack aircraft.
The AK-47, or AK as it is officially known, also known as the Kalashnikov, is a gas-operated, 7.62×39mm assault rifle, developed in the Soviet Union by Mikhail Kalashnikov.
The AKM is a 7.62mm assault rifle designed by Mikhail Kalashnikov.
ALARM (Air Launched Anti-Radiation Missile) is a British anti-radiation missile designed primarily to destroy enemy radars for the purpose of Suppression of Enemy Air Defense (SEAD).
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
An incident took place on the Albania–Yugoslav border in April 1999 when the FR Yugoslav Army shelled several Albanian border towns around Krumë, Tropojë.
The Albanian Civil War, also known as the Albanian rebellion, Albanian unrest or the Pyramid crisis, was a period of civil disorder in Albania in 1997, sparked by Ponzi scheme failures.
Albanian (shqip, or gjuha shqipe) is a language of the Indo-European family, in which it occupies an independent branch.
The Albanian National Army (ANA; Armata Kombëtare Shqiptare, AKSh), is an Albanian paramilitary organization which operates in the Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Kosovo.
The Albanians (Shqiptarët) are a European ethnic group that is predominantly native to Albania, Kosovo, western Macedonia, southern Serbia, southeastern Montenegro and northwestern Greece, who share a common ancestry, culture and language.
Albanians in Montenegro (Shqiptarët e Malit të Zi; Albanci u Crnoj Gori) are an ethnic group in Montenegro of Albanian descent, which constitute 4.91% of Montenegro's total population.
Albanians in Serbia (Shqiptarët në Serbi; Албанци у Србији / Albanci u Srbiji) are an officially recognized ethnic minority living in the present-day country of Serbia.
Albanians are the largest ethnic minority in the Republic of Macedonia.
The Allied Rapid Reaction Corps (ARRC) is a North Atlantic Treaty Organisation High Readiness Force (Land) Headquarters ready for deployment worldwide.
Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights.
The AMX International AMX is a ground-attack aircraft jointly developed by Brazil and Italy.
The Anti-bureaucratic revolution was a campaign of street protests ran between 1986 and 1989 in former Yugoslavia by supporters of Serbian leader Slobodan Milošević.
Ariel Sharon (אריאל שרון;,, also known by his diminutive Arik, אַריק, born Ariel Scheinermann, אריאל שיינרמן‎; February 26, 1928 – January 11, 2014) was an Israeli general and politician who served as the 11th Prime Minister of Israel from March 2001 until April 2006.
The Armed Forces of Serbia and Montenegro (Војска Србије и Црне Горе/Vojska Srbije i Crne Gore; ВСЦГ/VSCG) included ground forces with internal and border troops, naval forces, air and air defense forces, and civil defense.
The Armed Forces of the Republic of Kosovo (AFRK; Forcat e Armatosura të Republikës së Kosovës (FARK)) was a paramilitary organization, a military wing of the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK), the main right-wing party in Kosovo established by Ibrahim Rugova and Bujar Bukoshi.
An armoured personnel carrier (APC) is a type of armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) designed to transport infantry to the battlefield.
Arms trafficking, also known as gunrunning, is the trafficking of contraband weapons and ammunition.
The Armsel Striker also known as the Sentinel Arms Co Striker-12, Protecta and Protecta Bulldog is a 12-gauge shotgun with a revolving cylinder that was designed for riot control and combat.
The Assembly of the Republic of Kosovo (Kuvendi i Republikës së Kosovës; Скупштина Републике Косово) was originally established by the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo in 2001"" to provide 'provisional, democratic self-government'.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
Atlanta is the capital city and most populous municipality of the state of Georgia in the United States.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Kosovo and Metohija (Косово и Метохија / Kosovo i Metohija (КиМ / KiM), Kosova dhe Dukagjini), officially the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija (Аутономна Покрајина Косово и Метохиja / Autonomna Pokrajina Kosovo i Metohija, Krahina Autonome e Kosovës dhe Metohisë), known as short Kosovo (Косово, Kosova) or simply Kosmet (from '''Kos'''ovo and '''Met'''ohija; Serbian Cyrillic: Космет), refers to the region of Kosovo as defined in the Constitution of Serbia.
Aviano Air Base (Base aerea di Aviano) is a NATO base in northeastern Italy, in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region.
The United States Armed Forces awards and decorations are primarily the medals, service ribbons, and specific badges which recognize military service and personal accomplishments while a member of the U.S. Armed Forces.
Azem Vllasi (born 23 December 1948) is a senior Kosovo Albanian politician and lawyer.
Čačak (Чачак) is a city and the administrative center of the Moravica District in central Serbia.
Šabac (Serbian Cyrillic: Шабац) is a city located in the Mačva region of western Serbia.
Ba'athist Iraq, formally the Iraqi Republic, covers the history of Iraq between 1968 and 2003, during the period of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party's rule.
Bajram Curri is a town situated in northern of Albania, near the border with Kosovo, in a remote, mostly mountainous region.
Batajnica Air Base (Аеродром Бaтajницa / Aerodrom Batajnica) is a military air base in Serbia.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
The Robert and Renée Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs (also known as the Belfer Center) is a permanent research center located within the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.
Belgrade (Beograd / Београд, meaning "White city",; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia.
William Jefferson Clinton (born August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
The Boeing AH-64 Apache is an American twin-turboshaft attack helicopter with a tailwheel-type landing gear arrangement and a tandem cockpit for a two-man crew.
The Boeing B-52 Stratofortress is an American long-range, subsonic, jet-powered strategic bomber.
The Boeing E-3 Sentry, commonly known as AWACS, is an American airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) aircraft developed by Boeing.
Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin (p; 1 February 1931 – 23 April 2007) was a Soviet and Russian politician and the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
The BOV (Борбено оклопно возило (БОВ) / Borbeno oklopno vozilo, literally "Combat Armored Vehicle"), is an all-wheel drive armoured vehicle manufactured in the former Yugoslavia and today in Serbia.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
Bujar Bukoshi (born 13 May 1947 in Suva Reka, FPR Yugoslavia, now Kosovo was the Minister of Healthcare in Kosovo in the first government of Hashim Thaçi. He served as Prime Minister of the self-proclaimed Republic of Kosova from 1991 to 2000. He graduated from the University of Belgrade's Medical School. Bukoshi is one of the founders of the Democratic League of Kosovo and was elected leader of the party.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
The BVP M-80, is a tracked Yugoslavian-made infantry fighting vehicle, produced from the 1980s until the country's collapse in the 1990s.
Cambodia (កម្ពុជា, or Kampuchea:, Cambodge), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə,; Royaume du Cambodge), is a sovereign state located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Camp Bondsteel is the main base of the United States Army under KFOR command in Kosovo.
