116 relations: Assiniboine River, Athabasca River, Before Present, Big Stone Lake, Black Sea, Blanchard, North Dakota, Browns Valley, Minnesota, Canada–United States border, Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, Caspian Sea, Cedar Lake (Manitoba), Champlain Sea, Civilization, Clearwater River (Saskatchewan), Crookston, Minnesota, Euclid, Minnesota, Fairford River, Fargo, North Dakota, Flood myth, Genesis flood narrative, Glacial history of Minnesota, Glacial lake, Glacial lake outburst flood, Glacial River Warren, Glyndon, Minnesota, Grand Forks, North Dakota, Grant County, Minnesota, Great Lakes, Gulf of Mexico, Harwood, North Dakota, Herman Beach, Herman, Minnesota, Hudson Bay, Ice age, Kaministiquia River, Kragnes Township, Clay County, Minnesota, Lacustrine plain, Lake Bonneville, Lake Chippewa, Lake Duluth, Lake Great Falls, Lake Manitoba, Lake McConnell, Lake Minong, Lake Missoula, Lake Nipigon, Lake of the Woods, Lake Ojibway, Lake Souris, Lake St. Martin, ..., Lake Superior, Lake Winnipeg, Lake Winnipegosis, Last glacial period, List of prehistoric lakes, Little Saskatchewan River, Louis Agassiz, Mackenzie River, Maine, Manitoba, Mendota, Minnesota, Minnesota, Minnesota River, Minnesota Woman, Mississippi River, Nature (journal), Nelson River, New Brunswick, Niverville, Manitoba, North America, North Bay, Ontario, North Dakota, North Saskatchewan River, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Ottawa River, Outburst flood, Pelican Lake (Otter Tail County, Minnesota), Pembina River (Manitoba – North Dakota), Perley, Minnesota, Post-glacial rebound, Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, Proglacial lake, Quebec, Rainy Lake, Rainy River (Minnesota–Ontario), Raised beach, Red Lake (Minnesota), Red Lake River, Red River of the North, Red River Valley, Saint Lawrence River, Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan River, Saskatoon, Sea level rise, Silt, Slough (hydrology), Souris River, South Dakota, St. Croix River (Wisconsin–Minnesota), Stadial, Stonewall, Manitoba, Traverse Gap, Turtle Mountain (Alberta), Tyrrell Sea, Université du Québec à Montréal, Upper Mississippi River, Warren Upham, William H. Keating, Winnipeg, Winnipeg River, Wisconsin glaciation, Younger Dryas, Younger Dryas impact hypothesis, 8.2 kiloyear event. Expand index (66 more) » « Shrink index
The Assiniboine River (Rivière d'Assiniboine) is a river that runs through the prairies of Western Canada in Saskatchewan and Manitoba.
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The Athabasca River (French: rivière Athabasca) originates from the Columbia Glacier of the Columbia Icefield in Jasper National Park in Alberta, Canada.
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Before Present (BP) years is a time scale used mainly in geology and other scientific disciplines to specify when events occurred in the past.
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Big Stone Lake is a long, narrow freshwater lake and reservoir forming the border between western Minnesota and northeastern South Dakota in the United States.
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The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.
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Blanchard is a census-designated place in Blanchard Township, Traill County, North Dakota in the United States.
Browns Valley is a city in Traverse County, Minnesota, United States, adjacent to the South Dakota border.
The Canada–United States border, officially known as the International Boundary, is the longest international border in the world between two countries.
The Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal established in 1963, which reports current research on all aspects of the Earth sciences.
The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea.
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Cedar Lake is a lake just north of Lake Winnipegosis in Manitoba, Canada.
The Champlain Sea was a temporary inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, created by the retreating glaciers during the close of the last ice age.
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A civilization or civilisation (see English spelling differences) is any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification imposed by a cultural elite, symbolic systems of communication (for example, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment.
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The Clearwater River is located in the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta.
Crookston is a city in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Euclid is an unincorporated community in Polk County, Minnesota, United States.
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The Fairford River is a river of Manitoba, Canada.
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Fargo is the most populous city in the state of North Dakota, accounting for nearly 16% of the state population.
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A flood myth or deluge myth is a narrative in which a great flood, usually sent by a deity or deities, destroys civilization, often in an act of divine retribution.
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The Genesis flood narrative is a flood myth found in the Hebrew Bible (chapters 6–9 in the Book of Genesis).
The glacial history of Minnesota is most defined since the onset of the last glacial period, which ended some 10,000 years ago.
A glacial lake is a lake with origins in a melted glacier.
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A glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF) is a type of outburst flood that occurs when the dam containing a glacial lake fails.
Glacial River Warren or River Warren was a prehistoric river that drained Lake Agassiz in central North America between 11,700 and 9,400 years ago.
Glyndon is a city in Clay County, Minnesota, United States.
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Grand Forks is the third-largest city in the state of North Dakota (after Fargo and Bismarck) and is the county seat of Grand Forks County.
