143 relations: Anticosti Island, Assembly of First Nations, Atlantic Canada, Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic Time Zone, Baie-Comeau, Basques, Blanc-Sablon, Quebec, British Empire, Cabot Strait, Canada, Canada (New France), Canadian Coast Guard, Canadian National Railway, Canadian Shield, Canadian War Museum, Cape Chidley, Cartwright, Newfoundland and Labrador, Central Labrador, CFB Goose Bay, Channel-Port aux Basques, Churchill Falls, Churchill River (Atlantic), CN Marine, Cold War, Dillon Wallace, Diogo Ribeiro, Distant Early Warning Line, Dominion, Dominion of Newfoundland, English people, Forteau, France, Gaspar Corte-Real, George Cartwright (trader), Government of Canada, Greenlandic Norse, Grenfell Mission, Gulf of Saint Lawrence, Happy Valley-Goose Bay, Herrnhut, Hopedale, Newfoundland and Labrador, House of Commons of Canada, Hudson Bay, Hydro-Québec, Indian reserve, Innu, Inuit, Inuttitut, Iron ore, ..., Iron Ore Company of Canada, Jacques Cartier, Jacques Parizeau, João Fernandes Lavrador, John Cabot, Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, Killiniq Island, Kingdom of Great Britain, L'Anse-au-Loup, Labrador (electoral district), Labrador City, Labrador Current, Labrador Peninsula, Labrador West, Lake Melville, Landsat Island, Latin, Leif Erikson, Lighthouse, London, Lower Canada, Lower Churchill Project, Magdalen Islands, Makkovik, Mammal, Marine Atlantic, Markland, Mary's Harbour, Métis, Métis in Canada, Mid-Canada Line, Mont Wright (Quebec), Moravian Church, Mount Caubvick, Nain, Newfoundland and Labrador, NATO, Natuashish, Newfoundland (island), Newfoundland and Labrador, Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly, Newfoundland Colony, Newfoundland Railway, Newfoundland Time Zone, Newfoundland–Labrador fixed link, Norsemen, North Warning System, North West River, Nova Scotia, Nunatsiavut, NunatuKavut, NunatuKavut people, Nunavut, Parliament of Canada, Parti Québécois, Pinetree Line, Polar bear, Polar climate, Port Hope Simpson, Portuguese language, Privy council, Project Gutenberg, Province of Quebec (1763–1791), Quebec, Quebec North Shore and Labrador Railway, Quebec referendum, 1995, Quebec Route 138, Quebec Route 389, Red Bay, Newfoundland and Labrador, Royal Canadian Air Force, Saxony, Schefferville, Sept-Îles, Quebec, Sheshatshiu, Skræling, Smallwood Reservoir, Snowmobile, Space Shuttle, Statistics Canada, Strait of Belle Isle, Subarctic climate, Torngat Mountains, Torngat Mountains National Park, Trans-Labrador Highway, Treaty of Paris (1763), U-boat, United States Air Force, Visconte Maggiolo, Wabush, Weather Station Kurt, Wilfred Grenfell, World War II, Yvonne Jones, 52nd parallel north. Expand index (93 more) » « Shrink index
Anticosti Island (French, Île d'Anticosti) is an island in the province of Quebec, Canada at the outlet of the Saint Lawrence River into the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, between 49° and 50° N., and between 61° 40' and 64° 30' W.
The Assembly of First Nations (AFN) is an assembly, modelled on the United Nations General Assembly, of First Nations (Indian bands) represented by their chiefs.
Atlantic Canada is the region of Canada comprising the four provinces located on the Atlantic coast, excluding Quebec: the three Maritime provinces – New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia – and the easternmost province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
The Atlantic Time Zone is a geographical region that keeps standard time—called Atlantic Standard Time (AST)—by subtracting four hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), resulting in UTC-4; during part of the year some parts of it observe daylight saving time by instead subtracting only three hours (UTC-3).
Baie-Comeau (2011 city population 22,113; CA population 28,789) is a city located approximately north-east of Quebec City in the Côte-Nord region of the province of Quebec, Canada.
Blanc-Sablon is the easternmost community in Le Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent Regional County Municipality, in the province of Quebec, Canada.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
Cabot Strait (détroit de Cabot) is a strait in eastern Canada approximately 110 kilometres wide between Cape Ray, Newfoundland and Cape North, Cape Breton Island.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Canada was a French colony within New France first claimed in the name of the King of France in 1535 during the second voyage of Jacques Cartier.
