286 relations: Air Mantra, Aksai Chin, Alexander Cunningham, Ali Sher Khan Anchan, All India Radio, Ancient Futures, Andrew Harvey (religious writer), Apsarasas Kangri, Arunachal Pradesh, Austrians, Ayurveda, Baily Bridge, Balti language, Balti people, Baltistan, Barley, Basgo, BBC News, Bharal, Bharatiya Janata Party, Bhutan, Bon, Border Roads Organisation, British Empire, Brokpa, Brown bear, Buddhism, Burang County, Butter tea, Caravan (travellers), Caraway, Celsius, Central Asia, Chadar trek, Chandigarh, Changpa, Chant, Chewang Norphel, China, Chumar, Chushul, Classical Tibetan, Cosmology, Czechs, Dah Hanu, Daily Excelsior, Dalai Lama, Darcha, Dardic people, Daulat Beg Oldi, ..., Delhi, Department of Science and Technology (India), Dogra, Doordarshan, Dras, Drukpa Lineage, Dye, Dzungar Khanate, Earthquake zones of India, Education in India, Eliezer Joldan, Eurasian lynx, Eurasian Plate, Ferdinand Stoliczka, Fukche, Galdan Boshugtu Khan, Ganden Phodrang, Gazetteer, Geography of Ladakh, George Trebeck, Goa (antelope), Government of India, Gross national product, Guge, Gulab Singh, Hare, Hari Singh, Helena Norberg-Hodge, Hemis Monastery, Hemis National Park, Herodotus, Himalayas, Hindi, Hindu, Hinduism, Hippophae, Hotan County, Ice hockey in India, India, Indian Air Force, Indian Armed Forces, Indian Army, Indian Plate, Indian Standard Time, Indira Col, Indo-Aryan peoples, Indo-European languages, Indo-Tibetan Border Police, Indus River, Infant mortality, Instrument of Accession (Jammu and Kashmir), Ippolito Desideri, Islam, Jagir, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, K. N. Pandita, Kabul, Karakoram Highway, Karakoram Pass, Kargil, Kargil district, Kargil War, Karzok, Kashmir, Kashmiris, Khan (title), Khaplu, Khardung La, Kiang, Kullu, Kunlun Mountains, Kushan Empire, Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council, Leh, Ladakh Range, Ladakhi language, Lahaul and Spiti district, Lake Manasarovar, Lama, Lamayuru Monastery, Leh, Leh district, Leiden, Lhachen Bhagan, Lhasa, Li (unit), Line of Actual Control, Line of Control, Lok Sabha, Lonely Planet, Louis Gompertz, Madras Engineer Group, Maharaja, Mamostong Kangri, Marmot, Megasthenes, Michel Peissel, Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani, Mir Sham ud-Din Iraqi, Mirza Muhammad Haidar Dughlat, Mona Bhan, Moravian Church, Moravians (tribe), Mount Kailash, Mughal Empire, Muhammad Nurbakhsh Qahistani, Mushkoh Valley, Music of Kashmir, Jammu and Ladakh, Music of Tibet, Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinent, Namgyal dynasty of Ladakh, Narcotic, National Highway 1 (India), National Large Solar Telescope, Nearchus, Neolithic, Nepal, Netherlands, Ngari Prefecture, Nipponzan-Myōhōji-Daisanga, NJ9842, Noorbakshia Islam, Nubra Valley, Nun Kun, Nund Rishi, Omar Abdullah, Oxford University Press, Padmasambhava, Padum, Pakistan, Paleontology, Panchayati raj, Pangong range, Pangong Tso, Parliament of India, Partition of India, Peace Pagoda, Pensi La, People's Liberation Army, Persian language, Phugtal Monastery, Phuntsok Wangyal, Pika, Pliny the Elder, Polyandry, Polyandry in Tibet, Postal Index Number, Prasar Bharati, Primogeniture, Princely state, Ptolemy, Puranas, Purigpa, Rain shadow, Raja, Rangdum, Ranjit Singh, Rimo Muztagh, Rivers of Jammu and Kashmir, Rolf Stein, Rutog Town, Salt Valley, Saltoro Mountains, Sankoo, Saser Kangri, Second Anglo-Sikh War, Sengge Namgyal, Shahtoosh, Shehnai, Shey, Shia Islam, Shyok River, Siachen conflict, Siachen Glacier, Siberian ibex, Sikh Empire, Silk Road, Simla Agreement, Singhi Kangri, Sino-Indian War, Skardu, Snow leopard, Sonamarg, Spiti Valley, Srinagar, Standard Tibetan, States and union territories of India, Status symbol, Stok, Stongdey Monastery, Students' Educational and Cultural Movement of Ladakh, Sultan, Suru Valley, Taglang La, Teram Kangri, The Indian Express, The New York Times, Thukpa, Thupstan Chhewang, Tibet, Tibetan antelope, Tibetan Buddhism, Tibetan cuisine, Tibetan culture, Tibetan people, Tibetan sand fox, Tibetan wolf, Tibet–Ladakh–Mughal War, Tibetic languages, Tingmosgang, Tourism in Ladakh, Traditional Chinese medicine, Traditional Tibetan medicine, Tsampa, Tso Moriri, Union territory, United Nations Development Programme, Urdu, Urtica dioica, Vishnu, Vole, Wildlife of Ladakh, William Moorcroft (explorer), Xerxes I, Xinjiang, Xuanzang, Yarkant County, Zain-ul-Abidin, Zangla, Zanskar, Zhangzhung, Zoji La, Zorawar Singh Kahluria, 2010 Ladakh floods, 2013 Daulat Beg Oldi incident, 5th Dalai Lama. Expand index (236 more) » « Shrink index
Air Mantra was a regional airline headquartered in New Delhi, India, that operated domestic flights between July 2012 and April 2013.
