39 relations: Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư, Bắc Ninh, Buddhism, Courtesy name, Crown prince, Death anniversary, Hanoi, History of Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh City, Imperial Citadel of Thăng Long, Khâm định Việt sử Thông giám cương mục, Lê Phụ Trần, Lý Bát Đế Shrine, Lý dynasty, Lý Huệ Tông, List of emperors of the Lý dynasty, List of monarchs of Vietnam, Lunar calendar, Mongol invasions of Vietnam, Nam Định, Nam Trực District, Ngô Sĩ Liên, Pen name, Phan Phu Tiên, Queen consort, Regnal year, Thuận Thiên (Trần dynasty empress), Trần Anh Tông, Trần Dụ Tông, Trần dynasty, Trần Liễu, Trần Quốc Khang, Trần Thị Dung, Trần Thủ Độ, Trần Thừa, Trần Thái Tông, Trần Trọng Kim, Việt Nam sử lược, Vietnamese language.
The Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư (Complete Annals of Đại Việt) is the official historical text of the Lê Dynasty, that was originally compiled by the royal historian Ngô Sĩ Liên under the order of the Emperor Lê Thánh Tông and was finished in 1479.
Bắc Ninh is a city in the northern part of Vietnam and is the capital of Bắc Ninh Province.
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Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
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A courtesy name (zi), also known as a style name, is a name bestowed upon one at adulthood in addition to one's given name.
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A crown prince is the male heir apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy.
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A death anniversary is the anniversary of the death of a person.
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Hanoi (or; Hà Nội)) is the capital of Vietnam and the country's second largest city by population. The population in 2015 was estimated at 7.7 million people. The city lies on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is north of Ho Chi Minh City and west of Hai Phong city. From 1010 until 1802, it was the most important political centre of Vietnam. It was eclipsed by Huế, the imperial capital of Vietnam during the Nguyễn Dynasty (1802–1945). In 1873 Hanoi was conquered by the French. From 1883 to 1945, the city was the administrative center of the colony of French Indochina. The French built a modern administrative city south of Old Hanoi, creating broad, perpendicular tree-lined avenues of opera, churches, public buildings, and luxury villas, but they also destroyed large parts of the city, shedding or reducing the size of lakes and canals, while also clearing out various imperial palaces and citadels. From 1940 to 1945 Hanoi, as well as the largest part of French Indochina and Southeast Asia, was occupied by the Japanese. On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). The Vietnamese National Assembly under Ho Chi Minh decided on January 6, 1946, to make Hanoi the capital of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. From 1954 to 1976, it was the capital of North Vietnam, and it became the capital of a reunified Vietnam in 1976, after the North's victory in the Vietnam War. October 2010 officially marked 1,000 years since the establishment of the city. The Hanoi Ceramic Mosaic Mural is a ceramic mosaic mural created to mark the occasion.
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Vietnam's recorded history stretches back to the mid-to-late 3rd century BCE, when Âu Lạc and Nanyue (Nam Việt in Vietnamese) were established (Nanyue conquered Âu Lạc in 179 BCE).
Ho Chi Minh City (Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh; or; formerly Hô-Chi-Minh-Ville), also widely known by its former name of Saigon (Sài Gòn; or), is the largest city in Vietnam by population.
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The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long (Hoàng thành Thăng Long/皇城昇龍) is located in the centre of Hanoi, Vietnam.
The Khâm định Việt sử Thông giám cương mục (欽定越史通鑑綱目 The Imperially Ordered Annotated Text Completely Reflecting the History of Viet, 1871) is a Chinese-language history of Vietnam commissioned by the emperor Tự Đức.
Lê Phụ Trần (?–?) was a general of the Trần Dynasty during the reigns of three successive emperors: Thái Tông, Thánh Tông, and Nhân Tông.
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The Lý Bát Đế Temple or Đô Temple (Đền Lý Bát Đế or Đền Đô), formal Buddhist name Cổ Pháp Điện, is a temple near Hanoi of which the central section was built in 1028 on the death of Lý Thái Tổ (李太祖), and the complex enlarged as seven of his descendant Lý Dynasty emperors were also buried at the shrine – Lý Bát Đế means "Eight Lý Emperors." Traditionally the shrine serves for ancestor worship of the eight emperors.
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The Lý dynasty (Nhà Lý, Hán Nôm: 家李), sometimes known as the Later Lý dynasty, was a Vietnamese dynasty that began in 1009 when emperor Lý Thái Tổ overthrew the Early Lê dynasty and ended in 1225, when the empress Lý Chiêu Hoàng (then 8 years old) was forced to abdicate the throne in favor of her husband, Trần Cảnh.
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Lý Huệ Tông (chữ Hán 李惠宗; born Lý Sảm; 1194 – 1226) was the emperor of Vietnam from 1211 to 1224, the penultimate leader of the Lý Dynasty.
