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Index Lübeck

Lübeck is a city in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany, and one of the major ports of Germany. [1]

248 relations: Adam Brand (explorer), Adolf II of Holstein, Aegidienkirche, Lübeck, Afro-Germans, Alliance 90/The Greens, Alternative for Germany, Andreas Kneller, Arabs, August Hermann Francke, Baltic Cable, Baltic Sea, Battle of Bornhöved (1227), Battle of Helsingborg (1362), Bay of Lübeck, Beatrix von Storch, Behnhaus, Benjamin Block, Bergen, Björn Engholm, Bombing of Lübeck in World War II, Bourgeoisie, Brick Gothic, Buchenwald concentration camp, Bucu, Buddenbrooks, Bundesautobahn 1, Burgomaster, Burgtor, Caravel, Carl Heinrich von Heineken, Catharina Elisabeth Heinecken, Central Europe, Charlemagne, Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Charles XIV John of Sweden, China, Christian Adolph Overbeck, Christian Heinrich Heineken, Christianization, City gate, Cold War, Congress of Vienna, Continental System, Count's Feud, Denmark, Der Spiegel, Dieterich Buxtehude, Dolmen, Duchy of Saxony, Eastern Bloc, ..., Eastern Europe, Elbe, Elbe–Lübeck Canal, Emanuel Geibel, Entomology, Ephraim Carlebach, Erasmus Finx, Erich Ponto, Ernst Curtius, European Hansemuseum, F.L.Æ. Kunzen, Federal Criminal Police Office (Germany), Fehmarn Belt, Felix Carlebach, Finland, Firestorm, First French Empire, Florence, Flying ace, Former eastern territories of Germany, France, Francke Foundations, Franz Tunder, Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, Free City of Lübeck, Free imperial city, Fresco, Friedrich Krüger (diplomat), Friedrich Matthias Claudius, Friedrich Matz, Friedrich Ranke, Friedrich Wilhelm Gustav Bruhn, Günter Grass, Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Georg Curtius, Germanic peoples, Germany, Godfrey Kneller, Gotthardt Kuehl, Greater Hamburg Act, Greeks, Gustav Falke, Gustav Radbruch, Hagiography, Haim Cohn, Hamburg, Hans Blumenberg, Hanseatic League, Heinrich Lüders, Heinrich Mann, Heinrich Meibom (doctor), Helmold, Henry the Lion, Hermann Pister, Hermann von der Hude, Hermann von Fehling, High-voltage direct current, Holstein, Holstentor, HVDC converter station, Indology, Inner German border, International School of New Media, Iran, Italians, Italy, James Behrens, Japan, Jörg Wontorra, Jörg Ziercke, Jürgen Wullenwever, Joachim Jungius, Johann Bernhard Vermehren, Johann Friedrich Overbeck, Johann Lorenz von Mosheim, Johann Wilhelm Cordes, Johann Wittenborg, John Rugee, Jonas Nay, Joseph Carlebach, Justus Mühlenpfordt, Justus von Dohnányi, Katharineum, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Kiel, Klaipėda, Kotka, Kurd von Schlözer, La Rochelle, Latin school, Laurentius Surius, Lübeck, Lübeck Academy of Music, Lübeck Airport, Lübeck Cathedral, Lübeck Hauptbahnhof, Lübeck law, Lübeck Museum of Theatre Puppets, Lübeck Nordic Film Days, Lübeck University of Applied Sciences, Lübeck–Hamburg railway, Lübecker Nachrichten, Lüneburg, Lightvessel, Lisa von Lübeck, Lithuania, Liubice, Livonian Order, Lothar Malskat, Lubec, Maine, Maine, Mann family, Maria Slavona, Marzipan, Meibomian gland, Member of the European Parliament, Middle Ages, Migration Period, Napoleon, Nazarene movement, Nazism, Neolithic, Neumünster, Niederegger, Nobel Prize in Literature, Northern Germany, Norway, Nuclear physics, Oberschule zum Dom, Obotrites, Oflag X-C, Otto-Heinrich Drechsler, Pisa, Polabian Slavs, Poland, Poles, Ports of the Baltic Sea, Prisoner-of-war camp, Racism, Rani (Slavic tribe), Rügen, Riga Ghetto, Robert Christian Avé-Lallemant, Robert Habeck, Rome, Rostock, Royal Air Force, Russians, Sacred Heart Church, Lübeck, Salzspeicher, Sandra Völker, Saxons, Schleswig-Holstein, Schleswig-Holstein Musik Festival, Schmalkaldic League, Schwerin, Second Army (United Kingdom), Shaoxing, Sister city, Slavs, Southern Europe, Spokane, Washington, SS Cap Arcona, SS Deutschland (1923), SS Thielbek (1940), St. Anne's Museum Quarter, Lübeck, St. Catherine's Church, Lübeck, St. Mary's Church, Lübeck, Stadtbezirk, Sweden, Szczecin, Taximeter, Teutonic Order, The Rat (novel), Thirty Years' War, Thomas Baltzar, Thomas Mann, Trave, Travemünde, Turkish people, UNESCO, United States, University of Lübeck, Venice, VfB Lübeck, Visby, Wakenitz, Walter D. Asmus, Walter Ewers, War of the Fourth Coalition, Weichselian glaciation, West Germany, Willy Brandt, Wisconsin, Wismar, World Heritage site, World War II. Expand index (198 more) »

Adam Brand (explorer)

Adam Brand (born before 1692 - died 1746) was a German merchant and explorer.

