94 relations: Administrative division, Adolf Hitler's rise to power, Austria-Hungary, Austrian Empire, Austrian People's Party, Burgenland, Carinthia, Chairman, Colonialism, Constitution of Austria, Council of Ministers (Italy), Crown land, Czech Republic, Directorate of the Klaipėda Region, Districts of Prussia, Duden, Early modern period, East Prussia, February Patent, Federated state, First Austrian Republic, Free State of Prussia, Gabi Burgstaller, Günther Platter, Gender, German Empire, German New Guinea, German South West Africa, Gleichschaltung, Government of Austria, Government of South Tyrol, Governor, Gruber–De Gasperi Agreement, Habsburg Monarchy, Hans Niessl, Head of government, Holy Roman Emperor, Imperial-Royal, Italy, Johanna Mikl-Leitner, Kingdom of Bohemia, Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, Kingdom of Prussia, Klaipėda Region, Klaipėda Revolt, Lands of the Bohemian Crown, Landtag, Landtag of South Tyrol, List of governors of Burgenland, List of governors of Carinthia, ..., List of governors of Lower Austria, List of governors of Salzburg (state), List of governors of Styria, List of governors of Tyrol, List of governors of Upper Austria, List of governors of Vorarlberg, List of mayors of Vienna, List of monarchs of Prussia, Lithuania, Lower Austria, Markus Wallner, Michael Ludwig, Minister-president, Official, Peter Kaiser, Politics of Italy, Premier, President of Austria, Princes of the Holy Roman Empire, Province, Province of Brandenburg, Province of Pomerania (1815–1945), Provinces of Prussia, Prussia, Prussian estates, Regions of Italy, Republic of German-Austria, Salzburg (state), Self-governance, Social Democratic Party of Austria, South Tyrol, Stadtholder, State government, States of Austria, States of Germany, Styria, Togoland, Trentino, Tyrol (state), Upper Austria, Vienna, Vorarlberg, Wilfried Haslauer Jr., World War I. Expand index (44 more) » « Shrink index
An administrative division, unit, entity, area or region, also referred to as a subnational entity, statoid, constituent unit, or country subdivision, is a portion of a country or other region delineated for the purpose of administration.
Adolf Hitler's rise to power began in Germany in September 1919 when Hitler joined the political party known as the Deutsche Arbeiterpartei – DAP (German Workers' Party).
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
The Austrian Empire (Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1919, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs.
The Austrian People's Party (Österreichische Volkspartei; ÖVP) is a Christian democratic and conservative political party in Austria.
Burgenland (Őrvidék; Gradišće; Gradiščanska; Hradsko; is the easternmost and least populous state of Austria. It consists of two statutory cities and seven rural districts, with in total 171 municipalities. It is long from north to south but much narrower from west to east (wide at Sieggraben). The region is part of the Centrope Project.
The chairman (also chairperson, chairwoman or chair) is the highest officer of an organized group such as a board, a committee, or a deliberative assembly.
Colonialism is the policy of a polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of developing or exploiting them to the benefit of the colonizing country and of helping the colonies modernize in terms defined by the colonizers, especially in economics, religion and health.
The Constitution of Austria (Österreichische Bundesverfassung) is the body of all constitutional law of the Republic of Austria on the federal level.
The Council of Ministers (Consiglio dei Ministri, CdM) is the principal executive organ of the Government of Italy.
Crown land, also known as royal domain or demesne, is a territorial area belonging to the monarch, who personifies the Crown.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
The Directorate of the Klaipėda Region (Landesdirektorium; Klaipėdos krašto direktorija) was the main governing institution (executive branch) in the Klaipėda Region (Memel Territory) from February 1920 to March 1939.
Prussian districts (Kreise, literally "circles") were administrative units in the former Kingdom of Prussia, part of the German Empire from 1871 to 1918, and its successor state, the Free State of Prussia, similar to a county or a shire.
The Duden is a dictionary of the German language, first published by Konrad Duden in 1880.
The early modern period of modern history follows the late Middle Ages of the post-classical era.
East Prussia (Ostpreußen,; Prusy Wschodnie; Rytų Prūsija; Borussia orientalis; Восточная Пруссия) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia from 1773 to 1829 and again from 1878 (with the Kingdom itself being part of the German Empire from 1871); following World War I it formed part of the Weimar Republic's Free State of Prussia, until 1945.