Grant County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
The Great Lakes (les Grands-Lacs), also called the Laurentian Great Lakes and the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes located primarily in the upper mid-east region of North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.
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The Gulf of Mexico (Golfo de México) is an ocean basin and a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean, largely surrounded by the North American continent.
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Harwood is a city in Cass County, North Dakota, United States.
Herman Beach is one of several beaches delimiting the shorelines of the prehistoric glacial Lake Agassiz.
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Herman is a city in Grant County, Minnesota, United States.
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Hudson Bay (Inuktitut: Kangiqsualuk ilua, baie d'Hudson) (sometimes called Hudson's Bay, usually historically) is a large body of saltwater in northeastern Canada with a surface area of.
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An ice age is a period of long-term reduction in the temperature of Earth's surface and atmosphere, resulting in the presence or expansion of continental and polar ice sheets and alpine glaciers.
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The Kaministiquia River is a river which empties into western Lake Superior at the city of Thunder Bay, Ontario.
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Kragnes Township is a township in Clay County, Minnesota, United States.
Lacustrine Plains (or lake plains) are lakes that get filled by incoming sediment.
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Lake Bonneville was a prehistoric pluvial lake that covered much of the eastern part of North America's Great Basin region.
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Lake Chippewa was a prehistoric proglacial lake.
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Lake Duluth was a proglacial lake that formed in the Lake Superior drainage basin as the Laurentide ice sheet retreated.
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Lake Great Falls was a prehistoric proglacial lake which existed in what is now central Montana in the United States between 15,000 BCE and 11,000 BCE.
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Lake Manitoba is Canada's thirteenth largest lake (4,624 km2) and the world's 33rd largest freshwater lake.
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Lake McConnell was a very large proglacial lake that existed in what is now Canada from 11,800 to 8,300 years ago.
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Lake Minong was a proglacial lake that formed in the Lake Superior basin during the Wisconsin glaciation around 10,000 B.P. (Before Present).
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Lake Missoula was a prehistoric proglacial lake in western Montana that existed periodically at the end of the last ice age between 15,000 and 13,000 years ago.
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Lake Nipigon (lac Nipigon; Animbiigoo-zaaga'igan) is the largest lake entirely within the boundaries of the Canadian province of Ontario.
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Lake of the Woods (lac des Bois) is a lake occupying parts of the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba and the U.S. state of Minnesota.
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Lake Ojibway was a prehistoric lake in what is now northern Ontario and Quebec in Canada.
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The Glacial Lake Souris occupied the basin of the Souris River from the most southern portion of this river's loop in North Dakota to its elbow in Manitoba, where it turned sharply northward and passed through the Tiger Hills.
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Lake Superior (Lac Supérieur; ᑭᑦᒉᐁ-ᑲᒣᐁ, Gitchi-Gami) is the largest of the Great Lakes of North America.
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Lake Winnipeg (Lac Winnipeg) is a very large, but relatively shallow lake in central North America, in the province of Manitoba, Canada.
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Lake Winnipegosis is a large (5,370 km²) lake in central North America, in Manitoba, Canada, some 300 km northwest of Winnipeg.
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The last glacial period occurred from the end of the Eemian interglacial to the end of the Younger Dryas, encompassing the period years ago.
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This a partial list of prehistoric lakes.
The Little Saskatchewan River is a river in western Manitoba.
Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz (May 28, 1807December 14, 1873) was a Swiss-American biologist and geologist recognized as an innovative and prodigious scholar of Earth's natural history.
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The Mackenzie River (Slavey language: Deh-Cho, big river or Inuvialuktun: Kuukpak, great river; fleuve (de) Mackenzie) is the longest river system in Canada, and has the second largest drainage basin of any North American river after the Mississippi River.
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Maine is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
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Manitoba is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada.
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Mendota is a city in Dakota County, Minnesota, United States.
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Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.
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The Minnesota River is a tributary of the Mississippi River, approximately 332 miles (534 km) long, in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
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Minnesota Woman, also known as Pelican Rapids-Minnesota Woman, is the name given to the skeletal remains of a woman thought to be 8,000 years old.
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The Mississippi River is the chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system.
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Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
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The Nelson River is a river of north-central North America, in the Canadian province of Manitoba.
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New Brunswick (Nouveau-Brunswick; Canadian French pronunciation) is one of three Maritime provinces on the east coast of Canada.
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Niverville is a town in the Canadian province of Manitoba, located approximately 30 kilometers south of Winnipeg.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
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North Bay is a city in Northeastern Ontario, Canada.
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North Dakota is a U.S. state in the midwestern and northern regions of the United States.
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The North Saskatchewan River is a glacier-fed river that flows from the Canadian Rockies continental divide east to central Saskatchewan, where it joins with another major river to make up the Saskatchewan River.
Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland"; Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada.
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Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
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The Ottawa River (Rivière des Outaouais, Algonquin: Kitchissippi) is a river in the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
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In geomorphology, an outburst flood, which is a type of megaflood, is a high-magnitude, low-frequency catastrophic flood involving the sudden release of water.