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Adolf II of Holstein

Adolf II of Holstein (– 6 July 1164) was the Count of Schauenburg and Holstein from 1130 until his death, though he was briefly out of Holstein from 1137 until 1142.

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Aegidienkirche, Lübeck

The St.-Aegidien-Kirche or Aegidienkirche is a church building in the north German city of Lübeck, dedicated to saint Giles.

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Afro-Germans (Afrodeutsche), Black Germans (schwarze Deutsche) or during the German Empire Imperial Negroes (Reichsneger) are an ethnic group, namely people who are citizens and/or residents of Germany and who are of Black African descent.

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Alliance 90/The Greens

Alliance 90/The Greens, often simply Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen or Grüne), is a green political party in Germany that was formed from the merger of the German Green Party (founded in West Germany in 1980 and merged with the East Greens in 1990) and Alliance 90 (founded during the Revolution of 1989–1990 in East Germany) in 1993.

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Alternative for Germany

Alternative for Germany (Alternative für Deutschland, AfD) is a right-wing to far-right political party in Germany.

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Andreas Kneller

Andreas Kneller (variants: Kniller, Knöller, Knüller) (23 April 1649 – 24 August 1724) was a German composer and organist of the North German school.

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Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.

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August Hermann Francke

August Hermann Francke (22 March 1663, Lübeck8 June 1727, Halle) was a German Lutheran clergyman, philanthropist, and Biblical scholar.

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Baltic Cable

The Baltic Cable is a monopolar HVDC power line running beneath the Baltic Sea that interconnects the electric power grids of Germany and Sweden.

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Baltic Sea

The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.

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Battle of Bornhöved (1227)

The (second) Battle of Bornhöved took place on 22 July 1227 near Bornhöved in Holstein.

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Battle of Helsingborg (1362)

The Battle of Helsingborg was fought on 8 July 1362 between the Danish and Hanseatic fleets.

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Bay of Lübeck

The Bay of Lübeck is a basin in the southwestern Baltic Sea, off the shores of German states of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Schleswig-Holstein.

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Beatrix von Storch

Beatrix Amelie Ehrengard Eilika von Storch (born Beatrix Amelie Ehrengard Eilika Herzogin von Oldenburg; 27 May 1971) is a German politician who has served as Deputy Leader of the Alternative for Germany since July 2015 and Member of the Bundestag since September 2017.

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The Behnhaus is an art museum in the Hanseatic city of Lübeck, Germany, and part of its World heritage site.

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Benjamin Block

Benjamin Block, or Blok (1631–1690) was a seventeenth-century German - Hungarian Baroque painter who married the flower painter Anna Katharina Block.

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Bergen, historically Bjørgvin, is a city and municipality in Hordaland on the west coast of Norway.

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Björn Engholm

Björn Engholm (born 9 November 1939) is a Lübeck born German SPD politician.

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Bombing of Lübeck in World War II

During World War II, the city of Lübeck was the first German city to be attacked in substantial numbers by the Royal Air Force.

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The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.

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Brick Gothic

Brick Gothic (Backsteingotik, Gotyk ceglany, Baksteengotiek) is a specific style of Gothic architecture common in Northwest and Central Europe especially in the regions in and around the Baltic Sea, which do not have resources of standing rock, but in many places a lot of glacial boulders.

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Buchenwald concentration camp

Buchenwald concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager (KZ) Buchenwald,; literally, in English: beech forest) was a German Nazi concentration camp established on Ettersberg hill near Weimar, Germany, in July 1937, one of the first and the largest of the concentration camps on German soil, following Dachau's opening just over four years earlier.

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Bucu or Buku is a hill island surrounded by the Trave and Wakenitz Rivers in Lübeck, Germany.

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Buddenbrooks is a 1901 novel by Thomas Mann, chronicling the decline of a wealthy north German merchant family over the course of four generations, incidentally portraying the manner of life and mores of the Hanseatic bourgeoisie in the years from 1835 to 1877.

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Bundesautobahn 1

is an autobahn in Germany.

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Burgomaster (alternatively spelled burgermeister, literally master of the town, master of the borough, master of the fortress, or master of the citizens) is the English form of various terms in or derived from Germanic languages for the chief magistrate or chairman of the executive council, usually of a sub-national level of administration such as a city or a similar entity.

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The Burgtor, built 1444 in late Gothic style, was the northern city gate of Hanseatic Lübeck, now in Germany.

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A caravel (Portuguese: caravela) is a small, highly maneuverable sailing ship developed in the 15th century by the Portuguese to explore along the West African coast and into the Atlantic Ocean.

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Carl Heinrich von Heineken

Carl Heinrich von Heineken (1707–1791) was a German art historian who for a time was in charge of King Augustus III of Poland's royal collection.

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Catharina Elisabeth Heinecken

Catharina Elisabeth Heinecken (1683 – November 5, 1757) was a German artist and alchemist and the mother of a celebrated child prodigy, Christian Heinrich Heineken.

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Central Europe

Central Europe is the region comprising the central part of Europe.

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Charlemagne or Charles the Great (Karl der Große, Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800.