Aksai Chin (ﺋﺎﻗﺴﺎﻱ ﭼﯩﻦ;Hindi-अक्साई चिन) is a disputed border area between China and India.
Sir Alexander Cunningham (23 January 1814 – 28 November 1893) was a British army engineer with the Bengal Engineer Group who later took an interest in the history and archaeology of India.
Ali Sher Khan Anchan (1590-1625) (Balti: علی شیر خان انچن) (also called Ali Rai, Ray Alī, Alī Rai, Raja Sher Ali Mir, Mir Ali, Sher Ali and Ali Zad) was a famous Balti king.
All India Radio (AIR), officially known since 1956 as Ākāshvāṇī ("Voice from the Sky") is the national public radio broadcaster of India and a division of Prasar Bharati.
Ancient Futures: Lessons from Ladakh for a Globalizing World, originally published with the subtitle Learning From Ladakh, is a book by Helena Norberg-Hodge.
Andrew Harvey (born 1952) is a British author, religious scholar and teacher of mystic traditions, known primarily for his popular nonfiction books on spiritual or mystical themes, beginning with his 1983 A Journey in Ladakh.
Apsarasas Kangri is a mountain in the Siachen Karakoram range.
Arunachal Pradesh ("the land of dawn-lit mountains") is one of the 29 states of India and is the northeastern-most state of the country.
Austrians (Österreicher) are a Germanic nation and ethnic group, native to modern Austria and South Tyrol that share a common Austrian culture, Austrian descent and Austrian history.
Ayurveda is a system of medicine with historical roots in the Indian subcontinent.
The Baily Bridge is the bridge at the highest elevation in the world.
Balti (Nastaʿlīq script) is a Tibetic language spoken in the Baltistan region of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan, the Nubra Valley of Leh district, and in the Kargil district of Jammu and Kashmir, India.
The Balti are an ethnic group of Tibetan descent with Dardic admixture who live in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan and the Kargil region of India.
Baltistan (بلتستان, script also known as Baltiyul or Little Tibet (script), is a mountainous region on the border of Pakistan and India in the Karakoram mountains just south of K2 (the world's second-highest mountain). Baltistan borders Gilgit to the west, Xinjiang (China) in the north, Ladakh on the southeast and the Kashmir Valley on the southwest. Its average altitude is over. Prior to 1947, Baltistan was part of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, having been conquered by Raja Gulab Singh's armies in 1840. Baltistan and Ladakh were administered jointly under one wazarat (district) of the state. Baltistan retained its identity in this set-up as the Skardu tehsil, with Kargil and Leh being the other two tehsils of the district. After the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir acceded to India, Gilgit Scouts overthrew the Maharaja's governor in Gilgit and (with Azad Kashmir's irregular forces) captured Baltistan. The Gilgit Agency and Baltistan have been governed by Pakistan ever since. The Kashmir Valley and the Kargil and Leh tehsils were retained by India. A small portion of Baltistan, including the village of Turtuk in the Nubra Valley, was incorporated into Ladakh after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. The region is inhabited primarily by Balti people of Tibetan descent. Millennia-old Tibetan culture, customs, norms, language and script still exist, although the vast majority of the population follows Islam. Baltistan is strategically significant to Pakistan and India; the Kargil and Siachen Wars were fought there. The region is the setting for Greg Mortenson's book, Three Cups of Tea.
Barley (Hordeum vulgare), a member of the grass family, is a major cereal grain grown in temperate climates globally.
Basgo is a town situated on the bank of the Indus river in Leh district, Ladakh, India.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
The bharal (Pseudois nayaur), also called the Himalayan blue sheep or naur, is a caprid found in the high Himalayas of India, Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet, and Pakistan.
The Bharatiya Janata Party (translation: Indian People's Party; BJP) is one of the two major political parties in India, along with the Indian National Congress.
Bhutan, officially the Kingdom of Bhutan (Druk Gyal Khap), is a landlocked country in South Asia.
Bon, also spelled Bön, is a Tibetan religion, which self-identifies as distinct from Tibetan Buddhism, although it shares the same overall teachings and terminology.
The Border Roads Organisation (BRO) develops and maintains road networks in India's border areas and friendly neighbouring countries.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The Brokpa are a small community of Dard people residing in Jammu and Kashmir region, about northwest of Leh and north of Kargil in Ladakh.
The brown bear (Ursus arctos) is a bear that is found across much of northern Eurasia and North America.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Burang County (སྤུ་ཧྲེང་རྫོང་།) is called Purang in Tibetan, and the county capital is also known as Burang or Purang in Tibetan and Taklakot in Nepali.
Butter tea, also known as po cha ("Tibetan tea"), cha süma ("churned tea"), Mandarin Chinese: sūyóu chá (酥油茶) or gur gur in the Ladakhi language, is a drink of the people in the Himalayan regions of Nepal, Bhutan, India (particularly in Ladakh, Sikkim) and, most famously, Tibet.
Caravans A caravan (from کاروان) is a group of people traveling together, often on a trade expedition.
Caraway, also known as meridian fennel, and Persian cumin, (Carum carvi) is a biennial plant in the family Apiaceae,USDA Plants native to western Asia, Europe, and North Africa.
The Celsius scale, previously known as the centigrade scale, is a temperature scale used by the International System of Units (SI).
Central Asia stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.
The Chadar Trek or the Zanskar Gorge is a winter trail in the Zanskar region of Ladakh, in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Chandigarh is a city and a union territory in India that serves as the capital of the two neighbouring states of Haryana and Punjab.
The Changpa or Champa are a semi-nomadic Tibetan people found mainly in the Changtang in Ladakh and in Jammu and Kashmir.
A chant (from French chanter, from Latin cantare, "to sing") is the iterative speaking or singing of words or sounds, often primarily on one or two main pitches called reciting tones.