The Canadian Coast Guard (CCG; Garde côtière canadienne – GCC) is the coast guard of Canada.
The Canadian National Railway Company (Compagnie des chemins de fer nationaux du Canada) is a Canadian Class I freight railway headquartered in Montreal, Quebec that serves Canada and the Midwestern and Southern United States.
The Canadian Shield, also called the Laurentian Plateau, or Bouclier canadien (French), is a large area of exposed Precambrian igneous and high-grade metamorphic rocks (geological shield) that forms the ancient geological core of the North American continent (the North American Craton or Laurentia).
The Canadian War Museum (CWM) (Musée canadien de la guerre) is Canada's national museum of military history.
Cape Chidley is a headland located on the eastern shore of Killiniq Island, Canada at the northeastern tip of the Labrador Peninsula.
Cartwright is a community located on the eastern side of the entrance to Sandwich Bay, along the southern coast of Labrador in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.
Central Labrador is the most populous region of Labrador, Canada, that extends from the shores of Lake Melville into the interior.
Canadian Forces Base Goose Bay (IATA: YYR, ICAO: CYYR), commonly referred to as CFB Goose Bay, is a Canadian Forces Base located in the municipality of Happy Valley-Goose Bay in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Channel-Port aux Basques is a town at the extreme southwestern tip of Newfoundland fronting on the western end of the Cabot Strait.
Churchill Falls is a waterfall named after former British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill.
The Churchill River is a river in Newfoundland and Labrador which flows east from the Smallwood Reservoir in Labrador into the Atlantic Ocean via Lake Melville.
CN Marine was a Canadian ferry company headquartered in Moncton, New Brunswick.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Dillon Wallace (1863-1939) was an American lawyer, outdoorsman, author of non-fiction, fiction and magazine articles.
Diogo Ribeiro, also known as Diego Ribero, was a Portuguese cartographer and explorer who worked most of his life in Spain.
The Distant Early Warning Line, also known as the DEW Line or Early Warning Line, was a system of radar stations in the far northern Arctic region of Canada, with additional stations along the North Coast and Aleutian Islands of Alaska, in addition to the Faroe Islands, Greenland, and Iceland.
Dominions were semi-independent polities under the British Crown, constituting the British Empire, beginning with Canadian Confederation in 1867.
Newfoundland was a British dominion from 1907 to 1949.
The English are a nation and an ethnic group native to England who speak the English language. The English identity is of early medieval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Angelcynn ("family of the Angles"). Their ethnonym is derived from the Angles, one of the Germanic peoples who migrated to Great Britain around the 5th century AD. England is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens. Historically, the English population is descended from several peoples the earlier Celtic Britons (or Brythons) and the Germanic tribes that settled in Britain following the withdrawal of the Romans, including Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians. Collectively known as the Anglo-Saxons, they founded what was to become England (from the Old English Englaland) along with the later Danes, Anglo-Normans and other groups. In the Acts of Union 1707, the Kingdom of England was succeeded by the Kingdom of Great Britain. Over the years, English customs and identity have become fairly closely aligned with British customs and identity in general. Today many English people have recent forebears from other parts of the United Kingdom, while some are also descended from more recent immigrants from other European countries and from the Commonwealth. The English people are the source of the English language, the Westminster system, the common law system and numerous major sports such as cricket, football, rugby union, rugby league and tennis. These and other English cultural characteristics have spread worldwide, in part as a result of the former British Empire.
Forteau is a town in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Gaspar Corte-Real (1450 – 1501) was a Portuguese explorer who alongside his father João Vaz Corte-Real (c. 1420-1496) and brother Miguel, participated in various exploratory voyages sponsored jointly by the Portuguese and Danish Crowns.
George Cartwright (12 February 1739/40 – 19 May 1819) was an English army officer and a trader and explorer in Newfoundland and Labrador.
The Government of Canada (Gouvernement du Canada), formally Her Majesty's Government (Gouvernement de Sa Majesté), is the federal administration of Canada.
Greenlandic Norse is an extinct North Germanic language that was spoken in the Norse settlements of Greenland until their demise in the late 15th century.
