418 relations: Achang people, Administrative centre, Administrative divisions of China, Aerial engagements of the Second Sino-Japanese War, Agriculture in China, Air China, Anning, Yunnan, Anthony Zee, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Auguste François, Australia, Azalea, Badminton, Bai people, Ban Houayxay, Bangkok, Beijing Film Academy, Benedict Anderson, Blang people, Border, Bouyei people, Brookings Institution, Burma Road, Cai Xitao, Cambodia, Camellia, Camellia japonica, Car, Cement, Chemical industry, Chen Yinke, Chen-Ning Yang, Cheng Lianyuan, Chengdu, Chengdu Military Region, Chengdu–Kunming railway, Chenggong District, Chiang Khong District, Chih-Kung Jen, China, China Council for the Promotion of International Trade, China Eastern Airlines, China Europe International Business School, China National Highway 108, China National Highway 213, China National Highway 320, China National Highways, China Western Development, China Yunnan Airlines, Chinese Academy of Sciences, ..., Chinese Air Force (disambiguation), Chinese Civil War, Chinese economic reform, Chinese Garden, Zürich, Chinese pagoda, Chittagong, Chongqing, Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Circa, Claire Lee Chennault, Coalbed methane, Communication, Confucianism, Consul (representative), Consumer, Copper, Cowry, Cultural Revolution, Daguan Park, Dai people, Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture, Dali City, Dali Kingdom, Defensive wall, Denver, Derung people, Dian Kingdom, Dian Lake, Dongchuan District, Drinking water, Du Wenxiu, Dwarfism, Eastern and Western Pagodas, Economy of China, Ecovillage, Electric machine, Electrical equipment, Emperor Wu of Han, Energy conservation, Engineering, Expressways of China, Factory, Feng Youlan, First Opium War, Flying Tigers, France, Frank Shu, Frankfurt School of Finance & Management, Free-trade area, French colonial empire, French Indochina, Fumin County, Geary–Khamis dollar, George Soulié de Morant, Geothermal gradient, Golden Temple Park, Golden Triangle (Southeast Asia), Golf, Golf course, Government of China, Greater Mekong Subregion, Green Lake (Kunming), Gross domestic product, Guandu District, Guangdong, Guangtong–Dali railway, Guangxi, Guiyang, Guizhou, Haiphong, Halite, Han Chinese, Han dynasty, Hani people, Hanoi, Harbin, Health insurance, Heavy equipment, Hectare, Hefei, Hekou Yao Autonomous County, Heroin, High-rise building, Highway, HIV, HIV/AIDS, Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Hotel, Hui people, Hunan, Hydroelectricity, Illegal drug trade, Imperial Japanese Army, Imperial Japanese Army Air Service, India, Indochina, Iron, ISO 3166-2:CN, Jack Nicklaus, Jingpo people, Jinning District, Jino people, Jinsha River, John S. 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The Achang, also known as the Ngac'ang (their own name) or Maingtha (မိုင်းသာလူမျိုး) are an ethnic group.
An administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government, or a county town, or the place where the central administration of a commune is located.
Due to China's large population and area, the administrative divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times.
The Second Sino-Japanese War began on 7 July 1937 with the Marco Polo Bridge Incident in the Republic of China.
Agriculture is a vital industry in China, employing over 300 million farmers.
Air China Limited is the flag carrier and one of the major airlines of the People's Republic of China, with its headquarters in Shunyi District, Beijing.
Anning is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Kunming, Yunnan, China.
Anthony Zee (b. 1945) (Zee comes from /ʑi23/, the Shanghainese pronunciation of 徐) is a Chinese-American physicist, writer, and currently a professor at the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics and the physics department of the University of California, Santa Barbara.
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a regional intergovernmental organization comprising ten Southeast Asian countries that promotes intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, security, military, educational, and sociocultural integration amongst its members, other Asian countries, and globally.
Auguste François, (20 August 1857 – 4 July 1935) was a French consul first in Paraguay between 1893 and 1895 then in southern China between 1896 and 1904, first in Longzhou in Guangxi province and Kunming in Yunnan.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Azaleas are flowering shrubs in the genus Rhododendron, particularly the former sections Tsutsuji (evergreen) and Pentanthera (deciduous).
Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net.
The Bai or Baip (Bai language: Baipho /pɛ̰˦˨xo̰˦/ (白和);; endonym pronounced) are an East Asian ethnic group.
Ban Houayxay (ຫ້ວຍຊາຍ), also (Ban) Huoeisay, (Ban) Houei Sai or (Ban) Huay Xai and, is the capital of the Lao province of Bokèo, on the border with Thailand.
Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of Thailand.
Beijing Film Academy (BFA) is a coeducational state-run higher education institution in Beijing, China.
Benedict Richard O'Gorman Anderson (August 26, 1936 – December 13, 2015) was a political scientist and historian, best known for his 1983 book Imagined Communities, which explored the origins of nationalism.
The Blang (布朗族: Bùlǎng Zú) (also spelled Bulong) people are an ethnic group.
Borders are geographic boundaries of political entities or legal jurisdictions, such as governments, sovereign states, federated states, and other subnational entities.
The Bouyei (also spelled Puyi, Buyei and Buyi; self called: Buxqyaix, or "Puzhong", "Burao", "Puman";; Pinyin: Bùyīzú; người Bố Y) are an ethnic group living in southern mainland China.
The Brookings Institution is a century-old American research group on Think Tank Row in Washington, D.C. It conducts research and education in the social sciences, primarily in economics, metropolitan policy, governance, foreign policy, and global economy and development.
The Burma Road was a road linking Burma with the southwest of China.
Cai Xitao or Tsai Hse-Tao (1911-March 9, 1981) was a Chinese botanist from a village near Dongyang, Zhejiang province, China.
Cambodia (កម្ពុជា, or Kampuchea:, Cambodge), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə,; Royaume du Cambodge), is a sovereign state located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Camellia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Theaceae.
Camellia japonica, known as common camellia or Japanese camellia, is one of the best known species of the genus Camellia.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
A cement is a binder, a substance used for construction that sets, hardens and adheres to other materials, binding them together.
The chemical industry comprises the companies that produce industrial chemicals.
Chen Yinke, or Chen Yinque (3 July 18907 October 1969), was a Chinese historian, scholar, and fellow of Academia Sinica, considered one of the most original and creative historians in 20th century China.
Chen-Ning Yang or Yang Zhenning (born October 1, 1922) is a Chinese physicist who works on statistical mechanics and particle physics.
Cheng Lianyuan (born December 1961) is a Chinese politician, and current Communist Party Secretary of Kunming, the capital of Yunnan province.
