267 relations: Admiral, Admiral (Germany), Admiral of the fleet, Adolf Hitler, Air-sea rescue, Aircraft carrier, Allies of World War II, Almería, Alwin-Broder Albrecht, Anglo-German Naval Agreement, Anti-aircraft warfare, Anti-submarine warfare, Arado Ar 196, Arctic convoys of World War II, Armed merchantman, Armored cruiser, Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic Wall, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Baltic Sea, Barque, Battle of France, Battle of the Atlantic, Battle of the Barents Sea, Battle of the Danzig Bay, Battle of the Mediterranean, Battle of the North Cape, Battle of the River Plate, Battle of Westerplatte, Battles of Narvik, Battleship, Belligerent, Black May (1943), Black Sea, Brest, France, British Malaya, Cabo de Gata-Níjar Natural Park, Cadet, Capital ship, Captain (naval), Captain at sea, Channel Dash, Channel Islands, Chief petty officer, Coastal artillery, Coastal defence ship, Commander, Commerce raiding, Commodore (rank), Commodore admiral, ..., Convoy, Convoy JW 55B, Convoy PQ 17, 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reunification, German Type IX submarine, German Type VII submarine, German Type X submarine, German Type XIV submarine, Gibraltar, Glossary of German military terms, Gogland, Gradnetzmeldeverfahren, Graf Zeppelin-class aircraft carrier, Großadmiral, Gulf of Finland, Gunboat, H-class battleship proposals, Hans-Georg von Friedeburg, Heavy cruiser, Heinrich Lehmann-Willenbrock, Heinrich Liebe, Herbert Schultze, Human torpedo, Ibiza, Imperial German Navy, Indian Ocean, Interservice rivalry, Invasion of Normandy, Invasion of Poland, Jade-class aircraft carrier, Junkers Ju 87, K-Verband, Kapitänleutnant, Karl Dönitz, Karl-Friedrich Merten, Kiel, Kingdom of Italy, Knight (chess), Kommodore, Konteradmiral, Korvettenkapitän, Kurzemes Vārds, Lend-Lease, Leutnant zur See, Lieutenant, Lieutenant (junior grade), Lieutenant commander, Light cruiser, List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipients of the Kriegsmarine, List of Kriegsmarine ships, List of naval ships of Germany, List of World War II torpedoes of Germany, Luftwaffe, Mecklenburg, Messerschmitt Bf 109, Midget submarine, Midshipman, Military branch, Minelayer, Minesweeper, Molch, Monsun Gruppe, Narvik, NATO, Naval architecture, Naval aviation, Navy, Nazi Germany, Neger, Non-intervention in the Spanish Civil War, Norwegian Campaign, Novaya Zemlya, Nuclear testing at Bikini Atoll, Oberfähnrich zur See, Oberkommando der Marine, Oberleutnant zur See, Operation Berlin (Atlantic), Operation Catechism, Operation Deadlight, Operation Doppelschlag, Operation Hannibal, Operation Juno, Operation Neuland, Operation Nordseetour, Operation Ostfront, Operation Rösselsprung (1942), Operation Regenbogen (Arctic), Operation Rheinübung, Operation Sea Lion, Operation Sportpalast, Operation Tanne Ost, Operation Weserübung, Operation Wikinger, Operation Wunderland, Operation Zitronella, Oran, Oropesa del Mar, Oscarsborg Fortress, Oslofjord, Otto Kretschmer, P-class cruiser, Petty officer, Plan Z, Platoon, Polish Navy, Pomerania, 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Wolfpack (naval tactic), World War I, World War II, Yellow badge. 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Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks, of the highest naval officers.
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Admiral, short Adm, (en: Admiral) is the most senior flag officer rank rank in the German Navy.
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An admiral of the fleet or fleet admiral (sometimes also known as admiral of the navy or grand admiral) is a military naval officer of the highest rank.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party (NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and Führer ("leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
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Air-sea rescue (ASR or A/SR, also known as sea-air rescue) is the coordinated search and rescue (SAR) of the survivors of emergency water landings as well as people who have survived the loss of their seagoing vessel.
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An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft.
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The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that opposed the Axis powers together during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Almería is a city in Andalusia, Spain, situated in the southeast of Spain on the Mediterranean Sea.
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Alwin-Broder Albrecht (18 September 1903 – 1 May 1945) was a German naval officer who was one of Adolf Hitler's adjutants during World War II.
The Anglo-German Naval Agreement of June 18, 1935, was a naval agreement between Britain and Germany regulating the size of the Kriegsmarine in relation to the Royal Navy.
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
Anti-submarine warfare (ASW, or in older form A/S) is a branch of underwater warfare that uses surface warships, aircraft, or other submarines to find, track and deter, damage or destroy enemy submarines.
The Arado Ar 196 was a shipboard reconnaissance low-wing monoplane aircraft built by the German firm of Arado starting in 1936.