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Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor

Charles IV (Karel IV., Karl IV., Carolus IV; 14 May 1316 – 29 November 1378Karl IV. In: (1960): Geschichte in Gestalten (History in figures), vol. 2: F-K. 38, Frankfurt 1963, p. 294), born Wenceslaus, was a King of Bohemia and the first King of Bohemia to also become Holy Roman Emperor.

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Charles XIV John of Sweden

Charles XIV and III John or Carl John, (Swedish and Norwegian: Karl Johan; 26 January 1763 – 8 March 1844) was King of Sweden (as Charles XIV John) and King of Norway (as Charles III John) from 1818 until his death, and served as de facto regent and head of state from 1810 to 1818.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Christian Adolph Overbeck

Christian Adolph Overbeck (21 August 1755 in Lübeck – 9 March 1821 in Lübeck) was a German poet, and the Burgomaster of Lübeck.

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Christian Heinrich Heineken

Christian Heinrich Heineken or Heinecken (February 6, 1721 – June 27, 1725), also known as "the infant scholar of Lübeck", was a German child prodigy who only lived to be four years old.

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Christianization (or Christianisation) is the conversion of individuals to Christianity or the conversion of entire groups at once.

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City gate

A city gate is a gate which is, or was, set within a city wall.

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Cold War

The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).

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Congress of Vienna

The Congress of Vienna (Wiener Kongress) also called Vienna Congress, was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.

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Continental System

The Continental System or Continental Blockade (known in French as Blocus continental) was the foreign policy of Napoleon I of France against the United Kingdom during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Count's Feud

The Count's Feud (Grevens Fejde), also called the Count's War, was a civil war that raged in Denmark in 1534–36 and brought about the Reformation in Denmark.

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Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.

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Der Spiegel

Der Spiegel (lit. "The Mirror") is a German weekly news magazine published in Hamburg.

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Dieterich Buxtehude

Dieterich Buxtehude (Diderich,; c. 1637/39 – 9 May 1707) was a Danish-German organist and composer of the Baroque period.

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A dolmen is a type of single-chamber megalithic tomb, usually consisting of two or more vertical megaliths supporting a large flat horizontal capstone or "table".

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Duchy of Saxony

The Duchy of Saxony (Hartogdom Sassen, Herzogtum Sachsen) was originally the area settled by the Saxons in the late Early Middle Ages, when they were subdued by Charlemagne during the Saxon Wars from 772 and incorporated into the Carolingian Empire (Francia) by 804.

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Eastern Bloc

The Eastern Bloc was the group of socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact.

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Eastern Europe

Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.

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The Elbe (Elbe; Low German: Elv) is one of the major rivers of Central Europe.

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Elbe–Lübeck Canal

The Elbe–Lübeck Canal (also known as the Elbe–Trave Canal) is an artificial waterway in eastern Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

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Emanuel Geibel

Emanuel von Geibel (17 October 1815 – 6 April 1884), German poet and playwright.

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Entomology is the scientific study of insects, a branch of zoology.

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Ephraim Carlebach

Ephraim Carlebach (March 12, 1879 in Lübeck – 1936 in Ramat Gan, British Mandate of Palestine), was a German-born Orthodox rabbi.

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Erasmus Finx

Erasmus Finx (November 16, 1627 – December 20, 1694), aka Erasmus Francisci, was a German Polymath, author and writer of Christian hymns.

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Erich Ponto

Erich Johannes Bruno Ponto (14 December 1884 – 14 February 1957) was a German film and stage actor.

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Ernst Curtius

Ernst Curtius (2 September 1814 – 11 July 1896) was a German archaeologist and historian.

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European Hansemuseum

The European Hansemuseum (Europäisches Hansemuseum) is a museum in Lübeck, Germany dedicated to the history of the Hanseatic League.

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F.L.Æ. Kunzen

Friedrich Ludwig Æmilius Kunzen (24 September 1761 – 28 January 1817) was a German composer and conductor who lived and worked for much of his life in Denmark.

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Federal Criminal Police Office (Germany)

The Federal Criminal Police Office of Germany (in German:, abbreviated) is the federal investigative police agency of Germany, directly subordinated to the Federal Ministry of the Interior.

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Fehmarn Belt

Fehmarn Belt, (former spelling Femer Bælt) is a strait connecting the Bay of Kiel and the Bay of Mecklenburg in the western part of the Baltic Sea between the German island of Fehmarn and the Danish island of Lolland.

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Felix Carlebach

Felix Falk Carlebach (15 April 1911 in Lübeck - 23 January 2008 in Manchester) was a German-born British Rabbi in Manchester, England.

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Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.

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A firestorm is a conflagration which attains such intensity that it creates and sustains its own wind system.

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First French Empire

The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.

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Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.

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Flying ace

A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down several enemy aircraft during aerial combat.

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Former eastern territories of Germany

The former eastern territories of Germany (Ehemalige deutsche Ostgebiete) are those provinces or regions east of the current eastern border of Germany (the Oder–Neisse line) which were lost by Germany after World War I and then World War II.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Francke Foundations

The Francke Foundations, also known as Glauchasche Anstalten in Halle, were founded in 1695 as a Christian, social and educational work by August Hermann Francke (1663–1727), a Pietist, theologian and university professor in Halle, Germany.

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Franz Tunder

Franz Tunder (1614 – November 5, 1667) was a German composer and organist of the early to middle Baroque era.

