215 relations: A-35 anti-ballistic missile system, Aerojet, Air bearing, Air Force Global Strike Command, Air-launched ballistic missile, Airborne Launch Control Center, Airborne Launch Control System, Airdrop, Alpha Draco, American Revolutionary War, Ammonium perchlorate composite propellant, AN/DRC-8 Emergency Rocket Communications System, Anti-ballistic missile, Apollo Guidance Computer, Ars Technica, Assembly line, Autonetics, Autopilot, Auxiliary memory, Ball bearing, Ballistic missile, Base Realignment and Closure, Bernard Adolph Schriever, BINAC, Boeing, Boeing E-6 Mercury, Boeing EC-135, Bomber gap, Boost-glide, Chaff (countermeasure), Circular error probable, Command and control, Computer memory, Cooperstown, North Dakota, Cost–benefit analysis, Counterforce, Countervalue, D-17B, D-37C, D37D, Decoy, Defence minister, Deterrence theory, DF-5, Diode, Diode logic, Diode–transistor logic, Drum memory, Edward N. Hall, Edward Teller, ..., Ellsworth Air Force Base, Fairchild Semiconductor, Francis E. Warren Air Force Base, Fuze, Gimbal, Grand Forks Air Force Base, Gun data computer, Hard disk drive, HGM-25A Titan I, Hill Air Force Base, Inertial navigation system, Insensitive munition, Integrated circuit, Interceptor aircraft, Intercontinental ballistic missile, John F. Kennedy, Joule, Legion of Merit, LGM-118 Peacekeeper, LGM-30 Minuteman chronology, Line-of-sight propagation, Liquid rocket propellant, List of military aircraft of the United States, List of missiles, Lockheed C-5 Galaxy, Malmstrom Air Force Base, Maneuverable reentry vehicle, Mass concentration (astronomy), Medium-range ballistic missile, Microsemi, Minot Air Force Base, Minuteman Missile National Historic Site, Minutemen, Missile, Missile combat crew, Missile gap, Missile launch control center, Missile launch facility, Missouri, Montana, Multiple independently targetable reentry vehicle, Multistage rocket, National Command Authority, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, National Park Service, Nebraska, Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, New START, Nike Zeus, North American XB-70 Valkyrie, North Dakota, Nozzle, Nuclear triad, Nuclear weapon, Nuclear weapon yield, Nuclear weapons of the United States, Offutt Air Force Base, Operation Looking Glass, Orbital Sciences Corporation, Penetration aid, PGM-17 Thor, PGM-19 Jupiter, Plated wire memory, Pre-emptive nuclear strike, Project Nobska, R-36 (missile), Radiation hardening, RAND Corporation, Random-access memory, Resistor–transistor logic, Robert McNamara, Rockwell B-1 Lancer, Ronald Reagan Minuteman Missile State Historic Site, RS-24 Yars, RT-2, RT-2PM2 Topol-M, Sary Shagan, Second strike, Semiconductor, Short-range ballistic missile, Single Integrated Operational Plan, SM-64 Navaho, SM-65 Atlas, SM-68 Titan, Solid-propellant rocket, South Dakota, Soviet Union, Space and Missile Systems Center, START II, State of the art, STRAT-X, Strategic Air Command, Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, Strategic bomber, Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty, Submarine-launched ballistic missile, Surface-to-air missile, Texas Instruments, The Innovators (book), Thermonuclear weapon, Thiokol, TNT equivalent, Trajectory, Transistor, Trident (missile), TRW Inc., UGM-27 Polaris, United States Air Force, United States Army, United States Navy, United States Strategic Command, UR-100N, Utah, Vandenberg Air Force Base, W56, W62, W78, W87, Walter Isaacson, Whiteman Air Force Base, Word (computer architecture), WS-199, Wyoming, 10th Missile Squadron, 12th Missile Squadron, 2d Airborne Command and Control Squadron, 319th Missile Squadron, 320th Missile Squadron, 321st Air Expeditionary Wing, 321st Missile Squadron, 321st Missile Wing LGM-30 Minuteman Missile Launch Sites, 328th Weapons Squadron, 341st Missile Wing, 341st Missile Wing LGM-30 Minuteman Missile Launch Sites, 351st Missile Wing, 351st Missile Wing LGM-30 Minuteman Missile Launch Sites, 400th Missile Squadron, 446th Missile Squadron, 447th Missile Squadron, 448th Missile Squadron, 44th Missile Wing, 44th Missile Wing LGM-30 Minuteman Missile Launch Sites, 455th Air Expeditionary Wing, 490th Missile Squadron, 4th Special Operations Squadron, 508th Missile Squadron, 509th Missile Squadron, 510th Missile Squadron, 526th Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Systems Group, 532d Training Squadron, 564th Missile Squadron, 576th Flight Test Squadron, 625th Strategic Operations Squadron, 66th Missile Squadron, 67th Missile Squadron, 68th Missile Squadron, 740th Missile Squadron, 741st Missile Squadron, 742d Missile Squadron, 7th Expeditionary Airborne Command and Control Squadron, 90th Missile Wing, 90th Missile Wing LGM-30 Minuteman Missile Launch Sites, 91st Missile Wing, 91st Missile Wing LGM-30 Minuteman missile launch sites. Expand index (165 more) » « Shrink index