The February Patent was a constitution of the Austrian Empire promulgated in the form of letters patent on 26 February 1861.
A federated state (which may also be referred to by various terms such as a state, a province, a canton, a land) is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federation.
The First Austrian Republic (Republik Österreich) was created after the signing of the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye on September 10, 1919—the settlement after the end of World War I which ended the Habsburg rump state of Republic of German-Austria—and ended with the establishment of the Austrofascist Federal State of Austria based upon a dictatorship of Engelbert Dollfuss and the Fatherland's Front in 1934.
The Free State of Prussia (Freistaat Preußen) was a German state formed after the abolition of the Kingdom of Prussia in the aftermath of the First World War.
Gabi Burgstaller (born 23 May 1963) is an Austrian politician, and the former governess (Landeshauptfrau) of the State of Salzburg.
Günther Platter is an Austrian politician (ÖVP) and is the current Governor of Tyrol after his predecessor Herwig van Staa lost more almost 10% of the votes in the regional elections.
Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between, masculinity and femininity.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
German New Guinea (Deutsch-Neuguinea) was the first part of the German colonial empire.
German South West Africa (Deutsch-Südwestafrika) was a colony of the German Empire from 1884 until 1919.
Gleichschaltung, or in English co-ordination, was in Nazi terminology the process of Nazification by which Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party successively established a system of totalitarian control and coordination over all aspects of German society, "from the economy and trade associations to the media, culture and education".
The Austrian Federal Government (Österreichische Bundesregierung) is a collective body that exercises supreme executive power in the Republic of Austria.
The Government of South Tyrol (Südtiroler Landesregierung; Giunta provinciale) is the chief executive body of the autonomous province of South Tyrol in northern Italy enforcing the provincial laws as written by the Landtag legislature.
A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state.
The Gruber–De Gasperi Agreement was a bilateral treaty that was signed by the foreign minister of Austria, Karl Gruber, and the prime minister of Italy, Alcide De Gasperi in September 5, 1946.
The Habsburg Monarchy (Habsburgermonarchie) or Empire is an unofficial appellation among historians for the countries and provinces that were ruled by the junior Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg between 1521 and 1780 and then by the successor branch of Habsburg-Lorraine until 1918.
Hans Niessl (in official documents, his surname is spelt Nießl, born 12 June 1951 in Zurndorf) is an Austrian politician, member of the Social Democratic Party of Austria and Governor of Burgenland.
A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.
The Holy Roman Emperor (historically Romanorum Imperator, "Emperor of the Romans") was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire (800-1806 AD, from Charlemagne to Francis II).
The adjective kaiserlich-königlich (usually abbreviated to k. k.) is German for Imperial-Royal and was applied to the authorities and state institutions of the Austrian Empire until the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, which established the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Johanna Mikl-Leitner (born) is an Austrian politician (ÖVP) and since 19 April 2017 the governor of Lower Austria.
The Kingdom of Bohemia, sometimes in English literature referred to as the Czech Kingdom (České království; Königreich Böhmen; Regnum Bohemiae, sometimes Regnum Czechorum), was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Central Europe, the predecessor of the modern Czech Republic.
The Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, also known as Galicia or Austrian Poland, became a crownland of the Habsburg Monarchy as a result of the First Partition of Poland in 1772 and the Third Partition of Poland in 1795, when it became a Kingdom under Habsburg rule.
The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.
The Klaipėda Region (Klaipėdos kraštas) or Memel Territory (Memelland or Memelgebiet) was defined by the Treaty of Versailles in 1920 and refers to the most northern part of the German province of East Prussia, when as Memelland it was put under the administration of the Council of Ambassadors.
The Klaipėda Revolt took place in January 1923 in the Klaipėda Region (Memel Territory, Memelland).
The Lands of the Bohemian Crown, sometimes called Czech lands in modern times, were a number of incorporated states in Central Europe during the medieval and early modern periods connected by feudal relations under the Bohemian kings.
A Landtag (State Diet) is a representative assembly (parliament) in German-speaking countries with legislative authority and competence over a federated state (Land).
The Landtag of South Tyrol is the provincial council (Südtiroler Landtag; Consiglio della Provincia autonoma di Bolzano) of the autonomous province of South Tyrol (Bolzano) in northeast Italy.
This is a list of governors of the Austrian state of Burgenland: * Burgenland Governors.