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Pelican Lake is a lake located about seven miles north of Pelican Rapids, in Otter Tail County, Minnesota, United States.
The Pembina River is a tributary of the Red River of the North, approximately long,U.S. Geological Survey.
Perley is a city in Norman County, Minnesota, United States.
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Post-glacial rebound (also called isostatic rebound or crustal rebound) is the rise of land masses after the lifting of the huge weight of ice sheets during the last glacial period, which had caused isostatic depression.
In geology, a proglacial lake is a lake formed either by the damming action of a moraine during the retreat of a melting glacier, a glacial ice dam, or by meltwater trapped against an ice sheet due to isostatic depression of the crust around the ice.
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Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
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Rainy Lake (French: lac à la Pluie; Ojibwe: gojiji-zaaga'igan) is a relatively large freshwater lake straddling the border between the United States and Canada.
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The Rainy River (French: Rivière à la Pluie; Ojibwe: Gojiji-ziibi) is a river, approximately long, which forms part of the Canada–United States border separating northern Minnesota and Northwestern Ontario.
A raised beach, coastal terrace,Pinter, N (2010): 'Coastal Terraces, Sealevel, and Active Tectonics' (educational exercise), from or perched coastline is a relatively flat, horizontal or gently inclined surface of marine origin,Pirazzoli, PA (2005a): 'Marine Terraces', in Schwartz, ML (ed) Encyclopedia of Coastal Science. Springer, Dordrecht, pp.
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Red Lake (translated from the Ojibwe language Miskwaagamiiwi-zaaga'igan: Lake with its liquid be colored red) is a lake in Beltrami County in northern Minnesota.
The Red Lake River (French: Rivière du Lac Rouge; Ojibwe: Miskwaagamiiwi-zaaga'iganiiwi-ziibi) is a river located in northwestern Minnesota.
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The Red River (Rivière rouge or Rivière Rouge du Nord, American English: Red River of the North) is a North American river.
The Red River Valley is a region in central North America that is drained by the Red River of the North; it is part of both Canada and the United States.
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The Saint Lawrence River (Fleuve Saint-Laurent; Tuscarora: Kahnawáʼkye; Mohawk: Kaniatarowanenneh, meaning "big waterway") is a large river in the middle latitudes of North America.
Saskatchewan is a prairie and boreal province in western Canada, the only province without natural borders.
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The Saskatchewan River (Cree: kisiskāciwani-sīpiy, "swift flowing river") is a major river in Canada, about long, flowing roughly eastward across Saskatchewan and Manitoba to empty into Lake Winnipeg.
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Saskatoon is the largest city in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan.
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A sea level rise is an increase in global mean sea level as a result of an increase in the volume of water in the world’s oceans.
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Silt is granular material of a size between sand and clay, whose mineral origin is quartz and feldspar.
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A slough is a wetland, usually a swamp or shallow lake, often a backwater to a larger body of water.
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The Souris River (rivière Souris) or Mouse River (as it is alternatively known in the U.S., a direct translation from its French name) is a river in central North America.
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South Dakota is a U.S. state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
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Stadials and interstadials are phases dividing the Quaternary period, or the last 2.6 million years.
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Stonewall is a town in the Canadian province of Manitoba with a population of 4,809 as of the 2016 census.
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The Traverse Gap is an ancient river channel occupied by Lake Traverse, Big Stone Lake and the valley connecting them at Browns Valley, Minnesota.
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Turtle Mountain is a mountain in Alberta, Canada.
The Tyrrell Sea, named after Canadian geologist Joseph Tyrrell, is another name for prehistoric Hudson Bay, namely as it existed during the retreat of the Laurentide Ice Sheet.
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The Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM) is a public university based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
The Upper Mississippi River is the portion of the Mississippi River upstream of Cairo, Illinois, United States.
Warren Upham (8 March 1850 – 29 January 1934) was a geologist, archaeologist, and librarian who is best known for his studies of glacial Lake Agassiz.
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William Hypolitus (or Hippolitus, or Hypolite) Keating (August 11, 1799, Wilmington, Delaware – 1840, London, England) was an American geologist.
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Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba in Canada.
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The Winnipeg River is a Canadian river which flows roughly northwest from Lake of the Woods in the province of Ontario to Lake Winnipeg in Manitoba.
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The Wisconsin Glacial Episode, also called the Wisconsinan glaciation, was the most recent glacial period of the North American ice sheet complex.
The Younger Dryas (c. 12,900 to c. 11,700 years BP) was a return to glacial conditions which temporarily reversed the gradual climatic warming after the Last Glacial Maximum started receding around 20,000 BP.
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The Younger Dryas impact hypothesis or Clovis comet hypothesis originally proposed that a large air burst or earth impact of one or more comets initiated the Younger Dryas cold period about 12,900 BP calibrated (10,900 14C uncalibrated) years ago.
In climatology, the 8.2-kiloyear event was a sudden decrease in global temperatures that occurred approximately 8,200 years before the present, or c. 6,200 BC, and which lasted for the next two to four centuries.
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