The A-35 anti-ballistic missile system was a Soviet military anti-ballistic missile (ABM) system deployed around Moscow to intercept enemy ballistic missiles targeting the city or its surrounding areas.
Aerojet was an American rocket and missile propulsion manufacturer based primarily in Rancho Cordova, California, with divisions in Redmond, Washington, Orange and Gainesville in Virginia, and Camden, Arkansas.
Air bearings (also known as aerostatic or aerodynamic bearings) are bearings that use a thin film of pressurized gas to provide a low friction load-bearing interface between surfaces.
Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC) is a Major Command (MAJCOM) of the United States Air Force, headquartered at Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana.
An air-launched ballistic missile or ALBM is a ballistic missile launched from an aircraft.
Airborne Launch Control Centers (ALCC—pronounced "Al-see") provide a survivable launch capability for the United States Air Force's LGM-30 Minuteman Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) force by utilizing the Airborne Launch Control System (ALCS) onboard which is operated by an airborne missileer crew.
The Airborne Launch Control System (ALCS) provides a survivable launch capability for the United States Air Force's LGM-30G Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) force.
An airdrop is a type of airlift, developed during World War II to resupply otherwise inaccessible troops, who themselves may have been airborne forces.
The Alpha Draco missile, also known as Weapons System 199D (WS-199D), was an experimental ballistic missile developed by McDonnell Aircraft in the late 1950s to investigate the aerodynamic physics of the boost-glide reentry trajectory.
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
Ammonium perchlorate composite propellant (APCP) is a modern solid-fuel rocket used in rocket vehicles.
The Emergency Rocket Communications System (ERCS) was designed to provide a reliable and survivable emergency communications method for the United States National Command Authority, using a UHF repeater placed atop a Blue Scout rocket or Minuteman II intercontinental ballistic missile.
An anti-ballistic missile (ABM) is a surface-to-air missile designed to counter ballistic missiles (see missile defense).
The Apollo Guidance Computer (AGC) was a digital computer produced for the Apollo program that was installed on board each Apollo Command Module (CM) and Lunar Module (LM).
Ars Technica (a Latin-derived term that the site translates as the "art of technology") is a website covering news and opinions in technology, science, politics, and society, created by Ken Fisher and Jon Stokes in 1998.
An assembly line is a manufacturing process (often called a progressive assembly) in which parts (usually interchangeable parts) are added as the semi-finished assembly moves from workstation to workstation where the parts are added in sequence until the final assembly is produced.
Autonetics was a division of North American Aviation that produced various avionics but is best known for their inertial navigation systems used in submarines and intercontinental ballistic missiles.
An autopilot is a system used to control the trajectory of an aircraft without constant 'hands-on' control by a human operator being required.
Auxiliary memory, also known as auxiliary storage, secondary storage, secondary memory or external memory, is a non-volatile memory (does not lose stored data when the device is powered down) that is not directly accessible by the CPU, because it is not accessed via the input/output channels (it is an external device).
A ball bearing is a type of rolling-element bearing that uses balls to maintain the separation between the bearing races.
