145 relations: Abaza language, Abkhaz language, Adyghe language, Akan language, Allophone, Alveolar and postalveolar approximants, Alveolar consonant, Alveolar ejective affricate, Alveolo-palatal consonant, Arabic, Archi language, Assimilation (phonology), Athabaskan languages, Australian Aboriginal languages, Avestan, Bilabial ejective, Bilabial nasal, Bilabial trill, Bzhedug Adyghe dialect, Bzyb dialect, Cantonese, Chaha language, Consonant, Coronal consonant, Dahalo language, Dental and alveolar ejectives, Dental consonant, Dental, alveolar and postalveolar lateral approximants, Dorig language, English language, English phonology, Extensions to the International Phonetic Alphabet, French language, Glottal stop, Hakuchi Adyghe dialect, Hausa language, Hiw language, Human mouth, Hupa language, Igbo language, Indo-European languages, International Phonetic Alphabet, Iroquoian languages, Italian language, Kabardian language, Korean language, Kwak'wala, Labial–velar nasal, Labialized palatal approximant, Labialized velar consonant, ..., Labio-palatalization, Labiodental approximant, Language family, Lao language, Latin, Latin spelling and pronunciation, Mandarin Chinese, Manner of articulation, Marshallese language, Mba language, Mwotlap language, Nahuatl, Nasal labialized velar approximant, Navajo language, Northwest Caucasian languages, Obstruent, Oowekyala dialect, Ossetian language, Paha language, Palatal nasal, Palato-alveolar ejective affricate, Palato-alveolar ejective fricative, Phonology, Place of articulation, Portuguese phonology, Prenasalized consonant, Proto-Indo-European language, Romance languages, Roundedness, Russian language, Salishan languages, Secondary articulation, Shona language, Sibilant, Tamambo language, Thai language, Tigrinya language, Tillamook language, Tlingit language, Ubykh language, Unicode, Upper Arrernte language, Uvular consonant, Uvular ejective, Uvular ejective fricative, Velar consonant, Velar ejective, Velar ejective fricative, Velar lateral ejective affricate, Velar nasal, Velarization, Vietnamese language, Voiced alveolar affricate, Voiced alveolo-palatal affricate, Voiced alveolo-palatal fricative, Voiced bilabial fricative, Voiced bilabial stop, Voiced dental and alveolar stops, Voiced dental fricative, Voiced labial–velar stop, Voiced labio-velar approximant, Voiced labiodental fricative, Voiced pharyngeal fricative, Voiced postalveolar affricate, Voiced postalveolar fricative, Voiced retroflex fricative, Voiced uvular fricative, Voiced uvular stop, Voiced velar fricative, Voiced velar stop, Voiceless alveolar affricate, Voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate, Voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative, Voiceless bilabial fricative, Voiceless bilabial stop, Voiceless dental and alveolar lateral fricatives, Voiceless dental and alveolar stops, Voiceless dental fricative, Voiceless glottal fricative, Voiceless labialized velar approximant, Voiceless labiodental fricative, Voiceless palatal fricative, Voiceless pharyngeal fricative, Voiceless postalveolar affricate, Voiceless postalveolar fricative, Voiceless retroflex fricative, Voiceless uvular affricate, Voiceless uvular fricative, Voiceless uvular stop, Voiceless velar affricate, Voiceless velar fricative, Voiceless velar lateral affricate, Voiceless velar lateral fricative, Voiceless velar stop, Volow language. Expand index (95 more) » « Shrink index
The Abaza language (абаза бызшва, abaza byzšwa; абазэбзэ) is a Northwest Caucasian language in Russia and many of the exiled communities in Turkey.
Abkhaz (sometimes spelled Abxaz; Аԥсуа бызшәа //), also known as Abkhazian, is a Northwest Caucasian language most closely related to Abaza.
