45 relations: American Revolutionary War, Avenue Émile Zola (Paris Métro), École Militaire (Paris Métro), Île-de-France, Balard (Paris Métro), Battle of Grenada, Boulogne – Pont de Saint-Cloud (Paris Métro), Cambronne (Paris Métro), Charles de Gaulle–Étoile (Paris Métro and RER), Charles Michels (Paris Métro), Commerce (Paris Métro), Communes of France, Dupleix (Paris Métro), Duroc (Paris Métro), Gare d'Austerlitz (Paris Métro), Georges-Eugène Haussmann, Grenelle, Island platform, Louis XIV of France, Louis XV of France, Metro station, Montparnasse, MP 73, Napoleon III, Nation (Paris Métro and RER), Opéra (Paris Métro), Paris, Paris Métro, Paris Métro Line 10, Paris Métro Line 2, Paris Métro Line 5, Paris Métro Line 6, Paris Métro Line 8, Passy (Paris Métro), Place d'Italie (Paris Métro), Pointe du Lac (Paris Métro), Porte d'Auteuil (Paris Métro), RATP Group, Rive Gauche, Ségur (Paris Métro), Side platform, Siege of Savannah, Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, 15th arrondissement of Paris, 7th arrondissement of Paris.
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
Avenue Émile Zola is a station on line 10 of the Paris Metro in the 15th arrondissement.
École Militaire is a station on line 8 of the Paris Métro near the École Militaire (military school).
Île-de-France ("Island of France"), also known as the région parisienne ("Parisian Region"), is one of the 18 regions of France and includes the city of Paris.
Balard is a station on line 8 of the Paris Métro and a stop on tramway line 3a.
The Battle of Grenada took place on 6 July 1779 during the Anglo-French War in the West Indies between the British Royal Navy and the French Navy, just off the coast of Grenada.
Boulogne – Pont de Saint-Cloud is a station on Line 10 of the Paris Métro.
Cambronne is an elevated station of the Paris Métro serving line 6 at the Place Cambronne in the 15th arrondissement.
Charles de Gaulle–Étoile is a station on Paris Métro Line 1 and of the RER urban rail network.
Charles Michels is a station on line 10 of the Paris Metro in the 15th arrondissement.
Commerce is a station on line 8 of the Paris Métro in the Rue du Commerce, at the intersection with the Place du Commerce in the 15th arrondissement.
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic.
Dupleix is an elevated station of the Paris Métro serving line 6 along Boulevard de Grenelle in the 15th arrondissement.
Duroc is a station on lines 10 and 13 of the Paris Métro on the borders of the 6th, 7th and 15th arrondissement.
Gare d'Austerlitz is a station on the Paris Métro, serving line 5 and forming the eastern terminus of line 10 in the 5th and the 13th arrondissements.
Georges-Eugène Haussmann, commonly known as Baron Haussmann (27 March 180911 January 1891), was a prefect of the Seine Department of France chosen by Emperor Napoleon III to carry out a massive urban renewal program of new boulevards, parks and public works in Paris that is commonly referred to as Haussmann's renovation of Paris.
Grenelle is a neighbourhood in southwestern Paris, France.
An island platform (also center platform, centre platform) is a station layout arrangement where a single platform is positioned between two tracks within a railway station, tram stop or transitway interchange.
Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715.
Louis XV (15 February 1710 – 10 May 1774), known as Louis the Beloved, was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1 September 1715 until his death in 1774.
A metro station or subway station is a railway station for a rapid transit system, which as a whole is usually called a "metro" or "subway".
Montparnasse(French) is an area of Paris, France, on the left bank of the river Seine, centred at the crossroads of the Boulevard du Montparnasse and the Rue de Rennes, between the Rue de Rennes and boulevard Raspail.
The MP 73 is a rubber tired variant of electric multiple units used on Paris's Métro system.
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Charles-Louis Napoléon Bonaparte; 20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the President of France from 1848 to 1852 and as Napoleon III the Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870.
Nation is a station of the Paris Métro and of Île-de-France's regional high-speed RER.
Opéra is a station of the Paris Métro, named after the nearby Opera Garnier, built by the architect Charles Garnier.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The Paris Métro, short for Métropolitain (Métro de Paris), is a rapid transit system in the Paris metropolitan area.
Paris Métro Line 10 is one of 16 metro lines in Paris, France.
Line 2 is one of the sixteen lines of the Paris Métro rapid transit system in Paris, France.
Paris Métro Line 5 is one of the 16 metro lines built in Paris, France.
Line 6 is one of the sixteen lines of the Paris Métro rapid transit system.
Paris Métro Line 8 is one of 16 lines of the Paris Métro.
Passy is a rapid transit station on Line 6 of the Paris Métro in the 16th arrondissement of the city.
Place d'Italie (literally "Italy Square") is a rapid transit station of the Paris Métro located in the heart of the 13th arrondissement of Paris, at the Place d'Italie.
Pointe du Lac is a station on line 8 of the Paris Métro in the commune of Créteil.
Porte d'Auteuil is a métro station serving Line 10 (westbound only).
The RATP Group (French: Groupe RATP), also known as the Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens (English: Autonomous Operator of Parisian Transports), is a state-owned public transport operator and maintainer headquartered in Paris, France.
La Rive Gauche (The Left Bank) is the southern bank of the river Seine in Paris.
Ségur is a station on line 10 of the Paris Metro on the border of the 7th and 15th arrondissements.
A side platform is a platform positioned to the side of a pair of tracks at a railway station, tram stop, or transitway.
The Siege of Savannah or the Second Battle of Savannah was an encounter of the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783), in 1779.
Count Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte (born 1 November 1720 in Rennes; died 10 June 1791 in Brest) was a French admiral.
The 15th arrondissement of Paris (XVe arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France.
The 7th arrondissement of Paris (VIIe arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France.
La Motte - Picquet Grenelle (Paris Metro), La Motte Picquet - Grenelle (Paris Metro), La Motte Picquet Grenelle (Paris Metro), La Motte-Picquet - Grenelle (Paris Metro), La Motte-Picquet - Grenelle (Paris Métro), La Motte-Picquet Grenelle (Paris Metro), La Motte-Picquet – Grenelle (Paris Metro), La Motte-Picquet – Grenelle (Paris Métro).