Camp Monteith was a military base near Gnjilane, Kosovo and located about east of Camp Bondsteel.
Carla Del Ponte (born February 9, 1947) is a former Chief Prosecutor of two United Nations international criminal law tribunals.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the leading national public health institute of the United States.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
Central Serbia (Централна Србија / Centralna Srbija), also referred to as Serbia proper (ужа Србија / uža Srbija), is the part of Serbia lying outside the provinces of Vojvodina to the north and the disputed territory of Kosovo (Kosovo and Metohija) to the south.
Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter sets out the UN Security Council's powers to maintain peace.
The Château de Rambouillet, also known in English as the Castle of Rambouillet, is a château in the town of Rambouillet, Yvelines department, in the Île-de-France region in northern France, southwest of Paris.
Chief Warrant Officer is a military rank used by the United States Armed Forces, the Canadian Armed Forces, the Pakistan Air Force, the Israel Defense Forces, the South African National Defence Force, the Lebanese Armed Forces and, since 2012, the Singapore Armed Forces.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Christopher Eric Hitchens (13 April 1949 – 15 December 2011) was an Anglo-American author, columnist, essayist, orator, religious and literary critic, social critic, and journalist.
Christopher Robert Hill (born August 10, 1952) is an American diplomat who served as the U.S. Ambassador to Iraq from 2009 to 2010.
The Clinton–Lewinsky scandal was an American political sex scandal that involved 49-year-old President Bill Clinton and 22-year-old White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
A convoy is a group of vehicles, typically motor vehicles or ships, traveling together for mutual support and protection.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
A cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets that remains in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.
The Dassault Mirage 2000 is a French multirole, single-engine fourth-generation jet fighter manufactured by Dassault Aviation.
David Binder (born February 22, 1931) is an American journalist, author and lecturer.
The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, also known as the Dayton Agreement, Dayton Accords, Paris Protocol or Dayton–Paris Agreement, (Dejtonski mirovni sporazum, Dejtonski mirovni sporazum, Daytonski sporazum) is the peace agreement reached at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio, United States, in November 1995, and formally signed in Paris, France, on 14 December 1995.
Deçan (Deçani) or Dečani (Дечани), is a town located in Deçan Municipality in the Gjakova District of Kosovo.
The Democratic League of Kosovo (Lidhja Demokratike e Kosovës, LDK) is the second-largest political party in Kosovo.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
The Democratic Party of Albania (Partia Demokratike e Shqipërisë, PD or PDSh) is a conservative political party in Albania.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Der Spiegel (lit. "The Mirror") is a German weekly news magazine published in Hamburg.
Desecration is the act of depriving something of its sacred character, or the disrespectful, contemptuous, or destructive treatment of that which is held to be sacred or holy by a group or individual.
The General Directorate for External Security (Direction générale de la sécurité extérieure, DGSE) is France's external intelligence agency.
Dragiša Pavlović (Kragujevac, 5 October 1943 – Belgrade, 9 September 1996) was a Serbian and Yugoslav communist politician, known primarily as one of the top figures who publicly opposed Slobodan Milošević and tried to prevent his rise to power.
Dragoljub Ojdanić (Serbian Cyrillic: Драгољуб Ојданић) (born 1 June 1941, Ravni near Užice, Kingdom of Yugoslavia) was former Chief of the General Staff and Defence minister of Yugoslavia.
Drenica (Drenicë, Drenica, Дреница) also known as the Drenica Valley, is a hilly region in central Kosovo, covering roughly around of Kosovo's total area (6%).
Dubrava Prison massacre is the war time killing of at least 99 Kosovo Albanian prisoners and the wounding of around 200 prisoners in the Dubrava Prison, in north-western Kosovo between the dates of 22-24 May 1999.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Enver Halil Hoxha (16 October 190811 April 1985) was an Albanian communist politician who served as the head of state of Albania from 1944 until his death in 1985, as the First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania.
Ethnic cleansing is the systematic forced removal of ethnic or racial groups from a given territory by a more powerful ethnic group, often with the intent of making it ethnically homogeneous.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
The Expulsion of Albanians 1877–1878 refers to events of forced migration of Albanian populations from areas that became incorporated into the Principality of Serbia and Principality of Montenegro in 1878.
The Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II is a single-seat, twin turbofan engine, straight wing jet aircraft developed by Fairchild-Republic for the United States Air Force (USAF).
Fatmir Limaj (born 4 February 1971), is a politician from Kosovo.
Fehmi Agani (23 January 1932 – 6 May 1999) was a sociologist and politician in Kosovo who was considered to be the leading thinker and political strategist of the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK) in the 1990s.
Ferizaj (Ferizaji), or Uroševac (Урошевац; old name: Ferizović (Феризовић)), is a city and municipality located in the Ferizaj District of Kosovo.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
The First Balkan War (Балканска война; Αʹ Βαλκανικός πόλεμος; Први балкански рат, Prvi Balkanski rat; Birinci Balkan Savaşı), lasted from October 1912 to May 1913 and comprised actions of the Balkan League (the kingdoms of Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece and Montenegro) against the Ottoman Empire.
Forsvarets Spesialkommando (FSK) (Armed Forces' Special Command) is a special operations forces unit of the Norwegian Special Operation Forces (Forsvarets Spesialstyrker).
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The French Army, officially the Ground Army (Armée de terre) (to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de L'air or Air Army) is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.
Frontline (styled by the program as FRONTLINE) is the flagship investigative journalism series of the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), producing in-depth documentaries on a variety of domestic and international stories and issues, and broadcasting them on air and online.
The General Atomics MQ-1 Predator is an American remotely piloted aircraft (RPA) built by General Atomics that was used primarily by the United States Air Force (USAF) and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon is a single-engine supersonic multirole fighter aircraft originally developed by General Dynamics (now Lockheed Martin) for the United States Air Force (USAF).
Gerhard Fritz Kurt Schröder (born 7 April 1944) is a German politician, and served as Chancellor of Germany from 1998 to 2005, during which his most important political project was the Agenda 2010.
The German Air Force (German: Luftwaffe, the German-language generic term for air force) is the aerial warfare branch of the Bundeswehr, the armed forces of Germany.
The German Army (Deutsches Heer) is the land component of the armed forces of Germany.
Gjakova (Gjakovë) or Đakovica (Ђаковица) is a city and municipality located in the Gjakova District of western Kosovo.
Gjakova Airport AMIKO (Aeroporti i Gjakovës, Аеродром Ђаковица/Aerodrom Đakovica) is an airport in village Lugbunar, near Gjakova in western Kosovo.
The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.