Chewang Norphel (born 1935) is an Indian civil engineer from Ladakh, who has built 15 artificial glaciers.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chumar is a border patrol facility located in southern Ladakh in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Chushul is a village in the Leh district of Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Classical Tibetan refers to the language of any text written in Tibetic after the Old Tibetan period; though it extends from the 7th century until the modern day, it particularly refers to the language of early canonical texts translated from other languages, especially Sanskrit.
Cosmology (from the Greek κόσμος, kosmos "world" and -λογία, -logia "study of") is the study of the origin, evolution, and eventual fate of the universe.
The Czechs (Češi,; singular masculine: Čech, singular feminine: Češka) or the Czech people (Český národ), are a West Slavic ethnic group and a nation native to the Czech Republic in Central Europe, who share a common ancestry, culture, history and Czech language.
Dah, or Dha, and Hanu are two villages of the Brokpa of the Leh District of the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir.
The Daily Excelsior is an English-language newspaper published in Jammu, a city in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Dalai Lama (Standard Tibetan: ཏཱ་ལའི་བླ་མ་, Tā la'i bla ma) is a title given to spiritual leaders of the Tibetan people.
Darcha (elevation 3,360 m or 11,020 ft) is a village on the Bhaga River in Lahaul region in Lahaul and Spiti district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.
The Dards are a group of Indo-Aryan peoples found predominantly in northern Pakistan, north-western India, and eastern Afghanistan.
Daulat Beg Oldi (also Oldie, DBO), Ladakh, state of Jammu and Kashmir, India is a historic camp site and current military base located on an ancient trade route connecting Ladakh to the Tarim Basin.
Delhi (Dilli), officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a union territory of India.
The Department of Science and Technology (DST) is a department within the Ministry of Science and Technology in India.
The Dogras are an Indo-Aryan ethno-linguistic group in India and Pakistan that speaks the Dogri language.
Doordarshan (abbreviated in English as DD) is an autonomous public service broadcaster founded by the Government of India, which is owned by the Broadcasting Ministry of India and is one of two divisions of Prasar Bharati.
Dras (ISO transliteration: Drās) is a town in the Kargil District of Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir on NH 1 (former name NH 1D before renumbering of all national highways) between Zoji La pass and Kargil town.
The Drukpa Lineage, or simply Drukpa, sometimes called either Dugpa or "Red Hat sect" in older sources, by Alexandra David-Néel.
A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.
The Dzungar Khanate, also written as the Zunghar Khanate, was an Oirat khanate on the Eurasian Steppe.
The Indian subcontinent has a history of devastating earthquakes.
Education in India is provided by the public sector as well as the private sector, with control and funding coming from three levels: central, state and local.
Eliezer Joldan was the first trained graduate to profess teaching as a profession in Ladakh.
The Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) is a medium-sized wild cat native to Siberia, Central, Eastern, and Southern Asia, Northern, Central and Eastern Europe.
The Eurasian Plate is a tectonic plate which includes most of the continent of Eurasia (a landmass consisting of the traditional continents of Europe and Asia), with the notable exceptions of the Indian subcontinent, the Arabian subcontinent, and the area east of the Chersky Range in East Siberia.
Ferdinand Stoliczka (Czech written Stolička, June 7, 1838 – June 19, 1874) was a Moravian palaeontologist who worked in India on paleontology, geology and various aspects of zoology, including ornithology, malacology, and herpetology.
Fukche Advanced Landing Ground is one of the numerous Advanced Landing Grounds built in India during and after the 1962 Sino-Indian War.
Choros Erdeniin Galdan (1644–1697, Галдан Бошигт хаан,, in Mongolian script: Galdan bošoɣtu qaɣan) was a Dzungar-Oirat Khan of the Dzungar Khanate.
The Ganden Phodrang or Ganden Podrang was the Tibetan government that was established by the 5th Dalai Lama with the help of the Güshi Khan of the Khoshut in 1642.
A gazetteer is a geographical dictionary or directory used in conjunction with a map or atlas.
Ladakh is the highest altitude plateau region in India (much of it being over 3,000 m), incorporating parts of the Himalayan and Karakoram mountain ranges and the upper Indus River valley.
George Trebeck (1800-1825) was born in Middlesex, England in the year 1800.
The goa (Procapra picticaudata), also known as the Tibetan gazelle, is a species of antelope that inhabits the Tibetan plateau.
The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.
Gross national product (GNP) is the market value of all the goods and services produced in one year by labor and property supplied by the citizens of a country.
Guge was an ancient kingdom in Western Tibet.
Gulab Singh (1792–1857) was the founder of royal Dogra dynasty and first Maharaja of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, the second largest princely state in British India, which was created after the defeat of the Sikh Empire in the First Anglo-Sikh War.
Hares and jackrabbits are leporids belonging to the genus Lepus.
Hari Singh (September 1895 – 26 April 1961) was the last ruling Maharaja of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir in India.
Helena Norberg-Hodge is founder and director of Local Futures, previously known as the International Society for Ecology and Culture (ISEC).
Hemis Monastery is a Tibetan Buddhist monastery (gompa) of the Drukpa Lineage, in Hemis, Ladakh, India.
Hemis National Park (or Hemis High Altitude National Park) is a high altitude national park in the eastern Ladakh region of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in India.
Herodotus (Ἡρόδοτος, Hêródotos) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus in the Persian Empire (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (484– 425 BC), a contemporary of Thucydides, Socrates, and Euripides.
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, form a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.
Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Hippophae is a genus of sea buckthorns, deciduous shrubs in the family Elaeagnaceae.
The Hotan County is a county in the southwest of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and is under the administration of the Hotan Prefecture.
Ice hockey is a sport that is gaining popularity in India.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Indian Air Force (IAF; IAST: Bhāratīya Vāyu Senā) is the air arm of the Indian armed forces.