Chengdu, formerly romanized as Chengtu, is a sub-provincial city which serves as the capital of China's Sichuan province.
The Chengdu Military Region was one of seven military districts and is located in the southwest of the People's Republic of China, covering Chongqing, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, and the Xizang/Tibet Autonomous Region.
The Chengdu–Kunming railway or Chengkun railway, is a major trunkline railroad in southwestern China between Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province and Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province.
Chenggong District is a city district under the jurisdiction of Kunming, the capital of Yunnan province, China.
Chiang Khong (เชียงของ) is a district (amphoe) in the northeastern part of Chiang Rai Province, northern Thailand.
Chih-Kung Jen (August 15 or October 2, 1906 – November 19, 1995) was a Chinese physicist who emigrated to the U.S. and participated in some of the 20th century's major scientific, political and social developments in both the United States and China.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The China Council for the Promotion of International Trade (CCPIT) is a trade body of the Chinese government founded in 1952.
China Eastern Airlines Corporation Limited (colloquially known as 东航/東航) is an airline headquartered in the China Eastern Airlines Building, on the grounds of Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport in Changning District, Shanghai.
China Europe International Business School (CEIBS) is a globally top-ranked business school located in Shanghai, China.
China National Highway 108 (G108) is a National Highway which connects Beijing through Chengdu to Kunming.
China National Highway 213 (G213) runs from Lanzhou in Gansu to Mohan in Yunnan.
China National Highway 320 (G320) runs southwest from Shanghai through the provinces of Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Hunan and Guizhou before ending in Ruili, Yunnan at the Sino–Burmese border.
The China National Highways (CNH/Guodao) is a network of trunk roads across mainland China.
China Western Development, also China's Western Development, Western China Development, Great Western Development Strategy or the Open Up the West Program, is a policy adopted for the western regions.
China Yunnan Airlines (pinyin: Yúnnán Hángkōng Gōngsī) was an airline based in Kunming, Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China.
The Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), with historical origins in the Academia Sinica during the Republic of China era, is the national academy for the natural sciences of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
Chinese Air Force may refer to.
The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC).
The Chinese economic reform refers to the program of economic reforms termed "Socialism with Chinese characteristics" in the People's Republic of China (PRC) that was started in December 1978 by reformists within the Communist Party of China, led by Deng Xiaoping.
The Chinese Garden (German: Chinagarten Zürich) is a chinese garden in the Swiss city of Zürich.
Chinese pagodas are a traditional part of Chinese architecture.
Chittagong, officially known as Chattogram, is a major coastal city and financial centre in southeastern Bangladesh.
Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.
Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture is an autonomous prefecture located in central Yunnan Province, China.
Circa, usually abbreviated c., ca. or ca (also circ. or cca.), means "approximately" in several European languages (and as a loanword in English), usually in reference to a date.
Claire Lee Chennault (September 6, 1890 – July 27, 1958) was an American military aviator best known for his leadership of the "Flying Tigers" and the Republic of China Air Force in World War II.
Coalbed methane (CBM or coal-bed methane), coalbed gas, coal seam gas (CSG), or coal-mine methane (CMM) is a form of natural gas extracted from coal beds.
Communication (from Latin commūnicāre, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying intended meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs and semiotic rules.
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
A consul is an official representative of the government of one state in the territory of another, normally acting to assist and protect the citizens of the consul's own country, and to facilitate trade and friendship between the people of the two countries.
A consumer is a person or organization that use economic services or commodities.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
Cowry or cowrie, plural cowries, is the common name for a group of small to large sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Cypraeidae, the cowries.
The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a sociopolitical movement in China from 1966 until 1976.
Daguan Park is a lakeside park located in the southwestern suburb of Kunming, Yunnan, China.
The Dai people (Kam Mueang:; Thai: ไท; Shan: တႆး; Tai Nüa: ᥖᥭᥰ) are one of several ethnic groups living in the Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture and the Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (both in southern Yunnan, China), but by extension can apply to groups in Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, and Myanmar when Dai is used to mean specifically Tai Yai, Lue, Chinese Shan, Tai Dam, Tai Khao or even Tai in general.
Dàlǐ Bai Autonomous Prefecture (Bai: Darl•lit Baif•cuf zirl•zirl•zox) is an autonomous prefecture of northwestern Yunnan province, People's Republic of China.
Dali City, formerly known as Tali, is the county-level seat of the Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture in northwestern Yunnan.
The Dali Kingdom, also known as the Dali State (Bai: Dablit Guaif), was a kingdom situated in modern Yunnan province, China from 937 until 1253 when it was conquered by the Mongols.
A defensive wall is a fortification usually used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors.
Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital and most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Colorado.
The Derung (also spelt Drung or Dulong) people (endonym) are an ethnic group.
The Dian Kingdom was an ancient kingdom established by the Dian people, an ancient group of indigenous non-Chinese metalworking tribes that inhabited around the Dian Lake plateau of central northern Yunnan, China from the late Spring and Autumn period until the Eastern Han dynasty.
Dianchi Lake (Chinese: 滇池, Diānchí), also known as Lake Dian and Kunming Lake (昆明湖, Kūnmínghú), is a large lake located on the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau close to Kunming, Yunnan, in southern China.
Dongchuan District is a district of and the northernmost county-level division of Kunming, the capital of Yunnan province, China.
Drinking water, also known as potable water, is water that is safe to drink or to use for food preparation.
Du Wenxiu (Xiao'erjing: ٔدُﻮْ وٌ ﺷِﯿَﻮْ ْ) (1823 to 1872) was the Chinese Muslim leader of the Panthay Rebellion, an anti-Qing revolt in China during the Qing dynasty.
Dwarfism, also known as short stature, occurs when an organism is extremely small.
The Eastern and Western Pagodas (东寺塔与西寺塔; Dongsi Ta / Xisi Ta) are two pagodas, only about apart, in the southern part of Kunming, Yunnan, China.
The socialist market economy of the People's Republic of China is the world's second largest economy by nominal GDP and the world's largest economy by purchasing power parity according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), although China's National Bureau of Statistics denies the latter assessment.
Ecovillages are traditional or intentional communities whose goal is to become more socially, culturally, economically and ecologically sustainable.
In electrical engineering, electric machine is a general term for machines using electromagnetic forces, such as electric motors, electric generators, and others.
Electrical equipment includes any machine powered by electricity.
Emperor Wu of Han (30 July 157BC29 March 87BC), born Liu Che, courtesy name Tong, was the seventh emperor of the Han dynasty of China, ruling from 141–87 BC.
Energy conservation is the effort made to reduce the consumption of energy by using less of an energy service.
