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Kremlin (fortification)

Index Kremlin (fortification)

A kremlin (ˈkrʲemlʲ, "castle", or "citadel") is a major fortified central complex found in historic Russian cities. [1]

80 relations: Aleksin, Alexandrov Kremlin, Astrakhan Kremlin, Belgorod, Belgorod Kievsky, Belz, Bishop, Borovsk, Brady Haran, Cheboksary, Chernihiv, Citadel, Detinets, Dmitrov, Flint, Gdov Kremlin, Golden Gate, Kiev, Ivangorod Fortress, Izborsk, Kaluga, Kamyenyets, Kazan Kremlin, Kiev, Kievan Rus', Kingisepp, Kirov, Kirov Oblast, Kolomna Kremlin, Koporye, Korela Fortress, Kostroma, Max Vasmer, Metonymy, Monastery, Moscow Kremlin, Mtsensk, Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin, Novgorod Kremlin, Novhorod-Siverskyi, Opochka, Oryol, Ostrov, Ostrovsky District, Pskov Oblast, Pereslavl-Zalessky, Pskov Krom, Pustozersk, Putyvl, Radonezh, Russia, Russian Empire, Ryazan, Shlisselburg, ..., Siberia, Sknyatino, Smolensk Kremlin, Solovetsky Monastery, Soviet Union, Staraya Ladoga, Staritsa, Starodub, Suzdal Kremlin, Sviyazhsk, Syzran Kremlin, Tobolsk Kremlin, Tower of Kamyenyets, Tsar, Tula Kremlin, Tver, Ufa, Uglich, University of Nottingham, Vereya, Vladimir, Russia, Vologda, Volokolamsk, Vyazma, World Heritage site, Yaroslavl, Yoshkar-Ola, Yuryev-Polsky (town), Zaraysk Kremlin, Zvenigorod. Expand index (30 more) »

Aleksin

Aleksin (Але́ксин) is a town and the administrative center of Aleksinsky District in Tula Oblast, Russia, located northwest of Tula, the administrative center of the oblast.

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Alexandrov Kremlin

The tsar’s residence in the Alexandrovskaya village (also known as the Alexandrovsky Kremlin) is an old Russian fortress which served as the actual capital of the oprichnina in the Moscow state from 1564 until 1581.

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Astrakhan Kremlin

Astrakhan Kremlin (Астраханский кремль) is a fortress in Astrakhan, Russia.

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Belgorod

Belgorod (p) is a city and the administrative center of Belgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the Seversky Donets River north of the border with Ukraine.

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Belgorod Kievsky

Bilhorod Kyivsky (Білгород Київський; Белгород Киевский, Belgorod Kievsky) was a legendary city-castle of Kievan Rus' that was located on the right bank of Irpin River (now located in Ukraine) and was mentioned in chronicles.

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Belz

Belz (Белз; Bełz ; בעלז &thinsp) is a small city in Sokal Raion of Lviv Oblast (region) of Western Ukraine, near the border with Poland, is located between the Solokiya river (a tributary of the Bug River) and the Rzeczyca stream.

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Bishop

A bishop (English derivation from the New Testament of the Christian Bible Greek επίσκοπος, epískopos, "overseer", "guardian") is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.

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Borovsk

Borovsk (Бо́ровск) is a town and the administrative center of Borovsky District of Kaluga Oblast, Russia, located on the Protva River just south from the oblast's border with Moscow Oblast.

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Brady Haran

Brady John Haran (born 18 June 1976) is an Australian-born British independent filmmaker and video journalist who is known for his educational videos and documentary films produced for BBC News and his YouTube channels, the most notable being Periodic Videos and Numberphile.

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Cheboksary

Cheboksary (p; Шупашкар, Šupaškar) is the capital city of Chuvashia, Russia and a port on the Volga River.

