255 relations: Abitur, Adendorf, Agronomy, Alle Jahre wieder, Alliance 90/The Greens, Allied-occupied Germany, Amelinghausen, American Indian Wars, Amt Neuhaus, Anja Noske, Anjorka Strechel, Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg, Annegret Soltau, Anno Domini, Anthem, Arsenal, Association football, Atlantic herring, August Ritter (civil engineer), Auschwitz concentration camp, Autobahn, Bad Bevensen, Bahne Rabe, Baltic Sea, Bardowick, Barendorf, Baroque architecture, Barracks, Belsen trial, Bergedorf, Bergen, Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, Bernhard Riemann, Brewery, British Army, Bronze Age, Bundesgrenzschutz, Bundeswehr, Capital city, Carl Peters, Census, Charles Schroeter, Child euthanasia in Nazi Germany, Childeric I, Choirboy, Christian Democratic Union of Germany, Christian I of Denmark, Clamart, Clovis I, Cog (ship), ..., Community, Comprehensive school, Cultural heritage management, DAIM, Dairy, Der Mond ist aufgegangen, Detlef Franke, Detlev Ganten, Deutsch Evern, Diocese and Prince-bishopric of Schwerin, Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, East Prussian State Museum, Ebstorf, Egyptology, Elbe, Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Elizabeth of Russia, Ernst Ehlers, Falsterbo, Fasting, Finland, First Empire, First French Empire, Free Democratic Party (Germany), Free imperial city, Fresco, Fritz Heinemann (philosopher), Gemeindeordnung, Georg Böhm, Georg Freytag, German Instrument of Surrender, German National Association, German Salt Museum, Glacial period, Gustav Wallis, Gymnasium (Germany), Gypsum, Hamburg, Hamburg Metropolitan Region, Hamburger Verkehrsverbund, Hannelore Brenner, Hanover, Hans Winderstein, Hanseatic League, Harburg, Hamburg, Hauptschule, Häcklingen, Heinrich Heine, Heinrich Himmler, Henry the Lion, Holsten Brewery, Holy Roman Empire, Hunting, Hypertension, Iisalmi, Ilmenau (river), Industrialisation, Ivrea, Jürgen Schult, Jean Armand de Lestocq, Jesteburg, Joannes Burmeister, Johann Abraham Peter Schulz, Johann Georg Ebeling, Johann Sebastian Bach, Johann von Götzen, Johanna Stegen, John Franklin III, Johnson Controls, Kapo (concentration camp), Katarina Waters, Köthen (Anhalt), Kingdom of Hanover, Kingdom of Westphalia, Kulmbach, Last, Last glacial period, Late Middle Ages, Latin, Lauenburg, Lübeck, Lübtheen, Lüchow, Lüne Abbey, Lüneburg (district), Lüneburg Heath, Lüneburg Kalkberg, Lüneburg Prelates' War, Lüneburg Saltworks, Lüneburg Sate, Lüneburg station, Lüneburg Water Tower, Lüneburger SK, Lüneburger SK Hansa, Leuphana University of Lüneburg, List of Latin place names in Continental Europe, Ireland and Scandinavia, List of the rulers of Lüneburg, Lombardic language, Lombards, Lorelei, Louis Boehmer, Low German, Lower Saxony, Lucas Bacmeister (theologian), Margarete Boie, Medal of Honor, Meiji period, Melbeck, Michael Krüger, Middle Ages, Middle Kingdom of Egypt, Mike Mareen, Modern history, Molecular medicine, Napoleonic Wars, Naruto, Tokushima, Neanderthal, Niklas Luhmann, Northern Germany, Nuremberg trials, Oberliga (football), Oktoberfest, Old High German, Old Salt Route, Old Saxon, Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, Otto Volger, Paul Gerhardt, Paul von Hindenburg, Paul von Osterroht, Pharmacology, Philology, Plant collecting, Polabian language, Polychaete, Potassium cyanide, Principality of Lüneburg, Province of Hanover, Proving ground, Prussia, Psoriasis, Ptolemy, Ralf Sievers, Realschule, Refuge castle, Regionalliga, Reichsführer-SS, Reichstag (German Empire), Reppenstedt, Residenz, Rudolf von Bennigsen, Salt dome, Salzhausen, Salzspeicher, Sören Ludolph, Scania, Schieder commission, Schutzstaffel, Schwarzenbek, Scunthorpe, Sister city, Skåne Market, Slavic languages, Slavs, Sleeping Beauty, Social Democratic Party of Germany, Soltau, Soltau-Lüneburg Training Area, Spa, St. John's Church, Lüneburg, St. Michaelis, Lüneburg, St. Nicolai, Lüneburg, Stade, Staple right, States of Germany, Stecknitz Canal, Susanne Linke, Sylt, Systems theory, Tanztheater, Tartu, The Left (Germany), Thirty Years' War, Till Backhaus, Town privileges, Track and field, Uelzen, Unetice culture, Urnfield culture, Vögelsen, Vegetarianism, Viborg, Denmark, Village, Visby, War crime, War of the Lüneburg Succession, Wendisch Evern, Werner Conze, Werum IT Solutions, Wild boar, Wilhelm Junghans, Winsen (Luhe), WWE, 1988 Summer Olympics, 2012 Summer Olympics. Expand index (205 more) » « Shrink index
Abitur is a qualification granted by university-preparatory schools in Germany, Lithuania, and Estonia.