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Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor

Frederick I (Friedrich I, Federico I; 1122 – 10 June 1190), also known as Frederick Barbarossa (Federico Barbarossa), was the Holy Roman Emperor from 2 January 1155 until his death.

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Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor

Frederick II (26 December 1194 – 13 December 1250; Fidiricu, Federico, Friedrich) was King of Sicily from 1198, King of Germany from 1212, King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 and King of Jerusalem from 1225.

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Free City of Lübeck

The Free and Hanseatic City of Lübeck was a city-state from 1226 to 1937, in what is now the German states of Schleswig-Holstein and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.

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Free imperial city

In the Holy Roman Empire, the collective term free and imperial cities (Freie und Reichsstädte), briefly worded free imperial city (Freie Reichsstadt, urbs imperialis libera), was used from the fifteenth century to denote a self-ruling city that had a certain amount of autonomy and was represented in the Imperial Diet.

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Fresco (plural frescos or frescoes) is a technique of mural painting executed upon freshly laid, or wet lime plaster.

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Friedrich Krüger (diplomat)

Daniel Christian Friedrich Krüger was a diplomat in the service of the city state of Lübeck and also jointly of the Hanseatic cities of Lübeck, Hamburg and Bremen.

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Friedrich Matthias Claudius

Friedrich Matthias Claudius (1 June 1822 – 10 January 1869) was a German anatomist who was a native of Lübeck.

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Friedrich Matz

Friedrich Matz (13 October 1843, in Lübeck – 30 December 1874, in Berlin) was a German archaeologist.

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Friedrich Ranke

Friedrich Ranke (21 September 1882 - 11 October 1950) was a German medievalist philologist and folklorist.

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Friedrich Wilhelm Gustav Bruhn

Friedrich Wilhelm Gustav Bruhn (born 11 November 1853 in Lübeck; died 1927 in Berlin) was a German inventor.

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Günter Grass

Günter Wilhelm Grass (16 October 1927 – 13 April 2015) was a German novelist, poet, playwright, illustrator, graphic artist, sculptor, and recipient of the 1999 Nobel Prize in Literature.

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Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher

Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Fürst von Wahlstatt (16 December 1742 – 12 September 1819), Graf (count), later elevated to Fürst (sovereign prince) von Wahlstatt, was a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall (field marshal).

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Georg Curtius

Georg Curtius (April 16, 1820 – August 12, 1885) was a German philologist.

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Germanic peoples

The Germanic peoples (also called Teutonic, Suebian, or Gothic in older literature) are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group of Northern European origin.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Godfrey Kneller

Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1st Baronet (born Gottfried Kniller; 8 August 1646 – 19 October 1723), was the leading portrait painter in England during the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and was court painter to English and British monarchs from Charles II to George I. His major works include The Chinese Convert (1687; Royal Collection, London); a series of four portraits of Isaac Newton painted at various junctures of the latter's life; a series of ten reigning European monarchs, including King Louis XIV of France; over 40 "kit-cat portraits" of members of the Kit-Cat Club; and ten "beauties" of the court of William III, to match a similar series of ten beauties of the court of Charles II painted by his predecessor as court painter, Sir Peter Lely.

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Gotthardt Kuehl

Gotthardt Kuehl (28 November 1850 – 9 January 1915) was a German painter and a representative of early German Impressionism.

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Greater Hamburg Act

The Greater Hamburg Act (Groß-Hamburg-Gesetz), in full the Law Regarding Greater Hamburg and Other Territorial Readjustments (Gesetz über Groß-Hamburg und andere Gebietsbereinigungen), was passed by the government of Nazi Germany on 26 January 1937, and mandated the exchange of territories between Hamburg and the Free State of Prussia.

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The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες, Éllines) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, southern Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered on the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age.. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%. Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, arts, exploration, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, science and technology, business, cuisine, and sports, both historically and contemporarily.

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Gustav Falke

Gustav Falke (11 January 1853 – 8 February 1916) was a German writer.

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Gustav Radbruch

Gustav Radbruch (21 November 1878 – 23 November 1949) was a German legal scholar and politician.

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A hagiography is a biography of a saint or an ecclesiastical leader.

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Haim Cohn

Haim Herman Cohn (חיים הרמן כהן, born 11 March 1911, died 10 April 2002) was an Israeli jurist and politician.

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Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.

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Hans Blumenberg

Hans Blumenberg (born 13 July 1920 in Lübeck; died 28 March 1996 in Altenberge) was a German philosopher and intellectual historian.

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Hanseatic League

The Hanseatic League (Middle Low German: Hanse, Düdesche Hanse, Hansa; Standard German: Deutsche Hanse; Latin: Hansa Teutonica) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Northwestern and Central Europe.

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Heinrich Lüders

Heinrich Lüders (25 June 1869 in Lübeck – 7 May 1943 in Badenweiler) was a German Orientalist and Indologist known for his epigraphical analysis of the Sanskrit Turfan fragmentary manuscripts.

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Heinrich Mann

Luiz (Ludwig) Heinrich Mann (27 March 1871 – 11 March 1950) was a German novelist who wrote works with strong social themes.

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Heinrich Meibom (doctor)

Johann Heinrich Meibom (Iohannes Henricus Meibomius; 29 June 1638 in Lübeck – 26 March 1700 in Helmstedt) was a German physician and scholar.

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Helmold of Bosau (ca. 1120 – after 1177) was a Saxon historian of the 12th century and a priest at Bosau near Plön.