Adyghe (or; Adyghe: Адыгабзэ, Adygabzæ), also known as West Circassian (КӀахыбзэ, K’axybzæ), is one of the two official languages of the Republic of Adygea in the Russian Federation, the other being Russian. It is spoken by various tribes of the Adyghe people: Abzekh, Adamey, Bzhedug, Hatuqwai, Temirgoy, Mamkhegh, Natekuay, Shapsug, Zhaney and Yegerikuay, each with its own dialect. The language is referred to by its speakers as Adygebze or Adəgăbză, and alternatively transliterated in English as Adygean, Adygeyan or Adygei. The literary language is based on the Temirgoy dialect. There are apparently around 128,000 speakers of Adyghe in Russia, almost all of them native speakers. In total, some 300,000 speak it worldwide. The largest Adyghe-speaking community is in Turkey, spoken by the post Russian–Circassian War (circa 1763–1864) diaspora; in addition to that, the Adyghe language is spoken by the Cherkesogai in Krasnodar Krai. Adyghe belongs to the family of Northwest Caucasian languages. Kabardian (also known as East Circassian) is a very close relative, treated by some as a dialect of Adyghe or of an overarching Circassian language. Ubykh, Abkhaz and Abaza are somewhat more distantly related to Adyghe. The language was standardised after the October Revolution in 1917. Since 1936, the Cyrillic script has been used to write Adyghe. Before that, an Arabic-based alphabet was used together with the Latin.
Akan is a Central Tano language that is the principal native language of the Akan people of Ghana, spoken over much of the southern half of that country, by about 58% of the population, and among 30% of the population of Ivory Coast.
In phonology, an allophone (from the ἄλλος, állos, "other" and φωνή, phōnē, "voice, sound") is one of a set of multiple possible spoken sounds, or phones, or signs used to pronounce a single phoneme in a particular language.
The alveolar approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.
The alveolar ejective affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
In phonetics, alveolo-palatal (or alveopalatal) consonants, sometimes synonymous with pre-palatal consonants, are intermediate in articulation between the coronal and dorsal consonants, or which have simultaneous alveolar and palatal articulation.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
Archi is a Northeast Caucasian language spoken by the Archis in the village of Archib, southern Dagestan, Russia, and the six surrounding smaller villages.
In phonology, assimilation is a common phonological process by which one sound becomes more like a nearby sound.
Athabaskan or Athabascan (also Dene, Athapascan, Athapaskan) is a large family of indigenous languages of North America, located in western North America in three groups of contiguous languages: Northern, Pacific Coast and Southern (or Apachean).
The Australian Aboriginal languages consist of around 290–363 languages belonging to an estimated twenty-eight language families and isolates, spoken by Aboriginal Australians of mainland Australia and a few nearby islands.
Avestan, also known historically as Zend, is a language known only from its use as the language of Zoroastrian scripture (the Avesta), from which it derives its name.
The bilabial ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The bilabial nasal is a type of consonantal sound used in almost all spoken languages.
The bilabial trill is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The Bzhedug dialect (Бжъэдыгъубзэ) is a dialect of Adyghe.
Bzyb (also spelled Bzyp) is a major dialect of Abkhaz, native to the Bzyb River region of Caucasus.
The Cantonese language is a variety of Chinese spoken in the city of Guangzhou (historically known as Canton) and its surrounding area in southeastern China.
Chaha or Cheha (in Chaha and Amharic: ቸሃ čehā or čexā) is a Gurage language spoken in central Ethiopia, mainly within the Gurage Zone in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region.
In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.
Coronal consonants are consonants articulated with the flexible front part of the tongue.
Dahalo is an endangered Cushitic language spoken by at most 400 Dahalo people on the coast of Kenya, near the mouth of the Tana River.
The alveolar ejective is a type of consonantal sound, usually described as voiceless, being pronounced with a glottalic egressive airstream.
A dental consonant is a consonant articulated with the tongue against the upper teeth, such as,,, and in some languages.
The alveolar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
Dorig (sometimes called Wetamut) is an Oceanic language spoken on Gaua island in Vanuatu. Its 300 speakers live mostly in the village of Dorig, on the south coast of Gaua. Smaller speaker communities can be found in the villages of Qteon (east coast) and Qtevut (west coast). Dorig's immediate neighbours are Koro and Mwerlap.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Like many other languages, English has wide variation in pronunciation, both historically and from dialect to dialect.
The extensions to the International Phonetic Alphabet, also extIPA symbols for disordered speech or simply extIPA, are a set of letters and diacritics devised by the International Clinical Phonetics and Linguistics Association to augment the International Phonetic Alphabet for the phonetic transcription of disordered speech.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
The glottal stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages, produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract or, more precisely, the glottis.