Engineering is the creative application of science, mathematical methods, and empirical evidence to the innovation, design, construction, operation and maintenance of structures, machines, materials, devices, systems, processes, and organizations.
The expressway network of China, with the national-level expressway system officially known as the National Trunk Highway System (abbreviated as NTHS), is an integrated system of national and provincial-level expressways in China.
A factory or manufacturing plant is an industrial site, usually consisting of buildings and machinery, or more commonly a complex having several buildings, where workers manufacture goods or operate machines processing one product into another.
Feng Youlan (4 December 1895 – 26 November 1990) was a Chinese philosopher who was instrumental for reintroducing the study of Chinese philosophy in the modern era.
The First Opium War (第一次鴉片戰爭), also known as the Opium War or the Anglo-Chinese War, was a series of military engagements fought between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China over their conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, trade, and the administration of justice in China.
The First American Volunteer Group (AVG) of the Chinese Air Force in 1941–1942, nicknamed the Flying Tigers, was composed of pilots from the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC), Navy (USN), and Marine Corps (USMC), recruited under presidential authority and commanded by Claire Lee Chennault.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Frank H. Shu (born June2, 1943), is an American astrophysicist, astronomer and author.
Frankfurt School of Finance & Management is a private, non-profit business school in Frankfurt, Germany.
A free-trade area is the region encompassing a trade bloc whose member countries have signed a free-trade agreement (FTA).
The French colonial empire constituted the overseas colonies, protectorates and mandate territories that came under French rule from the 16th century onward.
French Indochina (previously spelled as French Indo-China) (French: Indochine française; Lao: ສະຫະພັນອິນດູຈີນ; Khmer: សហភាពឥណ្ឌូចិន; Vietnamese: Đông Dương thuộc Pháp/東洋屬法,, frequently abbreviated to Đông Pháp; Chinese: 法属印度支那), officially known as the Indochinese Union (French: Union indochinoise) after 1887 and the Indochinese Federation (French: Fédération indochinoise) after 1947, was a grouping of French colonial territories in Southeast Asia.
Fumin County (Chinese: 富民县; pinyin: Fùmín Xiàn) is a county, under the jurisdiction of Kunming, Yunnan, China.
The Geary–Khamis dollar, more commonly known as the international dollar (Int'l. dollar or Intl. dollar, abbreviation: Int'l$., Intl$. or Int$), is a hypothetical unit of currency that has the same purchasing power parity that the U.S. dollar had in the United States at a given point in time.
George Soulié de Morant, born 1878 in Paris, died 1955 in Paris, French scholar and diplomat.
Geothermal gradient is the rate of increasing temperature with respect to increasing depth in the Earth's interior.
The Golden Temple Park, or Jindian Park, is a Taoist bronze-tiled temple in Yunnan, China and has been preserved almost completely since it was first built.
The Golden Triangle is the area where the borders of Thailand, Laos, and Myanmar meet at the confluence of the Ruak and Mekong Rivers.
Golf is a club-and-ball sport in which players use various clubs to hit balls into a series of holes on a course in as few strokes as possible.
A golf course is the grounds where the game of golf is played.
The central government of the People's Republic of China is divided among several state organs.
The Greater Mekong Subregion, or just Greater Mekong, is an international region of the Mekong River basin in Southeast Asia.
Green Lake Park, or Cui Hu Park, is an urban park in Kunming, Yunnan Province, China.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Guandu District (Chinese: 官渡区; pinyin: Guāndù Qū) is a district under the jurisdiction of Kunming, Yunnan, China.
Guangdong is a province in South China, located on the South China Sea coast.
The Guangtong–Dali or Guangda railway, is a single-track electrified railroad in Yunnan Province of Southwest China.
Guangxi (pronounced; Zhuang: Gvangjsih), officially the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, is a Chinese autonomous region in South Central China, bordering Vietnam.
Guiyang is the capital of Guizhou province of Southwest China.
Guizhou, formerly romanized as Kweichow, is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country.
Haiphong (Hải Phòng) is a major industrial city, the second largest city in the northern part of Vietnam, and third largest city overall in Vietnam.
Halite, commonly known as rock salt, is a type of salt, the mineral (natural) form of sodium chloride (NaCl).
The Han Chinese,.
The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.
Yuanyang County, Yunnan Province. The Hani or Ho people (Hani: Haqniq;; Người Hà Nhì) are an ethnic group.
Hanoi (or; Hà Nội)) is the capital of Vietnam and the country's second largest city by population. The population in 2015 was estimated at 7.7 million people. The city lies on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is north of Ho Chi Minh City and west of Hai Phong city. From 1010 until 1802, it was the most important political centre of Vietnam. It was eclipsed by Huế, the imperial capital of Vietnam during the Nguyễn Dynasty (1802–1945). In 1873 Hanoi was conquered by the French. From 1883 to 1945, the city was the administrative center of the colony of French Indochina. The French built a modern administrative city south of Old Hanoi, creating broad, perpendicular tree-lined avenues of opera, churches, public buildings, and luxury villas, but they also destroyed large parts of the city, shedding or reducing the size of lakes and canals, while also clearing out various imperial palaces and citadels. From 1940 to 1945 Hanoi, as well as the largest part of French Indochina and Southeast Asia, was occupied by the Japanese. On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). The Vietnamese National Assembly under Ho Chi Minh decided on January 6, 1946, to make Hanoi the capital of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. From 1954 to 1976, it was the capital of North Vietnam, and it became the capital of a reunified Vietnam in 1976, after the North's victory in the Vietnam War. October 2010 officially marked 1,000 years since the establishment of the city. The Hanoi Ceramic Mosaic Mural is a ceramic mosaic mural created to mark the occasion.
Harbin is the capital of Heilongjiang province, and largest city in the northeastern region of the People's Republic of China.
Health insurance is insurance that covers the whole or a part of the risk of a person incurring medical expenses, spreading the risk over a large number of persons.
Heavy equipment refers to heavy-duty vehicles, specially designed for executing construction tasks, most frequently ones involving earthwork operations.
The hectare (SI symbol: ha) is an SI accepted metric system unit of area equal to a square with 100 meter sides, or 10,000 m2, and is primarily used in the measurement of land.
Hefei is the capital and largest city of Anhui Province in China.
The Hekou Yao Autonomous County is an autonomous county in the southern part of the Yunnan province of China.
Heroin, also known as diamorphine among other names, is an opioid most commonly used as a recreational drug for its euphoric effects.
A high-rise building is a tall building, as opposed to a low-rise building and is defined by its height differently in various jurisdictions.
A highway is any public or private road or other public way on land.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture is an autonomous prefecture in southeast-central Yunnan province, People's Republic of China.
A hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging on a short-term basis.