The Indian Armed Forces (Hindi (in IAST): Bhāratīya Saśastra Senāeṃ) are the military forces of the Republic of India.
The Indian Army is the land-based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces.
The Indian Plate or India Plate is a major tectonic plate straddling the equator in the eastern hemisphere.
Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time observed throughout India, with a time offset of UTC+05:30.
The Indira Col (altitude) is a col (mountain pass, also called La in the local language) on the Indira Ridge in the Siachen Muztagh in the Karakoram Range.
Indo-Aryan peoples are a diverse Indo-European-speaking ethnolinguistic group of speakers of Indo-Aryan languages.
The Indo-European languages are a language family of several hundred related languages and dialects.
The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) is one of the five Central Armed Police Forces of India, raised on 24 October 1962, under the CRPF Act, in the wake of the Sino-Indian War of 1962.
The Indus River (also called the Sindhū) is one of the longest rivers in Asia.
Infant mortality refers to deaths of young children, typically those less than one year of age.
The Instrument of Accession is a legal document executed by Maharaja Hari Singh, ruler of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, on 26 October 1947.
Ippolito Desideri or Hippolyte Desideri (21 December 1684 – 14 April 1733) was an Italian Jesuit missionary and traveller and the most famous of the early European missionaries to visit Tibet.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
A jagir (IAST: Jāgīr), also spelled as jageer, was a type of feudal land grant in South Asia at the foundation of its Jagirdar system.
Jammu is the largest city in the Jammu Division and the winter capital of state of Jammu and Kashmir in India.
Jammu and Kashmir (ænd) is a state in northern India, often denoted by its acronym, J&K.
K. N. Pandita, also known as Kashi Nath Pandita (born 1929), is an Indian historian.
Kabul (کابل) is the capital of Afghanistan and its largest city, located in the eastern section of the country.
The N-35 or National Highway 35 (قومی شاہراہ 35), known more popularly as the Karakoram Highway (شاہراہ قراقرم) and China-Pakistan Friendship Highway, is a 1300 km national highway in Pakistan which extends from Hasan Abdal in Punjab province of Pakistan to the Khunjerab Pass in Gilgit-Baltistan, where it crosses into China and becomes China National Highway 314.
The Karakoram Pass (क़राक़रम दर्रा) is a mountain pass between India and China in the Karakoram Range.
Kargil is a city in the Kargil district of Ladakh region, in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Kargil is a district of Ladakh division in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
The Kargil War (करगिल युद्ध, kargil yuddh, کرگل جنگ kargil jang), also known as the Kargil conflict, was an armed conflict between India and Pakistan that took place between May and July 1999 in the Kargil district of Kashmir and elsewhere along the Line of Control (LOC).
Karzok or Korzok is a village in the Leh district of Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent.
The Kashmiris (کٲشُر لُکھ / कॉशुर लुख) are an ethnic group native to the Kashmir Valley, in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, who speak Kashmiri, an Indo-Aryan Dardic language.
Khan خان/khan; is a title for a sovereign or a military ruler, used by Mongolians living to the north of China. Khan has equivalent meanings such as "commander", "leader", or "ruler", "king" and "chief". khans exist in South Asia, Middle East, Central Asia, Eastern Europe, East Africa and Turkey. The female alternatives are Khatun and Khanum. These titles or names are sometimes written as Khan/خان in Persian, Han, Kan, Hakan, Hanum, or Hatun (in Turkey) and as "xan", "xanım" (in Azerbaijan), and medieval Turkic tribes.
Khaplu (Urdu and Balti), also spelt Khapalu, is a town that serves as the administrative capital of the Ghanche District of Gilgit-Baltistan, in northern Pakistan.
Khardung La (Khardung Pass, la means pass in Tibetan) is a mountain pass in the Ladakh region of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
The kiang (Equus kiang) is the largest of the wild asses.
Kullu or Kulu is the capital town of the Kullu district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.
The Kunlun Mountains (Хөндлөн Уулс, Khöndlön Uuls) are one of the longest mountain chains in Asia, extending more than.
The Kushan Empire (Βασιλεία Κοσσανῶν; Κυϸανο, Kushano; कुषाण साम्राज्य Kuṣāṇa Samrajya; BHS:; Chinese: 貴霜帝國; Kušan-xšaθr) was a syncretic empire, formed by the Yuezhi, in the Bactrian territories in the early 1st century.
The Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council, Leh (LAHDC) is an Autonomous Hill Council that administers the Leh District of Jammu and Kashmir, India.
The Ladakh Range is a mountain range in central Ladakh in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
The Ladakhi language, also called Bhoti or Bodhi, is a Tibetic language spoken in the Ladakh region of India.
The district of Lahaul-Spiti in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh consists of the two formerly separate districts of Lahaul and Spiti.
Lake Manasarovar (Chinese: -zh玛旁雍錯 (simplified), -zh瑪旁雍錯(traditional)), also called Mapam Yumtso, is a high altitude freshwater lake fed by the Kailash Glaciers near Mount Kailash in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China.
Lama ("chief" or "high priest") is a title for a teacher of the Dhamma in Tibetan Buddhism.
Lamayuru or Yuru Monastery ("Eternal Monastery", لمیرو گومپا) is a Tibetan Buddhist monastery in Lamayouro, Leh district, India.
Leh is a town in the Leh district of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Leh is one of the two districts located in Ladakh, the other being the Kargil District to the west, in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Leiden (in English and archaic Dutch also Leyden) is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland, Netherlands.
Lhachen Bhagan was a Basgo king who united Ladakh in 1470 by overthrowing the king of Leh.
Lhasa is a city and administrative capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China.
The li (lǐ, or 市里, shìlǐ), also known as the Chinese mile, is a traditional Chinese unit of distance.
The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is a demarcation line that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory in the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir.
