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Krefeld

Index Krefeld

Krefeld, also known as Crefeld until 1929, is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. [1]

146 relations: Aachen, Adolf Hitler, Adolf van Nieuwenaar, Airbus, Albert Oehlen, Amsterdam, Andrea Berg, Aquagen, Autobahn, Battle of Krefeld, Beeskow, Belgian Land Component, Bernhard Hennen, Bestseller, Blind Guardian, Bloomington, Indiana, Bockum, Bodo Hauser, Bombardier Transportation, Botanical garden, Botanischer Garten Krefeld, Brandenburg, Bundesautobahn 44, Bundesautobahn 57, Bus, Charles J. Kleingrothe, Charlotte Auerbach, Charlotte, North Carolina, Christian Democratic Union of Germany, Cologne, Cosmic Gate, County of Moers, DÜWAG, Düsseldorf, Deutsche Bahn, Dortmund, Dunkirk, Dutch Golden Age, Dutch Republic, England, Fantasy literature, Felix Kracht, Fire department, Fischeln, Flexity Outlook, Forstwald, France, Free Democratic Party (Germany), Fressnapf, Germantown, Philadelphia, ..., Germany, Haus Lange and Haus Esters, Hüls, Heinrich Band, Heinrich Campendonk, Heinrich Heine, Heinz Harmel, Henry Kissinger, Hermès, Hesse, House of Orange-Nassau, Independent city, Indiana, Inter-city rail, Intercity (Deutsche Bahn), Isogloss, John William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, Joseph Beuys, Jungfernhof concentration camp, Karl Emil Schäfer, Kassel, Kayseri, Kayseri Province, Kingdom of Prussia, Kraftwerk, Krefeld Hauptbahnhof, Krefeld-Linn, Kristallnacht, Kurt Feltz, Leicester, Leicestershire, Leiden, Leopold Löwenheim, Limburg (Netherlands), Low German, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Mallorca, Margarethe Schreinemakers, Markus Oehlen, Martin Hyun, Maurice, Prince of Orange, Max August Zorn, Medan, Mennonites, Napoleon, Netherlands, Nijmegen, Nord (French department), North Carolina, North Rhine-Westphalia, Occupation of the Rhineland, Oppum, Orthodox Judaism, Pennsylvania Dutch, Philadelphia, Philip Hindes, Province of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, Ralf Hütter, Reform Judaism, Regional-Express, Regionalbahn, Rheinbahn, Rhine, Rhine Province, Riga, Rudi Dornbusch, Rumbula massacre, Russia, Saki Kaskas, Seven Years' War, Silent Force, Sister city, Social Democratic Party of Germany, South Holland, Stadtbahn, Standard German, Sumatra, SWK MOBIL, Synagogue, Thierry Hermès, Thirty Years' War, Town privileges, Trams in Krefeld, Turkey, Uerdingen, Uerdingen line, Ulyanovsk, Ulyanovsk Oblast, United States, Venlo, Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr, Werner Voss, William III of England, World War I, World War II, Yad Vashem. Expand index (96 more) »

Aachen

Aachen or Bad Aachen, French and traditional English: Aix-la-Chapelle, is a spa and border city.

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Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.

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Adolf van Nieuwenaar

Adolf van Nieuwenaar, Count of Limburg and Moers (also: Adolf von Neuenahr) (c. 1545 – 18 October 1589) was a statesman and soldier, who was stadtholder of Overijssel, Guelders and Utrecht for the States-General of the Netherlands during the Eighty Years' War.

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Airbus

Airbus SE is a European corporation, registered in the Netherlands and trading shares in France, Germany and Spain.

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Albert Oehlen

Albert Oehlen (born 1954 in Krefeld, West Germany) is a contemporary German artist.

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Amsterdam

Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.

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Andrea Berg

Andrea Ferber (PDF; 18,1 MB) page 7 (née Zellen, born 28 January 1966), known professionally as Andrea Berg, is a German schlager singer.