Hakuchi (Xakuchi; Хьакӏуцубзэ Kh′ak′ucubză or Къарацхаибзэ Qaracxaibză in Hakuchi Adyghe) is a variety of the Shapsug sub-dialect of West Adyghe dialect of Adyghe language spoken in Turkey.
Hausa (Yaren Hausa or Harshen Hausa) is the Chadic language (a branch of the Afroasiatic language family) with the largest number of speakers, spoken as a first language by some 27 million people, and as a second language by another 20 million.
Hiw (sometimes spelled Hiu) is an Oceanic language spoken on the island of Hiw, in the Torres Islands of Vanuatu. It is distinct from Lo-Toga, the other language of the Torres group.
In human anatomy, the mouth is the first portion of the alimentary canal that receives food and produces saliva.
Hupa (native name: Na:tinixwe Mixine:whe, lit. "language of the Hoopa Valley people") is an Athabaskan language (of Na-Dené stock) spoken along the lower course of the Trinity River in Northwestern California by the Hupa (Na:tinixwe) and, before European contact, by the Chilula and Whilkut peoples, to the west.
Igbo (Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student's Handbook, Edinburgh), is the principal native language of the Igbo people, an ethnic group of southeastern Nigeria.
The Indo-European languages are a language family of several hundred related languages and dialects.
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet.
The Iroquoian languages are a language family of indigenous peoples of North America.
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.
Kabardian (адыгэбзэ, къэбэрдей адыгэбзэ, къэбэрдейбзэ; Adyghe: адыгэбзэ, къэбэртай адыгабзэ, къэбэртайбзэ), also known as Kabardino-Cherkess (къэбэрдей-черкесыбзэ) or, is a Northwest Caucasian language closely related to the Adyghe language.
The Korean language (Chosŏn'gŭl/Hangul: 조선말/한국어; Hanja: 朝鮮말/韓國語) is an East Asian language spoken by about 80 million people.
Kwak'wala, also written as Kwak̓wala, previously known as Kwakiutl, is the indigenous language spoken by the Kwakwaka'wakw (which means "those who speak Kwak'wala").
The labial–velar nasal is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The labialized palatal approximant, also called the labial–palatal or labio-palatal approximant, is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
A labialized velar or labiovelar is a velar consonant that is labialized, with a /w/-like secondary articulation.
A labio-palatalized sound is one that is simultaneously labialized and palatalized.
The labiodental approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
A language family is a group of languages related through descent from a common ancestral language or parental language, called the proto-language of that family.
Lao, sometimes referred to as Laotian (ລາວ 'Lao' or ພາສາລາວ 'Lao language') is a tonal language of the Kra–Dai language family.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latin spelling, or Latin orthography, is the spelling of Latin words written in the scripts of all historical phases of Latin from Old Latin to the present.
Mandarin is a group of related varieties of Chinese spoken across most of northern and southwestern China.
In articulatory phonetics, the manner of articulation is the configuration and interaction of the articulators (speech organs such as the tongue, lips, and palate) when making a speech sound.
The Marshallese language (Marshallese: new orthography Kajin M̧ajeļ or old orthography Kajin Majōl), also known as Ebon, is a Micronesian language spoken in the Marshall Islands.
Mba, also known as (Ki)Manga or (Ki)Mbanga, is a Ubangian language spoken in DRC Congo.
Mwotlap (pronounced; formerly known as Motlav) is an Oceanic language spoken by about 2,100 people in Vanuatu. The majority of speakers are found on the island of Motalava in the Banks Islands, with smaller communities in the islands of Ra (or Aya) and Vanua Lava, as well as migrant groups in the two main cities of the country, Santo and Port Vila. Mwotlap was first described in 2001, by the linguist Alexandre François. Volow, which used to be spoken on the same island, may be considered a dialect or a separate language.
Nahuatl (The Classical Nahuatl word nāhuatl (noun stem nāhua, + absolutive -tl) is thought to mean "a good, clear sound" This language name has several spellings, among them náhuatl (the standard spelling in the Spanish language),() Naoatl, Nauatl, Nahuatl, Nawatl. In a back formation from the name of the language, the ethnic group of Nahuatl speakers are called Nahua.), known historically as Aztec, is a language or group of languages of the Uto-Aztecan language family.