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The Arctic convoys of World War II were oceangoing convoys which sailed from the United Kingdom, Iceland, and North America to northern ports in the Soviet Union - primarily Arkhangelsk (Archangel) and Murmansk, both in modern-day Russia.
Armed merchantman is a term that has come to mean a merchant ship equipped with guns, usually for defensive purposes, either by design or after the fact.
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The armored cruiser was a type of warship of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
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The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceanic divisions, following the Pacific Ocean.
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The Atlantic Wall (Atlantikwall) was an extensive system of coastal defence and fortifications built by Nazi Germany between 1942 and 1944 along the coast of continental Europe and Scandinavia as a defense against an anticipated Allied invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe from Great Britain during World War II.
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The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, in the United States Territory of Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, the Baltic countries, and the North European Plain.
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A barque, barc, or bark is a type of sailing vessel with three or more masts having the fore- and mainmasts rigged square and only the mizzen (the aftermost mast) rigged fore-and-aft.
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The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War, beginning on 10 May 1940, defeating primarily French forces.
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The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest continuous military campaign in World War II, running from 1939 to the defeat of Germany in 1945.
The Battle of the Barents Sea was a naval engagement on 31 December 1942 between warships of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine and British ships escorting convoy JW 51B to Kola Inlet in the USSR.
The Battle of the Danzig Bay (bitwa w Zatoce Gdańskiej) took place on September 1, 1939, at the beginning of the invasion of Poland, when Polish Navy vessels were attacked by German Luftwaffe aircraft in Gdańsk Bay (then Danzig Bay).
The Battle of the Mediterranean was the name given to the naval campaign fought in the Mediterranean Sea during World War II, from 10 June 1940 to 2 May 1945.
The Battle of the North Cape was a Second World War naval battle which occurred on 26 December 1943, as part of the Arctic Campaign.
The Battle of the River Plate was the first naval battle in the Second World War and the first one of Battle of the Atlantic in South American waters.
The Battle of Westerplatte was the first battle in the Invasion of Poland and marked the start of the Second World War in Europe.
The Battles of Narvik were fought from 9 April to 8 June 1940 as a naval battle in the Ofotfjord and as a land battle in the mountains surrounding the north Norwegian city of Narvik as part of the Norwegian Campaign of the Second World War.
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A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of heavy caliber guns.
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A belligerent (lat. bellum gerere, "to wage war") is an individual, group, country, or other entity that acts in a hostile manner, such as engaging in combat.
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‘Black May’ refers to a period (May 1943) in the Battle of the Atlantic campaign during World War II, when the German U-boat arm (U-Bootwaffe) suffered high casualties with fewer Allied ships sunk; it is considered a turning point in the Battle of the Atlantic.
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The Black Sea is a sea between Southeastern Europe and Western Asia.
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Brest is a city in the Finistère département in Brittany in northwestern France.
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The term British Malaya loosely describes a set of states on the Malay Peninsula and the island of Singapore that were brought under British control between the 18th and the 20th centuries.
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Cabo de Gata-Níjar Natural Park in the south-eastern corner of Spain, is Andalucia's largest coastal protected area, a wild and isolated landscape with some of Europe's most original geological features.
A cadet is a trainee.
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The capital ships of a navy are its most important warships; they generally possess the heaviest firepower and armor and are traditionally much larger than other naval vessels.
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Captain is the name most often given in English-speaking navies to the rank corresponding to command of the largest ships.
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Captain at sea is a naval rank corresponding to command of a ship-of-the-line or capital ship.
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The Channel Dash, codenamed Operation Cerberus by the Germans, was a major naval engagement during World War II in which a German Kriegsmarine squadron consisting of both s, and the heavy cruiser along with escorts, ran a British blockade and successfully sailed from Brest in Brittany to their home bases in Germany via the English Channel.
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The Channel Islands (Norman: Îles d'la Manche, French: Îles Anglo-Normandes or Îles de la Manche) are an archipelago of British Crown Dependencies in the English Channel, off the French coast of Normandy.
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A chief petty officer is a senior non-commissioned officer in many navies and coast guards.
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Coastal artillery is the branch of armed forces concerned with operating anti-ship artillery or fixed gun batteries in coastal fortifications.
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Coastal defence ships (sometimes called coastal battleships or coast defence ships) were warships built for the purpose of coastal defence, mostly during the period from 1860 to 1920.
Commander is a naval officer rank.
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Commerce raiding is a form of naval warfare used to destroy or disrupt logistics of the enemy on the open sea by attacking its merchant shipping, rather than engaging its combatants or enforcing a blockade against them.
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Commodore is a naval rank used in many navies that is superior to a navy captain, but below a rear admiral.
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Commodore Admiral (COMO)was a short lived military rank of the United States Navy and United States Coast Guard that existed for less than 11 months during the year 1982.
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A convoy is a group of vehicles, typically motor vehicles or ships, traveling together for mutual support and protection.