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Aquagen

Aquagen is a German electronic dance music group, consisting of Gino Montesano and Olaf Dieckmann.

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Autobahn

The Autobahn (plural) is the federal controlled-access highway system in Germany.

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Battle of Krefeld

The Battle of Krefeld (sometimes referred to by its French name of Créfeld) was a battle fought on 23 June 1758 between a Prussian-Hanoverian army and a French army during the Seven Years' War.

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Beeskow

Beeskow (Bezkow) is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, and capital of the Oder-Spree district.

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Belgian Land Component

The Land Component (Landcomponent, Composante terre) is the land-based branch of the Belgian Armed Forces.

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Bernhard Hennen

Bernhard Hennen (born 1966 in Krefeld) is a German writer of fantasy literature.

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Bestseller

A bestseller is, usually, a book that is included on a list of top-selling or frequently-borrowed titles, normally based on publishing industry and book trade figures and library circulation statistics; such lists may be published by newspapers, magazines, or book store chains.

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Blind Guardian

Blind Guardian is a German power metal band formed in 1984 in Krefeld, West Germany.

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Bloomington, Indiana

Bloomington is a city in and the county seat of Monroe County in the southern region of the U.S. state of Indiana.

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Bockum

Bockum is a northeastern district of Krefeld, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

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Bodo Hauser

Bodo Hauser (February 23, 1946 – July 22, 2004) was a German journalist and writer.

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Bombardier Transportation

Bombardier Transportation is the rail equipment division of the Canadian firm Bombardier Inc. Bombardier Transportation is one of the world's largest companies in the rail vehicle and equipment manufacturing and servicing industry.

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Botanical garden

A botanical garden or botanic gardenThe terms botanic and botanical and garden or gardens are used more-or-less interchangeably, although the word botanic is generally reserved for the earlier, more traditional gardens.

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Botanischer Garten Krefeld

The Botanischer Garten Krefeld (3.6 hectares), more formally the Botanischer Garten der Stadt Krefeld, is a municipal botanical garden located at Sandberg 2, Krefeld, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

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Brandenburg

Brandenburg (Brannenborg, Lower Sorbian: Bramborska, Braniborsko) is one of the sixteen federated states of Germany.

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Bundesautobahn 44

is a German Autobahn.

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Bundesautobahn 57

is a German Autobahn that begins at the Dutch-German border near Goch and ends in Köln.

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Bus

A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, motorbus, autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.

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Charles J. Kleingrothe

Deli Company tobacco Charles J. Kleingrothe, born Carl Josef Kleingrothe or Klein-Grothe, known as C. J. Kleingrothe (Krefeld, 1864 - 1925) was a German photographer who since 1889 (?) had a studio in Medan, Sumatra at the end of the 19th century and early 20th century.

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Charlotte Auerbach

Charlotte "Lotte" Auerbach FRS FRSE (14 May 1899 – 17 March 1994) was a German-Jewish zoologist and geneticist who contributed to founding the science of mutagenesis.

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Charlotte, North Carolina

Charlotte is the most populous city in the U.S. state of North Carolina.

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Christian Democratic Union of Germany

The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands, CDU) is a Christian democratic and liberal-conservative political party in Germany.

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Cologne

Cologne (Köln,, Kölle) is the largest city in the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth most populated city in Germany (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich).

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Cosmic Gate

Cosmic Gate is a German DJ duo consisting of trance music producers Claus Terhoeven (born 1972) and Stefan Bossems (born 1967).

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County of Moers

The County of Moers (Grafschaft Moers) was a historical princely territory on the left bank of the Lower Rhine that included the towns of Moers and Krefeld as well as the surrounding villages and regions.

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DÜWAG

The Duewag AG was one of Germany's major manufacturers for rail vehicles.

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Düsseldorf

Düsseldorf (Low Franconian, Ripuarian: Düsseldörp), often Dusseldorf in English sources, is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the seventh most populous city in Germany. Düsseldorf is an international business and financial centre, renowned for its fashion and trade fairs.

