368 relations: ABC News, Adelaide, Advanced Micro Devices, Agence France-Presse, Alberto Contador, Alberto Salazar, Alex Zülle, Alexander Vinokourov, Alonzo Mourning, Alpe d'Huez, American Broadcasting Company, Amstel Gold Race, Andre Agassi, Andrea Jaeger, Andreas Klöden, Androstenone, Aspen, Colorado, Associated Press, Associated Press Athlete of the Year, Athletes for Hope, Austin American-Statesman, Austin, Texas, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Baltanás, BBC News, BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year, Beaulieu-sur-Mer, Bevan Docherty, Bleomycin, Boston Marathon, Brian Cookson, Broadway Books, Cal Ripken Jr., California Proposition 29, 2012, Cascade Cycling Classic, CBS News, Chann McRae, Charlie Rose, Châlons-en-Champagne, Cheating, Chris Horner, Christophe Bassons, Circuit de la Sarthe (cycling), Cisplatin, Classic cycle races, Clavicle, Clásica de San Sebastián, CNN, Cofidis (cycling team), Col de Portet d'Aspet, ..., CoreStates Financial Corporation, Corticosteroid, Cortisone, Court of Arbitration for Sport, Critérium du Dauphiné, Cycling at the 2000 Summer Olympics – Men's road time trial, Cycling team, Cyclingnews.com, Da Capo Press, Daily Mail, Dallas, Dallas Cowboys, Dan Roan, David Walsh (journalist), David Zabriskie, Deception, Derek Birley, Dick Pound, DodgeBall: A True Underdog Story, Doping in sport, Doping in the United States, Eddy Merckx, Embryonal carcinoma, Engagement, Erythropoietin, ESPN, ESPNews, ESPY Award, Etoposide, Every Second Counts (book), Fabian Cancellara, Fabio Casartelli, Fausto Coppi, Festina affair, Fitchburg Longsjo Classic, Floyd Landis, Food and Drug Administration, Formula One, Frankie Andreu, French Anti-Doping Agency, General classification in the Tour de France, George H. W. Bush, George Hincapie, George W. Bush, Gino Bartali, Giro (company), Giro d'Italia, Girona, Governor of Texas, Grand Prix des Nations, Grand Prix du Midi Libre, Grand Prix Eddy Merckx, Grand Tour (cycling), Greg LeMond, Growth hormone, Guardian Australia, HarperCollins, Heart rate, Hicham El Guerrouj, History of Lance Armstrong doping allegations, Homophone, Ifosfamide, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indianapolis 500 pace cars, Individual time trial, Inguinal orchiectomy, Instant messaging, Irish Independent, Ironman 70.3, It's Not About the Bike, Italian Cycling Federation, Ivan Basso, Jackie Joyner-Kersee, Jan Ullrich, Jean-Marie Leblanc, Jeff Gordon, Jeff Novitzky, Jefferson Awards for Public Service, Jesse Owens, Joan Benoit, Johan Bruyneel, John Murray (publisher), Jonathan Vaughters, Jonny Moseley, Joseba Beloki, L.A. Confidentiel, La Flèche Wallonne, La Gazzetta dello Sport, La Martinière Groupe, Lance Armstrong doping case, Lance Rentzel, Laura Hillenbrand, Laurent Madouas, Laureus World Sports Award for Comeback of the Year, Laureus World Sports Award for Sportsman of the Year, Lawrence Einhorn, Le Monde, Leadville Trail 100 MTB, Levi Leipheimer, Liège–Bastogne–Liège, Limoges, List of cycling records, List of doping cases in cycling, Livestrong Foundation, Los Angeles Times, Luz Ardiden, Manuel Estiarte, Marca (newspaper), Marco Pantani, Mario Lemieux, Metastasis, Metz, Mia Hamm, Michael Phelps, Michele Ferrari, Miguel Induráin, Milan–San Remo, Montpellier, Mountain biking, Muhammad Ali, Necrosis, Nevada City Classic, New Mexico, New York City Marathon, New York Daily News, News Corporation, Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards, Nike, Inc., Norwegians, NPR, Oakley, Inc., Oprah Winfrey, Outside (magazine), Paris–Nice, Paul Kimmage, PBS, Peloton, Penguin Group, People (magazine), Performance-enhancing substance, Philadelphia, Pierre Ballester, Pittsburgh, Plano, Texas, Prairie Chapel Ranch, Princess of Asturias Awards, Profronde van Stiphout, RaboRonde Heerlen, Race stage, RadioShack, RAGBRAI, Raimondas Rumšas, Republican Party (United States), Reuters, Road bicycle racing, Road to Paris, Route d'Occitanie, Rulon Gardner, Saddle sore, Settimana Ciclistica Lombarda, Sheryl Crow, Shimano, Sports Illustrated, Sports Illustrated Sportsperson of the Year, SRAM Corporation, Steffi Graf, Stephen Swart, Steroid, Team RadioShack, Team time trial, Telegraph Media Group, Testicular cancer, Testosterone (medication), Texas Hill Country, TF1, The Arizona Republic, The Armstrong Lie, The Australian, The Dallas Morning News, The Guardian, The Japan Times, The New York Times, The Observer, The Program (2015 film), The Sunday Times, The Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Times, Thrift Drug, Time trial, Tony Hawk, Tory Burch, Tour de France, Tour de Luxembourg, Tour de Pharmacy, Tour de Suisse, Tour Down Under, Tour DuPont, Tour of Flanders, Tour of Sweden, Tour of the Gila, Trek Bicycle Corporation, Triathlon, Tribune Media, Trofeo Laigueglia, Tufts University, Twitter, U.S. Postal Service Pro Cycling Team, UCI Road World Championships, UCI Road World Championships – Men's road race, UCI WorldTeam, Union Cycliste Internationale, United States Anti-Doping Agency, United States Department of Justice, United States National Road Race Championships, United States Olympic Committee, United States Postal Service, United States Sports Academy, Urology, USA Cycling, USA Today, USA Triathlon, Vélo d'Or, Verdun, Vinblastine, Visalia, California, VO2 max, Volta ao Algarve, Vuelta a España, Vuelta a Murcia, Warrick Dunn, Wheelmen, Whistleblower, White House, Wide World of Sports (U.S. TV series), William Hill Sports Book of the Year, Wincanton Classic, Wonders & Worries, World Anti-Doping Agency, World Triathlon Corporation, XTERRA Triathlon, Yahoo! News, You, Me and Dupree, YouTube, Züri-Metzgete, 12373 Lancearmstrong, 1993 Giro d'Italia, 1993 Tour de France, 1993 UCI Road World Championships, 1993 Vuelta a España, 1994 Giro d'Italia, 1994 Tour de France, 1994 UCI Road World Championships, 1994 Vuelta a España, 1995 Giro d'Italia, 1995 Tour de France, 1995 UCI Road World Championships, 1995 Vuelta a España, 1996 Giro d'Italia, 1996 Summer Olympics, 1996 Tour de France, 1996 UCI Road World Championships, 1996 Vuelta a España, 1998 Giro d'Italia, 1998 Tour de France, 1998 UCI Road World Championships – Men's road race, 1998 Vuelta a España, 1999 Giro d'Italia, 1999 Tour de France, 1999 UCI Road World Championships, 1999 Vuelta a España, 2000 Giro d'Italia, 2000 Summer Olympics, 2000 Tour de France, 2000 UCI Road World Championships, 2000 Vuelta a España, 2001 Giro d'Italia, 2001 Tour de France, 2001 UCI Road World Championships, 2001 Vuelta a España, 2002 Giro d'Italia, 2002 Tour de France, 2002 UCI Road World Championships, 2002 Vuelta a España, 2002 Winter Olympics, 2003 Giro d'Italia, 2003 Tour de France, 2003 UCI Road World Championships, 2003 Vuelta a España, 2004 Giro d'Italia, 2004 Tour de France, 2004 Tour de Georgia, 2004 UCI Road World Championships, 2004 Vuelta a España, 2005 Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré, 2005 Giro d'Italia, 2005 Tour de France, 2005 UCI Road World Championships, 2005 Vuelta a España, 2006 Indianapolis 500, 2006 Kids' Choice Awards, 2006 Tour de France, 2009 Giro d'Italia, 2009 Tour de France, 2009 Tour Down Under, 2009 UCI Road World Championships, 2009 Vuelta a España, 2010 Giro d'Italia, 2010 Tour de France, 2010 Tour de Suisse, 2010 Tour Down Under, 2010 Tour of California, 2010 UCI Road World Championships, 2010 Vuelta a España, 2011 Tour Down Under, 2012 Ironman World Championship, 7-Eleven (cycling team). 