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Chernihiv

Chernihiv (Чернігів) also known as Chernigov (p, Czernihów) is a historic city in northern Ukraine, which serves as the administrative center of the Chernihiv Oblast (province), as well as of the surrounding Chernihiv Raion (district) within the oblast.

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Citadel

A citadel is the core fortified area of a town or city.

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Detinets

Detinets (literally "Young Man's Compound", from the same root as the Russian word deti.

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Dmitrov

Dmitrov (p) is a town and the administrative center of Dmitrovsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located to the north of Moscow on the Yakhroma River and the Moscow Canal.

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Flint

Flint is a hard, sedimentary cryptocrystalline form of the mineral quartz, categorized as a variety of chert.

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Gdov Kremlin

The Gdov Kremlin (Гдовский Кремль) is located on a bank of the Gdovka River, overlooking the Russian town of Gdov.

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Golden Gate, Kiev

The Golden Gates of Kyiv (Золоті ворота, Zoloti vorota) was the main gate in the 11th century fortifications of Kyiv, the capital of Kievan Rus'.

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Ivangorod Fortress

Ivangorod Fortress (Ивангородская крепость, Jaanilinna linnus, Jaanilidna) is a medieval castle in Ivangorod, Leningrad Oblast, Russia.

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Izborsk

Izborsk (Избо́рск; Irboska; Seto) is a rural locality (village) in Pechorsky District of Pskov Oblast, Russia.

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Kaluga

Kaluga (p) is a city and the administrative center of Kaluga Oblast, Russia, located on the Oka River southwest of Moscow.

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Kamyenyets

Kamyanyets (also spelled as Kamianiec, Kamenets, Kamieniec; Ка́менец, Ка́менец, Kamieniec, קאמעניץ Kamenits, Kamianecas; Kamenitz D'Lita) is a town in the Brest Region of Belarus and the center of the Kamyenyetski Rajon.

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Kazan Kremlin

The Kazan Kremlin (Казанский Кремль; Казан кирмәне) is the chief historic citadel of Tatarstan, situated in the city of Kazan.

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Kiev

Kiev or Kyiv (Kyiv; Kiyev; Kyjev) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.

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Kievan Rus'

Kievan Rus' (Рѹ́сь, Рѹ́сьскаѧ землѧ, Rus(s)ia, Ruscia, Ruzzia, Rut(h)enia) was a loose federationJohn Channon & Robert Hudson, Penguin Historical Atlas of Russia (Penguin, 1995), p.16.

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Kingisepp

Kingisepp (Ки́нгисепп or Кингисе́пп; Jaamahttp://www.hs.fi/english/article/Last+of+the+Ingrian+grannies+hold+on/1329104265831), formerly Yamburg (Я́мбург), Yam (Ям), and Yama (Я́ма), is an ancient town and the administrative center of Kingiseppsky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located along the Luga River southwest of St. Petersburg, east of Narva, and south of the Gulf of Finland.

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Kirov, Kirov Oblast

Kirov (p), formerly known as Vyatka (Вя́тка) and Khlynov (Хлы́нов), is a city and the administrative center of Kirov Oblast, Russia, located on the Vyatka River.

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Kolomna Kremlin

Kolomna Kremlin is a very large fortress in Kolomna, Russia.

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Koporye

Koporye (Копорье; Finnish: Kaprio; Koporje) is a historic village (selo) in Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located about to the west of St. Petersburg and south of the Koporye Bay of the Baltic Sea.

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Korela Fortress

Korela Fortress (Russian: Корела, Finnish: Käkisalmen linna, Swedish: Kexholms slott), at the town of Priozersk.

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Kostroma

Kostroma (p) is a historic city and the administrative center of Kostroma Oblast, Russia.

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Max Vasmer

Max Julius Friedrich Vasmer (Макс Ю́лиус Фри́дрих Фа́смер; 28 February 1886 – 30 November 1962) was a Russian-born German linguist.

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Metonymy

Metonymy is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by the name of something closely associated with that thing or concept.