The nasal labio-velar approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some languages.
Navajo or Navaho (Navajo: Diné bizaad or Naabeehó bizaad) is a Southern Athabaskan language of the Na-Dené family, by which it is related to languages spoken across the western areas of North America.
The Northwest Caucasian languages, also called West Caucasian, Abkhazo-Adyghean, Circassic, or sometimes Pontic (as opposed to Caspian for the Northeast Caucasian languages), are a group of languages spoken in the northwestern Caucasus region,Hoiberg, Dale H. (2010) chiefly in three Russian republics (Adygea, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay–Cherkessia), the disputed territory of Abkhazia (whose sovereignty is claimed by Georgia), and Turkey, with smaller communities scattered throughout the Middle East.
An obstruent is a speech sound such as,, or that is formed by obstructing airflow.
Oowekyala, also Ooweekeeno and Wuikyala in the language itself, is a dialect (or a sublanguage) of Heiltsuk-Oowekyala, a Northern Wakashan language spoken around Rivers Inlet and Owikeno Lake in the Central Coast region of the Canadian province of British Columbia, spoken by the Wuikinuxv, whose government is the Wuikinuxv Nation.
Ossetian, also known as Ossete and Ossetic, is an Eastern Iranian language spoken in Ossetia, a region on the northern slopes of the Caucasus Mountains.
Paha or Baha (autonym) is a Kra language spoken in northern Guangnan County, Wenshan Prefecture, Yunnan.
The palatal nasal is a type of consonant, used in some spoken languages.
The palato-alveolar ejective affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The palato-alveolar ejective fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
In articulatory phonetics, the place of articulation (also point of articulation) of a consonant is the point of contact where an obstruction occurs in the vocal tract between an articulatory gesture, an active articulator (typically some part of the tongue), and a passive location (typically some part of the roof of the mouth).
The phonology of Portuguese can vary between dialects, in extreme cases leading to some difficulties in intelligibility.
Prenasalized consonants are phonetic sequences of a nasal and an obstruent (or occasionally a non-nasal sonorant such as) that behave phonologically like single consonants.
Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, the most widely spoken language family in the world.
The Romance languages (also called Romanic languages or Neo-Latin languages) are the modern languages that began evolving from Vulgar Latin between the sixth and ninth centuries and that form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family.
In phonetics, vowel roundedness refers to the amount of rounding in the lips during the articulation of a vowel.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
The Salishan (also Salish) languages are a group of languages of the Pacific Northwest in North America (the Canadian province of British Columbia and the American states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana).
Secondary articulation occurs when the articulation of a consonant is equivalent to the combined articulations of two or three simpler consonants, at least one of which is an approximant.
Shona (chiShona) is the most widely spoken Bantu language as a first language and is native to the Shona people of Zimbabwe.
Sibilance is an acoustic characteristic of fricative and affricate consonants of higher amplitude and pitch, made by directing a stream of air with the tongue towards the sharp edge of the teeth, which are held close together; a consonant that uses sibilance may be called a sibilant.
Tamambo, or Malo, is an Oceanic language spoken by 4,000 people on Malo and nearby islands in Vanuatu.
Thai, Central Thai, or Siamese, is the national and official language of Thailand and the first language of the Central Thai people and vast majority Thai of Chinese origin.
Tigrinya (often written as Tigrigna) is an Afroasiatic language of the Semitic branch.
Tillamook is an extinct Salishan language, formerly spoken by the Tillamook people in northwestern Oregon, United States.
The Tlingit language (Lingít) is spoken by the Tlingit people of Southeast Alaska and Western Canada.
Ubykh, or Ubyx, is an extinct Northwest Caucasian language once spoken by the Ubykh people (who originally lived along the eastern coast of the Black Sea before migrating en masse to Turkey in the 1860s).
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
Arrernte or Aranda or more specifically Upper Arrernte (Upper Aranda), is a dialect cluster spoken in and around Alice Springs (Mparntwe in Arrernte) in the Northern Territory, Australia.
Uvulars are consonants articulated with the back of the tongue against or near the uvula, that is, further back in the mouth than velar consonants.
The uvular ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The uvular ejective fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).