The Hui people (Xiao'erjing: خُوِذُو; Dungan: Хуэйзў, Xuejzw) are an East Asian ethnoreligious group predominantly composed of Han Chinese adherents of the Muslim faith found throughout China, mainly in the northwestern provinces of the country and the Zhongyuan region.
Hunan is the 7th most populous province of China and the 10th most extensive by area.
Hydroelectricity is electricity produced from hydropower.
The illegal drug trade or drug trafficking is a global black market dedicated to the cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of drugs that are subject to drug prohibition laws.
The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA; Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun; "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945.
The or, more literally, the Greater Japan Empire Army Air Corps, was the aviation force of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA).
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indochina, originally Indo-China, is a geographical term originating in the early nineteenth century and referring to the continental portion of the region now known as Southeast Asia.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
ISO 3166-2:CN is the entry for China in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g. provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
Jack William Nicklaus (born January 21, 1940), nicknamed The Golden Bear, is a retired American professional golfer.
The Jingpo people are an ethnic group who are the largest subset of the Kachin peoples, which largely inhabit the Kachin Hills in northern Myanmar's Kachin State and neighbouring Yunnan Province of China and India's Arunachal Pradesh, which is claimed by China.
Jinning District is a district, under the jurisdiction of Kunming, Yunnan, China.
The Jino (also spelled Jinuo) people (endonym: or) are a Tibeto-Burman ethnic group.
The Jinsha River (Chinese: 金沙江, p Jīnshājiāng, "Gold Dust River") is the Chinese name for the upper stretches of the Yangtze River.
John Stewart Service (3 August 1909 – 3 February 1999) was an American diplomat who served in the Foreign Service in China prior to and during World War II.
The Kangxi Emperor (康熙; 4 May 165420 December 1722), personal name Xuanye, was the fourth emperor of the Qing dynasty, the first to be born on Chinese soil south of the Shanhai Pass near Beijing, and the second Qing emperor to rule over that part of China, from 1661 to 1722.
Kasikornbank (ธนาคารกสิกรไทย, sometimes stylised as KASIKORNBANK, also known as Kasikorn Bank or KBank and formerly known as the Thai Farmers Bank) is a major banking group in Thailand.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
The Kingdom of the Little People is a theme park located near Kunming, Yunnan that features comic performances by people with dwarfism.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
5 February 2003 Krung Thai (or Krungthai) Bank Public Company Limited (KTB) (ธนาคารกรุงไทย) is a state-owned bank under license issued by the Ministry of Finance.
Kunming Changshui International Airport is the primary airport serving Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province, China.
The Kunming Economic and Technology Development Zone (KETDZ), is a state-level economic development zone established on February 13, 2000 in East Kunming, Yunnan Province, China.
The Kunming High-tech Industrial Development Zone (KMHNZ), is a state-level high-tech industrial zone established in 1992 in Northwest Kunming, Yunnan Province, China.
Kunming Institute of Botany, or KIB, founded in 1938, is a research institution in the field of Botany, which is located in Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province, China.
Kunming Institute of Zoology (KIZ) (中国科学院昆明动物研究所), one of the 20 biological institutes under the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), is one of China's first class zoological research institutes, located in Kunming, Yunnan province.
Kunming Medical University, previously known as Kunming Medical College, is a medical school located in Kunming City, Yunnan Province, China.
Kunming Metallurgy College (昆明冶金高等专科学校), located in Kunming, China, is a public general, full-time vocational college of higher education approved by the Ministry of Education.
Kunming City Museum (昆明市博物馆) is a history museum in Kunming City, Yunnan, China.
The Kunming Natural History Museum of Zoology (昆明动物博物馆) is located on the campus of Kunming Institute of Zoology, Jiaochang East Road, Kunming, Yunnan, China.
Kunming North railway station (昆明北站, Kunming Bei Zhan) is an old railway station in Kunming, the capital of China's Yunnan Province.
Kunming Rail Transit, or Kunming Metro, is a rapid transit system in Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province.
Kunming railway station is the main railway station serving the city of Kunming, Yunnan, China.
Kunming South railway station is the main high-speed rail station of the Kunming metropolitan area.
Kunming Tuodong Sports Centre Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Kunming, China.
Kunming University 昆明学院, founded in 1984, is Yunnan's only comprehensive professional university approved by the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China.
Kunming University of Science and Technology (KMUST) (昆明理工大学) is in Kunming, the capital city of Yunnan Province, Southwestern China.
The Kunming wolfdog, also commonly known as the Kunming dog is an established breed of wolfdog originated in China.
Kunming Wujiaba International Airport was the main airport serving Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province, China.
Kunming–Bangkok Expressway is an international expressway running from Kunming, Yunnan province, People's Republic of China, to Bangkok, Thailand via Laos It was opened in 2008.
The Yunnan–Haiphong railway (Chemins de Fer de L'Indo-Chine et du Yunnan, "Indo-China–Yunnan Railroad") is an railway built by France during 1904–1910, connecting Haiphong, Vietnam with Kunming, Yunnan province, China.
The Kunming–Singapore railway, increasingly called the Pan-Asia railway Network refers to a network of railways, being planned or under construction, that would connect China, Singapore and all the countries of mainland Southeast Asia.
The Kunming–Yuxi railway or Kunyu railway, is a single-track railroad in Yunnan Province of Southwest China.
The Kuomintang of China (KMT; often translated as the Nationalist Party of China) is a major political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan, based in Taipei and is currently the opposition political party in the Legislative Yuan.
Kyaukpyu (ကျောက်ဖြူမြို့; also spelt Kyaukphyu) is a major town in Rakhine State, in western Myanmar.
The Lahu people (Lahu: Ladhulsi / Kawzhawd; La Hủ) are an ethnic group of China and Mainland Southeast Asia.
Lamu Gatusa is an associate professor at the Yunan Academy of Social Sciences, in Kunming, Yunnan, China.
Laos (ລາວ,, Lāo; Laos), officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao: ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ, Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao; République démocratique populaire lao), commonly referred to by its colloquial name of Muang Lao (Lao: ເມືອງລາວ, Muang Lao), is a landlocked country in the heart of the Indochinese peninsula of Mainland Southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southwest and Thailand to the west and southwest.