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Monastery

A monastery is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics, monks or nuns, whether living in communities or alone (hermits).

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Moscow Kremlin

The Moscow Kremlin (p), usually referred to as the Kremlin, is a fortified complex at the heart of Moscow, overlooking the Moskva River to the south, Saint Basil's Cathedral and Red Square to the east, and the Alexander Garden to the west.

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Mtsensk

Mtsensk (Мценск) is a town in Oryol Oblast, Russia, located on the Zusha River (Oka's tributary) northeast of Oryol, the administrative center of the oblast.

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Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin

The Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin (Нижегородский кремль) is a fortress in Nizhny Novgorod, the historic city center.

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Novgorod Kremlin

Novgorod Kremlin (also Detinets) stands on the left bank of the Volkhov River in Veliky Novgorod about two miles north of where it empties out of Lake Ilmen.

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Novhorod-Siverskyi

Novhorod-Siverskyi (Новгород-Сіверський, Novhorod Siverskyi,; Но́вгород-Се́верский, Novgorod-Seversky; Nowogród Siewierski) is a historic city in Chernihiv Oblast (province) of Ukraine.

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Opochka

Opochka (Опо́чка) is a town and the administrative center of Opochetsky District in Pskov Oblast, Russia, located on the Velikaya River, south of Pskov, the administrative center of the oblast.

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Oryol

Oryol or Orel (p, lit. eagle) is a city and the administrative center of Oryol Oblast, Russia, located on the Oka River, approximately south-southwest of Moscow.

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Ostrov, Ostrovsky District, Pskov Oblast

Ostrov (О́стров, lit. island) is a town and the administrative center of Ostrovsky District in Pskov Oblast, Russia, located on the Velikaya River, south of Pskov, the administrative center of the oblast.

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Pereslavl-Zalessky

Pereslavl-Zalessky (p, lit. Pereslavl beyond the woods), also known as Pereyaslavl-Zalessky, is a town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, located on the main Moscow–Yaroslavl road and on the southeastern shore of Lake Pleshcheyevo at the mouth of the Trubezh River.

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Pskov Krom

The Pskov Krom (or Pskov Kremlin) (Псковский Кром) is an ancient citadel in Pskov, Russia.

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Pustozersk

Pustozersk (Пустозерск.) or Pustozyorsk (Пустозёрск) was the administrative center of Yugra and Pechora krais of Muscovy and Imperial Russia.

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Putyvl

Putyvl′ or Putivl′ (p) is a city in north-east Ukraine, in Sumy Oblast.

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Radonezh

Radonezh (Радонеж), formerly known as Gorodok (Городо́к) is a historic village in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located about from Sergiyev Posad.

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Russia

Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

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Russian Empire

The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

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Ryazan

Ryazan (a) is a city and the administrative center of Ryazan Oblast, Russia, located on the Oka River southeast of Moscow.

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Shlisselburg

Shlisselburg (p; Schlüsselburg; Nöteborg) is a town in Kirovsky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located at the head of the Neva River on Lake Ladoga, east of St. Petersburg.

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Siberia

Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.

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Sknyatino

Sknyatino (Скнятино) is a village in Kalyazinsky District of Tver Oblast, Russia, situated at the confluence of the Nerl and the Volga Rivers, about halfway between Uglich and Tver.

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Smolensk Kremlin

Smolensk Kremlin (Смоленский кремль) is a kremlin (a fortress) enclosing the center of the city of Smolensk in western Russia.

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Solovetsky Monastery

The Solovetsky Monastery (p) is a fortified monastery located on the Solovetsky Islands in the White Sea in northern Russia.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Staraya Ladoga

Staraya Ladoga (p); Vanha Laatokka; Aldeigjuborg) is a rural locality (a selo) in Volkhovsky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the Volkhov River near Lake Ladoga, north of the town of Volkhov, the administrative center of the district. It used to be a prosperous trading outpost in the 8th and 9th centuries. A multi-ethnic settlement, it was dominated by Scandinavians who were called by the name of Rus'. For that reason, it is sometimes called the first capital of Russia.