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Deutsche Bahn

Deutsche Bahn AG (abbreviated as DB, DB AG or DBAG) is a German railway company.

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Dortmund

Dortmund (Düörpm:; Tremonia) is an independent city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

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Dunkirk

Dunkirk (Dunkerque; Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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Dutch Golden Age

The Dutch Golden Age (Gouden Eeuw) was a period in the history of the Netherlands, roughly spanning the 17th century, in which Dutch trade, science, military, and art were among the most acclaimed in the world.

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Dutch Republic

The Dutch Republic was a republic that existed from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces (which earlier seceded from the Spanish rule) until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.

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England

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Fantasy literature

Fantasy literature is literature set in an imaginary universe, often but not always without any locations, events, or people from the real world.

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Felix Kracht

Felix Kracht (born 13 May 1912 in Krefeld –3 October 2002) was a German engineer.

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Fire department

A fire department (American English) or fire brigade (British English), also known as a fire protection district, fire authority or fire and rescue service is an organization that primarily provides firefighting services for a specific geographic area.

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Fischeln

Fischeln is the most southerly district of Krefeld, Germany.

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Flexity Outlook

The Flexity Outlook is a series of low-floored, articulated light-rail trams manufactured by Bombardier Transportation.

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Forstwald

Forstwald is a region of Krefeld located to the west of the main city center.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Free Democratic Party (Germany)

The Free Democratic Party (Freie Demokratische Partei, FDP) is a liberal and classical liberal political party in Germany.

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Fressnapf

Fressnapf Tiernahrungs GmbH is a German franchise company for pet food.

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Germantown, Philadelphia

Germantown is an area in Northwest Philadelphia.

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Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Haus Lange and Haus Esters

Haus Lange and Haus Esters are residential houses designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe in Krefeld, Germany.

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Hüls

Hüls is the most northerly district of Krefeld, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

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Heinrich Band

Heinrich Band (1821-1860), born in Krefeld, Germany, in 1821, was the inventor of the bandoneón; this 'hand-organ-like' instrument is a reed instrument in the concertina family of instruments.

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Heinrich Campendonk

Heinrich Mathias Ernst Campendonk (born 3 November 1889 in Krefeld, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany – died 9 May 1957 in Amsterdam, Netherlands) was a painter and graphic designer born in Germany and became a Naturalized Dutch citizen.

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Heinrich Heine

Christian Johann Heinrich Heine (13 December 1797 – 17 February 1856) was a German poet, journalist, essayist, and literary critic.

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Heinz Harmel

Heinz Harmel (29 June 1906 – 2 September 2000) was a German SS commander during the Nazi era.

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Henry Kissinger

Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger, May 27, 1923) is an American statesman, political scientist, diplomat and geopolitical consultant who served as the United States Secretary of State and National Security Advisor under the presidential administrations of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.

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Hermès

Hermès International S.A., or simply Hermès is a French high fashion luxury goods manufacturer established in 1837.

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Hesse

Hesse or Hessia (Hessen, Hessian dialect: Hesse), officially the State of Hesse (German: Land Hessen) is a federal state (''Land'') of the Federal Republic of Germany, with just over six million inhabitants.

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House of Orange-Nassau

The House of Orange-Nassau (Dutch: Huis van Oranje-Nassau), a branch of the European House of Nassau, has played a central role in the politics and government of the Netherlands and Europe especially since William the Silent organized the Dutch revolt against Spanish rule, which after the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) led to an independent Dutch state.

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Independent city

An independent city or independent town is a city or town that does not form part of another general-purpose local government entity (such as a county).

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Indiana

Indiana is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America.

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Inter-city rail

Inter-city rail services are express passenger train services that cover longer distances than commuter or regional trains.

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Intercity (Deutsche Bahn)

Intercity is the second-highest train classification in Germany, after the ICE.