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Convoy JW 55B was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II.
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PQ 17 was the code name for an Allied World War II convoy in the Arctic Ocean.
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Courland (Kurzeme; Kurāmō; German and Kurland; Curonia / Couronia; Kuršas; Kuramaa; Kurlandia; Курляндия; Курляндыя; Kuurinmaa) is one of the historical and cultural regions of Latvia.
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A cruiser is a type of warship.
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The D-class cruisers were a pair of cruisers, classified as Panzerschiffe ("armored ships") by the Kriegsmarine.
De facto is a Latin expression that means "in fact, in reality, in actual existence, force, or possession, as a matter of fact" (literally "from fact").
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In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.
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The Deutschland incident of 1937 occurred in May of that year, during the Spanish Civil War.
The Deutschland class was a series of three Panzerschiffe ("armored ships"), a form of heavily armed cruiser, built by the Reichsmarine officially in accordance with restrictions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles.
A dive bomber is a bomber aircraft that dives directly at its targets in order to provide greater accuracy for the bomb it drops.
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A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
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The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East Indies; Nederlands-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony that became modern Indonesia following World War II.
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East Germany, formally the German Democratic Republic or GDR (Deutsche Demokratische Republik, or DDR), was a state in the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
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East Prussia (Ostpreußen,; Borussia orientalis; Восточная Пруссия) was the main part of the region of Prussia along the southeastern Baltic Coast from the 13th century to the end of World War II in May 1945.
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An elektroboot ("electric boat" in German) was a submarine designed to operate entirely submerged, rather than as submersibles that could submerge as a temporary means to escape detection or launch an attack.
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Ensign late 14c., via Scottish, from Old French enseigne (12c.) "mark, symbol, signal; flag, standard, pennant", from Latin insignia (plural) is a junior rank of a commissioned officer in the armed forces of some countries, normally in the infantry or navy.
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Großadmiral Erich Johann Albert Raeder (24 April 1876 – 6 November 1960) was a naval leader in Germany who played a major role in the naval history of World War II.
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Erich Topp (2 July 1914 – 26 December 2005) was the third most successful of German U-Boot Experten commanders of World War II.
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The evacuation of East Prussia was the evacuation of the German civilian population and military personnel in East Prussia and the Klaipėda region between 20 January and March 1945 as part of the evacuation of German civilians towards the end of World War II.
A fast attack craft (FAC) is a small, fast, agile and offensive warship armed with anti-ship missiles, gun and/or torpedoes.
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Fähnrich zur See (Fähnr zS or FRZS) designates in the German Navy of the Bundeswehr a military person or member of the armed forces with the second highest Officer Aspirant (OA – de: Offizieranwärter) rank.
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The post of Führer der Unterseeboote (FdU) ("Type Commander, Submarines") was the senior commanding officer of the submarine service in the Kaiserliche Marine of World War I and the Kriegsmarine of World War II, and the title of several senior commands during the war.
The Fieseler Fi 167 was a 1930s German biplane torpedo and reconnaissance bomber designed for use from the Graf Zeppelin class aircraft carriers under construction from 1936 to 1942.
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The First Happy Time was a phase of the Battle of the Atlantic during which German Navy U-boats enjoyed significant success against the British Royal Navy and its allies.
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A flag officer is a commissioned officer in a nation's armed forces senior enough to be entitled to fly a flag to mark the position from which the officer exercises command.
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Fleet admiral (FADM) was a five-star flag officer rank in the United States Navy and was, in its time, the highest rank attainable in the service.
In naval warfare, a "fleet in being" is a naval force that extends a controlling influence without ever leaving port.
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A flotilla (from Spanish, meaning a small flota (fleet) of ships, and this from French flotte), or naval flotilla, is a formation of small warships that may be part of a larger fleet.
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The former eastern territories of Germany (Ehemalige deutsche Ostgebiete) are those provinces or regions east of the current eastern border of Germany (the Oder–Neisse line) which were lost by Germany after World War I and then World War II.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.
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Francisco Franco Bahamonde (December 4, 1892 – November 20, 1975) was a Spanish general and the dictator of Spain from 1939 until his death in 1975.
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Francoist Spain (also historically known as Nationalist Spain during the Spanish Civil War) refers to the period of Spanish history between 1939, when Francisco Franco took control of Spain from the government of the Second Spanish Republic after winning the Civil War, and 1978, when the Spanish Constitution of 1978 went into effect.
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Fregattenkapitän, short: FKpt / in lists: FK, is the middle senior officer rank in the German Navy / armed forces of Germany (Bundeswehr).
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The French Navy (Marine nationale, "national navy"), informally La Royale, is the maritime arm of the French Armed Forces.
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A frogman is someone who is trained in scuba diving or swimming underwater in a tactical capacity that includes combat.
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Günther Prien (16 January 1908 – presumed 7 March 1941) was a German U-boat ace of the first part of the Second World War, and the first U-boat commander to receive the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) and the first member of the Kriegsmarine to receive the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub).