A ballistic missile follows a ballistic trajectory to deliver one or more warheads on a predetermined target.
Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) is a process by a United States federal government commission to increase United States Department of Defense efficiency by planning the end of the Cold War realignment and closure of military installations.
General Bernard Adolph Schriever (September 14, 1910 – June 20, 2005), also known as Bennie Schriever, was a United States Air Force general.
BINAC (Binary Automatic Computer) was an early electronic computer designed for Northrop Aircraft Company by the Eckert–Mauchly Computer Corporation (EMCC) in 1949.
The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles worldwide.
The Boeing E-6 Mercury (formerly E-6 Hermes) is an airborne command post and communications relay based on the Boeing 707-320.
The Boeing EC-135 was a command and control version of the Boeing C-135 Stratolifter.
The bomber gap was the Cold War belief that the Soviet Union's Long Range Aviation department had gained an advantage in deploying jet-powered strategic bombers.
Boost-glide trajectories are a class of spacecraft guidance and reentry trajectories that extend the range of suborbital spaceplanes and reentry vehicles by employing aerodynamic lift in the high upper atmosphere.
Chaff, originally called Window by the British and Düppel by the Second World War era German Luftwaffe (from the Berlin suburb where it was first developed), is a radar countermeasure in which aircraft or other targets spread a cloud of small, thin pieces of aluminium, metallized glass fibre or plastic, which either appears as a cluster of primary targets on radar screens or swamps the screen with multiple returns.
In the military science of ballistics, circular error probable (CEP) (also circular error probability or circle of equal probability) is a measure of a weapon system's precision.
Command and control or C2 is a "set of organizational and technical attributes and processes...
In computing, memory refers to the computer hardware integrated circuits that store information for immediate use in a computer; it is synonymous with the term "primary storage".
Cooperstown is a city in Griggs County, North Dakota, United States.
Cost–benefit analysis (CBA), sometimes called benefit costs analysis (BCA), is a systematic approach to estimate the strengths and weaknesses of alternatives (for example in transactions, activities, functional business requirements or projects investments); it is used to determine options that provide the best approach to achieve benefits while preserving savings.
In nuclear strategy, a counterforce target is one that has a military value, such as a launch silo for intercontinental ballistic missiles, an airbase at which nuclear-armed bombers are stationed, a homeport for ballistic missile submarines, or a command and control installation.
In military doctrine, countervalue is the targeting of an opponent's assets which are of value but not actually a military threat, such as cities and civilian populations.
The D-17B computer was used in the Minuteman I NS-1OQ missile guidance system.
The D-37C is the computer component of the all-inertial NS-17 Missile Guidance Set (MGS) for accurately navigating to its target thousands of miles away.
The D37D Minuteman III flight computer was initially supplied with the LGM-30G missile, as part of the NS-20 navigation system.
A decoy is usually a person, device, or event meant as a distraction, to hide what an individual or a group might be looking for.
The title Defence Minister, Minister for Defence, Minister of National Defense, Secretary of Defence, Secretary of State for Defense or some similar variation, is assigned to the person in a cabinet position in charge of a Ministry of Defence, which regulates the armed forces in sovereign states.
Deterrence theory gained increased prominence as a military strategy during the Cold War with regard to the use of nuclear weapons.
The Dongfeng 5 or DF-5 is a two stage Chinese ICBM.
A diode is a two-terminal electronic component that conducts current primarily in one direction (asymmetric conductance); it has low (ideally zero) resistance in one direction, and high (ideally infinite) resistance in the other.
Diode logic (DL), or diode-resistor logic (DRL), is the construction of Boolean logic gates from diodes.
Diode–transistor logic (DTL) is a class of digital circuits that is the direct ancestor of transistor–transistor logic.
Drum memory was a magnetic data storage device invented by Gustav Tauschek in 1932 in Austria.
Edward Nathanial Hall (August 4, 1914 – January 15, 2006) was a leading missile development engineer working for the US and its allies in World War II and the late 20th century.
Edward Teller (Teller Ede; January 15, 1908 – September 9, 2003) was a Hungarian-American theoretical physicist who is known colloquially as "the father of the hydrogen bomb", although he claimed he did not care for the title.