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ABC News is the news division of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), owned by the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia, and the fifth-most populous city of Australia.
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) is an American multinational semiconductor company based in Santa Clara, California, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets.
Agence France-Presse (AFP) is an international news agency headquartered in Paris, France.
Alberto Contador Velasco (born 6 December 1982) is a Spanish former professional cyclist.
Alberto Salazar (born August 7, 1958) is an American track coach and former world-class long-distance runner.
Alex Zülle (born 5 July 1968) is a Swiss former professional road bicycle racer.
Alexander Nikolayevich Vinokourov (Александр Николаевич Винокуров; born 16 September 1973) is a Russian Kazakhstani former professional road bicycle racer and current general manager of UCI ProTeam.
Alonzo Harding Mourning Jr. (born February 8, 1970) is an American retired professional basketball player, who played most of his 15-year National Basketball Association (NBA) career for the Miami Heat.
LAlpe d'Huez is a ski resort at.
The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
The Amstel Gold Race is an annual road bicycle race in the province of Limburg, the Netherlands.
Andre Kirk Agassi (born April 29, 1970) is an American retired professional tennis player and former world No. 1 who was one of the sport's most dominant players from the early 1990s to the mid-2000s.
Andrea Jaeger (born June 4, 1965) is a former World No.
Andreas Klöden (born 22 June 1975) is a German former professional road bicycle racer, who competed as a professional between 1998 and 2013.
Aspen is the home rule municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Pitkin County, Colorado, United States.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
The first Athlete of the Year award in the United States was initiated by the Associated Press (AP) in 1931.
Athletes for Hope is a nonprofit organization that works to educate professional athletes about philanthropy, connect them with charitable causes, recognize these efforts and inspire others to get involved in the community.
The Austin American-Statesman is the major daily newspaper for Austin, the capital city of Texas.
Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County, with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties.
The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) founded in 1929 is Australia's national broadcaster, funded by the Australian Federal Government but specifically independent of Government and politics in the Commonwealth.
Baltanás is a municipality located in the province of Palencia, Castile and León, Spain.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
The BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year is an award presented at the annual BBC Sports Personality of the Year award ceremony.
Beaulieu-sur-Mer, lit, Bèuluec de Mar) is a seaside village on the French Riviera between Nice and Monaco. It is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department and borders the communes of Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat, Èze, and Villefranche-sur-Mer.
Bevan John Docherty, MNZM (born 29 March 1977) is a triathlete from New Zealand, who won medals twice at the Olympic Games.
Bleomycin is a medication used to treat cancer. This includes Hodgkin's lymphoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, testicular cancer, ovarian cancer, and cervical cancer among others. Typically used with other cancer medications, it can be given intravenously, by injection into a muscle or under the skin. It may also be administered inside the chest to help prevent the recurrence of a fluid around the lung due to cancer; however talc is better for this. Common side effects include fever, weight loss, vomiting, and rash. A severe type of anaphylaxis may occur. It may also cause inflammation of the lungs that can result in lung scarring. Chest X-rays every couple of weeks are recommended to check for this. Bleomycin may cause harm to the baby if used during pregnancy. It is believed to primarily work by preventing the making of DNA. Bleomycin was discovered in 1962. It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system. It is available as a generic medication. The wholesale cost in the developing world is between 14 USD and 78 USD a dose. It is made by the bacterium Streptomyces verticillus.
The Boston Marathon is an annual marathon hosted by several cities in greater Boston in eastern Massachusetts, United States.
Michael Brian Cookson OBE (born 22 June 1951) is the former president of the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI), having been elected to the post in September 2013 at the 2013 UCI Road World Championships.
Broadway Books, an imprint of the Crown Publishing Group, a Division of Random House, Inc., released its first list in Fall, 1996.
Calvin Edwin Ripken Jr. (born August 24, 1960), nicknamed "The Iron Man", is an American former baseball shortstop and third baseman who played 21 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Baltimore Orioles (1981–2001).
Proposition 29, the California Cancer Research Act, is a California ballot measure that was defeated by California voters at the statewide election on June 5, 2012.
The Cascade Cycling Classic is the longest consecutively run elite road bicycle racing stage race in the United States (1979–present).
CBS News is the news division of American television and radio service CBS.
William Chann McRae (born October 11, 1971) is an American professional road bicycle racer from Albany, Georgia.