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Gdańsk (English pronunciation, Danzig,, also known by other alternative names) is a Polish city on the Baltic coast, the capital of the Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland's principal seaport and the centre of the country's fourth-largest metropolitan area.
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General admiral was a Danish, Dutch, German, Russian, Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish naval rank.
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Georg Lassen (12 May 1915 – 18 January 2012) was a German U-boat commander who served with Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II rising to the rank of Korvettenkapitän (corvette captain).
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The German aircraft carrier I was a planned conversion of the transport ship Europa during World War II.
Bismarck was the first of two s built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine.
Admiral Graf Spee was a heavy cruiser (originally termed Panzerschiff or armoured ship, sometimes referred to as "pocket battleship") which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Admiral Scheer was a ''Deutschland''-class heavy cruiser (often termed a pocket battleship) which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Karlsruhe was a light cruiser, the second member of the ''Königsberg'' class, and was operated between 1929 and April 1940, including service in World War II.
Königsberg was a German light cruiser that was operated between 1929 and April 1940, including service in World War II.
On December 11, 1941, several days after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the United States declaration of war against the Japanese Empire, Nazi Germany declared war on the United States, in response to what was claimed to be a series of provocations by the United States government when the US was formally neutral during World War II.
German involvement in the Spanish Civil War commenced with the outbreak of war in July 1936, with Adolf Hitler immediately sending in powerful air and armored units to assist General Francisco Franco and his Nationalist forces.
The German Mine Sweeping Administration (GMSA) was an organisation formed by the Allies from former crews and vessels of the Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for the purpose of mine sweeping after the Second World War, predominantly in the North Sea and Baltic Sea, which existed from June 1945 to January 1948.
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The German rearmament (Aufrüstung) was an era of rearmament in Germany during the interwar period (1918-1939), in violation of the Treaty of Versailles.
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The German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR/East Germany) joined the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG/West Germany) to form the reunited nation of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz constitution Article 23.
The Type IX U-boat was designed by Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine in 1935 and 1936 as a large ocean-going submarine for sustained operations far from the home support facilities.
Type VII U-boats were the most common type of German World War II U-boat.
Type X (XB) U-boats were a special type of German submarine (U-boat).
The Type XIV U-boat was a modification of the Type IXD, designed to resupply other U-boats.
Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula at the entrance of the Mediterranean.
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This is a list of words, terms, concepts, and slogans that have been or are used by the German military.
Gogland or Hogland (Гогланд; Suursaari; Hogland, Suursaar, Hochland) is an island in the Gulf of Finland in the eastern Baltic Sea, about 180 km west of Saint Petersburg and 35 km from the coast of Finland (near Kotka).
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German Naval Grid Reference, or Gradnetzmeldeverfahren, was a system for referencing the a location on a map.
The Graf Zeppelin-class aircraft carriers were four German Kriegsmarine aircraft carriers planned in the mid-1930s by Grand Admiral Erich Raeder as part of the Plan Z rearmament program after Germany and Great Britain signed the Anglo-German Naval Agreement.
Großadmiral was the most senior regular flag officer military rank in the historic naval forces of Germany and Austria-Hungary, comparable to NATO rank codes OF10, and to the five-star rank in anglophone armed forces.
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The Gulf of Finland (Suomenlahti; Soome laht; p; Finska viken) is the easternmost arm of the Baltic Sea.
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A gunboat is a naval watercraft designed for the express purpose of carrying one or more guns to bombard coastal targets, as opposed to those military craft designed for naval warfare, or for ferrying troops or supplies.
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The H class was a series of battleship designs for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine, intended to fulfill the requirements of Plan Z in the late 1930s and early 1940s.
Hans-Georg von Friedeburg (15 July 1895 in Straßburg – 23 May 1945 in Flensburg) was the deputy commander of the U-boat Forces of Nazi Germany and the last Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine.
The heavy cruiser was a type of cruiser, a naval warship designed for long range and high speed, armed generally with naval guns of roughly 203mm calibre (8 inches in caliber) and displacing approximately 10,000 tons.
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Fregattenkapitän Heinrich Lehmann-Willenbrock (11 December 1911 – 18 April 1986) was a German naval officer and submarine commander during World War II.
Heinrich Liebe (29 January 1908 – 27 July 1997) was a highly decorated German Fregattenkapitän (commander) who served as a U-boat commander during World War II until transferred to Oberkommando der Marine (Naval High Command).
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Herbert Emil Schultze (24 July 1909 – 3 June 1987), was a German U-boat (submarine) commander of the Kriegsmarine (the German navy in World War II).
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Human torpedoes or manned torpedoes are a type of rideable submarine used as secret naval weapons in World War II.
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Ibiza (Eivissa)p is an island in the Mediterranean Sea, off the coast of the city of Valencia, in eastern Spain.