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Isogloss

An isogloss, also called a heterogloss (see Etymology below), is the geographic boundary of a certain linguistic feature, such as the pronunciation of a vowel, the meaning of a word, or the use of some morphological or syntactic feature.

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John William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg

Johann Wilhelm of Jülich-Cleves-Berg (Johann Wilhelm, Herzog zu Kleve, Jülich und Berg) (28 May 1562 – 25 March 1609) was a Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg.

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Joseph Beuys

Joseph Beuys (12 May 1921 – 23 January 1986) was a German Fluxus, happening, and performance artist as well as a sculptor, installation artist, graphic artist, art theorist, and pedagogue.

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Jungfernhof concentration camp

The Jungfernhof concentration camp (Jumpravmuižas koncentrācijas nometne) was an improvised concentration camp in Latvia, at the Mazjumprava Manor, near the Šķirotava Railway Station about three or four kilometers from Riga (now within the city territory).

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Karl Emil Schäfer

Karl Emil Schäfer (17 December 1891 – 5 June 1917) was a German pilot during World War I; he became one of the major German flying aces of the war, with 30 confirmed aerial victories.

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Kassel

Kassel (spelled Cassel until 1928) is a city located at the Fulda River in northern Hesse, Germany.

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Kayseri

Kayseri is a large and industrialised city in Central Anatolia, Turkey.

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Kayseri Province

The Kayseri Province (Kayseri ili) is situated in central Turkey. The population is 1,255,349 of which around 1,000,000 live in the city of Kayseri. It covers an area of 16,917 km² and it borders with Sivas, Adana, Niğde, Kahramanmaraş, Yozgat and Nevşehir provinces. The province is an area that has been linked with mythological stories as well as important figures in Turkish history. It is located in Anatolia, and surrounded by the Mount Erciyes, the Mount Hasan and the Mount Ali. The Ali mountain is named like that in honor of Ali Baba, who is said to have lived in the area.

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Kingdom of Prussia

The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.

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Kraftwerk

Kraftwerk ("power station") is a German band formed in Düsseldorf in 1970 by Ralf Hütter and Florian Schneider.

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Krefeld Hauptbahnhof

Krefeld Hauptbahnhof is the largest station of the city of Krefeld in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

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Krefeld-Linn

Linn has been a part of the City of Krefeld, Germany, since its incorporation into that city in 1901.

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Kristallnacht

Kristallnacht (lit. "Crystal Night") or Reichskristallnacht, also referred to as the Night of Broken Glass, Reichspogromnacht or simply Pogromnacht, and Novemberpogrome (Yiddish: קרישטאָל נאַכט krishtol nakt), was a pogrom against Jews throughout Nazi Germany on 9–10 November 1938, carried out by SA paramilitary forces and German civilians.

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Kurt Feltz

Kurt Feltz (14 April 1910 in Krefeld, Germany – 3 August 1982 in Majorca, Spain) was a highly prolific German poet and song lyricist.

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Leicester

Leicester ("Lester") is a city and unitary authority area in the East Midlands of England, and the county town of Leicestershire.

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Leicestershire

Leicestershire (abbreviation Leics.) is a landlocked county in the English Midlands.

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Leiden

Leiden (in English and archaic Dutch also Leyden) is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland, Netherlands.

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Leopold Löwenheim

Leopold Löwenheim (26 June 1878 in Krefeld – 5 May 1957 in Berlin) was a German mathematician, known for his work in mathematical logic.

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Limburg (Netherlands)

Limburg (Dutch and Limburgish: (Nederlands-)Limburg; Limbourg) is the southernmost of the 12 provinces of the Netherlands.

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Low German

Low German or Low Saxon (Plattdütsch, Plattdüütsch, Plattdütsk, Plattduitsk, Nedersaksies; Plattdeutsch, Niederdeutsch; Nederduits) is a West Germanic language spoken mainly in northern Germany and the eastern part of the Netherlands.