The Grenfell Mission was a philanthropic organization that provided medical and social services to people in rural communities of northern Newfoundland and Labrador.
The Gulf of Saint Lawrence (French: Golfe du Saint-Laurent) is the outlet of the North American Great Lakes via the Saint Lawrence River into the Atlantic Ocean.
Happy Valley-Goose Bay (Inuit: Vâli) is a town in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.
Herrnhut (Sorbian: Ochranow; Ochranov) is an Upper Lusatian town in the Görlitz district in Saxony, Germany, known for the community of the Moravian Church established by Nicolas Ludwig, Count von Zinzendorf in 1722.
Hopedale (Inuit: Agvituk) is a town located in the north of Labrador, the mainland portion of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
The House of Commons of Canada (Chambre des communes du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate.
Hudson Bay (Inuktitut: Kangiqsualuk ilua, baie d'Hudson) (sometimes called Hudson's Bay, usually historically) is a large body of saltwater in northeastern Canada with a surface area of.
Hydro-Québec is a public utility that manages the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity in Quebec.
In Canada, an Indian reserve (réserve indienne) is specified by the Indian Act as a "tract of land, the legal title to which is vested in Her Majesty, that has been set apart by Her Majesty for the use and benefit of a band." First Nations reserves are the areas set aside for First Nations people after a contract with the Canadian state ("the Crown"), and are not to be confused with land claims areas, which involve all of that First Nations' traditional lands: a much larger territory than any other reserve.
The Innu (or Montagnais) are the Indigenous inhabitants of an area in Canada they refer to as Nitassinan (“Our Land”), which comprises most of the northeastern portion of the present-day province of Quebec and some eastern portions of Labrador.
The Inuit (ᐃᓄᐃᑦ, "the people") are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska.
Inuttitut, or Inuttut is a Canadian dialect of Inuktitut.
Iron ores are rocks and minerals from which metallic iron can be economically extracted.
Iron Ore Company of Canada (often abbreviated to IOC) (Compagnie Minière IOC) is a Canadian-based producer of iron ore.
Jacques Cartier (Jakez Karter; December 31, 1491September 1, 1557) was a Breton explorer who claimed what is now Canada for France.
Jacques Parizeau (August 9, 1930June 1, 2015) was a Canadian economist and politician who was a noted Quebec sovereigntist and the 26th Premier of the Canadian province of Quebec from September 26, 1994, to January 29, 1996.
João Fernandes Lavrador was a Portuguese explorer of the late 15th century.
John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto; c. 1450 – c. 1500) was a Venetian navigator and explorer whose 1497 discovery of the coast of North America under the commission of Henry VII of England was the first European exploration of coastal North America since the Norse visits to Vinland in the eleventh century.
The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) is the highest court of appeal for certain British territories and Commonwealth countries.
Killiniq Island (English: ice floes) is a small, remote island in northeastern Canada.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.
L'Anse-au-Loup is a town in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Labrador (formerly known as Grand Falls—White Bay—Labrador and Grand Falls—White Bay) is a federal electoral district in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1949.
Labrador City is a town in western Labrador (part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador), near the Quebec border with a population of 9,354 as of 2013.
The Labrador Current is a cold current in the North Atlantic Ocean which flows from the Arctic Ocean south along the coast of Labrador and passes around Newfoundland, continuing south along the east coast of Nova Scotia.
The Labrador Peninsula is a large peninsula in eastern Canada.
Labrador West (2013 pop.: 10,319) refers to a region in western Labrador in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador containing the twin towns of Labrador City and Wabush.
Lake Melville is a saltwater tidal extension of Hamilton Inlet on the Labrador coast in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Landsat Island is a small, uninhabited island located 20 km off the northeast coast of Labrador (part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador).
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Leif Erikson or Leif Ericson (970 – c. 1020) was a Norse explorer from Iceland.
A lighthouse is a tower, building, or other type of structure designed to emit light from a system of lamps and lenses and to serve as a navigational aid for maritime pilots at sea or on inland waterways.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The Province of Lower Canada (province du Bas-Canada) was a British colony on the lower Saint Lawrence River and the shores of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence (1791–1841).