The term Line of Control (LoC) refers to the military control line between the Indian and Pakistani controlled parts of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir—a line which does not constitute a legally recognized international boundary, but is the de facto border.
The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house of India's bicameral Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha.
Lonely Planet is the largest travel guide book publisher in the world.
Martin Louis Alan Gompertz (February 23, 1886 – September 29, 1951) was an Anglo-Indian soldier and writer, born in India, also known by the pseudonym of 'Ganpat', which was the nearest his Indian troops could get to pronouncing 'Gompertz'.
Madras Engineer Group (MEG), informally known as the Madras Sappers, is an engineer group of the Corps of Engineers of the Indian Army.
Mahārāja (महाराज, also spelled Maharajah, Moharaja) is a Sanskrit title for a "great ruler", "great king" or "high king".
Surveyed as K35, Mamostong Kangri or Mamostang Kangri is the highest peak in the remote Rimo Muztagh, a subrange of the Karakoram range in Jammu and Kashmir state of India near its border with China.
Marmots are large squirrels in the genus Marmota, with 15 species.
Megasthenes (Μεγασθένης, c. 350 – c. 290 BC) was an ancient Greek historian, diplomat and Indian ethnographer and explorer in the Hellenistic period.
Michel Georges Francois Peissel (February 11, 1937 – October 7, 2011) was a French ethnologist, explorer and author.
Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani (میر سید علی ہمدانی‎; 1314–1384) was a Persian Sūfī of the Kubrawiya order, a poet and a prominent Shafi'i Muslim scholar.
Mir Shams-ud-din Muhammad Iraqi udshikkan (1484–1526) (میرشمس الدین محمد عراقی بدشکن) was known for having introduced the tenets held by Noorbakshi, the order of the Sufis in Kashmir who influenced the social complexity of the valley.
Mirza Muhammad Haidar Dughlat Beg (1499 or 1500–1551) was a Chagatai Turko-Mogol military general, ruler of Kashmir, and a historical writer.
Mona Bhan is a cultural anthropologist and associate professor of Anthropology at DePauw University.
The Moravian Church, formally named the Unitas Fratrum (Latin for "Unity of the Brethren"), in German known as Brüdergemeine (meaning "Brethren's Congregation from Herrnhut", the place of the Church's renewal in the 18th century), is one of the oldest Protestant denominations in the world with its heritage dating back to the Bohemian Reformation in the fifteenth century and the Unity of the Brethren (Czech: Jednota bratrská) established in the Kingdom of Bohemia.
The Moravians (Old Slavic self-designation Moravljane, Moravania, Moravané) were a West Slavic tribe in the Early Middle Ages.
Mount Kailash (also Mount Kailasa; Kangrinboqê or Gang Rinpoche (Tibetan: གངས་རིན་པོ་ཆེ; s (simplified); t (traditional)), is a 6,638 m (21,778 ft) high peak in the Kailash Range (Gangdisê Mountains), which forms part of Transhimalaya in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. The mountain is located near Lake Manasarovar and Lake Rakshastal, close to the source of some of the longest Asian rivers: the Indus, Sutlej, Brahmaputra, and Karnali also known as Ghaghara (a tributary of the Ganges) in India. Mount Kailash is considered to be sacred in four religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Bön and Jainism.
The Mughal Empire (گورکانیان, Gūrkāniyān)) or Mogul Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526. It was established and ruled by a Muslim dynasty with Turco-Mongol Chagatai roots from Central Asia, but with significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances; only the first two Mughal emperors were fully Central Asian, while successive emperors were of predominantly Rajput and Persian ancestry. The dynasty was Indo-Persian in culture, combining Persianate culture with local Indian cultural influences visible in its traits and customs. The Mughal Empire at its peak extended over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent and parts of Afghanistan. It was the second largest empire to have existed in the Indian subcontinent, spanning approximately four million square kilometres at its zenith, after only the Maurya Empire, which spanned approximately five million square kilometres. The Mughal Empire ushered in a period of proto-industrialization, and around the 17th century, Mughal India became the world's largest economic power, accounting for 24.4% of world GDP, and the world leader in manufacturing, producing 25% of global industrial output up until the 18th century. The Mughal Empire is considered "India's last golden age" and one of the three Islamic Gunpowder Empires (along with the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia). The beginning of the empire is conventionally dated to the victory by its founder Babur over Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). The Mughal emperors had roots in the Turco-Mongol Timurid dynasty of Central Asia, claiming direct descent from both Genghis Khan (founder of the Mongol Empire, through his son Chagatai Khan) and Timur (Turco-Mongol conqueror who founded the Timurid Empire). During the reign of Humayun, the successor of Babur, the empire was briefly interrupted by the Sur Empire. The "classic period" of the Mughal Empire started in 1556 with the ascension of Akbar the Great to the throne. Under the rule of Akbar and his son Jahangir, the region enjoyed economic progress as well as religious harmony, and the monarchs were interested in local religious and cultural traditions. Akbar was a successful warrior who also forged alliances with several Hindu Rajput kingdoms. Some Rajput kingdoms continued to pose a significant threat to the Mughal dominance of northwestern India, but most of them were subdued by Akbar. All Mughal emperors were Muslims; Akbar, however, propounded a syncretic religion in the latter part of his life called Dīn-i Ilāhī, as recorded in historical books like Ain-i-Akbari and Dabistān-i Mazāhib. The Mughal Empire did not try to intervene in the local societies during most of its existence, but rather balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices and diverse and inclusive ruling elites, leading to more systematic, centralised, and uniform rule. Traditional and newly coherent social groups in northern and western India, such as the Maratha Empire|Marathas, the Rajputs, the Pashtuns, the Hindu Jats and the Sikhs, gained military and governing ambitions during Mughal rule, which, through collaboration or adversity, gave them both recognition and military experience. The reign of Shah Jahan, the fifth emperor, between 1628 and 1658, was the zenith of Mughal architecture. He erected several large monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra, as well as the Moti Masjid, Agra, the Red Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Jama Masjid, Delhi, and the Lahore Fort. The Mughal Empire reached the zenith of its territorial expanse during the reign of Aurangzeb and also started its terminal decline in his reign due to Maratha military resurgence under Category:History of Bengal Category:History of West Bengal Category:History of Bangladesh Category:History of Kolkata Category:Empires and kingdoms of Afghanistan Category:Medieval India Category:Historical Turkic states Category:Mongol states Category:1526 establishments in the Mughal Empire Category:1857 disestablishments in the Mughal Empire Category:History of Pakistan.