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The Lý dynasty (1009–1225), founded by the Lý clan, was an imperial dynasty of Đại Việt that succeeded the Early Lê dynasty (980–1009) and preceded the Trần dynasty (1225–1400).
This article lists the monarchs of Vietnam.
A lunar calendar is a calendar based upon the monthly cycles of the Moon's phases (synodic months), in contrast to solar calendars, whose annual cycles are based only directly upon the solar year.
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The Mongol invasions of Vietnam or Mongol-Vietnamese War refer to the three times that the Mongol Empire and its chief khanate the Yuan dynasty invaded Đại Việt during the time of the Trần dynasty, along with Champa: in 1258, 1285, and 1287–88. The first invasion began in 1258 under the united Mongol Empire, as it looked for alternative paths to invade Song China. The Mongol high ranking commander Uriyangkhadai was successful in capturing the Dai Viet capital (Thang Long); however, his army was weakened by the tropical climate and were later defeated. The second and third invasions occurred during the reign of Kublai Khan of the Yuan Dynasty. By this point, the Mongolian Empire had fractured into 4 separate entities with Yuan Dynasty being the strongest and biggest empire. These invasions resulted in a disastrous land defeat for the Mongols in 1285 and the annihilation of the Mongol navy in 1288. However, both the Trần dynasty and Champa decided to accept the nominal supremacy of the Yuan dynasty and serve as tributary states in order to avoid further conflicts.
Nam Định is a city in the Red River Delta of northern Vietnam.
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Nam Trực is a rural district of Nam Định Province in the Red River Delta region of Vietnam.
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Ngô Sĩ Liên was an historian of the Lê Dynasty.
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A pen name (nom de plume, or literary double) is a pseudonym (or, in some cases, a variant form of a real name) adopted by an author and printed on the title page or by-line of their works in place of their "real" name.
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Phan Phu Tiên (chữ Hán: 潘孚先, 1370-1482), was a Vietnamese scholar-official and historian.
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A queen consort is the wife of a reigning king (or an empress consort in the case of an emperor).
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A regnal year is a year of the reign of a sovereign, from the Latin regnum meaning kingdom, rule.
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Empress Thuận Thiên (Lý Ngọc Oanh) (1216–1248) was the second empress of Trần dynasty, she succeeded her younger sister Empress Chiêu Thánh in 1237 by an arrangement of Trần Thủ Độ in which Prince Hoài Trần Liễu was forced to give up his 3-month pregnant wife Princess Thuận Thiên to the Emperor Trần Thái Tông.
Trần Anh Tông (17 September 1276 - 12 December 1320), real name Trần Thuyên (陳烇), courtesy name Nhật Sủy (日煃) or Nhật Sáng (日㷃/日𤊞), was the fourth emperor of the Trần dynasty, reigning over Annam from 1293 to 1314.
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Trần Dụ Tông (1336 - 1369), given name Trần Hạo (陳暭), was the seventh emperor of the Trần dynasty, and reigned over Annam from 1341 to 1369.
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The Trần dynasty (Nhà Trần, 陳朝, Trần triều,.) ruled in Vietnam (then known as Đại Việt) from 1225 to 1400.
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Prince Yên Sinh Trần Liễu (1211–1251) was the elder brother of the Trần Thái Tông, the first emperor of Trần Dynasty.
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Prince Tĩnh Quốc Trần Quốc Khang (1237–1300) was the first prince of the Emperor Trần Thái Tông, the eldest brother of Trần Thánh Tông and princes Trần Quang Khải, Trần Ích Tắc and Trần Nhật Duật.
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Mother of the Nation Lady Linh Từ (Vietnamese: Linh Từ Quốc mẫu, Hán tự: 靈慈國母) Trần Thị Dung (?–1259) was the last empress and the last empress mother of the Lý Dynasty.
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Prince Trung Võ Trần Thủ Độ (1194 – 1264) was a general and leader of the Trần clan during the reign of Lý Huệ Tông and Lý Chiêu Hoàng of Annam.
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Trần Thừa (Hán tự: 陳承, 1184–1234) was the head of the Trần clan and a high-ranking mandarin during the reign of Lý Huệ Tông and Lý Chiêu Hoàng.
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Trần Thái Tông (birth name: Trần Cảnh, 17 July 1218 – 4 May 1277) was the first emperor of the Trần Dynasty, seated on the throne for 33 years (1226–58), being Grand Emperor for 19 years.
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Trần Trọng Kim (1883 – December 2, 1953), courtesy name Lệ Thần, was a Vietnamese scholar and politician who served as the Prime Minister of the short-lived Empire of Vietnam, a state established with the support of Imperial Japan in 1945.
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Việt Nam sử lược (1920, Outline History of Vietnam), was the first history text published in the Vietnamese alphabet.
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Vietnamese (Tiếng Việt) is an Austroasiatic language that originated in Vietnam, where it is the national and official language.