43 relations: Ỷ Lan, Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư, Buddhism, Cầu River, Champa, Confucianism, Crown prince, Declarations of independence of Vietnam, Emperor Shenzong of Song, Empress Mother Thượng Dương, Encyclopedic Dictionary of Vietnam, Hanoi, Hepu County, History of Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh City, Imperial Citadel of Thăng Long, Imperial examination, Khâm định Việt sử Thông giám cương mục, Khmer Empire, Lê Văn Thịnh, Lý Đạo Thành, Lý dynasty, Lý Thần Tông, Lý Thánh Tông, Lý Thường Kiệt, Lý–Song War, Levee, List of emperors of the Lý dynasty, List of monarchs of Vietnam, Nam quốc sơn hà, Nanning, Ngô Sĩ Liên, Phú Lương District, Qinzhou, Regnal year, Song dynasty, Stele, Temple of Literature, Hanoi, Trần Trọng Kim, Việt Nam sử lược, Vietnamese language, Vietnamese name, Wang Anshi.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Ỷ Lan (Hán tự: 倚蘭, literally leaning on the orchid, ?–1117) or Empress Mother Linh Nhân (Vietnamese: Linh Nhân thái hậu, Hán tự: 靈仁太后) was a Vietnamese regent, the imperial concubine of Lý Thánh Tông, the third emperor and the natural mother of Lý Nhân Tông, the fourth emperor of the Lý Dynasty.
The Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư (Complete Annals of Đại Việt) is the official historical text of the Lê Dynasty, that was originally compiled by the royal historian Ngô Sĩ Liên under the order of the Emperor Lê Thánh Tông and was finished in 1479.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Cầu River (Sông Cầu) is a river of northern Vietnam.
Champa (Chăm Pa) was a collection of independent Cham polities that extended across the coast of what is today central and southern Vietnam from approximately the 2nd century AD before being absorbed and annexed by Vietnamese Emperor Minh Mạng in AD 1832.
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
A crown prince is the male heir apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy.
Current Vietnamese historical science considers that Vietnam has had a total of three declarations of independence.
Emperor Shenzong of Song (25 May 1048 – 1 April 1085), personal name Zhao Xu, was the sixth emperor of the Song dynasty in China.
Empress Mother Thượng Dương (? - died 1073) was a regent of the Lý Dynasty during the minority of her stepson in 1072-1073.
Từ điển bách khoa Việt Nam (Literally Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Vietnam) is a state-sponsored Vietnamese language encyclopedia that was published in Vietnam in 2005.
Hanoi (or; Hà Nội)) is the capital of Vietnam and the country's second largest city by population. The population in 2015 was estimated at 7.7 million people. The city lies on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is north of Ho Chi Minh City and west of Hai Phong city. From 1010 until 1802, it was the most important political centre of Vietnam. It was eclipsed by Huế, the imperial capital of Vietnam during the Nguyễn Dynasty (1802–1945). In 1873 Hanoi was conquered by the French. From 1883 to 1945, the city was the administrative center of the colony of French Indochina. The French built a modern administrative city south of Old Hanoi, creating broad, perpendicular tree-lined avenues of opera, churches, public buildings, and luxury villas, but they also destroyed large parts of the city, shedding or reducing the size of lakes and canals, while also clearing out various imperial palaces and citadels. From 1940 to 1945 Hanoi, as well as the largest part of French Indochina and Southeast Asia, was occupied by the Japanese. On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). The Vietnamese National Assembly under Ho Chi Minh decided on January 6, 1946, to make Hanoi the capital of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. From 1954 to 1976, it was the capital of North Vietnam, and it became the capital of a reunified Vietnam in 1976, after the North's victory in the Vietnam War. October 2010 officially marked 1,000 years since the establishment of the city. The Hanoi Ceramic Mosaic Mural is a ceramic mosaic mural created to mark the occasion.
Hepu, formerly romanized as Hoppo, Hopu or Hop'u, is a county under the administration of Beihai City in southeastern Guangxi, China.
Vietnam's recorded history stretches back to the mid-to-late 3rd century BCE, when Âu Lạc and Nanyue (Nam Việt in Vietnamese) were established (Nanyue conquered Âu Lạc in 179 BCE).