Glogovac (Глоговац) or Gllogoc (in Albanian), is a town and municipality located in the Pristina District in central Kosovo.
The Gornje Obrinje massacre (Masakra në Abri të Epërme, Masakr u Gornjem Obrinju) refers to the killing of 21 Kosovo Albanians, belonging to the same family, in a forest outside the village of Donje Obrinje on 26 September 1998 during the Kosovo War.
The Government of Serbia (Влада Србије / Vlada Srbije), formally the Government of the Republic of Serbia (Влада Републике Србије / Vlada Republike Srbije), commonly abbreviated to Serbian Government (Српска Влада / Srpska Vlada), is the executive branch of government in Serbia.
Greater Albania is an irredentist concept of lands that are considered to form the national homeland by many Albanians, based on claims on the present-day or historical presence of Albanian populations in those areas.
The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες, Éllines) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, southern Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered on the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age.. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%. Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, arts, exploration, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, science and technology, business, cuisine, and sports, both historically and contemporarily.
The Grumman F-14 Tomcat is an American supersonic, twin-engine, two-seat, twin-tail, variable-sweep wing fighter aircraft.
Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.
H-Net ("Humanities & Social Sciences Online") is an interdisciplinary forum for scholars in the humanities and social sciences.
Hamëz Jashari (1950 – March 1998) was a Kosovar Albanian combatant and brother of Adem Jashari.
Haradin Bala (10 June 1957 31 January 2018), also known as Shala, was a Kosovo Albanian former commander of the Albanian militant organization Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA, or UÇK in Albanian).
The Harrier, informally referred to as the Harrier Jump Jet, is a family of jet-powered attack aircraft capable of vertical/short takeoff and landing operations (V/STOL).
Hashim Thaçi (.
Forsvarets Spesialkommando is a special forces unit of the Norwegian military.
The Hellenic Army (Ελληνικός Στρατός, Ellinikós Stratós, sometimes abbreviated as ΕΣ), formed in 1828, is the land force of Greece (with Hellenic being a synonym for Greek).
Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an international non-governmental organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights.
Humanitarian Law Center (HLC) (Fond za Humanitarno pravo, Fondi për të Drejtën Humanitare) is a non-governmental organisation with offices in Belgrade, Serbia, and Pristina, Kosovo.
The High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV; colloquial: Humvee) is a family of light, four-wheel drive, military trucks and utility vehicles produced by AM General.
Ibrahim Rugova (2 December 1944 – 21 January 2006) was the first President of the partially recognised Republic of Kosova, serving from 1992 to 2000 and again from 2002 until his death in 2006, and a prominent Kosovo Albanian political leader, scholar, and writer. He oversaw a popular struggle for independence, advocating a peaceful resistance to Yugoslav rule and lobbying for U.S. and European support, especially during the Kosovo War. Owing to his role in Kosovo's history, Rugova has been dubbed "Father of the Nation" and "Gandhi of the Balkans," awarded, among others, the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought, and posthumously declared a Hero of Kosovo.
A confrontation between Russian forces and NATO forces over the Pristina International Airport occurred on 12 June 1999, in the aftermath of the Kosovo War.
The Independent International Commission on Kosovo (IICK) was a commission established in August 1999, in the aftermath of the Kosovo War, by the government of Sweden on the basis of the initiative of its Prime Minister Göran Persson.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.
Institute for War & Peace Reporting (or IWPR for short) is an independent not-for profit organisation that works with media and civil society to promote positive change in conflict zones, closed societies, and countries in transition around the world.
An insurgency is a rebellion against authority (for example, an authority recognized as such by the United Nations) when those taking part in the rebellion are not recognized as belligerents (lawful combatants).
The Insurgency in the Preševo Valley was an armed conflict between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the ethnic Albanian separatists of the Liberation Army of Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac (UÇPMB).
The International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991, more commonly referred to as the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), was a body of the United Nations established to prosecute serious crimes committed during the Yugoslav Wars, and to try their perpetrators.
The International Crisis Group (ICG; also simply known as the Crisis Group) is a transnational non-profit, non-governmental organization founded in 1995 that carries out field research on violent conflict and advances policies to prevent, mitigate or resolve conflict.
An international decoration is a military award which is not bestowed by a particular country, but rather by an international organization such as the United Nations or NATO.
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an international humanitarian movement with approximately 17 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide which was founded to protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering.
International Viewpoint is the English-language online magazine of the Trotskyist reunified Fourth International.
Isak Musliu (born 31 October 1970), is a former member of Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA or UÇK in Albanian).
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
The Italian Army (Italian: Esercito Italiano) is the land defence force of the Italian Armed Forces of the Italian Republic.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Jakup Krasniqi (born 1 January 1951) is an Albanian politician and former acting President of Kosovo.
James Hillier Blount (born 22 February 1974), better known by his stage name James Blunt, is an English singer-songwriter, musician, record producer and former British Army officer.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Francisco Javier Solana de Madariaga, KOGF, KCMG (born 14 July 1942), is a Spanish physicist and Socialist politician.
Jiang Zemin (born 17 August 1926) is a retired Chinese politician who served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China from 1989 to 2002, as Chairman of the Central Military Commission from 1989 to 2004, and as President of the People's Republic of China from 1993 to 2003.
John Winston Howard, (born 26 July 1939) is a former Australian politician who served as the 25th Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1996 to 2007.
Jordan (الْأُرْدُنّ), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River.
Josip Broz (Cyrillic: Јосип Броз,; 7 May 1892 – 4 May 1980), commonly known as Tito (Cyrillic: Тито), was a Yugoslav communist revolutionary and political leader, serving in various roles from 1943 until his death in 1980.
Kaçanik or Kačanik (Kaçanik or Kaçaniku; Качаник, Kačanik) is a town and municipality located in the Ferizaj District of southern Kosovo.
Kaqusha Jashari (born 16 August 1946) is a Kosovo Albanian politician and engineer by profession.
was a Japanese politician who served in the House of Representatives for twelve terms and ultimately as the 54th Prime Minister of Japan from 30 July 1998 to 5 April 2000.
Kofi Atta Annan (born 8 April 1938) is a Ghanaian diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1997 to December 2006.
Kosovo (Kosova or Kosovë; Косово) is a partially recognised state and disputed territory in Southeastern Europe that declared independence from Serbia in February 2008 as the Republic of Kosovo (Republika e Kosovës; Република Косово / Republika Kosovo).
Albanians are the largest ethnic group in Kosovo, commonly called Kosovar Albanians, Kosovan Albanians or Kosovo Albanians and simply Kosovars.
The Kosovo Campaign Medal (KCM) is a military award of the United States Armed Forces established by of President Bill Clinton on May 3, 2000.