Ellsworth Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force base located about northeast of Rapid City, South Dakota, just north of the town of Box Elder.
Fairchild Semiconductor International, Inc. was an American semiconductor company based in San Jose, California.
Warren AFB (census designated place) or (air force base) redirects here.
In military munitions, a fuze (sometimes fuse) is the part of the device that initiates function.
A gimbal is a pivoted support that allows the rotation of an object about a single axis.
Grand Forks Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force installation in northeastern North Dakota, located north of Emerado and west of Grand Forks.
The gun data computer was a series of artillery computers used by the U.S. Army for coastal artillery, field artillery and antiaircraft artillery applications.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
The Martin Marietta SM-68A/HGM-25A Titan I was the United States' first multistage intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), in use from 1959 until 1965.
Hill Air Force Base is a major U.S. Air Force base located in northern Utah, just south of the city of Ogden, and near the towns of Clearfield, Riverdale, Roy, Sunset, and Layton.
An inertial navigation system (INS) is a navigation aid that uses a computer, motion sensors (accelerometers), rotation sensors (gyroscopes), and occasionally magnetic sensors (magnetometers) to continuously calculate by dead reckoning the position, the orientation, and the velocity (direction and speed of movement) of a moving object without the need for external references.
Insensitive munitions are munitions that are designed to withstand stimuli representative of severe but credible accidents.
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.
An interceptor aircraft, or simply interceptor, is a type of fighter aircraft designed specifically to attack enemy aircraft, particularly bombers and reconnaissance aircraft, as they approach.
An intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) is a guided ballistic missile with a minimum range of primarily designed for nuclear weapons delivery (delivering one or more thermonuclear warheads).
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
The joule (symbol: J) is a derived unit of energy in the International System of Units.
The Legion of Merit (LOM) is a military award of the United States Armed Forces that is given for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements.
The LGM-118 Peacekeeper, also known as the MX missile (for Missile-eXperimental), was a land-based ICBM deployed by the United States starting in 1986.
This is a chronology of the LGM-30 Minuteman intercontinental ballistic missile, acquisition and operational.
Line-of-sight propagation is a characteristic of electromagnetic radiation or acoustic wave propagation which means waves travel in a direct path from the source to the receiver.
The highest specific impulse chemical rockets use liquid propellants (liquid-propellant rockets).
This list of military aircraft of the United States includes prototype, pre-production, and operational types.
Below is a list of missiles, sorted alphabetically by name.
The Lockheed C-5 Galaxy is a large military transport aircraft originally designed and built by Lockheed, and now maintained and upgraded by its successor, Lockheed Martin.
Malmstrom Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base and census-designated place (CDP) in Great Falls, Cascade County, Montana, United States.
The maneuverable reentry vehicle (abbreviated MARV or MaRV) is a type of ballistic missile whose warhead is capable of autonomous tracking ground targets.
In astronomy and astrophysics, a mass concentration (or mascon) is a region of a planet or moon's crust that contains a large positive gravitational anomaly.
A medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) is a type of ballistic missile with medium range, this last classification depending on the standards of certain organizations.
Microsemi Corporation was an Aliso Viejo, California-based provider of semiconductor and system solutions for aerospace & defense, communications, data center and industrial markets.
Minot Air Force Base is a U.S. Air Force installation in Ward County, North Dakota, north of the city of Minot via U.S. 83.
Minuteman Missile National Historic Site was established in 1999 to illustrate the history and significance of the Cold War, the arms race, and intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) development.
Minutemen were civilian colonists who independently organized to form well-prepared militia companies self-trained in weaponry, tactics, and military strategies from the American colonial partisan militia during the American Revolutionary War.
In modern language, a missile is a guided self-propelled system, as opposed to an unguided self-propelled munition, referred to as a rocket (although these too can also be guided).
A missile combat crew (MCC), is a team of highly trained specialists, often called Missileers, manning Intermediate Range and Intercontinental ballistic missile systems (IRBMs and ICBMs, respectively).
The missile gap was the Cold War term used in the US for the perceived superiority of the number and power of the USSR's missiles in comparison with its own (a lack of military parity).
A launch control center (LCC), in the United States, is the main control facility for intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).