Ho Chi Minh City (Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh; or; formerly Hô-Chi-Minh-Ville), also widely known by its former name of Saigon (Sài Gòn; or), is the largest city in Vietnam by population.
The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long (Hoàng thành Thăng Long/皇城昇龍) is located in the centre of Hanoi, Vietnam.
The Chinese imperial examinations were a civil service examination system in Imperial China to select candidates for the state bureaucracy.
The Khâm định Việt sử Thông giám cương mục (欽定越史通鑑綱目 The Imperially Ordered Annotated Text Completely Reflecting the History of Viet, 1871) is a Chinese-language history of Vietnam commissioned by the emperor Tự Đức.
The Khmer Empire (Khmer: ចក្រភពខ្មែរ: Chakrphup Khmer or អាណាចក្រខ្មែរ: Anachak Khmer), officially the Angkor Empire (Khmer: អាណាចក្រអង្គរ: Anachak Angkor), the predecessor state to modern Cambodia ("Kampuchea" or "Srok Khmer" to the Khmer people), was a powerful Hindu-Buddhist empire in Southeast Asia.
Lê Văn Thịnh (1038 - 1096), courtesy name Mậu Phu (茂夫), was an official in the royal court of the Lý dynasty.
Lý Đạo Thành (? - 1081), courtesy name Bá Định (伯定), was a member of the royal family and the chancellor in the royal court of Lý Dynasty.
The Lý dynasty (Nhà Lý, Hán Nôm: 家李), sometimes known as the Later Lý dynasty, was a Vietnamese dynasty that began in 1009 when emperor Lý Thái Tổ overthrew the Early Lê dynasty and ended in 1225, when the empress Lý Chiêu Hoàng (then 8 years old) was forced to abdicate the throne in favor of her husband, Trần Cảnh.
Lý Thần Tông (1116–1138), given name Lý Dương Hoán, was the fifth emperor of the Lý Dynasty, reigning over Vietnam from 1127 to his death in 1138.
Lý Thánh Tông (born Lý Nhật Tôn, ruled 1054–1072) was the posthumous title of the third emperor of the Lý dynasty of Vietnam.
Lý Thường Kiệt (1019–1105) was a Vietnamese general and admiral during the Lý Dynasty in Vietnam.
The Lý–Song War was a significant war fought between the Lý dynasty of Đại Việt and the Song dynasty of China between 1075 and 1077.
The Lý dynasty (1009–1225), founded by the Lý clan, was an imperial dynasty of Đại Việt that succeeded the Early Lê dynasty (980–1009) and preceded the Trần dynasty (1225–1400).
This article lists the monarchs of Vietnam.
Nam quốc sơn hà (Mountains and Rivers of the Southern Country) was a famous 10th century Vietnamese poem.
Nanning (Zhuang: Namzningz) is the capital of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China.
Ngô Sĩ Liên was an historian of the Lê Dynasty.
Phú Lương is a rural district of Thái Nguyên Province in the Northeast region of Vietnam.
Qinzhou (postal: Yamchow,, Jyutping: Jam1 zau1 (Canton) /Ham1 zau1 (Local)) is a prefecture-level city in Guangxi, China, lying on the Gulf of Tonkin and having an urban population of 433,000.
A regnal year is a year of the reign of a sovereign, from the Latin regnum meaning kingdom, rule.
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
A steleAnglicized plural steles; Greek plural stelai, from Greek στήλη, stēlē.
The Temple of Literature (Vietnamese: Văn Miếu, Hán-Nôm: 文廟) is a Temple of Confucius in Hanoi, northern Vietnam.
Trần Trọng Kim (1883 – December 2, 1953), courtesy name Lệ Thần, was a Vietnamese scholar and politician who served as the Prime Minister of the short-lived Empire of Vietnam, a state established with the support of Imperial Japan in 1945.
Việt Nam sử lược (1920, Outline History of Vietnam), was the first history text published in the Vietnamese alphabet.
Vietnamese (Tiếng Việt) is an Austroasiatic language that originated in Vietnam, where it is the national and official language.
Vietnamese personal names generally consist of three parts: one family name, one or more middle name(s), and one given name, used in that order.
Wang Anshi (December 8, 1021 – May 21, 1086) was a Chinese economist, statesman, chancellor and poet of the Song Dynasty who attempted major and controversial socioeconomic reforms known as the New Policies.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.