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Henry the Lion

Henry the Lion (Heinrich der Löwe; 1129/1131 – 6 August 1195) was a member of the Welf dynasty and Duke of Saxony, as Henry III, from 1142, and Duke of Bavaria, as Henry XII, from 1156, the duchies of which he held until 1180.

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Hermann Pister

Hermann Pister (21 February 1885, Lübeck – 28 September 1948, Landsberg am Lech) was an SS Oberführer (Senior Colonel) and commandant of Buchenwald concentration camp from 21 January 1942 until April 1945.

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Hermann von der Hude

Hermann Philipp Wilhelm von der Hude (2 June 1830 in Lübeck – 4 June 1908 in Berlin) was a German architect.

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Hermann von Fehling

Hermann von Fehling (9 June 1812 – 1 July 1885) was a German chemist, famous as the developer of Fehling's solution used for estimation of sugar.

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High-voltage direct current

A high-voltage, direct current (HVDC) electric power transmission system (also called a power superhighway or an electrical superhighway) uses direct current for the bulk transmission of electrical power, in contrast with the more common alternating current (AC) systems.

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Holstein (Northern Low Saxon: Holsteen, Holsten, Latin and historical Holsatia) is the region between the rivers Elbe and Eider.

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The Holsten Gate ("Holstein Tor", later "Holstentor") is a city gate marking off the western boundary of the old center of the Hanseatic city of Lübeck.

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HVDC converter station

An HVDC converter station (or simply converter station) is a specialised type of substation which forms the terminal equipment for a high-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission line.

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Indology or South Asian studies is the academic study of the history and cultures, languages, and literature of India and as such is a subset of Asian studies.

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Inner German border

The inner German border (innerdeutsche Grenze or deutsch-deutsche Grenze; initially also Zonengrenze) was the border between the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, West Germany) from 1949 to 1990.

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International School of New Media

International School of New Media (short ISNM) in Lübeck, Germany was an international, affiliated private institute at the University of Lübeck.

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Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).

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The Italians (Italiani) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to the Italian peninsula.

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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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James Behrens

James Behrens (born in Lübeck, Germany, 30 June 1824; died in San José, California, 6 March 1898), was an entomologist.

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Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Jörg Wontorra

Jörg Wontorra (born 29 November 1948 in Lübeck) is a German sport journalist.

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Jörg Ziercke

Jörg Ziercke (born 18 July 1947) served as the chief commissioner of the Federal Criminal Police Office of Germany (Bundeskriminalamt) from 2004 to 2014.

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Jürgen Wullenwever

Jürgen Wullenwever (c. 1492 – 29 September 1537) was burgomaster of Lübeck from 1533 to 1535, a period of religious, political and trade turmoil.

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Joachim Jungius

Joachim Jungius (22 October 1587 – 23 September 1657) was a German mathematician, logician and philosopher of sciences.

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Johann Bernhard Vermehren

Johann Bernhard Vermehren (6 June 1777 in Lübeck – 29 November 1803 in Jena) was an early Romantic poet and scholar.

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Johann Friedrich Overbeck

Johann Friedrich Overbeck (3 July 1789 – 12 November 1869) was a German painter and member of the Nazarene movement.

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Johann Lorenz von Mosheim

Johann Lorenz von Mosheim or Johann Lorenz Mosheim (9 October 1693 – 9 September 1755) was a German Lutheran church historian.

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Johann Wilhelm Cordes

Johann Wilhelm Cordes (14 March 1824, Lübeck - 16 August 1869, Lübeck) was a German landscape painter.

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Johann Wittenborg

Johann Wittenborg (1321–1363) was a merchant and mayor of the free port of Lübeck in what is now north Germany.

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John Rugee

John Rugee was a member of the Wisconsin State Assembly.

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Jonas Nay

Jonas Nay (born September 20, 1990) is a German actor and musician, notable for starring in the first German language TV series shown on American television, Deutschland 83.

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Joseph Carlebach

Joseph Hirsch (Tzvi) Carlebach (January 30, 1883, Lübeck, German Empire – March 26, 1942, Biķerniecki forest, near Riga, Latvia) was an Orthodox rabbi and Jewish-German scholar and natural scientist (Naturwissenschaftler).

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Justus Mühlenpfordt

Justus Mühlenpfordt (22 April 1911 in Lübeck – 2 October 2000) was a German nuclear physicist.

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Justus von Dohnányi

Justus von Dohnányi (born 2 December 1960) is a German actor, best known for portraying Wilhelm Burgdorf in 2004 film Der Untergang.

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The Katharineum zu Lübeck is a humanistic gymnasium founded 1531 in the Hanseatic city Lübeck, Germany.

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Kawasaki, Kanagawa

is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.

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Kiel is the capital and most populous city in the northern German state of Schleswig-Holstein, with a population of 249,023 (2016).

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Klaipėda (Samogitian name: Klaipieda, Polish name: Kłajpeda, German name: Memel), is a city in Lithuania on the Baltic Sea coast.

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Kotka is a city and municipality of Finland.

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Kurd von Schlözer

Kurd von Schlözer (original name Conrad Nestor von Schlözer; 5 January 1822, in Lübeck, Free City of Lübeck – 13 May 1894, in Berlin, Germany) was an imperial German historian, diplomat and German Ambassador to the United States from 1871 to 1882.