Adendorf is a municipality in the district of Lüneburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Agronomy (Ancient Greek ἀγρός agrós 'field' + νόμος nómos 'law') is the science and technology of producing and using plants for food, fuel, fiber, and land reclamation.
"Alle Jahre wieder" (English: "Every year again") is a well known Christmas carol, written in 1837 by (1789–1854).
Alliance 90/The Greens, often simply Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen or Grüne), is a green political party in Germany that was formed from the merger of the German Green Party (founded in West Germany in 1980 and merged with the East Greens in 1990) and Alliance 90 (founded during the Revolution of 1989–1990 in East Germany) in 1993.
Upon the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, the victorious Allies asserted their joint authority and sovereignty over 'Germany as a whole', defined as all territories of the former German Reich which lay west of the Oder–Neisse line, having declared the extinction of Nazi Germany at the death of Adolf Hitler (see 1945 Berlin Declaration).
Amelinghausen is a municipality in the district of Lüneburg in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The American Indian Wars (or Indian Wars) is the collective name for the various armed conflicts fought by European governments and colonists, and later the United States government and American settlers, against various American Indian tribes.
Amt Neuhaus is a municipality in the District of Lüneburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Anja Noske (born 10 June 1986) is a German rower.
Anjorka Strechel (born 12 January 1982 in Lüneburg) is an award-winning German film and theater actress.
Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg (13 June 1672 – 15 October 1741) was the legal Duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg in the eyes of the Holy Roman Emperor, the overlord of Saxe-Lauenburg, from 1689 until 1728; however, because her distant cousin George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, conquered the duchy by force in 1689, she exercised no control over the territory, instead living in her manors in Bohemia.
Annegret Soltau (born 16 January 1946) is a German visual artist, born in Lüneburg, Germany.
The terms anno Domini (AD) and before Christ (BC) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
An anthem is a musical composition of celebration, usually used as a symbol for a distinct group, particularly the national anthems of countries.
An arsenal is a place where arms and ammunition are made, maintained and repaired, stored, or issued, in any combination, whether privately or publicly owned.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) is a herring in the family Clupeidae.
August Ritter (born 11 December 1826 in Lüneburg; died 26 February 1908 in Lüneburg) was a German civil engineer.
Auschwitz concentration camp was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II.
The Autobahn (plural) is the federal controlled-access highway system in Germany.
Bad Bevensen is a town in the north of the district Uelzen in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Bahne Rabe (7 August 1963 – 5 August 2001) was a competition rower from West Germany.
The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.
Bardowick (Bewick in Low Saxon) is a municipality in the district of Lüneburg in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Barendorf is a municipality in the district of Lüneburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Baroque architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th-century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church.
A barrack or barracks is a building or group of buildings built to house soldiers.
The Belsen trial was one of several trials which the Allied occupation forces conducted against former officials and functionaries of Nazi Germany after the end of World War II.
Bergedorf is the largest of the seven boroughs of Hamburg, Germany, named after a quarter within this borough.
Bergen, historically Bjørgvin, is a city and municipality in Hordaland on the west coast of Norway.
Bergen-Belsen, or Belsen, was a Nazi concentration camp in what is today Lower Saxony in northern Germany, southwest of the town of Bergen near Celle.
Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann (17 September 1826 – 20 July 1866) was a German mathematician who made contributions to analysis, number theory, and differential geometry.
A brewery or brewing company is a business that makes and sells beer.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
Bundesgrenzschutz (BGS; Border Guard) was the first federal police organization in West Germany after World War II permitted by the Allied occupation authorities.
The Bundeswehr (Federal Defence) is the unified armed forces of Germany and their civil administration and procurement authorities.
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
Carl Peters (27 September 1856 – 10 September 1918), was a German colonial ruler, explorer, politician and author, a major promoter of the establishment of the German colony of East Africa (part of the modern republic Tanzania).