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Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies; March 27, 1886 – August 17, 1969) was a German-American architect.

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Mallorca

Mallorca, or Majorca, is the largest island in the Balearic Islands, which are part of Spain and located in the Mediterranean.

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Margarethe Schreinemakers

Margarethe Schreinemakers (born 27 July 1958) is a German television presenter, talk show host and journalist.

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Markus Oehlen

Markus Oehlen (born 1956 in Krefeld) is a German artist.

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Martin Hyun

Martin Jong-bum Hyun (born May 4, 1979) is a German short story writer, columnist, author and retired professional ice hockey player who played in Germany's Deutsche Eishockey Liga.

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Maurice, Prince of Orange

Maurice of Orange (Dutch: Maurits van Oranje) (14 November 1567 – 23 April 1625) was stadtholder of all the provinces of the Dutch Republic except for Friesland from 1585 at earliest until his death in 1625.

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Max August Zorn

Max August Zorn (June 6, 1906 – March 9, 1993) was a German mathematician.

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Medan

Medan; is the capital of North Sumatra province in Indonesia.

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Mennonites

The Mennonites are members of certain Christian groups belonging to the church communities of Anabaptist denominations named after Menno Simons (1496–1561) of Friesland (which today is a province of the Netherlands).

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Napoleon

Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.

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Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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Nijmegen

Nijmegen (Nijmeegs: Nimwegen), historically anglicized as Nimeguen, is a municipality and a city in the Dutch province of Gelderland.

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Nord (French department)

Nord (North; Noorderdepartement) is a department in the far north of France.

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North Carolina

North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.

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North Rhine-Westphalia

North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen,, commonly shortened to NRW) is the most populous state of Germany, with a population of approximately 18 million, and the fourth largest by area.

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Occupation of the Rhineland

The Occupation of the Rhineland from 1 December 1918 until 30 June 1930 was a consequence of the collapse of the Imperial German Army in 1918.

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Oppum

Oppum is a district of Krefeld, a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

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Orthodox Judaism

Orthodox Judaism is a collective term for the traditionalist branches of Judaism, which seek to maximally maintain the received Jewish beliefs and observances and which coalesced in opposition to the various challenges of modernity and secularization.

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Pennsylvania Dutch

The Pennsylvania Dutch (Pennsilfaanisch Deitsch) are a cultural group formed by early German-speaking immigrants to Pennsylvania and their descendants.

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Philadelphia

Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.

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Philip Hindes

Philip Hindes MBE (born 22 September 1992) is a British track cyclist, specialising in sprints.

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Province of Jülich-Cleves-Berg

The Province of Jülich-Cleves-Berg (Provinz Jülich-Kleve-Berg) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia from 1815–22.

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Ralf Hütter

Ralf Hütter (born 20 August 1946) is a German musician best known as the lead singer, keyboardist, founding member and leader of Kraftwerk.

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Reform Judaism

Reform Judaism (also known as Liberal Judaism or Progressive Judaism) is a major Jewish denomination that emphasizes the evolving nature of the faith, the superiority of its ethical aspects to the ceremonial ones, and a belief in a continuous revelation not centered on the theophany at Mount Sinai.

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Regional-Express

In Germany, Luxembourg and Austria, the Regional-Express (RE, or in Austria: REX) is a type of regional train.

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Regionalbahn

The Regionalbahn (abbreviated RB) is a type of local passenger train (stopping train) in Germany.

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Rheinbahn

The Rheinbahn is a public transport provider operating in and around Düsseldorf.

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Rhine

--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.

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Rhine Province

The Rhine Province (Rheinprovinz), also known as Rhenish Prussia (Rheinpreußen) or synonymous with the Rhineland (Rheinland), was the westernmost province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia, within the German Reich, from 1822 to 1946.

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Riga

Riga (Rīga) is the capital and largest city of Latvia.

