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Kristen Nygaard

Index Kristen Nygaard

Kristen Nygaard (27 August 1926 – 10 August 2002) was a Norwegian computer scientist, programming language pioneer and politician. [1]

66 relations: Aalborg University, Aarhus, Aarhus University, Anne Enger, Artificial intelligence, Association for Computing Machinery, BETA (programming language), Birger Møller-Pedersen, Centre Party (Norway), Class (computer programming), Computer hardware, Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility, Computer program, Computer science, Computing, Denmark, Distributed computing, East Africa, Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union, European Economic Community, European Union, Harald V of Norway, IEEE John von Neumann Medal, Informatics, Inheritance, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, International Organization for Standardization, Labour movement, Liberal Party (Norway), List of pioneers in computer science, Lund University, Maastricht Treaty, Monte Carlo method, Myocardial infarction, No to the EU (Norway), Norbert Wiener Award for Social and Professional Responsibility, Norway, Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Norwegian Computing Center, Norwegian Defence Research Establishment, Norwegian parliamentary election, 1949, Object (computer science), Object Management Group, Object-oriented programming, OECD, Olav Terje Bergo, Ole-Johan Dahl, Operations research, Order of St. Olav, Oslo, ..., Participatory design, Politician, Politics of Norway, Programming language, Research Council of Norway, Scandinavia, Simula, Simula Research Laboratory, Stein Ørnhøi, Sweden, The European Alliance of EU-critical Movements, Thread (computing), Trade union, Turing Award, University of Oslo, Voter turnout. Expand index (16 more) »

Aalborg University

Aalborg University (AAU) is a Danish public university with campuses in Aalborg, Esbjerg, and Copenhagen founded in 1974.

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Aarhus

Aarhus (officially spelled Århus from 1948 until 31 December 2010) is the second-largest city in Denmark and the seat of Aarhus municipality.

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Aarhus University

Aarhus University (Aarhus Universitet, abbreviated AU) is a public research university located in Aarhus, Denmark.

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Anne Enger

Anne Enger, formerly Anne Enger Lahnstein (born 9 December 1949), is a Norwegian politician who is now out of politics, as she is County Governor of Østfold.

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Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals.

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Association for Computing Machinery

The Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) is an international learned society for computing.

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BETA (programming language)

BETA is a pure object-oriented language originating within the "Scandinavian School" in object-orientation where the first object-oriented language Simula was developed.

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Birger Møller-Pedersen

Birger Møller-Pedersen (born November 11, 1949) is a computer scientist and professor at the University of Oslo, Department of Informatics.

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Centre Party (Norway)

The Centre Party (Senterpartiet, Sp) is an agrarian centrist political party in Norway.

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Class (computer programming)

In object-oriented programming, a class is an extensible program-code-template for creating objects, providing initial values for state (member variables) and implementations of behavior (member functions or methods).

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Computer hardware

Computer hardware includes the physical parts or components of a computer, such as the central processing unit, monitor, keyboard, computer data storage, graphic card, sound card and motherboard.

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Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility

Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility (CPSR) was a global organization promoting the responsible use of computer technology.

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Computer program

A computer program is a collection of instructions for performing a specific task that is designed to solve a specific class of problems.

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Computer science

Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations.

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Computing

Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computers.

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Denmark

Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.

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Distributed computing

Distributed computing is a field of computer science that studies distributed systems.

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East Africa

East Africa or Eastern Africa is the eastern region of the African continent, variably defined by geography.

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Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union

The Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) is an umbrella term for the group of policies aimed at converging the economies of member states of the European Union at three stages.

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European Economic Community

The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Harald V of Norway

Harald V (born 21 February 1937) is the King of Norway, having ascended the throne following the death of his father on 17 January 1991.

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IEEE John von Neumann Medal

The IEEE John von Neumann Medal was established by the IEEE Board of Directors in 1990 and may be presented annually "for outstanding achievements in computer-related science and technology." The achievements may be theoretical, technological, or entrepreneurial, and need not have been made immediately prior to the date of the award.

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Informatics

Informatics is a branch of information engineering.

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Inheritance

Inheritance is the practice of passing on property, titles, debts, rights, and obligations upon the death of an individual.

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Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey.

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International Organization for Standardization

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.

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Labour movement

The labour movement or labor movement consists of two main wings, the trade union movement (British English) or labor union movement (American English), also called trade unionism or labor unionism on the one hand, and the political labour movement on the other.

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Liberal Party (Norway)

The Liberal Party (Venstre, V, meaning "left") is a liberal and social-liberal political party in Norway.

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List of pioneers in computer science

This article presents a list of individuals who made transformative breakthroughs in the creation, development and imagining of what computers and electronics could do.

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Lund University

Lund University (Lunds universitet) is a public university, consistently ranking among the world's top 100 universities.