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La Rochelle

La Rochelle is a city in western France and a seaport on the Bay of Biscay, a part of the Atlantic Ocean.

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Latin school

The Latin school was the grammar school of 14th to 19th-century Europe, though the latter term was much more common in England.

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Laurentius Surius

Laurentius Surius (translating to Lorenz Sauer; Lübeck, 1523 – Cologne, 23 May 1578) was a German Carthusian hagiographer and church historian.

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Lübeck is a city in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany, and one of the major ports of Germany.

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Lübeck Academy of Music

The Lübeck Academy of Music (Musikhochschule Lübeck) in Lübeck, Germany, is the only higher level music school in the northernmost state of Schleswig-Holstein.

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Lübeck Airport

Lübeck Airport is a minor German airport located south of Lübeck, the second-largest city in the state of Schleswig-Holstein, and northeast of Hamburg.

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Lübeck Cathedral

Lübeck Cathedral (Dom zu Lübeck, or colloquially Lübecker Dom) is a large brick-built Lutheran cathedral in Lübeck, Germany and part of the Lübeck World Heritage Site.

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Lübeck Hauptbahnhof

Lübeck Hauptbahnhof (German for Lübeck main station) is the main railway station serving the Hanseatic city of Lübeck, in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein.

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Lübeck law

The Lübeck law (Lübisches (Stadt)Recht) was the constitution of a municipal form of government developed at Lübeck, now in Schleswig-Holstein, after it was made a free city in 1226.

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Lübeck Museum of Theatre Puppets

The Lübeck Museum of Theatre Puppets (in German: "TheaterFigurenMuseum Lübeck") is a museum of international puppetry in the Hanseatic city of Lübeck, Germany.

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Lübeck Nordic Film Days

The Lübeck Nordic Film Days (Nordische Filmtage Lübeck) is a film festival for movies from the Nordic and Baltic countries held annually in Lübeck, Germany, since 1956 on the first weekend in November.

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Lübeck University of Applied Sciences

The Fachhochschule Lübeck is a university in the city of Lübeck in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein.

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Lübeck–Hamburg railway

The Hamburg–Lübeck railway is one of the most important mainline railways of the German states of Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg.

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Lübecker Nachrichten

The Lübecker Nachrichten (LN; German for Lübeck News) is a regional daily newspaper in Germany, covering Schleswig-Holstein and western Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.

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Lüneburg (officially the Hanseatic City of Lüneburg, German: Hansestadt Lüneburg,, Low German Lümborg, Latin Luneburgum or Lunaburgum, Old High German Luneburc, Old Saxon Hliuni, Polabian Glain), also called Lunenburg in English, is a town in the German state of Lower Saxony.

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A lightvessel, or lightship, is a ship which acts as a lighthouse.

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Lisa von Lübeck

Lisa von Lübeck is the reconstruction of a 15th-century caravel with homeport Lübeck, Germany.

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Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.

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Liubice, also known by the German name Alt-Lübeck ("Old Lübeck"), was a medieval West Slavic settlement near the site of modern Lübeck, Germany.

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Livonian Order

The Livonian Order was an autonomous branch of the Teutonic Order, formed in 1237.

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Lothar Malskat

Lothar Malskat (May 3, 1913 – February 10, 1988) was a German painter and art restorer who repainted medieval frescoes of the Marienkirche in Lübeck.

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Lubec, Maine

Lubec is a town in Washington County, Maine, United States.

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Maine is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.

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Mann family

The Mann family is a German Hanseatic family, members of the small ruling class of the city republic of Lübeck.

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Maria Slavona

Maria Slavona, born Marie Dorette Caroline Schorer (14 March 1865, Lübeck - 10 May 1931, Berlin) was a German impressionist painter.

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Marzipan is a confection consisting primarily of sugar or honey and almond meal (ground almonds), sometimes augmented with almond oil or extract.

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Meibomian gland

The Meibomian glands (often written with a small m, and also called tarsal glands) are a holocrine type of exocrine glands, at the rim of the eyelids inside the tarsal plate, responsible for the supply of meibum, an oily substance that prevents evaporation of the eye's tear film.

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Member of the European Parliament

A Member of the European Parliament (MEP) is a person who has been elected to serve as a popular representative in the European Parliament.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Migration Period

The Migration Period was a period during the decline of the Roman Empire around the 4th to 6th centuries AD in which there were widespread migrations of peoples within or into Europe, mostly into Roman territory, notably the Germanic tribes and the Huns.

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Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.

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Nazarene movement

The name Nazarene was adopted by a group of early 19th century German Romantic painters who aimed to revive honesty and spirituality in Christian art.

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National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.

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The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.

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Neumünster is an urban municipality in the middle of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

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Nobel Prize in Literature

The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").

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Northern Germany

Northern Germany (Norddeutschland) is the region in the north of Germany whose exact area is not precisely or consistently defined.

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Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.

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Nuclear physics

Nuclear physics is the field of physics that studies atomic nuclei and their constituents and interactions.

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Oberschule zum Dom

The Oberschule zum Dom, a grammar school in Lübeck and the Schleswig-Holstein area of Germany was founded in 1905 during the final years of the German Empire under Kaiser Wilhelm II.

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The Obotrites (Obotriti) or Obodrites (Obodrzyce meaning: at the waters), also spelled Abodrites (Abodriten), were a confederation of medieval West Slavic tribes within the territory of modern Mecklenburg and Holstein in northern Germany (see Polabian Slavs).