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Rudi Dornbusch

Rüdiger "Rudi" Dornbusch (June 8, 1942 – July 25, 2002) was a German economist who worked for most of his career in the United States.

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Rumbula massacre

The Rumbula massacre is a collective term for incidents on November 30 and December 8, 1941 in which about 25,000 Jews were killed in or on the way to Rumbula forest near Riga, Latvia, during the Holocaust.

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Russia

Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

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Saki Kaskas

Theodosius Kaskamanidis (September 24, 1971 – November 11?, 2016), better known as "Saki Kaskas" or "Captain Ginger", was a Greek video game music composer, best known for his soundtracks in the Need for Speed series.

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Seven Years' War

The Seven Years' War was a global conflict fought between 1756 and 1763.

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Silent Force

Silent Force is a German power metal band with neoclassical and progressive influences, founded by German guitarist Alex Beyrodt.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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Social Democratic Party of Germany

The Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) is a social-democratic political party in Germany.

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South Holland

South Holland (Zuid-Holland) is a province of the Netherlands with a population of just over 3.6 million as of 2015 and a population density of about, making it the country's most populous province and one of the world's most densely populated areas.

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Stadtbahn

A Stadtbahn (German for "city railway"; plural Stadtbahnen) is a tramway or light railway that includes segments built to rapid transit standards, usually as part of a process of conversion to a metro railway, mainly by the building of metro-grade tunnels in the central city area.

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Standard German

Standard German, High German or more precisely Standard High German (Standarddeutsch, Hochdeutsch, or in Swiss Schriftdeutsch) is the standardized variety of the German language used in formal contexts, and for communication between different dialect areas.

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Sumatra

Sumatra is an Indonesian island in Southeast Asia that is part of the Sunda Islands.

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SWK MOBIL

The SWK MOBIL GmbH is a public transport operator in the city of Krefeld, and part of the Viersen district in Western Germany.

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Synagogue

A synagogue, also spelled synagog (pronounced; from Greek συναγωγή,, 'assembly', בית כנסת, 'house of assembly' or, "house of prayer", Yiddish: שול shul, Ladino: אסנוגה or קהל), is a Jewish house of prayer.

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Thierry Hermès

Thierry Hermès (1801-1878) was a German-born French businessman.

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Thirty Years' War

The Thirty Years' War was a war fought primarily in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648.

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Town privileges

Town privileges or borough rights were important features of European towns during most of the second millennium.

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Trams in Krefeld

The Krefeld tramway network (Straßenbahnnetz Krefeld) is a network of tramways forming part of the public transport system in Krefeld, a city in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

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Turkey

Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

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Uerdingen

Uerdingen is a district of the city of Krefeld, Germany, with a population of 18,507.

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Uerdingen line

The Uerdingen Line (named after Uerdingen by Georg Wenker) is the isogloss within West Germanic languages that separates dialects which preserve the -k sound in the first person singular pronoun word "ik" (north of the line) from dialects in which the word final -k has changed to word final -ch in the word "ich" (IPA) (south of the line).

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Ulyanovsk

Ulyanovsk is a city and the administrative center of Ulyanovsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Volga River east of Moscow.

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Ulyanovsk Oblast

Ulyanovsk Oblast (Улья́новская о́бласть, Ulyanovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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Venlo

Venlo is a city and municipality in the southeastern Netherlands, near the German border.

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Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr

The Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr, abbreviated VRR, is the public transport association covering the area of the Rhine-Ruhr conurbation in Germany.

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Werner Voss

Werner Voss (13 April 1897 – 23 September 1917) was a World War I German flying ace credited with 48 aerial victories.

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William III of England

William III (Willem; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702), also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672 and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death in 1702.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Yad Vashem

Yad Vashem (יָד וַשֵׁם; literally, "a monument and a name") is Israel's official memorial to the victims of the Holocaust.

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Redirects here:

Crefeld, History of Krefeld, Krefeld, Germany, UN/LOCODE:DEKRE.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krefeld

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