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population.
Charles Schroeter (July 4, 1837 – January 27, 1921) was a United States Army soldier who received the Medal of Honor for his actions during the American Indian Wars, while serving with Company G, 8th Regiment of the United States Cavalry.
Child Euthanasia (Kinder-Euthanasie) was the name given to the organised murder of severely mentally and physically handicapped children and young people up to 16 years old during the Nazi era in over 30 so-called special children's wards.
Childeric I (Childéric; Childericus; reconstructed Frankish: *Hildirīk; – 481) was a Frankish leader in the northern part of imperial Roman Gaul and a member of the Merovingian dynasty, described as a King (Latin Rex), both on his Roman-style seal ring, which was buried with him, and in fragmentary later records of his life.
A choirboy is a boy member of a choir, also known as a treble.
The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands, CDU) is a Christian democratic and liberal-conservative political party in Germany.
Christian I (February 1426 – 21 May 1481) was a Scandinavian monarch under the Kalmar Union.
Clamart is a commune in the southwestern suburbs of Paris, France.
Clovis (Chlodovechus; reconstructed Frankish: *Hlōdowig; 466 – 27 November 511) was the first king of the Franks to unite all of the Frankish tribes under one ruler, changing the form of leadership from a group of royal chieftains to rule by a single king and ensuring that the kingship was passed down to his heirs.
A cog is a type of ship that first appeared in the 10th century, and was widely used from around the 12th century on.
A community is a small or large social unit (a group of living things) that has something in common, such as norms, religion, values, or identity.
A comprehensive school is a secondary school that is a state school and does not select its intake on the basis of academic achievement or aptitude, in contrast to the selective school system, where admission is restricted on the basis of selection criteria.
Cultural heritage management (CHM) is the vocation and practice of managing cultural heritage.
DAIM (like the coin dime; born 1971 in Lüneburg as Mirko Reisser) is a German Graffiti-Artist, lives and works in Hamburg.
A dairy is a business enterprise established for the harvesting or processing (or both) of animal milk – mostly from cows or goats, but also from buffaloes, sheep, horses, or camels – for human consumption.
"Der Mond ist aufgegangen" (German for "The moon has risen") is a German lullaby and evening song by Matthias Claudius, one of the most popular in German literature.
Detlef Franke (November 24, 1952, Lüneburg – September 2, 2007) was a German Egyptologist specialist of the Middle Kingdom of Egypt.
Detlev Ganten (1941 in Lüneburg) is a specialist in pharmacology and molecular medicine and is one of the leading scientists in the field of hypertension.
Deutsch Evern is a municipality in the district of Lüneburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Diocese and Prince-bishopric of Schwerin was a Catholic diocese in Schwerin, Mecklenburg, in Germany.
The Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Herzogtum Braunschweig-Lüneburg), or more properly the Duchy of Brunswick and Lüneburg, was an historical duchy that existed from the late Middle Ages to the Early Modern era within the Holy Roman Empire.
The East Prussian State Museum in Lüneburg, Lower Saxony in Germany, was established 1987 on the basis of the East Prussian Hunting Museum created by forester Hans Loeffke.
Ebstorf is a municipality in the district of Uelzen, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Egyptology (from Egypt and Greek -λογία, -logia. علم المصريات) is the study of ancient Egyptian history, language, literature, religion, architecture and art from the 5th millennium BC until the end of its native religious practices in the 4th century AD.
The Elbe (Elbe; Low German: Elv) is one of the major rivers of Central Europe.
The Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg) was an Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, located in northwestern Germany.
Elizabeth Petrovna (Елизаве́та (Елисаве́та) Петро́вна) (–), also known as Yelisaveta or Elizaveta, was the Empress of Russia from 1741 until her death.
Ernst Heinrich Ehlers (11 November 1835 – 31 December 1925) was a German zoologist born in Lüneburg.
Falsterbo is a town located at the south-western tip of Sweden in Vellinge Municipality in Skåne.
Fasting is the willing abstinence or reduction from some or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
First Empire may refer to.
The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
The Free Democratic Party (Freie Demokratische Partei, FDP) is a liberal and classical liberal political party in Germany.
In the Holy Roman Empire, the collective term free and imperial cities (Freie und Reichsstädte), briefly worded free imperial city (Freie Reichsstadt, urbs imperialis libera), was used from the fifteenth century to denote a self-ruling city that had a certain amount of autonomy and was represented in the Imperial Diet.
Fresco (plural frescos or frescoes) is a technique of mural painting executed upon freshly laid, or wet lime plaster.