A missile launch facility, also known as an underground missile silo, launch facility (LF), or nuclear silo, is a vertical cylindrical structure constructed underground, for the storage and launching of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).
Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States.
Montana is a state in the Northwestern United States.
A multiple independently targetable reentry vehicle (MIRV) is a ballistic missile payload containing several thermonuclear warheads, each capable of being aimed to hit a different target.
A multistage rocket, or step rocket is a launch vehicle that uses two or more rocket stages, each of which contains its own engines and propellant.
National Command Authority (NCA) is a term used by the Department of Defense of the United States of America to refer to the ultimate source of lawful military orders.
The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) is both a combat support agency under the United States Department of Defense and an intelligence agency of the United States Intelligence Community, with the primary mission of collecting, analyzing, and distributing geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) in support of national security.
The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations.
Nebraska is a state that lies in both the Great Plains and the Midwestern United States.
Nellis Air Force Base ("Nellis" colloq.) is a United States Air Force installation in southern Nevada with military schools and more squadrons than any other USAF base.
Nevada (see pronunciations) is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States of America.
New START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) (Russian: СНВ-III, SNV-III) is a nuclear arms reduction treaty between the United States and the Russian Federation with the formal name of Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms.
Nike Zeus was an anti-ballistic missile (ABM) system developed by the US Army during the late 1950s and early 1960s that was designed to destroy incoming Soviet intercontinental ballistic missile warheads before they could hit their targets.
The North American Aviation XB-70 Valkyrie was the prototype version of the planned B-70 nuclear-armed, deep-penetration strategic bomber for the United States Air Force Strategic Air Command.
North Dakota is a U.S. state in the midwestern and northern regions of the United States.
A nozzle is a device designed to control the direction or characteristics of a fluid flow (especially to increase velocity) as it exits (or enters) an enclosed chamber or pipe.
A nuclear triad is a three-pronged military force structure that consists of land-launched nuclear missiles, nuclear-missile-armed submarines and strategic aircraft with nuclear bombs and missiles.
A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).
The explosive yield of a nuclear weapon is the amount of energy released when that particular nuclear weapon is detonated, usually expressed as a TNT equivalent (the standardized equivalent mass of trinitrotoluene which, if detonated, would produce the same energy discharge), either in kilotons (kt—thousands of tons of TNT), in megatons (Mt—millions of tons of TNT), or sometimes in terajoules (TJ).
The United States was the first country to manufacture nuclear weapons and is the only country to have used them in combat, with the separate bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in World War II.
Offutt Air Force Base is a U.S. Air Force installation near Omaha, and lies adjacent to Bellevue in Sarpy County, Nebraska.
Looking Glass (or Operation Looking Glass) is the code name for an airborne command and control center operated by the United States.
Orbital Sciences Corporation (commonly referred to as Orbital) was an American company specializing in the design, manufacture and launch of small- and medium- class space and rocket systems for commercial, military and other government customers.
A penetration aid (or "penaid") is a device or tactic used to increase an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) warhead's chances of penetrating a target's defenses.
Thor was the first operational ballistic missile deployed by the U.S. Air Force (USAF).
The PGM-19 Jupiter was the first nuclear tipped, medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) of the United States Air Force (USAF).
Plated wire memory is a variation of core memory developed by Bell Laboratories in 1957.
In nuclear strategy, a first strike is a preemptive surprise attack employing overwhelming force.
Project Nobska was a 1956 summer study on anti-submarine warfare (ASW) for the United States Navy ordered by Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Arleigh Burke.
The R-36 (Р-36) is a family of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) and space launch vehicles (Tsyklon) designed by the Soviet Union during the Cold War.
Radiation hardening is the act of making electronic components and systems resistant to damage or malfunctions caused by ionizing radiation (particle radiation and high-energy electromagnetic radiation), such as those encountered in outer space and high-altitude flight, around nuclear reactors and particle accelerators, or during nuclear accidents or nuclear warfare.
RAND Corporation ("Research ANd Development") is an American nonprofit global policy think tank created in 1948 by Douglas Aircraft Company to offer research and analysis to the United States Armed Forces.