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The Imperial German Navy was the Imperial Navy – the navy created at the time of the formation of the German Empire.
The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface.
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Interservice rivalry is rivalry between different branches of a country's armed forces, in other words competition for limited resources among a nation's land forces (army), naval, and air forces.
The Invasion of Normandy was the invasion by and establishment of Western Allied forces in Normandy, during Operation Overlord in 1944 during World War II; the largest amphibious invasion to ever take place.
The Invasion of Poland, also known as the September Campaign, or the 1939 Defensive War in Poland (Kampania wrześniowa or Wojna obronna 1939 roku), and alternatively the Poland Campaign (Polenfeldzug) or Fall Weiß in Germany (Case White), was a joint invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union, and a small Slovak contingent, that marked the beginning of World War II in Europe.
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The Jade class comprised a pair of passenger ships intended to be converted into auxiliary aircraft carriers by Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.
The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka (from Sturzkampfflugzeug, "dive bomber") was a two-man (pilot and rear gunner) German dive bomber and ground-attack aircraft.
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The K-Verband (in English "small battle unit", derived from Kleinkampfverbände der Kriegsmarine "small battle units") was a World War II German naval unit that operated a mixture of midget submarines and explosive speed boats.
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Kapitänleutnant, short: KptLt / in lists: KL, (Lang-en: Captain lieutenant) is an officer grade of the captains military hierarchy group of German Bundeswehr.
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Karl Dönitz (16 September 1891 – 24 December 1980), sometimes spelt Doenitz in English, was a German admiral who played a major role in the Naval history of World War II.
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Karl-Friedrich Merten (15 August 1905 – 2 May 1993) commanded the U-boat in Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.
Kiel is the capital and most populous city in the northern German state of Schleswig-Holstein, with a population of 240,832 (June 2014).
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The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state founded in 1861 when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy.
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The knight is a piece in the game of chess, representing a knight (armored cavalry).
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Kommodore (pronounced kom-o-'dor-eh) was the highest senior officer rank in the German Kriegsmarine, comparable to commodore in anglophone naval forces.
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Konteradmiral, abbreviated KAdm or KADM, is the second lowest naval flag officer rank rank in the German Navy.
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Korvettenkapitän, short: KKpt / in lists: KK, is the lowest senior officer rank in the German Navy / armed forces of Germany (Bundeswehr).
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Kurzemes Vārds is a regional newspaper published in Latvia.
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The Lend-Lease policy, formally titled "An Act to Promote the Defense of the United States", was a program under which the United States supplied Free France, United Kingdom, the Republic of China, and later the USSR and other Allied nations with food, oil, and materiel between 1941 and August 1945.
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Leutnant zur See (Lt zS or LZS) is the lowest officer rank in the German Navy.
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A lieutenant (abbreviated Lt., LT, LTA, Lieut. and LEUT.) is a junior commissioned officer in many nations' armed forces, fire service, or law enforcement.
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Lieutenant (junior grade) (LTJG) is a junior commissioned officer rank in the United States Navy, the United States Coast Guard, the United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps, with the pay grade of O-2.
Lieutenant commander (also hyphenated lieutenant-commander and abbreviated Lt Cdr, LtCdr. or LCDR) is a commissioned officer rank in many navies.
A light cruiser is a type of small- or medium-sized warship.
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The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German language: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) and its variants were the highest awards in the military of the Third Reich.
The list of Kriegsmarine ships includes all ships commissioned into the Kriegsmarine, the German navy of the Third Reich period, during its existence from 1935 to the conclusion of World War II in 1945.
The list of naval ships of Germany includes all naval ships which have been in service of the German Navy or its predecessors.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the German Wehrmacht during World War II.
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Mecklenburg (Low German: Mękelborg) is a historical region in northern Germany comprising the western and larger part of the federal-state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
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The Messerschmitt Bf 109, commonly called the Me 109 (most often by Allied aircrew and even amongst the German aces themselves, even though this was not the official German designation), is a German World War II fighter aircraft designed by Willy Messerschmitt and Robert Lusser during the early to mid-1930s.
A midget submarine (also called a mini submarine) is any submarine under 150 tons typically operated by a crew of one or two but sometimes up to 6 or 9, with little or no on-board living accommodation.
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A midshipman is an officer cadet or a commissioned officer candidate of the junior-most rank, in the Royal Navy, United States Navy, and many Commonwealth navies.
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Military branch (also service branch or armed service) is according to common standard the subdivision of the national armed forces of a sovereign nation or state.
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Minelaying is the act of deploying explosive mines.
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A minesweeper is a small naval warship designed to engage in minesweeping.
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The Molch (German language: "newt" or "salamander") was an unsuccessful, one-man series of German midget submarines created during World War II.
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The Gruppe Monsun or Monsoon Group was a force of German U-boats (submarines) that operated in the Pacific and Indian Oceans during World War II.
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is the third-largest city and municipality in Nordland county, Norway by population.