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Oflag X-C

Oflag X-C was a German World War II prisoner-of-war camp for officers (Offizierlager) in Lübeck in northern Germany.

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Otto-Heinrich Drechsler

Otto-Heinrich Drechsler (1 April 1895 – 5 May 1945) was the General Commissioner of Latvia for the Nazi Germany's occupation regime (Reichskommissariat Ostland) during World War II.

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Pisa is a city in the Tuscany region of Central Italy straddling the Arno just before it empties into the Ligurian Sea.

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Polabian Slavs

Polabian Slavs (Połobske Słowjany, Słowianie połabscy, Polabští Slované) is a collective term applied to a number of Lechitic (West Slavic) tribes who lived along the Elbe river in what is today Eastern Germany.

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Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.

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The Poles (Polacy,; singular masculine: Polak, singular feminine: Polka), commonly referred to as the Polish people, are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Poland in Central Europe who share a common ancestry, culture, history and are native speakers of the Polish language.

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Ports of the Baltic Sea

There are over 200 ports in the Baltic Sea.

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Prisoner-of-war camp

A prisoner-of-war camp is a site for the containment of enemy combatants captured by a belligerent power in time of war.

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Racism is the belief in the superiority of one race over another, which often results in discrimination and prejudice towards people based on their race or ethnicity.

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Rani (Slavic tribe)

The Rani or Rujani (Ranen, Rujanen) were a West Slavic tribe based on the island of Rugia (Rügen) and the southwestern mainland across the Strelasund in what is today northeastern Germany.

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Rügen (also lat. Rugia; Ruegen) is Germany's largest island by area.

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Riga Ghetto

The Riga Ghetto was a small area in Maskavas Forštate, a neighborhood of Riga, Latvia, designated by the Nazis where Jews from Latvia, and later from Germany, were forced to live during World War II.

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Robert Christian Avé-Lallemant

Robert Christian Barthold Avé-Lallemant (July 25, 1812 – October 10, 1884) was a German physician and explorer who was a native of Lübeck.

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Robert Habeck

Robert Habeck (born 2 September 1969 in Lübeck) is a German writer and politician of the Alliance '90/The Greens and has been their leader since January 2018.

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Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).

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Rostock is a city in the north German state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.

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Royal Air Force

The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.

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Russians (русские, russkiye) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Eastern Europe. The majority of Russians inhabit the nation state of Russia, while notable minorities exist in other former Soviet states such as Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Ukraine and the Baltic states. A large Russian diaspora also exists all over the world, with notable numbers in the United States, Germany, Israel, and Canada. Russians are the most numerous ethnic group in Europe. The Russians share many cultural traits with their fellow East Slavic counterparts, specifically Belarusians and Ukrainians. They are predominantly Orthodox Christians by religion. The Russian language is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan, and also spoken as a secondary language in many former Soviet states.

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Sacred Heart Church, Lübeck

The Sacred Heart Church (German: Propsteikirche Herz Jesu) is the main Roman Catholic church in Lübeck.

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The Salzspeicher (salt storehouses) of Lübeck, Germany, are six historic brick buildings on the Upper Trave River next to the Holstentor (the western city gate).

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Sandra Völker

Sandra Völker (born 1 April 1974) is a freestyle and backstroke swimmer from Germany, who won a total number of three (one silver, two bronze) medals at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, United States.

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The Saxons (Saxones, Sachsen, Seaxe, Sahson, Sassen, Saksen) were a Germanic people whose name was given in the early Middle Ages to a large country (Old Saxony, Saxonia) near the North Sea coast of what is now Germany.

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Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 states of Germany, comprising most of the historical duchy of Holstein and the southern part of the former Duchy of Schleswig.

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Schleswig-Holstein Musik Festival

The Schleswig-Holstein Musik Festival is a classical music festival held each summer throughout the state of Schleswig-Holstein in Northern Germany.

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Schmalkaldic League

The Schmalkaldic League; was a military alliance of Lutheran princes within the Holy Roman Empire during the mid-16th century.

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Schwerin (or; Mecklenburgian: Swerin; Polish: Swarzyn or Zwierzyn; Latin: Suerina) is the capital and second-largest city of the northeastern German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.

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Second Army (United Kingdom)

The British Second Army was a field army active during the First and Second World Wars.

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Shaoxing is a prefecture-level city on the southern shore of Hangzhou Bay in eastern Zhejiang province, China.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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Slavs are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group who speak the various Slavic languages of the larger Balto-Slavic linguistic group.

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Southern Europe

Southern Europe is the southern region of the European continent.

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Spokane, Washington

Spokane is a city in the state of Washington in the northwestern United States.

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SS Cap Arcona

Cap Arcona, named after Cape Arkona on the island of Rügen, was a large German ocean liner and the flagship of the Hamburg Südamerikanische Dampfschifffahrts-Gesellschaft ("Hamburg-South America Line").

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SS Deutschland (1923)

SS DeutschlandSometimes called Deutschland IV to distinguish from others of the name was a 21,046 gross registered ton (GRT) German HAPAG ocean liner which was sunk in a British air attack on May 3, 1945 when it was in the process of being converted as a hospital ship.

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SS Thielbek (1940)

Thielbek was a cargo steamship that was built in Germany in 1940, sunk in an air raid in 1945, refloated in 1949 and repaired, and was in service until 1974.