The Kosovo Diplomatic Observer Mission (KDOM) was a group of independent observers sent to Kosovo during the Kosovo War.
The Kosovo Force (KFOR) is a NATO-led international peacekeeping force which was responsible for establishing a secure environment in Kosovo.
Kosovo Police (Policia e Kosovës); is the policing law enforcement agency of the Republic of Kosovo.
Kosovo Polje (Косово Поље, "Kosovo Field") or Fushë Kosovë (Fushë Kosova) is a town and municipality located in the Pristina district in central of Kosovo.
Kosovo Serbs are the largest ethnic minority group in Kosovo, numbering around 150,000 people.
The Kosovo Specialist Chambers and Specialist Prosecutor’s Office (KSC) is a court of Kosovo, located in The Hague (Netherlands), hosting four Specialist Chambers and the Specialist Prosecutors Office, which may perform their activities either at the KRSJI or in Kosovo.
The Kosovo Verification Mission (KVM) was an OSCE mission to verify that the Serbian, and Yugoslav forces were complying with the UN October Agreement to end atrocities in Kosovo, withdraw armed forces from Kosovo, and abide by a ceasefire.
Kragujevac (Крагујевац) is the fourth largest city of Serbia and the administrative center of the Šumadija District in central Serbia.
Kukës (Kukësi) is a city in the Republic of Albania.
The Military Technical Agreement between the International Security Force ("KFOR") and the Governments of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Serbia (commonly known as the Military Technical Agreement or Kumanovo Agreement) was an accord concluded on 9 June 1999 in Kumanovo, Macedonia.
Lapušnik or Llapushnik prison camp was a detention camp (also referred to as a prison) that was operated by the Albanian militant organization the KLA near the city of Glogovac in central Kosovo during the Kosovo War.
The Police of Serbia (Полиција Србије), formally the Police of the Republic of Serbia (Полиција Републике Србије), commonly abbreviated to Serbian Police (Српска полиција), is the civilian police force of Serbia.
The League of Communists of Kosovo (Savez komunista Kosova, Савез комуниста Косова, SKK; Lidhja Komuniste e Kosovës) was the Kosovo branch of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, the sole legal party of Yugoslavia from 1945 to 1990.
The League of Communists of Serbia (Savez komunista Srbije, Савез комуниста Србије, SKS), founded as the Communist Party of Serbia (Komunistička partija Srbije, Комунистичка партија Србије, KPS) in 1945, was the Serbian branch of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, the sole legal party of Yugoslavia from 1945 to 1990.
The League of Communists of Yugoslavia, before 1952 the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, was the country's largest communist party, and the ruling party of SFR Yugoslavia.
Left-wing politics supports social equality and egalitarianism, often in opposition to social hierarchy.
The legitimacy under international law of the 1999 NATO bombing of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia has been questioned by various parties.
The Liberation Army of Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac (Ushtria Çlirimtare e Preshevës, Medvegjës dhe Bujanocit, UÇPMB) was an Albanian militant group fighting for separation from the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia for three municipalities: Preševo, Bujanovac, and Medveđa, home to most of the Albanians in south Serbia, adjacent to Kosovo.
Likoshan (Likoshani, Ликошане/Likošane) is a village in the Glogovac municipality of Kosovo, in the region of Drenica.
Although the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was present throughout the Cold War as the opposite to the Warsaw Pact, and conducted joint military exercises, no military operations took place.
The Lockheed AC-130 gunship is a heavily armed, long-endurance ground-attack variant of the C-130 Hercules transport fixed-wing aircraft.
The Lockheed F-104 Starfighter is a single-engine, supersonic interceptor aircraft which later became widely used as an attack aircraft.
The Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk is an American single-seat, twin-engine stealth attack aircraft that was developed by Lockheed's secretive Skunk Works division and operated by the United States Air Force (USAF).
The Lockheed L-1011 TriStar, commonly referred to as the L-1011 (pronounced "L-ten-eleven") or TriStar, is a medium-to-long-range, wide-body trijet airliner by Lockheed Corporation.
The M-84 is a Yugoslav third generation main battle tank, a variant of the Soviet T-72.
The M79 Osa (Оса; "wasp") is a Yugoslav-made portable 90 mm anti-tank weapon made of fibre-reinforced plastics.
The M80 Zolja (Зоља; "wasp") is a portable one-shot disposable 64 mm unguided anti-tank rocket-propelled grenade, designed in the former Yugoslavia.
Madeleine Jana Korbel Albright (born May 15, 1937) is an American politician and diplomat.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Mališevo (Serbian Cyrillic: Малишево) or Malisheva (Malishevë), is a town and municipality located in the Prizren District of Kosovo.
Marina Blagojević (also, Marina Šijaković-Blagojević and Marina Blagojević Hughson; born 1958) is a Serbian sociologist, gender scholar, gender expert, and feminist.
Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune "One of the Marine Corps' biggest bases is Camp Lejeune (luh-JUNE) in Jacksonville, North Carolina.
Mark Thompson (born 1953) is an American investigative reporter who won the 1985 Pulitzer Prize for public service journalism.
Martti Ahtisaari (officially Martti Oiva Kalevi Ahtisaari; born 23 June 1937) is a Finnish politician, the tenth President of Finland (1994–2000), a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, and a United Nations diplomat and mediator noted for his international peace work.
Mary Henrietta Kaldor CBE (born 16 March 1946) is a British academic, currently Professor of Global Governance at the London School of Economics, where she is also the Director of the Civil Society and Human Security Research Unit.
is a Japanese politician, and the current Vice-President of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP).
Massimo D'Alema (born 20 April 1949) is an Italian politician who was the 53rd Prime Minister from 1998 to 2000.
The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) AV-8B Harrier II is a single-engine ground-attack aircraft that constitutes the second generation of the Harrier Jump Jet family.
The McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle is an American twin-engine, all-weather tactical fighter aircraft designed by McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) to gain and maintain air supremacy in all aspects of aerial combat.
The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) F-15E Strike Eagle is an American all-weather multirole strike fighter derived from the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle.
The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor and fighter-bomber originally developed for the United States Navy by McDonnell Aircraft.
The McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet is a twin-engine, supersonic, all-weather, carrier-capable, multirole combat jet, designed as both a fighter and attack aircraft (hence the F/A designation).
Michael Grant Ignatieff (born May 12, 1947) is a Canadian author, academic and former politician.
General Sir Michael David Jackson,, (born 21 March 1944) is a retired British Army officer and one of its most high-profile generals since the Second World War.
The Mikoyan MiG-29 (Микоян МиГ-29; NATO reporting name: Fulcrum) is a twin-engine jet fighter aircraft designed in the Soviet Union.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-21; NATO reporting name: Fishbed) is a supersonic jet fighter and interceptor aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
Milan Milutinović (Милан Милутиновић; born 19 December 1942) is a Serbian politician who served as the second President of Serbia from 1997 to 2002.