The Lower Churchill Project is a planned hydroelectric project in Labrador, Canada, to develop the remaining 35 per cent of the Churchill River that has not already been developed by the Churchill Falls Generating Station.
The Magdalen Islands (les Îles de la Madeleine) are a small archipelago in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence with a land area of.
Makkovik (Inuit: Maquuvik) is a town in Labrador in eastern Canada.
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
Marine Atlantic Inc. (Marine Atlantique) is an independent Canadian federal Crown corporation which is mandated to operate ferry services between the provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador and Nova Scotia.
Markland is the name given to one of three lands on North America's Atlantic shore discovered by Leif Eriksson around 1000 AD.
Mary's Harbour is a town in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
The Métis are members of ethnic groups native to Canada and parts of the United States that trace their descent to indigenous North Americans and European settlers.
The Métis in Canada are a group of peoples in Canada who trace their descent to First Nations peoples and European settlers.
The Mid-Canada Line (MCL), also known as the McGill Fence, was a line of radar stations running east-west across the middle of Canada, used to provide early warning of a Soviet bomber attack on North America.
Mont Wright is a mountain in Fermont, Quebec, a site of major iron ore mining operations since the 1970s by Québec Cartier Mining Company.
The Moravian Church, formally named the Unitas Fratrum (Latin for "Unity of the Brethren"), in German known as Brüdergemeine (meaning "Brethren's Congregation from Herrnhut", the place of the Church's renewal in the 18th century), is one of the oldest Protestant denominations in the world with its heritage dating back to the Bohemian Reformation in the fifteenth century and the Unity of the Brethren (Czech: Jednota bratrská) established in the Kingdom of Bohemia.
Mount Caubvick (known as Mont D'Iberville in Quebec) is a mountain located in Canada on the border between Labrador and Quebec in the Selamiut Range of the Torngat Mountains.
Nain or Naina (Inuit: Nunajnguk) is the northernmost permanent settlement in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, located about 370 kilometres by air from Happy Valley-Goose Bay.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
Natuashish is an Innu community in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Newfoundland (Terre-Neuve) is a large Canadian island off the east coast of the North American mainland, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Newfoundland and Labrador (Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador; Akamassiss; Newfoundland Irish: Talamh an Éisc agus Labradar) is the most easterly province of Canada.
The Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly is one of two components of the General Assembly of Newfoundland and Labrador, the other being the Queen of Canada in Right of Newfoundland and Labrador, represented by the Lieutenant-Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Newfoundland Colony was the name for an English and later British colony established in 1610 on the island of the same name off the Atlantic coast of Canada, in what is now the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
The Newfoundland Railway was a railway which operated on the island of Newfoundland from 1898 to 1988.
The Newfoundland Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) during standard time, resulting in UTC−03:30; or subtracting hours during daylight saving time.
The Newfoundland–Labrador fixed link refers to various proposals for constructing a fixed link consisting of bridges, tunnels, and/or causeways across the Strait of Belle Isle, connecting the province of Newfoundland and Labrador's mainland Labrador region with the island of Newfoundland.
Norsemen are a group of Germanic people who inhabited Scandinavia and spoke what is now called the Old Norse language between 800 AD and c. 1300 AD.
The North Warning System (NWS) is a joint United States and Canadian early-warning radar system for the atmospheric air defense of North America.
North West River is a small town located in central Labrador.
Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland"; Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada.
Nunatsiavut is an autonomous area claimed by the Inuit in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.
NunatuKavut is an unrecognized Inuit territory in Labrador.
The NunatuKavummiut (also called the people of NunatuKavut, Labrador Metis or Inuit-metis) are an Aboriginal people of Canada.
Nunavut (Inuktitut syllabics ᓄᓇᕗᑦ) is the newest, largest, and northernmost territory of Canada.
The Parliament of Canada (Parlement du Canada) is the federal legislature of Canada, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, the national capital.
The Parti Québécois (French for Quebec Party; PQ) is a sovereignist provincial political party in Quebec in Canada.
The Pinetree Line was a series of radar stations located across the northern United States and southern Canada at about the 50th parallel north, along with a number of other stations located on the Atlantic and Pacific coasts.
The polar bear (Ursus maritimus) is a hypercarnivorous bear whose native range lies largely within the Arctic Circle, encompassing the Arctic Ocean, its surrounding seas and surrounding land masses.