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
Resistor–transistor logic (RTL) (sometimes also transistor–resistor logic (TRL)) is a class of digital circuits built using resistors as the input network and bipolar junction transistors (BJTs) as switching devices.
Robert Strange McNamara (June 9, 1916 – July 6, 2009) was an American business executive and the eighth Secretary of Defense, serving from 1961 to 1968 under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.
The Rockwell B-1 LancerThe name "Lancer" is only applied to the B-1B version, after the program was revived.
The Ronald Reagan Minuteman Missile State Historic Site consists of two former missile sites around Cooperstown, North Dakota that were part of North Dakota military activities during the Cold War years: the Oscar-Zero Missile Alert Facility and the November-33 Launch Facility.
The RS-24 Yars also known as RT-24 Yars or Topol'-MR (PC-24 «Ярс», NATO reporting name: SS-29 or SS-27 Mod 2) is a Russian MIRV-equipped, thermonuclear armed intercontinental ballistic missile first tested on May 29, 2007, after a secret military R&D project, to replace the older R-36 and UR-100N that have been in use for nearly 50 years.
The RT-2 was an intercontinental ballistic missile deployed by the Soviet Union, which was in service from December 1968 until 1976.
The RT-2PM2 «Topol-M» (РТ-2ПМ2 «Тополь-М», NATO reporting name: SS-27 "Sickle B", other designations: SS-27 Mod 1, RS-12M1, RS-12M2, formerly incorrectly RT-2UTTKh) is one of the most recent intercontinental ballistic missiles to be deployed by Russia (see RS-24), and the first to be developed after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Sary Shagan (Сары-Шаган; Сарышаған) is an anti-ballistic missile testing range located in Kazakhstan.
In nuclear strategy, a second-strike capability is a country's assured ability to respond to a nuclear attack with powerful nuclear retaliation against the attacker.
A semiconductor material has an electrical conductivity value falling between that of a conductor – such as copper, gold etc.
A short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) is a ballistic missile with a range of about or less.
The Single Integrated Operational Plan (SIOP) was the United States' general plan for nuclear war from 1961 to 2003.
The North American SM-64 Navaho was a supersonic intercontinental cruise missile project built by North American Aviation (NAA).
The SM-65 Atlas was the first operational intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) developed by the United States and the first member of the Atlas rocket family.
The SM-68 Titan (individual variants later designated HGM-25 and LGM-25) was the designation for two American intercontinental ballistic missiles; which were members of the Titan family of rockets.
A solid-propellant rocket or solid rocket is a rocket with a rocket engine that uses solid propellants (fuel/oxidizer).
South Dakota is a U.S. state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Space and Missile Systems Center (SMC) is a part of Air Force Space Command of the United States Air Force, located at Los Angeles Air Force Base in El Segundo, Los Angeles County, California.
START II (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) was a bilateral treaty between the United States of America and Russia on the Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms.
State of the art (sometimes cutting edge) refers to the highest level of general development, as of a device, technique, or scientific field achieved at a particular time.
--> STRAT-X, or Strategic-Experimental, was a U.S. government-sponsored study conducted during 1966 and 1967 that comprehensively analyzed the potential future of the U.S. nuclear deterrent force.
Strategic Air Command (SAC) was both a Department of Defense Specified Command and a United States Air Force (USAF) Major Command (MAJCOM), responsible for Cold War command and control of two of the three components of the U.S. military's strategic nuclear strike forces, the so-called "nuclear triad," with SAC having control of land-based strategic bomber aircraft and intercontinental ballistic missiles or ICBMs (the third leg of the triad being submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBM) of the U.S. Navy).
The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) were two rounds of bilateral conferences and corresponding international treaties involving the United States and the Soviet Union, the Cold War superpowers, on the issue of arms control.
A strategic bomber is a medium to long range penetration bomber aircraft designed to drop large amounts of air-to-ground weaponry onto a distant target for the purposes of debilitating the enemy's capacity to wage war.
The Treaty Between the United States of America and the Russian Federation on Strategic Offensive Reductions (SORT), also known as the Treaty of Moscow, was a strategic arms reduction treaty between the United States and Russia that was in force from June 2003 until February 2011 when it was superseded by the New START treaty.
A submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) is a ballistic missile capable of being launched from submarines.