Charles Peete Rose Jr. (born January 5, 1942) is an American television journalist and former talk show host.
Châlons-en-Champagne is a city in the Grand Est region of France.
Cheating is the receiving of a reward for ability or finding an easy way out of an unpleasant situation by dishonest means.
Christopher Lee "Chris" Horner (born October 23, 1971) is an American professional road racing cyclist.
Christophe Bassons (born 10 June 1974 in Mazamet, France) is a French former professional road racing cyclist.
The Circuit de la Sarthe-Pays de la Loire (Circuit of Sarthe) is an early-season short road bicycle racing stage race held annually in Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France.
Cisplatin is a chemotherapy medication used to treat a number of cancers.
The classic cycle races are the most prestigious one-day professional road cycling races in the international calendar.
The clavicle or collarbone is a long bone that serves as a strut between the shoulder blade and the sternum or breastbone.
The Donostia-Donostia Klasikoa — Clásica San Sebastián-San Sebastián (San Sebastián Classic) is a cycle race that has been held every summer since 1981 in San Sebastián, Spain.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
Cofidis Solutions Crédits is a French professional road bicycle racing team sponsored by a money-lending company, Cofidis.
The Col de Portet d'Aspet (elevation) is a mountain pass in the central Pyrenees in the department of Haute-Garonne in France.
CoreStates Financial Corporation, previously known as Philadelphia National Bank (PNB), was a United States bank holding company in the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, metropolitan area.
Corticosteroids are a class of steroid hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex of vertebrates, as well as the synthetic analogues of these hormones.
Cortisone, also known as 17α,21-dihydroxypregn-4-ene-3,11,20-trione, is a pregnane (21-carbon) steroid hormone.
The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS; Tribunal arbitral du sport, TAS) is an international quasi-judicial body established to settle disputes related to sport through arbitration.
The Critérium du Dauphiné, before 2010 known as the Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré, is an annual cycling road race in the Dauphiné region in the southeast of France.
These are the official results of the Men's Individual Time Trial at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia.
A cycling team is a group of cyclists who join a team or are acquired and train together to compete in bicycle races whether amateur or professional – and the supporting personnel.
Cyclingnews.com is a website providing cycling news and race result owned by Immediate Media Company.
Da Capo Press is an American publishing company with headquarters in Boston, Massachusetts.
The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-marketPeter Wilby, New Statesman, 19 December 2013 (online version: 2 January 2014) tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust and published in London.
Dallas is a city in the U.S. state of Texas.
The Dallas Cowboys are a professional American football team based in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex.
Dan Roan is the Sports Editor for BBC News.
David Joseph Walsh (born 17 June 1955) is an Irish sports journalist, who is chief sports writer of the British newspaper The Sunday Times.
David Zabriskie (born January 12, 1979) is a retired professional road bicycle racer from the United States, who competed as a professional between 1999 and 2013.
Deception is the act of propagating a belief that is not true, or is not the whole truth (as in half-truths or omission).
Sir Derek Birley (31 May 1926 – 14 May 2002) was a distinguished English educationalist and a prize-winning writer on the social history of sport, particularly cricket.
Richard William Duncan "Dick" Pound, (born March 22, 1942) is a Canadian swimming champion, lawyer and prominent spokesman for ethics in sport.
DodgeBall: A True Underdog Story is a 2004 American sports comedy film written and directed by Rawson M. Thurber and starring Vince Vaughn and Ben Stiller.
In competitive sports, doping is the use of banned athletic performance-enhancing drugs by athletic competitors.
Doping, or the use of restricted performance-enhancing drugs in the United States has a systemic nature, most notably in the sports of baseball and football.
Édouard Louis Joseph, baron Merckx (born 17 June 1945), better known as Eddy Merckx, is a Belgian former professional road and track bicycle racer who is widely seen as the most successful rider in the history of competitive cycling.
Embryonal carcinoma is a relatively uncommon type of germ cell tumour that occurs in the ovaries and testes.
An engagement, betrothal, or fiancer is a promise to wed, and also the period of time between a marriage proposal and a marriage.
Erythropoietin (EPO), also known as hematopoietin or hemopoietin, is a glycoprotein cytokine secreted by the kidney in response to cellular hypoxia; it stimulates red blood cell production (erythropoiesis) in the bone marrow.
ESPN (originally an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is a U.S.-based global cable and satellite sports television channel owned by ESPN Inc., a joint venture owned by The Walt Disney Company (80%) and Hearst Communications (20%).
ESPNews (pronounced "ESPN News") is an American digital cable and satellite television network that is owned by ESPN Inc., a joint venture between the Disney–ABC Television Group division of The Walt Disney Company (which owns a controlling 80% stake) and the Hearst Communications (which owns the remaining 20%).
An ESPY Award (short for Excellence in Sports Performance Yearly Award) is an accolade currently presented by the American broadcast television network ABC, and previously ESPN (as of the 2017 ESPY Awards, the latter still airs them in the form of replays), to recognize individual and team athletic achievement and other sports-related performance during the calendar year preceding a given annual ceremony.
Etoposide, sold under the brand name Etopophos among others, is a chemotherapy medication used for the treatments of a number of types of cancer.
Every Second Counts is a 2003 autobiography by cyclist Lance Armstrong written in collaboration with sports writer and columnist Sally Jenkins.
Fabian Cancellara (born 18 March 1981), nicknamed "Spartacus", is a Swiss former professional road bicycle racer who last rode for UCI ProTeam.
Fabio Casartelli (16 August 1970 – 18 July 1995) was an Italian cyclist and an Olympic gold medalist who died in a crash on the descent of the Col de Portet d'Aspet, France, during the 15th stage of the 1995 Tour de France.
Angelo Fausto Coppi, (15 September 1919 – 2 January 1960), was an Italian cyclist, the dominant international cyclist of the years each side of the Second World War.
The Festina affair was a series of doping scandals that occurred during and after the 1998 Tour de France.
Fitchburg Longsjo Classic is an annual road bicycle racing stage race held in and around Fitchburg, Massachusetts, United States.
Floyd Landis (born October 14, 1975) is an American former professional road racing cyclist.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
Formula One (also Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of single-seater auto racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) and owned by the Formula One Group.
Frankie Andreu (born September 26, 1966) is an American former professional cyclist whose career highlights include riding as team captain of the U.S. Postal Service cycling team in 1998, 1999 and 2000.
The French Anti-Doping Agency (French: Agence française de lutte contre le dopage, AFLD) is an independent public authority formed in 2006 and charged with ensuring that participants in sports in France do not violate rules regarding doping.