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The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.
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Naval architecture also known as naval engineering, is an engineering discipline dealing with the engineering design process, shipbuilding, maintenance, and operation of marine vessels and structures.
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Naval aviation is the application of military air power by navies, whether from warships that embark aircraft, or land bases.
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A navy or maritime force is a fleet of waterborne military vessels (watercraft) and its associated naval aviation, both sea-based and land-based.
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Nazi Germany or the Third Reich (Drittes Reich) are common English names for the period of history in Germany from 1933 to 1945, when it was a dictatorship under the control of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
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Neger (German for Negro) was a German torpedo-carrying craft generally described as a human torpedoBrown p. 115 which could not submerge, but was difficult to see during night operations.
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During the Spanish Civil War, several countries followed a principle of non-intervention, which would result in the signing of the Non-Intervention Agreement in August 1936 and the setting up of the Non-Intervention Committee, which first met in September.
The Norwegian Campaign (9 April to 10 June 1940) was a Second World War campaign fought in Norway between the Allies and Germany after the latter's invasion of the country.
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Novaya Zemlya (p, lit. new land), also known, especially in Dutch, as Nova Zembla, is an archipelago in the Arctic Ocean in the North of Russia and the extreme Northeast of Europe, the easternmost point of Europe lying at Cape Flissingsky on the Northern island.
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The nuclear testing at Bikini Atoll program was a series of 23 nuclear devices detonated by the United States between 1946 and 1958 at seven test sites on the reef itself, on the sea, in the air and underwater.
Oberfähnrich zur See (OFähnr zS or OFRZS) designates in the German Navy of the Bundeswehr a military person or member of the armed forces with the last or highest Officer Aspirant (OA – de: Offizieranwärter) rank.
The Oberkommando der Marine (OKM) was Nazi Germany's Naval High Command and the highest administrative and command authority of the Kriegsmarine.
Oberleutnant zur See (OLt zS or OLZS in the German Navy, Oblt.z.S. in the Kriegsmarine) is traditionally the first and highest Lieutenant grade in the German Navy.
Operation Berlin was a successful commerce raid performed by the German battleships and between January and March 1941.
Operation Catechism was the last of nine attempts to sink or sabotage the Kriegsmarine battleship during the Second World War.
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Operation Deadlight was the code name for the Royal Navy operation to scuttle German U-boats surrendered to the Allies after the defeat of Germany near the end of World War II.
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Operation Doppelschlag ("Double Blow") was the planned sortie in 1942 into the Arctic Ocean by warships of the Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine (navy) during World War II.
Operation Hannibal was a German naval operation involving the evacuation by sea of German troops and civilians from Courland, East Prussia, and the Polish Corridor from mid-January to May, 1945 as the Red Army advanced during the East Prussian and East Pomeranian Offensives and subsidiary operations.
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Operation Juno was a German naval offensive late in the Norwegian Campaign.
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Operation Neuland (New Land) was the Kriegsmarine code name for the extension of unrestricted submarine warfare into the Caribbean Sea during World War II.
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Operation Nordseetour was the first Atlantic sortie of the German heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper during December, 1940.
Operation Ostfront (German: "Eastern Front") was the sortie into the Arctic Ocean by the German battleship during World War II.
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Rösselsprung was the largest operation of its type mounted by the Kriegsmarine during World War II, and arguably the most successful, resulting as it did in the near destruction of arctic convoy PQ-17.
Operation Regenbogen (German: "Rainbow") was the sortie in 1942 into the Arctic Ocean by warships of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine (navy) during World War II.
Operation Rheinübung ("Rhine Exercise") was the sortie into the Atlantic by the new German battleship ''Bismarck'' and heavy cruiser ''Prinz Eugen'' on 18–27 May 1941, during World War II.
Operation Sea Lion (Unternehmen Seelöwe) was Nazi Germany's plan to invade the United Kingdom during the Second World War, following the Fall of France.
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Operation Sportpalast (translates to sports palace) was the action by Tirpitz and its escorting destroyers against Arctic convoys PQ-12 and QP-8.
Operation Tanne Ost ("Fir East") was a German operation during World War II to capture the island Suursaari (Swedish Hogland, Russian Gogland) in the Gulf of Finland before it could fall into Soviet hands.
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Operation Weserübung was the code name for Germany's assault on Denmark and Norway during the Second World War and the opening operation of the Norwegian Campaign.
Operation Wikinger (Viking) was a sortie into the North Sea by German World War II destroyers (1st Destroyer Flotilla) of the Kriegsmarine, in February 1940.
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Operation Wunderland (German: Unternehmen Wunderland) was a large-scale operation undertaken in summer 1942 by the Kriegsmarine in the waters of the Northern Sea Route close to the Arctic Ocean.
Operation Zitronella, also known as Operation Sizilien (which translates to Sicily), was an eight-hour German raid on Spitzbergen on 8 September 1943.