A surface-to-air missile (SAM, pronunced), or ground-to-air missile (GTAM, pronounced), is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft or other missiles.
Texas Instruments Inc. (TI) is an American technology company that designs and manufactures semiconductors and various integrated circuits, which it sells to electronics designers and manufacturers globally.
The Innovators: How a Group of Hackers, Geniuses, and Geeks Created the Digital Revolution is an overview of the history of computer science and the Digital Revolution.
A thermonuclear weapon is a second-generation nuclear weapon design using a secondary nuclear fusion stage consisting of implosion tamper, fusion fuel, and spark plug which is bombarded by the energy released by the detonation of a primary fission bomb within, compressing the fuel material (tritium, deuterium or lithium deuteride) and causing a fusion reaction.
Thiokol (variously Thiokol Chemical Corporation, Morton-Thiokol Inc., Cordant Technologies Inc., Thiokol Propulsion, AIC Group, ATK Thiokol, ATK Launch Systems Group; finally Orbital ATK before becoming part of Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems) was an American corporation concerned initially with rubber and related chemicals, and later with rocket and missile propulsion systems.
TNT equivalent is a convention for expressing energy, typically used to describe the energy released in an explosion.
A trajectory or flight path is the path that a massive object in motion follows through space as a function of time.
A transistor is a semiconductor device used to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical power.
The Trident missile is a submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) equipped with multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles (MIRV).
TRW Inc. was an American corporation involved in a variety of businesses, mainly aerospace, automotive, and credit reporting.
The UGM-27 Polaris missile was a two-stage solid-fueled nuclear-armed submarine-launched ballistic missile.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM), is one of ten unified commands in the United States Department of Defense.
The UR-100N, also known as RS-18A is an intercontinental ballistic missile in service with Soviet and Russian Strategic Missile Troops.
Utah is a state in the western United States.
Vandenberg Air Force Base is a United States Air Force Base northwest of Lompoc, California.
The W56 was an American thermonuclear warhead produced starting in 1963 which saw service until 1993, on the Minuteman I and II ICBMs.
The W62 is an American thermonuclear warhead designed in the late 1960s and manufactured from 1970 to 1976, used on some Minuteman III ICBMs and retired in 2010.
The W78 thermonuclear warhead is the warhead used on most of the United States LGM-30G Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), along with the MK-12A reentry vehicle which carried the warhead.
The W87 is an American thermonuclear missile warhead.
Walter Isaacson (born May 20, 1952)Millie Ball, The Times-Picayune, December 11, 2011.
Whiteman Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force base located approximately south of Knob Noster, MO; east of Warrensburg, MO, and east-southeast of Kansas City.
In computing, a word is the natural unit of data used by a particular processor design.
Weapons System 199 (WS-199) was a weapons development program conducted by the United States Air Force to research and develop new strategic weapons systems for Strategic Air Command.
Wyoming is a state in the mountain region of the western United States.
The 10th Missile Squadron (10 MS) is a United States Air Force unit.
The 12th Missile Squadron is a United States Air Force unit.
The United States Air Force's 2d Airborne Command and Control SquadronFrom the abbreviation of its name (2 ACCS), the squadron was referred to as "Two Axe".
The 319th Missile Squadron is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the 90th Operations Group at Francis E. Warren Air Force Base, Wyoming.
The 320th Missile Squadron is a United States Air Force unit.
The 321st Air Expeditionary Wing (321 AEW) was a United States Air Force unit assigned United States Air Forces Central (USAFCENT), the USAF component command of United States Central Command (USCENTCOM).
The 321st Missile Squadron is a United States Air Force unit.
This is a list of the LGM-30 Minuteman missile Missile Alert Facilities and Launch Facilities of the 321st Missile Wing, 20th Air Force, assigned to Grand Forks AFB, North Dakota.
The United States Air Force's 328th Weapons Squadron is an USAF Weapons School training unit located at Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada.
The United States Air Force's 341st Missile Wing is an intercontinental ballistic missile unit headquartered at Malmstrom Air Force Base, Montana.
This is a list of the LGM-30 Minuteman missile Missile Alert Facilities and Launch Facilities of the 341st Missile Wing, 20th Air Force, assigned to Malmstrom AFB, Montana.