A heavy goods vehicle (HGV), also large goods vehicle (LGV) or medium goods vehicle, is the European Union (EU) term for any truck with a gross combination mass (GCM) of over. Sub-category N2 is used for vehicles between and and N3 for all goods vehicles over as defined in Directive 2001/116/EC. The term medium goods vehicle is used within parts of the UK government to refer to goods vehicles of between 3.5 and 7.5 tonnes which according to the EU are also "large goods vehicles". Commercial carrier vehicles of up to are referred to as Light commercial vehicles and come into category N1. Confusingly though, parts of the UK government refer to these as "light goods vehicles" (also abbreviated "LGV"), with the term LGV" appearing on tax discs for these smaller vehicles. Tax discs use the term "HGV" for vehicles over 3.5 tonnes. HGVs must not exceed 40 tonnes laden weight or in length to cross boundaries in the EU, but longer and heavier vehicles (LHVs) known as Gigaliner, EuroCombi, EcoLiner, innovative commercial vehicle, mega-truck, etc., typically long and weighing up to 60 tonnes are used in some countries, and the implications of allowing them to cross borders was being considered.
In geography, latitude is a geographic coordinate that specifies the north–south position of a point on the Earth's surface.
Lào Cai is a city in the Northwest region of Vietnam.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
The Ledo Road (লিডু, လီဒိုလမ်းမကြီး) (from Ledo, Assam, India to Kunming, Yunnan, China) was an overland connection between India and China, built during World War II to enable the Western Allies to deliver supplies to China, to aid the war effort against Japan — as an alternative to the Burma Road became required, once that had been cut-off by the Japanese in 1942.
Li Weiwei (born July 7, 1982, in Kunming, Yunnan) is a female Chinese handball player.
Liangshan (Yi: ꆃꎭ Niep Sha, pronounced), officially the Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, is an autonomous prefecture occupying much of the southern extremity of Sichuan province, People's Republic of China; its seat is Xichang.
A light-emitting diode (LED) is a two-lead semiconductor light source.
Lijiang is a prefecture-level city in the northwest of Yunnan province, China.
Lilium (members of which are true lilies) is a genus of herbaceous flowering plants growing from bulbs, all with large prominent flowers.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
Yunnan, a province of the People's Republic of China, is made up of the following administrative divisions.
According to the administrative divisions of China including Hong Kong and Macau, there are three levels of cities, namely provincial-level (consists of municipalities and SARs), prefectural-level cities, and county-level cities.
According to the Demographia research group in 2017, there are 102 Chinese cities with over 1 million people in the "urban area", as defined by the group's methodology.
This is a list of diplomatic missions in the People's Republic of China.
This is a list of diplomatic missions of Bangladesh, excluding honorary consulates.
This is a list of diplomatic missions of Cambodia.
This is a list of diplomatic missions of Laos.
This is a list of diplomatic missions of Malaysia.
This is a list of diplomatic missions of Myanmar.
This is a list of diplomatic missions of Thailand, excluding honorary consulates.
This is a list of diplomatic missions of Vietnam, excluding honorary consulates.
Multiple ethnic groups populate China, where "China" is taken to mean areas controlled by either of the two states using "China" in their formal names, the People's Republic of China (China) and the Republic of China (Taiwan).
#d6d6d6 | 3089 Oujianquan || || December 3, 1981 || Nanking || Purple Mountain Obs.
Postal codes in the People's Republic of China are postal codes used by China Post for the delivery of letters and goods within mainland China.
This page lists shopping streets and districts by city.
This is a list of places in the People's Republic of China having standing links to local communities in other countries.
The Lisu people (လီဆူလူမျိုး,;; ลีสู่; Lisu: or) are a Tibeto-Burman ethnic group who inhabit mountainous regions of Burma (Myanmar), southwest China, Thailand, and the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh.
Liu Fang 1974) is one of the most prominent pipa players in the world.
A local people's court of the People's Republic of China is a court at local level of the People's Republic of China.
Lucky Air is a low cost carrier based in the Xiángpéng Hángkōng Dàshà (S: 祥鹏航空大厦, T: 祥鵬航空大廈) in Kunming, Yunnan, China.
Luquan Yi and Miao Autonomous County (Chinese: 禄劝彝族苗族自治县; pinyin: Lùquàn yízú miáozú Zìzhìxiàn) is an autonomous county, under the jurisdiction of Kunming, Yunnan, China.
A machine tool is a machine for shaping or machining metal or other rigid materials, usually by cutting, boring, grinding, shearing, or other forms of deformation.
Magnolia denudata, known as the lilytree or Yulan magnolia, is native to central and eastern China.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
The Manchu are an ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.
Mandalay is the second-largest city and the last royal capital of Myanmar (Burma).
Maran Brang Seng, (1930 – August 30, 1995) was a Kachin politician and Chairman of the Kachin Independence Organization (KIO).
The "March of the Volunteers".
Marco Polo (1254January 8–9, 1324) was an Italian merchant, explorer, and writer, born in the Republic of Venice.
The Master of Business Administration (MBA or M.B.A.) is a master's degree in business administration (management).
In many countries, a mayor (from the Latin maior, meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.
The Mekong is a trans-boundary river in Southeast Asia.
Mengla County (เมิ้งล่า, เมืองหล้า) is a county under the jurisdiction of the Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, in far southern Yunnan province, China.
Mengzi is a city in the southeast of Yunnan province, People's Republic of China.
Methamphetamine (contracted from) is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is mainly used as a recreational drug and less commonly as a second-line treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and obesity.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
According to research by the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) of China, nine major metropolitan regions are forming in China.
The Miao is an ethnic group belonging to South China, and is recognized by the government of China as one of the 55 official minority groups.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
The Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China (MOFCOM), is an Cabinet-level executive agency of the State Council of China.
Mirabilite, also known as Glauber's salt, is a hydrous sodium sulfate mineral with the chemical formula Na2SO4·10H2O.
The Mongols (ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ, Mongolchuud) are an East-Central Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
A mosque (from masjid) is a place of worship for Muslims.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
The Nakhi or Nashi (endonym: ¹na²khi) are an ethnic group inhabiting the foothills of the Himalayas in the northwestern part of Yunnan Province, as well as the southwestern part of Sichuan Province in China.
Nanning–Kunming high-speed railway (formerly known as the Yunnan–Guangxi high-speed railway) is a high-speed railway in China's Yunnan Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
The Nanning–Kunming railway, or Nankun railway, is a single-track electrified railroad in Southwest China between Nanning and Kunming, provincial capitals, respectively, of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Yunnan Province.
Nanzhao, also spelled Nanchao or Nan Chao, was a polity that flourished in what is now southern China and Southeast Asia during the 8th and 9th centuries.
The National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China (NDRC), formerly State Planning Commission and State Development Planning Commission, is a macroeconomic management agency under the Chinese State Council, which has broad administrative and planning control over the Chinese economy.
A national redoubt or national fortress is an area to which the (remnant) forces of a nation can be withdrawn if the main battle has been lost or even earlier if defeat is considered inevitable.