The general classification is the most important classification, the one by which the winner of the Tour de France is determined.
George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993.
George Hincapie (born June 29, 1973) is an American former road bicycle racer, who competed as a professional between 1994 and 2012.
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
Gino Bartali, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (18 July 1914 – 5 May 2000), nicknamed Gino the Pious and (in Italy) Ginettaccio, was a champion road cyclist.
Giro is a U.S. manufacturer of Snow & Cycling helmets, Snow & MTB goggles, Cycling and Mountain Bike Apparel, Cycling and Mountain Bike Shoes, as well as softgoods for cycling, skiing and snowboarding.
The Giro d'Italia (Tour of Italy; also known as the Giro) is an annual multiple-stage bicycle race primarily held in Italy, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries.
Girona (Gerona; Gérone) is a city in Catalonia, Spain, at the confluence of the rivers Ter, Onyar, Galligants, and Güell and has an official population of 99,013 as of January 2017.
The Governor of Texas is the head of the executive branch of Texas's government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.
The Grand Prix des Nations was an individual time trial (against the clock) for both professional and amateur racing cyclists.
The Grand Prix du Midi Libre (referred to as just Midi Libre) was a multiple-stage cycling course in the south of France.
Grand Prix Eddy Merckx was a cycle race around Brussels, where Eddy Merckx was born.
In road bicycle racing, a Grand Tour is one of the three major European professional cycling stage races: Tour de France, Giro d'Italia and Vuelta a España.
Gregory James "Greg" LeMond (born June 26, 1961) is an American former professional road racing cyclist who won the Road Race World Championship twice (1983 and 1989) and the Tour de France three times (1986, 1989 and 1990).
Growth hormone (GH), also known as somatotropin (or as human growth hormone in its human form), is a peptide hormone that stimulates growth, cell reproduction, and cell regeneration in humans and other animals.
Guardian Australia is the Australian online presence of the global online publication and British newspaper, The Guardian.
HarperCollins Publishers L.L.C. is one of the world's largest publishing companies and is one of the Big Five English-language publishing companies, alongside Hachette, Macmillan, Penguin Random House, and Simon & Schuster.
Heart rate is the speed of the heartbeat measured by the number of contractions of the heart per minute (bpm).
Hicham El Guerrouj (Moroccan Arabic: هشام الݣروج, Hishāmu l-Karrūj; Berber: Hicam El Gerruj, ⵀⵉⵛⴰⵎ ⴻⵍ ⴳⴻⵔⵔⵓⵊ; born 14 September 1974) is a retired Moroccan middle-distance runner.
For much of the second phase of his career, American cyclist Lance Armstrong faced constant allegations of doping.
A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same (to varying extent) as another word but differs in meaning.
Ifosfamide (IFO), sold under the brand name Ifex among others, is a chemotherapy medication used to treat a number of types of cancer.
Indiana University (IU) is a multi-campus public university system in the state of Indiana, United States.
Indianapolis is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Indiana and the seat of Marion County.
The Indianapolis 500 auto race has used a pace car every year since 1911.
An individual time trial (ITT) is a road bicycle race in which cyclists race alone against the clock on flat or rolling terrain, or up a mountain road such as Alpe d'Huez (in French: contre la montre – literally "against the watch", in Italian: tappa a cronometro "stopwatch stage").
Inguinal orchiectomy (also named orchidectomy) is a specific method of orchiectomy whereby one or both testicles and the full spermatic cord are surgically removed through an incision in the lower lateral abdomen (the "inguinal region").
Instant messaging (IM) technology is a type of online chat that offers real-time text transmission over the Internet.
The Irish Independent is Ireland's largest-selling daily newspaper, published by Independent News & Media (INM).
An Ironman 70.3, also known as a Half Ironman, is one of a series of long distance triathlon races organized by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC).
It's Not About the Bike: My Journey Back to Life is a 2000 autobiographical book by American cyclist Lance Armstrong with Sally Jenkins.
The Italian Cycling Federation or FCI (in Italian: Federazione Ciclistica Italiana) is the national governing body of cycle racing in Italy.
Ivan Basso (born 26 November 1977) is an Italian former professional road bicycle racer who last raced with UCI ProTeam.
Jacqueline "Jackie" Joyner-Kersee (born March 3, 1962) is an American retired track and field athlete, ranked among the all-time greatest athletes in the heptathlon as well as long jump.
Jan Ullrich; born 2 December 1973 is a German former professional road bicycle racer.
Jean-Marie Leblanc (born July 27, 1944 in Nueil-sur-Argent, now Nueil-les-Aubiers, Deux-Sèvres) is a French retired professional road bicycle racer who was general director of the Tour de France from 1989 to 2005, when he reached pensionable age and was succeeded by Christian Prudhomme.
Jeffery Michael "Jeff" Gordon (born August 4, 1971) is an American former professional stock car racing driver, currently an announcer for Fox NASCAR, and a top executive for Hendrick Motorsports.
Jeffrey John Novitzky 'The Golden Snitch' (born December 15, 1967) is the Vice President of Athlete Health and Performance for UFC.
The Jefferson Awards Foundation was created in 1972 by the American Institute for Public Service.
James Cleveland "Jesse" Owens (September 12, 1913March 31, 1980) was an American track and field athlete and four-time Olympic gold medalist in the 1936 Games.
Joan Benoit Samuelson (born May 16, 1957) is an American marathon runner who won gold at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, the year that the women's marathon was introduced.
Johan Bruyneel (born 23 August 1964) is a former road bicycle racer in professional cycling and a former directeur sportif for UCI ProTour team.
John Murray is a British publisher, known for the authors it has published in its history, including Jane Austen, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Lord Byron, Charles Lyell, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Herman Melville, Edward Whymper, and Charles Darwin.
Jonathan James Vaughters (born June 10, 1973) is an American former professional racing cyclist and current manager of the professional cycling team.
Jonathan William Moseley (born August 27, 1975), better known as Jonny Moseley, is an American freestyle skier and television presenter.
Joseba Beloki Dorronsoro (born 12 August 1973) is a Spanish former professional road bicycle racer.
L.A. Confidentiel: Les secrets de Lance Armstrong (L.A. Confidential: Lance Armstrong's Secrets) is a book by sports journalist Pierre Ballester and The Sunday Times sports correspondent David Walsh.
La Flèche Wallonne (French for "The Walloon Arrow") is a major men's professional cycle road race held in April each year in Wallonia, Belgium.