Milo Đukanović (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Мило Ђукановић, pronounced; born 15 February 1962) is a Montenegrin politician who has been the President of Montenegro since 20 May 2018.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Serbia (Mинистарство унутрашњих послова / Ministarstvo unutrašnjih poslova; abbr. MUP) or the Ministry of Interior, is a cabinet-level ministry in the Government of Serbia.
Mitrovica (Mitrovicë) or Kosovska Mitrovica (Serbian Cyrillic: Косовска Митровица) is a city and municipality located in the Mitrovica District of Kosovo.
Montenegrins (Montenegrin: Црногорци/Crnogorci, or), literally "People of the Black Mountain", are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group native to Montenegro.
Montenegro (Montenegrin: Црна Гора / Crna Gora, meaning "Black Mountain") is a sovereign state in Southeastern Europe.
Morava Airport (Аеродром Mopaвa / Aerodrom Morava), also known as Lađevci Airport (Аеродром Лађевци / Aerodrom Lađevci), is a mixed public and military airport in Lađevci, Serbia - some 15 km (9.5 mi) from Kraljevo, 25 km (15.5 mi) from Čačak, and 39 km (24.4 mi) from Kragujevac.
A mosque (from masjid) is a place of worship for Muslims.
Mountain warfare refers to warfare in the mountains or similarly rough terrain.
Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar Gaddafi (20 October 2011), commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi, was a Libyan revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
The National Liberation Army (Ushtria Çlirimtare Kombëtare – UÇK; Ослободителна народна армија – ОНА, Osloboditelna narodna armija – ONA), also known as the Macedonian UÇK, is a militant organization that operated in the Republic of Macedonia in 2001 and was closely associated with the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA).
Nationalism is a political, social, and economic system characterized by the promotion of the interests of a particular nation, especially with the aim of gaining and maintaining sovereignty (self-governance) over the homeland.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
The NATO bombing of Yugoslavia was the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation's (NATO) military operation against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) during the Kosovo War.
The NATO Medal is an international military decoration which is awarded to various militaries of the world under the authority of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
Nebojša Pavković (Небојша Павковић; born 10 April 1946) was Chief of the General Staff of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The New Statesman is a British political and cultural magazine published in London.
Newsweek is an American weekly magazine founded in 1933.
Nikola Šainović (Никола Шаиновић, born 7 December 1948) is a Serbian politician and convicted war criminal.
The North Atlantic Council (NAC) is the principal political decision-making body of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), consisting of Permanent Representatives from its member countries.
North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
The Northrop (later Northrop Grumman) B-2 Spirit, also known as the Stealth Bomber, is an American heavy penetration strategic bomber, featuring low observable stealth technology designed for penetrating dense anti-aircraft defenses; it is a flying wing design with a crew of two.
The Northrop Grumman E-8 Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (Joint STARS) is a United States Air Force Airborne ground surveillance, battle management and command and control aircraft.
The Northrop Grumman (formerly Grumman) EA-6B Prowler is a twin-engine, four-seat, mid-wing electronic warfare aircraft derived from the A-6 Intruder airframe.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Novi Sad (Нови Сад,; Újvidék; Nový Sad; see below for other names) is the second largest city of Serbia, the capital of the autonomous province of Vojvodina and the administrative center of the South Bačka District.
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (commonly known as the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)) is a United Nations agency that works to promote and protect the human rights that are guaranteed under international law and stipulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948.
Operation Horseshoe was the name given by the Bulgarian government to an alleged plan of ethnic cleansing of Kosovo Albanians to be carried out by Serbian Police and the Yugoslav Army.
Orahovac (Serbian Cyrillic: Ораховац) or Rahovec (Rahoveci) is a town and municipality located in the District of Gjakova in western Kosovo.
Organ theft in Kosovo (sometimes also known as the "yellow house" case) refers to the organ harvesting and killing of an indeterminate number of disappeared people.
The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the world's largest security-oriented intergovernmental organization.
The overthrow of Slobodan Milošević occurred on 5 October 2000, in Belgrade, in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, following the presidential election on September 24th, and culminating in the downfall of Slobodan Milošević's government on 5 October 2000.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
The Panavia Tornado is a family of twin-engine, variable-sweep wing multirole combat aircraft, which was jointly developed and manufactured by Italy, the United Kingdom, and West Germany.
The Panavia Tornado Air Defence Variant (ADV) was a long-range, twin-engine interceptor version of the swing-wing Panavia Tornado.
Pančevo (Serbian Cyrillic: Панчево,, Pancsova, Panciova, Pánčevo) is a city and the administrative center of the South Banat District in autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia.
The Paraćin massacre (Paraćinski masakr / Параћински масакр) was a mass shooting which targeted Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) soldiers in the military barracks in Paraćin, Yugoslavia on 3 September 1987.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
Peć (Пећ) or Peja (Pejë), is a city and municipality located in the Peć District of Kosovo.
The People's Movement of Kosovo was a political party in Kosovo after the Kosovo War, beside being a political movement of Albanian nationalists from 1981.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia, Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the People's Socialist Republic of Albania (Republika Popullore Socialiste e Shqipërisë), was a Marxist-Leninist government that ruled Albania from 1946 to 1992.
The permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (also known as the Permanent Five, Big Five, or P5) are the five states which the UN Charter of 1945 grants a permanent seat on the UN Security Council.
The Podgorica Airbase (also known as Golubovci Airbase) is an active airbase in Montenegro.
Podujevo (Подујево), or Podujeva or Besiana (Podujevë or Besianë), is a city and municipality in Kosovo's Prishtina District.
The politics of the Netherlands take place within the framework of a parliamentary representative democracy, a constitutional monarchy and a decentralised unitary state.
Politiken is a leading Danish daily broadsheet newspaper, published by JP/Politikens Hus in Copenhagen, Denmark.
Portland State University (PSU) is a public research university located in the southwest University District of downtown Portland, Oregon, United States.
The Preševo Valley (Прешевска долина, Preševska dolina; Lugina e Preshevës) is a region in southern Serbia composed of the municipalities of Bujanovac and Preševo (sometimes Medveđa municipality is included in Preševo Valley).
The Presidency of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Predsedništvo SFRJ, Председништво СФРЈ; Predsjedništvo SFRJ; Slovene: Predsedstvo SFRJ; Председателство на СФРЈ), also known as the Presidium, was the collective head of state of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The President of the Russian Federation (Prezident Rossiyskoy Federatsii) is the elected head of state of the Russian Federation, as well as holder of the highest office in Russia and commander-in-chief of the Russian Armed Forces.