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Staritsa

Staritsa (Старица) is the name of several inhabited localities in Russia.

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Starodub

Starodub (p, old oak) is a town in Bryansk Oblast, Russia, located on the Babinets River (the Dnieper basin), southwest of Bryansk.

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Suzdal Kremlin

The Suzdal Kremlin (Russian: Суздальский кремль) is the oldest part of the Russian city of Suzdal, dating from the 10th century.

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Sviyazhsk

Sviyazhsk (Свия́жск) is a rural locality (a selo) in the Russia, located at the confluence of the Volga and Sviyaga Rivers.

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Syzran Kremlin

The Syzran Kremlin (Сызранский Кремль) is located in the Russian town Syzran Samara Oblast, on the Kremlin hill at the confluence of the Volga, Syzranka river, Krymza river, overlooking the main historic street «Soviet».

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Tobolsk Kremlin

The Tobolsk Kremlin (Тобольский кремль) is the sole stone kremlin in Siberia.

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Tower of Kamyenyets

The Tower of Kamyenyets, often called by the misnomer the White Tower (Белая вежа, transliteration: Bielaya Vieža or Belaya Vezha), is the main landmark of the town of Kamyenyets in Belarus.

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Tsar

Tsar (Old Bulgarian / Old Church Slavonic: ц︢рь or цар, цaрь), also spelled csar, or czar, is a title used to designate East and South Slavic monarchs or supreme rulers of Eastern Europe.

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Tula Kremlin

Tula Kremlin (Тульский кремль) is a fortress in Tula, Russia.

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Tver

Tver (p; IPA: tvʲerʲi) is a city and the administrative center of Tver Oblast, Russia.

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Ufa

Ufa (p; Өфө) is the capital city of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia, and the industrial, economic, scientific and cultural center of the republic.

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Uglich

Uglich (p) is a historic town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, which stands on the Volga River.

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University of Nottingham

The University of Nottingham is a public research university in Nottingham, United Kingdom.

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Vereya

Vereya (Верея) is the name of several inhabited localities in Russia.

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Vladimir, Russia

Vladimir (a) is a city and the administrative center of Vladimir Oblast, Russia, located on the Klyazma River, to the east of Moscow.

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Vologda

Vologda (p) is a city and the administrative, cultural, and scientific center of Vologda Oblast, Russia, located on the Vologda River within the watershed of the Northern Dvina.

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Volokolamsk

Volokolamsk (Волокола́мск) is a town and the administrative center of Volokolamsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the Gorodenka River, not far from its confluence with the Lama River, northwest of Moscow.

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Vyazma

Vyazma (Вя́зьма) is a town and the administrative center of Vyazemsky District in Smolensk Oblast, Russia, located on the Vyazma River, about halfway between Smolensk, the administrative center of the oblast, and Mozhaysk.

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World Heritage site

A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.

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Yaroslavl

Yaroslavl (p) is a city and the administrative center of Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, located northeast of Moscow.

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Yoshkar-Ola

Yoshkar-Ola (Йошка́р-Ола́; Йошкар-Ола) is the capital city of the Mari El Republic, Russia.

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Yuryev-Polsky (town)

Yuryev-Polsky (Ю́рьев-По́льский) is an old town and the administrative center of Yuryev-Polsky District of Vladimir Oblast, Russia, located in the upper reaches of the Koloksha River, northwest of Vladimir, the administrative center of the oblast.

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Zaraysk Kremlin

The Zaraysk Kremlin is a rectangular fortified citadel, built on the orders of the Grand Prince Vasili III, originally constructed between 1528 and 1531, and located in the European part of Russia.

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Zvenigorod

Zvenigorod (Звени́город) is an old town in Moscow Oblast, Russia.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kremlin_(fortification)

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