Mir Sayyid Muhammad Nurbakhsh Qahistani (1392-1464; محمد بن عبد الله الموسوئی قہستانی) was a mystic (Sufi) who gave name to the Noorbakshia school of Islam.
The Mushkoh Valley is a valley in Ladakh, India.
Kashmiri music reflects the rich musical heritage and cultural legacy of Kashmir.
The music of Tibet reflects the cultural heritage of the trans-Himalayan region, centered in Tibet but also known wherever ethnic Tibetan groups are found in Nepal, Bhutan, India and further abroad.
Muslim conquests on the Indian subcontinent mainly took place from the 12th to the 16th centuries, though earlier Muslim conquests made limited inroads into modern Afghanistan and Pakistan as early as the time of the Rajput kingdoms in the 8th century.
The Namgyal dynasty of Ladakh was founded by Bhagan, a Basgo king, who reunited Ladakh by overthrowing the king of Leh.
The term narcotic (from ancient Greek ναρκῶ narkō, "to make numb") originally referred medically to any psychoactive compound with sleep-inducing properties.
National Highway 1 is a national highway in the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir.
The National Large Solar Telescope (NLST) is a Gregorian multi-purpose open telescopeHasan, S. S. The Indian National Large Solar Telescope proposed to be built in Merak village in Ladakh in India and aims to study the sun's microscopic structure.
Nearchus or Nearchos (Νέαρχος; – 300 BC) was one of the officers, a navarch, in the army of Alexander the Great.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Ngari Prefecture is a prefecture of China's Tibet Autonomous Region.
, often referred to as just Nipponzan Myohoji or the Japan Buddha Sangha, is a Japanese new religious movement founded in 1917 by Nichidatsu Fujii, emerging from Nichiren Buddhism.
NJ9842 (in full: NJ 38 98000, 13 42000, yard based Indian Grid Coordinates) is the northernmost demarcated point of the India-Pakistan cease fire line known as the Line of Control.
Noorbakhshia Islam, also called Sufia Noorbakhshia, is one of the Sufi sects of Islam.
Nubra (Tibetan: ལྡུམ་ར; Wylie: ldum ra; English: Nubra) is a tri-armed valley located to the north east of Ladakh valley.
The Nun Kun mountain massif consists of a pair of Himalayan peaks: Nun, 7,135 m (23,409 ft) and its neighbor peak Kun Peak, 7,077 m (23,218 ft).
Nund Rishi or Nund Reshi (نُندہ ریشی), also known as Sheikh Noor ud-Din Wali, Sheikh Noor ud-Din Noorani (شیخ نُورالدین نُورانی) and popularly as Sheikh ul-Alam (شیخُ العالم) among the Muslim and as Sahajanand and among the Hindus – was a Kashmiri mystic regarded as the patron saint of Kashmiris.
Omar Abdullah (born 10 March 1970) is an Indian politician and the scion of one of the most prominent political families of Jammu and Kashmir, the Abdullah family, CNN-IBN, 5 Jan 2009.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Padmasambhava (lit. "Lotus-Born"), also known as Guru Rinpoche, was an 8th-century Indian Buddhist master.
Padum is named after Padmasambhava.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
Paleontology or palaeontology is the scientific study of life that existed prior to, and sometimes including, the start of the Holocene Epoch (roughly 11,700 years before present).
The Panchayat raj is a South Asian political system found mainly in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Trinidad and Tobago, and Nepal.
The Pangong Range is a mountain range in the northern Indian region of Ladakh that runs parallel to the Ladakh Range about 100 km northwest from Chushul, along the southern shore of the Pangong Lake.
Pangong Tso (Hindi: पांगोंग त्सो), Tibetan for "high grassland lake", also referred to as Pangong Lake, is an endorheic lake in the Himalayas situated at a height of about.
The Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body of the Republic of India.
The Partition of India was the division of British India in 1947 which accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan.
A Peace Pagoda is a Buddhist stupa; a monument to inspire peace, designed to provide a focus for people of all races and creeds, and to help unite them in their search for world peace.
Pensi-la (Pensi Pass) is a mountain pass in the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir, which is known as the Gateway to Zanskar.
The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Communist Party of China (CPC).
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
Phugtal Monastery or Phugtal Gompa (often transliterated as Phuktal) is a Buddhist monastery located in the remote Lungnak Valley in south-eastern Zanskar, in the autonomous Himalayan region of Ladakh, in Northern India.
Phuntsok Wangyal Goranangpa (2 January 1922 – 30 March 2014), also known as Phuntsog Wangyal, Bapa Phuntsok Wangyal or Phünwang, was a Tibetan politician.
--> | image.
Pliny the Elder (born Gaius Plinius Secundus, AD 23–79) was a Roman author, naturalist and natural philosopher, a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and friend of emperor Vespasian.
Polyandry (from πολυ- poly-, "many" and ἀνήρ anēr, "man") is a form of polygamy in which a woman takes two or more husbands at the same time.
Polyandry is a marital arrangement in which a woman has several husbands.
A Postal Index Number or PIN or PIN code is a code in the post office numbering or post code system used by India Post, the Indian postal administration.