The President of Serbia (Председник Србије / Predsednik Srbije), officially styled as the President of the Republic, is the head of state of Serbia.
The Principality of Serbia (Кнежевина Србија / Kneževina Srbija) was a semi-independent state in the Balkans that came into existence as a result of the Serbian Revolution, which lasted between 1804 and 1817.
Pristina (Prishtina or Prishtinë) or Priština (Приштина), is the capital and largest city of Kosovo.
Pristina International Airport "Adem Jashari" (Aeroporti Ndërkombëtar i Prishtinës "Adem Jashari"; is an international airport located south-west of Pristina, Kosovo.
Prizren (Prizreni; Призрен) is a city and municipality located in the Prizren District of Kosovo.
The Račak massacre (Masakra e Reçakut)) or Račak operation (Акција Рачак/Akcija Račak) was the mass killing of 45 Kosovo Albanians that took place in the village of Račak (Reçak) in central Kosovo in January 1999. The killings were perpetrated by Serbian security forces. The Serbian government refused to let a war crimes prosecutor visit the site, and maintained that the casualties were all members of the rebel Kosovo Liberation Army killed in combat with state security forces. The killings were a major factor in NATO deciding to use force against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The killings were investigated by two separate forensic teams, the first a joint Yugoslavian and Belarusian team and the second a Finnish team. The first team's report, which was commissioned by the Yugoslav government, concluded that those killed, who included a woman and 12-year-old child, were all separatist guerrillas and not civilians.
The Rambouillet Agreement was a proposed peace agreement between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and a delegation representing the Albanian majority population of Kosovo.
Ramush Haradinaj (born 3 March 1968) is a Kosovo Albanian politician, who has been the Prime Minister of Kosovo since 9 September 2017 and leader of the AAK party.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
A refugee, generally speaking, is a displaced person who has been forced to cross national boundaries and who cannot return home safely (for more detail see legal definition).
Macedonia (translit), officially the Republic of Macedonia, is a country in the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
A resistance movement is an organized effort by some portion of the civil population of a country to withstand the legally established government or an occupying power and to disrupt civil order and stability.
Rexhep Qosja (born 1936 in Vusanje, Zeta Banovina, Yugoslavia) is a prominent Albanian politician and literary critic from a part of Malësia in modern Montenegro (where locally the region is known as Malesija).
Richard Anderson Falk (born November 13, 1930) is an American professor emeritus of international law at Princeton University.
Richard Charles Albert Holbrooke (April 24, 1941 – December 13, 2010) was an American diplomat, magazine editor, author, professor, Peace Corps official, and investment banker.
The Rockwell B-1 LancerThe name "Lancer" is only applied to the B-1B version, after the program was revived.
The Romani (also spelled Romany), or Roma, are a traditionally itinerant ethnic group, living mostly in Europe and the Americas and originating from the northern Indian subcontinent, from the Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab and Sindh regions of modern-day India and Pakistan.
Romano Prodi (born 9 August 1939) is an Italian politician who served as the 10th President of the European Commission from 1999 to 2004.
The RPK (Ruchnoy Pulemyot Kalashnikova, Ручной пулемёт Калашникова or "Kalashnikov hand-held machine gun") is a 7.62×39mm light machine gun of Soviet design, developed by Mikhail Kalashnikov in the late 1950s, parallel with the AKM assault rifle.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
The S-125 Neva/Pechora (С-125 "Нева"/"Печора", NATO reporting name SA-3 Goa) Soviet surface-to-air missile system was designed by Aleksei Mihailovich Isaev to complement the S-25 and S-75.
Sabotage is a deliberate action aimed at weakening a polity, effort or organization through subversion, obstruction, disruption or destruction.
, (born 15 October 1944) is an Albanian cardiologist and politician who served as the second President of Albania from 1992 to 1997 and Prime Minister from 2005 to 2013.
The Memorandum of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, known simply as the SANU Memorandum (Меморандум САНУ), was a draft document produced by a 16-member committee of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SANU) from 1985 to 1986.
The Secretary General of NATO (Secrétaire général de l'OTAN) is an international diplomat who serves as the chief civil servant of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
The SEPECAT Jaguar is a British-French jet attack aircraft originally used by the British Royal Air Force and the French Air Force in the close air support and nuclear strike role.
Serbia and Montenegro (Srbija i Crna Gora, Србија и Црна Гора; SCG, СЦГ), officially the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro (Državna Zajednica Srbija i Crna Gora, Државна Заједница Србија и Црна Гора), was a country in Southeast Europe, created from the two remaining federal republics of Yugoslavia after its breakup in 1992.
The Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (Српска академија наука и уметности/Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti, abbr. САНУ/SANU) is a national academy and the most prominent academic institution in Serbia, founded in 1841.
A referendum on foreign mediation in Kosovo was held in the Republic of Serbia on 23 April 1998.
The Serbian Orthodox Church (Српска православна црква / Srpska pravoslavna crkva) is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Christian Churches.
The Serbian Radical Party (Српска радикална странка, CPC / Srpska radikalna stranka, SRS) is a Serbian nationalist political party in Serbia.
The Serbs (Срби / Srbi) are a South Slavic ethnic group that formed in the Balkans.
Sexual assault is an act in which a person coerces or physically forces a person to engage in a sexual act against their will.
The National Informative Service was an intelligence service agency created in 1991 by the Albanian People's Assembly.
In diplomacy and international relations, shuttle diplomacy is the action of an outside party in serving as an intermediary between (or among) principals in a dispute, without direct principal-to-principal contact.
The Siege of Dubrovnik (Opsada Dubrovnika, Blokada Dubrovnika) was a military engagement fought between the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) and Croatian forces defending the city of Dubrovnik and its surroundings during the Croatian War of Independence.
The Siege of Sarajevo was the siege of the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the longest of a capital city in the history of modern warfare.
Silvio Berlusconi (born 29 September 1936) is an Italian media tycoon and politician who has served as Prime Minister of Italy in four governments.
The SKS is a Soviet semi-automatic carbine chambered for the 7.62×39mm round, designed in 1943 by Sergei Gavrilovich Simonov.
Slatina Air Base (Aeroporti Sllatina; translit), located at Pristina International Airport, contained the second largest military underground hangar complex in former Yugoslavia.
Slobodan Milošević (Слободан Милошевић; 20 August 1941 – 11 March 2006) was a Yugoslav and Serbian politician and the President of Serbia (originally the Socialist Republic of Serbia, a constituent republic within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) from 1989 to 1997 and President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1997 to 2000.
Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.
The Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo (Социјалистичка Аутономна Покрајина Косово / Socijalistička Autonomna Pokrajina Kosovo, Krahina Socialiste Autonome e Kosovës; often abbreviated SAP Kosovo), comprising the Kosovo region, was one of the two autonomous provinces of Serbia within Yugoslavia (the other being Vojvodina), between 1945 and 1990, when it was renamed Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija.
The Socialist Autonomous Province of Vojvodina (Socijalistička Autonomna Pokrajina Vojvodina, Социјалистичка Аутономна Покрајина Војводина; often abbreviated SAP Vojvodina) was one of political entities formed in Yugoslavia after World War II and one of the two autonomous provinces of Serbia within Yugoslavia (the other being Kosovo), between 1945 and the breakup of Yugoslavia.
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFR Yugoslavia or SFRY) was a socialist state led by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars.
The Socialist Party of Serbia (Социјалистичка партија Србије/Socijalistička partija Srbije or СПС/SPS) is a political party in Serbia that identifies itself as a democratic socialist and social democratic party.
The Socialist Republic of Serbia (Serbo-Croatian: Социјалистичка Република Србија/Socijalistička Republika Srbija) was one of the six constitutional republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The Soko J-22 Orao (translation) is a Yugoslav twin-engined, subsonic ground-attack and reconnaissance aircraft.
Southeast European Times was a United States European Command-sponsored news website dedicated to coverage of Southeast Europe that ended publication in March 2015.
The Special Air Service (SAS) is a special forces unit of the British Army.
Sreten Lukić (Сретен Лукић, born 28 March 1955) is a Serbian politician.
The Stabilisation Force in Bosnia and Herzegovina (SFOR) was a NATO-led multinational peacekeeping force deployed to Bosnia and Herzegovina after the Bosnian war.
The Staro Gracko massacre (Масакр у Старом Грацком, Masakra në Grackë e Vjetër) was the mass killing of 14 Kosovo Serb farmers in the village of Staro Gracko in the Kosovo municipality of Lipljan on 23 July 1999.
A state of emergency is a situation in which a government is empowered to perform actions that it would normally not be permitted.
The State Security ServiceSlužba državne sigurnosti, Служба државне безбедности; Служба за државна безбедност; Služba državne varnosti (SDB or SDS), more commonly known by its original name as the State Security AdministrationUprava državne sigurnosti, Управа државне безбедности; Управа за државна безбедност; Uprava državne varnosti (UDBA or UDSA), was the secret police organization of Yugoslavia.
The State Security Service (Служба државне безбедности or Ресор државне безбедности; abbr. SDB or RDB) or simply State Security (Државна безбедност; abbr. DB), was the security agency within the Ministry of the Interior of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia that aimed to protect the country from internal threats.
Stealth aircraft are designed to avoid detection using a variety of technologies that reduce reflection/emission of radar, infrared, visible light, radio-frequency (RF) spectrum, and audio, collectively known as stealth technology.
The Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) is the head of the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE), also known as Allied Command Operations (ACO), of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), based in Casteau, Belgium.
Susan Sontag (January 16, 1933 – December 28, 2004) was an American writer, filmmaker, philosopher, teacher, and political activist.
Suva Reka (Сува Река) or Suharekë is a town and municipality located in the Prizren district of central-southern Kosovo.
Sylejman Selimi (born September 25, 1970) was the commander of the Kosovo Liberation Army, military organisation, and of the Security Force of the Republic of Kosovo.
The T-54 and T-55 tanks are a series of Soviet main battle tanks introduced in the years following the Second World War.
Tadeusz Mazowiecki; (18 April 1927 – 28 October 2013) was a Polish author, journalist, philanthropist and Christian-democratic politician, formerly one of the leaders of the Solidarity movement, and the first non-communist Polish prime minister since 1946.
Television in Serbia was introduced in 1958.
Terrorism is, in the broadest sense, the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror among masses of people; or fear to achieve a financial, political, religious or ideological aim.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Globe and Mail is a Canadian newspaper printed in five cities in western and central Canada.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered approximately 6 million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.
The Lancet is a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal.
The Nation is the oldest continuously published weekly magazine in the United States, and the most widely read weekly journal of progressive political and cultural news, opinion, and analysis.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Observer is a British newspaper published on Sundays.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The Washington Times is an American daily newspaper that covers general interest topics with a particular emphasis on American politics.
Tirana (—; Tiranë; Tirona) is the capital and most populous city of Albania.
The Tomahawk Land Attack Missile (TLAM) is a long-range, all-weather, subsonic cruise missile that is primarily used by the United States Navy and Royal Navy in ship and submarine-based land-attack operations.
Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007.
The Toronto Star is a Canadian broadsheet daily newspaper.
The Type 56 is a Chinese 7.62×39mm assault rifle.
The Type 63, often incorrectly referred to as Type 68 by Western sources, is a Chinese-designed rifle with a resemblance to the SKS.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is a United Nations programme with the mandate to protect refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people, and assist in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country.
The United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) is the officially mandated mission of the United Nations in Kosovo.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
United Nations Security Council resolution 1199, adopted on 23 September 1998, after recalling Resolution 1160 (1998), the Council demanded that the Albanian and Yugoslav parties in Kosovo end hostilities and observe a ceasefire.
United Nations Security Council resolution 1244, adopted on 10 June 1999, after recalling resolutions 1160 (1998), 1199 (1998), 1203 (1998) and 1239 (1999), authorised an international civil and military presence in Kosovo (which was part of called "Federal Republic of Yugoslavia"): "Serbia - date of admission 1 November 2000, The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was admitted as a Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution A/RES/55/12 of 1 November 2000.
The titles Special Rapporteur, Independent Expert, and Working Group Member are given to individuals working on behalf of the United Nations (UN) within the scope of "special procedure" mechanisms who have a specific country or thematic mandate from the United Nations Human Rights Council.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
On May 7, 1999, during the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia (Operation Allied Force), five US JDAM guided bombs hit the People's Republic of China embassy in the Belgrade district of New Belgrade, killing three Chinese reporters and outraging the Chinese public.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
The University of Belgrade (Универзитет у Београду / Univerzitet u Beogradu) is a public university in Serbia.
The University of Pristina was founded in the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo, Socialist Republic of Serbia, Yugoslavia, in the city of Pristina, for the academic year 1969–1970 and functioned until 1999.
An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone, is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard.
Utva Aviation Industry (commonly known as UTVA) is a Serbian manufacturer of general aviation aircraft with the headquarters in Pančevo, Serbia.
Václav Havel (5 October 193618 December 2011) was a Czech statesman, writer and former dissident, who served as the last President of Czechoslovakia from 1989 until the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in 1992 and then as the first President of the Czech Republic from 1993 to 2003.