Fritz Heinemann (8 February 1889 – 7 January 1970) was a German philosopher.
The Gemeindeordnung is the municipal code in German law.
Georg Böhm (2 September 1661 – 18 May 1733) was a German Baroque organist and composer.
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Freytag (19 September 1788 – 16 November 1861) was a German philologist.
The German Instrument of Surrender ended World War II in Europe.
The German National Association, or German National Union (Deutscher Nationalverein) was a liberal political organisation, precursor of a party, in the German Confederation that existed from 1859 to 1867.
The German Salt Museum (Deutsche Salzmuseum / Industriedenkmal Saline Lüneburg) in the German town of Lüneburg was established on the site of the old production facilities of the Lüneburg Saltworks (Lüneburger Saline) when it was closed in 1980.
A glacial period (alternatively glacial or glaciation) is an interval of time (thousands of years) within an ice age that is marked by colder temperatures and glacier advances.
Gustav Wallis (1 May 1830 – 20 June 1878) was a German plant collector, who introduced over 1,000 plant species to Europe, many of which were named after him.
Gymnasium (German plural: Gymnasien), in the German education system, is the most advanced of the three types of German secondary schools, the others being Realschule and Hauptschule. Gymnasium strongly emphasizes academic learning, comparable to the British grammar school system or with prep schools in the United States.
Gypsum is a soft sulfate mineral composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate, with the chemical formula CaSO4·2H2O.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
The Hamburg Metropolitan Region (German: Metropolregion Hamburg) is a metropolitan area centred around the city of Hamburg in northern Germany, consisting of eight districts (Landkreise) in the federal state of Lower Saxony, six districts (Kreise) in the state of Schleswig-Holstein and two districts in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern along with the city-state of Hamburg itself.
The Hamburger Verkehrsverbund (HVV) ("Hamburg Transport Association") is a company coordinating public transport in and around Hamburg, Germany.
Hannelore Brenner (born 21 June 1963) is a German Paralympian dressage equestrian athlete.
Hanover or Hannover (Hannover), on the River Leine, is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).
Hans Wilhelm Gustav Winderstein (29 October 1856 in Lüneburg, Hanover – 23 June 1925) was a German conductor and composer.
The Hanseatic League (Middle Low German: Hanse, Düdesche Hanse, Hansa; Standard German: Deutsche Hanse; Latin: Hansa Teutonica) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Northwestern and Central Europe.
Harburg (UN/LOCODE: DE HBU) is a borough of the city of Hamburg, Germany.
A Hauptschule ("general school") is a secondary school in Germany, starting after four years of elementary schooling, which offers Lower Secondary Education (Level 2) according to the International Standard Classification of Education.
Häcklingen is a village in the municipality of Lüneburg, about 6 km from the town centre.
Christian Johann Heinrich Heine (13 December 1797 – 17 February 1856) was a German poet, journalist, essayist, and literary critic.
Heinrich Luitpold Himmler (7 October 1900 – 23 May 1945) was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel (Protection Squadron; SS), and a leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Germany.
Henry the Lion (Heinrich der Löwe; 1129/1131 – 6 August 1195) was a member of the Welf dynasty and Duke of Saxony, as Henry III, from 1142, and Duke of Bavaria, as Henry XII, from 1156, the duchies of which he held until 1180.
Holsten Brewery (Holsten-Brauerei AG) is a brewing company founded in 1879 in what is now Hamburg's Altona-Nord quarter.
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
Hunting is the practice of killing or trapping animals, or pursuing or tracking them with the intent of doing so.
Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
Iisalmi (Idensalmi) is a town and municipality in the Region of Northern Savonia in Finland.
The Ilmenau (in its upper course: Stederau) is a river in the south of Hamburg, Lower Saxony, Germany, which is one of the left tributaries of the Elbe.
Industrialisation or industrialization is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial society, involving the extensive re-organisation of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing.
Ivrea (Eporedia) is a town and comune of the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Piedmont region of northwestern Italy.
Jürgen Schult (born May 11, 1960) is a German former track and field athlete and the current world record holder in the discus throw since 1986, currently the longest standing record in men's track and field.
Count Jean Armand de L'Estocq (German: Johann Hermann Lestocq, Russian: Иван Иванович Лесток, 29 April 1692 in Lüneburg – 12 June 1767 in Saint Petersburg) was a French adventurer who wielded immense influence on the foreign policy of Russia during the early reign of Empress Elizabeth.
Jesteburg is a municipality in the district of Harburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Joannes Burmeister (1576–1638) was a Neo-Latin poet laureate of the German Baroque period, famed for his Christian adaptations of the classical Roman poets Martial and Plautus.