When the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out between China and Japan in 1937, Peking University, Tsinghua University and Nankai University merged to form Changsha Temporary University in Changsha and later National Southwestern Associated University (Lianda) in Kunming and Mengzi, in Southwest China's Yunnan Province.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Nie Er (14 February 1912 – 17 July 1935), born Nie Shouxin, courtesy name Ziyi (子義 or 子藝), was a Chinese composer best known for "March of the Volunteers", the national anthem of the People's Republic of China.
The Nu people (alternative names include Nusu, Nung, Zauzou and Along) are one of the 56 ethnic groups recognized by the People's Republic of China.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
The Office of Strategic Services (OSS) was a wartime intelligence agency of the United States during World War II, and a predecessor of the modern Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Opium (poppy tears, with the scientific name: Lachryma papaveris) is the dried latex obtained from the opium poppy (scientific name: Papaver somniferum).
The Orchidaceae are a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants, with blooms that are often colourful and fragrant, commonly known as the orchid family.
Organic food is food produced by methods that comply with the standards of organic farming.
Detachment 101 of the Office of Strategic Services (formed under the Office of the Coordinator of Information just weeks before it evolved into the OSS) operated in the China-Burma-India Theater of World War II.
Panlong District (Chinese: 盘龙区; pinyin: Pánlóng Qū) is a district under the jurisdiction of Kunming, Yunnan, China.
The Panlong River in an urban river in Kunming City, Yunnan, China.
The Panthay rebellion (1856–1873), known to Chinese as the Du Wenxiu Rebellion (Tu Wen-hsiu Rebellion), was a rebellion of the Muslim Hui people and other (Muslim) ethnic minorities against the Manchu rulers of the Qing Dynasty in southwestern Yunnan Province, as part of a wave of Hui-led multi-ethnic unrest.
Panzhihua is a prefecture-level city located in the far south of Sichuan province, People's Republic of China, at the confluence of the Jinsha and Yalong Rivers.
The art, science, and technology of papermaking addresses the methods, equipment, and materials used to make paper and cardboard, these being used widely for printing, writing, and packaging, among many other purposes and useful products.
In modern Chinese politics, a Party Committee Secretary, commonly translated as Party Secretary, party chief, or party boss, is the leader of the Communist Party of China (CPC) organization in a province, city, or other administrative region.
Père Jean-Marie Delavay (28 December 1834 – 31 December 1895) was a French missionary, explorer and botanist.
A pedestrian is a person travelling on foot, whether walking or running.
Peking University (abbreviated PKU or Beida; Chinese: 北京大学, pinyin: běi jīng dà xué) is a major Chinese research university located in Beijing and a member of the C9 League.
The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Communist Party of China (CPC).
PGA Tour China is a China-based men's professional golf tour as part of the PGA Tour's global expansion.
A phosphate is chemical derivative of phosphoric acid.
Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.
Photovoltaics (PV) is a term which covers the conversion of light into electricity using semiconducting materials that exhibit the photovoltaic effect, a phenomenon studied in physics, photochemistry, and electrochemistry.
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.
Pokhara (पोखरा) is a metropolis, and is the largest city of Nepal in terms of area,http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/news/2017-03-13/pokhara-lekhnath-becomes-largest-metropolitan-city.html and the second largest city in terms of population.
A poppy is a flowering plant in the subfamily Papaveroideae of the family Papaveraceae.
A port is a maritime commercial facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo.
A prefectural-level municipality, prefectural-level city or prefectural city; formerly known as province-controlled city from 1949 to 1983, is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China (PRC), ranking below a province and above a county in China's administrative structure.
Primula is a genus of mainly herbaceous flowering plants in the family Primulaceae.
The private sector is the part of the economy, sometimes referred to as the citizen sector, which is run by private individuals or groups, usually as a means of enterprise for profit, and is not controlled by the State.
A prototype is an early sample, model, or release of a product built to test a concept or process or to act as a thing to be replicated or learned from.
Provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions, are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions.
Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing the spread of information between an individual or an organization (such as a business, government agency, or a nonprofit organization) and the public.
A public security bureau (PSB) in China refers to a government office essentially acting as a police station or a local or provincial police; the smallest police stations are called police posts.
The Pumi (also Primi) people (Tibetan: བོད་མི་, Wylie: bod mi,, own name) are an ethnic group.
Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a neoclassical economic theory that states that the exchange rate between two countries is equal to the ratio of the currencies' respective purchasing power.
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.
Qiongzhu Temple, or Bamboo Temple, is a Buddhist temple situated on Yu'an Mountain to the northwest of Kunming, Yunnan, China.
Qujing is a prefecture-level city in eastern Yunnan province of southwest China.
The Red River (Sông Hồng), also known as the and (lit. "Mother River") in Vietnamese and the in Chinese, is a river that flows from Yunnan in Southwest China through northern Vietnam to the Gulf of Tonkin.
The renminbi (Ab.: RMB;; sign: 元; code: CNY) is the official currency of the People's Republic of China.
A ring road (also known as beltline, beltway, circumferential (high)way, loop or orbital) is a road or a series of connected roads encircling a town, city, or country.
Robert Trent "Bobby" Jones Jr. (born July 24, 1939) is an American golf course architect.
Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.
The Shanghai–Kunming high-speed railway is a high-speed railway line in China.
The Shanghai–Kunming Railway or Hukun Railway, also known as the Hukun Line, is a major arterial railroad across eastern, south central and southwest China.
Shangri-La or Xianggelila is a county-level city in northwestern Yunnan province, People's Republic of China and is the location of the seat of the Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture.
Shiing-Shen Chern (October 26, 1911 – December 3, 2004) was a Chinese-American mathematician who made fundamental contributions to differential geometry and topology.
Shilin Yi Autonomous County (Chinese: 石林彝族自治县; pinyin: Shílín yízú Zìzhìxiàn: Yi) is an autonomous county, under the jurisdiction of Kunming, Yunnan, China.
Sichuan, formerly romanized as Szechuan or Szechwan, is a province in southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north, and the Yungui Plateau to the south.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
The Sino-Vietnamese War (Chiến tranh biên giới Việt-Trung), also known as the Third Indochina War, was a brief border war fought between the People's Republic of China and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in early 1979.
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn (มหาจักรีสิรินธร,;, born Princess Sirindhorn Debaratanasuda Kitivadhanadulsobhak สิรินธรเทพรัตนสุดา กิติวัฒนาดุลโสภาคย์;; born 2 April 1955) is the second daughter of King Bhumibol Adulyadej.
A skyscraper is a continuously habitable high-rise building that has over 40 floors and is taller than approximately.
Solar energy is radiant light and heat from the Sun that is harnessed using a range of ever-evolving technologies such as solar heating, photovoltaics, solar thermal energy, solar architecture, molten salt power plants and artificial photosynthesis.
