34 relations: Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus oryzae, Blue–white screen, Brush border, Cell membrane, Celsius, Disaccharide, Enterocyte, Enzyme, Escherichia coli, Food and Drug Administration, Galactose, Gene, Glucose, Glycoside hydrolase, Hydrolysis, Intestinal villus, Kluyveromyces lactis, Kluyveromyces marxianus, Lactase persistence, Lactose, Lactose intolerance, MCM6, Metabolism, Milk, Monomer, Multiple cloning site, PH, Phloretin, Phlorizin, Small intestine, Sugar, Temperature, Yeast.
Aspergillus niger is a fungus and one of the most common species of the genus Aspergillus.
Aspergillus oryzae, known in English as, is a filamentous fungus (a mold) used in Chinese and other East Asian cuisines to ferment soybeans for making soy sauce and fermented bean paste, and also to saccharify rice, other grains, and potatoes in the making of alcoholic beverages such as huangjiu, sake, makgeolli, and shōchū.
The blue–white screen is a screening technique that allows for the rapid and convenient detection of recombinant bacteria in vector-based molecular cloning experiments.
A brush border (striated border or brush border membrane) is the microvilli-covered surface of simple cuboidal epithelium and simple columnar epithelium cells found in certain locations of the body.
The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane or cytoplasmic membrane, and historically referred to as the plasmalemma) is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment (the extracellular space).
The Celsius scale, previously known as the centigrade scale, is a temperature scale used by the International System of Units (SI).
A disaccharide (also called a double sugar or bivose) is the sugar formed when two monosaccharides (simple sugars) are joined by glycosidic linkage.
Enterocytes, or intestinal absorptive cells, are simple columnar epithelial cells found in the small intestine.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
Galactose (galacto- + -ose, "milk sugar"), sometimes abbreviated Gal, is a monosaccharide sugar that is about as sweet as glucose, and about 30% as sweet as sucrose.
In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
Glycoside hydrolases (also called glycosidases or glycosyl hydrolases) catalyze the hydrolysis of glycosidic bonds in complex sugars.
Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.
Intestinal villi (singular: villus) are small, finger-like projections that extend into the lumen of the small intestine.
Kluyveromyces lactis is a Kluyveromyces yeast commonly used for genetic studies and industrial applications.
Kluyveromyces marxianus in ascomycetous yeast and member of the genus, Kluyveromyces.
Lactase persistence is the continued activity of the lactase enzyme in adulthood.
Lactose is a disaccharide.
Lactose intolerance is a condition in which people have symptoms due to the decreased ability to digest lactose, a sugar found in dairy products.
DNA replication licensing factor MCM6 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MCM6 gene.
Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.
Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.
A monomer (mono-, "one" + -mer, "part") is a molecule that "can undergo polymerization thereby contributing constitutional units to the essential structure of a macromolecule".
A multiple cloning site (MCS), also called a polylinker, is a short segment of DNA which contains many (up to ~20) restriction sites - a standard feature of engineered plasmids.
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
Phloretin is a dihydrochalcone, a type of natural phenols.
Phlorizin (also referred to as phloridzin; chemical name phloretin-2'-β-D-glucopyranoside) is a glucoside of phloretin, a dihydrochalcone, a family of bicyclic flavonoids, which in turn is a subgroup in the diverse phenylpropanoid synthesis pathway in plants.
The small intestine or small bowel is the part of the gastrointestinal tract between the stomach and the large intestine, and is where most of the end absorption of food takes place.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.
Yeasts are eukaryotic, single-celled microorganisms classified as members of the fungus kingdom.