Johann Abraham Peter Schulz (31 March 1747, Lüneburg – 10 June 1800,Schwedt) was a German musician.
Johann Georg Ebeling (8 July 1637 – 4 December 1676) was a German composer who was born in Lüneburg and died in Stettin.
Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.
Johann von Götzen (1599 – 5 March 1645) was a Lüneburg nobleman and Generalfeldmarschall who fought during the course of the Thirty Years' War.
Johanna Stegen, (11 January 1793, Lüneburg - 12 January 1842, Berlin) was a German heroine of the Napoleonic Wars.
John Franklin III (born September 21, 1994) is an American football safety for the Chicago Bears of the National Football League (NFL).
Johnson Controls International plc is a multinational conglomerate headquartered in Cork, Ireland, that produces automotive parts such as batteries, and electronics and HVAC equipment for buildings.
A kapo or prisoner functionary (Funktionshäftling, see) was a prisoner in a Nazi concentration camp who was assigned by the SS guards to supervise forced labor or carry out administrative tasks.
Katarina Leigh Waters (born 10 November 1980) is a German born English professional wrestler currently signed with Impact Wrestling under the ring name Katarina where she is first British-born female wrestler to win impact Knockouts Championship as Winter.
Köthen (Anhalt) is a city in Germany.
The Kingdom of Hanover (Königreich Hannover) was established in October 1814 by the Congress of Vienna, with the restoration of George III to his Hanoverian territories after the Napoleonic era.
The Kingdom of Westphalia was a kingdom in Germany, with a population of 2.6 million, that existed from 1807 to 1813.
Kulmbach is the capital of the district of Kulmbach in Bavaria in Germany.
A last is a mechanical form that has a shape similar to that of a human foot.
The last glacial period occurred from the end of the Eemian interglacial to the end of the Younger Dryas, encompassing the period years ago.
The Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period of European history lasting from 1250 to 1500 AD.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Lauenburg, or Lauenburg an der Elbe (Lauenburg/Elbe), is a town in the state of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Lübeck is a city in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany, and one of the major ports of Germany.
Lübtheen is a municipality in the Ludwigslust-Parchim district, in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany.
Lüchow (Wendland) is a city in northeastern Lower Saxony, in Germany.
Lüne Abbey (Kloster Lüne) is an abbey in Lüneburg, in the German state of Lower Saxony, which was originally built for Benedictine nuns and today is home to a chapter of Lutheran conventuals.
Lüneburg is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Lüneburg Heath (Lüneburger Heide) is a large area of heath, geest, and woodland in the northeastern part of the state of Lower Saxony in northern Germany.
The Lüneburg Kalkberg (not to be confused with the Segeberger Kalkberg) is the cap rock of a salt dome in the western part of the German town of Lüneburg.
The Lüneburg Prelates' War (Lüneburger Prälatenkrieg) was not a war in the true sense, but a relatively bloodless, albeit vitriolic, dispute between the council of the North German town of Lüneburg and the clergy, the owners of the salt industry.
The Lüneburg Saltworks (Lüneburger Saline) was a saline in the German town of Lüneburg that extracted salt.
The Lüneburg Sate (Lüneburger Sate) or Treaty of Lüneburg (Sate is Low German for settlement or treaty) was a territorial agreement between the territorial lord (Landesherr; i.e. the Guelphic Prince of Lüneburg) and the estates (Landesstände) in the Principality of Lüneburg established in 1392.
Lüneburg station consists of the two formerly independent stations of the town of Lüneburg.
Lüneburg Water Tower (Wasserturm Lüneburg) is a water tower in the southeastern part of the Lüneburg old town in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Lüneburger Sport-Klub von 1901 e. V. was one of the oldest and most successful football clubs from the Lüneburg area until it merged with Lüneburger SV in 2008 to become FC Hansa Lüneburg.
Lüneburger SK Hansa is a football club from the Lower Saxon Hanseatic town of Lüneburg in Northern Germany.
The Leuphana University of Lüneburg is a public university in Lüneburg, Lower Saxony, Germany.
This list includes European countries and regions that were part of the Roman Empire, or that were given Latin place names in historical references.
The Principality of Lüneburg (Fürstentum Lüneburg), later also called Celle, was a territory within the Holy Roman Empire that existed from 1269 to 1705, whose land covered part of the modern-day German state of Lower Saxony.
Lombardic or Langobardic is an extinct West Germanic language that was spoken by the Lombards (Langobardi), the Germanic people who settled in Italy in the 6th century.