The velar ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The velar ejective fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The velar lateral ejective affricate is a rare type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The velar nasal, also known as agma, from the Greek word for fragment, is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
Velarization is a secondary articulation of consonants by which the back of the tongue is raised toward the velum during the articulation of the consonant.
Vietnamese (Tiếng Việt) is an Austroasiatic language that originated in Vietnam, where it is the national and official language.
The voiced alveolar sibilant affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced bilabial fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced bilabial stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced alveolar stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced dental fricative is a consonant sound used in some spoken languages.
The voiced labial–velar stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced labio-velar approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in certain spoken languages, including English.
The voiced labiodental fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
The voiced pharyngeal approximant or fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced palato-alveolar sibilant affricate, voiced post-alveolar affricate or voiced domed postalveolar sibilant affricate, is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
Voiced fricatives produced in the postalveolar region include the voiced palato-alveolar fricative, the voiced postalveolar non-sibilant fricative, the voiced retroflex fricative, and the voiced alveolo-palatal fricative.
The voiced retroflex sibilant fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced uvular fricative or approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced uvular stop or voiced uvular plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced velar fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in various spoken languages.
The voiced velar stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
A voiceless alveolar affricate is a type of affricate consonant pronounced with the tip or blade of the tongue against the alveolar ridge (gum line) just behind the teeth.
The voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some oral languages.
The voiceless bilabial fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless bilabial stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages.
The voiceless alveolar lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless alveolar stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages.
The voiceless dental non-sibilant fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless glottal fricative, sometimes called voiceless glottal transition, and sometimes called the aspirate, is a type of sound used in some spoken languages that patterns like a fricative or approximant consonant phonologically, but often lacks the usual phonetic characteristics of a consonant.
The voiceless labialized velar (labiovelar) approximant (traditionally called a voiceless labiovelar fricative) is a type of consonantal sound, used in spoken languages.
The voiceless labiodental fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in a number of spoken languages.
The voiceless palatal fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless pharyngeal fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant affricate or voiceless domed postalveolar sibilant affricate is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
Voiceless fricatives produced in the postalveolar region include the voiceless palato-alveolar fricative, the voiceless postalveolar non-sibilant fricative, the voiceless retroflex fricative, and the voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative.
The voiceless retroflex sibilant fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless uvular affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless uvular fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless uvular stop or voiceless uvular plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless velar affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless velar fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless velar lateral affricate is an uncommon speech sound found as a phoneme in the Caucasus and as an allophone in several languages of eastern and southern Africa.
The voiceless velar lateral fricative is a very rare speech sound.
The voiceless velar stop or voiceless velar plosive is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages.
Volow (pronounced; formerly known as Valuwa or Valuga) is an Oceanic language variety which used to be spoken in the area of Aplow, in the eastern part of the island of Motalava, in Vanuatu.
Labialisation, Labialised, Labialised consonant, Labialised voiceless velar occlusive, Labialised voiceless velar plosive, Labialised voiceless velar stop, Labialize, Labialized, Labialized consonant, Labialized glottal stop, Labialized voiced alveolar affricate, Labialized voiced alveolar plosive, Labialized voiced alveolar sibilant, Labialized voiced glottal fricative, Labialized voiced labiodental fricative, Labialized voiced palato-alveolar affricate, Labialized voiced pharyngeal fricative, Labialized voiced retroflex sibilant, Labialized voiced uvular affricate, Labialized voiced uvular fricative, Labialized voiced uvular plosive, Labialized voiced velar fricative, Labialized voiced velar plosive, Labialized voiceless alveolar affricate, Labialized voiceless alveolar lateral fricative, Labialized voiceless alveolar plosive, Labialized voiceless alveolar sibilant, Labialized voiceless glottal fricative, Labialized voiceless labiodental fricative, Labialized voiceless pharyngeal fricative, Labialized voiceless retroflex sibilant, Labialized voiceless uvular affricate, Labialized voiceless uvular fricative, Labialized voiceless uvular plosive, Labialized voiceless velar fricative, Labialized voiceless velar occlusive, Labialized voiceless velar plosive, Labialized voiceless velar stop, Labio-velarised, Labio-velarized, Labiovelarisation, Labiovelarization, Lip rounding, Lip-rounding, ʷ, ᵂ.