La Gazzetta dello Sport (The Sports Gazette) is an Italian daily newspaper dedicated to coverage of various sports.
La Martinière Groupe is a French publishing house, the fourth largest after Hachette, Editis and Gallimard.
The Lance Armstrong doping case was a doping investigation that led to American former professional road racing cyclist Lance Armstrong being stripped of his seven Tour de France titles and his eventual admission to using performance-enhancing drugs.
Thomas Lance Rentzel (born October 14, 1943) is a former American football flanker in the National Football League (NFL) for the Minnesota Vikings, Dallas Cowboys and Los Angeles Rams.
Laura Hillenbrand (born May 15, 1967) is an American author of books and magazine articles.
Laurent Madouas (born February 8, 1967 in Rennes) is a former French cyclist.
The Laureus World Sports Award for Comeback of the Year is an annual award honouring the achievements of those individuals or teams who have made a comeback performance in the world of sports.
The Laureus World Sports Award for Sportsman of the Year is an annual award honouring the achievements of individual men from the world of sports.
Lawrence Einhorn is a Distinguished Professor of Medicine at Indiana University School of Medicine and an oncologist.
Le Monde (The World) is a French daily afternoon newspaper founded by Hubert Beuve-Méry at the request of Charles de Gaulle (as Chairman of the Provisional Government of the French Republic) on 19 December 1944, shortly after the Liberation of Paris, and published continuously since its first edition.
The Leadville Trail 100 MTB is the second oldest of the growing number of marathon mountain bike races held in the United States, the first being the Wilderness 101 in Central PA.
Levi Leipheimer (born October 24, 1973) is an American former professional road racing cyclist.
Liège–Bastogne–Liège, often called La Doyenne ("The Old Lady"), is a one-day classic cycling race in Belgium.
Limoges (Occitan: Lemòtges or Limòtges) is a city and commune, the capital of the Haute-Vienne department and was the administrative capital of the former Limousin region in west-central France.
This is a list of certified and recognized cycling records as recognised by the Union Cycliste Internationale, International Human Powered Vehicle Association and World Human Powered Vehicle Association, Guinness World Records, International Olympic Committee, the UK Road Records Association or other accepted authorities.
The following is an incomplete list of doping cases and recurring accusations of doping in professional cycling, where doping means "use of physiological substances or abnormal method to obtain an artificial increase of performance".
The Livestrong Foundation (stylized as LIVESTRONG) is a United States nonprofit organization that provides support for people affected by cancer.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
Luz Ardiden is a ski resort in the Pyrenees.
Manel Estiarte Duocastella (born October 26, 1961 in Manresa) is a Spanish former water polo player born in Manresa, a municipality in Barcelona, Spain.
MARCA is a Spanish national daily sport newspaper owned by Unidad Editorial.
Marco Pantani (13 January 1970 – 14 February 2004) was an Italian road racing cyclist, widely considered one of the best climbers of his era in professional road bicycle racing.
Mario Lemieux, (born October 5, 1965) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey player and current owner of the Pittsburgh Penguins.
Metastasis is a pathogenic agent's spread from an initial or primary site to a different or secondary site within the host's body; it is typically spoken of as such spread by a cancerous tumor.
Metz (Lorraine Franconian pronunciation) is a city in northeast France located at the confluence of the Moselle and the Seille rivers.
Mariel Margaret Hamm-Garciaparra (born March 17, 1972) is an American retired professional soccer player, two-time Olympic gold medalist, and two-time FIFA Women's World Cup champion.
Michael Fred Phelps II (born June 30, 1985) is an American retired competitive swimmer and the most successful and most decorated Olympian of all time, with a total of 28 medals.
Michele Ferrari (born 26 March 1953) is an Italian physician, cycling coach and author.
Miguel Induráin Larraya (born 16 July 1964) is a retired Spanish road racing cyclist.
Milan–San Remo (in Italian Milano-Sanremo), also called "The Spring classic" or "La Classicissima", is an annual cycling race between Milan and Sanremo, in Northwest Italy.
Montpellier (Montpelhièr) is a city in southern France.
Mountain biking is the sport of riding bicycles off-road, often over rough terrain, using specially designed mountain bikes.
Muhammad Ali (born Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr.; January 17, 1942 – June 3, 2016) was an American professional boxer, activist, and philanthropist.
Necrosis (from the Greek νέκρωσις "death, the stage of dying, the act of killing" from νεκρός "dead") is a form of cell injury which results in the premature death of cells in living tissue by autolysis.
The Nevada City Classic (previously: Tour of Nevada City; Father's Day Bicycle Classic), one of the most historic and challenging professional cycling races in the US, is held in Nevada City, California.
New Mexico (Nuevo México, Yootó Hahoodzo) is a state in the Southwestern Region of the United States of America.
The New York City Marathon (branded TCS New York City Marathon and formerly branded ING New York City Marathon for sponsorship reasons) is an annual marathon that courses through the five boroughs of New York City.
The New York Daily News, officially titled Daily News, is an American newspaper based in New York City.
The original News Corporation or News Corp. was an American multinational mass media corporation headquartered in New York City.
The Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards (also known as the KCAs or Kids' Choice) is an annual American children's awards ceremony show that is produced by Nickelodeon.
Nike, Inc. is an American multinational corporation that is engaged in the design, development, manufacturing, and worldwide marketing and sales of footwear, apparel, equipment, accessories, and services.
Norwegians (nordmenn) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Norway.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
Oakley, Inc., based in Lake Forest, California, and a subsidiary of Italian company Luxottica based in Milan, designs, develops and manufactures sports performance equipment and lifestyle pieces including sunglasses, sports visors, ski/snowboard goggles, watches, apparel, backpacks, shoes, optical frames, and other accessories.
Oprah Winfrey (born Orpah Gail Winfrey; January 29, 1954) is an American media proprietor, talk show host, actress, producer, and philanthropist.
Outside is an American magazine focused on the outdoors.
Paris–Nice is a professional cycling stage race in France, held annually since 1933.
Paul Kimmage (born 7 May 1962 in Dublin, Ireland) is an Irish sports journalist who, until his departure in early 2012, wrote for The Sunday Times newspaper in the United Kingdom.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
In a road bicycle race, the peloton (from French, originally meaning 'platoon') is the main group or pack of riders.
The Penguin Group is a trade book publisher and part of Penguin Random House.
People is an American weekly magazine of celebrity and human-interest stories, published by Meredith Corporation.
Performance-enhancing substances, also known as performance-enhancing drugs (PED), are substances that are used to improve any form of activity performance in humans.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
Pierre Ballester (1959) is a French sports journalist.
Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County.
Plano is a city in the U.S. state of Texas, located approximately twenty miles north of downtown Dallas.
Prairie Chapel Ranch is a 1,583-acre (6.4 km²) ranch in unincorporated McLennan County, Texas, located northwest of Crawford (about from Waco).
The Princess of Asturias Awards (Premios Princesa de Asturias, Premios Princesa d'Asturies), formerly the Prince of Asturias Awards from 1981–2014 (Premios Príncipe de Asturias) are a series of annual prizes awarded in Spain by the Princess of Asturias Foundation (previously the Prince of Asturias Foundation) to individuals, entities or organizations from around the world who make notable achievements in the sciences, humanities, and public affairs.
Profronde van Stiphout (Proftour of Stiphout), also known as Bavaria Profronde Stiphout due to sponsorship reasons is an elite men's and women's professional road bicycle racing event held annually in Stiphout, Netherlands.
RaboRonde Heerlen or Profronde van Heerlen (Proftour Heerlen) is an elite men's and women's professional road bicycle racing event held annually in Heerlen, Netherlands.
In sports, a stage, or leg, or heat, is a unit of a race which has been divided in several parts for the reason such as length of the distance to be covered, as in a multi-day event.
RadioShack, formally RadioShack Corporation, is the trade name of an American retailer founded in 1921, which operates a chain of electronics stores.
RAGBRAI is an acronym and registered trademark for the Register's Annual Great Bicycle Ride Across Iowa, which is a non-competitive bicycle ride organized by The Des Moines Register, which goes across the U.S. state of Iowa from west to east, that draws recreational riders from across the United States and many foreign countries.
Raimondas Rumšas (born 14 January 1972) is a Lithuanian former professional road bicycle racer.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Road bicycle racing is the cycle sport discipline of road cycling, held on paved roads.
Road to Paris is a 2001 documentary film showing the preparation of Lance Armstrong, then twice winner of Tour de France, and his team, US Postal Service Pro Cycling Team, for the 2001 Tour de France.
The Route d'Occitanie is a road bicycle race with 4 stages held annually in Southern France.
Rulon E. Gardner (born August 16, 1971) is a retired American Greco-Roman wrestler.
A saddle sore in humans is a skin ailment on the buttocks due to, or exacerbated by, horse riding or cycling on a bicycle saddle.
The Settimana Ciclistica Lombarda (Lombardic Cycling Week) is an Italian cycle road race.
Sheryl Suzanne Crow (born February 11, 1962) is an American musician, singer, songwriter, and actress.
is a Japanese multinational manufacturer of cycling components, fishing tackle, and rowing equipment.
Sports Illustrated is an American sports magazine owned by Meredith Corporation.
Since its inception in 1954, Sports Illustrated magazine has annually presented the Sportsperson of the Year award to "the athlete or team whose performance that year most embodies the spirit of sportsmanship and achievement." Both Americans and non-Americans are eligible, though in the past the vast majority of winners have been from the United States.
SRAM Corporation is a privately owned bicycle component manufacturer based in Chicago, Illinois, United States, founded in 1987.
Stefanie Maria "Steffi" Graf (born 14 June 1969) is a German former professional tennis player.
Steven Swart (born Auckland, 5 January 1965) is a former New Zealand cyclist.
A steroid is a biologically active organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration.
Team RadioShack was a professional road bicycle racing team, with RadioShack as the title sponsor, the creation of which was announced on July 23, 2009.
A team time trial (TTT) is a road-based bicycle race in which teams of cyclists race against the clock (see individual time trial for a more detailed description of ITT events).
The Telegraph Media Group (TMG, previously the Telegraph Group) is the proprietor of The Daily Telegraph and The Sunday Telegraph.
Testicular cancer is cancer that develops in the testicles, a part of the male reproductive system.
Testosterone is a medication and naturally occurring steroid hormone.
The Texas Hill Country is a geographic region located in the Edwards Plateau at the crossroads of West Texas, Central Texas, and South Texas.
TF1 (té effe un) is a private national French TV channel, controlled by TF1 Group, whose major share-holder is Bouygues.
The Arizona Republic is an American daily newspaper published in Phoenix.
The Armstrong Lie is a 2013 American documentary film directed by Alex Gibney about the cyclist Lance Armstrong.
The Australian is a broadsheet newspaper published in Australia from Monday to Saturday each week since 14 July 1964.
The Dallas Morning News is a daily newspaper serving the Dallas–Fort Worth area of Texas, with an average of 271,900 daily subscribers.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Japan Times is Japan's largest and oldest English-language daily newspaper.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Observer is a British newspaper published on Sundays.
The Program (working title Icon) is a 2015 biographical drama film about Lance Armstrong directed by Stephen Frears, starring Ben Foster as Armstrong and Chris O'Dowd as journalist David Walsh.
The Sunday Times is the largest-selling British national newspaper in the "quality press" market category.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
The Washington Times is an American daily newspaper that covers general interest topics with a particular emphasis on American politics.
Thrift Drug was a U.S. pharmacy chain founded in 1935 and based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
In many racing sports an athlete (or occasionally a team of athletes) will compete in a time trial against the clock to secure the fastest time.
Anthony Frank Hawk (born May 12, 1968), commonly known by his nickname The Birdman, is an American professional skateboarder, actor and owner of skateboard company Birdhouse.
Tory Burch (née Robinson; born June 17, 1966) is an American fashion designer, businesswoman, and philanthropist, who has won several fashion awards for her designs.
The Tour de France is an annual male multiple stage bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally making passes through nearby countries.
The Tour de Luxembourg is an annual stage race in professional road bicycle racing held in Luxembourg.
Tour de Pharmacy is a sports doping mockumentary television film directed by Jake Szymanski, starring Andy Samberg, Orlando Bloom, Freddie Highmore, Daveed Diggs, and John Cena.
The Tour de Suisse (Tour of Switzerland) is an annual cycling stage race in Switzerland.
The Tour Down Under is a cycling race in and around Adelaide, South Australia.
The Tour DuPont was a cycling stage race in the United States held between 1989 and 1996, initially called the Tour de Trump.
The Tour of Flanders (Ronde van Vlaanderen), also known as De Ronde ("The Tour"), is an annual road cycling race held in Belgium every spring.
The Tour of Sweden (or Postgirot Open) was an annual professional road bicycle racing stage race held in Sweden from 1982 to 2002.
The Tour of the Gila is a cycling stage race for both men and women located in New Mexico, United States.