Songming County (Chinese: 嵩明县; pinyin: Sōngmíng Xiàn) is a county, under the jurisdiction of Kunming, Yunnan, China.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
South Asian Gate (南亚之门) is a planned skyscraper in the city of Kunming, China.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
Southwest China is a region of the People's Republic of China defined by governmental bureaus that includes the municipality of Chongqing, the provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou, and the Tibet Autonomous Region.
Southwest Forestry University (SWFU) is the largest forestry university in the southwestern part of China.
The State Council, constitutionally synonymous with the Central People's Government since 1954 (particularly in relation to local governments), is the chief administrative authority of the People's Republic of China.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
The Stone Forest or Shilin is a notable set of limestone formations about 500 km2 located in Shilin Yi Autonomous County, Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China, near Shilin approximately from the provincial capital Kunming.
The Sui Dynasty was a short-lived imperial dynasty of China of pivotal significance.
The Sui people (autonym: ai33 sui33), also spelled as Shui people, are an ethnic group living mostly in Guizhou Province, China.
Suntech Power Holdings Co., Ltd.
Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while at the same time sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depend.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Tai chi (taiji), short for T'ai chi ch'üan, or Taijiquan (pinyin: tàijíquán; 太极拳), is an internal Chinese martial art practiced for both its defense training and its health benefits.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Tang Jiyao (August 14, 1883 – May 23, 1927) was a Chinese general and warlord of Yunnan during the Warlord Era of early Republican China.
The Tea Horse Road or chamadao, now generally referred to as the Ancient Tea Horse Road or chamagudao was a network of caravan paths winding through the mountains of Sichuan, Yunnan and Tibet in Southwest China.
Telephone numbers in China are organized and assigned according to the Chinese Telephone Code Plan of mainland China.
A temple of Confucius or Confucian temple is a temple for the veneration of Confucius and the sages and philosophers of Confucianism in Chinese folk religion and other East Asian religions.
Tengchong is a county-level city of Baoshan City, western Yunnan province, People's Republic of China.
A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).
Thai of Chinese origin, often called Thai Chinese, consist of Thai people of full or partial Chinese ancestry – particularly Han Chinese.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
A thoroughfare is a road connecting one location to another.
Tibet is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia.
The Tibetan people are an ethnic group native to Tibet.
The Tibeto-Burman languages are the non-Sinitic members of the Sino-Tibetan language family, over 400 of which are spoken throughout the highlands of Southeast Asia as well as certain parts of East Asia and South Asia.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
The time in China follows a single standard time offset of UTC+08:00 (eight hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time), despite China spanning five geographical time zones.
Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.
Tourism in China is a significant industry.
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a style of traditional medicine built on a foundation of more than 2,500 years of Chinese medical practice that includes various forms of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage (tui na), exercise (qigong), and dietary therapy, but recently also influenced by modern Western medicine.
A transport hub (also transport interchange) is a place where passengers and cargo are exchanged between vehicles or between transport modes.
The transport infrastructure of Yunnan is served by numerous transport modes, and forms an integral part of the structure Yunnan Province and the Southwest of China.
The treaty ports was the name given to the port cities in China and Japan that were opened to foreign trade by the unequal treaties with the Western powers.
A trial court or court of first instance is a court having original jurisdiction, in which trials take place.
The Tropic of Cancer, also referred to as the Northern Tropic, is the most northerly circle of latitude on Earth at which the Sun can be directly overhead.
Tsung-Dao Lee (T. D. Lee;; born November 24, 1926) is a Chinese-American physicist, known for his work on parity violation, the Lee Model, particle physics, relativistic heavy ion (RHIC) physics, nontopological solitons and soliton stars.
Tu Weiming (born February 26, 1940) is an ethicist and a New Confucian.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Vehicle registration plates in China are mandatory metal or plastic plates attached to motor vehicles in mainland China for official identification purposes.
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
The Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (Vietnamese: Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học và Công nghệ Việt Nam) is the largest and most prominent research institute in Vietnam.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
The Wa people (Wa language: Vāx; ဝလူမျိုး;; ว้า) are an ethnic group that lives mainly in northern Myanmar, in the northern part of Shan State and the eastern part of Kachin State, near and along Burma's border with China, as well as in Yunnan, China.
Wagga Wagga (informally called Wagga) is a major regional city in the Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia.
Wang Hongni (born March 9, 1982 in Jinan, Shandong) is a female Chinese triathlete.
Wang Yuan (Chinese: 王元, Pinyin: Wáng Yuán) (born April 29, 1930), or Yuan Wang is a Chinese mathematician, educator and popular science writer famous for his contributions to the Goldbach conjecture.
The Wanli Emperor (4 September 1563 – 18 August 1620), personal name Zhu Yijun, was the 14th emperor of the Ming dynasty of China.
Water supply plus sanitation in China is undergoing a massive transition while facing numerous challenges such as rapid urbanization, a widening gap between rich and poor as well as urban and rural areas.
Wen Yiduo (24 November 189915 July 1946) was a prominent Chinese poet and scholar who was assassinated by the Kuomintang.
Western China (or rarely) is the west of China.
The Western Mountains or Western Hills (Xi Shan) are a scenic mountain area located 12 km to the west of Kunming, Yunnan, China.
Woodworking is the activity or skill of making items from wood, and includes cabinet making (cabinetry and furniture), wood carving, joinery, carpentry, and woodturning.
The World Horti-Expo Garden is a botanical garden center in Kunming, China.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wu Ningkun (巫宁坤; born September 1920, in Yangzhou, China), is Professor Emeritus of English at the Institute of International Relations in Beijing, where he has taught since 1956.
Wu Sangui (courtesy name Changbai (長白) or Changbo (長伯); 1612 – 2 October 1678) was a Chinese military general who was instrumental in the fall of the Ming Dynasty and the establishment of the Qing Dynasty in 1644.
Wu Ta-You (27 September 1907 – 4 March 2000) was a Chinese atomic and nuclear theoretical physicist who worked in the United States, Canada, mainland China and Taiwan.
Wuhua District (Chinese:; pinyin: Wǔhuá Qū) is a district under the jurisdiction of Kunming, Yunnan, China.
Xi'an is the capital of Shaanxi Province, China.
Xiaguan (p Xiàguān), formerly known as Hsiakwan, is a town at the southern end of Erhai Lake in Dali Prefecture, Yunnan, China.
The Xiao River is the Main Stream of the upper Xiang River located in Yongzhou, Hunan.
Xinhua News Agency (English pronunciation: J. C. Wells: Longman Pronunciation Dictionary, 3rd ed., for both British and American English) or New China News Agency is the official state-run press agency of the People's Republic of China.