The Lombards or Longobards (Langobardi, Longobardi, Longobard (Western)) were a Germanic people who ruled most of the Italian Peninsula from 568 to 774.
The Lorelei (Loreley) is a 132 m (433 ft) high, steep slate rock on the right bank of the river Rhine in the Rhine Gorge (or Middle Rhine) at Sankt Goarshausen in Germany.
Louis Boehmer (30 May 1843 - 29 July 1896) was an ethnic German-American agronomist and government advisor in Meiji period Japan who later worked as a success entrepreneur in Yokohama.
Low German or Low Saxon (Plattdütsch, Plattdüütsch, Plattdütsk, Plattduitsk, Nedersaksies; Plattdeutsch, Niederdeutsch; Nederduits) is a West Germanic language spoken mainly in northern Germany and the eastern part of the Netherlands.
Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen, Neddersassen) is a German state (Land) situated in northwestern Germany.
Lucas Bacmeister (18 October 1530 - 9 July 1608) was a Lutheran theologian and church music composer.
Margarete Boie (22 October 1880 - 4 February 1946) was a German author.
The Medal of Honor is the United States of America's highest and most prestigious personal military decoration that may be awarded to recognize U.S. military service members who distinguished themselves by acts of valor.
The, also known as the Meiji era, is a Japanese era which extended from October 23, 1868, to July 30, 1912.
Melbeck is a municipality in the district of Lüneburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Michael Krüger (born 28 May 1954 in Scharnebeck) is a German football coach and former player.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
The Middle Kingdom of Egypt (also known as The Period of Reunification) is the period in the history of ancient Egypt between circa 2050 BC and 1710 BC, stretching from the reunification of Egypt under the impulse of Mentuhotep II of the Eleventh Dynasty to the end of the Twelfth Dynasty.
Mike Mareen is a German musician, who was born in post-war West Berlin, West Germany as Uwe-Michael Wischhoff, and grew up in Lüneburg.
Modern history, the modern period or the modern era, is the linear, global, historiographical approach to the time frame after post-classical history.
Molecular medicine is a broad field, where physical, chemical, biological, bioinformatics and medical techniques are used to describe molecular structures and mechanisms, identify fundamental molecular and genetic errors of disease, and to develop molecular interventions to correct them.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.
is a city located in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan.
Neanderthals (also; also Neanderthal Man, taxonomically Homo neanderthalensis or Homo sapiens neanderthalensis) are an extinct species or subspecies of archaic humans in the genus Homo, who lived in Eurasia during at least 430,000 to 38,000 years ago.
Niklas Luhmann (December 8, 1927 – November 6, 1998) was a German sociologist, philosopher of social science, and a prominent thinker in systems theory, who is considered one of the most important social theorists of the 20th century.
Northern Germany (Norddeutschland) is the region in the north of Germany whose exact area is not precisely or consistently defined.
The Nuremberg trials (Die Nürnberger Prozesse) were a series of military tribunals held by the Allied forces under international law and the laws of war after World War II.
The Oberliga ("Upper League"; plural: Oberligen) is currently the name of the fifth tier of the German football (soccer) league system.
Oktoberfest is the world's largest Volksfest (beer festival and travelling funfair).
Old High German (OHG, Althochdeutsch, German abbr. Ahd.) is the earliest stage of the German language, conventionally covering the period from around 700 to 1050.
The Old Salt Route was a medieval trade route in northern Germany, one of the ancient network of salt roads which were used primarily for the transport of salt and other staples.
Old Saxon, also known as Old Low German, was a Germanic language and the earliest recorded form of Low German (spoken nowadays in Northern Germany, the northeastern Netherlands, southern Denmark, the Americas and parts of Eastern Europe).
Otto I (23 November 912 – 7 May 973), traditionally known as Otto the Great (Otto der Große, Ottone il Grande), was German king from 936 and Holy Roman Emperor from 962 until his death in 973.
Georg Heinrich Otto Volger (January 30, 1822 – October 18, 1897) was a German geologist born in Lüneburg.
Paul Gerhardt (12 March 1607 – 27 May 1676) was a German theologian, Lutheran minister and hymnodist.
Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg, known generally as Paul von Hindenburg (2 October 1847 – 2 August 1934) was a Generalfeldmarschall and statesman who commanded the German military during the second half of World War I before later being elected President of the Weimar republic in 1925.
Hauptmann Paul Henning Aldabert Theodor von Osterroht (24 September 1887–23 April 1917) IC was a German military aviation pioneer who became a flying ace in World War I. After valorous service as a bomber pilot and commander,he was called upon to found one of the original German Jagdstaffels.