The polar climate regions are characterized by a lack of warm summers.
Port Hope Simpson, population 529 (2006), is a town located on the southeastern Labrador coast, 215 kilometres from the Quebec/Labrador border in Canada.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.
A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, typically, but not always, in the context of a monarchic government.
Project Gutenberg (PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize and archive cultural works, to "encourage the creation and distribution of eBooks".
The Province of Quebec was a colony in North America created by Great Britain after the Seven Years' War.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
The Quebec North Shore and Labrador Railway is a private Canadian regional railway that stretches through the wilderness of northeastern Quebec and western Labrador.
The 1995 Quebec independence referendum was the second referendum to ask voters in the Canadian French-speaking province of Quebec whether Quebec should proclaim national sovereignty and become an independent country, with the condition precedent of offering a political and economic agreement to Canada.
Route 138 is a major highway in the Canadian province of Quebec, following the entire north shore of the Saint Lawrence River past Montreal to the temporary eastern terminus in Kegashka on the Gulf of Saint Lawrence.
Quebec's Route 389 connects Route 138 adjacent to Baie-Comeau with the Newfoundland and Labrador border, connecting with the Trans-Labrador Highway (Newfoundland and Labrador provincial route 500) to Wabush and Labrador City, and beyond to Goose Bay.
Red Bay is a fishing village in Labrador, notable as one of the most precious underwater archaeological sites in the Americas.
The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF; Aviation royale canadienne, ARC) is the air force of Canada.
The Free State of Saxony (Freistaat Sachsen; Swobodny stat Sakska) is a landlocked federal state of Germany, bordering the federal states of Brandenburg, Saxony Anhalt, Thuringia, and Bavaria, as well as the countries of Poland (Lower Silesian and Lubusz Voivodeships) and the Czech Republic (Karlovy Vary, Liberec, and Ústí nad Labem Regions).
Schefferville is a town in the Canadian province of Quebec.
Sept-Îles (Quebec French pronunciation:, French for "Seven Islands") is a city in the Côte-Nord region of eastern Quebec, Canada.
Sheshatshiu is an Innu Federal Reserve in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, located approximately 30 kilometres north of Goose Bay.
Skræling (Old Norse and Icelandic: skrælingi, plural skrælingjar) is the name the Norse Greenlanders used for the peoples they encountered in North America and Greenland.
The Smallwood Reservoir is a large reservoir located in the western part of Labrador in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.
A snowmobile, also known as a motor sled, motor sledge, or snowmachine, is a motorized vehicle designed for winter travel and recreation on snow.
The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as part of the Space Shuttle program.
Statistics Canada (Statistique Canada), formed in 1971, is the Government of Canada government agency commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture.
The Strait of Belle Isle (Détroit de Belle Isle) is a waterway in eastern Canada that separates the Labrador Peninsula from the island of Newfoundland, in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
The subarctic climate (also called subpolar climate, subalpine climate, or boreal climate) is a climate characterised by long, usually very cold winters, and short, cool to mild summers.
The Torngat Mountains are a mountain range on the Labrador Peninsula at the northern tip of Newfoundland and Labrador and eastern Quebec.
Torngat Mountains National Park is a Canadian national park, located on the Labrador Peninsula at the northern tip of Newfoundland and Labrador.
The Trans-Labrador Highway (TLH) is a highway located in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.
The Treaty of Paris, also known as the Treaty of 1763, was signed on 10 February 1763 by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement, after Great Britain's victory over France and Spain during the Seven Years' War.
U-boat is an anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
Visconte Maggiolo (1478 – 1530), also spelled Maiollo and Maiolo, was an Italian cartographer and sailor.
Wabush is a small town in the western tip of Labrador, known for transportation and iron ore operations.
Weather Station Kurt (Wetter-Funkgerät Land-26) was an automatic weather station, erected by a German U-boat crew in northern Labrador, Dominion of Newfoundland in October 1943.
Sir Wilfred Thomason Grenfell, KCMG (28 February 1865 – 9 October 1940) was a medical missionary to Newfoundland.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yvonne Jean Jones,, (born March 15, 1968) is a Canadian politician of Inuit descent in Newfoundland and Labrador, who was elected to the House of Commons of Canada in a by-election on May 13, 2013.
The 52nd parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 52 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.