Xishan District (Chinese: 西山区; pinyin: Xīshān Qū) is a district under the jurisdiction of Kunming, Yunnan, China.
Xishuangbanna, Sibsongbanna, or Sipsong Panna, shortened to Banna (full name: Tham: ᩈᩥ᩠ᨷᩈ᩠ᩋᨦᨻᩢ᩠ᨶᨶᩣ; New Tai Lü script:;; สิบสองปันนา; ສິບສອງພັນນາ; သိပ်းသွင်ပၼ်းၼႃး; စစ်ဆောင်ပန္နား) is a Tai Lü autonomous prefecture in the extreme south of Yunnan, China.
Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (XTBG), of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), founded in 1959, is located in Mengla County, Xishuangbanna at 21º55' N, 101º15'E, covering an area of 1125 ha.
Xundian Hui and Yi Autonomous County (Chinese: 寻甸回族彝族自治县; pinyin: Xúndiàn huízú yízú Zìzhìxiàn; Xiao'erjing: ثٌدِیًا خُوِذُو یِذُو ذِجِشِیًا) is an autonomous county, under the jurisdiction of Kunming, Yunnan, China.
The Yangtze, which is 6,380 km (3,964 miles) long, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world.
The Yao people (its majority branch is also known as Mien;; người Dao) is a government classification for various minorities in China and Vietnam.
The Yi or Nuosuo people (historically known as Lolo) are an ethnic group in China, Vietnam, and Thailand.
Yibin (Sichuanese Pinyin: nyi2bin1; Sichuanese pronunciation) is a prefecture-level city in the southeastern part of Sichuan province, People's Republic of China, located at the junction of the Min and Yangtze Rivers.
Yiliang County (Chinese: 宜良县; pinyin: Yíliáng Xiàn) is a county, under the jurisdiction of Kunming, Yunnan, China.
The Yuan dynasty, officially the Great Yuan (Yehe Yuan Ulus), was the empire or ruling dynasty of China established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian Borjigin clan.
Yuantong Temple is the most famous Buddhist temple in Kunming, Yunnan, China.
Yunnan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the far southwest of the country.
Yunnan Agricultural University (云南农业大学) is in Kunming, Yunnan, China.
Yunnan Arts University, founded in 1959, is a Chinese Institute located in Kunming, Yunnan Province, China.
Yunnan Astronomical Observatory (YAO / 云南天文台) an institution of Chinese Academy of Sciences sits on the Phoenix Hill in east suburb of Kunming, Yunnan, China.
Yunnan Copper Company Limited is the third largest copper producer in China.
Yunnan cuisine, alternatively known as Dian cuisine, is an amalgam of the cuisines of the Han Chinese and other ethnic minority groups in Yunnan Province in southwestern China.
Yunnan Hongta (Simplified Chinese: 云南红塔) was a football club who played in the Chinese Jia-A League who were founded by the Shenzhen Kinspar Group in 1996 and named Shenzhen Kinspar (Simplefied Chinese: 深圳金鹏).
Yunnan Nationalities University (云南民族大学) is in Kunming City, China, at 134 Yi Er Yi Avenue.
The Yunnan Nationalities Museum is located on the east bank of Dianchi Lake in Kunming, Yunnan, China, next to the Yunnan Ethnic Village.
Yunnan Normal University (YNNU) is in Kunming, the capital city of Yunnan Province.
Yunnan Normal University Business School is an independent university run by Yunnan Normal University with social investment.
Yunnan Provincial Library (YPL) (云南省图书馆), founded in 1909, is located in Kunming, China.
Yunnan Provincial Museum is located in Kunming, on Guangfu Road.
Yunnan University is one of the largest and most prestigious universities in China.
The Yunnan University of Finance and Economics (YUFE) is a provincial-level university in Kunming, Yunnan province, China focusing on fields related to commerce and management.
Yunnan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (YUTCM; 云南中医学院), established in 1960 in Kunming, Yunnan, China, was among the second group of TCM universities set up nationwide.
The Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau or Yungui Plateau is a highland region located in southwest China.
Yuxi is a prefecture-level city in the Yunnan province of the People's Republic of China.
Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich.
Zhang Boling (April 5, 1876 – February 23, 1951) was a Chinese educator who, with Yan Xiu, founded Nankai University and the Nankai system of schools.
Zhang Xiaogang (born in 1958) is a contemporary Chinese symbolist and surrealist painter.
Zhaotong is a prefecture-level city located in the northeast corner of Yunnan province of Southwest China.
Zheng He (1371–1433 or 1435) was a Chinese mariner, explorer, diplomat, fleet admiral, and court eunuch during China's early Ming dynasty.
Zhu De ((also Chu Teh; 1 December 1886 – 6 July 1976) was a Chinese general, warlord, politician, revolutionary and one of the pioneers of the Communist Party of China. Born poor in 1886 in Sichuan, he was adopted by a wealthy uncle at age nine; this prosperity provided him a superior early education that led to his admission into a military academy. After his time at the academy, he joined a rebel army and soon became a warlord. It was after this period that he adopted communism. He ascended through the ranks of the Chinese Red Army as it closed in on securing the nation. By the time China was under Mao's control, Zhu was a high-ranking official within the Communist Party of China. He served as Commander-in-Chief of the Eighth Route Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War. In 1955 he became one of the Ten Marshals of the People's Liberation Army, of which he is regarded as the principal founder. Zhu remained a prominent political figure until his death in 1976. As the chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress from 1975-76, Zhu was the head of state of the People's Republic of China.
The Yongli Emperor (1623–1662; reigned 18 November 1646 – 1 June 1662), personal name Zhu Youlang, was the fourth and last emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty of China.
The Zhuang people are an ethnic group who mostly live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
14th Corps was activated on February 14, 1949 basing on 4th Column of Zhongyuan Field Army and defecting Republic of China Army 110th Division.
The 1833 Kunming earthquake was an 8.0 Mw earthquake that struck the provincial capital Kunming in Yunnan, China on September 6, 1833.
The 1999 World Horticultural Exposition (昆明世博会) was an A1 category international horticultural exposition recognised by the Bureau International des Expositions (BIE).
The 1st Special Forces Group is a U.S. Army Special Forces unit that was activated on 24 June 1957 at Camp Drake, Japan.
The 2008 Kunming bus bombings occurred on 21 July 2008 when explosions aboard two public buses in downtown Kunming, the capital of southwest China's Yunnan province, killed two people.
In the evening of 1 March 2014, a terrorist attack occurred inside the Kunming Railway Station in Kunming, Yunnan, China.
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