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St. Anne's Museum Quarter, Lübeck


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St. Catherine's Church, Lübeck


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St. Mary's Church, Lübeck


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A Stadtbezirk is a form of German city district, an administrative unit within a larger city.

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Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Szczecin (German and Swedish Stettin), known also by other alternative names) is the capital and largest city of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland. Located near the Baltic Sea and the German border, it is a major seaport and Poland's seventh-largest city. As of June 2011, the population was 407,811. Szczecin is located on the Oder, south of the Szczecin Lagoon and the Bay of Pomerania. The city is situated along the southwestern shore of Dąbie Lake, on both sides of the Oder and on several large islands between the western and eastern branches of the river. Szczecin is adjacent to the town of Police and is the urban centre of the Szczecin agglomeration, an extended metropolitan area that includes communities in the German states of Brandenburg and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The city's recorded history began in the 8th century as a Slavic Pomeranian stronghold, built at the site of the Ducal castle. In the 12th century, when Szczecin had become one of Pomerania's main urban centres, it lost its independence to Piast Poland, the Duchy of Saxony, the Holy Roman Empire and Denmark. At the same time, the House of Griffins established themselves as local rulers and the population was Christianized. After the Treaty of Stettin in 1630, the town came under the control of the Swedish Empire and became in 1648 the Capital of Swedish Pomerania until 1720, when it was acquired by the Kingdom of Prussia and then the German Empire. Following World War II Stettin became part of Poland, resulting in expulsion of the German population. Szczecin is the administrative and industrial centre of West Pomeranian Voivodeship and is the site of the University of Szczecin, Pomeranian Medical University, Maritime University, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin Art Academy, and the see of the Szczecin-Kamień Catholic Archdiocese. From 1999 onwards, Szczecin has served as the site of the headquarters of NATO's Multinational Corps Northeast. Szczecin was a candidate for the European Capital of Culture in 2016.

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A taximeter is a mechanical or electronic device installed in taxicabs and auto rickshaws that calculates passenger fares based on a combination of distance travelled and waiting time.

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Teutonic Order

The Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem (official names: Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Hierosolymitanorum, Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus der Heiligen Maria in Jerusalem), commonly the Teutonic Order (Deutscher Orden, Deutschherrenorden or Deutschritterorden), is a Catholic religious order founded as a military order c. 1190 in Acre, Kingdom of Jerusalem.

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The Rat (novel)

The Rat (Die Rättin, literally The Ratess) is a 1986 novel by the German writer Günter Grass.

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Thirty Years' War

The Thirty Years' War was a war fought primarily in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648.

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Thomas Baltzar

Thomas Baltzar (c. 1630 – 24 July 1663) was a German violinist and composer.

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Thomas Mann

Paul Thomas Mann (6 June 1875 – 12 August 1955) was a German novelist, short story writer, social critic, philanthropist, essayist, and the 1929 Nobel Prize in Literature laureate.

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The Trave is a river in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

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Travemünde is a borough of Lübeck, Germany, located at the mouth of the river Trave in Lübeck Bay.

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Turkish people

Turkish people or the Turks (Türkler), also known as Anatolian Turks (Anadolu Türkleri), are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language.

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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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University of Lübeck

The University of Lübeck is a research university in Lübeck, Northern Germany which focuses almost entirely on medicine and sciences with applications in medicine.

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Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.

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VfB Lübeck

VfB Lübeck is a German association football club playing in Lübeck, Schleswig-Holstein in the country's north.

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Visby is a locality and the seat of Gotland Municipality in Gotland County, on the island of Gotland, Sweden with 24,330 inhabitants,.

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The Wakenitz is a river in southeastern Schleswig-Holstein whose source is the Ratzeburger See in Ratzeburg.

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Walter D. Asmus

Walter D. Asmus (born 1941 in Lübeck) is a German theatre director.

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Walter Ewers

Oberleutnant Walter Ewers (11 May 1892 – 15 May 1918) was a World War I flying ace credited with eight aerial victories.

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War of the Fourth Coalition

The Fourth Coalition fought against Napoleon's French Empire and was defeated in a war spanning 1806–1807.

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Weichselian glaciation

"Weichselian glaciation" is the local name of the last glacial period and its associated glaciation in Northern Europe.

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West Germany

West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.

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Willy Brandt

Willy Brandt (born Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm; 18 December 1913 – 8 October 1992) was a German statesman who was leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) from 1964 to 1987 and served as Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1969 to 1974.

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Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions.

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Wismar is a port and Hanseatic city in Northern Germany on the Baltic Sea, in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.

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World Heritage site

A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Free and Hanseatic City of Lubeck, Free and Hanseatic City of Luebeck, Hanseatic City of Lübeck, Herrenwyk, History of Lübeck, Lubeck, Lubeck UNRRA displaced persons camp, Lubeck-Herrenwyk, Lubeck-Siems, Lubsch, Luebeck, Luebeck UNRRA displaced persons camp, Luebeck-Herrenwyk, Luebeck-Siems, Luebsch, Lübeck Port, Lübeck UNRRA displaced persons camp, Lübeck, Germany, Lübeck-Herrenwyk, Lübeck-Siems, Lübsch, Lűbeck, Siems, The Hanseatic City of Lübeck, UN/LOCODE:DELBC.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lübeck

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