Trek Bicycle Corporation is a bicycle and cycling product manufacturer and distributor under brand names Trek, Electra Bicycle Company, Gary Fisher, Bontrager, Diamant Bikes, Villiger Bikes and, until 2008, LeMond Racing Cycles and Klein.
A triathlon is a multiple-stage competition involving the completion of three continuous and sequential endurance disciplines.
Tribune Media, also known as Tribune Media Company and formerly known as the Tribune Company, is an American conglomerate that is headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
The Trofeo Laigueglia is an early season road bicycle race held annually in Liguria, Italy.
Tufts University is a private research university incorporated in the municipality of Medford, Massachusetts, United States.
Twitter is an online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets".
U.S. Postal Service Pro Cycling Team was a United States-based professional road bicycle racing team.
The UCI Road World Championships are the annual world championships for bicycle road racing organized by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI).
The UCI Road World Championships, often referred to as the World Cycling Championships, is the annual world championship for bicycle road racing organized by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI).
A UCI WorldTeam (2015–present), previously UCI ProTeam (2005–2014), is the term used by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) to name a cycling team of the highest category in professional road cycling, the UCI World Tour or UCI ProTour, respectively.
The Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI;, International Cycling Union) is the world governing body for sports cycling and oversees international competitive cycling events.
The United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) is a non-profit, non-governmental 501(c)(3) organization and the national anti-doping organization (NADO) for the United States.
The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration. The Department of Justice administers several federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The department is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud, representing the United States government in legal matters (such as in cases before the Supreme Court), and running the federal prison system. The department is also responsible for reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The department is headed by the United States Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Jeff Sessions.
The United States National Professional Road Race Championships began in 1985.
The United States Olympic Committee (USOC) is the National Olympic Committee for the United States.
The United States Postal Service (USPS; also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an independent agency of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States, including its insular areas and associated states.
The United States Sports Academy is a regionally accredited, sport-specific institution located in Daphne, Alabama.
Urology (from Greek οὖρον ouron "urine" and -λογία -logia "study of"), also known as genitourinary surgery, is the branch of medicine that focuses on surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary-tract system and the male reproductive organs.
USA Cycling or USAC, based in Colorado Springs, Colorado, is the national governing body for bicycle racing in the United States.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
USA Triathlon (USAT) is the national governing body for the multisport disciplines of triathlon, duathlon, aquathlon and winter triathlon in the United States.
The "Vélo d'Or" (French for "Golden Bicycle") is a cycle racing award, created in 1992 by the French cycling magazine Vélo Magazine.
Verdun (official name before 1970 Verdun-sur-Meuse) is a small city in the Meuse department in Grand Est in northeastern France.
Vinblastine is a chemotherapy medication, typically used with other medications, to treat a number of types of cancer.
Visalia is a city situated in the agricultural San Joaquin Valley of California, approximately southeast of San Francisco, north of Los Angeles, west of Sequoia National Park and south of Fresno.
VO2 max (also maximal oxygen consumption, maximal oxygen uptake, peak oxygen uptake or maximal aerobic capacity) is the maximum rate of oxygen consumption measured during incremental exercise (exercise of increasing intensity).
The Volta ao Algarve (Portuguese; Tour of the Algarve) is a road bicycle racing stage race held annually in the Algarve, Portugal.
The Vuelta a España (Tour of Spain) is an annual multi-stage bicycle race primarily held in Spain, while also occasionally making passes through nearby countries.
The Vuelta Ciclista a Murcia (Tour of Murcia) is a road bicycle race held in and around Murcia, Spain.
Warrick De'Mon Dunn (born January 5, 1975) is a former American football running back who played in the National Football League (NFL) for twelve seasons.
Wheelmen: Lance Armstrong, the Tour de France, and the Greatest Sports Conspiracy Ever is a non-fiction book about American cycling and Lance Armstrong, as well as his teammates including Floyd Landis.
A whistleblower (also written as whistle-blower or whistle blower) is a person who exposes any kind of information or activity that is deemed illegal, unethical, or not correct within an organization that is either private or public.
The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States.
ABC's Wide World of Sports is an American sports anthology television program that aired on the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) from April 29, 1961 to January 3, 1998, primarily on Saturday afternoons.
The William Hill Sports Book of the Year is an annual British sports literary award sponsored by bookmaker William Hill.
Wincanton Classic (also known as Leeds International Classic and Rochester International Classic) was a cycling classic taking place in the United Kingdom as part of the UCI Road World Cup.
Wonders & Worries is a nonprofit organization (501(c)(3)) based in Austin, TX that provides professional support for children through a parent's illness, such as cancer, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, Lou Gehrig's Disease, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Alzheimer's.
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA; Agence mondiale antidopage, AMA) is a foundation initiated by the International Olympic Committee based in Canada to promote, coordinate and monitor the fight against drugs in sports.
The World Triathlon Corporation (WTC) is a for-profit corporation, owned by the Chinese conglomerate, Dalian Wanda Group, that organizes, promotes and licenses the Ironman Triathlon, Ironman 70.3, the 5150 series of triathlon races and several cycling, running and multisports events.
XTERRA is a series of cross triathlon races, i.e. three-sport races which include swimming, mountain biking, and trail running.
Yahoo! News is a news website that originated as an internet-based news aggregator by Yahoo!.
You, Me and Dupree is a 2006 American romantic comedy film directed by Anthony Russo and Joe Russo and written by Mike LeSieur.
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California.
Züri-Metzgete (Zürich German; Championship of Zürich; Meisterschaft von Zürich) was a European Classic cycle race held annually in Zürich, Switzerland, and continued as a non-professional mass participation event from 2007 until 2014.
12373 Lancearmstrong, provisional designation, is a bright asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 5 kilometers in diameter.
The 1993 Giro d'Italia, (Tour of Italy), was the 76th edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 1993 Tour de France was the 80th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 3 to 25 July.
The 1993 UCI Road World Championships took place in Oslo, Norway between 28–29 August 1993.
The 48th Vuelta a España (Tour of Spain), a long-distance bicycle stage race and one of the 3 grand tours, was held from April 26 to May 15, 1993.
The 1994 Giro d'Italia was the 77th edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 1994 Tour de France was the 81st edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 1994 UCI Road World Championships took place in Agrigento, Italy between 21-28 August 1994.
The 1994 Vuelta a España was the 49th edition of the Vuelta a España, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 1995 Giro d'Italia was a Grand Tour cycling stage race that took place in May and June 1995.