Pharmacology is the branch of biology concerned with the study of drug action, where a drug can be broadly defined as any man-made, natural, or endogenous (from within body) molecule which exerts a biochemical or physiological effect on the cell, tissue, organ, or organism (sometimes the word pharmacon is used as a term to encompass these endogenous and exogenous bioactive species).
Philology is the study of language in oral and written historical sources; it is a combination of literary criticism, history, and linguistics.
Plant collecting is the acquisition of plant specimens for the purposes of research, cultivation, or as a hobby.
The Polabian language is an extinct West Slavic language that was spoken by the Polabian Slavs (Wenden) in present-day northeastern Germany around the Elbe (Labe in Slavic) river, from which derives its name ("po Labe" - on the Elbe).
The Polychaeta, also known as the bristle worms or polychaetes, are a paraphyletic class of annelid worms, generally marine.
Potassium cyanide is a compound with the formula KCN.
The Principality of Lüneburg (later also referred to as Celle) was a territorial division of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg within the Holy Roman Empire, immediately subordinate to the emperor.
The Province of Hanover (Provinz Hannover) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1868 to 1946.
A proving ground (US), training area (Australia, Ireland, UK) or training centre (Canada) is a military installation or reservation where weapons or other military technology are experimented with or are tested, or where military tactics are tested.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
Psoriasis is a long-lasting autoimmune disease characterized by patches of abnormal skin.
Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.
Ralf Sievers (born 30 October 1961) is a former German football player, most notably with Eintracht Frankfurt.
Realschule is a type of secondary school in Germany, Switzerland and Liechtenstein.
A refuge castle or refuge fort (Fliehburg, also Fluchtburg, Volksburg, Bauernburg or Vryburg) is a castle-like defensive location, usually surrounded by ramparts, that is not permanently occupied but acts as a temporary retreat for the local population when threatened by war or attack.
The Regionalliga is the fourth tier of football in the German football league system.
Reichsführer-SS ("Reich Leader-SS") was a special title and rank that existed between the years of 1925 and 1945 for the commander of the Schutzstaffel (SS).
The Reichstag (Diet of the Realm or Imperial Diet) was the Parliament of Germany from 1871 to 1918.
Reppenstedt is a municipality and the administrative centre of the Samtgemeinde Gellersen within the district of Lüneburg in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Residenz is a formal but otherwise obsolete German word for "place of living".
Rudolf von Bennigsen (10 July 1824, Lüneburg – 7 August 1902, Bennigsen near Springe) was a German politician descended from an old Hanoverian family.
A salt dome is a type of structural dome formed when a thick bed of evaporite minerals (mainly salt, or halite) found at depth intrudes vertically into surrounding rock strata, forming a diapir.
Salzhausen is a municipality in the district of Harburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Salzspeicher (salt storehouses) of Lübeck, Germany, are six historic brick buildings on the Upper Trave River next to the Holstentor (the western city gate).
Sören Ludolph (born 25 February 1988 in Lüneburg) is a German middle-distance runner.
Scania, also known as Skåne, is the southernmost province (landskap) of Sweden.
Documents on the Expulsion of the Germans from Eastern-Central Europe is the abridged English translation of a multi-volume publication that was created by a commission of West German historians between 1951 and 1961 to document the population transfer of Germans from East-Central Europe that had occurred after World War II.
The Schutzstaffel (SS; also stylized as with Armanen runes;; literally "Protection Squadron") was a major paramilitary organization under Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP) in Nazi Germany, and later throughout German-occupied Europe during World War II.
Schwarzenbek is a town in the district of Lauenburg, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Scunthorpe is a large industrial town in North Lincolnshire, England.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
The Skåne Market or Scania market (Danish Skånemarkedet, Swedish Skånemarknaden) was a major fish market for herring which took place annually in Scania during the Middle Ages.
The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages) are the Indo-European languages spoken by the Slavic peoples.
Slavs are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group who speak the various Slavic languages of the larger Balto-Slavic linguistic group.
Sleeping Beauty (La Belle au bois dormant), or Little Briar Rose (Dornröschen), also titled in English as The Sleeping Beauty in the Woods, is a classic fairy tale which involves a beautiful princess, a sleeping enchantment, and a handsome prince.
The Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) is a social-democratic political party in Germany.
Soltau is a mid-sized town in the Lüneburg Heath in the district of Heidekreis, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Soltau-Lüneburg Training Area (SLTA) was a British and Canadian military training area in North Germany from 1963 to 1994.
A spa is a location where mineral-rich spring water (and sometimes seawater) is used to give medicinal baths.