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Maastricht Treaty

The Treaty on European Union (TEU; also referred to as the Treaty of Maastricht is one of two treaties forming the constitutional basis of the European Union (EU), the other being the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU; also referred to as the Treaty of Rome). The TEU was originally signed on 7 February 1992 by the members of the European Community in Maastricht, Netherlands to further European integration. On 9–10 December 1991, the same city hosted the European Council which drafted the treaty. Upon its entry into force on 1 November 1993 during the Delors Commission, it created the three pillars structure of the European Union and led to the creation of the single European currency, the euro. TEU comprised two novel titles respectively on Common Foreign and Security Policy and Cooperation in the Fields of Justice and Home Affairs, which replaced the former informal intergovernmental cooperation bodies named TREVI and European Political Cooperation on EU Foreign policy coordination. In addition TEU also comprised three titles which amended the three pre-existing community treaties: Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community, Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community, and the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community which had its abbreviation renamed from TEEC to TEC (being known as TFEU since 2007). The Maastricht Treaty (TEU) and all pre-existing treaties, has subsequently been further amended by the treaties of Amsterdam (1997), Nice (2001) and Lisbon (2009).

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Monte Carlo method

Monte Carlo methods (or Monte Carlo experiments) are a broad class of computational algorithms that rely on repeated random sampling to obtain numerical results.

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Myocardial infarction

Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.

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No to the EU (Norway)

Nei til EU (No to the EU) is a Norwegian interest group opposing a future Norwegian accession to the European Union (EU).

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Norbert Wiener Award for Social and Professional Responsibility

The Norbert Wiener Award for Social and Professional Responsibility was established in 1987 in honor of Norbert Wiener to recognize contributions by computer professionals to socially responsible use of computers.

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Norway

Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.

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Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters

The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi, DNVA) is a learned society based in Oslo, Norway.

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Norwegian Computing Center

Norwegian Computing Center (NR, in Norwegian: Norsk Regnesentral) is a private, independent, non-profit research foundation founded in 1952.

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Norwegian Defence Research Establishment

The Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt – FFI) is a research institute that conducts research and development on behalf of the Norwegian Armed Forces and provides expert advice to political and military defence leaders.

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Norwegian parliamentary election, 1949

Parliamentary elections were held in Norway on 10 October 1949.

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Object (computer science)

In computer science, an object can be a variable, a data structure, a function, or a method, and as such, is a value in memory referenced by an identifier.

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Object Management Group

The Object Management Group (OMG) is an international, open membership, not-for-profit technology '''standards''' consortium.

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Object-oriented programming

Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm based on the concept of "objects", which may contain data, in the form of fields, often known as attributes; and code, in the form of procedures, often known as methods. A feature of objects is that an object's procedures can access and often modify the data fields of the object with which they are associated (objects have a notion of "this" or "self").

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OECD

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.

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Olav Terje Bergo

Olav Terje Bergo (born 8 October 1946) is a Norwegian former newspaper editor.

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Ole-Johan Dahl

Ole-Johan Dahl (12 October 1931 – 29 June 2002) was a Norwegian computer scientist.

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Operations research

Operations research, or operational research in British usage, is a discipline that deals with the application of advanced analytical methods to help make better decisions.

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Order of St. Olav

The Royal Norwegian Order of Saint Olav (Den Kongelige Norske Sankt Olavs Orden; or Sanct Olafs Orden, the old Norwegian name) is a Norwegian order of chivalry instituted by King Oscar I on August 21, 1847.

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Oslo

Oslo (rarely) is the capital and most populous city of Norway.

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Participatory design

Participatory design (originally co-operative design, now often co-design) is an approach to design attempting to actively involve all stakeholders (e.g. employees, partners, customers, citizens, end users) in the design process to help ensure the result meets their needs and is usable.

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Politician

A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government.

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Politics of Norway

The politics of Norway take place in the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic constitutional monarchy.

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Programming language

A programming language is a formal language that specifies a set of instructions that can be used to produce various kinds of output.

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Research Council of Norway

The Research Council of Norway (Norges forskningsråd) is a Norwegian government agency responsible for awarding grants for research as well as promoting research and science.

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Scandinavia

Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.

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Simula

Simula is the name of two simulation programming languages, Simula I and Simula 67, developed in the 1960s at the Norwegian Computing Center in Oslo, by Ole-Johan Dahl and Kristen Nygaard.

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Simula Research Laboratory

Simula Research Laboratory is a Norwegian non-profit research organisation located in Fornebu, Bærum just outside Oslo, the capital of Norway.

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Stein Ørnhøi

Stein Ørnhøi (born 15 November 1935 in Trondheim) is a Norwegian politician for the Socialist Left Party, he was the last party leader of the Socialist People's Party of Norway.

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Sweden

Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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The European Alliance of EU-critical Movements

The European Alliance of EU-critical Movements or TEAM is a cooperation between Eurosceptic or EU-critical associations in various countries of Europe, including both non-partisan associations and political parties.

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Thread (computing)

In computer science, a thread of execution is the smallest sequence of programmed instructions that can be managed independently by a scheduler, which is typically a part of the operating system.

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Trade union

A trade union or trades union, also called a labour union (Canada) or labor union (US), is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve many common goals; such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, and attaining better wages, benefits (such as vacation, health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a monopoly of the workers.

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Turing Award

The ACM A.M. Turing Award is an annual prize given by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) to an individual selected for contributions "of lasting and major technical importance to the computer field".

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University of Oslo

The University of Oslo (Universitetet i Oslo), until 1939 named the Royal Frederick University (Det Kongelige Frederiks Universitet), is the oldest university in Norway, located in the Norwegian capital of Oslo.

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Voter turnout

Voter turnout is the percentage of eligible voters who cast a ballot in an election.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kristen_Nygaard

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