The 351st Missile Wing is an inactive United States Air Force unit, which was last based at Whiteman Air Force Base, Missouri.
This is a list of the LGM-30 Minuteman missile Missile Alert Facilities and Launch Facilities of the 351st Strategic Missile Wing, 20th Air Force, assigned to Whiteman AFB, Missouri.
The 400th Missile Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
The 446th Missile Squadron (446 MS) is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
The 447th Missile Squadron (447 MS) is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
The 448th Missile Squadron (448 MS) is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
The 44th Missile Wing (44 MW) is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
This is a list of the LGM-30 Minuteman missile, Missile Alert Facilities and Launch Facilities of the 44th Missile Wing, 20th Air Force, assigned to Ellsworth AFB, South Dakota.
The 455th Air Expeditionary Wing is a provisional United States Air Force USAFCENT unit located to Bagram Airfield, Afghanistan.
The 490th Missile Squadron is a United States Air Force unit.
The 4th Special Operations Squadron is part of the 1st Special Operations Wing at Hurlburt Field, Florida.
The 508th Missile Squadron (508 MS) is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
The 509th Missile Squadron (509 MS) is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
The 510th Missile Squadron (510 MS) is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
The 526th Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Systems Group (526 ICBMG) is an inactive United States Air Force (USAF) unit.
The 532d Training Squadron is a United States Air Force unit.
The 564th Missile Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
The 576th Flight Test Squadron is a United States Air Force direct reporting unit assigned to Air Force Global Strike Command.
The mission of the 625th Strategic Operations Squadron (STOS) is to execute and support global strike through continuous, rapid, accurate and survivable nuclear operations.
The 66th Missile Squadron (66 MS) is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
The 67th Missile Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
The 68th Missile Squadron (68 MS) is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
The United States Air Force's 740th Missile Squadron is a missile operations squadron of the 91st Missile Wing, 91st Operations Group, located at Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota.
The United States Air Force's 741st Missile Squadron is an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) unit located at Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota.
The 742d Missile Squadron is part of the 91st Missile Wing based at Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota.
The 7th Expeditionary Airborne Command and Control Squadron is part of the 379th Air Expeditionary Wing at Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar.
The 90th Missile Wing is a component of Twentieth Air Force, stationed at Francis E. Warren Air Force Base and equipped with LGM-30G Minuteman III Missiles. It has served at Warren as a component of Strategic Air Command, Air Combat Command, Air Force Space Command and Air Force Global Strike Command since 1963. The wing was first organized at Fairchild Air Force Base, Washington as the 90th Bombardment Wing, a Boeing B-29 Superfortress unit. After moving to Forbes Air Force Base, Kansas, it served as a training unit for Strategic Air Command units and aircrews in the B-29. In 1953 it converted to the strategic reconnaissance mission, upgrading to the Boeing RB-47 Stratojet in 1954. After 1958 it trained reconnaissance crews with the B-47 and continued that mission until it was inactivated in 1960.
This is a list of the LGM-30 Minuteman missile Missile Alert Facilities and Launch Facilities of the 90th Missile Wing, 20th Air Force, assigned to Francis E. Warren AFB, Wyoming.
The 91st Missile Wing is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the Air Force Global Strike Command Twentieth Air Force.
This is a list of the LGM-30 Minuteman missile Missile Alert Facilities and Launch Facilities of the 91st Missile Wing, 20th Air Force, assigned to Minot AFB, North Dakota.
LEM-70, LEM-70 Minuteman ERCS, LGM-30, LGM-30 Minuteman I, LGM-30A Minuteman I, LGM-30A Minuteman IA, LGM-30B Minuteman I, LGM-30B Minuteman IB, LGM-30C Minuteman, LGM-30F Minuteman II, LGM-30G, LGM-30G Minuteman III, LGM-30G Minuteman-III, Minuteman (missile), Minuteman 3, Minuteman I, Minuteman I (rocket), Minuteman II, Minuteman II (rocket), Minuteman III, Minuteman III (rocket), Minuteman Missile, Minuteman missile, Minuteman-I, Minuteman-II, Minuteman-III, Missile farm, SM-80 Minuteman I.