Oran (وهران, Wahrān; Berber: ⵡⴻⵀⵔⴰⵏ) is a major city on the northwestern Mediterranean coast of Algeria, and the second largest city of the country.
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Oropesa del Mar (Valencian: Orpesa; Oropesa del Mar) is a municipality in the ''comarca'' of Plana Alta in the Valencian Community, Spain.
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Oscarsborg Fortress (Oscarsborg festning) is a coastal fortress in the Oslofjord, close to the small town of Drøbak.
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The Oslofjord is an inlet in the south-east of Norway, stretching from an imaginary line between the Torbjørnskjær and Færder lighthouses and down to Langesund in the south to Oslo in the north.
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Otto Kretschmer (1 May 1912 – 5 August 1998) was the most successful German U-boat commander in the Second World War and later an admiral in the Bundesmarine.
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The P class was a planned group of twelve heavy cruisers of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine; they were the successor to the s. Design work began in 1937 and continued until 1939; at least nine designs were considered.
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A petty officer (PO) is a non-commissioned officer in many navies and is given the NATO rank denotion OR-6.
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Plan Z was the name given to the planned re-equipment and expansion of the Kriegsmarine (German navy) ordered by Adolf Hitler in early 1939.
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A platoon is a military unit typically composed of more than two squads/sections.
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The Polish Navy (Marynarka Wojenna, "navy") is the military branch of the Polish Armed Forces responsible for naval operations.
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Pomerania (Pomorze, Pommern, Pomerania) is a historical region on the southern shore of the Baltic Sea.
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Pre-dreadnought battleships are sea-going battleships built between the mid- to late-1880s and 1905, before the launch of.
The Reichspräsident was the German head of state under the Weimar constitution, which was officially in force from 1919 to 1945.
The protected cruiser is a type of naval cruiser of the late 19th century, so known because its armoured deck offered protection for vital machine spaces from fragments caused by exploding shells above.
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Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
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The Río de la Plata (River of Silver) — rendered River Plate in British English and the Commonwealth and La Plata River (occasionally Plata River) in other English-speaking countries — is the estuary formed by the confluence of the Uruguay and the Paraná rivers.
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Rear admiral is a naval commissioned officer rank above that of a commodore and captain, and below that of a vice admiral.
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A reconnaissance aircraft is a manned or unmanned military aircraft designed, or adapted, to carry out aerial reconnaissance.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия; РККА, or Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya: RKKA, frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия; KA, in English: Red Army) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and after 1922 the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
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The Royal Navy, in Italian: Regia Marina, was the navy of the Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) from 1861 to 1946.
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A regiment is a title used by some military units.
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The Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia (Reichsgau Danzig-Westpreussen) was a Nazi German province created on 8 October 1939 from annexed territory of the Free City of Danzig, the Greater Pomeranian Voivodship (Polish Corridor), and the ''Regierungsbezirk'' West Prussia of Gau East Prussia.
The Reichsmarine (English: Navy of the Realm) was the name of the German Navy during the Weimar Republic and first two years of Nazi Germany.
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--> The Rhine is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Austrian, Swiss- Liechtenstein border, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the Rhineland and eventually empties into the North Sea in the Netherlands.
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The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the naval branch of the Australian Defence Force.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's principal naval warfare force.
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The Royal Norwegian Navy (Norwegian: Sjøforsvaret, "the naval defence (forces)") is the branch of the Norwegian Armed Forces responsible for naval operations of the state of Norway.
Scapa Flow viewed from its eastern end Scapa Flow is a body of water in the Orkney Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom, sheltered by the islands of Mainland, Graemsay, Burray,S.
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Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 states of Germany, comprising most of the historical duchy of Holstein and the southern part of the former Duchy of Schleswig.
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The Schutzpolizei des Reiches was the State (Reich) protection police of Nazi Germany, a branch of the Ordnungspolizei.
The Schutzstaffel (abbreviated as SS), "protection squadron" or "defence corps"; also with stylized "Armanen" ''sig'' runes) was a major paramilitary organization under Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP). It began with a small, permanent guard unit known as the "Saal-Schutz" (Hall-Protection) made up of NSDAP volunteers to provide security for Nazi Party meetings in Munich. Later, in 1925, Heinrich Himmler joined the unit, which had by then been reformed and renamed the "Schutz-Staffel". Under Himmler's leadership (1929–45), it grew from a small paramilitary formation to one of the largest and most powerful organizations in the Third Reich. Built upon the Nazi ideology, the SS under Himmler's command was responsible for many crimes against humanity during World War II (1939–45). The SS, along with the Nazi Party, was declared a criminal organization by the International Military Tribunal, and banned in Germany after 1945.
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Seaman is a naval rank and is either the lowest or one of the lowest ranks in most navies around the world.
