45 relations: -ose, Anomer, Carl Wilhelm Scheele, Cattle, Central Africa, Condensation reaction, Disaccharide, East Africa, Enzyme, Ethanol, Europe, Evolution, Fraxinus ornus, Galactose, Glucose, Glycosidic bond, Goat, Gut flora, HarperCollins, Hermann Emil Fischer, Intestinal villus, Isomer, Jean-Baptiste Dumas, Lac operon, Lactase, Lactitol, Lactose intolerance, Lactulose, Latin, Louis Pasteur, Mammal, Marcellin Berthelot, Nectar, Pyranose, Sahel, Sendivogius, Sheep, South Asia, Stout, Sucrose, Sugar, Sugars in wine, West Africa, Western Asia, Yeast.
The suffix -ose is used in biochemistry to form the names of sugars.
An anomer is a type of geometric variation found in at certain atoms in carbohydrate molecules.
Carl Wilhelm Scheele (9 December 1742 – 21 May 1786) was a Swedish Pomeranian and German pharmaceutical chemist.
Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates.
Central Africa is the core region of the African continent which includes Burundi, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Rwanda.
A condensation reaction is a class of an organic addition reaction that proceeds in a step-wise fashion to produce the addition product, usually in equilibrium, and a water molecule (hence named condensation).
A disaccharide (also called a double sugar or bivose) is the sugar formed when two monosaccharides (simple sugars) are joined by glycosidic linkage.
East Africa or Eastern Africa is the eastern region of the African continent, variably defined by geography.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.
Fraxinus ornus, the manna ash or South European flowering ash, is a species of Fraxinus native to southern Europe and southwestern Asia, from Spain and Italy north to Austria, Poland and the Czech Republic, and east through the Balkans, Turkey, and western Syria to Lebanon and Armenia.
Galactose (galacto- + -ose, "milk sugar"), sometimes abbreviated Gal, is a monosaccharide sugar that is about as sweet as glucose, and about 30% as sweet as sucrose.
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
In chemistry, a glycosidic bond or glycosidic linkage is a type of covalent bond that joins a carbohydrate (sugar) molecule to another group, which may or may not be another carbohydrate.
The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe.
Gut flora, or gut microbiota, or gastrointestinal microbiota, is the complex community of microorganisms that live in the digestive tracts of humans and other animals, including insects.
HarperCollins Publishers L.L.C. is one of the world's largest publishing companies and is one of the Big Five English-language publishing companies, alongside Hachette, Macmillan, Penguin Random House, and Simon & Schuster.
Hermann Emil Louis Fischer FRS FRSE FCS (9 October 1852 – 15 July 1919) was a German chemist and 1902 recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Intestinal villi (singular: villus) are small, finger-like projections that extend into the lumen of the small intestine.
An isomer (from Greek ἰσομερής, isomerès; isos.
Jean Baptiste André Dumas (14 July 180010 April 1884) was a French chemist, best known for his works on organic analysis and synthesis, as well as the determination of atomic weights (relative atomic masses) and molecular weights by measuring vapor densities.
The lac operon (lactose operon) is an operon required for the transport and metabolism of lactose in Escherichia coli and many other enteric bacteria.
Lactase is an enzyme produced by many organisms.
Lactitol is a sugar alcohol used as a replacement bulk sweetener for low calorie foods with approximately 40% of the sweetness of sugar.
Lactose intolerance is a condition in which people have symptoms due to the decreased ability to digest lactose, a sugar found in dairy products.
Lactulose is a non-absorbable sugar used in the treatment of constipation and hepatic encephalopathy.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Louis Pasteur (December 27, 1822 – September 28, 1895) was a French biologist, microbiologist and chemist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization.
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
Pierre Eugène Marcellin Berthelot FRS FRSE (25 October 1827 – 18 March 1907) was a French chemist and politician noted for the ThomsenendashBerthelot principle of thermochemistry.
Nectar is a sugar-rich liquid produced by plants in glands called nectaries, either within the flowers with which it attracts pollinating animals, or by extrafloral nectaries, which provide a nutrient source to animal mutualists, which in turn provide antiherbivore protection.
Pyranose is a collective term for saccharides that have a chemical structure that includes a six-membered ring consisting of five carbon atoms and one oxygen atom.
The Sahel is the ecoclimatic and biogeographic zone of transition in Africa between the Sahara to the north and the Sudanian Savanna to the south.
Michael Sendivogius (Michał Sędziwój; 1566–1636) was a Polish alchemist, philosopher, and medical doctor.
Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammal typically kept as livestock.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
Stout is a dark beer that includes roasted malt or roasted barley, hops, water and yeast.
Sucrose is common table sugar.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
Sugars in wine are at the heart of what makes winemaking possible.
West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa.
Western Asia, West Asia, Southwestern Asia or Southwest Asia is the westernmost subregion of Asia.
Yeasts are eukaryotic, single-celled microorganisms classified as members of the fungus kingdom.