Prasar Bharati is India's largest public broadcasting agency.
Primogeniture is the right, by law or custom, of the paternally acknowledged, firstborn son to inherit his parent's entire or main estate, in preference to daughters, elder illegitimate sons, younger sons and collateral relatives; in some cases the estate may instead be the inheritance of the firstborn child or occasionally the firstborn daughter.
A princely state, also called native state (legally, under the British) or Indian state (for those states on the subcontinent), was a vassal state under a local or regional ruler in a subsidiary alliance with the British Raj.
Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.
The Puranas (singular: पुराण), are ancient Hindu texts eulogizing various deities, primarily the divine Trimurti God in Hinduism through divine stories.
The Purigpa are a community found in Jammu and Kashmir in India.
A rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area (away from the wind).
Raja (also spelled rajah, from Sanskrit राजन्), is a title for a monarch or princely ruler in South and Southeast Asia.
Rangdum is in a valley situated 3,657 m (11,998 ft) above the sea level, in an isolated region of the Suru valley in the Ladakh region in the state of Jammu and Kashmir in Northern India.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780 –1839) was the leader of the Sikh Empire, which ruled the northwest Indian subcontinent in the early half of the 19th century.
The Rimo Muztagh is one of the most remote subranges of the Karakoram range.
The State of Jammu and Kashmir has many lakes, rivers, and glaciers.
Rolf Alfred Stein (13 June 1911 – 9 October 1999) was a German-born French Sinologist and Tibetologist.
Rutog or Rudok is a town and seat of Rutog County in far western Tibet.
The Salt Valley is a wide open area in the Rupshu region, a valley in southeast Ladakh, India.
The Saltoro Mountains (سلسلہ کوہ سالتورو) are a subrange of the Karakoram Range.
Sankoo is a town and tehsil in the Kargil district of the Jammu and Kashmir state of India.
Saser Kangri (or Sasir Kangri) is a mountain in India.
The Second Anglo-Sikh War was a military conflict between the Sikh Empire and the British East India Company that took place in 1848 and 1849.
Sengge Namgyal (Sen-ge-rnam-rgyal, c. 1570–1642) was a 17th-century Namgyal dynasty King of Ladakh, India from 1616 to his death in 1642.
Shahtoosh (also written shahtush, a Persian word meaning "king of fine wools") is the name given to a specific kind of shawl, which is woven with the down hair of the Tibetan antelope (chiru), by master craftsmen and women of Kashmir.
The shehnai, shenoy, sanai, shahnai, shenai, shanai or mangal vadya or sahanai (शहनाई, শানাই, सनई, ଶାହାନାଇ, ಸನಾದಿ) is a musical instrument similar to the oboe, common in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
Shey is a village in the Leh district of Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Shia (شيعة Shīʿah, from Shīʻatu ʻAlī, "followers of Ali") is a branch of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad designated Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor (Imam), most notably at the event of Ghadir Khumm.
The Shyok River (دریائے شیوک; literally "The River of Death" in Yarkandi Uyghur) flows through northern Ladakh in India and the Ghangche District of Gilgit–Baltistan of Pakistan spanning some.
The Siachen conflict, sometimes referred to as the Siachen War, was a military conflict between India and Pakistan over the disputed Siachen Glacier region in Kashmir.
The Siachen Glacier (Hindi: सियाचिन ग्लेशियर, Urdu: سیاچن گلیشیر) is a glacier located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas at about, just northeast of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan ends.
The Siberian ibex (Capra sibirica) is a species of ibex that lives in central Asia.
The Sikh Empire (also Sikh Khalsa Raj, Sarkar-i-Khalsa or Pañjab (Punjab) Empire) was a major power in the Indian subcontinent, formed under the leadership of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, who established a secular empire based in the Punjab.
The Silk Road was an ancient network of trade routes that connected the East and West.
The Simla Agreement (or Shimla Agreement) was signed between India and Pakistan on 2 July 1972 in Simla, the capital city of Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.
Singhi Kangri is a peak in the Karakoram range.
The Sino-Indian War (भारत-चीन युद्ध Bhārat-Chīn Yuddh), also known as the Sino-Indian Border Conflict, was a war between China and India that occurred in 1962.
Skardu (سکردو, script) is a city in Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan, and serves as the capital of Skardu District.
The snow leopard or ounce (Panthera uncia) is a large cat native to the mountain ranges of Central and South Asia.
Sonmarg (translation: "Meadow of Gold") is a hill station in Ganderbal district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir about 80 km north-east of Srinagar.
The Spiti Valley is a cold desert mountain valley located high in the Himalaya mountains in the north-eastern part of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.
Srinagar is the largest city and the summer capital of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Standard Tibetan is the most widely spoken form of the Tibetic languages.
India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.
A status symbol is a perceived visible, external denotation of one's social position and perceived indicator of economic or social status.
Stok is a village in the Leh district of Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Stongdey Monastery, often written Stongde, Stongday, Tonday or Thonde, is a flourishing Buddhist monastery in Zanskar, Jammu and Kashmir, northern India, approximately 18 km north of Padum, on the road to Zangla, India.
The Students' Educational and Cultural Movement of Ladakh is an Indian non-governmental organisation based in Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir, India.
Sultan (سلطان) is a position with several historical meanings.
The Suru valley is a valley in the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir, which is drained by the Suru River (Indus), a powerful tributary of the Indus river.
Tanglang La, elevation, is a high mountain pass in Ladakh region of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
The Teram Kangri group is a mountain massif in the remote Siachen Muztagh, a subrange of the Karakoram range.
The Indian Express is an English-language Indian daily newspaper.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Thukpa is a Tibetan noodle soup, which originated in the eastern part of Tibet and eastern and northern part of Nepal.
Thupstan Chhewang (born 1 September 1947) is a member of the 14th Lok Sabha of India.