The 1995 Tour de France was the 82nd Tour de France, taking place from 1 to 23 July.
The 1995 UCI Road World Championships took place in Duitama, Colombia from October 4 to October 8, 1995.
The 50th Vuelta a España (Tour of Spain), a long-distance bicycle stage race and one of the 3 grand tours, was held from September 2 to September 24, 1995.
The 1996 Giro d'Italia was the 79th edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 1996 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and unofficially referred to as the Centennial Olympic Games, was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated from July 19 to August 4, 1996, in Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
The 1996 Tour de France was the 83rd edition of the Tour de France, starting on 29 June and ending on 21 July, featuring 19 regular stages, 2 individual time trials, a prologue and a rest day (10 July).
The 1996 UCI Road World Championships took place in Lugano, Switzerland, between October 9 and October 13, 1996.
The 51st Vuelta a España (Tour of Spain), a long-distance bicycle stage race and one of the 3 grand tours, was held from September 6 to September 28, 1996.
The 1998 Giro d'Italia was the 81st edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 1998 Tour de France was the 85th edition of the Tour de France and took place between 11 July and 2 August.
The men's road race at the 1998 UCI Road World Championships was held on Sunday October 11, 1998, in Valkenburg, Netherlands, over a total distance of 258 kilometres (15 laps).
The 53rd edition of the Vuelta a España was held 5 to 27 September 1998 and began in Córdoba and ended in Madrid.
The 1999 Giro d'Italia was the 82nd edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 1999 Tour de France was a multiple stage bicycle race held from 3 to 25 July, and the 86th edition of the Tour de France.
The 1999 UCI Road World Championships took place in Treviso and Verona, Italy, between October 3 and October 10, 1999.
The 1999 Vuelta a España was the 54th Vuelta a España, taking place from September 4 starting in Murcia and finishing in Madrid on September 26, 1999.
The 2000 Giro d'Italia was the 83rd edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 2000 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad and commonly known as Sydney 2000 or the Millennium Olympic Games/Games of the New Millennium, were an international multi-sport event which was held between 15 September and 1 October 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
The 2000 Tour de France was a multiple stage bicycle race held from 1 to 23 July, and the 87th edition of the Tour de France.
The 2000 UCI Road World Championships took place in Plouay, France, between October 9 and October 15, 2000.
The 55th Vuelta a España (Tour of Spain), a long-distance bicycle stage race and one of the 3 grand tours, was held from August 26 to September 17, 2000.
The 2001 Giro d'Italia was the 84th edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 2001 Tour de France was a multiple-stage bicycle race held from 7 to 29 July, and the 88th edition of the Tour de France.
The 2001 UCI Road World Championships took place in Lisbon, Portugal, between October 9 and October 14, 2001.
The 56th Vuelta a España (Tour of Spain), a long-distance stage race and one of the 3 Grand Tours, was held from September 8 to September 30, 2001.
The 2002 Giro d'Italia was the 85th edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 2002 Tour de France was a multiple-stage bicycle race held from 6 to 28 July, and the 89th edition of the Tour de France.
The 2002 UCI Road World Championships took place in the region of Limburg, Belgium, between October 8 and October 13, 2002.
The 57th Vuelta a España (Tour of Spain), a long-distance bicycle stage race and one of the 3 grand tours, was held from September 7 to September 29, 2002.
The 2002 Winter Olympics, officially the XIX Olympic Winter Games and commonly known as Salt Lake 2002, were a winter multi-sport event that was celebrated from 8 to 24 February 2002 in and around Salt Lake City, Utah, United States.
The 2003 Giro d'Italia was the 86th edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 2003 Tour de France was a multiple stage bicycle race held from 5 to 27 July, and the 90th edition of the Tour de France.
The 2003 UCI Road World Championships took place in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, between October 7 and October 12, 2003.
The 58th Vuelta a España (Tour of Spain), a long-distance bicycle stage race and one of the 3 grand tours, was held from September 6 to September 28, 2003.
The 2004 Giro d'Italia was the 87th edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 2004 Tour de France was a multiple stage bicycle race held from 3 to 25 July, and the 91st edition of the Tour de France.
The 2004 Tour de Georgia was the second annual bicycle road racing event held in the state of Georgia, United States.
The 2004 UCI Road World Championships took place in Verona, Italy, between September 27 and October 3, 2004.
The 59th Vuelta a España (Tour of Spain), a long-distance bicycle stage race and one of the 3 grand tours, was held from September 4 to September 26, 2004.
These are the results for the 2005 edition of the Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré, won by Spanish rider Íñigo Landaluze, who has given positive in a doping test but whose case is still under dispute.
The 2005 Giro d'Italia was the 88th edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 2005 Tour de France was the 92nd edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 2005 UCI Road World Championships took place in Madrid, Spain, between September 19 and September 25, 2005.
These are the results for the 2005 edition of the Vuelta a España cycling race.
The 90th Indianapolis 500 was held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana on Sunday May 28, 2006.
The 19th annual Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards were held on April 1, 2006, at UCLA’s Pauley Pavilion.
The 2006 Tour de France was the 93rd edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 2009 Giro d'Italia was the 92nd running of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 2009 Tour de France was the 96th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 2009 Tour Down Under was the 11th edition of the Tour Down Under cycling stage race, taking place over 20–25 January around Adelaide, Australia.
The 2009 UCI Road World Championships were held in Mendrisio, Switzerland, between September 23 and September 27, 2009.
The 2009 Vuelta a España was the 64th Vuelta a España.
The 2010 Giro d'Italia was the 93rd edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 2010 Tour de France was the 97th edition of the Tour de France cycle race, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 2010 Tour de Suisse was the 74th edition of the Tour de Suisse stage race.
The 2010 Tour Down Under was the 12th edition of the Tour Down Under cycling stage race.
The 2010 Tour of California was the fifth running of the Tour of California cycling stage race.
The 2010 UCI Road World Championships took place in Geelong and Melbourne, Australia, over 5 days from 29 September to 3 October 2010.
The 2010 Vuelta a España was held from August 28 to September 19 and was won by Vincenzo Nibali.
The 2011 Santos Tour Down Under was the 13th edition of the Tour Down Under stage race.
The 2012 Ironman World Championship was a long distance triathlon competition held on October 13, 2012 in Kailua-Kona, Hawaii.
The 7-Eleven Cycling Team, later the Motorola Cycling Team, was a professional cycling team founded in the U.S. in 1981 by Jim Ochowicz, a former U.S. Olympic cyclist.
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