The Church of John the Baptist (Germ. St. Johannis or Johanniskirche) is the oldest Lutheran church in Lüneburg, Germany.
Stade is a city in Lower Saxony in northern Germany.
The staple right, also translated stacking right or storage right, both from the Dutch stapelrecht, was a medieval right accorded to certain ports, the staple ports.
Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen states (Land, plural Länder; informally and very commonly Bundesland, plural Bundesländer).
The Stecknitz Canal (Stecknitzfahrt) was an artificial waterway in northern Germany which connected Lauenburg and Lübeck on the Old Salt Route by linking the tiny rivers Stecknitz (a tributary of the Trave) and Delvenau (a tributary of the Elbe), thus establishing an inland water route across the drainage divide from the North Sea to the Baltic Sea.
Susanne Linke (b. June 19, 1944) is an internationally renowned German dancer and choreographer who is one of the major innovators of German Tanztheater, along with Pina Bausch and Reinhild Hoffmann.
Sylt (Sild; Söl'ring North Frisian: Söl) is an island in northern Germany, part of Nordfriesland district, Schleswig-Holstein, and well known for the distinctive shape of its shoreline.
Systems theory is the interdisciplinary study of systems.
The German Tanztheater ("dance theatre") grew out of German Expressionist dance in Weimar Germany and 1920s Vienna.
Tartu (South Estonian: Tarto) is the second largest city of Estonia, after Estonia's political and financial capital Tallinn.
The Left (Die Linke), also commonly referred to as the Left Party (die Linkspartei), is a democratic socialist political party in Germany.
The Thirty Years' War was a war fought primarily in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648.
Till Backhaus (born Neuhaus 13 March 1959) is a German politician.
Town privileges or borough rights were important features of European towns during most of the second millennium.
Track and field is a sport which includes athletic contests established on the skills of running, jumping, and throwing.
Uelzen (officially the Hanseatic Town of Uelzen, German: Hansestadt Uelzen,, Low German Ülz’n) is a town in northeast Lower Saxony, Germany, and capital of the county of Uelzen.
The Únětice culture (Czech Únětická kultura, German Aunjetitzer Kultur, Polish Kultura unietycka) is an archaeological culture at the start of the Central European Bronze Age, dated roughly to about 2300–1600BC.
The Urnfield culture (c. 1300 BC – 750 BC) was a late Bronze Age culture of central Europe, often divided into several local cultures within a broader Urnfield tradition.
Vögelsen is a municipality in the district of Lüneburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Vegetarianism is the practice of abstaining from the consumption of meat (red meat, poultry, seafood, and the flesh of any other animal), and may also include abstention from by-products of animal slaughter.
Viborg, a city in central Jutland, Denmark, is the capital of both Viborg municipality and Region Midtjylland.
A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand.
Visby is a locality and the seat of Gotland Municipality in Gotland County, on the island of Gotland, Sweden with 24,330 inhabitants,.
A war crime is an act that constitutes a serious violation of the laws of war that gives rise to individual criminal responsibility.
The War of the Lüneburg Succession (Lüneburger Erbfolgekrieg) was a conflict over the succession to the Principality of Lüneburg that broke out in 1370 in north Germany and lasted, with interruptions, for 18 years.
Wendisch Evern is a municipality in the district of Lüneburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Werner Conze (born December 11, 1910 in Amt Neuhaus, died April 1986 in Heidelberg) was a German historian in Nazi Germany and in post-World War II Germany.
Werum IT Solutions headquartered in Lueneburg, Germany is the internationally leading supplier of Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) software and Manufacturing IT solutions for the pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical industry.
The wild boar (Sus scrofa), also known as the wild swine,Heptner, V. G.; Nasimovich, A. A.; Bannikov, A. G.; Hoffman, R. S. (1988), Volume I, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Libraries and National Science Foundation, pp.
Wilhelm Junghans (3 May 1834 – 27 January 1865) was a German historian who was a native of Lüneburg.
Winsen (Luhe) is the capital of the district of Harburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc., d/b/a WWE, is an American integrated media and entertainment company that primarily is known for professional wrestling.
The 1988 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIV Olympiad (Korean), were an international multi-sport event celebrated from 17 September to 2 October 1988 in Seoul, South Korea.
The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and commonly known as London 2012, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 27 July to 12 August 2012 in London, United Kingdom.
Leufana, Liuni, Lueneberg, Lueneburg, Luneberg, Germany, Luneburg, Luneburg, Germany, Lunenburg Germany, Lunenburg in Germany, Lunenburg, Germany, Lümborg, Lüneberg, Lüneburg, Germany, Sieb & Meyer, Sieb&Meyer.