Veton Surroi (born 17 July 1961) is a Kosovo Albanian publicist, politician and former journalist.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Vladimir Lazarević (Serbian Cyrillic: Владимир Лазраревић; born 23 March 1949) is a Serbian colonel general of the Third Army Corps, and later the commander of the Priština Corps of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Vlajko Stojiljković (Влајко Стојиљковић; 13 March 1937 – 13 April 2002) was a Serbian politician.
Vlastimir Đorđević (born 17 November 1948, Koznica, Yugoslavia) is a former Serbian colonel general.
Vojislav Šešelj (Војислав Шешељ,; born 11 October 1954) is a Serbian politician, writer, lawyer and convicted war criminal.
Vojislav Koštunica (sr-Vojislav_Kostunica.ogg; born 24 March 1944) is a former Serbian politician.
Vojvodina (Serbian and Croatian: Vojvodina; Војводина; Pannonian Rusyn: Войводина; Vajdaság; Slovak and Czech: Vojvodina; Voivodina), officially the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina (Аутономна Покрајина Војводина / Autonomna Pokrajina Vojvodina; see Names in other languages), is an autonomous province of Serbia, located in the northern part of the country, in the Pannonian Plain.
Vučitrn (Вучитрн) or Vushtrri (Vushtrria), is a town and municipality located in the Mitrovica District in northern Kosovo.
The War in Afghanistan (or the U.S. War in Afghanistan; code named Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan (2001–2014) and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (2015–present)) followed the United States invasion of Afghanistan of October 7, 2001.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
Wesley Kanne Clark, Sr. (born December 23, 1944) is a retired General of the United States Army.
The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.
William Graham Walker (born June 1, 1935) is a veteran United States Foreign Service diplomat who served as the US ambassador to El Salvador and as the head of the Kosovo Verification Mission.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Xhemail Mustafa (August 23, 1953 - November 23, 2000) was a Kosovo journalist and prominent political advisor to Ibrahim Rugova, President of Kosovo.
The Yugoslav People's Army (Jugoslovenska narodna armija / Југословенска народна армија / Jugoslavenska narodna armija; also Yugoslav National Army), often referred-to simply by the initialism JNA, was the military of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The Yugoslav Wars were a series of ethnic conflicts, wars of independence and insurgencies fought from 1991 to 1999/2001 in the former Yugoslavia.
Zastava Arms (Застава oружје / Zastava oružje) is a Serbian manufacturer of firearms and artillery, based in Kragujevac, Serbia.
The Zastava Koral (Застава Корал), also marketed as the Yugo, was a front-engine, front-wheel drive, four-door hatchback supermini manufactured by Zastava Automobiles, at the time a Yugoslav corporation.
The Zastava M70 (Застава М70) is an assault rifle developed and produced by Zastava Arms in Serbia (formerly Yugoslavia).
The Zastava M72 is a light machine gun developed and manufactured by then Yugoslav Zastava Arms company.
The Zastava M76 is a military semi-automatic sniper/designated marksman rifle developed and manufactured by Zastava Arms.
The Zastava M84 is a general-purpose machine gun manufactured by Zastava Arms.
The Zastava M90 was an assault rifle developed and produced by Zastava Arms in SR Serbia, SFR Yugoslavia.
The Zastava M91 is a semi-automatic sniper/designated marksman rifle chambered in 7.62×54mmR cartridge, developed and manufactured by Zastava Arms company in Kragujevac, Serbia.
Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich.
The 122-mm howitzer D-30 (GRAU index 2A18) is a Soviet howitzer that first entered service in the 1960s.
The D-1 howitzer M1943 (152-mm gaubitsa obr.) is a Soviet World War II-era 152.4 mm howitzer.
The 152 mm gun-howitzer M1955, also known as the D-20, (152-мм пушка-гаубица Д-20 обр.) is a manually loaded, towed 152 mm artillery piece, manufactured in the Soviet Union during the 1950s.
In March and April 1981, a student protest in Pristina, the capital of the then Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo, led to widespread protests by Kosovo Albanians demanding more autonomy within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The 1999 F-117A shootdown was an event that took place on 27 March 1999, during the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, (Operation Allied Force, Operation Noble Anvil), when an Army of Yugoslavia unit used an S-125 Neva/Pechora to down a Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk stealth aircraft of the United States Air Force.
The 2001 insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia was an armed conflict which began when the ethnic Albanian National Liberation Army (NLA) militant group attacked the security forces of the Republic of Macedonia at the beginning of February 2001, and ended with the Ohrid Agreement.
The 2003 invasion of Iraq was the first stage of the Iraq War (also called Operation Iraqi Freedom).
The worst ethnic violence in Kosovo since the end of the 1999 conflict erupted in the partitioned town of Mitrovica, leaving hundreds wounded and at least 14 people dead.
The 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence was adopted on 17 February 2008 by the Assembly of Kosovo.
The 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit (26th MEU) is one of seven Marine Expeditionary Units currently in existence in the United States Marine Corps.
The 2K12 "Kub" (2К12 "Куб"; cube) (NATO reporting name: SA-6 "Gainful") mobile surface-to-air missile system is a Soviet low to medium-level air defence system designed to protect ground forces from air attack.
The 2S1 Gvozdika (2С1 «Гвоздика», "Carnation") is a Soviet self-propelled howitzer based on the MT-LB APC chassis, mounting a 122 mm 2A18 howitzer.
The 9K31 Strela-1 (9К31 «Стрела-1»; arrow) is a highly mobile, short-range, low altitude infra-red guided surface-to-air missile system.
The 9K32 Strela-2 (Cтрела, "arrow"; NATO reporting name SA-7 Grail) is a man-portable, shoulder-fired, low-altitude surface-to-air missile system (MANPADS) with a high explosive warhead and passive infrared homing guidance.
The 9K35 Strela-10 (9К35 «Стрела-10»; arrow) is a highly mobile, visually aimed, optical/infrared-guided, low-altitude, short-range surface-to-air missile system.
The 9K38 Igla (Игла́, "needle", NATO reporting name SA-18 Grouse) is a Russian/Soviet man-portable infrared homing surface-to-air missile (SAM).
1998 Kosovo War, 1999 Kosovo War, Conflict in Kosovo, FR Yugoslav Strike Mission, FR Yugoslav airstrikes on KLA insurgents and targets, FR Yugoslav airstrikes on KLA targets, Humanitarian Intervention in Kosovo, Kosova War, Kosovan War, Kosovan war, Kosovar War, Kosovo Conflict, Kosovo War- Whole Info, Kosovo conflict, Kosovo crisis, Kosovo genocide, Kosovo war, Kosovo's War, Kosovo-war, Serbian Civil War, War in Kosovo.