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Constructionmanvariation Firemanvariation Airmanvariation Seamaninsignia Collarinsignia Seaman apprentice is the second lowest enlisted rank in the U.S. Navy, U.S. Coast Guard, and the U.S. Naval Sea Cadet Corps just above seaman recruit and below seaman; this rank was formerly known as seaman second class.
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The Second Happy Time, also known among German submarine commanders as the American shooting season, was the informal name for a phase in the Second Battle of the Atlantic during which Axis submarines attacked merchant shipping and U.S. naval vessels along the east coast of North America.
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The Seehund (German: "seal"), also known as Type XXVII, was a successful series of German midget submarines created during World War II.
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Seekadett (en: Naval (officer) cadet / literal: sea cadet) is a military rank of the Bundeswehr and of former German speaking naval forces.
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The shipborne Seetakt radar was developed in the 1930s and was used by Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.
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Sonar (originally an acronym for SOund Navigation And Ranging) is a technique that uses sound propagation (usually underwater, as in submarine navigation) to navigate, communicate with or detect objects on or under the surface of the water, such as other vessels.
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The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a) abbreviated to USSR (r) or shortened to the Soviet Union (p), was a Marxist–Leninist state on the Eurasian continent that existed between 1922 and 1991.
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The Spanish Armada (Grande y Felicísima Armada, literally "Great and Most Fortunate Navy") was a Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from A Coruña in August 1588, under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia with the purpose of escorting an army from Flanders to invade England.
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The Spanish Civil War (Guerra Civil Española),Also known as The Crusade (La Cruzada) among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War (Cuarta Guerra Carlista) among Carlists, and The Rebellion (La Rebelión) or Uprising (Sublevación) among Republicans.
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The Spanish Republican Air Force was the air arm of the Armed Forces of the Second Spanish Republic, the legally established government of Spain between 1931 and 1939.
A squadron, or naval squadron, is a significant group of warships which is nonetheless considered too small to be designated a fleet.
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Sub-lieutenant is a junior military officer rank.
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A submarine is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.
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A submarine snorkel is a device which allows a submarine to operate submerged while still taking in air from above the surface.
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Szczecin (Stettin, known also by other alternative names) is the capital city of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland.
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A torpedo boat is a relatively small and fast naval ship designed to carry torpedoes into battle.
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A torpedo bomber is a military aircraft designed primarily to attack ships with aerial torpedoes.
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Travemünde is a borough of Lübeck, Germany, located at the mouth of the river Trave in Lübeck Bay.
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The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers.
Type XXI U-boats, also known as "Elektroboote" (German: "electric boats"), were the first submarines designed to operate primarily submerged, rather than as surface ships that could submerge as a means to escape detection or launch an attack.
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German Type XXIII submarines were the first so-called elektroboats to become operational.
U-boat is the anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".
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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.
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Founded in 1876, the United States Coast Guard Academy (USCGA) is the military academy of the United States Coast Guard.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
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The (formerly the SSS Horst Wessel) is a barque used as a training cutter for future officers of the United States Coast Guard.
Vice admiral is a senior naval flag officer rank, equivalent to lieutenant general and air marshal.
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Viktor Hermann Otto Ludwig Paul Ferdinand Schütze (16 February 1906 – 23 September 1950), was a Kriegsmarine U-boat ace, sinking a total of 35 allied ships totalling 180,053 tons during the Second World War.
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Vizeadmiral, short VAdm in lists VADM, (en: Vice admiral) is a senior naval flag officer rank in the German Navy.
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The Volksmarine - VM (English: People's Navy), was the official designation of the naval forces of the German Democratic Republic (GDR).
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Vorpostenboot (plural Vorpostenboote), also referred to as VP-Boats, flakships or outpost boats, were German patrol boats which served during both World Wars.
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The Washington Naval Treaty, also known as the Five-Power Treaty, was a treaty among the major nations that had won World War I, which by the terms of the treaty agreed to prevent an arms race by limiting naval construction.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force"From wehren, "to defend" and Macht, "power, force". See the Wiktionary article for more information.) was the unified armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1946.
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The Weser is a river in north-western Germany.
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West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany or FRG (Bundesrepublik Deutschland or ''BRD'') in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 to German reunification on 3 October 1990.
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The Western Bloc or Capitalist Bloc during the Cold War refers to the countries allied with the United States and NATO against the Soviet Union and its allies.
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In military aviation, a wing is a unit of command.
Kapitän zur See (Captain) Wolfgang August Eugen Lüth (15 October 1913 – 14 May 1945), was the second most successful German U-boat ace of World War II.
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The term wolfpack refers to the mass-attack tactics against convoys used by German U-boats of the Kriegsmarine during the Battle of the Atlantic, and by submarines of the United States Navy against Japanese shipping in the Pacific Ocean in World War II.
World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
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World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
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The yellow badge (or yellow patch), also referred to as a Jewish badge (Judenstern, lit. Jews' star), was a cloth patch that Jews were ordered to sew on their outer garments to mark them as Jews in public at certain times in certain countries.
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