Tibet is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia.
The Tibetan antelope or chiru (Pantholops hodgsonii) (pronounced) is a medium-sized bovid native to the Tibetan plateau.
Tibetan Buddhism is the form of Buddhist doctrine and institutions named after the lands of Tibet, but also found in the regions surrounding the Himalayas and much of Central Asia.
Tibetan cuisine includes the culinary traditions and practices of Tibet and its peoples, many of whom reside in India and Nepal.
Tibet developed a distinct culture due to its geographic and climatic conditions.
The Tibetan people are an ethnic group native to Tibet.
The Tibetan sand fox (Vulpes ferrilata) is a species of true fox endemic to the high Tibetan Plateau, Ladakh plateau, Nepal, China, Sikkim, and Bhutan, up to altitudes of about 5300 m. It is classed as of "least concern" for extinction by the IUCN, on account of its widespread range in the Tibetan Plateau's steppes and semi-deserts.
The Tibetan wolf (Canis lupus filchneri) is a subspecies of the gray wolf that is native to China in the regions of Gansu, Qinghai, and the Tibetan Plateau.
The Tibet–Ladakh–Mughal War of 1679–84 was fought between the Gelug dominated Tibetan Ganden Phodrang government and the Drukpa Kagyu Ladakh, with assistance from the Mughal Empire troops.
The Tibetic languages are a cluster of Sino-Tibetan languages descended from Old Tibetan, spoken across a wide area of eastern Central Asia bordering the Indian subcontinent, including the Tibetan Plateau and the Himalayas in Baltistan, Ladakh, Nepal, Sikkim, and Bhutan.
Tingmosgang is a castle in Temisgam village, on the bank of Indus River in Ladakh, in northwestern India.
Ladakh (Hindi: लद्दाख़, pron.), a word which means "land of high passes", is a region in the state of Jammu and Kashmir of Northern India sandwiched between the Karakoram mountain range to the north and the Himalayas to the south and is situated at the height of 11,400 ft.
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a style of traditional medicine built on a foundation of more than 2,500 years of Chinese medical practice that includes various forms of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage (tui na), exercise (qigong), and dietary therapy, but recently also influenced by modern Western medicine.
Traditional Tibetan medicine, also known as Sowa-Rigpa medicine, is a centuries-old traditional medical system that employs a complex approach to diagnosis, incorporating techniques such as pulse analysis and urinalysis, and utilizes behavior and dietary modification, medicines composed of natural materials (e.g., herbs and minerals) and physical therapies (e.g. Tibetan acupuncture, moxabustion, etc.) to treat illness.
Tsampa or Tsamba (साम्पा) is a Tibetan and Himalayan Nepalese staple foodstuff, particularly prominent in the central part of the region.
Tso Moriri or Lake Moriri or "Mountain Lake", is a lake in the Ladakhi part of the Changthang Plateau (literally: northern plains) in Jammu and Kashmir in Northern India.
A union territory is a type of administrative division in the Republic of India.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.
Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.
Urtica dioica, often called common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae.
Vishnu (Sanskrit: विष्णु, IAST) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism, and the Supreme Being in its Vaishnavism tradition.
A vole is a small rodent.
The flora and fauna of Ladakh was first studied by Ferdinand Stoliczka, an Austrian/Czech palaeontologist, who carried out a massive expedition in the region in the 1870s.
William Moorcroft (1767 – 27 August 1825) was an English explorer employed by the East India Company.
Xerxes I (𐎧𐏁𐎹𐎠𐎼𐏁𐎠 x-š-y-a-r-š-a Xšayaṛša "ruling over heroes", Greek Ξέρξης; 519–465 BC), called Xerxes the Great, was the fourth king of kings of the Achaemenid dynasty of Persia.
Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى; SASM/GNC: Xinjang Uyĝur Aptonom Rayoni; p) is a provincial-level autonomous region of China in the northwest of the country.
Xuanzang (fl. c. 602 – 664) was a Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveller, and translator who travelled to India in the seventh century and described the interaction between Chinese Buddhism and Indian Buddhism during the early Tang dynasty.
Yarkant County or Yeken County (lit. Cliff cityP. Lurje, “”, Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition) is a county in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China, located on the southern rim of the Taklamakan desert in the Tarim Basin.
Ghiyas-ud-Din Zain-ul-Abidin (reigned: 1418–1419 and 1420–1470) was the eighth sultan of Kashmir.
Zangla is a place in Zanskar tehsil of Kargil district, in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Zanskar or Zangskar (Ladakhi: zangs dkar་) is a subdistrict or tehsil of the Kargil district, which lies in the eastern half of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Zhangzhung or Shangshung was an ancient culture and kingdom of western and northwestern Tibet, which pre-dates the culture of Tibetan Buddhism in Tibet.
Zoji La is a high mountain pass in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, located on National Highway 1 between Srinagar and Leh in the western section of the Himalayan mountain range.
Zorawar Singh Kahluria (1786-1841) was a general of the Sikh Empire in South Asia.
The 2010 Ladakh floods occurred on 6 August 2010 across a large part of Ladakh, a region in the northernmost Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
On 15 April 2013, a platoon-sized contingent of the Chinese PLA set up a camp in Raki Nula, 30 km south of Daulat Beg Oldi near the Aksai Chin-Ladakh Line of Actual Control (LAC).
Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso (1617 to 1682) was the Fifth Dalai Lama, and the first Dalai Lama to wield effective temporal and spiritual power over all Tibet.
Indian tibet, La'dwags, Ladak, Ladakh District, Ladakh Division, Ladakh and Baltistan, Ladakh chant, Ladakh chanting, Ladakh wazarat, Ladakh, India, Ladakhi people, Ladakj, Laddakh, Ladhak, Ldakh, Little Thibet, Operation New Hope.