This is a list of governors of the Austrian state of Carinthia.
This is a list of governors of the Austrian state of Lower Austria.
This is a list of governors of the Austrian state of Salzburg.
This is a list of governors of the Austrian state of Styria.
This is a list of governors of the Austrian state of Tyrol.
This is a list of governors of the Austrian state of Upper Austria.
This is a list of governors of the Austrian state of Vorarlberg: *List Vorarlberg Governors.
This is a list of Mayors and Governors of Vienna since 1282.
The monarchs of Prussia were members of the House of Hohenzollern who were the hereditary rulers of the former German state of Prussia from its founding in 1525 as the Duchy of Prussia.
Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.
Lower Austria (Niederösterreich; Dolní Rakousy; Dolné Rakúsko) is the northeasternmost state of the nine states in Austria.
Markus Wallner (born 20 July 1967 in Bludenz) is an Austrian politician (ÖVP).
Michael Ludwig (born 3 April 1961) is an Austrian politician (SPÖ) and since May 2018 the mayor and governor of Vienna.
A minister-president or minister president is the head of government in a number of European countries or subnational governments with a parliamentary or semi-presidential system of government where he or she presides over the council of ministers.
An official is someone who holds an office (function or mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual working space with it) in an organization or government and participates in the exercise of authority (either their own or that of their superior and/or employer, public or legally private).
Peter Kaiser (born 4 December 1958) is an Austrian politician of the Social Democratic Party.
The politics of Italy are conducted through a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system.
Premier is a title for the head of government in some countries, states and sub-national governments.
The President of Austria, officially the Federal President of the Republic of Austria (Bundespräsident der Republik Österreich) is the head of state of the Austrian Republic.
Prince of the Holy Roman Empire (Reichsfürst, princeps imperii, see also: Fürst) was a title attributed to a hereditary ruler, nobleman or prelate recognised as such by the Holy Roman Emperor.
A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state.
The Province of Brandenburg (Provinz Brandenburg) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1815 to 1945, from 1871 within the German Reich.
The Province of Pomerania (Provinz Pommern) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1815 until 1945.
The Provinces of Prussia constituted the main administrative divisions of Prussia upon the Stein-Hardenberg Reforms.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
The Prussian estates (Preußischer Landtag, Stany pruskie) were representative bodies of Prussia, first created by the Monastic state of Teutonic Prussia in the 14th century (around the 1370s)Daniel Stone, A History of Central Europe, University of Washington Press, 2001,, but later becoming a devolved legislature for Royal Prussia within the Kingdom of Poland.
The regions of Italy (Italian: regioni) are the first-level administrative divisions of Italy, constituting its second NUTS administrative level.
The Republic of German-Austria (Republik Deutschösterreich or Deutsch-Österreich) was a country created following World War I as the initial rump state for areas with a predominantly German-speaking population within what had been the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Salzburg (literally "Salt Fortress") is a state (Land) of Austria.
Self-governance, self-government, or autonomy, is an abstract concept that applies to several scales of organization.
The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a social-democratic political party in Austria and alongside the People's Party one of the two traditional major parties.
South Tyrol is an autonomous province in northern Italy.
In the Low Countries, stadtholder (stadhouder) was an office of steward, designated a medieval official and then a national leader.
A state government is the government of a country subdivision in a federal form of government, which shares political power with the federal or national government.
Austria is a federal republic made up of nine states, known in German as Länder.
Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen states (Land, plural Länder; informally and very commonly Bundesland, plural Bundesländer).
Styria (Steiermark,, Štajerska, Stájerország, Štýrsko) is a state or Bundesland, located in the southeast of Austria.
Togoland was a German protectorate in West Africa from 1884 to 1914, encompassing what is now the nation of Togo and most of what is now the Volta Region of Ghana, approximately 77,355 km2 (29,867 sq mi) in size.
Trentino, officially the Autonomous Province of Trento, is an autonomous province of Italy, in the country's far north.
Tyrol (Tirol; Tirolo) is a federal state (Bundesland) in western Austria.
Upper Austria (Oberösterreich; Austro-Bavarian: Obaöstarreich; Horní Rakousy) is one of the nine states or Bundesländer of Austria.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
Vorarlberg is the westernmost federal state (Bundesland) of Austria.
Wilfried Haslauer Jr.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.